Accept Refuse

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32018R0073

Commission Regulation (EU) 2018/73 of 16 January 2018 amending Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for mercury compounds in or on certain products (Text with EEA relevance. )

C/2018/0089

OJ L 13, 18.1.2018, p. 8–20 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2018/73/oj

18.1.2018   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 13/8


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2018/73

of 16 January 2018

amending Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for mercury compounds in or on certain products

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 February 2005 on maximum residue levels of pesticides in or on food and feed of plant and animal origin and amending Council Directive 91/414/EEC (1), and in particular Article 14(1)(a) and Article 16(1)(a) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

For mercury compounds, maximum residue levels (MRLs) were set in Annex II and Part B of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

(2)

Council Directive 79/117/EEC prohibited the placing on the market and use of plant protection products containing mercury compounds. All authorisations of plant protection products containing mercury compounds were revoked and consequently all MRLs were set at the relevant limit of determination (LOD).

(3)

The Commission received information from food business operators and Member States showing the presence of mercury compounds in several products leading to higher residues than the LOD laid down in Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

(4)

Recent monitoring data confirms that residues of mercury compounds occur in several products at levels higher than the LOD. Taking into account the 95th percentile of all the sample results, the following occurrences were reported: tree nuts at 0,02 mg/kg; fresh herbs at 0,03 mg/kg; cultivated fungi at 0,05 mg/kg; wild fungi at 0,50 mg/kg, except for ceps at 0,90 mg/kg; oilseeds at 0,02 mg/kg; teas, coffee beans, herbal infusions and cocoa beans at 0,02 mg/kg; spices at 0,02 mg/kg, except ginger, nutmeg, mace and turmeric at 0,05 mg/kg; meat at 0,01 mg/kg, except for meat of wild game animals at 0,015 mg/kg and duck meat (farmed and wild) at 0,04 mg/kg; animal fat at 0,01 mg/kg; edible offal at 0,02 mg/kg except for offal of wild game animals at 0,025 mg/kg and offal of wild boar at 0,10 mg/kg; milk at 0,01 mg/kg; and honey at 0,01 mg/kg.

(5)

As mercury containing pesticides have been phased out since more than thirty years in the Union, the presence of mercury in food can be considered due to environmental contamination. It is therefore appropriate to replace the default values with the ones listed in recital 4, thus reflecting environmental background of mercury in Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. This will enable national competent authorities to take appropriate enforcement action on the basis of realistic MRLs.

(6)

The Scientific Panel on contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM Panel) of the European Food Safety Authority, hereinafter ‘the Authority’, adopted an opinion on mercury and methylmercury in food (2).

(7)

As mercury compounds occur at low levels in the products listed in recital 4 and taking into account the available consumption data within the Union, the overall contribution to the dietary exposure is considered low and there is no health risk for consumers. The MRLs for those products should be set as temporary in Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. Those MRLs will be reviewed; the review will take into account the information available within 10 years from the publication of this Regulation.

(8)

The Commission consulted the European Union reference laboratories for residues of pesticides as regards the need to adapt the LODs. Those laboratories concluded that the current LODs should be maintained.

(9)

Based on the opinion of the Authority and taking into account the factors relevant to the matter under consideration, the appropriate modifications to the MRLs fulfil the requirements of Article 14(2) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

(10)

Through the World Trade Organisation, the trading partners of the Union were consulted on the new MRLs and their comments have been taken into account.

(11)

Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(12)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 are amended in accordance with the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 16 January 2018.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 70, 16.3.2005, p. 1.

(2)  EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM); Scientific Opinion on the risk for public health related to the presence of mercury and methylmercury in food. EFSA Journal 2012;10(12):2985. [241 pp.].


ANNEX

Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 are amended as follows:

(1)

In Annex II, the column for mercury compounds is deleted.

(2)

Annex III is amended as follows:

(a)

In Part A, the column for mercury compounds is added:

‘Pesticide residues and maximum residue levels (mg/kg)

Code number

Groups and examples of individual products to which the MRLs apply (1)

Mercury compounds (sum of mercury compounds expressed as mercury)

(1)

(2)

(3)

0100000

FRUITS, FRESH or FROZEN; TREE NUTS

 

0110000

Citrus fruits

0,01 (*1)

0110010

Grapefruits

 

0110020

Oranges

 

0110030

Lemons

 

0110040

Limes

 

0110050

Mandarins

 

0110990

Others

 

0120000

Tree nuts

0,02 (+)

0120010

Almonds

 

0120020

Brazil nuts

 

0120030

Cashew nuts

 

0120040

Chestnuts

 

0120050

Coconuts

 

0120060

Hazelnuts/cobnuts

 

0120070

Macadamias

 

0120080

Pecans

 

0120090

Pine nut kernels

 

0120100

Pistachios

 

0120110

Walnuts

 

0120990

Others

 

0130000

Pome fruits

0,01 (*1)

0130010

Apples

 

0130020

Pears

 

0130030

Quinces

 

0130040

Medlars

 

0130050

Loquats/Japanese medlars

 

0130990

Others

 

0140000

Stone fruits

0,01 (*1)

0140010

Apricots

 

0140020

Cherries (sweet)

 

0140030

Peaches

 

0140040

Plums

 

0140990

Others

 

0150000

Berries and small fruits

0,01 (*1)

0151000

(a)

grapes

 

0151010

Table grapes

 

0151020

Wine grapes

 

0152000

(b)

strawberries

 

0153000

(c)

cane fruits

 

0153010

Blackberries

 

0153020

Dewberries

 

0153030

Raspberries (red and yellow)

 

0153990

Others

 

0154000

(d)

other small fruits and berries

 

0154010

Blueberries

 

0154020

Cranberries

 

0154030

Currants (black, red and white)

 

0154040

Gooseberries (green, red and yellow)

 

0154050

Rose hips

 

0154060

Mulberries (black and white)

 

0154070

Azaroles/Mediterranean medlars

 

0154080

Elderberries

 

0154990

Others

 

0160000

Miscellaneous fruits with

0,01 (*1)

0161000

(a)

edible peel

 

0161010

Dates

 

0161020

Figs

 

0161030

Table olives

 

0161040

Kumquats

 

0161050

Carambolas

 

0161060

Kaki/Japanese persimmons

 

0161070

Jambuls/jambolans

 

0161990

Others

 

0162000

(b)

inedible peel, small

 

0162010

Kiwi fruits (green, red, yellow)

 

0162020

Litchis/lychees

 

0162030

Passionfruits/maracujas

 

0162040

Prickly pears/cactus fruits

 

0162050

Star apples/cainitos

 

0162060

American persimmons/Virginia kaki

 

0162990

Others

 

0163000

(c)

inedible peel, large

 

0163010

Avocados

 

0163020

Bananas

 

0163030

Mangoes

 

0163040

Papayas

 

0163050

Granate apples/pomegranates

 

0163060

Cherimoyas

 

0163070

Guavas

 

0163080

Pineapples

 

0163090

Breadfruits

 

0163100

Durians

 

0163110

Soursops/guanabanas

 

0163990

Others

 

0200000

VEGETABLES, FRESH or FROZEN

 

0210000

Root and tuber vegetables

0,01 (*1)

0211000

(a)

potatoes

 

0212000

(b)

tropical root and tuber vegetables

 

0212010

Cassava roots/manioc

 

0212020

Sweet potatoes

 

0212030

Yams

 

0212040

Arrowroots

 

0212990

Others

 

0213000

(c)

other root and tuber vegetables except sugar beets

 

0213010

Beetroots

 

0213020

Carrots

 

0213030

Celeriacs/turnip rooted celeries

 

0213040

Horseradishes

 

0213050

Jerusalem artichokes

 

0213060

Parsnips

 

0213070

Parsley roots/Hamburg roots parsley

 

0213080

Radishes

 

0213090

Salsifies

 

0213100

Swedes/rutabagas

 

0213110

Turnips

 

0213990

Others

 

0220000

Bulb vegetables

0,01 (*1)

0220010

Garlic

 

0220020

Onions

 

0220030

Shallots

 

0220040

Spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions

 

0220990

Others

 

0230000

Fruiting vegetables

0,01 (*1)

0231000

(a)

solanacea

 

0231010

Tomatoes

 

0231020

Sweet peppers/bell peppers

 

0231030

Aubergines/eggplants

 

0231040

Okra/lady's fingers

 

0231990

Others

 

0232000

(b)

cucurbits with edible peel

 

0232010

Cucumbers

 

0232020

Gherkins

 

0232030

Courgettes

 

0232990

Others

 

0233000

(c)

cucurbits with inedible peel

 

0233010

Melons

 

0233020

Pumpkins

 

0233030

Watermelons

 

0233990

Others

 

0234000

(d)

sweet corn

 

0239000

(e)

other fruiting vegetables

 

0240000

Brassica vegetables (excluding brassica roots and brassica baby leaf crops)

0,01 (*1)

0241000

(a)

flowering brassica

 

0241010

Broccoli

 

0241020

Cauliflowers

 

0241990

Others

 

0242000

(b)

head brassica

 

0242010

Brussels sprouts

 

0242020

Head cabbages

 

0242990

Others

 

0243000

(c)

leafy brassica

 

0243010

Chinese cabbages/pe-tsai

 

0243020

Kales

 

0243990

Others

 

0244000

(d)

kohlrabies

 

0250000

Leaf vegetables, herbs and edible flowers

 

0251000

(a)

lettuces and salad plants

0,01 (*1)

0251010

Lamb's lettuces/corn salads

 

0251020

Lettuces

 

0251030

Escaroles/broad-leaved endives

 

0251040

Cresses and other sprouts and shoots

 

0251050

Land cresses

 

0251060

Roman rocket/rucola

 

0251070

Red mustards

 

0251080

Baby leaf crops (including brassica species)

 

0251990

Others

 

0252000

(b)

spinaches and similar leaves

0,01 (*1)

0252010

Spinaches

 

0252020

Purslanes

 

0252030

Chards/beet leaves

 

0252990

Others

 

0253000

(c)

grape leaves and similar species

0,01 (*1)

0254000

(d)

watercresses

0,01 (*1)

0255000

(e)

witloofs/Belgian endives

0,01 (*1)

0256000

(f)

herbs and edible flowers

0,03 (+)

0256010

Chervil

 

0256020

Chives

 

0256030

Celery leaves

 

0256040

Parsley

 

0256050

Sage

 

0256060

Rosemary

 

0256070

Thyme

 

0256080

Basil and edible flowers

 

0256090

Laurel/bay leave

 

0256100

Tarragon

 

0256990

Others

 

0260000

Legume vegetables

0,01 (*1)

0260010

Beans (with pods)

 

0260020

Beans (without pods)

 

0260030

Peas (with pods)

 

0260040

Peas (without pods)

 

0260050

Lentils

 

0260990

Others

 

0270000

Stem vegetables

0,01 (*1)

0270010

Asparagus

 

0270020

Cardoons

 

0270030

Celeries

 

0270040

Florence fennels

 

0270050

Globe artichokes

 

0270060

Leeks

 

0270070

Rhubarbs

 

0270080

Bamboo shoots

 

0270090

Palm hearts

 

0270990

Others

 

0280000

Fungi, mosses and lichens

 

0280010

Cultivated fungi

0,05 (+)

0280020

Wild fungi

0,5 (+)

0280990

Mosses and lichens

0,01 (*1)

0290000

Algae and prokaryotes organisms

0,01 (*1)

0300000

PULSES

0,01 (*1)

0300010

Beans

 

0300020

Lentils

 

0300030

Peas

 

0300040

Lupins/lupini beans

 

0300990

Others

 

0400000

OILSEEDS AND OIL FRUITS

 

0401000

Oilseeds

0,02 (+)

0401010

Linseeds

 

0401020

Peanuts/groundnuts

 

0401030

Poppy seeds

 

0401040

Sesame seeds

 

0401050

Sunflower seeds

 

0401060

Rapeseeds/canola seeds

 

0401070

Soyabeans

 

0401080

Mustard seeds

 

0401090

Cotton seeds

 

0401100

Pumpkin seeds

 

0401110

Safflower seeds

 

0401120

Borage seeds

 

0401130

Gold of pleasure seeds

 

0401140

Hemp seeds

 

0401150

Castor beans

 

0401990

Others

 

0402000

Oil fruits

 

0402010

Olives for oil production

0,01 (*1)

0402020

Oil palms kernels

0,02 (*1)

0402030

Oil palms fruits

0,02 (*1)

0402040

Kapok

0,02 (*1)

0402990

Others

0,02 (*1)

0500000

CEREALS

0,01 (*1)

0500010

Barley

 

0500020

Buckwheat and other pseudo-cereals

 

0500030

Maize/corn

 

0500040

Common millet/proso millet

 

0500050

Oat

 

0500060

Rice

 

0500070

Rye

 

0500080

Sorghum

 

0500090

Wheat

 

0500990

Others

 

0600000

TEAS, COFFEE, HERBAL INFUSIONS, COCOA AND CAROBS

 

0610000

Teas

0,02 (+)

0620000

Coffee beans

0,02 (+)

0630000

Herbal infusions from

0,02 (+)

0631000

(a)

flowers

 

0631010

Chamomile

 

0631020

Hibiscus/roselle

 

0631030

Rose

 

0631040

Jasmine

 

0631050

Lime/linden

 

0631990

Others

 

0632000

(b)

leaves and herbs

 

0632010

Strawberry

 

0632020

Rooibos

 

0632030

Mate/maté

 

0632990

Others

 

0633000

(c)

roots

 

0633010

Valerian

 

0633020

Ginseng

 

0633990

Others

 

0639000

(d)

any other parts of the plant

 

0640000

Cocoa beans

0,02 (+)

0650000

Carobs/Saint John's breads

0,02 (*1)

0700000

HOPS

0,02 (*1)

0800000

SPICES

(+)

0810000

Seed spices

 

0810010

Anise/aniseed

0,02

0810020

Black caraway/black cumin

0,02

0810030

Celery

0,02

0810040

Coriander

0,02

0810050

Cumin

0,02

0810060

Dill

0,02

0810070

Fennel

0,02

0810080

Fenugreek

0,02

0810090

Nutmeg

0,05

0810990

Others

0,02

0820000

Fruit spices

0,02

0820010

Allspice/pimento

 

0820020

Sichuan pepper

 

0820030

Caraway

 

0820040

Cardamom

 

0820050

Juniper berry

 

0820060

Peppercorn (black, green and white)

 

0820070

Vanilla

 

0820080

Tamarind

 

0820990

Others

 

0830000

Bark spices

0,02

0830010

Cinnamon

 

0830990

Others

 

0840000

Root and rhizome spices

 

0840010

Liquorice

0,02

0840020

Ginger

0,05

0840030

Turmeric/curcuma

0,05

0840040

Horseradish

 

0840990

Others

0,02

0850000

Bud spices

0,02

0850010

Cloves

 

0850020

Capers

 

0850990

Others

 

0860000

Flower pistil spices

0,02

0860010

Saffron

 

0860990

Others

 

0870000

Aril spices

 

0870010

Mace

0,05

0870990

Others

0,02

0900000

SUGAR PLANTS

0,01 (*1)

0900010

Sugar beet roots

 

0900020

Sugar canes

 

0900030

Chicory roots

 

0900990

Others

 

1000000

PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN -TERRESTRIAL ANIMALS

 

1010000

Tissues from

 

1011000

(a)

swine

(+)

1011010

Muscle

0,01

1011020

Fat tissue

0,01

1011030

Liver

0,02

1011040

Kidney

0,02

1011050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02

1011990

Others

0,01  (*1)

1012000

(b)

bovine

(+)

1012010

Muscle

0,01

1012020

Fat tissue

0,01

1012030

Liver

0,02

1012040

Kidney

0,02

1012050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02

1012990

Others

0,01  (*1)

1013000

(c)

sheep

(+)

1013010

Muscle

0,01

1013020

Fat tissue

0,01

1013030

Liver

0,02

1013040

Kidney

0,02

1013050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02

1013990

Others

0,01  (*1)

1014000

(d)

goat

(+)

1014010

Muscle

0,01

1014020

Fat tissue

0,01

1014030

Liver

0,02

1014040

Kidney

0,02

1014050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02

1014990

Others

0,01  (*1)

1015000

(e)

equine

(+)

1015010

Muscle

0,01

1015020

Fat tissue

0,01

1015030

Liver

0,02

1015040

Kidney

0,02

1015050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02

1015990

Others

0,01  (*1)

1016000

(f)

poultry

 

1016010

Muscle

0,01 (+)

1016020

Fat tissue

0,01 (+)

1016030

Liver

0,02 (+)

1016040

Kidney

0,02 (+)

1016050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02 (+)

1016990

Others

0,01 (*1)

1017000

(g)

other farmed terrestrial animals

(+)

1017010

Muscle

0,01

1017020

Fat tissue

0,01

1017030

Liver

0,02

1017040

Kidney

0,02

1017050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02

1017990

Others

0,01  (*1)

1020000

Milk

0,01 (+)

1020010

Cattle

 

1020020

Sheep

 

1020030

Goat

 

1020040

Horse

 

1020990

Others

 

1030000

Birds eggs

0,01 (*1)

1030010

Chicken

 

1030020

Duck

 

1030030

Geese

 

1030040

Quail

 

1030990

Others

 

1040000

Honey and other apiculture products

0,01 (+)

1050000

Amphibians and Reptiles

0,01  (*1)

1060000

Terrestrial invertebrate animals

0,01  (*1)

1070000

Wild terrestrial vertebrate animals

0,04 (+)

(b)

In Part B, the column for mercury compounds is deleted.


(*1)  Limit of analytical determination

(1)  For the complete list of products of plant and animal origin to which MRLs apply, reference should be made to Annex I.

(F)

=

Fat soluble

Mercury compounds (sum of mercury compounds expressed as mercury)

(+)

Monitoring data show that residues occur due to environmental contamination. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

0120000

Tree nuts

0256000

(f)

herbs and edible flowers

0280010

Cultivated fungi

(+)

The following MRL applies to ceps: 0,9 mg/kg. Monitoring data show that residues occur due to environmental contamination. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

0280020

Wild fungi

(+)

Monitoring data show that residues occur due to environmental contamination. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

0401000

Oilseeds

0610000

Teas

0620000

Coffee beans

0630000

Herbal infusions from

0640000

Cocoa beans

0800000

SPICES

(+)

The applicable maximum residue level for horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) in the spice group (code 0840040) is the one set for horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) in the Vegetables category, root and tuber vegetables group (code 0213040) taking into account changes in the levels by processing (drying) according to Art. 20 (1) of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

0840040

Horseradish

(+)

Monitoring data show that residues occur due to environmental contamination. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

1011000

(a)

Tissues from swine

1012000

(b)

Tissues from bovine

1013000

(c)

Tissues from sheep

1014000

(d)

Tissues from goat

1015000

(e)

Tissues from equine

(+)

The following MRL applies to duck meat: 0,04 mg/kg. Monitoring data show that residues occur due to environmental contamination. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

1016010

Muscle (poultry)

(+)

Monitoring data show that residues occur due to environmental contamination. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

1016020

Fat tissue (poultry)

1016030

Liver (poultry)

1016040

Kidney (poultry)

1016050

Edible offals (poultry)

1017000

(g)

Tissues from other farmed terrestrial animals

1020000

Milk

1040000

Honey and other apiculture products

(+)

The following MRL applies to offal of wild boar: 0,1 mg/kg. Monitoring data show that residues occur due to environmental contamination. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

1070000

Wild terrestrial vertebrate animals’


Top