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Document 32014R0379

Commission Regulation (EU) No 379/2014 of 7 April 2014 amending Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 laying down technical requirements and administrative procedures related to air operations pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council

OJ L 123, 24.4.2014, p. 1–94 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2014/379/oj

24.4.2014   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 123/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 379/2014

of 7 April 2014

amending Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 laying down technical requirements and administrative procedures related to air operations pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive 91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC (1), and in particular Article 8(5) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Operators and personnel involved in the operation of certain aircraft have to comply with the relevant essential requirements set out in Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

(2)

In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 the Commission should adopt the necessary implementing rules for establishing the conditions for the safe operation of aircraft. Those rules should primarily take into account the complexity of aircraft, organisations and aircraft operations, as well as the risks associated with the different types of operations.

(3)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 (2) establishes implementing rules for commercial air transport operations with aeroplanes and helicopters. Rules for commercial air transport operations with balloons and sailplanes should also be provided in order to comply with the basic principles and applicability of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008. In addition, the specificities of certain commercial operations with aeroplanes and helicopters, starting and ending at the same aerodrome or operating site, need to be appropriately addressed according to their scale and scope and the risk involved.

(4)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 800/2013 (3) amends Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 to include rules for non-commercial operations according to the complexity of aircraft. It is also necessary to amend Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 in order to reflect the current state of the art and to ensure proportionate measures for certain strictly defined activities with other-than-complex aircraft and the organizations involved.

(5)

Rules for specialised operations with aeroplanes, helicopters balloons and sailplanes should also be included taking into account the particular aspects of such operations and the risk involved. For reasons of proportionality it would not be appropriate to subject all commercial operators to certification, in particular commercial specialised operators. Although of commercial nature, these operators would be subject to a declaration of capability instead of a certificate. Nevertheless, conditions for certain high risk commercial specialised operations, which endanger third parties on the ground, should be specified in the interest of safety and therefore those operations should be submitted to authorisation.

(6)

Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(7)

In order to ensure a smooth transition and a high level of civil aviation safety in the Union, the implementing measures should reflect the state of the art, including best practices, and scientific and technical progress in the field of air operations. Accordingly, technical requirements and administrative procedures agreed under the auspices of the International Civil Aviation Organisation and the European Joint Aviation Authorities until 30 June 2009, as well as existing legislation pertaining to a specific national environment, should be considered.

(8)

It is necessary to provide sufficient time for the aeronautical industry and Member States’ administrations to adapt to the new regulatory framework.

(9)

The European Aviation Safety Agency prepared draft implementing rules and submitted them as an Opinion to the Commission in accordance with Article 19(1) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

(10)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee established by Article 65 of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 is amended as follows:

(1)

Article 1 is replaced by the following:

‘Article 1

Subject matter and scope

1.   This Regulation lays down detailed rules for air operations with aeroplanes, helicopters, balloons and sailplanes, including ramp inspections of aircraft of operators under the safety oversight of another State when landed at aerodromes located in the territory subject to the provisions of the Treaty.

2.   This Regulation also lays down detailed rules on the conditions for issuing, maintaining, amending, limiting, suspending or revoking the certificates of operators of aircraft referred to in Article 4(1)(b) and (c) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 engaged in commercial air transport operation, the privileges and responsibilities of the holders of certificates as well as conditions under which operations shall be prohibited, limited or subject to certain conditions in the interest of safety.

3.   This Regulation also lays down detailed rules on the conditions and procedures for the declaration by, and for the oversight of, operators engaged in commercial specialised operations and non-commercial operation of complex motor-powered aircraft, including non-commercial specialised operations of complex motor-powered aircraft.

4.   This Regulation also lays down detailed rules on the conditions under which certain high risk commercial specialised operations shall be subject to authorisation in the interest of safety, and on the conditions for issuing, maintaining, amending, limiting, suspending or revoking the authorisations.

5.   This Regulation shall not apply to air operations within the scope of Article 1(2)(a) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

6.   This Regulation shall not apply to air operations with tethered balloons and airships as well as tethered balloon flights.’;

(2)

Article 2 is amended as follows:

(a)

in the first paragraph, the following points are added:

‘(7)

“Specialised operation” means any operation other than commercial air transport where the aircraft is used for specialised activities such as agriculture, construction, photography, surveying, observation and patrol, aerial advertisement.

(8)

“High risk commercial specialised operation” means any commercial specialised aircraft operation carried out over an area where the safety of third parties on the ground is likely to be endangered in the event of an emergency, or, as determined by the competent authority of the place where the operation is conducted, any commercial specialised aircraft operation that, due to its specific nature and the local environment in which it is conducted, poses a high risk, in particular to third parties on the ground.

(9)

“Introductory flight” means any flight against remuneration or other valuable consideration consisting of an air tour of short duration, offered by an approved training organisation or an organisation created with the aim of promoting aerial sport or leisure aviation, for the purpose of attracting new trainees or new members.

(10)

“Competition flight” means any flying activity where the aircraft is used in air races or contests, as well as where the aircraft is used to practice for air races or contests and to fly to and from racing or contest events.

(11)

“Flying display” means any flying activity deliberately performed for the purpose of providing an exhibition or entertainment at an advertised event open to the public, including where the aircraft is used to practice for a flying display and to fly to and from the advertised event.’;

(b)

in the second paragraph, ‘VII’ is replaced by ‘VIII’;

(3)

Article 5 is amended as follows:

(a)

the following paragraph 1a is inserted:

‘1a.   Operators engaged in CAT operations starting and ending at the same aerodrome/operating site with Performance class B aeroplanes or non-complex helicopters shall comply with the relevant provisions of Annexes III and IV.’;

(b)

paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 are replaced by the following:

‘3.   Operators of complex motor-powered aeroplanes and helicopters involved in non-commercial operations shall declare their capability and means to discharge their responsibilities associated with the operation of aircraft and operate the aircraft in accordance with the provisions specified in Annex III and Annex VI. Such operators when engaged in non-commercial specialised operations shall operate the aircraft in accordance with the provisions specified in Annex III and VIII instead.

4.   Operators of other-than-complex motor-powered aeroplanes, and helicopters, as well as balloons and sailplanes, involved in non-commercial operations, including non-commercial specialised operations, shall operate the aircraft in accordance with the provisions specified in Annex VII.

5.   Training organisations having their principal place of business in a Member State and approved in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011 when conducting flight training into, within or out of the Union shall operate:

(a)

complex motor-powered aeroplanes and helicopters in accordance with the provisions specified in Annex VI;

(b)

other-than-complex motor-powered aeroplanes and helicopters as well as balloons and sailplanes in accordance with the provisions specified in Annex VII.’;

(c)

the following paragraphs 6 and 7 are added:

‘6.   Operators shall only operate an aircraft for the purpose of commercial specialised operations as specified in Annexes III and VIII.

7.   Flights taking place immediately before, during or immediately after specialised operations and directly connected to those operations shall be operated in accordance with paragraphs 3, 4 and 6, as applicable. Except for parachute operations, no more than six persons indispensable to the mission, excluding crew members, shall be carried on board.’;

(4)

Article 6 is amended as follows:

(a)

paragraph 1 is deleted;

(b)

the following paragraph 4a is inserted:

‘4a.   By way of derogation from Article 5(1) and (6), the following operations with other-than-complex motor-powered aircraft may be conducted in accordance with Annex VII:

(a)

cost-shared flights by private individuals, on the condition that the direct cost is shared by all the occupants of the aircraft, pilot included and the number of persons sharing the direct costs is limited to six;

(b)

competition flights or flying displays, on the condition that the remuneration or any valuable consideration given for such flights is limited to recovery of direct costs and a proportionate contribution to annual costs, as well as prizes of no more than a value specified by the competent authority;

(c)

introductory flights, parachute dropping, sailplane towing or aerobatic flights performed either by a training organisation having its principal place of business in a Member State and approved in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011, or by an organisation created with the aim of promoting aerial sport or leisure aviation, on the condition that the aircraft is operated by the organisation on the basis of ownership or dry lease, that the flight does not generate profits distributed outside of the organisation, and that whenever non-members of the organisation are involved, such flights represent only a marginal activity of the organisation.’;

(5)

Article 8 is amended as follows:

(a)

paragraph 3 is replaced by the following:

‘3.   CAT operations with helicopters, CAT operations with balloons and CAT operations with sailplanes shall comply with national requirements.’;

(b)

the following paragraph 4 is added:

‘4.   Non-commercial operations, including non-commercial specialised operations, with complex motor-powered aeroplanes and helicopters, as well as commercial specialised operations with aeroplanes, helicopters, balloons and sailplanes shall continue to be conducted in accordance with applicable national flight time limitation legislation until the related implementing rules are adopted and apply.’;

(6)

in Article 10, paragraph 3 is amended as follows:

(a)

in point (a) the word ‘Annex III’ is replaced by ‘Annexes II and III’;

(b)

in point (b) the words ‘Annex V, VI and VII’ are replaced by ‘Annexes II, V, VI and VII’;

(7)

in Article 10, the following paragraphs 4, 5, 6 and 7 are added:

‘4.   By way of derogation from the second subparagraph of paragraph 1, Member States may decide not to apply the provisions of Annexes II, III, VII and VIII to specialised operations until 21 April 2017.

5.   By way of derogation from the second subparagraph of paragraph 1, Member States may decide not to apply the provisions of Annexes II, III and IV to:

(a)

CAT operations starting and ending at the same aerodrome/operating site with Performance class B aeroplanes or non-complex helicopters until 21 April 2017; and

(b)

CAT operations with balloons and sailplanes until 21 April 2017.

6.   When a Member State makes use of the derogation provided for in paragraph 5 point (a), the following rules shall apply:

(a)

for aeroplanes, Annex III to Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 and related national exemptions in accordance with Article 8(2) of Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91;

(b)

for helicopters, national requirements.

7.   When a Member State makes use of the derogations provided for in paragraphs 3, 4 and 5, it shall notify the Commission and the Agency. This notification shall describe the reasons for the derogation and its duration, as well as the programme for implementation containing actions envisaged and related timing.’;

(8)

Annexes I to VII to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 are amended as set out in Annex I to this Regulation;

(9)

an Annex VIII (Part-SPO) is added to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012, as set out in Annex II to this Regulation.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the third day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 July 2014.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 7 April 2014.

For the Commission

The President

José Manuel BARROSO


(1)  OJ L 79, 19.3.2008, p. 1.

(2)  Commission Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 of 5 October 2012 laying down technical requirements and administrative procedures related to air operations pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 296, 25.10.2012, p. 1).

(3)  Commission Regulation (EU) No 800/2013 of 14 August 2013 amending Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 laying down technical requirements and administrative procedures related to air operations pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 227, 24.8.2013, p. 1).


ANNEX I

(1)

Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 is amended as follows:

(a)

The title is replaced by ‘Definitions for terms used in Annexes II to VIII’.

(b)

The following item is inserted:

‘(11a)

“Balloon empty mass” means the mass determined by weighing the balloon with all the installed equipment a specified in the AFM.’.

(c)

Point 40 is replaced by the following:

‘(40)

“Dry lease agreement” means an agreement between undertakings pursuant to which the aircraft is operated under the air operator certificate (AOC) of the lessee or, in the case of commercial operations other than CAT, under the responsibility of the lessee.’.

(d)

The following item is inserted:

‘(117a)

“Task specialist” means a person assigned by the operator or a third party, or acting as an undertaking, who performs tasks on the ground directly associated with a specialised task or performs specialised tasks on board or from the aircraft.’.

(e)

Point 120 is replaced by the following:

‘(120)

“Traffic load” means the total mass of passengers, baggage, cargo and carry-on specialist equipment and, except for balloons, including any ballast.’.

(f)

Point 127 is replaced by the following:

‘(127)

“Wet lease agreement” means an agreement:

in the case of CAT operations, between air carriers pursuant to which the aircraft is operated under the AOC of the lessor; or

in the case of commercial operations other than CAT, between operators pursuant to which the aircraft is operated under the responsibility of the lessor.’.

(2)

Annex II to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 is amended as follows:

(a)

In ARO.GEN.120(d)(1), a comma and the words ‘specialised operation authorisation’ are inserted after ‘the approval’.

(b)

In ARO.GEN.200(c), the words ‘or authorised’ are inserted after ‘certified’.

(c)

ARO.GEN.205(a), a comma and the words ‘specialised operation authorisation’ are inserted after ‘the initial certification’.

(d)

ARO.GEN.205(b), a comma and the word ‘authorisation’ are inserted after ‘certification’.

(e)

In ARO.GEN.220(a):

(i)

the following item is inserted:

‘(4a)

the process of authorisation of a high risk commercial specialised operation and continuing oversight of an authorisation holder;’;

(ii)

point (7) is replaced by the following

‘(7)

oversight of persons and organisations exercising activities within the territory of the Member State, but overseen, certified or authorised by the competent authority of another Member State or the Agency, as agreed between these authorities;’;

(iii)

in point (9), a comma and the words ‘or authorisation’ are inserted after ‘certification’.

(f)

In ARO.GEN.220, point (b) is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

The competent authority shall maintain a list of all organisation certificates and specialised operations authorisations it issued as well as declarations it received’.

(g)

In ARO.GEN.300(a), items (1) and (2) are replaced by the following:

‘(1)

compliance with the requirements applicable to organisations or type of operations prior to the issue of a certificate, approval or authorisation, as applicable;

(2)

continued compliance with the applicable requirements of organisations it has certified, specialised operations it has authorised and organisations from whom it received a declaration;’.

(h)

In ARO.GEN.305, the following amendments are made:

(i)

point (d) is replaced by the following:

‘(d)

For organisations declaring their activity to the competent authority, the oversight programme shall be based on the specific nature of the organisation, the complexity of its activities and the data of past oversight activities and the assessment of risks associated with the type of activity carried out. It shall include audits and inspections, including ramp and unannounced inspections, as appropriate.’;

(ii)

point (d1) is inserted as follows:

‘(d1)

For organisations holding a specialised operations authorisation, the oversight programme shall be established in accordance with (d) and shall also take into account the past and current authorisation process and the validity period of the authorisation.’.

(i)

ARO.GEN.350(b) is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

A level 1 finding shall be issued by the competent authority when any significant non-compliance is detected with the applicable requirements of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules, with the organisation’s procedures and manuals or with the terms of an approval, certificate, specialised operation authorisation or with the content of a declaration which lowers safety or seriously hazards flight safety.’.

(j)

In ARO.GEN.350(b)(2) and (3) respectively, the words ‘or specialised operations authorisation’ are inserted after the words ‘organisation certificate’.

(k)

ARO.GEN.350(c) is replaced by the following:

‘(c)

A level 2 finding shall be issued by the competent authority when any non-compliance is detected with the applicable requirements of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules, with the organisation’s procedures and manuals or with the terms of an approval, certificate, specialised operation authorisation or with the content of a declaration which could lower safety or hazard flight safety.’.

(l)

In ARO.GEN.350(d)(1), a comma and the words ‘specialised operations authorisation’ are inserted after ‘certificate’.

(m)

In ARO.GEN.350(e), a comma and the words ‘or authorised by’ are inserted after the words ‘an organisation certified by’.

(n)

In ARO.GEN.355(a), the reference to Regulation (EU) No 290/2012 is replaced by a reference to Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011.

(o)

The following ARO.GEN.360 is added:

ARO.GEN.360   Findings and enforcement measures — all operators

If, during oversight or by any other means, evidence is found showing a non-compliance with the applicable requirements by an operator subject to the requirements laid down in Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules, the competent authority that identified the non-compliance shall take any enforcement measures necessary to prevent the continuation of that non-compliance.’

(p)

In ARO.OPS.100, the following point (c) is added:

‘(c)

The competent authority may determine specific operational limitations. Such limitations shall be documented in the operations specifications.’.

(q)

In SUBPART OPS the following SECTION Ia is inserted:

SECTION Ia

Authorisation of high risk commercial specialised operations

ARO.OPS.150   Authorisation of high risk commercial specialised operations

(a)

Upon receiving an application for the issue of a high risk commercial specialised operations authorisation, the competent authority of the operator shall review the operator’s risk assessment documentation and standard operating procedures (SOP), related to one or more planned operations and developed in accordance with the relevant requirements of Annex VIII (Part-SPO).

(b)

When satisfied with the risk assessment and SOP, the competent authority of the operator shall issue the authorisation, as established in Appendix VI. The authorisation may be issued for a limited or an unlimited duration. The conditions under which an operator is authorised to conduct one or more high risk commercial specialised operations shall be specified in the authorisation.

(c)

Upon receiving an application for a change to the authorisation, the competent authority of the operator shall comply with (a) and (b). It shall prescribe the conditions under which the operator may operate during the change, unless the competent authority determines that the authorisation needs to be suspended.

(d)

Upon receiving an application for the renewal of the authorisation, the competent authority of the operator shall comply with (a) and (b). It may take into account the past authorisation process and oversight activities.

(e)

Without prejudice to any additional enforcement measures, when the operator implements changes without having submitted an amended risk assessment and SOP, the competent authority of the operator shall suspend, limit or revoke the authorisation.

(f)

Upon receiving an application for the issue of an authorisation for a cross-border high risk commercial specialised operation, the competent authority of the operator shall review the operator’s risk assessment documentation and standard operating procedures (SOP) in coordination with the competent authority of the place where the operation is planned to be conducted. When both authorities are satisfied with the risk assessment and SOP, the competent authority of the operator shall issue the authorisation.

ARO.OPS.155   Lease agreements

(a)

The competent authority shall approve a lease agreement involving a third country registered aircraft or a third country operator when the SPO operator has demonstrated compliance with ORO.SPO.100.

(b)

The approval of a dry lease-in agreement shall be suspended or revoked whenever the certificate of airworthiness of the aircraft is suspended or revoked.’.

(r)

In ARO.OPS.200(b)(2), the words ‘and specialised operations’ are inserted after the words ‘non-commercial operations’.

(s)

ARO.OPS.210 is replaced by the following:

ARO.OPS.210   Determination of distance or local area

The competent authority may determine a distance or local area for the purpose of operations.’.

(t)

In Subpart OPS the following SECTION III is inserted:

SECTION III

Oversight of operations

ARO.OPS.300   Introductory flights

The competent authority may establish additional conditions for introductory flights carried out in accordance with Part-NCO in the territory of the Member State. Such conditions shall ensure safe operations and be proportionate.’.

(u)

In Appendix I:

(i)

the sub-title is replaced by ‘(Approval schedule for air transport operators)’;

(ii)

the words ‘Commercial specialised operations (SPO)’ and footnote 2 are deleted.

(v)

In Appendix II, the repeating word ‘Take-off’ is deleted and footnote 10 is replaced by the following:

‘(10)

Insertion of applicable precision approach category: LTS CAT I, CAT II, OTS CAT II, CAT IIIA, CAT IIIB or CAT IIIC. Insertion of minimum runway visual range (RVR) in meters and decision height (DH) in feet. One line is used per listed approach category.’.

(w)

In Appendix V, the words ‘Specialised operations’ are added below the words ‘Non-commercial operations’.

(x)

The following Appendix VI is added:

‘Appendix VI

Image Text of image

(3)

Annex III to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 is amended as follows:

(a)

All references to Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 are replaced by references to Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 (1).

(b)

All references to Regulation (EC) No 290/2012 are replaced by references to Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011.

(c)

The text of ORO.GEN.005 is replaced by the following:

‘This Annex establishes requirements to be followed by an air operator conducting:

(a)

commercial air transport operations (CAT);

(b)

commercial specialised operations;

(c)

non-commercial operations with complex motor-powered aircraft;

(d)

non-commercial specialised operations with complex motor-powered aircraft.’.

(d)

In ORO.GEN.105, the words ‘or specialised operation authorisation’ are inserted after ‘declaration obligation’.

(e)

In ORO.GEN.110, point (a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

The operator is responsible for the operation of the aircraft in accordance with Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, as applicable, the relevant requirements of this Annex and its air operator certificate (AOC) or specialised operation authorisation (SPO authorisation) or declaration.’.

(f)

In ORO.GEN.110(c), a comma and the words ‘SPO authorisation’ are inserted after the word ‘certificate’.

(g)

In ORO.GEN.110, the following point is added:

‘(k)

Notwithstanding (j), the operator of a sailplane or a balloon or of flights taking off and landing at the same aerodrome or operating site, under VFR by day, with

(i)

single-engined propeller-driven aeroplanes having a maximum certified take-off mass of 5 700 kg or less and a MOPSC of 5 or less; or

(ii)

other than complex motor-powered helicopters, single-engined, with a MOPSC of 5 or less,

shall ensure that the flight crew has received an appropriate training or briefing to enable them to recognise undeclared dangerous goods brought on-board by passengers or as cargo.’.

(h)

In ORO.GEN.115:

(i)

the title is replaced by the following: ‘Application for an AOC’;

(ii)

in point (a) the word ‘air’ is inserted before ‘operator certificate’.

(i)

In ORO.GEN.120, the following point is added:

‘(d)

When an operator subject to SPO authorisation wishes to use alternative means of compliance, it shall comply with (b) whenever such alternative means of compliance affects the standard operating procedures that are part of the authorisation and with (c) for the declared part of its organisation and operation.’.

(j)

The title of ORO.GEN.125 is replaced by the following: ‘Terms of approval and privileges of an AOC holder’.

(k)

The title of ORO.GEN.130 is replaced by the following: ‘Changes related to an AOC holder’.

(l)

The title of ORO.GEN.135 is replaced by the following: ‘Continued validity of an AOC’.

(m)

In ORO.GEN.140(a), a comma and the words ‘SPO authorisation’ are inserted after the word ‘certification’.

(n)

In ORO.GEN.140(b), the words ‘in the case of CAT’ are inserted, surrounded by commas, after the words ‘Access to the aircraft mentioned under (a) shall’.

(o)

ORO.GEN.205 is replaced by the following:

ORO.GEN.205   Contracted activities

(a)

The operator shall ensure that when contracting or purchasing any part of its activity, the contracted or purchased service or product conforms to the applicable requirements.

(b)

When the certified operator or the SPO authorisation holder contracts any part of its activity to an organisation that is not itself certified or authorised in accordance with this Part to carry out such activity, the contracted organisation shall work under the approval of the operator. The contracting organisation shall ensure that the competent authority is given access to the contracted organisation, to determine continued compliance with the applicable requirements.’.

(p)

In ORO.AOC.100(a), the word ‘transport’ is inserted before the word ‘operations’.

(q)

In ORO.AOC.100, points (b) and (c) are replaced by the following:

‘(b)

The operator shall provide the following information to the competent authority:

(1)

the official name and business name, address, and mailing address of the applicant;

(2)

a description of the proposed operation, including the type(s), and number of aircraft to be operated;

(3)

a description of the management system, including organisational structure;

(4)

the name of the accountable manager;

(5)

the names of the nominated persons required by ORO.AOC.135(a) together with their qualifications and experience;

(6)

a copy of the operations manual required by ORO.MLR.100;

(7)

a statement that all the documentation sent to the competent authority have been verified by the applicant and found in compliance with the applicable requirements.

(c)

Applicants shall demonstrate to the competent authority that:

(1)

they comply with all the applicable requirements of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, this Annex, Annex IV (Part-CAT) and Annex V (Part-SPA) to this Regulation;

(2)

all aircraft operated have a certificate of airworthiness (CofA) in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 748/2012; and

(3)

its organisation and management are suitable and properly matched to the scale and scope of the operation.’.

(r)

In ORO.AOC.125(a)(1)(ii), the words ‘air transport’ are inserted after the word ‘commercial’.

(s)

In ORO.DEC.100, the first sentence is replaced by the following:

‘The operator of complex motor-powered aircraft engaged in non-commercial operations or non-commercial specialised operations, and the commercial specialised operator shall:’.

(t)

The following Subpart is inserted after SUBPART DEC — DECLARATION:

‘SUBPART SPO

COMMERCIAL SPECIALISED OPERATIONS

ORO.SPO.100   Common requirements for commercial specialised operators

(a)

A commercial specialised operator shall in addition to ORO.DEC.100 also comply with ORO.AOC.135, ORO.AOC.140 and ORO.AOC.150.

(b)

Aircraft shall have a certificate of airworthiness (CofA) in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 or shall be leased-in in accordance with (c).

(c)

A commercial specialised operator shall obtain prior approval of the competent authority and comply with the following conditions, if:

(1)

Wet leasing-in an aircraft of a third country operator:

(i)

The safety standards of a third country operator with regard to continuing airworthiness and air operations are equivalent to the applicable requirements established by Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 and this Regulation;

(ii)

The aircraft of a third country operator has a standard CofA issued in accordance with ICAO Annex 8;

(iii)

The duration of the wet lease-in does not exceed seven months in any 12 consecutive month period; or

(2)

Dry leasing-in an aircraft registered in a third country:

(i)

An operational need has been identified that cannot be satisfied through leasing an aircraft registered in the EU;

(ii)

The duration of the dry lease-in does not exceed seven months in any 12 consecutive month period;

(iii)

Compliance with the applicable requirements of Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 is ensured;

(iv)

The aircraft is equipped in accordance with Annex VIII [Part SPO].

ORO.SPO.110   Authorisation of high risk commercial specialised operations

(a)

A commercial specialised operator shall apply for and obtain an authorisation issued by the competent authority of the operator prior to commencing a high risk commercial specialised operation:

(1)

that is carried out over an area where the safety of third parties on the ground is likely to be endangered in the event of an emergency, or

(2)

that, as determined by the competent authority of the place where the operation is conducted, due to its specific nature and the local environment in which it is conducted, poses a high risk, in particular to third parties on the ground.

(b)

The operator shall provide the following information to the competent authority:

(1)

the official name and business name, address, and mailing address of the applicant;

(2)

a description of the management system, including organisational structure;

(3)

a description of the proposed operation, including the type(s), and number of aircraft to be operated;

(4)

the risk assessment documentation and related standard operating procedures, required by SPO.OP.230;

(5)

a statement that all the documentation sent to the competent authority has been verified by the operator and found in compliance with the applicable requirements.

(c)

The application for an authorisation or its amendment shall be made in a form and manner established by the competent authority, taking into account the applicable requirements of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules.

ORO.SPO.115   Changes

(a)

Any change affecting the scope of the authorisation or the authorised operations shall require prior approval of the competent authority. Any change not covered by the initial risk assessment, shall require the submission of an amended risk assessment and SOP to the competent authority.

(b)

The application for approval of a change shall be submitted before any such change takes place, in order to enable the competent authority to determine continued compliance with Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules and to amend, if necessary, the authorisation. The operator shall provide the competent authority with any relevant documentation.

(c)

The change shall only be implemented upon receipt of formal approval by the competent authority in accordance with ARO.OPS.150.

(d)

The operator shall operate under the conditions prescribed by the competent authority during such changes, as applicable.

ORO.SPO.120   Continued validity

(a)

An operator holding a specialised operation authorisation shall comply with the scope and privileges defined in the authorisation.

(b)

The operator’s authorisation shall remain valid subject to:

(1)

the operator remaining in compliance with the relevant requirements of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules, taking into account the provisions related to the handling of findings as specified under ORO.GEN.150;

(2)

the competent authority being granted access to the operator as defined in ORO.GEN.140 to determine continued compliance with the relevant requirements of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules; and

(3)

the authorisation not being surrendered or revoked.

(c)

Upon revocation or surrender the authorisation shall be returned to the competent authority without delay.’.

(u)

ORO.MLR.100(b) is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

The content of the OM shall reflect the requirements set out in this Annex, Annex IV (Part-CAT), Annex V (Part-SPA), Annex VI (Part-NCC) and Annex VIII (Part-SPO), as applicable, and shall not contravene the conditions contained in the operations specifications to the air operator certificate (AOC), the SPO authorisation or the declaration and the list of specific approvals, as applicable.’.

(v)

In ORO.MLR.100, the following point (g1) is inserted:

‘(g1)

For SPO authorisation holders, any amendment associated with the authorised standard operating procedures, prior approval shall be obtained before the amendment becomes effective.’

(w)

In ORO.MLR.100(h), the words ‘and (g1)’ are inserted after ‘Notwithstanding (g)’.

(x)

In ORO.MLR.101, the first sentence is replaced by the following:

‘Except for operations with single engined propeller-driven aeroplanes with a MOPSC of 5 or single engined non-complex helicopters with a MOPSC of 5, taking off and landing at the same aerodrome or operating site, under VFR by day, and for operations with sailplanes and balloons, the main structure of the OM shall be as follows:’.

(y)

ORO.MLR.115(a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a)

The following records shall be stored for at least 5 years.

(1)

for CAT operators, records of the activities referred to in ORO.GEN.200;

(2)

for declared operators, a copy of the operator’s declaration, details of approvals held and operations manual;

(3)

for SPO authorisation holders, in addition to (a)(2), records related to the risk assessment conducted in accordance with SPO.OP.230 and related standard operating procedures.’

(z)

In ORO.MLR.115(b)(4), a comma and the words ‘if applicable’ are added after ‘dangerous goods’.

(aa)

In ORO.SEC.100.A the title is replaced by the followings

ORO.SEC.100   Flight crew compartment security — aeroplanes’.

(ab)

In ORO.SEC.100.H, the title is replaced by the following

ORO.SEC.105   Flight crew compartment security — helicopters’.

(ac)

ORO.FC.005 is replaced by the following:

ORO.FC.005   Scope

This Subpart establishes requirements to be met by the operator related to flight crew training, experience and qualification and comprises:

(a)

SECTION 1 specifying common requirements applicable to both non-commercial operations of complex motor-powered aircraft and any commercial operation;

(b)

SECTION 2 specifying additional requirements applicable to commercial air transport operations, with the exception of:

(1)

commercial air transport operations of sailplanes or balloons; or

(2)

commercial air transport operations of passengers conducted under visual flight rules (VFR) by day, starting and ending at the same aerodrome or operating site and within a local area specified by the competent authority, with

single-engined propeller-driven aeroplanes having a maximum certified take-off mass of 5 700 kg or less and a MOPSC of 5; or

other-than-complex motor-powered helicopters, single engined, with a MOPSC of 5.

(c)

SECTION 3 specifying additional requirements for commercial specialised operations and for those referred to in b(1) and (2).’.

(ad)

In ORO.FC.105:

(i)

in point (c), first sentence, the words ‘In the case of commercial operations of aeroplanes and helicopters,’ followed by a comma, are inserted at the beginning;

(ii)

point (d) is replaced by the following:

‘(d)

Point (c) shall not apply in the case of:

(1)

performance class B aeroplanes involved in commercial air transport operations under VFR by day; and

(2)

commercial air transport operations of passengers conducted under VFR by day, starting and ending at the same aerodrome or operating site or within a local area specified by the competent authority, with other than complex motor-powered helicopters, single-engined, with a MOPSC of 5.’.

(ae)

ORO.FC.145(c) is replaced by the following:

‘(c)

In the case of CAT operations, training and checking programmes, including syllabi and use of individual flight simulation training devices (FSTDs), shall be approved by the competent authority.’.

(af)

After ORO.FC.H.250, the following SECTION is added:

SECTION 3

Additional requirements for commercial specialised operations and CAT operations referred to in ORO.FC.005(b)(1) and (2)

ORO.FC.330   Recurrent training and checking — operator proficiency check

(a)

Each flight crew member shall complete operator proficiency checks to demonstrate his/her competence in carrying out normal, abnormal and emergency procedures, covering the relevant aspects associated with the specialised tasks described in the operations manual.

(b)

Appropriate consideration shall be given when operations are undertaken under IFR or at night.

(c)

The validity period of the operator proficiency check shall be 12 calendar months. The validity period shall be counted from the end of the month when the check was taken. When the operator proficiency check is undertaken within the last three months of the validity period, the new validity period shall be counted from the original expiry date.’.

(ag)

In ORO.CC.100(a) second sentence, the words ‘Except for balloons’, followed by a comma, are inserted at the beginning.

(ah)

Appendix I is replaced by the following:

‘Appendix I

Image Text of image

(4)

Annex IV to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 is amended as follows:

(a)

All references to Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 are replaced by references to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(b)

The following CAT.GEN.105 is added:

CAT.GEN.105   Touring motor gliders, powered sailplanes and mixed balloons

(a)

Powered sailplanes, excluding touring motor gliders, shall be operated and equipped in compliance with the requirements applicable to sailplanes.

(b)

Touring motor gliders (TMGs) shall be operated following the requirements for:

(1)

aeroplanes when they are power-driven by an engine; and

(2)

sailplanes when operated without using an engine.

(c)

TMGs shall be equipped in compliance with the requirements applicable to aeroplanes, unless otherwise specified in CAT.IDE.A.

(d)

Mixed balloons shall be operated in accordance with the requirements for hot-air balloons.’.

(c)

CAT.GEN.MPA.180(a)(5) and (6) are replaced by the following:

‘(5)

a certified true copy of the air operator certificate (AOC), including an English translation when the AOC has been issued in another language;

(6)

the operations specifications relevant to the aircraft type, issued with the AOC, including an English translation when the operations specifications have been issued in another language;’.

(d)

In SUBPART A — GENERAL REQUIREMENTS, the following SECTION is inserted:

SECTION 2

Non motor-powered aircraft

CAT.GEN.NMPA.100   Responsibilities of the commander

(a)

The commander shall:

(1)

be responsible for the safety of all crew members and passengers on board, as soon as the commander arrives on board of the aircraft, until the commander leaves the aircraft at the end of the flight;

(2)

be responsible for the operation and safety of the aircraft:

(i)

for balloons, from the moment the inflating of the envelope is started until the envelope is deflated, unless the commander has delegated the responsibility to another qualified person during the filling phase until the commander arrives as specified in the operations manual (OM);

(ii)

for sailplanes, from the moment the launch procedure is started until the sailplane comes to a rest at the end of the flight;

(3)

have authority to give all commands and take any appropriate actions for the purpose of securing the safety of the aircraft and of persons and/or property carried therein in accordance with 7.c of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008;

(4)

have authority not to embark and to disembark any person that may represent a potential hazard to the safety of the aircraft or its occupants;

(5)

not allow a person to be carried in the aircraft who appears to be under the influence of alcohol or drugs to the extent that the safety of the aircraft or its occupants is likely to be endangered;

(6)

ensure that all passengers have received a safety briefing;

(7)

ensure that all operational procedures and checklists are complied with in accordance with the operations manual;

(8)

ensure that the pre-flight inspection has been carried out in accordance with the requirements of Annex I (Part-M) to Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003;

(9)

be satisfied that relevant emergency equipment remains easily accessible for immediate use;

(10)

comply with the relevant requirements of the operator’s occurrence reporting schemes;

(11)

comply with all flight and duty time limitations (FTL) and rest requirements applicable to his/her activities;

(12)

when undertaking duties for more than one operator:

(i)

maintain his/her individual records regarding flight and duty times and rest periods as referred to in applicable FTL requirements; and

(ii)

provide each operator with the data needed to schedule activities in accordance with the applicable FTL requirements.

(b)

The commander shall not perform duties on an aircraft:

(1)

when under the influence of psychoactive substances or alcohol or when unfit due to injury, fatigue, medication, sickness or other similar causes;

(2)

until a reasonable time period has elapsed after deep water diving or following blood donation;

(3)

if applicable medical requirements are not fulfilled;

(4)

if he/she is in any doubt of being able to accomplish his/her assigned duties; or

(5)

if he/she knows or suspects that he/she is suffering from fatigue as referred to in 7.f of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 or feels otherwise unfit, to the extent that the flight may be endangered.

(c)

The commander shall, in an emergency situation that requires immediate decision and action, take any action the commander considers necessary under the circumstances in accordance with 7.d of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008. In such cases he/she may deviate from rules, operational procedures and methods in the interest of safety.

(d)

The commander of a balloon shall:

(1)

be responsible for the pre-flight briefing of those persons assisting in the inflation and deflation of the envelope;

(2)

ensure that no person is smoking on board or within the direct vicinity of the balloon; and

(3)

ensure that persons assisting in the inflation and deflation of the envelope wear appropriate protective clothing.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.105   Additional balloon crew member

(a)

When a balloon carries more than 19 passengers, at least one additional crew member appropriately experienced and trained shall be present on board to assist passengers in the event of an emergency.

(b)

The additional crew member shall not perform duties on a balloon:

(1)

when under the influence of psychoactive substances or alcohol;

(2)

when unfit due to injury, fatigue, medication, sickness or other similar causes; or

(3)

until a reasonable time period has elapsed after deep water diving or following blood donation.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.110   Authority of the commander

The operator shall take all reasonable measures to ensure that all persons carried in the aircraft obey all lawful commands given by the commander for the purpose of securing the safety of the aircraft and of persons or property carried therein.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.115   Common language

The operator shall ensure that all crew members can communicate with each other in a common language.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.120   Portable electronic devices

The operator shall not permit any person to use a portable electronic device (PED) on board an aircraft that could adversely affect the performance of the aircraft’s systems and equipment and shall take all reasonable measures to prevent such use.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.125   Information on emergency and survival equipment carried

The operator shall at all times have available for immediate communication to rescue coordination centres (RCCs) lists containing information on the emergency and survival equipment carried on board any of their aircraft.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.130   Alcohol and drugs

The operator shall take all reasonable measures to ensure that no person enters or is in an aircraft when under the influence of alcohol or drugs to the extent that the safety of the aircraft or its occupants is likely to be endangered.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.135   Endangering safety

The operator shall take all reasonable measures to ensure that no person recklessly or negligently acts or omits to act so as to:

(a)

endanger an aircraft or person therein or on the ground; or

(b)

cause or permit an aircraft to endanger any person or property.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.140   Documents, manuals and information to be carried

(a)

The following documents, manuals and information shall be carried on each flight, as originals or copies unless otherwise specified:

(1)

the aircraft flight manual (AFM), or equivalent document(s);

(2)

the original certificate of registration;

(3)

the original certificate of airworthiness (CofA);

(4)

the noise certificate, if applicable;

(5)

a copy of the air operator certificate (AOC);

(6)

the operations specifications relevant to the aircraft type, issued with the AOC, if applicable;

(7)

the aircraft radio licence, if applicable;

(8)

the third party liability insurance certificate(s);

(9)

the journey log, or equivalent, for the aircraft;

(10)

the aircraft technical log, in accordance with Annex I (Part-M) to Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003, if applicable;

(11)

the MEL or CDL, if applicable;

(12)

details of the filed air traffic service (ATS) flight plan, if applicable;

(13)

current and suitable aeronautical charts for the route of the proposed flight and all routes along which it is reasonable to expect that the flight may be diverted;

(14)

procedures and visual signals information for use by intercepting and intercepted aircraft;

(15)

information concerning search and rescue services for the area of the intended flight;

(16)

appropriate notices to airmen (NOTAMs) and aeronautical information service (AIS) briefing documentation;

(17)

appropriate meteorological information;

(18)

passenger manifests, if applicable;

(19)

for sailplanes, mass and balance documentation and for balloons, mass documentation;

(20)

the operational flight plan, if applicable; and

(21)

any other documentation that may be pertinent to the flight or is required by the States concerned with the flight.

(b)

Notwithstanding (a), the documents, manuals and information specified there may be carried in the retrieve vehicle or retained at the aerodrome or operating site on flights intending to:

(1)

take off and land at the same aerodrome or operating site; or

(2)

remain within a local area specified in the operations manual.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.145   Provision of documentation and records

The commander shall, within a reasonable time of being requested to do so by a person authorised by an authority, provide to that person the documentation required to be carried on board.

CAT.GEN.NMPA.150   Transport of dangerous goods

(a)

The transport of dangerous goods shall not be permitted, except when:

(1)

they are not subject to the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Doc 9284-AN/905) in accordance with Part 1 of those Instructions; or

(2)

they are carried by passengers or crew members, or are in baggage, in accordance with Part 8 of the Technical Instructions.

(b)

The operator shall establish procedures to ensure that all reasonable measures are taken to prevent dangerous goods from being carried on board inadvertently.

(c)

The operator shall provide personnel with the necessary information enabling them to carry out their responsibilities.’.

(e)

In CAT.OP.MPA.151, the following point (a1) is inserted:

‘(a1)

Notwithstanding CAT.OP.MPA.150(b) to (d), for operations taking off and landing at the same aerodrome or operating site with ELA2 aeroplanes under VFR by day the operator shall specify the minimum final reserve fuel in the OM. This minimum final reserve fuel shall not be less than the amount needed to fly for a period of 45 minutes.’.

(f)

In SUBPART B — OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES, the following SECTION is inserted:

SECTION 2

Non motor-powered aircraft

CAT.OP.NMPA.100   Use of aerodromes and operating sites

The operator shall only use aerodromes and operating sites that are adequate for the type(s) of aircraft and operation(s) concerned.

CAT.OP.NMPA.105   Noise abatement procedures — balloons and powered sailplanes

The commander shall take into account the effect of aircraft noise while ensuring that safety has priority over noise abatement.

CAT.OP.NMPA.110   Fuel or ballast supply and planning — balloons

(a)

The operator shall ensure that the fuel or ballast carried is sufficient for the intended flight duration plus a reserve of 30 minutes of flight.

(b)

Fuel or ballast supply calculations shall be based upon at least the following operating conditions under which the flight is to be conducted:

(1)

data provided by the balloon manufacturer;

(2)

anticipated masses;

(3)

expected meteorological conditions; and

(4)

air navigation services provider(s) procedures and restrictions.

(c)

The calculations shall be documented in an operational flight plan.

CAT.OP.NMPA.115   Carriage of special categories of passengers (SCPs)

Persons requiring special conditions, assistance and/or devices when carried on a flight shall be considered as SCPs and be carried under conditions that ensure the safety of the aircraft and its occupants according to procedures established by the operator.

CAT.OP.NMPA.120   Passenger briefing

The operator shall ensure that passengers are given a safety briefing before or, where appropriate, during the flight.

CAT.OP.NMPA.125   Flight preparation

Before commencing the flight, the commander shall:

(a)

ascertain by every reasonable means available that the ground facilities including communication facilities and navigation aids available and directly required on such a flight, for the safe operation of the aircraft, are adequate for the type of operation under which the flight is to be conducted; and

(b)

be familiar with all available meteorological information appropriate to the intended flight. Preparation for a flight away from the vicinity of the place of departure shall include:

(1)

a study of available current weather reports and forecasts; and

(2)

the planning of an alternative course of action to provide for the eventuality that the flight cannot be completed as planned, because of weather conditions.

CAT.OP.NMPA.130   Submission of the ATS flight plan

(a)

If an ATS flight plan is not submitted because it is not required by the rules of the air, adequate information shall be deposited in order to permit alerting services to be activated if required.

(b)

When operating from a site where it is impossible to submit an ATS flight plan, the ATS flight plan shall be transmitted as soon as possible after take-off by the commander or the operator.

CAT.OP.NMPA.135   Securing of passenger and pilot compartments — balloons

The commander shall ensure that before take-off and landing, and whenever deemed necessary in the interest of safety:

(a)

all equipment and baggage are properly secured; and

(b)

emergency evacuation remains possible.

CAT.OP.NMPA.140   Smoking on board

No person shall be allowed to smoke on board a sailplane or balloon.

CAT.OP.NMPA.145   Meteorological conditions

The commander shall only commence or continue a VFR flight if the latest available meteorological information indicates that the weather conditions along the route and at the intended destination at the estimated time of use will be at or above the applicable VFR operating minima.

CAT.OP.NMPA.150   Ice and other contaminants — ground procedures

The commander shall only commence take-off if the aircraft is clear of any deposit that might adversely affect the performance or controllability of the aircraft, except as permitted in accordance with the AFM.

CAT.OP.NMPA.155   Take-off conditions

Before commencing take-off, the commander shall be satisfied that according to the information available to him/her, the weather at the aerodrome or operating site would not prevent a safe take-off and departure.

CAT.OP.NMPA.160   Simulated abnormal situations in flight

The commander shall ensure that when carrying passengers abnormal or emergency situations that require the application of abnormal or emergency procedures are not simulated.

CAT.OP.NMPA.165   In-flight fuel and ballast management — balloons

The commander shall check at regular intervals that the amount of usable fuel and ballast remaining in flight is not less than the fuel and ballast needed to complete the intended flight and the reserve planned for landing.

CAT.OP.NMPA.170   Use of supplemental oxygen

The commander shall ensure that flight crew members engaged in performing duties essential to the safe operation of the aircraft in flight use supplemental oxygen continuously whenever the pressure altitude exceeds 10 000 ft for a period of more than 30 minutes and whenever the pressure altitude exceeds 13 000 ft.

CAT.OP.NMPA.175   Approach and landing conditions

Before commencing an approach to land, the commander shall be satisfied that, according to the information available to him/her, the weather at the intended aerodrome or operating site and the condition of the surface intended to be used would not prevent a safe approach and landing.

CAT.OP.NMPA.180   Operational limitations — hot-air balloons

(a)

A hot-air balloon shall not land during night, except in emergency situation.

(b)

A hot-air balloon may take-off during night, provided sufficient fuel is carried for a landing during day.

CAT.OP.NMPA.185   Operational limitations — sailplanes

A sailplane shall only be operated during day.’.

(g)

In CAT.POL.A.240(b)(4), ‘ORO.OPS’ is replaced by ‘ORO.FC’.

(h)

In CAT.POL.A.310, the following point (e) is added:

‘(e)

The requirements in (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5), (b)(2) and (c)(2) shall not be applicable to VFR operations by day.’.

(i)

In CAT.POL.A.405(b), the reference to ‘CAT.POL.A.405(b) or (c)’ is replaced by a reference to ‘CAT.POL.A.400(b) or (c)’.

(j)

In SUBPART C — AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE AND OPERATING LIMITATIONS the following SECTIONS 4 and 5 are inserted:

SECTION 4

Sailplanes

CAT.POL.S.100   Operating limitations

(a)

During any phase of operation, the loading, the mass and the centre of gravity (CG) position of the sailplane shall comply with any limitation specified in the AFM or the operations manual (OM) if more restrictive.

(b)

Placards, listings, instrument markings, or combinations thereof, containing those operating limitations prescribed by the AFM for visual presentation, shall be displayed in the sailplane.

CAT.POL.S.105   Weighing

(a)

The operator shall ensure that the mass and the CG of the sailplane have been established by actual weighing prior to initial entry into service. The accumulated effects of modifications and repairs on the mass and balance shall be accounted for and properly documented. Such information shall be made available to the commander. The sailplane shall be reweighed if the effect of modifications on the mass and balance is not accurately known.

(b)

The weighing shall be accomplished by the manufacturer of the sailplane or in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 as applicable.

CAT.POL.S.110   Performance

The commander shall only operate the sailplane if the performance is adequate to comply with the applicable rules of the air and any other restrictions applicable to the flight, the airspace or the aerodromes or operating sites used, taking into account the charting accuracy of any charts and maps used.

SECTION 5

Balloons

CAT.POL.B.100   Operating limitations

(a)

During any phase of operation, the loading and the mass of the balloon shall comply with any limitation specified in the AFM or the operations manual (OM) if more restrictive.

(b)

Placards, listings, instrument markings, or combinations thereof, containing those operating limitations prescribed by the AFM for visual presentation, shall be displayed in the balloon.

CAT.POL.B.105   Weighing

(a)

The operator shall ensure that the mass of the balloon has been established by actual weighing prior to initial entry into service. The accumulated effects of modifications and repairs on the mass shall be accounted for and properly documented. Such information shall be made available to the commander. The balloon shall be reweighed if the effect of modifications on the mass is not accurately known.

(b)

The weighing shall be accomplished by the manufacturer of the balloon or in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 as applicable.

CAT.POL.B.110   System for determining the mass

(a)

The operator of a balloon shall establish a system specifying how the following items are accurately determined for each flight so to enable the commander to verify that the limitations of the AFM are complied with:

(1)

balloon empty mass;

(2)

mass of the traffic load;

(3)

mass of the fuel or ballast load;

(4)

take-off mass;

(5)

loading of the balloon performed under the supervision of the commander or qualified personnel;

(6)

preparation and disposition of all documentation.

(b)

The mass computation based on electronic calculations shall be replicable by the commander.

(c)

The mass documentation shall be prepared prior to each flight and documented in an operational flight plan.

CAT.POL.B.115   Performance

The commander shall only operate the balloon if the performance is adequate to comply with the applicable rules of the air and any other restrictions applicable to the flight, the airspace or the aerodromes or operating sites used, taking into account the charting accuracy of any charts and maps used.’.

(k)

In CAT.IDE.A.100(c), CAT.IDE.A.215(d) and in CAT.IDE.H.100(c), the word ‘must’ is replaced by ‘shall’.

(l)

In CAT.IDE.A.260, Figure 1 is replaced by the following figure:

Figure 1

Image

(m)

In SUBPART D — INSTRUMENTS, DATA AND EQUIPMENT the following SECTIONS 3 and 4 are inserted:

SECTION 3

Sailplanes

CAT.IDE.S.100   Instruments and equipment — general

(a)

Instruments and equipment required by this Subpart shall be approved in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 if they are:

(1)

used by the flight crew to control the flight path;

(2)

used to comply with CAT.IDE.S.140;

(3)

used to comply with CAT.IDE.S.145; or

(4)

installed in the sailplane.

(b)

The following items, when required by this Subpart, do not need an equipment approval:

(1)

independent portable light;

(2)

accurate time piece; and

(3)

survival and signalling equipment.

(c)

Instruments and equipment not required by this Subpart as well as any other equipment that is not required by other Annexes, but is carried on a flight, shall comply with the following:

(1)

the information provided by these instruments or equipment shall not be used by the flight crew to comply with Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008; and

(2)

the instruments and equipment shall not affect the airworthiness of the sailplane, even in the case of failures or malfunction.

(d)

Instruments and equipment shall be readily operable or accessible from the station where the flight crew member that needs to use it is seated.

(e)

All required emergency equipment shall be easily accessible for immediate use.

CAT.IDE.S.105   Minimum equipment for flight

A flight shall not be commenced when any of the sailplane instruments, items of equipment or functions required for the intended flight are inoperative or missing, unless the sailplane is operated in accordance with the minimum equipment list (MEL).

CAT.IDE.S.110   Operations under VFR — flight and navigational instruments

(a)

Sailplanes operated under VFR by day shall be equipped with a means of measuring and displaying:

(1)

in the case of powered sailplanes, magnetic heading;

(2)

time in hours, minutes and seconds;

(3)

pressure altitude; and

(4)

indicated airspeed.

(b)

Sailplanes operating in conditions where the sailplane cannot be maintained in a desired attitude without reference to one or more additional instruments, shall be, in addition to (a), equipped with a means of measuring and displaying:

(1)

vertical speed;

(2)

attitude or turn and slip; and

(3)

magnetic heading.

CAT.IDE.S.115   Cloud flying — flight and navigational instruments

Sailplanes performing cloud flying shall be equipped with a means of measuring and displaying:

(a)

magnetic heading;

(b)

time in hours, minutes and seconds;

(c)

pressure altitude;

(d)

indicated airspeed;

(e)

vertical speed; and

(f)

attitude or turn and slip.

CAT.IDE.S.120   Seats and restraint systems

(a)

Sailplanes shall be equipped with:

(1)

a seat for each person on board; and

(2)

a seat belt with upper torso restraint system for each seat according to the AFM.

(b)

A seat belt with upper torso restraint system shall have a single point release.

CAT.IDE.S.125   Supplemental oxygen

Sailplanes operated at pressure altitudes above 10 000 ft shall be equipped with oxygen storage and dispensing apparatus carrying enough breathing oxygen to supply:

(a)

crew members for any period in excess of 30 minutes when the pressure altitude will be between 10 000 ft and 13 000 ft; and

(b)

all crew members and passengers for any period that the pressure altitude will be above 13 000 ft.

CAT.IDE.S.130   Flight over water

The commander of a sailplane operated over water shall determine the risks to survival of the occupants of the sailplane in the event of a ditching, based on which he/she shall determine the carriage of:

(a)

a life-jacket, or equivalent individual floatation device, for each person on board, that shall be worn or stowed in a position that is readily accessible from the seat of the person for whose use it is provided;

(b)

an emergency locator transmitter (ELT) or a personal locator beacon (PLB), carried by a crew member or a passenger, capable of transmitting simultaneously on 121,5 MHz and 406 MHz; and

(c)

equipment for making distress signals, when operating a flight:

(1)

over water beyond gliding distance from the land; or

(2)

where the take-off or approach path is so disposed over water that in the event of a mishap there would be a likelihood of ditching.

CAT.IDE.S.135   Survival equipment

Sailplanes operated over areas in which search and rescue would be especially difficult shall be equipped with such signalling devices and life-saving equipment as appropriate to the area overflown.

CAT.IDE.S.140   Radio communication equipment

(a)

When required by the airspace being flown, sailplanes shall be equipped with radio communication equipment capable of conducting two-way communication with those aeronautical stations or those frequencies to meet airspace requirements.

(b)

Radio communication equipment, if required by (a), shall provide for communication on the aeronautical emergency frequency 121,5 MHz.

CAT.IDE.S.145   Navigation equipment

Sailplanes shall be equipped with any navigation equipment necessary to proceed in accordance with:

(a)

the ATS flight plan if applicable; and

(b)

the applicable airspace requirements.

CAT.IDE.S.150   Transponder

When required by the airspace being flown, sailplanes shall be equipped with a secondary surveillance radar (SSR) transponder with all the required capabilities.

SECTION 4

Balloons

CAT.IDE.B.100   Instruments and equipment — general

(a)

Instruments and equipment required by this Subpart shall be approved in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 748/2012 if they are:

(1)

used by the flight crew to determine the flight path;

(2)

used to comply with CAT.IDE.B.155; or

(3)

installed in the balloon.

(b)

The following items, when required by this Subpart, do not need an equipment approval:

(1)

independent portable light;

(2)

accurate time piece;

(3)

first-aid kit;

(4)

survival and signalling equipment;

(5)

alternative source of ignition;

(6)

fire blanket or fire resistant cover;

(7)

drop line; and

(8)

knife.

(c)

Instruments and equipment not required by this Subpart as well as any other equipment that is not required by other Annexes, but is carried on a flight, shall comply with the following:

(1)

the information provided by these instruments or equipment shall not be used by the flight crew to comply with Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008; and

(2)

the instruments and equipment shall not affect the airworthiness of the balloon, even in the case of failures or malfunction.

(d)

Instruments and equipment shall be readily operable or accessible from the station where the flight crew member that needs to use it is assigned.

(e)

All required emergency equipment shall be easily accessible for immediate use.

CAT.IDE.B.105   Minimum equipment for flight

A flight shall not be commenced when any of the balloon instruments, items of equipment or functions, required for the intended flight, are inoperative, unless the balloon is operated in accordance with the minimum equipment list (MEL).

CAT.IDE.B.110   Operating lights

Balloons operated at night shall be equipped with:

(a)

anti-collision lights;

(b)

a means to provide adequate illumination for all instruments and equipment essential to the safe operation of the balloon; and

(c)

an independent portable light.

CAT.IDE.B.115   Operations under VFR — flight and navigational instruments and associated equipment

Balloons operated under VFR shall be equipped with:

(a)

a means of displaying drift direction; and

(b)

a means of measuring and displaying:

(1)

time in hours, minutes and seconds;

(2)

vertical speed, if required by the AFM;

(3)

pressure altitude, if required by the AFM, if required by air space requirements or when altitude needs to be controlled for the use of oxygen; and

(4)

except for gas balloons, the pressure of each burning gas supply line.

CAT.IDE.B.120   Restraint systems

Balloons with a separate compartment for the commander shall be equipped with a restraint system for the commander.

CAT.IDE.B.125   First-aid kit

(a)

Balloons shall be equipped with a first-aid kit.

(b)

An additional first-aid kit shall be carried in the retrieve vehicle.

(c)

The first-aid kit shall be:

(1)

readily accessible for use; and

(2)

kept up-to-date.

CAT.IDE.B.130   Supplemental oxygen

Balloons operated at pressure altitudes above 10 000 ft shall be equipped with oxygen storage and dispensing apparatus carrying enough breathing oxygen to supply:

(a)

crew members for any period in excess of 30 minutes when the pressure altitude will be between 10 000 ft and 13 000 ft; and

(b)

all crew members and passengers for any period that the pressure altitude will be above 13 000 ft.

CAT.IDE.B.135   Hand fire extinguishers

Hot-air balloons shall be equipped with at least one hand fire extinguisher as required by the applicable airworthiness code.

CAT.IDE.B.140   Flight over water

The commander of a balloon operated over water shall determine the risks to survival of the occupants of the balloon in the event of a ditching, based on which he/she shall determine the carriage of:

(a)

a life-jacket for each person on board, or equivalent individual floatation device for each person on board younger than 24 months, that shall be worn or stowed in a position that is readily accessible from the station of the person for whose use it is provided;

(b)

an emergency locator transmitter (ELT) or a personal locator beacon (PLB), carried by a crew member or a passenger, capable of transmitting simultaneously on 121,5 MHz and 406 MHz; and

(c)

equipment for making distress signals.

CAT.IDE.B.145   Survival equipment

Balloons operated over areas in which search and rescue would be especially difficult shall be equipped with such signalling devices and life-saving equipment as appropriate to the area overflown.

CAT.IDE.B.150   Miscellaneous equipment

(a)

Balloons shall be equipped with protective gloves for each crew member.

(b)

Hot-air balloons shall be equipped with:

(1)

an alternative source of ignition;

(2)

a means of measuring and indicating fuel quantity;

(3)

a fire blanket or fire resistant cover; and

(4)

a drop line of at least 25 m in length.

(c)

Gas balloons shall be equipped with:

(1)

a knife; and

(2)

a drop line of at least 20 m in length made of natural fibre or electrostatic conductive material.

CAT.IDE.B.155   Radio communication equipment

(a)

When required by airspace requirements, balloons shall be equipped with radio communication equipment at the pilot’s station, capable of conducting two-way communication with those aeronautical stations or those frequencies to meet airspace requirements.

(b)

Radio communication equipment, if required by (a), shall provide for communication on the aeronautical emergency frequency 121,5 MHz.

CAT.IDE.B.160   Transponder

When required by the airspace being flown, balloons shall be equipped with a secondary surveillance radar (SSR) transponder with all the required capabilities.’.

(5)

Annex V to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 is amended as follows:

(a)

All references to Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 are replaced by references to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(b)

In SPA.GEN.100(a)(1), the words ‘air transport’ are deleted.

(c)

SPA.DG.100 is replaced by the following:

SPA.DG.100   Transport of dangerous goods

Except as provided for in Annex IV (Part-CAT), Annex VI (Part-NCC), Annex VII (Part-NCO) and Annex VIII (Part-SPO), the operator shall only transport dangerous goods by air if the operator has been approved by the competent authority.’.

(6)

In Annex VI to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012, point (b) of NCC.POL.125 is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

Except for an aeroplane equipped with turboprop engines and a maximum take-off mass at or below 5 700 kg, in the event of an engine failure during take-off, the pilot-in-command shall ensure that the aeroplane is able:

(1)

to discontinue the take-off and stop within the accelerate-stop distance available or the runway available; or

(2)

to continue the take-off and clear all obstacles along the flight path by an adequate margin until the aeroplane is in a position to comply with NCC.POL.130.’.

(7)

Annex VII to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 is amended as follows:

(a)

All references to Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 are replaced by references to Regulation (EU) No 748/2012.

(b)

NCO.GEN.102 is amended as follows:

(i)

the title is replaced by the following:

Touring motor gliders, powered sailplanes and mixed balloons’;

(ii)

the following point (d) is added:

‘(d)

Mixed balloons shall be operated in accordance with the requirements for hot-air balloons.’.

(c)

The following point NCO.GEN.103 is inserted:

NCO.GEN.103   Introductory flights

Introductory flights referred to in Article 6(5)(c) of this Regulation when conducted in accordance with this Annex, shall:

(a)

start and end at the same aerodrome or operating site, except for balloons and sailplanes;

(b)

be operated under VFR by day;

(c)

be overseen by a nominated person responsible for their safety; and

(d)

comply with any other conditions stipulated by the competent authority.’.

(d)

NCO.GEN.106 is replaced by the following:

NCO.GEN.106   Pilot-in-command responsibilities and authority — balloons

The pilot-in-command of a balloon shall in addition to NCO.GEN.105:

(a)

be responsible for the pre-flight briefing of those persons assisting in the inflation and deflation of the envelope;

(b)

ensure that no person is smoking on board or within the direct vicinity of the balloon; and

(c)

ensure that persons assisting in the inflation and deflation of the envelope wear appropriate protective clothing.’.

(e)

In NCO.GEN.135(a)(10), the word ‘area’ is inserted after the words ‘for the route’.

(f)

In NCO.OP.110(c), first sentence, the word ‘only’ is inserted after ‘shall’.

(g)

The title of NCO.OP.113 is replaced by the following: ‘Aerodrome operating minima — onshore circling operations with helicopters’.

(h)

In NCO.OP.127(a) and (b), the word ‘gas’ is deleted.

(i)

NCO.OP.215 is replaced by the following:

NCO.OP.215   Operational limitations — hot-air balloons

(a)

A hot-air balloon shall not land during night, except in emergency.

(b)

A hot-air balloon may take off during night, provided sufficient fuel is carried for a landing during day.’.

(j)

NCO.POL.105(b) is replaced by the following:

‘(b)

The weighing shall be accomplished:

(1)

for aeroplanes and helicopters, by the manufacturer of the aircraft or by an approved maintenance organisation; and

(2)

for sailplanes and balloons, by the manufacturer of the aircraft or in accordance with Commission Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003, as applicable.’.

(k)

NCO.IDE.B.110 is replaced by the following:

NCO.IDE.B.110   Operating lights

Balloons operated at night shall be equipped with:

(a)

anti-collision lights;

(b)

a means to provide adequate illumination for all instruments and equipment essential to the safe operation of the balloon; and

(c)

an independent portable light.’.

(l)

NCO.IDE.B.125 is replaced by the following:

NCO.IDE.B.125   Hand fire extinguishers

Hot air -balloons shall be equipped with at least one hand fire extinguisher, if required by the applicable certification specifications.’.

(m)

NCO.IDE.B.140 is replaced by the following:

NCO.IDE.B.140   Miscellaneous equipment

(a)

Balloons shall be equipped with protective gloves for each crew member.

(b)

Hot-air balloons shall be equipped with:

(1)

an alternative source of ignition;

(2)

a means of measuring and indicating fuel quantity;

(3)

a fire blanket or fire resistant cover; and

(4)

a drop line of at least 25 metres (m) in length.

(c)

Gas balloons shall be equipped with:

(1)

a knife; and

(2)

a drop line of at least 20 m in length made of natural fibre or electrostatic conductive material.’.

(n)

The following SUBPART E is added:

‘SUBPART E

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

SECTION 1

General

NCO.SPEC.100   Scope

This subpart establishes specific requirements to be followed by a pilot-in-command conducting non-commercial specialised operations with other-than-complex motor-powered aircraft.

NCO.SPEC.105   Checklist

(a)

Before commencing a specialised operation, the pilot-in-command shall conduct a risk assessment, assessing the complexity of the activity to determine the hazards and associated risks inherent in the operation and establish mitigating measures.

(b)

A specialised operation shall be performed in accordance with a checklist. Based on the risk assessment, the pilot-in-command shall establish such checklist appropriate to the specialised activity and aircraft used, taking account of any section of this subpart.

(c)

The checklist that is relevant to the duties of the pilot-in-command, crew members and task specialists shall be readily accessible on each flight.

(d)

The checklist shall be regularly reviewed and updated, as appropriate.

NCO.SPEC.110   Pilot-in-command responsibilities and authority

Whenever crew members or task specialists are involved in the operation, the pilot-in-command shall

(a)

ensure compliance of crew members and task specialists with NCO.SPEC.115 and NCO.SPEC.120;

(b)

not commence a flight if any crew member or task specialist is incapacitated from performing duties by any cause such as injury, sickness, fatigue or the effects of any psychoactive substance;

(c)

not continue a flight beyond the nearest weather-permissible aerodrome or operating site when any crew member or task specialist’s capacity to perform duties is significantly reduced from causes such as fatigue, sickness or lack of oxygen;

(d)

ensure that crew members and task specialists comply with the laws, regulations and procedures of those States where operations are conducted;

(e)

ensure that all crew members and task specialists are able to communicate with each other in a common language; and

(f)

ensure that task specialists and crew members use supplemental oxygen continuously whenever the cabin altitude exceeds 10 000 ft for a period of more than 30 minutes and whenever the cabin altitude exceeds 13 000 ft.

NCO.SPEC.115   Crew responsibilities

(a)

The crew member shall be responsible for the proper execution of his/her duties. Crew duties shall be specified in the checklist.

(b)

Except for balloons, during critical phases of flight or whenever deemed necessary by the pilot-in-command in the interest of safety, the crew member shall be restrained at his/her assigned station unless otherwise specified in the checklist.

(c)

During flight, the flight crew member shall keep his/her safety belt fastened while at his/her station.

(d)

During flight, at least one qualified flight crew member shall remain at the controls of the aircraft at all times.

(e)

The crew member shall not undertake duties on an aircraft:

(1)

if he/she knows or suspects that he/she is suffering from fatigue as referred to in 7.f. of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 or feels otherwise unfit to perform his/her duties; or

(2)

when under the influence of psychoactive substances or alcohol or for other reasons as referred to in 7.g of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

(f)

The crew member who undertakes duties for more than one operator shall:

(1)

maintain his/her individual records regarding flight and duty times and rest periods as referred to in Annex III (Part-ORO), Subpart FTL to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012, if applicable; and

(2)

provide each operator with the data needed to schedule activities in accordance with the applicable FTL requirements.

(g)

The crew member shall report to the pilot-in-command:

(1)

any fault, failure, malfunction or defect, which he/she believes may affect the airworthiness or safe operation of the aircraft, including emergency systems; and

(2)

any incident that was endangering, or could endanger, the safety of the operation.

NCO.SPEC.120   Task specialists responsibilities

(a)

The task specialist shall be responsible for the proper execution of his/her duties. Task specialists’ duties shall be specified in the checklist.

(b)

Except for balloons, during critical phases of flight or whenever deemed necessary by the pilot-in-command in the interest of safety, the task specialist shall be restrained at his/her assigned station unless otherwise specified in the checklist.

(c)

The task specialist shall ensure that he/she is restrained when carrying out specialised tasks with external doors opened or removed.

(d)

The task specialist shall report to the pilot-in-command:

(1)

any fault, failure, malfunction or defect, which he/she believes may affect the airworthiness or safe operation of the aircraft, including emergency systems; and

(2)

any incident that was endangering, or could endanger, the safety of the operation.

NCO.SPEC.125   Safety briefing

(a)

Before take-off, the pilot-in-command shall brief task specialists on:

(1)

emergency equipment and procedures;

(2)

operational procedures associated with the specialised task before each flight or series of flights

(b)

The briefing referred to in (a)(2) may not be required if task specialists have been instructed on the operational procedures before the start of the operating season in that calendar year.

NCO.SPEC.130   Minimum obstacle clearance altitudes — IFR flights

The pilot-in-command shall establish minimum flight altitudes for each flight providing the required terrain clearance for all route segments to be flown in IFR. The minimum flight altitudes shall not be lower than those published by the State overflown.

NCO.SPEC.135   Fuel and oil supply — aeroplanes

NCO.OP.125(a)(1)(i) does not apply to sailplane-towing, flying display, aerobatic flights or competition flights.

NCO.SPEC.140   Fuel and oil supply — helicopters

Notwithstanding NCO.OP.126(a)(1), the pilot-in-command of a helicopter may only commence a VFR flight by day remaining within 25 NM of the aerodrome/operating site of departure with reserve fuel of not less than 10 minutes at best-range-speed.

NCO.SPEC.145   Simulated situations in flight

Unless a task specialist is on-board the aircraft for training, the pilot-in-command shall, when carrying task specialists, not simulate:

(a)

situations that require the application of abnormal or emergency procedures; or

(b)

flight in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC).

NCO.SPEC.150   Ground proximity detection

If installed, the ground proximity warning system may be disabled during those specialised tasks, which by their nature require the aircraft to be operated within a distance from the ground below that which would trigger the ground proximity warning system.

NCO.SPEC.155   Airborne collision avoidance system (ACAS II)

Notwithstanding NCO.OP.200, the ACAS II may be disabled during those specialised tasks, which by their nature require the aircraft to be operated within a distance from each other below that which would trigger the ACAS.

NCO.SPEC.160   Release of dangerous goods

The pilot-in-command shall not operate an aircraft over congested areas of cities, towns or settlements or over an open-air assembly of persons when releasing dangerous goods.

NCO.SPEC.165   Carriage and use of weapons

(a)

The pilot-in-command shall ensure that, when weapons are carried on a flight for the purpose of a specialised task, these are secured when not in use.

(b)

The task specialist using the weapon shall take all necessary measures to prevent the aircraft and persons on board or on the ground from being endangered.

NCO.SPEC.170   Performance and operating criteria — aeroplanes

When operating an aeroplane at a height of less than 150 m (500 ft) above a non-congested area, for operations of aeroplanes that are not able to sustain level flight in the event of a critical engine failure, the pilot-in-command shall have:

(a)

established operational procedures to minimise the consequences of an engine failure; and

(b)

briefed all crew members and task specialists on board on the procedures to be carried out in the event of a forced landing.

NCO.SPEC.175   Performance and operating criteria — helicopters

(a)

The pilot-in-command may operate an aircraft over congested areas provided that:

(1)

the helicopter is certified in category A or B; and

(2)

safety measures are established to prevent undue hazard to persons or property on the ground

(b)

The pilot-in-command shall have:

(1)

established operational procedures to minimise the consequences of an engine failure; and

(2)

briefed all crew members and task specialists on board on the procedures to be carried out in the event of a forced landing.

(c)

The pilot-in-command shall ensure that the mass at take-off, landing or hover shall not exceed the maximum mass specified for:

(1)

a hover out of ground effect (HOGE) with all engines operating at the appropriate power rating; or

(2)

if conditions prevail that a HOGE is not likely to be established, the helicopter mass shall not exceed the maximum mass specified for a hover in ground effect (HIGE) with all engines operating at the appropriate power rating, provided prevailing conditions allow a hover in ground effect at the maximum specified mass.

SECTION 2

Helicopter external sling load operations (HESLO)

NCO.SPEC.HESLO.100   Checklist

The checklist for HESLO shall contain:

(a)

normal, abnormal and emergency procedures;

(b)

relevant performance data;

(c)

required equipment;

(d)

any limitations; and

(e)

responsibilities and duties of the pilot-in-command, and, if applicable, crew members and task specialists.

NCO.SPEC.HESLO.105   Specific HESLO equipment

The helicopter shall be equipped with at least:

(a)

one cargo safety mirror or alternative means to see the hook(s)/load; and

(b)

one load meter, unless there is another method of determining the weight of the load.

NCO.SPEC.HESLO.110   Transportation of dangerous goods

The operator transporting dangerous goods to or from unmanned sites or remote locations shall apply to the competent authority for an exemption from the provisions of the Technical Instructions if they intend not to comply with the requirements of those Instructions.

SECTION 3

Human external cargo operations (HEC)

NCO.SPEC.HEC.100   Checklist

The checklist for HEC shall contain:

(a)

normal, abnormal and emergency procedures;

(b)

relevant performance data;

(c)

required equipment;

(d)

any limitations; and

(e)

responsibilities and duties of the pilot-in-command, and, if applicable, crew members and task specialists.

NCO.SPEC.HEC.105   Specific HEC equipment

(a)

The helicopter shall be equipped with:

(1)

hoist operations equipment or cargo hook;

(2)

one cargo safety mirror or alternative means to see the hook; and

(3)

one load meter, unless there is another method of determining the weight of the load.

(b)

The installation of all hoist and cargo hook equipment and any subsequent modifications shall have an airworthiness approval appropriate to the intended function.

SECTION 4

Parachute operations (PAR)

NCO.SPEC.PAR.100   Checklist

The checklist for PAR shall contain:

(a)

normal, abnormal and emergency procedures;

(b)

relevant performance data;

(c)

required equipment;

(d)

any limitations; and

(e)

responsibilities and duties of the pilot-in-command, and, if applicable, crew members and task specialists.

NCO.SPEC.PAR.105   Carriage of crew members and task specialists

The requirement laid down in NCO.SPEC.120(c) shall not be applicable for task specialists performing parachute jumping.

NCO.SPEC.PAR.110   Seats

Notwithstanding NCO.IDE.A.140(a)(1) and NCO.IDE.H.140(a)(1), the floor of the aircraft may be used as a seat, provided means are available for the task specialist to hold or strap on.

NCO.SPEC.PAR.115   Supplemental oxygen

Notwithstanding NCO.SPEC.110(f), the requirement to use supplemental oxygen shall not be applicable for crew members other than the pilot-in-command and for task specialists carrying out duties essential to the specialised task, whenever the cabin altitude:

(a)

exceeds 13 000 ft, for a period of not more than 6 minutes;, or

(b)

exceeds 15 000 ft, for a period of not more 3 minutes.

NCO.SPEC.PAR.120   Release of dangerous goods

Notwithstanding NCO.SPEC.160, parachutists may exit the aircraft for the purpose of parachute display over congested areas of cities, towns or settlements or over an open-air assembly of persons whilst carrying smoke train devices, provided these are manufactured for this purpose.

SECTION 5

Aerobatic flights (ABF)

NCO.SPEC.ABF.100   Checklist

The checklist for ABF shall contain:

(a)

normal, abnormal and emergency procedures;

(b)

relevant performance data;

(c)

required equipment;

(d)

any limitations; and

(e)

responsibilities and duties of the pilot-in-command, and, if applicable, crew members and task specialists.

NCO.SPEC.ABF.105   Documents and information

The following documents and information listed in NCO.GEN.135(a) need not be carried during aerobatic flights:

(a)

details of the filed ATS flight plan, if applicable;

(b)

current and suitable aeronautical charts for the route/area of the proposed flight and all routes along which it is reasonable to expect that the flight may be diverted; and

(c)

procedures and visual signals information for use by intercepting and intercepted aircraft.

NCO.SPEC.ABF.110   Equipment

The following equipment requirements need not be applicable to aerobatic flights:

(a)

first-aids kit as laid down in NCO.IDE.A.145 and NCO.IDE.H.145;

(b)

hand-fire extinguishers as laid down in NCO.IDE.A.160 and NCO.IDE.H.180; and

(c)

emergency locator transmitters or personal locator beacons as laid down in NCO.IDE.A.170 and NCO.IDE.H.170.’.


(1)  Commission Regulation (EU) No 748/2012 of 3 August 2012 laying down implementing rules for the airworthiness and environmental certification of aircraft and related products, parts and appliances, as well as for the certification of design and production organisations (OJ L 224, 21.8.2012, p. 1).


ANNEX II

‘ANNEX VIII

SPECIALISED OPERATIONS

[PART-SPO]

SPO.GEN.005   Scope

(a)

This Annex applies to any specialised operation where the aircraft is used for specialised activities such as agriculture, construction, photography, surveying, observation and patrol, aerial advertisement.

(b)

Notwithstanding (a), non-commercial specialised operations with other than complex motor-powered aircraft shall comply with Annex VII (Part-NCO).

(c)

Notwithstanding (a), the following operations with other than complex motor-powered aircraft may be conducted in accordance with Annex VII (Part-NCO):

(1)

competition flights or flying displays, on the condition that the remuneration or any valuable consideration given for such flights is limited to recovery of direct costs and a proportionate contribution to annual costs, as well as prizes of no more than a value specified by the competent authority.

(2)

parachute dropping, sailplane towing or aerobatic flights performed either by a training organisation having its principal place of business in a Member State and approved in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011, or by an organisation created with the aim of promoting aerial sport or leisure aviation, on the condition that the aircraft is operated by the organisation on the basis of ownership or dry lease, that the flight does not generate profits distributed outside of the organisation, and that whenever non-members of the organisation are involved, such flights represent only a marginal activity of the organisation.

SUBPART A

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

SPO.GEN.100   Competent authority

The competent authority shall be the authority designated by the Member State in which the operator has its principal place of business or is residing.

SPO.GEN.101   Means of compliance

Alternative means of compliance to those adopted by the Agency may be used by an operator to establish compliance with Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its Implementing Rules.

SPO.GEN.102   Touring motor gliders, -powered sailplanes and mixed balloons

(a)

Touring motor gliders shall be operated following the requirements for:

(1)

aeroplanes when they are power-driven by an engine; and

(2)

sailplanes when operated without using an engine.

(b)

Touring motor gliders shall be equipped in compliance with the requirements applicable to aeroplanes unless otherwise specified in Subpart D.

(c)

Powered sailplanes, excluding touring motor gliders, shall be operated and equipped in compliance with the requirements applicable to sailplanes.

(d)

Mixed balloons shall be operated in accordance with the requirements for hot-air balloons.

SPO.GEN.105   Crew responsibilities

(a)

The crew member shall be responsible for the proper execution of his/her duties. Crew duties shall be specified in the standard operating procedures (SOP) and, where appropriate, in the operations manual.

(b)

Except for balloons, during critical phases of flight or whenever deemed necessary by the pilot-in-command in the interest of safety, the crew member shall be restrained at his/her assigned station unless otherwise specified in the SOP.

(c)

During flight, the flight crew member shall keep his/her safety belt fastened while at his/her station.

(d)

During flight, at least one qualified flight crew member shall remain at the controls of the aircraft at all times.

(e)

The crew member shall not undertake duties on an aircraft:

(1)

if he/she knows or suspects that he/she is suffering from fatigue as referred to in 7.f. of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 or feels otherwise unfit to perform his/her duties; or

(2)

when under the influence of psychoactive substances or alcohol or for other reasons as referred to in 7.g. of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

(f)

The crew member who undertakes duties for more than one operator shall:

(1)

maintain his/her individual records regarding flight and duty times and rest periods as referred to in Annex III (Part-ORO), Subpart FTL to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012, if applicable; and

(2)

provide each operator with the data needed to schedule activities in accordance with the applicable FTL requirements.

(g)

The crew member shall report to the pilot-in-command:

(1)

any fault, failure, malfunction or defect, which he/she believes may affect the airworthiness or safe operation of the aircraft, including emergency systems; and

(2)

any incident that was endangering, or could endanger, the safety of the operation.

SPO.GEN.106   Task specialists responsibilities

(a)

The task specialist shall be responsible for the proper execution of his/her duties. Task specialists’ duties shall be specified in the SOP.

(b)

Except for balloons, during critical phases of flight or whenever deemed necessary by the pilot-in-command in the interest of safety, the task specialist shall be restrained at his/her assigned station unless otherwise specified in the SOP.

(c)

The task specialist shall ensure that he/she is restrained when carrying out specialised tasks with external doors opened or removed.

(d)

The task specialist shall report to the pilot-in-command:

(1)

any fault, failure, malfunction or defect, which he/she believes may affect the airworthiness or safe operation of the aircraft, including emergency systems; and

(2)

any incident that was endangering, or could endanger, the safety of the operation.

SPO.GEN.107   Pilot-in-command responsibilities and authority

(a)

The pilot-in-command shall be responsible for:

(1)

the safety of the aircraft and of all crew members, task specialists and cargo on board during aircraft operations;

(2)

the initiation, continuation, termination or diversion of a flight in the interest of safety;

(3)

ensuring that all operational procedures and checklists are complied with in accordance with the appropriate manual;

(4)

only commencing a flight if he/she is satisfied that all operational limitations referred to in 2.a.3 of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 are complied with, as follows:

(i)

the aircraft is airworthy;

(ii)

the aircraft is duly registered;

(iii)

instruments and equipment required for the execution of that flight are installed in the aircraft and are operative, unless operation with inoperative equipment is permitted by the minimum equipment list (MEL) or equivalent document, if applicable, as required in SPO.IDE.A.105, SPO.IDE.H.105, SPO.IDE.S.105 or SPO.IDE.B.105;

(iv)

the mass of the aircraft and, except in the case of balloons, the centre of gravity location are such that the flight can be conducted within limits prescribed in the airworthiness documentation;

(v)

all equipment and baggage is properly loaded and secured; and

(vi)

the aircraft operating limitations as specified in the aircraft flight manual (AFM) will not be exceeded at any time during the flight;

(5)

not commencing a flight if he/she, or any other crew member or task specialist is incapacitated from performing duties by any cause such as injury, sickness, fatigue or the effects of any psychoactive substance;

(6)

not continuing a flight beyond the nearest weather-permissible aerodrome or operating site when his/her or any other crew member or task specialist’s capacity to perform duties is significantly reduced from causes such as fatigue, sickness or lack of oxygen;

(7)

deciding on acceptance of the aircraft with unserviceabilities in accordance with the configuration deviation list (CDL) or MEL, if applicable;

(8)

recording utilisation data and all known or suspected defects in the aircraft at the termination of the flight, or series of flights, in the aircraft technical log or journey log for the aircraft; and

(9)

ensuring that, when installed, flight recorders:

(i)

are not disabled or switched off during flight; and

(ii)

in the event of an accident or an incident that is subject to mandatory reporting:

(A)

are not intentionally erased;

(B)

are deactivated immediately after the flight is completed; and

(C)

are reactivated only with the agreement of the investigating authority.

(b)

The pilot-in-command shall have the authority to refuse carriage of or disembark any person or cargo that may represent a potential hazard to the safety of the aircraft or its occupants.

(c)

The pilot-in-command shall, as soon as possible, report to the appropriate air traffic services (ATS) unit any hazardous weather or flight conditions encountered that are likely to affect the safety of other aircraft.

(d)

Notwithstanding the provision of (a)(6), in a multi-crew operation the pilot-in-command may continue a flight beyond the nearest weather-permissible aerodrome when adequate mitigating procedures are in place.

(e)

The pilot-in-command shall, in an emergency situation that requires immediate decision and action, take any action he/she considers necessary under the circumstances in accordance with 7.d. of Annex IV to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008. In such cases he/she may deviate from rules, operational procedures and methods in the interest of safety.

(f)

The pilot-in-command shall submit a report of an act of unlawful interference without delay to the competent authority and shall inform the designated local authority.

(g)

The pilot-in-command shall notify the nearest appropriate authority by the quickest available means of any accident involving the aircraft that results in serious injury or death of any person or substantial damage to the aircraft or property.

SPO.GEN.108   Pilot-in-command responsibilities and authority — balloons

The pilot-in-command of a balloon shall, in addition to SPO.GEN.107:

(a)

be responsible for the pre-flight briefing of those persons assisting in the inflation and deflation of the envelope;

(b)

ensure that no person is smoking on board or within the direct vicinity of the balloon; and

(c)

ensure that persons assisting in the inflation and deflation of the envelope wear appropriate protective clothing.

SPO.GEN.110   Compliance with laws, regulations and procedures

The pilot-in-command, crew members and task specialists shall comply with the laws, regulations and procedures of those States where operations are conducted.

SPO.GEN.115   Common language

The operator shall ensure that all crew members and task specialists are able to communicate with each other in a common language.

SPO.GEN.120   Taxiing of aeroplanes

The operator shall ensure that an aeroplane is only taxied on the movement area of an aerodrome if the person at the controls:

(a)

is an appropriately qualified pilot; or

(b)

has been designated by the operator and:

(1)

is trained to taxi the aeroplane;

(2)

is trained to use the radio telephone, if radio communications are required;

(3)

has received instruction in respect of aerodrome layout, routes, signs, marking, lights, air traffic control (ATC) signals and instructions, phraseology and procedures; and

(4)

is able to conform to the operational standards required for safe aeroplane movement at the aerodrome.

SPO.GEN.125   Rotor engagement

A helicopter rotor shall only be turned under power for the purpose of flight with a qualified pilot at the controls.

SPO.GEN.130   Portable electronic devices

The operator shall not permit any person to use a portable electronic device (PED) on board an aircraft that could adversely affect the performance of the aircraft’s systems and equipment.

SPO.GEN.135   Information on emergency and survival equipment carried

The operator shall, at all times, have available for immediate communication to rescue coordination centres (RCCs) lists containing information on the emergency and survival equipment carried on board.

SPO.GEN.140   Documents, manuals and information to be carried

(a)

The following documents, manuals and information shall be carried on each flight as originals or copies unless otherwise specified below:

(1)

the AFM, or equivalent document(s);

(2)

the original certificate of registration;

(3)

the original certificate of airworthiness (CofA);

(4)

the noise certificate, if applicable;

(5)

a copy of the declaration as specified in ORO.DEC.100 and, if applicable, a copy of the authorisation as specified in ORO.SPO.110;

(6)

the list of specific approvals, if applicable;

(7)

the aircraft radio licence, if applicable;

(8)

the third party liability insurance certificate(s);

(9)

the journey log, or equivalent, for the aircraft;

(10)

the aircraft technical log, in accordance with Annex I (Part-M) to Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003, if applicable;

(11)

details of the filed ATS flight plan, if applicable;

(12)

current and suitable aeronautical charts for the route/area of the proposed flight and all routes along which it is reasonable to expect that the flight may be diverted;

(13)

procedures and visual signals information for use by intercepting and intercepted aircraft;

(14)

information concerning search and rescue services for the area of the intended flight;

(15)

the current parts of the operations manual and/or SOP or AFM that are relevant to the duties of crew members and task specialists, which shall be easily accessible to them;

(16)

the MEL or CDL, if applicable;

(17)

appropriate notices to airmen (NOTAMs) and aeronautical information service (AIS) briefing documentation;

(18)

appropriate meteorological information, if applicable;

(19)

cargo manifests, if applicable; and

(20)

any other documentation that may be pertinent to the flight or is required by the States concerned with the flight.

(b)

Notwithstanding (a), the documents and information in (a)(2) to (a)(11) and (a)(14), (a)(17), (a)(18) and (a)(19) may be retained at the aerodrome or operating site on flights:

(1)

intending to take off and land at the same aerodrome or operating site; or

(2)

remaining within a distance or area determined by the competent authority in accordance with ARO.OPS.210.

(c)

Notwithstanding (a), on flights with balloons or sailplanes, excluding touring motor gliders (TMGs), the documents and information in (a)(1) to (a)(10) and (a)(13) to (a)(19) may be carried in the retrieve vehicle.

(d)

In case of loss or theft of documents specified in (a)(2) to (a)(8), the operation may continue until the flight reaches its destination or a place where replacement documents can be provided.

(e)

The operator shall make available, within a reasonable time of being requested to do so by the competent authority, the documentation required to be carried on board.

SPO.GEN.145   Preservation, production and use of flight recorder recordings — operations with complex motor-powered aircraft

(a)

Following an accident or an incident that is subject to mandatory reporting, the operator of an aircraft shall preserve the original recorded data for a period of 60 days unless otherwise directed by the investigating authority.

(b)

The operator shall conduct operational checks and evaluations of flight data recorder (FDR) recordings, cockpit voice recorder (CVR) recordings and data link recordings to ensure the continued serviceability of the recorders.

(c)

The operator shall save the recordings for the period of operating time of the FDR as required by SPO.IDE.A.145 or SPO.IDE.H.145, except that, for the purpose of testing and maintaining the FDR, up to 1 hour of the oldest recorded material at the time of testing may be erased.

(d)

The operator shall keep and maintain up-to-date documentation that presents the necessary information to convert FDR raw data into parameters expressed in engineering units.

(e)

The operator shall make available any flight recorder recording that has been preserved, if so determined by the competent authority.

(f)

CVR recordings shall only be used for purposes other than for the investigation of an accident or an incident subject to mandatory reporting if all crew members and maintenance personnel concerned consent.

(g)

FDR recordings or data link recordings shall only be used for purposes other than for the investigation of an accident or an incident that is subject to mandatory reporting if such records are:

(1)

used by the operator for airworthiness or maintenance purposes only;

(2)

de-identified; or

(3)

disclosed under secure procedures.

SPO.GEN.150   Transport of dangerous goods

(a)

The transport of dangerous goods by air shall be conducted in accordance with Annex 18 to the Chicago Convention as last amended and amplified by the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Doc 9284-AN/905), including its attachments, supplements and any other addenda or corrigenda.

(b)

Dangerous goods shall only be transported by an operator approved in accordance with Annex V (Part-SPA), subpart G, to Regulation (EU) No 965/2012 except when:

(1)

they are not subject to the Technical Instructions in accordance with Part 1 of those Instructions;

(2)

they are carried by task specialists or crew members or are in baggage which has been separated from its owner, in accordance with Part 8 of the Technical Instructions;

(3)

required on board the aircraft for specialised purposes in accordance with the Technical Instructions;

(4)

they are used to facilitate flight safety where carriage aboard the aircraft is reasonable to ensure their timely availability for operational purposes, whether or not such articles and substances are required to be carried or intended to be used in connection with a particular flight.

(c)

The operator shall establish procedures to ensure that all reasonable measures are taken to prevent dangerous goods from being carried on board inadvertently.

(d)

The operator shall provide personnel with the necessary information enabling them to carry out their responsibilities, as required by the Technical Instructions.

(e)

The operator shall, in accordance with the Technical Instructions, report without delay to the competent authority and the appropriate authority of the State of occurrence in the event of:

(1)

any dangerous good accident or incidents;

(2)

the finding of dangerous goods carried by task specialists or crew, or in their baggage, when not in accordance with Part 8 of the Technical Instructions.

(f)

The operator shall ensure that task specialists are provided with information about dangerous goods.

(g)

The operator shall ensure that notices giving information about the transport of dangerous goods are provided at acceptance points for cargo as required by the Technical Instructions.

SPO.GEN.155   Release of dangerous goods

The operator shall not operate an aircraft over congested areas of cities, towns or settlements or over an open-air assembly of persons when releasing dangerous goods.

SPO.GEN.160   Carriage and use of weapons

(a)

The operator shall ensure that, when weapons are carried on a flight for the purpose of a specialised task, these are secured when not in use.

(b)

The task specialist using the weapon shall take all necessary measures to prevent the aircraft and persons on board or on the ground from being endangered.