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Document 32013R0816

Commission Regulation (EU) No 816/2013 of 28 August 2013 amending Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the use of Neutral methacrylate copolymer and Anionic methacrylate copolymer in solid food supplements and the Annex to Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 as regards the specifications for Basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205), Neutral methacrylate copolymer and Anionic methacrylate copolymer Text with EEA relevance

OJ L 230, 29.8.2013, p. 1–6 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2013/816/oj

29.8.2013   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 230/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 816/2013

of 28 August 2013

amending Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the use of Neutral methacrylate copolymer and Anionic methacrylate copolymer in solid food supplements and the Annex to Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 as regards the specifications for Basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205), Neutral methacrylate copolymer and Anionic methacrylate copolymer

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on food additives (1), and in particular Article 10(3), Article 14 and Article 30(5) thereof,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1331/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 establishing a common authorisation procedure for food additives, food enzymes and food flavourings (2), and in particular Article 7(5) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 lays down a Union list of food additives approved for use in foods and their conditions of use.

(2)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 (3) lays down specifications for food additives including colours and sweeteners that are listed in Annexes II and III to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008.

(3)

Those lists may be updated in accordance with the common procedure referred to in Article 3(1) of Regulation (EC) No 1331/2008, either on the initiative of the Commission or following an application.

(4)

Applications for authorisation of the use of Anionic methacrylate copolymer and Neutral methacrylate copolymer as glazing agents in solid food supplements were submitted on 25 and 27 April 2009 and were made available to the Member States.

(5)

The European Food Safety Authority evaluated the safety of Neutral methacrylate copolymer (4) and Anionic methacrylate copolymer (5) when used as food additives and concluded that their use in solid food supplements at the proposed use levels is not of a safety concern.

(6)

There is a technological need for the use of Neutral methacrylate copolymer and Anionic methacrylate copolymer in solid food supplements. Neutral methacrylate copolymer is intended to be used as a sustained-release glazing agent. Sustained-release formulations allow the continuous dissolution of a nutrient over a defined time. Anionic methacrylate copolymer is intended to be used as a glazing agent to protect the stomach against irritating ingredients and/or to protect sensitive nutrients against disintegration by the gastric acid. It is therefore appropriate to authorise the use of both food additives in solid food supplements and to assign E 1206 as E-number to Neutral methacrylate copolymer and E 1207 as E-number to Anionic methacrylate copolymer.

(7)

Commission Regulation (EU) No 1129/2011 (6) authorised the use of Basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205) in solid food supplements and Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 sets out the specifications for that food additive, including the maximum levels for arsenic, lead, mercury and copper. Those specifications should be updated to take into account the maximum levels for lead, mercury and cadmium in food supplements as set out in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1881/2006 of 19 December 2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs (7).

(8)

Maximum level of arsenic in food supplements has not been set at the Union level. However, specific levels are laid down in the laws of Member States. Therefore, it is appropriate to update specifications of Basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205) in Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 as regards arsenic to take into account the laws of Member States.

(9)

Maximum level of copper in food supplements has not been set at the Union level and there is no indication of copper presence at toxicologically significant levels in Basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205). It is therefore appropriate to delete copper from the purity section for Basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205) in Regulation (EU) No 231/2012.

(10)

Specifications should be adopted for Neutral methacrylate copolymer (E 1206) and Anionic methacrylate copolymer (E 1207). The purity criteria for arsenic, lead, mercury and cadmium should follow the same approach as those for Basic methacrylate copolymer (E 1205) and the maximum levels should take into account that the commercial form of Neutral methacrylate copolymer (E 1206) and Anionic methacrylate copolymer (E 1207) is a 30 % dispersion of the dry substance in water.

(11)

Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 and Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(12)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health and neither the European Parliament nor the Council has opposed them,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 is amended in accordance with Annex I to this Regulation.

Article 2

The Annex to Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 is amended in accordance with Annex II to this Regulation.

Article 3

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 28 August 2013.

For the Commission

The President

José Manuel BARROSO


(1)  OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 16.

(2)  OJ L 354, 31.12.2008, p. 1.

(3)  OJ L 83, 22.3.2012, p. 1.

(4)  EFSA Journal 2010; 8(7):1655.

(5)  EFSA Journal 2010; 8(7):1656.

(6)  OJ L 295, 12.11.2011, p. 1.

(7)  OJ L 364, 20.12.2006, p. 5.


ANNEX I

Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 is amended as follows:

(1)

In Part B, the following entries for E 1206 and E 1207 are inserted in point 3 ‘Additives other than colours and sweeteners’, after the entry for E 1205 Basic methacrylate copolymer:

‘E 1206

Neutral methacrylate copolymer

E 1207

Anionic methacrylate copolymer’

(2)

In Part E, the following entries are inserted in food category 17.1 ‘Food supplements supplied in a solid form including capsules and tablets and similar forms, excluding chewable forms’, after the entry for E 1205 Basic methacrylate copolymer:

 

‘E 1206

Neutral methacrylate copolymer

200 000

 

 

 

 

E 1207

Anionic methacrylate copolymer

100 000’

 

 

 


ANNEX II

The Annex to Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 is amended as follows:

(1)

The purity section of the entry for E 1205 (Basic methacrylate copolymer) is replaced by the following:

Purity

Loss of drying

Not more than 2,0 % (105 °C, 3 h)

Alkali value

162-198 mg KOH/g of dried substance

Sulphated ash

Not more than 0,1 %

Residual monomers

Butylmethacrylate < 1 000 mg/kg

Methyl methacrylate < 1 000 mg/kg

Dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate < 1 000 mg/kg

Solvent residues

propan-2-ol < 0,5 %

Butanol < 0,5 %

Methanol < 0,1 %

Arsenic

Not more than 1 mg/kg

Lead

Not more than 3 mg/kg

Mercury

Not more than 0,1 mg/kg

Cadmium

Not more than 1 mg/kg’

(2)

The following entries for E 1206 and E 1207 are inserted after the entry for E 1205 (Basic methacrylate copolymer):

E 1206 NEUTRAL METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER

Synonyms

Ethyl acrylate methyl methacrylate polymer; Ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate polymer; Ethyl acrylate, polymer with methyl methacrylate; Methyl methacrylate, ethyl acrylate polymer; Methyl methacrylate, polymer with ethyl acrylate

Definition

Neutral methacrylate copolymer is a fully polymerised copolymer of methyl methacrylate and ethyl acrylate. It is produced using a process of emulsion polymerisation. It is manufactured by redox initiated polymerisation of the monomers ethyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate by using a free radical donor redox initiator system stabilised with polyethylene glycol monostearyl ether and vinylic acid/sodium hydroxide. Residual monomers are removed by means of water vapour distillation.

CAS No

9010-88-2

Chemical name

Poly(ethylacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) 2:1

Chemical formula

Poly[(CH2:CHCO2CH2CH3)-co-(CH2:C(CH3)CO2CH3)]

Weight average molecular weight

Approximately 600 000 g/mol

Assay/Residue on evaporation

28,5–31,5 %

1 g dispersion is dried in an oven for 3 hours at 110 °C.

Description

Milky-white dispersion (the commercial form is a 30 % dispersion of the dry substance in water) of low viscosity with a faint characteristic odour.

Identification

Infrared absorption spectroscopy

Characteristic of the compound

Viscosity

Max. 50 mPa.s, 30 rpm/20 °C (Brookfield viscosimetry)

pH-value

5,5–8,6

Relative density (at 20 °C)

1,037–1,047

Solubility

The dispersion is miscible with water in any proportion. The polymer and the dispersion are freely soluble in acetone, ethanol and isopropyl alcohol. Not soluble when mixed with 1 N sodium hydroxide in a ratio of 1:2.

Purity

Sulphated ash

Not more than 0,4 % in the dispersion

Residual monomers

Total of monomers (sum of methyl methacrylate and ethyl acrylate): not more than 100 mg/kg in the dispersion

Residual emulsifier

Polyethylene glycol monostearyl ether (macrogol stearyl ether 20) not more than 0,7 % in the dispersion

Solvent residues

Ethanol not more than 0,5 % in the dispersion

Methanol not more than 0,1 % in the dispersion

Arsenic

Not more than 0,3 mg/kg in the dispersion

Lead

Not more than 0,9 mg/kg in the dispersion

Mercury

Not more than 0,03 mg/kg in the dispersion

Cadmium

Not more than 0,3 mg/kg in the dispersion

E 1207 ANIONIC METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER

Synonyms

Methyl acrylate, methyl methacrylate, methacrylic acid polymer; Methacrylic acid, polymer with methyl acrylate and methyl methacrylate

Definition

Anionic methacrylate copolymer is a fully polymerised copolymer of methacrylic acid, methyl methacrylate and methyl acrylate. It is manufactured in aqueous medium by emulsion polymerisation of methyl methacrylate, methyl acrylate and methacrylic acid using a free radical initiator stabilised with sodium lauryl sulphate and polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80). Residual monomers are removed by means of water vapour distillation.

CAS No

26936-24-3

Chemical name

Poly (methyl acrylate-co-methylmethacrylate-co-methacrylic acid) 7:3:1

Chemical formula

Poly[(CH2:CHCO2CH3)-co-(CH2:C(CH3)CO2CH3)-co-(CH2:C(CH3)COOH)]

Weight average molecular weight

Approximately 280 000 g/mol

Assay/Residue on evaporation

28,5–31,5 %

1 g of the dispersion is dried in an oven for 5 hours at 110 °C.

9,2–12,3 % methacrylic acid units on dry substance.

Description

Milky-white dispersion (the commercial form is a 30 % dispersion of the dry substance in water) of low viscosity with a faint characteristic odour.

Identification

Infrared absorption spectroscopy

Characteristic of the compound

Viscosity

Max. 20 mPa.s, 30 rpm/20 °C (Brookfield viscosimetry)

pH-value

2,0–3,5

Relative density (at 20 °C)

1,058–1,068

Solubility

The dispersion is miscible with water in any proportion. The polymer and the dispersion are freely soluble in acetone, ethanol and isopropyl alcohol. Soluble when mixed with 1 N sodium hydroxide in a ratio of 1:2. Soluble above pH 7,0.

Purity

Acid value

60–80 mg KOH/g of dried substance

Sulphated ash

Not more than 0,2 % in the dispersion

Residual monomers

Total of monomers (sum of methacrylic acid, methyl methacrylate and methyl acrylate): not more than 100 mg/kg in the dispersion

Residual emulsifiers

Sodium lauryl sulphate not more than 0,3 % on the dry substance

Polysorbate 80 not more than 1,2 % on the dry substance

Solvent residues

Methanol not more than 0,1 % in the dispersion

Arsenic

Not more than 0,3 mg/kg in the dispersion

Lead

Not more than 0,9 mg/kg in the dispersion

Mercury

Not more than 0,03 mg/kg in the dispersion

Cadmium

Not more than 0,3 mg/kg in the dispersion’


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