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Document 32005D0344

2005/344/EC: Commission Decision of 23 March 2005 establishing ecological criteria for the award of the Community eco-label to all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities (notified under document number C(2005) 1028)Text with EEA relevance.

OJ L 115, 4.5.2005, p. 42–68 (ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, NL, PL, PT, SK, SL, FI, SV)
Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 15 Volume 013 P. 264 - 290
Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 15 Volume 013 P. 264 - 290

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 28/06/2011; Repealed by 32011D0383 . Latest consolidated version: 04/12/2009

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2005/344/oj

4.5.2005   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 115/42


COMMISSION DECISION

of 23 March 2005

establishing ecological criteria for the award of the Community eco-label to all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities

(notified under document number C(2005) 1028)

(Text with EEA relevance)

(2005/344/EC)

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 July 2000 on a revised Community eco-label award scheme (1), and in particular the second subparagraph of Article 6(1) thereof,

After consulting the European Union Eco-Labelling Board,

Whereas:

(1)

Under Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000 the Community eco-label may be awarded to a product possessing characteristics which enable it to contribute significantly to improvements in relation to key environmental aspects.

(2)

Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000 provides that specific eco-label criteria, drawn up on the basis of the criteria drafted by the European Union Eco-Labelling Board, are to be established according to product groups.

(3)

It also provides that the review of the eco-label criteria, as well as of the assessment and verification requirements related to the criteria, is to take place in goodtime before the end of the period of validity of the criteria specified for the product group concerned.

(4)

It is appropriate, in order to take account of scientific and market developments, to revise the ecological criteria established by Commission Decision 2001/523/EC of 27 June 2001 establishing the ecological criteria for the award of the Community eco-label to all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities (2).

(5)

Furthermore, in order to specify that detergent products for the routine cleaning of windows are to be regarded as all-purpose cleaners, rather than as products for more specific cleaning uses, it is necessary to modify the definition of the product group laid down in that Decision.

(6)

In the interests of clarity, Decision 2001/523/EC should therefore be replaced.

(7)

The revised ecological criteria should be valid for a period of four years.

(8)

It is appropriate to allow a transitional period of not more than twelve months for applicants whose products have been awarded the eco-label before the date of notification of this Decision or who have applied for such an award before that date, so that they have sufficient time to adapt their products to comply with the revised criteria and requirements.

(9)

The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee instituted by Article 17 of Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The product group ‘all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities’ shall be composed of the following three subgroups:

(a)

all-purpose cleaners comprising detergent products intended for the routine cleaning of floors, walls, ceilings, windows and other fixed surfaces, and which are dissolved or diluted in water prior to use. All purpose cleaners must have water content ≤ 90 % (w/w).

(b)

window cleaners comprising specific all-purpose cleaners intended for the routing cleaning of windows, and which are either diluted in water prior to use or used without dilution. All window cleaners must have water content ≤ 95 % (w/w).

(c)

cleaners for sanitary facilities comprising detergent products intended for the routine removal, including by scouring, of dirt and/or deposits in sanitary facilities, such as laundry rooms, bathrooms, showers, toilets and kitchens. All cleaners for sanitary facilities must have water content ≤ 90 % (w/w).

The subgroup specified in point (c) of the first paragraph shall not include the following:

(a)

products which are automatically used when a toilet is flushed, such as ‘self-dosing-products’, including toilet blocks;

(b)

products for use in a toilet cistern;

(c)

products, which have no cleaning effects other than the removal of calcium carbonate (scale);

(d)

disinfectants.

The product group shall not cover products for more specific cleaning uses, such as oven cleaners, floor-strippers, polishes, drain cleaners, and so on.

The product group shall cover products for both private and professional use.

Article 2

In order to be awarded the Community eco-label, for all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities, under Regulation (EC) No 1980/2000, a cleaner must fall within the product group ‘all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities’ and must comply with the ecological criteria set out in the Annex to this Decision.

Article 3

The ecological criteria for the product group ‘all purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities’, as well as the related assessment and verification requirements, shall be valid until 31 December 2008.

Article 4

For administrative purposes the code number assigned to the product group ‘all purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities’ shall be 020.

Article 5

Decision 2001/523/EC is repealed.

Article 6

Eco-labels awarded before the notification date of this Decision in respect of products falling within the product group ‘all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities’ may continue to be used until 31 March 2006.

Where applications have been submitted before the notification date of this Decision for award of the eco-label in respect of products falling within the product group ‘all-purpose cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities’, those products may be awarded the eco-label under the conditions laid down in Decision 2001/523/EC. In such cases the eco-label may be used until 31 March 2006.

Article 7

This Decision is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 23 March 2005.

For the Commission

Stavros DIMAS

Member of the Commission


(1)  OJ L 237, 21.9.2000, p. 1.

(2)  OJ L 189, 11.7.2001, p. 25.


ANNEX

FRAMEWORK

In order to qualify for the eco-label, an all purpose cleaner or a cleaner for sanitary facilities (hereinafter referred to as the product) must fall within the product group as defined in Article 1, and must comply with the criteria of this Annex.

The aims of the criteria

These criteria aim at promoting:

the reduction of environmental impact by limiting the quantity of harmful ingredients, by reducing the quantity of detergent used and by reducing packaging waste,

the reduction or prevention of risks for the environment and for human health related to the use of hazardous substances,

information that will enable the consumer to use the product in the way that is efficient and minimises environmental impact.

The criteria are set at levels that promote the labelling of all-purpose cleaners and sanitary cleaners that have a low environmental impact.

Assessment and verification requirements

The specific assessment and verification requirements are indicated within each criterion.

Where appropriate, test methods other than those indicated for each criterion may be used if the competent body assessing the application accepts their equivalence.

Where possible, the testing should be performed by laboratories that meet the general requirements of EN ISO 17025 or equivalent

Where no tests are mentioned, or are mentioned as being for use in verification or monitoring, competent bodies should rely as appropriate on declarations and documentation provided by the applicant and/or independent verifications.

Where appropriate, competent bodies may require supporting documentation and may carry out independent verifications.

Where the applicant is required to provide declarations, documentation, analyses test reports, or other evidence to show compliance with the criteria, it is understood that these may originate from the applicant and/or his supplier(s) and/or their supplier(s), et cetera, as appropriate.

Where ingredients are referred to, this includes substances and preparations.

Appendix I presents the new revised detergent ingredient database (DID list), version 30 June 2004, which contains the most widely used ingredients in detergent formulations. Part-A of the DID list shall be used for deriving the data for the calculations of CDVtox and for the assessment of the biodegradability of surfactants.

Where appropriate, the applicant may use subsequent revisions of the Detergent Ingredient Database as they become available.

For ingredients which are not included in part-A of the DID list, the applicant shall, under his own responsibility, apply the procedure as described in part-B of the Appendix I.

For ingredients, which are not listed in the DID-list, the applicant may use an approach to provide the necessary documentation of anaerobic degradability described in Appendix II

The competent bodies are recommended to take into account the implementation of recognised environmental management schemes, such as EMAS or ISO 14001, when assessing applications and monitoring compliance with the criteria in this Annex (Note: It is not required to implement such management schemes.)

FUNCTIONAL UNIT

For all-purpose cleaners the functional unit (used in the criteria below) is the dosage in grams of the product recommended by the manufacturer for 1 litre of suds (washing water).

For window cleaners and cleaners for sanitary facilities, no functional unit is defined (the relevant criteria below being calculated in relation to 100 g of the product).

ECOLOGICAL CRITERIA

1.   Toxicity to aquatic organisms

The critical dilution volume toxicity (CDVtox) is calculated for each ingredient (i) using the following equation:

Image

where weight (i) is the weight of the ingredient (in grams) per functional unit (for all-purpose cleaners) or per 100 g of product (cleaners for sanitary facilities). DF (i) is the degradation factor and TF chronic (i) is the toxicity factor of the ingredient (in milligram/litre).

The values of DF and TF chronic shall be as given in the detergent ingredient database list-part A (DID list-part A) (Appendix I). If the ingredient in question is not included in the DID list-part A, the applicant shall estimate the values following the approach described in the DID list-part B (Appendix 1). The CDVtox is summed for each ingredient, making the CDVtox for the product.

For all-purpose cleaners, the CDVtox for the product shall not exceed 20 000 l/functional unit.

For cleaners for sanitary facilities, the CDVtox for the product shall not exceed 100 000 l per 100 g product.

For window cleaners, the CDVtox for the product shall not exceed 5 000 l per 100 g product.

Assessment and verification: the exact formulation of the product shall be provided to the competent body, together with the details of the CDVtox calculations showing compliance with this criterion.

2.   Biodegradability of surfactants

(a)   Ready biodegradability (aerobic)

Each surfactant used in the product shall be readily biodegradable.

Assessment and verification: the exact formulation of the product as well as a description of the function of each ingredient shall be provided to the competent body. The DID list-part A (Appendix I) indicates whether a specific surfactant is aerobically biodegradable or not (the surfactants with an entry of ‘R’ in the column on aerobic biodegradability are readily biodegradable). For surfactants which are not included in the DID list-part A, the relevant information from literature or other sources, or appropriate test results, showing that they are aerobically biodegradable shall be provided. The tests for ready biodegradability shall be as referred to in Regulation (EC) No 648/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 March 2004 on detergents (1). Surfactants shall be considered as readily biodegradable if the level of biodegradability (mineralisation) measured according to one of the five following tests is at least 60 % within 28 days: CO2 headspace test (OECD 310), carbon dioxide (CO2) evolution modified Sturm test (OECD 301B; Council Directive 67/548/EEC (2) Annex V.C.4-C), closed bottle test (OECD 301D; Directive 67/548/EEC Annex V.C.4-E), manometric respirometry (OECD 301F; Directive 67/548/EEC Annex V.C.4-D), or MITI (I) test (OECD 301C; Directive 67/548/EEC Annex V.C.4-F), or their equivalent ISO tests. Depending on the physical characteristics of the surfactant, one of the following tests might be used to confirm ready biodegradability, if the level of biodegradability is at least 70 % within 28 days: dissolved organic carbon DOC die-away (OECD 301A; Directive 67/548/EEC Annex V.C.4-A) or modified OECD screening DOC die-away (OECD 301E; Directive 67/548/EEC Annex V.C.4-B), or their equivalent ISO tests. The applicability of test methods based on measurement of dissolved organic carbon needs to be appropriately justified as these methods could give results on the removal and not on the biodegradability. Pre-adaptation is not to be used in tests for aerobic ready biodegradability. The 10 days window principle shall not apply.

(b)   Anaerobic biodegradability

Each surfactant used in the product shall be biodegradable under anaerobic conditions.

Assessment and verification: the exact formulation of the product as well as a description of the function of each ingredient shall be provided to the competent body. The DID list-part A (Appendix I) indicates whether a specific surfactant is anaerobically biodegradable or not (the surfactants with an entry of ‘Y’ in the column on anaerobic biodegradability are biodegradable under anaerobic conditions). For surfactants which are not included in the DID list-part A, the relevant information from literature or other sources, or appropriate test results, showing that they are anaerobically biodegradable shall be provided. The reference test for anaerobic degradability shall be OECD 311, ISO 11734, ECETOC No 28 (June 1988) or an equivalent test method, with the requirement of a minimum of 60 % ultimate degradability under anaerobic conditions. Test methods simulating the conditions in a relevant anaerobic environment may also be used to document that 60 % ultimate degradability has been attained under anaerobic conditions (see Appendix II).

3.   Dangerous, hazardous or toxic substances or preparations

(a)   The following ingredients shall not be included in the product, either as part of the formulation or as part of any preparation included in the formulation:

Alkyl phenol ethoxylates (APEOs) and derivatives thereof,

EDTA (ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetate) and its salts,

NTA (nitrilo-tri-acetate),

Nitromusks and polycyclic musks, including for example:

Musk xylene: 5-tert-butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene,

Musk ambrette: 4-tert-butyl-3-methoxy-2,6-dinitrotoluene,

Moskene: 1,1,3,3,5-pentamethyl-4,6-dinitroindan,

Musk tibetine: 1-tert-butyl-3,4,5-trimethyl-2,6-dinitrobenzene,

Musk ketone: 4’-tert-butyl-2’,6’-dimethyl-3’,5’-dinitroacetaphenone,

HHCB (1,3,4,6,7,8-Hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta(g)-2-benzopyran),

AHTN (6-Acetyl-1,1,2,4,4,7-hexamethyltetralin).

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide a declaration supported by declarations from manufacturers of ingredients, as appropriate, confirming that the listed substances have not been included in the product.

(b)   Quaternary ammonium salts that are not readily biodegradable shall not be used, either as part of the formulation or as part of any preparation included in the formulation.

Assessment and verification: the applicant shall provide documentation showing the biodegradability of any quaternary ammonium salt used.

(c)   No ingredient (substance or preparation) shall be included in the product that is classified, with any of the following risk phrases, or any combination thereof, in accordance with Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments or Directive 1999/45/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council  (3) and its amendments:

 

R31 (contact with acid liberates toxic gas),

 

R40 (limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect),

 

R45 (may cause cancer),

 

R46 (may cause heritable genetic damage),

 

R49 (may cause cancer by inhalation),

 

R68 (possible risks of irreversible effects)

 

R50-53 (very toxic to aquatic organism and may cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment),

 

R51-53 (toxic to aquatic organism and may cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment),

 

R59 (dangerous to the ozone layer),

 

R60 (may impair fertility),

 

R61 (may cause harm to the unborn child),

 

R62 (possible risk of impaired fertility),

 

R63 (possible risk of harm to the unborn child),

 

R64 (may cause harm to breastfed babies).

Specific requirements are prescribed for biocides, either as part of the formulation or as part of any preparation included in the formulation (see criterion on biocides below).

The above requirements shall apply to each ingredient (substance or preparation) that exceeds 0,01 % by weight of the final product. This includes also each ingredient of any preparation used in the formulation that exceeds 0,01 % by weight of the final product.

Assessment and verification: copies of the material safety data sheets shall be provided for all ingredients (whether substances or preparations). A declaration prepared by the manufacturer of ingredients and showing compliance with this criterion shall be provided by the applicant.

4.   Biocides

(a)

The product may only include biocides in order to preserve the product, and in the appropriate dosage for this purpose alone. This does not refer to surfactants, which may also have biocidal properties.

Assessment and verification: copies of the material safety data sheets of any preservatives added shall be provided, together with information on their exact concentration in the product. The manufacturer or supplier of the preservatives shall provide information on the dosage necessary to preserve the product.

(b)

It is prohibited to claim or suggest on the packaging or by any other communication that the product has an antimicrobial action.

Assessment and verification: the texts and layouts used on each type of packaging and/or an example of each different type of packaging shall be provided to the competent body.

Biocides, either as part of the formulation or as part of any preparation included in the formulation, that are used to preserve the product and that are classified with R50-53 or R51-53 risk phrases, in accordance with Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments or Directive 1999/45/EC, are permitted but only if they are not potentially bioaccumulative. In this context, a biocide is considered to be potentially bioaccumulative if the log Pow (log octanol/water partition coefficient) ≥3,0 (unless the experimentally determined BCF ≤100).

The concentration of biocides in the final product shall not exceed the maximum authorised concentration in Council Directive 76/768/EEC of 27 July 1976 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to cosmetic products and its subsequent amendments.

Assessment and verification: copies of the material safety data sheets shall be provided for all biocides, together with a documentation of the concentrations of the biocides in the final product.

5.   Dyes or colouring agents

Any dyes or colouring agents used in the product must be permitted by Council Directive 76/768/EEC relating to cosmetic products (4) and its subsequent amendments, or must be permitted by European Parliament and Council Directive 94/36/EC of 30 June 1994 on colours for use in foodstuffs (5) and its subsequent amendments, or must be characterised by environmental properties that do not imply classification with R50-53 or R51-53 risk phrases, in accordance with Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments.

Assessment and verification: a declaration of compliance with this criterion shall be provided to the competent body, together with a full list of all dyes or colouring agents used.

6.   Fragrances

(a)

The product shall not contain perfumes containing nitro-musks or polycyclic musks (as specified in the criterion 3(a).

(b)

Any ingredients added to the product as a fragrance must have been manufactured and/or handled in accordance with the code of practice of the International Fragrance Association.

Assessment and verification: a declaration of compliance with each part of this criterion shall be provided to the competent body.

7.   Sensitising substances

The product shall not be classified with R42 (may cause sensitisation by inhalation) and/or R43 (may cause sensitisation by skin contact) risk phrases, in accordance with Directive 1999/45/EC and its amendments.

The concentration of any substance or ingredient classified with R42 (may cause sensitisation by inhalation) and/or R43 (may cause sensitisation by skin contact) risk phrases, in accordance with Directive 67/548/EEC and its amendments or Directive 1999/45/EC and its amendments, shall not exceed 0,1 % by weight of the final product.

Assessment and verification: the exact concentrations of all ingredients that are classified as R42 and/or R43 shall be provided to the competent body, together with copies of the material safety data sheets.

8.   Volatile organic compounds

The product shall not contain more than 10 % (by weight) of volatile organic compounds with a boiling point lower than 150 oC.

Assessment and verification: copies of the material safety data sheets of each organic solvent together with details of the calculations of the total volatile organic compounds with a boiling point lower than 150 oC shall be provided by the applicant.

9.   Phosphorus

The total quantity of elemental phosphorous in the product shall be calculated per functional unit (for all-purpose cleaners) or per 100 g of product (cleaners for sanitary facilities) taking into account all ingredients containing phosphorus (e.g. phosphates and phosphonates).

For all-purpose cleaners, the total phosphorus content (P) shall not exceed 0,02 g/functional unit.

For cleaners for sanitary facilities, the total phosphorus content (P) shall not exceed 1,0 g/100 g of product.

Ingredients used in window cleaning products must not contain phosphorus.

Assessment and verification: the exact formulation of the product shall be provided to the competent body, together with the details of the calculations showing compliance with this criterion.

10.   Packaging requirements

(a)

Sprays containing propellants must not be used.

(b)

Plastic materials that are used for the main container shall be marked according to European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC of 20 December 1994 on packaging and packaging waste (6), or DIN 6120 Parts 1 and 2 in connection with DIN 7728 part 1.

(c)

If the primary packaging is made of recycled material, any indication of this on the packaging shall be in conformity with the ISO 14021 standard ‘Environmental labels and declarations — Self declared claims (type II environmental labelling)’.

(d)

The primary packaging parts shall be easily separable into mono-material parts.

Assessment and verification: data on the packaging, and/or a sample thereof if appropriate, shall be provided to the competent body, together with a declaration of compliance with each part of this criterion.

FITNESS FOR USE

11.   Fitness for use

The product shall be fit for use, meeting the needs of the consumers.

The cleaning ability must be equivalent to or better than a market-leading or generic reference product (see Appendix III), approved by a competent body, as well as better than pure water.

For all-purpose cleaners and cleaning products for kitchens, only fat-removing effects must be documented. For sanitary cleaning products and window cleaners, both calcium and fat-removing effects must be documented.

Assessment and verification: the performance of the product must either be tested by:

an adequate and justifiable laboratory test, or

an adequate and justifiable consumer test.

Both tests must be carried out and reported within specified parameters as stated in the framework described in Appendix III.

CONSUMER INFORMATION

12.   User instructions

(a)   Dosage instructions

For all-purpose cleaners, an exact dosage recommendation shall appear on the packaging in a reasonably sufficient size and against a visible background. The use of a pictogram (such as a 5 1 tub and number of caps with ml) is recommended but voluntary.

In the case of a concentrated cleaner for sanitary facilities, it shall be clearly indicated on the packaging that only a small quantity of the product is needed compared to normal (i.e. diluted) products.

The following text (or equivalent text) shall appear on the packaging:

‘Proper dosage saves costs and minimises environmental impacts’.

(b)   Safety advice

The following safety advice (or equivalent text) shall appear on the product (in both text form and with an equivalent pictogram):

‘Keep away from children’

‘Do not mix different cleaners’

‘Avoid inhaling sprayed product’ (only for products that are packaged as sprays).

(c)   Information and labelling of ingredients

Regulation (EC) No 648/2004 shall be applied.

(d)   Information about the eco-label

The following text (or equivalent text) shall appear on the packaging:

‘For more information visit the EU eco-label web-site: http://europa.eu.int/ecolabel’.

Assessment and verification: a sample of the product packaging, including the label, shall be provided to the competent body, together with a declaration of compliance with each part of this criterion.

13.   Information appearing on the eco-label

Box 2 of the eco-label shall contain the following text:

reduced impact on aquatic life,

reduced use of hazardous substances,

clear user instructions.

14.   Professional training

For detergents, which are used by professional users, the producer, its distributor or a third party shall offer training or training materials for cleaning staff. These shall include step-by-step instructions for proper dilution, use, disposal and the use of equipment.

Assessment and verification: a sample of training material containing step-by-step instructions for proper dilution, use, disposal and the use of equipment and a description of training courses shall be provided to the competent body.


(1)  OJ L 104, 8.4.2004, p. 13.

(2)  Council Directive 67/548/EEC of 27 June 1967 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances (OJ L 196, 16.8.1967, p. 1).

(3)  Directive 1999/45/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 31 May 1999 concerning the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous preparations (OJ L 200, 30.7.1999, p. 1).

(4)  OJ L 262, 27.9.1976, p. 169.

(5)  OJ L 237, 10.9.1994, p. 13.

(6)  OJ L 365, 31.12.1994, p. 10.


Appendix I

DID LIST

For ingredients that are included in the part-A of DID list, the values for toxicity and degradability in the list must be used for the assessment of compliance with the ecological criteria.

For ingredients that are not in the part-A of DID list, the procedure described in the part-B shall be used for establishing toxicity and degradability values.

Detergents ingredients database

Version 30 June 2004

Part A. List of ingredients

 

 

Acute toxicity

 

Chronic toxicity

 

Degradation

DID-no

Ingredient name

LC50/EC50

SF(acute)

TF(acute)

NOEC (1)

SF(chronic) (1)

TF(chronic)

DF

Aerobic

Anaerobic

 

Anionic surfactants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Linear alkyl benzene sulphonates 11,5-11,8 (LAS)

4,1

1 000

0,0041

0,69

10

0,069

0,05

R

N

2

LAS-(C10/13-alkyl)triethanolamine salt

4,2

1 000

0,0042

3,4

100

0,034

0,05

R

O

3

C14/17-Alkyl sulphonate

6,7

5 000

0,00134

0,44

10

0,044

0,05

R

N

4

C8/10-Alkyl sulphate

132

5 000

0,0264

 

 

0,0264

0,05

R

Y

5

C12/14-Alkylsulfaat (AS)

2,8

1 000

0,0028

2

100

0,02

0,05

R

Y

6

C12/18-Alkyl sulphate (AS) (3)

 

 

0,0149

 

 

0,027

0,05

R

Y

7

C16/18 Fatty alcohol sulphate (FAS)

27

1 000

0,027

1,7

50

0,034

0,05

R

Y

8

C12/15A 1-3 EO sulphate

4,6

1 000

0,0046

0,1

10

0,01

0,05

R

Y

9

C 16/18 A 3-4 EO sulphate

0,57

10 000

0,000057

 

 

0,000057

0,05

R

Y

10

Dialkyl sulpho succinate

15,7

1 000

0,0157

 

 

0,0157

0,5

I

N

11

C 12/14 Sulpho- fatty acid methylester

9

10 000

0,0009

0,23

50

0,0046

0,05

R

N

12

C 16/18 Sulpho- fatty acid methylester

0,51

5 000

0,000102

0,2

50

0,004

0,05

R

N

13

C 14/16 alfa Olefin sulphonate

3,3

10 000

0,00033

 

 

0,00033

0,05

R

N

14

C 14/18 alfa olefin sulphonate

0,5

5 000

0,0001

 

 

0,0001

0,05

R

N

15

Soap C> 12-22

22

1 000

0,022

10

100

0,1

0,05

R

Y

16

Lauroyl sarcosinate

56

10 000

0,0056

 

 

0,0056

0,05

R

Y

17

C 9/11 2-10 EO Carboxymethylated, sodium salt or acid

100

10 000

0,01

 

 

0,01

0,05

R

O

18

C 12/18 2-10 EO Carboxymethylated, sodium salt or acid

8,8

1 000

0,0088

5

100

0,05

0,05

R

O

19

C 12/18 Alkyl phosphate esters

38

1 000

0,038

 

 

0,038

0,05

R

N

 

Non-ionic surfactants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

C 8 A 1-5 EO

7,8

1 000

0,0078

 

 

0,0078

0,05

R

Y

21

C 9/11 A, > 3-6 EO predominantly linear

5,6

1 000

0,0056

 

 

0,0056

0,05

R

Y

22

C 9/11 A, > 6-10 EO predominantly linear

5

1 000

0,005

 

 

0,005

0,05

R

Y

23

C 9/11 A, 5-11 EO multibranched

1

1 000

0,001

 

 

0,001

0,05

R

O

24

C 10 A, 5-11 EO multibranched (Trimer-propen-oxo-alcohol)

1

1 000

0,001

 

 

0,001

0,05

R

Y

25

C 12/15 A, >2-6 EO predominantly linear

0,43

1 000

0,00043

0,18

50

0,0036

0,05

R

Y

26

C 12/14 5-8 EO 1 t-BuO (endcapped)

0,23

1 000

0,00023

0,18

100

0,0018

0,05

R

O

27

C 12/15 A, 3-12 EO multibranched

1

1 000

0,001

3,2

100

0,032

0,05

R

O

28

C 12/15 (mean value C<14) A, >6-9 EO

0,63

1 000

0,00063

0,24

10

0,024

0,05

R

Y

29

C 12/15 (mean value C > 14) A, >6-9 EO

0,4

1 000

0,0004

0,17

10

0,017

0,05

R

Y

30

C 12/15 A, > 9-12 EO

1,1

1 000

0,0011

 

 

0,017

0,05

R

Y

31

C 12/15 A > 12-20 EO

0,7

1 000

0,0007

 

 

0,0007

0,05

R

O

32

C 12/15 A > 20-30 EO

13

1 000

0,013

10

100

0,1

0,05

R

O

33

C 12/15 A, > 30 EO

130

1 000

0,13

 

 

0,13

0,5

I

O

34

C 12/18 A, 0-3 EO

0,3

1 000

0,0003

 

 

0,0003

0,05

R

Y

35

C 12/18 A, 5-10 EO

1

1 000

0,001

0,35

100

0,0035

0,05

R

O

36

C 12/18 A, > 10-20 EO

1

1 000

0,001

 

 

0,0035

0,05

R

O

37

C 16/18 A, 2-8 EO

3,2

1 000

0,0032

0,4

100

0,004

0,05

R

Y

38

C 16/18 A, > 9-18 EO

0,72

1 000

0,00072

0,32

10

0,032

0,05

R

Y

39

C 16/18 A, 20-30 EO

4,1

1 000

0,0041

 

 

0,0041

0,05

R

Y

40

C 16/18 A, > 30 EO

30

1 000

0,03

 

 

0,03

0,5

I

Y

41

C 12-15 A 2-6 EO 2-6 PO

0,78

1 000

0,00078

0,36

100

0,0036

0,05

R

O

42

C 10-16 A 0-3 PO 6-7 EO

3,2

5 000

0,00064

1

100

0,01

0,05

R

O

43

Glycerine (1-5 EO) cocoate

16

1 000

0,016

6,3

100

0,063

0,05

R

Y

44

Glycerin (6-17 EO) cocoate

100

1 000

0,1

 

 

0,1

0,05

R

Y

45

C 12/14 Glucose amide

13

1 000

0,013

4,3

50

0,086

0,05

R

Y

46

C 16/18 Glucose amide

1

1 000

0,001

0,33

50

0,0066

0,05

R

Y

47

C 8/10 Alkyl polyglycoside

28

1 000

0,028

5,7

100

0,057

0,05

R

Y

48

C 8/12 Alkyl polyglycoside, branched

480

1 000

0,48

100

100

1

0,05

R

N

49

C 8/16 or C 12-14 Alkyl polyglycoside

5,3

1 000

0,0053

1

10

0,1

0,05

R

Y

50

Coconut fatty acid monoethanolamide

9,5

1 000

0,0095

1

100

0,01

0,05

R

Y

51

Coconut fatty acid monoethanolamide 4-5 EO

17

10 000

0,0017

 

 

0,0017

0,05

R

Y

52

Coconut fatty acid diethanolamide

2

1 000

0,002

0,3

100

0,003

0,05

R

O

53

PEG-4 Rapeseed amide

7

5 000

0,0014

 

 

0,0014

0,05

R

Y

 

Amphoteric surfactants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

60

C 12/15 Alkyl dimethylbetaine

1,7

1 000

0,0017

0,1

100

0,001

0,05

R

O

61

Alkyl C 12/18 amidopropylbetaine

1,8

1 000

0,0018

0,09

100

0,0009

0,05

R

Y

62

C 12/18 Alkyl amine oxide

0,3

1 000

0,0003

 

 

0,0003

0,05

R

Y

 

Cationic surfactants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

70

Alkyl trimethyl ammonium salts

0,1

1 000

0,0001

0,046

100

0,00046

0,5

I

O

71

Alkyl ester ammonium salts

2,9

1 000

0,0029

1

10

0,1

0,05

R

Y

 

Preservatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

80

1,2-Benzisothiazol-3-one

0,15

1 000

0,00015

 

 

0,00015

0,5

I

N

81

Benzyl alcohol

360

1 000

0,36

 

 

0,36

0,05

R

Y

82

5-bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane

0,4

5 000

0,00008

 

 

0,00008

1

P

O

83

2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol

0,78

1 000

0,00078

0,2

100

0,002

0,5

I

O

84

Chloroacetamide

55,6

10 000

0,00556

 

 

0,00556

1

O

O

85

Diazolinidylurea

35

5 000

0,007

 

 

0,007

1

P

O

86

Formaldehyde

2

1 000

0,002

 

 

0,002

0,05

R

O

87

Glutaraldehyde

0,31

1 000

0,00031

 

 

0,00031

0,05

R

O

88

Guanidine, hexamethylene-, homopolymer

0,18

1 000

0,00018

0,024

100

0,00024

1

P

O

89

CMI + MIT in mixture 3:1 (4)

0,0067

1 000

0,0000067

0,0057

50

0,000114

0,5

I

O

90

2-Methyl-2H-isothiazol-3-one (MIT)

0,06

1 000

0,00006

 

 

0,00006

0,5

I

O

91

Methyldibromoglutaronitrile

0,15

1 000

0,00015

 

 

0,00015

0,05

R

O

92

e-phtaloimidoperoxyhexanoic acid

0,59

5 000

0,000118

 

 

0,000118

1

P

O

93

Methyl-, Ethyl- and Propylparaben

15,4

5 000

0,00308

 

 

0,00308

0,05

R

N

94

o-Phenylphenol

0,92

1 000

0,00092

 

 

0,00092

0,05

R

O

95

Sodium benzoate

128

1 000

0,128

 

 

0,128

0,05

R

Y

96

Sodium hydroxy methyl glycinate

36,5

5 000

0,0073

 

 

0,0073

1

O

O

97

Sodium nitrite

87

10 000

0,0087

 

 

0,0087

1

NA

NA

98

Triclosan

0,0014

1 000

0,0000014

 

 

0,0000014

0,5

I

O

 

Other ingredients

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

110

Silicon

250

1 000

0,25

 

 

0,25

1

P

N

111

Paraffin

1 000

10 000

0,1

 

 

0,1

1

P

O

112

Glycerol

4 400

5 000

0,88

 

 

0,88

0,05

R

Y

113

Phosphate, as STPP

1 000

1 000

1

 

 

1

0,15

NA

NA

114

Zeolite (insoluble inorganic)

1 000

1 000

1

175

50

3,5

1

NA

NA

115

Citrate and citric acid

825

1 000

0,825

80

50

1,6

0,05

R

Y

116

Polycarboxylates

200

1 000

0,2

106

10

10,6

1

P

N

117

Nitrilotriacetat (NTA)

494

1 000

0,494

64

50

1,28

0,5

I

O

118

EDTA

121

1 000

0,121

22

50

0,44

0,5

I

N

119

Phosphonates

650

1 000

0,65

25

50

0,5

1

P

N

120

EDDS

320

1 000

0,32

32

50

0,64

0,05

R

N

121

Clay (insoluble inorganic)

1 000

1 000

1

 

 

1

1

NA

NA

122

Carbonates

250

1 000

0,25

 

 

0,25

0,15

NA

NA

123

Fatty acids C≥ 14

3,7

5 000

0,00074

 

 

0,00074

0,05

R

Y

124

Silicates

250

1 000

0,25

 

 

0,25

1

NA

NA

125

Polyasparaginic acid, Na-salt

410

1 000

0,41

 

 

0,41

0,05

R

N

126

Perborates (as boron)

14

1 000

0,014

 

 

0,014

1

NA

NA

127

Percarbonate (see carbonate)

250

1 000

0,25

 

 

0,25

0,15

NA

NA

128

Tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED)

250

1 000

0,25

500

100

5

0,05

R

O

129

C 1-C 4 alcohols

1 000

1 000

1

 

 

1

0,05

R

Y

130

Mono-, di- and triethanol amine

90

1 000

0,09

0,78

100

0,0078

0,05

R

Y

131

Polyvinylpyrrolidon (PVP)

1 000

1 000

1

 

 

1

0,5

I

N

132

Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)

250

5 000

0,05

 

 

0,05

0,5

I

N

133

Sodium and magnesium sulphate

1 000

1 000

1

100

100

1

1

NA

NA

134

Calcium- and sodiumchloride

1 000

1 000

1

100

100

1

1

NA

NA

135

Urea

1 000

5 000

0,2

 

 

0,2

1

NA

NA

136

Silicon dioxide, quartz (insoluble inorganic)

1 000

1 000

1

 

 

1

1

NA

NA

137

Polyethylene glycol, MW > 4000

1 000

10 000

0,1

 

 

0,1

1

P

N

138

Polyethylene glycol, MW < 4000

1 000

10 000

0,1

 

 

0,1

1

P

O

139

Cumene-, xylene- and toluene sulphonates

66

10 000

0,0066

 

 

0,0066

0,5

I

N

140

Na-/Mg-/KOH

30

1 000

0,03

 

 

0,03

0,05

NA

NA

141

Enzymes/proteins

25

5 000

0,005

 

 

0,005

0,05

R

Y

142

Perfume, if not other specified (2)

2

1 000

0,002

 

 

0,002

0,5

I

N

143

Dyes, if not other specified (2)

10

1 000

0,01

 

 

0,01

1

P

N

144

Starch

100

1 000

0,1

 

 

0,1

0,05

R

Y

145

Anionic polyester

655

1 000

0,655

 

 

0,655

1

P

N

146

PVNO/PVPI

530

1 000

0,53

 

 

0,53

1

P

N

147

Zn ftalocyanin sulphonate

0,2

1 000

0,0002

0,16

100

0,0016

1

P

N

148

Iminodisuccinat

81

1 000

0,081

17

100

0,17

0,05

R

N

149

FWA 1

11

1 000

0,011

10

100

0,1

1

P

N

150

FWA 5

10

1 000

0,01

1

10

0,1

1

P

N

151

1-decanol

2,3

5 000

0,00046

 

 

0,00046

0,05

R

O

152

Methyl laurate

1 360

10 000

0,136

 

 

0,136

0,05

R

O

153

Formic acid (Ca salt)

100

1 000

0,1

 

 

0,1

0,05

R

Y

154

Adipic acid

31

1 000

0,031

 

 

0,031

0,05

R

O

155

Maleic acid

106

1 000

0,106

 

 

0,106

0,05

R

Y

156

Malic acid

106

1 000

0,106

 

 

0,106

0,05

R

O

157

Tartaric acid

200

10 000

0,02

 

 

0,02

0,05

R

O

158

Phosphoric acid

138

1 000

0,138

 

 

0,138

0,15

NA

NA

159

Oxalic acid

128

5 000

0,0256

 

 

0,0256

0,05

R

O

160

Acetic acid

30

1 000

0,03

 

 

0,03

0,05

R

Y

161

Lactic acid

130

1 000

0,13

 

 

0,13

0,05

R

Y

162

Sulphamic acid

75

1 000

0,075

 

 

0,075

1

NA

NA

163

Salicylic acid

46

1 000

0,046

 

 

0,046

0,15

R

O

164

Glycollic acid

141

5 000

0,0282

 

 

0,0282

0,05

R

O

165

Glutaric acid

208

5 000

0,0416

 

 

0,0416

0,05

R

O

166

Malonic acid

95

5 000

0,019

 

 

0,019

0,05

R

O

167

Ethylene glycol

6500

1 000

6,5

 

 

6,5

0,05

R

Y

168

Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether

747

5 000

0,1494

 

 

0,1494

0,05

R

O

169

Diethylene glycol

4 400

10 000

0,44

 

 

0,44

0,15

I

Y

170

Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether

500

1 000

0,5

 

 

0,5

0,5

I

O

171

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether

3 940

5 000

0,788

 

 

0,788

0,05

R

O

172

Diethylene glycol monobutyl ether

1 254

1 000

1,254

 

 

1,254

0,05

R

O

173

Diethylene glycol dimethylether

2 000

10 000

0,2

 

 

0,2

0,5

I

O

174

Propylene glycol

32 000

1 000

32

 

 

32

0,15

R

Y

175

Propylene glycol monomethyl ether

12 700

5 000

2,54

 

 

2,54

0,05

R

O

176

Propylene glycol monobutylether

748

5 000

0,1496

 

 

0,1496

0,05

R

O

177

Dipropylene glycol

1 625

10 000

0,1625

 

 

0,1625

0,05

R

O

178

Dipropylene glycol monomethyl ether

1 919

5 000

0,3838

 

 

0,3838

0,05

R

O

179

Dipropylene glycol monobutylether

841

5 000

0,1682

 

 

0,1682

0,05

R

O

180

Dipropylene glycol dimethylether

1 000

5 000

0,2

 

 

0,2

0,5

I

O

181

Triethylene glycol

4 400

1 000

4,4

 

 

4,4

0,5

I

O

182

Tall oil

1,8

1 000

0,0018

 

 

0,0018

0,5

I

O

183

Ethylenebisstearamides

140

5 000

0,028

 

 

0,028

0,5

I

O

184

Sodium gluconate

10 000

10 000

1

 

 

1

0,05

R

O

185

Glycol distearate

100

5 000

0,02

 

 

0,02

0,5

I

O

186

Hydroxyl ethyl cellulose

209

5 000

0,0418

 

 

0,0418

1

P

O

187

Hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose

188

5 000

0,0376

 

 

0,0376

1

P

O

188

1-methyl-2-pyrrolidone

500

1 000

0,5

 

 

0,5

0,05

R

O

189

Xanthan gum

490

1 000

0,49

 

 

0,49

0,05

R

O

190

Trimethyl pentanediol mono-isobutyrate

18

1 000

0,018

3,3

100

0,033

0,05

R

O

191

Benzotriazole

29

1 000

0,029

 

 

0,029

1

P

O

192

Piperidinol-propanetricarboxylate salt

100

1 000

0,1

120

100

1,2

0,5

I

O

193

Diethylaminopropyl-DAS

120

1 000

0,12

120

100

1,2

1

P

O

194

Methylbenzamide-DAS

120

1 000

0,12

120

100

1,2

0,5

I

O

195

Pentaerythritol-tetrakis-phenol-propionate

38

1 000

0,038

 

 

0,038

1

P

O

196

Block polymers

100

5 000

0,02

 

 

0,02

1

P

N

197

Denatonium benzoate

13

5 000

0,0026

 

 

0,0026

1

O

O

198

Succinate

374

10 000

0,0374

 

 

0,0374

0,05

R

O

199

Polyaspartic acid

528

1 000

0,528

 

 

0,528

0,05

R

N

Insoluble inorganic Inorganic ingredient with very low, or no ability to dissolve in water.

Part B. Critical dilution volume

The Critical Dilution Volume is calculated according to the following equation:

CDV = 1000 * Σdosage(i)*DF(i)/TF(i)

Dosage(i) = dosage of ingredient i, expressed in g/wash, or in some cases as g/100 g product.

DF(i) = degradation factor for ingredient i.

TF(i) = toxicity factor for ingredient i.

PROCEDURE FOR ESTABLISHING PARAMETER VALUES FOR INGREDIENTS NOT ON THE DID-LIST

As a general rule the listed parameter values must be used for all ingredients on the DID-list. An exception is made for perfumes and dyes, where additional test results are accepted (see footnote in Part A).

The following approach applies for ingredients that are not listed on the DID-list.

Aquatic toxicity

In the European Eco-label scheme, the CDV is calculated based on the chronic toxicity and chronic safety factors. If no chronic test results are available, the acute toxicity and safety factor must be used.

The chronic toxicity factor (TFchronic)

Calculate the median value within each trophic level (fish, crustaceans or algae) using validated test results for chronic toxicity. If several test results are available for one species within a trophic level, a median for the species shall be calculated first, and these median values shall be used when calculating the median value for the trophic level .

The chronic toxicity factor (TFchronic) is the lowest median of the trophic levels calculated.

The TFchronic shall be used when calculating the critical dilution volume criterion.

The acute toxicity factor (TFacute)

Calculate the median value within each trophic level (fish, crustaceans or algae) using validated test results for acute toxicity. If several test results are available for one species within a trophic level, a median for the species shall be calculated first, and these median values shall be used when calculating the median value for the trophic level .

The acute toxicity factor (TFacute) is the lowest median of the trophic levels.

The TFacute shall be used when calculating the critical dilution volume criterion.

Safety factor:

The Safety factor (SF) is depending on how many trophic levels are tested, and whether chronic test results are available or not. SF is determined as follows:

Data

Safety factor (SF)

Toxicity factor (TF)

1 short-term L(E)C50

10 000

Toxicity/10 000

2 short-term L(E)C50 from species representing two trophic levels (fish and/or crustaceans and/or algae)

5 000

Toxicity/5 000

At least 1 short-term L(E)C50 from each of three trophic levels of the base-set1

1 000

Toxicity/1 000

One long-term NOEC (fish or crustaceans)

100

Toxicity/100

Two long-term NOEC from species representing two trophic levels (fish and/or crustaceans and/or algae)

50

Toxicity/50

Long-term NOEC from at least three species (normally fish, crustaceans and algae) representing three trophic levels

10

Toxicity/10

The base set for testing the toxicity of substances towards aquatic organisms consists of acute tests with fish, daphnia and algae.

Degradation factors

The degradation factor is defined as follows:

Table 1

Degradation factor (DF)

 

DF

Readily biodegradable (5)

0,05

Readily biodegradable (6)

0,15

Inherently biodegradable

0,5

Persistent

1

Anaerobic biodegradability

The ingredient must be classified into one of the following classes of compounds:

Category

Label

Anaerobically not biodegradable, i.e. tested and found not biodegradable.

N

Anaerobically biodegradable i.e. tested and found biodegradable or not tested but demonstrated through analogy considerations etc.

Y

Not tested for anaerobic biodegradability

0

Aerobic biodegradability

The ingredient must be classified into one of the following classes of compounds:

Category

Label

Readily biodegradable

R

Inherently biodegradable, but not readily biodegradable

I

Persistent

P

Not tested for aerobic biodegradability

O

Insoluble inorganic ingredients

If an inorganic ingredient has a very low water-solubility, or is not soluble in water this must be indicated in the submitted file.


(1)  If no acceptable chronic toxicity data was found, these columns are empty. In that case TF(chronic) is defined as equal to TF(acute)

(2)  As a general rule licence applicants must use the data on the list. Perfumes and dyes are exceptions. If toxicity data is submitted by the licence applicant the submitted data shall be used to calculate the TF and determine the degradability. If not, the values on the list shall be used.

(3)  

(#)

Due to a lack of toxicity results the TF has been calculated as an average of the values of C12/14Alkyl sulphate (AS) and C16/18Alkyl sulphate (AS).

(4)  

(§)

5-Chloro-2-Methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one and 2-Methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one in mixture 3:1

(5)  All surfactants or other ingredients consisting of a series of homologues and fulfilling the final degradation requirement of the test, shall be included in this class regardless of fulfilment of the 10-day window criterion.

(6)  10-day window criterion not fulfilled.

For inorganic ingredients the DF is set according to observed degradation rate. If the ingredient degrade within five days: DF=0,05, within 15 days: DF=0,15 or within 50 days: DF=0,5.


Appendix II

DOCUMENTATION OF ANAEROBIC BIODEGRADABILITY

The following approach may be used to provide the necessary documentation of anaerobic biodegradability in the case of ingredients that are not listed in the DID list.

Apply reasonable extrapolation. Use test results obtained with one raw material to extrapolate the ultimate anaerobic degradability of structurally related surfactants. If anaerobic biodegradability has been confirmed for a surfactant (or a group of homologues) according to the DID list (Appendix I), it can be assumed that a similar type of surfactant is also anaerobically biodegradable (for example, C 12-15 A 1-3 EO sulphate (DID No 8) is anaerobically biodegradable, and a similar anaerobic biodegradability may also be assumed for C 12-15 A 6 EO sulphate). If anaerobic biodegradability has been confirmed for a surfactant by use of an appropriate test method, it can be assumed that a similar type of surfactant is also anaerobically biodegradable (for example, literature data confirming the anaerobic biodegradability of surfactants belonging to the group alkyl ester ammonium salts may be used as documentation for a similar anaerobic biodegradability of other quaternary ammonium salts containing ester-linkages in the alkyl chain(s)).

Perform screening test for anaerobic degradability. If new testing is necessary, perform a screening test by use of OECD 311, ISO 11734, ECETOC No 28 (June 1988) or an equivalent method.

Perform low-dosage degradability test. If new testing is necessary, and in the case of experimental problems in the screening test (for example, inhibition due to toxicity of test substance), repeat testing by using a low dosage of surfactant and monitor degradation by 14C measurements or chemical analyses. Testing at low dosages may be performed by use of OECD 308 (24 April 2002) or an equivalent method provided that strict anaerobic conditions are applied. The testing and the interpretation of the test results should be conducted by an independent expert.


Appendix III

FRAMEWORK FOR A PERFORMANCE TEST

The performance test can be either a laboratory test or a consumer test. The conditions for both types of test are described in the following sections.

1.   Laboratory tests

The aim of the laboratory test is to confirm that the test product cleans as well as or better than a comparative reference product and better than pure water, and to confirm that the test product does not damage the surfaces it is intended for.

General framework requirements

The test product and the reference product shall be of the same product category.

The reference product may be either a market-leading product or a generic formulation.

If a market-leading reference product is used, it shall be one of the three or four products with the highest sales volume on the market in a region, where the eco-labelled product is to be marketed. Furthermore, the market-leading reference product must be approved by the competent body, and the trade name must be available to the public.

If a generic reference product is used, it must have a composition which is representative for the products on the market. Furthermore, the generic reference product must be approved by the Competent body and the exact formulation must be publicly available free of charge.

The dosages used shall be the recommended dosage for normal soil or normal use. If no recommended dosage is stated for the reference product, the same dosage must be used for both the test product and the reference product.

If a dosage interval is given, the lowest recommended dosage must be used in the test.

The soil mixture must be relevant for the use of the product, homogeneous and, if prepared artificially, based on well-described substances. Enough soil for the whole test must be prepared in a single batch.

For all-purpose cleaners and cleaning products for kitchens, only fat-removing effects shall be documented. For sanitary cleaners and window cleaners, both calcium and fat removing effects shall be documented.

The washing procedure must reflect realistic use conditions and can be manual or by machinery.

Testing requirements

The assessment of cleanness must include testing and comparison of test product, reference product.

Each product must be tested in at least five parallels (see documentation requirements). Additionally, one test must be performed with water only, i.e. without any cleaning agent.

The quantity of soil applied to plates or another substrate must be the same for each plate or substrate-part, weighed in grams to one decimal point.

The order of testing of the two products shall be randomised.

The test must be capable of generating results that provide a measure of the cleanness (fat and calcium removing effects) according to the product tested. Cleanness can be measured visually, photometrically (e.g. measuring reflectance), gravimetrically or by means of another relevant method. The method of measurement, including a possible scoring system, must be decided in advance.

Testing of fat and calcium removing effects may be done either separately or jointly.

Documentation requirements

A detailed test report shall be submitted to the competent body, including information on:

The dosages used for the test product and the reference product.

Common application area(s) for the test and the reference product.

Justification of the choice of the reference product with respect to its position on the market and its function.

Type(s) of surface used in the test, their relevance and whether the products are gentle on the chosen surface(s).

Description of the soil mixture used in the test, together with an argumentation for its relevance in relation to the testing of fitness for use.

Description of the procedures for soiling, washing and measurement of cleaning performance.

Calculation and statistical comparison procedures.

All raw data used in the testing and calculations.

For the test product to be considered to have fulfilled the performance requirements its results must be positive in 100 % of the test rounds. If the result is less than 100 % positive, five new parallel tests must be performed. Of these 10 parallel tests, 80 % must be positive.

As an alternative the applicant may use statistical methods and demonstrate with a one-sided 95 % confidence range that the test product is as good as or better than the reference product in at least 80 % of the test rounds, if more than 10 parallel tests are made.

How it is shown that the product tested has a better performance than that of pure water.

Note on tests

The CTTN-IREN test ‘Washing of tiled floor and grease removal on kitchen surface’ fulfils the requirements for all-purpose cleaners provided that the number of tests is increased, the same amount of soil is applied in all subtests, and an assessment of the gentleness of the products on surfaces is included. The method described by the Danish Consumer Information fulfils the requirements for all-purpose cleaners provided that the number of tests with each product is increased (Testing of all-purpose cleaners, 2004; Danish title: ‘Sådan er universalrengøringsmidlerne testet’;

(www.forbrug.dk/test/testbasen/rengoering/universalrengoerings/saadan-er-de-testet/).

The IKW-test ‘Empfehlung zur Qualitätsbewertung für Badezimmerreiniger’ (SÖFW-Journal, 129, Jahrgang 3, 2003) fulfils the requirements for bathroom cleaners. The IKW-test ‘Recommendations for the quality assessment of acidic toilet cleaners’ (SÖFW-Journal, 126, 11-2000) fulfils the requirements for sanitary cleaners. The method described by the Danish Consumer Information fulfils the requirements for sanitary cleaners (Testing of sanitary cleaners, 2004; Danish title: ‘Sådan er toiletrensemidlerne testet’;

(www.forbrug.dk/test/testbasen/rengoering/toiletrensemidler/saadan-er-de-testet/).

The CHELAB test ‘Detergents for hard surfaces: washing efficiency’ (CHELAB internal test method n. 0578) fulfils the requirements for all-purpose cleaners provided that a test with pure water (without addition of detergent) is included in the procedure (www.chelab.it/).

2.   Consumer tests

The aim of the consumer test is to show whether the test product cleans as good as or better than a comparative reference product, and that the test product does not hurt the surfaces it is intended for.

General framework requirements

For testing of consumer products, responses must be received from a minimum of 20 persons, randomly selected in the sales region and normally using the reference product

For testing of professional products, responses must be received from at least five professional users, randomly selected in the sales region and normally using the reference product

The test product and the reference product should be of the same product category. The reference products shall be the products normally used by the test persons.

The dosages used must be the dose recommended by the manufacturer

The test must be performed on the type(s) of surface relevant in relation to the recommendations on the label

The test period must allow for at least five uses of the test product

Testing requirements

Effectiveness of all-purpose cleaners must be assessed by the following properties:

The ability of the products to remove soil

The gentleness of the products on the surface(s) on which it is used

Effectiveness of sanitary cleaners must be assessed by the following properties:

The ability to remove fat-based soil

The ability to remove calcium deposits (not relevant for cleaning products for kitchens)

The gentleness of the product on the surface(s) on which it is used

The test persons must reply to the question ‘How effective do you consider the test product to be compared to the product you normally use?’ — or equivalent. At least three possibilities for a response must be available, e.g. ‘poorer’, ‘as good as’ and ‘better’

At least 80 % of the test persons must assess the product to be ‘as good as’ or ‘better’ than the reference product

Documentation requirements

A detailed test report must be submitted to the competent body, including information/documentation on:

The selection of the test persons

The information provided by the test persons and a summary describing how the testing was performed

The type of surface(s) the product was tested on.

For each test person, the following information must be available, e.g. in the form of answers to a questionnaire:

The dosage used by the test person

The name of the reference product

A statement declaring that the product has been tested at least five times

The result of the comparison of the test product and the reference product

Calculation and documentation showing that at least 80 % of the test persons assess the product to be as good as or better than the reference product.


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