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Document 32001D0015(01)

2001/913/EC: Decision of the European Central Bank of 6 December 2001 on the issue of euro banknotes (ECB/2001/15)

OJ L 337, 20.12.2001, p. 52–54 (ES, DA, DE, EL, EN, FR, IT, NL, PT, FI, SV)
Special edition in Czech: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Estonian: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Latvian: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Lithuanian: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Hungarian Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Maltese: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Polish: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Slovak: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56
Special edition in Slovene: Chapter 10 Volume 003 P. 54 - 56

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 31/12/2010; Repealed by 32010D0029(01) . Latest consolidated version: 01/01/2009

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2001/913/oj

32001D0913

2001/913/EC: Decision of the European Central Bank of 6 December 2001 on the issue of euro banknotes (ECB/2001/15)

Official Journal L 337 , 20/12/2001 P. 0052 - 0054


Decision of the European Central Bank

of 6 December 2001

on the issue of euro banknotes

(ECB/2001/15)

(2001/913/EC)

THE GOVERNING COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community (hereinafter referred to as the "Treaty"), in particular to Article 106(1) thereof, and to the Statute of the European System of Central Banks and of the European Central Bank (hereinafter referred to as the "Statute"), in particular to Article 16 thereof,

Whereas:

(1) Under Article 106(1) of the Treaty and Article 16 of the Statute, the Governing Council of the European Central Bank (ECB) has the exclusive right to authorise the issue of banknotes within the Community; under these provisions, the ECB and the national central banks (NCBs) may issue banknotes which are the only banknotes to have the status of legal tender within the participating Member States. Community law has foreseen a system of a plurality of issuers of banknotes. The ECB and the NCBs shall issue euro banknotes.

(2) Pursuant to Article 10 of Council Regulation (EC) No 974/98 of 3 May 1998 on the introduction of the euro(1), from 1 January 2002, the ECB and the NCBs (hereinafter referred to as the "Eurosystem") will put into circulation banknotes denominated in euro. Euro banknotes are expressions of the same and single currency, and subject to a single legal regime.

(3) The issue of euro banknotes need not be subject to quantitative or other limits, since putting banknotes into circulation is a demand driven process.

(4) Decision ECB/2001/7 of 30 August 2001 on the denominations, specifications, reproduction, exchange and withdrawal of euro banknotes(2), as amended by Decision ECB/2001/14(3), contains common rules on euro banknotes. The ECB has established common technical specifications for euro banknotes and quality control measures to ensure that the euro banknotes comply with such specifications. As a consequence all euro banknotes have the same physical appearance and level of quality and no distinction is to be made between banknotes of the same denomination.

(5) All euro banknotes should be subject to identical acceptance and processing requirements by the Eurosystem members irrespective of which put them into circulation. The current practice of repatriation of banknotes denominated in national currency units to the issuing central bank will therefore not apply to euro banknotes. The regime for the issue of the euro banknotes is based on the principle of non-repatriation of euro banknotes.

(6) Pursuant to Article 29.1 of the Statute, each of the members of the European System of Central Banks is assigned a weighting in the key for subscription to the ECB's capital, as laid down by Decision ECB/1998/13 of 1 December 1998 on the national central banks' percentage shares in the key for the capital of the ECB(4); this weighting is based on the population and gross domestic product of each Member State and governs the contributions to the ECB's capital, the transfers of the NCB's foreign reserve assets to the ECB, the monetary income allocation of the NCBs, and the distribution of profits and sharing of losses of the ECB.

(7) Euro banknotes are legal tender in all participating Member States, will freely circulate within the euro area, be reissued by the members of the Eurosystem, and may also be stored or used outside the euro zone. The liabilities in respect of the issue of the total value of euro banknotes in circulation should therefore be allocated to the members of the Eurosystem in accordance with an objective criterion. An appropriate criterion is the share of each NCB in the paid-up capital of the ECB. This share results from a proportional application of the capital key referred to in Article 29.1 of the Statute to NCBs. This criterion not being applicable to the ECB, the percentage share of euro banknotes to be issued by the ECB is to be determined by the Governing Council.

(8) Under Article 9.2 and Article 12.1 of the Statute, establishing the principle of decentralisation for Eurosystem operations, the NCBs are to be entrusted with putting into and withdrawing from circulation all euro banknotes including those issued by the ECB. Consistent with this principle of decentralisation, the physical handling of euro banknotes is also to be carried out by the NCBs.

(9) The difference between the value of euro banknotes allocated to each NCB in accordance with the banknote allocation key and the value of the euro banknotes that such NCB puts into circulation should give rise to intra-Eurosystem balances. The ECB not putting euro banknotes into circulation, it should hold intra-Eurosystem claims on NCBs for a value equivalent to the share of euro banknotes that it issues. The remuneration of these intra-Eurosystem balances has an effect on the income positions of NCBs and is therefore the subject of Decision ECB/2001/16 of 6 December 2001 on the allocation of monetary income of the national central banks of participating Member States from the financial year 2002(5), based on Article 32 of the Statute,

HAS DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:

Article 1

Definitions

For the purposes of this Decision:

(a) "NCBs" shall mean the national central banks of the Member States that have adopted the single currency in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community;

(b) "euro banknotes" shall mean those banknotes complying with the requirements of Decision ECB/2001/7, and with the technical specifications laid down by the Governing Council;

(c) "subscribed capital key" shall mean the percentages that result from applying to the NCBs the weighting in the key referred to in Article 29.1 of the Statute and as laid down in Decision ECB/1998/13;

(d) "banknote allocation key" shall mean the percentages that result from taking into account the ECB's share in the total euro banknote issue and applying the subscribed capital key (rounded to the nearest multiple of 0,0005 percentage point) to the NCBs' share in such total. The Annex to this Decision specifies the banknote allocation key applying on 1 January 2002.

Article 2

Issue of euro banknotes

The ECB and the NCBs shall issue euro banknotes.

Article 3

Obligations of issuers

1. NCBs shall put into and withdraw from circulation euro banknotes, and perform any physical handling in relation to all euro banknotes, including those issued by the ECB.

2. NCBs shall accept all euro banknotes on the request of the holder for exchange against euro banknotes of the same value or, in the case of account holders, to be credited to accounts held at the recipient NCB.

3. NCBs shall treat all euro banknotes accepted by them as liabilities and process them in an identical manner.

4. NCBs shall not transfer euro banknotes accepted by them to other NCBs and shall keep such euro banknotes available for reissue. As an exception, and in accordance with any rules laid down by the Governing Council of the ECB:

(a) mutilated, damaged, worn or withdrawn euro banknotes may be destroyed by the recipient NCB;

(b) euro banknotes held by NCBs may, for logistical reasons, be redistributed in bulk within the Eurosystem.

Article 4

Allocation of euro banknotes within the Eurosystem

1. The total value of euro banknotes in circulation shall be allocated to the Eurosystem members by application of the banknote allocation key.

2. The difference between the value of euro banknotes allocated to each NCB in accordance with the banknote allocation key and the value of the euro banknotes that such NCB puts into circulation shall give rise to intra-Eurosystem balances. The ECB shall hold intra-Eurosystem claims on NCBs in proportion to their shares in the subscribed capital key, for a value equivalent to the value of euro banknotes that it issues.

Article 5

Final provisions

1. This Decision shall enter into force on 1 January 2002.

2. This Decision shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

Done at Frankfurt am Main, 6 December 2001.

On behalf of the Governing Council of the ECB

Willem F. Duisenberg

(1) OJ L 139, 11.5.1998, p. 1.

(2) OJ L 233, 31.8.2001, p. 55.

(3) Not yet published in the Official Journal.

(4) OJ L 125, 19.5.1999, p. 33.

(5) See page 55 of this Official Journal.

ANNEX

BANKNOTE ALLOCATION KEY ON 1 JANUARY 2002

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