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Document 02007L0046-20160101

Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (Framework Directive) (Text with EEA relevance)

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2007/46/2016-01-01

2007L0046 — EN — 01.01.2016 — 017.001


This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents

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DIRECTIVE 2007/46/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 5 September 2007

establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles

(Framework Directive)

(Text with EEA relevance)

(OJ L 263 9.10.2007, p. 1)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1060/2008 of 7 October 2008

  L 292

1

31.10.2008

►M2

REGULATION (EC) No 78/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 14 January 2009

  L 35

1

4.2.2009

 M3

REGULATION (EC) No 79/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 14 January 2009

  L 35

32

4.2.2009

►M4

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 385/2009 of 7 May 2009

  L 118

13

13.5.2009

►M5

REGULATION (EC) No 595/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 18 June 2009

  L 188

1

18.7.2009

 M6

REGULATION (EC) No 661/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 13 July 2009

  L 200

1

31.7.2009

 M7

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2010/19/EU Text with EEA relevance of 9 March 2010

  L 72

17

20.3.2010

►M9

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 371/2010 of 16 April 2010

  L 110

1

1.5.2010

►M10

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 183/2011 of 22 February 2011

  L 53

4

26.2.2011

►M11

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 582/2011 of 25 May 2011

  L 167

1

25.6.2011

►M12

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 678/2011 of 14 July 2011

  L 185

30

15.7.2011

►M13

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 65/2012 of 24 January 2012

  L 28

24

31.1.2012

►M14

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1229/2012 of 10 December 2012

  L 353

1

21.12.2012

►M15

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1230/2012 of 12 December 2012

  L 353

31

21.12.2012

►M16

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 143/2013 of 19 February 2013

  L 47

51

20.2.2013

 M17

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 171/2013 of 26 February 2013

  L 55

9

27.2.2013

►M18

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 195/2013 of 7 March 2013

  L 65

1

8.3.2013

►M19

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 2013/15/EU of 13 May 2013

  L 158

172

10.6.2013

►M20

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 136/2014 of 11 February 2014

  L 43

12

13.2.2014

►M21

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 133/2014 of 31 January 2014

  L 47

1

18.2.2014

►M22

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 214/2014 of 25 February 2014

  L 69

3

8.3.2014

►M23

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1171/2014 of 31 October 2014

  L 315

3

1.11.2014

►M24

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/45 of 14 January 2015

  L 9

1

15.1.2015

►M25

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/166 of 3 February 2015

  L 28

3

4.2.2015




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DIRECTIVE 2007/46/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 5 September 2007

establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles

(Framework Directive)

(Text with EEA relevance)



THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 95 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee ( 1 ),

Acting in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 251 of the Treaty ( 2 ),

Whereas:

(1)

Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6 February 1970 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers ( 3 ), has been substantially amended several times. Since further amendments are to be made, it should be recast in the interests of clarity.

(2)

For the purposes of the establishment and operation of the internal market of the Community, it is appropriate to replace the Member States’ approval systems with a Community approval procedure based on the principle of total harmonisation.

(3)

The technical requirements applicable to systems, components, separate technical units and vehicles should be harmonised and specified in regulatory acts. Those regulatory acts should primarily seek to ensure a high level of road safety, health protection, environmental protection, energy efficiency and protection against unauthorised use.

(4)

Council Directive 92/53/EEC of 18 June 1992 amending Directive 70/156/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers ( 4 ) limited application of the Community whole vehicle type-approval procedure to the vehicle category M1. However, in order to complete the internal market and to ensure that it functions properly, the scope of the present Directive should cover all categories of vehicles, enabling manufacturers to benefit from the advantages of the internal market by means of the Community type-approval.

(5)

In order to enable manufacturers to adapt to the new harmonised procedures, a sufficient lead-time should be allowed before Community vehicle type-approval becomes compulsory for vehicles belonging to categories other than M1 that are built in one stage. A longer lead-time is required for vehicles of categories other than M1 that require a multi-stage approval, since that procedure will involve body-builders, who will need to gain sufficient experience in that field so that the necessary procedures can be implemented properly. However, due to the importance of safety for vehicles of category M2 and M3, during the transitional period when national type approval is still valid in order to allow manufacturers to get experience with EC vehicle type approval, it is necessary that those vehicles comply with the technical requirements of the harmonised directives.

(6)

Until now, manufacturers who produce vehicles in small series have been partially excluded from the benefits of the internal market. Experience has shown that road safety and protection of the environment could be significantly improved if small series vehicles were totally integrated into the Community vehicle type-approval system, starting with category M1.

(7)

In order to prevent abuse, any simplified procedure for small series vehicles should be restricted to cases of very limited production; it is therefore necessary to define more precisely the concept of small series in terms of the number of vehicles produced.

(8)

It is important to lay down measures enabling vehicles to be approved on an individual basis, in order to allow sufficient flexibility in the multi-stage approval system; however, pending the establishment of harmonised, specific Community provisions, Member States should continue to be allowed to grant individual approvals in accordance with their national rules.

(9)

Pending application of the Community vehicle type-approval procedures to categories of vehicles other than M1, Member States should be allowed to continue to grant vehicle type-approvals on a national basis, and transitional provisions should be laid down accordingly.

(10)

The measures necessary for the implementation of this Directive should be adopted in accordance with Council Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June 1999 laying down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission ( 5 ).

(11)

By Council Decision 97/836/EC ( 6 ), the Community acceded to the Agreement of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe concerning the adoption of uniform technical prescriptions for wheeled vehicles, equipment and parts which can be fitted to and/or used on wheeled vehicles and the conditions for reciprocal recognition of approvals granted on the basis of these prescriptions (Revised 1958 Agreement).

Consequently, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Regulations to which the Community accedes, in application of that Decision, and amendments to UNECE Regulations to which the Community has already acceded should be incorporated within the Community type-approval procedure either as requirements for EC vehicle type-approval, or as alternatives to existing Community law. In particular, where the Community decides, by means of a Council decision, that a UNECE Regulation shall become part of the EC vehicle type-approval procedure and replace existing Community law, the Commission should be empowered to make the necessary adaptations to this Directive. Since those measures are of general scope and are designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive or to supplement it by the addition of new non-essential elements, they should be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny provided for in Article 5a of Decision 1999/468/EC.

(12)

For the purposes of better regulation and simplification and in order to avoid having to constantly update existing Community legislation on issues of technical specifications, it should be possible for this Directive or for separate directives and regulations to make references to existing international standards and regulations without reproducing them in the Community legal framework.

(13)

In order to ensure that the procedure for monitoring conformity of production, which is one of the cornerstones of the Community type-approval system, has been correctly implemented and functions properly, manufacturers should be regularly checked by the competent authority or by an appropriately qualified technical service appointed for that purpose.

(14)

The main objective of the legislation on the approval of vehicles is to ensure that new vehicles, components and separate technical units put on the market provide a high level of safety and environmental protection. This aim should not be impaired by the fitting of certain parts or equipment after vehicles have been placed on the market or have entered service. Thus, appropriate measures should be taken in order to make sure that parts or equipment which can be fitted to vehicles and which are capable of significantly impairing the functioning of systems that are essential in terms of safety or environmental protection, are subject to a prior control by an approval authority before they are offered for sale. These measures should consist of technical provisions concerning the requirements that those parts or equipment have to comply with.

(15)

These measures should only apply to a limited number of parts or equipment. The list of such parts or equipment and subsequent requirements should be established after having consulted stakeholders. In establishing the list, the Commission should consult stakeholders on the basis of a report and strive for a fair balance between the requirements of improving road safety and environmental protection, as well as the interests of consumers, manufacturers and distributors in preserving competition in the aftermarket.

(16)

The list of parts and equipment, the essential systems concerned as well as the testing and implementation measures should be determined in accordance with Decision 1999/468/EC. Since those measures are of general scope and are designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive or to supplement it by the addition of new non-essential elements, they should be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny provided for in Article 5a of that Decision.

(17)

This Directive constitutes a set of specific safety requirements within the meaning of Article 1(2) of Directive 2001/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 December 2001 on general product safety ( 7 ), laying down specific requirements for protecting the health and safety of consumers. Therefore, it is important to establish provisions to ensure that, in case a vehicle presents a serious risk for consumers resulting from the application of this Directive or of the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV, the manufacturer has taken effective protective measures, including the recall of vehicles. Approval authorities should therefore be able to assess whether the proposed measures are sufficient or not.

(18)

It is important that manufacturers supply relevant information to vehicle owners in order to prevent misuse of safety devices. It is appropriate to include provisions thereon in this Directive.

(19)

It is also important for equipment manufacturers to have access to certain information that is available only from the vehicle manufacturer, that is to say, the technical information, including drawings, required for the development of parts for the aftermarket.

(20)

It is equally important that manufacturers make information readily available to independent operators to ensure the repairing and maintenance of vehicles in a fully competitive market. These information requirements have so far been incorporated in Community legislation, and in particular in Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information ( 8 ), on the basis that the Commission will present a report, no later than four years after the date of entry into force of that Regulation, on the operation of the system of access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and will consider whether it would be appropriate to consolidate all provisions governing access to such information within a revised framework directive on type approval.

(21)

With the aim of simplifying and accelerating the procedure, measures implementing the separate directives or regulations as well as measures for adapting the annexes to this Directive and the separate directives or regulations, in particular to the development of scientific and technical knowledge, should be adopted in accordance with Decision 1999/468/EC. Since those measures are of general scope and are designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive or of the separate directives or regulations, or to supplement them by the addition of new non-essential elements, they should be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny provided for in Article 5a of that Decision. The same procedure should apply to adaptations needed for the type-approval of vehicles intended for persons with disabilities.

(22)

Experience shows that appropriate measures may have to be taken without delay with a view to ensuring a better protection of road users where shortcomings have been identified in the existing legislation. For such urgent cases, the necessary amendments to the separate directives or regulations should be adopted in accordance with Decision 1999/468/EC. Since those measures are of general scope and are designed to amend non-essential elements of the separate directives or regulations or to supplement them by the addition of new non-essential elements, they should be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny provided for in Article 5a of that Decision.

(23)

Since the objective of this Directive, namely the achievement of the internal market through the introduction of a compulsory system of Community type-approval for all categories of vehicles, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States and can, therefore, by reason of the scale of the action, be better achieved at Community level, the Community may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Directive does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve this objective.

(24)

The obligation to transpose this Directive into national law should be confined to those provisions which represent a substantive change as compared with the earlier Directives. The obligation to transpose the provisions which are unchanged arises under the earlier Directives.

(25)

In accordance with point 34 of the Interinstitutional Agreement on better law-making ( 9 ), Member States are encouraged to draw up, for themselves and in the interests of the Community, their own tables illustrating, as far as possible, the correlation between this Directive and the transposition measures, and to make them public.

(26)

This Directive should be without prejudice to the obligations of the Member States relating to the time-limits for transposition into national law and application of the directives set out in Part B of Annex XX.

(27)

The requirements of this Directive are in accordance with the principles enshrined in the Action plan entitled ‘Simplifying and improving the regulatory environment’.

(28)

It is of particular importance that future measures proposed on the basis of this Directive or procedures to be implemented in application of it should comply with these principles, which have been restated by the Commission in its communication on a Competitive Automotive Regulatory framework for the 21st Century,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:



CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject matter

This Directive establishes a harmonised framework containing the administrative provisions and general technical requirements for approval of all new vehicles within its scope and of the systems, components and separate technical units intended for those vehicles, with a view to facilitating their registration, sale and entry into service within the Community.

This Directive also establishes the provisions for the sale and entry into service of parts and equipment intended for vehicles approved in accordance with this Directive.

Specific technical requirements concerning the construction and functioning of vehicles shall be laid down in application of this Directive in regulatory acts, the exhaustive list of which is set out in Annex IV.

Article 2

Scope

1.  This Directive applies to the type-approval of vehicles designed and constructed in one or more stages for use on the road, and of systems, components and separate technical units designed and constructed for such vehicles.

It also applies to the individual approval of such vehicles.

This Directive also applies to parts and equipment intended for vehicles covered by this Directive.

2.  This Directive does not apply to the type-approval or individual approval of the following vehicles:

(a) agricultural or forestry tractors, as defined in Directive 2003/37/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 May 2003 on type-approval of agricultural or forestry tractors, their trailers and interchangeable towed machinery, together with their systems, components and separate technical units ( 10 ) and trailers designed and constructed specifically to be towed by them;

(b) quadricycles as defined in Directive 2002/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 March 2002 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles ( 11 );

(c) tracked vehicles.

3.  Type-approval or individual approval under this Directive is optional for the following vehicles:

(a) vehicles designed and constructed for use principally on construction sites or in quarries, port or airport facilities;

(b) vehicles designed and constructed for use by the armed services, civil defence, fire services and forces responsible for maintaining public order; and

(c) mobile machinery,

to the extent that these vehicles fulfil the requirements of this Directive. Such optional approvals shall be without prejudice to the application of Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery ( 12 ).

4.  An individual approval under this Directive is optional for the following vehicles:

(a) vehicles intended exclusively for racing on roads;

(b) prototypes of vehicles used on the road under the responsibility of a manufacturer to perform a specific test programme provided they have been specifically designed and constructed for this purpose.

Article 3

Definitions

For the purposes of this Directive and of the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV, save as otherwise provided therein:

1. ‘regulatory act’ means a separate directive or regulation or a UNECE Regulation annexed to the Revised 1958 Agreement;

2. ‘separate directive or regulation’ means a directive or regulation listed in Part I of Annex IV. This term includes also their implementing acts;

3. ‘type-approval’ means the procedure whereby a Member State certifies that a type of vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit satisfies the relevant administrative provisions and technical requirements;

4. ‘national type-approval’ means a type-approval procedure laid down by the national law of a Member State, the validity of such approval being restricted to the territory of that Member State;

5. ‘EC type-approval’ means the procedure whereby a Member State certifies that a type of vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit satisfies the relevant administrative provisions and technical requirements of this Directive and of the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV or XI;

6. ‘individual approval’ means the procedure whereby a Member State certifies that a particular vehicle, whether unique or not, satisfies the relevant administrative provisions and technical requirements;

7. ‘multi-stage type-approval’ means the procedure whereby one or more Member States certify that, depending on the state of completion, an incomplete or completed type of vehicle satisfies the relevant administrative provisions and technical requirements of this Directive;

8. ‘step-by-step type-approval’ means a vehicle approval procedure consisting in the step-by-step collection of the whole set of EC type-approval certificates for the systems, components and separate technical units relating to the vehicle, and which leads, at the final stage, to the approval of the whole vehicle;

9. ‘single-step type-approval’ means a procedure consisting in the approval of a vehicle as a whole by means of a single operation;

10. ‘mixed type-approval’ means a step-by-step type-approval procedure for which one or more system approvals are achieved during the final stage of the approval of the whole vehicle, without it being necessary to issue the EC type-approval certificates for those systems;

11. ‘motor vehicle’ means any power-driven vehicle which is moved by its own means, having at least four wheels, being complete, completed or incomplete, with a maximum design speed exceeding 25 km/h;

12. ‘trailer’ means any non-self-propelled vehicle on wheels which is designed and constructed to be towed by a motor vehicle;

13. ‘vehicle’ means any motor vehicle or its trailer as defined in points (11) and (12);

14. ‘hybrid motor vehicle’ means a vehicle with at least two different energy converters and two different energy storage systems (on-vehicle) for the purpose of vehicle propulsion;

15. ‘hybrid electric vehicle’ means a hybrid vehicle that, for the purpose of mechanical propulsion, draws energy from both of the following on-vehicle sources of stored energy/power:

 a consumable fuel,

 an electrical energy/power storage device (e.g. battery, capacitor, flywheel/generator, etc.);

16. ‘mobile machinery’ means any self-propelled vehicle which is designed and constructed specifically to perform work which, because of its construction characteristics, is not suitable for carrying passengers or for transporting goods. Machinery mounted on a motor vehicle chassis shall not be considered as mobile machinery;

17. ‘type of vehicle’ means vehicles of a particular category which do not differ in at least the essential respects specified in Section B of Annex II. A type of vehicle may contain variants and versions as defined in Section B of Annex II;

18. ‘base vehicle’ means any vehicle which is used at the initial stage of a multi-stage type-approval process;

19. ‘incomplete vehicle’ means any vehicle which must undergo at least one further stage of completion in order to meet the relevant technical requirements of this Directive;

20. ‘completed vehicle’ means a vehicle, resulting from the process of multi-stage type-approval, which meets the relevant technical requirements of this Directive;

21. ‘complete vehicle’ means any vehicle which need not be completed in order to meet the relevant technical requirements of this Directive;

22. ‘end-of-series vehicle’ means any vehicle that is part of a stock which cannot be registered or sold or entered into service owing to the entry into force of new technical requirements against which it has not been approved;

23. ‘system’ means an assembly of devices combined to perform one or more specific functions in a vehicle and which is subject to the requirements of any of the regulatory acts;

24. ‘component’ means a device subject to the requirements of a regulatory act and intended to be part of a vehicle, which may be type-approved independently of a vehicle where the regulatory act makes express provisions for so doing;

25. ‘separate technical unit’ means a device subject to the requirements of a regulatory act and intended to be part of a vehicle, which may be type-approved separately, but only in relation to one or more specified types of vehicle where the regulatory act makes express provisions for so doing;

26. ‘original parts or equipment’ means parts or equipment which are manufactured according to the specifications and production standards provided by the vehicle manufacturer for the production of parts or equipment for the assembly of the vehicle in question. This includes parts or equipment which are manufactured on the same production line as these parts or equipment. It is presumed unless the contrary is proven, that parts constitute original parts if the part manufacturer certifies that the parts match the quality of the components used for the assembly of the vehicle in question and have been manufactured according to the specifications and production standards of the vehicle manufacturer;

27. ‘manufacturer’ means the person or body who is responsible to the approval authority for all aspects of the type-approval or authorisation process and for ensuring conformity of production. It is not essential that the person or body be directly involved in all stages of the construction of the vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit which is the subject of the approval process;

28. ‘manufacturer’s representative’ means any natural or legal person established in the Community who is duly appointed by the manufacturer to represent him before the approval authority and to act on his behalf in matters covered by this Directive, and where reference is made to the term ‘manufacturer’, it is to be understood as indicating either the manufacturer or his representative;

29. ‘approval authority’ means the authority of a Member State with competence for all aspects of the approval of a type of vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit or of the individual approval of a vehicle; for the authorisation process, for issuing and, if appropriate, withdrawing approval certificates; for acting as the contact point for the approval authorities of other Member States; for designating the technical services and for ensuring that the manufacturer meets his obligations regarding the conformity of production;

30. ‘competent authority’ in Article 42 means either the approval authority or a designated authority, or an accreditation body acting on their behalf;

31. ‘technical service’ means an organisation or body designated by the approval authority of a Member State as a testing laboratory to carry out tests, or as a conformity assessment body to carry out the initial assessment and other tests or inspections, on behalf of the approval authority, it being possible for the approval authority itself to carry out those functions;

32. ‘virtual testing method’ means computer simulations including calculations which demonstrate whether a vehicle, a system, a component or a separate technical unit fulfils the technical requirements of a regulatory act. For testing purposes, a virtual method does not require the use of a physical vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit;

33. ‘type-approval certificate’ means the document whereby the approval authority officially certifies that a type of vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit is approved;

34. ‘EC type-approval certificate’ means the certificate set out in Annex VI or in the corresponding annex to a separate directive or regulation, the communication form set out in the relevant Annex to one of the UNECE Regulations listed in Part I or Part II of Annex IV to this Directive, being deemed to be equivalent thereto;

35. ‘individual approval certificate’ means the document whereby the approval authority officially certifies that a particular vehicle is approved;

36. ‘certificate of conformity’ means the document set out in Annex IX, issued by the manufacturer and certifying that a vehicle belonging to the series of the type approved in accordance with this Directive complied with all regulatory acts at the time of its production;

37. ‘information document’ means the document set out in Annex I or Annex III, or in the corresponding Annex to a separate directive, or regulation, that prescribes the information to be supplied by an applicant, it being permissible to supply the information document in the form of an electronic file;

38. ‘information folder’ means the complete folder, including the information document, file, data, drawings, photographs, and so on, supplied by the applicant, it being permissible to supply the information folder in the form of an electronic file;

39. ‘information package’ means the information folder accompanied by the test reports and all other documents added by the technical service or by the approval authority to the information folder in the course of carrying out their functions, it being permissible to supply the information package in the form of an electronic file;

40. ‘index to the information package’ means the document listing the contents of the information package, suitably numbered or otherwise marked so as to identify clearly all the pages, the format of that document being such as to present a record of the successive steps in the management of the EC type-approval, in particular the dates of the revisions and updating.



CHAPTER II

GENERAL OBLIGATIONS

Article 4

Obligations of Member States

1.  Member States shall ensure that manufacturers applying for approval comply with their obligations under this Directive.

2.  Member States shall approve only such vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units as satisfy the requirements of this Directive.

3.  Member States shall register or permit the sale or entry into service only of such vehicles, components and separate technical units as satisfy the requirements of this Directive.

They shall not prohibit, restrict or impede the registration, sale, entry into service or circulation on the road of vehicles, components or separate technical units, on grounds related to aspects of their construction and functioning covered by this Directive, if they satisfy the requirements of the latter.

4.  Member States shall establish or appoint the authorities competent in matters concerning approval, and notify to the Commission such establishment or appointment in accordance with Article 43.

The notification act of the approval authorities shall include the name, the address, including electronic address, and their area of responsibility.

Article 5

Obligations of manufacturers

1.  The manufacturer is responsible to the approval authority for all aspects of the approval process and for ensuring conformity of production, whether or not the manufacturer is directly involved in all stages of the construction of a vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit.

2.  In the case of multi-stage type-approval, each manufacturer is responsible for the approval and conformity of production of the systems, components or separate technical units added at the stage of vehicle completion handled by him.

The manufacturer who modifies components or systems already approved at earlier stages shall be responsible for the approval and conformity of production of those components and systems.

3.  For the purposes of this Directive, a manufacturer established outside the Community shall appoint a representative established in the Community to represent him before the approval authority.



CHAPTER III

EC TYPE-APPROVAL PROCEDURES

Article 6

Procedures to be followed for the EC type-approval of vehicles

1.  The manufacturer may choose one of the following procedures:

(a) step-by-step type-approval;

(b) single-step type-approval;

(c) mixed type-approval.

2.  An application for step-by-step type-approval shall consist of the information folder containing the information required under Annex III and shall be accompanied by the complete set of type-approval certificates required pursuant to each of the applicable regulatory acts listed in Annex IV or Annex XI. In the case of the type-approval of a system or separate technical unit, pursuant to the applicable regulatory acts, the approval authority shall have access to the related information package until such time as the approval is either issued or refused.

3.  An application for single-step type-approval shall consist of the information folder containing the relevant information required under Annex I, in relation to the regulatory acts specified in Annex IV or Annex XI and, where applicable, in Part II of Annex III.

4.  In the case of a mixed type-approval procedure, the approval authority may exempt a manufacturer from the obligation to produce one or more EC system type-approval certificates, provided that the information folder is supplemented by the particulars, specified in Annex I, required for the approval of those systems during the vehicle approval phase, in which case each of the EC type-approval certificates thus waived shall be replaced by a test report.

5.  Without prejudice to paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, the following information shall be supplied for the purposes of multi-stage type-approval:

(a) at the first stage, those parts of the information folder and the EC type-approval certificates required for a complete vehicle which are relevant to the state of completion of the base vehicle;

(b) at the second and subsequent stages, those parts of the information folder and the EC type-approval certificates which are relevant to the current stage of construction, together with a copy of the EC type-approval certificate for the vehicle issued at the preceding stage of construction; in addition, the manufacturer shall supply full details of any changes or additions that he has made to the vehicle.

The information specified in points (a) and (b) may be supplied in accordance with the mixed type-approval procedure set out in paragraph 4.

6.  The manufacturer shall submit the application to the approval authority. Only one application may be submitted in respect of a particular type of vehicle and it may be submitted in only one Member State.

A separate application shall be submitted for each type to be approved.

7.  The approval authority may, by reasoned request, call upon the manufacturer to supply any additional information needed to enable a decision to be taken on what tests are required or to facilitate the execution of those tests.

8.  The manufacturer shall make available to the approval authority as many vehicles as are necessary to enable the type-approval procedure to be conducted satisfactorily.

Article 7

Procedure to be followed for the EC type-approval of systems, components or separate technical units

1.  The manufacturer shall submit the application to the approval authority. Only one application may be submitted in respect of a particular type of system, component or separate technical unit and it may be submitted in only one Member State. A separate application shall be submitted for each type to be approved.

2.  The application shall be accompanied by the information folder, the content of which is specified in the separate directives or regulations.

3.  The approval authority may, by reasoned request, call upon the manufacturer to supply any additional information needed to enable a decision to be taken on what tests are required or to facilitate the execution of those tests.

4.  The manufacturer shall make available to the approval authority as many vehicles, components or separate technical units as are required under the relevant separate directives or regulations for the performance of the required tests.



CHAPTER IV

CONDUCT OF EC TYPE-APPROVAL PROCEDURES

Article 8

General provisions

1.  Member States may not grant any EC type-approval without first ensuring that the procedures referred to in Article 12 have been duly and satisfactorily implemented.

2.  Member States shall grant EC type-approvals in accordance with Articles 9 and 10.

3.  If a Member State finds that a type of vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit, albeit in conformity with the required provisions, presents a serious risk to road safety or seriously harms the environment or seriously harms public health, it may refuse to grant EC type-approval. In this case, it shall immediately send the other Member States and the Commission a detailed file explaining the reasons for its decision and setting out the evidence for its findings.

4.  EC type-approval certificates shall be numbered in accordance with the method set out in Annex VII.

5.  The approval authority shall, within 20 working days, send to the approval authorities of the other Member States a copy of the EC vehicle type-approval certificate, together with the attachments, for each type of vehicle which it has approved. The hard copy may be replaced by an electronic file.

6.  The approval authority shall inform without delay the approval authorities of the other Member States of its refusal or withdrawal of any vehicle approval, together with the reasons for its decision.

7.  The approval authority shall send at three-monthly intervals to the approval authorities of the other Member States a list of the system, component or separate technical unit EC type-approvals it has granted, amended, refused to grant or withdrawn during the preceding period. That list shall contain the particulars specified in Annex XIV.

8.  If so requested by another Member State, the Member State which has granted an EC type-approval shall, within 20 working days of receiving that request, send a copy of the EC type-approval certificate in question, together with the attachments. The hard copy may be replaced by an electronic file.

Article 9

Specific provisions concerning vehicles

1.  Member States shall grant an EC approval in respect of:

(a) a type of vehicle which conforms to the particulars in the information folder and which meets the technical requirements specified by the relevant regulatory acts listed in Annex IV;

(b) a type of special-purpose vehicle which conforms to the particulars in the information folder and which meets the technical requirements specified by the relevant regulatory acts listed in Annex XI.

The procedures set out in Annex V shall apply.

2.  Member States shall grant a multi-stage type-approval in respect of a type of incomplete or completed vehicle which conforms to the particulars in the information folder and which meets the technical requirements specified by the relevant regulatory acts listed in Annex IV or Annex XI, having regard to the state of completion of the vehicle.

The multi-stage type-approval shall apply also to complete vehicles converted or modified by another manufacturer.

The procedures set out in Annex XVII shall apply.

3.  In respect of each type of vehicle, the approval authority shall:

(a) complete all the relevant sections of the EC type-approval certificate, including the test results sheet appended thereto, in accordance with the model set out in Annex VIII;

(b) compile or verify the index to the information package;

(c) issue the completed certificate, together with its attachments, to the applicant without unjustified delay.

4.  In the case of an EC type-approval in relation to which, in accordance with Articles 20 or 22 or Annex XI, restrictions have been imposed as to its validity, or certain provisions of the regulatory acts have been waived, the EC type-approval certificate shall specify those restrictions or waivers.

5.  Where particulars in the information folder specify provisions for special purpose vehicles as indicated in Annex XI, the EC type-approval certificate shall specify those provisions.

6.  Where the manufacturer chooses the mixed type-approval procedure, the approval authority shall complete, in Part III of the information document, the model for which is set out in Annex III, the references for the test reports, established by regulatory acts, for which no EC type-approval certificate is available.

7.  Where the manufacturer chooses the single-step type-approval procedure, the approval authority shall establish the list of applicable regulatory acts, the template of which is shown in the Appendix to Annex VI, and append that list to the EC type-approval certificate.

Article 10

Specific provisions concerning systems, components or separate technical units

1.  Member States shall grant an EC type-approval in respect of a system which conforms to the particulars in the information folder and which meets the technical requirements laid down in the relevant separate directive or regulation, as prescribed in Annex IV or Annex XI.

2.  Member States shall grant a component or separate technical unit EC type-approval in respect of a component or separate technical unit which conforms to the particulars in the information folder and which meets the technical requirements laid down in the relevant separate directive or regulation, as prescribed in Annex IV.

3.  Where components or separate technical units, whether or not intended for repair, servicing or maintenance, are also covered by a system type-approval with respect to a vehicle, no additional component or separate technical unit approval shall be required unless provided for under the relevant regulatory act.

4.  Where a component or separate technical unit fulfils its function or offers a specific feature only in conjunction with other parts of the vehicle, thereby making it possible to verify compliance with the requirements only when the component or separate technical unit is operating in conjunction with those other vehicle parts, the scope of the EC type-approval of the component or the separate technical unit shall be restricted accordingly. In such cases, the EC type-approval certificate shall specify any restriction on its use and shall indicate the special conditions for its mounting. When such a component or separate technical unit is fitted by the vehicle manufacturer, compliance with any applicable restrictions on use or conditions for mounting shall be verified at the time when the vehicle is approved.

Article 11

Tests required for EC type-approval

1.  Compliance with the technical prescriptions laid down in this Directive and in the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV shall be demonstrated by means of appropriate tests performed by designated technical services.

The test procedures, the specific equipment and tools necessary to perform those tests shall be described in each of the regulatory acts.

2.  The required tests shall be performed on vehicles, components and separate technical units which are representative of the type to be approved.

However, the manufacturer may select, in agreement with the approval authority, a vehicle, a system, a component or a separate technical unit which, while not representative of the type to be approved, combines a number of the most unfavourable features with regard to the required level of performance. Virtual testing methods may be used to aid decision-making during the selection process.

3.  As alternatives to the test procedures referred to in paragraph 1 and with the agreement of the approval authority, virtual testing methods may be used at the request of the manufacturer with respect to the regulatory acts listed in Annex XVI.

4.  The general conditions which virtual testing methods must fulfil are set out in Appendix 1 to Annex XVI.

For each of the regulatory acts listed in Annex XVI, the specific testing conditions and the administrative provisions related thereto shall be laid down in Appendix 2 to that Annex.

5.  The Commission shall establish the list of the regulatory acts for which virtual testing methods are permitted, the specific conditions and the administrative provisions related thereto. These measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive, inter alia by supplementing it, shall be established and updated in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2).

Article 12

Conformity of production arrangements

1.  The Member State which grants an EC type-approval shall take the necessary measures in accordance with Annex X to verify, if need be in cooperation with the approval authorities of the other Member States, that adequate arrangements have been made to ensure that production vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units, as the case may be, conform to the approved type.

2.  The Member State which has granted an EC type-approval shall take the necessary measures in accordance with Annex X in relation to that approval to verify, if need be in cooperation with the approval authorities of the other Member States, that the arrangements referred to in paragraph 1 continue to be adequate and that production vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units, as the case may be, continue to conform to the approved type.

Verification to ensure that products conform to the approved type shall be limited to the procedures set out in Annex X and in those regulatory acts that contain specific requirements. To that end, the approval authority of the Member State which has granted the EC type-approval may carry out any of the checks or tests prescribed in any of the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV or Annex XI on samples taken in the premises of the manufacturer, including production facilities.

3.  When a Member State which has granted an EC type-approval establishes that the arrangements referred to in paragraph 1 are not being applied, deviate significantly from the arrangements and control plans agreed, or have ceased to be applied, although production is not discontinued, that Member State shall take the necessary measures, including the withdrawal of the type-approval, to ensure that the conformity of production procedure is followed correctly.



CHAPTER V

AMENDMENTS TO EC TYPE-APPROVALS

Article 13

General provisions

1.  The manufacturer shall inform without delay the Member State that granted the EC type-approval of any change in the particulars recorded in the information package. That Member State shall decide, in accordance with the rules laid down in this Chapter, which procedure is to be followed. Where necessary, the Member State may decide, in consultation with the manufacturer, that a new EC type-approval is to be granted.

2.  An application for the amendment of an EC type-approval shall be submitted exclusively to the Member State that granted the original EC type-approval.

3.  If the Member State finds that, for the purposes of making an amendment, fresh inspections or fresh tests are necessary, it shall inform the manufacturer accordingly. The procedures referred to in Articles 14 and 15 shall apply only after the requisite fresh inspections or fresh tests have been successfully carried out.

Article 14

Specific provisions concerning vehicles

1.  If particulars recorded in the information package have changed, the amendment shall be designated a ‘revision’.

In such cases, the approval authority shall issue the revised page of the information package as necessary, marking each revised pages to show clearly the nature of the change and the date of re-issue. A consolidated, updated version of the information package, accompanied by a detailed description of the changes, shall be deemed to meet this requirement.

2.  The revision shall be designated an ‘extension’ if, in addition to the provisions of paragraph 1:

(a) further inspections or fresh tests are required;

(b) any information on the EC type-approval certificate, with the exception of its attachments, has changed;

(c) new requirements under any of the regulatory acts applicable to the approved vehicle type enter into force.

In such cases, the approval authority shall issue a revised EC type-approval certificate denoted by an extension number, incremented in accordance with the number of successive extensions already granted.

The approval certificate shall show clearly the reason for the extension and the date of re-issue.

3.  Whenever amended pages or a consolidated, updated version are issued, the index to the information package attached to the approval certificate shall be amended accordingly to show the date of the most recent extension or revision, or the date of the most recent consolidation of the updated version.

4.  No amendment to the approval of a type of vehicle shall be required if the new requirements referred to in paragraph 2(c) are, from a technical point of view, irrelevant to that type of vehicle or concern categories of vehicle other than the category to which it belongs.

Article 15

Specific provisions concerning systems, components or separate technical units

1.  If particulars recorded in the information package have changed, the amendment shall be designated a ‘revision’.

In such cases, the approval authority shall issue the revised pages of the information package as necessary, marking each revised page to show clearly the nature of the change and the date of re-issue. A consolidated, updated version of the information package, accompanied by a detailed description of the changes, shall be deemed to meet this requirement.

2.  The revision shall be designated an ‘extension’ if, in addition to the provisions of paragraph 1:

(a) further inspections or fresh tests are required;

(b) any information on the EC type-approval certificate, with the exception of its attachments, has changed;

(c) new requirements under any of the regulatory acts applicable to the approved system, component or separate technical unit enter into force.

In such cases, the approval authority shall issue a revised EC type-approval certificate denoted by an extension number, incremented in accordance with the number of successive extensions already granted. In cases where the amendment is necessitated by the application of paragraph 2(c), the third section of the approval number shall be updated.

The approval certificate shall show clearly the reason for the extension and the date of re-issue.

3.  Whenever amended pages or a consolidated, updated version are issued, the index to the information package attached to the approval certificate shall be amended accordingly to show the date of the most recent extension or revision, or the date of the most recent consolidation of the updated version.

Article 16

Issue and notification of amendments

1.  In the case of an extension, the approval authority shall update all relevant sections of the EC type-approval certificate, the attachments thereto, and the index to the information package. The updated certificate and its attachments shall be issued to the applicant without unjustified delay.

2.  In the case of a revision, the revised documents or the consolidated, updated version, as appropriate, including the revised index to the information package, shall be issued by the approval authority to the applicant without unjustified delay.

3.  The approval authority shall notify any amendment made to EC type-approvals to the approval authorities of the other Member States in accordance with the procedures referred to in Article 8.



CHAPTER VI

VALIDITY OF AN EC TYPE-APPROVAL OF VEHICLES

Article 17

Termination of validity

1.  An EC type-approval of a vehicle shall cease to be valid in any of the following cases:

(a) new requirements in any regulatory act applicable to the approved vehicle become mandatory for the registration, sale or entry into service of new vehicles, and it is not possible to update the approval accordingly;

(b) production of the approved vehicle is definitively discontinued voluntarily;

(c) the validity of the approval expires by virtue of a special restriction.

2.  Where only one variant within a type or one version within a variant becomes invalid, the EC type-approval of the vehicle in question shall lose validity only in so far as the particular variant or version is concerned.

3.  When production of a particular type of vehicle is definitively discontinued, the manufacturer shall notify the approval authority that granted the EC type-approval for that vehicle. Upon receiving such notification, that authority shall inform the approval authorities of the other Member States accordingly within 20 working days.

Article 27 shall apply only to discontinuation in the circumstances referred to in paragraph 1(a) of this Article.

4.  Without prejudice to paragraph 3, in cases where an EC type-approval of a vehicle is due to become invalid, the manufacturer shall notify the approval authority that granted the EC type-approval.

The approval authority shall without unjustified delay communicate all relevant information to the approval authorities of the other Member States so as to enable the application, where appropriate, of Article 27. That communication shall specify, in particular, the date of production and the vehicle identification number of the last vehicle produced.



CHAPTER VII

CERTIFICATE OF CONFORMITY AND MARKINGS

Article 18

Certificate of conformity

1.  The manufacturer, in his capacity as the holder of an EC type-approval of a vehicle, shall deliver a certificate of conformity to accompany each vehicle, whether complete, incomplete or completed, that is manufactured in conformity with the approved vehicle type.

In the case of an incomplete or completed vehicle, the manufacturer shall complete only those items on side 2 of the certificate of conformity which have been added or changed at the current stage of approval and, if applicable, shall attach to the certificate all certificates of conformity delivered at the previous stage.

2.  The certificate of conformity shall be drawn up in one of the official languages of the Community. Any Member State may request the certificate of conformity to be translated into its own language or languages.

3.  The certificate of conformity shall be designed to prevent forgery. To that end, the paper used shall be protected either by coloured graphics or by a watermark in the form of the manufacturer’s identification mark.

4.  The certificate of conformity shall be completed in its entirety and shall not contain restrictions as regards the use of the vehicle other than those provided for in a regulatory act.

5.  The certificate of conformity as set out in Part I of Annex IX for vehicles approved in accordance with the provisions of Article 20(2) shall display in the title thereof the phrase ‘For complete/completed vehicles, type-approved in application of Article 20 (provisional approval).’.

6.  The certificate of conformity, as set out in Part I of Annex IX for vehicles type-approved in accordance with Article 22 shall display in the title thereof the phrase ‘For complete/completed vehicles type-approved in small series’, and in close proximity thereto the year of production followed by a sequential number, between 1 and the limit indicated in the table set out in Annex XII, denoting, in respect of each year of production, the position of that vehicle within the production allocated for that year.

7.  Without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 1, the manufacturer may transmit data or information contained in the certificate of conformity by electronic mean to the registration authority of the Member State.

8.  A duplicate of the certificate of conformity may be issued only by the manufacturer. The word ‘duplicate’ must be clearly visible on the face of any duplicate certificate.

Article 19

EC type-approval mark

1.  The manufacturer of a component or separate technical unit, whether or not it is part of a system, shall affix to each component or unit manufactured in conformity with the approved type the EC type-approval mark, required by the relevant separate directive or regulation.

2.  Where no EC type-approval mark is required, the manufacturer shall affix at least his trade name or trade mark, and the type number and/or an identification number.

3.  The EC type-approval mark shall be in accordance with the Appendix to Annex VII.



CHAPTER VIII

NEW TECHNOLOGIES OR CONCEPTS INCOMPATIBLE WITH SEPARATE DIRECTIVES

Article 20

Exemptions for new technologies or new concepts

1.  Member States may, on application by the manufacturer, grant an EC type-approval in respect of a type of system, component or separate technical unit that incorporates technologies or concepts which are incompatible with one or more regulatory acts listed in Part I of Annex IV, subject to authorisation being granted by the Commission in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 40(3).

2.  Pending the decision as to whether or not authorisation is granted, the Member State may grant a provisional approval, valid only in its territory, in respect of a type of vehicle covered by the exemption sought, provided that it informs the Commission and the other Member States thereof without delay by means of a file containing the following elements:

(a) the reasons why the technologies or concepts in question make the system, component or separate technical unit incompatible with the requirements;

(b) a description of the safety and environmental considerations concerned and the measures taken;

(c) a description of the tests, including their results, demonstrating that, by comparison with the requirements from which exemption is sought, at least an equivalent level of safety and environmental protection is ensured.

3.  Other Member States may decide to accept the provisional approval referred to in paragraph 2 on their territory.

4.  The Commission shall decide, in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 40(3), whether or not to allow the Member State to grant an EC type-approval in respect of that type of vehicle.

Where appropriate, the decision shall also specify whether its validity is subject to any restrictions, such as time-limits. In all cases, the validity of the approval shall not be less than 36 months.

If the Commission decides to refuse authorisation, the Member State shall immediately give notice to the holder of the provisional type-approval referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article that the provisional approval will be revoked six months after the date of the Commission’s decision. However, vehicles manufactured in conformity with the provisional approval before it was revoked shall be permitted to be registered, sold or enter service in any Member State that accepted the provisional approval.

5.  This Article does not apply where a system, component or separate technical unit complies with a UNECE Regulation to which the Community has acceded.

Article 21

Action required

1.  Where the Commission finds that there are sound grounds for granting an exemption pursuant to Article 20, it shall immediately take the necessary steps to adapt the separate directives or regulations concerned to technological developments. These measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of the separate directives or regulations listed in Part I of Annex IV shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2).

Where the exemption pursuant to Article 20 relates to a UNECE Regulation, the Commission shall propose an amendment to the relevant UNECE Regulation in accordance with the procedure applicable under the Revised 1958 Agreement.

2.  As soon as the relevant regulatory acts have been amended, any restriction attaching to the exemption shall be lifted immediately.

If the necessary steps to adapt the regulatory acts have not been taken, the validity of an exemption may be extended, at the request of the Member State which granted the approval, by another decision adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 40(3).



CHAPTER IX

VEHICLES PRODUCED IN SMALL SERIES

Article 22

EC type-approval of small series

1.  At the request of the manufacturer and within the quantitative limits set out in Section 1 of Part A of Annex XII, Member States shall grant, in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 6(4), an EC type-approval in respect of a type of vehicle which satisfies at least the requirements listed in the Appendix to Part I of Annex IV.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall not apply to special purpose vehicles.

3.  EC type-approval certificates shall be numbered in accordance with Annex VII.

Article 23

National type-approval of small series

1.  In the case of vehicles produced within the quantitative limits specified in Section 2 of Part A of Annex XII, Member States may waive one or more of the provisions of one or more of the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV or Annex XI, provided that they lay down relevant alternative requirements.

‘Alternative requirements’ means administrative provisions and technical requirements which aim to ensure a level of road safety and environmental protection which is equivalent to the greatest extent practicable to the level provided for by the provisions of Annex IV or Annex XI, as appropriate.

2.  Member States may, in the case of the vehicles referred to in paragraph 1, waive one or more of the provisions of this Directive.

3.  The provisions referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall only be waived where a Member State has reasonable grounds for so doing.

4.  For the purpose of type-approval of vehicles under this Article, Member States shall accept systems, components or separate technical units which are type-approved in accordance with the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV.

5.  The type-approval certificate shall specify the nature of the waivers granted pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2.

The type-approval certificate, the model for which is set out in Annex VI, shall not bear the heading ‘EC vehicle type-approval certificate’. However, type-approval certificates shall be numbered in accordance with Annex VII.

6.  The validity of the type-approval shall be restricted to the territory of the Member State that granted the approval. However, if the manufacturer so requests, the approval authority shall send by registered mail or by electronic mail a copy of the type-approval certificate and its attachments to the approval authorities of the Member States designated by the manufacturer.

Within 60 days of receipt, such a Member State shall decide whether or not it accepts the type-approval. It shall formally communicate that decision to the approval authority referred to in the first subparagraph.

A Member State shall not refuse the type-approval unless it has reasonable grounds to believe that the technical provisions according to which the vehicle was approved are not equivalent to its own.

7.  On request of an applicant who wishes to sell, register or put into service a vehicle in another Member State, the Member State that granted the approval shall provide the applicant with a copy of the type-approval certificate including the information package.

A Member State shall permit the sale, registration or entry into service of this vehicle unless it has reasonable grounds to believe that the technical provisions according to which the vehicle was approved are not equivalent to its own.



CHAPTER X

INDIVIDUAL APPROVALS

Article 24

Individual approvals

1.  Member States may exempt a particular vehicle, whether unique or not, from compliance with one or more of the provisions of this Directive or with one or more of the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV or Annex XI, provided that they impose alternative requirements.

The provisions referred to in subparagraph 1 shall only be waived where a Member State has reasonable grounds for so doing.

‘Alternative requirements’ means administrative provisions and technical requirements which aim to ensure a level of road safety and environmental protection, which is equivalent to the greatest extent practicable to the level provided for by the provisions of Annex IV or Annex XI, as appropriate.

2.  Member States shall not carry out destructive tests. They shall use any relevant information provided by the applicant establishing compliance with the alternative requirements.

3.  Member States shall accept any system, component or separate technical unit EC type-approval instead of the alternative requirements.

4.  An application for individual approval shall be submitted by the manufacturer or by the owner of the vehicle or by a person acting on their behalf, provided the latter is established in the Community.

5.  A Member State shall grant an individual approval if the vehicle conforms to the description appended to the application and satisfies the applicable technical requirements and shall without unjustified delay issue an individual approval certificate.

The format of the individual approval certificate shall be based on the template of the EC type-approval certificate set out in Annex VI and shall contain at least the information necessary to complete the application for registration provided for in Council Directive 1999/37/EC of 29 April 1999 on the registration documents for vehicles ( 13 ). Individual approval certificates shall not bear the heading ‘EC vehicle approval’.

An individual approval certificate shall bear the vehicle identification number of the vehicle concerned.

6.  The validity of an individual approval shall be restricted to the territory of the Member State that granted the approval.

Where an applicant wishes to sell, register or put into service in another Member State a vehicle which has been granted an individual approval, the Member State that granted the approval shall, on request, provide the applicant with a statement of the technical provisions against which the vehicle was approved.

With regard to a vehicle which has been granted an individual approval by a Member State in accordance with the provisions of this Article, another Member State shall permit that vehicle to be sold, registered or to enter into service unless it has reasonable grounds to believe that the technical provisions against which the vehicle was approved are not equivalent to its own.

7.  At the request of the manufacturer or of the owner of the vehicle, Member States shall grant an individual approval to a vehicle which complies with the provisions of this Directive and with the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV or Annex XI, as appropriate.

In such a case, Member States shall accept the individual approval and shall permit the sale, registration and entry into service of the vehicle.

8.  The provisions of this Article may apply to vehicles which have been type-approved in accordance with this Directive and which have been modified before their first registration or entry into service.

Article 25

Specific provisions

1.  The procedure set out in Article 24 may apply to a particular vehicle during the successive stages of its completion in accordance with a multi-stage type-approval procedure.

2.  The procedure set out in Article 24 may not replace an intermediate stage within the normal sequence of a multi-stage type-approval procedure and may not apply for the purposes of obtaining the first-stage approval of a vehicle.



CHAPTER XI

REGISTRATION, SALE AND ENTRY INTO SERVICE

Article 26

Registration, sale and entry into service of vehicles

1.  Without prejudice to the provisions of Articles 29 and 30, Member States shall register, and permit the sale or entry into service of, vehicles only if they are accompanied by a valid certificate of conformity issued in accordance with Article 18.

In the case of incomplete vehicles, Member States shall permit the sale of such vehicles but may refuse their permanent registration and entry into service for such time as the vehicles remain incomplete.

2.  Vehicles exempted from the requirement concerning a certificate of conformity may be registered, sold or put into service only if they satisfy the relevant technical requirements of this Directive.

3.  As regards small-series vehicles, the number of vehicles registered, sold or entered into service in the course of a single year shall not exceed the number of units shown in Part A of Annex XII.

Article 27

Registration, sale and entry into service of end-of-series vehicles

1.  Subject to the limits specified in Section B of Annex XII, and in respect only of a limited period of time, Member States may register and permit the sale or entry into service of vehicles conforming to a type of vehicle whose EC type-approval is no longer valid.

The first subparagraph shall apply only to vehicles within the territory of the Community which were covered by a valid EC type-approval at the time of their production, but which had not been registered or put into service before that EC type-approval lost its validity.

2.  The option provided for in paragraph 1 shall be available, in the case of complete vehicles, for a period of twelve months from the date on which validity of the EC type-approval expired and, in the case of completed vehicles, for a period of eighteen months from that date.

3.  A manufacturer who wishes to benefit from the provisions of paragraph 1 shall submit a request to the competent authority of each Member State concerned by the entry into service of the vehicles in question. The request must specify any technical or economic reasons preventing those vehicles from complying with the new technical requirements.

The Member States concerned shall decide, within three months of receiving such a request, whether and in what number to permit the registration of those vehicles within their territory.

4.  Paragraphs 1, 2 and 3 shall apply mutatis mutandis to vehicles which were covered by a national type-approval but which had not been registered or put into service before that approval ceased to be valid, in application of Article 45, owing to the compulsory enforcement of the EC type-approval procedure.

5.  Member States shall apply appropriate measures to ensure that the number of vehicles to be registered or put into service in the framework of the procedure set out in this Article is effectively monitored.

Article 28

Sale and entry into service of components and separate technical units

1.  Member States shall permit the sale or entry into service of components or separate technical units if and only if they comply with the requirements of the relevant regulatory acts and are properly marked in accordance with Article 19.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall not apply in the case of components or separate technical units which are specifically constructed or designed for new vehicles not covered by this Directive.

3.  By way of derogation from paragraph 1, Member States may permit the sale and entry into service of components or separate technical units that have been exempted from one or more provisions of a regulatory act in application of Article 20 or are intended for mounting on vehicles covered by approvals granted under Articles 22, 23 or 24 that concern the component or separate technical unit in question.

4.  By way of derogation from paragraph 1, and unless otherwise provided for in a regulatory act, Member States may permit the sale and entry into service of components or separate technical units that are intended for mounting on vehicles which, at the time of their entry into service, were not required, by this Directive or by Directive 70/156/EEC to be EC type-approved.



CHAPTER XII

SAFEGUARD CLAUSES

Article 29

Vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units in compliance with this Directive

1.  If a Member State finds that new vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units, albeit in compliance with the applicable requirements or properly marked, present a serious risk to road safety, or seriously harm the environment or public health, that Member State may, for a maximum period of six months, refuse to register such vehicles or to permit the sale or entry into service in its territory of such vehicles, components or separate technical units.

In such cases, the Member State concerned shall immediately notify the manufacturer, the other Member States and the Commission accordingly, stating the reasons on which its decision is based and, in particular, whether it is the result of:

 shortcomings in the relevant regulatory acts, or

 incorrect application of the relevant requirements.

2.  The Commission shall consult the parties concerned as soon as possible and, in particular, the approval authority that granted the type-approval in order to prepare the decision.

3.  Where the measures referred to in paragraph 1 are attributed to shortcomings in the relevant regulatory acts, the appropriate measures shall be taken as follows:

 where separate directives or regulations listed in Part I of Annex IV are concerned, the Commission shall amend them in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2),

 where UNECE Regulations are concerned, the Commission shall propose the necessary draft amendments to the relevant UNECE Regulations in accordance with the procedure applicable under the Revised 1958 Agreement.

4.  Where the measures referred to in paragraph 1 are attributed to incorrect application of the relevant requirements, the Commission shall take the appropriate measures to ensure compliance with such requirements.

Article 30

Vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units not in conformity with the approved type

1.  If a Member State which has granted an EC type-approval finds that new vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units accompanied by a certificate of conformity or bearing an approval mark do not conform to the type it has approved, it shall take the necessary measures, including, where necessary, the withdrawal of type-approval, to ensure that production vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units, as the case may be, are brought into conformity with the approved type. The approval authority of that Member State shall advise the approval authorities of the other Member States of the measures taken.

2.  For the purposes of paragraph 1, deviations from the particulars in the EC type-approval certificate or the information package shall be deemed to constitute failure to conform to the approved type.

A vehicle shall not be deemed to deviate from the approved type where tolerances are permitted by the relevant regulatory acts and those tolerances are respected.

3.  If a Member State demonstrates that new vehicles, components or separate technical units accompanied by a certificate of conformity or bearing an approval mark do not conform to the approved type, it may ask the Member State which granted the EC type-approval to verify that vehicles, systems, components or separate technical units in production continue to conform to the approved type. On receipt of such a request, the Member State concerned shall take the requisite action as soon as possible and in any case within six months of the date of the request.

4.  The approval authority shall request the Member State which granted the system, component, separate technical unit or incomplete vehicle type-approval to take the necessary action to ensure that vehicles in production are brought back into conformity with the approved type in the following cases:

(a) in relation to an EC vehicle type-approval, where the non-conformity of a vehicle is attributable exclusively to the non-conformity of a system, component or separate technical unit;

(b) in relation to a multi-stage type-approval, where the non-conformity of a completed vehicle is attributable exclusively to the non-conformity of a system, component or separate technical unit being part of the incomplete vehicle, or of the incomplete vehicle itself.

On receipt of such a request, the Member State concerned shall take the requisite action, if necessary in conjunction with the Member State making the request, as soon as possible and in any case within six months of the date of the request. Where a failure to conform is established, the approval authority of the Member State which granted the system, component or separate technical unit EC type-approval or the approval of the incomplete vehicle shall take the measures set out in paragraph 1.

5.  The approval authorities shall inform each other within 20 working days of any withdrawal of EC type-approval and of the reasons therefor.

6.  If the Member State that granted EC type-approval disputes the failure to conform notified to it, the Member States concerned shall endeavour to settle the dispute. The Commission shall be kept informed and, where necessary, shall hold appropriate consultations with a view to reaching a settlement.

Article 31

Sale and entry into service of parts or equipment which are capable of posing a significant risk to the correct functioning of essential systems

1.  Member States shall permit the sale, the offer for sale or entry into service of parts or equipment which are capable of posing a significant risk to the correct functioning of systems that are essential for the safety of the vehicle or for its environmental performance, only if those parts or equipment have been authorised by an approval authority in accordance with paragraphs 5 to 10.

2.  Parts or equipment subject to authorisation in accordance with paragraph 1 shall be inserted in the list to be established in Annex XIII. Such a decision shall be preceded by an evaluation resulting in a report and strive for a fair balance between the following elements:

(a) the existence of a serious risk to the safety or environmental performance of vehicles fitted with the parts or equipment under consideration; and

(b) the effect on consumers and manufacturers in the after-market of the imposition under this Article of a possible authorisation requirement on the parts or equipment under consideration.

3.  Paragraph 1 shall not apply to original parts or equipment which are covered by a system type-approval with respect to a vehicle and to parts or equipment which are type-approved in accordance with the provisions of one of the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV, except where those approvals relate to aspects other than those covered in paragraph 1. Paragraph 1 shall not apply to parts or equipment exclusively produced for racing vehicles not intended for use on public roads. If parts or equipment included in Annex XIII have a dual use for racing and on the road, these parts or equipment may not be sold or offered for sale to the general public for use in on-road vehicles unless they comply with the requirements of this Article.

Where appropriate, the Commission shall adopt provisions for identifying the parts or equipment referred to in this paragraph.

4.  The Commission shall, after consulting stakeholders, establish the procedure and the requirements of the authorisation process referred to in paragraph 1, and adopt the provisions for the subsequent updating of the list established in Annex XIII. Those requirements shall include prescriptions for safety, environmental protection and, where needed, for testing standards. They may be based on the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV, may be developed according to the relevant state of safety, environmental and testing technology, or, if this is an appropriate way of achieving the required safety or environmental objectives, may consist of a comparison of the part or equipment with the environmental or safety performance of the original vehicle, or of any of its parts, as appropriate.

5.  For the purposes of paragraph 1, the manufacturer of parts or equipment shall submit to the approval authority a test report drafted by a designated technical service which certifies that the parts or equipment for which authorisation is sought comply with the requirements referred to in paragraph 4. The manufacturer may introduce only one application per type per part with only one approval authority.

The application shall include details concerning the manufacturer of the parts or equipment, the type, identification and part numbers of the parts or equipment for which authorisation is sought, as well as the vehicle manufacturer’s name, type of vehicle and, if appropriate, years of construction or any other information permitting the identification of the vehicle for which the fitting of such parts or equipment is intended.

When the approval authority is satisfied, taking account of the test report and other evidence, that the parts or equipment in question comply with the requirements referred to in paragraph 4, it shall issue a certificate to the manufacturer without unjustified delay. This certificate shall authorise the parts or equipment to be sold, offered for sale or fitted to vehicles in the Community subject to the second subparagraph of paragraph 9.

6.  Each part or piece of equipment authorised in application of this Article shall be appropriately marked.

The Commission shall establish marking and packaging requirements, as well as the model and numbering system of the certificate referred to in paragraph 5.

7.  The measures referred to in paragraphs 2 to 6 shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2) as they are designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive, inter alia by supplementing it.

8.  The manufacturer shall inform without delay the approval authority that issued the certificate of any change affecting the conditions under which it was delivered. That approval authority shall decide whether the certificate has to be reviewed or reissued and whether fresh tests are necessary.

The manufacturer shall be responsible for ensuring that the parts and equipment are produced and continue to be produced under the conditions under which the certificate was issued.

9.  Before delivering any authorisation, the approval authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements and procedures for ensuring effective control of the conformity of production.

Where the approval authority finds that the conditions for issuing the authorisation are no longer fulfilled, it shall request the manufacturer to take the necessary measures to ensure that the parts or equipment are brought back into conformity. If necessary, it shall withdraw the authorisation.

10.  Any disagreement between Member States in relation to the certificates referred to in paragraph 5 shall be brought to the attention of the Commission. It shall take appropriate measures, including, where necessary, requiring the withdrawal of the authorisation, after having consulted the Member States.

11.  This Article shall not be applicable to a part or piece of equipment before it is listed in Annex XIII. For any entry or group of entries in Annex XIII a reasonable transitional period shall be fixed to allow the manufacturer of the part or equipment to apply for and obtain an authorisation. At the same time a date may be fixed, where appropriate, to exclude parts and equipment designed for vehicles type-approved before that date from the application of this Article.

12.  As long as a decision as to whether or not a part or piece of equipment is to be included in the list referred to in paragraph 1 has not been taken, Member States may maintain national provisions dealing with parts or equipment which are capable of posing a significant risk to the correct functioning of systems that are essential for the safety of the vehicle or its environmental performance.

Once such a decision in this regard has been taken, the national provisions dealing with the parts or equipment in question shall cease to be valid.

13.  As from 29 October 2007, Member States shall not adopt new provisions dealing with parts and equipment which can affect the correct functioning of systems that are essential for the safety of the vehicle or its environmental performance.

Article 32

Recall of vehicles

1.  Where a manufacturer who has been granted an EC vehicle type-approval is obliged, in application of the provisions of a regulatory act or of Directive 2001/95/EC, to recall vehicles already sold, registered or put into service because one or more systems, components or separate technical units fitted to the vehicle, whether or not duly approved in accordance with this Directive, presents a serious risk to road safety, public health or environmental protection, he shall immediately inform the approval authority that granted the vehicle approval thereof.

2.  The manufacturer shall propose to the approval authority a set of appropriate remedies to neutralise the risk referred to in paragraph 1. The approval authority shall communicate the proposed measures to the authorities of the other Member States without delay.

The competent authorities shall ensure that the measures are effectively implemented in their respective territories.

3.  If the measures are considered to be insufficient by the authorities concerned or have not been implemented quickly enough, they shall inform the approval authority that granted the EC vehicle type-approval without delay.

The approval authority shall then inform the manufacturer. If the approval authority which granted the EC type-approval is itself not satisfied with the measures of the manufacturer, it shall take all protective measures required, including the withdrawal of the EC vehicle type-approval where the manufacturer does not propose and implement effective corrective measures. In case of withdrawal of the EC vehicle type-approval, the concerned approval authority shall notify the manufacturer, the approval authorities of the other Member States and the Commission by registered letter or equivalent electronic means within 20 working days.

4.  This Article shall also apply to parts that are not subject to any requirement under a regulatory act.

Article 33

Notification of decisions and remedies available

All decisions taken pursuant to the provisions adopted in implementation of this Directive and all decisions refusing or withdrawing EC type-approval, or refusing registration or prohibiting sales, shall state in detail the reasons on which they are based.

Any such decision shall be notified to the party concerned who shall, at the same time, be informed of the remedies available to him under the laws in force in the Member State concerned and of the time limits allowed for the exercise of such remedies.



CHAPTER XIII

INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS

Article 34

UNECE Regulations required for EC type-approval

1.  UNECE Regulations to which the Community has acceded and which are listed in Part I of Annex IV and in Annex XI are part of the EC type-approval of a vehicle in the same way as the separate directives or regulations. They shall apply to the categories of vehicles listed in the relevant columns in the table of Part I of Annex IV and Annex XI.

2.  When the Community has decided to apply on a compulsory basis a UNECE Regulation for the purpose of EC vehicle type-approval in accordance with Article 4(4) of Decision 97/836/EC, the annexes to this Directive shall be amended as appropriate in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2) of this Directive. The act amending the Annexes to this Directive shall also specify the dates of compulsory application of the UNECE Regulation or of its amendments. Member States shall repeal or adapt any national legislation that is incompatible with the UNECE Regulation in question.

Where such a UNECE Regulation replaces an existing separate directive or regulation, the relevant entry in Part I of Annex IV and in Annex XI shall be replaced by the number of the UNECE Regulation and the corresponding entry in Part II of Annex IV shall be deleted in accordance with the same procedure.

3.  In the cases referred to in the second subparagraph of paragraph 2, the separate directive or regulation replaced by the UNECE Regulation shall be repealed in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2).

Where a separate directive is repealed, Member States shall repeal any national legislation that was adopted for the transposition of that directive.

4.  Direct references may be made in this Directive or in the separate directives or regulations to international standards and regulations without reproducing them in the Community legal framework.

Article 35

Equivalence of UNECE Regulations with directives or regulations

1.  The UNECE Regulations listed in Part II of Annex IV are recognised as being equivalent to the corresponding separate directives or regulations in as much as they share the same scope and subject matter.

The approval authorities of the Member States shall accept approvals granted in accordance with those UNECE Regulations and, where applicable, the pertaining approval marks, in lieu of the corresponding approvals and approval marks granted in accordance with the equivalent separate directive or regulation.

2.  Where the Community has decided to apply, for the purposes of paragraph 1, a new UNECE Regulation or a UNECE Regulation as amended, Part II of Annex IV shall be amended as appropriate. These measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2).

Article 36

Equivalence with other regulations

The Council may, acting by qualified majority on a proposal from the Commission, recognise the equivalence between the conditions or provisions for EC type-approval of systems, components and separate technical units established by this Directive and the procedures established by international regulations or regulations of third countries, in the framework of multilateral or bilateral agreements between the Community and third countries.



CHAPTER XIV

PROVISION OF TECHNICAL INFORMATION

Article 37

Information intended for users

1.  The manufacturer may not supply any technical information related to the particulars provided for in this Directive or in the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV which diverges from the particulars approved by the approval authority.

2.  Where a regulatory act makes specific provisions for so doing, the manufacturer shall make available to users all relevant information and necessary instructions describing any special conditions or restrictions attaching to the use of a vehicle, a component or a separate technical unit.

That information shall be supplied in the official languages of the Community. It shall be provided, in agreement with the approval authority, in an appropriate supporting document, such as the owner’s manual or the maintenance book.

Article 38

Information intended for manufacturers of components or separate technical units

1.  The vehicle manufacturer shall make available to the manufacturers of components or separate technical units all those particulars including, as the case may be, drawings specifically listed in the annex or appendix to a regulatory act that are necessary for EC type-approval of components or separate technical units, or necessary to obtain an authorisation under Article 31.

The vehicle manufacturer may impose a binding agreement on the manufacturers of components or separate technical units to protect the confidentiality of any information that is not in the public domain, including what is related to intellectual property rights.

2.  The manufacturer of components or separate technical units, in his capacity as the holder of an EC type-approval certificate which, in accordance with Article 10(4), includes restrictions on use or special mounting conditions or both, shall provide all the detailed information thereon to the vehicle manufacturer.

Where a regulatory act makes provision for so doing, the manufacturer of components or separate technical units shall provide, together with the components or separate technical units produced, instructions regarding restrictions on use or special mounting conditions or both.



CHAPTER XV

IMPLEMENTATION MEASURES AND AMENDMENTS

Article 39

Implementation measures and amendments to this Directive and the separate directives and regulations

1.  The Commission shall adopt the measures necessary for the implementation of each separate directive or regulation in compliance with the rules laid down in each directive or regulation concerned.

2.  The Commission shall adopt amendments to the annexes to this Directive or to the provisions of the separate directives or regulations listed in Part I of Annex IV, which are necessary to adapt them to the development of scientific and technical knowledge or to the specific needs of persons with disabilities.

3.  The Commission shall adopt amendments to this Directive which are necessary to lay down technical requirements for small series vehicles, vehicles approved under the individual approval procedure and special purpose vehicles.

4.  When the Commission becomes aware of serious risks to road users or to the environment, which require urgent measures, it may amend the provisions of the separate directives or regulations listed in Part I of Annex IV.

5.  The Commission shall adopt amendments which are necessary in the interest of good administration and in particular those needed to ensure the coherence of the separate directives or regulations listed in Part I of Annex IV either amongst themselves or with other pieces of Community law.

6.  When, in application of Decision 97/836/EC, new UNECE Regulations or amendments to existing UNECE Regulations to which the Community has acceded are adopted, the Commission shall amend the annexes to this Directive accordingly.

7.  Each new separate directive or regulation shall introduce the appropriate amendments to the annexes to this Directive.

8.  The annexes to this Directive may be amended by means of regulations.

9.  Measures referred to in this Article shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2) as they are designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive or of the separate directives and regulations, inter alia by supplementing them.

Article 40

Committee

1.  The Commission shall be assisted by a committee referred to as the ‘Technical Committee — Motor Vehicles’ (TCMV).

2.  Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5a(1) to (4), and Article 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

3.  Where reference is made to this paragraph, Articles 5 and 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

The period referred to in Article 5(6) of Decision 1999/468/EC shall be set at three months.



CHAPTER XVI

DESIGNATION AND NOTIFICATION OF TECHNICAL SERVICES

Article 41

Designation of technical services

1.  When a Member State designates a technical service, the latter shall comply with the provisions of this Directive.

2.  The technical services shall carry out themselves or supervise the tests required for approval or inspections specified in this Directive or in a regulatory act listed in Annex IV, except where alternative procedures are specifically permitted. They may not conduct tests or inspections for which they have not been duly designated.

3.  The technical services shall fall into one or more of the four following categories of activities, depending on their field of competence:

(a) category A, technical services which carry out in their own facilities the tests referred to in this Directive and in the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV;

(b) category B, technical services which supervise the tests referred to in this Directive and in the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV, performed in the manufacturer’s facilities or in the facilities of a third party;

(c) category C, technical services which assess and monitor on a regular basis the manufacturer’s procedures for controlling conformity of production;

(d) category D, technical services which supervise or perform tests or inspections in the framework of the surveillance of conformity of production.

4.  Technical services shall demonstrate appropriate skills, specific technical knowledge and proven experience in the specific fields covered by this Directive and the regulatory acts listed in Annex IV.

In addition, technical services shall comply with the standards listed in Appendix 1 to Annex V which are relevant for the activities they carry out. However, this requirement does not apply for the purposes of the last stage of a multi-stage type-approval procedure as referred to in Article 25(1).

5.  An approval authority may act as a technical service for one or more of the activities referred to in paragraph 3.

6.  A manufacturer or a subcontracting party acting on his behalf may be designated as a technical service for category A activities with regard to the regulatory acts listed in Annex XV.

The Commission shall amend the list of these regulatory acts where necessary in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 40(2).

7.  The entities referred to in paragraphs 5 and 6 shall comply with the provisions of this Article.

8.  Technical services, other than those designated in accordance with paragraph 6, of a third country may be notified for the purposes of Article 43 only in the framework of a bilateral agreement between the Community and the third country in question.

Article 42

Assessment of the skills of the technical services

1.  The skills referred to in Article 41 shall be demonstrated by an assessment report established by a competent authority. This may include a certificate of accreditation issued by an accreditation body.

2.  The assessment on which the report referred to in paragraph 1 is based shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 2 to Annex V.

The assessment report shall be reviewed after a maximum period of three years.

3.  The assessment report shall be communicated to the Commission upon request.

4.  The approval authority which acts as a technical service shall demonstrate compliance through documentary evidence.

This includes an assessment conducted by auditors independent of the activity being assessed. Such auditors may be from within the same organisation provided that they are managed autonomously from personnel undertaking the assessed activity.

5.  A manufacturer or a subcontracting party acting on his behalf, designated as a technical service, shall comply with the relevant provisions of this Article.

Article 43

Procedures for notification

1.  Member States shall notify to the Commission the name, the address including electronic address, the responsible persons and the category of activities with respect to each designated technical service. They shall notify it of any subsequent modifications thereto.

The notification act shall state in respect of which regulatory acts the technical services have been designated.

2.  A technical service may conduct the activities described in Article 41 for the purposes of type-approval only if it has been notified beforehand to the Commission.

3.  The same technical service may be designated and notified by several Member States irrespective of the category of activities which it conducts.

4.  Where a specific organisation or competent body, the activity of which is not included in those referred to in Article 41, needs to be designated in application of a regulatory act, the notification shall be made in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

5.  The Commission shall publish a list and details regarding the approval authorities and technical services on its web-site.



CHAPTER XVII

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 44

Transitional provisions

1.  Pending the necessary amendments to this Directive in order to include vehicles not yet covered or to complete the administrative and technical provisions regarding type-approval of vehicles other than M1 produced in small series, and to lay down harmonised administrative and technical provisions regarding the individual approval procedure, and pending expiry of the transitional periods provided for in Article 45, Member States shall continue to grant national approvals for those vehicles, provided that such approvals are based on the harmonised technical requirements laid down in this Directive.

2.  On application by the manufacturer or, in the case of individual approval, by the owner of the vehicle and on submission of the information required, the Member State concerned shall complete and issue the type-approval certificate or the individual approval certificate as appropriate. The certificate shall be issued to the applicant.

With respect to vehicles of the same type, other Member States shall accept a certified true copy as proof that the requisite tests have been carried out.

3.  Where a particular vehicle covered by an individual approval has to be registered in another Member State, that Member State may require, from the approval authority that has issued the individual approval, any additional information stating in detail the nature of the technical requirements satisfied by that particular vehicle.

4.  Pending the harmonisation of registration and taxation systems of the Member States in relation to vehicles covered by this Directive, Member States may use national codes in order to facilitate registration and taxation in their territory. For this purpose, Member States may subdivide the versions shown in Part II of Annex III, provided that the particulars used for the subdivision are expressly stated in the information package or can be derived from it by a simple calculation.

Article 45

Application dates for EC type-approval

1.  As regards EC type-approval, Member States shall grant EC approval to new types of vehicle from the dates specified in Annex XIX.

2.  On application by the manufacturer, Member States may grant EC approval to new types of vehicle from 29 April 2009.

3.  Until the dates specified in the fourth column of the table set out in Annex XIX, Article 26(1) shall not apply to new vehicles for which a national approval has been granted before the dates specified in the third column thereof or for which there has been no approval.

4.  At the request of the manufacturer, and until the dates specified in column 3 of rows 6 and 9 of the table set out in Annex XIX, Member States shall continue to grant national type-approvals as an alternative to EC vehicle type-approval for vehicles of category M2 or M3 on the condition that those vehicles and their systems, components and separate technical units have been type-approved in accordance with the regulatory acts listed in Part I of Annex IV to this Directive.

5.  This Directive shall not invalidate any EC type-approval granted to vehicles of category M1 before 29 April 2009 nor prevent the extension of such approvals.

6.  As regards the EC approval of new types of systems, components or separate technical units, Member States shall apply this Directive from 29 April 2009.

This Directive shall not invalidate any EC type-approval granted for systems, components or separate technical units before 29 April 2009 nor prevent the extension of such approvals.

Article 46

Penalties

Member States shall determine the penalties applicable for infringement of the provisions of this Directive, and in particular of the prohibitions contained in or resulting from Article 31, and of the regulatory acts listed in Part I of Annex IV and shall take all necessary measures for their implementation. The penalties determined shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. Member States shall notify these provisions to the Commission no later than 29 April 2009 and shall notify any subsequent modifications thereof as soon as possible.

Article 47

Assessment

1.  No later than 29 April 2011, Member States shall inform the Commission of the application of the type-approval procedures laid down in this Directive and, in particular, of the application of the multi-stage process. Where appropriate, the Commission shall propose the amendments deemed necessary to improve the type-approval process.

2.  On the basis of the information supplied under paragraph 1, the Commission shall report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of this Directive no later than 29 October 2011. If appropriate, the Commission may propose the postponement of the application dates referred to in Article 45.

Article 48

Transposition

1.  Member States shall adopt and publish, before 29 April 2009, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with the substantive amendments of this Directive. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions.

They shall apply those provisions from 29 April 2009.

When Member States adopt those provisions, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. They shall also include a statement that references in existing laws, regulations and administrative provisions to the Directive repealed by this Directive shall be construed as references to this Directive. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made and how that statement is to be formulated.

2.  Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 49

Repeal

Directive 70/156/EEC is repealed with effect from 29 April 2009, without prejudice to the obligations of the Member States relating to the time-limits for transposition into national law and application of the directives set out in Part B of Annex XX.

References to the repealed Directive shall be construed as references to this Directive and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table set out in Annex XXI.

Article 50

Entry into force

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 51

Addressees

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.




LIST OF ANNEXES

Annex I

Complete list of information for the purpose of EC type-approval of vehicles, components or separate technical units

Annex II

General definitions, criteria for vehicle categorisation, vehicle types and types of bodywork

Appendix 1:

Procedure for checking whether a vehicle can be categorised as off-road vehicle

Appendix 2:

Digits used to supplement the codes to be used for various kinds of bodywork

Annex III

Information document for the purpose of EC type-approval of vehicles

Annex IV

Requirements for the purpose of EC type-approval of vehicles

Appendix 1:

Regulatory acts for EC type-approval of vehicles produced in small series pursuant to Article 22

Appendix 2:

Requirements for the approval pursuant to Article 24 of complete vehicles belonging to category M1 and N1, produced in large series in or for third countries

Annex V

Procedures to be followed with respect to EC type-approval

Appendix 1:

Standards with which the entities referred to in Article 41 have to comply

Appendix 2:

Procedure for the assessment of the technical services

Appendix 3:

General requirements concerning the format of the test reports

Annex VI

Models of the type-approval certificate

Appendix:

List of regulatory acts to which the type of vehicle complies

Annex VII

EC type-approval certificate numbering system

Appendix:

EC component and separate technical unit type-approval mark

Annex VIII

Test results

Annex IX

EC certificate of conformity

Annex X

Conformity of production procedures

Annex XI

Nature of and provisions for the ec type-approval of special purpose vehicles

Appendix 1:

Motor-Caravans, Ambulances and Hearses

Appendix 2:

Armoured Vehicles

Appendix 3:

Wheel-chair Accessible Vehicles

Appendix 4:

Other Special Purpose Vehicles (including special group, multi-equipment carrier and trailer Caravans)

Appendix 5:

Mobile Cranes

Appendix 6:

Exceptional load transport vehicles

Annex XII

Small series and end-of-series limits

Annex XIII

List of parts or equipment which are capable of posing a significant risk to the correct functioning of systems that are essential for the safety of the vehicle or its environmental performance, their performance requirements, appropriate test procedures, marking and packaging provisions

Annex XIV

List of EC type-approvals issued pursuant to regulatory acts

Annex XV

Regulatory acts for which a manufacturer may be designated as technical service

Appendix:

Designation of a manufacturer as technical service

Annex XVI

Specific conditions required from virtual testing methods and regulatory acts for which virtual testing methods may be used by a manufacturer or a technical service

Appendix 1:

General conditions required from virtual testing methods

Appendix 2:

Specific conditions concerning virtual testing methods

Appendix 3:

Validation process

Annex XVII

Procedures to be followed during multi-stage EC type-approval

Appendix:

Model of the manufacturer’s additional plate

Annex XIX

Timetable for the enforcement of this Directive in respect of type-approval

Annex XX

Time-limits for the transposition of repealed directives into national law

Annex XXI

Correlation table

▼M1




ANNEX I

▼M25

COMPLETE LIST OF INFORMATION FOR THE PURPOSE OF EC TYPE-APPROVAL OF VEHICLES, COMPONENTS OR SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNITS ( 14 )

▼M1

All information documents in this directive and in separate directives or regulations shall consist only of extracts from, and adhere to the item numbering system of, this total list.

The following information shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4 format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.

If the systems, components or separate technical units referred to in this annex have electronic controls, information concerning their performance shall be supplied.

0.   GENERAL

0.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): …

0.2. Type: …

0.2.0.1. Chassis: …

0.2.0.2. Bodywork/complete vehicle: …

0.2.1. Commercial name(s) (if available): …

▼M23

0.2.2. For multi-stage approved vehicles, type-approval information of the base/previous stage vehicle (list the information for each stage. This can be done with a matrix)

Type:

Variant(s):

Version(s):

Type-approval number, including extension number …

▼M25

0.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit (14)  ( 15 ): …

▼M1

0.3.0.1. Chassis: …

0.3.0.2. Bodywork/complete vehicle: …

0.3.1. Location of that marking: …

0.3.1.1. Chassis: …

0.3.1.2. Bodywork/complete vehicle: …

0.4. Category of vehicle ( 16 ): …

0.4.1. Classification(s) according to the dangerous goods which the vehicle is intended to transport: …

▼M15

0.5. Company name and address of manufacturer: …

▼M23

0.5.1. For multi-stage approved vehicles, company name and address of the manufacturer of the base/previous stage(s) vehicle: …

▼M1

0.6. Location and method of attachment of statutory plates and location of vehicle identification number: …

0.6.1. On the chassis: …

0.6.2. On the bodywork: …

0.7. (Not attributed)

0.8. Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s): …

0.9. Name and address of the manufacturer's representative (if any): …

▼M25

1.   GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS

1.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle/component/separate technical unit (16) :

▼M1

1.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: …

1.3. Number of axles and wheels: …

1.3.1. Number and position of axles with twin wheels: …

1.3.2. Number and position of steered axles: …

1.3.3. Powered axles (number, position, interconnection): …

1.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): …

1.5. Material used for the side-members ( 17 ): …

1.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: …

1.7. Driving cab (forward control or bonneted) ( 18 ): …

1.8. Hand of drive: left/right ( 19 ).

1.8.1. Vehicle is equipped to be driven in right/left (19)  hand traffic.

▼M15

1.9. Specify if the towing vehicle is intended to tow semi-trailers or other trailers and, if the trailer is a semi-, drawbar-, centre-axle- or rigid drawbar trailer: …

▼M15

1.10. Specify if the vehicle is specially designed for the controlled-temperature carriage of goods: …

▼M15

2.   MASSES AND DIMENSIONS ( 20 ) ( 21 ) ( 22 )

(in kg and mm) (Refer to drawing where applicable)

▼M1

2.1.   Wheelbase(s) (fully loaded)  ( 23 ):

2.1.1. Two-axle vehicles: …

▼M15

2.1.2. Vehicles with three or more axles

2.1.2.1. Axle spacing between consecutive axles going from the foremost to the rearmost axle: …

2.1.2.2. Total axle spacing: …

▼M1

2.2.   Fifth wheel

2.2.1. In the case of semi-trailers

2.2.1.1. Distance between the axis of the fifth wheel kingpin and the rearmost end of the semi-trailer: …

2.2.1.2. Maximum distance between the axis of the fifth wheel kingpin and any point on the front of the semi-trailer: …

2.2.1.3. Semi-trailer special wheelbase (as defined in Section 7.6.1.2 of Annex I to Directive 97/27/EC): …

2.2.2. In the case of semi-trailer towing vehicles

2.2.2.1. Fifth wheel lead (maximum and minimum; indicate the permissible values in the case of an incomplete vehicle) ( 24 ): …

2.2.2.2. Maximum height of the fifth wheel (standardised) ( 25 ): …

2.3.   Axle track(s) and width(s)

2.3.1. Track of each steered axle ( 26 ): …

2.3.2. Track of all other axles (26) : …

2.3.3. Width of the widest rear axle: …

2.3.4. Width of the foremost axle (measured at the outermost part of the tyres excluding the bulging of the tyres close to the ground): …

2.4.   Range of vehicle dimensions (overall)

2.4.1. For chassis without bodywork

2.4.1.1. Length ( 27 ): …

2.4.1.1.1. Maximum permissible length: …

2.4.1.1.2. Minimum permissible length: …

2.4.1.1.3. In the case of trailers, maximum permissible drawbar length ( 28 ): …

2.4.1.2. Width ( 29 ): …

2.4.1.2.1. Maximum permissible width: …

2.4.1.2.2. Minimum permissible width: …

2.4.1.3. Height (in running order) ( 30 ) (for suspensions adjustable for height, indicate normal running position): …

2.4.1.4. Front overhang ( 31 ): …

2.4.1.4.1. Approach angle ( 32 ): …… degrees.

2.4.1.5. Rear overhang ( 33 ): …

2.4.1.5.1. Departure angle ( 34 ): …… degrees.

2.4.1.5.2. Minimum and maximum permissible overhang of the coupling point ( 35 ): …

2.4.1.6. Ground clearance (as defined in point 4.5 of Section A of Annex II)

2.4.1.6.1. Between the axles: …

2.4.1.6.2. Under the front axle(s): …

2.4.1.6.3. Under the rear axle(s): …

2.4.1.7. Ramp angle ( 36 ): …… degrees.

2.4.1.8. Extreme permissible positions of the centre of gravity of the body and/or interior fittings and/or equipment and/or payload: …

2.4.2. For chassis with bodywork

2.4.2.1. Length (36) : …

2.4.2.1.1. Length of the loading area: …

2.4.2.1.2. In the case of trailers, maximum permissible drawbar length (36) : …

2.4.2.2. Width (36) : …

2.4.2.2.1. Thickness of the walls (in the case of vehicles designed for controlled-temperature carriage of goods): …

2.4.2.3. Height (in running order) (36)  (for suspensions adjustable for height, indicate normal running position): …

2.4.2.4. Front overhang (36) : …

2.4.2.4.1. Approach angle (36) : …… degrees.

2.4.2.5. Rear overhang (36) : …

2.4.2.5.1. Departure angle (36) : …… degrees.

2.4.2.5.2. Minimum and maximum permissible overhang of the coupling point (36) : …

2.4.2.6. Ground clearance (as defined in point 4.5 of Section A of Annex II)

2.4.2.6.1. Between the axles: …

2.4.2.6.2. Under the front axle(s): …

2.4.2.6.3. Under the rear axle(s): …

2.4.2.7. Ramp angle (36) : …… degrees.

2.4.2.8. Extreme permissible positions of the centre of gravity of the payload (in the case of non-uniform load): …

2.4.2.9. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle (M2 and M3) at its technically permissible maximum laden mass in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions: …

2.4.3. For bodywork approved without chassis (vehicles M2 and M3)

2.4.3.1. Length (36) : …

2.4.3.2. Width (36) : …

2.4.3.3. Nominal height (in running order) (36)  on intended chassis type(s) (for suspensions adjustable for height, indicate normal running position): …

▼M15

2.5.

Minimum mass on the steering axle(s) for incomplete vehicles:

2.6.

Mass in running order ( 37 )

(a) minimum and maximum for each variant: …

(b) mass of each version (a matrix must be provided): …

2.6.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer, a centre-axle trailer or a rigid drawbar trailer, the mass on the coupling point: …

(a) minimum and maximum for each variant: …

(b) mass of each version (a matrix must be provided): …

▼M15

2.6.2. Mass of the optional equipment (see the definition set out in point (5) of Article 2 of Commission Regulation (EU) No 1230/2012 ( 38 )): …

▼M1

2.7.  Minimum mass of the completed vehicle as stated by the manufacturer, in the case of an incomplete vehicle: …

2.7.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre-axle trailer, load on the coupling point: …

2.8.  Technically permissible maximum laden mass stated by the manufacturer ( 39 ) ( 40 ): …

2.8.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre-axle trailer, load on the coupling point (40) : …

2.9.  Technically permissible maximum mass on each axle:

▼M15

2.10.  Technically permissible mass on each group of axles:

2.11.  Technically permissible maximum towable mass of the towing vehicle

in case of:

▼M1

2.11.1. Drawbar trailer: …

2.11.2. Semi-trailer: …

2.11.3. Centre-axle trailer: …

2.11.3.1. Maximum ratio of the coupling overhang ( 41 ) to the wheel base: …

2.11.3.2. Maximum V-value: …… kN.

▼M15

2.11.4. Rigid drawbar trailer: …

2.11.5. Technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination (41) : …

▼M1

2.11.6. Maximum mass of unbraked trailer: …

2.12.

Technically permissible maximum mass at the coupling point:

▼M15

2.12.1. Of a towing vehicle: …

2.12.2. Of a semi-trailer, a centre-axle trailer or a rigid drawbar trailer: …

▼M1

2.12.3. Maximum permissible mass of the coupling device (if not fitted by the manufacturer): …

2.13.  Rear swing-out (Section 7.6.2. and 7.6.3. of Annex I to Directive 97/27/EC): …

2.14.  Engine power/maximum mass ratio: …… kW/kg.

2.14.1. Engine power/technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination ratio (Section 7.10 of Annex I to Directive 97/27/EC): …… kW/kg.

2.15.  Hill-starting ability (solo vehicle) ( 42 ): …… %.

▼M15

2.16.

Registration/in service maximum permissible masses (optional)

2.16.1. Registration/in service maximum permissible laden mass: …

2.16.2. Registration/in service maximum permissible mass on each axle and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre-axle trailer, intended load on the coupling point stated by the manufacturer if lower than the technically permissible maximum mass on the coupling point: …

2.16.3. Registration/in service maximum permissible mass on each group of axles: …

2.16.4. Registration/in service maximum permissible towable mass: …

2.16.5. Registration/in service maximum permissible mass of the combination: …

▼M16

2.17.

Vehicle submitted to multi-stage type-approval (only in the case of incomplete or completed vehicles of category N1 within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007: yes/no (42) 

2.17.1.

Mass of the base vehicle in running order: … kg.

2.17.2.

Default added mass, calculated in accordance with Section 5 of Annex XII to Regulation (EC) No 692/2008: … kg.

▼M1

3.   POWER PLANT ( 43 )

3.1.   Manufacturer of the engine: …

3.1.1. Manufacturer's engine code (as marked on the engine or other means of identification): …

3.1.2. Approval number (if appropriate) including fuel identification marking: …

(heavy-duty vehicles only)

3.2.   Internal combustion engine

3.2.1.   Specific engine information

▼M21

3.2.1.1. Working principle: positive ignition/compression ignition/dual-fuel (43) 

Cycle: four stroke/two stroke/rotary (43) 

▼M21

3.2.1.1.1. Type of dual-fuel engine: Type 1A/Type 1B/Type 2A/Type 2B/Type 3B (43)  ( 44 )

3.2.1.1.2. Gas energy ratio over the hot part of the WHTC test-cycle: … %

▼M1

3.2.1.2. Number and arrangement of cylinders: …

3.2.1.2.1. Bore ( 45 ): …… mm

3.2.1.2.2. Stroke (45) : …… mm

3.2.1.2.3. Firing order: …

3.2.1.3. Engine capacity ( 46 ): …… cm3

3.2.1.4. Volumetric compression ratio ( 47 ): …

3.2.1.5. Drawings of combustion chamber, piston crown and, in the case of positive ignition engines, piston rings: …

3.2.1.6. Normal engine idling speed (47) : …… min-1

3.2.1.6.1. High engine idling speed (47) : …… min-1

▼M21

3.2.1.6.2. Idle on diesel: yes/no (47)  (47) 

▼M1

3.2.1.7. Carbon monoxide content by volume in the exhaust gas with the engine idling (47) : …… % as stated by the manufacturer (positive ignition engines only)

3.2.1.8. Maximum net power ( 48 ): … kW at … min-1 (manufacturer's declared value)

3.2.1.9. Maximum permitted engine speed as prescribed by the manufacturer: … min-1

3.2.1.10. Maximum net torque (48) : … Nm at … min-1 (manufacturer's declared value)

▼M11

3.2.1.11. (Euro VI only) Manufacturer references of the Documentation package required by Articles 5, 7 and 9 of Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 enabling the approval authority to evaluate the emission control strategies and the Systems on-board the engine to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

▼M1

3.2.2.   Fuel

▼M21

3.2.2.1. Light-duty vehicles: Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG or Biomethane/Ethanol (E 85)/Biodiesel/Hydrogen/H2NG (48)  ( 49 )

3.2.2.2. Heavy duty vehicles Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL/Ethanol (ED95)/Ethanol (E85)/LNG/LNG20(49)  (49) 

▼M11

3.2.2.2.1. (Euro VI only) Fuels compatible with use by the engine declared by the manufacturer in accordance with Section 1.1.2 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 (as applicable)

▼M1

3.2.2.3. Fuel tank inlet: restricted orifice/label (49) 

3.2.2.4. Vehicle fuel type: Mono fuel, Bi fuel, Flex fuel (49) 

3.2.2.5. Maximum amount of biofuel acceptable in fuel (manufacturer's declared value): … % by volume

3.2.3.   Fuel tank(s)

3.2.3.1. Service fuel tank(s)

3.2.3.1.1. Number and capacity of each tank: …

3.2.3.1.1.1. Material: …

3.2.3.1.2. Drawing and technical description of the tank(s) with all connections and all lines of the breathing and venting system, locks, valves, fastening devices: …

3.2.3.1.3. Drawing clearly showing the position of the tank(s) in the vehicle: …

3.2.3.2. Reserve fuel tank(s)

3.2.3.2.1. Number and capacity of each tank: …

3.2.3.2.1.1. Material: …

3.2.3.2.2. Drawing and technical description of the tank(s) with all connections and all lines of the breathing and venting system, locks, valves, fastening devices: …

3.2.3.2.3. Drawing clearly showing the position of the tank(s) in the vehicle: …

3.2.4.   Fuel feed

3.2.4.1. By carburettor(s): yes/no (49) 

▼M21

3.2.4.2. By fuel injection (compression ignition or dual-fuel only): yes/no (49) 

▼M1

3.2.4.2.1. System description: …

3.2.4.2.2. Working principle: direct injection/pre-chamber/swirl chamber (49) 

3.2.4.2.3. Injection pump

3.2.4.2.3.1. Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.3.2. Type(s): …

3.2.4.2.3.3. Maximum fuel delivery (49)  (49) : …… mm3 /stroke or cycle at an engine speed of: … min-1 or, alternatively, a characteristic diagram: …

(When boost control is supplied, state the characteristic fuel delivery and boost pressure versus engine speed)

3.2.4.2.3.4. Static injection timing (49) : …

3.2.4.2.3.5. Injection advance curve (49) : …

3.2.4.2.3.6. Calibration procedure: test bench/engine (49) 

3.2.4.2.4. Governor

3.2.4.2.4.1. Type: …

3.2.4.2.4.2. Cut-off point

3.2.4.2.4.2.1. Speed at which cut-off starts under load: …… min-1

3.2.4.2.4.2.2. Maximum no-load speed: …… min-1

3.2.4.2.4.2.3. Idling speed: ….. min-1

3.2.4.2.5. Injection piping (heavy-duty vehicles only)

3.2.4.2.5.1. Length: …… mm

3.2.4.2.5.2. Internal diameter: …… mm

3.2.4.2.5.3. Common rail, make and type: …

3.2.4.2.6. Injector(s)

3.2.4.2.6.1. Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.6.2. Type(s): …

3.2.4.2.6.3. Opening pressure (49) : … kPa or characteristic diagram (49) : …

3.2.4.2.7. Cold start system

3.2.4.2.7.1. Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.7.2. Type(s): …

3.2.4.2.7.3. Description: …

3.2.4.2.8. Auxiliary starting aid

3.2.4.2.8.1. Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.8.2. Type(s): …

3.2.4.2.8.3. System description: …

3.2.4.2.9. Electronic controlled injection: yes/no (49) 

3.2.4.2.9.1. Make(s): …

3.2.4.2.9.2. Type(s):

3.2.4.2.9.3 Description of the system (in the case of systems other than continuous injection give equivalent details): …

3.2.4.2.9.3.1. Make and type of the control unit (ECU): …

3.2.4.2.9.3.2. Make and type of the fuel regulator: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.3. Make and type of the air-flow sensor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.4. Make and type of fuel distributor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.5. Make and type of the throttle housing: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.6. Make and type of water temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.7. Make and type of air temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.8. Make and type of air pressure sensor: …

3.2.4.2.9.3.9. Software calibration number(s): …

3.2.4.3. By fuel injection (positive ignition only): yes/no (49) 

3.2.4.3.1. Working principle: intake manifold (single-/multi-point/direct injection (49)  /other (specify): …

3.2.4.3.2. Make(s): …

3.2.4.3.3. Type(s): …

3.2.4.3.4. System description (In the case of systems other than continuous injection give equivalent details): …

3.2.4.3.4.1. Make and type of the control unit (ECU): …

3.2.4.3.4.2. Make and type of fuel regulator: …

3.2.4.3.4.3. Make and type of air-flow sensor: …

3.2.4.3.4.4. Make and type of fuel distributor: …

3.2.4.3.4.5. Make and type of pressure regulator: …

3.2.4.3.4.6. Make and type of micro switch: …

3.2.4.3.4.7. Make and type of idling adjustment screw: …

3.2.4.3.4.8. Make and type of throttle housing: …

3.2.4.3.4.9. Make and type of water temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.3.4.10. Make and type of air temperature sensor: …

3.2.4.3.4.11. Make and type of air pressure sensor: …

3.2.4.3.4.12. Software calibration number(s): …

3.2.4.3.5. Injectors: opening pressure (49) : …… kPa or characteristic diagram: …

3.2.4.3.5.1. Make: …

3.2.4.3.5.2. Type: …

3.2.4.3.6. Injection timing: …

3.2.4.3.7. Cold start system

3.2.4.3.7.1. Operating principle(s): …

3.2.4.3.7.2. Operating limits/settings (49)  (49) : …

3.2.4.4. Feed pump

3.2.4.4.1. Pressure (49) : … kPa or characteristic diagram (49) : …

3.2.5.   Electrical system

3.2.5.1. Rated voltage: …… V, positive/negative ground (49) 

3.2.5.2. Generator

3.2.5.2.1. Type: …

3.2.5.2.2. Nominal output: …… VA

3.2.6.   Ignition system (spark ignition engines only)

3.2.6.1. Make(s): …

3.2.6.2. Type(s): …

3.2.6.3. Working principle: …

3.2.6.4. Ignition advance curve or map (49) : …

3.2.6.5. Static ignition timing (49) : …… degrees before TDC

3.2.6.6. Spark plugs

3.2.6.6.1. Make: …

3.2.6.6.2. Type: …

3.2.6.6.3. Gap setting: ……mm

3.2.6.7. Ignition coil(s)

3.2.6.7.1. Make: …

3.2.6.7.2. Type: …

3.2.7.   Cooling system: liquid/air (49) 

3.2.7.1. Nominal setting of the engine temperature control mechanism: …

3.2.7.2. Liquid

3.2.7.2.1. Nature of liquid: …

3.2.7.2.2. Circulating pump(s): yes/no (49) 

3.2.7.2.3. Characteristics: ………. or

3.2.7.2.3.1. Make(s): …

3.2.7.2.3.2. Type(s): …

3.2.7.2.4. Drive ratio(s): …

3.2.7.2.5. Description of the fan and its drive mechanism: …

3.2.7.3. Air

3.2.7.3.1. Fan: yes/no (49) 

3.2.7.3.2. Characteristics: ……. or

3.2.7.3.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.7.3.2.2. Type(s): …

3.2.7.3.3. Drive ratio(s): …

3.2.8.   Intake system

3.2.8.1. Pressure charger: yes/no (49) 

3.2.8.1.1. Make(s): …

3.2.8.1.2. Type(s): …

3.2.8.1.3. Description of the system (e.g. maximum charge pressure: …… kPa; wastegate if applicable): …

3.2.8.2. Intercooler: yes/no (49) 

3.2.8.2.1. Type: air-air/air-water (49) 

3.2.8.3. Intake depression at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression ignition engines only)

3.2.8.3.1. Minimum allowable: ………. kPa

3.2.8.3.2. Maximum allowable: ……… kPa

▼M11

3.2.8.3.3. (Euro VI only) Actual Intake system depression at rated engine speed and at 100 % load on the vehicle: kPa

▼M1

3.2.8.4. Description and drawings of inlet pipes and their accessories (plenum chamber, heating device, additional air intakes, etc.): …

3.2.8.4.1. Intake manifold description (include drawings and/or photos): …

3.2.8.4.2. Air filter, drawings: … or

3.2.8.4.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.8.4.2.2. Type(s): …

3.2.8.4.3. Intake silencer, drawings: … or

3.2.8.4.3.1. Make(s): …

3.2.8.4.3.2. Type(s): …

3.2.9.   Exhaust system

3.2.9.1. Description and/or drawing of the exhaust manifold: …

3.2.9.2. Description and/or drawing of the exhaust system: …

▼M21

3.2.9.2.1. (Euro VI only) Description and/or drawing of the elements of the exhaust system that are part of the engine system

▼M1

3.2.9.3. Maximum allowable exhaust back pressure at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression ignition engines only): …… kPa

▼M11

3.2.9.3.1. (Euro VI only) Actual exhaust back pressure at rated engine speed and at 100 % load on the vehicle (compression-ignition engines only): … kPa

▼M1

3.2.9.4. Type, marking of exhaust silencer(s): …

Where relevant for exterior noise, reducing measures in the engine compartment and on the engine: …

3.2.9.5. Location of the exhaust outlet: …

3.2.9.6. Exhaust silencer containing fibrous materials: …

▼M21

3.2.9.7. Complete exhaust system volume: … dm3

3.2.9.7.1. (Euro VI only) Acceptable exhaust system volume: … dm3

▼M21

3.2.9.7.2. (EURO VI only) Volume of the exhaust system that is part of the engine system: … dm3

▼M1

3.2.10.  Minimum cross-sectional areas of inlet and outlet ports:

3.2.11.   Valve timing or equivalent data

3.2.11.1. Maximum lift of valves, angles of opening and closing, or timing details of alternative distribution systems, in relation to dead centres. For variable timing system, minimum and maximum timing: …

3.2.11.2. Reference and/or setting ranges (49) : …

3.2.12.   Measures taken against air pollution

3.2.12.1. Device for recycling crankcase gases (description and drawings): …

▼M11

3.2.12.1.1. (Euro VI only) Device for recycling crankcase gases: yes/no (2)

If yes, description and drawings:

If no, compliance with Annex V to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 required

▼M1

3.2.12.2. Additional pollution control devices (if any, and if not covered by another heading)

3.2.12.2.1. Catalytic converter: yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.1.1. Number of catalytic converters and elements (provide the information below for each separate unit): …

3.2.12.2.1.2. Dimensions, shape and volume of the catalytic converter(s): …

3.2.12.2.1.3. Type of catalytic action: …

3.2.12.2.1.4. Total charge of precious metals: …

3.2.12.2.1.5. Relative concentration: …

3.2.12.2.1.6. Substrate (structure and material): …

3.2.12.2.1.7. Cell density: …

3.2.12.2.1.8. Type of casing for the catalytic converter(s): …

3.2.12.2.1.9. Location of the catalytic converter(s) (place and reference distance in the exhaust line): …

3.2.12.2.1.10. Heat shield: yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.1.11. Regeneration systems/method of exhaust after-treatment systems, description: …

3.2.12.2.1.11.1. Number of Type I operating cycles (or equivalent engine bench cycles) between two cycles where regenerative phases occur under the conditions equivalent to Type I test (Distance ‘D’ in Figure 1 in Annex 13 to UNECE Regulation No 83): …

3.2.12.2.1.11.2. Description of method employed to determine the number of cycles between two cycles where regenerative phases occur: …

3.2.12.2.1.11.3. Parameters to determine the level of loading required before regeneration occurs (i.e. temperature, pressure etc.): …

3.2.12.2.1.11.4. Description of method used to load system in the test procedure described in paragraph 3.1 of Annex 13 to UNECE Regulation No 83): …

3.2.12.2.1.11.5. Normal operating temperature range: ……… K

3.2.12.2.1.11.6. Consumable reagents: yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.1.11.7. Type and concentration of reagent needed for catalytic action: …

3.2.12.2.1.11.8. Normal operational temperature range of reagent: ……… K

3.2.12.2.1.11.9. International standard: …

3.2.12.2.1.11.10. Frequency of reagent refill: continuous/maintenance (49) 

3.2.12.2.1.12. Make of catalytic converter: …

3.2.12.2.1.13. Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.2. Oxygen sensor: yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.2.1. Make: …

3.2.12.2.2.2. Location: …

3.2.12.2.2.3. Control range: …

3.2.12.2.2.4. Type: …

3.2.12.2.2.5. Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.3. Air injection: yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.3.1. Type (pulse air, air pump, etc.): …

3.2.12.2.4. Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR): yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.4.1. Characteristics (make, type, flow, etc.): …

3.2.12.2.4.2. Water-cooled system: yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.5. Evaporative emissions control system: yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.5.1. Detailed description of the devices and their state of tune: …

3.2.12.2.5.2. Drawing of the evaporative control system: …

3.2.12.2.5.3. Drawing of the carbon canister: …

3.2.12.2.5.4. Mass of dry charcoal: …… g

3.2.12.2.5.5. Schematic drawing of the fuel tank with indication of capacity and material: …

3.2.12.2.5.6. Drawing of the heat shield between tank and exhaust system: …

3.2.12.2.6. Particulate trap (PT): yes/no (49) 

3.2.12.2.6.1. Dimensions, shape and capacity of the particulate trap: …

3.2.12.2.6.2. Design of the particulate trap: …

3.2.12.2.6.3. Location (reference distance in the exhaust line): …

3.2.12.2.6.4. Method or system of regeneration, description and/or drawing: …

3.2.12.2.6.4.1. Number of Type I operating cycles (or equivalent engine bench cycles) between two cycles where regenerative phases occur under the conditions equivalent to Type I test (Distance ‘D’ in Figure 1 in Annex 13 to UNECE Regulation No 83): …

3.2.12.2.6.4.2. Description of method employed to determine the number of cycles between two cycles where regenerative phases occur: …

3.2.12.2.6.4.3. Parameters to determine the level of loading required before regeneration occurs (i.e. temperature, pressure etc.): …

3.2.12.2.6.4.4 Description of method used to load system in the test procedure described in paragraph 3.1 of Annex 13 to UNECE Regulation No 83): …

3.2.12.2.6.5. Make of particulate trap: …

3.2.12.2.6.6. Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.6.7. Normal operating temperature: … (K) and pressure range … (KPa)

(heavy-duty vehicles only)

3.2.12.2.6.8. In the case of periodic regeneration (heavy-duty vehicles only)

3.2.12.2.6.8.1. Number of ETC test cycles between 2 regenerations (n1): … ►M11   (not applicable to Euro VI) ◄

▼M11

3.2.12.2.6.8.1.1. (Euro VI only) Number of WHTC test cycles without regeneration (n):

▼M1

3.2.12.2.6.8.2. Number of ETC cycles during regeneration (n2): … ►M11   (not applicable to Euro VI) ◄

▼M11

3.2.12.2.6.8.2.1. (Euro VI only) Number of WHTC test cycles with regeneration (nR):

3.2.12.2.6.9. Other systems: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.6.9.1. Description and operation

▼M1

3.2.12.2.7. On-board-diagnostic (OBD) system: yes/no (49) : …

▼M11

3.2.12.2.7.0.1. (Euro VI only) Number of OBD engine families within the engine family

3.2.12.2.7.0.2. List of the OBD engine families (when applicable)

3.2.12.2.7.0.3. Number of the OBD engine family the parent engine / the engine member belongs to:

3.2.12.2.7.0.4. Manufacturer references of the OBD-Documentation required by Article 5(4)(c) and Article 9(4) of Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 and specified in Annex X to that Regulation for the purpose of approving the OBD system

3.2.12.2.7.0.5. When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the Documentation for installing in a vehicle an OBD equipped engine system

3.2.12.2.7.0.6. When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the documentation package related to the installation on the vehicle of the OBD system of an approved engine

▼M21 —————

▼M1

3.2.12.2.7.1. Written description and/or drawing of the MI: …

3.2.12.2.7.2. List and purpose of all components monitored by the OBD system: …

3.2.12.2.7.3. Written description (general working principles) for

3.2.12.2.7.3.1 Positive-ignition engines

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.1. Catalyst monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.2. Misfire detection: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.3. Oxygen sensor monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.4. Other components monitored by the OBD system: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2. Compression-ignition engines: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.1. Catalyst monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.2. Particulate trap monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.3. Electronic fuelling system monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.4. deNOx system monitoring: …

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.5 Other components monitored by the OBD system: …

3.2.12.2.7.4. Criteria for MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method): …

3.2.12.2.7.5. List of all OBD output codes and formats used (with explanation of each): …

3.2.12.2.7.6. The following additional information shall be provided by the vehicle manufacturer for the purposes of enabling the manufacture of OBD-compatible replacement or service parts and diagnostic tools and test equipment.

3.2.12.2.7.6.1. A description of the type and number of the preconditioning cycles used for the original type approval of the vehicle.

3.2.12.2.7.6.2. A description of the type of the OBD demonstration cycle used for the original type-approval of the vehicle for the component monitored by the OBD system.

3.2.12.7.6.3. A comprehensive document describing all sensed components with the strategy for fault detection and MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method), including a list of relevant secondary sensed parameters for each component monitored by the OBD system. A list of all OBD output codes and format used (with an explanation of each) associated with individual emission related power-train components and individual non-emission related components, where monitoring of the component is used to determine MI activation, including in particular a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $05 Test ID $21 to FF and the data given in service $06.

In the case of vehicle types that use a communication link in accordance with ISO 15765-4 ‘Road vehicles, diagnostics on controller area network (CAN) — Part 4: requirements for emissions-related systems’, a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $06 Test ID $00 to FF, for each OBD monitor ID supported, shall be provided.

3.2.12.2.7.6.4. The information required above may be defined by completing a table as described below.

3.2.12.2.7.6.4.1.  Low-duty vehicles



Component

Fault cod

Monitoring strategy

Fault detection criteria

MI activation criteria

Secondary parameters

Preconditioning

Demonstration test

Catalyst

P0420

Oxygen sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals

Difference between sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals-

3rd cycle

Engine speed load, A/F mode, catalyst temperature

Two type I cycles

Type I

3.2.12.2.7.6.4.2.  Heavy-duty vehicles



Component

Fault code

Monitoring strategy

Fault detection criteria

MI activation criteria

Secondary parameters

preconditioning

Demonstration test

SCR Catalyst

Pxxx

NOx sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals

Difference between sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals-

3rd cycle

Engine speed load, catalyst temperature, reagent activity

Three OBD test cycles (3 short ESC cycles)

OBD test cycle (short ESC cycle)

▼M21

3.2.12.2.7.6.5. (Euro VI only) OBD Communication protocol standard: ( 50 )

▼M11

3.2.12.2.7.7. (Euro VI only) Manufacturer reference of the OBD related information required by of Article 5(4)(d) and Article 9(4) of Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 for the purpose of complying with the provisions on access to vehicle OBD and vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information, or

3.2.12.2.7.7.1. As an alternative to a manufacturer reference provided in Section 3.2.12.2.7.7 reference of the attachment to the information document set out in Appendix 4 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 that contains the following table, once completed according to the given example:

Component — Fault code — Monitoring strategy — Fault detection criteria — MI activation criteria — Secondary parameters — Preconditioning — Demonstration test

Catalyst – P0420 — Oxygen sensor 1 and 2 signals — Difference between sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals — 3rd cycle — Engine speed, engine load, A/F mode, catalyst temperature — Two Type 1 cycles — Type 1

▼M21

3.2.12.2.7.8. (EURO VI only) OBD components on-board the vehicle

3.2.12.2.7.8.0. Alternative approval as provided for in point 2.4.1 of Annex X to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011: yes/no (50) 

3.2.12.2.7.8.1. List of OBD components on-board the vehicle

3.2.12.2.7.8.2. Written description and/or drawing of the MI ( 51 )

3.2.12.2.7.8.3. Written description and/or drawing of the OBD off-board communication interface (51) 

▼M1

3.2.12.2.8. Other system (description and operation): …

▼M11

3.2.12.2.8.1. (Euro VI only) Systems to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

▼M21

3.2.12.2.8.2. Driver inducement system

▼M21

3.2.12.2.8.2.1. (Euro VI only) Engine with permanent deactivation of the driver inducement, for use by the rescue services or in vehicles specified in point (b) of Article 2(3) of this Directive: yes/no (1)

3.2.12.2.8.2.2. Activation of the creep mode

‘disable after restart’/‘disable after fuelling’/‘disable after parking’ (51)  (51) 

▼M11

3.2.12.2.8.3. (Euro VI only) Number of OBD engine families within the engine family considered when ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures

▼M21

3.2.12.2.8.3.1. (Euro VI only) List of the OBD engine families within the engine family considered when ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures (when applicable)

3.2.12.2.8.3.2. (Euro VI only) Number of the OBD engine family the parent engine/the engine member belongs to

▼M21 —————

▼M11

3.2.12.2.8.5. (Euro VI only) Number of the OBD engine family the parent engine / the engine member belongs to

3.2.12.2.8.6. (Euro VI only) Lowest concentration of the active ingredient present in the reagent that does not activate the warning system (CDmin): (% vol.)

3.2.12.2.8.7. (Euro VI only) When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the Documentation for installing in a vehicle the systems to ensure the correct operation of NOx control measures

▼M21

3.2.12.2.8.8. (EURO VI only) Components on-board the vehicle of the systems ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures

3.2.12.2.8.8.1. List of components on-board the vehicle of the systems ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures

▼M11

3.2.12.2.8.8.2. When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the documentation package related to the installation on the vehicle of the system ensuring the correct operation of NOx control measures of an approved engine

▼M21

3.2.12.2.8.8.3. Written description and/or drawing of the warning signal (51) 

▼M21

3.2.12.2.8.8.4. Alternative approval provided for in point 2.1 of Annex XIII to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011: yes/no (51) 

3.2.12.2.8.8.5. Heated/non-heated reagent tank and dosing system (see paragraph 2.4 of Annex 11 to UNECE Regulation No 49)

▼M1

3.2.12.2.9. Torque limiter: yes/no (51) 

3.2.12.2.9.1. Description of the torque limiter activation (heavy-duty vehicles only): …

3.2.12.2.9.2. Description of the full load curve limitation (heavy-duty vehicles only): …

3.2.13.   Smoke opacity

3.2.13.1. Location of the absorption coefficient symbol (compression ignition engines only): …

3.2.13.2. Power at six points of measurement (see point 2.1 of Annex III to Directive 72/306/EEC as amended)

3.2.13.3. Engine power measured on test bench/on the vehicle (51) 

3.2.13.3.1. Declared speeds and powers



Measurement points

Engine speed (min-1)

Power (kW)

1……

 

 

2……

 

 

3……

 

 

4……

 

 

5……

 

 

6……

 

 

3.2.14.  Details of any devices designed to influence fuel economy (if not covered by other items): …

3.2.15.   LPG fuelling system: yes/no (51) 

3.2.15.1. Type-approval number according to Directive 70/221/EEC (when the Directive will be amended to cover tanks for gaseous fuels) or approval number according to UNECE Regulation No 67 (OJ L 76, 6.4.1970, p. 34): …

3.2.15.2. Electronic engine management control unit for LPG fuelling

3.2.15.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.15.2.2. Type(s): …

3.2.15.2.3. Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.15.3. Further documentation

3.2.15.3.1. Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to LPG or back: …

3.2.15.3.2. System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.15.3.3. Drawing of the symbol: …

3.2.16.   NG fuelling system: yes/no (51) 

3.2.16.1. Type-approval number according to Directive 70/221/EEC (when the Directive will be amended to cover tanks for gaseous fuels) or approval number according to UNECE Regulation No 110 (OJ L 72, 14.3.2008, p. 113): …

3.2.16.2. Electronic engine management control unit for NG fuelling

3.2.16.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.16.2.2. Type(s): …

3.2.16.2.3. Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.16.3. Further documentation

3.2.16.3.1. Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to NG or back: …

3.2.16.3.2. System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.16.3.3. Drawing of the symbol: …

▼M21

3.2.17.   Specific information related to gas and dual-fuel engines for heavy-duty vehicles (in the case of systems laid out in a different manner, supply equivalent information)(if applicable)

▼M1

3.2.17.1. Fuel: LPG/NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL (51) 

3.2.17.2. Pressure regulator(s) or vaporiser/pressure regulator(s) (51) 

3.2.17.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.2.2. Type(s): …

3.2.17.2.3. Number of pressure reduction stages: …

3.2.17.2.4. Pressure in final stage

minimum: ….. kPa — maximum: …. kPa

3.2.17.2.5. Number of main adjustment points: …

3.2.17.2.6. Number of idle adjustment points: …

3.2.17.2.7. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.3. Fuelling system: mixing unit/gas injection/liquid injection/direct injection (51) 

3.2.17.3.1. Mixture strength regulation: …

3.2.17.3.2. System description and/or diagram and drawings: …

3.2.17.3.3. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.4. Mixing unit

3.2.17.4.1. Number: …

3.2.17.4.2. Make(s): …

3.2.17.4.3. Type(s): …

3.2.17.4.4. Location: …

3.2.17.4.5. Adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.17.4.6. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.5. Inlet manifold injection

3.2.17.5.1. Injection: single point/multipoint (51) 

3.2.17.5.2. Injection: continuous/simultaneously timed/sequentially timed (51) 

3.2.17.5.3. Injection equipment

3.2.17.5.3.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.5.3.2. Type(s): …

3.2.17.5.3.3. Adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.17.5.3.4. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.5.4. Supply pump (if applicable)

3.2.17.5.4.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.5.4.2. Type(s): …

3.2.17.5.4.3. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.5.5. Injector(s) …

3.2.17.5.5.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.5.5.2. Type(s): …

3.2.17.5.5.3. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.6. Direct injection

3.2.17.6.1. Injection pump/pressure regulator (51) 

3.2.17.6.1.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.6.1.2. Type(s): …

3.2.17.6.1.3. Injection timing: …

3.2.17.6.1.4. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.6.2. Injector(s) …

3.2.17.6.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.6.2.2. Type(s): …

3.2.17.6.2.3. Opening pressure or characteristic diagram (51) : …

3.2.17.6.2.4. Type-approval number: …

3.2.17.7. Electronic control unit (ECU)

3.2.17.7.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.7.2. Type(s): …

3.2.17.7.3. Adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.17.7.4. Software calibration number(s): …

3.2.17.8. NG fuel-specific equipment

3.2.17.8.1. Variant 1 (only in the case of approvals of engines for several specific fuel compositions)

▼M11

3.2.17.8.1.0.1. (Euro VI only) Self adaptive feature? Yes/No (1)

3.2.17.8.1.0.2. (Euro VI only) Calibration for a specific gas composition NG-H/NG-L/NG-HL (1)

Transformation for a specific gas composition NG-Ht/NG-Lt/NG-HLt (1)

▼M1

3.2.17.8.1.1. Fuel composition:



methane (CH4):

basis: ……. % mole

min. …. % mole

max. ….. % mole

ethane (C2H6):

basis: ……. % mole

min. …. % mole

max. ….. % mole

propane (C3H8):

basis: ……. % mole

min. …. % mole

max. ….. % mole

butane (C4H10):

basis: ……. % mole

min. …. % mole

max. ….. % mole

C5/C5+:

basis: ……. % mole

min. …. % mole

max. ….. % mole

oxygen (O2):

basis: ……. % mole

min. …. % mole

max. ….. % mole

inert (N2, He, etc.):

basis: ……. % mole

min. …. % mole

max. ….. % mole

3.2.17.8.1.2. Injector(s)

3.2.17.8.1.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.17.8.1.2.2 Type(s): …

3.2.17.8.1.3. Others (if applicable): …

3.2.17.8.2. Variant 2 (only in the case of approvals for several specific fuel compositions)

▼M21

3.2.17.9. When appropriate, manufacturer reference of the documentation for installing the dual-fuel engine in a vehicle (51) 

3.2.18. Hydrogen fuelling system: yes/no (51) 

3.2.18.1. EC type-approval number in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 79/2009: …

3.2.18.2. Electronic engine management control unit for hydrogen fuelling

3.2.18.2.1. Make(s): …

3.2.18.2.2. Type(s): …

3.2.18.2.3. Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.18.3. Further documentation

3.2.18.3.1. Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to hydrogen or back: …

3.2.18.3.2. System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.18.3.3. Drawing of the symbol: …

3.2.19. H2NG fuelling system: yes/no (1)

3.2.19.1. Percentage of hydrogen in the fuel (the maximum specified by the manufacturer): …

3.2.19.2. EC type-approval number in accordance with UNECE Regulation No 110 …

3.2.19.3. Electronic engine management control unit for H2NG fuelling

3.2.19.3.1. Make(s): …

3.2.19.3.2. Type(s): …

3.2.19.3.3. Emission-related adjustment possibilities: …

3.2.19.4. Further documentation

3.2.19.4.1. Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to H2NG or back: …

3.2.19.4.2. System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.): …

3.2.19.4.3. Drawing of the symbol: …

▼M1

3.3.   Electric motor

3.3.1.  Type (winding, excitation): …

3.3.1.1. Maximum hourly output: …… kW

▼M20

3.3.1.1.1. Maximum net power (51)  … kW

(manufacturer’s declared value)

3.3.1.1.2. Maximum 30 minutes power (51)  … kW

(manufacturer’s declared value)

▼M1

3.3.1.2. Operating voltage: …… V

3.3.2. Battery

3.3.2.1. Number of cells: …

3.3.2.2. Mass: …… kg

3.3.2.3. Capacity: …… Ah (Amp-hours)

3.3.2.4. Position: …

3.4.   Engine or motor combination

3.4.1.  Hybrid electric vehicle: yes/no (51) 

3.4.2.  Category of hybrid electric vehicle: off-vehicle charging/not off-vehicle charging: (51) 

3.4.3.   Operating mode switch: with/without (51) 

3.4.3.1. Selectable modes

3.4.3.1.1. Pure electric: yes/no (51) 

3.4.3.1.2. Pure fuel consuming: yes/no (51) 

3.4.3.1.3. Hybrid modes: yes/no (51) 

(if yes, short description): …

3.4.4.   Description of the energy storage device: (battery, capacitor, flywheel/generator)

3.4.4.1. Make(s): …

3.4.4.2. Type(s): …

3.4.4.3. Identification number: …

3.4.4.4. Kind of electrochemical couple: …

3.4.4.5. Energy: … (for battery: voltage and capacity Ah in 2 h, for capacitor: J,…)

3.4.4.6. Charger: on board/external/without (51) 

3.4.5.   Electric motor (describe each type of electric motor separately)

3.4.5.1. Make: …

3.4.5.2. Type: …

3.4.5.3. Primary use: traction motor/generator (51) 

3.4.5.3.1. When used as traction motor: single-/multimotors (number) (51) : …

3.4.5.4. Maximum power: …… kW

3.4.5.5. Working principle

3.4.5.5.5.1 Direct current/alternating current/number of phases: …

3.4.5.5.2. Separate excitation/series/compound (51) 

3.4.5.5.3. Synchronous/asynchronous (51) 

3.4.6.   Control unit

3.4.6.1. Make(s): …

3.4.6.2. Type(s): …

3.4.6.3. Identification number: …

3.4.7.   Power controller

3.4.7.1. Make: …

3.4.7.2. Type: …

3.4.7.3. Identification number: …

▼M21

3.4.8. Vehicle electric range … km (in accordance with Annex 9 to UNECE Regulation No 101)

▼M1

3.4.9.  Manufacturer's recommendation for preconditioning: …

3.5.   CO2 emissions/fuel consumption  ( 52 ) (manufacturer's declared value)

3.5.1.    CO2 mass emissions

3.5.1.1. CO2 mass emissions (urban conditions): …… g/km

3.5.1.2. CO2 mass emissions (extra-urban conditions): …… g/km

3.5.1.3. CO2 mass emissions (combined): …… g/km

3.5.2.   Fuel consumption (provide details for each reference fuel tested)

▼M21

3.5.2.1. Fuel consumption (urban conditions) … l/100 km or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (52) 

3.5.2.2. Fuel consumption (extra-urban conditions) … l/100 km or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (52) 

3.5.2.3. Fuel consumption (combined) … l/100 km or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (52) 

▼M18 —————

▼M21

3.5.3.   Electric energy consumption for electric vehicles

3.5.3.1. Electric energy consumption for pure electric vehicles … Wh/km

3.5.3.2. Electric energy consumption for externally chargeable hybrid electric vehicles

3.5.3.2.1. Electric energy consumption (Condition A, combined) … Wh/km

3.5.3.2.2. Electric energy consumption (Condition B, combined) … Wh/km

3.5.3.2.3. Electric energy consumption (weighted combined) … Wh/km

▼M11

3.5.4.   CO2 emissions for heavy duty engines (Euro VI only)

▼M21

3.5.4.1. CO2 mass emissions WHSC test ( 53 ): … g/kWh

3.5.4.2. CO2 mass emissions WHSC test in diesel mode ( 54 ): … g/kWh

▼M21

3.5.4.3. CO2 mass emissions WHSC test in dual-fuel mode (54) : … g/kWh

3.5.4.4. CO2 mass emissions WHTC test (54)  ( 55 ): … g/kWh

3.5.4.5. CO2 mass emissions WHTC test in diesel mode (55)  (55) : … g/kWh

3.5.4.6. CO2 mass emissions WHTC test in dual-fuel mode (55)  (55) : … g/kWh

▼M11

3.5.5.   Fuel consumption for heavy duty engines (Euro VI only)

▼M21

3.5.5.1. Fuel consumption WHSC test (55) : … g/kWh

3.5.5.2. Fuel consumption WHSC test in diesel mode (55) : … g/kWh

▼M21

3.5.5.3. Fuel consumption WHSC test in in dual-fuel mode (55) : … g/kWh

3.5.5.4. Fuel consumption WHTC test (55)  (55) : … g/kWh

3.5.5.5. Fuel consumption WHTC test in diesel mode (55)  (55) : … g/kWh

3.5.5.6. Fuel consumption WHTC test in dual-fuel mode (55)  (55) : … g/kWh

▼M24

3.5.6.

Vehicle fitted with an eco-innovation within the meaning of Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 for M1 vehicles or Article 12 of Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 for N1 vehicles: yes/no (1)

3.5.6.1.

Type/Variant/Version of the baseline vehicle as referred to in Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 725/2011 for M1 vehicles or Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 427/2014 for N1 vehicles (if applicable) …

▼M18

3.5.6.2.

Existence of interactions between different eco-innovations: yes/no (1)

3.5.6.3.

Emissions data related to the use of eco-innovations (repeat the table for each reference fuel tested) ( 56 )



Decision approving the eco-innovation ()

Code of the eco-innovation ()

1.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle (g/km)

2.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle (g/km)

3.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle under Type 1 test-cycle ()

4.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle under Type 1 test-cycle (= 3.5.1.3)

5.  Usage factor (UF), i.e. temporal share of technology usage in normal operation conditions

CO2 emissions savings

image

xxxx/201x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total CO2 emissions savings (g/km) ()

 

(1)    (w) Eco-innovations.

(2)    (w2) Number of the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(3)    (w3) Assigned in the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(4)    (w4) Under agreement of the type-approval authority, if a modelling methodology is applied instead of the type 1 test cycle, this value shall be the one provided by the modelling methodology.

(5)    (w5) Sum of the CO2 emissions savings of each individual eco-innovation.

▼M1

3.6.   Temperatures permitted by the manufacturer

3.6.1.   Cooling system

3.6.1.1.    Liquid cooling

Maximum temperature at outlet: …… K

3.6.1.2.    Air cooling

3.6.1.2.1. Reference point: …

3.6.1.2.2. Maximum temperature at reference point: …… K

3.6.2.  Maximum outlet temperature of the inlet intercooler: …… K

3.6.3.  Maximum exhaust temperature at the point in the exhaust pipe(s) adjacent to the outer flange(s) of the exhaust manifold or turbocharger: …… K

3.6.4.   Fuel temperature

Minimum: …… K — maximum: …… K

For diesel engines at injection pump inlet, for gas fuelled engines at pressure regulator final stage

3.6.5.   Lubricant temperature

Minimum: …. K — maximum: …… K

3.6.6.   Fuel pressure

Minimum: …… kPa — maximum: …… kPa

At pressure regulator final stage, NG fuelled gas engines only.

3.7.   Engine-driven equipment

Power absorbed by the auxiliaries needed for operating the engine as specified in and under the operation conditions of Directive 80/1269/EEC, Annex I, Section 5.1.1.



Equipment

Power absorbed (kW) at various engine speeds

Idle

Low speed

High speed

Speed A (1)

Speed B (1)

Speed C (1)

Ref. speed (2)

P(a)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auxiliaries needed for operating the engine (to be subtracted from measured engine power) see Appendix 1, Section 6.1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)   ESC test.

(2)   ETC test only.

3.8.   Lubrication system

3.8.1.   Description of the system

3.8.1.1. Position of lubricant reservoir: …

3.8.1.2. Feed system (by pump/injection into intake/mixing with fuel, etc.) (56) 

3.8.2.   Lubricating pump

3.8.2.1. Make(s): …

3.8.2.2. Type(s): …

3.8.3.   Mixture with fuel

3.8.3.1. Percentage: …

3.8.4.   Oil cooler: yes/no (56) 

3.8.4.1. Drawing(s): …… or

3.8.4.1.1. Make(s): …

3.8.4.1.2. Type(s): …

4.   TRANSMISSION ( 57 )

4.1.  Drawing of the transmission:

4.2.  Type (mechanical, hydraulic, electric, etc.):

4.2.1. A brief description of the electrical/electronic components (if any): …

4.3.  Moment of inertia of engine flywheel:

4.3.1. Additional moment of inertia with no gear engaged: …

4.4.   Clutch

4.4.1. Type: …

4.4.2. Maximum torque conversion: …

4.5.   Gearbox

4.5.1. Type (manual/automatic/CVT (continuously variable transmission)) (57) 

4.5.2. Location relative to the engine: …

4.5.3. Method of control: …

4.6.   Gear ratios



Gear

Internal gearbox ratios (ratios of engine to gearbox output shaft revolutions)

Final drive ratio(s) (ratio of gearbox output shaft to driven wheel revolutions)

Total gear ratios

Maximum for CVT (1)

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Minimum for CVT (1)

 

 

 

Reverse

 

 

 

(1)   Continuously variable transmission.

4.7.  Maximum vehicle design speed (in km/h) ( 58 ): …

4.8.   Speedometer

4.8.1. Method of operation and description of drive mechanism: …

4.8.2. Instrument constant: …

4.8.3. Tolerance of the measuring mechanism (pursuant to item 2.1.3 of Annex II to Directive 75/443/EEC): …

4.8.4. Overall transmission ratio (pursuant to item 2.1.2 of Annex II to Directive 75/443/EEC) or equivalent data: …

4.8.5. Diagram of the speedometer scale or other forms of display: …

4.9.   Tachograph: yes/no (58) 

4.9.1 Approval mark: …

4.10.  Differential lock: yes/no/optional (58) 

▼M13

4.11.   Gear shift indicator (GSI)

4.11.1. Acoustic indication available yes/no (1). If yes, description of sound and sound level at the driver’s ear in dB(A). (Acoustic indication always switchable on/off)

4.11.2. Information according to point 4.6 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 65/2012 (manufacturer’s declared value)

4.11.3. Photographs and/or drawings of the gear shift indicator instrument and brief description of the system components and operation:

▼M1

5.   AXLES

5.1. Description of each axle: …

5.2. Make: …

5.3. Type: …

5.4. Position of retractable axle(s): …

5.5. Position of loadable axle(s): …

6.   SUSPENSION

6.1. Drawing of the suspension arrangements: …

6.2. Type and design of the suspension of each axle or group of axles or wheel: …

6.2.1. Level adjustment: yes/no/optional (58) 

6.2.2. A brief description of the electrical/electronic components (if any): …

6.2.3. Air-suspension for driving axle(s): yes/no (58) 

6.2.3.1. Suspension of driving axle(s) equivalent to air-suspension: yes/no (58) 

6.2.3.2. Frequency and damping of the oscillation of the sprung mass: …

6.2.4. Air-suspension for non-driving axle(s): yes/no (58) 

6.2.4.1. Suspension of non-driving axle(s) equivalent to air-suspension: yes/no (58) 

6.2.4.2. Frequency and damping of the oscillation of the sprung mass: …

6.3.  Characteristics of the springing parts of the suspension (design, characteristics of the materials and dimensions): …

6.4.  Stabilisers: yes/no/optional (58) 

6.5.  Shock absorbers: yes/no/optional (58) 

6.6.   Tyres and wheels

6.6.1.   Tyre/wheel combination(s)

(a) for tyres indicate size designation, load-capacity index, speed category symbol, rolling resistance in accordance with ISO 28580 (where applicable) ( 59 );

(b) for wheels indicate rim size(s) and off-set(s)

6.6.1.1. Axles

6.6.1.1.1. Axle 1: …

6.6.1.1.2. Axle 2: …

etc.

6.6.1.2. Spare wheel, if any: …

6.6.2.   Upper and lower limits of rolling radii

6.6.2.1. Axle 1: …

6.6.2.2. Axle 2: …

6.6.2.3. Axle 3: …

6.6.2.4. Axle 4: …

etc.

6.6.3.  Tyre pressure(s) as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer: …… kPa

6.6.4.  Chain/tyre/wheel combination on the front and/or rear axle that is suitable for the type of vehicle, as recommended by the manufacturer:

6.6.5.  Brief description of temporary use spare unit (if any):

7.   STEERING

7.1.  Schematic diagram of steered axle(s) showing steering geometry:

7.2.   Transmission and control

7.2.1. Type of steering transmission (specify for front and rear, if applicable): …

7.2.2. Linkage to wheels (including other than mechanical means; specify for front and rear, if applicable): …

7.2.2.1. A brief description of the electrical/electronic components (if any): …

7.2.3. Method of assistance (if any): …

7.2.3.1. Method and diagram of operation, make(s) and type(s): …

7.2.4. Diagram of the steering equipment as a whole, showing the position on the vehicle of the various devices influencing its steering behaviour: …

7.2.5. Schematic diagram(s) of the steering control(s): …

7.2.6. Range and method of adjustment (if any), of the steering control: …

7.3.   Maximum steering angle of the wheels

7.3.1. To the right: … degrees; number of turns of the steering wheel (or equivalent data): …

7.3.2. To the left: … degrees; number of turns of the steering wheel (or equivalent data): …

8.   BRAKES

(The following particulars, including means of identification, where applicable, are to be given)

8.1. Type and characteristics of the brakes as defined in point 1.6 of Annex I to Council Directive 71/320/EEC (OJ L 205, 6.9.1971, p. 37) including details and drawings of the drums, discs, hoses make and type of shoe/pad assemblies and/or linings, effective braking areas, radius of drums, shoes or discs, mass of drums, adjustment devices, relevant parts of the axle(s) and suspension: …

8.2. Operating diagram, description and/or drawing of the braking system described in point 1.2 of Annex I to Directive 71/320/EEC including details and drawings of the transmission and controls:

8.2.1. Service braking system: …

8.2.2. Secondary braking system: …

8.2.3. Parking braking system: …

8.2.4. Any additional braking system: …

8.2.5. Break-away braking system: …

8.3. Control and transmission of trailer braking systems in vehicles designed to tow a trailer: …

8.4. Vehicle is equipped to tow a trailer with electric/pneumatic/hydraulic (59)  service brakes: yes/no (59) 

8.5. Anti-lock braking system: yes/no/optional (59) 

8.5.1. For vehicles with anti-lock systems, description of system operation (including any electronic parts), electric block diagram, hydraulic or pneumatic circuit plan: …

8.6. Calculation and curves according to the Appendix to point 1.1.4.2 of the Appendix to Annex II to Directive 71/320/EEC or to the Appendix to Annex XI thereto, if applicable: …

8.7. Description and/or drawing of the energy supply, also to be specified for power-assisted braking systems: …

8.7.1. In the case of compressed-air braking systems, working pressure p2 in the pressure reservoir(s): …

8.7.2. In the case of vacuum braking systems, the initial energy level in the reservoir(s): …

8.8. Calculation of the braking system: Determination of the ratio between the total braking forces at the circumference of the wheels and the force applied to the braking control: …

8.9. Brief description of the braking system according to point 1.6 of the Addendum to Appendix 1 of Annex IX to Directive 71/320/EEC: …

8.10. If claiming exemptions from the Type I and/or Type II or Type III tests, state the number of the report in accordance with Appendix 2 of Annex VII to Directive 71/320/EEC: …

8.11. Particulars of the type(s) of endurance braking system(s): …

9.   BODYWORK

9.1. Type of bodywork using the codes defined in Part C of Annex II: …

9.2. Materials used and methods of construction: …

9.3.   Occupant doors, latches and hinges

9.3.1. Door configuration and number of doors: …

9.3.1.1. Dimensions, direction and maximum angle of opening: …

9.3.2. Drawing of latches and hinges and of their position in the doors: …

9.3.3. Technical description of latches and hinges: …

9.3.4. Details, including dimensions, of entrances, steps and necessary handles where applicable: …

9.4.   Field of vision

9.4.1. Particulars of the primary reference marks in sufficient detail to enable them to be readily identified and the position of each in relation to the others and to the R-point to be verified: …

9.4.2. Drawing(s) or photograph(s) showing the location of component parts within the 180o forward field of vision: …

9.5.   Windscreen and other windows

9.5.1.   Windscreen

9.5.1.1. Materials used: …

9.5.1.2. Method of mounting: …

9.5.1.3. Angle of inclination: …

9.5.1.4. Type-approval number(s): …

9.5.1.5. Windscreen accessories and the position in which they are fitted together with a brief description of any electrical/electronic components involved: …

9.5.2.   Other windows

9.5.2.1. Materials used: …

9.5.2.2. Type-approval number(s): …

9.5.2.3. A brief description of the electrical/electronic components (if any) of the window lifting mechanism: …

9.5.3.   Opening roof glazing

9.5.3.1. Materials used: …

9.5.3.2. Type-approval number(s): …

9.5.4.   Other glass panes

9.5.4.1. Materials used: …

9.5.4.2. Type-approval number(s): …

9.6.   Windscreen wiper(s)

9.6.1. Detailed technical description (including photographs or drawings): …

9.7.   Windscreen washer

9.7.1. Detailed technical description (including photographs or drawings) or, if approved as separate technical unit, type-approval number: …

9.8.   Defrosting and demisting

9.8.1. Detailed technical description (including photographs or drawings): …

9.8.2. Maximum electrical consumption: … kW

9.9.   Devices for indirect vision

9.9.1. Rear-view mirrors, stating for each mirror:

9.9.1.1. Make: …

9.9.1.2. Type-approval mark: …

9.9.1.3. Variant: …

9.9.1.4. Drawing(s) for the identification of the mirror showing the position of the mirror relative to the vehicle structure: …

9.9.1.5. Details of the method of attachment including that part of the vehicle structure to which it is attached: …

9.9.1.6. Optional equipment which may affect the rearward field of vision: …

9.9.1.7. A brief description of the electronic components (if any) of the adjustment system: …

9.9.2. Devices for indirect vision other than mirrors: …

9.9.2.1. Type and characteristics (such as a complete description of the device): …

9.9.2.1.1. In the case of a camera-monitor device, the detection distance (mm), contrast, luminance range, glare correction, display performance (black and white/colour), image repetition frequency, luminance reach of the monitor: …

9.9.2.1.2. Sufficiently detailed drawings to identify the complete device, including installation instructions; the position for the EC type-approval mark has to be indicated on the drawings.

9.10.   Interior arrangement

9.10.1.   Interior protection for occupants

9.10.1.1. Layout drawing or photographs showing the position of the attached sections or views: …

9.10.1.2. Photograph or drawing showing the reference zone including the exempted area referred to in point 2.3.1 of Annex I to Council Directive 74/60/EEC (OJ L 38, 11.2.1974, p. 2): …

9.10.1.3. Photographs, drawings and/or an exploded view of the interior fittings, showing the parts in the passenger compartment and the materials used (with the exception of interior rear view mirrors), arrangement of controls, roof and opening roof, backrest, seats and the rear part of seats: …

9.10.2.   Arrangement and identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators

9.10.2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of the arrangement of symbols and controls, tell-tales and indicators: …

9.10.2.2. Photographs and/or drawings of the identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators and of the vehicle parts referred to in Annex II and III of Directive 78/316/EEC where relevant: …

9.10.2.3.    Summary table

The vehicle is equipped with the following controls, indicators and tell-tales pursuant to Annexes II and III to Directive 78/316/EEC



Controls, tell-tales and indicators for which, when fitted, identification is mandatory, and symbols to be used for that purpose

Symbol No

Device

Control/indicator available (1)

Identified by symbol (1)

Where (2)

Tell-tale available (1)

Identified by symbol (1)

Where (2)

1

Master light

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Dipped-beam headlamps

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

Main-beam headlamps

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Position (side) lamps

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Front fog lamps

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Rear fog lamp

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

Headlamp levelling device

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

Parking lamps

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

Direction indicators

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

Hazard warning

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

Windscreen wiper

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

Windscreen washer

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

Windscreen wiper and washer

 

 

 

 

 

 

14

Headlamp cleaning device

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

Windscreen demisting and defrosting

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

Rear window demisting and defrosting

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Ventilating fan

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

Diesel pre-heat

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

Choke

 

 

 

 

 

 

20

Brake failure

 

 

 

 

 

 

21

Fuel level

 

 

 

 

 

 

22

Battery charging condition

 

 

 

 

 

 

23

Engine coolant temperature

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)    x = yes — = no or not separately available o = optional.

(2)    d = directly on control, indicator or tell-tale c = in close vicinity.



Controls, tell-tales and indicators for which, when fitted, identification is optional, and symbols which shall be used if they are to be identified

Symbol No

Device

Control/indicator available (1)

Identified by symbol (1)

Where (2)

Tell-tale available (1)

Identified by symbol (1)

Where (2)

1

Parking brake

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

Rear window wiper

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

Rear window washer

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

Rear window wiper and washer

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

Intermittent windscreen wiper

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Audible warning device (horn)

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

Front hood (bonnet)

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

Rear hood (boot)

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

Seat-belt

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

Engine oil pressure

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

Unleaded petrol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)    x = yes — = no or not separately available o = optional.

(2)    d = directly on control, indicator or tell-tale c = in close vicinity.

9.10.3.   Seats

9.10.3.1. Number of seating positions ( 60 ): …

9.10.3.1.1. Location and arrangement: …

9.10.3.2. Seat(s) designated for use only when the vehicle is stationary: …

9.10.3.3. Mass: …

9.10.3.4. Characteristics: for seats not type-approved as components, description and drawings of

9.10.3.4.1. The seats and their anchorages: …

9.10.3.4.2. The adjustment system: …

9.10.3.4.3. The displacement and locking systems: …

9.10.3.4.4. The seat-belt anchorages (if incorporated in the seat structure): …

9.10.3.4.5. The parts of the vehicle used as anchorages: …

9.10.3.5. Coordinates or drawing of the R-point ( 61 )

9.10.3.5.1. Driver's seat: …

9.10.3.5.2. All other seating positions: …

9.10.3.6. Design torso angle

9.10.3.6.1. Driver's seat: …

9.10.3.6.2. All other seating positions: …

9.10.3.7. Range of seat adjustment

9.10.3.7.1. Driver's seat: …

9.10.3.7.2. All other seating positions: …

9.10.4.   Head restraints

9.10.4.1. Type(s) of head restraints: integrated/detachable/separate (61) 

9.10.4.2. Type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.4.3. For head restraints not yet approved

9.10.4.3.1. A detailed description of the head restraint, specifying in particular the nature of the padding material or materials and, where applicable, the position and specifications of the braces and anchorage pieces for the type of seat for which approval is sought: …

9.10.4.3.2. In the case of a ‘separate’ head restraint

9.10.4.3.2.1. A detailed description of the structural zone to which the head restraint is intended to be fixed: …

9.10.4.3.2.2. Dimensional drawings of the characteristic parts of the structure and the head restraint: …

9.10.5.   Heating systems for the passenger compartment

9.10.5.1. A brief description of the vehicle type with regard to the heating system if the heating system uses the heat of the engine cooling fluid: …

9.10.5.2. A detailed description of the vehicle type with regard to the heating if the cooling air or the exhaust gases of the engine are used as heat source, including:

9.10.5.2.1. Layout drawing of the heating system showing its position in the vehicle: …

9.10.5.2.2. Layout drawing of the heat exchanger for heating systems using the exhaust gases for heating, or of the parts where the heat exchange takes place (for heating systems using the engine cooling air for heating): …

9.10.5.2.3. Sectional drawing of the heat exchanger or the parts respectively where the heat exchange takes place indicating the thickness of the wall, used materials and characteristics of the surface: …

9.10.5.2.4. Specifications shall be given for further important components of the heating system such as, for example, the heater fan, with regard to their method of construction and technical data: …

9.10.5.3. A brief description of the vehicle type with regard to the combustion heating system and the automatic control: …

9.10.5.3.1. Layout drawing of the combustion heater, the air inlet system, the exhaust system, the fuel tank, the fuel supply system (including the valves) and the electrical connections showing their positions in the vehicle.

9.10.5.4. Maximum electrical consumption: …… kW

9.10.6.   Components influencing the behaviour of the steering mechanism in the event of an impact

9.10.6.1. A detailed description, including photograph(s) and/or drawing(s), of the vehicle type with respect to the structure, the dimensions, the lines and the constituent materials of that part of the vehicle forward of the steering control, including those components designed to contribute to the absorption of energy in the event of an impact against the steering control: …

9.10.6.2. Photograph(s) and/or drawing(s) of vehicle components other than those described in 9.10.6.1 as identified by the manufacturer in agreement with the technical service, as contributing to the behaviour of the steering mechanism in case of impact: …

9.10.7.   Burning behaviour of materials used in the interior construction of certain categories of motor vehicles

9.10.7.1.    Material(s) used for the interior lining of the roof

9.10.7.1.1. Component type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.7.1.2. For materials not approved

9.10.7.1.2.1. Base material(s)/designation: ……/……

9.10.7.1.2.2. Composite/single (61)  material, number of layers (61) : …

9.10.7.1.2.3. Type of coating (61) : …

9.10.7.1.2.4. Maximum/minimum thickness: ……/…… mm

9.10.7.2.    Material(s) used for the rear and side walls

9.10.7.2.1. Component type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.7.2.2. For materials not approved

9.10.7.2.2.1. Base material(s)/designation: ……/……

9.10.7.2.2.2. Composite/single (61)  material, number of layers (61) : …

9.10.7.2.2.3. Type of coating (61) : …

9.10.7.2.2.4. Maximum/minimum thickness: ……/…… mm

9.10.7.3.    Material(s) used for the floor

9.10.7.3.1. Component type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.7.3.2. For materials not approved

9.10.7.3.2.1. Base material(s)/designation: ……/……

9.10.7.3.2.2. Composite/single (61)  material, number of layers (61) : …

9.10.7.3.2.3. Type of coating (61) : …

9.10.7.3.2.4. Maximum/minimum thickness: ……/…… mm

9.10.7.4.    Material(s) used for the upholstery of the seats

9.10.7.4.1. Component type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.7.4.2. For materials not approved

9.10.7.4.2.1. Base material(s)/designation: ……/……

9.10.7.4.2.2. Composite/single (61)  material, number of layers (61) : …

9.10.7.4.2.3. Type of coating (61) : …

9.10.7.4.2.4. Maximum/minimum thickness: ……/…… mm

9.10.7.5.    Material(s) used for the heating and ventilation pipes

9.10.7.5.1. Component type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.7.5.2. For materials not approved

9.10.7.5.2.1. Base material(s)/designation: ……/.…..

9.10.7.5.2.2. Composite/single (61)  material, number of layers (61) : …

9.10.7.5.2.3. Type of coating (61) : …

9.10.7.5.2.4. Maximum/minimum thickness: ……/……. mm

9.10.7.6.    Material(s) used for luggage racks

9.10.7.6.1. Component type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.7.6.2. For materials not approved

9.10.7.6.2.1. Base material(s)/designation: ……/……

9.10.7.6.2.2. Composite/single (61)  material, number of layers (61) : …

9.10.7.6.2.3. Type of coating (61) : …

9.10.7.6.2.4. Maximum/minimum thickness: ……/…… mm

9.10.7.7.    Material(s) used for other purposes

9.10.7.7.1. Intended purposes: …

9.10.7.7.2. Component type-approval number(s), if available: …

9.10.7.7.3. For materials not approved

9.10.7.7.3.1. Base material(s)/designation: ……/……

9.10.7.7.3.2. Composite/single (61)  material, number of layers (61) : …

9.10.7.7.3.3. Type of coating (61) : …

9.10.7.7.3.4. Maximum/minimum thickness: …./…. mm

9.10.7.8.    Components approved as complete devices (seats, separation walls, luggage racks, etc.)

9.10.7.8.1. Component type-approval number(s): …

9.10.7.8.2. For the complete device: seat, separation wall, luggage racks, etc. (61) 

9.10.8   Gas used as refrigerant in the air-conditioning system:

9.10.8.1 The air-conditioning system is designed to contain fluorinated greenhouse gases with global warming potential higher than 150: yes/no (61) 

9.10.8.2. If yes, fill in the following sections

9.10.8.2.1. Drawing and brief description of the air-conditioning system, including the reference or part number and material of the leak components;

9.10.8.2.2. Leakage of the air-conditioning system

9.10.8.2.4. Reference or part number and material of the components of the system and information about the test (e.g. test report number, approval number, etc.): …

9.10.8.3. Overall leakage in g/year of the entire system: …

9.11.   External projections

9.11.1. General arrangement (drawing or photographs) indicating the position of the attached sections and views:

9.11.2. Drawings and/or photographs, for example, and where relevant, of the door and window pillars, air-intake grilles, radiator grille, windscreen wipers, rain gutter channels, handles, slide rails, flaps, door hinges and locks, hooks, eyes, decorative trim, badges, emblems and recesses and any other external projections and parts of the exterior surface which can be regarded as critical (e.g. lighting equipment). If the parts listed in the previous sentence are not critical, for documentation purposes they may be replaced by photographs, accompanied if necessary by dimensional details and/or text:

9.11.3. Drawings of parts of the external surface in accordance with Annex I, item 6.9.1 to Directive 74/483/EEC: …

9.11.4. Drawing of bumpers: …

9.11.5. Drawing of the floor line: …

9.12.   Safety belts and/or other restraint systems

9.12.1. Number and position of safety belts and restraint systems and seats on which they can be used



(L = left-hand side, R = right-hand side, C = centre)

 

Complete EC type-approval mark

Variant, if applicable

Belt adjustment device for height (indicate yes/no/optional)

First row of seats left accolade

L

 

 

 

C

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

Second row of seats (1) left accolade

L

 

 

 

C

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

(1)   The table may be extended as necessary for vehicles with more than two rows of seats or if there are more than three seats across the width of the vehicle.

9.12.2. Nature and position of supplementary restraint systems (indicate yes/no/optional)



(L = left-hand side, R = right-hand side, C = centre)

 

Front airbag

Side airbag

Belt pre-loading device

First row of seats left accolade

L

 

 

 

C

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

Second row of seats (1) left accolade

L

 

 

 

C

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

(1)   The table may be extended as necessary for vehicles with more than two rows of seats or if there are more than three seats across the width of the vehicle

9.12.3. Number and position of safety belt anchorages and proof of compliance with Directive 76/115/EEC, (i.e. type-approval number or test report): …

9.12.4. A brief description of the electrical/electronic components (if any): …

9.13.   Safety belt anchorages

9.13.1. Photographs and/or drawings of the bodywork showing the position and dimensions of the actual and the effective anchorages including the R-points: …

9.13.2. Drawings of the belt anchorages and parts of the vehicle structure where they are attached (with the material indication): …

9.13.3. Designation of the types ( 62 ) of safety belt authorised for fitting to the anchorages with which the vehicle is equipped



 

Anchorage location

Vehicle structure

Seat structure

First row of seats

 

 

Right-hand seat left accolade

Lower anchorages

left accolade outboard inboard

Upper anchorages

 

Centre seat left accolade

Lower anchorages

left accolade right left

 

 

Upper anchorages

 

 

 

Left-hand seat left accolade

Lower anchorages

left accolade outboard inboard

 

 

Upper anchorages

 

 

 

Second row of seats (1)

 

 

Right-hand seat left accolade

Lower anchorages

left accolade outboard inboard

Upper anchorages

 

Centre seat left accolade

Lower anchorages

left accolade right left

 

 

Upper anchorages

 

 

 

Left-hand seat left accolade

Lower anchorages

left accolade outboard inboard

 

 

Upper anchorages

 

 

 

(1)   The table may be extended as necessary for vehicles with more than two rows of seats or if there are more than three seats across the width of the vehicle.

9.13.4. Description of a particular type of safety belt where an anchorage is located in the seat backrest or incorporates an energy dissipating device: …

9.14.   Space for mounting rear registration plates (give range where appropriate, drawings may be used where applicable)

9.14.1. Height above road surface, upper edge: …

9.14.2. Height above road surface, lower edge: …

9.14.3. Distance of the centre line from the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle: …

9.14.4. Distance from the left vehicle edge: …

9.14.5. Dimensions (length × width): …

9.14.6. Inclination of the plane to the vertical: …

9.14.7. Angle of visibility in the horizontal plane: …

9.15.   Rear under-run protection

9.15.0. Presence: yes/no/incomplete (62) 

9.15.1. Drawing of the vehicle parts relevant to the rear under-run protection, i.e. drawing of the vehicle and/or chassis with position and mounting of the widest rear axle, drawing of the mounting and/or fitting of the rear under-run protection. If the under-run protection is not a special device, the drawing shall clearly show that the required dimensions are met: …

9.15.2. In case of a special device, full description and/or drawing of the rear under-run protection (including mountings and fittings), or, if approved as separate technical unit, type-approval number: …

9.16.   Wheel guards

9.16.1. Brief description of the vehicle with regard to its wheel guards: …

9.16.2. Detailed drawings of the wheel guards and their position on the vehicle showing the dimensions specified in Figure 1 of Annex I to Directive 78/549/EEC and taking account of the extremes of tyre/wheel combinations: …

9.17.   Statutory plates

9.17.1. Photographs and/or drawings of the locations of the statutory plates and inscriptions and of the vehicle identification number: …

9.17.2. Photographs and/or drawings of the statutory plate and inscriptions (completed example with dimensions): …

9.17.3. Photographs and/or drawings of the vehicle identification number (completed example with dimensions): …

9.17.4. Manufacturer's declaration of compliance with the requirements set out in point 3.1.1.1 of Annex to Council Directive 76/114/EEC (OJ L 24, 30.1.1976, p. 1)

9.17.4.1. The meaning of characters in the second section and, if applicable, in the third section used to comply with the requirements of section 5.3 of ISO Standard 3779-1983 shall be explained: …

9.17.4.2. If characters in the second section are used to comply with the requirements of section 5.4 of ISO Standard 3779-1983 these characters shall be indicated: …

9.18.   Radio interference/electromagnetic compatibility

9.18.1. Description and drawings/photographs of the shapes and constituent materials of the part of the body forming the engine compartment and the part of the passenger compartment nearest to it: …

9.18.2. Drawings or photographs of the position of metal components housed in the engine compartment (e.g. heating appliances, spare wheel, air filter, steering mechanism, etc.): …

9.18.3. Table and drawing of radio-interference control equipment: …

9.18.4. Particulars of the nominal value of the direct current resistance, and, in the case of resistive ignition cables, of their nominal resistance per metre: …

9.19.   Lateral protection

9.19.0. Presence: yes/no/incomplete (62) 

9.19.1. Drawing of the vehicle parts relevant to the lateral protection, i.e. drawing of the vehicle and/or chassis with position and mounting of the axle(s), drawing of the mountings and/or the fittings of lateral protection device(s). If the lateral protection is achieved without lateral protection device(s) the drawing shall clearly show that the required dimensions are met: …

9.19.2. In the case of lateral protection device(s), full description and/or drawing of such device(s) (including mountings and fittings) or its/their component type-approval number(s): …

9.20.   Spray-suppression system

9.20.0. Presence: yes/no/incomplete (62) 

9.20.1. Brief description of the vehicle with regard to its spray-suppression system and the constituent components: …

9.20.2. Detailed drawings of the spray-suppression system and its position on the vehicle showing the dimensions specified in the figures in Annex III to Directive 91/226/EEC and taking account of the extremes of tyre/wheel combinations: …

9.20.3. Type-approval number(s) of spray-suppression device(s), if available: …

9.21.   Side-impact resistance

9.21.1. A detailed description, including photographs and/or drawings, of the vehicle with respect to the structure, the dimensions, the lines and the constituent materials of the side walls of the passenger compartment (exterior and interior), including specific details of the protection system, where applicable: …

9.22.   Front under-run protection

9.22.0. Presence: yes/no/incomplete (62) 

9.22.1. Drawing of the vehicle parts relevant to the front under-run protection, i.e. drawing of the vehicle and/or chassis with position and mounting and/or fitting of the front under-run protection. If the under-run protection is no special device, the drawing shall clearly show that the required dimensions are met: …

9.22.2. In the case of special device, full description and/or drawing of the front under-run protection (including mountings and fittings), or, if approved as a separate technical unit, type-approval number: …

9.23.   Pedestrian protection

9.23.1. A detailed description, including photographs and/or drawings, of the vehicle with respect to the structure, the dimensions, the relevant reference lines and the constituent materials of the frontal part of the vehicle (interior and exterior), including detail of any active protection system installed.

▼M2

9.24.

Frontal protection systems

9.24.1.

General arrangement (drawings or photographs) indicating the position and attachment of the frontal protection systems:

9.24.2.

Drawings and/or photographs, where relevant, of air intake grilles, radiator grille, decorative trim, badges, emblems and recesses and any other external projections and parts of the exterior surface which can be regarded as critical (e.g. lighting equipment). If the parts listed in the first sentence are not critical, for documentation purposes they may be replaced by photographs, accompanied if necessary by dimensional details and/or text:

9.24.3.

Complete details of fittings required and full instructions, including torque requirements, for fitting:

9.24.4.

Drawing of bumpers:

9.24.5.

Drawing of the floor line at the vehicle front end:

▼M1

10.   LIGHTING AND LIGHT SIGNALLING DEVICES

10.1. Table of all devices: number, make, model, type-approval mark, maximum intensity of main-beam headlamps, colour, tell-tale: …

10.2. Drawing of the position of lighting and light signalling devices: …

10.3. For every lamp and reflector specified in Council Directive 76/756/EEC (OJ L 262, 27.9.1976, p. 1) supply the following information (in writing and/or by diagram)

10.3.1. Drawing showing the extent of the illuminating surface: …

10.3.2. Method used for the definition of the apparent surface in accordance with paragraph 2.10 of UNECE Regulation No 48 (OJ L 137, 30.5.2007, p. 1): …

10.3.3. Axis of reference and centre of reference: …

10.3.4. Method of operation of concealable lamps: …

10.3.5. Any specific mounting and wiring provisions: …

10.4. Dipped beam lamps: normal orientation in accordance to paragraph 6.2.6.1 of UNECE Regulation No 48:

10.4.1. Value of initial adjustment: …

10.4.2. Location of indication: …



10.4.3.

Description/drawing (1) and type of headlamp levelling device (e.g. automatic, stepwise manually adjustable, continuously manually adjustable):

right accolade Applicable only for vehicles with headlamp levelling device

10.4.4.

Control device:

10.4.5.

Reference marks:

10.4.6.

Marks assigned for loading conditions:

(1)   Delete where not applicable (there are cases where nothing needs to be deleted when more than one entry is applicable).

10.5. A brief description of electrical/electronic components other than lamps (if any): …

11.   CONNECTIONS BETWEEN TOWING VEHICLES AND TRAILERS AND SEMI-TRAILERS

11.1. Class and type of the coupling device(s) fitted or to be fitted: …

11.2. Characteristics D, U, S and V of the coupling device(s) fitted or minimal characteristics D, U, S and V of the coupling device(s) to be fitted: …… daN

11.3. Instructions for attachment of the coupling type to the vehicle and photographs or drawings of the fixing points at the vehicle as stated by the manufacturer; additional information, if the use of the coupling type is restricted to certain variants or versions of the vehicle type: …

11.4. Information of the fitting of special towing brackets or mounting plates: …

11.5. Type-approval number(s): …

12.   MISCELLANEOUS

12.1. Audible warning device(s)

12.1.1. Location, method of affixing, placement and orientation of the device(s), with dimensions: …

12.1.2. Number of device(s): …

12.1.3. Type-approval number(s): …

12.1.4. Electrical/pneumatic (62)  circuit diagram: …

12.1.5. Rated voltage or pressure: …

12.1.6. Drawing of the mounting device: …

12.2. Devices to prevent unauthorised use of the vehicle

12.2.1. Protective device

12.2.1.1. A detailed description of the vehicle type with regard to the arrangement and design of the control or of the unit on which the protective device acts: …

12.2.1.2. Drawings of the protective device and of its mounting on the vehicle: …

12.2.1.3. A technical description of the device: …

12.2.1.4. Details of the lock combinations used: …

12.2.1.5. Vehicle immobiliser

12.2.1.5.1. Type-approval number, if available: …

12.2.1.5.2. For immobilisers not yet approved

12.2.1.5.2.1. A detailed technical description of the vehicle immobiliser and of the measures taken against inadvertent activation: …

12.2.1.5.2.2. The system(s) on which the vehicle immobiliser acts: …

12.2.1.5.2.3. Number of effective interchangeable codes, if applicable: …

12.2.2. Alarm system (if any)

12.2.2.1. Type-approval number, if available: …

12.2.2.2. For alarm systems not yet approved

12.2.2.2.1. A detailed description of the alarm system and of the vehicle parts related to the alarm system installed: …

12.2.2.2.2. A list of the main components comprising the alarm system: …

12.2.3. A brief description of the electrical/electronic components (if any): …

12.3. Towing device(s)

12.3.1. Front: Hook/eye/other (62) 

12.3.2. Rear: Hook/eye/other/none (62) 

12.3.3. Drawing or photograph of the chassis/area of the vehicle body showing the position, construction and mounting of the towing device(s): …

12.4. Details of any non-engine related devices designed to influence fuel consumption (if not covered by other items): …

12.5. Details of any non-engine related devices designed to reduce noise (if not covered by other items): …

12.6. Speed limitation devices

12.6.1. Manufacturer(s): …

12.6.2. Type(s): …

12.6.3. Type-approval number(s), if available: …

12.6.4. Speed or range of speeds at which the speed limitation may be set: …… km/h

12.7. Table of installation and use of RF transmitters in the vehicle(s), if applicable: …



Frequency bands (Hz)

Maximum output power (W)

Antenna position at vehicle, specific conditions for installation and/or use

 

 

 

The applicant for type-approval shall also supply, where appropriate:

Appendix 1

A list containing make and type of all electrical and/or electronic components concerned by Commission Directive 72/245/EEC (OJ L 152, 6.7.1972, p. 15).

Appendix 2

Schematics or drawing of the general arrangement of electrical and/or electronic components concerned by Directive 72/245/EEC and the general wiring harness arrangement.

Appendix 3

Description of vehicle chosen to represent the type

Body style:

Left- or right-hand drive (62) 

Wheelbase:

Appendix 4

Relevant test report(s) supplied by the manufacturer or approved/recognised laboratories for the purpose of drawing up the type-approval certificate

12.7.1. Vehicle equipped with a 24 GHz short-range radar equipment: yes/no (62) 

13.   SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR BUSES AND COACHES

13.1. Class of vehicle: Class I/Class II/Class III/Class A/Class B (62) 

13.1.1. Type-approval number of bodywork approved as a separate technical unit: …

13.1.2. Chassis types where the type-approved bodywork can be installed (manufacturer(s), and types of incomplete vehicle): …

13.2.   Area for passengers (m2)

13.2.1. Total (S0): …

13.2.2. Upper deck (S0a(62) : …

13.2.3. Lower deck (S0b(62) : …

13.2.4. For standing passengers (S1): …

13.3.   Number of passengers (seated and standing)

13.3.1. Total (N): …

13.3.2. Upper deck (Na(62) : …

13.3.3. Lower deck (Nb(62) : …

13.4.   Number of passengers seated

13.4.1. Total (A): …

13.4.2. Upper deck (Aa(62) : …

13.4.3. Lower deck (Ab(62) : …

13.4.4. Number of wheelchair positions for category M2 and M3 vehicles: …

13.5.  Number of service doors:

13.6.  Number of emergency exits (doors, windows, escape hatches, intercommunication staircase and half staircase): …

13.6.1. Total: …

13.6.2. Upper deck (62) : …

13.6.3. Lower deck (62) : …

13.7.  Volume of luggage compartments (m3):

13.8.  Area of luggage transportation on the roof (m2):

13.9.  Technical devices facilitating the access to vehicles (e.g. ramp, lifting platform, kneeling system), if fitted: …

13.10.   Strength of superstructure

13.10.1. Type-approval number, if available: …

13.10.2. For superstructures not yet approved

13.10.2.1. Detailed description of the superstructure of the vehicle type including its dimensions, configuration and constituent materials and its attachment to any chassis frame: …

13.10.2.2. Drawings of the vehicle and those parts of its interior arrangement which have an influence on the strength of the superstructure or on the residual space: …

13.10.2.3. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle in running order in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions: …

13.10.2.4. Maximum distance between the centre lines of the outboard passenger seats: …

13.11.  Points of Directive 2001/85/EC of the European parliament and of the Council (OJ L 42, 13.2.2002, p. 1) to be accomplished and demonstrated for this technical unit:

▼M15

13.12.  Drawing with dimensions showing the interior arrangement as regards the seating positions, area for standees, wheelchair user(s), luggage compartments including racks and ski-box, if any

▼M1

14.   SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR VEHICLES INTENDED FOR THE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

14.1.   Electrical equipment according to Council Directive 94/55/EC (OJ L 319, 12.12.1994, p. 1)

14.1.1. Protection against overheating of conductors: …

14.1.2. Type of circuit breaker: …

14.1.3. Type and operation of battery master switch: …

14.1.4. Description and location of safety barrier for tachograph: …

14.1.5. Description of permanently energised installations. Indicate the EN standard applied: …

14.1.6. Construction and protection of electrical installation situated to the rear of the driver's compartment: …

14.2.   Prevention of fire risks

14.2.1. Type of not readily flammable material in the driver's compartment: …

14.2.2. Type of heat shield behind the driver's compartment (if applicable): …

14.2.3. Position and heat protection of engine: …

14.2.4. Position and heat protection of the exhaust system: …

14.2.5. Type and design of the endurance braking systems heat protection: …

14.2.6. Type, design and position of combustion heaters: …

14.3.   Special requirements for bodywork, if any, according to Directive 94/55/EC

14.3.1. Description of measures to comply with the requirements for Type EX/II and Type EX/III vehicles: …

14.3.2. In the case of Type EX/III vehicles, resistance against heat from the outside: …

15.   REUSABILITY, RECYCLABILITY AND RECOVERABILITY

15.1. Version to which the reference vehicle belongs: …

15.2. Mass of the reference vehicle with bodywork or mass of the chassis with cab, without bodywork and/or coupling device if the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling device (including liquids, tools, spare wheel, if fitted) without driver: …

15.3. Mass of materials of the reference vehicle: …

15.3.1. Mass of material taken into account at the pre-treatment step ( 63 ): …

15.3.2. Mass of the material taken into account at the dismantling step (63) : …

15.3.3. Mass of material taken into account at the non-metallic residue treatment step, considered as recyclable (63) : …

15.3.4. Mass of material taken into account at the non-metallic residue treatment step, considered as energy recoverable (63) : …

15.3.5. Materials breakdown (63) : …

15.3.6. Total mass of materials, which are reusable and/or recyclable: …

15.3.7. Total mass of materials, which are reusable and/or recoverable: …

15.4.   Rates

15.4.1. Recyclability rate ‘Rcyc’ (%): …

15.4.2. Recoverability rate ‘Rcov’ (%): …

16.   ACCESS TO VEHICLE REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE INFORMATION

16.1. Address of principal website for access to vehicle repair and maintenance information: …

16.1.1. Date from which it is available (no later than 6 months from the date of type-approval): …

16.2. Terms and conditions of access to website: …

16.3. Format of the vehicle repair and maintenance information accessible through website: …

Explanatory notes

(5) Set out in such a way as to make the actual value clear for each technical configuration of the vehicle type.

▼M18 —————

▼M21

(x) Dual-fuel engines.

▼M12




ANNEX II

GENERAL DEFINITIONS, CRITERIA FOR VEHICLE CATEGORISATION, VEHICLE TYPES AND TYPES OF BODYWORK

INTRODUCTORY PART

General definitions and general provisions

1.    Definitions

1.1.

Seating position’ means any location capable of accommodating one person seated who is at least as large as:

(a) the manikin of the 50th percentile male in the case of the driver;

(b) the manikin of the 5th percentile adult female in all other cases.

1.2.

Seat’ means a complete structure with trim, integral or not with the vehicle body structure, which is intended to seat one person.

1.2.1.

The term ‘seat’ covers both an individual seat and a bench seat.

1.2.2.

Folding seats and removable seats are included in this definition.

1.3.

Goods’ means primarily any movable things.

The term ‘goods’ includes products in bulk, manufactured goods, liquids, living animals, crops, indivisible loads.

1.4.

Maximum mass’ means the ‘technically permissible maximum laden mass’ as specified in point 2.8 of Annex I.

2.    General provisions

2.1.   Number of seating positions

2.1.1.

The requirements regarding the number of seating positions apply to seats that are designed for use when the vehicle is travelling on the road.

2.1.2.

They do not apply to seats that are designed for use when the vehicle is stationary and which are clearly identified to users either by means of a pictogram or a sign with an appropriate text.

2.1.3.

The following requirements apply for the counting of the seating positions:

(a) each individual seat shall be counted as one seating position;

(b) in the case of a bench seat, any space having a width of at least 400 mm measured at the seat cushion level shall be counted as one seating position.

This condition shall not prevent the manufacturer from using the general provisions referred to in point 1.1;

(c) however, a space as referred to in point (b) shall not be counted as one seating position where:

(i) the bench seat includes features that prevent the bottom of the manikin from sitting in a natural way - for example: the presence of a fixed console box, an unpadded area or an interior trim interrupting the nominal seating surface;

(ii) the design of the floor pan located immediately in front of a presumed seating position (for example the presence of a tunnel) prevents the feet of the manikin from being positioned in a natural way.

2.1.4.

With respect to vehicles covered by Directive 2001/85/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2001 relating to special provisions for vehicles used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver’s seat, and amending Directives 70/156/EEC and 97/27/EC ( 64 ), the dimension referred to in point 2.1.3(b) shall be aligned with the minimum space required for one person in relation to the various classes of vehicles.

2.1.5.

When seat anchors for a removable seat are present in a vehicle, the removable seat shall be counted in the determination of the number of the seating positions.

2.1.6.

An area intended for an occupied wheelchair shall be regarded as one seating position.

2.1.6.1.

This provision shall be without prejudice to the requirements of point 3.6.1 and point 3.7 of Annex VII to Directive 2001/85/EC.

2.2.   Maximum mass

2.2.1.

In the case of a tractor unit for semi-trailer, the maximum mass to be considered for classifying the vehicle shall include the maximum mass of the semi-trailer borne by the fifth wheel coupling.

2.2.2.

In the case of a motor vehicle that can tow a centre-axle trailer or a rigid drawbar trailer, the maximum mass to be considered for classifying the motor vehicle shall include the maximum mass transferred to the towing vehicle by the coupling.

2.2.3.

In the case of a semi-trailer, a centre-axle trailer and a rigid drawbar trailer, the maximum mass to be considered for classifying the vehicle shall correspond to the maximum mass transmitted to the ground by the wheels of an axle or group of axles when coupled to the towing vehicle.

2.2.4.

In the case of a converter dolly, the maximum mass to be considered for classifying the vehicle shall include the maximum mass of the semi-trailer borne by the fifth wheel coupling.

2.3.   Special equipment

2.3.1.

Vehicles fitted primarily with fixed equipment such as machinery or apparatus shall be regarded as N or O category.

2.4.   Units

2.4.1.

Unless otherwise stated any unit of measurement and associated symbol shall conform to the provisions of Council Directive 80/181/EEC ( 65 ).

3.    Categorisation into vehicle categories

3.1.

The manufacturer is responsible for the categorisation of a type of vehicle into a specific category.

For such purposes, all the relevant criteria described in this Annex shall be met.

3.2.

The approval authority may request from the manufacturer appropriate additional information with the aim of demonstrating that a vehicle type needs to be categorised as special purpose vehicle in the special group (‘SG Code’).

PART A

Criteria for vehicle categorisation

1.    Vehicle categories

For the purposes of European and national type-approval, as well as individual approval, vehicles shall be categorised according to the following classification:

(It is understood that approval can only be granted for the categories referred to in points 1.1.1 to 1.1.3, 1.2.1 to 1.2.3 and 1.3.1 to 1.3.4.)

Category M

Motor vehicles designed and constructed primarily for the carriage of persons and their luggage.

Category M1

Vehicles of category M, comprising not more than eight seating positions in addition to the driver’s seating position.

Vehicles belonging to category M1 shall have no space for standing passengers.

The number of seating positions may be restricted to one (i.e. the driver’s seating position).

Category M2

Vehicles of category M, comprising more than eight seating positions in addition to the driver’s seating position and having a maximum mass not exceeding 5 tonnes.

Vehicles belonging to category M2 may have space for standing passengers in addition to the seating positions.

Category M3

Vehicles of category M, comprising more than eight seating positions in addition to the driver’s seating position and having a maximum mass exceeding 5 tonnes.

Vehicles belonging to category M3 may have space for standing passengers.

Category N

Motor vehicles designed and constructed primarily for the carriage of goods.

Category N1

Vehicles of category N having a maximum mass not exceeding 3,5 tonnes.

Category N2

Vehicles of category N having a maximum mass exceeding 3,5 tonnes but not exceeding 12 tonnes.

Category N3

Vehicles of category N having a maximum mass exceeding 12 tonnes.

Category O

Trailers designed and constructed for the carriage of goods or of persons as well as for the accommodation of persons.

Category O1

Vehicles of category O having a maximum mass not exceeding 0,75 tonnes

Category O2

Vehicles of category O having a maximum mass exceeding 0,75 tonnes but not exceeding 3,5 tonnes.

Category O3

Vehicles of category O having a maximum mass exceeding 3,5 tonnes but not exceeding 10 tonnes.

Category O4

Vehicles of category O having a maximum mass exceeding 10 tonnes.

2.    Vehicle subcategories

2.1.   Off-road vehicles

Off-road vehicle (ORV)’ means a vehicle that belongs either to category M or N, having specific technical features which permit its use off the normal roads.

For those categories of vehicles, the letter ‘G’ shall be added as suffix to the letter and numeral identifying the vehicle category.

The criteria for the subcategorisation of vehicles as ‘ORV’ shall be specified in Section 4 of Part A of this Annex.

2.2.   Special purpose vehicles

2.2.1.

Special purpose vehicle (SPV)’ means a vehicle of category M, N or O having specific technical features in order to perform a function which requires special arrangements and/or equipment.

For incomplete vehicles that are intended to fall into the SPV subcategory, the letter ‘S’ shall be added as suffix to the letter and numeral identifying the vehicle category.

The various types of special purpose vehicles are defined and listed in Section 5.

2.3.   Off road special purpose vehicle

2.3.1.

Off road special purpose vehicle (ORV-SPV)’ means a vehicle that belongs either to category M or N having the specific technical features referred to in points 2.1 and 2.2.

For those categories of vehicles, the letter ‘G’ shall be added as suffix to the letter and numeral identifying the vehicle category.

Moreover, for incomplete vehicles that are intended to fall into the SPV subcategory, the letter ‘S’ shall be added as second suffix.

3.    Criteria for the categorisation of vehicles in category N

3.1.

The categorisation of a vehicle type in category N shall be based on the technical features of the vehicle as referred to in points 3.2 to 3.6.

3.2.

As a matter of principle, the compartment(s) where all the seating positions are located shall be completely separated from the loading area.

3.3.

By way of derogation from the requirements of point 3.2, persons and goods may be transported in the same compartment under the condition that the loading area is provided with securing devices designed to protect persons transported against the displacement of the load during driving, including severe braking and cornering.

3.4.

Securing devices - lashing devices - intended for securing the load as required in point 3.3 as well as partitioning systems, intended for vehicles up to 7,5 tonnes shall be designed in accordance with the provisions of Sections 3 and 4 of Standard ISO 27956:2009 ‘Road vehicles – Securing of cargo in delivery vans – Requirements and test methods’.

3.4.1.

The requirements referred to in point 3.4 may be verified by a statement of compliance provided by the manufacturer.

3.4.2.

As an alternative to the requirements of point 3.4, the manufacturer may demonstrate to the satisfaction of the approval authority that the securing devices fitted show an equivalent level of protection as provided in the referred standard.

3.5.

The number of seating positions excluding the driver’s seating position shall not exceed:

(a) 6 in the case of N1 vehicles;

(b) 8 in the case of N2 or N3 vehicles.

3.6.

Vehicles shall show a goods-carrying capacity equal or higher than the person-carrying capacity expressed in kg.

3.6.1.

For such purposes, the following equations shall be satisfied in all configurations, in particular when all seating positions are occupied:

(a) when N = 0:

P – M ≥ 100 kg

(b) when 0 < N ≤ 2:

P – (M + N × 68) ≥ 150 kg;

(c) when N > 2:

P – (M + N × 68) ≥ N × 68;

where the letters have the following meaning:

‘P’

is the technically permissible maximum laden mass;

‘M’

is the mass in running order;

‘N’

is the number of seating positions excluding the driver’s seating position.

3.6.2.

The mass of equipment that is fitted to the vehicle in order to accommodate goods (e.g. tank, bodywork, etc.), to handle goods (e.g. crane, lift, etc.) and to secure goods (e.g. cargo securing devices) shall be included in M.

The mass of equipment that is not used for the purposes referred to above (such as a compressor, a winch, an electric power generator, broadcasting equipment, etc.) shall not be included in M for the purposes of the application of the above formulae.

3.7.

The requirements referred to in points 3.2 to 3.6 shall be met for all variants and versions within the vehicle type.

3.8.

Criteria for the categorisation of vehicles as N1.

3.8.1.

A vehicle shall be categorised as N1 when all the applicable criteria are met.

When one or more of the criteria are not met, the vehicle shall be categorised as M1.

3.8.2.

In addition to the general criteria referred to in points 3.2 to 3.6, the criteria specified in points 3.8.2.1 to 3.8.2.3.5 shall be met for the categorisation of vehicles for which the compartment where the driver is located and the load are within a single unit (i.e. bodywork ‘BB’).

3.8.2.1.

The fact that a wall or a partition, complete or partial, is fitted between a seat row and the cargo area shall not rule out the obligation to meet the required criteria.

3.8.2.2.

The criteria shall be as follows:

(a) the loading of the goods shall be possible by a rear door, a tailgate or a side-door designed and constructed for that purposes;

(b) in the case of a rear door or a tailgate, the loading aperture shall meet the following requirements:

(i) in the case the vehicle is fitted with only one row of seats or with only the driver seat, the minimum height of the loading aperture shall be at least 600 mm;

(ii) in the case the vehicle is fitted with two or more rows of seats, the minimum height of the loading aperture shall be at least 800 mm and the aperture shall show a surface of at least 12 800 cm2;

(c) The cargo area shall meet the following requirements:

cargo area’ means the part of the vehicle located behind the row(s) of seats or behind the driver seat when the vehicle is fitted with only one driver seat;

(i) the loading surface of the cargo area shall be generally flat;

(ii) where the vehicle is fitted with only one row of seats or with one seat, the minimum length of the cargo area shall be at least 40 % of the wheelbase;

(iii) where the vehicle is fitted with two or more rows of seats, the minimum length of the cargo area shall be at least 30 % of the wheelbase.

Where the seats of the last row of seats can be easily removed from the vehicle without the use of special tools, the requirements regarding the length of the cargo area shall be met with all the seats installed in the vehicle;

(iv) the requirements regarding the length of the cargo area shall be met when the seats of the first row or of the last row, as the case may be, are upright in their normal position for use by the vehicle occupants.

3.8.2.3.

Specific conditions for measurement

3.8.2.3.1.   Definitions

(a) Height of the loading aperture’, means the vertical distance between two horizontal planes tangent respectively to the highest point of the lower part of the doorway and the lowest point of the upper part of the doorway;

(b) surface of the loading aperture’ means the greatest surface of the orthogonal projection on a vertical plane, perpendicular to the centreline of the vehicle, of the maximum aperture permitted when the rear door(s) or tailgate is (are) wide open;

(c) wheelbase’, for the purposes of application of the formulae in points 3.8.2.2 and 3.8.3.1, means the distance between:

(i) the centreline of the front axle and the centreline of the second axle in the case of a two axle vehicle; or

(ii) the centreline of the front axle and the centreline of a virtual axle equally distant from the second and third axle in the case of a three axle vehicle.

3.8.2.3.2.   Seat adjustments

(a) the seats shall be adjusted at their rear outermost positions;

(b) the seat back, if adjustable, shall be adjusted as to accommodate the three-dimensional H-point machine at a torso angle of 25 degrees;

(c) the seat back, if not adjustable, shall be in the position designed by the vehicle manufacturer;

(d) When the seat is adjustable in height, it shall be adjusted to its lowest position.

3.8.2.3.3.   Vehicle conditions

(a) the vehicle shall be in loaded conditions corresponding to its maximum mass;

(b) the vehicle shall be with its wheels straight ahead.

3.8.2.3.4.

The requirements of point 3.8.2.3.2 shall not apply when the vehicle is fitted with a wall or a partition.

3.8.2.3.5.

Measurement of the length of the cargo area

(a) When the vehicle is not fitted with a partition or a wall, the length shall be measured from a vertical plane tangent to the rear outermost point of the top of the seat back to the rear internal pane or door or tailgate, in closed position;

(b) when the vehicle is fitted with a partition or a wall, the length shall be measured from a vertical plane tangent to the rear outermost point of the partition or the wall to the rear internal pane or door or tailgate, as the case may be, in closed position;

(c) the requirements concerning the length shall be fulfilled at least along an horizontal line situated in the longitudinal vertical plane passing through the centreline of the vehicle, at the level of the load floor.

3.8.3.

In addition to the general criteria referred to in points 3.2 to 3.6, the criteria specified in points 3.8.3.1 to 3.8.3.4 shall be met for the categorisation of vehicles for which the compartment where the driver is located and the load are not within a single unit (i.e. bodywork ‘BE’).

3.8.3.1.

Where the vehicle is fitted with an enclosure type body, the following shall apply:

(a) the loading of the goods shall be possible by a rear door, a tailgate or a panel or other means;

(b) the minimum height of the loading aperture shall be at least 800 mm and the aperture shall show a surface of at least 12 800 cm2;

(c) The minimum length of the cargo area shall be at least 40 % of the wheelbase.

3.8.3.2.

Where the vehicle is fitted with an open type cargo area, only the provisions referred to in points 3.8.3.1(a) and (c) shall apply.

3.8.3.3.

For the application of the provisions referred to in point 3.8.3, the definitions in point 3.8.2 shall apply mutatis mutandis.

3.8.3.4.

However, the requirements concerning the length of the cargo area shall be fulfilled along a horizontal line situated in the longitudinal plane passing through the centreline of the vehicle at the level of the load floor.

4.    Criteria for the subcategorisation of vehicles as off-road vehicles

4.1.

M1 or N1 vehicles shall be subcategorised as off-road vehicles if they satisfy at the same time the following conditions:

(a) at least one front and at least one rear axle designed to be driven simultaneously irrespective of whether one powered axle can be disengaged;

(b) at least one differential locking mechanism or a mechanism having similar effect is fitted;

(c) they are able to climb at least a 25 % gradient as solo vehicle;

(d) they satisfy five out of the following six requirements:

(i) the approach angle shall be at least 25 degrees;

(ii) the departure angle shall be at least 20 degrees;

(iii) the ramp angle shall be at least 20 degrees;

(iv) the ground clearance under the front axle shall be at least 180 mm;

(v) the ground clearance under the rear axle shall be at least 180 mm;

(vi) the ground clearance between the axles shall be at least 200 mm.

4.2.

M2, N2 or M3 vehicles whose maximum mass does not exceed 12 tonnes shall be subcategorised as off-road vehicles if they satisfy the condition set out in point (a) or both conditions set out in points (b) and (c):

(a) all their axles are driven simultaneously, irrespective of whether one or more powered axles can be disengaged;

(b)

 

(i) at least one front and at least one rear axle are designed to be driven simultaneously irrespective of whether one powered axle can be disengaged;

(ii) at least one differential locking mechanism or a mechanism having the same effect is fitted;

(iii) they are able to climb a 25 % gradient as a solo vehicle;

(c) they satisfy at least five out of the following six requirements if their maximum mass does not exceed 7,5 tonnes and at least four if their maximum mass exceeds 7,5 tonnes:

(i) the approach angle shall be at least 25 degrees;

(ii) the departure angle shall be at least 25 degrees;

(iii) the ramp angle shall be at least 25 degrees;

(iv) the ground clearance under the front axle shall be at least 250 mm;

(v) the ground clearance between axles shall be at least 300 mm;

(vi) the ground clearance under the rear axle shall be at least 250 mm.

4.3.

M3 or N3 vehicles whose maximum mass exceeds 12 tonnes shall be subcategorised as off-road vehicles if they satisfy the condition set out in point (a) or both conditions set out in points (b) and (c):

(a) all their axles are driven simultaneously, irrespective of whether one or more powered axles can be disengaged;

(b)

 

(i) at least half of the axles (or two axles out of the three in the case of a three axle vehicle and mutatis mutandis in the case of a five axle vehicle) is designed to be driven simultaneously, irrespective of whether one powered axle can be disengaged;

(ii) there is at least one differential locking mechanism or a mechanism having similar effect;

(iii) they are able to climb a 25 % gradient as solo vehicle;

(c) they satisfy at least four out of the following six requirements:

(i) the approach angle shall be at least 25 degrees;

(ii) the departure angle shall be at least 25 degrees;

(iii) the ramp angle shall be at least 25 degrees;

(iv) the ground clearance under the front axle shall be at least 250 mm;

(v) the ground clearance between axles shall be at least 300 mm;

(vi) the ground clearance under the rear axle shall be at least 250 mm.

4.4.

The procedure for checking compliance with the geometrical provisions referred to in this section shall be set out in Appendix 1.

5.    Special purpose vehicles



 

Name

Code

Definition

5.1.

Motor caravan

SA

A vehicle of category M with living accommodation space which contains the following equipment as a minimum:

(a)  seats and table;

(b)  sleeping accommodation which may be converted from the seats;

(c)  cooking facilities;

(d)  storage facilities.

This equipment shall be rigidly fixed to the living compartment.

However, the table may be designed to be easily removable.

5.2.

Armoured vehicle

SB

a vehicle intended for the protection of conveyed persons or goods with anti-bullet armour plating.

▼M22

5.3.

Ambulance

SC

a vehicle of category M intended for the transport of sick or injured persons and having special equipment for such purpose.

▼M12

5.4.

Hearse

SD

a vehicle of category M intended for the transport of deceased persons and having special equipment for such purpose.

5.5.

Wheelchair accessible vehicle

SH

a vehicle of category M1 constructed or converted specifically so that they accommodate one or more persons seated in their wheelchairs when travelling on the road.

5.6.

Trailer caravan

SE

a vehicle of category O as defined in term 3.2.1.3 of Standard ISO 3833:1977.

5.7.

Mobile crane

SF

a vehicle of category N3, not fitted for the carriage of goods, provided with a crane whose lifting moment is equal to or higher than 400 kNm.

5.8.

Special group

SG

a special purpose vehicle which does not enter in any of the definitions mentioned in this section.

5.9.

Converter dolly

SJ

a vehicle of category O equipped with a fifth-wheel coupling to support a semi-trailer with a view to converting the latter into a trailer.

5.10.

Exceptional load transport trailer

SK

a vehicle of category O4 intended for the transport of indivisible loads that is subject to speed and traffic restrictions because of its dimensions.

Under this term are also included hydraulic modular trailers irrespective of the number of modules.

▼M22

5.11.

Exceptional load transport motor vehicle

SL

a road tractor or tractor unit for semi-trailer of category N3 meeting all the following conditions:

(a)  having more than two axles and at least half of the axles (two axles out of three in the case of a three axle vehicle and mutatis mutandis in the case of a five axle vehicle) designed to be driven simultaneously, irrespective of whether one powered axle can be disengaged,

(b)  which is designed for towing and pushing exceptional load transport trailer of category O4,

(c)  which has a minimum engine power of 350 kW, and

(d)  which can be equipped with an additional front coupling device for heavy towable masses

5.12.

Multi-equipment carrier

SM

an off-road vehicle of category N (as defined in point 2.3) designed and constructed for pulling, pushing, carrying and actuating certain inter-changeable equipment,

(a)  with not less than two mounting areas for this equipment,

(b)  with standardised, mechanical, hydraulic and/or electrical interfaces (e.g. Power take off) for powering and actuating the above mentioned equipment and

(c)  which fulfills the definition of ISO 3833-1977, section 3.1.4 (special vehicle).

If the vehicle is equipped with an auxiliary load platform, its maximum length shall not exceed:

(a)  1,4 times of the front or rear track width of the vehicle, whichever is the larger in the case of two axle vehicles, or

(b)  2,0 times of the front or rear track width of the vehicle, whichever is the larger in the case of vehicles having more than two axles

▼M12

6.    Remarks

6.1.

Type-approval shall not be granted:

(a) to converter dolly as defined in Section 5 of Part A of this Annex;

(b) to rigid drawbar trailers as defined in Section 4 of Part C of this Annex;

(c) to trailers in which persons may be carried when travelling on the road.

6.2.

Paragraph 6.1 is without prejudice to the provisions of Article 23 on national small series type-approval.

PART B

Criteria for vehicle types, variants and versions

1.    Category M1

1.1.   Vehicle type

1.1.1.

A ‘vehicle type’ shall consist of vehicles which have all of the following features in common:

(a) the manufacturer’s company name.

A change in the legal form of ownership of the company does not require that a new approval has to be granted;

(b) the design and assembly of the essential parts of the body structure in the case of a self-supporting body.

The same shall apply mutatis mutandis to vehicles the bodywork of which is bolted on or welded to a separate frame;

(c) in the case of multi-stage built vehicles, the manufacturer and the type of the previous stage vehicle.

1.1.2.

By way of derogation from the requirements of point 1.1.1(b), when the manufacturer uses the floor portion of the body structure as well as the essential constituent elements forming the front part of the body structure located directly in front of the windscreen bay, in the construction of different kinds of bodywork (for example a saloon and a coupe), those vehicles may be considered as belonging to the same type. Evidence thereof shall be provided by the manufacturer.

1.1.3.

A type shall consist of at least one variant and one version.

1.2.   Variant

1.2.1.

A ‘variant’ within a vehicle type shall group the vehicles which have all of the following construction features in common:

(a) the number of lateral doors or the type of bodywork as defined in Section 1 of Part C when the manufacturer uses the criterion of point 1.1.2;

(b) the power plant with regard to the following construction features:

(i) the type of energy supply (internal combustion engine, electric motor or other);

(ii) the working principle (positive ignition, compression ignition or other);

(iii) the number and arrangement of cylinders in the case of internal combustion engine (L4, V6 or other);

(c) the number of axles;

(d) the number, and interconnection of powered axles;

(e) the number of steered axles;

(f) the stage of completion (e.g. complete/incomplete).

1.3.   Version

1.3.1.

A ‘version’ within a variant shall group the vehicles which have all the following features in common:

(a) the technically permissible maximum laden mass;

(b) the engine capacity in the case of internal combustion engine;

(c) the maximum engine power output or the maximum continuous rated power (electric motor);

(d) the nature of the fuel (petrol, gas oil, LPG, bi-fuel or other);

(e) the maximum number of seating positions;

(f) drive-by sound level;

(g) exhaust emission level (for example Euro 5, Euro 6 or other);

(h) combined or weighted, combined CO2 emissions;

(i) electric energy consumption (weighted, combined);

(j) combined or weighted, combined fuel consumption;

(k) the existence of a unique set of innovative technologies, as specified in Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 ( 66 ).

2.    Categories M2 and M3

2.1.   Vehicle type

2.1.1.

A ‘vehicle type’ shall consist of vehicles which have all of the following features in common:

(a) the manufacturer’s company name.

A change in the legal form of ownership of the company does not require that a new approval has to be granted;

(b) the category;

(c) the following aspects of construction and design:

(i) the design and construction of the essential constituent elements forming the chassis;

(ii) the design and construction of the essential constituent elements forming the body structure in the case of a self-supporting body;

(d) the number of decks (single or double);

(e) the number of sections (rigid/articulated);

(f) the number of axles;

(g) the mode of energy supply (on-board or off-board);

(h) in the case of multi-stage built vehicles, the manufacturer and the type of the previous stage vehicle.

2.1.2.

A type shall consist of at least one variant and one version.

2.2.   Variant

2.2.1.

A ‘variant’ within a vehicle type shall group the vehicles which have all of the following construction features in common:

(a) the type of bodywork as defined in Section 2 of Part C;

(b) the class or combination of classes of vehicles as defined in point 2.1.1 of Annex I to Directive 2001/85/EC (only in the case of complete and completed vehicles);

(c) the stage of completion (e.g. complete/incomplete/completed);

(d) the power plant with regard to the following construction features:

(i) the type of energy supply (internal combustion engine, electric motor or other);

(ii) the working principle (positive ignition, compression ignition or other);

(iii) the number and arrangement of cylinders in the case of internal combustion engine (L6, V8 or other).

2.3.   Version

2.3.1.

A ‘version’ within a variant shall group the vehicles which have all the following features in common:

(a) the technically permissible maximum laden mass;

(b) the ability of the vehicle to tow a trailer or not;

(c) the engine capacity in the case of internal combustion engine;

(d) the maximum engine power output or the maximum continuous rated power (electric motor);

(e) the nature of the fuel (petrol, gas oil, LPG, bi-fuel or other);

(f) drive-by sound level;

(g) exhaust emission level (for example Euro IV, Euro V or other).

3.    Category N1

3.1.   Vehicle type

3.1.1.

A ‘vehicle type’ shall consist of vehicles which have all of the following features in common:

(a) the manufacturer’s company name.

A change in the legal form of ownership of the company does not require that a new approval has to be granted;

(b) the design and assembly of the essential parts of the body structure in the case of a self-supporting body;

(c) the design and the construction of the essential constituent elements forming the chassis in the case of a non self-supporting body;

(d) in the case of multi-stage built vehicles, the manufacturer and the type of the previous stage vehicle.

3.1.2.

By way of derogation from the requirements of point 3.1.1(b), when the manufacturer uses the floor portion of the body structure as well the essential constituent elements forming the front part of the body structure located directly in front of the windscreen bay, in the construction of different kinds of bodywork (for example a van and a chassis-cab, different wheelbases and different roof heights), those vehicles may be considered as belonging to the same type. Evidence thereof shall be provided by the manufacturer.

3.1.3.

A type shall consist of at least one variant and one version.

3.2.   Variant

3.2.1.

A ‘variant’ within a vehicle type shall group the vehicles which have all of the following construction features in common:

(a) the number of lateral doors or the type of bodywork as defined in Section 3 of Part C (for complete and completed vehicles) when the manufacturer uses the criterion of point 3.1.2;

(b) the stage of completion (e.g. complete/incomplete/completed);

(c) the power plant with regard to the following construction features:

(i) the type of energy supply (internal combustion engine, electric motor or other);

(ii) the working principle (positive ignition, compression ignition or other);

(iii) the number and arrangement of cylinders in the case of internal combustion engine (L6, V8 or other);

(d) the number of axles;

(e) the number and interconnection of powered axles;

(f) the number of steered axles.

3.3.   Version

3.3.1.

A ‘version’ within a variant shall group the vehicles which have all the following features in common:

(a) the technically permissible maximum laden mass;

(b) the engine capacity in the case of internal combustion engine;

(c) the maximum engine power output or maximum continuous rated power (electric motor);

(d) the nature of the fuel (petrol, gas oil, LPG, bi-fuel or other);

(e) the maximum number of seating positions;

(f) drive-by sound level;

(g) exhaust emission level (for example Euro 5, Euro 6 or other);

(h) combined or weighted, combined CO2 emissions;

(i) electric energy consumption (weighted, combined);

(j) combined or weighted, combined fuel consumption.

4.    Categories N2 and N3

4.1.   Vehicle type

4.1.1.

A ‘vehicle type’ shall consist of vehicles which have all of the following essential features in common:

(a) the manufacturer’s company name.

A change in the legal form of ownership of the company does not require that a new approval has to be granted;

(b) the category;

(c) the design and construction of the chassis that are common to a single line of product;

(d) the number of axles;

(e) in the case of multi-stage built vehicles, the manufacturer and the type of the previous stage vehicle.

4.1.2.

A type shall consist of at least one variant and one version.

4.2.   Variant

4.2.1.

A ‘variant’ within a vehicle type shall group the vehicles which have all of the following construction features in common:

(a) the body structural concept or type of bodywork as referred to in Section 3 of Part C and in Appendix 2 (only for complete and completed vehicles);

(b) the stage of completion (e.g. complete/incomplete/completed);

(c) the power plant with regard to the following construction features:

(i) the type of energy supply (internal combustion engine, electric motor or other);

(ii) the working principle (positive ignition, compression ignition or other);

(iii) the number and arrangement of cylinders in the case of internal combustion engine (L6, V8 or other);

(d) the number and interconnection of powered axles;

(e) the number of steered axles.

4.3.   Version

4.3.1.

A ‘version’ within a variant shall group the vehicles which have all the following features in common:

(a) the technically permissible maximum laden mass;

(b) the ability or not to tow a trailer as follows:

(i) an unbraked trailer;

(ii) a trailer with an inertia (or overrun) braking system as defined in point 2.12 of UNECE Regulation No 13;

(iii) a trailer with a continuous or semi-continuous braking system as defined in points 2.9 and 2.10 of UNECE Regulation No 13;

(iv) a trailer of category O4 that results in a maximum mass of the combination not exceeding 44 tonnes;

(v) a trailer of category O4 that results in a maximum mass of the combination exceeding 44 tonnes;

(c) the engine capacity;

(d) the maximum engine power output;

(e) the nature of the fuel (petrol, gas oil, LPG, bi-fuel or other);

(f) drive-by sound level;

(g) exhaust emission level (for example Euro IV, Euro V or other).

5.    Categories O1 and O2

5.1.   Vehicle type

5.1.1.

A ‘vehicle type’ shall consist of vehicles which have all of the following features in common:

(a) the manufacturer’s company name.

A change in the legal form of ownership of the company does not require that a new approval has to be granted;

(b) the category;

(c) the concept as defined in section 4 of Part C;

(d) the following aspects of construction and design:

(i) the design and construction of the essential constituent elements forming the chassis;

(ii) the design and construction of the essential constituent elements forming the body structure in the case of a self-supporting body;

(e) the number of axles;

(f) in the case of multi-stage built vehicles, the manufacturer and the type of the previous stage vehicle.

5.1.2.

A type shall consist of at least one variant and one version.

5.2.   Variant

5.2.1.

A ‘variant’ within a vehicle type shall group the vehicles which have all of the following construction features in common:

(a) the kind of bodywork as referred to in Appendix 2 (for complete and completed vehicles);

(b) the stage of completion (e.g. complete/incomplete/completed);

(c) the type of braking system (e.g. unbraked/inertia/power).

5.3.   Version

5.3.1.

A ‘version’ within a variant shall group the vehicles which have all the following features in common:

(a) the technically permissible maximum laden mass;

(b) the concept of the suspension (air, steel or rubber suspension, torsion bar or other);

(c) the concept of the drawbar (triangle, tube or other).

6.    Categories O3 and O4

6.1.   Vehicle type

6.1.1.

A ‘vehicle type’ shall consist of vehicles which have all of the following features in common:

(a) the manufacturer’s company name.

A change in the legal form of ownership of the company does not require that a new approval has to be granted;

(b) the category;

(c) the concept of the trailer with relation to the definitions in section 4 of Part C;

(d) the following aspects of construction and design:

(i) the design and construction of the essential constituent elements forming the chassis;

(ii) the design and construction of the essential constituent elements forming the body structure in the case of trailers with a self-supporting body;

(e) the number of axles;

(f) in the case of multi-stage built vehicles, the manufacturer and the type of the previous stage vehicle.

6.1.2.

A type shall consist of at least one variant and one version.

6.2.   Variants

6.2.1.

A ‘variant’ within a vehicle type shall group the vehicles which have all of the following construction and design features in common:

(a) the kind of bodywork as referred to in Appendix 2 (for complete and completed vehicles);

(b) the stage of completion (e.g. complete/incomplete/completed);

(c) the concept of the suspensions (steel, air or hydraulic suspension);

(d) the following technical features:

(i) the capability or not for the chassis to be extendible;

(ii) the deck height (normal, low loader, semi-low loader etc.).

6.3.   Versions

6.3.1.

A ‘version’ within a variant shall group the vehicles which have all the following features in common:

(a) the technically permissible maximum laden mass;

(b) the subdivisions or combination of subdivisions referred to in points 3.2 and 3.3 of Annex I to Directive 96/53/EC into which the axle spacing between two consecutive axles forming a group belongs;

(c) the definition of the axles in the following respects;

(i) lift axles (number and position);

(ii) loadable axles (number and position);

(iii) steered axle (number and position).

7.    Common requirements for all vehicle categories

7.1.

When a vehicle falls into several categories because of its maximum mass or the number of seating positions or both, the manufacturer may select to use the criteria of one or the other vehicle category for the definition of the variants and the versions.

7.1.1.

Examples:

(a) a vehicle ‘A’ may be type-approved as N1 (3,5 tonnes) and N2 (4,2 tonnes) in relation to its maximum mass. In such a case, the parameters mentioned in category N1 may be used also for the vehicle that falls into category N2 (or vice-versa);

(b) A vehicle ‘B’ may be type-approved as M1 and M2 in relation to the number of seating positions (7 + 1 or 10 + 1), the parameters mentioned in category M1 may be used also for the vehicle that falls into category M2 (or vice-versa).

7.2.

A vehicle of category N may be type-approved against the provisions required for category M1 or M2, as the case may be, when it is intended to be converted into a vehicle of that category during the next step of a multi-stage type-approval procedure.

7.2.1.

This option shall only be permitted for incomplete vehicles.

Such vehicles shall be identified by a specific variant code given by the manufacturer of the base vehicle.

7.3.

Type-, variant- and version designations

7.3.1.

The manufacturer shall allocate an alphanumeric code to each vehicle type, variant and version, made up of Roman letters and/or Arabic numerals.

The use of brackets and hyphens is permitted provided they do not replace a letter or a numeral.

7.3.2.

The whole code shall be designated: Type-Variant-Version or ‘TVV’.

7.3.3.

The TVV shall clearly and unequivocally identify a unique combination of technical features in relation to the criteria defined in Part B of this Annex.

7.3.4.

The same manufacturer may use the same code in order to define a vehicle type when the latter falls in two or more categories.

7.3.5.

The same manufacturer shall not use the same code in order to define a vehicle type for more than one type-approval within the same vehicle category.

7.4.

Number of characters for the TVV

7.4.1.

The number of characters shall not exceed:

(a) 15 for the code of the vehicle type;

(b) 25 for the code of one variant;

(c) 35 for the code of one version.

7.4.2.

The complete alphanumeric ‘TVV’ shall not contain more than 75 characters.

7.4.3.

When the TVV is used as a whole, a space shall be left between the type, the variant and the version.

Example of such TVV: 159AF[…space]0054[…space]977K(BE).

PART C

Definitions of types of bodywork

0.    General

0.1.

The type of bodywork referred to in Section 9 of Annex I and Part 1 of Annex III as well as the code for bodywork referred to in Item 38 of Annex IX shall be indicated by means of codes.

The list of codes shall apply primarily to complete and completed vehicles.

0.2.

As regards vehicles of categories M, the type of bodywork shall consist of two letters as specified in Sections 1 and 2.

0.3.

As regards vehicles of categories N and O, the type of bodywork shall consist of two letters as referred to in Sections 3 and 4.

0.4.

Where necessary (especially for the types of bodywork referred to respectively in points 3.1 and 3.6 and in points 4.1 to 4.4), they shall be supplemented by two digits.

0.4.1.

The list of digits shall be laid down in Appendix 2 to this Annex.

0.5.

For special purpose vehicles, the type of bodywork to be used shall be linked to the category of the vehicle.

1.    Vehicles belonging to category M1



Ref.

Code

Name

Definition

1.1.