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Document 01998L0083-20151027

Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/1998/83/2015-10-27

1998L0083 — EN — 27.10.2015 — 003.001


This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents

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COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 98/83/EC

of 3 November 1998

on the quality of water intended for human consumption

(OJ L 330 5.12.1998, p. 32)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

REGULATION (EC) No 1882/2003 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 29 September 2003

  L 284

1

31.10.2003

►M2

REGULATION (EC) No 596/2009 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 18 June 2009

  L 188

14

18.7.2009

►M3

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE (EU) 2015/1787 of 6 October 2015

  L 260

6

7.10.2015


Corrected by:

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Corrigendum, OJ L 111, 20.4.2001, p.  31  (1998/83)




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COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 98/83/EC

of 3 November 1998

on the quality of water intended for human consumption



THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community and, in particular, Article 130s(1) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission ( 1 ),

Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee ( 2 ),

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions ( 3 ),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 189c ( 4 ),

(1)

Whereas it is necessary to adapt Council Directive 80/778/EEC of 15 July 1980 relating to the quality of water intended for human consumption ( 5 ) to scientific and technological progress; whereas experience gained from implementing that Directive shows that it is necessary to create an appropriately flexible and transparent legal framework for Member States to address failures to meet the standards; whereas, furthermore, that Directive should be re-examined in the light of the Treaty on European Union and in particular the principle of subsidiarity;

(2)

Whereas in keeping with Article 3b of the Treaty, which provides that no Community action should go beyond what is necessary to achieve the objectives of the Treaty, it is necessary to revise Directive 80/778/EEC so as to focus on compliance with essential quality and health parameters, leaving Member States free to add other parameters if they see fit;

(3)

Whereas, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, Community action must support and supplement action by the competent authorities in the Member States;

(4)

Whereas, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, the natural and socio-economic differences between the regions of the Union require that most decisions on monitoring, analysis, and the measures to be taken to redress failures be taken at a local, regional or national level insofar as those differences do not detract from the establishment of the framework of laws, regulations and administrative provisions laid down in this Directive;

(5)

Whereas Community standards for essential and preventive health-related quality parameters in water intended for human consumption are necessary if minimum environmental-quality goals to be achieved in connection with other Community measures are to be defined so that the sustainable use of water intended for human consumption may be safeguarded and promoted;

(6)

Whereas, in view of the importance of the quality of water intended for human consumption for human health, it is necessary to lay down at Community level the essential quality standards with which water intended for that purpose must comply;

(7)

Whereas it is necessary to include water used in the food industry unless it can be established that the use of such water does not affect the wholesomeness of the finished product;

(8)

Whereas to enable water-supply undertakings to meet the quality standards for drinking water, appropriate water-protection measures should be applied to ensure that surface and groundwater is kept clean; whereas the same goal can be achieved by appropriate water-treatment measures to be applied before supply;

(9)

Whereas the coherence of European water policy presupposes that a suitable water framework Directive will be adopted in due course;

(10)

Whereas it is necessary to exclude from the scope of this Directive natural mineral waters and waters which are medicinal products, since special rules for those types of water have been established;

(11)

Whereas measures are required for all parameters directly relevant to health and for other parameters if a deterioration in quality has occurred; whereas, furthermore, such measures should be carefully coordinated with the implementation of Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market ( 6 ) and Directive 98/8/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 1998 concerning the placing of biocidal products on the market ( 7 );

(12)

Whereas it is necessary to set individual parametric values for substances which are important throughout the Community at a level strict enough to ensure that this Directive's purpose can be achieved;

(13)

Whereas the parametric values are based on the scientific knowledge available and the precautionary principle has also been taken into account; whereas those values have been selected to ensure that water intended for human consumption can be consumed safely on a life-long basis, and thus represent a high level of health protection;

(14)

Whereas a balance should be struck to prevent both microbiological and chemical risks; whereas, to that end, and in the light of a future review of the parametric values, the establishment of parametric values applicable to water intended for human consumption should be based on public-health considerations and on a method of assessing risk;

(15)

Whereas there is at present insufficient evidence on which to base parametric values for endocrine-disrupting chemicals at Community level, yet there is increasing concern regarding the potential impact on humans and wildlife of the effects of substances harmful to health;

(16)

Whereas in particular the standards in Annex I are generally based on the World Health Organisation's ‘Guidelines for drinking water quality’, and the opinion of the Commission's Scientific Advisory Committee to examine the toxicity and ecotoxicity of chemical compounds;

(17)

Whereas Member States must set values for other additional parameters not included in Annex I where that is necessary to protect human health within their territories;

(18)

Whereas Member States may set values for other additional parameters not included in Annex I where that is deemed necessary for the purpose of ensuring the quality of the production, distribution and inspection of water intended for human consumption;

(19)

Whereas, when Member States deem it necessary to adopt standards more stringent than those set out in Annex I, Parts A and B, or standards for additional parameters not included in Annex I but necessary to protect human health, they must notify the Commission of those standards;

(20)

Whereas Member States are bound, when introducing or maintaining more stringent protection measures, to respect the principles and rules of the Treaty, as they are interpreted by the Court of Justice;

(21)

Whereas the parametric values are to be complied with at the point where water intended for human consumption is made available to the appropriate user;

(22)

Whereas the quality of water intended for human consumption can be influenced by the domestic distribution system; whereas, furthermore, it is recognised that neither the domestic distribution system nor its maintenance may be the responsibility of the Member States;

(23)

Whereas each Member State should establish monitoring programmes to check that water intended for human consumption meets the requirements of this Directive; whereas such monitoring programmes should be appropriate to local needs and should meet the minimum monitoring requirements laid down in this Directive;

(24)

Whereas the methods used to analyse the quality of water intended for human consumption should be such as to ensure that the results obtained are reliable and comparable;

(25)

Whereas, in the event of non-compliance with the standards imposed by this Directive the Member State concerned should investigate the cause and ensure that the necessary remedial action is taken as soon as possible to restore the quality of the water;

(26)

Whereas it is important to prevent contaminated water causing a potential danger to human health; whereas the supply of such water should be prohibited or its use restricted;

(27)

Whereas, in the event of non-compliance with a parameter that has an indicator function, the Member State concerned must consider whether that non-compliance poses any risk to human health; whereas it should take remedial action to restore the quality of the water where that is necessary to protect human health;

(28)

Whereas, should such remedial action be necessary to restore the quality of water intended for human consumption, in accordance with Article 130r(2) of the Treaty, priority should be given to action which rectifies the problem at source;

(29)

Whereas Member States should be authorised, under certain conditions, to grant derogations from this Directive; whereas, furthermore, it is necessary to establish a proper framework for such derogations, provided that they must not constitute a potential danger to human health and provided that the supply of water intended for human consumption in the area concerned cannot otherwise be maintained by any other reasonable means;

(30)

Whereas, since the preparation or distribution of water intended for human consumption may involve the use of certain substances or materials, rules are required to govern the use thereof in order to avoid possible harmful effects on human health;

(31)

Whereas scientific and technical progress may necessitate rapid adaptation of the technical requirements laid down in Annexes II and III; whereas, furthermore, in order to facilitate application of the measures required for that purpose, provision should be made for a procedure under which the Commission can adopt such adaptations with the assistance of a committee composed of representatives of the Member States;

(32)

Whereas consumers should be adequately and appropriately informed of the quality of water intended for human consumption, of any derogations granted by the Member States and of any remedial action taken by the competent authorities; whereas, furthermore, consideration should be given both to the technical and statistical needs of the Commission, and to the rights of the individual to obtain adequate information concerning the quality of water intended for human consumption;

(33)

Whereas, in exceptional circumstances and for geographically defined areas, it may be necessary to allow Member States a more extensive timescale for compliance with certain provisions of this Directive;

(34)

Whereas this Directive should not affect the obligations of the Member States as to the time limit for transposition into national law, or as to application, as shown in Annex IV,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:



Article 1

Objective

1.  This Directive concerns the quality of water intended for human consumption.

2.  The objective of this Directive shall be to protect human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean.

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Directive:

1. ‘water intended for human consumption’ shall mean:

(a) all water either in its original state or after treatment, intended for drinking, cooking, food preparation or other domestic purposes, regardless of its origin and whether it is supplied from a distribution network, from a tanker, or in bottles or containers;

(b) all water used in any food-production undertaking for the manufacture, processing, preservation or marketing of products or substances intended for human consumption unless the competent national authorities are satisfied that the quality of the water cannot affect the wholesomeness of the foodstuff in its finished form;

2. ‘domestic distribution system’ shall mean the pipework, fittings and appliances which are installed between the taps that are normally used for human consumption and the distribution network but only if they are not the responsibility of the water supplier, in its capacity as a water supplier, according to the relevant national law.

Article 3

Exemptions

1.  This Directive shall not apply to:

(a) natural mineral waters recognised as such by the competent national authorities, in accordance with Council Directive 80/777/EEC of 15 July 1980 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the exploitation and marketing of natural mineral waters ( 8 );

(b) waters which are medicinal products within the meaning of Council Directive 65/65/EEC of 26 January 1965 on the approximation of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action relating to medicinal products ( 9 ).

2.  Member States may exempt from the provisions of this Directive:

(a) water intended exclusively for those purposes for which the competent authorities are satisfied that the quality of the water has no influence, either directly or indirectly, on the health of the consumers concerned;

(b) water intended for human consumption from an individual supply providing less than 10 mZ3 a day as an average or serving fewer than 50 persons, unless the water is supplied as part of a commercial or public activity.

3.  Member States that have recourse to the exemptions provided for in paragraph 2(b) shall ensure that the population concerned is informed thereof and of any action that can be taken to protect human health from the adverse effects resulting from any contamination of water intended for human consumption. In addition, when a potential danger to human health arising out of the quality of such water is apparent, the population concerned shall promptly be given appropriate advice.

Article 4

General obligations

1.  Without prejudice to their obligations under other Community provisions, Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure that water intended for human consumption is wholesome and clean. For the purposes of the minimum requirements of this Directive, water intended for human consumption shall be wholesome and clean if it:

(a) is free from any micro-organisms and parasites and from any substances which, in numbers or concentrations, constitute a potential danger to human health, and

(b) meets the minimum requirements set out in Annex I, Parts A and B;

and if, in accordance with the relevant provisions of Articles 5 to 8 and 10 and in accordance with the Treaty, Member States take all other measures necessary to ensure that water intended for human consumption complies with the requirements of this Directive.

2.  Member States shall ensure that the measures taken to implement this Directive in no circumstances have the effect of allowing, directly or indirectly, either any deterioration of the present quality of water intended for human consumption so far as that is relevant for the protection of human health or any increase in the pollution of waters used for the production of drinking water.

Article 5

Quality standards

1.  Member States shall set values applicable to water intended for human consumption for the parameters set out in Annex I.

2.  The values set in accordance with paragraph 1 shall not be less stringent than those set out in Annex I. As regards the parameters set out in Annex I, Part C, the values need be fixed only for monitoring purposes and for the fulfilment of the obligations imposed in Article 8.

3.  A Member State shall set values for additional parameters not included in Annex I where the protection of human health within its national territory or part of it so requires. The values set should, as a minimum, satisfy the requirements of Article 4(1)(a).

Article 6

Point of compliance

1.  The parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 shall be complied with:

(a) in the case of water supplied from a distribution network, at the point, within premises or an establishment, at which it emerges from the taps that are normally used for human consumption;

(b) in the case of water supplied from a tanker, at the point at which it emerges from the tanker;

(c) in the case of water put into bottles or containers intended for sale, at the point at which the water is put into the bottles or containers;

(d) in the case of water used in a food-production undertaking, at the point where the water is used in the undertaking.

2.  In the case of water covered by paragraph 1(a), Member States shall be deemed to have fulfilled their obligations under this Article and under Articles 4 and 8(2) where it can be established that non-compliance with the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 is due to the domestic distribution system or the maintenance thereof except in premises and establishments where water is supplied to the public, such as schools, hospitals and restaurants.

3.  Where paragraph 2 applies and there is a risk that water covered by paragraph 1(a) would not comply with the parametric values established in accordance with Article 5, Member States shall nevertheless ensure that:

(a) appropriate measures are taken to reduce or eliminate the risk of non-compliance with the parametric values, such as advising property owners of any possible remedial action they could take, and/or

other measures, such as appropriate treatment techniques, are taken to change the nature or properties of the water before it is supplied so as to reduce or eliminate the risk of the water not complying with the parametric values after supply;

and

(b) the consumers concerned are duly informed and advised of any possible additional remedial action that they should take.

Article 7

Monitoring

1.  Member States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that regular monitoring of the quality of water intended for human consumption is carried out, in order to check that the water available to consumers meets the requirements of this Directive and in particular the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5. Samples should be taken so that they are representative of the quality of the water consumed throughout the year. In addition, Member States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that, where disinfection forms part of the preparation or distribution of water intended for human consumption, the efficiency of the disinfection treatment applied is verified, and that any contamination from disinfection by-products is kept as low as possible without compromising the disinfection.

2.  To meet the obligations imposed in paragraph 1, appropriate monitoring programmes shall be established by the competent authorities for all water intended for human consumption. Those monitoring programmes shall meet the minimum requirements set out in Annex II.

3.  The sampling points shall be determined by the competent authorities and shall meet the relevant requirements set out in Annex II.

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4.  Community guidelines for the monitoring prescribed in this Article may be drawn up in accordance with the management procedure referred to in Article 12(2).

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5.  

(a) Member States shall comply with the specifications for the analyses of parameters set out in Annex III

(b) Methods other than those specified in Annex III, Part 1, may be used, providing it can be demonstrated that the results obtained are at least as reliable as those produced by the methods specified. Member States which have recourse to alternative methods shall provide the Commission with all relevant information concerning such methods and their equivalence.

(c) For those parameters listed in Annex III, Parts 2 and 3, any method of analysis may be used provided that it meets the requirements set out therein.

6.  Member States shall ensure that additional monitoring is carried out on a case-by-case basis of substances and micro-organisms for which no parametric value has been set in accordance with Article 5, if there is reason to suspect that they may be present in amounts or numbers which constitute a potential danger to human health.

Article 8

Remedial action and restrictions in use

1.  Member States shall ensure that any failure to meet the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5 is immediately investigated in order to identify the cause.

2.  If, despite the measures taken to meet the obligations imposed in Article 4(1), water intended for human consumption does not meet the parametric values set in accordance with Article 5, and subject to Article 6(2), the Member State concerned shall ensure that the necessary remedial action is taken as soon as possible to restore its quality and shall give priority to their enforcement action, having regard inter alia to the extent to which the relevant parametric value has been exceeded and to the potential danger to human health.

3.  Whether or not any failure to meet the parametric values has occurred, Member States shall ensure that any supply of water intended for human consumption which constitutes a potential danger to human health is prohibited or its use restricted or such other action is taken as is necessary to protect human health. In such cases consumers shall be informed promptly thereof and given the necessary advice.

4.  The competent authorities or other relevant bodies shall decide what action under paragraph 3 should be taken, bearing in mind the risks to human health which would be caused by an interruption of the supply or a restriction in the use of water intended for human consumption.

5.  Member States may establish guidelines to assist the competent authorities to fulfil their obligations under paragraph 4.

6.  In the event of non-compliance with the parametric values or with the specifications set out in Annex I, Part C, Member States shall consider whether that non-compliance poses any risk to human health. They shall take remedial action to restore the quality of the water where that is necessary to protect human health.

7.  Member States shall ensure that, where remedial action is taken, consumers are notified except where the competent authorities consider the non-compliance with the parametric value to be trivial.

Article 9

Derogations

1.  Member States may provide for derogations from the parametric values set out in Annex I, Part B, or set in accordance with Article 5(3), up to a maximum value to be determined by them, provided no derogation constitutes a potential danger to human health and provided that the supply of water intended for human consumption in the area concerned cannot otherwise be maintained by any other reasonable means. Derogations shall be limited to as short a time as possible and shall not exceed three years, towards the end of which a review shall be conducted to determine whether sufficient progress has been made. Where a Member State intends to grant a second derogation, it shall communicate the review, along with the grounds for its decision on the second derogation, to the Commission. No such second derogation shall exceed three years.

2.  In exceptional circumstances, a Member State may ask the Commission for a third derogation for a period not exceeding three years. The Commission shall take a decision on any such request within three months.

3.  Any derogation granted in accordance with paragraphs 1 or 2 shall specify the following:

(a) the grounds for the derogation;

(b) the parameter concerned, previous relevant monitoring results, and the maximum permissible value under the derogation;

(c) the geographical area, the quantity of water supplied each day, the population concerned and whether or not any relevant food-production undertaking would be affected;

(d) an appropriate monitoring scheme, with an increased monitoring frequency where necessary;

(e) a summary of the plan for the necessary remedial action, including a timetable for the work and an estimate of the cost and provisions for reviewing;

(f) the required duration of the derogation.

4.  If the competent authorities consider the non-compliance with the parametric value to be trivial, and if action taken in accordance with Article 8(2) is sufficient to remedy the problem within 30 days, the requirements of paragraph 3 need not be applied.

In that event, only the maximum permissible value for the parameter concerned and the time allowed to remedy the problem shall be set by the competent authorities or other relevant bodies.

5.  Recourse may no longer be had to paragraph 4 if failure to comply with any one parametric value for a given water supply has occurred on more than 30 days on aggregate during the previous 12 months.

6.  Any Member State which has recourse to the derogations provided for in this Article shall ensure that the population affected by any such derogation is promptly informed in an appropriate manner of the derogation and of the conditions governing it. In addition the Member State shall, where necessary, ensure that advice is given to particular population groups for which the derogation could present a special risk.

These obligations shall not apply in the circumstances described in paragraph 4 unless the competent authorities decide otherwise.

7.  With the exception of derogations granted in accordance with paragraph 4 a Member State shall inform the Commission within two months of any derogation concerning an individual supply of water exceeding 1 000 m3 a day as an average or serving more than 5 000 persons, including the information specified in paragraph 3.

8.  This Article shall not apply to water intended for human consumption offered for sale in bottles or containers.

Article 10

Quality assurance of treatment, equipment and materials

Member States shall take all measures necessary to ensure that no substances or materials for new installations used in the preparation or distribution of water intended for human consumption or impurities associated with such substances or materials for new installations remain in water intended for human consumption in concentrations higher than is necessary for the purpose of their use and do not, either directly or indirectly, reduce the protection of human health provided for in this Directive; the interpretative document and technical specifications pursuant to Article 3 and Article 4 (1) of Council Directive 89/106/EEC of 21 December 1988 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States relating to construction products ( 10 ) shall respect the requirements of this Directive.

Article 11

Review of Annexes

1.  At least every five years, the Commission shall review Annex I in the light of scientific and technical progress and shall make proposals for amendments, where necessary, under the procedure laid down in Article 189c of the Treaty.

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2.  At least every five years, the Commission shall amend Annexes II and III to make the necessary adaptations to scientific and technical progress.

Those measures, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 12(3).

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Article 12

1.  The Commission shall be assisted by a committee.

2.  Where reference is made to this Article, Articles 4 and 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC ( 11 ) shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

The period laid down in Article 4(3) of Decision 1999/468/EC shall be set at three months.

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3.  Where reference is made to this paragraph, Article 5a(1) to (4) and Article 7 of Decision 1999/468/EC shall apply, having regard to the provisions of Article 8 thereof.

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Article 13

Information and reporting

1.  Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure that adequate and up-to-date information on the quality of water intended for human consumption is available to consumers.

2.  Without prejudice to Council Directive 90/313/EEC of 7 June 1990 on the freedom of access to information on the environment ( 12 ), each Member State shall publish a report every three years on the quality of water intended for human consumption with the objective of informing consumers. The first report shall cover the years 2002, 2003 and 2004. Each report shall include, as a minimum, all individual supplies of water exceeding 1 000 m3 a day as an average or serving more than 5 000 persons and it shall cover three calendar years and be published within one calendar year of the end of the reporting period.

3.  Member States shall send their reports to the Commission within two months of their publication.

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4.  The formats and the minimum information for the reports provided for in paragraph 2 shall be determined having special regard to the measures referred to in Article 3(2), Article 5(2) and (3), Article 7(2), Article 8, Article 9(6) and (7) and Article 15(1), and shall if necessary be amended in accordance with the management procedure referred to in Article 12(2).

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5.  The Commission shall examine the Member States' reports and, every three years, publish a synthesis report on the quality of water intended for human consumption in the Community. That report shall be published within nine months of the receipt of the Member States' reports.

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6.  Together with the first report on this Directive as mentioned in paragraph 2, Member States shall also produce a report to be forwarded to the Commission on the measures they have taken or plan to take to fulfil their obligations pursuant to Article 6(3) and Annex I, Part B, note 10. As appropriate, a proposal on the format of this report shall be submitted in accordance with the management procedure referred to in Article 12(2).

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Article 14

Timescale for compliance

Member States shall take the measures necessary to ensure that the quality of water intended for human consumption complies with this Directive within five years of its entry into force, without prejudice to Notes 2, 4 and 10 in Annex I, Part B.

Article 15

Exceptional circumstances

1.  A Member State may, in exceptional circumstances and for geographically defined areas, submit a special request to the Commission for a period longer than that laid down in Article 14. The additional period shall not exceed three years, towards the end of which a review shall be carried out and forwarded to the Commission which may, on the basis of that review, permit a second additional period of up to three years. This provision shall not apply to water intended for human consumption offered for sale in bottles or containers.

2.  Any such request, grounds for which shall be given, shall set out the difficulties experienced and include, as a minimum, all the information specified in Article 9(3).

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3.  That request shall be examined in accordance with the management procedure referred to in Article 12(2).

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4.  Any Member State which has recourse to this Article shall ensure that the population affected by its request is promptly informed in an appropriate manner of the outcome of that request. In addition, the Member State shall, where necessary, ensure that advice is given to particular population groups for which the request could present a special risk.

Article 16

Repeal

1.  Directive 80/778/EEC is hereby repealed with effect from five years after the entry into force of this Directive. Subject to paragraph 2, this repeal shall be without prejudice to Member States' obligations regarding deadlines for transposition into national law and for application as shown in Annex IV.

Any reference to the Directive repealed shall be construed as a reference to this Directive and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table set out in Annex V.

2.  As soon as a Member State has brought into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive and has taken the measures provided for in Article 14, this Directive, not Directive 80/778/EEC, shall apply to the quality of water intended for human consumption in that Member State.

Article 17

Transposition into national law

1.  Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive within two years of its entry into force. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.

When the Member States adopt those measures, these shall contain references to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such references on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such references shall be laid down by the Member States.

2.  The Member States shall communicate to the Commission the texts of the provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 18

Entry into force

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

Article 19

Addressees

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.




ANNEX I

PARAMETERS AND PARAMETRIC VALUES

PART A

Microbiological parameters



Parameter

Parametric value

(number/100 ml)

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

0

Enterococci

0

The following applies to water offered for sale in bottles or containers:



Parameter

Parametric value

Escherichia coli (E. coli)

0/250 ml

Enterococci

0/250 ml

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

0/250 ml

Colony count 22 °C

100/ml

Colony count 37 °C

20/ml

PART B

Chemical parameters



Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Acrylamide

0,10

μg/l

Note 1

Antimony

5,0

μg/l

 

Arsenic

10

μg/l

 

Benzene

1,0

μg/l

 

Benzo(a)pyrene

0,010

μg/l

 

Boron

1,0

mg/l

 

Bromate

10

μg/l

Note 2

Cadmium

5,0

μg/l

 

Chromium

50

μg/l

 

Copper

2,0

mg/l

Note 3

Cyanide

50

μg/l

 

1,2-dichloroethane

3,0

μg/l

 

Epichlorohydrin

0,10

μg/l

Note 1

Fluoride

1,5

mg/l

 

Lead

10

μg/l

Notes 3 and 4

Mercury

1,0

μg/l

 

Nickel

20

μg/l

Note 3

Nitrate

50

mg/l

Note 5

Nitrite

0,50

mg/l

Note 5

Pesticides

0,10

μg/l

Notes 6 and 7

Pesticides — Total

0,50

μg/l

Notes 6 and 8

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

0,10

μg/l

Sum of concentrations of specified compounds; Note 9

Selenium

10

μg/l

 

Tetrachloroethene and Trichloroethene

10

μg/l

Sum of concentrations of specified parameters

Trihalomethanes — Total

100

μg/l

Sum of concentrations of specified compounds; Note 10

Vinyl chloride

0,50

μg/l

Note 1

Note 1:

The parametric value refers to the residual monomer concentration in the water as calculated according to specifications of the maximum release from the corresponding polymer in contact with the water.

Note 2:

Where possible, without compromising disinfection, Member States should strive for a lower value.

For the water referred to in Article 6(1)(a), (b) and (d), the value must be met, at the latest, 10 calendar years after the entry into force of the Directive. The parametric value for bromate from five years after the entry into force of this Directive until 10 years after its entry into force is 25 μg/l.

Note 3:

The value applies to a sample of water intended for human consumption obtained by an adequate sampling method ( 13 ) at the tap and taken so as to be representative of a weekly average value ingested by consumers. Where appropriate the sampling and monitoring methods must be applied in a harmonised fashion to be drawn up in accordance with Article 7(4). Member States must take account of the occurrence of peak levels that may cause adverse effects on human health.

Note 4:

For water referred to in Article 6(1)(a), (b) and (d), the value must be met, at the latest, 15 calendar years after the entry into force of this Directive. The parametric value for lead from five years after the entry into force of this Directive until 15 years after its entry into force is 25 μg/l.

Member States must ensure that all appropriate measures are taken to reduce the concentration of lead in water intended for human consumption as much as possible during the period needed to achieve compliance with the parametric value.

When implementing the measures to achieve compliance with that value Member States must progressively give priority where lead concentrations in water intended for human consumption are highest.

Note 5:

Member States must ensure that the condition that [nitrate]/50 + [nitrite]/3 ≤ 1, the square brackets signifying the concentrations in mg/l for nitrate (NO3) and nitrite (NO2), is complied with and that the value of 0,10 mg/l for nitrites is complied with ex water treatment works.

Note 6:

‘Pesticides’ means:

 organic insecticides,

 organic herbicides,

 organic fungicides,

 organic nematocides,

 organic acaricides,

 organic algicides,

 organic rodenticides

 organic slimicides,

 related products (inter alia, growth regulators)

and their relevant metabolites, degradation and reaction products.

Only those pesticides which are likely to be present in a given supply need be monitored.

Note 7:

The parametric value applies to each individual pesticide. In the case of aldrin, dieldrin, heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide the parametric value is 0,030 μg/l.

Note 8:

‘Pesticides — Total’ means the sum of all individual pesticides detected and quantified in the monitoring procedure.

Note 9:

The specified compounds are:

 benzo(b)fluoranthene,

 benzo(k)fluoranthene,

 benzo(ghi)perylene,

 indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene.

Note 10:

Where possible, without compromising disinfection, Member States should strive for a lower value.

The specified compounds are: chloroform, bromoform, dibromochloromethane, bromodichloromethane.

For the water referred to in Article 6(1)(a), (b) and (d), the value must be met, at the latest, 10 calendar years after the entry into force of this Directive. The parametric value for total THMs from five years after the entry into force of this Directive until 10 years after its entry into force is 150 μg/l.

Member States must ensure that all appropriate measures are taken to reduce the concentration of THMs in water intended for human consumption as much as possible during the period needed to achieve compliance with the parametric value.

When implementing the measures to achieve this value, Member States must progressively give priority to those areas where THM concentrations in water intended for human consumption are highest.

PART C

Indicator parameters



Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Aluminium

200

μg/l

 

Ammonium

0,50

mg/l

 

Chloride

250

mg/l

Note 1

Clostridium perfringens (including spores)

0

number/100 ml

Note 2

Colour

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

 

Conductivity

2 500

μS cm-1 at 20 °C

Note 1

Hydrogen ion concentration

≥ 6,5 and ≤ 9,5

pH units

Notes 1 and 3

Iron

200

μg/l

 

Manganese

50

μg/l

 

Odour

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

 

Oxidisability

5,0

mg/l O2

Note 4

Sulphate

250

mg/l

Note 1

Sodium

200

mg/l

 

Taste

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

 

Colony count 22o

No abnormal change

 

 

Coliform bacteria

0

number/100 ml

Note 5

Total organic carbon (TOC)

No abnormal change

 

Note 6

Turbidity

Acceptable to consumers and no abnormal change

 

Note 7



RADIOACTIVITY

Parameter

Parametric value

Unit

Notes

Tritium

100

Bq/l

Notes 8 and 10

Total indicative dose

0,10

mSv/year

Notes 9 and 10

▼M3




ANNEX II

MONITORING

PART A

General objectives and monitoring programmes for water intended for human consumption

1. Monitoring programmes for water intended for human consumption must:

(a) verify that the measures in place to control risks to human health throughout the water supply chain from the catchment area through abstraction, treatment and storage to distribution are working effectively and that water at the point of compliance is wholesome and clean;

(b) provide information on the quality of the water supplied for human consumption to demonstrate that the obligations set out in Articles 4 and 5, and the parametric values laid down in Annex I, are being met;

(c) identify the most appropriate means of mitigating the risk to human health.

2. Pursuant to Article 7(2), competent authorities shall establish monitoring programmes complying with the parameters and frequencies set out in Part B of this Annex which consist of:

(a) collection and analysis of discrete water samples; or

(b) measurements recorded by a continuous monitoring process.

In addition, monitoring programmes may consist of:

(a) inspections of records of the functionality and maintenance status of equipment; and/or

(b) inspections of the catchment area, water abstraction, treatment, storage and distribution infrastructure.

3. Monitoring programmes may be based on a risk assessment as set out in Part C.

4. Member States shall ensure that monitoring programmes are reviewed on a continuous basis and updated or reconfirmed at least every 5 years.

PART B

Parameters and frequencies

1.    General framework

A monitoring programme must take into account the parameters referred to in Article 5, including those that are important for assessing the impact of domestic distribution systems on the quality of water at the point of compliance, as set out in Article 6(1). When choosing appropriate parameters for monitoring, local conditions for each water supply system must be taken into consideration.

Member States shall ensure that the parameters listed in point 2 are monitored at the relevant sampling frequencies as set out in point 3.

2.    List of parameters

Group A parameters

The following parameters (Group A) shall be monitored in accordance with the monitoring frequencies set out in Table 1 of point 3:

(a)  Escherichia coli (E. coli), coliform bacteria, colony count 22 °C, colour, turbidity, taste, odour, pH, conductivity;

(b) other parameters identified as relevant in the monitoring programme, in accordance with Article 5(3) and, where relevant, through a risk assessment as set out in Part C.

Under specific circumstances, the following parameters shall be added to the Group A Parameters:

(a) ammonium and nitrite, if chloramination is used;

(b) aluminium and iron, if used as water treatment chemicals.

Group B parameters

In order to determine compliance with all parametric values set out in this Directive, all other parameters not analysed under Group A and set in accordance with Article 5 shall be monitored at least at the frequencies set out in Table 1 of point 3.

3.    Sampling frequencies



Table 1

Minimum frequency of sampling and analysis for compliance monitoring

Volume of water distributed or produced each day within a supply zone

(See Notes 1 and 2)

m3

Group A parameter

number of samples per year

(See Note 3)

Group B parameter

number of samples per year

 

≤ 100

> 0

(See Note 4)

> 0

(See Note 4)

> 100

≤ 1 000

4

1

> 1 000

≤ 10 000

4

+ 3

for each 1 000 m3/d and part thereof of the total volume

1

+ 1

for each 4 500 m3/d and part thereof of the total volume

> 10 000

≤ 100 000

3

+ 1

for each 10 000 m3/d and part thereof of the total volume

> 100 000

 

12

+ 1

for each 25 000 m3/d and part thereof of the total volume

Note 1:  A supply zone is a geographically defined area within which water intended for human consumption comes from one or more sources and water quality may be considered as being approximately uniform.

Note 2:  The volumes are calculated as averages taken over a calendar year. The number of inhabitants in a supply zone may be used instead of the volume of water to determine the minimum frequency, assuming water consumption of 200 l/(day*capita).

Note 3:  The frequency indicated is calculated as follows: e.g. 4 300 m3/d = 16 samples (four for the first 1 000 m3/d + 12 for additional 3 300 m3/d).

Note 4:  Member States that have decided to exempt individual supplies under Article 3(2)(b) of this Directive shall apply these frequencies only for supply zones that distribute between 10 and 100 m3 per day.

PART C

Risk assessment

1. Member States may provide for the possibility to derogate from the parameters and sampling frequencies in Part B, provided that a risk assessment is performed in accordance with this Part.

2. The risk assessment referred to in point 1 shall be based on the general principles of risk assessment set out in relation to international standards such as standard EN 15975-2 concerning ‘security of drinking water supply, guidelines for risk and crisis management’.

3. The risk assessment shall take into account the results from the monitoring programmes established by the second subparagraph of Article 7(1), and Article 8 of Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 14 ) for bodies of water identified under Article 7(1) that provide more than 100 m3 a day on average, in accordance with Annex V to that Directive.

4. Based on the results of the risk assessment, the list of parameters in point 2 of Part B shall be extended and/or the sampling frequencies in point 3 of Part B increased, where any of the following conditions is fulfilled:

(a) the list of parameters or frequencies set out in this Annex is not sufficient to fulfil the obligations imposed under Article 7(1);

(b) additional monitoring is required for the purposes of Article 7(6);

(c) it is necessary to provide the necessary assurances set out in point (1)(a) of Part A.

5. Based on the results of the risk assessment, the list of parameters set out in point 2 of Part B and the sampling frequencies set out in point 3 of Part B may be reduced provided the following conditions are met:

(a) the frequency of sampling for E. coli must not be reduced below the one laid down in point 3 of Part B under any circumstances;

(b) for all other parameters:

(i) the location and frequency of sampling shall be determined in relation to the parameter's origin, as well as the variability and long-term trend of its concentration, taking into account Article 6;

(ii) to reduce the minimum sampling frequency of a parameter, as set out in point 3 of Part B, the results obtained from samples collected at regular intervals over a period of at least 3 years from sampling points representative of the whole supply zone must all be less than 60 % of the parametric value;

(iii) to remove a parameter from the list of parameters to be monitored, as set out in point 2 of Part B, the results obtained from samples collected at regular intervals over a period of at least 3 years from points representative of the whole supply zone must all be less than 30 % of the parametric value;

(iv) the removal of a particular parameter set out in point 2 of Part B from the list of parameters to be monitored shall be based on the result of the risk assessment, informed by the results of monitoring of sources of water intended for human consumption and confirming that human health is protected from the adverse effects of any contamination of water intended for human consumption, as laid down in Article 1;

(v) the sampling frequency may be reduced or a parameter removed from the list of parameters to be monitored as set out in points (ii) and (iii) only if the risk assessment confirms that no factor that can be reasonably anticipated is likely to cause deterioration of the quality of the water intended for human consumption.

6. Member States shall ensure that:

(a) risk assessments are approved by their relevant competent authority; and

(b) information is available showing that a risk assessment has been carried out, together with a summary of its results.

PART D

Sampling methods and sampling points

1. Sampling points shall be determined so as to ensure compliance with the points of compliance as defined in Article 6(1). In the case of a distribution network, a Member State may take samples within the supply zone or at the treatment works for particular parameters if it can be demonstrated that there would be no adverse change to the measured value of the parameters concerned. As far as possible, the number of samples shall be distributed equally in time and location.

2. Sampling at the point of compliance shall meet the following requirements:

(a) compliance samples for certain chemical parameters (in particular copper, lead and nickel) shall be taken at the consumer's tap without prior flushing. A random daytime sample of one litre volume is to be taken. As an alternative, Member States may use fixed stagnation time methods that better reflect their national situation, provided that, at the supply zone level, this does not result in fewer cases of non-compliance than using the random daytime method;

(b) compliance samples for microbiological parameters at the point of compliance shall be taken and handled according to EN ISO 19458, sampling purpose B.

3. Sampling in the distribution network, with the exception of sampling at the consumers' tap, shall be in accordance with ISO 5667-5. For microbiological parameters, sampling in the distribution network shall be taken and handled according to EN ISO 19458, sampling purpose A.

▼B




ANNEX III

SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF PARAMETERS

▼M3

Member States shall ensure that the methods of analysis used for the purposes of monitoring and demonstrating compliance with this Directive are validated and documented in accordance with EN ISO/IEC 17025 or other equivalent standards accepted at international level. Member States shall ensure that laboratories or parties contracted by laboratories apply quality management system practices in accordance with EN ISO/IEC 17025 or other equivalent standards accepted at international level.

In the absence of an analytical method meeting the minimum performance criteria set out in Part B, Member States shall ensure that monitoring is carried out using best available techniques not entailing excessive costs.

PART A

Microbiological parameters for which methods of analysis are specified

▼M2

The following principles for methods of microbiological parameters are given either for reference, whenever a CEN/ISO method is given, or for guidance, pending the possible future adoption by the Commission of further CEN/ISO international methods for those parameters. Member States may use alternative methods, providing the provisions of Article 7(5) are met.

Those measures on further CEN/ISO international methods, designed to amend non-essential elements of this Directive, inter alia, by supplementing it, shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny referred to in Article 12(3).

▼M3

The methods for microbiological parameters are:

(a)  Escherichia coli (E. coli) and coliform bacteria (EN ISO 9308-1 or EN ISO 9308-2)

(b)  Enterococci (EN ISO 7899-2)

(c)  Pseudomonas aeruginosa (EN ISO 16266)

(d) enumeration of culturable microorganisms — colony count 22 °C (EN ISO 6222)

(e) enumeration of culturable microorganisms — colony count 36 °C (EN ISO 6222)

(f)  Clostridium perfringens including spores (EN ISO 14189).

PART B

Chemical and indicator parameters for which performance characteristics are specified

1.    Chemical and indicator parameters

For the parameters set out in Table 1, the specified performance characteristics are that the method of analysis used must, as a minimum, be capable of measuring concentrations equal to the parametric value with a limit of quantification, as defined in Article 2(2) of Commission Directive 2009/90/EC ( 15 ), of 30 % or less of the relevant parametric value and an uncertainty of measurement as specified in Table 1. The result shall be expressed using at least the same number of significant figures as for the parametric value considered in Parts B and C of Annex I.

Until 31 December 2019 Member States may allow for the use of ‘trueness’, ‘precision’ and ‘limit of detection’ as specified in Table 2, as an alternative set of performance characteristics to ‘limit of quantification’ and ‘uncertainty of measurement’ as specified respectively in the first paragraph and Table 1.

The uncertainty of measurement laid down in Table 1 shall not be used as an additional tolerance to the parametric values set out in Annex I.



Table 1

Minimum performance characteristic ‘Uncertainty of measurement’

Parameters

Uncertainty of measurement

(See Note 1)

% of the parametric value (except for pH)

Notes

Aluminium

25

 

Ammonium

40

 

Antimony

40

 

Arsenic

30

 

Benzo(a)pyrene

50

See Note 5

Benzene

40

 

Boron

25

 

Bromate

40

 

Cadmium

25

 

Chloride

15

 

Chromium

30

 

Conductivity

20

 

Copper

25

 

Cyanide

30

See Note 6

1,2-dichloroethane

40

 

Fluoride

20

 

Hydrogen ion concentration pH (expressed in pH units)

0,2

See Note 7

Iron

30

 

Lead

25

 

Manganese

30

 

Mercury

30

 

Nickel

25

 

Nitrate

15

 

Nitrite

20

 

Oxidisability

50

See Note 8

Pesticides

30

See Note 9

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

50

See Note 10

Selenium

40

 

Sodium

15

 

Sulphate

15

 

Tetrachloroethene

30

See Note 11

Trichloroethene

40

See Note 11

Trihalomethanes — total

40

See Note 10

Total organic carbon (TOC)

30

See Note 12

Turbidity

30

See Note 13

Acrylamide, epichlorohydrin and vinyl chloride to be controlled by product specification.



Table 2

Minimum performance characteristics ‘Trueness’, ‘precision’ and ‘limit of detection’ — may be used until 31 December 2019

Parameters

Trueness

(See Note 2)

% of the parametric value (except for pH)

Precision

(See Note 3)

% of the parametric value (except for pH)

Limit of detection

(See Note 4)

% of the parametric value (except for pH)

Notes

Aluminium

10

10

10

 

Ammonium

10

10

10

 

Antimony

25

25

25

 

Arsenic

10

10

10

 

Benzo(a)pyrene

25

25

25

 

Benzene

25

25

25

 

Boron

10

10

10

 

Bromate

25

25

25

 

Cadmium

10

10

10

 

Chloride

10

10

10

 

Chromium

10

10

10

 

Conductivity

10

10

10

 

Copper

10

10

10

 

Cyanide

10

10

10

See Note 6

1,2-dichloroethane

25

25

10

 

Fluoride

10

10

10

 

Hydrogen ion concentration pH (expressed in pH units)

0,2

0,2

 

See Note 7

Iron

10

10

10

 

Lead

10

10

10

 

Manganese

10

10

10

 

Mercury

20

10

20

 

Nickel

10

10

10

 

Nitrate

10

10

10

 

Nitrite

10

10

10

 

Oxidisability

25

25

10

See Note 8

Pesticides

25

25

25

See Note 9

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

25

25

25

See Note 10

Selenium

10

10

10

 

Sodium

10

10

10

 

Sulphate

10

10

10

 

Tetrachloroethene

25

25

10

See Note 11

Trichloroethene

25

25

10

See Note 11

Trihalomethanes — total

25

25

10

See Note 10

Turbidity

25

25

25

 

Acrylamide, epichlorohydrin and vinyl chloride to be controlled by product specification.

2.    Notes to Tables 1 and 2



Note 1

Uncertainty of measurement is a non-negative parameter characterising the dispersion of the quantity values being attributed to a measurand, based on the information used. The performance criterion for measurement uncertainty (k = 2) is the percentage of the parametric value stated in the table or better. Measurement uncertainty shall be estimated at the level of the parametric value, unless otherwise specified.

Note 2

Trueness is a measure of systematic error, i.e. the difference between the mean value of the large number of repeated measurements and the true value. Further specifications are those set out in ISO 5725.

Note 3

Precision is a measure of random error and is usually expressed as the standard deviation (within and between batches) of the spread of results from the mean. Acceptable precision is twice the relative standard deviation. This term is further specified in ISO 5725.

Note 4

Limit of detection is either:

— three times the standard deviation within a batch of a natural sample containing a low concentration of the parameter, or

— five times the standard deviation of a blank sample (within a batch).

Note 5

If the value of uncertainty of measurement cannot be met, the best available technique should be selected (up to 60 %).

Note 6

The method determines total cyanide in all forms.

Note 7

Values for trueness, precision and uncertainty of measurement are expressed in pH units.

Note 8

Reference method: EN ISO 8467

Note 9

The performance characteristics for individual pesticides are given as an indication. Values for the uncertainty of measurement as low as 30 % can be achieved for several pesticides, higher values up to 80 % may be allowed for a number of pesticides.

Note 10

The performance characteristics apply to individual substances, specified at 25 % of the parametric value in Part B of Annex I.

Note 11

The performance characteristics apply to individual substances, specified at 50 % of the parametric value in Part B of Annex I.

Note 12

The uncertainty of measurement should be estimated at the level of 3 mg/l of the total organic carbon (TOC). CEN 1484 Guidelines for the determination of TOC and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) shall be used.

Note 13

The uncertainty of measurement should be estimated at the level of 1,0 NTU (nephelometric turbidity units) in accordance with EN ISO 7027.

▼M3 —————

▼B




ANNEX IV



DEADLINES FOR TRANSPOSITION INTO NATIONAL LAW AND FOR APPLICATION

Directive 80/778/EEC

Transposition 17.7.1982

Application 17.7.1985

All Member States except Spain, Portugal and new Länder of Germany

Directive 81/858/EEC

(Adaptation due to accession of Greece)

Act of Accession of Spain and Portugal



Spain:

transposition

1.1.1986

application

1.1.1986

Portugal:

transposition

1.1.1986

application

1.1.1989

Directive 90/656/EEC for new Länder of Germany

Act of Accession of Austria, Finland and Sweden



Austria:

transposition

1.1.1995

application

1.1.1995

Finland:

transposition

1.1.1995

application

1.1.1995

Sweden:

transposition

1.1.1995

application

1.1.1995

Directive 91/692/EEC

Articles 1 to 14

 

 

Application 31.12.1995

 

 

Article 15

Amended with effect from 1.1.1981

Amended with effect from 1.1.1986

 

Amended with effect from 1.1.1995

 

Article 16

 

 

 

 

 

Article 17

 

 

 

 

Article 17(a) inserted

Article 18

 

 

 

 

 

Article 19

 

Amended

Amended

 

 

Article 20

 

 

 

 

 

Article 21

 

 

 

 

 




ANNEX V



CORRELATION TABLE

This Directive

Directive 80/778/EEC

Article 1(1)

Article 1(1)

Article 1(2)

Article 2(1)

(a) and (b)

Article 2

Article 2(2)

Article 3(1)

(a) and (b)

Article 4(1)

Article 3(2)

(a) and (b)

Article 3(3)

Article 4(1)

Article 7(6)

Article 4(2)

Article 11

Article 5(1)

Article 7(1)

Article 5(2) first sentence

Article 7(3)

Article 5(2) second sentence

Article 5(3)

Article 6(1)

Article 12(2)

Article 6(2) to (3)

Article 7(1)

Article 12(1)

Article 7(2)

Article 7(3)

Article 12(3)

Article 7(4)

Article 7(5)

Article 12(5)

Article 7(6)

Article 8

Article 9(1)

Article 9(1) and Article 10(1)

Article 9(2) to (6)

Article 9(7)

Article 9(2) and Article 10(3)

Article 9(8)

Article 10

Article 8

Article 11(1)

Article 11(2)

Article 13

Article 12(1)

Article 14

Article 12(2) and (3)

Article 15

Article 13(1)

Article 13(2) to (5)

Article 17(a) (inserted by Directive 91/692/EEC)

Article 14

Article 19

Article 15

Article 20

Article 16

Article 17

Article 18

Article 18

Article 19

Article 21



( 1 ) OJ C 131, 30.5.1995, p. 5 and

OJ C 213, 15.7.1997, p. 8.

( 2 ) OJ C 82, 19.3.1996, p. 64.

( 3 ) OJ C 100, 2.4.1996, p. 134.

( 4 ) Opinion of the European Parliament of 12 December 1996 (OJ C 20, 20.1.1997, p. 133), Council common position of 19 December 1997 (OJ C 91, 26.3.1998, p. 1) and Decision of the European Parliament of 13 May 1998 (OJ C 167, 1.6.1998, p. 92).

( 5 ) OJ L 229, 30.8.1980, p. 11. Directive as last amended by the 1994 Act of Accession.

( 6 ) OJ L 230, 19.8.1991, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 96/68/EC (OJ L 277, 30.10.1996, p. 25).

( 7 ) OJ L 123, 24.4.1998, p. 1.

( 8 ) OJ L 229, 30.8.1980, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Directive 96/70/EC (OJ L 299, 23.11.1996, p. 26).

( 9 ) OJ 22 9.2.1965, p. 369. Directive as last amended by Directive 93/39/EEC (OJ L 214, 24.8.1993, p. 22).

( 10 ) OJ L 40, 11.2.1989, p. 12. Directive as last amended by Directive 93/68/EEC (OJ L 220, 30.8.1993, p. 1).

( 11 ) Council Decision 1999/468/EC of 28 June 1999 laying down the procedures for the exercise of implementing powers conferred on the Commission (OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23).

( 12 ) OJ L 158, 23.6.1990, p. 56.

( 13 ) To be added following the outcome of the study currently being carried out.

( 14 ) Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1).

( 15 ) Commission Directive 2009/90/EC of 31 July 2009 laying down, pursuant to Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, technical specifications for chemical analysis and monitoring of water status (OJ L 201, 1.8.2009, p. 36).

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