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Document 01997L0024-20061128

Directive 97/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 1997 on certain components and characteristics of two or three-wheel motor vehicles

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/1997/24/2006-11-28

1997L0024 — EN — 28.11.2006 — 006.001


This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents

►B

DIRECTIVE 97/24/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 17 June 1997

on certain components and characteristics of two or three-wheel motor vehicles

(OJ L 226, 18.8.1997, p.1)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

DIRECTIVE 2002/51/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL Text with EEA relevance of 19 July 2002

  L 252

20

20.9.2002

►M2

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2003/77/EC Text with EEA relevance of 11 August 2003

  L 211

24

21.8.2003

►M3

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2005/30/EC Text with EEA relevance of 22 April 2005

  L 106

17

27.4.2005

►M5

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2006/27/EC Text with EEA relevance of 3 March 2006

  L 66

7

8.3.2006

►M6

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2006/72/EC Text with EEA relevance of 18 August 2006

  L 227

43

19.8.2006


Corrected by:

►C1

Corrigendum, OJ L 244, 3.9.1998, p. 20  (97/24)

►C2

Corrigendum, OJ L 021, 26.1.2000, p. 44  (97/24)




▼B

DIRECTIVE 97/24/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 17 June 1997

on certain components and characteristics of two or three-wheel motor vehicles



THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 100a thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission ( 1 ),

Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee ( 2 ),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 189b of the Treaty ( 3 ) in the light of the joint text approved by the Conciliation Committee on 4 February 1997,

(1) Whereas it is necessary to adopt measures that are intended to ensure the operation of the internal market;

(2)

Whereas, in each Member State, two or three-wheel motor vehicles must, in respect of the components and characteristics covered by this Directive, satisfy certain mandatory technical requirements which differ from one Member State to another; whereas, owing to those differences, such requirements constitute barriers to trade within the Community; whereas those barriers to the operation of the internal market may be removed if the same requirements are adopted by all of the Member States in place of their national regulations;

(3)

Whereas the drawing-up of harmonized requirements concerning those components and characteristics of two and three-wheel motor vehicles is necessary in order to enable the type-approval and component type-approval procedures covered by Council Directive 92/61/EEC of 30 June 1992 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheel vehicles ( 4 ) to be implemented in respect of each type of the aforesaid vehicles;

(4)

Whereas, in order to facilitate access to markets in third countries, it appears necessary to establish equivalence between the requirements of Chapters 1 (tyres), 2 (lighting and light-signalling devices), 4 (rear-view mirrors) and 11 (safety belts) of the Annex to this Directive and those of United Nations ECE Regulations Nos 30, 54, 64 and 75 in respect of tyres, 3, 19, 20, 37, 38, 50, 56, 57, 72 and 82 in respect of lighting and light-signalling devices, 81 in respect of rear-view mirrors and 16 in respect of safety belts;

(5)

Whereas, with regard to the aspects concerning the protection of the environment, namely atmospheric and noise pollution, it is necessary to pursue the aim of constantly improving the environment; whereas, for this purpose, limit values for pollutants and sound level must be laid down for the fastest possible application; whereas subsequent reductions in the limit values and changes in the testing procedure may be decided upon only on the basis of studies and research to be undertaken or pursued into the available or conceivable technological potential and into an analysis of their cost/benefit ratios in order to permit production, on an industrial scale, of vehicles which are able to meet these more stringent limits; whereas the decision on that subsequent reduction must be taken by the European Parliament and the Council at least three years before these limit values enter into force in order to enable the industry to take the necessary measures whereby their products may, by the intended date, comply with the new Community provisions; whereas the Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council will be based on proposals to be submitted by the Commission in due course;

(6)

Whereas, pursuant to the provisions of Directive 92/61/EEC, the components and characteristics covered by this Directive may not be placed on the market and sold in the Member States unless they comply with the provisions of this Directive; whereas the Member States must take all the necessary measures to ensure fulfilment of the obligations resulting from this Directive.

(7)

Whereas Member States should be enabled, by granting tax incentives, to promote the marketing of vehicles which, in advance, meet the requirements adopted at Community level concerning measures to counter pollutant and noise emissions;

(8)

Whereas the methods of measuring the immunity of vehicles and separate technical units to electromagnetic radiation in order to check compliance with the provisions concerning electromagnetic compatibility (Chapter 8) require complex and costly installations; whereas, in order to enable Member States to provide such installations, provision should be made for deferring application of these measuring methods by three years from the entry into force of this Directive;

(9)

Whereas, given the scale and impact of the action proposed in the sector in question, the Community measures which are the subject of this Directive are necessary, or even indispensable, to attain the objectives set, namely Community vehicle type approval; whereas these objectives cannot be adequately achieved by the Member States individually;

(10)

Whereas technical progress requires rapid adaptation of the technical requirements set out in the Annex to this Directive; whereas, with the exception of the limit values for pollutants and sound level, this task should be assigned to the Commission in order to simplify and speed up the procedure; whereas, in all cases where the European Parliament and the Council confer upon the Commission authority to implement rules laid down in the two or three-wheel motor vehicle sector, it is appropriate to provide for a procedure for prior consultation between the Commission and Member States within a committee;

(11)

Whereas safety or environmental requirements call for restrictions on tampering with certain types of two or three-wheel vehicle; whereas, if they are not to prove an obstacle to owner servicing and maintenance, such restrictions must be strictly limited to tampering which significantly modifies the vehicle's performance and pollutant and noise emissions;

(12)

Whereas, a long as vehicles conform to the requirements of this Directive, no Member State may refuse registration or use of them; whereas the object of the requirements of this Directive should not be to oblige those Member States which do not allow two or three-wheel motor vehicles in their territory to tow a trailer to amend their rules,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:



Article 1

This Directive and its Annex shall apply to:

 tyres,

 lighting and light-signalling devices,

 external projections,

 rear-view mirrors,

 measures to counter air pollution,

 fuel tanks,

 measures to counter tampering,

 electromagnetic compatibility,

 permissible sound level and exhaust systems,

 coupling devices and attachments,

 safety belt anchorages and safety belts,

 glazing, windscreen wipers and washers and de-icing and demisting devices,

for all types of vehicles as defined in Article 1 of Directive 92/61/EEC.

Article 2

Within three years following the date referred to in the third subparagraph of Article 8 (1), the Commission shall carry out a detailed study to ascertain whether the anti-tampering measures for vehicles, particularly those in categories A and B referred to in Chapter 7 of the Annex to this Directive, can be considered appropriate, inadequate or too extreme in light of the intended aims. In the basis of the conclusions of the study, the Commission will, if necessary, propose new legislative measures.

Article 3

1.  The procedures governing the granting of component type-approval in respect of tyres, lighting and light-signalling devices, rear-view mirrors, fuel tanks, exhaust systems, safety belts and glazing for a type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle and the component type approval of a type of tyre, lighting and light-signalling device, rear-view mirror, fuel tank, exhaust system, safety belt and glazing, in the form of components, and the conditions applying to the free movement of such vehicles and for the free placing on the market of components shall be those set out in Chapters II and III respectively of Directive 92/61/EEC.

2.  The procedure governing the granting of component type-approval in respect of external projections, measures to counter air pollution, measures to counter tampering, electromagnetic compatibility, permissible sound level, coupling devices for trailers and sidecar attachments, safety belt anchorages, windscreen wipers and washers and de-icing and demisting devices for a type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle, and the conditions applying to the free movement of such vehicles, shall be those set out in Chapters II and III respectively of Directive 92/61/EEC.

Article 4

1.  In accordance with the provisions of Article 11 of Directive 92/61/EEC, the equivalence shall be recognized of the requirements of Chapters 1 (tyres), 2 (lighting and light-signalling devices), 4 (rear-view mirrors) and 11 (safety belts) of the Annex to this Directive and those of United Nations ECE Regulations Nos 30 ( 5 ), 54 ( 6 ), 64 ( 7 ) and 75 ( 8 ) in respect of tyres, 3 ( 9 ), 19 ( 10 ), 20 ( 11 ), 37 ( 12 ), 38 ( 13 ), 50 ( 14 ), 56 ( 15 ), 57 ( 16 ), 72 ( 17 ) and 82 ( 18 ) in respect of lighting and light-signalling devices, 81 ( 19 ) in respect of rear-view mirrors, and 16 ( 20 ) in respect of safety belts, in the version in force on the date on which this Directive is adopted.

For the purposes of applying the equivalence provided for in the first subparagraph, the installation requirements in Chapters 1 and 11 shall also apply to devices approved in accordance with the corresponding United ECE Regulations.

2.  The Member States' authorities granting component type approval shall accept component type approvals issued in accordance with the requirements of the Regulations referred to in paragraph 1, and component type-approval marks, instead of the corresponding component type approvals and component type-approval marks issued in accordance with the requirements of this Directive.

Article 5

1.  Within 24 months from the date of adoption of this Directive, the Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and to the Council a proposal prepared on the basis of research and an assessment of the costs and benefits deriving from the application of tightened-up limit values and laying down a subsequent stage during which measures will be adopted aimed at further tightening of the limit values for pollutants and the sound level of the vehicles concerned, as laid down respectively in Chapter 5, Annex II, Tables I and II and Chapter 9, Annex I. In its proposal, the Commission shall take into account and assess the cost-effectiveness of the various measures for reducing pollutant and noise emissions and shall present proportionate and reasonable measuring having regard to the intended aims.

2.  The Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council, adopted on the basis of the Commission proposal referred to in paragraph 1, which shall be adopted by 1 January 2001, shall take account of the need to incorporate factors other than simply limit values which have been tightened up. The costs and benefits deriving from the implementation of the measures provided for in the said Decision shall be researched and assessed, jointly with interested parties such as industry, users and groups representing consumers or the public and these shall be proportionate and reasonable in the light of the intended aims.

Article 6

1.  Member States may make provision for tax incentives only for motor vehicles conforming to the air-pollution and noise-pollution measures laid down in Chapter 5, Annex I, section 2.2.1.1.3 and Annex II, Tables I and II and Chapter 9, Annex I respectively of this Directive.

2.  The incentives referred to in paragraph 1 must be in line with the provisions of the Treaty and meet the following conditions:

 they shall be valid for all new vehicles placed on the market of a Member State which, in advance, comply with the requirements of this Directive referred to in paragraph 1,

 they shall cease upon the mandatory implementation of the measures referred to in paragraph 1,

 they shall, for each type of motor vehicle, involve lower amounts than the extra cost of the technical solutions applied and of their incorporation into the motor vehicle to enable the values laid down to be met.

3.  The Commission shall be informed in good time of any intentions to introduce or alter any of the tax incentives referred to in paragraph 1, so that it can submit its comments.

Article 7

The changes needed:

 to take into account any amendments to the United Nations ECE Regulations referred to in Article 4,

 to adapt the Annex to technical progress — apart from the limit values for air and noise pollution set out in Chapter 5, Annex I, section 2.2.1.1.3, and Annex II, Tables I and II, and in Chapter 9, Annex I respectively,

shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 13 of Council Directive 70/156/EEC of 6 February 1970 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the type-approval of motor vehicles and their trailers ( 21 ).

Article 8

1.  Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive before 18 December 1998. They shall forthwith inform the Commission thereof.

From the date referred to in the first subparagraph, Member States may no longer prohibit the first entry into service of vehicles complying with the provisions of this Directive or of certain of its chapters.

They shall apply these provisions from 17 June 1999.

However, the implementation of certain provisions in Chapters 5, 8 and 9 shall be deferred as specified in the said chapters.

2.  When Member States adopt the measures referred to in paragraph 1, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such reference on the occasion of their official publication. The methods of making such reference shall be laid down by Member States.

Article 9

1.  Council Directive 80/780(EEC of 22 July 1980 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to rear-view mirrors for two-wheeled motor vehicles with or without a side-car and to their fitting on such vehicles ( 22 ) shall be repealed when this Directive becomes applicable.

2.  However, components for which approvals as laid down in Annex I to the Directive referred to in paragraph 1 have been granted may continue to be used.

3.  Council Directive 78/1015/EEC of 23 November 1978 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States on the permissible sound level and exhaust system of motorcycles ( 23 ) shall be repealed on the date referred to the first subparagraph of Article 8.

4.  Until the date referred to in the first subparagraph of Article 8 (1), approvals as referred to in Directive 78/1015/EEC may be granted for type approvals of vehicles referred to in Directive 92/61/EEC. The limit values laid down for noise levels in Annex I, ►C1  section 2.1.1 ◄ of Directive 78/1015/EEC shall apply.

Article 15 (4) (c) of Directive 92/61/EEC shall therefore apply when such vehicles are first put into service.

5.  On the entry into force of this Directive, the provisions of Council Directive 89/336/EEC of 3 May 1989 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility ( 24 ) shall cease to apply to vehicles covered by this Directive.

Article 10

This Directive shall enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Communities.

Article 11

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.




CHAPTER 1

TYRES FOR TWO OR THREE-WHEEL MOTOR VEHICLES AND THEIR FITTING



LIST OF ANNEXES

ANNEX I

Administrative provisons for the component type approval of tyres …

Appendix 1

Information document for a type of tyre intended for two or three-wheel motor vehicles …

Appendix 2

Certificate of component type approval for a type of tyre intended for two or three-wheel motor vehicles …

ANNEX II

Definitions, markings and requirements …

Appendix 1

Explanatory diagram …

Appendix 2

Arrangement of tyre markings …

Appendix 3

List of load capacity indices and corresponding permissible maximum mass …

Appendix 4

Marking and dimensions for certain types of tyre …

Appendix 5

Method of measuring tyre dimensions …

Appendix 6

Procedure for testing the load/speed performance …

Appendix 7

Variation of load capacity as a function of speed …

Appendix 8

Method for determining the dynamic growth of tyres …

ANNEX III

Requirements for vehicles with regard to the fitting of their tyres …

Appendix 1

Information document in respect of the fitting of tyres to a type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle …

Appendix 2

Certificate of vehicle type approval in respect of the fitting of tyres to a type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle …




ANNEX I

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FOR THE COMPONENT TYPE APPROVAL OF A TYPE OF TYRE

1.   APPLICATION FOR COMPONENT TYPE APPROVAL

1.1.

The application for the component type approval of a type of tyre must give precise details of the type of tyre to which the component type approval mark is to be affixed.

1.2.

For each type of tyre that application must also give precise details on:

1.2.1.

the tyre size designation as defined in Annex II, item 1.16,

1.2.2.

the make or trade name,

1.2.3.

category of use: normal, special, snow or moped,

1.2.4.

tyre structure (diagonal or bias ply, bias belted, radial),

1.2.5.

speed category symbol,

1.2.6.

load capacity index,

1.2.7.

whether the tyre is intended for use with or without an inner tube,

1.2.8.

whether the tyre is ‘normal’ or ‘reinforced’,

1.2.9.

the ply-rating number for motor cycle derivatives,

1.2.10.

the outer dimensions: the overall tyre width and overall diameter,

1.2.11.

the rims to which the tyre may be fitted,

1.2.12.

the measuring rim and the test rim,

1.2.13.

the test pressure and the pressure for measurement,

1.2.14.

the coefficient x referred to in Annex II, item 1.19,

1.2.15.

For tyres indentified by means of letter code ‘V’ within the size designation and suitable for speeds over 240 km/h or for tyres indentified by means of letter code ‘Z’ within the size designation and suitable for speeds over 270 km/h, the maximum speed permitted by the tyre manufacturer and the load carrying capacity allowed for that maximum speed. The maximum permitted speed and the relevant load carrying capacity shall be indicated in the type approval certificate (Appendix 2 of this Annex).

1.3.

The application for component type approval shall also be accompanied by sketches or photographs in triplicate which identify the tread pattern and the envelope of the inflated tyre mounted on the measuring rim showing the relevant dimensions (see sections 3.1.1 and 3.1.2 of Annex II) of the tyre type submitted for approval. It shall also be accompanied by the test report issued by an approved test laboratory or by two samples of the tyre type at the discretion of the competent authority.

1.4.

The tyre manufacturer may request that the EC component type approval be extended also to other types of modified tyres.

1.5.

This Directive does not apply to new tyres designed only for ‘off-road’ use and marked ‘NHS’ (not for highway service) or for competitions.

2.   MARKINGS

The samples of a type of tyre submitted for component type approval shall bear, in a clearly legible and indelible manner, the applicant's make or trade name and shall include sufficient space for the component type approval mark.

3.   COMPONENT TYPE APPROVAL MARK

All tyres conforming to a type that has been component type-approved in compliance with this Directive shall bear the component type-approval mark described in Annex 5 to Directive 92/61/EEC of 30 June 1992 on the type approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles.

The ‘a’ value defining the dimensions of the rectangle and the digits and letters making up the mark shall not be less than 2 mm.

4.   MODIFICATION OF A TYRE TYPE

4.1.

A modification of the tread pattern of a tyre does not require the repetition of tests prescribed in Annex II.




Appendix 1

image




Appendix 2

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ANNEX II

DEFINITIONS, MARKINGS, AND REQUIREMENTS

1.   DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this chapter:

1.1.

‘type of tyre’ means tyres which basically do not differ from one another in respect of:

1.1.1.

the make or trade name,

1.1.2.

the tyre size designation,

1.1.3.

the category of use (normal: for tyres intended for normal road use; special: for special-purpose tyres such as those used for on-road and off-road purposes; snow or mopeds),

1.1.4.

structure (diagonal or bias ply (cross-ply), bias-belted, radial),

1.1.5.

speed category symbol,

1.1.6.

load capacity index,

1.1.7.

the cross section profile dimension when fitted to a specified rim;

1.2.

‘tyre structure’ means the technical characteristics of a tyre carcass. A distinction is drawn, in particular, between the following tyre configurations:

1.2.1.

‘diagonal or bias ply (cross-ply)’ means a tyre structure the ply cords of which extend to the beads and are laid in such a way as to form alternating angles which are perceptibly less than 90o to the tread centre line,

1.2.2.

‘bias belted’ means a tyre structure of the ‘cross-ply’ type in which the carcass is restrained by a belt consisting of two or more layers of basically inextensible cord materials forming alternating angles close to those of the carcass,

1.2.3.

‘radial’ means a tyre structure the ply cords of which extend to the beads and are laid substantially at 90o to the tread centre line, while the carcass is stabilized by a basically inextensible circumferential belt,

1.2.4.

‘reinforced’ means a tyre structure in which the carcass is more resistant than that of a corresponding standard tyre;

1.3.

‘bead’ means the part of the tyre the shape and structure of which enables it to fit the rim and hold the tyre on that rim ( 25 );

1.4.

‘cords’ means the strands forming the fabric of the plies in the pneumatic tyre (25) ;

1.5.

‘ply’ means A layer of rubber coated parallel cords (25) ;

1.6.

‘carcass’ means the part of the tyre other than the tread and the sidewalls which, when inflated, bears the load (25) ;

1.7.

‘tread’ means that part of the tyre which comes into contact with the ground (25) ;

1.8.

‘sidewall’ means that part of a tyre lying between the tread and the part intended to be covered by the wheel rim (25) ;

1.9.

‘tread groove’ means the space between two adjacent ribs or blocks in the tread pattern (25) ;

1.10.

‘main grooves’ means the wide grooves located in the central zone of the tread;

1.11.

‘section width (S)’ means the linear distance between the outer edges of the sidewalls of an inflated tyre excluding the protrusions due to markings, embellishments or protective bands or ribs (25) ;

1.12.

‘overall width’ means the linear distance between the outer edges of the sidewalls of an inflated tyre, including markings, embellishments and protective bands or ribs (25) ; the overall width of tyres the tread width of which is greater than the section width is the width of the tread;

1.13.

‘section height (H)’ means the distance equalling half the difference beween the outer diameter of the tyre and the nominal rim diameter ( 26 );

1.14.

‘nominal aspect ratio (Ra)’ means one hundred times the number obtained by dividing the nominal section height by the nominal section width (S1) both being expressed in the same unit of measurement;

1.15.

‘outer diameter (D)’ means the overall diameter of an inflated new tyre (26) ;

1.16.

‘tyre size designation’ means the description containing the following:

1.16.1.

the nominal section width (S1) (expressed in mm, except for certain types of tyre for which the tyre size designation is set out in the first Column of the tables in Appendix 4 to this Annex),

1.16.2.

the nominal aspect ratio (Ra), except for certain types of tyre for which the tyre size designation is given in the first column of the tables in Appendix 4 to this Annex,

1.16.3.

a conventional number (d) denoting the nominal rim diameter and corresponding to that diameter expressed either in the form of a code (a figure of less than 100) or in millimetres (a figure of more than 100).

1.16.3.1.

the values in millimetres of symbol (d) expressed in code form are as follows:



‘d’ code expressed by one or two figures symbolizing the nominal diameter of the rim

Equivalence in mm

4

102

5

127

6

152

7

178

8

203

9

229

10

254

11

279

12

305

13

330

14

356

15

381

16

406

17

432

18

457

19

483

20

508

21

533

22

559

23

584

1.17.

‘nominal rim diameter (d)’ means the diameter of the rim on which a tyre is designed to be mounted ( 27 );

1.18.

‘rim’ means the support for either a tyre and inner tube or a tubeless tyre on which the beads of the tyre are seated (27) ;

1.19.

‘theoretical rim’ means an imaginary rim the width of which would be X times the nominal section width of a tyre. The X value must be specified by the tyre manufacturer;

1.20.

‘measuring rim’ means the rim on which a tyre must be fitted for dimensional measurement purposes;

1.21.

‘test rim’ means the rim to which a tyre must be fitted for testing;

1.22.

‘chunking’ means the breaking away of pieces of rubber from the tyre tread;

1.23.

‘cord separation’ means parting of the cords from their coating rubber;

1.24.

‘ply separation’ means the parting of adjacent plies;

1.25.

‘tread separation’ means the pulling away of the tread from the carcass

1.26.

‘load-capacity index’ means a figure associated with the maximum permissible load which a tyre can carry at the speed corresponding to its speed symbol according to the operating conditions specified by the manufacturer. Appendix 3 to Annex II certains a list of indices and the corresponding loads;

1.27.

‘table of load variations as a function of speed’ means the table in Appendix 7 to Annex II stating, by reference to indices of load capacity and of capacity at nominal speed, load variations of a tyre used at speeds other than those corresponding to that indicated by the nominal speed category;

1.28.

‘speed category’ means

1.28.1.

the speed, expressed by the speed category symbol as shown in 1.28.2,

1.28.2.

speed categories are those set out in the following table:



Speed category symbol

Relevant speed

(km/h)

B

50

F

80

G

90

J

100

K

110

L

120

M

130

N

140

P

150

Q

160

R

170

S

180

T

190

U

200

H

210

V

240

W

270

1.28.3.

Tyres suitable for maximum speeds in excess of 240 km/h are indentified by the letter ‘V’ or ‘Z’ placed within the tyre size designation in front of the indications of tyre structure.

1.29.

‘snow tyre’ means a tyre pattern and structure of which are designed primarily to ensure better behaviour than that of normal tyres in mud and fresh snow or slush. The tread pattern of snow tyres generally consists of grooves and/or blocks which are more widely spaced than those of a normal tyre;

1.30.

‘MST’ (multiservice tyre) means a multi-use tyre, or in other words a tyre suitable for both on-road and off-road use;

1.31.

‘maximum load rating’ means the maximum mass which a tyre is rated to carry:

1.31.1.

For speed lower or equal to 130 km/h the maximum load rating must not exceed the percentage of the value associated with the relevant load capacity index of the tyre as indicated in the table ‘Load capacity variation with speed’ (see section 1.27) with reference to the speed category symbol of the tyre and the speed capability of the vehicle to which the tyre is fitted.

1.31.2.

For speed above 130 km/h but not exceeding 210 km/h the maximum load rating must not exceed the value of the mass associated with the load capacity index of the tyre.

1.31.3.

In the case of tyres designed for a speed exceeding 210 km/h but not exceeding 270 km/h, the maximum load rating shall not exceed the percentage of the mass associated with the load capacity index for the tyre set out in the table below with reference to the speed category symbol of the tyre and the maximum design speed of the vehicle to which the tyre is to be fitted.



Maximum speed

(km/h) (1)

Maximum Load Rating

(%)

Speed Category V Symbol

Speed Category System W (3)

210

100

100

220

95

100

230

90

100

240

85

100

250

(80) (2)

95

260

(75) (2)

85

270

(70) (2)

75

(1)   For intermediate speeds linear interpolation of maximum load rating is allowed.

(2)   Applicable only to tyres indentified by means of letter code ‘V’ within the size designation and up to the maximum speed specified by the tyre manufacturer. (See Item 1.2.15 of Annex I).

(3)   Applicable also to tyres identified by means of letter code ‘Z’ within the size designation.

1.31.4.

For speeds in excess of 270 km/h the load rating must not exceed the mass specified by the tyre manufacturer with reference to the speed capability of the tyre.

For intermediate speeds between 270 km/h and the maximum speed permitted by the tyre manufacturer a linear interpolation of the load rating applies.

1.32.

‘moped tyre’ means a tyre designed to be fitted on mopeds;

1.33.

‘motor cycle tyre’ means a tyre designed primarily to be fitted on motor cycles

1.34.

‘rolling circumference (Cr)’ means the theoretical distance covered by the centre (axis) of the wheel of a vehicle in motion during one complete revolution of the tyre and obtained from the following formula:

Cr = f × D, where:

D is the outer diameter of the tyre in accordance with the tyre size designation set out in item 3.1.2 in this Annex

f

=

3,02 for tyres the rim diameter code for which is greater than, or equal to, 13

3,03 for radial-ply tyres the rim diameter code for which is not more than 12

2,99 for diagonal or bias-ply (cross-ply) tyres or bias-belted tyres the rim diameter code for which is not more than 12.

2.   MARKINGS

2.1.

On at least one of their sidewalls, tyres shall bear the following markings:

2.1.1.

the make or trade name;

2.1.2.

the tyre size designation as defined in item 1.16;

2.1.3.

the indication of the tyre structure as follows:

2.1.3.1.

in the case of diagonal or bias ply (cross-ply) tyres, no marking or the letter ‘D’ preceding the rim diameter code;

2.1.3.2.

in the case of bias-belted tyres, the letter ‘B’ preceding the rim-diameter code and, optionally, the words ‘BIAS-BELTED’;

2.1.3.3.

in the case of radial-ply tyres, the letter ‘R’ preceding the rim-diameter code and, optionally, the word ‘RADIAL’;

2.1.4.

the speed category of the tyre, expressed by the symbol referred to in item 1.28.2;

2.1.5.

the load capacity index as defined in 1.26;

2.1.6.

the word ‘TUBELESS’ where the tyre is intended for use without an inner tube;

2.1.7.

the symbol ‘REINFORCED’ or ‘REINF’ in the case of a reinforced tyre;

2.1.8.

the date of manufacture comprising three digits, the first two giving the week and the third the year. This information need be shown on only one sidewall;

2.1.9.

the symbol ‘M + S’ or ‘M.S’ or ‘M & S’ in the case of a snow tyre;

2.1.10.

the symbol ‘MST’ in the case of multiservice tyres;

2.1.11.

the term ‘MOPED’, ‘CICLOMOTORE’ or ‘CYCLOMOTEUR’ where a tyre is designed for mopeds;

2.1.12.

Tyres suitable for speeds above 240 km/h must be marked with the appropriate letter code ‘V’ or ‘Z’, as applicable (see section 1.31.3) within the tyre size designation and in front of the indication of the structure (see section 2.1.3).

2.1.13.

Tyres suitable for speeds above 240 km/h (or 270 km/h respectively) must bear, within parentheses, the marking of the load capacity index (see Item 2.1.5) applicable at a speed of 210 km/h (or 240 km/h respectively) and a reference speed category symbol (see Item 2.1.4) as follows:

 ‘V’ in case of tyres identified with the letter code ‘V’ within the size designation.

 ‘W’ in case of tyres identified with the letter code ‘Z’ within the size designation.

2.2.

Appendix 2 provides an example of layout for the tyre markings.

2.3.

The markings referred to in 2.1 and the component type approval mark prescribed in Section 3 of Annex I shall be moulded into or onto the tyres. They shall be clearly legible.

3.   REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO TYRES

3.1.   Tyre dimensions

3.1.1.

Section width

3.1.1.1.

the section width is calculated via the following formula:

S = S1 + K (A - A1),

where:

S

=

section width expressed in mm measured on measuring rim

S1

=

nominal section width (in mm) as set out on the tyre sidewall in the tyre size designation

A

=

width expressed in mm of the measuring rim stated by the manufacturer in the technical description

A1

=

theoretical rim width expressed in mm

The value S1 multiplied by the X factor quoted by the tyre manufacturer is used for A1 and the value 0,4 is used for K.

3.1.1.2.

However, where the tyre size designation appears in the first column of the tables in Appendix 4 to Annex II, the section width (S1) and the theoretical rim width (A1) shall be those entered opposite the tyre size designation in those tables.

3.1.2.

Tyre outer diameter

3.1.2.1.

The outer diameter of a tyre is that obtained from the following formula:

D = d + 2H,

where:

D

=

the outer diameter expressed in mm

d

=

the nominal rim diameter expressed in mm

H

=

the nominal tyre height

H = S1 × 0,01 Ra, where:

S1

=

the nominal section width

Ra

=

the nominal aspect ratio

as set out in the description on the tyre sidewall as required by Item 2.1.3.

3.1.2.2.

However, the outer diameter of types of tyres for which the tyre size designation is entered in the first column of the tables in Appendix 4 to this Annex shall be that set out in the said tables opposite the tyre description.

3.1.3.

Tyre measuring method;

The tyre dimensions shall be measured as specified in Appendix 5 to this Annex.

3.1.4.

Specifications concerning tyre section width;

3.1.4.1.

The overall width of a tyre may be less than the section width S as determined in accordance with Item 3.1.1.

3.1.4.2.

It may exceed that value up to the value set out in Appendix 4 to this Annex or, in the case of tyre size designations not set out in the said Appendix 4, by the following percentages:

3.1.4.2.1.

for a moped tyre, for a normal-purpose on-road and for a snow tyre for motor cycle:

+ 10 % in the case of a rim diameter code 13 and larger

+ 8 % for a rim diameter code of not more than 12;

3.1.4.2.2.

for a multiservice tyre suitable for restricted on-road use and marked with MST + 25 %.

3.1.5.

Specifications concerning the tyre's outer diameter;

3.1.5.1.

The tyre's outer diameter must not exceed the minimum and maximum diameter values specified in Appendix 4 to this Annex.

3.1.5.2.

The outer tyre diameter when the tyre size designation is not set out in Appendix 4 to this Annex shall not exceed the minimum and maximum diameter values obtained by applying the following formulas:

Dmin = d + (2H × a)

Dmax = d + (2H × b),

where:

H and d are as defined in Item 3.1.2.1 and a and b are as defined in Items 3.1.5.2.1 and 3.1.5.2.2 respectively:

3.1.5.2.1.

for a moped tyre, for normal on-road tyre and for snow tyres



 

a

rim diameter 13 and larger

0,97

rim diameter not more than 12

0,93

for a multiservice tyre

1,00

3.1.5.2.2.

for a moped tyre and for a normal-purpose on-road tyre for a motocycle



 

b

rim diameter 13 and larger

1,07

rim diameter not mor than 12

1,10

for snow and multiservice tyres

1,12

3.2.   Load/speed perfomance test

3.2.1.

The load/speed performance test shall be carried out on a tyre in accordance with the method set out in Appendix 6 to Annex II

3.2.1.1.

Where application is made for tyres indentified by means of letter code ‘V’ within the size designation and suitable for speeds over 240 km/h or for tyres identified by means of letter code ‘Z’ within the size designation and suitable for speeds over 270 km/h (see Item 1.2.15 in Annex I), the above Load/Speed Test is carried out on one tyre at the load and speed conditions marked within parenteses on the tyre (see Item 2.1.13). Another load/speed test must be carried out on a second tyre of the same type at the load and speed conditions, if any, specified as maximum by the tyre manufacturer.

3.2.2.

After successfully undergoing the load/speed test a tyre shall not exhibit any tread ply or cord separation or any chunking or cord breakage.

3.2.3.

The outer diameter of the tyre measured at least six hours after the load/speed performance test shall not differ from the outer diameter measured before the test by more than ± 3,5 %.

3.2.4.

The tyre overall width measured at the end of the load/speed performance test shall not exceed the value set out in Item 3.1.4.2.

3.3.   Dynamic growth of tyres

The tyres referred to in Item 1.1 in Appendix 8 to Annex II which have passed the load/speed performance test required in Item 3.2.1 shall undergo a dynamic growth test, to be carried out in accordance with the practical method set out in the said Appendix.

3.4.

Where a tyre manufacturer produces a range of tyres, it is not necessary to carry out load/speed performance tests and dynamic growth tests on each type of tyre in the range. The option of choosing the least favourable case is left to the discretion of the authorities responsible for component type approval.

3.5.

A modification of the tread pattern of a tyre is deemed not to necessitate repetition of the test specified in sections 3.2 and 3.3 of this Annex.

3.6.

Extensions of approval for tyres suitable for speeds over 240 km/h for tyres identified by means of letter code ‘V’ within the size designation (or 270 km/h for tyres identified by means of letter code ‘Z’ within the size designation), with a view to certification for different maximum speeds and/or loads, are permitted, provided that a new test report relating to the new maximum speed and load rating is supplied by the technical service responsible for carrying out tests. Such new load/speed capabilities must be specified in Appendix 2 of Annex I.




Appendix 1

image

Explanatory diagram

(see item 1 in this Annex)




Appendix 2

Arrangement of tyre markings

Example of the markings which must appear on type approved types of tyres

image



b

100/80 B 18

53 S

TUBELESS M + S

013

These markings define a tyre:

 having a nominal section width of 100,

 having a nominal aspect ratio of 80,

 being of bias-belted structure (B),

 having a rim diameter of 457 mm, the code for which is 18,

 having a load capacity of 206 kg, corresponding to load index 53 (see list in appendix 3),

 classified in the speed category S (maximum speed 180 km/h),

 which may be fitted without an inner tube (tubeless),

 being of the snow type (M + S),

 manufactured during week 1 (01) of the year 1993 (3).

The position and order of the markings constituting the tyre designation shall be as follows:

(a) the tyre size designation including the nominal section width, the nominal aspect ratio, the symbol of the structure, where appropriate, and the nominal rim diameter shall be combined as shown in the above example i.e. 100/80 B 18;

(b) the load capacity index and the speed category symbol shall be placed near the tyre size designation. They may either precede or follow this or be located above or below it;

(c) the descriptions ‘TUBELESS’ and ‘REINFORCED’ or ‘REINF’ and ‘M + S’ or ‘M.S.’ or ‘M & S’ and ‘MST’ and/or ‘MOPED’, ‘CICLOMOTORE’ or ‘CYCLOMOTEUR’ may be further away from the dimensional description;

(d) In the case of tyres suitable for speeds above 240 km/h, the letter codes ‘V’ or ‘Z’, as applicable, must be marked in front of the structure marking (e.g. 140/60ZR18). The reference load capacity index and speed category symbol must be marked within parentheses as applicable (see Item 2.1.13 of Annex II).




Appendix 3

List of load-capacity indices and corresponding permissible maximum mass

A

=

load capacity index

B

=

corresponding maximum mass (kg)



A

B

0

45

1

46,2

2

47,5

3

48,7

4

50

5

51,5

6

53

7

54,5

8

56

9

58

10

60

11

61,5

12

63

13

65

14

67

15

69

16

71

17

73

18

75

19

77,5

20

80

21

82,5

22

85

23

87,5

24

90

25

92,5

26

95

27

97,5

28

100

29

103

30

106

31

109

32

112

33

115

34

118

35

121

36

125

37

128

38

132

39

136

40

140

41

145

42

150

43

155

44

160

45

165

46

170

47

175

48

180

49

185

50

190

51

195

52

200

53

206

54

212

55

218

56

224

57

230

58

236

59

243

60

250

61

257

62

265

63

272

64

280

65

290

66

300

67

307

68

315

69

325

70

335

71

345

72

355

73

365

74

375

75

387

76

400

77

412

78

425

79

437

80

450

81

462

82

475

83

487

84

500

85

515

86

530

87

545

88

560

89

580

90

600

91

615

92

630

93

650

94

670

95

690

96

710

97

730

98

750

99

775

100

800

101

825

102

850

103

875

104

900

105

925

106

950

107

975

108

1 000

109

1 030

110

1 060

111

1 090

112

1 120

113

1 150

114

1 180

115

1 215

116

1 250

117

1 285

118

1 320

119

1 360

120

1 400




Appendix 4

Marking and dimensions of certain types of tyre

(See Annex II, items 3.1.1.2, 3.1.2.2, 3.1.4.2 and 3.1.5.1)



TABLE 1 A

Moped tyres

Descriptions and rim diameter up to code 12

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical RIM (code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal

(S1)

(mm)

section width

Maximum overall width

(mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax

2-12

1.35

413

417

426

55

59

21/4-12

1.50

425

431

441

62

67

21/2-8

1.75

339

345

356

70

76

21/2-9

1.75

365

371

382

70

76

23/4-9

1.75

375

381

393

73

79

3-10

2.10

412

418

431

84

91

3-12

2.10

463

469

482

84

91



TABLE 1 B

Motor cycle tyres

Descriptions and rim diameter up to code 12

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical RIM (code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal

(S1)

(mm)

section width

Maximum overall width

(mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax

2.50-8

1.50

328

338

352

65

70

2.50-9

354

364

378

2.50-10

379

389

403

2.50-12

430

440

451

2.75-8

1.75

338

348

363

71

77

2.75-9

364

374

383

2.75-10

389

399

408

2.75-12

440

450

462

3.00-4

2.10

241

251

264

80

86

3.00-5

266

276

291

3.00-6

291

301

314

3.00-7

317

327

342

3.00-8

352

362

378

3.00-9

378

388

401

3.00-10

403

413

422

3.00-12

454

464

473

3.25-8

2.50

362

372

386

88

95

3.25-9

388

398

412

3.25-10

414

424

441

3.25-12

465

475

492

3.50-4

2.50

264

274

291

92

99

3.50-5

289

299

316

3.50-6

314

324

341

3.50-7

340

350

367

3.50-8

376

386

397

3.50-9

402

412

430

3.50-10

427

437

448

3.50-12

478

488

506

4.00-5

2.50

314

326

346

105

113

4.00-6

339

351

368

4.00-7

365

377

394

4.00-8

401

415

427

4.00-10

452

466

478

4.00-12

505

517

538

4.50-6

3.00

364

376

398

120

130

4.50-7

390

402

424

4.50-8

430

442

464

4.50-9

456

468

490

4.50-10

481

493

515

4.50-12

532

544

568

5.00-8

3.50

453

465

481

134

145

5.00-10

504

516

532

5.00-12

555

567

583

6.00-6

4.00

424

436

464

154

166

6.00-7

450

462

490

6.00-8

494

506

534

6.00-9

520

532

562



TABLE 2

Motor cycle and moped tyres

Normal profile

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical RIM (code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal

(S1)

(mm)

section width

Maximum overall width (mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax (1)

Dmax (2)

 (1)

 (2)

13/4-19

1.20

582

589

597

605

50

54

58

2-14

1.35

461

468

477

484

55

58

63

2-15

486

493

501

509

2-16

511

518

526

534

2-17

537

544

552

560

2-18

562

569

577

585

2-19

588

595

603

611

2-20

613

620

628

636

2-21

638

645

653

661

2-22

663

670

680

686

21/4-14

1.50

474

482

492

500

62

66

71

21/4-15

499

507

517

525

21/4-16

524

532

540

550

21/4-17

550

558

566

576

21/4-18

575

583

591

601

21/4-19

601

609

617

627

21/4-20

626

634

642

652

21/4-21

651

659

667

677

21/4-22

677

685

695

703

21/2-14

1.60

489

498

508

520

68

72

78

21/2-15

514

523

533

545

21/2-16

539

548

558

570

2-17

565

574

584

596

21/2-18

590

599

609

621

21/2-19

616

625

635

647

21/2-20

641

650

660

672

21/2-21

666

675

685

697

21/2-22

692

701

711

723

23/4-14

1.85

499

508

518

530

75

80

86

23/4-15

524

533

545

555

23/4-16

549

558

568

580

23/4-17

575

584

594

606

23/4-18

600

609

621

631

23/4-19

626

635

645

657

23/4-20

651

660

670

682

23/4-21

676

685

695

707

23/4-22

702

711

721

733

3-16

1.85

560

570

582

594

81

86

93

3-17

586

596

608

620

3-18

611

621

633

645

3-19

637

647

659

671

31/4-16

2.15

575

586

598

614

89

94

102

31/4-17

601

612

624

640

31/4-18

626

637

651

665

31/4-19

652

663

675

691

(1)   Tyres for normal use.

(2)   Multiservice and snow tyres.



TABLE 3

Motor cycle tyres

Normal profile

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical RIM (code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal (S1)(mm)section width

Maximum overall width (mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax (1)

Dmax (2)

 (3)

 (4)

 (5)

2.00-14

1.20

460

466

478

 

52

57

60

65

2.00-15

485

491

503

 

2.00-16

510

516

528

 

2.00-17

536

542

554

 

2.00-18

561

567

579

 

2.00-19

587

593

605

 

2.25-14

1.60

474

480

492

496

61

67

70

75

2.25-15

499

505

517

521

2.25-16

524

530

542

546

2.25-17

550

556

568

572

2.25-18

575

581

593

597

2.25-19

601

607

619

623

2.50-14

1.60

486

492

506

508

65

72

75

79

2.50-15

511

517

531

533

2.50-16

536

542

556

558

2.50-17

562

568

582

584

2.50-18

587

593

607

609

2.50-19

613

619

633

635

2.50-21

663

669

683

685

2.75-14

1.85

505

512

524

530

75

83

86

91

2.75-15

530

537

549

555

2.75-16

555

562

574

580

2.75-17

581

588

600

606

2.75-18

606

613

625

631

2.75-19

632

639

651

657

2.75-21

682

689

701

707

3.00-14

1.85

519

526

540

546

80

88

92

97

3.00-15

546

551

565

571

3.00-16

569

576

590

596

3.00-17

595

602

616

622

3.00-18

618

627

641

647

3.00-19

644

653

667

673

3.00-21

694

703

717

723

3.00-23

747

754

768

774

3.25-14

2.15

531

538

552

560

89

98

102

108

3.25-15

556

563

577

585

3.25-16

581

588

602

610

3.25-17

607

614

628

636

3.25-18

630

639

653

661

3.25-19

656

665

679

687

3.25-21

708

715

729

737

3.50-14

2.15

539

548

564

572

93

102

107

113

3.50-15

564

573

589

597

3.50-16

591

598

614

622

3.50-17

617

624

640

648

3.50-18

640

649

665

673

3.50-19

666

675

691

699

3.50-21

716

725

741

749

3.75-16

2.15

601

610

626

634

99

109

114

121

3.75-17

627

636

652

660

3.75-18

652

661

677

685

3.75-19

678

687

703

711

4.00-16

2.50

611

620

638

646

108

119

124

130

4.00-17

637

646

664

672

4.00-18

662

671

689

697

4.00-19

688

697

715

723

4.25-16

2.50

623

632

650

660

112

123

129

137

4.25-17

649

658

676

686

4.25-18

674

683

701

711

4.25-19

700

709

727

737

4.50-16

2.75

631

640

658

665

123

135

141

142

4.50-17

657

666

684

694

4.50-18

684

691

709

719

4.50-19

707

717

734

745

5.00-16

3.00

657

666

686

698

129

142

148

157

5.00-17

683

692

710

724

5.00-18

708

717

735

749

5.00-19

734

743

761

775

(1)   Tyres for normal on-road use

(2)   Special-purpose and snow tyres

(3)   Tyres for normal on-road use up to and including speed rating P

(4)   Tyres for normal on-road use beyond speed rating P and snow tyres

(5)   Special-purpose tyres



TABLE 4

Motor cycle tyres

Low profile

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical rim

(code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal

(S1)

(mm) section width

Maximum overall width (mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax (1)

Dmax (2)

 (3)

 (4)

 (5)

3.60-18

2.15

605

615

628

633

93

102

108

113

3.60-19

631

641

653

658

4.10-18

2.50

629

641

654

663

108

119

124

130

4.10-19

655

667

679

688

5.10-16

3.00

615

625

643

651

129

142

150

157

5.10-17

641

651

670

677

5.10-18

666

676

694

702

4.25/85-18

2.50

649

659

673

683

112

123

129

137

4.60-16

2.75

594

604

619

628

117

129

136

142

4.60-17

619

630

642

654

4.60-18

644

654

670

678

(1)   Tyres for normal on-road use

(2)   Special-purpose and snow tyres

(3)   Tyres for normal on-road use up to and including speed rating P

(4)   Tyres for normal on-road use beyond speed rating P and snow tyres

(5)   Special-purpose tyres



TABLE 5

Tyres for motorcycle derivatives

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical rim

(code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal (S1)

(mm) section width

Maximum overall width (mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax

3.00-8C

2.10

359

369

379

80

86

3.00-10C

410

420

430

3.00-12C

459

471

479

3.50-8C

2.50

376

386

401

92

99

3.50-10C

427

437

452

3.50-12C

478

488

513

4.00-8C

3.00

405

415

427

108

117

4.00-10C

456

466

478

4.00-12C

507

517

529

4.50-8C

3.50

429

439

453

125

135

4.50-10C

480

490

504

4.50-12C

531

541

555

5.00-8C

3.50

455

465

481

134

145

5.00-10C

506

516

532

5.00-12C

555

567

581



TABLE 6

Low-pressure motor cycle tyres

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical rim

(code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal (S1)

(mm) section width

Maximum overall width (mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax

5.4-6

4.00

373

379

395

135

146

5.4-10

474

481

497

5.4-12

525

532

547

5.4-14

576

582

598

5.4-16

626

633

649

6.7-10

5.00

532

541

561

170

184

6.7-12

583

592

612

6.7-14

633

642

662



TABLE 7

Motor cycle tyres

Descriptions and dimensions of American tyres

Tyre size designation

Width of theoretical rim

(code)

(A1)

Overall diameter (mm)

Nominal (S1)

(mm) section width

Maximum overall width (mm)

Dmin

D

Dmax

MH90-21

1.85

682

686

700

80

89

MJ90-18

2.15

620

625

640

89

99

MJ90-19

2.15

645

650

665

ML90-18

2.15

629

634

650

93

103

ML90-19

2.15

654

659

675

MM90-19

2.15

663

669

685

95

106

MN90-18

2.15

656

662

681

104

116

MP90-18

2.15

667

673

692

108

120

MR90-18

2.15

680

687

708

114

127

MS90-17

2.50

660

667

688

121

134

MT90-16

3.00

642

650

672

130

144

MT90-17

3.00

668

675

697

MU90-15M/C

3.50

634

642

665

142

158

MU90-16

3.50

659

667

690

MV90-15M/C

3.50

643

651

675

150

172

MP85-18

2.15

654

660

679

108

120

MR85-16

2.15

617

623

643

114

127

MS85-18

2.50

675

682

702

121

134

MT85-18

3.00

681

688

709

130

144

MV85-15M/C

3.50

627

635

658

150

172




Appendix 5

Method of measuring tyre dimensions

1.

The tyre is fitted to the measuring rim and inflated to the pressure ( 28 ) specified by its manufacturer.

2.

The tyre mounted on its rim is left at ambient laboratory temperature for at least 24 hours.

3.

The pressure is reset at the value specified in Item 1.

4.

The overall width is measured by means of a calliper gauge at six equally spaced points, account being taken of the thickness of the ribs or bands.

The highest measurement thus obtained shall be retained as the overall width.

5.

The outer diameter is determined as follows: the maximum circumference is measured and the figure thus obtained is divided by π (3,1416).




Appendix 6

Procedure for testing load/speed performance

1.   TYRE PREPARATION

1.1.

A new tyre shall be fitted to the test rim identified by the manufacturer.

1.2.

It shall be inflated to the appropriate pressure as set out in the following table:



TEST INFLATION PRESSURE

Tyre version

Speed category

Pressure

bar

kPa

MOPEDS

 
 
 

standard

B

2,25

225

reinforced

B

3,00

300

MOTORCYCLES

standard

F, G, J, K

2,50

250

L, M, N, P

2,50

250

Q, R, S

3,00

300

T, U, H, V (1)

3,50

350

reinforced

F, G, J, K, L, M, N, P

3,30

330

Q, R, S, T, U, H

3,90

390

MOTORCYCLE DERIVATIVES

4PR

F, G, J, K, L, M

3,70

370

6PR

4,50

450

8PR

5,20

520

(1)   For speeds above 240 km/h the test pressure is 3,20 bar (320 kPa).

Other types of tyre shall be inflated to the pressure quoted by their manufacturer.

1.3.

The tyre manufacturer may request, giving reasons, the use of an inflation pressure differing from those listed in section 1.2. In such a case the tyre is inflated to that pressure (see item 1.12.13 in Annex I).

1.4.

The wheel/tyre combination shall be stored at the temperature of the test chamber for at least three hours.

1.5.

The tyre pressure shall be brought to that specified in Items 1.2 or 1.3.

2.   TEST SEQUENCE

2.1.

The tyre/wheel combination shall be fitted to a test spindle and pressed against the outer surface of a smooth flywheel having a diameter of 1,7 m ± 1 % or 2,0 m ± 1 %.

2.2.

A load which is equal to 65 % of the following shall be applied to the test spindle:

2.2.1.

The load rating corresponding to the load capacity index for tyres bearing speed symbols up to and including ‘H’,

2.2.2.

The load rating associated with a maximum speed of 240 km/h for tyres bearing speed symbol ‘V’ (see paragraph 1.31.3 in this Annex),

2.2.3.

The loading rating associated with a maximum speed of 270 km/h for tyres with speed symbol ‘W’ (see paragraph 1.31.3 of this Annex),

2.2.4.

The load rating associated with the maximum speed specified by the tyre manufacturer for tyres suitable for speeds above 240 km/h (or 270 km/h as applicable) (see paragraph 3.2.1.1),

2.2.5.

In the case of moped tyres (speed category symbol B), the test load shall be 65 % on a test drum which is 1,7 m in diameter and 67 % on a test drum which is 2,0 m in diameter.

2.3.

Throughout the test the tyre pressure shall not be reset and the test load shall be held constant.

2.4.

During the test the temperature in the test room shall be kept at between 20 and 30 oC or at a higher temperature if so accepted by the manufacturer.

2.5.

The test shall proceed uninterrupted, in accordance with the following criteria:

2.5.1.

time for transition from speed 0 to initial test speed: 20 minutes,

2.5.2.

Initial test speed: equal to the maximum speed intended for the type of tyre, reduced by 30 km/h if the test is carried out on a 2 m-diameter drum or by 40 km/h if the test is carried out on a 1,7 m-diameter drum,

2.5.2.1.

The maximum speed to be considered for the second test in the case of tyres suitable for speeds above 240 km/h for tyres identified by means of letter code ‘V’ within the size designation (or 270 km/h for tyres identified by means of letter code ‘Z’ within the size designation) is the maximum speed specified by the tyre manufacturer (see 1.2.15 of Annex I).

2.5.3.

successive speed increments: 10 km/h,

2.5.4.

duration of test at each speed-range: 10 minutes,

2.5.5.

total duration of test: one hour,

2.5.6.

maximum test speed: maximum speed intended for the type of tyre if the test is carried out on a 2 m-diameter drum and maximum speed intended for the type of tyre reduced by 10 km/h if the test is carried out on a 1,7 m-diameter drum,

2.5.7.

In the case of moped tyres (speed-category symbol B), the test speed shall be 50 km/h, the time taken to accelerate from 0 to 50 km/h being 10 minutes, a steady state speed then being held for 30 minutes and the total duration of the test being 40 minutes.

2.6.

However, if a second test is performed to assess the top performances of tyres suitable for speeds above 240 km/h, the procedure shall be as follows:

2.6.1.

Twenty minutes to build up from zero to the initial test speed,

2.6.2.

Twenty minutes at the initial test speed,

2.6.3.

Ten minutes to build up to the maximum test speed,

2.6.4.

Five minutes at the maximum test speed.

3.   EQUIVALENT TEST METHODS

If a test method other than that described in Item 2 is used, its equivalence shall be demonstrated.




Appendix 7

Variation of load capacity as a function of speed



Speed

(km/h)

Variation in load carrying capacity (%)

Moped

rim diameter code ≤ 12

rim diameter code ≥ 13

speed symbol

speed symbol

B

J

K

L

J

K

L

M

N

P and above

30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

50

0

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

+ 30

60

 

+ 23

+ 23

+ 23

+ 23

+ 23

+ 23

+ 23

+ 23

+ 23

70

 

+ 16

+ 16

+ 16

+ 16

+ 16

+ 16

+ 16

+ 16

+ 16

80

 

+ 10

+ 10

+ 10

+ 10

+ 10

+ 10

+ 10

+ 10

+ 14

90

 

+ 5

+ 5

+ 7,5

+ 5

+ 5

+ 7,5

+ 7,5

+ 7,5

+ 12

100

 

0

0

+ 5

0

0

+ 5

+ 5

+ 5

+ 10

110

 

- 7

0

+ 2,5

 

0

+ 2,5

+ 2,5

+ 2,5

+ 8

120

 

- 15

- 6

0

 
 

0

0

0

+ 6

130

 

-25

-12

-5

 
 
 

0

0

+ 4

140

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

0

0




Appendix 8

Method for determining the dynamic growth of tyres

1.   SCOPE AND EXTENT

1.1.

This test method shall apply to motorcycle tyres of the types referred to in Item 3.4.1 of this Appendix.

1.2.

It is intended to determine the maximum growth of the tyre which is due to the effect of the centrifugal force at the maximum permissible speed.

2.   DESCRIPTION OF TEST PROCEDURE

2.1.

The test axle and the rim shall be checked in order to ensure that radial eccentricity is less than ± 0,5 mm and that lateral displacement is less than ± 0,5 mm when measured at the outer periphery of the bead seat of the wheel.

2.2.

Contour-outline device

Any device (projection grid camera, spotlights and others) enabling the outer contour of the cross section of the tyre to be outlined distinctly or to establish an enveloping curve, at right angles to the equator of the tyre at the point of maximum tread deformation.

This device shall reduce any deformation to a minimum and ensure a constant (known) ratio (K) between the contour plotted and the acutual diemensions of the tyre.

This device will enable the tyre contour to be determined in relation to the wheel axis.

3.   EXECUTION OF TEST

3.1.

During the test the temperature in the test room shall be held between 20 oC and 30 oC or at a higher temperature if so accepted by the tyre manufacturer.

3.2.

The tyres to be tested must have undergone the load/speed performance test in accordance with Appendix 6 without any faults having emerged.

3.3.

The tyre to be tested shall be fitted to a wheel the rim of which conforms to the applicable standard.

3.4.

The tyre inflation pressure (test inflation pressure) shall be adjusted to the values indicated in Item 3.4.1.

3.4.1.

Diagonal or bias ply (cross-ply) and bias-belted tyres.



Speed category symbol

Tyre version

Test inflation pressure

bar

kPa

P/Q/R/S

standard

2,50

250

T and above

standard

2,90

290

3.5.

The wheel/tyre combination shall be stored at the temperature of the test room for at least three hours.

3.6.

Following that period of storage the inflation pressure shall be corrected to the value laid down in Item 3.4.1.

3.7.

The wheel/tyre combination shall be mounted on the test axle and checked to ensure that it turns freely. The tyre may be rotated by a motor acting on the test axle or else via pressure against a test drum.

3.8.

The entire assembly shall be accelerated without interruption in order to achieve, within five minutes, the maximum speed capability of the tyre.

3.9.

The contour-outline device shall be installed, care being taken to ensure that it is at right angles to the (direction of) rotation of the tread of the tyre being tested.

3.10.

A check shall be made that the peripheral speed of the tread surface is equal to the maximum speed capability of the tyre ± 2 %. The equipment shall be kept at a constant speed for five minutes at least and then the cross section of the tyre shall be traced in the area of maximum deformation or a check should be made that the tyre does not exceed the enveloping curve.

4.   ASSESSMENT OF RESULTS

4.1.

The envelope of the tyre/wheel assembly shall be as in the example below.

image

With reference to items 3.1.4 and 3.1.5 in this Annex, the limit values for the envelope outline are laid down as follows:



Tyre speed category

dynH (mm)

Category of use: Normal

Category of use: Snow and special

P/Q/R/S

H × 1,10

H × 1,15

T/U/H

H × 1,13

H × 1,18

Over 210 km/h

H × 1,16

4.1.1.

The main dimensions of the enveloping curve must be adjusted, if applicable, taking into account the constant ratio K (see paragraph 2.2 above).

4.2.

The tyre contour deformation at maximum speed shall not go beyond the envelope outline when related to the tyre axes.

4.3.

No other test is carried out on the tyre.

5.   EQUIVALENT TEST METHODS

If a method other than that described in item 2 is used its equivalence shall be demonstrated.




ANNEX III

REQUIREMENTS FOR VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO THE FITTING OF THEIR TYRES

1.   GENERAL

1.1.

Subject to the provisions of section 2, every tyre fitted to a vehicle, including any spare, shall be type-approved in accordance with the provisions of this Directive.

1.2.

Tyre Fitment

1.2.1.

All tyres fitted to a vehicle shall be identical as regards the aspects covered by Annex II, item 1.1.5,

1.2.2.

All tyres fitted to a given axle shall be of the same type (see Annex II, item 1.1),

1.2.3.

The manufacturer of the vehicle shall indicate the designations of tyres in accordance with the requirements of this Chapter. This or these tyre(s) made by the tyre manufacturer to the tolerances laid down in Annex II, items 3.1.4, 3.1.5 and 3.3 shall move freely in their intended position. The space in which the wheel revolves must be such as to allow unrestricted movement when the maximum permissible size of tyres is used within the suspension, steering and wheel guard constraints provided by the vehicle manufacturer,

1.3.

Load capacity

1.3.1.

The maximum load rating, as defined in item 1.31 of Annex II and account being taken of the requirements set out in Appendix 7 to Annex II, of every tyre with which the vehicle is fitted shall be at least equal to the following:

 the maximum permissible axle mass where the axle is equipped with one tyre only;

 half of the maximum permissible axle mass where the axle is equipped with two tyres in single formation;

 0,54 times the maximum permissible axle mass where the axle is equipped with two tyres in dual (twin) formation;

 0,27 times the maximum permissible axle mass where the axle is equipped with two sets of tyres in dual (twin) formation,

with reference to the maximum permissible axle mass declared by the vehicle manufacturer.

1.4.

Speed capability

1.4.1.

Every tyre with which a vehicle is normally fitted must have a speed category symbol (see Annex II section 1.28) compatible with the maximum design speed of the vehicle (as declared by the vehicle manufacturer including the tolerance permitted for series production conformity checks) or the applicable load/speed combination (see Annex II section 1.27),

1.4.2.

The above specification does not apply: in the case of vehicles normally equipped with ordinary tyres and occasionally supplied with snow tyres or multiservice tyres.

However, in this case the speed category symbol of the snow tyres or multiservice tyres must correspond to a speed either greater than the maximum design speed of the vehicle (as declared by the vehicle manufacturer) or of not less than 130 km/h (or both).

If, nevertheless, the maximum design speed of the vehicles (as declared by the vehicle manufacturer) is greater than the speed corresponding to the speed category symbol of the snow tyres or multiservice tyre, a maximum speed warning label specifying the maximum speed capability of the snow tyres must be displayed inside the vehicle in a prominent position readily visible to the driver.

2.   SPECIAL CASES

2.1.

Tyres which have been component type approved according to Directive 92/23/EEC may also be fitted to motorcycles with side-car, three-wheel mopeds, tricycles and quadricycles.

2.2.

Motorcycle tyres may also be fitted to mopeds.

2.3.

In the case of a vehicle which is fitted with tyres which are not motorcycle tyres, passenger car tyres or commercial vehicle tyres, due to special conditions of use (e.g. agricultural tyres, industrial truck tyres, all terrain vehicle tyres), the requirements of Annex II do not apply, provided that the approval authority is satisfied that the tyres fitted are suitable for the operating conditions of the vehicle.

2.4.

Tyres fitted to low performance mopeds as defined in the note set out in Annex I to Directive 92/61/EEC on the type approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles may be of a different type from those covered by the requirements of this Chapter, owing to special conditions of use, provided that the authority responsible for vehicle type approval receives an assurance that the tyres fitted are appropriate to the conditions of use of the vehicle.




Appendix 1

image




Appendix 2

image

►(1) M5  




CHAPTER 2

LIGHTING AND LIGHT-SIGNALLING DEVICES OF TWO OR THREE-WHEEL MOTOR VEHICLES



LIST OF ANNEXES

ANNEX I

General requirements applying to the component type-approval of a type of lighting and light-signalling device for two or three-wheel motor vehicles …

Appendix 1

Colours of light emitted — Trichromatic coordinates …

Appendix 2

Examples of arrangements of approval marks …

ANNEX II

Requirements concerning the component type-approval of front position (side) lamps, rear lamps, stop lamps, direction indicator lamps, rear registration-plate illuminating device, front fog lamps, rear fog lamps, reversing lamps and retro-reflectors fitted to two or three-wheel motor vehicles …

Appendix 1

Minimum horizontal (H) and vertical (V) angles of spatial light distribution …

Appendix 2

Photometric measurements …

Appendix 3

Photometric measurements of the rear registration-plate illuminating device …

Appendix 4

Information document …

Appendix 5

Component type-approval certificate …

ANNEX III

Requirements relating to the component type-approval of devices (headlamps) using incandescent or halogen filament lamps emitting a passing and/or driving beam fitted to two or three-wheel motor vehicles …

ANNEX III-A

Headlamps for mopeds …

Appendix 1

Photometric tests on headlamps equipped with category S3 and S4 lamps …

Appendix 2

Photometric tests on headlamps equipped with category HS2 halogen lamps …

Appendix 3

Information document in respect of a type of headlamp intended for mopeds …

Appendix 4

Component type-approval certificate in respect of a type of headlamp intended for mopeds …

ANNEX III-B

Headlamps for motorcycles and tricycles emitting a symmetrical passing beam and a driving beam by means of filament lamps …

Appendix 1

Photometric tests …

Appendix 2

Test on the stability of the photometric behaviour of headlamps in operation …

Appendix 3

Requirements for lamps incorporating lenses of plastic material and testing of lens or material samples and of complete lamps …

Appendix 4

Information document in respect of a type of headlamp fitted with filament lamps, emitting a symmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and intended to be fitted to motorcycles and tricycles …

Appendix 5

Component type-approval certificate in respect of a type of headlamp fitted with filament lamps, emitting a symmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and intended for motorcycles and tricycles …

ANNEX III-C

Headlamps for motorcycles and tricycles emitting an asymmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and fitted with halogen filament lamps (HS1 lamps) or filament lamps of category R2

Appendix 1

Measuring screen …

Appendix 2

Test on the stability of the photometric performance of headlamps in operation

Appendix 3

Requirements for lamps incorporating lenses of plastic material and testing of lens or material samples and of complete lamps …

Appendix 4

Information document in respect of a type of headlamp fitted with halogen filament lamps (HS1 lamps) or filament lamps of category R2, emitting an asymmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and intended to be fitted to motorcycles and tricycles …

Appendix 5

Component type-approval certificate in respect of a type of headlamp fitted with halogen filament lamps, (HS1 lamps) or filament lamps of category R2, emitting an asymmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and intended to be fitted to motorcycles and tricycles …

ANNEX III-D

Headlamps for motorcycles and tricycles emitting an asymmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and fitted with halogen filament lamps other than HS1 lamps …

Appendix 1

Measuring screen …

Appendix 2

Tests on the stability of the photometric performance of headlamps in operation

Appendix 3

Requirements for lamps incorporating lenses of plastic material and testing of lens or material samples and of complete lamps …

Appendix 4

Information document in respect of a type of headlamp fitted with halogen filament lamps, emitting an asymmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and intended to be fitted to motorcycles and tricycles …

Appendix 5

Component type-approval certificate in respect of a type of headlamp fitted with halogen filament lamps, emitting an asymmetrical passing beam and a driving beam and intended to be fitted to motorcycles and tricycles …

ANNEX IV

Incandescent lamps intended for use in component type-approved lamps for mopeds, motorcycles and tricycles …

Appendices 1 to 22

(See Annex IV) …

Appendix 23

Example of the arrangement of the approval mark …

Appendix 24

Luminous centre and shapes of lamp filaments …




ANNEX I

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS APPLYING TO THE COMPONENT TYPE-APPROVAL OF A TYPE OF LIGHTING AND LIGHT-SIGNALLING DEVICE FOR TWO OR THREE-WHEEL MOTOR VEHICLES

1.

For the purposes of this Chapter:

‘type of device’

means devices which do not differ among themselves in such essential respects as the following:

1.1.

make or trade name;

1.2.

the characteristics of the optical system;

1.3.

the addition or deletion of components likely to alter the optical results as a result of reflection, refraction or absorption and/or deformation during their operation;

1.4.

their intended use in either right-hand or left-hand driving or both;

1.5.

the materials constituting the lenses and coatings, if any.

2.

APPLICATION FOR THE COMPONENT TYPE-APPROVAL OF A TYPE OF DEVICE

2.1.

The application for the component type-approval of a type of device submitted in compliance with Article 3 of Council Directive 92/61/EEC of 30 June 1992 on the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles must, moreover, provide the following details:

2.1.1.

the intended function(s) of the device;

2.1.2.

in the case of a headlamp, if designed for running on either side of the road or for left-hand or right-hand running only;

2.1.3.

in the case of a direction indicator: its category.

2.2.

For each type of device for which component type-approval is requested the application must be accompanied by:

2.2.1.

drawings, in triplicate, in sufficient detail to permit identification of the type and setting out the geometrical conditions under which it is fitted to the vehicle, together with the direction of observation which must be taken into account as the reference axis during the tests (horizontal angle H = 0, vertical angle V = 0)and the point which must be taken as the centre of reference during these tests; in the case of a headlamp the drawings must show a vertical (axial) section and a head-on view with, where appropriate, details of the lens fluting; the drawings must also illustrate the position intended for the mandatory component type-approval mark and, where appropriate, additional symbols in relation to the rectangle for that mark;

2.2.2.

a brief technical description giving details, in particular, with the exception of lamps with non-replaceable light sources, of the intended category or categories of filament lamp.

2.3.

Applicants must also submit two samples of the device for which component type-approval is requested.

2.4.

For the test of the plastic material of which the lenses of headlamps ( 29 ) and front fog-lamps are made, the following must be supplied:

2.4.1.

thirteen lenses:

2.4.1.1.

six of these lenses may be replaced by six samples of material at least 60 mm × 80 mm in size, having a flat or convex outer surface and a substantially flat area (radius of curvature not less than 300 mm) in the middle measuring at least 15 mm × 15 mm;

2.4.1.2.

every such lens or sample of material must be produced by the method to be used in series production;

2.4.2.

a reflector to which the lens can be fitted in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

2.5.

The materials making up the lenses and coatings, if any, must be accompanied by the test report on the characteristics of these materials and coatings if they have already been tested.

2.6.

The competent authority must verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring effective control of the conformity of production before type-approval is granted.

3.

ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING THE MARKING OF AND MARKS ON DEVICES

3.1.

Devices must bear the following in a clearly visible and indelible manner:

3.1.1.

make or trade name;

3.1.2.

a statement of the intended category or categories of filament lamp(s): this is not valid for lamps with non-replaceable light sources;

3.1.3.

in the case of lamps with non-replaceable light sources the rated voltage and rated wattage should be stated;

3.1.4.

the component type-approval mark in accordance with the provisions of Article 8 of Directive 92/61/EEC. In the case of headlamps the marks must be placed on the lens or main body of the lamp (the mirror being considered to be a main body). If the lens cannot be separated from the main body a position on the lens will suffice. That position must be shown on the designs referred to in 2.2.1. For examples, see Appendix 2 to this Annex.

4.

COMPONENT TYPE-APPROVAL OF A DEVICE

4.1.

When at least two devices form part of the same device component type-approval can be granted only if each of those devices meets the requirements of this Chapter.

5.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION CONTROL PROCEDURES

5.1.   General

5.1.1.

The conformity requirements are considered satisfied from a mechanical and geometric standpoint, if the differences do not exceed inevitable manufacturing deviations within the requirements of this Directive.

5.1.2.

With respect to photometric performances, the conformity of series-produced devices must not be contested if, when testing photometric performances of any device chosen at random and in the case of signalling lamps, headlamps or front fog-lamps equipped with standard filament-lamps, no measured value deviates unfavourably by more than 20 % from the minimum values prescribed in this Directive.

5.1.3.

If the results of the test described above do not meet the requirements, in the case of signalling lamps, headlamps or front fog-lamps, tests on devices must be repeated using another standard filament-lamp.

5.1.4.

Devices with apparent defects are disregarded.

5.1.5.

The trichromatic coordinates must be complied with in the case of signalling lamps, headlamps or front fog-lamps when these are equipped with filament lamps set to Standard A colour temperature.

5.2.   Minimum requirements for verification of conformity by the manufacturer

For each type of device the holder of the approval mark must carry out at least the following tests at appropriate intervals. The tests must be carried out in accordance with the provisions of this Directive.

If any sampling shows non-conformity with regard to the type of test concerned, further samples are taken and tested. The manufacturer must take steps to ensure the conformity of the production concerned.

5.2.1.   Nature of tests

Tests of conformity to this Directive must cover the photometric and colorimetric characteristics for headlamps of motorcycles and tricycles and the verification of the change in vertical position of the cut-off line unde the influence of heat.

5.2.2.   Methods used in tests

5.2.2.1.

Tests must generally be carried out in accordance with the methods set out in this Directive.

5.2.2.2.

In any test of conformity carried out by the manufacturer, equivalent methods may be used with the consent of the competent authority responsible for approval tests. The manufacturer is responsible for proving that the methods applied are equivalent to those laid down in this Directive.

5.2.2.3.

The application of 5.2.2.1 and 5.2.2.2 requires regular calibration of test apparatus and its correlation with measurements made by a competent authority.

5.2.2.4.

In all cases, the reference methods must be those laid down in this Directive, particularly for the purpose of administrative verification and sampling.

5.2.3.   Nature of sampling

Samples of devices are selected at random from the production of a uniform batch. A uniform batch means a set of devices of the same type, defined according to the production methods of the manufacturer.

The assessment must in general cover series production from individual factories. However, a manufacturer may group together records concerning the same type from several factories, provided these operate under the same quality system and quality management.

5.2.4.   Measured and recorded photometric and colorimetric characteristics

The sampled device is subjected to photometric measurements at the points provided for in the relevant Annexes unless otherwise prescribed. The trichromatic coordinates must be complied with.

5.2.5.   Criteria governing acceptability

The manufacturer is responsible for carrying out a statistical study of the test results and for defining, in agreement with the competent authority, criteria governing the acceptability of his products, in order to meet the specifications laid down for the verification of conformity of products in Annex VI to Directive 92/61/EEC.

The criteria governing the acceptability must be such that, with a confidence level of 95 %, the minimum probability of passing a spot check in accordance with section 6 (first sampling) would be 0,95.

6.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR SAMPLING BY AN INSPECTOR

6.1.   General

6.1.1.

The conformity requirements are considered satisfied from a mechanical and a geometric standpoint if the differences do not exceed inevitable manufacturing deviations within the requirements of this Directive.

6.1.2.

With respect to photometric performance, the conformity of series-produced devices must not be contested if, when testing photometric performances of any device chosen at random and in the case of signalling lamps, headlamps or front fog-lamps equipped with standard filament lamps, no measured value deviates unfavourably by more than 20 % from the minimum values prescribed in this Directive.

6.1.3.

The trichromatic coordinates must be complied with in the case of signalling lamps, headlamps or front fog-lamps when these are equipped with filament lamps set to Standard A colour temperature.

6.2.   First sampling

In the first sampling four devices are selected at random. The first sample of two is marked A, the second sample of two is marked B.

6.2.1.

Instances where conformity is not contested.

6.2.1.1.

Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of series-produced devices must not be contested if the deviation of the measured values of the device in the unfavourable directions are:

6.2.1.1.1.

sample A



A1:

one device

0 %,

one device not more than

20 %;

A2:

both devices more than

0 %,

but not more than

20 %,

go to sample B

6.2.1.1.2.

sample B



B1:

both devices

0 %.

6.2.2.

The conformity is contested.

6.2.2.1.

Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of series-produced devices must be contested and the manufacturer requested to make his production meet the requirements (alignment) if the deviations of the measured values of the devices are:

6.2.2.1.1.

sample A



A3:

one device not more than

20 %,

one device more than

20 %,

but not more than

30 %.

6.2.2.1.2.

sample B



B2:

in the case of A2

 

one device more than

0 %,

but not more than

20 %,

one device not more than

20 %;

B3:

in the case of A2

 

one device

0 %,

one device more than

20 %,

but not more than

30 %.

6.2.3.

Approval withdrawn

Conformity must be contested and Article 10 of Directive 92/61/EEC applied if, following the sampling procedure in Figure 1 of this Annex, the deviations of the measured values of the devices are:

6.2.3.1.

sample A



A4:

one device not more than

20 %,

one device more than

30 %;

A5:

both devices more than

20 %.

6.2.3.2.

sample B



B4:

in the case of A2

 

one device more than

0 %,

but not more than

20 %,

one device more than

20 %;

B5:

in the case of A2

 

both devices more than

20 %;

B6:

in the case of A2

 

one device

0 %,

one device more than

30 %.

6.3.   Repeated sampling

In the cases of A3, B2, B3 a repeated sampling, third sample C of two devices and fourth sample D of two special warning lamps, selected from stock manufactured after alignment, is necessary within two months following the notification.

6.3.1.

The conformity is not contested.

6.3.1.1.

Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of series-produced devices must not be contested if the deviations of the measured values of the devices are:

6.3.1.1.1.

sample C



C1:

one device

0 %,

one device not more than

20 %;

C2:

both devices more than

0 %,

but not more than

20 %,

go to sample D

6.3.1.1.2.

sample D



D1:

in the case of C2

 

both devices

0 %.

6.3.2.

The conformity is contested.

6.3.2.1.

Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of series-produced devices must be contested and the manufacturer requested to make his production meet the requirements (alignment) if the deviations of the measured values of the devices are:

6.3.2.1.1.

sample D



D2:

in the case of C2

 

one device more than

0 %,

but not more than

20 %,

one device not more than

20 %.

6.3.3.

Approval withdrawn

Conformity must be contested and Article 10 of Directive 92/61/EEC applied if, following the sampling procedure in Figure 1 of this Annex, the deviations of the measured values of the devices are:

6.3.3.1.

sample C



C3:

one device not more than

20 %,

one device more than

20 %;

C4:

both devices more than

20 %.

6.3.3.2.

sample D



D3:

in the case of C2

 

one device egual to or more than

0 %,

one device more than

20 %.

image

Figure 1




Appendix 1

Colours of Light emitted

Trichomatic co-ordinates



RED:

limit towards yellow:

y ≤ 0,335

limit towards purple:

z ≤ 0,008

WHITE:

limit towards blue:

x ≥0,310

limit towards yellow:

x ≤ 0,500

limit towards green:

y ≤ 0,150 + 0,640 ×

limit towards green:

y ≤ 0,440

limit towards purple:

y ≥ 0,050 + 0,750 ×

limit towards red:

y ≥ 0,382

AMBER:

limit towards yellow:

y ≤ 0,429

limit towards red:

y ≥ 0,398

limit towards white:

z ≤ 0,007

For verifying the limits above, a source of light at a colour temperature of 2 856 K (illuminant A of the International Commission on Illumination (CIE)), in combination with appropriate filters, may be used.

For retro-reflectors the device is illuminated by CIE standard illuminant A, with an angle of divergence of 1/3o and an illumination angle V = H = 0o, or, if this produces a colourless surface reflection, an angle V = ± 5o, H = 0o, the trichomatic co-ordinates of the reflected luminous flux must be within the limits above.




Appendix 2

Examples of arrangements of approval marks

image

Figure 1

A device bearing the EC component type-approval mark shown above is a direction indicator of category 11 approved in the Netherlands (e4) under the number 00243. The first two digits of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of Annex II to this Directive in its original version.

For a direction indicator, the arrow indicates that the luminous distribution is asymmetrical in a horizontal plane and that the photometric values required are satisfied up to an angle of 80o to the right, the device being seen in the opposite sense of the light emitted. The example shows a direction indicator mounted on the right-hand side of the vehicle.

Simplified marking of grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps when two or more lamps are part of the same assembly.

image

Figure 1a

(The vertical and horizontal lines schematize the shape of the light-signalling device. These are not part of the approval mark.)

Note:

These three examples of approval marks (models A, B and C) represent three possible variables for the marking of a lighting device when two or more lamps are part of the same assembly of grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps.

They indicate that the device was approved in the Netherlands (e4) under approval number 3333 and comprises:

 a retro-reflector of Class 1, approved in accordance with Directive 76/757/EEC in its original version;

 a red rear-position (side) lamp (R) approved in accordance with Annex II to this Directive in its original version;

 a rear fog-lamp (F) approved in accordance with Directive 77/538/EEC in its original version;

 a reversing lamp (AR) approved in accordance with Directive 77/539/EEC in its original version;

 a stop-lamp (S) approved in accordance with Annex II to this Directive in its original version.

Example of EC component type-approval mark



image Figure 1b

image Figure 1c

image Figure 1d

The retro-reflector bearing the EC component type-approval mark shown above is a Class 1 reflector approved in the Netherlands (4) under the number 216 in accordance with Directive 76/757/EEC; the requirements for retro-reflectors in section 9.1 of Annex II to this Directive apply where a ≥ 4 mm.

image

Figure 2

The headlamp bearing the above EC component type-approval mark was approved in the Netherlands (e4) pursuant to Annex III-A to this Directive in its original version, under approval number 00243. The first two digits of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of this Directive in its original version.

image

Figure 3

The headlamp bearing the above EC component type-approval mark is a headlamp meeting the requirements of Annex III-B to this Directive in its original version and is designed for right-hand traffic only.



image Figure 4

image Figure 5

The headlamp bearing the above EC component type-approval mark is a headlamp meeting the requirements of Annex III-B to this Directive in its original version and is designed:

For left-hand traffic only.

For both traffic systems by means of an appropriate adjustment of the setting of the optical unit or the lamp on the vehicle.

image

Figure 6

The headlamp bearing the above EC component type-approval mark is a headlamp incorporating a lens of plastic material and meeting the requirements of Annex III-C to this Directive in its original version.

It is so designed that the filament of the passing beam can be lit together simultaneously with the driving beam and/or another reciprocally incorporated lighting function.



image Figure 7

image Figure 8

The headlamp bearing the EC component type-approval mark shown above is a headlamp meeting the requirements of Annex III-D to this Directive in its original version.

With respect to the passing beam only, and designed for left-hand traffic only.

With respect to the driving beam only.



image Figure 9

image Figure 10

The headlamp bearing the EC component type-approval mark shown above is a headlamp incorporating the lens of plastic material meeting the requirements of Annex III-D to this Directive in its original version with respect to the passing beam only, and designed:

For both traffic systems

For right-hand traffic only.

Simplified marking for grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps

image

Figure 11

(The vertical and horizontal lines schematize the shape of the light-signalling device. These are not part of the EC component type-approval mark.)

Note:

The four examples shown above correspond to a lighting device bearing an EC component type-approval mark relating to:

 a front position (side) lamp (A) approved in accordance with Annex II to this Directive in its original version;

 a headlamp (HCR) with a passing beam designed for right-hand and left-hand traffic and a driving beam with a maximum intensity comprised between 86.250 and 101.250 candelas (as indicated by the number 30), approved in accordance with Annex III-D to this Directive in its original version and incorporating a lens of plastic material;

 a front fog-lamp B approved in accordance with Directive 76/762/EEC in its original version and incorporating a lens of plastic material;

 a front direction-indicator lamp of category 11 approved in accordance with Annex II to this Directive in its original version.



image Figure 12

image Figure 13

The headlamp bearing the EC component type-approval mark shown above is a headlamp meeting the requirements of Directive 76/761/EEC:

With respect to the passing beam only, and designed for left-hand traffic only.

With respect to the driving beam only.



image Figure 14

image Figure 15

Identification of a headlamp incorporating the lens of plastic material meeting the requirements of Directive 76/761/EEC with respect to Appendix 3 of Annex III-D to this Directive.

For both the passing beam and the driving beam and designed for right-hand traffic only.

For the passing beam only and designed for left-hand traffic only.

The passing lamp filament must not be lit simultaneously with the driving lamp filament and/or any other headlamp with which it is reciprocally incorporated.




ANNEX II

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING THE COMPONENT TYPE-APPROVAL OF FRONT POSITION (SIDE) LAMPS, REAR LAMPS, STOP LAMPS, DIRECTION-INDICATOR LAMPS, REAR REGISTRATION-PLATE ILLUMINATING DEVICE, FRONT FOG-LAMPS, REAR FOG-LAMPS, REVERSING LAMPS AND RETRO-REFLECTORS FITTED TO TWO OR THREE-WHEEL MOTOR VEHICLES

1.   DEFINITIONS

The relevant definitions set out in Annex I to Council Directive 93/92/EEC of 29 October 1993 on the fitting of lighting and light-signalling devices to two or three-wheel motor vehicles apply.

1.1.

‘Lens’ means the outermost component of the lamp (device) which transmits light through the illuminating surface;

1.2.

‘Coating’ means any product or products applied in one or more layers to the outer face of a lens;

1.3.

‘Devices of different types’ are devices which differ in such essential respects as:

1.3.1.

the make or trade name,

1.3.2.

the characteristics of the optical system,

1.3.3.

the inclusion or elimination of components capable of altering the optical effects by reflection, refraction, absorption and/or deformation during operation,

1.3.4.

the type of filament lamp,

1.3.5.

the materials constituting the lenses and coating, if any.

2.   INFORMATION THAT IS ADDITIONAL TO THE COMPONENT TYPE-APPROVAL MARK FOR DIRECTION INDICATORS:

2.1.

In the general case of a direction indicator a number stating that it is a front direction-indicator (category 11) or a rear direction-indicator (category 12) must be affixed close to the rectangle for the component type-approval mark and opposite the component type-approval number.

2.2.

In the case of a direction indicator which does not, in accordance with 4.7.1. on one side achieve the minimum luminous intensity required up to an angle of H = 80o, a horizontal arrow, the tip of which is pointing in the direction where the minimum luminous intensity in accordance with 4.7.1 is achieved up to an angle of at least H = 80o, must be affixed below the rectangle for the component type-approval mark.

3.   GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Devices must be designed and constructed in such a way that, under their normal conditions of use and despite any vibrations to which they may be submitted, their proper functioning remains unimpaired and they retain the characteristics required by this Annex.

4.   INTENSITY OF THE LIGHT EMITTED

Within the reference axis the intensity of the light emitted by each of the two devices must be at least equal to the two minimum values and at most equal to the maximum values set out in the table below. In no direction must the maximum values stated be exceeded.



 

min (cd)

max (cd)

4.1.

Rear position (side) lamps

4

12

4.2.

Front position (side) lamps

4

60

4.3.

Stop lamps

40

100

4.4.

Direction-indicator lamps

 
 

4.4.1.

Front (category 11)

(see Appendix 1)

90

700 (1)

4.4.2.

Rear (category 12)

(see Appendix 1)

50

200

(1)   Applies solely to the area between the two vertical lines passing through V = 0o/H = ± 5o and two horizontal lines passing through V = ± 10o/H = 0o. A maximum of 400 cd is applicable to all other directions.

4.5.

Outside the reference axis the intensity of the light emitted within the angular fields defined in the diagrams in Appendix 1 must, in each direction corresponding to the points in the light distribution table set out in Appendix 2, be at least equal to the product of the minima set out in 4.1 to 4.4 and to the percentage set out in that table for the direction at issue.

4.6.

By way of derogation from 4.1 a maximum luminous intensity of 60 cd is permitted for rear position (side) lamps that are reciprocally incorporated with stop lamps below a plane forming an angle of 5o downwards from the horizontal plane.

4.7.

Moreover:

4.7.1.

Throughout the fields defined in Appendix 1 the intensity of the light emitted must be at least 0,05 cd for position (side) lamps and at least 0,3 cd for stop lamps and direction-indicator lamps.

4.7.2.

When a position (side) lamp has been grouped together or reciprocally incorporated with a stop lamp the ratio of the actually measured light intensities from the two lamps when lit simultaneously to the intensity of the rear position (side) lamp when lit alone must be at least 5:1 at the eleven measuring points defined in Appendix 2 and located within the field bounded by the vertical straight lines passing through 0o V/± 10o H and the horizontal straight lines passing through ± 5o V/0o H shown in the light distribution table.

4.7.3.

The requirements set out in section 2.2 of Appendix 2 concerning local variations in intensity must be met.

4.8.

The light intensities must be measured with the lamp constantly lit. Where lamps operate intermittently it must be ensured that the device does not overheat.

4.9.

Appendix 2 as referred to in 4.5 provides details on the methods of measurement to be used.

4.10.

The rear registration-plate illuminating device must meet the conditions set out in Appendix 3.

4.11.

The photometric performance of lamps equipped with several light sources must be checked in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 2.

5.   CONDITIONS ATTACHED TO THE TESTS

5.1.

All the measurements must be carried out with a standard colourless lamp falling within the category intended for the device and adjusted in order to emit the reference light flux required for the lamp at issue. However, for lamps equipped with non-replaceable light sources, all measurements must be made at 6,75 V and 13,5 V respectively.

5.2.

The vertical and horizontal edges of the light-emitting surface of the device are determined and dimensioned in relation to its reference centre.

6.   COLOUR OF LIGHT EMITTED

Stop lamps and rear position (side) lamps must emit red light, front position (side) lamps must emit white light, and direction indicators amber light.

The colour of the light emitted, measured by using a filament lamp of the category specified by the manufacturer, must be within the limits of the trichromatic coordinates prescribed in Appendix 1 to Annex I when this filament lamp is operated at its test voltage as specified in Annex IV.

However, for lamps equipped with non-replaceable light sources, the colorimetric characteristics must be verified with the light sources present in the lamps at a voltage of 6,75 V, 13,5 V or 28,0 V.

7.   FRONT AND REAR FOG-LAMPS

The requirements of Directive 76/762/EEC on front fog-lamps and of Directive 77/538/EEC on rear fog-lamps apply.

8.   REVERSING LAMPS

The requirements of Directive 77/539/EEC on reversing lamps apply.

9.   RETRO-REFLECTORS

9.1.   Pedal retro-reflectors

9.1.1.

The shape of the retro-reflectors must be so that these are able to fit into a rectangle, the side dimensions of which are in a ratio of not more than 8.

9.1.2.

The pedal retro-reflectors must meet the requirements set out in Annex VIII to Directive 76/757/EEC in amber colour.

9.1.3.

The functioning reflecting surface of each of the four pedal retro-reflectors must not be less than 8 cm2.

9.2.   Other retro-reflectors

The requirements set out in Directive 76/757/EEC on retro-reflectors apply.




Appendix 1

Minimum horizontal (H) and vertical (V) angles of spatial light distribution

image




Appendix 2

Photometric measurements

1.   METHODS OF MEASUREMEMT

1.1.

Interference reflections during the photometric measurements must be avoided by means of appropriate masking.

1.2.

Should the results of the measurements be contested, they must be carried out in such a way that:

1.2.1.

the measuring distance is such that the inverse square law of the distance applies;

1.2.2.

the measuring apparatus is such that the angular aperture of the receiver viewed from the centre of reference of the lamp lies between ten minutes of an angle and one degree;

1.2.3.

the intensity requirement for a given direction of observation is satisfactory provided that requirement is met in a direction not diverging by more than a quarter of a degree from the direction of observation.

2.   STANDARDIZED TABLE SHOWING SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF LIGHT

image

2.1.

Direction H = 0o and V = 0o corresponds to the axis of reference (on the vehicle it is horizontal and parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and pointing towards the required field of view). It passes through the centre of reference. The values set out in the table give the minimum intensities for the various directions of measurement as a percentage of the minimum required for each lamp within the axis (in direction H = 0o and V = 0o).

2.2.

Within the field of light distribution represented in diagrammatic form in section 2 by a grid, the distribution of the light must essentially be uniform in such a way that the light intensity in each direction of a part of the field formed by the lines of the grid reaches at least the lowest minimum value specified as a percentage (or the lowest available value) on the lines of the grid which surround the direction at issue.

3.   PHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENT OF LAMPS EQUIPPED WITH SEVERAL LIGHT SOURCES

The photometric performance must be checked:

3.1.

For non-replaceable (fixed) filament lamps or other light sources:

at the voltage prescribed by the manufacturer; the technical service may require from the manufacturer the special power supply needed to supply such lamps.

3.2.

For replaceable filament lamps:

when equipped with mass-production filament lamps at 6,75 V, 13,5 V or 28,0 V the luminous intensity values produced must lie between the maximum limit and the minimum limit given in this Annex increased in accordance with the permissible deviation of the luminous flux permitted for the type of filament lamp chosen, as stated in Annex IV for production filament lamps; alternatively a standard filament lamp may be used in turn, in each of the inidvidual positions, operated at its reference flux, the individual measurements in each position being added.




Appendix 3

Photometric measurements of the rear registration-plate illuminating device

1.   POSITION TO BE ILLUMINATED

Devices may fall within category 1 or 2. The category 1 devices must be designed in such a way as to illuminate a position measuring at least 130 × 240 mm and the category 2 devices in such a way as to illuminate a position measuring at least 200 × 280 mm.

2.   COLOUR OF LIGHT EMITTED

The colour of the light emitted by the lamp used in the device must be white, but sufficiently neutral so as not to cause any appreciable change in the colour of the registration plate.

3.   LIGHT INDICENCE

The manufacturer of the illuminating device must lay down the conditions for the fitting of the device in relation to the position intended for the registration plate. That device must occupy a position such that at none of the points on the surface to be illuminated with the angle of incidence of the light on the surface of the plate exceed 82o, that angle being measured in relation to the extremity of the light-emitting surface of the device that is furthest from the surface of the plate. Where there is more than one optical component this requirement applies only to the part of the plate intended to be illuminated by the relevant component.

The device must be designed in such a manner that no ray of light shines directly towards the rear with the exception of rays of red light where the device is combined or grouped with a rear lamp.

4.   METHOD OF MEASUREMENT

The levels of luminance are measured on a sheet of clean white blotting paper having a minimum factor of diffuse reflection of 70 % and the same dimensions as the registration plate and placed at the position it would normally occupy but 2 mm in front of its support.

The level of luminance is measured at right angles to the surface of the paper at the points shown in the diagram in section 5 below, each point representing a circular area 25 mm in diameter.

5.   PHOTOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS

Luminance B must be at least 2 cd/m2 at each of the measuring points defined below.



image Figure 1Measuring point for category 1

image Figure 2Measuring points for category 2

The luminance gradient between values B1 and B2, measured at any two points 1 and 2 selected from among the points referred to above must not exceed 2 × Bo/cm, Bo being the minimum luminance recorded at the various measuring points, or in other words

image




Appendix 4

image




Appendix 5

image




ANNEX III

REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO THE COMPONENT TYPE-APPROVAL OF DEVICES (HEADLAMPS) USING INCANDESCENT OR HALOGEN FILAMENT LAMPS EMITTING A PASSING AND/OR DRIVING BEAM FITTED TO TWO OR THREE-WHEEL MOTOR VEHICLES

1.   DEFINITIONS

The relevant definitions set out in Annex I to Directive 93/92/EEC apply.

1.1.

‘Lens’ means the outermost component of the headlamp (unit) which transmits light through the illuminating surface;

1.2.

‘Coating’ means any product or products applied in one or more layers to the outer face of a lens;

1.3.

‘Headlamps of different types’ are headlamps which differ in such essential respects as:

1.3.1.

the make or trade name;

1.3.2.

the characteristics of the optical system;

1.3.3.

the inclusion or elimination of components capable of altering the optical effects by reflection, refraction, absorption and/or deformation during operation. However, the fitting or elimination of filters designed to change the colour of the beam and not its light distribution does not constitute a change in the type;

1.3.4.

suitability for right-hand or left-hand traffic or for both traffic systems;

1.3.5.

the kind of beam produced (passing beam, driving beam or both);

1.3.6.

the holder intended to accommodate the filament lamp (or lamps) of one of the relevant categories;

1.3.7.

the materials constituting the lenses and coating, if any.

2.   HEADLAMPS

A distinction is drawn between:

2.1.   Headlamps for mopeds

(see Annex III-A)



2.1.1

with a single-filament

lamp

15 W (category S3)

2.1.2.

with a two-filament

lamp

15/15 W (category S4)

2.1.3.

with a single-filament

halogen lamp

15 W (category HS2)

2.2.   Headlamps for motorcycles and tricycles

(see Annexes IIIB and IIIC)



2.2.1.

with a two-filament

lamp

25/25 W (category S1)

2.2.2.

with a two-filament

lamp

35/35 W (category S2)

2.2.3.

with a two-filament

halogen lamp

35/35 W (category HS1)

2.2.4.

with a two-filament

lamp

40/45 W (category R2)

2.3.   Headlamps for motorcycles and tricycles

(see Annex III-D — headlamps with halogen filament lamps other than HS1)



2.3.1.

with a single filament lamp

55 W (category H1)

2.3.2.

with a single filament lamp

55 W (category H2)

2.3.3.

with a single filament lamp

55 W (category H3)

2.3.4.

with a single filament lamp

60 W (category HB3)

2.3.5.

with a single filament lamp

51 W (category HB4)

2.3.6.

with a single filament lamp

55 W (category H7)

2.3.7.

with a two-filament lamp

55/60 W (category H4)




ANNEX III-A

HEADLAMPS FOR MOPEDS

1.   GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.1.

Headlamps must be designed and manufactured in such a way that, under normal conditions of use and despite any vibrations to which they may be exposed, they continue to function correctly and retain the characteristics laid down in this Annex.

1.2.

The parts intended to attach the lamp must be designed in such a way that, even in the dark, the lamp may be correctly fitted in its appropriate position.

2.   SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

2.1.

The correct position of the lens in relation to the optical system must be clearly marked and locked in position in order to prevent rotation during use.

2.2.

A measuring screen as described in Appendix 1 or 2 and a standard lamp using a smooth colourless filament lamp falling within one of the categories provided for in section 2.1 and in Annex III must be used in order to check the illumination provided by the headlamp.

The standard lamps must be adjusted to the relevant reference light flux in accordance with the values laid down for those lamps in the relevant technical document (see Annex IV).

2.3.

The passing beam must produce a cut-off of such sharpness that correct adjustment by means thereof is a practical possibility. The cut-off must be perceptibly horizontal and as straight as possible over a horizontal length of at least ± 900 mm, measured at a distance of 10 m (in the case of a halogen lamp): length of at least ± 2 250 mm measured at a distance of 25 m; see Appendix 2). When adjusted in accordance with Appendix 1 headlamps must meet the conditions set out therein.

2.4.

The light distribution must not vary in lateral terms in a way that impairs good visibility.

2.5.

The illumination on the screen referred to in 2.2 must be measured by means of a photo receiver for a usable area lying within a 65 mm square.

3.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS ATTACHED TO ANY INSPECTIONS WHICH MAY BE CARRIED OUT BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITIES WHEN CHECKING CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 5.2.4 OF ANNEX I

Any records of the photometric characteristics of headlamps taken in accordance with the general requirements concerning conformity testing must be restricted to points HV — LH — RH — L600 — R600 (see figure in Appendix 1).




Appendix 1

Photometric tests on headlamps equipped with category S3 and S4 lamps

1.

For the measurements the measuring screen is placed at a distance of 10 m in front of the headlamp and at right angles to the line joining the driving beam filament of the lamp and point HV (see figure below); line H-H must be horizontal.

2.

REQUIREMENTS ATTACHED TO PASSING BEAM

2.1.

In lateral terms the headlamp must be aligned in such a way that its beam is as symmetrical as possible in relation to line V-V.

2.2.

In vertical terms the headlamp must be adjusted in such a manner that its cut-off is 100 mm below line H-H.

2.3.

When the headlamp has been adjusted in accordance with 2.1 and 2.2 the illumination values shall be as follows:

2.3.1.

On line H-H and above: 2 lux at the most;

2.3.2.

On a line situated 300 mm below line H-H and over a width of 900 mm either side of vertical line V-V: 8 lux at least;

2.3.3.

On a line 600 mm below line H-H and over a width 900 mm either side of the vertical line V-V: at least 4 lux.

3.

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING THE DRIVING BEAM (if any)

3.1.

When it has been adjusted in accordance with 2.1 and 2.2 the headlamps must meet the following requirements in respect of the driving beam:

3.1.1.

The point of intersection (HV) of lines H-H and V-V must lie within the isolux denoting 80 % of maximum illumination.

3.1.2.

Maximum illumination (Emax) of the driving beam must not be less than 50 lux.

3.1.3.

Starting from point HV the illumination by the driving beam to the right and left must be at least Emax/4 up to a distance of 0,90 m.

image

(dimensions in mm over a distance of 10 m)

Figure




Appendix 2

Photometric tests on headlamps equipped with category HS2 halogen lamps

1.

For the measurements the measuring screen is placed 25 m in front of the headlamp in such a way that it is at right angles to the line joining the filament of the lamp and pont HV (see figure below); line H-H must be horizontal.

2.

In lateral terms the headlamp must be aligned in such a way that the distribution of the beam is symmetrical in relation to line V-V.

3.

In vertical terms the headlamp must be adjusted in such a way that its cut-off is 250 mm below line H-H. It must also be as horizontal as possible.

4.

When the headlamp has been adjusted in accordance with sections 2 and 3 the following conditions must be met:



Measuring point

Ilumination E/lux

Each point on and above line H-H

≤ 0,7

Each point on line 35L-35R with the exception of 35V

≥ 1

Point 35V

≥ 2

Each point on line 25L-25R

≥ 2

Each point on line 15L-15R

≥ 0,5

5.

Measuring screen

MEASURING SCREEN

image

(dimensions in mm over a distance of 25 m)

Figure




Appendix 3

image




Appendix 4

image




ANNEX III-B

HEADLAMPS FOR MOTORCYCLES AND TRICYCLES EMITTING A SYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM AND A DRIVING BEAM BY MEANS OF FILAMENT LAMPS

1.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING MARKS AND THE MARKING OF SPECIFIC DEVICES

1.1.

Headlamps must bear in a clearly legible and indelible manner the letters ‘MB’ (symbol for driving-beam headlamp) opposite the component type-approval number.

1.2.

All headlamps designed in such a way as to preclude any simultaneous lighting-up of the passing-beam filament and that of any other light source with which they may be integrated may be marked with an oblique stroke (/) following the symbol (MB) for the passing beam in the component type-approval mark.

1.3.

On headlamps incorporating a lens of plastic material, the letters ‘PL’ must be affixed near the symbol prescribed in 1.1.

2.   GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

2.1.

Each of the samples must meet the specifications set out in section 3 below.

2.2.

Headlamps must be designed and manufactured in such a way that, under normal conditions of use and despite any vibrations to which they may be exposed, they continue to function properly and retain the required characteristics.

2.2.1.

Headlamps must be fitted with a device enabling them to be adjusted on the vehicle in accordance with the rules applying to them. A device of this type may be dispensed with where headlamp units consists of a reflector and lens which cannot be separated where the use of units of this type is restricted to vehicles on which the headlamps are adjusted by other means.

If headlamps specifically designed for driving-beam operation and headlamps specifically designed for passing-beam operation, each of which has an individual lamp, are grouped together or reciprocally incorporated in a single device, the setting device must enable each of the optical systems to be adjusted individually in order to achieve the offical settings.

2.2.2.

However, these provisions do not apply to headlamp assemblies whose reflectors are indivisible. For this type of assembly the requirements set out in section 3.3 apply. Where more than one light source is used to provide the main beam, the combined functions must be used to determine the maximum value of the illumination (Emax).

2.3.

The parts intended to attach the filament lamp must be made in such a way that, even in the dark, the filament lamp can be attached without uncertainty in its appropriate position.

2.4.

Additional tests meeting the requirements of Appendix 2 must be carried out in order to ensure that there are no excessive variations in photometric performance during use.

2.5.

If the lens of the headlamp is of plastic material, additional tests must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Appendix 3.

3.   SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS

3.1.

The correct position of the lens in relation to the optical system must be clearly marked and locked in position in order to prevent rotation during use.

3.2.

In order to check the illumination produced by the headlamp a measuring screen as described in Appendix 1 is used, together with a standard lamp (S1 and/or S2, see Annex IV) having a smooth colourless filament lamp.

Standard lamps must be adjusted to the relevant reference light flux applying in accordance with the values required for such lamps.

3.3.

The passing beam must produce a cut-off of such sharpness that correct adjustment by means thereof is a practical possibility. The cut-off must be as straight and as horizontal as possible over a horizontal length of at least ± 5o. When adjusted in accordance with Appendix 1 headlamps must meet the conditions set out therein.

3.4.

The light distribution must not vary in lateral terms in a way that impairs good visibility.

3.5.

The illumination on the screen referred to in 3.2 must be measured by means of a functioning-surface photocell lying within a 65 mm square.

4.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS APPLYING TO ANY INSPECTIONS WHICH MAY BE CARRIED OUT BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITIES WHEN CHECKING CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 5.1 OF ANNEX I

4.1.

For value in zone III, the maximum unfavourable deviation may be respectively:

 0,3 lux equivalent 20 %

 0,45 lux equivalent 30 %.

4.2.

if, for the driving beam, HV being situated within the isolux 0,75 Emax, a tolerance of + 20 % for maximum values and - 20 % for minimum values is observed for the photometric values at any measuring point specified in sections 4.3 and 4.4 of Appendix 1 to this Directive.

4.3.

With respect to the verification of the change in the vertical position of the cut-off line under the influence of heat, the following procedure is applied:

One of the sampled headlamps is tested in accordance with the procedure described in section 2.1 of Appendix 2 after being subjected three consecutive times to the cycle described in section 2.2.2 of Appendix 2.

The headlamp is considered to be acceptable if Δr does not exceed 1,5 mrad.

If this value exceeds 1,5 mrad but is not more than 2,0 mrad, a second headlamp is subjected to the test, after which the mean of the absolute values recorded on both samples may not exceed 1,5 mrad.




Appendix 1

Photometric tests

1.

For adjustment purposes the relevant screen must be placed at least 10 m before the headlamp, line h-h being horizontal. For the measurements the photocell must be 25 m in front of the headlamp and at right angles to the line joining the incandescent filament lamp and point HV.

2.

In lateral terms the headlamp must be aligned in such a way that the distribution of the driving beam is symmetrical in relation to line v-v.

3.

In vertical terms the headlamp must be adjusted in such way that the passing beam cut-off is 250 mm below line h-h (at a distance of 25 m).

4.

When the headlamp has been adjusted in accordance with sections 2 and 3, conditions for which are similar to those relating to driving beams, the following conditions must be met:

4.1.

the lighting centre of the driving beam must not be more than 0,6o above or below line h-h;

4.2.

the illumination provided by the driving beam must reach its maximum value (Emax) at the centre of the entire light distribution and diminish laterally;

4.3.

the maximum illumination (Emax) of the driving beam must be at least 32 lux;

4.4.

the illumination produced by the driving beam must correspond to the following values:

4.4.1.

the point of intersection between lines h-h and v-v HV must lie within the isolux for 90 % of maximum illumination.

4.4.2.

starting from HV horizontally to the right and left the illumination provided by the driving beam must be at least 12 lux up to a distance of 1,125 m and not less than 3 lux up to a distance of 2,25 m.

4.5.

The illumination provided by the passing beam must correspond to the following values:



Each point on and above line h-h

≤ 0,7 lux

Each point on the line 50L-50R with the exception of 50V (1)

≥ 1,5 lux

Point 50V

≥ 3,0 lux

Each point on the line 25L-25R

≥ 3,0lux

All points within zone IV

≥ 1,5 lux

(1)   Intensity

image

5.

MEASURING AND ADJUSTING SCREEN

image

(dimensions in mm for a distance of 25 m)




Appendix 2

Test on the stability of the photometric behaviour of headlamps in operation

Compliance with the requirements of this Appendix is not an adequate criterion for the component type-approval of headlamps incorporating plastic lenses.

See Appendix 2 to Annex III-D.




Appendix 3

Requirements for lamps incorporating lenses of plastic material and testing of lens or material samples and of complete lamps

See Appendix 3 to Annex III-D.




Appendix 4

image




Appendix 5

image




ANNEX III-C

HEADLAMPS FOR MOTORCYCLES AND TRICYCLES EMITTING AN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM AND A DRIVING BEAM AND FITTED WITH HALOGEN FILAMENT LAMPS (HS1 LAMPS) OR FILAMENT LAMPS OF CATEGORY R2

1.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING MARKS AND THE MARKING OF DEVICES

1.1.

Headlamps designed in such a way as to meet the requirement of a single rule of the road (driving on either the right or the left) must, on the lens, bear the limits of the area which may possibly be masked in order to avoid distracting road users in a country where the rule of the road is not that for which the headlamp has been designed. However, when that area is directly identifiable by design any such delimitation is not necessary.

1.2.

Headlamps designed in such a way as to meet the requirements of driving on the right and those for driving on the left must bear markings in order to locate the two positions for the fixing in position of the light unit on the vehicle or the lamp on the reflector; these markings consist of the letters ‘R/D’ for the position corresponding to driving on the right and the letters ‘L/G’ for the position corresponding to driving on the left.

1.3.

All headlamps designed in such a way as to preclude any simultaneous lighting-up of the dipped-beam filament and that of any other light source with which they may be associated must be marked with an oblique stroke (/) within the component type-approval mark, after the passing beam headlamp symbol.

1.4.

Where headlamps meet only the requirements of driving on the left, a horizontal arrow pointing to the right of an observer looking at the headlamp head on, i.e. towards the side of the road driven upon, must be entered below the component type-approval mark.

1.5.

Where, by means of a deliberate alteration in the adjustment of the light unit or lamp, headlamps meet the requirements of both rules of the road, a horizontal arrow having two tips pointing one to the left and the other to the right must be entered below the component type-approval mark.

1.6.

The letters ‘MBH’ on headlamps with HS1 lamps are placed opposite the component type-approval mark.

1.7.

The marks and symbols referred to above must be clearly visible and indelible.

1.8.

On headlamps incorporating a lens of plastic material, the letters ‘PL’ must be affixed near the symbols prescribed in 1.2 to 1.7.

2.   GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

2.1.

Each of the samples must meet the specifications set out in sections 3 to 5.

2.2.

Headlamps must be designed and manufactured in such a way that under the normal conditions of use and despite any vibrations to which they may be exposed they continue to function properly and retain the characteristics required by this Annex.

2.2.1.

Headlamps must be fitted with a device enabling them to be adjusted on the vehicle in such a way as to meet the rules applying to them. This said device does not need to be attached to the parts within which the reflector and diffuser lens cannot be separated, provided that the use of those parts is restricted to vehicles on which the headlamps may be adjusted by other means.

Where a headlamp emitting a driving beam and a headlamp emitting a passing beam, each being equipped with its own lamp, are grouped together to form a composite unit, the setting device must enable each individual optical system to be set in an appropriate manner.

2.2.2.

However, these provisions do not apply to headlamp assemblies whose reflectors are indivisible. In this instance the requirements of section 2 of this Annex shall apply. When more than one light source provides the driving beam those sources must be combined in order to determine the maximum illumination value (Emax).

2.3.

The parts intended to attach the filament lamp to the reflector must be made in such a way that, even in the dark, the filament lamp can be attached without uncertainty in its appropriate position.

2.4.

The correct position of the lens in relation to the optical system must be clearly marked and locked in position in order to avoid any rotation.

2.5.

Where headlamps have been designed in such a way as to meet the requirements of driving on both the right and the left, adaptation to a given rule of the road may be obtained by a suitable initial setting when the vehicle is equipped or via a deliberate action on the part of the user. That initial setting or that deliberate action must, for example, consist of a specific angular setting either of the sealed-beam assembly on the vehicle or of the lamp in relation to that assembly. In all cases only two different setting positions that have been clearly specified and correspond in each case to a rule of the road (driving on the right or left) must be possible and any shift into an intermediate position must be made impossible. When the lamp is able to occupy two different positions the parts intended to attach the lamp to the reflector must be designed and manufactured in such a way that, in each of those two positions, the lamp is attached with the same precision as required for headlamps designed for just one rule of the road. Conformity must be checked visually and, where appropriate, by means of a test assembly.

2.6.

In order to ensure that operation does not involve any excessive variation in photometric performance, additional tests must be carried out as required by Appendix 2.

2.7.

If the lens of the headlamps is of plastic material, additional tests must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Appendix 3.

3.   ILLUMINATION REQUIREMENTS

3.1.   General requirements

3.1.1.

Headlamps must be designed in such a way that, with adequate HS1 or R2 lamps, they emit a light that is not dazzling but is nevertheless adequate on passing beam and provides good illumination on driving beam.

3.1.2.

A screen placed vertically at a distance of 25 m in front of the headlamp, as shown in Appendix 1, must be used to check the illumination produced by the headlamp.

3.1.3.

A colourless reference lamp designed for a nominal voltage of 12 V must be used in examining headlamps. The current at the terminals of the lamp during examination of the headlamp must be set to the following characteristics:



Category HS1

Consumption in Watts

Light flux in lumens

Passing-beam filament

image35

450

Driving-beam filament

image35

700



Category R2

Consumption in Watts

Light flux in lumens

Passing-beam filament

image40

450

Driving-beam filament

image45

700

The headlamp must be considered acceptable if it meets the requirements set out in section 3 with at least one reference lamp which may be presented together with the headlamp.

3.1.4.

The dimensions determining the position of the filaments within the HS1 or R2 filament reference lamp are set out in Annex IV.

3.1.5.

The bulb for the filament reference lamp must be of such a shape and optical quality that it causes a minimum of reflection or refraction which may have an adverse effect on the light distribution.

3.2.   Requirement relating to the passing beam

3.2.1.

The passing beam must produce a cut-off of such distinctness that it is possible to carry out adjustments correctly using the said cut-off. The cut-off must be a straight horizontal line on the side opposite to the rule of the road for which the headlamp is intended. On the other side the cut-off must not go beyond either broken line HV-H1 and H4 formed by a straight line formed by HV-H1 lying at an angle of 45o with the horizontal and a straight line H1-H4 offset by 1 % in relation to straight line h-h, or straight line HV-H3 inclined by 15o to the horizontal (see Appendix 1). In no case is a cut-off going beyond both line HV-H2 and line H2-H4 and resulting from the combination of the two preceding possibilities acceptable.

3.2.2.

The headlamp must be aligned in such a way that:

3.2.2.1.

where headlamps are designed to meet the requirements of driving on the right the cut-off on the left-hand half of the screen must be horizontal and for headlamps designed to meet the requirements of driving on the left the cut-off in the right-hand half of the screen must be horizontal. The setting screen must be sufficiently wide to permit examination of the cut-off over at least 5o on each side of line v-v;

3.2.2.2.

on the screen this horizontal part of the cut-off must be 25 cm below the horizontal plane passing through the focal centre of the headlamp (see Appendix 1);

3.2.2.3.

the tip of the cut-off must be on straight line v-v. If the beam does not have a cut-off, a clear ‘elbow’ lateral setting must be presented in such a way as best to meet the illumination requirements applying to points 75 R and 50 R for driving on the right and point 75 L and 50 L for driving on the left.

3.2.3.

When aligned in this manner the headlamp must meet the requirements referred to in 3.2.5 to 3.2.7 and 3.3.

3.2.4.

Where a headlamp aligned as referred to above does not meet the requirements of 3.2.5 to 3.2.7 and 3.3 it is permissible to alter the setting provided that the axis of the beam is not moved sideways by more than 1o (= 44 cm) to the right or left. The incorrect setting limit of 1o to the right or left is not compatible with a vertical incorrect setting upwards or downwards which is restricted only by the requirements laid down in 3.3. However, the horizontal part of the cut-off must not go beyond line h-h. In order to make settings easier by means of the cut-off it is permissible partly to mask the headlamp in order to make the cut-off more distinct.

3.2.5.

The illumination produced on the screen by the passing beam must meet the requirements set out in the following table:



Point on measuring screen

Illumination required, in lux

Headlamps for on-road use/Driving on the right

Headlamps for on-road use/Driving on the left

Point

B 50 L

Point

B 50 R

≤ 0,3

Point

B 75 R

Point

B 75 L

≥ 6

Point

B 50 R

Point

B 50 L

≥ 6

Point

B 25 L

Point

B 25 R

≥ 1,5

Point

B 25 R

Point

B 25 L

≥ 1,5

All points within zone III

≤ 0,7

All points within zone IV

≥ 2

All points within zone I

≤ 20

3.2.6.

In none of the zones I, II, III and IV must there be lateral variations that impair good visibility.

3.2.7.

Headlamps designed to meet the requirements of driving on the right and those for driving on the left must, for each of the two locations of the sealed beam unit or lamp meet the requirements set out above for the rule of the road corresponding to the location under consideration.

3.3.   Requirements concerning the driving beam

3.3.1.

The illumination produced on the screen by the driving beam must be measured using the same headlamp setting as for the measurements defined in 3.2.5 to 3.2.7.

3.3.2.

The illumination produced on the screen by the driving beam must meet the following requirements:

3.3.2.1.

Point of intersection HV of lines h-h and v-v must be at the isolux representing 90 % of maximum illumination. Maximum value Em must be at least 32 lux. Its value must not exceed 240 lux.

3.3.2.2.

Starting from the HV point horizontally to the right and to the left, the illumination must be at least 16 lux at a distance of 1,125 m and at least equal to 4 lux up to a distance of 2,25 m.

3.4.

The illumination on the screen referred to in 3.2.5 to 3.2.7 and 3.3 must be measured by means of a useable-area photo receiver acting within a 65 mm square.

4.   REFRENCE HEADLAMP

A headlamp which:

4.1.

meets the component type-approval requirements set out below;

4.2.

has an effective diameter of at least 160 mm;

4.3.

provides illumination, with a reference lamp, at various points within the various areas provided for in 3.2.5;

4.3.1.

which is at least 90 % of the maximum values, and

4.3.2.

at least 120 % of the minimum limits as required by the table in 3.2.5, is considered to be a reference headlamp.

5.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS ATTACHED TO ANY INSPECTIONS WHICH MAY BE CARRIED OUT, BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITIES WHEN CHECKING CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION ACCORDING TO SECTION 5.1 OF ANNEX I

5.1.

For values B 50 L (or R) and Zone III the maximum deviation may be respectively



—  B 50 L (or R):

0,2 lux equivalent 20 %

0,3 lux equivalent 30 %

—  Zone III:

0,3 lux equivalent 20 %

0,45 lux equivalent 30 %

5.2.

For the passing beam, the prescribed values in this Directive are met at HV (with a tolerance of 0,2 lux) and related to that aiming at least one point of each area delimited on the measuring screen (at 25 m) by a circle 15 cm in radius around points B 50 L (or R) (with a tolerance of 0,1 lux), 75 R (or L), 50 R (or L), 25 R, 25 L and in the entire area of zone IV which is not more than 22,5 cm above line 25 R and 25 L.

5.2.1.

If, for the driving beam, HV being situated within the isolux 0,75 Emax, a tolerance of + 20 % for maximum values and - 20 % for minimum values is observed for the photometric values at any measuring point specified in section 3.2.5 of this Annex, the reference mark is disregarded.

5.3.

If the results of the tests described above do not meet the requirements, the alignment of the headlamp may be changed, provided that the axis of the beam is not displaced laterally by more than 1o to the right or left.

5.4.

Headlamps with apparent defects are disregarded.

5.5.

The reference mark is disregarded.




Appendix 1

Measuring screen

UNIFORM EUROPEAN BEAM

Headlamp for driving on the right ( 30 )

image

(dimensions in mm)




Appendix 2

Tests on the stability of the photometric performance of headlamps in operation

Compliance with the requirements is not a sufficient criterion for the component type-approval of headlamps fitted with plastic lenses.

See Appendix 2 to Annex III-D.




Appendix 3

Requirements for lamps incorporating lenses of plastic material and testing of lens or material samples and of complete lamps

See Appendix 3 to Annex III-D.




Appendix 4

image




Appendix 5

image




ANNEX III-D

HEADLAMPS FOR MOTORCYCLES AND TRICYCLES EMITTING AN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM, A DRIVING BEAM AND FITTED WITH HALOGEN FILAMENT LAMPS OTHER THAN HS1 LAMPS

1.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING MARKS AND THE MARKING OF DEVICES

1.1.

Headlamps designed in such a way as to meet the requirement of a single rule of the road (driving on either the right or the left) must, on the lens, bear the limits of the area which may possibly be masked in order to avoid distracting road users in a country where the rule of the road is not that for which the headlamp has been designed. However, when that area is directly identifiable by design any such delimitation is not necessary.

1.2.

Headlamps designed in such a way as to meet the requirements of driving on the right and those for driving on the left must bear markings in order to locate the two positions for the fixing in position of the light unit on the vehicle or the lamp on the reflector; these markings consist of the letters ‘R/D’ for the position corresponding to driving on the right and the letters ‘L/G’ for the position corresponding to driving on the left.

1.3.

All headlamps designed in such a way as to preclude any simultaneous lighting-up of the dipped-beam filament and that of any other light source with which they may be associated must be marked with an oblique stroke (/) within the component type-approval mark, after the passing beam-headlamp symbol.

1.4.

Where headlamps meet only the requirements of driving on the left, a horizontal arrow pointing to the right of an observer looking at the headlamp head-on, i.e. towards the side of the road driven upon, must be entered below the component type-approval mark.

1.5.

Where by means of a deliberate alteration in the adjustment of the light unit or lamp, headlamps meet the requirements of both rules of the road, a horizontal arrow having two tips pointing one to the left and the other to the right must be entered below the component type approval mark.

1.6.

The following additional symbol or symbols:

1.6.1.

on headlamps meeting left-hand traffic requirements only, a horizontal arrow pointing to the right of an observer facing the headlamp, i.e. to the side of the road on which traffic moves;

1.6.2.

on headlamps designed to meet the requirements of both traffic systems by means of an appropriate adjustment of the setting of the optical unit or the filament lamp, a horizontal arrow with a head at each end, the heads pointing respectively to the left and to the right;

1.6.3.

on headlamps meeting the requirements of this Directive in respect of the passing beam only, the letters ‘HC’;

1.6.4.

on headlamps meeting the requirements of this Directive in respect of the driving beam only, the letters ‘HR’;

1.6.5.

on headlamps meeting the requirements of this Directive in respect of both the passing and the driving beam, the letters ‘HCR’;

1.6.6.

on headlamps incorporating a lens of plastic material, the letters ‘PL’ to be affixed near the symbols prescribed in 1.6.3 to 1.6.5.

2.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

2.1.

Each sample must conform to the specifications set out in sections 6 to 8.

2.2.

Headlamps must be so made as to retain their prescribed photometric characteristics and to remain in good working order when in normal use, in spite of the vibrations to which they may be subjected.

2.2.1.

Headlamps must be fitted with a device enabling them to be so adjusted on the vehicle in such a way as to comply with the rules applicable to them. Such a device need not be fitted on components in which the reflector and the lens cannot be separated provided the use of such components is confined to vehicles on which the headlamp setting can be adjusted by other means. Where a headlamp providing a driving beam and a headlamp providing a passing beam, each equipped with its own filament lamp, are assembled to form a composite unit, the adjusting device must enable each optical system individually to be duly adjusted. However, this does not apply to headlamp assemblies whose reflectors are indivisible. For this type of assembly, the requiremens of section 6 apply.

2.3.

The components by which the filaments lamp(s) is/are fixed to the reflector must be made in such a way that, even in darkness, the filament lamp(s) can be fixed in no other position but the correct one ( 31 ) ( 32 ).

The filament lamp-holder must conform to the dimensional characteristics as given in the following data sheets of CIE Publication 61-2:



Filament lamps

Holder

Data Sheets

H1

P 14.5s

7005.46.3

H2

X 5111

7005.99.2

H3

PK 22s

7005.47.1

HB3

P 20d

7005.31.1

HB4

P 22d

7005.32.1

H7

PX 26d

7005.5.1

H4

P43t-38

7005.39.2

2.4.

Headlamps designed to satisfy the requirements of both right-hand and left-hand traffic may be adapted for traffic on a given side of the road either by an appropriate initial setting when fitted on the vehicle or by selective setting by the user. Such initial or selective setting may consist, for example, of fixing either the optical unit at a given angle on the vehicle or the filament lamp at a given angle in relation to the optical unit. In all cases, only two precise setting positions, one for right-hand and one for left-hand traffic, must be possible, and the design must preclude inadvertent shifting of the headlamp from one position to the other or its setting in an intermediate position. Where two different setting positions are provided for the filament lamp, the components attaching the filament lamp to the reflector must be designed and made so that, in each of its two settings, the filament lamp is held in position with the precision required for headlamps intended for traffic on only one side of the road. Conformity with the requirements of this section must be verified visually and, where necessary, by a test fitting.

2.5.

Only for headlamps equipped with single-filament halogen lamps: On headlamps designed to provide alternately a driving beam and a passing beam, any mechanical, eletro-mechanical or other device incorporated in the headlamp for switching from one beam to the other ( 33 ) must be so constructed that:

2.5.1.

the device is strong enough to be worked 50 000 times without suffering damage despite the vibration to which it may be subjected in normal use;

2.5.2.

in the case of failure it is possible to obtain the passing beam automatically;

2.5.3.

either the passing beam or the driving beam can always be obtained without any possibility of the mechanism stopping in between the two positions;

2.5.4.

the user cannot, with ordinary tools, change the shape or position of the moving parts.

2.6.

Complementary tests must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Appendix 2 to ensure that in use there is no excessive change in photometric performance.

2.7.

If the lens of the headlamp is of plastic material, tests must be carried out in accordance with the requirements of Appendix 3.

3.   ILLUMINATION

3.1.   General provisions

3.1.1.

Headlamps must be made in such a way that, with suitable H1, H2, H3, HB3, HB4, H7 and/or H4 filament lamps, they provide adequate illumination without dazzle in the case of the passing beam and good illumination in the case of the driving beam.

3.1.2.

The illumination produced by the headlamp must be checked on a vertical screen set at a distance of 25 m in front of the headlamp and at right angles to its axis (see Appendix 1).

3.1.3.

The headlamps must be checked by means of (a) standard (reference) filament lamp(s) designed for a rated voltage of 12 V. During the checking of the headlamp, the voltage at the terminals of the filament lamp must be regulated so as to obtain the following characteristics:



Filament lamps

Approximate supply voltage (in V) for measurement

Light flux in lumens

H1

12

1 150

H2

12

1 300

H3

12

1 100

HB3

12

1 300

HB4

12

825

H7

12

1 100

H4 passing

driving

12

12

750

1 250

The headlamp is deemed satisfactory if the photometric requirements are met with at least one standard (reference) 12-volt filament lamp which may be supplied with the headlamp.

3.1.4.

The dimensions determining the position of the filament inside the standard (reference) 12-volt filament lamp are shown on the relevant data sheet of Annex 4.

3.1.5.

The bulb of the standard (reference) filament lamp must be of such optical shape and quality that it does not cause any reflection or refraction adversely affecting the light distribution. Compliance with this requirement must be checked by measuring the light distribution obtained when a standard headlamp is fitted with the standard (reference) filament lamp.

3.2.   Provisions regarding passing beams

3.2.1.

The passing beam must produce a sufficiently sharp cut-off to permit satisfactory adjustment with its aid. The cut-off must be horizontal straight line on the side opposite to the direction of traffic for which the headlamps is intended; on the other side it must extend neither beyond the broken line H-V, H1-H4 formed by a straight line HV-H1 standing at an angle of 45o to the horizontal and a straight line H1-H4 lying 25 cm above the straight line hh, nor beyond the straight line HV-H3, inclined at an angle of 15o above the horizontal (see Appendix 1). A cut-off extending beyond both line HV-H2 and H2-H4 and resulting from a combination of the above two possibilities shall in no circumstances be permitted.

3.2.2.

The headlamp must aimed in such a way that:

3.2.2.1.

in the case of headlamps designed to meet the requirements of right-hand traffic, the cut-off on the left half of the screen ( 34 ) is horizontal and in the case of headlamps designed to meet the requirements of left-hand traffic, the cut-off on the right half of the screen is horizontal.

3.2.2.2.

this horizontal part of the cut-off is situated 25 cm below the line h-h (see Appendix 1);

3.2.2.3.

the elbow of the cut-off is on line v-v ( 35 ).

3.2.3.

when so aimed the headlamp need, if its approval is sought solely for a passing beam ( 36 ), comply only with the requirements referred to in 3.2.5 to 3.2.7 and 3.3.

3.2.4.

Where a headlamp so aimed does not meet the requirements of 3.2.5 to 3.2.7 and 3.3, its alignment may be changed provided that the axis of the beam is not laterally displaced by more than 1o (= 44 cm) to the right or left ( 37 ). To faciltate adjustment by means of the cut-off, the headlamp may be partially occluded in order to sharpen the cut-off.

3.2.5.

The illumination produced on the screen by the passing beam must meet the following requirements:



Point on measuring screen

Illumination required, in lux

Headlamps for right-hand traffic

Headlamps for left-hand traffic

Point

B 50 L

Point

B 50 R

≤ 0,4

Point

B 75 R

Point

B 75 L

≥ 12

Point

B 75 L

Point

B 75 R

≤ 12

Point

B 50 L

Point

B 50 R

≤ 15

Point

B 50 R

Point

B 50 L

≥ 12

Point

B 50 V

Point

B 50 V

≥ 6

Point

B 25 L

Point

B 25 R

≥ 2

Point

B 25 R

Point

B 25 L

≥ 2

Any point in zone III

≤ 0,7

Any point in zone IV

≥ 3

Any point in zone I

≤ 2 × (E50 R and E50 L(1)

(1)   E50 R and E50 L are the illuminations actually measured.

3.2.6.

There must be no lateral variations detrimental to good visibility in any of the zones I, II, III and IV.

3.2.7.

The illumintation values in zones ‘A’ and ‘B’ as shown in figure C in Annex IV must be checked by the measurement of the photometric values of points 1 to 8 on this figure; these values must lie within the following limits:

 0,7 lux ≥ 1, 2, 3, 7 ≥ 0,1 lux

 0,7 lux ≥ 4, 5, 6, 8 ≥ 0,2 lux

3.2.8.

Headlamps designed to meet the requirements of both right-hand and left-hand traffic must in each of the two setting positions of the optical unit or of the filament lamp, meet the requirements set out above for the corresponding direction of traffic.

3.3.   Provisions regarding driving beams

3.3.1.

In the case of a headlamp designed to provide a driving beam and a passing beam, measurements of the illumination produced on the screen by the driving beam must be taken with the same headlamp alignment as for measurements under 3.2.5 to 3.2.7. In the case of a headlamp providing a driving beam only, it must be adjusted that the area of maximum illumination is centred on the point of intersection of the lines h-h and v-v. Such a headlamp need meet only the requirements referred to in 3.3.

3.3.2.

The illumination produced on the screen by the driving beam must meet the following requirements:

3.3.2.1.

the point of intersection (HV) of lines h-h and v-v must be situated within the isolux representing 90 % of maximum illumination. This maximum value (Emax) must be not less than 48 lux. The maximum value must in no case exceed 240 lux. Moreover, in the case of a combined passing and driving headlamp, this maximum value must not be more than 16 times the immumination measured for the passing beam at point 75 R (or 75 L).

3.3.2.1.1.

the maximum luminous intensity (lmax) of the driving beam expressed in thousands of candelas must be calculated by means of the formula:

lmax = 0,625 Emax

3.3.2.1.2.

the refrence mark (l′max) indicating this maximum intensity and referred to in 1.6 must be obtained by means of the formula:

image

this value being rounded to whichever is the nearest of the following: 7,5, 10, 12,5, 17,5, 20, 25, 27,5, 30, 37,5, 40, 45, 50.

3.3.2.2.

Starting from the HV point horizontally to the right and left, the illumination must not be less than 24 lux up to a distance of 1,125 m and not less than 6 lux up to a distance of 2,25 m.

3.4.

The screen illumination values referred to in 3.2.5 to 3.2.7 and 3.3 must be measured by means of a photoreceptor, the effective area of which must be contained within a square of 65 mm side.

4.   GAUGING DISCOMFORT

The discomfort caused by the passing beam of headlamps must be gauged.

5.   STANDARD HEADLAMP

5.1.

A headlamp is deemed to be a standard (reference) headlamp if it:

5.1.1.

satisfies the abovementioned requirements for approval;

5.1.2.

has an effective diameter of not less than 160 mm;

5.1.3.

provides with a standard filament lamp, at the various points and in the various zones referred to in 3.2.5, illumination equal to:

5.1.3.1.

not more than 90 % of the maximum limits and

5.1.3.2.

not less than 120 % of the minimum limits prescribed in the table in 3.2.5.

6.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS ATTACHED TO ANY INSPECTIONS WHICH MAY BE CARRIED OUT BY THE COMPETENT AUTHORITIES WHEN CHECKING CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION IN ACCORDANCE WITH SECTION 5.1 OF ANNEX I

6.1.

For values B 50 L (or R) and Zone III the maximum deviation may be respectively



—  B 50 L (or R):

0,2 lux equivalent 20 %

0,3 lux equivalent 30 %

—  Zone III:

0,3 lux equivalent 20 %

0,45 lux equivalent 30 %

6.2.

For the passing beam, the prescribed values in this Directive are met at HV (with a tolerance of 0,2 lux) and related to that aiming at least one point of each area delimited on the measuring screen (at 25 m) by a circle 15 cm in radius around point B 50 L (or R) (with a tolerance of 0,1 lux), 75 R (or L), 50 R (or L), 25 R, 25 L and in the entire area of zone IV which is not more than 22,5 cm above line 25 R and 25 L.

6.2.1.

If, for the driving beam, HV being situated within the isolux 0,75 Emax, a tolerance of + 20 % for maximum values and - 20 % for minimum values is observed for the photometric values at any measuring point specified in section 3.2.5 of this Annex, the reference mark is disregarded.

6.3.

If the results of the tests described above do not meet the requirements, the alignment of the headlamp may be changed, provided that the axis of the beam is not displaced laterally by more than 1o to the right or left.

6.4.

Headlamps with apparent defects are disregarded.

6.5.

The reference mark is disregarded.




Appendix 1

Measuring screen

Standard European beam

A.   Headlamp for right-hand traffic

image

(dimensions in mm)

B.   Headlamp for left-hand traffic

image

(dimensions in mm)

C.   Measuring points for illumination values

image

Note:

Figure C shows the measuring point for right-hand traffic. Points 7 and 8 move to their corresponding location at the right-hand side of the picture for left-hand traffic.




Appendix 2

Tests on the stability of the photometric performance of headlamps in operation

TESTS ON COMPLETE HEADLAMPS

Once the photometric values have been measured according to the requirements of this Directive, in points Emax for driving beam and HV, 50 R, B 50 L for passing beam (or HV, 50 L, B 50 R for headlamps designed for left-hand traffic) a complete headlamp sample is tested for stability of photometric performance in operation. ‘Complete headlamp’ is understood to mean the complete lamp itself including those surrounding body parts and lamps which could influence its thermal dissipation.

1.   TEST OF STABILITY OF PHOTOMETRIC PERFORMANCE

The tests are carried out in a dry and still atmosphere at an ambient temperature of 23 oC ± 5 oC, the complete headlamp being mounted on a base representing the correct installation on the vehicle.

1.1.   Clean headlamp

The headlamp is operated for 12 hours as described in 1.1.1 and checked as prescribed in 1.1.2.

1.1.1.   Test procedure

The headlamp is operated for a period according to the specified time, so that:

1.1.1.1.

(a) in the case where only one lighting function (driving or passing beam) is to be approved, the corresponding filament is for the prescribed time ( 38 ),

(b) in the case of a reciprocally incorporated passing lamp and driving lamp (dual-filament lamp or two filament lamps):

 If the applicant declares that the headlamp is to be used with a single filament lit ( 39 ), the test is carried out in accordance with this condition activating (39)  each specified function successfully for half the time specified in 1.1,

 in all other cases ( 40 ) ( 41 ), the headlamp is subjected to the following cycle until the time specified is reached:

 

 15 minutes, passing beam filament lit

 5 minutes, all filaments lit,

(c) in the case of grouped lighting functions all the individual functions must be lit simultaneously for the time specified for individual lighting functions (a) also taking into account the use of reciprocally incorporated lighting functions (b), according to the manufacturer's specifications.

1.1.1.2.

Test voltage

The voltage must be adjusted so as to supply 90 % of the maximum wattage specified in Annex IV. The applied wattage must in all cases comply with the corresponding value of a filament lamp of 12 V rated voltage, except if the applicant for approval specifies that the headlamp may be used at a different voltage. In the latter case, the test is carried out with the filament lamp whose wattage is the highest that can be used.

1.1.2.   Test results

1.1.2.1.

Visual inspection

Once the headlamp has been stabilized to the ambient temperature, the headlamp lens and the external lens, if any, must be cleaned with a clean, damp cloth. It must then be inspected visually; no distortion, deformation, cracking or change in colour of either the headlamps or the external lens, if any, must be noticeable.

1.1.2.2.

Photometric test

To comply with the requirements of this directive, the photometric values must be verified in the following points:

Passing beam:

 50 R — B 50 L — HV for headlamps designed for right-hand traffic,

 50 L — B 50 R — HV for headlamps designed for left-hand traffic.

Driving beam:

 Point of Emax.

 Another adjustment may be carried out to allow for any deformation of the headlamp base due to heat (the change of the position of the cut-off line is covered in section 2 of this Appendix).

 A 10 % discrepancy between the photometric characteristics and the values measured prior to the test is permissible, including the tolerances of the photometric procedure.

1.2.   Dirty headlamp,

After being tested as specified in 1.1, the headlamp must be operated for one hour as described in 1.1.1, after being prepared as prescribed in 1.2.1, and checked as prescribed in 1.1.2.

1.2.1.   Preparation of the headlamp

1.2.1.1.

Test mixture

The mixture of water and polluting agent to be applied to the headlamp must be composed of nine parts (by mass) of silica sand with a grain size distributed between 0 and 100 μm, one part (by mass) of vegetal carbon dust of a grain size distributed between 0 and 100 μm, 0,2 (by mass) of NaCMC ( 42 ) and an appropriate quantity of distilled water, the conductivity of which is lower than 1 mS/m for the purpose of this test.

The mixture must not be more than 14 days old.

1.2.1.2.

Application of the test mixture to the headlamp

The test mixture must be uniformly applied to the entire light-emitting surface of the headlamp and then left to dry. This procedure is repeated until the illuminating value has dropped to 15 — 20 % of the values measured for each following point under the conditions described in paragraph 1 above:

 Emax in driving beam for a driving/passing lamp,

 Emax in driving beam for a driving lamp only.

 50 R and 50 V ( 43 ) for a passing lamp only, designed for right-hand traffic.

 50 L and 50 V for a passing lamp only, designed for left-hand traffic.

1.2.1.3.

Measuring equipment

The measuring equipment must be equivalent to that used during headlamp approval tests. A standard (reference) filament lamp is used for the photometric verification.

2.   TEST FOR CHANGE IN VERTICAL POSITION OF THE CUT-OFF LINE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF HEAT

This test consists of verifying that the vertical drift of the cut-off line under the influence of heat does not exceed a specified value for an operating passing lamp.

The headlamp tested in accordance with section 1 must be subjected to the test described in 2.1 without being removed from or readjusted in relation to its test fixture.

2.1.   Test

The test must be carried out in a dry and still atmosphere at an ambient temperature of 23 oC ± 5 oC.

Using a series-production filament lamp which has been aged for at least one hour the headlamp is operated on passing beam without being removed from or readjusted in relation to its test fixture. (For the purpose of this test, the voltage must be adjusted as specified in 1.1.1.2.) The position of the cut-off line in its horizontal part (between VV and the vertical line passing through point B 50 R for left-hand traffic or B 50 L for right-hand traffic) must be verified 3 minutes (r3) and 60 minutes (r60) after operation.

The measurement of the variation in the cut-off line position as described above is carried out by any method giving acceptable accuracy and reproducible results.

2.2.   Test results

The result expressed in milliradians (mrad) is considered as acceptable when the absolute value

image

recorded on the headlamp is not more than 1,0 mrad ( Δr1 ≤ 1,0 mrad).

2.2.1.

However, if this value is more than 1,0 mrad but not more than 1,5 mrad (1,0 mrad < Δr1 ≤ 1,5 mrad) a second headlamp must be tested as described in 2.1 after being subjected three consecutive times to the cycle as described below, in order to stabilize the position of mechanical parts of the headlamp on a base representative of the correct installation on the vehicle:

 Operation of the passing lamp for one hour (the voltage must be adjusted as specified in 1.1.1.2.)

 Period of rest for one hour.

The headlamp type is considered as acceptable if the mean value of the absolute values Δr1 measured on the first sample and Δr11 measured on the second sample is not more than 1,0 mrad.

image




Appendix 3

Requirements for lamps incorporating lenses of plastic material and testing of lens or material samples and of complete lamps

1.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

1.1.

The samples supplied pursuant to section 2.4 of Annex I must satisfy the specifications indicated in section 2.1 to 2.5 of this Appendix.

1.2.

The two samples of complete lamps supplied in accordance with section 2.3 of Annex I incorporating lenses of plastic material must, with regard to the lens material, satisfy the specifications indicated in section 2.6 of this Appendix.

1.3.

The samples of lenses of plastic material or samples of material are subjected, with the reflector to which they are intended to be fitted (where applicable), to approval tests in the chronological order indicated in table A reproduced in Appendix 3.1.

1.4.

However, if the lamp manufacturer can prove that the product has already passed the tests prescribed in 2.1 to 2.5 below, or the equivalent tests pursuant to another Directive, those tests need not be repeated; only the tests prescribed in Appendix 3.1, table B, are mandatory.

2.   TESTS

2.1.   Resistance to temperature changes

2.1.1.   Tests

Three new samples (lenses) are subjected to five live cycles of temperature and humidity (RH = relative humidity) change in accordance with the following programme:

 3 hours at 40 oC ± 2 oC and 85 %—95 % RH;

 1 hour at 23 oC ± 5 oC and 60 %—75 % RH;

 15 hours at -30 oC ± 2 oC;

 1 hour at 23 oC ± 5 oC and 60 %—75 % RH;

 3 hours at 80 oC ± 2 oC;

 1 hour at 23 oC ± 5 oC and 60 %—75 % RH.

Before this test, the samples must be kept at 23 oC ± 5 oC and 60 %—75 % RH for at least four hours.

Note:

The periods of one hour at 23 oC ± 5 oC must include the periods of transition from one temperature to another which are needed in order to avoid thermal shock effect.

2.1.2.   Photometric measurements

2.1.2.1.

Method

Photometric measurements must be carried out on the samples before and after the test.

These measurements must be made using a standard lamp, at the following points:

B 50 L and 50 R for the passing beam of a passing lamp or a passing/driving lamp (B 50 R and 50 L in the case of headlamps intended for left-hand traffic) or B 50 and 50 R/L in the case of symmetrical passing beam;

Emax route for the driving beam of a driving lamp or a passing/driving lamp;

HV and Emax zone D for a front fog-lamp.

2.1.2.2.

Results

The variation between the photometric values measured on each sample before and after the test must not exceed 10 % including the tolerances of the photometric procedure.

2.2.   Resistance to atmospheric and chemical agents

2.2.1.   Resistance to atmospheric agents

Three new samples (lenses or samples of material) are exposed to radiation from a source having a spectral energy distribution similar to that of a black body at a temperature between 5 500 K and 6 000 K. Appropriate filters must be placed between the source and the samples so as to reduce as far as possible radiations with wave lengths smaller than 295 nm and greater than 2 500 nm. The samples are exposed to an energetic illumination of 1 200 W/m2 ± 200 W/m2 for a period such that the luminous energy that they receive is equal to 4 500 MJ/m2 ± 200 MJ/m2. Within the enclosure, the temperature measured on the black panel placed on a level with the samples must be 50 oC ± 5 oC. In order to ensure a regular exposure, the samples must revolve around the source of radiation at a speed of between 1 and 5 1/min.

The samples are sprayed with distilled water of conductivity lower than 1 mS/m at a temperature of 23 oC ± 5 oC, in accordance with the following cycle: