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Document E2022C0010

EFTA Surveillance Authority Decision No 10/22/COL of 26 January 2022 supplementing the Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021 [2022/1353]

OJ L 204, 4.8.2022, p. 3–15 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2022/1353/oj

4.8.2022   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 204/3


EFTA SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY DECISION No 10/22/COL

of 26 January 2022

supplementing the Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021 [2022/1353]

THE EFTA SURVEILLANCE AUTHORITY (‘ESA’),

Having regard to the Agreement on the European Economic Area (‘the EEA Agreement’), in particular to Articles 61 to 63 and Protocol 26,

Having regard to the Agreement between the EFTA States on the Establishment of a Surveillance Authority and a Court of Justice (‘the Surveillance and Court Agreement’), in particular to Article 24 and Article 5(2)(b),

Whereas:

Under Article 24 of the Surveillance and Court Agreement, ESA is to give effect to the provisions of the EEA Agreement concerning State aid.

Under Article 5(2)(b) of the Surveillance and Court Agreement, ESA is to issue notices or guidelines on matters dealt with in the EEA Agreement, if that Agreement or the Surveillance and Court Agreement expressly so provides or if ESA considers it necessary.

On 16 December 2020, ESA adopted Decision No 156/20/COL, introducing Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021 (‘ESA’s ETS Guidelines’) (1).

These Guidelines correspond to the European Commission’s (‘the Commission’) Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021, adopted on 21 September 2020 (‘the Commission’s ETS Guidelines’) (2).

On 24 November 2021, the Commission adopted a Communication supplementing the ETS Guidelines (‘the Supplements to the Commission’s ETS Guidelines’) (3).

The Supplements to the Commission’s ETS Guidelines are also of relevance for the European Economic Area (‘the EEA’).

Uniform application of the EEA State aid rules is to be ensured throughout the EEA in line with the objective of homogeneity established in Article 1 of the EEA Agreement.

It is appropriate to supplement ESA’s ETS Guidelines in line with the Supplements to the Commission’s ETS Guidelines (4).

The present supplements to ESA’s ETS Guidelines provide factors for the calculation of the compensation amounts for indirect costs incurred by the beneficiaries as from 2021 and constitute important elements to ensure the proportionality of aid measures granted under the ETS Guidelines and are therefore, in line with paragraph 65 of ESA’s ETS Guidelines, applicable from 1 January 2021.

According to paragraph II under the heading ‘GENERAL’ of Annex XV to the EEA Agreement, ESA, after consultation with the Commission, is to adopt acts corresponding to those adopted by the Commission.

Having consulted the European Commission,

Having consulted the EFTA States,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Sole Article

1.   ESA introduces Supplements to the Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021. The Supplements are annexed to this Decision and form an integral part of it.

2.   ESA applies the Supplements to its ETS Guidelines with effect from 1 January 2021.

Done at Brussels, 26 January 2022.

For the EFTA Surveillance Authority

Arne RØKSUND

President

Responsible College Member

Stefan BARRIGA

College Member

Árni Páll ÁRNASON

College Member

Melpo-Menie JOSÉPHIDÈS

Countersigning as Director,

Legal and Executive Affairs


(1)  EFTA Surveillance Authority Decision No 156/20/COL of 16 December 2020 adopting Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021 [2021/604] (OJ L 130, 15.4.2021, p. 1, and EEA Supplement No 27, 15.4.2021, p. 3).

(2)  Communication from the Commission Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021 (OJ C 317, 25.9.2020, p. 5).

(3)  C(2021)8413 final. The Supplements to the Commission’s ETS Guidelines have not yet been published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

(4)  Document No 1254304.


ANNEX

Supplements to the guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021

The guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021 (1) are supplemented as follows:

(1)

in point 15, number 15, the figure ‘80’ is inserted in the place of the indication ‘[…]’, and two paragraphs are added, so as for the current wording of that definition to read as follows:

‘(15)

‘fall back electricity consumption efficiency benchmark’ means 80 per cent of actual electricity consumption, determined by ESA decision together with the electricity consumption efficiency benchmarks. It corresponds to the average reduction effort imposed by the application of the electricity consumption efficiency benchmarks (benchmark electricity consumption/average electricity consumption). It is applied for all products which fall within the eligible sectors, but for which an electricity consumption efficiency benchmark is not defined.

The fall back electricity consumption efficiency benchmark shall be reduced (as from year t = 2022) by 1,09 % on an annual basis, according to the formula established in Annex II under ‘Updated efficiency benchmarks for certain products referred to in Annex I’.’;

(2)

in point 28, point (b), the description of the factor Ct used in the formula is supplemented, so as for the current wording of that point to read as follows:

‘(b)

Where electricity consumption efficiency benchmarks listed in Annex II are not applicable to the products manufactured by the beneficiary, the maximum aid payable per installation for costs incurred in year t equals:

Amaxt = Ai × Ct × Pt-1 × EF × AECt

In this formula, Ai is the aid intensity, expressed as a fraction (e.g. 0,75); Ct is the applicable CO2 emission factor or market-based CO2 emission factor (tCO2/MWh) (at year t); Pt-1 is the EUA forward price at year t-1 (EUR/tCO2); EF is the fall-back electricity consumption efficiency benchmark as defined in point 15 number 15.; and AEC is the actual electricity consumption (MWh) in year t.’;

(3)

in the table in Annex I, the description of the sector covered by the NACE code 20.16.40.15 is completed/supplemented, so as for the current wording of that description to read as follows:

‘Polyethylene glycols and other polyether alcohols, in primary forms’;

(4)

the following Annex II is inserted:

‘ANNEX II

Electricity consumption efficiency benchmarks and annual reduction rates for products referred to in Annex I

—    Electricity consumption efficiency benchmarks for products referred to in Annex I with exchangeability of fuel and electricity:

Products for which exchangeability of fuel and electricity was established in Section 2 of Annex I to Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/331.

Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/331 in Annex I established that in respect of certain products there is substitutability between fuel and electricity. For those products, it is not appropriate to set a benchmark on the basis of MWh/t of product. Instead, starting points are the specific greenhouse gases emission curves derived for the direct emissions. For those products, the product benchmarks were determined on the basis of the sum of direct emissions (from energy and process emissions), as well as indirect emissions arising from the use of the inter-exchangeable part of the electricity.

In those cases, factor ‘E’ in the formula for the calculation of the maximum aid as referred to in point 28(a) of these Guidelines is to be replaced by the following term that converts a product benchmark laid down in Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/331 into an electricity consumption efficiency benchmark on the basis of an average European CO2 emission factor of 0,376 tCO2/MWh:

Existing product benchmark from Annex section 2 from Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/447 (*1) (in tCO2/t) × share of relevant indirect emissions over the baseline period (%)/0,376 (tCO2/MWh).

The value of the efficiency benchmarks for products with exchangeability of fuel and electricity to be applied in the period 2021 – 2025 can be found in the Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/447 of 12 March 2021 determining revised benchmark values for free allocation of emission allowances for the period 2021 to 2025 pursuant to Article 10a(2) of Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.

—    Efficiency benchmarks for products referred to in Annex I that are not listed in Table 1 of this Annex

The fall back electricity consumption efficiency benchmark as defined in point 15 number 15 of these Guidelines is applicable for all eligible products referred to in Annex I for which an electricity consumption efficiency benchmark is not defined.

—    Updated efficiency benchmarks for certain products referred to in Annex I

Table 1 lists the benchmark values that should be used as a starting point for the determination of the applicable efficiency benchmark for a specific year, taking into account the corresponding annual reduction rate.

That annual reduction rate describes by how much the benchmarks will be automatically reduced annually. Unless stated otherwise in Table 1, all efficiency benchmarks (including the ‘fall back electricity consumption efficiency benchmark’) shall be reduced (as from year t = 2022) by 1,09 % on an annual basis, according to the following formula:

efficiency benchmark applicable in (year t) = benchmark value in 2021 × (1 + annual reduction rate) ^ (year t – 2021)

Table 1

Electricity consumption efficiency benchmarks for certain products referred to in Annex I

NACE4

Product benchmark

Benchmark value in 2021

Benchmark unit

Unit of production

Annual reduction rate [%]

Product definition

Processes covered by product benchmark

Relevant Prodcom code

Description

17.11

Chemical wood pulp

0,904

MWh/t 90 % sdt

Tonne of chemical wood pulp

1,09

Chemical wood pulp, dissolving grades

All process directly or indirectly linked to chemical pulp production, including drying, washing and screening, and bleaching

17.11.11.00

Chemical wood pulp, dissolving grades

17.11

Chemical wood pulp

0,329

MWh/t 90 % sdt

Tonne of chemical wood pulp

1,09

Chemical wood pulp, soda or sulphate, other than dissolving grades

17.11.12.00

Chemical wood pulp, soda or sulphate, other than dissolving grades

17.11

Chemical wood pulp

0,443

MWh/t 90 % sdt

Tonne of chemical wood pulp

1,09

Chemical wood pulp, sulphite, other than dissolving grades

17.11.13.00

Chemical wood pulp, sulphite, other than dissolving grades

17.11

Semi-chemical wood pulp

0,443

MWh/t 90 % sdt

Tonne of semi-chemical wood pulp

1,09

Semi-chemical wood pulp

17.11.14.00

Mechanical wood pulp; semi-chemical wood pulp; pulps of fibrous cellulosic material other than wood

17.11

Mechanical pulp

Fall back approach

1,09

Mechanical pulp

All processes directly or indirectly linked to mechanical pulp production, including wood treatment, refining, washing, bleaching, heat recovery

17.11

Recovered paper

0,260

MWh/t 90 % sdt

Tonne of recovered paper

1,09

Recovered paper

All process directly or indirectly linked to recovered paper production, including thickening and dispersing, and bleaching

17.11

Deinked recovered paper

0,390

MWh/t 90 % sdt

Tonne of deinked recovered paper

1,09

Deinked recovered paper

17.12

Newsprint

0,801

MWh/t product

Tonne of newsprint

1,09

Newsprint

All processes directly or indirectly linked to production of paper, including refining, pressing and thermal drying

17.12.11.00

Newsprint

17.12

Uncoated fine paper

0,645

MWh/t product

Tonne of uncoated fine paper

1,09

Uncoated fine paper

17.12.12.00

17.12.13.00

17.12.14.10

17.12.14.35

17.12.14.39

17.12.14.50

17.12.14.70

Uncoated fine paper

17.12

Coated fine paper

0,538

MWh/t product

Tonne of coated fine paper

1,09

Coated fine paper

17.12.73.35

17.12.73.37

17.12.73.60

17.12.73.75

17.12.73.79

17.12.76.00

Coated fine paper

17.12

Tissue

0,925

MWh/t product

Tonne of tissue paper

1,09

Tissue

17.12.20.30

17.12.20.55

17.12.20.57

17.12.20.90

Tissue

17.12

Testliner and fluting

0,260

MWh/t product

Tonne of paper

1,09

Testliner and fluting

17.12.33.00

17.12.34.00

17.12.35.20

17.12.35.40

Testliner and fluting

17.12

Uncoated carton board

0,268

MWh/t product

Tonne of carton board

1,09

Uncoated carton board

17.12.31.00

17.12.32.00

17.12.42.60

17.12.42.80

17.12.51.10

17.12.59.10

Uncoated carton board

17.12

Coated carton board

0,403

MWh/t product

Tonne of carton board

1,09

Coated carton board

17.12.75.00

17.12.77.55

17.12.77.59

17.12.78.20

17.12.78.50

17.12.79.53

17.12.79.55

Coated carton board

20.13

Sulphuric acid

0,056

MWh/t product

Tonne of Sulphuric acid

1,09

Sulphuric acid; oleum

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of sulphuric acid

20.13.24.34

Sulphuric acid; oleum

20.13

Chlorine

1,846

MWh/t product

Tonne of chlorine

1,09

Chlorine

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the electrolysis unit, including auxiliaries

20.13.21.11

Chlorine

20.13

Silicon

11,87

MWh/t product

Tonne of silicon

1,09

Silicon. Other than containing by weight not less than 99,99 % of silicon

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of silicon

20.13.21.70

Silicon. Other than containing by weight not less than 99,99 % of silicon

20.13

Silicon

60

MWh/t product

Tonne of silicon

1,09

Silicon. Containing by weight not less than 99,99 % of silicon

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the furnace, including auxiliaries

20.13.21.60

Silicon. Containing by weight not less than 99,99 % of silicon

20.13

Silicon carbide

6,2

MWh/t product

Tonne of silicon carbide

1,09

Silicon. Carbides of silicon, whether or not chemically defined

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of silicon carbide

20.13.64.10

Silicon. Carbides of silicon, whether or not chemically defined

24.10

Basic oxygen steel

0,03385

MWh/t product

Tonne of crude (cast) steel

0,60

Crude steel: non-alloy steel produced by other processes than in electric furnaces

Secondary metallurgy, refractories preheating, auxiliaries and casting installations up to cut-off of crude steel products

24.10.T1.22

Crude steel: non-alloy steel produced by other processes than in electric furnaces

24.10

Crude steel: alloy steel other than stainless steel produced by other processes than in electric furnaces

24.10.T1.32

Crude steel: alloy steel other than stainless steel produced by other processes than in electric furnaces

24.10

Crude steel: stainless and heat resisting steel produced by other processes than in electric furnaces

24.12.T1.42

Crude steel: stainless and heat resisting steel produced by other processes than in electric furnaces

24.10

Ferro-manganese

2,2

MWh/t product

Ferro-manganese containing by weight > 2 % carbon

2,03

Ferro-manganese, containing by weight > 2 % carbon, with a granulometry <= 5 mm and a manganese content by weight > 65 %

 

24.10.12.10

Ferro-manganese, containing by weight > 2 % carbon, with a granulometry <= 5 mm and a manganese content by weight > 65 %

24.10

Ferro-manganese containing by weight > 2 % carbon

Other ferro-manganese, containing by weight > 2 % carbon (excl. ferro-manganese with a granulometry of <= 5 mm and containing by weight > 65 % manganese)

 

24.10.12.20

Other ferro-manganese, containing by weight > 2 % carbon (excl. ferro-manganese with a granulometry of <= 5 mm and containing by weight > 65 % manganese)

24.10

Ferro-manganese

1,4

MWh/t product

Ferro-manganese containing by weight <= 2 % carbon

1,09

Other ferro-manganese containing by weight less or equal than 2 % carbon

 

24.10.12.25

Other ferro-manganese containing by weight less or equal than 2 % carbon

24.10

Ferro-silicon

8,54

MWh/t product

Ferro-silicon, containing by weight > 55 % of silicon

1,09

Ferro-silicon, containing by weight > 55 % of silicon

 

24.10.12.35

Ferro-silicon, containing by weight > 55 % of silicon

24.10

Ferro-silicon

Fall back approach

1,09

 

 

24.10.12.36

Ferro-silicon, containing by weight <= 55 % silicon and >= 4 % but <= 10 % of magnesium

24.10

Ferro-nickel

9,28

MWh/t product

Ferro-nickel

1,09

Ferro-nickel

 

24.10.12.40

Ferro-nickel

24.10

Ferro-silico-manganese

3,419

MWh/t product

Ferro-silico-manganese

1,12

Ferro-silico-manganese

 

24.10.12.45

Ferro-silico-manganese

24.42

Primary aluminium

13,90

MWh/t product

Unwrought non-alloy aluminium

0,25

Unwrought non-alloy aluminium from electrolysis

Unwrought non-alloy aluminium from electrolysis including production control units, auxiliary processes and cast house. Also include anode plant (pre-bake). In case anodes are provided from a stand-alone plant in EU, this plant should not be compensated. For anode produced outside EU, a correction may be applied

24.42.11.30

Unwrought non-alloy aluminium (excluding powders and flakes)

24.42.11.53

Unwrought aluminium alloys in primary form (excluding aluminium powders and flakes)

24.42.11.54

Unwrought aluminium alloys (excluding aluminium powders and flakes)

24.42

Alumina (refining)

0,20

MWh/t product

alumina

1,11

 

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the production of alumina

24.42.12.00

Aluminium oxide (excluding artificial corundum)

24.43

Zinc electrolysis

3,994

MWh/t product

zinc

0,01

Primary zinc

All processes directly or indirectly to the zinc electrolysis unit including auxiliaries

24.43.12.30

Unwrought non-alloy zinc (excluding zinc dust, powders and flakes)

24.43.12.50

Unwrought zinc alloys (excluding zinc dust, powders and flakes)

24.44

Unwrought refined copper

0,31

MWh/t product

Copper cathodes

1,09

Copper cathodes

All processes directly or indirectly linked to the electrolytic refining process, including on-site anode casting where appropriate

24.44.13.30

Unwrought unalloyed refined copper (excluding rolled, extruded or forged sintered products)

’;

(5)

in Annex III, the numerical data is inserted in the third column of the table, so as for the current wording of that Annex to read as follows:

‘ANNEX III

Maximum regional CO2 emission factors in different geographic areas  (*) (tCO2/MWh)

Zones

 

Applicable CO2 emission factor

Adriatic

Croatia, Slovenia

0,69

Iberia

Spain, Portugal

0,53

Baltic

Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia

0,75

Central Western Europe

Austria, Germany, Luxembourg

0,72

Nordic

Sweden, Finland

0,58

Czechia-Slovakia

Czechia, Slovakia

0,85

Belgium

 

0,36

Bulgaria

 

0,98

Denmark

 

0,52

Ireland

 

0,49

Greece

 

0,73

France

 

0,44

Iceland (*1)

 

[…]

Italy

 

0,46

Cyprus

 

0,70

Hungary

 

0,58

Malta

 

0,40

Netherlands

 

0,45

Norway (*2)

 

[…]

Poland

 

0,81

Romania

 

0,96


(1)  EFTA Surveillance Authority Decision No 156/20/COL of 16 December 2020 adopting Guidelines on certain State aid measures in the context of the system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading post-2021 [2021/604] (OJ L 130, 15.4.2021, p. 1, and EEA Supplement No 27, 15.4.2021, p. 3).

(*1)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/447 of 12 March 2021 determining revised benchmark values for free allocation of emission allowances for the period from 2021 to 2025 pursuant to Article 10a(2) of Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 87, 15.3.2021, p. 29). Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/447 is incorporated into the EEA Agreement at point 21alo of Annex XX by EEA Joint Committee Decision No 221/2021 (not yet published).

(*)  The geographic area for Liechtenstein and the applicable CO2 emission factor will be established at a later stage.

(*1)  The CO2 emission factor applicable for Iceland will be established at a later stage.

(*2)  he CO2 emission factor applicable for Norway will be established at a later stage.’


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