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Document 52021PC0344

Proposal for a COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION on the approval of the assessment of the recovery and resilience plan for Italy

COM/2021/344 final

Brussels, 22.6.2021

COM(2021) 344 final

2021/0168(NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION

on the approval of the assessment of the recovery and resilience plan for Italy

{SWD(2021) 165 final}


2021/0168 (NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION

on the approval of the assessment of the recovery and resilience plan for Italy

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2021/241 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 February 2021 establishing the Recovery and Resilience Facility 1 and in particular Article 20 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)The COVID-19 outbreak has had a disruptive impact on the economy of Italy. In 2019, the gross domestic product per capita in current prices (GDP per capita) of Italy was 95,0% of the EU average. According to the Commission’s Spring 2021 forecast, the real GDP of Italy declined by 8,9% in 2020 and is expected to decline by 5,0% cumulatively in 2020 and 2021. Longer-standing aspects with an impact on medium-term economic performance include, in particular, high youth unemployment and a low participation of women in the labour market, slow productivity growth as well as inefficiencies in the public administration and a very high level of government debt.

(2)On 9 July 2019 and on 20 July 2020, the Council addressed recommendations to Italy in the context of the European Semester. In particular, the Council recommended to shift taxation away from labour, step up the fight against tax evasion and fully implement past pension reforms. The Council also recommended to strengthen the resilience and capacity of the health system while the coordination between national and regional authorities should be enhanced. Moreover, the Council recommended to reinforce efforts to tackle undeclared work, ensure that active labour market and social policies are effectively integrated and reach out notably to young people and vulnerable groups and that women’s participation in the labour market is supported through a comprehensive strategy, including through access to quality childcare and long-term care. To tackle the COVID-19 crisis, Italy was recommended to provide adequate income replacement and access to social protection, and to mitigate the employment impact of the crisis, including through flexible working arrangements and active support to employment. Furthermore, Italy was recommended to improve educational outcomes, strengthen distant learning and foster upskilling, including digital skills. It was recommended to focus the investment related economic policy on the green and digital transitions, taking into account regional disparities, in particular on clean and efficient production and use of energy, research and innovation, sustainable public transport, waste and water management as well as reinforced digital infrastructure to ensure the provision of essential services. To support the economy during the COVID-19 crisis, Italy was also recommended to effectively implement the measures providing liquidity to the real economy, front-load mature public investment projects, and promote private investment. Furthermore, the Council recommended to improve the effectiveness of public administration and the efficiency of the judicial system, to reinforce the insolvency framework and to step up the fight against corruption. The Council also urged to remove restrictions to competition and to improve sectoral regulations. Italy was also recommended to foster bank balance sheet restructuring, continuing the reduction of non-performing loans, and to improve non-bank financing for smaller and innovative firms. Having assessed progress in the implementation of these country-specific recommendations at the time of submission of the recovery and resilience plan, the Commission finds that substantial progress has been achieved with respect to the recommendations on taking all necessary measures to effectively address the pandemic, sustain the economy and support the ensuing recovery, on ensuring effective implementation of measures to provide liquidity to the real economy, including to small and medium-sized enterprises, innovative firms and the self-employed, and avoid late payments. Substantial progress was also recorded in fighting tax evasion, especially in the form of omitted invoicing.

(3)On 2 June 2021, the Commission published an in-depth review under Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 1176/2011 of the European Parliament and the Council 2 for Italy. The Commission’s analysis led it to conclude that Italy is experiencing excessive macroeconomic imbalances, in particular regarding high government debt and protracted weak productivity dynamics, which have cross-border relevance in a context of labour market and banking sector fragilities.

(4) [The Council recommendation on the economic policy of the euro area recommended to euro area Member States to take action, including through their recovery and resilience plans, to, inter alia, ensure a policy stance which supports the recovery, and to further improve convergence, resilience and sustainable and inclusive growth. The Council recommendation also recommended to strengthen national institutional frameworks, to ensure macro-financial stability and to complete EMU and strengthen the international role of the euro.] [If the Council recommendation is not adopted by the time of the CID adoption, please remove the recital]

(5)On 30 April 2021, Italy submitted its national recovery and resilience plan to the Commission, in accordance with Article 18(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241. That submission followed a consultation process, conducted in accordance with the national legal framework, of local and regional authorities, social partners, civil society organisations, youth organisations and other relevant stakeholders. The national ownership of the recovery and resilience plans is underpinning their successful implementation and lasting impact at national level and credibility at European level. Pursuant to Article 19 of that Regulation, the Commission has assessed the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency and coherence of recovery and resilience plan, in accordance with the assessment guidelines of Annex V to that Regulation.

(6)The recovery and resilience plans should pursue the general objectives of the Recovery and Resilience Facility established by Regulation (EU) 2021/241 and of the EU Recovery Instrument set up by Council Regulation (EU) 2020/2094 in order to support the recovery in the aftermath of the COVID-19 crisis. They should promote the Union´s economic, social and territorial cohesion by contributing to the six pillars referred to in Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2021/241.

(7)The implementation of the Member States’ recovery and resilience plans will constitute a coordinated effort of investment and reforms across the Union. Through the coordinated and simultaneous implementation of these reforms and investments and the implementation of cross-border projects, these reforms and investments will mutually reinforce each other and generate positive spillovers across the whole Union. Therefore, about one third of the impact of the Facility on Member States’ growth and job creation will come from spillovers from other Member States.

Balanced response contributing to the six pillars

(8)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (a) and section 2.1 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the recovery and resilience plan represents to a large extent (Rating A) a comprehensive and adequately balanced response to the economic and social situation, thereby contributing appropriately to all six pillars referred to in Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2021/241, taking the specific challenges and the financial allocation of the Member State concerned into account.

(9)The plan contains a wide range of both investments and reforms to support addressing the challenges of the green transition such as increasing energy efficiency of buildings, decarbonising the economic activity, mitigating and adaptating to climate change, using water resources more efficiently, strengthening the circular economy and preserving and enhancing biodiversity. The plan also aims to tackle the digital challenges through the digitalisation of important public services such as justice, public employment services, education or health and the adoption of digital technologies by citizens and business with a combined set of direct investments and incentive schemes such as Transizione 4.0. Digital skills are addressed in the plan through a varied set of measures targeting the general population, the public administration, the education system and the labour market.

(10)The plan promotes smart, sustainable and inclusive growth across all missions and components, both through investments aimed at enhancing physical and human capital and reforms which should have an impact on productivity and competitiveness over the medium and long term. For instance, the two first components of mission 1 of the plan propose major reforms in justice, competition, public procurement, public administration and taxation and public expenditure which should remove important bottlenecks in the functioning of the Italian economy and significant investments which focus on the digitalisation of the various economic sectors, which should have a positive effect on productivity. In line with the priorities of the European Green Deal the components of missions 2 and 3 aim to promote sustainable growth, energy efficiency and climate change mitigation and adaptation through a set of ambitious reforms and investments in various sectors such as water, territorial planning, energy efficiency of buildings, sustainable mobility in cities and across the country, the development of renewable energies, biodiversity and the strengthening of the circular economy. The components of mission 4 aim to tackle the challenges related to education and research and innovation combining both investments and reforms in a balanced manner.

(11)The recovery and resilience plan is expected to enhance social and territorial cohesion through the implementation of dedicated investments and reforms aimed at improving the situation of the most vulnerable groups of the society and the less developed regions of the country. Significant investments in physical capital are envisaged in Southern regions. These investments mostly relate to transport, digital and waste and water management. The actions in the area of education and skills and those in favour of the most vulnerable groups envisaged particularly in components of missions 4 and 5, which are expected to have a significant positive impact on social cohesion, also have a strong focus on the South of the country. The components of mission 6 aim to address the challenges in the health sector by making a major effort in digitalising the sector, in reinforcing primary health care and enhancing its capacity to respond to the increasing needs related to demography and crisis preparedness.

Addressing all or a significant subset of challenges identified in Country Specific Recommendations

(12)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (b) and section 2.2 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241 the recovery and resilience plan is expected to contribute to effectively addressing all or a significant subset of challenges (Rating A) identified in the relevant country-specific recommendations, including fiscal aspects thereof and recommendations made pursuant to Article 6 of Regulation (EU) No 1176/2011, addressed to the Member State concerned or challenges identified in other relevant documents officially adopted by the Commission in the context of the European Semester.

(13)The plan includes an extensive set of mutually reinforcing reforms and investments that contribute to effectively addressing all or a significant subset of the economic and social challenges outlined in the country-specific recommendations addressed to Italy by the Council in the European Semester in 2019 and 2020. Notably, reforms and investments included in the plan are expected to contribute to the sustainability of public finances, increase the resilience of the health sector, improve the effectiveness of active labour market policies, social policies, and improve education outcomes and upskilling. The plan is also expected to boost investment for supporting the twin transitions, particularly on network industries, utilities and research and innovation, with a view to reduce regional disparities, increase the effectiveness of the public administration and efficiency of the justice system, improve the business environment and remove barriers to competition.

(14)As regards fiscal-structural policies, the plan includes measures to improve tax collection and step up the fight against tax evasion, as well as measures to enhance the efficiency of public expenditure through a strengthened spending review framework and the completion of the reform of fiscal relations across different levels of government. The structural measures to improve the framework for public procurement are also expected to contribute to the quality of public finances. The recommendations related to the immediate fiscal policy response to the pandemic can be considered as falling outside the scope of Italy’s recovery and resilience plan, notwithstanding the fact that Italy has generally responded adequately and sufficiently to the immediate need to support the economy through fiscal means in 2020 and 2021, in line with the provisions of the General Escape Clause. Moreover, the recommendation to Italy to make sufficient progress towards the medium-term budgetary objective in 2020 is no longer relevant, due both to the lapsing of the corresponding budgetary period and the activation in March 2020 of the General Escape Clause of the Stability and Growth Pact in the context of the pandemic crisis.

(15)The plan includes a reform and some investments with the aim to reduce undeclared work and interventions aimed at improving educational outcomes and reducing early school leaving, which are higher than Union average. The plan also includes measures with the aim to increase the participation of women in the labour market through a combined set of reforms and investments, including the reinforcement in the provision of childcare facilities. Furthermore, the plan includes measures to strengthen skills, including digital, and to improve opportunities of youth and most vulnerable groups of the society.

(16)Significant reforms and investments to increase the efficiency of public administration are included in the plan, particularly to improve the management of public employment and strengthen administrative capacity. The measures on public employment focus on reforming the selection and recruitment of public employees. The new system should immediately be tested with the selection of staffing needed for the governance of the plan. The reform is coupled with investments for the creation of a single recruiting platform, investment for upskilling and reskilling, and a reform of public administration careers. An administrative simplification through ad hoc legislative interventions (‘fast track’) is envisaged for administrative procedures as well as the elimination of authorizations not justified by public interest. These measures are complemented and reinforced by significant investments and reforms to boost the digitalisation of the various public administrations. To ensure the swift implementation of the reforms and deployment of the ICT investment, a dedicated “Transformation Office” for a digital public administration will be set up.

(17)A set of reforms and investments in the health sector is aimed at ensuring the necessary enabling conditions to ensure greater resilience of the healthcare service, particularly concerning local health, telemedicine and investment for the digitalisation of the system. Significant investments coupled with sectoral reforms aim to support the twin transitions and research and innovation, taking into account regional disparities. This particularly concerns measures to build and upgrade digital infrastructure, to develop the circular economy and improve waste and water management, to make buildings more energy efficient, to boost the production of renewable energies, to expand sustainable transport and to reduce water utilities fragmentation. A set of investments and reforms are included to boost research and innovation, particularly regarding young researchers and the involvement of public and private institutions.

(18)The plan also envisages substantial reforms to improve the overall business environment and reducing barriers to competition. The adoption of a new annual competition law 2021 is expected to reduce the time to start a business in Italy and increase competitive processes to award local public services contracts, notably in waste management and transport, in particular ports, regional rail and local public transport, and concessions, in particular highways, e-mobility charging stations and hydropower. Sectoral legislation in energy phases out regulated prices in electricity, includes flanking measures to support the increase of competition in energy retail markets and the deployment of second-generation smart meters. The revision of public procurement legislation includes regulations to reduce the time between the publication of contracts and their award, the coordination of public procurement policy, the uptake of e-procurement, the professionalization of public buyers and the rationalisation of contracting authorities. This is expected to be implemented with a view at ensuring an appropriate balance between the simplification gains and the anti-corruption and anti-fraud checks. The plan envisages to consolidate market surveillance authorities, digitalise product inspections and establish new accredited laboratories. These improvements to the business environment are expected to facilitate entrepreneurship and improved framework conditions for competition and to favour a more efficient allocation of resources with the associated potential productivity gains.

(19)Moreover, the plan contains ambitious measures to reform and modernise the civil, criminal and administrative justice system. The investments envisaged in the plan are aimed at digitalizing courts, training judges and staff and enhancing the courts’ overall efficiency, acting in the near term on organizational factors in order to allow the reforms under development to generate results more quickly. The establishment and strengthening of the ‘office of trial’ should support the magistrates, as an integral part of the justice reform, with the aim of reducing the existing backlog of court cases and the overall length of proceedings as part of the recover strategy helping to ensure swift implementation of reforms and investments, with a positive impact also on the fight against corruption and the overall business environment. These measures are also expected to improve the quality of justice by supporting the magistrates in the normal activities of study, legal research, drafting of acts, organization of the files and thereby enabling the judges to focus on the more complex tasks.

(20)By addressing the aforementioned challenges, the recovery and resilience plan is expected to also contribute to correcting the imbalances 3 that Italy is experiencing, notably with respect to high government debt and protracted weak productivity dynamics in a context of high unemployment and a still high level of non-performing loans, albeit with a decreasing trend.

Contribution to growth potential, job creation and economic, social and institutional resilience

(21)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (c) and section 2.3 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the recovery and resilience plan is expected to have a high impact (Rating A) on strengthening the growth potential, job creation, and economic, social and institutional resilience of Italy, contributing to the implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights, including through the promotion of policies for children and youth, and on mitigating the economic and social impact of the COVID-19 crisis, thereby enhancing the economic, social and territorial cohesion and convergence within the Union.

(22)Simulations by the Commission services show that the plan has the potential to increase the GDP of Italy by 2,5 % by 2026 4 . While in the short-term the demand effects via increased public investment dominate, higher investment is projected to boost the public capital stock with positive effects on potential and actual GDP in the medium term. The plan is expected to contribute to support territorial cohesion. The plan allocates at least 40 % of investment with a specific territorial destination to Southern regions. It is expected to address the infrastructural gap and to enhance the productivity and competitiveness of less developed regions through investments in broadband, high-speed railways and regional lines, waste and water management, ports and “last mile” connections in the Special Economic Zones. Special attention is also paid to the South and inner areas in the interventions aimed at revitalising urban areas and improving the conditions of the most vulnerable groups of the population. The reforms envisaged in the plan, notably the reform in the public administration, and the measures related to supporting the administrative capacity of local administration are expected to contribute to improve the effectiveness of the public administration in those regions.

(23)The plan envisages a wide set of significant investments to reduce inequality and social vulnerabilities in various components, which also pay special attention to the South of the country. A range of important dimensions are addressed, such as the increase in the provision of social housing, the improvement of access to social services, particularly for persons with disabilities and non-self-sufficient elderly people, the extension of home care services or the support to disadvantaged communities through urban regeneration plans. Those interventions are accompanied by reforms which should simplify the access to some social services, such as the Framework Law for persons with disabilities or the reform related to the extension of telemedicine and the proximity network. These measures, together with those in other components such as those related to employment, education or health, address a number of principles of the European Pillar of Social Rights.

(24)The plan also focusses on policies for young people and children, through a set of measures such as improving quality and raising the capacity of kindergartens and childcare services for which Italy lags behind compared to the Union average. The plan also aims to foster the enrolment in tertiary education courses, especially in STEM disciplines, and establishes a network of higher education institutions offering post-graduate courses of short duration. The Plan includes a number of measures to strengthen the Italian research capacity, in particular a reform to ease the mobility of high-profile researchers and managers, the simplification of funds management, and the reform of the researches’ career path. The plan is also expected to support the integration of digital technologies in the primary and secondary education system with the use of digital resources in classrooms, the digitalisation of educational contents and the creation of laboratories with educational technologies like programmable robots. It also envisages measures to strengthen the employability of young people, and to support job creation in the context of the digital and green transition. Finally, the reforms in the educational system and in active labour market policies are expected to improve the framework conditions and help to reap the returns of those investments.

(25)The plan includes investments and reforms to boost human capital and promote equal education opportunities across the country, which are expected to contribute to the reduction of inequality and of regional disparities in terms of schooling infrastructure and educational outcomes. Southern regions are expected to significantly benefit from the envisaged investments in sport facilities, nurseries and student housing and from the increased number of university scholarships as well as targeted projects to reduce early school-leaving and increase education outcomes of vulnerable pupils. The measures included in the plan are also aimed at strengthening competences and skills in secondary and tertiary education, enhancing social services in inner areas as well as boosting the rehabilitation of assets confiscated from organized crime and strengthening territorial healthcare.

Do no significant harm

(26)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (d) and section 2.4 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the recovery and resilience plan of Italy is expected to ensure that no measure (Rating A) for the implementation of reforms and investments projects included in the recovery and resilience plan does significant harm to environmental objectives within the meaning of Article 17 of Regulation (EU) 2020/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council 5 (the principle of ‘do no significant harm’), namely climate change mitigation, climate change adaptation, sustainable use and protection of water and marine resources, circular economy, pollution prevention and control, and protection and restoration of biodiversity and ecosystems. In its assessment as regards compliance with the principle, Italy followed the ‘do no significant harm’ technical guidance of the European Commission (2021/C58/01) and, where needed, commits to the implementation of specific actions enshrined in the relevant milestones and targets to avoid significant harm.

(27)Some measures of the plan have required particular attention considering their nature to ensure that there is not significant harm. Milestones should be introduced for investments in renovation, bio-methane, hydrogen, water irrigation and last-mile connections. Waste resulting from renovation should be treated in accordance with circular economy principles. Measures in waste treatment do not contain investments in incineration or mechanical biological treatment in compliance with the do no significant harm principle. Measures aimed at the replacement of the fleet of vehicles and machinery have ensured that only clean vehicles should be eligible for funding. The biomethane used by vehicles is compliant with Directive (EU) 2018/2001 (recast) on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. Particular safeguards as regards the protection of biodiversity have also been introduced.

Contribution to the green transition including biodiversity

(28)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (e) and section 2.5 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the recovery and resilience plan contains measures that contribute to a large extent (Rating A) to the green transition, including biodiversity, or to addressing the challenges resulting therefrom. The measures supporting climate objectives account for an amount which represents 37,5% of the plan’s total allocation calculated in accordance with the methodology of Annex VI to Regulation (EU) 2021/24. In accordance with Article 17 of Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the recovery and resilience plan is consistent with the information included in the National Energy and Climate Plan 2030.

(29)The recovery and resilience plan contains a wide range of both investments and reforms to address the challenges of the green transition and is overall well aligned with the priorities of the European Green Deal and its 2030 climate target plan and with the goal to make Europe a climate-resilient society by 2050. The plan includes a number of measures related to the renovations of buildings for energy efficiency purposes, in particular through the Superbonus housing tax deduction but also envisages direct investments to improve the energy efficiency of municipalities, schools, justice buildings, hotels, museums, cinemas and theatres. Furthermore, the plan aims to increase competition in electricity and gas markets and to promote the use of renewable energy sources. These interventions include investments aimed at supporting renewables for energy communities and jointly acting renewables self-consumers, as well as to develop offshore power production and smart grids.

(30)The plan includes reforms to facilitate the authorisation of renewable power production and reform the award of hydropower concessions. The plan focuses on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport, and envisages important investments in sustainable urban mobility, including e-mobility, as well as to boost railway infrastructure to support modal shift and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in air and maritime transport and in agriculture. Furthermore, the plan supports Italy’s climate adaptation efforts, as well as seismic resilience and the quality of infrastructures. The plan is expected to contribute addressing the existing challenges on waste management, to foster circular economy, to improve water and wastewater management and to enhance biodiversity protection. For that purpose, the plan envisages measures such as the adoption of a new strategy for the circular economy, the modernisation and set-up of new waste management plants, the improvement of the water infrastructure to improve supply and reduce water losses and a set of measures for reforestation and recovery of natural areas and seabed and marine habitats.

Contribution to the digital transition

(31)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (f) and section 2.6 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the recovery and resilience plan contains measures that effectively contribute to a large extent (Rating A) to the digital transition or to addressing the challenges resulting from it. The measures supporting digital objectives account for an amount which represents 25,1% of the plan’s total allocation calculated in accordance with the methodology of Annex VI to Regulation (EU) 2021/24.

(32)Overall, twelve components contain measures contributing to the digital transition with a broad, cross-cutting approach. Significant investments are planned in the areas of digitalisation of enterprises, with focus on tax incentives toward smarter manufacturing systems (Transizione 4.0). The plan also envisages support to networks for R&I collaboration and technology transfers between universities, research institutes and enterprises. The investment in completing the ultra-fast broadband networks and in 5G connectivity is expected to contribute to the achievement of the European Digital Targets for 2030 and their fast implementation would lead to significant benefits across the economy and society.

(33)Other significant investments target the digitalisation of the public administration with actions planned for the general public administration, the health sector and the education sector. The effective implementation of these measures would contribute to build future proof digital infrastructure, reinforce cybersecurity and make the public administration more efficient, resilient and close to citizens. The plan also envisages measures to complement national investments for the digitalisation of justice.

(34)The digital transition presents significant challenges for Italy, as the country is faced with significant shortcomings in both basic and advanced digital skills, which are also reflected in a low digitalisation of the productive system. The plan aims to contribute addressing those challenges with investments targeting the skills needs of the general population and people more at risk of digital exclusion, teachers, civil servants and the workforce. Advanced digital skills development is addressed as part of broader measures which contribute to increasing the availability of technical and specialised digital skills.

Lasting impact

(35)In accordance with Article 19(3) point (g) and section 2.7 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the recovery and resilience plan is expected to have a lasting impact on Italy to a large extent (Rating A).

(36)The plan includes key reforms to support addressing Italy’s long-standing challenges which have the potential to structurally improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy. Particularly, the proposed reform of the public administration should complement and complete the comprehensive reform adopted in 2014. The full, swift and proper implementation of the new set of measures should increase the effectiveness of the administration. This, coupled with the envisaged reform of justice aimed at drastically reducing the backlog of cases both in civil and criminal proceedings, and at reducing the backlog of cases in administrative proceedings, is expected to significantly improve the functioning of the economy. Furthermore, the plan includes a set of ambitious reforms to remove obstacles to the business environment and make some sectors of the economy more transparent and open to competition. Sectoral reforms such as those planned in the energy and water sectors are also addressing important weaknesses by removing major barriers and are expected to have a positive lasting impact on growth and productivity. Those reforms are expected to increase the returns of the comprehensive set of investments planned across the various sectors of the Italian economy, which are expected to upgrade the physical infrastructure across the country, to strengthen human capital and to accelerate the green and digital transitions. Lasting impact of the plan can also be enhanced through synergies between the plan and other programmes, including those financed by the cohesion policy funds, notably by addressing in a substantive manner the deeply rooted territorial challenges and promoting a balanced development.

Monitoring and implementation

(37)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (h) and section 2.8 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the arrangements proposed in the recovery and resilience plan are adequate (Rating A) to ensure effective monitoring and implementation of the recovery and resilience plan, including the envisaged timetable, milestones and targets, and the related indicators.

(38)A multi-level governance is envisaged for the implementation and monitoring of the recovery and resilience plan. This includes in particular: at political level, a steering committee established at the Presidency of the Council of Ministers; at social dialogue level, a consulting body involving relevant stakeholders; at technical level, a secretariat established at the Presidency of the Council of Ministers to support the works of the steering committee and the consulting body, a central coordination and monitoring structure established at the Ministry of Economy and Finance, and technical coordination structures identified at the level of the central administrations responsible for individual measures. The model also envisages the establishment of an independent audit body for the implementation of internal control systems. Central and local administrations remain responsible for the operational implementation of the plan’s measures based on the relevant competences. The governance model provides for the assignment of clear responsibilities for the implementation of the plan, the monitoring of progress and reporting. In particular, responsibilities and mandates are enshrined in Decree-Law of 31 May 2021, n.77, which contributes to the empowerment of the relevant bodies. This model intends to create synergies and ensure coordination between the Facility and other Union programs, with the potential to improve the implementation of Union funds in Italy . The strengthening of administrative capacity, including through additional human resources and the provision of technical support to administrations, and the simplification of administrative procedures are envisaged and enshrined in legal acts (Decree-Law of 9 June 2021, n. 80 and Decree-Law of 31 May 2021, n.77) with the aim to ensure a timely and effective implementation of the plan’s measures. Finally, ad hoc mechanisms to deal with implementation issues are envisaged and enshrined in Decree-Law of 31 May 2021, n.77. The milestones and targets of the Italian plan are clear and realistic, and adequately reflect the investments and reforms envisaged in the plan. The relevant indicators are relevant, acceptable and sufficiently robust.

(39)Member States should ensure that financial support under the Facility is communicated and acknowledged in line with Article 34 of Regulation (EU) 2021/241. Technical support may be requested under the Technical Support Instrument to assist Member States in the implementation of their plan.

Costing

(40)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (i) and section 2.9 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the justification provided in the plan on the amount of the estimated total costs of the recovery and resilience plan is to a medium extent (Rating B) reasonable and plausible and is in line with the principle of cost efficiency and is commensurate to the expected national economic and social impact.

(41)Italy has provided cost estimates for all measures of the recovery and resilience plan which entail a cost. Overall, the methodology and the assumptions made to reach the cost estimates are clear and plausible for most measures of the plan, often based on previous projects of similar nature or relevant support studies. However, relevant details on the methodology and on the basis used to make the cost estimates are missing or incomplete for some measures, this hindering a full positive assessment of the cost estimates. As a consequence, the justification of the cost estimates on the amount of the estimated total costs of the recovery and resilience plan is reasonable and plausible to a medium extent. Finally, the estimated total cost of the recovery and resilience plan is in line with the principle of cost-efficiency and is commensurate to the expected national economic and social impact.

Protection of financial interests

(42)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (j) and section 2.10 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the arrangements proposed in the recovery and resilience plan and the additional measures contained in this Decision are adequate (Rating A) to prevent, detect and correct corruption, fraud and conflicts of interests when using the funds provided under that Regulation, and the arrangements are expected to effectively avoid double funding from that Regulation and other Union programmes. This is without prejudice to the application of other instruments and tools to promote and enforce compliance with EU law, including for preventing, detecting and correcting corruption, fraud and conflicts of interests, and for protecting the Union finances in line with Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2020/2092 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

(43)The internal control system and arrangements proposed in the recovery and resilience plan are in their set-up rated sufficiently robust and the relevant structures are clearly described. The plan identifies clear actors (bodies/entities) and describes their roles and responsibilities for the performance of the internal control tasks. The Ministry of Economy and Finance has been attributed the task of overall coordination and an independent Audit Body has been set up within the Ministry, with mandates enshrined in Decree-Law of 31 May 2021, n.77. Ad hoc recruitments are envisaged to strengthen administrative capacity.

(44)The control systems and other relevant arrangements, including for the collection and making available of data on final recipients, are provided for: as of mid-2022 by the implementation of a unitary IT system (ReGiS), and until that moment by the use of transitional IT arrangements based on existing data processing tools which should be adapted for this purpose. The collection of data under Article 22(2), point (d) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241 is drawing on information from the Public Administration databases, including, for instance, Tender Identification Code (CIG)-based databases. The Audit Body should perform a verification of collection and ensuring access to the data referred to in Article 22(2), point (d) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241 in relation to the transitional IT arrangements. This commitment and the reporting thereon by the Audit Body is included as a milestone in the Annex to this Decision. These arrangements are considered adequate with respect to preventing, detecting and correcting corruption, fraud, conflict of interest when using the funds under the Recovery and Resilience Facility and to avoid double funding from the Recovery and Resilience Facility and other Union programmes.

(45)The proper functioning of internal controls and data-capturing arrangements and reporting structures as well as the transition to the unitary system (ReGiS) is critical for the reporting on the achievement of targets and milestones and payment request establishment. The transitional IT arrangements, progress in the development of a new IT environment (ReGiS) and the factual transition to this repository system merit specific IT audit work by the Audit Body in respect of the capability of ReGiS to fulfil the functionalities described in the plan and in particular the integrity of data and the maintenance of audit trail. For the transitional system, the Audit Body shall provide an audit report confirming the repository system functionalities with the first payment request.

(46)For the prevention, detection and correction of fraud, corruption and conflicts of interests the strengthening of existing provisions is envisaged in the context of the Plan’s implementation. In addition to the role of Guardia di Finanza, the Anti-Corruption Authority (ANAC) and the Italian Court of Auditors, the use of a Unique Project Code and ARACHNE are referred to, also in view of avoiding double funding risks.

Coherence of the plan

(47)In accordance with Article 19(3), point (k) and section 2.11 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the plan includes to a high extent (Rating A) measures for the implementation of reforms and public investment projects that represent coherent actions.

(48)The Italian recovery and resilience plan presents a strategic and consistent vision throughout the plan, with overall coherence across components and across individual measures. The reforms and investments in each component are consistent and mutually reinforcing, and there is also significant complementarity across components. For instance, several components in the plan envisage measures to promote energy efficiency or ensure that there is not any negative impact on energy consumption beyond those specifically dedicated to the green and ecological transition. Another example is that all components incorporate youth, gender and territorial cohesion as priorities regardless of their specific scope. No measures proposed within a component contradict or undermine each other, and no contradictions between different components have been identified.

Equality

(49)Italy’s recovery and resilience plan contains measures that are expected to contribute to addressing the country’s challenges in the area of gender equality and equal opportunities for all. Notably, these include measures addressing the challenges to gender equality, such as support to female entrepreneurship or the establishment of a national gender equality certification system. Specific measures are also envisaged to support equal opportunities for younger persons, including measures aimed at enhancing enrolments in Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics studies, digital and innovation skills, with a particular focus on gender equality and equal opportunities for all. Measures on enhancing community and home-based social and health services, such as innovative housing solutions and equipment, aim at promoting the independent living of persons with disabilities and elderly people. The plan explains how the various components are expected to contribute, directly or indirectly, to address inequality and foster equal opportunities, in particular for women and younger persons. However, the expected contribution for specific groups, such as persons belonging to ethnic or racial minorities, remains unclear in the plan. Especially when the anticipated contribution is indirect only, close monitoring of the plan’s concrete implementation should be essential to ensure that it delivers the expected results and forms part of a comprehensive strategy, in synergies with national equality policies such as the National Strategy for Gender Equality 2021-2026.

Security self-assessment

(50)In accordance with Article 18(4), point (g) to Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the plan includes a security-self assessment for investments related to cloud services and infrastructures for the public administration. As regards connectivity measures, in particular for 5G deployment, Italy confirmed that it will carry out such an assessment at a later stage, taking into account the connectivity scenarios that will result from the mapping and public consultation exercises. In this regard, Italy stated that it will analyse risk scenarios and implement measures to avoid or mitigate any potential security risks.

Cross-border and multi-country projects

(51)The plan includes investments along the Trans-European Transport (TEN-T) corridors and the cross-border rail connection between Italy and Austria through the completion of the Bolzano bypass in the line Verona-Brennero, which is an important hub for the traffic of passengers and freight between Italy and Northern and Eastern Europe. In addition, the development of at least 3 400 km of the European Rail Transport Management System should allow the interoperability with the rail systems of other Member States. The plan includes measures to support the deployment of optical fiber and 5G based technologies along the European 5G corridors. The plan also envisages to fund the participation of Italian firms in approved and potential Important Projects of Common European Interest and in research and development partnerships and to strengthen the network of European Digital Innovation Hubs to share knowledge and experience with other European countries.

Consultation process

(52)The plan went through a process of consultation and interaction with a variety of stakeholders, including regional and local authorities, civil society organizations, social partners and academics and policy experts. Following the opinion of the Italian Parliament on the strategic guidelines proposed by the government for the drafting of the plan, a first version was approved by the Council of Ministers on 12 January 2021. After the change of government in February 2021, the examination of the draft plan and the consultations with relevant stakeholders continued. The Chamber of Deputies and the Senate held a series of hearings involving a variety of stakeholders such as regional and local authorities, social partners, civil society organisations and institutional bodies and approved ad hoc reports thereon, together with resolutions steering the finalisation of the plan on that basis. Furthermore, the Government itself held a dialogue with regional and local authorities within the framework of the State-Regions Conference. As a result of this process, the revised plan was presented to Parliament, which endorsed its transmission to the Commission.

(53)With regard to the consultation process in the implementation phase, the Italian recovery and resilience plan envisages to continue regular dialogues with the various administrations involved in the implementation of the plan and with stakeholders. To this effect, the governance model envisages the creation of a consulting body with the participation of economic and social partners. To ensure ownership by the relevant actors, it is crucial to involve all local authorities and stakeholders concerned, including social partners, throughout the implementation of the investments and reforms included in the plan.

Positive assessment

(54)Following the positive assessment of the Commission concerning the Italian recovery and resilience plan with the finding that the plan satisfactorily complies with the criteria for assessment set out in Regulation (EU) 2021/241, in accordance with Article 20(2) of that Regulation, this Decision should set out the reforms and investment projects necessary for the implementation of the plan, the relevant milestones, targets and indicators, and the amount made available from the Union for the implementation of the plan in the form of non-repayable financial and loan support.

Financial contribution

(55)The estimated total cost of the recovery and resilience plan of Italy is EUR 191 499 177 889. As the recovery and resilience plan satisfactorily complies with the criteria for assessment set out in Regulation (EU) 2021/241 and, furthermore, as the amount of the estimated total costs of the recovery and resilience plan is higher than the maximum financial contribution available for Italy, the financial contribution allocated for Italy’s recovery and resilience plan should be equal to the total amount of the financial contribution available for Italy.

(56)In accordance with Article 11(2) of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241, the calculation of the maximum financial contribution for Italy is expected to be updated by 30 June 2022. As such, in accordance with Article 23(1) of that Regulation, an amount for Italy should be made available now for a legal commitment by 31 December 2022. Where necessary following the updated maximum financial contribution, the Council, on a proposal from the Commission, should amend this decision to include the updated maximum financial contribution without undue delay.

(57)Furthermore, in order to support additional reforms and investments, Italy has requested loan support. The maximum volume of the loan requested by Italy is equal to 6,8% of its 2019 Gross National Income in current prices. The amount of the estimated total costs of the recovery and resilience plan is higher than the combined financial contribution available for Italy and requested loan support.

(58)The support to be provided is financed from the borrowing by the Commission on behalf of the Union on the basis of Article 5 of Council Decision (EU, Euratom) 2020/2053 6 . The support should be paid in instalments once Italy has satisfactorily fulfilled the relevant milestones and targets identified in relation to the implementation of the recovery and resilience plan.

(59)Italy has requested pre-financing of 13% of the financial contribution and of 13% of the loan. That amount should be made available to Italy subject to the entry into force and in accordance with the Financing Agreement provided for in Article 23(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241 and the Loan Agreement provided for in Article 15(2) of that Regulation.

(60)This decision should be without prejudice to the outcome of any procedures relating to the award of Union funds under any other Union programme than Regulation (EU) 2021/241 or to procedures relating to distortions of the operation of the internal market that may be undertaken, in particular under Articles 107 and 108 of the Treaty. It does not override the requirement for Member States to notify instances of potential State aid to the Commission under Article 108 of the Treaty.

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1
Approval of the assessment of the recovery and resilience plan

The assessment of the recovery and resilience plan of Italy on the basis of the criteria provided for by Article 19(3) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241 is approved. The reforms and investment projects under the recovery and resilience plan, the arrangements and timetable for monitoring and implementation of the recovery and resilience plan, including the relevant milestones and targets and the additional milestones and targets related to the payment of the loan, the relevant indicators relating to the fulfilment of the envisaged milestones and targets, and the arrangements for providing full access by the Commission to the underlying relevant data are set out in the Annex to this Decision.

Article 2
Financial contribution

1.The Union shall make available to Italy a financial contribution in the form of non-repayable support amounting to EUR 68 880 513 747 7 . An amount of EUR 47 925 096 762 is available to be legally committed by 31 December 2022. Subject to the update provided for in Article 11(2) of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241 calculating an amount for Italy equal to or more than this amount, a further amount of EUR 20 955 416 985 is available to be legally committed as of 1 January 2023 until 31 December 2023.

2.The Union financial contribution shall be made available by the Commission to Italy in instalments in accordance with the Annex to this Decision. An amount of EUR 8 954 466 787 shall be made available as a pre-financing payment, equal to 13 per cent of the financial contribution. The pre-financing and instalments may be disbursed by the Commission in one or several tranches. The size of the tranches shall be subject to the availability of funding.

3.The pre-financing shall be released subject to the entry into force and in accordance with the Financing Agreement provided for in Article 23(1) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241. Pre-financing shall be cleared against the payment of the instalments.

4.The release of instalments in accordance with the Financing Agreement shall be conditional on available funding and a decision by the Commission, taken in accordance with Article 24 of Regulation (EU) 2021/241, that Italy has satisfactorily fulfilled the relevant milestones and targets identified in relation to the implementation of the recovery and resilience plan. Subject to the entry into force of the legal commitments referred to in paragraph 1, to be eligible for payment, milestones and targets shall be completed no later than 31 August 2026.

Article 3
Loan support

1.The Union shall make available to Italy a loan amounting to a maximum of EUR 122 601 810 400.

2.The loan support shall be made available by the Commission to Italy in instalments in accordance with the Annex to this Decision. An amount of EUR 15 938 235 352 shall be made available as a pre-financing payment, equal to 13 per cent of the loan. The pre-financing and instalments may be disbursed by the Commission in one or several tranches. The size of the tranches shall be subject to the availability of funding.

3.The pre-financing shall be released subject to the entry into force and in accordance with the Loan Agreement provided for in Article 15(2) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241. Pre-financing shall be cleared against the payment of the instalments.

4.The release of instalments in accordance with the Loan Agreement shall be conditional on available funding and a decision by the Commission, taken in accordance with Article 24 of Regulation (EU) 2021/241, that Italy has satisfactorily fulfilled the additional milestones and targets covered by the loan and identified in relation to the implementation of the recovery and resilience plan. To be eligible for payment, the additional milestones and targets covered by the loan shall be completed no later than 31 August 2026.

Article 4
Addressee

This Decision is addressed to the Italian Republic.

Done at Brussels,

   For the Council

   The President

(1)    OJ L 57, 18.2.2021, p. 17-75.
(2)    Regulation (EU) No 1176/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 November 2011 on the prevention and correction of macroeconomic imbalances (OJ L 306, 23.11.2011, p. 25).
(3)    These macroeconomic imbalances refer to the recommendations made pursuant to Article 6 of Regulation (EU) Nº 1176/2011 in 2019 and 2020.
(4)    Such simulations reflect the overall impact of NGEU, which also includes funding for ReactEU, and increased funding for Horizon, InvestEU, JTF, Rural Development and RescEU. Such simulation does not include the possible positive impact of structural reforms, which can be substantial.
(5)    Regulation (EU) 2020/852 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2020 on the establishment of a framework to facilitate sustainable investment, and amending Regulation (EU) 2019/2088 (OJ L 198, 22.6.2020, p. 13).
(6)    OJ L 424, 15.12.2020, p. 1.
(7)    This amount corresponds to the financial allocation after deduction of the Italy’s proportional share of the expenses of Article 6(2) of Regulation (EU) 2021/241, calculated in accordance with the methodology of Article 11 of that Regulation.
Top

Brussels, 22.6.2021

COM(2021) 344 final

ANNEX

to the

Proposal for a Council Implementing Decision

on the approval of the assessment of the recovery and resilience plan for Italy

{SWD(2021) 165 final}


ANNEX

SECTION 1: REFORMS AND INVESTMENTS UNDER THE RECOVERY AND RESILIENCE PLAN

1.Description of Reforms and Investments

A.MISSION 1 COMPONENT 1:

Axis 1 - Digitalization of the Public Administration: Axis 1 of component M1C1 of the Italian recovery and resilience plan contains measures that aim to foster the digitalisation of the Italian public administration and includes seven investments and three reforms. Investments aim in particular at: (i) rationalising and consolidating existing digital infrastructures of the public administration; (ii) fostering the uptake of cloud computing, (iii) with particular attention to the harmonisation and interoperability of platforms and data services, the implementation of the ‘once-only principle’ and the accessibility of data through a catalog of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs); (iv) improving the availability, efficiency and accessibility of all digital public services with the aim of increasing the level of adoption and users’ satisfaction, (v) strengthening Italy’s defences against the risks posed by cybercrime, (vi) fostering the digital transformation of large central administrations; (vii) tackling the digital divide by strengthening citizens’ digital skills. Reforms under this axis aim in particular at (i) streamlining and accelerating the procurement process for Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) solutions by the public administration; (ii) supporting the digital transformation of the public administration, and (iii) removing obstacles to the adoption of cloud by public administrations and streamlining data exchange processes between public administrations.

The investments and reforms under this component shall contribute to addressing the Country-Specific Recommendations addressed to Italy in 2020 and 2019 on the need to “improve the effectiveness of public administration, including by investing in the skills of public employees, by accelerating digitalisation, and by increasing the efficiency and quality of local public services” (Country-Specific Recommendation 3, 2019), and to “focus investment on the green and digital transition, in particular on […] reinforced digital infrastructure to ensure the provision of essential services” (Country-Specific Recommendation 3, 2020).

Axis 2 - Justice: The performance of the Italian justice system remains far from that of other Member States in terms of duration of proceedings, as outlined in the latest report of the European Commission on the efficiency of justice (CEPEJ). Axis 2 of component M1C1 of the recovery and resilience plan contains measures that aim to make the judicial system more efficient by reducing the length of proceedings and bringing Italy closer to the EU median. This component addresses the Country-specific recommendations addressed to Italy in 2020 and 2019 on reducing the length of civil trials and on improving the effectiveness of the fight against corruption (Country-specific recommendations 4, 2019 and 4, 2020). Furthermore, the digitisation of the justice system is also relevant for the digital transition.

Axis 3 – Public administration: Axis 3 of component M1C1 of the recovery and resilience plan contains measures that aim to reform the Italian public administration and improve administrative capacity. Italy ranks below EU-27 average both for government effectiveness and for trust in government. Italian public administration reforms were affected by a serious implementation gap of top-down reforms and the scarce recognition and diffusion of valuable bottom-up innovations. Administrative capacity is very low. Efforts to strengthen the strategic planning capacity, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms, and evidence-based policymaking instruments should continue. The main objective of this component is to enhance the administrative capacity of the Italian public administrations at central and local levels, both in terms of human capital (selection, competences, and careers) and in terms of simplification of administrative procedures. This section presents the overarching structural human resources strategy, ranging from the selection processes to career paths. The reform includes also actions to simplify procedures. Investments in new digital toolkits and strengthened actions on lifelong learning are included in Component 1 of Mission 1. This component addresses the Country-specific recommendations addressed to Italy in 2020 and 2019 on improving the effectiveness of public administration (Country-specific recommendation 3, 2019 and Country-specific recommendation 4, 2020).

Axis 4 – Public procurement and payments by the administration: Axis 4 of component M1C1 of the recovery and resilience plan contains measures that aim to reform certain key aspects of the Italian public procurement legislative framework and to reduce late payments by public administrations at central, regional and local, as well as regional health authorities. The main objective of the reform is to simplify public procurement rules, increase legal certainty for businesses and accelerate the award of public contracts while maintaining procedural guarantees in terms of transparency and equal treatment. These reforms support therefore the timely realization of the infrastructures and projects financed by the Plan.

Axis 5 – Fiscal-structural reforms (Taxation and public expenditure): Axis 5 of component M1C1 of the recovery and resilience includes several reforms aimed at supporting the sustainability of Italy’s public finances (country-specific recommendation 1, 2019). On the revenue side, the reforms aim at improving the tax collection process, encouraging tax compliance and fight tax evasion, in order to reduce compliance costs for taxpayers and increase revenues for the general government, contributing to improving the sustainability of public finances. On the expenditure side, the reforms aim at improving the efficiency of public expenditure, both at the central level, by strengthening the existing framework for yearly spending reviews, and at the subnational level, by completing the reform of fiscal relations across different levels of government.

A.1.    Description of the reforms and investments for non-repayable financial support

Axis 1- Digitalization of the Public Administration

Investment 1.1: Digital infrastructure

The aim of this investment is to ensure that the systems, datasets and applications of the public administration are hosted in highly reliable data centers, with high quality standards for security, performance, scalability, European interoperability and energy efficiency. For this purpose, the investment envisages the creation of a state of the art, fully-redundant, national cloud-based hybrid infrastructure (called ‘Polo Strategico Nazionale’, PSN), the certification of secure and scalable public cloud alternatives and the migration of the datasets and applications of the public administration to a cloud environment.

The PSN infrastructure is expected to be operated by a technological provider selected through a European tender and to be designed in adherence with the data interoperability standards defined at European level accordingly with Gaia-X initiative to allow the free exchange of non-personal data between the various Member States by interconnecting their national cloud models. Similar requirements are expected to be adopted in the pre-qualification of public cloud providers.

The migration of the datasets and applications of the public administration towards the PSN or towards secure certified public cloud providers is expected to depend on the requirements for performance, scalability and sensitivity of data defined by the different administrations, each of which is expected to retain its independence in the development of applications and the management of data.

Investment 1.3 – Data and interoperability

The objective of this investment is to ensure the full interoperability of key datasets and services across central and local public administrations as well as the harmonization with other EU countries of the service procedures prioritized by the “Single Digital Gateway” directive.

The measure envisages the development of a National Digital Data Platform (“Piattaforma Digitale Nazionale Dati”) that shall guarantee the interoperability of datasets through a catalog of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) shared across central and local administrations (Investment 1.3.1). When built, this platform shall guarantee the interoperability of datasets through a catalog of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) shared across central and local administrations. The Platform shall be fully compliant with EU law.

In addition, the measure envisages the development of a “Single Digital Gateway” in compliance with EU Regulation 2018/1724), that shall be run to help central and public administrations restructure prioritized procedures/processes and enable the fulfilment of the “once-only” principle (Investment 1.3.2).

Investment 1.5 – Cybersecurity

The objective of this investment is to strengthen Italy’s defences against the risks posed by cybercrime, notably through the implementation of a ‘National Perimeter for Cyber Security’ (PSNC), in line with the security requirements set out in the Directive (EU) 2016/1148 on security of network and information systems (NIS Directive), and by strengthening national cyber-defence capabilities of technical inspection and risk monitoring.

The measure envisages the development of a state-of-the-art, integrated system, tightly interconnecting different entities across the country and connecting internationally with partners and trusted technology providers. This is articulated on four pillars: (i) Strengthen front line capabilities towards the public and companies/entities to manage alerts and actual publicly recognized events; (ii) Build/strengthen the country’s inspection and audit capabilities of hardware and software used by subjects with essential functions to certify trustworthiness/preempt threats; (iii) Power up units of law enforcement and cyber units within the Police forces in charge of investigations of criminal activities; (iv) Strengthen significantly cyber asset and human resources in charge of national security and response to cyber threats.

Investment 1.7 – Basic digital skills

The aim of this investment is to reduce the share of current population at risk of digital exclusion by launching the ‘Digital civic service’ initiative, a network of young volunteers of different backgrounds across Italy to provide individuals at risk of digital exclusion with training for the development and improvement of digital skills (Investment 1.7.1) and by strengthening the existing network of ‘Digital facilitation centers’ (Investment 1.7.2).

Digital facilitation centers are physical access points, usually located in libraries, schools, and social centers, which provide citizens with both in-person and online training regarding digital skills in order to effectively support their digital inclusion. The initiative capitalizes on existing successful experiences and aims at ensuring a widespread development of such centers at national level. While 600 centers are already active, their presence shall be further strengthened through dedicated training activities and new equipment, with the overarching goal to establish 2,400 new access points across Italy and to train over 2 000 000 citizens at risk of digital exclusion. Out of 3 000 centers, about 1 200 shall be concentrated in the South of Italy. 

The ‘Digital civic service’ initiative is divided into three years and incrementally, it is intended to achieve the following results: (i) realization of three annual calls for digital civil service projects aimed at non-profit organizations registered in the national register of universal civic service organizations; (ii) capacity building of the non-profit organizations participating in the annual call for the digital civil service and launch of digital facilitation and digital education projects, with the launch of 900 projects in the three annual calls provided; (iii) training and field experience in digital civil service projects of about 9 700 volunteers; assistance and training of 1 000 000 citizens benefiting from digital facilitation and digital education activities developed by 900 projects in which 9 700 volunteers shall work.

Reform 1.1 – ICT Procurement

The objective of this reform is to ensure that the public administration may procure Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) solutions in a more timely and more efficient way by streamlining and accelerating the procurement process for ICT services and assets.

The implementation of the reform shall consist in three lines of actions. First, a single database containing a white list of economic operators authorized to provide goods and services to public administrations shall be set-up and a dedicated technological infrastructure shall be introduced to allow the certification of suppliers. Second, a simplified approach (“fast track”) to streamline ICT purchases for PNRR projects shall be adopted. Third, a digital procurement service shall be set up, with the aim to (i) include only certified suppliers (economic operators may request at any time to be certified in line with art. 64 of Directive 2014/24/EU); (ii) allow to quickly identify suppliers meeting a specified need (e.g. through a configurator); (iii) provide an intuitive user experience for administrations (e.g. clear description of the services offered, comparative evaluation of suppliers). This overall setup shall build on the existing capabilities of CONSIP, the Italian state entity for procurement.

Reform 1.2 – Transformation Support

The objective of this reform is to support the digital transformation of all central and local public administrations through the set-up of a dedicated “Digital PA transformation office”. The transformation office shall consist in a temporary technology competent resource pool that shall orchestrate and support the migration effort and the centralized negotiation of “packages” of certified external support. In addition, the measure envisages the set up a company focused on software development & operations management to support the digital step-up of central administrations. The transformation office shall in particular support public administration in the implementation of Investments 1.1 to 1.7 included under this component and shall also support the implementation of investments and reforms in digitalization of healthcare included in Mission 6.

Reform 1.3 – Cloud First and interoperability

The aim of this reform is to remove the obstacles to cloud adoption and streamline the bureaucracy that slows down the data exchange processes between public administrations by introducing a set of incentives and obligations aimed at facilitating the migration to cloud and removing procedural constraints to the broad adoption of digital services.

The reform shall entail three lines of action. First, as cloud solutions shall drive cost efficiency in spending in Information and communication technology (ICT), after a predefined “grace period” (e.g. three-years after the launch of the transformation), administrations that did not adhere to the cloud transformation shall see a restriction in their ICT spending budget.

Second, as part of the incentives for cloud migration, the current public accounting rules for expenses related to cloud services shall be revised. Given that the migration to the cloud currently involves a transfer of budgets from capital expenditures to operational expenditures, public accounting rules for expenses related to cloud services shall be revised in order to not disincentivize cloud migration for public administrations.

Third, norms related to data interoperability rules shall be revised, in compliance with the provisions on open data and processing of personal data and current procedures for data exchange between public administrations shall be simplified to streamline procedural aspects and speed up the implementation of interoperability between public administration databases. Furthermore, digital domicile shall be reviewed and integrated with the national resident registry (ANPR) to allow certain and secure digital correspondence between citizens and public administrations.

Axis 2 - Justice

Reform 1.4 - Civil justice

The reform is mainly focused on reducing the length of civil proceedings by identifying a wide range of actions to reduce the number of incoming cases in courts, by simplifying existing procedures, by reducing the backlogs and by increasing the productivity of courts. The reduction of number of incoming cases in courts is achieved through strengthening mediation, alternative dispute resolution and arbitration and reviewing the current system of quantification and recoverability of legal fees. The simplification is pursued by strengthening ‘filtering procedures’ at the appeal level, extending the cases where a single judge is competent to adjudicate, securing the actual implementation of binding timeframes for procedures. Higher productivity of courts is to be achieved through a monitoring system and incentives to accomplish standard performance across courts. The reform also envisages the reduction of the backlog in civil courts, an objective achievable thanks to the envisaged temporary hiring included in the investment component.

Reform 1.5 - Criminal justice

The reform is mainly aimed at reducing the length of criminal proceedings by identifying a wide range of actions by simplifying existing procedures and by increasing the productivity of courts. The simplification is pursued extending the application of simplified procedures, broadening the use of digital technology, defining time limits for the duration of preliminary investigation, reviewing the notification system to make it more effective. Higher productivity of courts is achieved through a monitoring system and incentives to accomplish standard performance across courts.

Reform 1.6 – Insolvency

The reform is aimed at digitalising and enhance insolvency proceedings introducing early warning mechanisms prior to insolvency, the specialisation of courts and pre-courts institutions to manage all phases of insolvency proceedings more effectively including through training and specialisation for members of the judicial and administrative authorities.

Reform 1.7 - Tax courts

The aim of the reform is to make the enforcement of tax law more effective and to decrease the high amount of appeals at the Court of Cassation.

Reform 1.8 - Digitalisation of the justice system

The reform envisages mandatory electronic filing of all documents and full electronic workflow for civil proceedings. It also targets the digitalisation of the first instance criminal proceedings excluding preliminary hearings. Lastly, it aims to introduce a free, fully accessible and searchable database of civil law decisions according to the legislation.

Investment 1.8 - Recruitment procedures for civil, criminal and administrative courts

Investments are aimed at acting in the near term on organizational factors in order to allow the reforms under development to generate results more quickly, maximising synergies while achieving a transformational change through the extraordinary resources provided under the plan. The organizational tool, named ‘office of the trial’, consists of the establishment (or where already existing the strengthening) of support teams for the magistrates (through temporary hiring), with the aim of reducing the backlog and the disposition time in Italy. This measure would also improve the quality of justice by supporting the magistrates in the normal activities of study, legal research, drafting of acts, organization of the files and thereby enabling the judges to focus on the more complex tasks. The investment also comprises training to support the digital transition in the justice system.

Axis 3 – Public administration

Reform 1.9 – Public employment reform and simplification reform

Public employment reforms are following a two-staggered approach. In the short-term, urgent measures are adopted to make best use of RRF funding regarding the governance of the plan and the immediate assistance to the public administrations, lacking administrative capacity. This strategy is flanked with organisation reforms and a human resources strategy aimed at a transformational change for the public administration as a whole. A comprehensive set of measures is identified within the definition of human resources strategic plans to: updating job profiles (also in view of the twin transition); reforming hiring procedures to be more targeted and effective; reforming the senior civil service to homogenise appointment procedures across the public administration; strengthening the link between life-long learning and rewarding mechanisms or specific career paths; defining or updating ethics principles of public administrations; strengthening the commitment to gender balance; and reform of horizontal and vertical mobility of staff. The reform includes urgent measures to simplify administrative procedures to the benefit of businesses and citizens, while also ensuring the smooth implementation of the RRP.

The simplification reform shall eliminate authorizations not justified by imperative reasons of general interest, together with the elimination of unnecessary obligations or those that do not use new technologies. In addition, it shall implement the adoption of silent consent mechanism, the introduction of simple communication, and the adoption of uniform regimes shared with Regions and municipalities.

The simplification reform includes the following elements: the interoperability of Business and Construction procedures (SUAP & SUE); the implementation of a common set of outcome-oriented performance indicators; and the definition of a set of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to steer organizational change in administrations.

A repository system for monitoring the implementation of the RRF shall be in place and operational by the time of the submission of the first payment request.

Investment 1.9 - Provide technical assistance and strengthen capacity building for the implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan

The investment consists of the temporary recruitment of a pool of experts to provide technical assistance to the administrations and strengthen administrative capacity, notably at local level, for the implementation of specific RRP projects, to be deployed on a need basis. This investment also includes the training programmes of public employees within the scope of the strengthening of capacity building.

Axis 4 – Public procurement and payments by public administrations

Reform 1.10 – Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

The first step of this reform consists in the adoption of a first set of urgent simplification measures with a Law-Decree by May 2021 to: simplify and digitalize the procedures of central purchasing bodies; register contracts in the anti-corruption database of the national anti-corruption authority (ANAC); set up dedicated offices in charge of public procurement procedures at Ministries, Regions and Metropolitan Cities; setting a target to reduce the timing between the publication and contract award and between the award of the contract and the completion of the infrastructure; and incentivize alternative dispute resolution mechanisms in the execution phase of the contracts. Before the end of 2021, the Single Coordination Body for public procurement policy shall have an adequate level of staffing and shall adopt a professionalization strategy providing trainings at different levels; the dynamic purchasing systems shall be made available, in line with Public Procurement Directives; and ANAC shall complete the exercise of qualification of contracting authorities.

The second step of this reform consists in a set of amendments to the Public Procurement Code to be implemented by the second quarter of 2023, with actions aimed at: reducing the fragmentation of contracting authorities; requiring the setting of an e-platform as a basic requirement to participate in the nationwide evaluation of procurement capacity; and empowering the national anti-corruption authority to review the qualification of contracting authorities. The scope of the reform shall be also to further simplify and digitalize the procedures of central purchasing bodies and define interoperability and interconnectivity requirements. The reform shall also reduce the restrictions to the possibility to subcontracting, currently contained the Public Procurement Code.

This reform also consists in making the national e-Procurement System operational by the end of 2023.

Reform 1.11 – Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

This reform consists in ensuring that by 2023 (i) public administrations at central, regional and local level pay within 30 days and (ii) regional health authorities pay within 60 days. To ensure that the problem of late payments is structurally solved, this reform also consists in ensuring that in 2024, (i) public administrations at central, regional and local level continue paying within 30 days and (ii) regional health authorities continue paying within 60 days.

Axis 5 – Fiscal-structural reforms (Taxation and public expenditure)

Reform 1.12 - Reform of the tax administration

Several measures will be adopted to encourage tax compliance and improve the effectiveness of the targeting of audits and controls, including: (i) the creation of the database and the dedicated IT infrastructure for the release of pre-populated VAT tax return; (ii) improving the quality of the database used for “compliance letters”, also with a view of reducing the incidence of false-positive, gradually increasing the number of communications sent out to taxpayers; (iii) reform of the current legislation in order to ensure effective administrative sanctions in case of refusal of private providers to accept electronic payments; (iv) completion of the process of data pseudonymization and analysis of big data, with a view to increase the effectiveness of the risk analysis underlying the selection process for audits. In order to implement these reforms and strengthen the operational capacity of the Revenue Agency, its staff will be increased by 4113 units, in line with the Agency’s "Performance Plan 2021-2023". In addition, the government will undertake a review of possible actions to reduce tax evasion from omitted invoicing in the most exposed sectors, including through targeted incentives to consumers, and will take effective actions based on the findings of the review, with an ambitious commitment to reduce propensity to evade.

Reform 1.13 - Reform of the spending review framework

The plan includes a reform of the spending review framework aimed at improving its effectiveness, including by strengthening the role of the Ministry of Finance and the ex post evaluation process, and improving the practice of green and gender budgeting. The plan also includes the commitment to undertake, on the basis of the existing legal framework, yearly spending reviews over the 2023-2025 period, to achieve fiscal savings in order to support sustainable public finances and/or to finance growth-enhancing reforms of taxes or public expenditures.

Reform 1.14 - Reform of the subnational fiscal framework

The reform consists in the completion of the “Fiscal federalism” as provided for by the delegation law 42/2009, with the aim to improve the transparency of fiscal relations across the different levels of government, assign resources to subnational governments based on objective criteria and encourage spending efficiency at the subnational level. In particular, the reform shall define the relevant parameters and implement the fiscal federalism for regions with ordinary status, provinces and metropolitan cities.

Reform 1.15 - Reform of public accounting rules

The reform aims at closing the gap with European accounting standards by implementing a single accrual accounting system for the public sector. The reform shall lead to the completion of the conceptual framework as reference for the accrual accounting system according to the qualitative features defined by Eurostat, the set of accrual accounting standards and the multidimensional chart of accounts. The reform shall be complemented by the first round of training for the transition to the new accrual accounting system for representatives of 18,000 public entities.

A.2.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for non-repayable financial support

Sequential Number

Related Measure (Reform or Investment)

Milestone

/ Target

Name

Qualitative indicators
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of

measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M1C1-1

Reform 1.1: ICT Procurement

Milestone

Entry into force of law decrees for reform 1.1 ‘ICT Procurement’

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of law decree for ICT procurement reform

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The necessary legal acts shall include legislative interventions in the simplifications law decree (‘Decreto Legge Semplificazioni’). These shall stipulate:

(i) The possibility of using procedure referred to in Article 48, paragraph 3, of the Public Contracts Code also for contracts above the thresholds referred to in Article 35 of the Public Contracts Code for purchases relating to the purchase of computer goods and services, in particular based on cloud technology, as well as connectivity services, financed in whole or in part with the resources provided for the implementation of PNRR projects;

(ii) Interoperability between the various databases managed by the certifying bodies involved in the process of verifying the requirements referred to in Article 80 of the Public Contracts Code;

(iii) The establishment of a virtual file of economic operators in which are present the data for the verification of the absence of reasons for exclusion referred to in Article 80, enabling the definition of a white list of economic operators for whom the verification has already been carried out.

M1C1-2

Reform 1.3: Cloud First and Interoperability

Milestone

Entry into force of law decrees for reform 1.3 ‘Cloud First and Interoperability’

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of law decree for cloud first and interoperability reform

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The necessary legal acts shall include:

Implementing regulatory acts concerning in particular (i) the Agenzia per l'Italia digitale (AgID) regulation on Polo Strategico Nazionale (PSN) (provided for in art.33-septies of Law Decree 179/212) and (ii) AgID Guidelines on interoperability (provided for in articles 50 and 50 ter of the Codice dell'Amministrazione Digitale (CAD).

Amendments to art. 50 of the CAD:

(i) abolition of the obligation to enter into framework agreements for administrations accessing the national digital data platform;

(ii) clarifications on the issue of privacy: the transfer of data from one information system to another does not change the ownership of the data and processing, without prejudice to the responsibilities of the public administrations that receive and process the data as autonomous data controllers.

Amendments to Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica (DPR) 445/2000 regarding access to data:

(i) repeal of the authorization required for direct access to data;

(ii) removal of reference to framework agreements in art. 72.

Amendments to art. 33-septies of Law Decree 179/2012:

(i) introduce the possibility for AgID to regulate with the Centri Elaborazione Dati (CED) and Cloud Regulations the terms and methods with which public administrations must carry out CED migrations;

(ii) introduce sanctions for failure to comply with obligations to migrate to the cloud.

M1C1-3

Investment 1.1: Digital infrastructure

Milestone

Completion of the Polo Strategico Nazionale (PSN)

Cloud deployment report, by Ministry for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition (MITD)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The full completion of the overall project shall be reached when all the targeted public administrations have completed the moving of identified racks towards the Polo Strategico Nazionale (PSN) and the testing of four datacenters is successfully completed, which allows the start of the migration process of the datasets and applications of targeted public administrations towards the PSN.

M1C1-4

Investment 1.3.1: National Digital Data Platform

Milestone

National Digital Data Platform operational

Report by Ministry for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition (MITD) demonstrating the launch of the National Digital Data platform

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The platform shall allow the agencies to:

- publish their Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) on the Platform's API Catalogue;

- establish and sign digital interoperability agreements via the Platform;

- authenticate and authorize APIs access using the Platform's functionalities;

- validate and assess the compliance with the national interoperability framework.

M1C1-5

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Milestone

Creation of the new National Cyber Security Agency

Administrative constitution act

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The milestone shall be achieved with (1) the conversion into law of the Law Decree constituting the National Cyber Security Agency, currently under finalization; (2) the publication in the Official Gazette of the Prime Ministerial Decree (Decreto del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri, DPCM) containing the internal regulation of the National Cyber Security Agency.

M1C1-6

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Milestone

Initial deployment of the national cybersecurity services

Report demonstrating the full architecture of the national cybersecurity services

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The milestone shall be achieved with the definition of the detailed architecture of the whole ecosystem of the national cybersecurity architecture (that is, a national

Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC), a network of Computer emergency response teams (CERTs), a national HyperSOC, the High Performance Computing integrated with the Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning (AI/ML) tools to analyse national level cybersecurity incidents).

M1C1-7

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Milestone

Startup of the network of cybersecurity screening and certification laboratories

Documentation provided demonstrating the identified processes and procedures to be shared among labs and reporting provided demonstrating the activation of at least one lab.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The milestone shall be achieved with the:

(i) Identification by the National Cybersecurity Agency of where the screening and certification laboratories and centers will be created, the experts profiles to be recruited, the full definition of processes and procedures to be shared among labs.

(ii) Activation of one lab.

The activities created to the constitution and activation of the scrutiny labs shall be supervised by Ministero dello Sviluppo Economico (MISE) with the CVCN (National cybersecurity screening and certification laboratory) and integrated with the Evaluation Center (CV) by the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Defence.

M1C1-8

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Milestone

Activation of a Central Audit Unit for PSNC & NIS security measures

Reporting provided demonstrating the launch of the Central Audit Unit

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

An internal unit shall be appointed within the National Cybersecurity Agency, with the mandate for performing the activities of the Central Audit Unit that will account for the PSNC & NIS Security measures.

The processes, logistics and operation arrangements shall be formalized into adequate documentation with specific focus on the operating processes, i.e. rules of engagement, auditing and reporting procedures.

The IT tools shall gather, manage and analyse the audit data and shall be developed and used by the Audit Unit.

Documentation reporting the completion of the development of the tools shall be provided.

M1C1-9

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Target

Support to the upgrade of security structures T1

N/A

Number

0

5

Q4

2022

At least five strengthening interventions upgrading security structures completed in the National Security Perimeter for Cyber (PSNC) and Network and Information Systems (NIS) sectors.

Intervention types include upgrades to Security Operating Centers (SOCs), Cyber boundary defence improvements and Internal monitoring and control capabilities. Interventions shall focus on Healthcare, Energy and Environmental (Drinking Water Supply) sectors.

M1C1-10

Reform 1.2: Transformation support

Milestone

Entry into force of the setup of Transformation Team and NewCo

Provision in the legal act indicating the entry into force of legal act to create the Transformation Office and entry into force of legal act to create the NewCo

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

For the setup of the Transformation office, the necessary legal acts shall include:

-The Publication of the Law Decree “reclutamento” (already approved by the Council of Ministers n. 22 of June 4th 2021 and published on the Official Journal (“Gazzetta Ufficiale”) on June 10th 2021);

-The publication of a call for expression of interest;

-The selection and conferment of the assignment to the experts (on a temporary basis for the duration of the RRF).

For the NewCo, the key steps required shall include:

-Legislative authorization;

-Decreto del Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri (DPCM) authorizing the establishment of the company and setting the objectives, share capital, duration and directors to the company;

-Institution of the company with notarial deed;

-Acts required to make the company operational - articles of association and various regulations.

M1C1-11

Investment 1.6.6 Digitization of the Finance Police

Target

Finance Police - Purchase of professional data science services T1

N/A

Number

0

5

Q1

2023

Purchase of professional data science services by contracting with a consulting service provider involving five human resources in total responsible both for designing the data architecture and for writing the algorithms of the Big Data Analysis unit. Publication of awarded contract for the purchase of data science services in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation and release on a nationwide scale of new tools on the first analysis module (IT backbone).

M1C1-12

Investment 1.3.2:

Single Digital Gateway

Target

Single Digital Gateway

N/A

Number

0

21

Q4

2023

The target shall be reached when in Italy the 21 prioritized administrative procedures defined in EU Regulation 2018/1724 are fully compliant with the requirements defined in article 6 of the EU Regulation 2018/1724.

More specifically:

(a) the identification of users, the provision of information and supporting evidence, signature and final submission shall all be carried out electronically at a distance, through a service channel which enables users to fulfil the requirements related to the procedure in a user-friendly and structured way;

(b) users shall be provided with an automatic acknowledgement of receipt, unless the output of the procedure is delivered immediately;

(c) the output of the procedure shall be delivered electronically, or where necessary to comply with applicable Union or national law, delivered by physical means;

(d) users shall be provided with an electronic notification of completion of the procedure.

M1C1-13

Investment 1.4.6:

Mobility as a Service for Italy

Milestone

Mobility as a Service solutions M1

Report by Ministero delle Infrastrutture e della Mobilità Sostenibili (MIMS) in collaboration with universities describing the implementation and assessing the results of the three pilot projects.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

Three pilot projects aimed at testing Mobility as a Service solutions in technologically advanced metropolitan cities have been implemented.

Each solution has been used by at least 1 000 users during the pilot period.

Each pilot project shall be open to a minimum of 1000 users, who will be able to access it on a voluntary basis and at their own expense and give the individual assessment, with the possibility to choose and purchase mobility services among those available on the platform.

The MaaS service, through a single technological platform, shall suggest to the citizen-user the best travel solution based on his needs, exploiting the integration between the different mobility options available (local public transport, sharing, cab, car rental) to optimize the travel experience both in terms of planning (intermodal route planner and real-time information on times and distances), and in terms of utilization (booking and payment of services).

M1C1-14

Investment 1.6.5 Digitization of the Council of State

Target

Council of State - Court documents available for analysis in data warehouse T1

N/A

Number

0

800 000

Q4

2023

Number of court documents related to administrative jurisdiction system (such as sentences, opinions and decrees) fully available in data warehouse.

M1C1-15

Investment 1.6.6 Digitization of the Finance Police

Target

Finance Police - Purchase of professional data science services T2

N/A

Number

5

10

Q1

2024

Purchase of professional data science services, in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation by contracting with a consulting service provider involving five additional human resources (ten in total) responsible both for designing the data architecture and for writing the algorithms of the Big Data Analysis unit. Publication of awarded contract for the purchase of data science services in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation and release on a nationwide scale of new tools on the first analysis module (IT backbone).

M1C1-16

Investment 1.6.5 Digitization of the Council of State

Target

Council of State - Court documents available for analysis in data warehouse T2

N/A

Number

800 000

2 500 000

Q2

2024

Number of court documents related to administrative jurisdiction system (such as judgments, opinions and decrees) fully available in data warehouse.

M1C1-17

Investment 1.1: Digital infrastructure

Target

Migration to the Polo Strategico Nazionale T1

N/A

Number

0

100

Q3

2024

At least 100 Central Public Administration and Local Healthcare Authorities (Aziende Sanitarie Locali) have been fully migrated to the infrastructure (Polo Strategico Nazionale). Fully migrated can imply for each institution a mix of: not-cloud-ready in pure hosting, lift-and-shift migrations, upgrade to Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (Paas) and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). The migration to the Polo Strategico Nazionale can be executed in different ways according to the state of art of on-premise software’s IT architecture owned by each migrating public administration. These strategies can vary from pure hosting and lift-and-shift migrations for not-cloud-ready software to a migration to IaaS, PaaS and SaaS for cloud-ready software. The PSN shall offer to each migrating public administration all of the migration strategies that are eligible to consider the target “migration to the Polo Strategico Nazionale” achieved.

Total public administrations "in scope" include:

• Central Public Administrations accounting for the largest share of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) spending (such as National Institute of Social Security and Ministry of Justice)

• Central Public Administrations hosting data in outdated data centers as per survey recently run on "cloud readiness"

• Local Healthcare Authorities (Aziende Sanitarie Locali) located in Central and Southern Italy lacking adequate infrastructure to ensure data security.

M1C1-18

Investment 1.3.1:

National Digital Data Platform

Target

APIs in National Digital Data Platform T1

N/A

Number

0

400

Q4

2024

This target consists of reaching at least 400 Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) implemented by the agencies, published in the API catalog and integrated with the National Digital Data Platform. The APIs in scope have already been mapped. The published APIs shall impact the following areas:

(i) At the end of 31 December 2023: priority social security services and fiscal compliance, including core national registries (such as Population Registry and Public Administration Registry);

(ii) At the end of 31 December 2024: remaining social security services and fiscal compliance.

Each API implementation and documentation shall comply with the national interoperability standards and support the National Digital Data Platform framework; the aforementioned platform will provide functionalities to assess that compliance.

M1C1-19

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Target

Support to the upgrade of security structures T2

N/A

Number

5

50

Q4

2024

At least 50 strengthening interventions completed in the National Security Perimeter for Cyber (PSNC) and Network and Information Systems (NIS) sectors.

Interventions types include, for example, Security Operating Centers (SOCs), Cyber boundary defence improvements and Internal monitoring and control capabilities in compliance with NIS and PSNC requirements. Interventions shall pose particular focus on Healthcare, Energy and Environmental (Drinking Water Supply) sectors.

M1C1-20

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Milestone

Full deployment of national cybersecurity services

Report demonstrating the complete activation of the national cybersecurity services

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2024

This milestone shall be completed with the activation of the sectorial Computer emergency response teams (CERTs), their interconnection with the Italian Computer Security Incident Response Team (CSIRT) and the Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAC), the integration of at least 5 Security Operating Centers (SOCs) with the national HyperSOC, the full operation of the cybersecurity risk management services, including those for supply chain analysis and cyber risk insurance services.

M1C1-21

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Milestone

Completion of the network of cybersecurity screening and certification laboratories, Evaluation Centers

Reporting provided, demonstrating the full activation of at least 10 laboratories, of the 2 Evaluation Centers (CV), and the activation of the EU certification lab

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2024

Activation of at least 10 screening and certification laboratories, of the 2 Evaluation Centers (CV), and the activation of the EU certification lab.

M1C1-22

Investment 1.5: Cybersecurity

Milestone

Full operation of the Central Audit Unit for PSNC & NIS security measures with at least 30 inspections completed

Reporting provided, Inspection reports

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2024

Full operation of the Central Auditing Unit with at least 30 inspections completed.

M1C1-23

Investment 1.4.6:

Mobility as a Service for Italy

Milestone

Mobility as a Service solutions M2

Pilot results assessed by Ministero delle Infrastrutture e della Mobilità Sostenibili (MIMS) in collaborati on with universities

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2025

The milestone refers to the implementation of the second wave of seven pilot projects aimed at testing Mobility as a Service solutions in ‘follower’ areas.

Municipalities are expected to capitalize on the experience of digital-ready metropolitan cities selected under the first wave. 40% of pilot projects shall be located in the South.

M1C1-24

Investment 1.7.1:

Digital Civic Service

Target

Citizens participating in training initiatives provided by non-profit certified entities and volunteers

N/A

Number

0

1 000 000

Q2

2025

At least one million citizens participating in training initiatives provided by non-profit certified entities and volunteers.

M1C1-25

Investment 1.6.6: Digitization of the Finance Police

Milestone

Evolve the operational information systems in use for fighting economic crime

IT systems improvement in terms of new functionalities, performance and user experience

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2025

Progressive release (on a year basis) of new functionalities of the operational information systems in order to ensure their topicality in accordance with rapidly changing law scenarios, also related to pandemic situation.

M1C1-26

Investment 1.1: Digital infrastructure

Target

Migration to the Polo Strategico Nazionale T2

N/A

Number

100

280

Q2

2026

At least 280 Central Public Administrations and Local Healtchare Authorities (Aziende Sanitarie Locali) migrated to “Polo Strategico Nazionale” (mix of: not-cloud-ready in pure hosting, lift-and-shift migrations, upgrade to Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (Paas) and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). The migration to the Polo Strategico Nazionale can be executed in different ways according to the state of art of on-premise software’s IT architecture owned by each migrating public administration. These strategies can vary from pure hosting and lift-and-shift migrations for not-cloud-ready software to a migration to IaaS, PaaS and SaaS for cloud-ready software. The PSN shall offer to each migrating public administration all of the migration strategies that are eligible to consider the target “migration to the Polo Strategico Nazionale” achieved.

Total public administrations “in scope” include:

• Central Public Administrations accounting for the largest share of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) spending (such as National Institute of Social Security, Ministry of Justice);

• Central Public Administrations hosting data in outdated data centers as per survey recently run on “cloud readiness”;

• Local Healthcare Authorities (Aziende Sanitarie Locali) located in Central and Southern Italy lacking adequate infrastructure to ensure data security.

M1C1-27

Investment 1.3.1:

National Digital Data Platform

Target

APIs in National Digital Data Platform T2

N/A

Number

400

1 000

Q2

2026

This target consists of reaching at least an additional 600 Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) published in the catalog (for a total of 1 000).

The published APIs shall impact the following areas:

(i) by 31 December 2025: public procedures such as recruitment, retirement, school and university enrolment (such as National Student Registry and Car License Registry);

(ii) by 30 June 2026: welfare, procurement service management, national information system for medical data and sanitary emergencies – such as patients and Physicians' Registries.

Each API implementation and documentation shall comply with the national interoperability standards and support the National Digital Data Platform framework; the aforementioned platform shall provide functionalities to assess that compliance.

M1C1-28

Investment 1.7.2:

Network of digital facilitation services

Target

Number of citizens involved in new training initiatives provided by digital facilitation centres

N/A

Number

0

2 000 000

Q2

2026

At least two million citizens participating in training initiatives provided by digital facilitation centres.

The training activities considered to achieve the target are as follows:

a) personalized one-to-one training provided through digital facilitation methods, typically carried out on the basis of the service booking and recorded in the monitoring system;

b) face-to-face and online training aimed at developing citizens' digital skills, carried out synchronously by the digital facilitation centers and recorded in the monitoring system;

c) online training aimed at developing citizens' digital skills, also in self-learning and asynchronous mode but necessarily with registration reported in the monitoring system carried out as part of the training catalog prepared by the network of digital facilitation services and accessible from the knowledge management system implemented.

M1C1-29

Reform 1.4: Reform of the civil justice

Milestone

Entry into force of enabling legislation for the civil Justice reform

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the enabling legislation

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

Enabling legislation shall include at least the following measures: i) Introduction of simplified procedure at first instance/trial level and strengthening the application of 'filtering procedures’ at appeal level, including the extended use of simplified procedures and the range of cases where a single judge is competent to adjudicate; ii) secure the actual implementation of binding timeframes for procedures and a calendar for gathering of evidence and filing electronically any relevant act and document; iii) reform the use of mediation and alternative dispute resolution together with assisted mediation, arbitration and any other possible alternative to make these institutes more effective in deflating pressure on the civil justice system, including through incentives; iv) reform the procedure for forced execution to reduce the existing average time including making the enforcement of amounts declared due faster and less expensive; reform the current system of quantification and recoverability of legal fees to reduce frivolous litigations ; v) introduce a monitoring system at Court level and increase the productivity of civil courts through incentives to ensure reasonable length of proceedings and uniform performances across courts.

M1C1-30

Reform 1.5: Reform of criminal justice

Milestone

Entry into force of enabling legislation for criminal justice reform

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the enabling legislation

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

Enabling legislation which shall include at least the following measures: i) a reviewed notification system, ii) a broader use of simplified procedures, iii) a broader use of electronic filing of documents, iv) simplified rules on evidence, v) the definition of time limits for the duration of preliminary investigation and measures to avoid stagnation in the investigative phase, vi) extension of the possibility to extinguish the crime if damages have been repaid, vii) introduction of a monitoring system at Court level and increase the productivity of criminal courts through incentives to ensure reasonable length of proceedings and uniform performances across courts.

M1C1-31

Reform 1.6: Reform of insolvency framework

Milestone

Entry into force of enabling legislation for insolvency reform framework

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the enabling legislation

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The insolvency reform shall include at least the following measures: i) review out-of-court settlement arrangements to identify areas in which further improvements may be necessary in order to incentivise the concerned parties to make enhanced use of such proceedings; ii) put in place early warning mechanisms and access to information prior to the insolvency phase; iii) shift towards specialisation of courts (commercial law, insolvency division/chamber) as well as pre-court institutions to manage insolvency proceedings in insolvency; iv) allow secured creditors to be paid first (before tax claims and employee claims); v) allow businesses to grant a non-possessory security right. As complement to the reform of insolvency, training and specialisation for members of the judicial and administrative authorities dealing with procedures concerning restructuring shall be ensured, as well as the overall digitalisation of restructuring and insolvency proceedings and the creation of an online platform for the out-of-court resolution of disputes, particularly in the pre-insolvency phase, the use of which shall be incentivised to reduce the burden of the judiciary (pre-insolvency restructuring applications, promoting multilateral restructurings and allowing for pre-approved automated restructuring procedures and resolutions for low value cases) shall be ensured. Such an online platform shall also ensure interoperability with banks’ IT systems, as well as other public authorities and databases, so as to ensure a swift, electronic exchange of documentation and data between debtors and creditors. To this purpose, the applicant (the debtor) would give consent to exchange their personal data in compliance with GDPR and this provision should be included in the law. The reform shall set up a collateral registry.

M1C1-32

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for civil, criminal and administrative courts

Milestone

Entry into force of special legislation governing National Recovery and Resilience Plan recruitment

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the special legislation governing National Recovery and Resilience Plan recruitment

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

Approve special legislation governing National Recovery and Resilience Plan recruitment with authorisation to advertise and recruit.

M1C1-33

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for administrative courts

Target

Start of the recruitment procedures for administrative courts

N/A

Number

0

168

Q2

2022

Start the recruitment procedures of at least 168 units of personnel for the Trial office and Administrative Courts and place units into service. The baseline shall be the number of personnel in service on 31 December 2021.

M1C1-34

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for the office of trial for civil and criminal Courts

Target

Start of the recruitment procedures for civil and criminal courts

N/A

Number

0

8 764

Q4

2022

Start the recruitment procedures of at least 8 764 units of personnel for the office of trial for civil and criminal Courts and place units into service. The baseline shall be the number of personnel at the end of 2021.

M1C1-35

Reform 1.7: Reform of tax courts

Milestone

Comprehensive reform of tax courts of first and second instance

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the revised legal framework

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The revised legal framework shall make the enforcement of tax law more effective and decrease the high amount of appeals at the Court of Cassation.

M1C1-36

Reforms 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6: Reform of civil and criminal justice and insolvency reform

Milestone

Entry into force of delegated acts for the civil and criminal justice reforms and of the insolvency reform

Provision in the delegated acts indicating the entry into force of the delegated acts

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

Entry into force of all delegated acts whose contents are indicated in the enabling legislation for the civil and criminal justice reforms and for the insolvency reform.

M1C1-37

Reforms 1.4 and 1.5: Reform of civil and criminal justice

Milestone

Entry into force of the civil and criminal justice reform

Provision in the secondary acts indicating the entry into force of the secondary acts

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2023

Complete the adoption of all regulations and secondary sources of legislation necessary for the effective application of the enabling laws for justice reforms.

M1C1-38

Reform 1.8: Digitalisation of Justice

Milestone

Digitalisation of the justice system

Provision in the primary and secondary acts indicating the entry into force of the corresponding acts

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

The mandatory electronic filing of all documents and full electronic workflow for civil proceedings shall be established. First instance criminal proceedings digitalised (excluding preliminary hearing office). Creation of a free, fully accessible and searchable database of civil decision according to the legislation.

M1C1-39

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for civil and criminal courts

Target

Conclusion of the recruitment procedures for civil and criminal courts

N/A

Number

0

19 719

Q2

2024

Complete the recruitment procedures of at least 19 719 units of personnel for the office of trial for civil and criminal Courts and place units into service. The baseline shall be number of personnel at the end of 2021.

M1C1-40

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for administrative courts

Target

Conclusion of recruitment procedures for administrative courts

N/A

Number

168

326

Q2

2024

Complete the recruitment procedures of at least 326 units of personnel for the Trial office and Administrative Courts and place units into service. The baseline shall be the number of personnel at Q2 of 2022.

M1C1-41

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for administrative courts

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for Administrative Regional Courts

N/A

Percentage

100

75

Q2

2024

Reduce by 25% the number of pending cases in 2019 (109 029) in Administrative Regional Courts (administrative courts of first instance).

M1C1-42

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for administrative courts

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for the Council of State

N/A

Percentage

100

65

Q2

2024

Reduce by 35% the number of pending cases in 2019 (24 010) at the Council of State (second instance).

M1C1-43

Reform 1.4: Reform of civil justice

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for Civil Ordinary Courts (first instance)

N/A

Percentage

100

35

Q4

2024

Reduce by 65% the number of pending cases in 2019 (337 740) in the Civil Ordinary Courts (first instance). The baseline shall be the number of cases pending for more than three years in front of the Civil Ordinary courts in 2019.

M1C1-44

Reform 1.4: Reform of civil justice

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for the Civil Court of Appeal (second instance)

N/A

Percentage

100

45

Q4

2024

Reduce by 55% the number of pending cases in 2019 (98 371) in the Civil Courts of Appeal (second instance). The baseline shall be the number; cases pending for more than two years in front the Civil Courts of Appeal (in 2019).

M1C1-45

Reforms 1.4 and 1.5: Reform of civil and criminal justice

Target

Reduction in the length of civil proceedings

N/A

Percentage

100

60

Q2

2026

Reduce the disposition time by 40% of all instances of civil and commercial litigious cases compared to 2019

M1C1-46

Reforms 1.4 and 1.5: Reform of civil and criminal justice

Target

Reduction in the length of criminal proceedings

N/A

Percentage

100

75

Q2

2026

Reduce the disposition time by 25% of all instances of criminal cases compared to 2019

M1C1-47

Reform 1.4: Reform of civil justice

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for the Civil Ordinary Courts (first instance)

N/A

Percentage

100

10

Q2

2026

Reduce by 90% the number of pending cases in 2019 (337 740) in the Civil Ordinary Courts (first instance). The baseline shall be the number of pending cases: for more than three years in front of the civil ordinary courts in 2019.

M1C1-48

Reform 1.4: Reform of civil justice

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for the Civil Court of Appeal (second instance)

N/A

Percentage

100

10

Q2

2026

Reduce by 90% the number of pending cases in 2019 in the Civil Courts of Appeal (second instance). The baseline shall be the number of pending cases pending for more than two years in front of the civil court of appeal (98 371 cases in 2019).

M1C1-49

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for administrative courts

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for Administrative Regional Courts (first instance).

N/A

Percentage

100

30

Q2

2026

Reduce by 70% the number of pending cases (109 029) in 2019 in Administrative Regional Courts (administrative court of first instance).

M1C1-50

Investment 1.8: Recruitment procedures for administrative courts

Target

Reduction of backlog cases for the Council of State

N/A

Percentage

100

30

Q2

2026

Reduce by 70% the number of pending cases (24 010) in 2019 in the Council of State (second instance).

M1C1-51

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Entry into force of primary legislation on the governance of the Italian recovery and resilience plan

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2021

The primary legislation shall concern, as a minimum:

1) Coordination and monitoring of the Italian recovery and resilience plan projects at central level;

2) Definition and separation of competences and endorsement of the relevant mandates of the different bodies and administrations involved in the coordination, monitoring and implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan;

3) Definition of a system for the early detection of implementation issues;

4) Ex-ante definition of an enforcement mechanism to solve implementation issues and avoid delays, in particular vis-à-vis the different levels of administrations;

5) Definition of the staff (number and expertise) dedicated to the coordination, monitoring and implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan in the administrations involved;

6) The definition of technical assistance provided to the administrations involved in Italian recovery and resilience plan implementation, notably at the local level, ensuring the build-up of administrative capacity within the public administration;

7) A delineation of “fast-track” procedures for the implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan and the timely absorption of funds;

8) Audit and control organization and procedures for the Italian recovery and resilience plan.

M1C1-52

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Entry into force of primary legislation on simplification of administrative procedures for the implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan.

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2021

The measures shall include:

1) the removal of critical bottlenecks concerning in particular the state and regional Environmental Impact Evaluation, the authorization of new waste recycling plants, the authorization procedures for renewable energy and those necessary to achieve energy efficiency of buildings (so called Super Bonus) and urban regeneration. Specific actions shall be devoted to simplify procedures within the ‘Conferenza di servizi’ (a formal agreement amongst two or more public administrations).

M1C1-53

Investment 1.9: Provide technical assistance and strengthen capacity building for the implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan

Milestone

Entry into force of primary legislation to provide technical assistance and strengthen capacity building for the implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2021

Measures shall include the provision to allow for the temporary recruitment of:

i) 2 800 technical figures to strengthen the public administrations of the South paid by the national budget;

ii) a pool of 1 000 experts to be deployed for three years to support administrations in the management of the new procedures providing technical assistance.

M1C1-54

Investment 1.9: Provide technical assistance and strengthen capacity building for the implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan

Target

Completed recruitment of experts for the implementation of the Italian recovery and resilience plan

N/A

Number

0

1 000

Q4

2021

Complete the recruitment procedures of the pool of 1 000 experts to be deployed for three years to support administrations in the management of the new procedures providing technical assistance.

M1C1-55

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Extending the methodology applied to the Italian recovery and resilience plan to national budget to increase absorption of investment

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the extension of the methodology

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

Set up a simplified system of milestones and targets similar to the RRF for the planning, execution and financing of projects under the Complementary Investment Fund (EUR 30,5 bn).

M1C1-56

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Entry into force of the enabling legislation for the reform of public employment

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The enabling legislation shall include the following measures:

- define job profiles specific for the public sector to attract the competences and skills needed;

- creation of a single recruiting platform to centralise public hiring procedures for all central public administrations, with a commitment to extend the use of the platform also to local administrations;

- reform of the recruitment process to: i) move from a purely knowledge-based system to a system primarily based on competences and appropriate aptitudes; ii) assess competences to be performing civil servants; iii) differentiate the recruitment processes between entry-level recruitment, which shall be purely competence-based, and the recruitment of specialised profiles, which should combine competences with relevant work experience and would lead to accessing the career at a higher level; The Ministry for Public Administration shall ensure the consistent implementation of the new process across the administrations;

- reform of the senior civil service to homogenise appointment procedures across the public administration, defining the job profiles and the evaluation of their performance;

- strengthen the link between life-long learning and training opportunities for employees and incentives to participation, for example by envisaging rewarding mechanisms or specific career paths, with a particular attention to the twin transitions;

- define or update ethics principles of public administrations through clear rules, codes of conduct, and training modules on the topic;

- strengthen the commitment to gender balance;

- overhaul the regulatory framework on vertical mobility, reforming the career paths to create and access middle management positions (“quadri”), and access senior civil positions (“dirigenti di prima e seconda fascia”) from within the administration. This includes the reform of the performance evaluation system, and the strengthening of the link between career progression and performance evaluation;

- overhaul the regulatory framework on horizontal mobility to achieve an efficient job market in public administrations including (a) the creation of a transparent single advertisement system for all vacant positions across the central and local administrations (b) the possibility to apply for any available position anywhere, (c) the abolition of the authorisation to mobility from the administration of origin, and (d) the introduction of significant restrictions to the use of alternative means of mobility not leading to transfers (i.e. “comandi” and “distacchi”), to make them exceptional and strictly time-limited.

M1C1-57

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Entry into force of administrative procedures for the simplification reform aimed at implementing the RRF

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the secondary legislation

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

Entry into force of all related delegated acts, ministerial decrees. secondary legislation, and all other regulations necessary for the effective implementation of the simplification including agreements with Regions in case of exclusive and concurrent regional competence.

M1C1-58

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Entry into force of legal acts for the reform of public employment

Provision indicating the entry into force of the legal acts for the reform of public employment

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2023

Entry into force of all related delegated acts, ministerial decrees, secondary legislation, and all other regulations necessary for the effective implementation of the reform.

M1C1-59

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Entry into force of strategic human resource management in the Public Administration

Provision indicating the entry into force of the legislation for the introduction of strategic human resource management in the Public Administration

Semi-annual report on KPIs

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

The legislation and delegated acts for the introduction of strategic human resource management in the Public Administration shall include: the definition of HR strategic plans, for recruitment, career development and training, for all central and regional administrations, supported by an integrated database with skills and profiles; creation of a central Delivery Unit coordinating and supporting the Human Resource planning system. In a second phase, HR strategic plans shall be extended to large municipalities, while small and medium municipalities are the object of specific capacity building investments.

M1C1-60

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Complete implementation (including all delegated acts) of the simplification and digitalization of a set of 200 critical procedures affecting citizens and business

Entry into force of secondary legislation

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2024

Priority areas identified for simplification are:

1.Environmental authorizations, renewables and green economy

2.Construction authorizations and urban requalification

3.Digital infrastructures

4.Public procurement

Further critical sectors are:

1.Labour legislation

2.Tourism

3.Agri-food

State and regional procedures being selected may be summarised under the following major areas:

1.Environmental and energy authorizations:

-State environmental impact assessment procedure

-Regional environmental impact assessment procedure

-Environmental remediation authorizations

-Strategic Environmental Assessment

-Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC)

-Authorization procedures for renewables

-Repowering, revamping and reblading procedures

-Authorization procedures for energy infrastructures

-Waste-related authorizations

2.Construction and urban requalification:

-Application of the energy efficiency super bonus (conformity procedures, etc.)

-Service conference

3.Digital infrastructures:

-Authorizations for communication infrastructures

4.Public procurement

-ICT procurement procedures

5.Other procedures:

-Certification of silent consent

-Substitute power

-Fire prevention procedures

-Special Economic Zones authorizations

-Procedures in the retail sector

-Authorizations to access the artisans and small business sectors

-Public security authorizations

-Landscape authorizations

-Pharmaceutical and health authorizations

-Seismic and hydrogeological procedures/authorizations

M1C1-61

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Complete the implementation (including all delegated acts) of the simplification and digitalization of an additional set of 50 critical procedures directly affecting citizens

Entry into force of secondary legislation

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2025

Simplified procedures shall affect the following areas:

-Digital registry certifications

-Online civil status certificates

-Digital notifications and digital identity

-Certification of citizen draft lists

-Citizens' digital domicile

-Delegations to access online services

M1C1-62

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Increase absorption of investment

Publication of an implementation report by the Ministry of finance

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2025

Publish an implementation report to measure the impact of the actions aimed at providing technical assistance and capacity building, improve the capacity to plan, manage and execute capital expenditure funded through the national budget achieve a significant absorption of resources of the Complementary Fund allocated until 2024.

M1C1-63

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Complete the simplification and create a repository of all the procedures and related administrative regimes with full legal validity throughout the national territory

Publication of the repository on the website of the relevant line ministry

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2026

Screening of procedural regimes shall be completed for all existing procedures, together with their further simplification and re-engineering of administrative procedures. Also the verification and monitoring of the effective implementation of the new procedures, with particular reference to standardized forms and the corresponding digitized management shall be ensured. The simplification shall apply to a total 600 critical procedures.

M1C1-64

Investment 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Target

Education and training

N/A

Number

0

350 000

Q2

2026

At least 350 000 enrolments in upskilling or reskilling initiatives by personnel of central public administrations.

M1C1-65

Investment 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Target

Education and training

N/A

Number

0

400 000

Q2

2026

At least 400 000 enrolments in upskilling or reskilling initiatives by personnel of other public administrations.

M1C1-66

Investment 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Target

Education and training

N/A

Number

0

245 000

Q2

2026

At least 245 000 (70%) training activities successfully completed (formal certification or impact assessment) for central public administrations.

M1C1-67

Investment 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Target

Education and training

N/A

Number

0

280 000

Q2

2026

At least 280 000 (70%) training activities successfully completed (formal certification or impact assessment) for other public administrations.

M1C1-68

Reform 1.9: Reform of the public administration

Milestone

Repository system for Audit and Controls: information for monitoring implementation of RRF

Audit report confirming repository system functionalities

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

A repository system for monitoring the implementation of the RRF shall be in place and operational.

The system shall include, as a minimum, the following functionalities:

(a) collect data and monitor the achievement of milestones and targets;

(b) collect, store and ensure access to the data required by Article 22(2)(d)(i) to (iii) of the RRF Regulation.

M1C1-69

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Milestone

Entry into force of the Decree on simplification of the public procurement system

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the law-decree to simplify the public procurement system.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2021

The Law-decree shall simplify the public procurement system with at least the following urgent measures:

i. Sets up targets to reduce the time between the publication and the contract award.

ii. Sets up targets and a monitoring system to reduce the time between the contract award and the completion of the infrastructure (“fase esecutiva”).

iii. Requires that the data of all contracts is registered in the anti-corruption database of the national anti-corruption authority (ANAC).

iv. Implement and incentivize the alternative dispute resolution mechanisms in the execution phase of public contracts.

v. Sets up dedicated offices in charge of public procurement procedures at Ministries, Regions and Metropolitan Cities.

Further specifications:

Simplification and digitalization of the procedures of central purchasing bodies (“centrali di committenza”)

- Implement articles 41 and 44 of the current Public Procurement Code

- Define how procedures should be digitalized for all public contracts and concessions and define interoperability and interconnectivity requirements

- Implement article 44 of the current Public Procurement Code

M1C1-70

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Milestone

Entry into force of the revision of the Code of Public procurement (D.Lgs. n. 50/2016)

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Law of Delegation which reforms the present Code of the Public procurement system (D.Lgs. n. 50/2016)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

This Law shall establish all the precise criteria and principles for the systemic reform of the Public Procurement Code.

The law of delegation shall, at least, dictate the following principles and criteria to:

i. Reduce the fragmentation of contracting authorities (1) establishing the basic elements of the qualification system, (2) requiring the setting of an e-platform as a basic requirement to participate in the nationwide evaluation of procurement capacity (3) empowering the national anti-corruption authority (ANAC) to review the qualification of contracting authorities in terms of procurement capacity (types and volumes of purchases), (4) providing incentives to use existing professional central purchasing bodies.

ii. Simplify and digitalize the procedures of central purchasing bodies (“centrali di committenza”)

iii. Define how procedures shall be digitalized for all public contracts and concessions and define interoperability and interconnectivity requirements.

iv. Reduce restrictions concerning sub-contracting on a progressive basis.

M1C1-71

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Milestone

Entry into force of all necessary legislation, regulations and implementing acts (including secondary legislation) for the public procurement system

Entry into force of all necessary legislation regulation and implementing acts

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

All necessary legislation, regulations and implementing acts (including secondary legislation, if necessary) shall obtain the following results:

i. The Single Coordination Body for public procurement policy shall have an adequate (to be specified in the Operational Arrangement) level of staffing and financial resources to be fully operational, also due to the support given by a dedicated structure of ANAC.

ii. The Single Coordination Body for public procurement policy adopts the professionalization strategy (cf. linked to Italy’s NRPP proposed reform 2.1.6) containing the types of training at different levels, the special tutoring and the production of operational guidelines, with support of ANAC and the National School of Administration.

iii. The dynamic purchasing systems are made available by Consip and are in line with Public Procurement Directives.

iv. ANAC completes the exercise of qualification of contracting authorities in terms of procurement capacity further to the implementation of Article 38 of the Public Procurement Code.

v. The monitoring system for the time between the contract award and the completion of infrastructure works is operational.

vi. Data of all contracts is registered in the anti-corruption database of the national anti-corruption authority (ANAC).

vii. All dedicated offices in charge of public procurement procedures at Ministries, Regions and Metropolitan Cities.

M1C1-72

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Milestone

Measures to reduce late payments from the Public administration to businesses are approved

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of rules to reduce late payments from the PA to businesses

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2023

Entry into force of new rules to reduce late payments from the public administration to businesses.

The measures shall include, at least, the following key elements:

i.    The System InIT shall be deployed in the central public administration in order to support economic and financial accounting and the execution of public expenditure.

ii.    Late payments: the indicators based on the database of the MoF IT system (Commercial Credit Platform - PCC) shall be the weighted average payment time of public authorities to businesses and the weighted average payment delay of public authorities to businesses for each of the following levels of public administration:

-central authorities (Amministrazioni dello Stato, enti pubblici nazionali e altri enti)

-regional authorities (Regioni and Province Autonome),

-local authorities (enti locali)

-public health authorities (enti del Servizio sanitario nazionale)

M1C1-73

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Milestone

Entry into force of the reform of the Public Procurement Code

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Legislative-Decree to implement all the previsions of the delegation Law on the Reform of Public Procurement Code.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2023

Entry into force of the Legislative-Decree to implement all the previsions of the delegation Law to reform the Public Procurement Code.

M1C1-74

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Milestone

Entry into force of all necessary implementing measures and secondary legislation for the reform on simplification of the public procurement code

Entry into force of all necessary implementing measures and secondary legislation

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2023

Entry into force of all necessary implementing measures and secondary legislation for the reform/simplification of the public procurement system (also stemming from the revision of the Public Procurement Code).

M1C1-75

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Full operation of the National eProcurement System

Availability of the functions defined in the feasibility study (to be elaborated as project Task 1)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

The National eProcurement System shall be operational and fully in line with EU Public Procurement Directives and include the full digitalization of procedures up to the contract execution (smart procurement), shall be interoperable with the management systems of the public administration, shall contain a digital habilitation of PO, auction sessions, machine learning to detect trends, CRMs with chatbots, digital engagement and status chain.

M1C1-76

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the central public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time

N/A

30

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of central public authorities (Amministrazioni dello Stato, enti pubblici nazionali e altri enti) to businesses shall be below or equal to 30 days.

M1C1-77

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the regional public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time (in days)

N/A

30

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of regional public authorities (Regioni and Province Autonome) to businesses shall be below or equal to 30 days.

M1C1-78

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the local public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time

(in days)

N/A

30

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of local public authorities (enti locali) to businesses shall be below or equal to 30 days.

M1C1-79

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the public health administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time

(in days)

N/A

60

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of public health authorities (enti del Servizio sanitario nazionale) to businesses shall be below or equal to 60 days.

M1C1-80

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the central public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

N/A

0

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of central authorities (Amministrazioni dello Stato, enti pubblici nazionali e altri enti) to businesses shall be at most 0 days

M1C1-81

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the regional public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

N/A

0

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of regional authorities (Regioni and Province Autonome) to businesses shall be at most 0 days.

M1C1-82

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the local public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

N/A

0

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of local authorities (enti locali) to businesses shall be at most 0 days.

M1C1-83

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the health public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

N/A

0

Q4

2023

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of public health authorities (enti del Servizio sanitario nazionale) to businesses shall be at most 0 days.

M1C1-84

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Average time between the publication and the contract award

N/A

Number

193

100

Q4

2023

Based on the data of the EU Official Journal (TED database), the average time between the publication and the contract award shall be reduced to less than 100 days for contracts above the thresholds of the EU public procurement directives.

M1C1-85

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Average time between the contract award and the realization of the infrastructure

N/A

Percentage

100

85

Q4

2023

The average time between the contract award and the realization of the infrastructure (‘fase esecutiva’) shall be reduced at least by 15%.

M1C1-86

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Civil servants trained through the Public Buyers Professionalization Strategy

N/A

Percentage

0

20

Q4

2023

At least 20% of civil servants have been trained through the Public Buyers Professionalization Strategy This takes into account the total number of civil servants actively involved in public procurement, i.e. 100,000 public buyers registered as of 30 April 2021 to the National e-Procurement System managed by Consip on behalf of the MEF.

M1C1-87

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Contracting authorities using dynamic purchasing systems

N/A

Percentage

0

15

Q4

2023

At least 15% of contracting authorities are using dynamic purchasing systems as per EU Directive 2014/24 (two years observation timeframe and taking into account that in Italy the use of the DPS is mainly targeted at above the threshold purchases, given that the below-the-threshold ones are mainly performed using eMarketplaces). The target refers to Central Government Contracting Authorities (250 PA as registered per 30 April 2021 to the National e-Procurement System managed by Consip on behalf of the MEF).

M1C1-88

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the central public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time

30

30

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of central public authorities (Amministrazioni dello Stato, enti pubblici nazionali e altri enti) to businesses shall be below or equal to 30 days.

M1C1-89

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the regional public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time

30

30

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of regional public authorities (Regioni and Province Autonome) to businesses shall be below or equal to 30 days.

M1C1-90

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the local public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time

30

30

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of local public authorities (enti locali) to businesses shall be below or equal to 30 days.

M1C1-91

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days for the public health administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment time

60

60

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment time (“tempo di pagamento”) of public health authorities (enti del Servizio sanitario nazionale) to businesses shall be below or equal to 60 days.

M1C1-92

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the central public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

0

0

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of central authorities (Amministrazioni dello Stato, enti pubblici nazionali e altri enti) to businesses shall be at most 0 days.

M1C1-93

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the regional public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

0

0

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of regional authorities (Regioni and Province Autonome) to businesses shall be at most 0 days

M1C1-94

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the local public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

0

0

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of local authorities (enti locali) to businesses shall be at most 0 days.

M1C1-95

Reform 1.11: Reduction of late payments by public administrations and health authorities

Target

Average number of days of delay for the health public administrations to pay businesses is reduced

N/A

Weighted average payment delay

(in days)

0

0

Q4

2024

Based on the Commercial Credit Platform (PCC), the weighted average payment delay (“tempo di ritardo”) of public health authorities (enti del Servizio sanitario nazionale) to businesses shall be at most 0 days.

M1C1-96

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Average time between the publication and the contract award

N/A

Number

100

100

Q4

2024

Based on the data of the EU Official Journal (TED database),the average time between the publication and the contract award shall be reduced to less than 100 days for contracts above the thresholds of the EU public procurement directives.

M1C1-97

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Average time between the contract award and the realization of the infrastructure

N/A

Percentage

85

85

Q4

2024

The average time between the contract award and the realization of the infrastructure (‘fase esecutiva’) shall be reduced at least by 15%.

M1C1-98

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Civil servants trained through the Public Buyers Professionalization Strategy

N/A

Percentage

20

35

Q4

2024

At least 35% of civil servants have been trained through the Public Buyers Professionalization Strategy This takes into account the total number of civil servants actively involved in public procurement, i.e. 100,000 public buyers registered as of 30 April 2021 to the National e-Procurement System managed by Consip on behalf of the MEF.

M1C1-99

Reform 1.10: Reform of the public procurement legislative framework

Target

Contracting authorities using dynamic purchasing systems

Percentage of Central Government Contracting Authorities using dynamic purchasing systems as per EU Directive 2014/24

Percentage

15

20

Q4

2024

At least 20% of contracting authorities are using dynamic purchasing systems as per Directive 2014/24 (two years observation timeframe and taking into account that in Italy the use of the DPS is mainly targeted at above the threshold purchases, given that the below-the-threshold ones are mainly performed using eMarketplaces). The target refers to Central Government Contracting Authorities (250 PA as registered per 30 April 2021 to the National e-Procurement System managed by Consip on behalf of the MEF).

M1C1-100

Reform 1.13: Reform of the spending review framework

Milestone

Entry into force of legislative provisions improving the effectiveness of the spending review - Reinforcement of Finance Ministry

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The revised framework for spending reviews in central state administrations (Ministries) shall improve its effectiveness by reinforcing the role of the Ministry of Economy and Finance. In particular, it shall provide for a reinforced role of the Ministry of Economy and Finance in the ex-ante evaluation, monitoring processes and ex-post evaluation, allowing to enforce the thoroughly execution of the reviews and the achievement of the intended goals.

M1C1-101

Reform 1.12:

Reform of the tax administration

Milestone

Adoption of a review of possible actions to reduce tax evasion

Publication of the review

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

Adopt a report to inform government actions for reducing tax evasion from omitted invoicing, especially in the sectors most exposed to tax evasion, including through targeted incentives to consumers.

M1C1-102

Reform 1.13: Reform of the spending review framework

Milestone

Adoption of a report on the effectiveness of practices used by selected public administrations for formulating and implementing saving plans

Publication of the report

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The report shall be prepared by the Accounting Department of the Finance Ministry in cooperation with selected administrations to:

-Assess their practices in the formulation and implementation of saving plans.

-Define guidelines for all public administrations.

M1C1-103

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Milestone

Entry into force of primary and secondary legislation and regulatory provisions and completion of administrative processes for encouraging tax compliance and improving audits and controls

Provisions in the law and regulatory provisions indicating the entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The provisions shall include:

i) full operationalisation of the database and the dedicated IT infrastructure for the release of pre-populated VAT tax return, as provided for by art. 4, paragraph 1, of the legislative decree n. 127/2015.

(ii) the database used for the “compliance letters” (providing early communications to taxpayers for which anomalies are detected) is enhanced with a view of reducing the incidence of false-positive and increasing the number of communications sent out to taxpayers.

(iii) entry into force of reformed legislation in order to ensure effective administrative sanctions in case of refusal of private providers to accept electronic payments (original article 23 of decree-law 124/2019, which had been abrogated upon conversion into law, represents a reference).

(iv) Completion of the process of data pseudonymization provided for by art. 1, paragraphs 681-686, of the law n.160/2019 and set up of digital infrastructure for the analysis of big data generated through the interoperability of databases fully pseudonymized, with a view to increase the effectiveness of the risk analysis underlying the selection process.

(v) Entry into force of primary and secondary legislation implementing additional effective actions based on the findings of the review of possible measures to reduce tax evasion from omitted invoicing.

M1C1-104

Reform 1.13: Reform of the spending review framework

Milestone

Adoption of savings targets for spending reviews for the years 2023-2025

Quantitative savings target for the aggregate central state administrations defined in the Document of Economy and Finance - in euro

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

On the basis of the decree-laws 90 and 93 of 2016 and law 163/2016, set targets in the Economic Financial Document for yearly spending reviews for the aggregate central state administrations for the years 2023, 2024, 2025. The saving targets shall reflect an adequate level of ambition.

M1C1-105

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Higher number of "compliance letters"

N/A

Number

2 150 908

2 581 090

Q4

2022

The number of “compliance letters”, providing early communication to taxpayers for which anomalies are detected, shall be increased by at least 20% compared to 2019.

M1C1-106

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Reducing the number of false positive "compliance letters”

N/A

Number

126 500

132 825

Q4

2022

The number of false-positive “compliance letters” (providing an early communication to taxpayers for which anomalies are detected, but for which no frauds are detected ex post) shall be reduced by at least 5% with respect to 2019.

M1C1-107

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Increase in the tax revenue generated by "compliance letters"

N/A

Euro

2 130 000 000

2 449 500 000

Q4

2022

Tax revenue generated by “compliance letters” shall increase by 15% with respect to 2019.

M1C1-108

Reform 1.15: Reform of public accounting rules

Milestone

Approval of the Conceptual framework, the Set of accrual accounting standards and the Multidimensional Chart of Accounts

Resolution of the Accounting Department of the Finance Ministry approving the Accrual Accounting Governance Structure

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2024

Completion of a conceptual framework as reference for the accrual accounting system according to the qualitative features defined by Eurostat (EPSAS Working Group);
Setting of accrual accounting standards based on IPSAS/EPSAS; Design a multidimensional and multi-level chart of accounts.

M1C1-109

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Sending first pre-populated VAT tax returns

N/A

Number

0

2 300 000

Q2

2023

At least 2 300 000 taxpayers shall receive pre-populated VAT tax returns for the tax year 2022.

M1C1-110

Reform 1.13: Reform of the spending review framework

Milestone

Re-classification of the general State budget, with reference to the environmental expenditure and to the expenditure that promotes gender equality

Inclusion of the re-classification of the general State budget with reference to the environmental expenditure and to the expenditure that promotes gender equality in the 2024 Budget Law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

The 2024 Budget Law shall provide the Parliament with a Sustainable Development Budget consisting in the classification of the general State budget with reference to the environmental expenditure and to the expenditure that promotes gender equality. The classification shall be consistent with the criteria underlying the definition of Sustainable Development Goals and the targets of the Agenda 2030.

M1C1-111

Reform 1.13: Reform of the spending review framework

Milestone

Completion of the yearly spending review for 2023, with reference to the saving target set in 2022 for 2023

Adoption of the Finance Ministry report on the spending review in 2023, certifying the completion of the process and the achievement of the target.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2024

The Finance Ministry report to be transmitted to the Council of Ministers as provided for by decree-laws 90 and 93 of 2016 and law 163/2016 shall:

-certify the completion of the spending review process for 2023 in respect of the provision for the spending review framework.

-certify the achievement of the target set in 2022.

M1C1-112

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Improve the operational capacity of the tax administration as indicated in the “Performance plan 2021-2023” of the Revenue Agency

N/A

Number of hirings

0

4113

Q2

2024

The staff of the Revenue Agency shall be increased by 4113 units as indicated in the “Performance plan 2021-2023”.

M1C1-113

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Higher number of "compliance letters"

N/A

Number

2 150 908

3 011 271

Q4

2024

The number of “compliance letters”, providing early communication to taxpayers for which anomalies are detected, shall be increased by at least 40% compared to 2019.

M1C1-114

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Increase in the tax revenue generated by "compliance letters"

N/A

Euro

2 130 000 000

2 769 000 000

Q4

2024

Tax revenue generated by “compliance letters” shall increase by 30% with respect to 2019.

M1C1-115

Reform 1.13: Reform of the spending review framework

Milestone

Completion of the yearly spending review for 2024, with reference to the saving target set in 2022 and 2023 for 2024

Adoption of the Finance Ministry report on the spending review in 2024, certifying the completion of the process and the achievement of the target.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2025

The Finance Ministry report to be transmitted to the Council of Ministers as provided for by decree-laws 90 and 93 of 2016 and law 163/2016 shall:

- certify the completion of the spending review process for 2024 in respect of the provision for the spending review framework.

- certify the achievement of the target set in 2022 and 2023.

M1C1-116

Reform 1.12: Reform of the tax administration

Target

Reduction of tax evasion as defined by the indicator "propensity to evade"

N/A

Percentage

0

-5

Q4

2025

“Propensity to evade” in all taxes excluding property taxes (Imposta Municipale Unica) and excises shall be lower in 2023 compared to 2019 by 5% of the 2019 baseline. The reference estimate for 2019 will be included in the updated government report on the shadow economy to be published in November 2021 according to the provisions of art. 2 of the legislative decree n. 160/2015. The 5% reduction shall be observed with reference to the estimates included in the updated vintage of the same report to be published in November 2025 based on data for the tax year 2023.

M1C1-117

Reform 1.15:

Reform of public accounting rules

Target

Public entities trained for the transition to the new accrual accounting system

N/A

Number

0

18 000

Q1

2026

End of the first round of training for the transition to the new accrual accounting system for representatives of 18000 public entities.

M1C1-118

Reform 1.15:

Reform of public accounting rules

Milestone

Entry into force of the reform of the accrual accounting for at least 90% of whole public sector.

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of all implementing measures (including guidelines, operational manuals and training program) of the accrual accounting for at least 90% of the whole public sector.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2026

Public administration financial statements covering at least 90% of the whole public sector entities shall be issued.

A legislative reform shall be adopted providing for the introduction of the new accrual accounting system for at least 90% of public administrations as of 2027.

Secondary legislation shall be adopted providing: Guideline(s) and Operating manual(s) for th
e application of accounting standards accompanied by examples and practical representations to support operators;

Training program: set up of training programs for the transition to the new accrual accounting syst
em.

M1C1-119

Reform 1.14:

Reform of the subnational fiscal framework

Milestone

Entry into force of primary and secondary legislation to implement regional fiscal federalism

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of fiscal federalism for regions with ordinary status.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2026

Complete the implementation of the “Fiscal federalism” (“Federalismo fiscale”) as provided for by the existing delegation law 42/2009. In particular, primary and secondary legislation shall define the relevant parameters and implement the fiscal federalism for regions with ordinary status, as defined by the decree-law 68/2011 (article 1-15), as lastly amended by law 176/2020 (article 31-sexties).

M1C1-120

Reform 1.14:

Reform of the subnational fiscal framework

Milestone

Entry into force of primary and secondary legislation to implement regional fiscal federalism

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of fiscal federalism for provinces and metropolitan cities.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2026

Complete the implementation of the “Fiscal federalism” (“Federalismo fiscale”) as provided for by the existing delegation law 42/2009. In particular, primary and secondary legislation shall define the relevant parameters and implement, as appropriate, the fiscal federalism for provinces and metropolitan cities, as defined by the decree-law 68/2011 (article 1-15), as lastly amended by law 178/2020 (article 1, comma 783).

M1C1-121

Reform 1.12:

Reform of the tax administration

Target

Reduction of tax evasion as defined by the indicator "propensity to evade"

N/A

Percentage

0

-15

Q2

2026

“Propensity to evade” in all taxes excluding property taxes (Imposta Municipale Unica) and excises shall be lower in 2024 compared to 2019 by 15% of the 2019 baseline. The reference estimate for 2019 will be included in the updated government report on the shadow economy to be published in November 2021 according to the provisions of art. 2 of the legislative decree n. 160/2015. The 15% reduction shall be observed with reference to an estimate for the tax year 2024 included in a dedicated report to be prepared by the Ministry of Finance by June 2026 based on the same methodology used for the report required by art. 2 of the legislative decree n. 160/2015.

M1C1-122

Reform 1.13: Reform of the spending review framework

Milestone

Completion of the yearly spending review for 2025, with reference to the saving target set in 2022, 2023 and 2024 for 2025.

Adoption of the Finance Ministry report on the spending review in 2025, certifying the completion of the process and the achievement of the target.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2026

The Finance Ministry report to be transmitted to the Council of Ministers as provided for by decree-laws 90 and 93 of 2016 and law 163/2016 shall:

- certify the completion of the spending review process for 2025 in respect of the provision for the spending review framework.

- certify the achievement of the target set in 2022, 2023 and 2024.

A.3.    Description of the reforms and investments for the loan

Investment 1.2 – Cloud enablement for local PA

The objective of this investment is migrate the datasets and applications of a substantial part of the local public administration to a secure cloud infrastructure, allowing each administration the freedom to choose within a set of certified public cloud environments.

The measure also envisages a “migration as a service” support package to administrations which shall encompass: (i) the initial assessment, (ii) the procedural/administrative support needed to launch the effort, (iii) the negotiation of the necessary external support and (iv) the overall project management over the course of execution. A team supervised by the Ministry for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition (MITD) is expected to identify and certify a broad list of qualified providers and to negotiate a set of standard support packages tailored to the size of the administration and the services involved in the migration.

Investment 1.4 – Digital services and citizen experience

The objective of this investment is to develop an integrated and harmonized offering of state-of-the-art citizen-oriented digital services, ensure their wide-spread adoption thereof across both central and local administrations and enhance users’ experience.

The measure shall:

(I)enhance the experience of digital public services by defining reusable service delivery models ensuring full accessibility requirements (Investment 1.4.1 - Citizen experience - Improvement of the quality and the usability of digital public services);

(II)improve the accessibility of digital public services (Investment 1.4.2 - Citizen inclusion: Accessibility improvement of digital public services);

(III)foster the adoption of the digital application for payments between citizens and public administrations (PagoPa) and the adoption of the “IO” app as the key digital touchpoint between citizens and administration for a wide range of services (including notifications) in line with the “one stop shop” logic (Investment 1.4.3 - Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services and the “IO” app);

(IV)foster the adoption of National Digital Identity platforms (Sistema Pubblico di Identità Digitale, SPID and Carta d’Identità Elettronica, CIE) and of the national registry (Anagrafe nazionale della popolazione residente, ANPR) (Investment 1.4.4 - Adoption scale up of the National Digital Identity platforms (SPID, CIE) and the national registry (ANPR));

(V)develop a single platform for notifications (Investment 1.4.5 - Digitization of public notices);

(VI)foster the adoption of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) paradigms in metropolitan cities to digitize local transport and provide users with an integrated mobility experience from trip planning to payments across multiple modes of transport (Investment 1.4.6 - Mobility as a Service for Italy, with this last measure being financed on the basis of non-repayable financial support).

Investment 1.6 – Digital transformation of large central administrations

The objective of this investment is to re-engineer and digitize a set of priority processes, activities and services within main Central Administrations to increase the efficiency of these administrations and simplify procedures. The Central Administrations concerned include: (i) the National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL), (ii) the Judicial system, (iii) the Ministry of Defence, (iv) the Ministry of Interior, (v) the Finance Police.

As regards the Ministry of Interior, the project envisages (i) the digitization of services for citizens and the re-engineering of the underlying internal processes; (ii) the development of internal applications and management systems to develop an internal centralized verification system of physical and digital identity and related attributes, allowing public officers (e.g., Police) to perform real-time remote verification of the personal documents and licenses (e.g. health card, driving license, etc.) owned by citizens and associated with CIE; (iii) personnel upskilling to strengthen digital capabilities (1.6.1 - Digitization of the Ministry of the Interior).

As regards the Judicial system, the project foresees (i) the digitization of the last ten years of archives (10,000,000 Court records) related to civil proceedings of lower courts (Tribunali ordinari), the Courts of Appeal, and to the Supreme Court’s judicial files; (ii) the creation of a Data Lake (software layer) acting as a single point of access to the entire set of raw data produced by the judicial system. The information stored in the Data Lake shall be exploited by deploying artificial intelligence solutions to: (i) Anonymize civil and criminal sentences; (ii) Automate identification of victim-offender relationship in legal provisions; (iii) manage, analyse and organize previous case laws to facilitate consultation by civil judges and public prosecutors; (iv) perform advanced statistical analysis on the efficiency and effectiveness of the judicial system; (v) manage and monitor processing times of activities performed by judicial offices (Investments 1.6.2 - Digitization of the Ministry of Justice and 1.6.5 - Digitization of the Council of State, financed on the basis of non-repayable financial support).

As regards INPS and INAIL, the project encompasses a major review of their internal systems and procedures as well as the evolution of their digital touchpoints with residents, firms and other public administrations, in order to provide users with a seamless digital experience (1.6.3 - Digitization of National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL)).

As regards the Ministry of Defence, the project encompasses (i) the security enhancement of three fundamental sets of information (personnel, administrative documentation, internal and external communications) and (ii) the migration of all systems and applications to an open source paradigm, compliant with the security policies defined by the reference regulatory framework (Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence).

As regards the Finance Police, the project aims notably at (i) reorganising databases; (ii) introducing Data Science within the operational and decision-making processes (Investment 1.6.6 - Digitization of the Finance Police, financed on the basis of non-repayable financial support).

A.4.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for the loan

Sequential Number

Related Measure (Reform or Investment)

Milestone

/ Target

Name

Qualitative indicators
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of

measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M1C1-123

Investment 1.6.3 - Digitization of National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL)

Target

INPS - "One click by design" services/contents T1

N/A

Number

0

35

Q4

2022

35 additional services deployed on INPS' institutional web site ( www.inps.it ) .

The services shall be accessible on the institutional site through appropriate profiling logics (the system will suggest services of possible interest based on age, work characteristics, perceived benefits, and user history).

The 35 services are related to the following INPS institutional areas:

•Pensions benefits

•Social Shock Absorbers

•Unemployment benefits

•Disability benefits

•Redemptions

•Company collection of contribution

•Agriculture workers services

•Anti-fraud, corruption and transparency services

In the listed institutional areas, the services that shall be implemented will concern the digital submission of requests for services, the check of the requirements for the benefit, the status monitoring of the practice by users, the proactive proposal of services based on user's needs, the automatic renewal of benefits without the need for new applications.

Finally, there shall be monitoring dashboards that allow both the monitoring by INPS of the benefits provided and data driven support to policy makers’ decisions.

M1C1-124

Investment 1.6.3 - Digitization of National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL)

Target

INPS - Employees with improved Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) skills T1

N/A

Number

0

4 250

Q4

2022

At least 4 250 INPS employees assessed with regards to their Information and with certified improved skills in the following areas of the European e-Competence Framework: (i) Plan; (ii) Build; (iii) Run (iv) Enable; (v) Manage.

The areas for improvement of competences will be identified according to the target group of learners.

M1C1-125

Investment 1.2 - Cloud enablement for local PA

Milestone

Award of (all) public calls for Cloud enablement for local Public Administration tenders

Notification of the award of (all) public contracts for Cloud enablement for local Public Administration tenders

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2023

Notification of the award of (all) public calls for each type of Public Administration involved (Municipalities, Schools, local healthcare agencies) to collect and assess migration plans. The issuance of three dedicated calls shall allow the Ministry for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition to assess the very specific needs of each type of Public Administration involved.

Tenders awarded (i.e. publication of the list of public administrations admitted to receive funding) related to three public calls for proposal respectively for Municipalities, Schools, and local healthcare agencies, to collect and assess migration plans, in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C1-126

Investment 1.4.3 - Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services and the “IO” app ; 1.4.5 - Digitization of public notices

Target

Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services T1

N/A

Number

9 000

11 450

Q4

2023

Ensure an increase in the number of services integrated in the platform for:

- public administrations already in the baseline (9 000 entities)

- new public administrations joining the platform (2 450 new entities).

In both cases public administrations will have to ensure an increase of at least +20% in the number of services integrated, depending on their starting point. The number of services that will be integrated depend on the type of administration (the final goal is to have an average of 50 services for Municipalities, 20 services for Regions, 20 services for health authorities, 15 services for schools and universities).

M1C1-127

Investment 1.4.3 - Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services and the “IO” app ; 1.4.5 - Digitization of public notices

Target

Adoption scale up of “IO” app T1

N/A

Number

2 700

7 000

Q4

2023

Ensure an increase in the number of services integrated in “IO “app for:

- public administrations already in the baseline (2 700 entities)

- new public administrations joining the platform (4 300 new entities).

In both cases public administrations will have to ensure an increase of at least +20% in the number of services integrated, depending on their starting point. The number of services that will be integrated depend on the type of administration (the final goal is to have an average of 50 services for Municipalities, 20 services for Regions, 20 services for health authorities, 15 services for schools and universities).

M1C1-128

Investment 1.4.3 - Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services and the “IO” app ; 1.4.5 - Digitization of public notices

Target

Adoption scale up of digital public notices T1

N/A

Number

0

800

Q4

2023

At least 800 Central Public Administrations and Municipalities, with respect to Digital Notification Platform (DNP), shall provide digital legally-binding notices to citizens, legal entities, associations and any other public or private entities.

M1C1-129

Investment 1.6.1 - Digitization of the Ministry of the Interior

Target

Ministry of the Interior - Fully re-engineered and digitized processes T1

N/A

Number

0

7

Q4

2023

Internal procedures and processes fully re-engineered (7 processes in total until 31 December 2023) and that can be entirely completed online (such as office automation, mobility services and e-learning).

M1C1-130

Investment 1.6.2 - Digitization of the Ministry of Justice

Target

Digitized judicial files T1

N/A

Number

0

3 500 000

Q4

2023

Digitalisation of 3.5 million judicial files pertaining to the last ten years of civil trials of lower courts ("Tribunali") and Courts of Appeal, and the last ten years of acts related to legitimacy processes issued by the Supreme Court ("Corte di Cassazione").

M1C1-131

Investment 1.6.2 - Digitization of the Ministry of Justice

Milestone

Justice Data Lake knowledge systems T1

Report testifying the start of execution of the contract

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

Start of execution of the contract for the realization of six new Data Lake knowledge systems:

1)Anonymization system of civil and criminal sentences

2)Integrated management system

3)Management and analysis system for civil trials

4)Management and analysis system for criminal trials

5)Advanced statistics system on civil and criminal trials

6)Automated system for identification of victim-guilty relationship.

The execution of every public contract starts by a specific administrative act of the responsible of the procedure, named “starting execution”.

M1C1-132

Investment 1.6.3 - Digitization of National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL)

Target

INPS - “One click by design” services/contents T2

N/A

Number

35

70

Q4

2023

35 additional services deployed on Inps's institutional web site ( www.inps.it ).

The services shall be accessible on the institutional site through appropriate profiling logics (the system will suggest services of possible interest based on age, work characteristics, perceived benefits, and user history).

The 35 services are related to the following INPS institutional areas:

•Pensions benefits

•Social Shock Absorbers

•Unemployment benefits

•Disability benefits

•Redemptions

•Company collection of contribution

•Agriculture workers services

•Anti-fraud, corruption and transparency services

In the listed institutional areas, the services that will be implemented will concern the digital submission of request of services, the check of the requirements for the benefit, the status monitoring of the practice by users, the proactive proposal of services based on user's needs, the automatic renewal of benefits without the need for new applications.

Finally, there will be monitoring dashboards that allow both the monitoring by INPS of the benefits provided and data driven support to policy makers’ decisions.

M1C1-133

Investment 1.6.3 - Digitization of National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL)

Target

INPS - Employees with improved Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) skills T2

N/A

Number

4 250

8 500

Q4

2023

Additional 4 250 INPS employees assessed with certified improved skills in the following areas of the European e-Competence Framework: (i) Plan; (ii) Build; (iii) Run (iv) Enable; (v) Manage.

The areas for improvement of competences will be identified according to the target group of learners.

M1C1-134

Investment 1.6.3 - Digitization of National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL)

Target

INAIL - Fully re-engineered and digitized processes/services T1

N/A

Number

29

53

Q4

2023

The target is to achieve 53 (52%) re-engineered institutional processes and services in order to make them fully digitized.

The involved areas of INAIL are: Insurance, Social and Health services, Prevention and safety work, Certifications and verifications.

In particular, the expected target for each area is expressed above:

·Insurance: 8 (25%);

·Social and health services: 18 (50%);

·Prevention and safety work: 9 (80%);

·Certifications and verifications: 18 (80%).

M1C1-135

Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence

Target

Ministry of Defence - Digitalisation of procedures T1

N/A

Number

4

15

Q4

2023

Digitization, revision, and automation of 15 procedures related to management of Defence’s personnel (such as recruiting, employment and retirement, employees' health) starting from a baseline of four already digitized procedures.

M1C1-136

Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence

Target

Ministry of Defence - Digitalisation of certificates T1

N/A

Number of digitized certificates

190 000

450 000

Q4

2023

Number of digitized identity certificates (450 000) issued by the Ministry of Defence and running onto the infrastructure complemented by a disaster recovery site starting from a baseline of 190 000 already digitized certificates.

M1C1-137

Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence

Milestone

Ministry of Defence - Commissioning of institutional web portals and intranet portals

Institutional web portals and intranet web portals fully operational

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

Development and implementation of (i) institutional web portals and (ii) intranet portals for specific needs of internal communication.

M1C1-138

Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence

Target

Ministry of Defence - Migration of non-mission critical applications into Solution for Complete Information Protection by Infrastructure Openness (S.C.I.P.I.O.) T1

N/A

Number

0

10

Q4

2023

Initial migration and operational availability of non-mission critical applications to new open source infrastructure. This encompasses hardware environment implementation, installation of middleware open source components, and the re-engineering of applications.

M1C1-139

Investment 1.2 - Cloud enablement for local PA

Target

Cloud enablement for local Public Administration T1

N/A

Number

0

4 083

Q3

2024

The migration of 4 083 Local Public Administrations towards certified cloud environments shall be considered achieved when the testing of all the systems, datasets and application migration included in each migration plan are successful.

M1C1-140

Investment 1.4.1 - Citizen experience - Improvement of the quality and the usability of digital public services

Target

Improvement of the quality and the usability of digital public services T1

N/A

Percentage

0,1

40

Q4

2024

Adherence to the common design/model of websites/services components shall consist of:
(1) Evaluation of projects submitted

(2) Assessment of project completion on key usability metrics (digital usability scores), through dedicated platform already available.

Administrations (municipalities, educational institutions of 1st and 2nd grade and specific piloted health care and cultural heritage entities) adhering to a common model and design system, simplifying user interaction and easing maintenance for the years to come.

M1C1-141

Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence

Target

Digitalisation of procedures of the Ministry of Defence T2

N/A

Number

15

20

Q4

2024

Digitization, revision, and automation of 20 procedures related to management of Defence’s personnel (such as recruiting, employment and retirement, employees' health), starting from a baseline of fifteen already digitized procedures with target 1.

M1C1-142

Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence

Target

Digitalisation of certificates of the Ministry of Defence T2

N/A

Number of digitized certificates

450 000

750 000

Q4

2024

Number of digitized identity certificates (750 000) issued by the Ministry of Defence and running onto the infrastructure complemented by a disaster recovery site, starting from a baseline of 450 000 already digitized certificates with target 1.

M1C1-143

Investment 1.6.4 - Digitization of the Ministry of Defence

Target

Ministry of Defence - Migration of non-mission critical applications into Solution for Complete Information Protection by Infrastructure Openness (S.C.I.P.I.O.) T2

N/A

Number

10

15

Q4

2024

Final migration of four mission critical and eleven non-mission critical applications to new open source infrastructure encompassing hardware environment implementation, installation of middleware open source components, re-engineering of applications, starting from a baseline of ten already migrated with target 1.

M1C1-144

Investment 1.4.2 - Citizen inclusion - Accessibility improvement of digital public services

Target

Accessibility improvement of digital public services

N/A

Number

0

55

Q2

2025

By Q2-2025, AgID will provide support to 55 local public administration, in order to:

- Supply 28 technical and professional experts

- reduce the number of errors by 50% on at least 2 digital services provided by each administration

- Disseminate and train about, at least, 3 tools aimed to re-design and develop the most used digital services owned by each administration

- Make sure that at least 50% of ICT accessible solutions, including hardware, software and assistive technologies, are available to all workers with disabilities.

The financial budget includes voucher of 490k/€/year in average, for 2 years, plus human resources costs for 4 years.

M1C1-145

Investment 1.4.4 -Adoption scale up of the National Digital Identity platforms (SPID, CIE) and the national registry (ANPR)

Target

National Digital Identity platforms (SPID, CIE) and the national registry (ANPR)

N/A

Number of citizens with an eID

17 500 000

42 300 000

Q4

2025

Number of Italian citizens with valid digital identities on the national digital identity platform.

M1C1-146

Investment 1.4.4 - Adoption scale up of the National Digital Identity platforms (SPID, CIE) and the national registry (ANPR)

Target

National Digital Identity platforms (SPID, CIE) and the national registry (ANPR)

N/A

Percentage

6 283

16 500

Q1

2026

Number of public administrations (out of a total of 16 500) adopting electronic identification (eID) (SPID or CIE).

M1C1-147

Investment 1.2 - Cloud enablement for local PA

Target

Cloud enablement for local Public Administration T2

N/A

Number

4 083

12 464

Q2

2026

The migration of 12 464 Local Public Administrations towards certified cloud environments shall be considered achieved when the testing of all the systems, datasets and application migration included in each migration plan are successful.

M1C1-148

Investment 1.4.1 - Citizen experience - Improvement of the quality and the usability of digital public services

Target

Improvement of the quality and the usability of digital public services T2

N/A

Percentage

40

80

Q2

2026

Adherence to the common design/model of websites/services components shall consist of: (1) Evaluation of projects submitted

(2) Assessment of project completion on key usability metrics (digital usability scores), through dedicated platform already available.

M1C1-149

Investment 1.4.3 - Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services and the “IO” app ; 1.4.5 - Digitization of public notices

Target

Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services T2

N/A

Number

11 450

14 100

Q2

2026

Ensure an increase in the number of services integrated in the platform for:

- public administrations already joining the platform (11 450 entities);

- new public administrations joining the platform (2 650 new entities).

The number of services that will be integrated depend on the type of administration (the final goal is to have an average of 50 services for Municipalities, 20 services for Regions, 20 services for health authorities, 15 services for schools and universities).

M1C1-150

Investment 1.4.3 - Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services and the “IO” app ; 1.4.5 - Digitization of public notices

Target

Adoption scale up of “IO” app T2

N/A

Number

7 000

14 100

Q2

2026

Ensure an increase in the number of services integrated in “IO “app for:

- public administrations already using IO (7 000 entities);

- new public administrations joining the platform (around 7 100 new entities).

The number of services that will be integrated depend on the type of administration (the final goal is to have an average of 50 services for Municipalities, 20 services for Regions, 20 services for health authorities, 15 services for schools and universities).

M1C1-151

Investment 1.4.3 - Adoption scale up of PagoPA platform services and the “IO” app ; 1.4.5 - Digitization of public notices

Target

Adoption scale up of digital public notices T2

N/A

Number

800

6 400

Q2

2026

At least 6 400 Central Public administrations and Municipalities, with respect to Digital Notification Platform (DNP), shall provide digital legally-binding notices to citizens, legal entities, associations and any other public or private entities.

M1C1-152

Investment 1.6.1 - Digitization of the Ministry of the Interior

Target

Ministry of Interior - Fully re-engineered and digitized processes T2

N/A

Number

7

45

Q2

2026

Internal procedures and processes fully re-engineered (45 processes in total by 31 August 2026) and that can be entirely completed online (such as office automation, mobility services and e-learning).

M1C1-153

Investment 1.6.2 - Digitization of the Ministry of Justice

Target

Digitized judicial files T2

N/A

Number

0

10 000 

000

Q2

2026

Digitalisation of ten million judicial files pertaining to the last ten years of civil trials of lower courts ("Tribunali") and Courts of Appeal, and of the last ten years of acts related to legitimacy processes issued by the Supreme Court ("Corte di Cassazione").

M1C1-154

Investment 1.6.2 - Digitization of the Ministry of Justice

Target

Justice Data Lake knowledge systems T2

N/A

Number

0

6

Q2

2026

Implementation of six new Data lake knowledge systems.

1)Anonymization system of civil and criminal sentences

2)Integrated management system

3)Management and analysis system for civil trials

4)Management and analysis system for criminal trials

5)Advanced statistics system on civil and criminal trials

6)Automated system for identification of victim-guilty relationship.

The six items are separate systems using similar technologies. The framework of the systems is the same: connecting data and documents coming from internal and external sources; the patterns of the systems are different according the users (e.g. civil and criminal judges) and the objectives (e.g. statistics and judgment).

M1C1-155

Investment 1.6.3 - Digitization of National Social Security Institute (INPS) and National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at work (INAIL)

Target

INAIL - Fully re-engineered and digitized processes/services T2

N/A

Number

53

82

Q2

2026

The target is to achieve 82 (80%) re-engineered institutional processes and services in order to make them fully digitized. The involved areas of INAIL are: Insurance, Social and Health services, Prevention and safety work, Certifications and verifications.

In particular, the expected target for each area is expressed above:

·Insurance: 26 (80%);

·Social and health services: 29 (80%);

·Prevention and safety work: 9 (80%);

·Certifications and verifications: 18 (80%).

B. MISSION 1 COMPONENT 2:

Axis 1 - Digitalization, Innovation and Competitiveness of the Production System

Axis 1 of Mission 1 Component 2 of the Italian recovery and resilience plan concerns investments and reforms mainly aimed at (i) supporting the digital transition and the innovation of the production system through incentives to investments in technologies, research, development and innovation; (ii) deploying ultra-fast broadband and 5G networks to reduce the digital divide as well as satellite constellations and services; (iii) promoting the development of strategic value chains and supporting the competitiveness of companies, with a focus on SMEs.

Measures under this component aim to address gaps emerging from the Digital Economy and Society Index (DESI) 2020 as regards the digital transformation of businesses and the shortcomings in connectivity, with a view to strengthen the social and economic resilience of the country.

The investments and reforms under this component shall contribute to addressing the Country-Specific Recommendations addressed to Italy in 2020 and 2019 on the need to “strengthen distance learning and skills, including digital ones” (Country-Specific Recommendation 2, 2020), to “promote private investment to foster the economic recovery” (Country-Specific Recommendation 3, 2020), to “focus investment on the green and digital transition, in particular on […] reinforced digital infrastructure to ensure the provision of essential services” (Country-Specific Recommendation 3, 2020), to “foster upskilling, including by strengthening digital skills (Country-Specific Recommendation 2, 2019), to “focus investment-related economic policy on research and innovation, and the quality of infrastructure, considering also regional disparities” (Country-Specific Recommendation 3, 2019) and, to some extent, to “support non-bank access to finance for innovative and smaller firms” (Country-Specific Recommendation 5, 2019).

It is expected that no measure in this component does significant harm to environmental objectives within the meaning of Article 17 of Regulation (EU) 2020/852, taking into account the description of the measures and the mitigating steps set out in the recovery and resilience plan in accordance with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01).

Axis 2 – Improving business environment and competition

The main objective of the axis 2 of Mission 1 Component 2 is to improve the business environment to facilitate entrepreneurship, and the framework conditions for competition to favour a more efficient allocation of resources and productivity gains. The main tool to reach these goals is the Annual Competition Law, to be adopted each year.

The investments and reforms under this component shall contribute to addressing the Country-Specific Recommendations addressed to Italy in 2019 on the need to “address restrictions to competition […), also through a new annual competition law” (Country-Specific Recommendation 3, 2019).

B.1.    Description of the reforms and investments for non-repayable financial support

Axis 1 - Digitalization, Innovation and Competitiveness of the Production System

Investment 1: Transition 4.0

The objective of the measure is to support the digital transformation of businesses by incentivising private investment in assets and activities supporting digitalisation. The measure financed under the Italian recovery and resilience plan is part of a broader Transition 4.0 Plan, which includes other support measures financed at the national level to boost the digital transformation of businesses.

The measure consists of a tax credit scheme and covers expenses to be claimed in the tax returns presented in the period between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2023 (30 November 2024 for firms whose tax year does not correspond to the calendar year). The measure also includes the definition of tax credit codes, which shall be identified by a resolution of the Revenues Agency to allow beneficiaries to use the tax credits with the F24 payment model.

The tax credits supported shall cover the following assets and activities:

1.capital goods, consisting of: (i) 4.0 (that is to say, technologically advanced) tangible capital goods, such as production machines whose operations is controlled by computerized systems or sensors/drives, machines and systems used for product or process control, and interactive systems; all of them to be characterized by digital features, such as automated integration and man-machine interface; (ii) 4.0 intangible capital goods such as 3D modeling, intra-factory communication systems, and artificial intelligence and machine learning software, systems, platforms and applications; (iii) standard intangible capital goods, such as software relating to business management. This covers tax credits presented in the tax returns between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2023 (30 November 2024 for firms whose tax year does not correspond to the calendar year).

2.research, development and innovation activities, consisting of research and development, technological innovation, green and digital innovation, and design activities. This covers tax credits presented in the tax returns between 1 January 2022 and 31 December 2023 (30 November 2024 for firms whose tax year does not correspond to the calendar year).

3.training activities, carried out to acquire or consolidate the knowledge of relevant technologies, such as big data and data analysis, human machine interface, internet of things, digital integration of business processes, cybersecurity. This covers tax credits presented in the tax returns between 1 January 2022 and 31 December 2023 (30 November 2024 for firms whose tax year does not correspond to the calendar year).

The measure includes the establishment of a Scientific Committee including experts from the Ministry Economy and finance, the Ministry of Economic Development and the Bank of Italy to assess the economic impact of the scheme.

Reform 1: Reform of the Industrial Property System

The main objective of the reform is to adapt the industrial property system to modern challenges and ensure that the innovation potential effectively contributes to the country’s recovery and resilience. Specifically, it aims to pursue the following objectives: enhancing the industrial property protection system; encouraging industrial property use and dissemination, especially by SMEs; facilitating access to and sharing of intangible assets, while ensuring a fair return on investments; guaranteeing a more rigorous respect for industrial property; and strengthening Italy's role in European and international fora on industrial property.

The measure concerns the reform of the Italian industrial property code, covering at least the following areas: (i) review the regulatory framework to strengthen the protection of industrial property rights and simplify procedures, (ii) strengthen the support to companies and research institutions, (iii) enhance skills and competences development, (iv) facilitate knowledge transfer, and (v) strengthen innovative services promotion.

Investment 6: Investment in the Industrial Property System

The objective of the investment is to support the industrial property system and accompany its reform, as envisaged under Reform 1 of this component. The measure includes financial support for industrial property-related projects of companies and research bodies, such as patent-related measures (Brevetti+), Proof of Concept (POC) programs and the strengthening of technology transfer offices (TTOs).

In order to ensure that the measure complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the eligibility criteria contained in terms of reference for upcoming calls for projects shall exclude research and development dedicated to the following list of activities: (i) activities related to fossil fuels, including downstream use 1 ; (ii) activities under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks 2 ; (iii) activities related to waste landfills, incinerators 3 and mechanical biological treatment plants 4 ; and (iv) activities where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment. The terms of reference shall additionally require that only activities that comply with relevant EU and national environmental legislation may be selected.

Axis 2 – Improving business environment and competition

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws 2021, 2022, 2023 and 2024

The Competition Law shall be adopted each year, increasing competitive procedures to award public service contracts for local public services (notably in waste and public transport), avoiding the unjustified prolongation of concessions in ports, highways, electric charging stations and hydropower to incumbent operators in many sectors, providing for the proper regulation of public services contracts, revising the rules on aggregation and applying the general principle of proportionality in the length and proper compensation of public service contracts. The Competition Law will also increase incentives for Regions to tender their public services contracts for regional rail services. A clear separation between the functions of regulation/control and the management of the contracts shall also be introduced.

With regard to sector-specific measures, the annual Competition Laws shall include measures in the sectors of energy (electricity, gas and water), waste management and transport (ports, rail and highways), which shall complement the investments and reforms under Missions 2 and 3. Flanking measures to ensure the uptake of competition in electricity retail markets shall enter into force at the latest on 31st December 2022 The Annual Competition Law 2022 shall notably adopt the Electricity Network Development Plan and promote the deployment of 2nd generation smart electricity meters, which shall reach 33 million units throughout Italy at the 31st December 2025.

Moreover, the Laws shall improve the business environment at least through: (i) the alignment of merger control rules with EU law, (ii) the consolidation, digitalisation and professionalisation of market surveillance authorities and (iii) reduction the time of accreditation for providing information about employees, from seven to four days to reduce the number of days to set up a business.

 

B.2.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for non-repayable financial support

Sequential Number

Measure

Milestone / Target

Name

Qualitative indicators
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M1C2-1

Investment 1: Transition 4.0

Milestone

Entry into force of legal acts to make Transition 4.0 tax credits available to potential beneficiaries and establishment of the Scientific Committee

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the budgetary law enabling the tax credits and provision in the related implementing acts indicating their entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The legal acts shall make Transition 4.0 tax credits available to potential beneficiaries. These are tax credits for (i) 4.0 (that is to say, technologically advanced) tangible capital goods, (ii) 4.0 intangible capital goods, (iii) standard intangible capital goods, (iv) research, development and innovation activities, and (v) training activities.

The tax credit codes shall be defined by a resolution of the Revenues Agency to allow beneficiaries to use the tax credits with the F24 payment model. A Scientific Committee including experts from the Ministry Economy and finance, the Ministry of Economic Development and the Bank of Italy shall be established through the adoption of a ministerial decree to assess the economic impact of Transition 4.0 tax credits.

M1C2-2

Investment 1: Transition 4.0

Target

Transition 4.0 tax credits granted to firms based on tax returns presented in 2021-2022

N/A

Number

0

69 900

Q2

2024

At least 69 900 Transition 4.0 tax credits have been granted to firms in relation to 4.0 tangible capital goods, 4.0 intangible capital goods, standard intangible capital goods, research, development and innovation activities, or training activities, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2022. It is expected that in particular:

- at least 17 700 tax credits for 4.0 tangible capital goods have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2022;

- at least 27 300 tax credits for 4.0 intangible capital goods have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2022;

- at least 13 600 tax credits for standard intangible capital goods have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2022;

- at least 10 300 tax credits for research, development and innovation activities have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January and 31 December 2022;

- at least 1 000 tax credits for training activities have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January and 31 December 2022.

For firms whose tax year does not correspond to the calendar year, the end of the relevant period for the presentation of the tax returns related to all the above-listed tax credits shall be extended from 31 December 2022 to 30 November 2023.

M1C2-3

Investment 1: Transition 4.0

Target

Transition 4.0 tax credits granted to firms based on tax returns presented in 2021-2023

N/A

Number

69 900

111 700

Q2

2025

At least 111 700 Transition 4.0 tax credits have been granted to firms in relation to 4.0 tangible capital goods, 4.0 intangible capital goods, standard intangible capital goods, research, development and innovation activities, or training activities, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2023. It is expected that in particular:

- at least 26 900 tax credits for 4.0 tangible capital goods have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2023;

- at least 41 500 tax credits for 4.0 intangible capital goods have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2023;

- at least 20 700 tax credits for standard intangible capital goods have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2023;

- at least 20 600 tax credits for research, development and innovation activities have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2022 and 31 December 2023;

- at least 2 000 tax credits for training activities have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2022 and 31 December 2023.

For firms whose tax year does not correspond to the calendar year, the end of the relevant period for the presentation of the tax returns related to all the above-listed tax credits shall be extended from 31 December 2023 to 30 November 2024.

The baseline refers to the number of Transition 4.0 tax credits that have been granted to firms, based on tax returns presented between 1 January 2021 and 31 December 2022 for 4.0 tangible capital goods, 4.0 intangible capital goods, and standard intangible goods and based on tax returns presented between 1 January and 31 December 2022 for research, development and innovation activities, and training activities. For firms whose tax year does not correspond to the calendar year, also tax returns presented up to 30 November 2023 shall be included in the baseline for all the above-listed tax credits.

M1C2-4

Reform 1: Reform of the Industrial Property System

Milestone

Entry into force of a Legislative Decree aimed at reforming the Italian industrial property code and the relevant implementing acts

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the new Industrial property code and provision in the related implementing acts indicating their entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q3

2023

The new Legislative Decree shall amend the Italian industrial property code (Legislative Decree n. 30 of 10 February 2005) and cover the following areas as a minimum: (i) review of the regulatory framework to strengthen the protection of industrial property rights and simplify procedures, (ii) strengthen the support to companies and research institutions, (iii) enhance skills and competences development, (iv) facilitate knowledge transfer, (v) strengthen innovative services promotion.

M1C2-5

Investment 6: Investment in the Industrial Property System

Target

Projects supported by Industrial Property-related funding opportunities

N/A

Number

0

254

Q4

2025

At least 254 additional projects supported by Industrial Property-related funding opportunities for companies and for research bodies, such as patent-related measures (Brevetti+), Proof of Concept (POC) programs and technology transfer offices (TTOs), in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C2-6

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2021

Provision indicating the entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2021.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The Annual Competition Law shall include, at least, the following key elements, whose implementing measures and secondary legislation (if necessary) shall be adopted and enter into force no later than 31 December 2022.

Il shall concern:
- Antitrust enforcement

- Local public services

- Energy

- Transport

- Waste

- Starting a
business
- Market surveillance

Antitrust enforcement:

i. Remove additional hurdles to merger-control by further aligning the Italian merger-control rules with EU law.

Local public services:

ii. Strengthen and make more widespread use of the principle of competition for local public services contracts, in particular in waste and local public transport.

iii. Limit direct awards by requiring local public authorities to justify any deviation from the tendering of public service contracts (as per Article 192 of the Public Procurement Code).

iv. Provide for the proper regulation of public service contracts by implementing article 19 of Law 124/2015 as a single text on local public services, in particular in waste management.

v. Rules and aggregation mechanisms incentivize municipalities’ unions in order to reduce the number of entities and contracting authorities by linking them to the optimal territorial aggregations (“ambiti territoriali ottimali”) and the areas and adequate levels of local and regional public transport services (“bacini e livelli adeguati di servizi di trasporto pubblico locale e regionale”) of at least 350.000 inhabitants.

The legal act on local public services that implements Article 19 of Law 124/2015 shall at least:

- define public services based on EU law criteria;

- provides for general principles of provision, regulation and management of local public services;

- establish a general principle of proportionality in the length of public service contracts;

- clearly separate the functions of regulation and control and the management of public service contracts;

- ensure that local public authorities justify their increase in shares of participated companies for in-house awards;

- provide for proper compensation of public service contracts, based on costing overseen by an independent regulators (e.g. ARERA for energy or ART for transport);

- limit the average duration of in house contracts and reduce and harmonize across tendering entities the standard length of tendered contracts, provided that the duration ensures the economic and financial equilibrium of the contracts, also based on the criteria set forth by the Transports Authority.

Energy:

vi.    Make the tendering of concessions contracts mandatory for hydropower and define the regulatory framework for hydropower concessions.

vii.    Make the tendering of concessions contracts mandatory for gas distribution.

viii.    Establish transparent and non-discriminatory requirements for the assignment of public spaces for electric charging or for the selection charging point/station operators.

ix.    Remove regulated tariffs for electricity supply for electric vehicle charging.

The competition framework for hydropower concessions shall at least:

-    Require that important hydropower facilities should be regulated by general and uniform criteria at central level.

-    Require Regions to define the economic criteria that underpin the duration of concession contracts.

-    Phase out the possibility to extend contracts (as already ruled by the Italian Constitutional Court).

-    Require Regions to harmonise the access criteria to the tendering criteria (to create a predictable business environment).

Transport:

x.    Establish clear, non-discriminatory and transparent criteria for the award for port concessions.

xi.    Remove barriers for port concessionaires to merge port concession activities in several big and medium-sized ports.

xii.    Remove barriers that prevent concessionaires from providing some of the port services themselves and using their own equipment, without prejudice to the safety of workers, provided that the relevant conditions required to protect safety of workers are necessary and proportionate to the objective of ensuring safety in the port areas.

xiii.    Simplify the revision of the procedures for the revision of the ports authorization plans.

xiv.    Implement article 27 comma 2 d) of Decree-Law 50/2017, which provides incentives for regions to tender out their regional railway contracts.

Waste:

xv.    Simplify authorization procedures for waste treatment facilities.

Starting a business:

xvi.    Reduce the time of accreditation for providing information about employees, from seven to four days to reduce the number of days to set up a business.

Market surveillance:

xvii.    Consolidation of national market surveillance authorities in not more than ten agencies located in the main regions of Italy, each of them covering all product groups and reporting to the single liaison officer set up according to Regulation 2019/1020 (“Goods Package”).

xviii.    Require national market surveillance authorities to conduct digitalized product inspections and data collection, to apply artificial intelligence to trace dangerous and illicit products and to identify trends and risks in the single market.

xix.    Require national market surveillance authorities to include training and the use of the Information and Communication System for the pan-European market surveillance.

xx.    Establish new accredited laboratories for product testing for all product groups. These laboratories shall conduct testing of e-commerce, physical laboratory testing, joint actions (customs/market surveillance authorities; two or more national market surveillance authorities, national and EU market authorities).

M1C2-7

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of all energy-related implementing measures and secondary legislation (if necessary)

Entry into force of all energy-related implementing measures and secondary legislation (if necessary)

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

Entry into force of all energy-related implementing measures and secondary legislation (if necessary) to:

i.    Phase out regulated prices for micro-enterprises and households as from 1 January 2023.

ii.    Adopt flanking measures to support the uptake of competition in electricity retail markets.

The flanking measures to ensure the uptake of competition in electricity retail markets shall provide at least the following:

- Auction the customer base to level the playing field for new entrants.

- Fix a ceiling as a maximum market share available to each supplier;

- Allow Italian consumers to ask their energy supplier to disclose their billing data to a third-party providers;

- Increase transparency on the electricity bill by giving consumers access to the sub-components of the “spesi per oneri di sistema”;

- Remove the requirement for suppliers to collect charges unrelated to the energy sector.

M1C2-8

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of all implementing measures (included secondary legislation, if necessary) for the effective implementation and application of the measures stemming from the 2021 Annual Competition Law

Entry into force of all secondary legislation, including all necessary regulations for measures stemming from the 2021 Annual Competition Law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

Entry into force of all implementing measures (included secondary legislation, if necessary) for the effective implementation and application of the measures stemming from the 2021 Annual Competition Law.

M1C2-9

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2022

Provision indicating the entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2022.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

Adopt the 2022 Annual Competition Law
The Annual competition law shall include, at least, the
following key elements, whose implementing measures and secondary legislation (if necessary) shall be adopted and enter into force no later than 31 December 2023.

It shall:
i. adopt the Electricity Network Development Plan;

ii. promote the deployment of 2th generation smart electricity meters.

M1C2-10

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of all implementing measures (included secondary legislation, if necessary) for the effective implementation and application of the measures stemming from the 2022 Annual Competition Law

Entry into force of all secondary legislation, including all necessary regulations for measures stemming from the 2022 Annual Competition Law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

Entry into force of all secondary legislation (if necessary), including all necessary regulations for the effective implementation and application of all the aforementioned measures stemming from the 2022 Annual Competition Law.

M1C2-11

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2023

Provision indicating the entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2023.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2024

Adopt the 2023 Annual Competition Law. The Annual competition law shall include, at least, the following key elements, whose implementing measures and secondary legislation (if necessary) shall be adopted and enter into force no later than 31 December 2024.

It shall include at least the following measures in the Transport/Highways sector:

- make the tendering of concessions contracts mandatory for highways and define the regulatory framework for highway concessions, without prejudice for in house providing within the limits established by the EU law;

- require the calculation of a price cap by the ART (transport regulator) based on a comparative analysis of historical costs of the whole economic sector, according to clear, uniform and transparent criteria;

- require the tendering of packages of highway concessions;

- require a detailed description of the subject-matter of the concession contract;

- reinforce controls by the Ministry of Infrastructure of the execution of works in highways;

- prevent the automatic renewal of concession contracts and ensures compliance of in-house entrustments (*)

- regulates the contract cancellation conditions;

- reduce the contract cancellation conditions;

- reduce, in a reasonable period of time (within maximum five years), the share of in house contracts from 40% to 20%, without prejudice for occupational levels.

(*) as far as in-house entrustments, the law shall:

- require a mandatory ex-ante verification of the legality of in-house entrustment and forbid the launch of the tender procedure or the in-house entrustments without this verification;

- entrust the Authority for the Regulation of Transport with adequate instruments and powers to perform these checks, and the (legal) support of the National Anti-Corruption Authority (ANAC);

- include the installation of a minimum number of electric charging points as award criteria of new highway concessions.

As for the termination of the contract in the public interest, the law shall at least provide for an adequate compensation to enable the concessionaire to recoup investments that have not been fully amortised. As for the termination of the contract for serious breach, the law shall provide for an adequate balance between the restoration of damages requested to the concessionaire and a just compensation for investments not yet recouped. Cases of serious breach shall be explicitly identified by law.

M1C2-12

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of all implementing measures (included secondary legislation, if necessary) for the effective implementation and application of the measures stemming from the 2023 Annual Competition Law

Entry into force of all secondary legislation, including all necessary regulations for measures stemming from the 2023 Annual Competition Law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2024

Entry into force of all secondary legislation (if necessary), including all necessary regulations for the effective implementation and application of all the measures stemming from the 2023 Annual Competition Law.

M1C2-13

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Milestone

Entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2024

Provision indicating the entry into force of the Annual Competition Law 2024.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2025

Adopt the 2024 Annual Competition Law.

The bill shall be submitted to the Parliament by June 2024. It shall be approved by the Chambers by the end of 2024. Secondary legislation (if necessary) no later than 4Q2025.

M1C2-14

Reform 2: Annual Competition Laws

Target

Millions of 2G smart meters deployed.

N/A

Number

20

33

Q4

2025

At least 33 million 2G smart meters shall be deployed.



B.3.    Description of the reforms and investments for the loan

Investment 2: Innovation and technology of microelectronics

The objective of the investment is to support the development of the strategic value chain of microelectronics by investing in Silicon Carbide substrates, which is a necessary input for the manufacturing of high performance power devices. The investment shall be implemented in line with existing State aid rules and is expected to have positive effects on employment.

Investment 3: Fast internet connections (Ultra Broadband and 5G)

The objective of the investment is to complete the national ultra-fast and 5G telecommunications network throughout the national territory. This investment is expected to significantly contribute to the objectives of the digital transition and to reduce the digital divide in Italy.

The investment includes the award of concessions and encompasses five faster connection projects:

1.“Italia a 1 Giga”, which shall provide 1 Gigabit/s in download and 200 Mbit/s in upload connectivity in grey and black next generation access (NGA) market failure areas. These areas shall be defined after the completion of a mapping exercise;

2.“Italia 5G”, which shall provide 5G connections in market failure areas, that are areas where mobile networks have not been deployed; or only 3G networks are available and no 4G and/or 5G mobile networks are planned in the near future; or there is a demonstrated market failure;

3.“Connected schools”, which shall provide school buildings with 1 Gigabit/s broadband connectivity;

4.“Connected health care facilities”, which shall provide 1 Gigabit/s broadband connectivity to public health care facilities;

5.“Connected smaller islands”, which shall provide ultra-broadband connectivity to selected smaller islands lacking fiber links to the continent.

Investment 4: Satellite technology and space economy

The objective of the investment is to develop satellite connections in view of the digital and green transition and to contribute to the development of the space sector. The investment has also the aim to enable services such as secure communications and monitoring infrastructure for various sectors of the economy and, to this effect, it includes both upstream (launch services, production and operation of satellites and infrastructure) and downstream (generation of enabled products and services) activities.

The investment includes the award of tenders and encompasses four projects:

1.Satcom, which consists of (i) upstream activities: including specification, design, development of three components, notably Internet of Things based on small satellites, a Quantum Communication Mission based on current prototypal developments to enable the development of technologies also for optical / photonic telecommunications missions, and enhancement of existing infrastructures; (ii) downstream activities: including design, development and operations of a hub and platforms for the provision of satcom services.

2.Earth Observation (EO), which consists of (i) upstream activities: including specification, design, development of a constellation for remote sensing (Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), hyperspectral) and the procurement of launches focused on monitoring land, sea and atmosphere; (ii) downstream activities: including the realization in Southern Italy of an incubator for EO applications and services and the realization of the CyberItaly Project encompassing the creation of a digital replica of the country.

3.Space Factory, consisting of two sub-projects: (i) Space Factory 4.0: the specification, design and building of digital manufacturing, assembly and testing facilities for small satellites and the implementation of a cyber physical system of production and satellite digital twinning aimed at establishing a bidirectional link between the digital model and its physical counterpart; (ii) Access to Space: research, development and prototyping for the realization of green technologies for future generation of thrusters and launchers, including in-flight demonstration of selected technologies.

4.In-Orbit Economy, which consists of the implementation of a demonstrator for in orbit servicing technologies for in orbit interoperability; the increase of the national Space Surveillance and Tracking (SST) capacity including a network of ground-based sensors for the observation and tracking of space debris; design, development, commissioning of assets for the acquisition and management and provision of the data service in support of Space Traffic Management activities.

It is envisaged that the investment does not have military or defence objectives and implications.

Investment 5: Industrial supply chain policies and internationalization

The objective of the investment is to strengthen industrial supply chains, in particular by facilitating access to funding, and to promote the competitiveness of enterprises (notably SMEs), in particular by supporting their internationalisation and strengthening their resilience after the COVID-19 crisis.

The investment consists of two lines of intervention:

1.Refinancing of Fund 394/81 managed by SIMEST. It consists of the re-financing of an existing Fund currently managed by public agency SIMEST, providing for financial support to enterprises, notably SMEs, to support their internationalisation through various tools such as programs to access foreign markets and development of e-commerce.

2.Competitiveness and resilience of supply chains. It consists of financial support to enterprises, through the instrument of the Development Contract, for projects related to key strategic value chains, such as industrial development programs, environmental protection development programs, sustainable mobility and tourism activities.

The above interventions shall be conducted according to investment policies in line with the objectives of Regulation (EU) 2021/241, including in relation to the application of the principle of ‘Do no significant harm’, as further specified in the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01).

In order to ensure that the measure complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the legal agreement between Italy and the entrusted entity or the financial intermediary in charge of the financial instrument and the subsequent investment policy of the financial instrument shall:

I.require the application of the Commission’s technical guidance on sustainability proofing for the InvestEU Fund; and

II.exclude the following list of activities and assets from eligibility: (i) activities and assets related to fossil fuels, including downstream use 5 ; (ii) activities and assets under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks 6 ; (iii) activities and assets related to waste landfills, incinerators 7 and mechanical biological treatment plants 8 ; and (iv) activities and assets where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment; and

III.require the verification of legal compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation of the projects by the entrusted entity or financial intermediary for all transactions, including those exempted from sustainability proofing.

B.4.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for the loan

 

Sequential Number

Measure

Milestone / Target

Name

Qualitative indicators
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M1C2-15

Investment 2: Innovation and technology of microelectronics

Target

Production capacity of Silicon Carbide substrates

N/A

Number

0

374 400

Q2

2026

Realisation of an additional production capacity of at least 374 400 Silicon Carbide substrates/year. The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the employment of at least 700 additional people linked to the additional capacity

M1C2-16

Investment 3: Fast internet connections (Ultra-Broadband and 5G)

Milestone

Award of all public contracts for faster connection projects

Notification of the award of all public contracts for faster connection projects

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

Notification of the award of all public contracts for faster connection projects, which shall consist of (i) “Italia a 1 Giga”, (ii) “Italia 5G”, (iii) “Connected schools”, (iv) “Connected healthcare facilities”; and (v) “Connected smaller islands”

M1C2-17

Investment 3: Fast internet connections (Ultra-Broadband and 5G)

Target

Residential units provided with 1 Gbps connectivity

N/A

Number

0

8 500 000

Q2

2026

At least 8 500 000 additional residential units (among which at least 450 000 scattered households, that is to say located in remote areas) connected with at least 1 Gbps connectivity via Fiber-to-the-home/building (FTTH/B), Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) or 5G

M1C2-18

Investment 3: Fast internet connections (Ultra-Broadband and 5G)

Target

School buildings and healthcare facilities provided with 1 Gbps connectivity

N/A

Number

0

21 279

Q2

2026

At least additional 9 000 schools and 12 279 public healthcare facilities provided with at least 1 Gbps connectivity

M1C2-19

Investment 3: Fast internet connections (Ultra-Broadband and 5G)

Target

Islands provided with ultra-broadband connectivity.

N/A

Number

0

18

Q4

2023

At least additional 18 islands lacking fiber links to the continent provided with ultra-broadband connectivity trough new optical backhaul

M1C2-20

Investment 3: Fast internet connections (Ultra-Broadband and 5G)

Target

Suburban roads and corridors provided with 5G coverage at 1 Gbps

N/A

Number

0

12 600

Q2

2026

At least additional 12 600 km of suburban roads and corridors provided with 5G coverage of at least 1 Gbps

M1C2-21

Investment 3: Fast internet connections (Ultra-Broadband and 5G)

Target

Market failure areas provided with 5G coverage at 1 Gbps

N/A

Number

0

15 000

Q2

2026

At least additional 15 000 sqkm of market failure areas provided with 5G coverage of at least 1 Gbps

M1C2-22

Investment 4: Satellite Technology and Space economy

Milestone

Award of all public contracts for satellite technology and space projects

Notification of the award of all public contracts for satellite technology and space projects

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2023

Notification of the award of all public contracts for satellite technology and space projects, which shall consist of (i) Satcom, (ii) Earth Observation, (iii) Space Factory, and (iv) In-Orbit economy

M1C2-23

Investment 4: Satellite Technology and Space economy

Target

Ground telescopes, operational SST Centre, space factory and liquid propulsion demonstrator deployed

N/A

Number

0

6

Q2

2026

At least additional three high-performance telescopes able to identify space objects, one operational Space Surveillance and Tracking (SST) Centre (network of observation and tracking of space debris), one Space Factory (integrated lines for Manufacturing, Assembly, Integration and Testing (M-AIT) of small satellites), one liquid propulsion demonstrator for new generation of launchers deployed

M1C2-24

Investment 4: Satellite Technology and Space economy

Target

Constellations or proof of concept of constellations deployed

N/A

Number

0

2

Q2

2026

At least additional two constellations or proof of concept of constellations deployed under Satcom and Earth Observation initiatives

M1C2-25

Investment 4: Satellite Technology and Space economy

Target

Services provided to public administrations

N/A

Number

0

8

Q2

2026

At least additional eight services provided to public administrations stemming from supported space initiatives, such as coastal service and marine-coastal monitoring, air quality service, ground movement service, monitoring service coverage and land use, hydro-meteorological service, water resource service, emergency services, security services.

M1C2-26

Investment 5.1: Refinancing and remodelling of Fund 394/81 managed by SIMEST

Milestone

Entry into force of the re-financing of Fund 394/81 and adoption of the investment policy

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Law Decree(s) refinancing the grant and loan component of Fund 394/81

Approval of Decision of the Board establishing the selection criteria of the projects to be financed

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q3

2021

The Law Decree(s) shall provide for the refinancing of the grant and loan component of Fund 394/81. The Board of the Fund shall approve a Decision establishing the investment policy.

The investment policy linked to the refinancing of Fund 394/81 shall define as a minimum: (i) the nature and scope of the projects supported, which shall be in line with the objectives of Regulation (EU) 2021/241; the terms of reference shall include eligibility criteria to ensure compliance with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported projects under this measure through the use of sustainability proofing, an exclusion list, and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation, (ii) the type of operations supported, (iii) the targeted beneficiaries, with a prevalence of SMEs, and their eligibility criteria, (iv) provisions to re-invest potential reflows for similar policy objectives, also beyond 2026, in case they are not re-used to re-pay interest rates stemming from loans provided under Regulation (EU) 2021/241.

The contractual agreement with the entrusted entity or financial intermediary shall require the use of the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01).

M1C2-27

Investment 5.1: Refinancing and remodelling of Fund 394/81 managed by SIMEST

Target

SMEs that received support from Fund 394/81

N/A

Number

0

4 000

Q4

2021

At least additional 4 000 SMEs received support from Fund 394/81 starting from 1 January 2021

M1C2-28

Investment 5.2: Competitiveness and resilience of supply chains

Milestone

Entry into force of a decree including the investment policy of the Development Contracts

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the decree

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q1

2022

The investment policy of the Development Contracts shall define as a minimum: (i) the nature and scope of the projects supported, which shall be in line with the objectives of Regulation (EU) 2021/241; the terms of reference shall include eligibility criteria to ensure compliance with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported projects under this measure through the use of sustainability proofing, an exclusion list, and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation, (ii) the type of operations supported, (iii) the targeted beneficiaries and their eligibility criteria, (iv) provisions to re-invest potential reflows for similar policy objectives, also beyond 2026, in case they are not re-used to re-pay interest rates stemming from loans provided under Regulation (EU) 2021/241.

The contractual agreement with the entrusted entity or financial intermediary shall require the use of the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01).

M1C2-29

Investment 5.2: Competitiveness and resilience of supply chains

Target

Development Contracts signed

N/A

Number

0

40

Q4

2023

At least 40 Development Contracts signed, in line with their investment policy. The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the activation of at least EUR 1 500 million of investments



C. MISSION 1 COMPONENT 3: Tourism and Culture 4.0.

This component of the Italian recovery and resilience plan focuses on relaunching two sectors heavily hit by the Covid crisis: culture and tourism. The measures related to the culture sector aim at making cultural sites more accessible both digitally and physically, more energy efficient and safer with respect to natural disasters, at supporting the recovery of the cultural and creative sectors, including by supporting the attractiveness of small cultural sites and rural architecture as also to enhance territorial cohesion. Three sets of measures are envisaged: i) interventions to develop the cultural heritage for the next generation, including investment for the digital transition and to improve the energy efficiency of cultural sites, ii) culture-led regeneration of small historical sites, religious and rural heritage; iii) interventions for cultural and creative industries 4.0. Measures related to tourism aim at enhancing the competitiveness of the sector, including by reducing the fragmentation of the sector and enhancing the economies of scale, improving and upgrading the standards of the hospitality sector, encouraging digital innovation and the use of new technologies by operators, and support the green transition of the sector. In this respect, measures are envisaged to support firms, including SMEs, working in the tourism sector and tourist operators, including through investment in digital tools.

The investments and reforms under this component shall contribute addressing the Country- Specific Recommendations addressed to Italy, in particular on the need to “promote private investment to foster the economic recovery and focus investment on the green and digital transition” (Country Specific Recommendation 3, 2020). They also support social and territorial cohesion and the competitiveness of the Italian economy, while promoting the digitalisation and sustainability of the tourism sector.

C.1.    Description of the reforms and investments for non-repayable financial support

 

Investment 1.1 Digital Strategy and Platforms of Culture Heritage

The measure includes actions to digitise the Italian cultural heritage, as to improve access to cultural resources and digital services.

The intervention shall create a new national digital infrastructure to collect, integrate and retain digital resources, making them available for public use through dedicated platforms. Interventions on “physical” heritage shall be accompanied by the digitisation of museums, archives, libraries and cultural sites, to enable citizens to explore new forms of benefitting from the cultural heritage.

Investment 1.2: Removal of physical and cognitive barriers in museums, libraries and archives to enable wider access and participation in culture

The measure aims at removing architectural, cultural and cognitive barriers in a number of Italian cultural institutions. Interventions shall be combined with training for administrative staff and cultural operators, promoting a culture of accessibility and developing expertise on legal aspects, reception, cultural mediation and promotion.

Investment 1.3: Improve energy efficiency, in cinema, theatres and museums

The measure shall improve the energy efficiency of buildings linked to the cultural and creative sector. They are often found in outdated, energy inefficient facilities that generate high maintenance costs related to air-conditioning, lighting, communication and safety. The investment shall finance actions to improve the energy efficiency of Italian museums, cinemas and theatres (both public and private).



Reform 3.1: Adoption of minimum environmental criteria for cultural events

The aim of the reform is to improve the ecological footprint of cultural events (such as exhibitions, festivals, cultural events and musical events) by including social and environmental criteria in public procurement for cultural events funded, promoted or organised by the public authority.

Investment 3.3: Capacity building for culture operators to manage the digital and green transition

The overall objective of the investment is to support the recovery of the cultural and creative sectors. This consists of two interventions.

The first intervention (‘Supporting the recovery of cultural activities by encouraging innovation and the use of digital technology throughout the value chain’) aims to support cultural and creative operators to implement digital strategies and to increase their management capacities.

The second intervention (‘Promoting a green approach throughout the cultural and creative chain’) aims to encourage an environmentally sustainable approach throughout the chain, reducing the ecological footprint, promoting innovative and inclusive eco-design, including in the context of the circular economy, in order to steer the public towards more responsible environmental behavior.

In order to ensure that the measure complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the eligibility criteria contained in terms of reference for upcoming calls for projects shall exclude the following list of activities: (i) activities related to fossil fuels, including downstream use 9 ; (ii) activities under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks 10 ; (iii) activities related to waste landfills, incinerators 11 and mechanical biological treatment plants 12 ; and (iv) activities where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment. The terms of reference shall additionally require that only activities that comply with relevant EU and national environmental legislation may be selected.

Investment 4.1:Digital Tourism Hub

The aim of the measure is to create a Digital Tourism Hub, accessible through a dedicated web platform, enabling the entire tourism ecosystem in order to enhance, integrate and promote its own offer. The investment shall finance a new digital infrastructure, artificial intelligence models for data analytics and basic digital services for Tourism undertakings.

In order to ensure that the measure complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the eligibility criteria contained in terms of reference for upcoming calls for projects shall exclude the following list of activities: (i) activities related to fossil fuels, including downstream use [5] ; (ii) activities under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks [6] ; (iii) activities related to waste landfills, incinerators [7] and mechanical biological treatment plants [8] ; and (iv) activities where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment. The terms of reference shall additionally require that only activities that comply with relevant EU and national environmental legislation can be selected.

 

Reform 4.1: Regulation ordering of the professions of tourist guides

The investment in the Digital Tourism Hub is complemented by a reform to streamline the touristic guides regulations. The measure provides, with due regard for local regulation, a professional organisation for tourist guides and their area of origin. The systematic and uniform application of the reform would make it possible to regulate the fundamental principles of the profession and to standardize the levels of service provision throughout the national territory, with a positive effect on the market. The reform shall include training and further training in order to best support the offer.






C.2.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for non-repayable financial support

Sequential Number

Related Measure (Reform or Investment)

Milestone / Target

Name

Qualitative indicators
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M1C3-1

Investment 1.1 Digital Strategy and Platforms for Cultural Heritage

Target

Users trained through the cultural heritage e-learning platform

N/A

Number

0

30 000

Q4

2025

The target users trained shall measure the effectiveness of the training offer to be delivered digitally for the lifelong learning program.

The type of interventions include:

production of training courses, implementation by frontal teaching and e-learning programs designed on the basis of a competence assessment of different target groups of learners (corresponding to three course levels: foundational skills, specialist skills, managerial skills).

The recipients of this measure are: employees of the ministry, employees of cultural institutes of local authorities, freelance cultural operators.

M1C3-2

Investment - 1.1 Digital Strategy and Platforms for Cultural Heritage

Target

Digital resources produced and published in the Digital Library

N/A

Number

0

65 000 000

Q4

2025

The target digital resources shall measure the increase in the amount of digitized cultural goods, whose digital reproductions may be used online through digital technologies.

The kind of digital resources to be completed includes: digitisation of books and manuscripts, documents and photographs, artworks and historical and archaeological artefacts, monuments and archaeological sites, audio-video materials, including normalization of previous digitisations and metadata

Recipients: museums, archives, libraries and cultural institutes

M1C3-3

Investment - 1.2 Removal of physical and cognitive barriers in museums, libraries and archives to enable wider access to and participation in culture

Target

Interventions for the improvement of physical and cognitive accessibility in places of culture

N/A

Number

0

617

Q2

2026

352 museums, monuments/, archaeological areas and parks, 129 archives, 46 libraries and 90 non-state cultural sites.

The interventions concern physical interventions to remove architectural barriers and the installation of technological tools to allow use for subjects with reduced sensory abilities (tactile, sound, olfactory experiences)

37% of the interventions shall be done in Southern regions

M1C3-4

Investment - 1.3 Improve energy efficiency in cinema, theatres and museums

Target

Interventions on State museums and cultural sites, theatrical halls and cinemas concluded (first batch)

N/A

Number

0

80

Q3

2023

The indicator refers to the number of interventions concluded as proved by the certification of regular execution of the works.

The type of interventions to be completed include

:

-    technical and economic-financial planning, energy audits, initial environmental analyses, environmental impact assessment, reliefs and assessments aimed at identifying critical issues, identification of the consequent interventions for the improvement of energy performance;

-    interventions on the building envelope;

-    interventions of replacement/acquisition of equipment, tools, systems, devices, digital application software, as well as accessory instrumentation for their operation, the acquisition of patents, licenses and know-how;

-    installation of intelligent systems for remote control, regulation, management, monitoring and optimisation of energy consumption (smart buildings) and polluting emissions also through the use of technological mixes.

M1C3-5

Investment – 1.3 Improve energy efficiency in cinema, theatres and museums

Target

Interventions on State museums and cultural sites, theatrical halls and cinemas are concluded (second batch)

N/A

Number

0

420

Q4

2025

The indicator refers to 55 interventions on State museums and cultural sites, 230 theatrical halls and 135 cinemas concluded with the certification of regular execution of the works.

The type of interventions to be completed include:

-    technical and economic-financial planning, energy audits, initial environmental analyses, environmental impact assessment, reliefs and assessments aimed at identifying critical issues, identification of the consequent interventions for the improvement of energy performance;

-    interventions on the building envelope;

-    interventions of replacement/acquisition of equipment, tools, systems, devices, digital application software, as well as accessory instrumentation for their operation, the acquisition of patents, licenses and know-how;

-    installation of intelligent systems for remote control, regulation, management, monitoring and optimisation of energy consumption (smart buildings) and polluting emissions also through the use of technological mixes.

M1C3-6

Reform – 3.1 Minimum Environmental Criteria for Cultural events

Milestone

Entry into force a decree defining social and environmental criteria in public procurement tenders concerning cultural events publicly financed

Provision in the decree mentioning the entry into force of decree for the adoption of minimum environmental criteria for cultural events

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

Criteria shall be adopted for the following aspects: reduction in the use of paper and prints, use of eco-friendly materials, stage set-up made with recycled and reused materials and sustainable furnishings, low environmental impact gadgets, selection of the location based on the protection of biodiversity, low environmental impact catering services, transport to reach the event and transport of materials, energy consumption for the organization of the event.

Social criteria promoting accessibility and inclusion shall include : the promotion of accessibility for persons with disabilities; the promotion of opportunities for youth employment, for the long-term unemployed, for people belonging to disadvantaged groups (such as migrant workers and ethnic minorities) and for people with disabilities ; to ensure equal access to procurement for businesses whose owners or employees belong to ethnic or minority groups, such as cooperatives, social enterprises and non-profit organizations; the promotion of “decent work” understood as the right to productive and freely chosen work, to fundamental principles and rights at work, to decent wages, social protection and social dialogue.

The reform shall cover cultural events such as exhibitions, festivals and performing arts events.

M1C3-7

Investment – 3.3 Capacity building for culture operators to manage the digital and green transition.

Milestone

Award of all public contracts with the implementing organisation/beneficiaries for all interventions to manage the digital and green transition of cultural operators

Notification of the award of all public contracts for the organisations and networks that shall be in charge of the realization of the capacity building activities

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

The selected implementing bodies shall be specialized organizations or networks that possess skills and experience both in the field of training and in the field of cultural production, environment, cultural management and training.

Notification of the award of all public contracts for projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, shall be in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation

M1C3-8

Investment – 4.1 Digital Tourism Hub

Milestone

Award of the contracts for the development of the Digital Tourism Portal

Notification of the award of all public contracts for the development of the Digital Tourism Portal

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

Notification of the award of (all) public contracts for the development of the Digital Tourism Portal.

The Digital Tourism Portal shall upgrade the current Italia.it portal through the implementation of a cloud and open architecture, greatly favouring interconnection with the ecosystem. The upgraded portal shall include: the creation of a new front-end interface and navigation tree; the review of the layout, structure and functionalities of the sections, pages and articles; the introduction of maps; multilingual management (at the time of the switch, the portal will be presented in Italian and English). The integration of the other, currently supported, languages is expected in the months that immediately follow the commissioning.

Award of the contracts to the projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-9

Investment 4.1 Digital Tourism Hub

Target

Involvement of touristic operators in the Digital Tourism Hub

N/A

Number

0

20 000

Q2

2024

The number of tourism operators involved (such as Hotel, tour operator, and firms as defined by ATECO codes 55.00.00; 79.00.00) corresponds to 4% of the estimated 500 000 Italian operators (booking activities, planning itineraries, ticketing).

Al least 37% of the involved touristic operators shall be located in the South.

M1C3-10

Reform 4.1 Regulation ordering of the professions of tourist guides.

Milestone

Definition of a national standard for tourist guides

The definition of the minimum national standard shall not imply the creation of a new regulated profession

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

The definition of the minimum national standard shall not imply the creation of a new regulated profession.

The reform shall also provide for training and professional updating in order to better support the offer. The reform shall qualify as a method for the acquisition of a unique professional qualification adopted with uniform standards at national level through a Ministerial Decree of Understanding State Regions.

M1C3-11

Investment 1.3 – Improve energy efficiency in cinema, theatres and museums

Milestone

Entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources:

to improve energy efficiency in places of culture

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Ministry of Culture (MIC) decree for the allocation of resources to improve energy efficiency in places of culture

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

Places of culture refers to cinemas, theatres and museums.

(Inv. 1.3) For museums and places of culture to improve energy efficiency, the intervention is implemented through a recognition of the project proposals at State cultural sites Ministry of Culture (MiC) in the Objective 1 case. Otherwise, the identification of non-state institutions, in Objective 2 and 3 cases, shall be carried out through calls for tenders

The award of the contracts to the projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, shall be in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation

C3.    Description of the reforms and investments for the loan

Investment 2.1: Attractiveness of Small Historic Towns

This investment is integrated in the “Piano Nazionale Borghi”, a programme to support the economic/social development of disadvantaged areas based on the cultural regeneration of small towns and the revitalisation of tourism. The actions are structured around integrated cultural locally-based projects.

The measures shall focus on: i) restoring historical heritage, upgrading open public spaces (e.g. removing architectural barriers, improving urban furniture), creating small cultural services, including for tourism purposes; ii) creating and promoting new routes (e.g. thematic routes, historical routes) and guided tours shall be encouraged; iii) the introduction of financial support for cultural, creative, touristic, commercial, agri-food and artisanal activities, aimed at revitalising local economies by enhancing local products, knowledge and techniques.

In order to ensure that the measure complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the eligibility criteria contained in terms of reference for upcoming calls for projects shall exclude the following list of activities: (i) activities related to fossil fuels, including downstream use 13 ; (ii) activities under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks 14 ; (iii) activities related to waste landfills, incinerators 15 and mechanical biological treatment plants 16 ; and (iv) activities where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment. The terms of reference shall additionally require that only activities that comply with relevant EU and national environmental legislation shall be selected.

Investment 2.2: Protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape

This investment shall stimulate a systematic process of upgrading historic rural buildings (private or third sector entities) and landscape protection.

Many rural buildings and agricultural structures have undergone a progressive process of abandonment, degradation and alterations which have undermined their distinctive characteristics and their relationship with their surroundings. By restoring the rural building stock, the measure shall improve the quality of the countryside’s landscape by returning to the community an underused building stock which is not accessible to the public.

Investment 2.3: Programs to enhance the identity of places: parks and historic gardens

This investment aims at countering urban decline and restoring shared identities of places, creating new opportunities to revive local economies and mitigate the impact of the crisis and to enhance skills for the management and maintenance of historic parks and gardens.

The investment envisages a refurbishment of historic parks and gardens and puts in place extensive knowledge and rehabilitation of Italian historic parks and gardens with a view to their proper maintenance, management and public use. Resources shall be allocated for the regeneration of these sites and the training of local staff who may treat/preserve them over time.

Beyond the cultural and historical value, gardens and historic parks contribute to enhancing environmental values and play an important role in preserving conservation, oxygen generation, reduction of environmental pollution and noise, and microclimate regulation.

Investment 2.4: Seismic safety of places of worship, restoration of FEC heritage and shelters for art works (Recovery Art)

An anti-seismic preventive action plan shall be put in place in order to significantly reduce the risk on worship places and thus avoiding the potential restoration cost after disasters, as well as the permanent loss of many assets. The action plan has three lines of actions: the protection of places of worship against seismic risks; the restoration of the heritage of the Fund for places of worship (FEC)and the construction of warehouses as shelter for art works in case of catastrophic events.

The investment also envisages the creation of the National Functional Centre for the Protection of Cultural Assets from Human and Natural Risks (CEFURISC), allowing for a more synergistic use of existing technologies and environmental systems for monitoring, surveillance and management of cultural sites. 

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises

The measure aims at supporting firms operating in the tourism sector. It includes a tax credit for works aimed at improving accommodation facilities, a guarantee fund to facilitate access to credit for firms in the sector (through a dedicated section of the SMEs Guarantee Fund), the activation of the EIB Thematic Fund for Tourism to support innovative investment in the sector, an equity fund (National Tourism Fund) for the redevelopment of properties with high tourist potential. An additional financial instrument (FRI - Fondo Rotativo), shall complement the abovementioned measures to support firms operating in the tourism sector. The above interventions shall be conducted according to investment policies in line with the objectives of Regulation (EU) 2021/241, including in relation to the application of the principle of ‘do no significant harm’, as further specified in the Technical guidance on the application of ‘do no significant harm’ under the Recovery and Resilience Facility Regulation (2021/C58/01).

In order to ensure that the measures complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the legal agreement and the subsequent investment policy of the financial instruments shall

I.require the application of the Commission’s technical guidance on sustainability proofing for the InvestEU Fund; and

II.exclude the following list of activities and assets from eligibility: (i) activities and assets related to fossil fuels, including downstream use 17 ; (ii) activities and assets under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks 18 ; (iii) activities and assets related to waste landfills, incinerators 19 and mechanical biological treatment plants 20 ; and (iv) activities and assets where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment; and

III.require the verification of legal compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation of the projects by the entrusted entity or financial intermediary for all transactions, including those exempted from sustainability proofing.

 

Investment 3.1: Development of the film industry (Cinecittà project)

The objective of the investment is to enhance the competitiveness of the Italian film and audiovisual sector. The project aims to mitigate the social and economic impact of the crisis with the objective of enhancing economic growth, employment and competitiveness, including through action on training, with three lines of action.

·Construction of new studios and recovery of existing ones, construction of new high-etch theaters with annexes.

·Innovative investment to enhance the production and training activities of Experimental Centre for Cinematography, including new tools for audiovisual production, internationalization and cultural exchanges, creation of a photochemical laboratory for the preservation of films)

·Activities for developing infrastructure (virtual production live set) for professional and educational use through e-learning, digitization and modernization of the building and plant stock. Strengthening professional skills and competences in the audiovisual sector, in particular with a view to fostering the technological transformation.

Investment 4.3: Caput Mundi Next Generation EU for touristic great events.

The project shall increase the number of accessible tourist sites, create valid and qualified tourist and cultural alternatives with respect to the crowded central areas, as well as increase the use of digital technologies, enhance green areas and the sustainability of tourism.. The investment envisages six lines of interventions:

1.“Roman Cultural Heritage for EU-Next Generation”, covering the regeneration and restoration of cultural and urban heritage and complexes of high historical-architectural value of the city of Rome;

2."Jubilee paths” (from pagan to Christian Rome), targeted to the enhancement, safety, anti-seismic consolidation, restoration of places and buildings of historical interest and archeological pathways;

3.#LaCittàCondivisa, covering the redevelopment of sites in peripheral areas;

4.#Mitingodiverde, covering interventions on parks, historical gardens, villas and fountains;

5.#Roma 4.0, covering the digitalization of cultural services and the development of apps for tourists;

6.#Amanotesa, aimed at increasing the supply of cultural offer to peripheries for social integration.

C.4.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for the loan

Sequential Number

Related Measure (Reform or Investment)

Milestone / Target

Name

Qualitative indicators 
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M1C3-12

Investment 2.1 – Attractiveness of small historic town

Milestone

Entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources to municipalities for the attractiveness of Small Historic Towns

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources to municipalities for the attractiveness of Small Historic Towns

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The Ministry of Culture decree shall allocate resources to municipalities for the attractiveness of Small Historic Towns.

The municipalities involved to enhance the attractiveness of small historic town refer to the 250 municipalities/villages that have transmitted to the Ministry of Culture the intervention programs

The criteria for the selection of the 250 villages (Inv. 2.1) shall be shared by MiC, Regions, ANCI and Internal Areas which; preliminarily they shall identify the territorial areas eligible for (Inv2.1) due to the complementarities between the various programs. Following, the selection of the villages shall be made on the basis of a) territorial, economic and social criteria (statistical indicators) b) the capacity of the project to impact on tourist attractiveness and to increase cultural participation. The statistical indicators taken into consideration are: demographic size (municipalities with pop. < 5000 inhab.) and trend; tourist flows, museum visitors; the consistency of the tourist offer (hotels and other hotels, B&Bs, rooms and rental accommodation .); the demographic trend of the municipality; the degree of cultural participation of the population; the consistency of cultural, creative and tourism enterprises (profit and non-profit) and related employees.

The award of the contracts to the projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, shall include the following:

a) Eligibility criteria that ensure that the selected projects comply with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

b) Commitment that the climate contribution of the investment as per the methodology in Annex VI of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241 shall account for at least 25% of the total cost of the investment supported by the RRF.

c) Commitment to report on the implementation of the measure halfway through the life of the scheme and the end of the scheme.

M1C3-13

Investment 2.2 – Protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape

Milestone

Entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources:

for the protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Ministry of Culture (MIC) decree for the allocation of resources

for the protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The Ministry of Culture decree shall allocate the resources

for the protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape.

For the protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape (Inv 2.2) the selection of the assets to be recovered shall privilege the investment’s ability to generate effects on the conservation objectives of landscape values. Priority shall be given:

- to assets located in territorial areas of high landscape value (assets located in areas of landscape interest or of notable public interest (art.142-139 of DLgs 42/2004), to the landscapes subject to UNESCO recognition, FAO GIAHS;

- to assets already available for public use or that the owner agrees to be accessible including within local and integrated circuits and networks;

- to “area projects”, presented by aggregated subjects, able to ensure more effectively the achievement of landscape redevelopment objectives;

- projects located in areas that enhance the integrations and synergies with other candidates for the PNRR and other plans / projects of a territorial nature supported by the programming national (Ministry of Culture).

For the purposes of defining the types of rural architecture subject to the intervention, the Decree of the MiBAC 6 October 2005 (in implementation of the Law of 24 December 2003, n.378 –protection and enhancement of rural architecture), may be of reference. Preliminarily, the criteria may concern: the state of conservation of the assets, the levels of use, the role that these assets play in territorial and urban contexts.

The award of the contracts to the projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, shall be in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-14

Investment 2.3 – Programmes to enhance the identity of places, parks and historic gardens

Milestone

Entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources:

for projects to enhance the identity of places, parks and historic gardens

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources

for projects to enhance the identity of places, parks and historic gardens

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The Ministry of Culture decree shall assign the resources to the responsible administrations for projects to enhance the identity of places, parks and historic gardens.

The historic parks and gardens (Inv. 2.3) subject to intervention are exclusively protected cultural assets, for which artistic or historical interest has been declared. They may belong to both state Ministry of Culture (MiC) and non-state assets. The selection shall be made on the basis of criteria that shall be defined by a technical-scientific coordination group, composed by representatives of MiC, University, ANCI, sectorial Associations.

The award of the contracts to the projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, shall be in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-15

Investment 2.4 – Seismic safety of place of places of worship, restoration of FEC heritage and shelters for art works

Milestone

Entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources:

for seismic safety in place of worship and FEC (Fondo Edifici di Culto) heritage restoration

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the Ministry of Culture decree for the allocation of resources

for seismic safety in place of worship and FEC (Fondo Edifici di Culto) heritage restoration

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The Ministry of Culture decree shall determine the implementing entity and the eligibility and financing of buildings undergoing interventions

and typology.

(Inv 2.4) The seismic prevention and safety measures of places of worship concern the areas affected by several earthquakes which hit Regions of Italy from 2009 onwards (Abruzzo, Lazio, Marche and Umbria).

The interventions of the FEC (Fondo Edifici di Culto) are selected on the basis of the state of conservation of the assets of the FEC (Fondo Edifici di Culto) heritage.

The award of the contracts to the projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, shall be in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-16

Investment – 2.1 Attractiveness of Small Historic Towns

Target

Interventions concluded for the enhancement of cultural or tourist sites

N/A

Number

0

1 300

Q2

2025

The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the support of at least 1 800 SMEs for projects in the Small Historic Towns

The target shall measure the number of interventions concluded for the enhancement of cultural and tourist sites, demonstrated by individual certificates of regular execution (restoration and redevelopment of cultural heritage, buildings intended for cultural and tourist services, small tourist infrastructures). This shall include:

-Adaptive reuse and functional, structural and plant engineering redevelopment of buildings and public spaces for cultural services (such as museums and libraries), improving energy efficiency, the use of alternative and renewable energy, and the removal of barriers that limit access to persons with disabilities.

-Conservation and valorisation off cultural heritage ( such as archaeological, historic-artistic, architectural, demo-etno-anthropological);

-creation of knowledge and information platforms and integrated information systems, );

-creation of cultural and artistic activities, the creation and promotion of cultural and thematic itineraries, historical itineraries, cycle and / or pedestrian routes for the connection and use of places of tourist-cultural interest (such as museums, monuments, Unesco sites, libraries, archaeological areas and other cultural, religious and artistic attractions);

- Support to the cultural, tourist, commercial, agri-food and craft enterprises

37% of the interventions shall be carried out in less developed regions.

M1C3-17

Investment – 2.2 Protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape

Target

Interventions for protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape concluded

N/A

Number

0

3 000

Q4

2025

The target detects the total number of assets subject to completed interventions (as proved by the certificate of regular execution of the works).

The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the start of 900 additional works on protection and enhancement of rural architecture and landscape protection (as proved by the certificate of start of works).

Type of interventions to be completed include:

1. Conservative rehabilitation and functional recovery of agricultural settlements, artefacts and historic rural buildings, agricultural crops of historical interest and typical elements of architecture and rural landscape. Among the techniques for restoration and structural adjustment eco-compatible solutions and the use of alternative energy sources shall be privileged.

2. Completion of the census of the rural built heritage and implementation of national and regional information tools

M1C3-18

Investment- 2.3 Programs to enhance the identity of places: parks and historic gardens

Target

Number of parks and historic gardens requalified

N/A

Number

0

40

Q4

2024

The indicator shall refer to the number of historical parks and gardens requalified (as proved by the certificate of regular execution of the works).

The satisfactory fulfilment of the target also depends on the completion of training activities to at least 1 260 operators.

Type of interventions to be completed for a satisfactory fulfilment of the requalification of parks and historic gardens include:    maintenance/restoration/management of the evolution of the vegetation component; restoration of the present architectural and monumental components (such as small buildings, fountains and furnishings); analysis and optimization of the current methods of use of spaces in order to allow an optimal use, respecting the most fragile or most valuable areas; interventions to ensure accessibility for people with reduced functionality, securing of fenced areas, entrance gates, video surveillance systems; realization of information tools (such as posters and guides) to promote knowledge and conscious use by citizens; valorisation actions to promote cultural, educational and recreational use

M1C3-19

Investment - 2.4 Seismic safety of places of worship, restoration of FEC (Fondo Edifici di Culto) heritage and shelters for art works (Recovery Art)

Target

Interventions for seismic safety in places of worship, restoration of FEC (Fondo Edifici di Culto) heritage and shelters of art work completed

N/A

Number

0

300

Q4

2025

The target shall measure the number of interventions for the anti-seismic safety of places of worship, restoration of FEC (Fondo Edifici di Culto), shelter for art works in case of disasters completed (as proved by the certificate for the regular execution of works).

Interventions shall include:

i) preventive anti-seismic interventions of architectural assets to restore existing damage and to secure the cultural heritage;
ii) the Recovery Art. Conservation project shall create temporary and protected deposits for the conservation of movable assets in the event of a disaster.

M1C3-20

Investment - 3.2 Development of the film industry (Cinecittà project)

Milestone

Signature of the contract between the implementing entity Istituto Luce Studios and the companies in relation to the construction of nine studios

Publication of the signed contract

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2023

The indicator shall measure the number of procedures for entrusting work concluded with the signing of the contract for the award of works. This intervention includes the construction of new studios, recovery of existing studios, investments in new digital technologies, systems and services aimed at strengthening the Cinecittà film studios managed by Istituto Luce Cinecittà SRL.

The contract between the implementing entity Istituto Luce Studios and the companies shall contain selection/eligibility criteria for compliance with the DNSH Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported assets/activities and/or companies

Commitment/target to invest 20% in assets/activities and/or companies compliant with the selection criteria for digital tracking and 70% with selection criteria for climate tracking.

M1C3-21

Investment - 3.2 Development of the film industry (Cinecittà project)

Target

Number of theatres whose works for requalification, modernisation, construction are completed

N/A

Number

0

17

Q2

2026

The interventions concern the

-construction of thirteen new studios and

- the renovation of four existing theatres.

The completeness of the interventions is proved by the certificate of regular execution.

M1C3-22

Investment 4.2 Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprise

Milestone

Investment policy for the:

the European Investment Bank Thematic Fund;

Adoption of the investment policy

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The investment policy shall define as a minimum: the nature, scope and the operations supported, the targeted beneficiaries, the eligibility criteria of financial beneficiaries and their selection through an open call ; and provisions to re-invest potential reflows for the same policy objectives.

The investment policy shall envisage that 50% of the fund is dedicated to energy efficiency measures

The investment policy shall include selection criteria to ensure compliance with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported transactions under this measure through the use of sustainability proofing, an exclusion list, and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-23

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises

Milestone

Investment policy for the National Tourism Fund,

Adoption of the investment policy

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The fund is dedicated to the purchase, restructuring and requalification of Italian real estate properties to support tourism development in the areas most affected by the crisis or marginal areas (costal areas, minor islands, ultra-peripheral regions and rural and mountain areas).

The investment policy shall include selection criteria to ensure compliance with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported transactions under this measure through the use of sustainability proofing, an exclusion list, and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-24

Investment 4.2 Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises

Milestone

Investment policy for the:

SME Guarantee Fund,

Adoption of the investment policy

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The investment policy shall envisage that 50% of the fund is dedicated to energy efficiency measures

The investment policy shall include selection criteria to ensure compliance with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported transactions under this measure through the use of sustainability proofing, an exclusion list, and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-25

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises

Milestone

Investment policy for the

Fondo Rotativo

Adoption of the investment policy

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The investment policy shall envisage that 50% of the fund is dedicated to energy efficiency measures

The investment policy shall include selection criteria to ensure compliance with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported transactions under this measure through the use of sustainability proofing, an exclusion list, and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M1C3-26

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism

enterprises

Milestone

Entry into force of the implementing decree for the Tax credit for the redevelopment of accommodation facilities.

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force of the budgetary law enabling the tax credits and provision in the related implementing acts indicating their entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2021

The reference legislation for the granting of the tax credit is Law No. 83 of May 31, 2014 introduced the recognition of a tax credit for interventions of redevelopment of tourist accommodations.

Selection/eligibility criteria for compliance with the DNSH Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) of supported assets/activities and beneficiaries, requiring at least the use of an exclusion list and compliance with relevant EU and national environmental acquis of the supported assets/activities and beneficiaries, and ensuring compliance.

M1C3-27

Investment- 4.3 Caput Mundi-Next Generation EU for touristic great events

Target

Number of

cultural and touristic sites whose requalification reached, on average, 50% of Stato Avanzamento Lavori (SAL)(first batch)

N/A

Number

0

200

Q4

2024

The investment shall include interventions covering:

1. the regeneration and restoration of cultural and urban heritage and complexes of high historical-architectural value of the city of Rome for the investment line “Roman Cultural Heritage for EU-Next Generation”;

2.the enhancement, safety, anti-seismic consolidation, restoration of places and buildings of historical interest and archeological pathways for the investment line “Jubilee paths”;

3.the redevelopment of sites in peripheral areas for the investment line “#LaCittàCondivisa”;

4.interventions on parks, historical gardens, villas and fountains for investment line #Mitingodiverde;

5.the digitalization of cultural services and the development of apps for tourists or investment line #Roma 4.0;

6.Interventions to increasing the supply of cultural offer to peripheries for social integration for investment line #Amanotesa.

The investment shall include requalification actions taking place in at least 5 archaeological/cultural sites for the investment line “Roman Cultural Heritage for EU-Next Generation,” at least 125 archaeological/cultural sites for "Jubilee paths”; at least 50 archaeological/cultural sites for #Lacittàcondivisa; at least 15 archaeological/cultural sites for #Mitingodiverde, at least 5 archaeological/cultural sites for Roma 4.0

 

The satisfactory achievement of the target shall also depend on the completion of 50% of the projects of the investment line “#Amanotesa”

M1C3-28

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism enterprises

Target

Number of tourism enterprises supported by the tax credit for infrastructures and/or services;

N/A

Number

0

3 500

Q4

2025

At least 3500 tourism enterprises supported by the tax credit for infrastructures and/or services;

The support provided by the tax credit shall increase the quality of tourist hospitality through:

-investing for environmental sustainability (renewable sources less energy-intensive)

-redeveloping and raising quality standards of Italian accommodation facilities 

M1C3-29

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism

enterprises

Target

Number of tourism projects to be supported through the European Investment Bank Thematic Funds

N/A

Number

0

150

Q4

2025

Support to at least 150 tourism projects;

The support provided through the European Investment Bank Thematic Funds shall be aimed at

-supporting innovative investments for the digital transition

-increasing the offer of services to tourism

encouraging the processes of aggregation of companies

M1C3-30

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism

enterprises

Target

European Investment Bank Thematic Funds:

Disbursement to the Fund of total of EUR 350 000 000.

N/A

Number

0

350 000 000

Q4

2022

The disbursement shall be in line with the investment policy defined in the Milestone.

M1C3-31

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism

enterprises

Target

National Tourism Fund:

Disbursement to the Fund of total of EUR 150 000 0 00 for equity support.

N/A

Number

0

150 000 000

Q4

2022

The disbursement shall be in line with the investment policy defined in the Milestone.

M1C3-32

Investment 4.2: Funds for the competitiveness of tourism

enterprises

Target

Number of tourism enterprises to be supported through the SME’s Guarantee Fund

;

N/A

Number

0

11 800

Q4

2025

A least 11 800 tourism enterprises supported by SME’s Guarantee Fund;

The guarantee interventions shall be granted on the basis of an evaluation procedure;

 

The beneficiaries of the SME’s Guarantee Fund shall be SMEs in the tourism sector and young people under 35 years of age who want to set up a new business in the tourism sector.

The support from the SME’s Guarantee Fund shall be aimed at:

-Investing in innovation of the supply chain

-Investing in safety and environmental sustainability,

-Investing in digitalization for acceleration of digital transformation/innovation,

-Supporting the raising of quality in services and the upgrading of accommodation facilities;

-Promoting aggregations and the development of business networks.

M1C3-33

Investment 4.2 Funds for the competitiveness of tourism

enterprises

Target

Number of enterprises to be supported through the Fondo Rotative(first batch)

N/A

Number

0

300

Q4

2025

At least 300 enterprises supported by Fondo Rotativo;

The interventions financed through the Fondo Rotativo shall include:

-energy requalification interventions

-interventions on the building envelope and renovation, according to art. 3, paragraph 1, lett. b) of DPR 380/2001 (single text of legislative and regulatory provisions on building)

-interventions for the elimination of architectural barriers.

-interventions of full or partial replacement of air conditioning systems.

-purchase of furniture and furnishing components intended exclusively for the accommodation structures covered by this decree

-interventions for the adoption of anti-seismic measures

-renovation of furnishing components.

-realization of thermal pools and acquisition of equipment and apparatus necessary for the conduct of spa activities, and to fairs for the renewal of the exhibition structures.

M1C3-34

Investment 4.2 Funds for the competitiveness of tourism

enterprises

Target

Number of real estate properties redeveloped for tourism by the National Tourism Fund

Number

0

12

Q4

2025

At least 12 real estate properties redeveloped for tourism by the National tourism fund which could reach 17 real estate properties considering the leverage effect.

The support from National Tourism Fund shall be aimed at:

-Investing for product, process and management innovation to boost the digital transformation of the supply of tourism services,

-Investing ensure the quality of standards of tourist hospitality

-promoting aggregations and the development of business networks.

M1C3-35

– Investment - 4.3 Caput Mundi-Next Generation EU for touristic great events

Milestone

Signing of each Agreement for six Projects between a Ministry of Tourism and beneficiaries/implementing bodies

Publication of the programme Agreement between the Ministry of Tourism, the Municipality of Rome Capital and the other actors involved.

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The agreements shall be signed for the 6 projects:
1) Roman Cultural Heritage for EU-Next Generation; 2) From Pagan Rome to Christian Rome - Jubilee paths; 3) #Lacittàcondivisa; 4) #Mitingodiverde; 5) Roma 4.0; 6) #Amanotesa

The list of beneficiaries/implementing bodies shall include: Rome Capital City; Archaeological Superintendence for Cultural, Environmental and Landscape Heritage of Rome (MIC); Archaeological Park of the Colosseum; Archaeological Park of the Appia Antica; Diocese of Rome; Ministry of Tourism; Region Lazio.

Before the call for tenders the criteria for the selection and the award and the projects specificities shall be defined with the related resources.

The award of the contracts to the projects selected under the competitive calls for proposals, shall be in compliance with the ’Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

.

M1C3-36

–Investment - 4.3 Caput Mundi-Next Generation EU for touristic great events

Target

Number of

cultural and touristic sites whose requalification is concluded

N/A

Number

0

200

Q2

2026

The investment shall include interventions covering:

-the regeneration and restoration of cultural and urban heritage and complexes of high historical-architectural value of the city of Rome for the investment line “Roman Cultural Heritage for EU-Next Generation”;

-the enhancement, safety, anti-seismic consolidation, restoration of places and buildings of historical interest and archeological pathways for the investment line “Jubilee paths”;

-the redevelopment of sites in peripheral areas for the investment line “#LaCittàCondivisa”;

-interventions on parks, historical gardens, villas and fountains for investment line #Mitingodiverde;

-the digitalization of cultural services and the development of apps for tourists or investment line #Roma 4.0;

-interventions to increasing the supply of cultural offer to peripheries for social integration for investment line #Amanotesa.

-

The investment shall include requalification actions taking place in at least 5 archaeological/cultural sites for the investment line “Roman Cultural Heritage for EU-Next Generation,” at least 125 archaeological/cultural sites for "Jubilee paths”; at least 50 archaeological/cultural sites for #Lacittàcondivisa; at least 15 archaeological/cultural sites for #Mitingodiverde, at least 5 archaeological/cultural sites for Roma 4.0

The satisfactory achievement of the target shall also depend on the completion of all the projects of investment line “#Amanotesa” and on the availability to the public of the app “CaputMundi - Roma4U”



D.MISSION 2 COMPONENT 1: Circular economy, agri-food and green transition

This component of the Italian recovery and resilience plan covers investments and reforms in waste management, circular economy, support for agri-food value chains and green transition. These reforms and investments are complemented by reforms to increase competition in waste management and local public services in the “business environment” reform component and improve water consumption for agriculture. This component responds to the country-specific recommendations to focus investment in the green transition, including in the circular economy.

The investments and reforms under this component shall contribute addressing the country- specific recommendations addressed to Italy in 2020 and 2019 on the need to “focus investment on the green and digital transition, in particular on […] waste and water management” (CSR 3, 2020) and to “focus investment-related economic policy on […], and the quality of infrastructure, considering also regional disparities” (country- specific recommendation 3, 2019).

It is expected that no measure in this component does significant harm to environmental objectives within the meaning of Article 17 of Regulation (EU) 2020/852, taking into account the description of the measures and the mitigating steps set out in the recovery and resilience plan in accordance with the DNSH Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01).

D.1.    Description of the reforms and investments for non-repayable financial support

Circular Economy

Reform 1.1 – National Strategy for Circular Economy

This reform consists in the adoption of a broad National Strategy for the Circular Economy covering a new digital waste traceability system, tax incentives to support recycling activities and the use of secondary raw materials, a revision of environmental taxation, the right to reuse and repair, the reform of the EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) and Consortia system, support for existing regulatory tools (such as End of Waste legislation and Minimum Environmental Criteria under Green public procurement) and support to industrial symbiosis project. The reform of the EPR and Consortia system shall also address the need for a more efficient use of the environmental contribution to assure the application of transparent and non-discriminatory criteria. A specific supervisory body with the aim of monitoring the functioning and the effectiveness of the Consortia systems, under the presidency of Ministry pf Ecological Transition (MITE) shall be created. The measure shall address all the Consortia (not only CONAI packaging system).

Reform 1.3 – Technical support for local authorities

This reform consists in technical support to local authorities by the government for the implementation of environmental EU and national regulation, the development of plans and projects regarding waste management and on tendering procedures. The support on tendering procedures shall ensure that concessions in waste management are granted in a transparent and non-discriminatory way increasing competitive processes to achieve better standards for public services. This reform supports therefore the implementation of the waste management reforms proposed in the business environment reform component. Technical support shall also cover green public procurement.

Investment 2.1 – Logistics plan for the agri-food, fishing and aquaculture, forestry, floriculture and plant nursery sectors

This measure consists in the granting of support to tangible and intangible investments (such as storage facilities for agricultural raw materials, transformation and conservation of raw materials, digitalization of logistics and infrastructural interventions on food markets), investments in food transport and logistics to reduce the environmental and economic costs and innovation of production processes, precision farming and traceability (such as blockchain). The selection criteria shall be coherent with the needs assessment developed under the Common Agricultural Policy Strategic Plan by the Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies. The measure aims to encourage the reduction of emissions in the transportation and logistics phases in the agri-food sector, by means of electric vehicles and transport systems and boosting the digitalization of the sector and the utilisation of renewable energy.

Investment 2.2 – Agri-solar Park

This measure consists in the granting of support to investments on productive structures of the agricultural, livestock and agro-industrial sector, to remove and dispose of the existing roof and construction of a new insulated roof, to create automated ventilation and/or cooling systems and to install solar panels, intelligent management of flows and accumulators.

Investment 2.3 – Innovation and mechanization in the agricultural and food sectors

This measure consists in the granting of support to investments in tangible and intangible assets aimed at:

-agricultural innovation and mechanization, notably off-road machinery;

-innovation in the processes of transformation, storage and packaging of extra virgin olive oil.

Off-road machinery shall be zero-emission or run solely on bio-methane compliant with the criteria set out in Directive 2018/2001 (RED II Directive). Biofuel and biomethane gas and biofuel producers shall have to provide certificates (Proof of Sustainability) issued by independent evaluators, as provided for in Directive 2018/2001. The operator shall purchase guarantee of origin certificates commensurate to the expected fuel use.

Investment 3.3 - Culture and awareness on environmental topics and challenges

This investment consists in the design and production of digital content to raise awareness of environmental and climate challenges. The digital content shall consist in podcasts, school-video lessons, videos and articles. An online, subscription-free platform shall be created with the objective to become the most comprehensive “repository” of educational and recreational materials on environment-related topics. The production of digital content is expected to involve key influencers. Examples of topics covered through different channels may be: the rules of transition, energy mix and renewables role, climate change, the sustainability of the atmosphere and global temperatures, the hidden role of oceans, water reserves, individual and organizational ecological footprint, circular economy and new agriculture.

D.2.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for non-repayable financial support

Sequential Number

Related Measure (Reform or Investment)

Milestone / Target

Name

Qualitative indicators
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M2C1-1

Reform 1.1 - National Strategy for Circular Economy

Milestone

Entry into force of the Ministerial Decree for the adoption of the National Strategy for Circular Economy

Provision in the Ministerial Decree indicating the entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The Ministerial Decree for the adoption of the National Strategy for Circular Economy, shall contain at least the following measures:

-a new digital waste traceability system that shall support on one hand the development of secondary market for raw materials (by giving a clear framework of the supply of secondary raw materials) on the other hand the control authorities in preventing and tackling illegal management of waste.

-tax incentives to support the recycling activities and the use of secondary raw materials;

-a revision of  environmental taxation system on waste in order to make recycling more convenient than landfilling and incineration across the national territory;

-right to reuse and repair;

-reform of the EPR (Extended Producer Responsibility) and Consortia system in order to support the achievement of EU targets through the creation of a specific supervisory body, under the presidency of MITE, with the aim of monitoring the functioning and the effectiveness of the Consortia systems;

-support to the existing regulatory tools: End of Waste legislation (national and regional), Minimum Environmental Criteria (CAM) under Green Public Procurement. The development/update of EOW and CAM shall address specifically construction, textile, plastics, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)

-support to industrial symbiosis project through regulatory and financial instruments.)

M2C1-2

Reform 1.3 - Technical support for Local Authorities

Milestone

Approval of agreement for the development of the Building capacity action plan to support local public authorities

Publication of the approved agreement in the website of the Ministry

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The agreement for the development of the Building capacity action plan to support local public authorities in implementing inside the tender procedures the Minimum Environmental Criteria (CAM) set by Law (Legislative Decree n. 50/2016 on public tender) under the Green Public Procurement (GPP) and starting of the Support Action shall be approved.

Technical support to Local Authorities (Regions, Provinces, and Municipalities) shall be assured by the Government (Ministry for the Ecological Transition, Ministry for the Economic Development and other relevant) through the in house companies. The technical support shall cover the following:

-technical assistance for the implementation of environmental EU and national regulation;

-support for the development of plans and projects regarding waste management;

-support for tender procedures, also in order to ensure that concessions in waste management are granted in a transparent and non-discriminatory way increasing competitive processes to achieve better standards for public services.

The Ministry for the Ecological Transition shall develop a specific building capacity action plan in order to support local public authorities and professional public buyers in applying to tender procedures the Minimum Environmental Criteria (CAM) set by Law (Legislative Decree n. 50/2016 on public tender) under the Green Public Procurement (GPP).

M2C1-3

Investment 2.1: Logistics plan for the agri-food, fishing and aquaculture, forestry, floriculture and plant nursery sectors

Milestone

Publication of final ranking under the Logistic incentive scheme

Publication on website of the Ministry or any other support channel

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2022

The Decree of approval shall define the final ranking..

The logistic incentive scheme shall include the following:

a)  Eligibility criteria that ensure that the selected projects comply with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

b) Commitment that the climate contribution of the investment as per the methodology in Annex VI of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241 shall account for at least 32% of the total cost of the investment supported by the RRF.

c) Commitment that the digital contribution of the investment as per the methodology in Annex VII of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241 shall account for at least 27% of the total cost of the investment supported by the RRF.

d) Commitment to report on the implementation of the measure halfway through the life of the scheme and the end of the scheme.

M2C1-4

Investment 2.2: Agri-solar Park

Target

Allocation of resources to the beneficiaries as % of the total financial resources assigned to the investment

N/A

Percentage

0

30

Q4

2022

Identification of beneficiary projects whose total value amount at least 30% of the total financial resources assigned to the investment. The investment shall be implemented through two different procedures that already exist and shall be refinanced. These procedures provide for the disbursement of loans to companies that meet the requirements and submit the application.

M2C1-5

Investment 2.2: Agri-solar Park

Target

Allocation of resources to the beneficiaries as % of the total financial resources assigned to the investment

N/A

Percentage

30

50

Q4

2023

The beneficiary projects whose total value amount at least 50% of the total financial resources assigned to the investment shall be identified. The investment shall be implemented through two different procedures that already exist and shall be refinanced. These procedures provide for the disbursement of loans to companies that meet the requirements and submit the application.

M2C1-6

Investment 2.2: Agri-solar Park

Target

Allocation of resources to the beneficiaries as % of the total financial resources assigned to the investment

N/A

Percentage

50

100

Q4

2024

Identification of beneficiary projects whose total value amount to 100% of the total financial resources assigned to the investment. The investment shall be implemented through two different procedures that already exist and shall be refinanced. These procedures shall provide for the disbursement of loans to companies that meet the requirements and submit the application.

M2C1-7

Investment 2.3: Innovation and mechanization in the agricultural and food sectors

Target

Support to investment in innovation in the circular economy and bio-economy

N/A

Number

0

10.000

Q4

2024

At least 10000 enterprises have received support for paid investment in innovation in the circular economy and bio-economy.

The supported investments are:

-    Replacement of more polluting off-road vehicles

-    Introduction of precision farming

-    Replacement of more obsolete facilities for olive mills

In order to comply with Do-No-Significant-Harm principle, off-road vehicles shall be zero-emission or run solely on biomethane, which shall comply with the criteria set out in Directive 2018/2001 (RED II Directive). Biofuel and biomethane gas and biofuel producers shall have to provide certificates (Proof of Sustainability) issued by independent evaluators, as provided for in Directive 2018/2001. The operator shall purchase guarantee of origin certificates commensurate to the expected fuel use. .

M2C1-8

Investment 2.3: Innovation and mechanization in the agricultural and food sectors

Target

Support to investment in innovation in the circular economy and bio-economy

N/A

Number

10 000

15 000

Q2

2026

At least 15 000 enterprises have received support for paid investment in innovation in the circular economy and bioeconomy.

The supported investments are:

-    Replacement of more polluting off-road vehicles

-    Introduction of precision farming

-    Replacement of more obsolete facilities for olive mills

In order to comply with Do-No-Significant-Harm principle, off-road vehicles shall be zero-emission or run solely on biomethane, which shall comply with the criteria set out in Directive 2018/2001 (RED II Directive)

Biofuel and biomethane gas and biofuel producers shall have to provide certificates (Proof of Sustainability) issued by independent evaluators, as provided for in Directive 2018/2001. The operator shall purchase guarantee of origin certificates commensurate to the expected fuel use.

M2C1-9

Investment 2.2: Agri-solar Park

Target

Agri-voltaic power generation

N/A

kW

0

375 000

Q2

2026

At least 375.000 (kW) solar power generation capacity installed

M2C1-10

Investment 2.1: Logistics plan for the agri-food, fishing and aquaculture, forestry, floriculture and plant nursery sectors

Target

Interventions to improve logistics for the agri-food, fishing and aquaculture, forestry, floriculture and plant nursery sectors

N/A

Number

0

48

Q2

2026

At least 48 interventions to improve logistics for the agri-food, fishing and aquaculture, forestry, floriculture and plant nursery sectors.

M2C1-11

Investment 3.3: Culture and awareness on environmental topics and challenges

Milestone

Launch of web platform and contracts with authors

Notification of signature of contract with content producers

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

Public launch of the web platform and final agreements signature with "content producers". The projects aims at the development of at least 180 podcasts, school-specific video lessons and video contents produced and available on the web platform on the environmental transition.

M2C1-12

Investment 3.3: Culture and awareness on environmental topics and challenges

Target

Audio-visual material on environmental transition

N/A

Number

0

180

Q2

2026

At least 180 podcasts, school-specific video lessons and video contents produced and live on the web platform



D.3.    Description of the reforms and investments for the loan

Reform 1.2 – National Programme for Waste Management

This reform consists in the adoption of a broad National Programme for Waste Management aiming the highest levels of preparation for reuse, recycling and recovery of waste, adapting the network of installations necessary for integrated waste management, minimizing final disposal as the ultimate and residual option, establishing monitoring systems, preventing the opening of new infringement procedures against Italy, tackling low collection of waste, discouraging landfilling and ensuring complementarity with regional waste programmes, enabling the achievement of European and national waste legislation objectives and tackling illegal waste dumping and open-air burning.

Investment 1.1 –Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

This investment consist in improving and mechanising of the separated waste collection network of municipalities, building new treatment/recycling plants for organic waste, multi-material, glass and paper packaging and innovative treatment/recycling plants addressing personal adsorbent disposal (PAD), wastewater sludge, leather waste and textile waste.

Investment 1.2 – Circular economy: “flagship” projects

This investment consists in supporting the improvement of separate collection network, including through digitalization of the processes and/or logistics, and treatment/recycle plants for the following sectors:

-Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), including wind turbine blades and photovoltaic panels;

-Paper/paperboard industry;

-Plastic waste recycling (mechanical, chemical recycling, “Plastic Hubs”) including Marine Plastic Litter (MPL). In this area industrial symbiosis projects shall be encouraged in the form of “circular districts” in order to assure a complete reuse of plastic recycling by-products and produce high added value goods;

-Textile (“Textile Hubs”).

Furthermore a Global Monitoring System to face illegal dumping shall be developed using satellites, drones ad artificial intelligence (AI) technologies (for a further description of the overall intervention see Investment 1.1-Implementation of an advanced and integrated monitoring and forecasting system in Mission 2 Component 4). The Global Monitoring System, together with proposed measures on waste traceability shall support local control authorities and forces of order in preventing, controlling and tackling illegal dumping and organized crime activities in waste management.

Investment 3.1 - Green islands

This investment consists in financing and implementing projects in energy (such as renewables, grid and energy efficiency), water (such as desalination), transport (such as cycling paths, zero-emission buses and boats) and waste (such as separation of waste) in the 19 non-interconnected Small Islands. Biomethane shall comply with the criteria set out in Directive 2018/2001 (RED II Directive). Biofuel and biomethane gas and biofuel producers shall have to provide certificates (Proof of Sustainability) issued by independent evaluators, as provided for in Directive 2018/2001. The operator shall purchase guarantee of origin certificates commensurate to the expected fuel use. In order to ensure that the measure complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the eligibility criteria contained in terms of reference for upcoming calls for projects shall exclude the following list of activities: (i) activities related to fossil fuels, including downstream use 21 ; (ii) activities under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks 22 ; (iii) activities related to waste landfills, incinerators 23 and mechanical biological treatment plants 24 ; and (iv) activities where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment. The terms of reference shall additionally require that only activities that comply with relevant EU and national environmental legislation shall be selected.

Investment 3.2 - Green communities

This investment consists in the support of rural and mountain territories, which intend to exploit in a balanced way their main resources (so-called “green communities”) through investments notably in following fields:

-the integrated and certified management of the agro-forestry heritage ("also through the exchange of credits deriving from the capture of carbon dioxide, the management of biodiversity and the certification of the wood supply chain");

-the integrated and certified management of water resources;

-the production of energy from local renewable sources, such as micro hydroelectric plants, biomass, biogas, wind, cogeneration and biomethane;

-the development of sustainable tourism ("capable of enhancing local products");

-the construction and sustainable management of the building stock and infrastructure of a modern mountain;

-energy efficiency and intelligent integration of plants and networks;

-the sustainable development of production activities (zero waste production);

-the integration of mobility services;

-the development of a sustainable farm model ("which is also energy independent through the production and use of energy from renewable sources in the electrical, thermal and transport sectors").

-In order to ensure that the measure complies with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01), the eligibility criteria contained in terms of reference for upcoming calls for projects shall exclude the following list of activities: (i) activities related to fossil fuels, including downstream use 25 ; (ii) activities under the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) achieving projected greenhouse gas emissions that are not lower than the relevant benchmarks 26 ; (iii) activities related to waste landfills, incinerators 27 and mechanical biological treatment plants 28 ; and (iv) activities where the long-term disposal of waste may cause harm to the environment. The terms of reference shall additionally require that only activities that comply with relevant EU and national environmental legislation shall be selected.

D.4.    Milestones, targets, indicators, and timetable for monitoring and implementation for the loan

Sequential Number

Related Measure (Reform or Investment)

Milestone / Target

Name

Qualitative indicators
(for milestones)

Quantitative indicators
(for targets)

Indicative timeline for completion

Description of each milestone and target

Unit of measure

Baseline

Goal

Quarter

Year

M2C1-13

Reform 1.2 - National Program for Waste Management

Milestone

Entry into force the Ministerial Decree for the National Program for Waste Management

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q2

2022

The Ministerial Decree for the National Program for Waste Management shall include at least the following objectives:

to achieve the highest levels of preparing for reuse, recycling and recovery of waste, achieving at least the objectives set out in art. 181 of Legislative Decree 152/06 and also taking into account the extended producer responsibility schemes;

a)to adapt the network of installations necessary for integrated waste management - with a view to developing the circular economy - ensuring the necessary capacities to achieve the objectives set out in point a) and, consequently, minimizing final disposal as the ultimate and residual option, in accordance with the proximity principle and taking into account the prevention objectives defined in the context of the national waste prevention planning provided by art. 180 of Legislative Decree 152/06;

b)to establish an adequate monitoring of the implementation of the Program to allow the constant verification of compliance with its objectives and the eventual necessity to adopt corrective tools for the achievement of the planned actions;

c)to prevent the opening of new infringement procedures against the Republic of Italy for failure to implement European regulations on waste cycle planning;

d)to tackle low collection of waste and to discourage landfilling (see also National Strategy on Circular Economy);

e)the regional waste management plant shall be complementary to the national programme for waste management;

f)to bridge the waste management gaps and regional divide, regarding installations capacity and quality standards existing between the different regions and areas of the national territory, with the objective to recover delays;

h) to achieve the current and new objectives provided for by European and national legislation;

i)to tackle illegal waste dumping and open-air burning (e.g. in Terra dei Fuochi area) through measures, included the introduction of a new Waste traceability system, supported Global Monitoring System to face illegal dumping shall be developed using satellites, drones ad artificial intelligence (AI) technologies

M2C1-14

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants;

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Milestone

Entry into force of the Ministerial Decree.

Adoption of the Ministerial Decree for the approval of the selection criteria of the projects proposed by Municipalities.

Publication in the Gazzetta Ufficiale

N/A

N/A

Q3

2021

The Ministerial Decree of approval of criteria for the selection of projects proposed by Municipalities shall enter into force.

The Ministerial Decree shall lay down that the projects are selected among the following criteria:

-Coherence with EU and national legislation and European Action Plan on Circular Economy,

-Expected improvement of recycle objectives

-Consistency with regional and national planning instruments,

-Contribution to solving EU infringements, synergies with other sectorial planning (e.g. PNIEC) and/or other components of the plan, innovative technologies basing on full-scale experiences,

-Technical quality of the proposal.

-Consistency and complementarity with cohesion policy programmes and similar projects funded through other EU and national instruments

The interventions shall not include investments in landfills, disposal facilities, Mechanical Biological Treatment /Mechanical Treatment plants or incinerators, in compliance with the DNSH principle.

M2C1-15

Reform 1.2

National Program for Waste Management;

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

Target

Reduction of irregular landfills (T1)

N/A

Number of irregular landfills

33

7

Q4

2023

The proposed measures shall support the construction of new treatment and recycle plants and the technical improvement of the existing one. Furthermore the measures aim at the implementation and digitalization of the separate collection network in order to support and involve citizens in adopting good practices in waste management.

The intervention proposed shall bring to the reduction of irregular landfills included in the infringement procedure NIF 2003/2077 from 33 to 7 (i.e. of at least 80%).

M2C1-15bis

Reform 1.2

National Program for Waste Management:

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

Target

Reduction of irregular landfills (T2)

N/A

Number of irregular landfills

34

14

Q4

2023

The proposed measures shall support the construction of new treatment and recycle plants and the technical improvement of the existing one. Furthermore the measures aim at the implementation and digitalization of the separate collection network in order to support and involve citizens in adopting good practices in waste management. The intervention proposed shall bring the reduction of irregular landfills included in the infringement procedure 2011/2215 from 34 to 14 (i.e. of at least 60%).

M2C1-15ter

Reform 1.2

National Program for Waste Management:

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

Target

Regional differences in separate collection

N/A

Percentage points

22.8

20

Q4

2023

The proposed measures shall support the construction of new treatment and recycle plants and the technical improvement of the existing one. Furthermore the measures aim at the implementation and digitalization of the separate collection network in order to support and involve citizens in adopting good practices in waste management. The difference between the national average and the worst performing region in separate collection rates is reduced to 20 percentage points.

M2C1-15 quater

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

Milestone

Entry into force of Bio-waste separate collection obligation

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2023

The bio-waste separate collection obligation is operational by 31 December 2023, in accordance with EU Circular Economy Action Plan

M2C1-16

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

Target

Irregular landfills

N/A

Number of irregular landfills

7

4

Q4

2024

The proposed measures shall support the construction of new treatment and recycle plants and the technical improvement of the existing one. Furthermore the measures aim at the implementation and digitalization of the separate collection network in order to support and involve citizens in adopting good practices in waste management. The intervention proposed shall bring to the reduction of

irregular landfills included in the infringement procedure 2003/2077 from 7 to 4 (i.e. at least 90%)

M2C1-16bis

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

Target

Irregular landfills

N/A

Number of irregular landfills

14

9

Q4

2024

The proposed measures shall support the construction of new treatment and recycle plants and the technical improvement of the existing one. Furthermore the measures aim at the implementation and digitalization of the separate collection network in order to support and involve citizens in adopting good practices in waste management. The intervention proposed shall bring the reduction of irregular landfills included in the infringement procedure 2011/2215 from 14 to 9 (i.e. at least 75%)

M2C1-16ter

Reform 1.2

National Program for Waste Management

Investment 1.1 - Implementation of new waste management plants and modernization of existing plants

Target

Regional differences in separate collection rates

N/A

Percentage points

27,6

20

Q4

2024

The proposed measures shall support the construction of new treatment and recycle plants and the technical improvement of the existing one. Furthermore the measures aim at the implementation and digitalization of the separate collection network in order to support and involve citizens in adopting good practices in waste management. The intervention proposed shall reduce by 20 percentage points of the variation between the average three best-performing regions and the three worst-performing regions in separate collection rates.

M2C1-17

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of municipal waste in the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

55

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of municipal waste shall reach at least 55% (as defined in Article 11(2) (C) of Directive 2008/98/EC on waste as amended by Directive 2018/851)

M2C1- 17bis

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of packaging waste in the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

N/A

65

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of packaging waste by weight shall reach at least 65% (as defined in Article 6 (1) (g) I-VI of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging waste (as amended by Directive 2018/852))

M2C1-17ter

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of wood packaging in the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

N/A

25

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of wood packaging by weight shall reach at least 25% (as defined in Article 6 (1) (g) I-VI of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging waste (as amended by Directive 2018/852))25%

M2C1-17quater

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of ferrous metal packaging in the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

N/A

70

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of ferrous metal packaging by weight shall reach at least 70% (as defined in Article 6 (1) (g) I-VI of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging waste (as amended by Directive 2018/852))

M2C1-17 quinquies

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of aluminium-packaging the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

N/A

50

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of aluminium packaging by weight shall reach at least 50% (as defined in Article 6 (1) (g) I-VI of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging waste (as amended by Directive 2018/852))

M2C1-17 sexies

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of glass packaging in the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

N/A

70

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of glass packaging by weight shall reach at least 70% (as defined in Article 6 (1) (g) I-VI of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging waste (as amended by Directive 2018/852))

M2C1-17 septies

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of paper and cardboard in the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

N/A

75

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of paper and cardboard by weight shall reach at least 75% (as defined in Article 6 (1) (g) I-VI of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging waste (as amended by Directive 2018/852))

M2C1-17 octies

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Target

Recycling rates of plastic packaging in the Circular Economy Action Plan

N/A

Recycling rate

N/A

50

Q4

2025

The recycling rate of plastic packaging by weight shall reach at least 50% (as defined in Article 6 (1) (g) I-VI of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging waste (as amended by Directive 2018/852))

M2C1-17 nonies

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Milestone

Entry into force of separate collection for hazardous waste fractions produced by households and textiles

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2025

Italy applies separate collection for hazardous waste fractions produced by households and textiles, as per the Circular Economy Action Plan

M2C1-17 decies

Reform 1.1

National Program for Circular Economy;

Investment 1.2 - Circular economy “flagship” projects

Milestone

Entry into force of separate collection for hazardous waste fractions produced by households and textiles

Provision in the law indicating the entry into force

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q4

2025

Entry into force of separate collection for hazardous waste fractions produced by households and textiles in accordance with the Circular Economy Action Plan.

M2C1-18

Investment 3.1: Green islands

Milestone

Entry into force of the Directorial decree

Provision in the Decree indicating the entry into force of the law

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q3

2022

The Directorial decree shall approve the ranking of projects relating to the results of the public notice. The selection procedure shall

include the following:

a) Eligibility criteria that ensure that the selected projects comply with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

b) Commitment that the climate contribution of the investment as per the methodology in Annex VI of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241 shall account for at least 37% of the total cost of the investment supported by the RRF

c) Commitment to report on the implementation of the measure halfway through the life of the scheme and the end of the scheme.

The possible areas of interventions are:

-the integrated and certified management of the agro-forestry heritage ("also through the exchange of credits deriving from the capture of carbon dioxide, the management of biodiversity and the certification of the wood supply chain");

-the integrated and certified management of water resources;

-the production of energy from local renewable sources, such as micro hydroelectric plants, biomass, biogas, wind, cogeneration and bio-methane;

-the development of sustainable tourism ("capable of enhancing local products");

-the construction and sustainable management of the building stock and infrastructure of a modern mountain;

-energy efficiency and intelligent integration of plants and networks;

-the sustainable development of production activities (zero waste production);

-the integration of mobility services;

-- the development of a sustainable farm model ("which is also energy independent through the production and use of energy from renewable sources in the electrical, thermal and transport sectors").

The bio-methane shall comply with the sustainability and greenhouse gas emission savings criteria set out in Articles 29-31 and the rules on food and feed based biofuels set out in Article 26 of the Renewable Energy Directive 2018/2001/EU (REDII), and related implementing and delegated acts in order to allow the measure to comply with Do-No-Significant-Harm principle and with the relevant requirements of footnote 8 of Annex VI of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241

M2C1-19

Investment 3.1: Green islands

Target

Implementation of integrated projects in small islands

N/A

Number of small islands

0

19

Q2

2026

At least 19 small islands implementing completed integrated projects involving at least three different types of intervention.

Overall, the climate contribution of the investment as per the methodology in Annex VI of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241 shall account for at least 37% of the total cost of the investment supported by the RRF.

The eligible interventions for funding are:

-energy efficiency interventions;

-development and/or upgrading of collective mobility services and infrastructures; buses and boats powered by electricity; shelters for public transport services; car sharing, bike sharing, scooter sharing;

-construction and/or adaptation of cycle routes, construction of sheltering areas;

-efficient separate collection with strengthening of collection systems;

-construction/modernisation of ecological islands with associated re-use centre;

-desalination systems;

-renewable energies plants for the electricity, including photovoltaic, wind offshore and marine renewable energy such as wave or tidal power;

-energy efficiency measures aimed at reducing electricity demand;

-interventions on the electricity grid and related infrastructures: storage devices, integration of the electricity system with the island's water system, smart grids, innovative energy management and monitoring systems.

M2C1-20

Investment 3.2: Green Communities

Milestone

Award of (all) public contracts for the selection of Green Communities

Notification of the award of (all) public contracts for the selection of Green Communities

N/A

N/A

N/A

Q3

2022

Notification of the awarding procedure for the grants, which should include eligibility criteria that ensure that the selected projects comply with the ‘Do no significant harm’ Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01) through the use of an exclusion list and the requirement of compliance with the relevant EU and national environmental legislation.

M2C1-21

Investment 3.2: Green Communities

Target

Implementation of the interventions presented in the plans by the Green Communities

N/A

Percentage of interventions presented by the Green Communities

0

90

Q2

2026

Completion of the implementation of at least 90% the interventions envisaged in the plans presented by the Green Communities (as defined by art.72 of Law 221/2015)

E. MISSION 2 COMPONENT 2: Energy transition and sustainable mobility

This component of the Italian recovery and resilience plan covers investments and reforms in energy transition. It includes reforms to facilitate the permitting of projects of renewable energy sources. The component contains investments in offshore renewables, hydrogen power, bio-methane facilities and smart grids. These reforms and investments are complemented by reforms to increase competition in the electricity market in the “business environment” reform component.

This component also covers investments and reforms in sustainable mobility. It includes reforms to facilitate the permitting of projects of sustainable mobility. The component contains investments to build cycling paths and metro/tram/bus rapid transit infrastructures and to procure zero-emission buses, rolling stock, firefighting and airport vehicles. These reforms and investments are complemented by reforms to remove regulated prices for electric charging and increase competition in charging point concessions, regional railways and local public transport in the “business environment” reform component.

The investments and reforms under this component shall contribute addressing the country- specific recommendations addressed to Italy in 2020 and 2019 on the need to to “focus investment on the green and digital transition, in particular on […] clean and efficient production and use of energy […] sustainable public transport” (CSR 3, 2020) and to “focus investment-related economic policy on […], and the quality of infrastructure, considering also regional disparities” (country- specific recommendation 3, 2019).

The component supports the guidelines issued to Italy on the implementation of its National Energy and Climate Plan (SWD(2020) 911 final), that were inviting Italy to promoting, revamping and repowering existing renewable installations, in particular existing wind power plants and to explore innovative offshore energy across the Mediterranean.

It is expected that no measure in this component does significant harm to environmental objectives within the meaning of Article 17 of Regulation (EU) 2020/852, taking into account the description of the measures and the mitigating steps set out in the recovery and resilience plan in accordance with the DNSH Technical Guidance (2021/C58/01).

E.1.    Description of the reforms and investments for non-repayable financial support

Reform 1 - Simplification of authorization procedures for renewable onshore and offshore plants and new legal framework to sustain the production from renewable sources and time and eligibility extension of the current support schemes

This reform consists in:

-The entry into force of a regulatory framework for installations of renewable energy sources and the repowering and revamping of existing plants;

-The entry into force of a regulatory framework defining criteria for the identification of the areas suitable and not suitable for the installation of renewable energy plants with a total power greater than 50 GW in accordance with the Italian National Energy-Climate Plan and with the objectives of the Green Deal; the regulatory framework is agreed between Regions and the other State Administrations concerned

-Completing the Renewable Energy Sources support mechanism also for additional non-mature technologies or technologies with high operating costs and extending the auction run period for the so called RES1 mechanism (also to reflect the slowdown caused by the period of health emergency), while maintaining the principles of competitive access;

-The entry into force of provisions promote investment in storage systems in the decree transposing Directive (EU) 2019/944 on common rules for the internal market in electricity.

Reform 2- New legislation to promote renewable gas production and consumption

This reform consists in reinforcing support for clean bio-methane by adopting legislation to increase the scope of bio-methane projects eligible for support and extend the period of time for the availability of grants. The biomethane shall comply with criteria set out in Renewable Energy Directive 2018/2001/EU (REDII) in order to allow the measure to comply with Do-No-Significant-Harm principle and with the relevant requirements of footnote 8 of Annex VI of the Regulation (EU) 2021/241.

Reform 3 - Administrative simplification and reduction of regulatory barriers to hydrogen deployment

This reform consists in the entry into force of a legislative framework to promote hydrogen as a renewable source of energy. This legislative framework shall contain:

-Technical safety regulations on production, transport, (technical and regulatory criteria for the introduction of hydrogen into the natural gas network), storage and use of hydrogen;

-A fast track authorization procedure with a one stop shop procedure to obtain the authorisation to build and operate a small scale hydrogen production plant (for electrolizer facilities of less than 1-5 MW; the storage threshold shall be defined in the aforementioned technical safety regulations of hydrogen).

-Regulation of the participation of hydrogen production plants in network services. The Energy Regulator (ARERA) shall be tasked to issue a specific regulatory measure upon consultation of the stakeholders.

-A system of guarantees of origin for renewable hydrogen in order to give price signals to consumers.

-Procedures and/or criteria to define the selected refueling areas along the motorways for the optimisation of the location of the refueling stations to create H2 corridors for trucks, starting from the Northern Italian Regions as far as the Po Valley and logistic hubs and the main highways along the peninsula.

-The coordination of the 10-year Development plan of the national Transmission System Operator (TSO) with the plans of other European TSOs aimed at the development of common standards for hydrogen transport by means of existing gas pipelines or dedicated pipelines.

.

Reform 4 - Measures to promote hydrogen competitiveness

This reform consists in adopting tax measures to incentivise the production and/or utilisation of hydrogen, in line with EU rules about taxation, and transposing RED II Directive. This measure shall support hydrogen production based on electrolysis using renewable energy sources as defined in the Directive (EU) 2018/2001 (renewable Directive) or grid electricity.



Reform 5 - Smarter procedures for project evaluation in the local public transport systems sector with fixed installations and in the rapid mass transport sector

This reform consists in adopting a legislation assigning clearly responsibilities in the approval of local public transport projects and a simplification of the payment procedure.

Investment 1.3 - Promotion of innovative systems (including off-shore)

This investment consists in the realisation of at least 100 MW of floating wind