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Document 52016DC0738

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL ON FOOD AND FOOD INGREDIENTS TREATED WITH IONISING RADIATION FOR THE YEAR 2015

COM/2016/0738 final

Brussels, 25.11.2016

COM(2016) 738 final

REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

ON FOOD AND FOOD INGREDIENTS TREATED WITH IONISING RADIATION FOR THE YEAR 2015


REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL

ON FOOD AND FOOD INGREDIENTS TREATED WITH IONISING RADIATION FOR THE YEAR 2015



TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.Summary

2.Background

3.Approved irradiation facilities

4.Results of checks in irradiation facilities

5.Results of checks at product marketing stage

6.Conclusion



1.Summary

According to Article 7(3) of Directive 1999/2/EC, the Member States shall forward to the Commission every year the results of checks carried out in ionising irradiation facilities, including, in particular, the categories and quantities of foodstuff treated with ionising radiation and the doses administered, and the results of checks carried out at product marketing stage.

The checks performed by the Member States in 2015 show almost total compliance of products controlled with the EU legislation.

Period:                    1/1/2015 – 31/12/2015

Countries concerned:            EU Member States and EFTA countries

Source:                    All 28 Member States and Norway

Irradiation facilities:

Number of countries equipped:    14 Member States & Norway

Number of approved facilities:    26

Number of new facilities:        One in Croatia and one in Norway

Number of closed facilities:        None

Number of countries irradiating:    10 Member States & Norway

Treatment data:

Quantity of products treated:        5,686 tonnes (+9.7% compared to 2014)

Main commodities treated:        Frog legs (54.8%) and dried aromatic herbs,
                   spices and vegetables seasoning (16.1%)

Main place of irradiation:        Belgium (68.9%) and the Netherlands                    (11.1%)

Checks at marketing stage:

Number of samples analysed:    5,973

Number of non compliant samples:    104 (1.7%)

Main commodities analysed:        Herbs and spices (45.6%)    
                   Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruits and their                    products
                   (21%)



2.Background

Ionising radiation of foods and food ingredients is a physical technique used for several purposes, e.g. to reduce the incidence of food-borne diseases by reducing pathogenic organisms, to reduce loss of food by premature ripening, germination or sprouting and to get food rid of organisms harmful to plant or plant products. Information on general aspects of food irradiation is available on the website of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety 1 .

Directive 1999/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation 2 lays down specific provisions for the manufacturing, marketing and importation of treated foods and food ingredients. The Directive introduced a stepwise harmonised listing of food, authorised for irradiation, starting from existing national authorisations.

Directive 1999/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the establishment of a Community list of foods and food ingredients treated with ionising treatment 3 listed one category of food authorised at EU level: dried aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasonings. Other food categories authorised at national level prior to 1999 are maintained in seven Member States in accordance with its Article 4(4) but can no longer be extended. The list of national authorisations has been published by the Commission 4 .

Food and food ingredients may be irradiated only in approved irradiation facilities. For facilities in the EU, approval is given by the competent authorities of the Member State. Article 7(3) of Directive 1999/2/EC requires Member States to inform the Commission on the list of their approved irradiation facilities. The list of approved irradiation facilities in Member States is published by the Commission 5 .

Any irradiated foodstuff containing one or more irradiated food ingredient must be labelled with the words “irradiated” or “treated with ionising radiation”. If an irradiated product is used as an ingredient in a compound food, the same words shall accompany its designation in the list of ingredients. In the case of products sold in bulk, these words shall appear together with the name of the product on a display or notice above or beside the container in which the products are placed. To enforce correct labelling or to detect non-authorised products, several analytical methods have been standardised by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN), following a mandate given by the Commission.

In accordance with Article 7(3) of Directive 1999/2/EC, Member States forward to the Commission every year:

the results of their checks carried out in the ionising radiation facilities, in particular regarding the categories and quantities of food and food ingredients treated and the doses administered,

and

the results of their checks carried out at the product marketing stage and the methods used to detect treatment with ionising radiation.

Article 7(4) of the same Directive requires the Commission to subsequently publish annually in the Official Journal of the European Union:

the details of the approved irradiation facilities in the Member States, as well as any changes in their status;

a report on the information provided every year by the national supervisory authorities.

The present report, produced accordingly, covers the period from 1st January to 31st December 2015 and includes the information forwarded to the European Commission by the 28 Member States and one EFTA country (Norway).

3.Approved irradiation facilities

26 irradiation facilities are approved in the European Union and are located in 14 Member States: five in France, four in Germany, three in Spain, two in Bulgaria, the Netherlands and Poland, one in Belgium, Czech Republic, Estonia, Croatia (a new facility), Italy, Hungary, Romania and United Kingdom. There are no approved facilities in the other Member States. No approved irradiation facilities have been closed.

Of the 14 Member States equipped with irradiation facilities, ten, as well as one EFTA country (Norway), irradiated foodstuffs in 2015, as illustrated in Figure 1. 

Figure 1 – Percentage of irradiated foodstuffs within each Member State and Norway in 2015

Green: countries with approved irradiation facilities and food irradiation;

Yellow: countries with approved irradiation facilities and no food irradiation;

Grey: countries without approved irradiation facilities)

4.Results of checks in irradiation facilities

Official Controls carried out by the competent authorities confirmed the compliance of the approved irradiation facilities with the requirements of Directive 1999/2/EC which are based on the Joint FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission Recommended International Code of Practice for the operation of irradiation facilities used for the treatment of foods 6 .

The range of the average absorbed dose reported for the irradiated food in the EU in 2015 is 1-10 kGy, the categories of products irradiated and the doses administered for each Member State are listed in Annex.

A total quantity of 5,685.9 tonnes of products were treated with ionising irradiation in EU Member States, 80% of which were irradiated mainly in two Member States: Belgium (68.9%) and the Netherlands (11.1%).

Figure 2 summarises the categories of foodstuffs submitted to irradiation. The two main commodities irradiated in the EU are frog legs (54.75%) and dried aromatic herbs, spices and vegetables seasoning (16.10%).

Figure 2 – Distribution by category of irradiated foodstuffs in the EU in 2015

Since Directives 1999/2/EC and 1999/3/EC have become applicable in the Member States, the quantities of food irradiated have decreased, though a slight increase of 9.7% is noted in 2015 compared to 2014.

Figure 3 shows the distribution of irradiated foodstuffs (in tonnes) by Member State in 2015.



Figure 3 – Quantity and category of foodstuffs irradiated in approved facilities within each Member State in 2015.

5.Results of checks at product marketing stage

5,973 samples were analysed by 24 Member States in 2015, i.e. overall 3.4% more than in 2014.

Four Member States accounted for 75.6% of the samples (Germany 56%, Italy 9%, Poland 5.3% and Romania 5.3%), as illustred in Figure 4. Five countries (four Member States and Norway) did not perform any analytical checks at product marketing stage in 2015 for different reasons: budgetary restrictions in Denmark, lack of laboratory capacity for such analyses in Estonia, Croatia, Cyprus and Norway.

Figure 4 – Percentage of checks and total samples analysed at product marketing stage within each Member States in 2015.

Among the products analysed in the European Union in 2015, the two main categories are “herbs and spices” (45.54%) and “cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products” (21.01%). Details are given in the tables reporting the tests carried out for each Member State (Annex). The category “other” includes mainly food supplements (45.92%) and soup and sauces (30.89%).

Figure 5 –Foodstuffs category analysed at product marketing stage within the European Union in 2015

For 2015, 5,802 samples (97.1%) were compliant with EU requirements, 104 (1.7%) non-compliant, and 67 samples (1.1%) gave inconclusive results. The two main reasons for non-compliance of tested samples were similar to the previous years, namely, incorrect labelling and forbidden irradiation, irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU. Details by Member State are available in annex.

Figure 6 – Percentage of compliant, non-compliant and inconclusive results of checks carried out at product marketing stage within the European Union for the year 2015 

6.Conclusion

The data submitted by the 28 EU Member States for 2015 show a 9.7% increase of the quantity of foodstuffs submitted to irradiation in the EU, compared to 2014 and a concomittant 3.4% increase of the checks performed at product marketing stage by competent authorities. The checks showed almost full respect of EU legislation, with less than 2% of products found to be non-compliant.

In Europe, the main commodity irradiated is frog legs, followed, though in much lower quantities, by dried aromatic herbs, spices and vegetables seasoning. Around 70% of the commodities are irradiated in Belgium, which remains the leading irradiating country within the EU.

In terms of control at marketing stage, the main commodity checked in the EU remains herbs and spices (45.6%) followed by cereals, seed, vegetables and fruits (21%), with Germany leading in the number of controls carried out representing alone more than all other Member States together.

Finally, the use of this decontamination technique stays marginal in Europe when compared to other regions of the world, where the use of irradiation for decontamination purposes is steadily increasing mainly in American and Asian countries.



Annex – Food irradiation data collection 2015

Quantities of foodstuffs (in tonnes) treated by ionising radiation
in approved irradiation facilities (EU and EFTA)

Country

Number of approved facilities

Treated quantity (tonnes)

Belgium

1

3,916.9

Bulgaria

2

No food irradiated

Croatia

1

12.0

Czech Republic

1

28.3

Estonia

1

36.9

France

5

376.6

Germany

4

211.1

Hungary

1

103.0

Italy

1

No food irradiated

The Netherlands

2

629.2

Poland

2

45.9

Romania

1

No food irradiated

Spain

3

326.0

United Kingdom

1

No food irradiated

Total EU

26

5,685.9

Norway

1

4.2

Total EU-EFTA

27

5,690.1

Categories of products irradiated and respective doses administered, by country.

Country

Foodstuffs

Absorbed dose (kGy)

Belgium

Dehydrated blood, plasma, coagulates

5.0 - 6.7

Egg white

4.3 - 5.0

Frozen frog legs

4.4 - 5.7

Frozen peeled or decapitated shrimps

4.0 - 4.3

Poultry

3.7 - 4.3

Croatia

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10

Czech Republic

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

6.3

Estonia

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10

France

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

5 - 10

Dried vegetables and fruits

1 - 10

Frozen frog legs

1 - 10

Germany

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10

Hungary

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

2 - 10

The Netherlands

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

6

Dried vegetables and fruits

6

Poland

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

5

Spain

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

8.6 – 9.5

Norway

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10



Samples analysed and results obtained for the European Union:

Country

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-compliant

Total samples

% of total EU samples

Austria

83

0

2

85

1.4%

Belgium

110

8

3

121

2.0%

Bulgaria

3

0

0

3

0.1%

Croatia

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

Cyprus

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

Czech Republic

25

4

1

30

0.5%

Denmark

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

Estonia

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

France

160

3

11

174

2.9%

Finland

213

9

8

230

3.9%

Germany

3,281

24

39

3344

56.0%

Greece

10

0

0

10

0.2%

Hungary

75

0

1

76

1.3%

Ireland

86

1

0

87

1.5%

Italy

532

0

7

539

9.0%

Latvia

11

0

1

12

0.2%

Lithuania

75

0

0

75

1.3%

Luxembourg

18

1

0

19

0.3%

Malta

69

3

5

77

1.3%

Netherlands

54

0

0

54

0.9%

Poland

315

0

2

317

5.3%

Portugal

9

0

0

9

0.2%

Romania

297

7

10

314

5.3%

Slovakia

26

0

0

26

0.4%

Slovenia

17

0

0

17

0.3%

Spain

235

2

0

237

4.0%

Sweden

5

0

0

5

0.1%

United Kingdom

93

5

14

112

1.9%

Total EU

5,802

67

104

5,973

100%

97.1%

1.1%

1.8%

100.0%

Norway

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP

NCP: no check performed



Results of checks at product marketing stage in Europe
and methods used to detect ionising treatment.

Austria

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Berries

29

0

0

EN 1787

Fish, crustaceans. Shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

25

0

0

EN 1786

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

29

0

2*

EN 1788

Total (85)

83

0

2

Total % of analysed samples

97.6%

0%

2.4%

*erroneously labelled

Belgium

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit

8

0

0

EN 1788

Fruit (dried)

10

0

0

EN 1788

Fish, crustaceans. Shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

33

2

1*

EN 1788

Herbs and spices

Herbs and spices (frozen)

13

2

0

EN 1788

Tea

22

0

0

EN 1788

Meat / meat products

Frog legs

7

2

2*

EN 1788

Other

Food supplements

17

2

0

EN 1788

Total (121)

110

8

3

Total % of analysed samples

90.9%

6.6%

2.5%

*erroneously labelled

Bulgaria

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

2

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

1

0

0

EN 13751

Total (3)

3

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%

Croatia 
Due to lack of laboratories carrying out analyses for ionising radiation, no checks were performed at product marketing stage in Croatia during the year 2015.

Cyprus
Due to lack of laboratories carrying out analyses for ionising radiation, no checks were performed at product marketing stage in Cyprus during the year 2015.

Czech Republic

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

2

0

0

EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

1

0

0

EN 1788

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

7

0

0

EN 1788

Herbal teas / Infusions

1

0

0

EN 1788

Other

Food supplements

5

2

1*

EN 1788

Soup

9

2

0

EN 1788

Total (30)

25

4

1

Total % of analysed samples

83.4%

13.3%

3.3%

*irradiation not allowed

Denmark 
Due to budgetary restrictions, no checks were performed at product
marketing stage in Denmark during the year 2015.

Estonia 
Due to lack of laboratories carrying out analyses for ionising radiation, no checks were performed at product marketing stage in Estonia during the year 2015.

France

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit

59

0

1*

EN 1787

Food supplements

7

1

0

EN 1788

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen)

21

0

3**

EN 1786

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

36

0

5*

EN 1788

Meat and meat products

Frog legs

11

0

1*

EN 1786

Meat and meat products

26

2

1*

EN 1784

Total (174)

160

3

11

Total % of analysed samples

92.0%

1.7%

6.3%

*erroneously labelled

**erroneously labelled and/or irradiation not allowed

Finland

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Berries

3

1

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Cereal products

3

0

0

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

4

0

0

EN 13751

Onions

3

0

0

EN 13751

Seaweeds (dried)

3

0

0

EN 13751

Pasta products

2

0

0

EN 13751

Rice (flour)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Seeds

4

0

0

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

25

2

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

99

4

4*

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

6

2

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Tea

13

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Cocoa

1

0

0

EN 13751

Coffee

1

0

0

EN 13751

Food supplements

28

0

3**

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Meals and dishes (prepared)

3

0

0

EN 13751

Other

1

0

0

EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

13

0

1**

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Total (230)

213

9

8

Total % of analysed samples

92.6%

3.9%

3.5%

*erroneously labelled and/or irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

**irradiation not allowed

Germany

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereal products

3

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1787

Fruit (dried)

133

0

9***

EN 13708;

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Fruits (fresh)

81

0

0

EN 13708;

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Mushrooms (fresh)

2

0

0

EN 1788;

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

140

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Potatoes

9

0

0

EN 1788

Pulses

110

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

44

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1786;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Vegetables (fresh)

21

0

0

EN 1787;

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

273

0

5**

EN13708;

EN 1786;

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Fish and fish products

58

0

8***

EN 1786;

EN 1788

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

1,254

10

2*

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Seasoning

303

2

0

EN 13708;

EN 1788;

EN 1785;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Tea

195

0

1***

EN 13708;

EN 1788;

EN 1785;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Meat (except poultry and game)

14

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1786

Meat (from different birds, kangaroo, hare)

2

0

0

EN 1786

Meat products (except sausages)

32

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1786

Poultry meat

142

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1786

Sausage products

27

0

0

EN 1786

Milk and milk products

Cheese (containing spices/herbs)

33

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Other

Food supplements

168

0

3***

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Meals and dishes (prepared)

29

2

0

EN 1788;

EN 1786

Eggs and eggs products

14

0

0

EN 1784

Various food

35

0

0

EN 13708;

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

159

10

11**

EN 1784; EN 1788; EN 1785; EN 13751

Total (3,344)

3,281

24

39

Total % of analysed samples

98.1%

0.7%

1.2%

*erroneously labelled

**erroneously labelled and/or irradiation not allowed

***irradiation not allowed

Greece

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

10

0

0

EN 13751

Total (10)

10

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%

Hungary

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

75

0

1*

EN 1788

Total (76)

75

0

1

Total % of analysed samples

98.7%

0%

1.3%

*erroneously labelled

Ireland

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Berries

4

0

0

EN 13751

Peanut bars

1

0

0

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Herbal teas / Infusions

1

0

0

EN 13751

Herbs and spices (fresh)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Other: Basil (3), Bay leaves (1), Oregano (1), Spice mixture for pickling cucumber (1), Smoked paprika (1), Garam Masala (1), Organic hot paprika (1), Ground cinnamon (1), Ground mace (1), Herbs and spices (1)

12

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Food for particular nutritional uses

35

0

0

EN 13751

Food supplements

31

1

0

EN 13751

Soy sauces

1

0

0

EN 13751

Total (87)

86

1

0

Total % of analysed samples

98.9%

1.1%

0%

Italy

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

82

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13784;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

5

0

0

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Tea

8

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Frog legs

21

0

0

EN 1786

Meat (except poultry and game)

16

0

0

EN 1786;

EN 13784

Poultry meat

37

0

0

EN 13784;

EN 1786;

EN 1785

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen)

109

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1786;

EN 13751

Fish and fish products

44

0

1*

EN 13784;

EN 1786;

EN 1785

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereals

18

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Fruit (dried)

18

0

0

EN 13708;

EN 1788;

EN 1787

Fruits (fresh)

11

0

0

EN 13708;

EN 1788;

EN13784;

EN 1787

Garlic

14

0

0

EN 13784;

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

22

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Nuts

32

0

0

EN 13784;
EN 1788;

EN 1787

Oil seeds

3

0

0

EN 13751

Onions

16

0

0

EN 13784;

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Tomatoes and carrots

2

0

0

EN 13751

Potatoes

18

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Pulses

14

0

0

EN 13784;

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Other

Food supplements

2

0

1**

EN 1788;

EN 1787

Raw material of plant origin, intended for use as an ingredient in plant food supplements

34

0

5**

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

sauces and soups (dehydrated)

6

0

0

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Total (539)

532

0

7

Total % of analysed samples

98.7%

0.7%

1.3%

*erroneously labelled

**erroneously labelled and/or irradiation not allowed

Latvia

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

4

0

0

EN 1788

Other

Food supplements

7

0

1*

EN 1788

Total (12)

11

0

1

Total % of analysed samples

91.7%

0%

8.3%

*irradiation not allowed

Lithuania

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

6

0

0

EN 13783

Herbal teas / Infusions

5

0

0

EN 13783

Other

Food supplements

62

0

0

EN 13783

Vegetables, vegetable products and mushrooms, dried seaweed (raw material for food production)

2

0

0

EN 13783

Total (75)

75

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%



Luxembourg

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen)

3

0

0

EN 1788

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

6

0

0

EN 1788

Other

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

9

1

0

EN 1788

Total (19)

18

1

0

Total % of analysed samples

94.7%

5.3%

0%

Malta

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit

4

0

0

EN 13751

Fruit (dried)

12

0

0

EN 13751

Instant noodles

8

2

0

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Onions

1

0

0

EN 13751

Dried seaweed

3

0

0

EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Fish and seafood (dried)

1

0

3*

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

11

0

0

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

17

0

1**

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Tea

3

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Soup

8

1

1**

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Total (77)

69

3

5

Total % of analysed samples

89.6%

3.9%

6.5%

*irradiation not allowed

**erroneously labelled

Netherlands

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Cereals products

6

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Cereals, seed, vegetables and fruit

4

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

2

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Nuts

6

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

4

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Shrimps

5

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

8

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Poultry meat

6

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Other

Chips

6

0

0

EN 1788;
EN 13751

Soup

7

0

0

EN 1788;
EN 13751

Total (54)

54

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%

Poland

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

8

0

0

EN 13708

Fruits (fresh)

7

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1787

Fruit (tropical)

1

0

0

EN 1788

Garlic

6

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13708

Instant noodles

6

0

0

EN 13751

Mushrooms (fresh)

4

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

12

0

0

EN 1788

Nuts

10

0

0

EN 1787

Onions

1

0

0

EN 1788

Pasta with spinach

1

0

0

EN 13751

Pasta products

9

0

0

EN 13751

Potatoes

1

0

0

EN 1788

Pulses

1

0

0

EN 1788

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

6

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Vegetables (fresh)

1

0

0

EN 1788

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen)

1

0

0

EN 1786

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

6

0

0

EN 1786;

EN 1788

Fish and fish products

14

0

0

EN 1786

Shrimp broth

0

0

1*

EN 1788

Shrimps

3

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

48

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Tea

12

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Milk and milk products

Cheese (containing spices/herbs)

27

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Cheese (cottage)

5

0

0

EN 1788

Cheese (ripened)

2

0

0

EN 1788

Meat and meat products

Chicken broth

3

0

0

EN 1788

Frog legs

2

0

0

EN 1786

Meat

20

0

0

EN 1786

Meat and meat products

2

0

0

EN 1786

Meat (except poultry and game)

3

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1786

Meat (from different birds, kangaroo, hare)

12

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1786

Meat, offal, meat products

3

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1786

Poultry meat

14

0

0

EN 1784;

EN 1786

Other

Cocoa

1

0

0

EN 1788

Coffee

3

0

0

EN 1788

Food for particular nutritional uses

16

0

1*

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Food supplements

16

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Other: Barbecue sauce (1), vegetable broth (1), paste of coriander (1), seasoning for chicken soup (1), instant for noodle dish (1), vegetable stock cube (1), fix oriental dish with chicken (1), instant soup flavour chicken curry with noodle (1)

8

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

20

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Total (317)

315

0

2

Total % of analysed samples

99.4%

0%

0.6%

*erroneously labelled

Portugal

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

1

0

0

EN 13751

Plant parts (senna pod, chamomile flower and moringa)

3

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Enzymes

1

0

0

EN 13751

Food supplements

3

0

0

EN 13751

Ginseng extract

1

0

0

EN 13751

Total (9)

9

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%

Romania

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

2

0

0

EN 13751

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

3

0

0

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

86

0

2*

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

143

1

8*

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

32

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

9

0

0

EN 13751

Other

Food supplements

22

6

0

EN 13751

Total (314)

297

7

10

Total % of analysed samples

94.6%

2.2%

3.2%

*irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

Slovakia

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Nuts

17

0

0

EN 1784

Oil seeds

1

0

0

EN 1784

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

5

0

0

EN 1788

Meat and meat products

Salmon fillets

2

0

0

EN 1784

Milk and milk products

Cheese (ripened)

1

0

0

EN 1784

Total (314)

26

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%

Slovenia

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Garlic

5

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

4

0

0

EN 13751

Tea

4

0

0

EN 13751

Meat and meat products

Poultry meat

2

0

0

EN 1786

Other

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

2

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Total (17)

17

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%

Spain

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (dried)

16

0

0

EN 13708

Mushrooms or mushrooms products (dried)

8

0

0

EN 13751

Nuts

16

0

0

EN 1787

Oil seeds

14

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Vegetables and vegetable products (dried)

32

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

91

2

0

EN 1787;

EN 13751

Herbal teas / Infusions

32

0

0

EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans, shellfish, mussels and other aquatic animals (including their products)

16

0

0

EN 1786

Fish and fish products

5

0

0

EN 1786

Meat and meat products

Poultry meat

5

0

0

EN 1786

Total (237)

235

2

0

Total % of analysed samples

99.2%

0.8%

0%

Sweden

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Meat and meat products

Meat

5

0

0

EN 1784

Total (5)

5

0

0

Total % of analysed samples

100%

0%

0%

United Kingdom

Foodstuff category

Foodstuffs

Compliant

Inconclusive

Non-Compliant

CEN method

Cereals, seed, vegetables, fruit and their products

Fruit (tropical)

1

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Instant noodles

20

3

6*

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Fish, crustaceans, shellfish and their products

Crustaceans or molluscs (frozen)

1

0

0

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Fish and fish products

1

0

1**

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Herbs and spices

Aromatic herbs, spices and vegetable seasoning (dried)

56

1

4*

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Tea

0

0

1**

EN 1788;

EN 13751

Other

Food supplements

11

1

1**

EN 1788; EN 13751

Sauces and soups (dehydrated)

1

0

0

EN 1788; EN 13751

Soup

2

0

1**

EN 1788; EN 13751

Total (112)

93

5

14

Total % of analysed samples

83.0%

4.5%

12.5%

*erroneously labelled and/or irradiation in facilities not approved by the EU

**irradiation not allowed

Norway 
Due to lack of laboratories carrying out analyses for ionising radiation, no checks were performed at product marketing stage in Norway during the year 2015.

(1) http://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/biosafety/irradiation/index_en.htm
(2)  Directive 1999/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning foods and food ingredients treated with ionising radiation (OJ L 66, 13.3.1999, p. 16).
(3)  Directive 1999/3/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 February 1999 on the establishment of a Community list of foods and food ingredients treated with ionising treatment (OJ L 66, 13.3.1999, p. 24).
(4) OJ C 283, 24.11.2009, p. 5.
(5) OJ C 51, 13.2.2015, p. 59–63
(6)  Reference FAO/WHO/CAC, vol. XV edition 1.
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