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Document 42021X1215

UN Regulation No 160 – Uniform provisions concerning the approval of motor vehicles with regard to the Event Data Recorder [2021/1215]

PUB/2021/586

OJ L 265, 26.7.2021, p. 3–25 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Date of entry into force unknown (pending notification) or not yet in force., Date of effect: 01/01/1001

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2021/1215/oj

26.7.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 265/3


Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date of entry into force of this Regulation should be checked in the latest version of the UN/ECE status document TRANS/WP.29/343, available at: https://unece.org/status-1958-agreement-and-annexed-regulations

UN Regulation No 160 – Uniform provisions concerning the approval of motor vehicles with regard to the Event Data Recorder [2021/1215]

01 series of amendments

Date of entry into force: TBC

This document is meant purely as documentation tool. The authentic and legally binding text is: ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2021/58.

CONTENTS

REGULATION

0.

Introduction

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Approval

5.

Requirements

6.

Modification of vehicle type and extension of approval

7.

Conformity of production

8.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

9.

Production definitively discontinued

10.

Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of Type Approval Authorities

11.

Transitional Provisions

ANNEXES

1

Communication

2

Information document on the type approval of a vehicle type with regards to its Event Data Recorder (EDR)

3

Arrangements of approval marks

4

Data elements and format

0.   INTRODUCTION

0.1.

The intention of this Regulation is to establish uniform provisions concerning the approval of motor vehicles of the Categories M1 and N1 with regard to their Event Data Recorders (EDRs).

0.2.

The provisions concern the minimum collection, storage and crash survivability of motor vehicle crash event data. It does not include specifications for data retrieval tools and methods as that is subject to national/regional level requirement.

0.3.

The purpose of these provisions is to ensure that EDRs record, in a readily usable manner, data valuable for effective crash investigations and for analysis of safety equipment performance (e.g., advanced restraint systems). These data will help provide a better understanding of the circumstances in which crashes and injuries occur and will facilitate the development of safer vehicle designs.

1.   SCOPE

1.1.

This Regulation applies to the approval of vehicles of categories M1 and N1 (1) with regard to their Event Data Recorder (EDR).

1.2.

This Regulation is without prejudice to requirements of national or regional laws related to privacy, data protection and personal data processing.

1.3.

The following data elements are excluded from the scope: VIN, associated vehicle details, location/positioning data, information of the driver, and date and time of an event.

1.4.

If there is no system or sensor designed to provide the data element to be recorded and stored under section 3, in the format (range, resolution, and sample rate) indicated in Annex 4. ‘DATA ELEMENTS’ or it is not operational at the time of recording, this document requires neither recording of such data nor fitting or making such systems or sensors operational. However, if the vehicle is fitted with an original equipment manufacturer sensor or system designed to provide the data element in the format specified in Annex 4. ‘DATA ELEMENTS’, then it is mandatory to report the data element in the specified format when the sensor or system is operational. In the case the reason for not being operational at the time of recording is a failure of this system or sensor, this failure state shall be recorded by the EDR as defined in the data elements Annex 4. Data elements.

2.   DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of these performance elements:

2.1.

‘ABS activity’ means the anti-lock brake system (ABS) is actively controlling the vehicle's brakes.

2.2.

‘Air bag warning lamp status’ means whether the air bag malfunction warning lamp is on or off.

2.3.

‘Capture’ means the process of buffering EDR data in a temporary, volatile storage where it is continuously updated at regular time intervals.

2.4.

‘Delta-V, lateral’ means the cumulative change in velocity, as recorded by the EDR of the vehicle, along the lateral axis.

2.5.

‘Delta-V, longitudinal’ means the cumulative change in velocity, as recorded by the EDR of the vehicle, along the longitudinal axis.

2.6.

‘Deployment time, frontal air bag’ means (for both driver and front passenger) the elapsed time from crash time zero to the deployment command or for multi-staged air bag systems, the deployment command for the first stage.

2.7.

‘End of event time’ means the moment at which the cumulative delta-V within a 20 ms time period becomes 0,8 km/h or less, or the moment at which the crash detection algorithm of the air bag control unit resets.

2.8.

‘Engine RPM’ means:

(a)

For vehicles powered by internal combustion engines, the number of revolutions per minute of the main crankshaft of the vehicle's engine, and

(b)

For vehicles not entirely powered by internal combustion engines, the number of revolutions per minute of the motor shaft at the point at which it enters the vehicle transmission gearbox, and

(c)

For vehicles not powered by internal combustion engines at all, the number of revolutions per minute of the output shaft of the device(s) supplying motive power.

2.9.

‘Engine throttle, percent full’ means the driver-requested acceleration as measured by the throttle position sensor on the accelerator control compared to the fully depressed position.

2.10.

‘Event’ means a crash or other physical occurrence that causes the trigger threshold to be met or exceeded, or any non-reversible deployable restraint to be deployed, whichever occurs first.

2.11.

‘Event data recorder’ (EDR) means a device or function in a vehicle that records the vehicle's dynamic, time-series data during the time period just prior to an event (e.g., vehicle speed vs. time) or during a crash event (e.g., delta-V vs. time), intended for retrieval after the crash event. For the purposes of this definition, the event data does not include audio and video data.

2.12.

‘Frontal air bag’ means an inflatable restraint system that requires no action by vehicle occupants and is used to meet the applicable national frontal crash protection requirements.

2.13.

‘If recorded’ means if data is recorded in non-volatile memory for the purpose of subsequent downloading.

2.14.

‘Ignition cycle, crash’ means the number (count) of power mode cycles at the time when the crash event occurred since the first use of the EDR.

2.15.

‘Ignition cycle download’ means the number (count) of power mode cycles at the time when the data was downloaded since the first use of the EDR.

2.16.

‘Lateral acceleration’ means the component of the vector acceleration of a point in the vehicle in the y-direction. The lateral acceleration is positive from left to right, from the perspective of the driver when seated in the vehicle facing the direction of forward vehicle travel.

2.17.

‘Longitudinal acceleration’ means the component of the vector acceleration of a point in the vehicle in the x-direction. The longitudinal acceleration is positive in the direction of forward vehicle travel.

2.18.

‘Maximum delta-V, lateral’ means the maximum value of the cumulative change in velocity, as recorded by the EDR, of the vehicle along the lateral axis.

2.19.

‘Maximum delta-V, longitudinal’ means the maximum value of the cumulative change in velocity, as recorded by the EDR, of the vehicle along the longitudinal axis.

2.20.

‘Maximum delta–V, resultant’ means the time-correlated maximum value of the cumulative change in velocity, as reported by the EDR along the vector-added longitudinal and lateral axis.

2.21.

‘Multi-event crash’ means the occurrence of a minimum of 2 events, the first and last of which begin not more than 5 seconds apart.

2.22.

‘Non-volatile memory’ means the memory reserved for maintaining recorded EDR data in a semi-permanent fashion. Data recorded in non-volatile memory is retained after a loss of power and can be retrieved with EDR data extraction tools and methods.

2.23.

‘Normal acceleration’ means the component of the vector acceleration of a point in the vehicle in the z-direction. The normal acceleration is positive in a downward direction.

2.24.

‘Occupant size classification’ means, for front passenger, the classification of an occupant as an adult and not a child, and for the driver, the classification of the driver as not being of small stature as indicated in the data format.

2.25

‘Operational’ means that the system or sensor, at the time of the event, is active or can be activated/deactivated by the driver.

2.26.

‘Passenger air bag suppression status’ means the status of the passenger air bag (suppressed or not suppressed).

2.27.

‘Pretensioner’ means a device that is activated by a vehicle's crash sensing system and removes slack from a vehicle safety belt system.

2.28.

‘Record’ means the process of saving captured EDR data into a non-volatile storage for subsequent retrieval.

2.29.

‘Safety belt status’ means the feedback from the safety system that the vehicle’s safety belt is fastened or unfastened.

2.30.

‘Seat track position switch, foremost, status’ means the status of the switch that is installed to detect whether the seat is moved to a forward position.

2.31.

‘Service brake, on and off’ means the status of the device that is installed in or connected to the brake pedal system to detect whether the pedal was pressed. The device can include the brake pedal switch or other driver-operated service brake control.

2.32.

‘Side air bag’ means any inflatable occupant restraint device that is mounted to the seat or side structure of the vehicle interior, and that is designed to deploy in a side impact crash to help mitigate occupant injury and/or ejection.

Note – Side air bags can also deploy in other crash modes as determined by the vehicle manufacturer.

2.33.

‘Side curtain/tube air bag’ means any inflatable occupant restraint device that is mounted to the side structure of the vehicle interior, and that is designed to deploy in a side impact crash or rollover and to help mitigate occupant injury and/or ejection.

Note – Side curtain/tube air bags can also deploy in other crash modes as determined by the manufacturer.

2.34.

‘Speed, vehicle indicated’ means the vehicle speed indicated by a manufacturer-designated subsystem designed to indicate the vehicle's ground travel speed during vehicle operation.

2.35.

‘Stability control’ means any device that complies with national, ‘Electronic stability control systems’.

2.36.

‘Steering input’ means the angular displacement of the steering wheel measured from the straight-ahead position (position corresponding to zero average steer angle of a pair of steered wheels).

2.37.

‘Time from event 1 to 2’ means the elapsed time from time zero of the first event to time zero of the second event of a multi-event crash.

2.38.

‘Time, maximum delta–V, lateral’ means the time from crash time zero to the point where the maximum value of the cumulative change in velocity is found, as recorded by the EDR, along the lateral axis.

2.39.

‘Time, maximum delta-V, longitudinal’ means the time from crash time zero to the point where the maximum value of the cumulative change in velocity is found, as recorded by the EDR, along the longitudinal axis.

2.40.

‘Time, maximum delta–V, resultant’ means the time from crash time zero to the point where the maximum delta–V resultant occurs, as reported by the EDR.

2.41.

‘Time to deploy, pretensioner’ means the elapsed time from crash time zero to the deployment command for the safety belt pretensioner (for both driver and front passenger).

2.42.

‘Time to deploy, side air bag/curtain’ means the elapsed time from crash time zero to the deployment command for a side air bag or a side curtain/tube air bag (for both driver and front passenger).

2.43.

‘Time to first stage’ means the elapsed time between time zero and the time when the first stage of a frontal air bag is commanded to fire.

2.44.

‘Time to nth stage’ means the elapsed time from crash time zero to the deployment command for the nth stage of a frontal air bag (for both driver and front passenger).

2.45.

‘Time zero’ is the time reference for the EDR data timestamps of an event.

2.46.

‘Trigger threshold’ means the appropriate parameter has met the conditions for recording an EDR event.

2.47.

‘Vehicle roll angle’ means the angle between the vehicle y-axis and the ground plane as determined by the sensing system.

2.48.

‘Vehicle type with regard to its Event Data Recorder’ means vehicles which do not differ significantly in such essential aspects as:

(a)

The manufacturer’s trade name or mark;

(b)

Vehicle features which significantly influence the performances of the EDR; Addition of new trigger(s), new data (elements), or modification in their format, shall not be considered as ‘significantly influencing the performance of EDR’;

(c)

The main characteristics and design of the EDR.

2.49.

‘Volatile memory’ means the memory reserved for buffering of captured EDR data. The memory is not capable of retaining data in a semi-permanent fashion. Data captured in volatile memory is continuously overwritten and is not retained in the event of a power loss or retrievable with EDR data extraction tools.

2.50.

‘Vulnerable road user secondary safety system’ means a deployable vehicle system outside the occupant compartment designed to mitigate injury consequences to vulnerable road users during a collision.

2.51.

‘X-direction’ means in the direction of the vehicle’s X-axis, which is parallel to the vehicle's longitudinal centerline. The X-direction is positive in the direction of forward vehicle travel.

2.52.

‘Y-direction’ means in the direction of the vehicle’s Y-axis, which is perpendicular to its X-axis and in the same horizontal plane as that axis. The Y-direction is positive from left to right, from the perspective of the driver when seated in the vehicle facing the direction of forward vehicle travel.

2.53.

‘Z-direction’ means in the direction of the vehicle’s Z-axis, which is perpendicular to the X and Y-axes. The Z-direction is positive in a downward direction.

2.54.

‘Vehicle roll rate’ means the change in angle over time of the vehicle about its X-axis as determined by the sensing system.

2.55.

‘Vehicle yaw rate’ means the change in angle over time of the vehicle about its Z-axis as determined by the sensing system.

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.

The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to its EDR shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his authorized representative to the approval authority of the Contracting Party according to the provisions of Schedule 3 of the 1958 Agreement.

3.2.

It shall be accompanied by the following documentation (a model of the information document is given in Annex 2):

3.2.1.

A description of the vehicle type with regard to the items specified in paragraph 5 below, in particular related to the location of the EDR in the vehicle, the triggering parameters, storing capacity and the resistance to high deceleration and mechanical stress of a severe impact;

3.2.2.

The data elements and format stored in the EDR;

3.2.3.

Instructions for retrieving data from the EDR.

3.3.

A vehicle representative of the vehicle type to be approved shall be submitted to the approval authority or its designated technical service responsible for conducting the approval tests.

4.   APPROVAL

4.1.

If the vehicle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the requirements of paragraph 5 below, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.

4.2.

An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 00 for the Regulation in its original form) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another type of vehicle.

4.3.

Notice of approval or of extension or of refusal or of withdrawal of approval or of production definitively discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation and documentation supplied by the applicant being in a format not exceeding A4 (210 × 297mm) and on an appropriate scale or electronic format.

4.4.

There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation, an international approval mark conforming to the model described in Annex 3, consisting of either:

4.4.1.

A circle surrounding the letter ‘E’ followed by:

(a)

The distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval; (2) and

(b)

The number of this Regulation, followed by the letter ‘R’, a dash and the approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in this paragraph;

or

4.4.2.

An oval surrounding the letters ‘UI’ followed by the Unique Identifier.

4.5.

The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

4.6.

The approval authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring effective checks on conformity of production before type-approval is granted.

5.   REQUIREMENTS

Requirements for vehicles fitted with an EDR include data elements, data format, data capture, and crash test performance and survivability.

5.1.

Data elements

5.1.1.

Each vehicle fitted with an EDR shall record the data elements specified as mandatory and those required under specified minimum conditions during the interval/time and at the sample rate specified in Annex 4, Table 1.

5.2.

Data format

5.2.1.

Each data element recorded shall be reported in accordance with the range, accuracy, and resolution specified in Annex 4, Table 1.

5.2.2.

Acceleration Time-History data and format: the longitudinal, lateral, and normal acceleration time-history data, as applicable, shall be filtered either during the recording phase or during the data downloading phase to include:

5.2.2.1.

The Time Step (TS) that is the inverse of the sampling frequency of the acceleration data and which has units of milliseconds;

5.2.2.2.

The number of the first point (NFP), which is an integer that when multiplied by the TS equals the time relative to time zero of the first acceleration data point;

5.2.2.3.

The number of the last point (NLP), which is an integer that when multiplied by the TS equals the time relative to time zero of the last acceleration data point; and

5.2.2.4.

NLP—NFP + 1 acceleration values sequentially beginning with the acceleration at time NFP * TS and continue sampling the acceleration at TS increments in time until the time NLP * TS is reached.

5.3.

Data capture

The EDR shall record the captured data in the vehicle and this data shall remain in the vehicle subject to the provisions of paragraph 5.3.4, at least until they are retrieved in compliance with national or regional legislation or they are overwritten in compliance with paragraph 5.3.4.

The EDR non-volatile memory buffer shall accommodate the data related to at least three different events.

The data elements for every event shall be captured and recorded by the EDR, as specified in paragraph 5.1 in accordance with the following conditions and circumstances:

5.3.1.

Conditions for triggering recording of data

An event shall be recorded by the EDR if one of the following threshold values is met or exceeded:

5.3.1.1.

Change in longitudinal vehicle velocity more than 8 km/h within a 150 ms or less interval.

5.3.1.2.

Change in lateral vehicle velocity more than 8 km/h within a 150 ms or less interval

5.3.1.3.

Activation of Non-reversible occupant restraint system.

5.3.1.4.

Activation of Vulnerable road user secondary safety system

If a vehicle is not fitted with any Vulnerable Road User (VRU) secondary safety system, this document requires neither recording of data nor fitting of such systems. However, if the vehicle is fitted with such a system, then it is mandatory to record the event data following activation of this system.

5.3.2.

Conditions for triggering locking of data

In the circumstances provided below, the memory for the event shall be locked to prevent any future overwriting of the data by subsequent event.

5.3.2.1.

In all the cases where a non-reversible occupant restraint system is deployed.

5.3.2.2.

In the case of a frontal impact, if the vehicle is not fitted with a non-reversible restraint system for front impact, when the vehicle’s velocity change in x-axis direction exceeds 25 km/h within 150ms or less interval.

5.3.2.3.

Activation of Vulnerable road user secondary safety system

5.3.3.

Conditions for establishment of time zero

Time zero is established at the time when any of the following first occurs:

5.3.3.1.

For systems with ‘wake-up’ air bag control systems, the time at which the occupant restraint control algorithm is activated; or

5.3.3.2.

For continuously running algorithms,

5.3.3.2.1.

The first point in the interval where a longitudinal, cumulative delta-V of over 0,8 km/h is reached within a 20 ms time period; or

5.3.3.2.2.

For vehicles that record ‘delta-V, lateral,’ the first point in the interval where a lateral, cumulative delta-V of over 0,8 km/h is reached within a 5 ms time period; or

5.3.3.3.

Deployment of a non-reversible deployable restraint or activation of VRU secondary safety protection system.

5.3.4.

Overwriting

5.3.4.1

If an EDR non-volatile memory buffer void of previous-event data is not available, the recorded data shall, subject to the provisions of paragraph 5.3.2, be overwritten by the current event data, on a first-in first-out basis, or according to different strategies decided by the manufacturer and made available to the relevant authorities of Contracting Parties.

5.3.4.2

Furthermore, if an EDR non-volatile memory buffer void of previous-event data is not available, data originating from non-reversible restraint system or Vulnerable road user secondary safety system deployment events referred to in paragraph 5.3.2 shall always overwrite any other data that is not locked per 5.3.2.

5.3.5.

Power failure

Data recorded in non-volatile memory is retained after loss of power.

5.4.

Crash test performance and survivability

5.4.1.

Each vehicle subject to the requirements of national or regional frontal crash test regulations, shall conform with the specifications in paragraph 5.4.3.

5.4.2.

Each vehicle subject to the requirements of national or regional side impact crash test regulations, shall conform with the specifications of paragraph 5.4.3.

5.4.3.

The data elements required by paragraph 5.1, shall be recorded in the format specified by paragraph 5.2, exist at the completion of the crash test and the complete data recorded element shall read ‘yes’ after the test. Elements that are not operating normally in crash tests (e.g., those related to engine operation, braking, etc.) are not required to meet the accuracy or resolution requirements in these crash tests.

The data shall be retrievable even after an impact of a severity level set by UN Regulations Nos 94, 95 or 137.

5.5.

It shall not be possible to deactivate the Event Data Recorder.

6.   MODIFICATION OF VEHICLE TYPE AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL

6.1.

Every modification of the vehicle type as defined in paragraph 2.x of this Regulation shall be notified to the approval authority which approved the vehicle type. The approval authority may then either:

6.1.1.

Consider that the modifications made do not have an adverse effect on the conditions of the granting of the approval and grant an extension of approval;

6.1.2.

Consider that the modifications made affect the conditions of the granting of the approval and require further tests or additional checks before granting an extension of approval.

6.2.

Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.3 above to the Contracting Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation.

6.3.

The approval authority shall inform the other Contracting Parties of the extension by means of the communication form which appears in Annex 1 to this Regulation. It shall assign a serial number to each extension, to be known as the extension number.

7.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

7.1.

Procedures for the conformity of production shall conform to the general provisions defined in Article 2 and Schedule 1 to the Agreement (E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.3) and meet the following requirements:

7.2.

A vehicle approved pursuant to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements of paragraph 5 above;

7.3.

The approval authority which has granted the approval may at any time verify the conformity of control methods applicable to each production unit. The normal frequency of such inspections shall be once every two years.

8.   PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

8.1.

The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements laid down in paragraph 7 above are not complied with.

8.2.

If a Contracting Party withdraws an approval it had previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation by sending them a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

9.   PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED

If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of vehicle approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the approval authority which granted the approval, which in turn shall forthwith inform the other Contracting Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

10.   NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF THE TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS AND OF TYPE APPROVAL AUTHORITIES

The Contracting Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat (3) the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the approval authorities which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval are to be sent.

11.   TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

11.1.

As from the official date of entry into force of the 01 series of amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant or refuse to accept type approvals under this Regulation as amended by the 01 series of amendments.

11.2.

As from 1 July 2024, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not be obliged to accept type approvals to the original version of this Regulation, first issued after 1 July 2024.

11.3.

Until 1 July 2026, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall accept type approvals to the original version of this Regulation, first issued before 1 July 2024.

11.4.

As from 1 July 2026, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not be obliged to accept type approvals issued to the original version of this Regulation.

11.5.

Notwithstanding paragraph 11.4, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to accept type approvals issued according to the original version of this Regulation, for vehicles which are not affected by the changes introduced by the 01 Series of amendments.

11.6.

Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant type approvals according to any preceding series of amendments to this Regulation or extensions thereof.

(1)  As defined in Section 2 of the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3) (document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.6) – https://unece.org/transport/standards/transport/vehicle-regulations-wp29/resolutions

(2)  The distinguishing numbers of the Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement are reproduced in Annex 3 to the Consolidated Resolution on the Construction of Vehicles (R.E.3), document ECE/TRANS/WP.29/78/Rev.6 - https://unece.org/transport/standards/transport/vehicle-regulations-wp29/resolutions

(3)  Through the online platform ("/343 Application") provided by UNECE and dedicated to the exchange of such information: https://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/datasharing.html


ANNEX 1

Communication

(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm)

Image 1

 (1)

issued by:

Name of administration:


Concerning (2):

Approval granted

 

Approval extended

 

Approval refused

 

Approval withdrawn

 

Production definitively discontinued

of a vehicle type with regard to its Event Dara Recorder (EDR) pursuant to UN Regulation No. 160

Approval No.: …

Reason(s) for extension (if applicable): …

1.

Trade name or mark of the vehicle: …

2.

Vehicle type: …

3.

Name and address of manufacturer: …

4.

If applicable, name and address of manufacturer's representative: …

5.

Brief description of vehicle: …

6.

Technical service responsible for conducting the approval tests: …

6.1.

Date of report issued by that service: …

6.2.

Number of report issued by that service: …

7.

Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn:2

8.

Position of approval mark on the vehicle: …

9.

Place: …

10.

Date: …

11.

Signature: …

12.

The list of documents deposited with the approval authority which has granted approval is annexed to this communication.

(1)  Distinguishing number of the country which has granted/extended/refused/withdrawn an approval (see approval provisions in this Regulation).

(2)  Strike out what does not apply.


ANNEX 2

Information document on the type approval of a vehicle type with regard to its Event Data Recorder (EDR)

A list of contents shall be included.

Any drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 paper or on a folder of A4 format.

Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.

GENERAL

1.

Trade name or mark of vehicle: …

2.

Vehicle type: …

3.

Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle: …

4.

Location of the marking: …

5.

Location of and method of affixing the approval mark: …

6.

Category of vehicle: …

7.

Name and address of manufacturer: …

8.

Address(es) of assembly plant(s): …

9.

Photograph(s) and/or drawing(s) of a representative vehicle: …

10.

EDR

10.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer): …

10.2.

Type and general commercial description(s): …

10.3.

Drawing(s) or photographs showing the location and method of attachment of the EDR in the vehicle: …

10.4.

Description of the triggering parameter: …

10.5.

Description of any other relevant parameter (storing capacity, resistance to high deceleration and mechanical stress of a severe impact, etc.): …

10.6.

The data elements and data format stored in the EDR:

Data element

Recording interval/time (relative to time zero)

Data sample rate (samples per second)

Minimum range

Accuracy

Resolution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.7.

Instructions for retrieving data from the EDR: …

ANNEX 3

Arrangements of approval marks

(see paragraphs 4.4 to 4.4.2 of this Regulation)

Image 2

a = 8 mm min

The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type with regard to its EDR concerned has been approved in Germany (E 1) pursuant to UN Regulation No 160. The first two digits of the approval number (01) indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of the 01 series of amendments to UN Regulation No 160.

Image 3

a ≥ 8 mm

The above Unique Identifier shows that the type concerned has been approved and that the relevant information on that type-approval can be accessed on the UN secure internet database by using 270650 as Unique Identifier. Any leading zeroes in the Unique Identifier may be omitted in the approval marking.


ANNEX 4

Data elements and format (1)

Table 1

Data element

Condition for requirement (2)

Recording interval/time (3) (relative to time zero)

Data sample rate (samples per second)

Minimum range

Accuracy (4)

Resolution

Event(s) recorded for (5)

Delta-V, longitudinal

Mandatory – not required if longitudinal acceleration recorded at ≥500 Hz with sufficient range and resolution to calculate delta-v with required accuracy

0 to 250 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

100

-100 km/h to + 100 km/h.

±10 %

1 km/h

Planar

Maximum delta-V, longitudinal

Mandatory – not required if longitudinal acceleration recorded at ≥500 Hz

0–300 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

N/A

-100 km/h to + 100 km/h.

±10 %

1 km/h

Planar

Time, maximum delta-V, longitudinal

Mandatory – not required if longitudinal acceleration recorded at ≥500 Hz

0–300 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

N/A

0–300 ms, or 0-End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

±3 ms

2,5 ms

Planar

Speed, vehicle indicated

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

0 km/h to 250 km/h

±1 km/h

1 km/h

Planar

VRU

Engine throttle, % full (or accelerator pedal, % full)

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

0 to 100 %

±5 %

1 %

Planar

Rollover

VRU

Service brake, on/off

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

On or Off

N/A

On or Off

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Ignition cycle, crash

Mandatory

-1,0 sec

N/A

0 to 60 000

±1 cycle

1 cycle

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Ignition cycle, download

Mandatory

At time of download (6)

N/A

0 to 60 000

±1 cycle

1 cycle

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Safety belt status, driver

Mandatory

-1,0 sec

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

Planar

Rollover

Air bag warning lamp (7)

Mandatory

-1,0 sec

N/A

On or Off

N/A

On or Off

Planar

Rollover

Frontal air bag deployment, time to deploy, in the case of a single stage air bag, or time to first stage deployment, in the case of a multi-stage air bag, driver.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Frontal air bag deployment, time to deploy, in the case of a single stage air bag, or time to first stage deployment, in the case of a multi-stage air bag, front passenger.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Multi-event crash, number of event

If Recorded (8)

Event

N/A

1 or more

N/A

1 or more

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Time from event 1 to 2

Mandatory

As needed

N/A

0 to 5,0 sec

±0,1 sec

0,1 sec

Planar

Rollover

Complete file recorded (yes, no)

Mandatory

Following other data

N/A

Yes or No

N/A

Yes or No

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Lateral acceleration

(post-crash)

If Recorded

0–250 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

500Hz

-50 to +50g

+/- 10 %

1 g

Planar

Rollover

Longitudinal acceleration

(post-crash)

If Recorded

0–250 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

500Hz

-50 to +50g

+/- 10 %

1 g

Planar

Normal acceleration

(post-crash)

If recorded

-1,0 to 5,0 sec (9)

10 Hz

-5 g to +5 g

± 10 %

0,5 g

Rollover

Delta-V, lateral

Mandatory – not required if lateral acceleration recorded at ≥500 Hz and with sufficient range and resolution to calculate delta-v with required accuracy

0–250 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

100

-100 km/h to + 100 km/h.

±10 %

1 km/h

Planar

Maximum delta-V, lateral

Mandatory – not required if lateral acceleration recorded at ≥500 Hz

0–300 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

N/A

-100 km/h to + 100 km/h.

±10 %

1 km/h

Planar

Time maximum delta-V, lateral

Mandatory – not required if lateral acceleration recorded at ≥500 Hz

0–300 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

N/A

0–300 ms, or 0-End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

±3 ms

2,5 ms

Planar

Time for maximum delta-V, resultant.

Mandatory – not required if relevant acceleration recorded at ≥500 Hz

0–300 ms or 0 to End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

N/A

0–300 ms, or 0-End of Event Time plus 30 ms, whichever is shorter.

±3 ms

2,5 ms

Planar

Engine rpm

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

0 to 10 000 rpm

±100 rpm (10)

100 rpm

Planar

Rollover

Vehicle roll angle

If recorded

-1,0 up to 5,0 sec (9)

10

-1 080 deg to + 1 080 deg

±10 %

10 deg

Rollover

Vehicle roll rate

Mandatory if fitted and used for rollover protection system control algorithm

-1,0 up to 5,0 sec (11)

10

-240 to + 240 deg/sec

+/- 10 % (12)

1 deg/sec

Rollover

ABS activity

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

Faulted, Active, Intervening (13)

N/A

Faulted, Active, Intervening (12)

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Stability control

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

Faulted, On, Off, Intervening (12)

N/A

Faulted, On, Off, Intervening (12)

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Steering input

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

-250 deg CW to + 250 deg CCW.

±5 %

±1 %

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Safety belt status, front passenger

Mandatory

-1,0 sec

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

Planar

Rollover

Passenger air bag suppression status, front

Mandatory

-1,0 sec

N/A

Suppressed or not suppressed

N/A

Suppressed or not suppressed

Planar

Rollover

Frontal air bag deployment, time to nth stage, driver (4)

Mandatory if fitted with a driver’s frontal air bag with a multi-stage inflator.

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Frontal air bag deployment, time to nth stage, front passenger (14)

Mandatory if fitted with a front passenger’s frontal air bag with a multi-stage inflator.

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Side air bag deployment, time to deploy, driver.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Side air bag deployment, time to deploy, front passenger.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Side curtain/tube air bag deployment, time to deploy, driver side.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Rollover

Side curtain/tube air bag deployment, time to deploy, passenger side.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Rollover

Pretensioner deployment, time to fire, driver.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Rollover

Pretensioner deployment, time to fire, front passenger.

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Rollover

Seat track position switch, foremost, status, driver.

Mandatory if fitted and used for deployment decision

-1,0 sec

N/A

Yes or No

N/A

Yes or No

Planar

Rollover

Seat track position switch, foremost, status, front passenger.

Mandatory if fitted and used for deployment decision

-1,0 sec

N/A

Yes or No

N/A

Yes or No

Planar

Rollover

Occupant size classification, driver

If recorded

-1,0 sec

N/A

5th percentile female or larger.

N/A

Yes or No

Planar

Rollover

Occupant size classification, front passenger

If recorded

-1,0 sec

N/A

6yr old HIII US ATD or Q6 ATD or smaller

N/A

Yes or No

Planar

Rollover

Safety belt status, rear passengers

Mandatory

-1,0 sec

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

Planar

Rollover

Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Warning Lamp Status

Mandatory

-1,0 seconds relative to time zero

N/A

N/A

N/A

On, Off

Planar

Rollover

Longitudinal acceleration

(pre – crash)

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

2 Hz

-1.5g to +1.5g

+/- 10%

0,1 g

Planar

VRU

Lateral acceleration

(pre – crash)

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

2 Hz

-1,0 g to +1,0 g

+/- 10 %

0,1 g

Planar

Yaw Rate

Mandatory

-5 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

2

-75 to +75 degrees / second

±10 % of the full range of the sensor

0,1

Planar

Rollover

Traction Control Status

Mandatory if not fitted with ESC

-5,0 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

2

N/A

N/A

Actively controlling, Faulted, Commanded Off, or On but Not Controlling

Planar

Rollover

AEBS status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

2

N/A

N/A

Actively Warning, Actively Engaged, Faulted, Off, Not Active

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Cruise Control System

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

2

N/A

N/A

Actively Controlling, Faulted, Commanded Off, On but Not Controlling

Planar

VRU

Rollover

Adaptive Cruise Control Status (driving automation system level 1)

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

2

N/A

N/A

Actively Controlling, Faulted, Commanded Off, On but Not Controlling

Planar

VRU

Rollover

VRU secondary safety system deployment, time to deploy

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

±2 ms

1 ms

VRU

VRU secondary safety system warning indicator status (15)

Mandatory

-1,1 to 0 seconds relative to time zero

N/A

N/A

N/A

On or Off

VRU

Safety belt status mid-position front

Mandatory

-1,0 sec

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

N/A

Fastened, not fastened

Planar

Rollover

Far side impact center airbag

Mandatory

Event

N/A

0 to 250 ms

+/- 2 ms

1 ms

Planar

Rollover

Lane departure warning system status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not warning,

On – Warning left,

On – Warning right

 

Corrective steering function (CSF) status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not intervening,

On – Actively intervening

Emergency steering function (ESF) status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not intervening,

On – Actively intervening

Automatically commanded steering function (ACSF) category A status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not controlling,

On – Actively controlling

Automatically commanded steering function (ACSF) category B1 status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not controlling,

On – Actively controlling

Automatically commanded steering function (ACSF) category B2 status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not controlling,

On – Actively controlling

Automatically commanded steering function (ACSF) category C status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not controlling,

On – Actively controlling

Automatically commanded steering function (ACSF) category D status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not controlling,

On – Actively controlling

Automatically commanded steering function (ACSF) category E status

Mandatory

-5,0 to 0 sec

2

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

Off,

On but not controlling,

On – Actively controlling

Accident emergency call system status

Mandatory

Event

N/A

N/A

N/A

Faulted,

On but emergency call not automatically triggered,

On – Emergency call automatically triggered


(1)  Format requirements specified below are minimum requirements and manufacturers can exceed them.

(2)  ‘Mandatory’ is subject to the conditions detailed in Section 1.

(3)  Pre-crash data and crash data are asynchronous. The sample time accuracy requirement for pre-crash time is -0,1 to 1,0 sec (e.g. T = -1 would need to occur between -1,1 and 0 seconds.)

(4)  Accuracy requirement only applies within the range of the physical sensor. If measurements captured by a sensor exceed the design range of the sensor, the reported element shall indicate when the measurement first exceeded the design range of the sensor.

(5)  ‘Planar’ includes triggered events in sections 5.3.1.1, 5.3.1.2, and 5.3.1.3 and ‘VRU’ includes triggered events in section 5.3.1.4.

(6)  The ignition cycle at the time of download is not required to be recorded at the time of the crash but shall be reported during the download process.

(7)  The air bag warning lamp is the readiness indicator specified in national air bag requirements and may also illuminate to indicate a malfunction in another part of the deployable restraint system.

(8)  ‘If recorded’ means if the data is recorded in non-volatile memory for the purpose of subsequent downloading.

(9)  May be recorded in any time duration; -1,0 to 5,0 sec is suggested.

(10)  These elements do not need to meet the accuracy and resolution requirements in specified crash tests.

(11)  ‘vehicle roll angle’ may be recorded in any time duration; -1,0 sec to 5,0 sec is suggested.

(12)  Relative to the full range of the sensor.

(13)  Manufacturers can include other system states.

(14)  List this element n - 1 times, once for each stage of a multi-stage air bag system.

(15)  Multiple safety system status indications can be combined into the air bag warning indicator


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