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Document 32020D0655

Decision (EU) 2020/655 of the European Central Bank of 5 May 2020 adopting implementing rules concerning data protection at the European Central Bank and repealing Decision ECB/2007/1 (ECB/2020/28)

OJ L 152, 15.5.2020, p. 13–20 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2020/655/oj

15.5.2020   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 152/13


DECISION (EU) 2020/655 OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK

of 5 May 2020

adopting implementing rules concerning data protection at the European Central Bank and repealing Decision ECB/2007/1 (ECB/2020/28)

THE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to the Statute of the European System of Central Banks and of the European Central Bank, and in particular to Article 11.6 thereof,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2018 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by the Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 and Decision No 1247/2002/EC (1), and in particular Article 45(3) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) sets out general rules to protect natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and to ensure the free movement of personal data within the Union.

(2)

Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 repeals Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council (3) and sets out the data protection principles and rules applicable to all Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies.

(3)

In order to ensure a consistent approach to personal data protection throughout the Union and free movement of personal data within the Union, it is necessary to align as far as possible the data protection rules applicable to Union institutions and bodies with the data protection rules adopted for the public sector in the Member States. Whenever the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 follow the same principles as the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, those two sets of provisions should be interpreted homogenously, in particular because the scheme of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 should be understood as equivalent to Regulation (EU) 2016/679.

(4)

Article 43 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 requires each Union institution or body to designate a data protection officer. Pursuant to Article 45(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, each Union institution or body must adopt further implementing rules concerning the data protection officer. The implementing rules must in particular concern the tasks, duties and powers of the data protection officer.

(5)

For reasons of efficiency and in line with past practice, the data protection officer of the European Central Bank (ECB) may be authorised to also cover data protection issues in relation to the European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB) if the ESRB’s General Board decides to appoint the ECB’s data protection officer as the ESRB’s data protection officer.

(6)

The implementing rules should also set out how data subjects may exercise their rights and how persons responsible for the processing of personal data should fulfil their duties within Union institutions and bodies.

(7)

Whilst the ECB is the legal entity responsible for the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data under both Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and this Decision, the processing operations may in practice be carried out by different organisational units within the ECB.

(8)

Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 prescribes what remedies are available to a data subject for complaints concerning data protection against a Union institution, including the right to lodge a complaint with the European Data Protection Supervisor as laid down in Articles 63 and 68 of that regulation. Accordingly ECB staff members should rely on these remedies for complaints made by them as data subjects concerning data protection after the date of application of this Decision rather than remedies contemplated in the Conditions of Employment for Staff of the European Central Bank.

(9)

The ECB intends to separately provide for restrictions concerning specific principles, rights and obligations concerning data protection in certain well defined circumstances as contemplated by Article 25 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and therefore the date of application of this Decision should be 1 November 2020 to enable those restrictions to be separately provided for.

(10)

Given the repeal of Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 by Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, Decision ECB/2007/1 (4) should be repealed and replaced by this Decision,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

SECTION 1

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject matter and scope

1.   This Decision sets out the general rules implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 as regards the ECB. In particular, it specifies the rules relating to the appointment and role of the data protection officer of the ECB (DPO), including the DPO’s tasks, duties and powers.

2.   This Decision also specifies the roles, tasks and duties of the controllers and of the data protection coordinator and implements the rules pursuant to which data subjects may exercise their rights.

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Decision, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

‘controller’ means the ECB, and in particular the organisational unit of the ECB, which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data;

(2)

‘data protection coordinator’ means an ECB member of staff who assists the controller and the DPO in fulfilling their tasks and responsibilities pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and this Decision;

(3)

‘data subject’ means an identified or identifiable natural person; an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person;

(4)

‘processing’ means processing as defined in point (3) of Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725;

(5)

‘Union institutions and bodies’ means Union institutions and bodies as defined in point (10) of Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725;

(6)

‘processor’ means processor as defined in point (12) of Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725;

(7)

‘personal data’ means personal data as defined in point (1) of Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725;

(8)

‘consent’ means consent as defined in point (15) of Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

SECTION 2

THE DATA PROTECTION OFFICER

Article 3

Appointment, status and organisational matters

1.   The Executive Board shall:

(a)

appoint the DPO on the basis of personal and professional qualities and, in particular, expert knowledge of data protection law and practices and ability to fulfil the tasks referred to in Article 45 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and in this Decision;

(b)

issue a non-convertible fixed-term contract for the position of DPO for a period of between three to five years, which may be extended up to the overall limit of 10 years, as set out in the Conditions of Employment for Staff of the European Central Bank; and

(c)

register the DPO with the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) in accordance with Article 44(9) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

2.   The Executive Board shall ensure that the DPO is able to carry out the tasks and duties referred to in Article 45 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 in an independent manner without receiving any instructions on how to exercise his or her tasks. Without prejudice to such independence:

(a)

the DPO shall be subject to the Conditions of Employment for Staff of the European Central Bank;

(b)

for administrative purposes and for the purpose of applying the ECB’s employment framework, the DPO shall be allocated to the ECB’s Directorate-General Legal Services;

(c)

the DPO’s appraiser consults the EDPS and may also seek input from other ECB stakeholders, before appraising the DPO’s performance of his or her tasks and duties. The DPO shall not suffer any prejudice on account of due performance of his or her tasks and duties;

(d)

the DPO is subject to dismissal by the Executive Board if he or she no longer fulfils the conditions required for the performance of his or her duties and such dismissal has received the prior consent of the EDPS in accordance with Article 44(8) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

3.   The Executive Board may appoint a Deputy DPO to whom paragraphs 1 and 2 shall apply. The Deputy DPO shall support the DPO in carrying out the DPO’s tasks and duties, and deputise in the event of the DPO’s absence.

4.   Any ECB staff member providing support to the DPO in relation to data protection issues shall act solely on the DPO’s instructions and shall be bound by professional secrecy and confidentiality in accordance with Article 44(5) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 in conjunction with Article 37 of the Statute of the ESCB.

5.   In accordance with Article 43(2) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, at the ESRB’s request, the DPO may be authorised to also fulfil in relation to the ESRB the tasks set out in Article 45 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

Article 4

Data Protection Officer’s tasks

The DPO shall carry out the tasks specified in Article 45 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and in particular:

(a)

inform and advise the Executive Board, the controllers, the Staff Committee and the data protection coordinators, and respond to consultations from any of them or any data subject on matters concerning the interpretation and application of data protection provisions at the ECB;

(b)

investigate matters and incidents related to data protection either on the DPO’s own initiative or at the request of the Executive Board, a controller, the Staff Committee or any data subject, and report back to the requester of the investigation;

(c)

maintain a central register with the records of processing activities at the ECB pursuant to Article 31 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and Article 9 of this Decision;

(d)

assist a controller, upon request, in drafting data protection impact assessments and submissions for the prior consultation of the EDPS in accordance with Articles 39 and 40 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725;

(e)

respond to requests from the EDPS and, within the sphere of his or her competence, cooperate with the EDPS;

(f)

cooperate with the data protection officers of other Union institutions and bodies, national central banks and national competent authorities, in particular by: (i) sharing knowledge and know-how based on experience; (ii) representing the ECB in relevant discussions relating to data protection issues, excluding court cases; and (iii) participating in interinstitutional committees and bodies;

(g)

ensure in an independent manner the application of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 at the ECB by monitoring compliance with Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, with other applicable Union law containing data protection provisions and with the policies of the ECB and its processors in relation to the protection of personal data, including the assignment of responsibilities, the raising of awareness and training of ECB staff members involved in processing operations and any related audits.

Article 5

Data Protection Officer’s powers

In performing his or her tasks pursuant to Article 4, the DPO:

(a)

may request information from any ECB business area on any matter relating to the DPO’s tasks and duties;

(b)

shall have access to personal data being processed, to all ECB premises, and to all information, data processing operations and databases at any time;

(c)

may issue an opinion on the lawfulness of actual or proposed processing operations, on the measures required to ensure that such operations are lawful, and on the suitability or adequacy of data protection measures or on any issue concerning processing operations;

(d)

may bring to the Executive Board’s attention any data protection related issue, including the failure of an ECB staff member to comply with the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 or any other Union data protection provisions applicable to the ECB;

(e)

may request that data protection related items be added to the Executive Board’s agenda and submit relevant documentation to the Executive Board for that purpose;

(f)

may conduct compliance checks of data processing operations carried out by a controller or on behalf of a controller;

(g)

may restrict any data processing that is not in compliance with the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 or this Decision or any other Union data protection provisions;

(h)

may inform the EDPS of any issue related to data protection that requires the EDPS’s input or guidance.

Article 6

Data Protection Officer and investigation procedure

1.   Any request for an investigation under point (b) of Article 4 shall be addressed to the DPO in writing.

2.   Within seven working days of receiving the request referred to in paragraph 1, the DPO shall send an acknowledgement of receipt to the requester.

3.   The DPO may investigate the matter that is the subject of the request on-site and request a written statement from a controller. The relevant controller shall reply to the DPO within 20 working days of receiving the DPO’s request. The DPO may ask for additional information or assistance from any ECB business area at any time. That business area shall provide such additional information or assistance within 20 working days of the DPO’s request.

4.   The DPO shall consider the issues and facts relating to the investigation impartially and with due regard to the data subjects’ rights. If deemed appropriate and subject to paragraph 5, the DPO shall inform all other parties concerned of the investigation.

5.   The DPO shall ensure that the request remains confidential and is only disclosed to the extent necessary for the purposes of the investigation, unless the data subject concerned gives its consent for the request not to remain confidential.

6.   The DPO shall report back to the requester no later than three calendar months following the receipt of the request.

SECTION 3

DATA PROTECTION OFFICER, CONTROLLERS AND DATA PROTECTION COORDINATORS

Article 7

Tasks and duties of a controller

1.   A controller shall ensure that all processing operations involving personal data that are performed within its area of responsibility comply with the provisions of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and any other Union data protection provisions applicable to the ECB.

2.   A controller shall ensure that the DPO is informed, without undue delay, of the following:

(a)

any issue that has, or might have, data protection implications;

(b)

any opinion, document, internal policy or internal decision that may impact on the ECB’s data protection compliance, before adoption;

(c)

any personal data breach or other incident concerning data protection;

(d)

any direct interaction of a controller with the EDPS.

3.   A controller, shall, in particular:

(a)

consult the DPO in a timely manner on any activities related to the processing of personal data or any other data protection issues;

(b)

conduct and approve data protection impact assessments in cooperation with the DPO and pursuant to Article 39 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725;

(c)

comply with any relevant internal policies related to the processing of personal data or any other data protection issues;

(d)

maintain, in cooperation with the data protection coordinators, regularly updated records of processing activities in accordance with Article 31(5) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, using the template approved by the DPO.

4.   When assisting the DPO and the EDPS in performing their duties, a controller shall provide full information to them, grant access to personal data and respond to questions within 20 working days of receiving a request.

Article 8

Data protection coordinators

1.   The data protection coordinators shall assist the controllers in fulfilling their obligations, either at the controllers’ request or on their own initiative. The data protection coordinators shall liaise with the controllers, who shall provide them with all necessary information.

2.   The data protection coordinators shall assist the DPO in:

(a)

identifying the relevant controller of processing operations relating to personal data;

(b)

promoting and raising awareness of the DPO’s advice and supporting the relevant controller under the DPO’s guidance;

(c)

supporting the relevant controller in maintaining the records of processing activities in accordance with Article 31 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and ensuring that the records are accurate and up to date;

(d)

addressing other matters concerning the DPO’s tasks as agreed between the DPO and the data protection coordinators’ management.

3.   A data protection coordinator shall generally be a specialist in information management or have the relevant expertise and/or training.

Article 9

Central register

1.   Controllers shall submit their records of processing activities to the DPO who shall keep the records in a central register.

2.   The central register shall serve as a repository of all personal data processing activities conducted at the ECB. The central register shall constitute a source of information for data subjects and facilitate the exercise of their rights under Articles 17 to 24 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725. The central register shall be made publicly accessible. The central register shall contain, at least, the information referred to in points (a) to (g) of Article 31(1) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

Article 10

Joint controllers

1.   The respective data protection obligations of any joint controller shall be established in accordance with Article 28 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

2.   In the event that the ECB acts as a joint controller together with one or more controllers, the responsibilities of the joint controllers for compliance with data protection obligations shall be determined by arrangement between them unless and in so far as those responsibilities are determined by Union or Member State law to which the joint controllers are subject.

SECTION 4

DATA SUBJECTS’ RIGHTS

Article 11

Exercise of data subjects’ rights

1.   Data subjects may contact the relevant controller to exercise their rights pursuant to Articles 17 to 24 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

2.   Data subjects’ rights may only be exercised by the data subject or their duly authorised representative. Such persons may exercise any of these rights free of charge.

3.   Requests to exercise data subjects’ rights shall be submitted to the relevant controller in writing or, where appropriate, by electronic means. Upon receiving a request from a data subject, the relevant controller shall send an acknowledgment of receipt to the data subject within five working days, provide them with the contact details of the DPO and inform them of the possibility of lodging a complaint with the EDPS and of seeking judicial redress.

4.   If the relevant controller has reasonable doubts concerning the identity of the data subject, or their authorised representative, the relevant controller may request the provision of additional information necessary to identify the data subject or their authorised representative. If the data subject is represented by an authorised representative, the relevant controller shall also verify the relevant authorisation. The relevant controller may request further information from the data subject in order to clarify the data subject’s request and effectively address it.

5.   In accordance with Article 14(3) and (4) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725, the relevant controller shall provide information to the data subject on any action taken in relation to a request without undue delay and at the latest within one month of receiving the request. Where necessary, this period may be extended by two further months, taking into account the complexity and number of data subjects’ requests received by the relevant controller. The relevant controller shall inform the data subject of any extension within one month of receiving the request and shall provide the reasons for the delay.

6.   The relevant controller shall respond to the data subject’s request in writing, if appropriate, and if the data subject’s request was submitted by electronic means, the relevant controller shall also provide the requested information by electronic means.

7.   The data subject may at any point contact the DPO, in particular if:

(a)

the relevant controller does not respect the time limits in paragraphs 3 and 5;

(b)

the data subject is dissatisfied with the action taken by the relevant controller; or

(c)

the data subject wishes to lodge a complaint with the EDPS.

The DPO shall advise the relevant controller on the appropriate course of action.

8.   Where requests from a data subject are manifestly unfounded or excessive, in particular because of their repetitive character, the relevant controller may, having consulted the DPO, refuse to act on the request in accordance with Article 14(5) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 and shall inform the data subject accordingly.

Article 12

Remedies

The remedies available to ECB members of staff under the Conditions of Employment for Staff of the European Central Bank shall not apply to complaints concerning data protection.

SECTION 5

FINAL PROVSIONS

Article 13

Repeal

Decision ECB/2007/1 is repealed with effect from 1 November 2020. References to Decision ECB/2007/1 shall be construed as references to this Decision and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table in the Annex.

Article 14

Entry into Force

This Decision shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 November 2020.

Done at Frankfurt am Main, 5 May 2020.

The President of the ECB

Christine LAGARDE


(1)  OJ L 295, 21.11.2018, p. 39.

(2)  Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation) (OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1).

(3)  Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1).

(4)  Decision ECB/2007/1 of 17 April 2007 adopting implementing rules concerning data protection at the European Central Bank (OJ L 116, 4.5.2007, p. 64).


ANNEX

Correlation table

Decision ECB/2007/1

This Decision

Articles 1 to 5

Articles 1 to 5

Article 6(1)

Article 7(1)

Article 7(2)

Article 7(3)

Article 6(2)

Article 7(4)

Article 6(3)(a)

Article 8(1)

Article 6(3)(b))

Article 8(2)

Article 7(1)

Article 4(4)

Article 7(2)

Article 9(1)

Article 8

Article 9(2)

Article 10

 

Article 9(1)

Article 11(1)

Article (9(1)(a)

Article 11(2)

Article (9(1)(b)

Article 11(3)

Article (9(1)(c)

Article 11(4)

Article 11(5)

Article 11(6)

Article (9(1)(d)

Article 11(7)(a) and (b)

Article 9(2)

Article 11(7)(c)

Article 10

Article 11(1), (2) and (3)

Article 6(1), (2) and (3)

Article 6(4) and (5)

Article 11(4)

Article 6(6)

Article 12

Article 12

Article 13

Article 13


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