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Document 02019R2015-20210701

Consolidated text: Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/2015 of 11 March 2019 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to energy labelling of light sources and repealing Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 874/2012 (Text with EEA relevance)Text with EEA relevance

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_del/2019/2015/2021-07-01

02019R2015 — EN — 01.07.2021 — 003.001


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COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2019/2015

of 11 March 2019

supplementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to energy labelling of light sources and repealing Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 874/2012

(Text with EEA relevance)

(OJ L 315 5.12.2019, p. 68)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

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COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2021/340 of 17 December 2020

  L 68

62

26.2.2021




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COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) 2019/2015

of 11 March 2019

supplementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1369 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to energy labelling of light sources and repealing Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 874/2012

(Text with EEA relevance)



Article 1

Subject matter and scope

1.  
This Regulation establishes requirements for the labelling of, and the provision of supplementary product information on, light sources with or without integrated control gear. The requirements also apply to light sources placed on the market in a containing product.
2.  
This Regulation shall not apply to light sources specified in points 1 and 2 of Annex IV.
3.  
Light sources specified in point 3 of Annex IV shall comply only with the requirements in point 4 of Annex V.

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) 

‘light source’ means an electrically operated product intended to emit, or, in the case of a non-incandescent light source, intended to be possibly tuned to emit, light, or both, with all of the following optical characteristics:

(a) 

chromaticity coordinates x and y in the range:

0,270 < x < 0,530 ; and

- 2,3172 x2 + 2,3653 x - 0,2199 < y < - 2,3172 x2 + 2,3653 x - 0,1595 ;

(b) 

a luminous flux < 500 lumen per mm2 of projected light-emitting surface area as defined in Annex I;

(c) 

a luminous flux between 60 and 82 000 lumen;

(d) 

a colour rendering index (CRI) > 0;

using incandescence, fluorescence, high-intensity discharge, inorganic light emitting diodes (LED) or organic light emitting diodes (OLED), or their combinations as lighting technology, and that can be verified as a light source according to the procedure of Annex IX.

High-pressure sodium (HPS) light sources that do not fulfil condition (a) are considered light sources for the purposes of this Regulation.

Light sources do not include:

(a) 

LED dies or LED chips;

(b) 

LED packages;

(c) 

products containing light source(s) from which these light source(s) can be removed for verification;

(d) 

light-emitting parts contained in a light source from which these parts cannot be removed for verification as a light source.

(2) 

‘control gear’ means one or more devices that may or may not be physically integrated in a light source, intended to prepare the mains for the electric format required by one or more specific light sources within boundary conditions set by electric safety and electromagnetic compatibility. It may include transforming the supply and starting voltage, limiting operational and preheating current, preventing cold starting, correcting the power factor and/or reducing radio interference

The term ‘control gear’ does not include power supplies within the scope of Commission Regulation (EC) No 278/2009 ( 1 ). The term also does not include lighting control parts and non-lighting parts (as defined in Annex I), although such parts may be physically integrated with a control gear or marketed together as a single product.

A Power over Ethernet (PoE) switch is not a control gear in the sense of this Regulation. ‘Power-over-Ethernet switch’ or ‘PoE switch’ means equipment for power-supply and data-handling that is installed between the mains and office equipment and/or light sources for the purpose of data transfer and power supply;

(3) 

‘containing product’ means a product containing one or more light sources, or separate control gears, or both. Examples of containing products are luminaires that can be taken apart to allow separate verification of the contained light source(s), household appliances containing light source(s), furniture (shelves, mirrors, display cabinets) containing light source(s). If a containing product cannot be taken apart for verification of the light source and separate control gear, the entire containing product is to be considered a light source;

(4) 

‘light’ means electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength between 380 nm and 780 nm;

(5) 

‘mains’ or ‘mains voltage’ (MV) means the electricity supply of 230 (± 10 %) volt of alternating current at 50 Hz;

(6) 

‘LED die’ or ‘LED chip’ means a small block of light-emitting semiconducting material on which a functional LED circuit is fabricated;

(7) 

‘LED package’ means a single electric part comprising principally at least one LED die. It does not include a control gear or parts of it, a cap or active electronic components and is not connected directly to the mains voltage. It can include one or more of the following: optical elements, light converters (phosphors), thermal, mechanical and electric interfaces or parts to address electrostatic discharge concerns. Any similar light-emitting devices that are intended to be used directly in an LED luminaire, are considered to be light sources;

(8) 

‘chromaticity’ means the property of a colour stimulus defined by its chromaticity coordinates (x and y);

(9) 

‘luminous flux’ or ‘flux’ (Φ), expressed in lumen (lm), means the quantity derived from radiant flux (radiant power) by evaluating the electromagnetic radiation in accordance with the spectral sensitivity of the human eye. It refers to the total flux emitted by a light source in a solid angle of 4π steradians under conditions (e.g. current, voltage, temperature) specified in applicable standards. It refers to the initial flux for the undimmed light source after a short operating period, unless it is clearly specified that the flux in a dimmed condition or the flux after a given period of operation is intended. For light sources that can be tuned to emit different light spectra and/or different maximum light intensities, it refers to the flux in the ‘reference control settings’ as defined in Annex I;

(10) 

‘colour rendering index’ (CRI) means a metric quantifying the effect of an illuminant on the colour appearance of objects by conscious or subconscious comparison with their colour appearance under the reference illuminant and is the average Ra of the colour rendering for the first 8 test colours (R1-R8) defined in standards;

(11) 

‘incandescence’ means the phenomenon where light is produced from heat, in light sources typically produced through a threadlike conductor (‘filament’) which is heated by the passage of an electric current;

(12) 

‘halogen light source’ means an incandescent light source with a threadlike conductor made from tungsten surrounded by gas containing halogens or halogen compounds;

(13) 

‘fluorescence’ or ‘fluorescent light source’ (FL) means the phenomenon or a light source using an electric gas discharge of the low-pressure mercury type in which most of the light is emitted by one or more layers of phosphors excited by the ultraviolet radiation from the discharge. Fluorescent light sources may have one (‘single-capped’) or two (‘double-capped’) connections (‘caps’) to their electricity supply. For the purposes of this Regulation, magnetic induction light sources are also considered as fluorescent light sources;

(14) 

‘high intensity discharge’ (HID) means an electric gas discharge in which the light- producing arc is stabilised by wall temperature and the arc chamber has a bulb wall loading in excess of 3 watts per square centimetre. HID light sources are limited to metal halide, high-pressure sodium and mercury vapour types as defined in Annex I;

(15) 

‘gas discharge’ means a phenomenon where light is produced, directly or indirectly, by an electric discharge through a gas, plasma, metal vapour or mixture of gases and vapours;

(16) 

‘inorganic light emitting diode’ (LED) means a technology in which light is produced from a solid state device embodying a p-n junction of inorganic material. The junction emits optical radiation when excited by an electric current;

(17) 

‘organic light emitting diode’ (OLED) means a technology in which light is produced from a solid state device embodying a p-n junction of organic material. The junction emits optical radiation when excited by an electric current;

(18) 

‘high-pressure sodium light source’ (HPS) means a high intensity discharge light source in which the light is produced mainly by radiation from sodium vapour operating at a partial pressure of the order of 10 kilopascals. HPS light sources may have one (‘single-ended’) or two (‘double-ended’) connectors to their electricity supply;

(19) 

‘point of sale’ means a physical location where the product is displayed or offered for sale, hire or hire-purchase to the customer.

For the purposes of the Annexes, additional definitions are set out in Annex I.

Article 3

Obligations of suppliers

1.  

Suppliers of light sources shall ensure that:

(a) 

each light source which is placed on the market as an independent product (i.e. not in a containing product) and in packaging, is supplied with a label, printed on the packaging, in the format as set out in Annex III;

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(b) 

the values of the parameters included in the product information sheet, as set out in Annex V, are entered into the public part of the product database;

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(c) 

if specifically requested by the dealer, the product information sheet shall be made available in printed form;

(d) 

the content of the technical documentation, as set out in Annex VI, is entered into the product database;

(e) 

any visual advertisement for a specific model of light source contains the energy efficiency class of that model and the range of energy efficiency classes available on the label, in accordance with Annex VII and Annex VIII;

(f) 

any technical promotional material concerning a specific model of light source, including technical promotional material on the internet, which describes its specific technical parameters, includes the energy efficiency class of that model and the range of energy efficiency classes available on the label, in accordance with Annex VII;

(g) 

an electronic label in the format and containing the information, as set out in Annex III, is made available to dealers for each light source model;

(h) 

an electronic product information sheet, as set out in Annex V, is made available to dealers for each light source model;

(i) 

upon request by dealers and in accordance with Article 4(e), printed labels to rescale products are provided as a sticker, of the same size as the one which already exists.

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1a.  
By way of derogation from Article 11(13)(a) of Regulation (EU) 2017/1369, the supplier shall, when placing a light source on the market, provide it with the existing label until 31 August 2021 and with the rescaled label from 1 September 2021. The supplier may choose to already provide light sources placed on the market during the period from 1 July to 31 August 2021 with the rescaled label, if no light sources belonging to the same model or equivalent models were placed on the market before 1 July 2021. In that case, the dealer shall not offer those light sources for sale before 1 September 2021. The supplier shall notify the dealer concerned of that consequence as soon as possible, including when it includes such light sources in its offers to dealers.

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2.  

Suppliers of containing products shall:

(a) 

provide information on the contained light source(s), as specified in point 2 of Annex V;

(b) 

upon request by market surveillance authorities, provide information on how light sources can be removed for verification without permanent damage to the light source.

3.  
The energy efficiency class shall be calculated in accordance with Annex II.

Article 4

Obligations of dealers

Dealers shall ensure that:

(a) 

At the point of sale, each light source which is not in a containing product bears the label provided by suppliers in accordance with point 1(a) of Article 3, with the label or the energy class being displayed in such a way as to be clearly visible, in accordance with Annex III;

(b) 

in the event of distance selling, the label and product information sheet are provided, in accordance with Annexes VII and VIII;

(c) 

any visual advertisement for a specific model of light source, including on the internet, contains the energy efficiency class of that model and the range of energy efficiency classes available on the label, in accordance with Annex VII;

(d) 

any technical promotional material concerning a specific model of light source, including technical promotional material on the internet, which describes its specific technical parameters includes the energy efficiency class of that model and the range of energy efficiency classes available on the label, in accordance with Annex VII;

(e) 

existing labels on light sources at points of sale are replaced by the rescaled labels in such a way as to cover the existing label, including when printed on or attached to the package, within eighteen months after the application of this Regulation.

Article 5

Obligations of internet hosting platforms

Where a hosting service provider as referred to in Article 14 of Directive 2000/31/EC allows the selling of light sources through its internet site, the service provider shall enable the showing of the electronic label and electronic product information sheet provided by the dealer on the display mechanism in accordance with the provisions of Annex VIII and shall inform the dealer of the obligation to display them.

Article 6

Measurement methods

The information to be provided pursuant to Articles 3 and 4 shall be obtained by reliable, accurate and reproducible measurement and calculation methods, which take into account the recognised state-of-the-art measurement and calculation method, as set out in Annex II.

Article 7

Verification procedure for market surveillance purposes

Member States shall apply the verification procedure laid down in Annex IX when performing the market surveillance checks referred to in paragraph 3 of Article 8 of Regulation (EU) 2017/1369.

Article 8

Review

The Commission shall review this Regulation in the light of technological progress and present the results of this review, including, if appropriate, a draft revision proposal, to the Consultation Forum no later than 25 December 2024. The review shall among other matters assess the energy efficiency classes, methods to address the energy efficiency of light sources in containing products and the possibility to address circular economy aspects.

Article 9

Repeal

Delegated Regulation (EU) No 874/2012 is repealed with effect from 1 September 2021, with the exception of paragraph 2 of Article 3 and paragraph 2 of Article 4 which are repealed with effect from 25 December 2019.

Article 10

Entry into force and application

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

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It shall apply from 1 September 2021. However, point 1(b) of Article 3 shall apply from 1 May 2021, and point 2(a) of Article 3 shall apply from 1 March 2022.

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This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.




ANNEX I

Definitions applicable for the Annexes

The following definitions shall apply:

(1) 

‘mains light source’ (MLS) means a light source that can be operated directly on the mains electricity supply. Light sources that operate directly on the mains, and can also operate indirectly on the mains using a separate control gear, shall be considered to be mains light sources;

(2) 

‘non-mains light source’ (NMLS) means a light source that requires a separate control gear to operate on the mains;

(3) 

‘separate control gear’ means a control gear that is not physically integrated with a light source and is placed on the market as a separate product or as part of a containing product;

(4) 

‘directional light source’ (DLS) means a light source having at least 80 % of total luminous flux within a solid angle of π sr (corresponding to a cone with angle of 120°);

(5) 

‘non-directional light source’ (NDLS) means a light source that is not a directional light source;

(6) 

‘connected light source’ (CLS) means a light source including data-connection parts that are physically or functionally inseparable from the light emitting parts to maintain the ‘reference control settings’. The light source can have physically integrated data-connection parts in a single inseparable housing, or the light source can be combined with physically separate data-connection parts placed on the market together with the light source as a single product;

(7) 

‘data-connection parts’ means parts that perform any one of the following functions:

(a) 

reception or transmission of wired or wireless data signals and the processing thereof (used to control the light emission function and possibly otherwise);

(b) 

sensing and processing of the sensed signals (used to control the light emission function and possibly otherwise);

(c) 

a combination of these;

(8) 

‘colour-tuneable light source’ (CTLS) means a light source that can be set to emit light with a large variety of colours outside the range defined in Article 2 but can also be set to emit white light inside the range defined in Article 2 for which the light source is within the scope of this Regulation.

Tuneable-white light sources that can only be set to emit light with different correlated colour temperatures, within the range defined in Article 2, and dim-to-warm light sources that shift their white light output to lower correlated colour temperature when dimmed, simulating the behaviour of incandescent light sources, are not considered CTLS;

(9) 

‘excitation purity’ means a percentage computed for a CTLS set to emit light of a certain colour, using a procedure further defined in standards, by drawing a straight line on an (x and y) colour space graph from a point with colour coordinates x = 0,333 and y = 0,333 (achromatic stimulus; point (1), going through the point representing the (x and y) colour coordinates of the light source (point (2), and ending on the outer border of the colour space (locus; point (3). The excitation purity is computed as the distance between points 1 and 2 divided by the distance between points 1 and 3. The full length of the line represents 100 % colour purity (point on the locus). The achromatic stimulus point represents 0 % colour purity (white light);

(10) 

‘high-luminance light source’ (HLLS) means a LED light source with an average luminance greater than 30 cd/mm2 in the direction of peak intensity;

(11) 

‘luminance’ (in a given direction, at a given point of a real or imaginary surface) means the luminous flux transmitted by an elementary beam passing through the given point and propagating in the solid angle containing the given direction divided by the area of a section of that beam containing the given point (cd/m2);

(12) 

‘average luminance’ (Luminance-HLLS) for a LED light source means the average luminance over a light-emitting area where the luminance is more than 50 % of the peak luminance (cd/mm2);

(13) 

‘lighting control parts’ means parts that are integrated in a light source, or physically separated but marketed together with a light source as a single product, that are not strictly necessary for the light source to emit light at full-load, but that enable manual — or automatic-, direct- or remote-, control of luminous intensity, chromaticity, correlated colour temperature, light spectrum and/or beam angle. Dimmers shall also be considered as lighting control parts.

The term also includes data-connection parts, but the term does not include devices within the scope of Commission Regulation (EC) No 1275/2008 ( 2 );

(14) 

‘non-lighting parts’ means parts that are integrated in a light source, or physically separated but marketed together with a light source as a single product, that are not necessary for the light source to emit light at full-load, and that are not ‘lighting control parts’. Examples include, but are not limited to: speakers (audio), cameras, repeaters for communication signals to extend the range (e.g. WiFi), parts supporting grid balance (switching to own internal batteries when necessary), battery charging, visual notification of events (mail arriving, door bell ringing, alert), use of Light Fidelity (Li-Fi, a bidirectional, high-speed and fully networked wireless communication technology).

The term also includes data-connection parts used for other functions than to control the light emission function;

(15) 

‘useful luminous flux’ (Φuse) means the part of the luminous flux of a light source that is considered when determining its energy efficiency:

— 
for non-directional light sources it is the total flux emitted in a solid angle of 4π sr (corresponding to a 360° sphere);
— 
for directional light sources with beam angle ≥ 90° it is the flux emitted in a solid angle of π sr (corresponding to a cone with angle of 120°);
— 
for directional light sources with beam angle < 90° it is the flux emitted in a solid angle of 0,586 π sr (corresponding to a cone with angle of 90°);
(16) 

‘beam angle’ of a directional light source means the angle between two imaginary lines in a plane through the optical beam axis, such that these lines pass through the centre of the front face of the light source and through points at which the luminous intensity is 50 % of the centre beam intensity, where the centre beam intensity is the value of luminous intensity measured on the optical beam axis.

For light sources that have different beam angles in different planes, the largest beam angle shall be the one taken into account;

For light sources with user-controllable beam angle, the beam angle corresponding to the ‘reference control setting’ shall be the one taken into account;

(17) 

‘full-load’ means the condition of a light source, within the declared operating conditions, in which it emits the maximum (undimmed) luminous flux;

(18) 

‘standby mode’ means the condition of a light source, where it is connected to the power supply but the light source is intentionally not emitting light, and the light source is awaiting a control signal to return to a state with light emission. Lighting control parts enabling the standby function shall be in their control mode. Non-lighting parts shall be disconnected or switched off or their power consumption shall be minimised following manufacturer’s instructions;

(19) 

‘networked standby mode’ means the condition of a CLS where it is connected to the power supply but the light source is intentionally not emitting light and is awaiting a remotely initiated trigger to return to a state with light emission. Lighting control parts shall be in their control mode. Non-lighting parts shall be disconnected or switched off or their power consumption shall be minimised following the manufacturer’s instructions;

(20) 

‘control mode’ means the condition of lighting control parts where they are connected to the light source and performing their functions in such a way that a control signal can be internally generated or a remotely initiated trigger can be received, by wire or wireless, and processed to lead to a change in the light emission of the light source;

(21) 

‘remotely initiated trigger’ means a signal that comes from outside the light source via a network;

(22) 

‘control signal’ means an analogue or digital signal transmitted to the light source wirelessly or wired either via voltage modulation in separate control cables or via a modulated signal in the supply voltage. The signal transmission is not through a network but e.g. from an internal source or from a remote control delivered with the product;

(23) 

‘network’ means a communication infrastructure with a topology of links, an architecture, including the physical components, organisational principles, communication procedures and formats (protocols);

(24) 

‘on-mode power’ (Pon) expressed in watt, means the electric power consumption of a light source in full-load with all lighting control parts and non-lighting parts disconnected. If these parts cannot be disconnected they shall be switched off or their power consumption shall be minimised following the manufacturer’s instructions. In case of a NMLS that requires a separate control gear to operate, Pon can be measured directly on the input to the light source, or Pon is determined using a control gear with known efficiency, whose electric power consumption is subsequently subtracted from the measured mains power input value;

(25) 

‘standby power’ (Psb) expressed in watt, is the electric power consumption of a light source in standby mode;

(26) 

‘networked standby power’ (Pnet) expressed in watt, is the electric power consumption of a CLS in networked standby mode;

(27) 

‘reference control settings’ (RCS) means a control setting or a combination of control settings that is used to verify compliance of a light source with this Regulation. These settings are relevant for light sources that allow the end-user to control, manually or automatically, directly or remotely, the luminous intensity, colour, correlated colour temperature, spectrum, and/or beam angle of the emitted light.

In principle, the reference control settings shall be those predefined by the manufacturer as factory default values, and encountered by the user at first installation (out-of-the-box values). If the installation procedure provides for an automatic software update during first installation, or if the user has the option to perform such an update, the resulting change in settings (if any) shall be taken into account.

If the out-of-the-box value is deliberately set differently to the reference control setting (e.g. at low power for safety purposes), the manufacturer shall indicate in the technical documentation how to recall the reference control settings for compliance verification and provide a technical justification why the out-of-the-box value is set differently to the reference control setting.

The light source manufacturer shall define the reference control settings such that:

— 
the light source is within the scope of this Regulation according to Article 1 and none of the conditions for exemption applies;
— 
lighting control parts and non-lighting parts are disconnected or switched-off, or, in case this is not possible, the power consumption of these parts is minimal;
— 
the full-load condition is obtained;
— 
when the end-user opts to reset factory defaults, the reference control settings are obtained.

For light sources that allow the manufacturer of a containing product to make implementation choices that influence light source characteristics (e.g. definition of the operating current(s); thermal design), and that cannot be controlled by the end-user, the reference control settings need not be defined. In that case the nominal test conditions as defined by the light source manufacturer apply;

(28) 

‘high-pressure mercury light source’ means a high intensity discharge light source in which the major portion of light is produced, directly or indirectly, by radiation from predominantly vaporised mercury operating at a partial pressure in excess of 100 kilopascals;

(29) 

‘metal halide light source’ (MH) means a high intensity discharge light source in which the light is produced by radiation from a mixture of metallic vapour, metal halides and the products of the dissociation of metal halides. MH light sources may have one (‘single-ended’) or two (‘double-ended’) connectors to their electricity supply. The material for the arc tube of MH light sources can be quartz (QMH) or ceramic (CMH);

(30) 

‘compact fluorescent light source’ (CFL) means a single-capped fluorescent light source with a bent-tube construction designed to fit in small spaces. CFLs may be primarily spiral-shaped (i.e. curly forms) or primarily shaped as connected multiple parallel tubes, with or without a second bulb-like envelope. CFLs are available with (CFLi) or without (CFLni) physically integrated control gear;

(31) 

‘T2’, ‘T5’, ‘T8’, ‘T9’ and ‘T12’ means a tubular light source with diameter of approximately 7, 16, 26, 29 and 38 mm respectively, as defined in standards. The tube can be straight (linear) or bent (e.g. U-shaped, circular);

(32) 

‘LFL T5-HE’ means a high-efficiency linear fluorescent T5 light source with driving current lower than 0,2 A;

(33) 

‘LFL T5-HO’ means a high-output linear fluorescent T5 light source with driving current higher than or equal to 0,2 A;

(34) 

‘HL R7s’ means a mains-voltage, double-capped, linear halogen light source with a cap diameter of 7 mm;

(35) 

‘battery-operated’ means a product that operates only on direct current (DC) supplied from a source contained in the same product, without being connected directly or indirectly to the mains electricity supply;

(36) 

‘second envelope’ means a second outer envelope on a HID light source that is not required for the production of light, such as an external sleeve for preventing mercury and glass release into the environment in case of lamp breakage. In determining the presence of a second envelope, the HID arc tubes shall not count as an envelope;

(37) 

‘non-clear envelope’ for a HID light source means a non-transparent outer envelope or outer tube in which the light producing arc tube is not visible;

(38) 

‘anti-glare shield’ means a mechanical or optical reflective or non-reflective impervious baffle designed to block direct visible radiation emitted from the light emitter in a directional light source, in order to avoid temporary partial blindness (disability glare) if viewed directly by an observer. It does not include surface coating of the light emitter in the directional light source;

(39) 

‘flicker’ means the perception of visual unsteadiness induced by a light stimulus, the luminance or spectral distribution of which fluctuates with time, for a static observer in a static environment. The fluctuations can be periodic and non-periodic and may be induced by the light source itself, the power source or other influencing factors.

The metric for flicker used in this Regulation is the parameter ‘Pst LM’, where ‘st’ stands for short term and ‘LM’ for light flickermeter method, as defined in standards. A value Pst LM = 1 means that the average observer has a 50 % probability of detecting flicker;

(40) 

‘stroboscopic effect’ means a change in motion perception induced by a light stimulus the luminance or spectral distribution of which fluctuates with time, for a static observer in a non-static environment. The fluctuations can be periodic and non-periodic and may be induced by the light source itself, the power source or other influencing factors.

The metric for the stroboscopic effect used in this Regulation is ‘SVM’ (stroboscopic visibility measure), as defined in standards. SVM = 1 represents the visibility threshold for an average observer;

(41) 

‘R9’ means the colour rendering index for a red coloured object as defined in standards;

(42) 

‘declared value’ for a parameter means the value given by the supplier in the technical documentation pursuant to Article 3(3) of Regulation (EU) 2017/1369;

(43) 

‘luminous intensity’ (candela or cd) means the quotient of the luminous flux leaving the source and propagated in the element of solid angle containing a given direction, by the element of solid angle;

(44) 

‘correlated colour temperature’ (CCT [K]) means the temperature of a Planckian (black body) radiator whose perceived colour most closely resembles that of a given stimulus at the same brightness and under specified viewing conditions;

(45) 

‘colour consistency’ means the maximum deviation of the initial (after a short period of time), spatially averaged chromaticity coordinates (x and y) of a single light source from the chromaticity centre point (cx and cy) declared by the manufacturer or the importer, expressed as the size (in steps) of the MacAdam ellipse formed around the chromaticity centre point (cx and cy);

(46) 

‘displacement factor (cos φ1)’ means the cosine of the phase angle φ1 between the fundamental harmonic of the mains supply voltage and the fundamental harmonic of the mains current. It is used for mains light sources using LED- or OLED-technology. The displacement factor is measured at full-load, for the reference control settings where applicable, with any lighting control parts in control mode and non-lighting parts disconnected, switched off or set to minimum power consumption according to the manufacturer’s instructions;

(47) 

‘lumen maintenance factor’ (XLMF) means the ratio of the luminous flux emitted by a light source at a given time in its life to the initial luminous flux;

(48) 

‘survival factor’ (SF) means the defined fraction of the total number of light sources that continue to operate at a given time under defined conditions and switching frequency;

(49) 

‘lifetime’ for LED and OLED light sources means the time in hours between the start of their use and the moment when for 50 % of a population of light sources the light output has gradually degraded to a value below 70 % of the initial luminous flux. This is also referred to as the L70B50 lifetime;

(50) 

‘display mechanism’ means any screen, including tactile screen, or other visual technology used for displaying internet content to users;

(51) 

‘tactile screen’ means a screen responding to touch, such as that of a tablet computer, slate computer or a smartphone;

(52) 

‘nested display’ means visual interface where an image or data set is accessed by a mouse click, mouse roll-over or tactile screen expansion of another image or data set;

(53) 

‘alternative text’ means text provided as an alternative to a graphic allowing information to be presented in non- graphical form where display devices cannot render the graphic or as an aid to accessibility such as input to voice synthesis applications;

(54) 

‘projected light-emitting surface area’ (A) is the surface area in mm2 (square millimetres) of the view in an orthographic projection of the light-emitting surface from the direction with the highest light intensity, where the light-emitting surface area is the surface area of the light source that emits light with the declared optical characteristics, such as the approximately spherical surface of an arc (a), cylindrical surface of a filament coil (b) or a gas discharge lamp (c, d), flat or semi-spherical envelope of a light-emitting diode (e).

For light sources with a non-clear envelope or with anti-glare shield, the light-emitting surface area is the entire area through which light leaves the light source.

For light sources containing more than one light emitter, the projection of the smallest gross volume enveloping all emitters shall be taken as the light-emitting surface.

For HID light sources definition (a) applies, unless the dimensions defined in (d) apply with L>D, where L is the distance between the electrode tips and D the inner diameter of the arc tube.

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(55) 

‘quick response’ (QR) code means a matrix barcode included on the energy label of a product model that links to that model’s information in the public part of the product database.




ANNEX II

Energy efficiency classes and calculation method

The energy efficiency class of light sources shall be determined as set out in Table 1, on the basis of the total mains efficacy ηTM, which is calculated by dividing the declared useful luminous flux Φuse (expressed in lm) by the declared on-mode power consumption Pon (expressed in W) and multiplying by the applicable factor FTM of Table 2, as follows:

ηTM = (Φuse/Pon) × FTM (lm/W).



Table 1

Energy efficiency classes of light sources

Energy efficiency class

Total mains efficacy ηΤM (lm/W)

A

210 ≤ ηΤM

B

185 ≤ ηΤM < 210

C

160 ≤ ηΤM < 185

D

135 ≤ ηΤM < 160

E

110 ≤ ηΤM < 135

F

85 ≤ ηΤM < 110

G

ηΤM < 85



Table 2

Factors FTM by light source type

Light source type

Factor FTM

Non-directional (NDLS) operating on mains (MLS)

1,000

Non-directional (NDLS) not operating on mains (NMLS)

0,926

Directional (DLS) operating on mains (MLS)

1,176

Directional (DLS) not operating on mains (NMLS)

1,089




ANNEX III

Label for light sources

1.   LABEL

If the light source is intended to be marketed through a point of sale, a label produced in the format and containing information as set out in this Annex is printed on the individual packaging.

Suppliers shall choose a label format between point 1.1 and point 1.2 of this Annex.

The label shall be:

— 
for the standard-sized label at least 36 mm wide and 75 mm high;
— 
for the small-sized label (width less than 36 mm) at least 20 mm wide and 54 mm high.

The packaging shall not be smaller than 20 mm wide and 54 mm high.

Where the label is printed in a larger format, its content shall nevertheless remain proportionate to the specifications above. The small-sized label shall not be used on packaging with a width of 36 mm or more.

The label and the arrow indicating the energy efficiency class may be printed in monochrome as specified in points 1.1 and 1.2, only if all other information, including graphics, on the packaging is printed in monochrome.

If the label is not printed on the part of the packaging meant to face the prospective customer, an arrow containing the letter of the energy efficiency class shall be displayed as hereafter, with the colour of the arrow matching the letter and the colour of the energy class. The size shall be such that the label is clearly visible and legible. The letter in the energy efficiency class arrow shall be Calibri Bold and positioned in the centre of the rectangular part of the arrow, with a border of 0,5 pt in 100 % black placed around the arrow and the letter of the efficiency class.

Figure 1

Coloured/monochrome left/right arrow for the part of the packaging facing the prospective customer

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In the case referred to in point (e) of Article 4 the rescaled label shall have a format and size that permits it to cover and adhere to the old label.

1.1.   Standard-sized label:

The label shall be:

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1.2.   Small-sized label:

The label shall be: