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Document 02010D0788-20170719

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Council Decision 2010/788/CFSP of 20 December 2010 concerning restrictive measures against the Democratic Republic of the Congo and repealing Common Position 2008/369/CFSP

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2010/788/2017-07-19
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02010D0788 — EN — 19.07.2017 — 012.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

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COUNCIL DECISION 2010/788/CFSP

of 20 December 2010

concerning restrictive measures against the Democratic Republic of the Congo and repealing Common Position 2008/369/CFSP

(OJ L 336 21.12.2010, p. 30)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

 M1

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2011/699/CFSP of 20 October 2011

  L 276

50

21.10.2011

 M2

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2011/848/CFSP of 16 December 2011

  L 335

83

17.12.2011

 M3

COUNCIL DECISION 2012/811/CFSP of 20 December 2012

  L 352

50

21.12.2012

 M4

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2013/46/CFSP of 22 January 2013

  L 20

65

23.1.2013

►M5

COUNCIL DECISION 2014/147/CFSP of 17 March 2014

  L 79

42

18.3.2014

 M6

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2014/862/CFSP of 1 December 2014

  L 346

36

2.12.2014

►M7

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2015/620 of 20 April 2015

  L 102

43

21.4.2015

►M8

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2016/1173 of 18 July 2016

  L 193

108

19.7.2016

►M9

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2016/2231 of 12 December 2016

  L 336I

7

12.12.2016

►M10

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2017/203 of 6 February 2017

  L 32

22

7.2.2017

►M11

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2017/399 of 7 March 2017

  L 60

41

8.3.2017

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COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2017/905 of 29 May 2017

  L 138I

6

29.5.2017

►M13

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2017/1340 of 17 July 2017

  L 185

55

18.7.2017




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COUNCIL DECISION 2010/788/CFSP

of 20 December 2010

concerning restrictive measures against the Democratic Republic of the Congo and repealing Common Position 2008/369/CFSP



Article 1

1.  The direct or indirect supply, sale or transfer of arms and any related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment and spare parts for the aforementioned to all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by nationals of Member States or from the territories of Member States, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, shall be prohibited whether originating or not in their territories.

2.  It shall also be prohibited to:

(a) grant, sell, supply or transfer technical assistance, brokering services and other services related to military activities and to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of arms and related materiel of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment, and spare parts for the aforementioned, directly or indirectly to all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the territory of the DRC;

(b) provide financing or financial assistance related to military activities, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance, for any sale, supply, transfer or export of arms and related materiel, or for any grant, sale, supply, or transfer of related technical assistance, brokering services and other services, directly or indirectly to all non-governmental entities and individuals operating in the territory of the DRC.

Article 2

1.  Article 1 shall not apply to:

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(a) the supply, sale or transfer of arms and any related materiel or the provision of technical assistance, financing, brokering services and other services related to arms and related materiel intended solely for support of, or use by, the United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO);

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(b) the supply, sale or transfer of protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to the DRC by United Nations personnel, representatives of the media and humanitarian and development workers and associated personnel, for their personal use only;

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(c) the supply, sale or transfer of non-lethal military equipment intended solely for humanitarian or protective use, or the provision of technical assistance and training, related to such non-lethal equipment, as notified in advance to the Sanctions Committee established pursuant to UNSCR 1533 (2004) (Sanctions Committee);

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(d) the supply, sale or transfer of arms and any related materiel, or the provision of related financial or technical assistance or training, intended solely for the support of or use by the African Union-Regional Task Force;

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(e) other sales and/or supply of arms and related materiel, or provision of assistance or personnel, as approved in advance by the Sanctions Committee.

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2.  The supply, sale or transfer of arms and any related materiel or the provision of services or technical assistance and training referred to in paragraph 1 shall be subject to prior authorisation by the competent authorities of the Member States.

3.  Member States shall give the Sanctions Committee established pursuant to UNSCR 1533 (2004) (Sanctions Committee) advance notification of any shipment of arms and related materiel for the DRC, or any provision of technical assistance, financing, brokering services and other services related to military activities in the DRC, other than those referred to in paragraphs 1(a) and (b). Such notification shall contain all relevant information, including, where appropriate, the end-user, the proposed date of delivery and the itinerary of shipments.

4.  Member States shall consider deliveries under paragraph 1 on a case-by-case basis, taking full account of the criteria set out in Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP of 8 December 2008 defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment ( 1 ). Member States shall require adequate safeguards against misuse of authorisations granted pursuant to paragraph 2 and, where appropriate, make provisions for repatriation of the arms delivered and related materiel.

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Article 3

1.  Restrictive measures as provided for in Articles 4(1) and 5(1) and (2) shall be imposed against persons and entities designated by the Sanctions Committee for engaging in or providing support for acts that undermine the peace, stability or security of the DRC. Such acts include:

(a) acting in violation of the arms embargo and related measures as referred to in Article 1;

(b) being political and military leaders of foreign armed groups operating in the DRC who impede the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation or resettlement of combatants belonging to those groups;

(c) being political and military leaders of Congolese militias, including those receiving support from outside the DRC, who impede the participation of their combatants in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration processes;

(d) recruiting or using children in armed conflict in the DRC in violation of applicable international law;

(e) being involved in planning, directing, or committing acts in the DRC that constitute human rights violations or abuses or violations of international humanitarian law, as applicable, including those acts involving the targeting of civilians, including killing and maiming, rape and other sexual violence, abduction, forced displacement, and attacks on schools and hospitals;

(f) obstructing the access to or the distribution of humanitarian assistance in the DRC;

(g) supporting persons or entities, including armed groups or criminal networks, involved in destabilising activities in the DRC through the illicit exploitation of or trade in natural resources, including gold, or wildlife or wildlife products;

(h) acting on behalf of or at the direction of a designated person or entity, or acting on behalf of or at the direction of an entity owned or controlled by a designated person or entity;

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(i) planning, directing, sponsoring or participating in attacks against MONUSCO peacekeepers or United Nations personnel, including members of the Group of Experts;

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(j) providing financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services to a designated person or entity.

The relevant persons and entities covered by this paragraph are listed in Annex I.

2.  Restrictive measures as provided for in Articles 4(1) and 5(1) and (2) shall be imposed against persons and entities:

(a) obstructing a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC, including by acts of violence, repression or inciting violence, or by undermining the rule of law;

(b) involved in planning, directing or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations or abuses in DRC;

(c) associated with those referred to in points (a) and (b);

as listed in Annex II.

Article 4

1.  Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into or transit through their territories of the persons referred to in Article 3.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall not oblige a Member State to refuse its own nationals entry into its territory.

3.  With regard to persons referred to in Article 3(1), paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply:

(a) where the Sanctions Committee determines in advance and on a case-by-case basis that such entry or transit is justified on the grounds of humanitarian need, including religious obligation;

(b) where the Sanctions Committee concludes that an exemption would further the objectives of relevant resolutions of the United Nations Security Council, that is to say peace and national reconciliation in the DRC and stability in the region;

(c) where the Sanctions Committee authorises in advance and on a case-by-case basis, the transit of persons returning to the territory of the State of their nationality, or participating in efforts to bring to justice perpetrators of grave violations of human rights or international humanitarian law; or

(d) where such entry or transit is necessary for the fulfilment of judicial process.

In cases where, pursuant to this paragraph, a Member State authorises the entry into or transit through its territory of persons designated by the Sanctions Committee, the authorisation shall be limited to the purpose for which it is given and to the persons concerned thereby.

4.  With regard to persons referred to in Article 3(2), paragraph 1 of this Article shall be without prejudice to the cases where a Member State is bound by an obligation of international law, namely:

(a) as a host country of an international intergovernmental organisation;

(b) as a host country to an international conference convened by, or under the auspices of, the United Nations;

(c) under a multilateral agreement conferring privileges and immunities; or

(d) pursuant to the 1929 Treaty of Conciliation (‘Lateran Pact’) concluded by the Holy See (Vatican City State) and Italy.

5.  Paragraph 4 shall be considered as applying also where a Member State is host country of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

6.  Where a Member State grants an exemption pursuant to paragraph 4 or 5, it shall duly inform the Council thereof.

7.  With regard to persons referred to in Article 3(2), Member States may grant exemptions from the measures imposed under paragraph 1 of this Article where travel is justified on the grounds of urgent humanitarian need, or on grounds of attending intergovernmental meetings and those promoted or hosted by the European Union, or hosted by a Member State holding the Chairmanship in office of the OSCE, where a political dialogue is conducted that directly promotes the policy objectives of restrictive measures, including democracy, human rights and the rule of law in DRC.

8.  A Member State wishing to grant exemptions referred to in paragraph 7 shall notify the Council in writing. The exemption shall be deemed to be granted unless one or more of the Council members raises an objection in writing within two working days of receiving notification of the proposed exemption. Where one or more of the Council members raise an objection, the Council, acting by a qualified majority, may decide to grant the proposed exemption.

9.  Where, pursuant to paragraphs 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 a Member State authorises the entry into, or transit through its territory of persons listed in Annex II, the authorisation shall be strictly limited to the purpose for which it is given and to the persons directly concerned thereby.

Article 5

1.  All funds, other financial assets and economic resources owned or controlled directly or indirectly by the persons or entities referred to in Article 3 or held by entities owned or controlled directly or indirectly by them or by any persons or entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, as identified in Annex I and II, shall be frozen.

2.  No funds, other financial assets or economic resources shall be made available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of the persons or entities referred to in paragraph 1.

3.  With regard to persons and entities referred to in Article 3(1), Member States may allow for exemptions from the measures referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 in respect of funds, other financial assets and economic resources which are:

(a) necessary for basic expenses, including payments for foodstuffs, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges;

(b) intended exclusively for the payment of reasonable professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services;

(c) intended exclusively for the payment of fees or service charges, in accordance with national laws, for routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds, or other financial assets and economic resources;

(d) necessary for extraordinary expenses, after notification by the Member State concerned to, and approval by, the Sanctions Committee; or

(e) the subject of a judicial, administrative or arbitral lien or judgment, in which case the funds, other financial assets and economic resources may be used to satisfy that lien or judgment provided that the lien or judgment was entered before designation by the Sanctions Committee of the person or entity concerned, and is not for the benefit of a person or entity referred to in Article 3, after notification by the Member State concerned to the Sanctions Committee.

4.  The exemptions referred to in points (a), (b) and (c) of paragraph 3 may be made after notification to the Sanctions Committee by the Member State concerned of its intention to authorise, where appropriate, access to such funds, other financial assets and economic resources, and in the absence of a negative decision by the Sanctions Committee within four working days of such notification.

5.  With regard to persons and entities referred to in Article 3(2), the competent authority of a Member State may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, under such conditions as it deems appropriate, after having determined that the funds or economic resources concerned are:

(a) necessary to satisfy the basic needs of the persons and entities and dependent family members of such natural persons, including payments for foodstuffs, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges;

(b) intended exclusively for the payment of reasonable professional fees and the reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services;

(c) intended exclusively for the payment of fees or service charges for the routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds or economic resources; or

(d) necessary for extraordinary expenses, provided that the competent authority has notified the competent authorities of the other Member States and the Commission of the grounds on which it considers that a specific authorisation should be granted, at least two weeks prior to the authorisation.

The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under this paragraph.

6.  By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 and 2, the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources for persons and entities listed in Annex II, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a) the funds or economic resources are the subject of an arbitral decision rendered prior to the date on which the person or entity was listed in the Annex II, or of a judicial or administrative decision rendered in the Union, or a judicial decision enforceable in the Member State concerned, prior to or after that date;

(b) the funds or economic resources will be used exclusively to satisfy claims secured by such a decision or recognised as valid in such a decision, within the limits set by applicable laws and regulations governing the rights of persons having such claims;

(c) the decision is not for the benefit of a person or entity listed in Annex I or II; and

(d) recognition of the decision is not contrary to public policy in the Member State concerned.

The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisations granted under this paragraph.

7.  With regard to persons and entities listed in Annex II, exemptions may also be made for funds and economic resources which are necessary for humanitarian purposes, such as delivering or facilitating the delivery of assistance, including medical supplies and food, or the transfer of humanitarian workers and related assistance or for evacuations from DRC.

8.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not prevent a person or entity listed in Annex II from making a payment due under a contract entered into prior to the date on which the person or entity was listed therein, provided that the Member State concerned has determined that the payment is not, directly or indirectly, received by a person or entity listed in Annex I or II.

9.  Paragraph 2 shall not apply to the addition to frozen accounts of:

(a) interest or other earnings on those accounts;

(b) payments due under contracts, agreements or obligations that were concluded or arose before the date on which those accounts became subject to restrictive measures, or

(c) payments due to persons and entities referred to in Article 3(2) under judicial, administrative or arbitral decisions rendered in the Union or enforceable in the Member State concerned,

provided that any such interest, other earnings and payments remain subject to paragraph 1.

Article 6

1.  The Council shall amend the list contained in Annex I on the basis of the determinations made by the United Nations Security Council or by the Sanctions Committee.

2.  The Council, acting upon a proposal from a Member State or from the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, shall establish and amend the list in Annex II.

Article 7

1.  Where the United Nations Security Council or the Sanctions Committee lists a person or entity, the Council shall include such person or entity in Annex I. The Council shall communicate its decision, including the grounds for listing, to the person or entity concerned, either directly, if the address is known, or through the publication of a notice, providing such person or entity an opportunity to present observations.

2.  The Council shall communicate the decision referred to in Article 6(2), including the grounds for the listing, to the person or entity concerned, either directly, if the address is known, or through the publication of a notice, providing such person or entity with an opportunity to present observations.

3.  Where observations are submitted, or where substantial new evidence is presented, the Council shall review its decision and inform the person or entity concerned accordingly.

Article 8

1.  Annex I shall include the grounds for listing of listed persons and entities as provided by the United Nations Security Council or the Sanctions Committee.

2.  Annex I shall also include, where available, information provided by the United Nations Security Council or by the Sanctions Committee necessary to identify the persons or entities concerned. With regard to persons, such information may include names including aliases, date and place of birth, nationality, passport and ID card numbers, gender, address, if known, and function or profession. With regard to entities, such information may include names, place and date of registration, registration number and place of business. Annex I shall also include the date of designation by the United Nations Security Council or by the Sanctions Committee.

3.  Annex II shall include the grounds for listing the persons and entities referred to therein.

4.  Annex II shall also include, where available, the information necessary to identify the persons or entities concerned. With regard to natural persons, such information may include names, including aliases, date and place of birth, nationality, passport and identity card numbers, gender, address if known, and function or profession. With regard to entities, such information may include names, place and date of registration, registration number and place of business.

Article 9

1.  This Decision shall be reviewed, amended or repealed as appropriate, in particular in the light of relevant decisions by the United Nations Security Council.

2.  The measures referred to in Article 3(2) shall apply until 12 December 2017. They shall be renewed, or amended as appropriate, if the Council deems that their objectives have not been met.

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Article 10

Common Position 2008/369/CFSP is hereby repealed.

Article 11

This Decision shall enter into force on the date of its adoption.




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ANNEX I

a) List of persons referred to in Article 3(1)

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1.    Eric BADEGE

Date of Birth: 1971.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 31 December 2012.

Address: Rwanda (as of early 2016).

Other information: He fled to Rwanda in March 2013 and is still living there as of early 2016. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272441

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Eric Badege was a Lieutenant Colonel and focal point for M23 in Masisi and commanded certain operations that destabilized parts of Masisi territory in North Kivu province. As a military commander of M23, Badege was responsible for serious violations involving the targeting of children or women in situations of armed conflict. After May 2012, Raia Mutomboki, under the command of M23, killed hundreds of civilians in a series of coordinated attacks. In August 2012, Badege carried out joint attacks which involved the indiscriminate killing of civilians. These attacks were jointly orchestrated by Badege and Colonel Makoma Semivumbi Jacques. Former M23 combatants claimed that M23 leaders summarily executed dozens of children who attempted to escape after being recruited as M23 child soldiers.

According to a September 11, 2012 report by Human Rights Watch (HRW), a Rwandan man, 18, who escaped after being forcibly recruited in Rwanda told HRW that he witnessed the execution of a 16-year old boy from his M23 unit who had tried to flee in June. The boy was captured and beaten to death by M23 fighters in front of the other recruits. An M23 commander who ordered his killing then allegedly told the other recruits ‘[h]e wanted to abandon us,’ as an explanation for why the boy had been killed. The report also states that witnesses claimed that at least 33 new recruits and other M23 fighters were summarily executed when they attempted to flee. Some were tied up and shot in front of other recruits as an example of the punishment they could receive. One young recruit told HRW, ‘[w]hen we were with M23, they said [we had a choice] and could stay with them or we could die. Lots of people tried to escape. Some were found and then that was immediately their death.’

Badege fled to Rwanda in March 2013 and was living there as of early 2016.

2.    Frank Kakolele BWAMBALE

(alias: a) FRANK KAKORERE b) FRANK KAKORERE BWAMBALE c) AIGLE BLANC)

Designation: FARDC General.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Address: Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (as of June 2016).

Other information: Left the CNDP in January 2008. As of June 2011, resides in Kinshasa. Since 2010, Kakolele has been involved in activities apparently on behalf of the DRC government's Programme de Stabilisation et Reconstruction des Zones Sortant des Conflits Armés (STAREC), including participation in a STAREC mission to Goma and Beni in March 2011. DRC authorities arrested him in December 2013 in Beni, North Kivu Province, for allegedly blocking the DDR process. He left the DRC and lived in Kenya for some time, before being called back by the DRC Government to assist them with the situation in the Territory of Beni. He was arrested in October 2015 in the area of Mambasa for allegedly supporting a Mai Mai group, but no charges were brought and as of June 2016, he lived in Kinshasa. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776078

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Frank Kakolele Bwambale was the RCD-ML leader, exercising influence over policies and maintaining command and control over the activities of RCD-ML forces, one of the armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), responsible for trafficking of arms, in violation of the arms embargo. He left the CNDP in January 2008. Starting in 2010, Kakolele was involved in activities apparently on behalf of the DRC government's Programme de Stabilisation et Reconstruction des Zones Sortant des Conflits Armés (STAREC), including participation in a STAREC mission to Goma and Beni in March 2011.

He left the DRC and lived in Kenya for some time before being called back by the DRC Government to assist with the situation in the Territory of Beni. He was arrested in October 2015 near Mambasa for allegedly supporting a Mai Mai group, but no charges were brought. As of June 2016, Kakolele lived in Kinshasa.

3.    Gaston IYAMUREMYE

(alias: a) Byiringiro Victor Rumuli, b) Victor Rumuri, c) Michel Byiringiro, d) Rumuli)

Designation: a) FDLR Interim President, b) FDLR-FOCA 1st Vice-President; c) FDLR-FOCA Major General.

Address: North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (as of June 2016).

Date of Birth: 1948.

Place of Birth: a) Musanze District, Northern Province, Rwanda, b) Ruhengeri, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 1 December 2010.

Other information: INTERPOL- UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272456

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Gaston Iyamuremye is the 1st vice-president of the FDLR, as well as the interim president. He also has the rank of Major General in the FDLR's armed wing, called FOCA. As of June 2016, Iyamuremye is in North Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo.

4.    Innocent KAINA

(alias a): Colonel Innocent KAINA, b): India Queen)

Designation: Former M23 Deputy Commander.

Address: Uganda (as of early 2016).

Date of birth: Nov. 1973.

Place of Birth: Bunagana, Rutshuru territory, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 30 November 2012.

Other information: Became M23 deputy commander after the flight of Bosco Taganda's faction to Rwanda in March 2013. Fled to Uganda in November 2013. In Uganda as of early 2016. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776081

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Innocent Kaina was Sector and then Deputy Commander in the Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23). He was responsible for and committed serious violations of international law and human rights. In July 2007, the Garrison Military Tribunal of Kinshasa found Kaina responsible for crimes against humanity committed in the District of Ituri between May 2003 and December 2005. He was released in 2009 as part of the peace agreement between the Congolese government and the CNDP. Within the FARDC in 2009, he was guilty of executions, abductions and maiming in Masisi territory. As a commander under the orders of General Taganda, he initiated the ex-CNDP mutiny in Rutshuru territory in April 2012. He ensured the security of the mutineers out of Masisi. Between May and August 2012, he oversaw the recruitment and training of over 150 children for the M23 rebellion, shooting the boys who had tried to escape. In July 2012, he travelled to Berunda and Degho for mobilization and recruitment activities for the M23. Kaina fled to Uganda in November 2013 and was still there as of early 2016.

5.    Jérôme KAKWAVU BUKANDE

(alias: a) Jérôme Kakwavu, b) Commandant Jérôme)

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Given the rank of General in the FARDC in December 2004. As of June 2011, detained in Makala Prison in Kinshasa. As of 25 March 2011, the High Military Court in Kinshasa opened a trial against Kakwavu for war crimes. In November 2014, convicted by a DRC military court to ten years in prison for rape, murder, and torture. INTERPOL-UN SecurityCouncil Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776083

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Former President of UCD/FAPC. FAPC's control of illegal border posts between Uganda and the DRC — a key transit route for arms flows. As President of the FAPC, he exercised influence over policies and command and control over the activities of FAPC forces, which were involved in arms trafficking and, consequently, in violations of the arms embargo. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for recruitment and use of children in Ituri in 2002. One of five senior FARDC officers who had been accused of serious crimes involving sexual violence and whose cases the Security Council had brought to the Government's attention during its visit in 2009. Given the rank of General in the FARDC in December 2004. As of June 2011, detained in Makala Prison in Kinshasa. On 25 March 2011, the High Military Court in Kinshasa opened a trial against Kakwavu for war crimes.

6.    Germain KATANGA

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of birth: 28 Apr. 1978.

Place of birth: Mambasa, Ituri Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Address: Democratic Republic of the Congo (in prison).

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Appointed General in the FARDC in December 2004. Handed over by the Government of the DRC to the International Criminal Court on 18 October 2007. Initially convicted on 23 May 2014 by the ICC to 12 years in prison for war crimes and crimes against humanity, the ICC Appeals Chamber reduced his sentence and determined that Katanga's sentence should be completed on 18 January 2016. Although he was detained in the Netherlands for the duration of his trial, Katanga was transferred to a DRC prison in December 2015 and charged for other crimes previously committed in Ituri. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776116

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Germain Katanga was the Commander of the FRPI. He was involved in weapons transfers, in violation of the arms embargo. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for recruitment and use of children in Ituri from 2002 to 2003. He was appointed General in the FARDC in December 2004. He was handed over by the Government of the DRC to the International Criminal Court on 18 October 2007. Initially convicted on 23 May 2014 by the ICC to 12 years in prison for war crimes and crimes against humanity, ICC Appeals Chamber reduced his sentence and determined that his sentence should be completed on 18 January 2016. Although he was detained in the Netherlands for the duration of his trial, Katanga was transferred to a DRC prison in December 2015 and charged for crimes previously committed in Ituri.

7.    Thomas LUBANGA

Place of Birth: Ituri, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Address: Democratic Republic of the Congo (in prison).

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Arrested in Kinshasa in March 2005 for UPC/L involvement in human rights abuses violations. Transferred to the ICC on 17 March 2006. Convicted by the ICC in March 2012 and sentenced to 14 years in prison. On 1 December 2014, ICC appeals judges upheld Lubanga's conviction and sentence. Transferred to a prison facility in the DRC on 19 December 2015 to serve out his sentence of imprisonment. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776117

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Thomas Lubanga was the President of the UPC/L, one of the armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), involved in the trafficking of arms, in violation of the arms embargo. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for recruitment and use of children in Ituri from 2002 to 2003. He was arrested in Kinshasa in March 2005 for UPC/L involvement in human rights abuses violations and transferred to the ICC by the DRC authorities on 17 March 2006. He was convicted by the ICC in March 2012 and sentenced to 14 years in prison. On 1 December 2014, ICC appeals judges upheld the conviction and sentence. He was transferred to a prison facility in the DRC on 19 December 2015 to serve out his sentence of imprisonment.

8.    Sultani MAKENGA

(alias: a) Makenga, Colonel Sultani, b) Makenga, Emmanuel Sultani)

Date of Birth: 25 December 1973.

Place of Birth: Rutshuru, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 12 November 2012.

Other information: A military leader of the Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In Uganda as of late 2014. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272833

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Sultani Makenga is a military leader of the Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). As a leader of M23 (also known as the Congolese Revolutionary Army), Sultani Makenga has committed and is responsible for serious violations of international law involving the targeting of women and children in situations of armed conflict, including killing and maiming, sexual violence, abduction, and forced displacement. He has also been responsible for violations of international law related to M23's actions in recruiting or using children in armed conflict in the DRC. Under the command of Sultani Makenga, M23 has carried out extensive atrocities against the civilian population of the DRC. According to testimonies and reports, the militants operating under the command of Sultani Makenga have conducted rapes throughout Rutshuru territory against women and children, some of whom have been as young as 8 years old, as part of a policy to consolidate control in Rutshuru territory. Under Makenga's command, M23 has conducted extensive forced recruitment campaigns of children in the DRC and in the region, as well as killing, maiming, and injuring scores of children. Many of the forced child recruits have been under the age of 15. Makenga has also been reported to be the recipient of arms and related materiel in violation of measures taken by the DRC to implement the arms embargo, including domestic ordinances on the importing and possession of arms and related materiel. Makenga's actions as the leader of M23 have included serious violations of international law and atrocities against the civilian population of the DRC, and have aggravated the conditions of insecurity, displacement, and conflict in the region. A military leader of the Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23) group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

9.    Khawa Panga MANDRO

(alias: a) Kawa Panga, b) Kawa Panga Mandro, c) Kawa Mandro, d) Yves Andoul Karim, e) Mandro Panga Kahwa, f) Yves Khawa Panga Mandro, g) ‘Chief Kahwa’, h) ‘Kawa’)

Date of Birth: 20 August 1973.

Place of Birth: Bunia, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Address: Uganda (as of May 2016).

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Placed in prison in Bunia in April 2005 for sabotage of the Ituri peace process. Arrested by Congolese authorities in October 2005, acquitted by the Court of Appeal in Kisangani, subsequently transferred to the judicial authorities in Kinshasa on new charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes, murder, aggravated assault and battery. In August 2014, a DRC military court in Kisangani convicted him of war crimes and crimes against humanity, sentenced him to nine years in prison, and ordered him to pay approximately USD 85 000 to his victims. He served his sentence and resides in Uganda as of May 2016. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272933

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Khawa Panga Mandro was the President of PUSIC, one of the armed groups and militia referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003) involved in arms trafficking, in violation of the arms embargo. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for recruitment and use of children from 2001 to 2002. He was put in prison in Bunia in April 2005 for sabotage of the Ituri peace process. He was arrested by Congolese authorities in October 2005, acquitted by the Court of Appeal in Kisangani, and subsequently transferred to the judicial authorities in Kinshasa on new charges of crimes against humanity, war crimes, murder, aggravated assault and battery. In August 2014, a DRC military court in Kisangani convicted him of war crimes and crimes against humanity, sentenced him to nine years in prison, and ordered him to pay approximately USD 85 000 to his victims. He served his sentence and resided in Uganda as of May 2016.

10.    Callixte MBARUSHIMANA

Designation: FDLR Executive Secretary.

Date of Birth: 24 July 1963.

Place of Birth: Ndusu/Ruhengeri, Northern Province, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 3 March 2009.

Other information: Arrested in Paris on 3 October 2010 under ICC warrant for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by FDLR troops in the Kivus in 2009. Transferred to The Hague on 25 January 2011 and released by the ICC in late 2011. Elected FDLR Executive Secretary on 29 Nov. 2014 for a five-year term. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5224649

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Callixte Mbarushimana was Executive Secretary of the FDLR and Vice-President of the FDLR military high command until his arrest. As a political/military leader of a foreign armed group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he impeded the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of combatants, per Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP 4 (b). He was arrested in Paris on 3 October 2010 under ICC warrant for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by FDLR troops in the Kivus in 2009. He was transferred to The Hague on 25 January 2011, but released in late 2011. He was re-elected FDLR Executive Secretary on 29 November 2014 for a five-year term.

11.    Iruta Douglas MPAMO

(alias: a) Doulas Iruta Mpamo, b) Mpano)

Address: Gisenyi, Rwanda (as of June 2011).

Date of Birth: a) 28 December 1965, b) 29 December 1965.

Place of Birth: a) Bashali, Masisi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, b) Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, c) Uvira, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: No known occupation since two of the planes managed by Great Lakes Business Company (GLBC) crashed. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272813

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Owner/Manager of the Compagnie Aérienne des Grands Lacs and of Great Lakes Business Company, whose aircraft were used to provide assistance to armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003). Also responsible for disguising information on flights and cargo apparently to allow for the violation of the arms embargo. No known occupation since two of the planes managed by Great Lakes Business Company (GLBC) crashed.

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12.   Sylvestre MUDACUMURA

(alias: a) Mupenzi Bernard, b) General Major Mupenzi, c) General Mudacumura, d) Pharaoh, e) Radja)

Designation: a) FDLR-FOCA Commander, b) FDLR-FOCA Lieutenant General.

Date of birth: 1954.

Place of birth: Cellule Ferege, Gatumba sector, Kibilira commune, Gisenyi prefecture, Rwanda.

Address: North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (as of June 2016).

Nationality: Rwandan.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Mudacumura on 12 July 2012 for nine counts of war crimes, including attacking civilians, murder, mutilation, cruel treatment, rape, torture, destruction of property, pillaging and outrages against personal dignity, allegedly committed between 2009 and 2010 in the DRC.

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Sylvestre Mudacumura is the Commander of FOCA, the armed wing of the FDLR, exercising influence over policies, and maintaining command and control over the activities of FDLR forces, one of the armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), involved in trafficking of arms, in violation of the arms embargo. Mudacumura (or staff) was in telephone communication with FDLR leader Murwanashyaka in Germany, including at the time of the Busurungi massacre in May 2009, and military commander Major Guillaume during Umoja Wetu and Kimia II operations in 2009. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for 27 cases of recruitment and use of children by troops under his command in North Kivu from 2002 to 2007. As of mid-2016, Mudacumura was still the overall commander of the FDLR's armed wing, held the rank of Lieutenant General, and was located in North Kivu Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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13.    Leodomir MUGARAGU

(alias: a) Manzi Leon, b) Leo Manzi)

Address: FDLR HQ at Kikoma forest, Bogoyi, Walikale, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (as of June 2011).

Date of Birth: a) 1954 b) 1953.

Place of Birth: a) Kigali, Rwanda b) Rushashi, Northern Province, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 1 December 2010.

Other information: FDLR-FOCA Chief of Staff, in charge of administration. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5270747

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

According to open-source and official reporting, Leodomir Mugaragu is the Chief of Staff of the Forces Combattantes Abucunguzi/Combatant Force for the Liberation of Rwanda (FOCA), the FDLR's armed wing. According to official reporting Mugaragu is a senior planner for FDLR's military operations in the eastern DRC. FDLR-FOCA Chief of Staff, in charge of administration.

14.    Leopold MUJYAMBERE

(alias: a) Musenyeri b) Achille c) Frere Petrus Ibrahim)

Designation: a) FDLR-FOCA Chief of Staff, b) FDLR-FOCA Interim Deputy Commander.

Address: Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo (as of June 2016).

Date of Birth: a) 17 March 1962, b) Approximately 1966.

Place of Birth: Kigali, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 3 March 2009.

Other information: Became acting FDLR-FOCA Deputy Commander in 2014. Captured in Goma, DRC by Congolese security services in early May 2016 and transferred to Kinshasa. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5224709

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Leopold Mujyambere was Commander of the Second Division of FOCA, the armed branch of the FDLR. As military leader of a foreign armed group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he impeded the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of combatants, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP 4 (b). In evidence collated by the UNSC DRC Sanctions Committee Group of Experts, detailed in its report of 13 February 2008, girls recovered from FDLR-FOCA had previously been abducted and sexually abused. Since mid-2007, FDLR-FOCA, which previously recruited boys in their mid to late teens, has been forcefully recruiting youth from the age of 10 years. The youngest are then used as escorts, and older children are deployed as soldiers on the frontline, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP4 (d) and (e).

In June 2011, he was the FOCA Commander of the South Kivu operational sector, then called ‘Amazon’. He was later promoted to FOCA Chief of Staff, and then acting Deputy Commander in 2014. He was captured in Goma, DRC by Congolese security services in early May 2016 and transferred to Kinshasa.

15.    Jamil MUKULU

(alias: a) Steven Alirabaki, b) David Kyagulanyi, c) Musezi Talengelanimiro, d) Mzee Tutu, e) Abdullah Junjuaka, f) Alilabaki Kyagulanyi, g) Hussein Muhammad, h) Nicolas Luumu, i) Julius Elius Mashauri, j) David Amos Mazengo, k) Professor Musharaf, l) Talengelanimiro)

Designation: a) Head of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), b) Commander, Allied Democratic Forces.

Address: reportedly in prison in Uganda (as of September 2016)

Date of Birth: a) 1965, b) 1 January 1964.

Place of Birth: Ntoke Village, Ntenjeru Sub County, Kayunga District, Uganda.

Nationality: Uganda.

Date of UN designation: 12 October 2011.

Other information: Arrested in April 2015 in Tanzania and extradited to Uganda in July 2015. As of September 2016, Mukulu is reportedly being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial for war crimes and grave breaches of the Geneva Convection under Ugandan Law. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5270670

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

According to public sources and official reports, including reports from UN sanctions committee group of experts on DRC, Jamil Mukulu is the military Head of ADF, foreign armed group operating in DRC, and obstructs the disarmament, repatriation and voluntary resettlement of ADF fighters as foreseen by para.4. b) of Resolution 1857 (2008). The UN sanctions committee group of experts on DRC reported that Jamil Mukulu provided material and human support to ADF as an armed group operating on the DRC territory. According to various sources, including reports from UN sanctions committee group of experts on DRC, Jamil Mukulu has secured funding, exerted influence on ADF policies and assumed direct responsibilities in the command and control of ADF forces, notably in supervising established links with international terrorist networks.

16.    Ignace MURWANASHYAKA

(alias: Dr. Ignace)

Title: Dr.

Designation: FDLR President.

Address: Germany (in prison).

Date of Birth: 14 May 1963.

Place of Birth: a) Butera, Rwanda, b) Ngoma, Butare, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Arrested by German authorities on 17 November 2009 and found guilty by a German court on 28 September 2015 of leadership of a foreign terrorist group and aiding in war crimes. Received a 13-year sentence and is in prison in Germany as of June 2016. Re-elected FDLR President on 29 November 2014 for a five-year term. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272382

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Ignace Murwanashyaka is the President of the FDLR, exercising influence over policies of FDLR forces, one of the armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), involved in trafficking of arms, in violation of the arms embargo. He was in telephone communication with FDLR military field commanders (including during the Busurungi massacre in May 2009); he gave military orders to the high command; he was involved in coordinating the transfer of arms and ammunition to FDLR units and relaying specific instructions for use; and he managed large sums of money raised through illicit sale of natural resources in areas of FDLR control. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he held command responsibility as President and military commander of FDLR for recruitment and use of children by the FDLR in Eastern Congo. He was arrested by German authorities on 17 November 2009 and found guilty by a German court on 28 September 2015 of leadership of a foreign terrorist group and aiding in war crimes. He received a 13-year sentence and was in prison in Germany as of June 2016. He was re-elected as FDLR President on 29 November 2014 for a five-year term.

17.    Straton MUSONI

(alias: IO Musoni)

Designation: Former FDLR Vice President.

Date of Birth: a) 6 April 1961, b) 4 June 1961.

Place of Birth: Mugambazi, Kigali, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 29 March 2007.

Other information: Arrested by German authorities on 17 November 2009, found guilty in a German court on 28 September 2015 of leadership of a foreign terrorist group, and received an 8-year sentence. Musoni was released from prison immediately after the trial, having served over 5 years of his sentence. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272354

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Straton Musoni was Vice President of the FDLR, a foreign armed group operating in the DRC. He impeded the disarmament and voluntary repatriation or resettlement of combatants belonging to those groups, in breach of resolution 1649 (2005). He was arrested by German authorities on 17 November 2009, found guilty in a German court on 28 September 2015 of leadership of a foreign terrorist group, and received an 8-year sentence. He was released from prison immediately after the trial, having served over 5 years of his sentence.

18.    Jules MUTEBUTSI

(alias: a) Jules Mutebusi, b) Jules Mutebuzi, c) Colonel Mutebutsi)

Date of Birth: 1964.

Place of Birth: Minembwe, South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Former FARDC Deputy Military Regional Commander of 10th Military Region in April 2004, dismissed for indiscipline. In December 2007, he was arrested by Rwandan authorities when he tried to cross the border into the DRC. Reported to have died in Kigali on 9 May 2014. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5272093

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Jules Mutebutsi joined forces with other renegade elements of former RCD-G to take the town of Bukavu in May 2004 by force. He was implicated in the receipt of weapons outside of FARDC structures and the provision of supplies to armed groups and militia mentioned in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), in violation of the arms embargo. He was the FARDC Deputy Military Regional Commander of the 10th Military Region until April 2004, when he was dismissed for indiscipline. In December 2007, he was arrested by Rwandan authorities when he tried to cross the border into the DRC. He was reported to have died in Kigali on 9 May 2014.

19.    Baudoin NGARUYE WA MYAMURO

(alias: Colonel Baudoin Ngaruye)

Title: Military leader of the Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23).

Designation: Brigadier General.

Address: Rubavu/Mudende, Rwanda.

Date of Birth: a) 1 April 1978 b) 1978.

Place of Birth: a) Bibwe, Democratic Republic of the Congo, b) Lusamambo, Lubero territory, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

National identification no: FARDC ID 1-78-09-44621-80.

Date of UN designation: 30 November 2012.

Other information: Entered the Republic of Rwanda on 16 March 2013. As of late 2014, living in Ngoma camp, Rwanda. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5268954

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

In April 2012, Ngaruye commanded the ex-CNDP mutiny, known as the Mouvement du 23 Mars (M23), under the orders of General Ntaganda. He is currently the third highest ranking military commander within the M23. The Group of experts on the DRC previously recommended him for designation in 2008 and 2009. He is responsible for and has committed severe violations of human rights and international law. He recruited and trained hundreds of children between 2008 and 2009 and then towards the end of 2010 for the M23. He has committed killing, maiming and abductions, often targeting women. He is responsible for executions and torture of deserters within the M23. In 2009 within the FARDC, he gave the orders to kill all men in Shalio village of Walikale. He also provided weapons, munitions and salaries in Masisi and Walikale under the direct orders from Ntaganda. In 2010 he orchestrated the forced displacement and expropriation of populations in the area of Lukopfu. He has also been extensively involved in criminal networks within the FARDC deriving profits from the mineral trade which led to tensions and violence with Colonel Innocent Zimurinda in 2011. Entered the Republic of Rwanda on 16.3.2013 at Gasizi/Rubavu.

20.    Mathieu, Chui NGUDJOLO

(alias a) Cui Ngudjolo)

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Address: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of birth: 8 Oct.1970.

Place of birth: Bunia, Ituri Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Arrested by MONUC in Bunia in October 2003. Surrendered by the Government of the DRC to the International Criminal Court on 7 February 2008. Acquitted of all charges by the ICC in December 2012, and the verdict was upheld by the Appeals Chamber on 27 February 2015. Ngudjolo filed a claim for asylum in the Netherlands, but was denied. He was deported to the DRC on 11 May 2015. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776118

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Mathieu Chui Ngudjolo was the Chief of Staff of the FRPI, exercising influence over policies and maintaining command and control the activities of FRPI forces, one of the armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), responsible for trafficking of arms, in violation of the arms embargo. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for recruitment and use of children under 15 years old in Ituri in 2006. He was arrested by MONUC in Bunia in October 2003. The Government of the DRC subsequently transferred him to the International Criminal Court on 7 February 2008. He was acquitted of all charges by the ICC in December 2012, and the verdict was upheld by the Appeals Chamber on 27 February 2015. Ngudjolo filed a claim for asylum in the Netherlands, but was denied. He was deported to the DRC on 11 May 2015.

21.    Floribert Ngabu NJABU

(alias a) Floribert Njabu Ngabu, b) Floribert Ndjabu, c) Floribert Ngabu Ndjabu)

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo, passport no. OB 0243318.

Date of birth: 23 May 1971.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Under house arrest in Kinshasa since March 2005 for FNI involvement in human rights abuses. Transferred to The Hague on 27 March 2011 to testify in the ICC Germain Katanga and Mathieu Ngudjolo trials. Applied for asylum in the Netherlands in May 2011. In October 2012, a Dutch court denied his asylum claim. In July 2014, he was deported from the Netherlands to DRC, where he was placed under arrest. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776373

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

President of FNI, one of the armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), involved in the trafficking of arms, in violation of the arms embargo. Under house arrest in Kinshasa since March 2005 for FNI involvement in human rights abuses. Transferred to The Hague on 27 March 2011 to testify in the ICC Germain Katanga and Mathieu Ngudjolo trials. Applied for asylum in the Netherlands in May 2011. In October 2012, a Dutch court denied his asylum claim; the case is currently on appeal.

22.    Laurent NKUNDA

(alias: a) Nkunda Mihigo Laurent, b) Laurent Nkunda Bwatare, c) Laurent Nkundabatware, d) Laurent Nkunda Mahoro Batware, e) Laurent Nkunda Batware, f) Chairman, g) General Nkunda, h) Papa Six)

Date of Birth: a) 6 February 1967 b) 2 February 1967.

Place of Birth: Rutshuru, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Former RCD-G General. Founder, National Congress for the People's Defense, 2006; Senior Officer, Rally for Congolese Democracy-Goma (RCD-G), 1998-2006; Officer Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), 1992-1998. Laurent Nkunda was arrested by Rwandan authorities in Rwanda in January 2009 and replaced as the commander of the CNDP. Since then, he has been under house arrest in Kigali, Rwanda. DRC Government's request to extradite Nkunda for crimes committed in eastern DRC has been refused by Rwanda. In 2010, Nkunda's appeal for illegal detention was rejected by Rwandan court in Gisenyi, ruling that the matter should be examined by a military court. Nkunda's lawyers appealed with the Rwandan Military Court. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5270703

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Joined forces with other renegade elements of former RCD-G to take Bukavu in May 04 by force. In receipt of weapons outside of FARDC in violation of the arms embargo. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for 264 cases of recruitment and use of children by troops under his command in North Kivu from 2002 to 2009. Former RCD-G General. Founder, National Congress for the People's Defense, 2006; Senior Officer, Rally for Congolese Democracy-Goma (RCD-G), 1998-2006; Officer Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), 1992-1998. Laurent Nkunda was arrested by Rwandan authorities in Rwanda in January 2009 and replaced as the commander of the CNDP. Since then, he has been under house arrest in Kigali, Rwanda. DRC Government's request to extradite Nkunda for crimes committed in eastern DRC has been refused by Rwanda. In 2010, Nkunda's appeal for illegal detention was rejected by Rwandan court in Gisenyi, ruling that the matter should be examined by a military court. Nkunda's lawyers initiated a procedure with the Rwandan Military Court. Retains some influence over certain elements of the CNDP.

23.    Felicien NSANZUBUKIRE

(alias: Fred Irakeza)

Designation: a) FDLR-FOCA Subsector Commander, b) FDLR-FOCA Colonel.

Address: South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo (as of June 2016).

Date of Birth: 1967.

Place of Birth: a) Murama, Kigali, Rwanda, b) Rubungo, Kigali, Rwanda, c) Kinyinya, Kigali, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 1 December 2010.

Other information: INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5269078

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Felicien Nsanzubukire supervised and coordinated the trafficking of ammunition and weapons between at least November 2008 and April 2009 from the United Republic of Tanzania, via Lake Tanganyika, to FDLR units based in the Uvira and Fizi areas of South Kivu. As of January 2016, Nsanzubukire was an FDLR FOCA Subsector Commander in South Kivu province and held the rank of Colonel.

24.    Pacifique NTAWUNGUKA

(alias: a) Pacifique Ntawungula, b) Colonel Omega, c) Nzeri, d) Israel)

Designation: a) FDLR-FOCA ‘SONOKI’ Sector Commander, b) FDLR-FOCA Brigadier General.

Address: Rutshuru Territory, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (as of June 2016).

Date of Birth: a) 1 January 1964, b) Approximately 1964.

Place of Birth: Gaseke, Gisenyi Province, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 3 March 2009.

Other information: Received military training in Egypt. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5269021

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Pacifique Ntawunguka was the commander of the First Division of FOCA, the armed wing of the FDLR. As military leader of a foreign armed group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he impeded the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of combatants, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP 4 (b). In evidence collated by the UNSC DRC Sanctions Committee Group of Experts, detailed in its report of 13 February 2008, girls recovered from FDLR-FOCA had previously been abducted and sexually abused. Since mid-2007, FDLR-FOCA, which previously recruited boys in their mid to late teens, has been forcefully recruiting youth from the age of 10 years. The youngest are then used as escorts, and older children are deployed as soldiers on the frontline, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP4 (d) and (e). Received military training in Egypt.

As of mid-2016, Ntawunguka was the FDLR-FOCA ‘SONOKI’ Sector Commander in North Kivu province.

25.    James NYAKUNI

Nationality: Uganda.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5776374

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Trade partnership with Jérôme Kakwavu, particularly smuggling across the DRC/ Uganda border, including suspected smuggling of weapons and military material in unchecked trucks. Violation of the arms embargo and provision of assistance to armed groups and militia referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), including financial support that allows them to operate militarily.

26.    Stanislas NZEYIMANA

(alias: a) Deogratias Bigaruka Izabayo, b) Izabayo Deo, c) Jules Mateso Mlamba, d) Bigaruka, e) Bigurura)

Designation: Former FDLR-FOCA Deputy Commander.

Date of Birth: a) 1 January 1966 b) 28 August 1966 c) Approximately 1967.

Place of Birth: Mugusa, Butare, Rwanda.

Nationality: Rwanda.

Date of UN designation: 3 March 2009.

Other information: Disappeared while in Tanzania in early 2013. Whereabouts unknown as of June 2016. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5275373

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Stanislas Nzeyimana was Deputy Commander of FOCA, the armed branch of the FDLR. As military leader of a foreign armed group operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, he impeded the disarmament and the voluntary repatriation and resettlement of combatants, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP 4 (b). In evidence collated by the UNSC DRC Sanctions Committee Group of Experts, detailed in its report of 13 February 2008, girls recovered from FDLR-FOCA had previously been abducted and sexually abused. Since mid-2007, FDLR-FOCA, which previously recruited boys in their mid to late teens, has been forcefully recruiting youth from the age of 10 years. The youngest are then used as escorts, and older children are deployed as soldiers on the frontline, in violation of Security Council resolution 1857 (2008) OP4 (d) and (e). Nzeyimana disappeared in Tanzania in early 2013, and his whereabouts were unknown as of June 2016.

27.    Dieudonné OZIA MAZIO

(alias: a) Ozia Mazio, b) Omari, c) Mr Omari)

Date of Birth: 6 June 1949.

Place of Birth: Ariwara, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: While president of the Fédération des entreprises congolaises (FEC) in Aru territory, Dieudonné Ozia Mazio is believed to have died in Ariwara on 23 September 2008. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5275495.

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Financial schemes with Jerome Kakwavu and FAPC and smuggling across the DRC/Uganda border, allowing supplies and cash to be made available to Kakwavu and his troops. Violation of the arms embargo, including by providing assistance to armed groups and militia referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003). While president of the Fédération des entreprises congolaises (FEC) in Aru territory, Dieudonné Ozia Mazio is believed to have died in Ariwara on 23 September 2008.

28.    Jean-Marie Lugerero RUNIGA

(alias: Jean-Marie Rugerero)

Designation: M23, President.

Address: Rubavu/Mudende, Rwanda.

Date of Birth: a) Approximately 1960, b) 9 September 1966.

Place of Birth: Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 31 December 2012.

Other information: Entered the Republic of Rwanda on 16 March 2013. As of 2016, residing in Rwanda. Participated in the creation of a new Congolese political party in June 2016, the Alliance pour le Salut du Peuple (ASP). INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5274633

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

A July 9, 2012 document signed by M23 leader Sultani Makenga named Runiga as the coordinator of the political wing of M23. According to the document, Runiga's appointment was prompted by the need to ensure the visibility of the M23 cause. Runiga was also named as the President of the M23 in postings on the group's website. His leadership role was corroborated by the November 2012 Group of Experts report, which refers to Runiga as the leader of the M23.

According to the 15 November 2012 Final Report of the Group of Experts, Runiga led a delegation that travelled to Kampala, Uganda on July 29, 2012 and finalized the M23 movement's 21-point agenda ahead of anticipated negotiations at the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region. According to a November 23, 2012 BBC article, M23 was formed when former members of the CNDP who had been integrated into the FARDC began to protest against bad conditions and pay, and lack of full implementation of the March 23, 2009 peace deal between the CNDP and the DRC that led to the CNDP's integration into the FARDC. M23 was engaged in active military operations in order to take control of territory in eastern DRC, according to the November 2012 IPIS report. M23 and FARDC fought over control of several towns and villages in eastern DRC on July 24 and July 25, 2012; M23 attacked the FARDC in Rumangabo on July 26, 2012; M23 drove FARDC from Kibumba on November 17, 2012; and M23 took control of Goma on November 20, 2012. According to the November 2012 Group of Experts report, several ex-M23 combatants claim that M23 leaders summarily executed dozens of children who attempted to escape after being recruited as M23 child soldiers. According to a September 11, 2012 report by Human Rights Watch (HRW), a Rwandan man, 18, who escaped after being forcibly recruited in Rwanda told HRW that he witnessed the execution of a 16-year old boy from his M23 unit who had tried to flee in June. The boy was captured and beaten to death by M23 fighters in front of the other recruits. An M23 commander who ordered his killing then allegedly told the other recruits ‘[h]e wanted to abandon us,’ as an explanation for why the boy had been killed. The report also states that witnesses claimed that at least 33 new recruits and other M23 fighters were summarily executed when they attempted to flee. Some were tied up and shot in front of other recruits as an example of the punishment they could receive. One young recruits told HRW, ‘[w]hen we were with M23, they said [we had a choice] and could stay with them or we could die. Lots of people tried to escape. Some were found and then that was immediately their death.’

Runiga entered the Republic of Rwanda on 16 March 2013, at Gasizi / Rubavu. As of mid-2016, Runiga resided in Rwanda. In June 2016, he participated in the creation of the new Congolese political party, the Alliance pour le Salut du Peuple (ASP).

29.    Ntabo Ntaberi SHEKA

Designation: Commander-in-Chief, Nduma Defence of Congo, Mayi Mayi Sheka group.

Date of Birth: 4 April 1976.

Place of Birth: Walikalele territory, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 28 November 2011.

Other information: INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5275453

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka, Commander-in-Chief of the political branch of the Mayi Mayi Sheka, is the political leader of a Congolese armed group that impedes the disarmament, demobilization, or reintegration of combatants. The Mayi Mayi Sheka is a Congo-based militia group that operates from bases in Walikale territory in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Mayi Mayi Sheka group has carried out attacks on mines in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, including taking over the Bisiye mines and extorting from locals. Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka has also committed serious violations of international law involving the targeting of children. Ntabo Ntaberi Sheka planned and ordered a series of attacks in Walikale territory from 30 July to 2 August, 2010, to punish local populations accused of collaborating with Congolese Government forces. In the course of the attacks, children were raped and were abducted, subjected to forced labour and subjected to cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment. The Mayi Mayi Sheka militia group also forcibly recruits boys and holds children in their ranks from recruitment drives.

30.    Bosco TAGANDA

(alias a) Bosco Ntaganda, b) Bosco Ntagenda, c) General Taganda, d) Lydia (When he was part of APR), e) Terminator, f) Tango Romeo (Call sign ), g) Romeo (Call sign), h) Major)

Address: The Hague, Netherlands (as of June 2016).

Date of Birth: Between 1973 and 1974.

Place of Birth: Bigogwe, Rwanda.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Born in Rwanda, he moved to Nyamitaba, Masisi territory, North Kivu, when he was a child. Nominated FARDC Brigadier-General by Presidential Decree on 11 December 2004, following Ituri peace agreements. Formerly Chief of Staff in CNDP and became CNDP military commander since the arrest of Laurent Nkunda in January 2009. Since January 2009, de facto Deputy Commander of consecutive anti-FDLR operations ‘Umoja Wetu’, ‘Kimia II’, and ‘Amani Leo’ in North and South Kivu. Entered Rwanda in March 2013, and voluntarily surrender to ICC officials in Kigali on March 22. Transferred to the ICC in The Hague, Netherlands. On 9 June 2014, ICC confirmed 13 charges of war crimes and five charges of crimes against humanity against him; the trial started in September 2015. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5274913

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Bosco Taganda was the UPC/L military commander, exercising influence over policies and maintaining command and control over the activities of UPC/L, one of the armed groups and militias referred to in paragraph 20 of Res. 1493 (2003), involved in the trafficking of arms, in violation of the arms embargo. He was appointed General in the FARDC in December 2004, but refused to accept the promotion, therefore remaining outside of the FARDC. According to the Office of the SRSG on Children and Armed Conflict, he was responsible for recruitment and use of children in Ituri in 2002 and 2003, and 155 cases of direct and/or command responsibility for recruitment and use of children in North Kivu from 2002 to 2009. As CNDP Chief of Staff, he had direct and command responsibility for the massacre at Kiwanja in November 2008.

Born in Rwanda, he moved to Nyamitaba in Masisi territory of North Kivu province when he was a child. In June 2011, he resided in Goma and owned large farms in Ngungu area of Masisi territory in North Kivu province. He was nominated FARDC Brigadier-General by Presidential Decree on 11 December 2004, following Ituri peace agreements. He was Chief of Staff in the CNDP and then became the CNDP military commander after the arrest of Laurent Nkunda in January 2009. Starting in January 2009, he was de facto Deputy Commander of consecutive anti-FDLR operations Umoja Wetu, Kimia II, and Amani Leo in North and South Kivu provinces. He entered Rwanda in March 2013, voluntarily surrendered to ICC officials in Kigali on March 22 and was subsequently transferred to the ICC in The Hague, Netherlands. On 9 June 2014, the ICC confirmed 13 charges of war crimes and five charges of crimes against humanity against him. The trial started in September 2015.

31.    Innocent ZIMURINDA

(alias: Zimulinda)

Designation: a) M23, Bde Comd, Rank: Colonel, b) Colonel in the FARDC.

Address: Rubavu, Mudende.

Date of Birth: a) 1 September 1972, b) Approximately 1975, c) 16 March 1972.

Place of Birth: a) Ngungu, Masisi territory, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, b) Masisi, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Nationality: Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 December 2010.

Other information: Integrated in the FARDC in 2009 as a Lieutenant Colonel, brigade commander in FARDC Kimia II Ops, based in Ngungu area. In July 2009, Zimurinda was promoted to full Colonel and became FARDC Sector commander in Ngungu and subsequently in Kitchanga in FARDC Kimia II and Amani Leo Operations. Whereas Zimurinda did not appear in the 31 December 2010 DRC Presidential ordinance nominating high FARDC officers, Zimurinda de facto maintained his command position of FARDC 22nd sector in Kitchanga and wears the newly issued FARDC rank and uniform. In December 2010, recruitment activities carried out by elements under the command of Zimurinda were denounced in open source reports. Entered the Republic of Rwanda on 16 March 2013. As of late 2014, residing in Ngoma camp, Rwanda. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/un/5275315

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

According to multiple sources, Lt Col Innocent Zimurinda, in his capacity as one of the commanders of the FARDC 231st Brigade, gave orders that resulted in the massacre of over 100 Rwandan refugees, mostly women and children, during an April 2009 military operation in the Shalio area. The UNSC DRC Sanctions Committee's Group of Experts reported that Lt Col Innocent Zimurinda was witnessed first-hand refusing to release three children from his command in Kalehe, on August 29, 2009. According to multiple sources, Lt Col Innocent Zimurinda, prior to the CNDP's integration into FARDC, participated in a November 2008 CNDP operation that resulted in the massacre of 89 civilians, including women and children, in the region of Kiwanja.

In March 2010, 51 human rights groups working in eastern DRC alleged that Zimurinda was responsible for multiple human rights abuses involving the murder of numerous civilians, including women and children, between February 2007 and August 2007. Lt Col Innocent Zimurinda was accused in the same complaint of responsibility for the rape of a large number of women and girls. According to a May 21, 2010, statement by the Special Representative of the Secretary General for Children and Armed Conflict, Innocent Zimurinda has been involved in the arbitrary execution of child soldiers, including during operation Kimia II. According to the same statement, he denied access by the UN Mission in the DRC (MONUC) to screen troops for minors. According to the UNSC DRC Sanctions Committee's Group of Experts, Lt Col Zimurinda holds direct and command responsibility for child recruitment and for maintaining children within troops under his command. Integrated in the FARDC in 2009 as a Lieutenant Colonel, brigade commander in FARDC Kimia II Ops, based in Ngungu area. In July 2009, Zimurinda was promoted to full Colonel and became FARDC Sector commander in Ngungu and subsequently in Kitchanga in FARDC Kimia II and Amani Leo Operations. Whereas Zimurinda did not appear in the 31 December 2010 DRC Presidential ordinance nominating high FARDC officers, Zimurinda de facto maintained his command position of FARDC 22nd sector in Kitchanga and wears the newly issued FARDC rank and uniform. He remains loyal to Bosco Ntaganda. In December 2010, recruitment activities carried out by elements under the command of Zimurinda were denounced in open source reports. Entered the Republic of Rwanda on 16 March 2013, at Gasizi / Rubavu.

b) List of entities referred to in Article 3(1)

1.    ADF (ALLIED DEMOCRATIC FORCES)

(Alias: a) Forces Démocratiques Alliées-Armée Nationale de Libération de l'Ouganda; b) ADF/NALU; c) NALU)

Address: North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 30 June 2014.

Other Information: ADF founder and leader, Jamil Mukulu, was arrested in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in April 2015. He was subsequently extradited to Kampala, Uganda in July 2015. As of June 2016, Mukulu is reportedly being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5864623

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

The Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) was created in 1995 and is located in the mountainous DRC-Uganda border area. According to the United Nations Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo's (‘GoE’) 2013 final report, citing Ugandan officials and UN sources, in 2013 the ADF had an estimated strength of 1 200 to 1 500 armed fighters located in north-east Beni Territory of North Kivu province, close to the border with Uganda. These same sources estimate ADF's total membership — including women and children — to be between 1 600 and 2 500 . Due to offensive military operations by the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC) and the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC (MONUSCO) conducted in 2013 and 2014, ADF dispersed its fighters to numerous smaller bases, and moved women and children to areas west of Beni, and along the Ituri-North Kivu border. The ADF's military commander is Hood Lukwago and its supreme leader is the sanctioned individual Jamil Mukulu.

The ADF has committed serious violations of international law and UNSCR 2078 (2012), including as detailed below.

The ADF has recruited and used child soldiers in violation of applicable international law (UNSCR paragraph 4 (d)).

The GoE's 2013 final report stated that the GoE interviewed three former ADF fighters who had escaped during 2013 and who described how ADF recruiters in Uganda lure people to the DRC with false promises of employment (for adults) and free education (for children) and then force them to join the ADF. Also according to the GoE's report, former ADF fighters told the GoE that the ADF's training groups typically include adult men and boys and two boys who escaped from the ADF in 2013 told the GoE that they had received military training from the ADF. The GoE report also includes an account of ADF's training by a ‘former ADF child soldier’.

According to the GoE's 2012 final report, the ADF recruits include children, as exemplified by the case of an ADF recruiter who was captured by Ugandan authorities in Kasese with six young boys on his way to the DRC in July 2012.

A specific example of the ADF's recruitment and use of children is seen in a 6 January 2009 letter from the former Africa Director for Human Rights Watch, Georgette Gagnon, to Uganda's former Minister of Justice, Kiddhu Makubuyu, stating that a boy named Bushobozi Irumba was abducted at 9 years of age by the ADF in 2000. He was required to provide transport and other services to ADF fighters.

In addition, ‘The Africa Report’ cited allegations that the ADF is allegedly recruiting children as young as 10 years of age as child soldiers and cited a Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF) spokesperson as stating that the UPDF rescued 30 children from a training camp on Buvuma Island in Lake Victoria.

The ADF has also committed numerous violations of international human rights and international humanitarian law against women and children, including killing, maiming, and sexual violence (UNSCR paragraph 4 (e)).

According to the GoE 2013 final report, in 2013 the ADF attacked numerous villages, which prompted more than 66 000 people to flee into Uganda. These attacks depopulated a large area, which ADF has since controlled by abducting or killing people who return to their villages. Between July and September 2013, ADF decapitated at least five people in the Kamango area, shot several others, and kidnapped dozens more. These actions terrorized the local population and deterred people from returning home.

The Global Horizontal Note, a monitoring and reporting mechanism of grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict, reported to the Security Council's Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict (CAAC) that during the October to December 2013 reporting period, ADF was responsible for 14 of the 18 child casualties documented, including in an incident on 11 December 2013, in Beni territory, North Kivu, when ADF attacked the village of Musuku, killing 23 people, including 11 children (three girls and eight boys), aged 2 months to 17 years. All victims had all been severely mutilated with machetes, including two children who survived the attack.

The March 2014 Report of the Secretary General on Conflict Related Sexual Violence identifies the ‘Allied Democratic Forces — National Army for the Liberation of Uganda’ on its list of ‘Parties credibly suspected of committing or being responsible for rape or other forms of sexual violence in situations of armed conflict.’

The ADF has also participated in attacks against MONUSCO peacekeepers (UNSCR paragraph 4 (i)).

Finally, the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) reported that ADF has conducted at least two attacks on MONUSCO peacekeepers. The first, on 14 July 2013, was an attack on a MONUSCO patrol on the road between Mbau and Kamango. This attack is detailed in the 2013 GoE final report. The second attack occurred on March 3, 2014. A MONUSCO vehicle was attacked with grenades ten kilometers from the Mavivi airport in Beni, resulting in injuries to five peacekeepers.

ADF founder and leader, Jamil Mukulu (CDi.015), was arrested in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania in April 2015. He was subsequently extradited to Kampala, Uganda in July 2015. As of June 2016, he is being held in a police detention cell awaiting his trial.

2.    BUTEMBO AIRLINES (BAL)

Address: Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 29 March 2007.

Other information: Privately-owned airline, operates out of Butembo. Since December 2008, BAL no longer holds an aircraft operating license in the DRC. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5278478

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Kisoni Kambale (deceased on 5 July 2007 and subsequently de-listed on 24 April 2008) used his airline to transport FNI gold, rations and weapons between Mongbwalu and Butembo. This constitutes ‘provision of assistance’ to illegal armed groups in breach of the arms embargo of resolutions 1493 (2003) and 1596 (2005). Privately-owned airline, operates out of Butembo. Since December 2008, BAL no longer holds an aircraft operating license in the DRC.

3.    COMPAGNIE AERIENNE DES GRANDS LACS (CAGL); GREAT LAKES BUSINESS COMPANY (GLBC)

Address: a) Avenue Président Mobutu, Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, b) Gisenyi, Rwanda, c) PO BOX 315, Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 29 March 2007.

Other information: As of December 2008, GLBC no longer had any operational aircraft, although several aircraft continued flying in 2008 despite UN sanctions. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5278381

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

CAGL and GLBC are companies owned by Douglas MPAMO, an individual already subject to sanctions under resolution 1596 (2005). CAGL and GLBC were used to transport arms and ammunition in violation of the arms embargo of resolutions 1493 (2003) and 1596 (2005). As of December 2008, GLBC no longer had any operational aircraft, although several aircraft continued flying in 2008 despite UN sanctions.

4.    CONGOMET TRADING HOUSE

Address: Butembo, North Kivu.

Date of UN designation: 29 March 2007.

Other information: No longer exists as a gold trading house in Butembo, North Kivu. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5278420

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Congomet Trading House (formerly listed as Congocom) was owned by Kisoni Kambale (deceased on 5 July 2007 and subsequently de-listed on 24 April 2008). Kambale acquired almost all the gold production in the Mongbwalu district, which was controlled by the FNI. The FNI derived substantial income from taxes imposed on this production. This constitutes ‘provision of assistance’ to illegal armed groups in breach of the arms embargo of resolutions 1493 (2003) and 1596 (2005). No longer exists as a gold trading house in Butembo, North Kivu.

5.    FORCES DEMOCRATIQUES DE LIBERATION DU RWANDA (FDLR)

(alias: a) FDLR, b) Force Combattante Abacunguzi, c) Combatant Force for the Liberation of Rwanda, d) FOCA)

Address: a) North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, b) South Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 31 December 2012.

Other information: Email: Fdlr@fmx.de; fldrrse@yahoo.fr; fdlr@gmx.net; fdlrsrt@gmail.com; humura2020@gmail.com. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5278442

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

The FDLR is one of the largest foreign armed groups operating in the territory of the DRC. The group was formed in 2000, and has committed serious violations of international law involving the targeting of women and children in armed conflict, including killing and maiming, sexual violence, and forced displacement. According to a 2010 report from Amnesty International, the FDLR were responsible for the killings of ninety-six civilians in Busurungi, Walikale territory. Some of the victims were burned alive in their homes. According to the same source, in June 2010, an NGO medical centre reported around sixty cases a month of girls and women who had been raped in the southern Lubero territory, North-Kivu by armed groups including the FDLR. According to a December 20, 2010 report from Human Rights Watch (HRW), there has been documented evidence of the FDLR actively conducting child recruitment. HRW identified at least 83 Congolese children under the age of 18, some as young as 14, who had been forcibly recruited by the FDLR. In January 2012, HRW reported that FLDR combatants attacked numerous villages in the Masisi territory, killing six civilians, raping two women, and abducting at least 48 people.

According to a June 2012 report from HRW, in May 2012 FDLR fighters attacked civilians in Kamananga and Lumenje, in South Kivu province, as well as in Chambucha, Walikale territory, and villages in the Ufumandu area of Masisi territory, North Kivu province. In these attacks, FDLR fighters with machetes and knives hacked to death dozens of civilians, including numerous children. According to the June 2012 Group of Experts Report, the FDLR attacked several villages in South Kivu from December 31, 2011 to January 4, 2012. A United Nations investigation confirmed that at least 33 persons, including 9 children and 6 women, had been killed, either burned alive, decapitated or shot during the attack. In addition, one woman and one girl had been raped. The June 2012 Group of Experts Report also states that a United Nations investigation confirmed that the FDLR massacred at least 14 civilians, including 5 women and 5 children in South Kivu in May 2012. According to the November 2012 Group of Experts report, the UN documented at least 106 incidents of sexual violence committed by the FDLR between December 2011 and September 2012. The November 2012 Group of Experts report notes that, according to a UN investigation, the FDLR raped seven women in the night of 10 March 2012, including a minor, in Kalinganya, Kabare territory. The FDLR attacked the village again on 10 April 2012 and raped three of the women for the second time. The November 2012 Group of Experts report also reports 11 killings by the FDLR in Bushibwambombo, Kalehe on 6 April 2012, and FDLR involvement in 19 further killings in Masisi territory, including five minors and six women, in May. The Mouvement Du 23 Mars (M23) is an armed group operating in the DRC that has been the recipient of arms and related materiel, including advice, training, and assistance related to military activities.

Several eyewitness testimonies state that M23 receives general military supplies from the Rwandan Defense Forces (RDF) in the form of weapons and ammunition in addition to materiel support for combat operations. M23 has been complicit in and responsible for committing serious violations of international law involving the targeting of women and children in situations of armed conflict in the DRC including killing and maiming, sexual violence, abduction, and forced displacement. According to numerous reports, investigations, and testimonies from eyewitnesses, M23 has been responsible for carrying out mass killings of civilians, as well as raping women and children throughout various regions of the DRC. Several reports indicate that M23 fighters have carried out 46 rapes against women and girls, the youngest of which was 8 years old. In addition to reports of sexual violence, M23 has also carried out extensive forced recruitment campaigns of children into the ranks of the group. It is estimated that M23 has carried out the forced recruitment of 146 young men and boys in the Rutshuru territory alone in eastern DRC since July 2012. Some of the victims have been as young as 15 years old. The atrocities committed by M23 against the civilian population of the DRC, as well as M23's forced recruitment campaign, and being the recipient of arms and military assistance has dramatically contributed to instability and conflict within the region and in some instances, violated international law.

6.    M23

(alias: Mouvement du 23 mars).

Date of UN designation: 31 December 2012.

Other Information: Email: mouvementdu23mars1@gmail.com. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5277973

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

The Mouvement Du 23 Mars (M23) is an armed group operating in the DRC that has been the recipient of arms and related materiel, including advice, training, and assistance related to military activities. Several eyewitness testimonies state that M23 receives general military supplies from the Rwandan Defense Forces (RDF) in the form of weapons and ammunition in addition to materiel support for combat operations. M23 has been complicit in and responsible for committing serious violations of international law involving the targeting of women and children in situations of armed conflict in the DRC including killing and maiming, sexual violence, abduction, and forced displacement. According to numerous reports, investigations, and testimonies from eyewitnesses, M23 has been responsible for carrying out mass killings of civilians, as well as raping women and children throughout various regions of the DRC. Several reports indicate that M23 fighters have carried out 46 rapes against women and girls, the youngest of which was 8 years old. In addition to reports of sexual violence, M23 has also carried out extensive forced recruitment campaigns of children into the ranks of the group. It is estimated that M23 has carried out the forced recruitment of 146 young men and boys in the Rutshuru territory alone in eastern DRC since July 2012. Some of the victims have been as young as 15 years old. The atrocities committed by M23 against the civilian population of the DRC, as well as M23's forced recruitment campaign, and being the recipient of arms and military assistance has dramatically contributed to instability and conflict within the region and in some instances, violated international law.

7.    MACHANGA LTD

Address: Plot 55A, Upper Kololo Terrace, Kampala, Uganda.

Date of UN designation: 29 March 2007.

Other information: Gold export company (Directors: Mr. Rajendra Kumar Vaya and Mr. Hirendra M. Vaya). In 2010, assets belonging to Machanga, held in the account of Emirates Gold, were frozen by Bank of Nova Scotia Mocatta (UK). The owners of Machanga have remained involved in purchasing gold from eastern DRC. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5278291

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Machanga bought gold through a regular commercial relationship with traders in the DRC tightly linked to militias. This constitutes ‘provision of assistance’ to illegal armed groups in breach of the arms embargo of resolutions 1493 (2003) and 1596 (2005). Gold export company (Directors: Mr. Rajendra Kumar Vaya and Mr. Hirendra M. Vaya). In 2010, assets belonging to Machanga, held in the account of Emirates Gold, were frozen by Bank of Nova Scotia Mocatta (UK). The previous owner of Machanga, Rajendra Kumar, and his brother Vipul Kumar, have remained involved in purchasing gold from eastern DRC.

8.    TOUS POUR LA PAIX ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT (NGO)

(alias: TPD)

Address: Goma, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Date of UN designation: 1 November 2005.

Other information: Goma, with provincial committees in South Kivu, Kasai Occidental, Kasai Oriental and Maniema. Officially suspended all activities since 2008. In practice, as of June 2011 TPD offices are open and involved in cases related to returns of IDPs, community reconciliation initiatives, land conflict settlements, etc. The TPD President is Eugene Serufuli and Vice-President is Saverina Karomba. Important members include North Kivu provincial deputies Robert Seninga and Bertin Kirivita. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5278464

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

Implicated in violation of the arms embargo by providing assistance to RCD-G, particularly in supplying trucks to transport arms and troops, and also by transporting weapons for distribution to parts of the population in Masisi and Rutshuru, North Kivu, in early 2005. Goma, with provincial committees in South Kivu, Kasai Occidental, Kasai Oriental and Maniema Officially suspended all activities since 2008. In practice, as of June 2011 TPD offices are open and involved in cases related to returns of IDPs, community reconciliation initiatives, land conflict settlements, etc. The TPD President is Eugene Serufuli and Vice-President is Saverina Karomba. Important members include North Kivu provincial deputies Robert Seninga and Bertin Kirivita.

9.    UGANDA COMMERCIAL IMPEX (UCI) LTD

Address: a) Plot 22, Kanjokya Street, Kamwokya, Kampala, Uganda (Tel.: +256 41 533 578/9), b) PO BOX 22709, Kampala, Uganda.

Date of UN designation: 29 March 2007.

Other information: Gold export company. (Directors Mr. Jamnadas V. LODHIA — known as ‘Chuni’- and his sons Mr. Kunal J. LODHIA and Jitendra J. LODHIA). In January 2011, Ugandan authorities notified the Committee that following an exemption on its financial holdings, Emirates Gold repaid UCI's debt to Crane Bank in Kampala, leading to final closure of its accounts. The directors of UCI have remained involved in purchasing gold from eastern DRC. INTERPOL-UN Security Council Special Notice web link: https://www.interpol.int/en/notice/search/une/5278486

Additional information from the narrative summary of reasons for listing provided by the Sanctions Committee:

UCI bought gold through a regular commercial relationship with traders in the DRC tightly linked to militias. This constitutes ‘provision of assistance’ to illegal armed groups in breach of the arms embargo of resolutions 1493 (2003) and 1596 (2005). Gold export company. (Former directors Mr. J.V. LODHIA — known as ‘Chuni’- and his son Mr. Kunal LODHIA). In January 2011, Ugandan authorities notified the Committee that following an exemption on its financial holdings, Emirates Gold repaid UCI's debt to Crane Bank in Kampala, leading to final closure of its accounts. The previous owner of UCI, J.V. Lodhia and his son Kumal Lodhia have remained involved in purchasing gold from eastern DRC.

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ANNEX II

LIST OF PERSONS AND ENTITIES REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 3(2)

A.   PERSONS



 

Name

Identifying information

Grounds for designation

Date of Listing

1.

Ilunga Kampete

a.k.a. Gaston Hughes Ilunga Kampete; a.k.a. Hugues Raston Ilunga Kampete.

Born 24.11.1964 in Lubumbashi, military ID number: 1-64-86-22311-29. DRC nationality.

As Commander of the Republican Guard (GR), Ilunga Kampete was responsible for the GR units deployed on the ground and involved in the disproportionate use of force and violent repression, in September 2016 in Kinshasa. In this capacity, Ilunga Kampete was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

12.12.2016

2.

Gabriel Amisi Kumba

a.k.a. Gabriel Amisi Nkumba; a.k.a. ‘Tango Fort’; a.k.a. ‘Tango Four’.

Born 28.5.1964 in Malela, military ID number: 1-64-87-77512-30. DRC nationality.

Commander of the 1st defence zone of Congolese Army (FARDC) whose forces took part in the disproportionate use of force and violent repression, in September 2016 in Kinshasa. In this capacity, Gabriel Amisi Kumba was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

12.12.2016

3.

Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo

Born 8.3.1973 in Lubumbashi.

Passport number: no OB0260335 (valid from 15.4.2011 till 14.4.2016). DRC nationality.

As Commander of the anti-riot body Légion Nationale d'Intervention of the Congolese National Police (PNC), Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo was responsible for disproportionate use of force and violent repression in September 2016 in Kinshasa. In this capacity, Ferdinand Ilunga Luyoyo was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

12.12.2016

4.

Celestin Kanyama

a.k.a. Kanyama Tshisiku Celestin; a.k.a. Kanyama Celestin Cishiku Antoine, a.k.a. Kanyama Cishiku Bilolo Célestin, a.k.a. Esprit de mort.

Born 4.10.1960 in Kananga. DRC nationality. Passport number: OB0637580 (valid from 20.5.2014 to 19.5.2019).

Was granted Schengen visa no011518403, issued on 2.7.2016.

As Kinshasa Police Commissioner (PNC), Celestin Kanyama was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and violent repression in September 2016 in Kinshasa. In this capacity, Celestin Kanyama was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

12.12.2016

5.

John Numbi

a.k.a. John Numbi Banza Tambo; a.k.a. John Numbi Banza Ntambo; a.k.a. Tambo Numbi.

Born 16.8.1962 in Jadotville-Likasi-Kolwezi. DRC nationality.

Former Inspector-General of the Congolese National Police (PNC), John Numbi remains an influential figure who was notably involved in the campaign of violent intimidation in the March 2016 gubernatorial elections in the DRC's four ex-Katangan provinces and as such is responsible for obstructing a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC.

12.12.2016

6.

Roger Kibelisa

a.k.a. Roger Kibelisa Ngambaswi.

DRC nationality.

As Interior Director of the National Intelligence Service (ANR), Roger Kibelisa is involved in the intimidation campaign carried out by ANR officials towards opposition members, including arbitrary arrests and detention. Roger Kibelisa has therefore undermined the rule of law and obstructed a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC.

12.12.2016

7.

Delphin Kaimbi

a.k.a. Delphin Kahimbi Kasagwe; a.k.a. Delphin Kayimbi Demba Kasangwe; a.k.a. Delphin Kahimbi Kasangwe; a.k.a. Delphin Kahimbi Demba Kasangwe; a.k.a. Delphin Kasagwe Kahimbi.

Born 15.1.1969 (alternatively: 15.7.1969) in Kiniezire/Goma. DRC nationality. Diplomatic passport no: DB0006669 (valid 13.11.2013 till 12.11.2018).

Head of Military Intelligence Body (ex-DEMIAP), part of the National Operations Centre, the command and control structure responsible for arbitrary arrests and violent repression in Kinshasa in September 2016, and responsible for forces that participated in intimidation and arbitrary arrests, which obstructs a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC.

12.12.2016

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8.

Evariste Boshab, former Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security

a.k.a Evariste Boshab Mabub Ma Bileng.

DOB: 12.1.1956.

POB: Tete Kalamba (DRC).

Diplomatic passport number: DP 0000003 (valid: 21.12.2015 — expiry: 20.12.2020).

Schengen visa expired on 5.1.2017.

DRC nationality.

In his capacity as Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security from December 2014 to December 2016, Evariste Boshab was officially responsible for the police and security services and coordinating the work of provincial governors. In this capacity, he was responsible for arrests of activists and opposition members, as well as disproportionate use of force, including between September 2016 and December 2016 in response to demonstrations in Kinshasa, which resulted in a large number of civilians being killed or injured by security services.Evariste Boshab was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

9.

Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga

DOB: circa 1974 in Tanganyika province.

DRC nationality.

As he was the leader of the Bakata Katanga militia between 2011 and 2016, Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga was involved in serious human rights violations and war crimes such as killings and attacks against civilians, notably in rural zones of the Katanga region.

Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga is currently the leader of an armed group involved in human rights abuses in the Kasai Province and supporting governmental forces committing human rights violations. Gédéon Kyungu Mutanga has therefore been involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights abuses or violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

10.

Alex Kande Mupompa, Governor of Kasai Central

a.k.a Alexandre Kande Mupomba; Kande-Mupompa.

DOB: 23.9.1950.

POB: Kananga (DRC).

DRC passport number: OP 0024910 (valid: 21.3.2016 — expiry: 20.3.2021).

Address: Messidorlaan 217/25, 1180 Uccle, Belgium

DRC and Belgian nationalities.

As Governor of Kasai Central, Alex Kande Mupompa is responsible for the ongoing disproportionate use of force, violent repression and extrajudicial killings committed by security forces and the PNC in Kasai Central from 2016, including the alleged unlawful killings of Kamiuna Nsapu militia members and civilians in Mwanza Lomba, Kasai Central, in February 2017.

Alex Kande Mupompa was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

11.

Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda, former Governor of Haut-Katanga

DOB: 17.5.1963. POB: Kashobwe (DRC).

DRC nationality.

As Governor of Haut Katanga until April 2017, Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and violent repression committed by security forces and the PNC in Haut Katanga, including between 15 and 31 December 2016, when 12 civilians were killed and 64 were injured as a result of the use of lethal force by security forces including PNC agents in response to protests in Lubumbashi.

Jean-Claude Kazembe Musonda was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

12.

Lambert Mende, Minister of Communications and Media, and spokesperson of the Government

a.k.a Lambert Mende Omalanga.

DOB: 11.2.1953. POB: Okolo (DRC).

Diplomatic passport number: DB0001939 (issued: 4.5.2017 — expiring: 3.5.2022).

DRC nationality.

As Communications and Media Minister since 2008, Lambert Mende is responsible for the repressive media policy applied in DRC, which breaches the right to freedom of expression and information and undermines a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC. On 12 November 2016, he adopted a decree limiting the possibility for foreign media outlets to broadcast in the DRC.

In breach of the political agreement settled on 31 December 2016 between the presidential majority and opposition parties, broadcasts have not resumed for a number of media outlets as at May 2017.

In his capacity as Communications and Media Minister, Lambert Mende is therefore responsible for obstructing a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC, including by acts of violence, repression or inciting violence, or by undermining the rule of law.

29.5.2017

13.

Muhindo Akili Mundos, FARDC Commander 31st Brigade

a.k.a Charles Muhindo Akili Mundos; Charles Muhindo Akilimani Mundos.

DOB: 10.11.1972.

POB: Kirotse (DRC).

Military ID number: 1-72-96-80384-52.

DRC nationality.

Muhindo Akili Mundos was the FARDC commander of the Sukola I operation responsible for military operations against the ADF from August 2014 to June 2015. He recruited and equipped former fighters from a local armed group to participate in extrajudicial killings and massacres that began in October 2014.

Muhindo Akili Mundos was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

14.

Brigadier General Eric Ruhorimbere, Deputy Commander of the 21st military region (Mbuji-Mayi)

a.k.a Eric Ruhorimbere Ruhanga;Tango Two; Tango Deux.

DOB: 16.7.1969.

POB: Minembwe (DRC).

Military ID number: 1-69-09-51400-64.

DRC nationality.

As Deputy Commander of the 21st military region since 18 September 2014, Eric Ruhorimbere was responsible for the disproportionate use of force and extrajudicial killings perpetrated by FARDC forces, notably against the Nsapu militia and women and children.

Eric Ruhorimbere was therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

15.

Ramazani Shadari, Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security

a.k.a Emmanuel Ramazani Shadari Mulanda; Shadary.

DOB: 29.11.1960.

POB: Kasongo (DRC).

DRC nationality.

As Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Security since 20 December 2016, Ramazani Shadari is officially responsible for the police and security services and coordinating the work of provincial governors. In this capacity, he is responsible for the recent arrests of activists and opposition members, as well as the disproportionate use of force since his appointment, such as the violent crackdown on members of the Bundu Dia Kongo (BDK) movement in Kongo Central, the repression in Kinshasa over January-February 2017 and the disproportionate use of force and violent repression in Kasai provinces.

In this capacity, Ramazani Shadari is therefore involved in planning, directing, or committing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

16.

Kalev Mutondo, Head (formally Administrator-General) of the National Intelligence Service (ANR)

a.k.a Kalev Katanga Mutondo, Kalev Motono, Kalev Mutundo, Kalev Mutoid, Kalev Mutombo, Kalev Mutond, Kalev Mutondo Katanga, Kalev Mutund.

DOB: 3.3.1957.

Passport number: DB0004470 (issued: 8.6.2012 — expires: 7.6.2017).

As long-term Head of the National Intelligence Service (ANR), Kalev Mutondo is involved in and responsible for the arbitrary arrest, detention and mistreatment of opposition members, civil society activists and others. He has therefore undermined the rule of law and obstructed a consensual and peaceful solution towards elections in DRC, as well as planning or directing acts that constitute serious human rights violations in DRC.

29.5.2017

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B.   ENTITIES



( 1 ) OJ L 335, 13.12.2008, p. 99.

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