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Document 02006R0765-20220413

Consolidated text: Council Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 of 18 May 2006 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Belarus and the involvement of Belarus in the Russian aggression against Ukraine

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2006/765/2022-04-13

02006R0765 — EN — 13.04.2022 — 035.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

►B

▼M46

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 765/2006

of 18 May 2006

concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Belarus and the involvement of Belarus in the Russian aggression against Ukraine

▼B

(OJ L 134 20.5.2006, p. 1)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

 M1

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1587/2006 of 23 October 2006

  L 294

25

25.10.2006

 M2

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1791/2006 of 20 November 2006

  L 363

1

20.12.2006

►M3

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 646/2008 of 8 July 2008

  L 180

5

9.7.2008

►M4

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 84/2011 of 31 January 2011

  L 28

17

2.2.2011

 M5

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 271/2011 of 21 March 2011

  L 76

13

22.3.2011

 M6

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 505/2011 of 23 May 2011

  L 136

48

24.5.2011

►M7

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 588/2011 of 20 June 2011

  L 161

1

21.6.2011

►M8

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 999/2011 of 10 October 2011

  L 265

6

11.10.2011

 M9

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 1000/2011 of 10 October 2011

  L 265

8

11.10.2011

 M10

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 1320/2011 of 16 December 2011

  L 335

15

17.12.2011

 M11

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 114/2012 of 10 February 2012

  L 38

3

11.2.2012

 M12

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 170/2012 of 28 February 2012

  L 55

1

29.2.2012

 M13

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 265/2012 of 23 March 2012

  L 87

37

24.3.2012

►M14

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 354/2012 of 23 April 2012

  L 113

1

25.4.2012

►M15

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 1014/2012 of 6 November 2012

  L 307

1

7.11.2012

 M16

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 1017/2012 of 6 November 2012

  L 307

7

7.11.2012

 M17

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 494/2013 of 29 May 2013

  L 143

1

30.5.2013

 M18

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 517/2013 of 13 May 2013

  L 158

1

10.6.2013

 M19

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 1054/2013 of 29 October 2013

  L 288

1

30.10.2013

 M20

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 46/2014 of 20 January 2014

  L 16

3

21.1.2014

 M21

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 740/2014 of 8 July 2014

  L 200

1

9.7.2014

 M22

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 1159/2014 of 30 October 2014

  L 311

2

31.10.2014

 M23

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/1133 of 13 July 2015

  L 185

1

14.7.2015

 M24

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/1326 of 31 July 2015

  L 206

16

1.8.2015

 M25

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2015/1948 of 29 October 2015

  L 284

62

30.10.2015

 M26

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/1949 of 29 October 2015

  L 284

71

30.10.2015

 M27

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2016/276 of 25 February 2016

  L 52

19

27.2.2016

►M28

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2016/277 of 25 February 2016

  L 52

22

27.2.2016

 M29

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2017/331 of 27 February 2017

  L 50

9

28.2.2017

 M30

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2018/275 of 23 February 2018

  L 54

1

24.2.2018

 M31

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/1163 of 5 July 2019

  L 182

33

8.7.2019

 M32

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2020/1387 of 2 October 2020

  L 319I

1

2.10.2020

 M33

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2020/1648 of 6 November 2020

  L 370I

1

6.11.2020

 M34

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2020/2129 of 17 December 2020

  L 426I

1

17.12.2020

►M35

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2021/339 of 25 February 2021

  L 68

29

26.2.2021

►M36

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2021/907 of 4 June 2021

  L 197I

1

4.6.2021

►M37

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2021/996 of 21 June 2021

  L 219I

1

21.6.2021

►M38

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2021/997 of 21 June 2021

  L 219I

3

21.6.2021

 M39

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2021/999 of 21 June 2021

  L 219I

55

21.6.2021

►M40

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2021/1030 of 24 June 2021

  L 224I

1

24.6.2021

►M41

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2021/1985 of 15 November 2021

  L 405

1

16.11.2021

►M42

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2021/1986 of 15 November 2021

  L 405

3

16.11.2021

►M43

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2021/2124 of 2 December 2021

  L 430I

1

2.12.2021

►M44

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2022/212 of 17 February 2022

  L 37

4

18.2.2022

►M45

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2022/300 of 24 February 2022

  L 46

3

25.2.2022

►M46

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2022/355 of 2 March 2022

  L 67

1

2.3.2022

►M47

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2022/398 of 9 March 2022

  L 82

1

9.3.2022

►M48

COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) 2022/577 of 8 April 2022

  L 111

67

8.4.2022

►M49

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2022/595 of 11 April 2022

  L 114

60

12.4.2022


Corrected by:

 C1

Corrigendum, OJ L 299, 17.10.2014, p.  32 (46/2014)

 C2

Corrigendum, OJ L 328, 13.11.2014, p.  60 (740/2014)

 C3

Corrigendum, OJ L 176, 7.7.2015, p.  40 (740/2014)

 C4

Corrigendum, OJ L 057, 18.2.2021, p.  94 (2020/1648)

►C5

Corrigendum, OJ L 002, 6.1.2022, p.  9 (2021/2124)

►C6

Corrigendum, OJ L 079, 9.3.2022, p.  38 (2021/1030)

►C7

Corrigendum, OJ L 083I, 10.3.2022, p.  2 (2022/398)




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▼M46

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 765/2006

of 18 May 2006

concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Belarus and the involvement of Belarus in the Russian aggression against Ukraine

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Article 1

For the purpose of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

1. 

‘funds’ means financial assets and benefits of every kind, including but not limited to:

(a) 

cash, cheques, claims on money, drafts, money orders and other payment instruments;

(b) 

deposits with financial institutions or other entities, balances on accounts, debts and debt obligations;

(c) 

publicly- and privately-traded securities and debt instruments, including stocks and shares, certificates representing securities, bonds, notes, warrants, debentures and derivatives contracts;

(d) 

interest, dividends or other income on or value accruing from or generated by assets;

(e) 

credit, right of set-off, guarantees, performance bonds or other financial commitments;

(f) 

letters of credit, bills of lading, bills of sale;

(g) 

documents evidencing an interest in funds or financial resources.

2. 

‘freezing of funds’ means preventing any move, transfer, alteration, use of, access to, or dealing with funds in any way that would result in any change in their volume, amount, location, ownership, possession, character, destination or other change that would enable the use of the funds, including portfolio management.

3. 

‘economic resources’ means assets of every kind, whether tangible or intangible, movable or immovable, which are not funds but can be used to obtain funds, goods or services.

4. 

‘freezing of economic resources’ means preventing the use of economic resources to obtain funds, goods or services in any way, including, but not limited to, by selling, hiring or mortgaging them.

▼M7

5. 

‘territory of the Community’ means the territories of the Member States, including their airspace, to which the Treaty is applicable, under the conditions laid down in the Treaty.

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6. 

‘technical assistance’ means any technical support related to repairs, development, manufacture, assembly, testing, maintenance, or any other technical service, and may take forms such as instruction, advice, training, transmission of working knowledge or skills or consulting services; including verbal forms of assistance.

▼C6

7. 

‘belarusian air carrier’ means an air transport undertaking holding a valid operating licence or equivalent issued by the competent authorities of Belarus;

▼M46

8. 

‘dual-use goods and technology’ means the items listed in Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2021/821 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 1 );

▼C6

9. 

‘investment services’ means the following services and activities:

(i) 

reception and transmission of orders in relation to one or more financial instruments;

(ii) 

execution of orders on behalf of clients;

(iii) 

dealing on own account;

(iv) 

portfolio management;

(v) 

investment advice;

(vi) 

underwriting of financial instruments and/or placing of financial instruments on a firm commitment basis;

(vii) 

placing of financial instruments without a firm commitment basis;

(viii) 

any service in relation to the admission to trading on a regulated market or trading on a multilateral trading facility.

▼C7

10. 

‘transferable securities’ means the following classes of securities, including in the form of crypto-assets, which are negotiable on the capital market, with the exception of instruments of payment:

(i) 

shares in companies and other securities equivalent to shares in companies, partnerships or other entities, and depositary receipts in respect of shares;

(ii) 

bonds or other forms of securitised debt, including depositary receipts in respect of such securities;

(iii) 

any other securities giving the right to acquire or sell any such transferable securities or giving rise to a cash settlement determined by reference to transferable securities.

▼C6

11. 

‘money-market instruments’ means those classes of instruments which are normally dealt in on the money market, such as treasury bills, certificates of deposit and commercial papers and excluding instruments of payment;

12. 

‘credit institution’ means an undertaking the business of which is to take deposits or other repayable funds from the public and to grant credit for its own account;

▼M44

13. 

‘brokering services’ means:

(i) 

the negotiation or arrangement of transactions for the purchase, sale or supply of goods and technology or of financial and technical services, including from a third country to any other third country; or

(ii) 

the selling or buying of goods and technology or of financial and technical services, including where they are located in third countries for their transfer to another third country;

14. 

‘public corporation’ means an undertaking, other than a credit institution, established in Belarus with over 50 % public ownership, or under public control, as of 1 June 2021;

15. 

‘claim’ means any claim, whether asserted by legal proceedings or not, made before, on or after the date of entry into force of this Regulation, under or in connection with a contract or transaction, and includes in particular:

(i) 

a claim for performance of any obligation arising under or in connection with a contract or transaction;

(ii) 

a claim for extension or payment of a bond, financial guarantee or indemnity of whatever form;

(iii) 

a claim for compensation in respect of a contract or transaction;

(iv) 

a counterclaim;

(v) 

a claim for the recognition or enforcement, including by the procedure of exequatur, of a judgment, an arbitration award or an equivalent decision, wherever made or given;

16. 

‘contract or transaction’ means any transaction of whatever form and whatever the applicable law, whether comprising one or more contracts or similar obligations made between the same or different parties; for this purpose, ‘contract’ includes a bond, guarantee or indemnity, in particular a financial guarantee or financial indemnity, and credit, whether legally independent or not, as well as any related provision arising under, or in connection with, the transaction;

▼M46

17. 

‘financing or financial assistance’ means any action, irrespective of the particular means chosen, whereby the person, entity or body concerned, conditionally or unconditionally, disburses or commits to disburse its own funds or economic resources, including but not limited to grants, loans, guarantees, suretyships, bonds, letters of credit, supplier credits, buyer credits, import or export advances and all types of insurance and reinsurance, including export credit insurance; payment, as well as terms and conditions of payment, of the agreed price for a good or a service, made in line with normal business practice, does not constitute financing or financial assistance;

18. 

‘partner country’ means a country applying a set of export control measures substantially equivalent to those set out in this Regulation, as listed in Annex Vb;

19. 

‘consumer communication devices’ means devices used by private individuals such as personal computers and peripherals (including hard drives and printers), mobile telephones, smart televisions, memory devices (USB drives), and consumer software for those devices;

▼M47

20. 

‘central securities depository’ means a legal person as defined in point 1 of Article 2(1) of Regulation (EU) No 909/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 2 );

21. 

‘deposit’ means a credit balance which results from funds left in an account or from temporary situations deriving from normal banking transactions and which a credit institution is required to repay under the legal and contractual conditions applicable, including a fixed-term deposit and a savings deposit, but excluding a credit balance where:

(i) 

its existence can only be proven by a financial instrument as defined in Article 4(1)(15) of Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 3 ), unless it is a savings product which is evidenced by a certificate of deposit made out to a named person and which exists in a Member State on 2 July 2014;

(ii) 

its principal is not repayable at par;

(iii) 

its principal is only repayable at par under a particular guarantee or agreement provided by the credit institution or a third party;

22. 

‘investor citizenship schemes’ (or "golden passports") means the procedures put in place by a Member State, which allow third-country nationals to acquire its nationality in exchange for pre-determined payments and investments;

23. 

‘investor residence schemes’ (or "golden visas") means the procedures put in place by a Member State, which allow third-country nationals to obtain a residence permit in a Member State in exchange for pre-determined payments and investments;

24. 

‘trading venue’, as defined in Article 4(1)(24) of Directive 2014/65/EU, means a regulated market, a multilateral trading facility or an organised trading facility;

▼M48

25. 

‘road transport undertaking’ means any natural or legal person, entity or body engaged with a commercial purpose, in the transport of freight by means of motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles.

▼M7

Article 1a

1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to sell, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, equipment which might be used for internal repression as listed in Annex III, whether or not originating in the Union, to any person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(b) 

to participate, knowingly and intentionally, in activities the object or effect of which is to circumvent the prohibitions referred to in point (a).

2.  
Paragraph 1 shall not apply to protective clothing, including flak jackets and helmets, temporarily exported to Belarus by United Nations (UN) personnel, personnel of the Union or its Member States, representatives of the media or humanitarian and development workers and associated persons exclusively for their personal use.
3.  
By way of derogation from paragraph 1, the competent authorities in the Member States as listed in Annex II may authorise the sale, supply, transfer or export of equipment which might be used for internal repression, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, if they determine that such equipment is intended solely for humanitarian or protective use.

▼M40 —————

▼M7

Article 1b

1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance related to the goods and technology listed in the Common Military List of the European Union ( 4 ) (‘Common Military List’), or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of goods included in that list, to any person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(b) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance or brokering services related to equipment which might be used for internal repression as listed in Annex III, to any person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(c) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, financing or financial assistance related to the goods and technology listed in the Common Military List or in Annex III, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance, for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for any provision of related technical assistance to any person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(d) 

to participate, knowingly and intentionally, in activities the object or effect of which is to circumvent the prohibitions referred to in points (a) to (c).

2.  

By way of derogation from paragraph 1, the prohibitions referred to therein shall not apply to:

(a) 

non-lethal military equipment, or equipment which might be used for internal repression, intended solely for humanitarian purposes or protective use or for institution building programmes of the UN and the Union, or for EU or UN crisis management operations; or

(b) 

non-combat vehicles fitted with materials to provide ballistic protection, intended solely for the protective use of personnel of the Union and its Member States in Belarus,

provided that the provision thereof has first been approved by the competent authority of a Member State, as identified on the websites listed in Annex II.

3.  
Paragraph 1 shall not apply to protective clothing, including flak jackets and military helmets, temporarily exported to Belarus by UN personnel, personnel of the Union or its Member States, representatives of the media or humanitarian and development workers and associated persons exclusively for their personal use.

▼M40 —————

▼M40

Article 1c

1.  
It shall be prohibited to sell, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, equipment, technology or software identified in Annex IV, whether or not originating in the Union, to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus, unless the competent authority of the relevant Member State, as identified on the websites listed in Annex II, has given prior authorisation.
2.  
The competent authorities of the Member States, as identified on the websites listed in Annex II, shall not grant any authorisation under paragraph 1 if they have reasonable grounds to determine that the equipment, technology or software in question would be used for repression by the Belarusian Government, public bodies, corporations or agencies, or any natural or legal person or entity acting on their behalf or at their direction.
3.  
Annex IV shall include equipment, technology or software intended primarily for use in the monitoring or interception of internet or telephone communications.
4.  
The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under this Article within two weeks of the authorisation.

Article 1d

1.  

Unless the competent authority of the relevant Member State, as identified on the websites listed in Annex II, has given prior authorisation in accordance with Article 1c(2), it shall be prohibited to:

(a) 

provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance or brokering services related to the equipment, technology and software identified in Annex IV, or related to the installation, provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of the equipment and technology identified in Annex IV or to the provision, installation, operation or updating of any software identified in Annex IV, to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(b) 

provide, directly or indirectly, financing or financial assistance related to the equipment, technology and software identified in Annex IV to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(c) 

provide any telecommunication or internet monitoring or interception services of any kind to, or for the direct or indirect benefit of, the Belarusian Government, public bodies, corporations and agencies or any natural or legal person or entity acting on their behalf or at their direction.

2.  
For the purposes of point (c) of paragraph 1, "telecommunication or internet monitoring or interception services" means those services that provide, in particular using equipment, technology or software as identified in Annex IV, access to and delivery of a subject's incoming and outgoing telecommunications and call-associated data for the purpose of its extraction, decoding, recording, processing, analysis or storing, or any other related activity.

▼M46

Article 1e

1.  
Without prejudice to Articles 1a, 1c and 1s, it shall be prohibited to sell, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, dual-use goods and technology, whether or not originating in the Union, to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus.
2.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to provide technical assistance, brokering services or other services related to the goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1, or to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of those goods and technology, directly or indirectly to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(b) 

to provide financing or financial assistance related to the goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1 for any sale, supply, transfer or export of those goods and technology, or for the provision of related technical assistance, brokering services or other services, directly or indirectly to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus, or for use in Belarus.

3.  

Without prejudice to the authorisation requirements pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/821, the prohibitions in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall not apply to the sale, supply, transfer or export of dual-use goods and technology or to the related provision of technical and financial assistance, for non-military use and for a non-military end-user, intended for:

(a) 

humanitarian purposes, health emergencies, the urgent prevention or mitigation of an event likely to have a serious and significant impact on human health and safety or on the environment or as a response to natural disasters;

(b) 

medical or pharmaceutical purposes;

(c) 

temporary use by news media;

(d) 

software updates;

(e) 

use as consumer communication devices;

(f) 

ensuring cyber-security and information security for natural or legal persons, entities or bodies in Belarus except for its government and undertakings directly or indirectly controlled by that government; or

(g) 

personal use of natural persons travelling to Belarus, and limited to personal effects, household effects, vehicles or tools of trade owned by those individuals and not intended for sale.

With the exception of points (f) and (g), the exporter shall declare in the customs declaration that the items are being exported under the relevant exception set out in this paragraph and shall notify the competent authority of the Member State in which it is resident or established of the first use of the relevant exception within 30 days from that first export.

4.  

By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, and without prejudice to the authorisation requirements pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/821, the competent authority may authorise the sale, supply, transfer or export of dual-use goods and technology or the provision of related technical or financial assistance, for non-military use and for a non-military end user, after having determined that such goods or technology or the related technical or financial assistance are intended for:

(a) 

cooperation between the Union, the governments of Member States and the government of Belarus in purely civilian matters;

(b) 

intergovernmental cooperation in space programmes;

(c) 

the operation, maintenance, fuel retreatment and safety of civil nuclear capabilities, as well as civil nuclear cooperation, in particular in the field of research and development;

(d) 

maritime safety;

(e) 

civilian telecommunications networks, including the provision of internet services;

(f) 

the exclusive use of entities owned, or solely or jointly controlled, by a legal person, entity or body which is incorporated or constituted under the law of a Member State or of a partner country;

(g) 

the diplomatic representations of the Union, Member States and partner countries, including delegations, embassies and missions.

5.  
By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article, and without prejudice to the authorisation requirements pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/821, the competent authority may authorise the sale, supply, transfer or export of dual-use goods and technology or the provision of related technical or financial assistance, for non-military use and for a non-military end-user, after having determined that such goods or technology or such related technical or financial assistance are due under contracts concluded before 3 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such a contract, provided that such authorisation is requested before 1 May 2022.
6.  
Authorisations required under this Article shall be granted by the relevant competent authority in accordance with the rules and procedures laid down in Regulation (EU) 2021/821, which shall apply mutatis mutandis. Such authorisation shall be valid throughout the Union.
7.  

When deciding on a request for authorisation pursuant to paragraphs 4 and 5, the competent authority shall not grant an authorisation if it has reasonable grounds to believe that:

(i) 

the end-user might be a military end-user or a natural or legal person, entity or body listed in Annex V, or that the goods might have a military end-use; or

(ii) 

the sale, supply, transfer or export of goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1, or the provision of related technical or financial assistance, is intended for aviation or the space industry.

8.  
The competent authority may annul, suspend, modify or revoke an authorisation which it has granted pursuant to paragraphs 4 and 5 if it deems that such annulment, suspension, modification or revocation is necessary for the effective implementation of this Regulation.

Article 1f

1.  
Without prejudice to Articles 1a, 1c and 1s, it shall be prohibited to sell, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, goods and technology which might contribute to Belarus’s military and technological enhancement, or to the development of its defence and security sector, as listed in Annex Va, whether or not originating in the Union, to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus.
2.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to provide technical assistance, brokering services or other services related to the goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1, or to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of those goods and technology, directly or indirectly to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(b) 

to provide financing or financial assistance related to the goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1 for any sale, supply, transfer or export of those goods and technology, or for the provision of related technical assistance, brokering services or other services, directly or indirectly to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus.

3.  

The prohibitions in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to the sale, supply, transfer or export of the goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1 or to the related provision of technical and financial assistance, for non-military use and for a non-military end-user, intended for:

(a) 

humanitarian purposes, health emergencies, the urgent prevention or mitigation of an event likely to have a serious and significant impact on human health and safety or on the environment, or as a response to natural disasters;

(b) 

medical or pharmaceutical purposes;

(c) 

temporary use by news media;

(d) 

software updates;

(e) 

use as consumer communication devices;

(f) 

ensuring cyber-security and information security for natural or legal persons, entities or bodies in Belarus except for its government and undertakings directly or indirectly controlled by that government; or

(g) 

personal use of natural persons travelling to Belarus, and limited to personal effects, household effects, vehicles or tools of trade owned by those individuals and not intended for sale.

With the exception of points (f) and (g), the exporter shall declare in its customs declaration that the items are being exported under the relevant exception set out in this paragraph and shall notify the competent authority of the Member State in which it is resident or established of the first use of the relevant exception within 30 days from that first export.

4.  

By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 and 2, the competent authority may authorise the sale, supply, transfer or export of the goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1 or the provision of related technical or financial assistance, for non-military use and for a non-military end-user, after having determined that such goods or technology or the related technical or financial assistance are intended for:

(a) 

cooperation between the Union, the governments of Member States and the government of Belarus in purely civilian matters;

(b) 

intergovernmental cooperation in space programmes;

(c) 

the operation, maintenance, fuel retreatment and safety of civil nuclear capabilities, as well as civil nuclear cooperation, in particular in the field of research and development;

(d) 

maritime safety;

(e) 

civilian telecommunications networks, including the provision of internet services;

(f) 

the exclusive use of entities owned, or solely or jointly controlled by a legal person, entity or body which is incorporated or constituted under the law of a Member State or of a partner country; or

(g) 

the diplomatic representations of the Union, Member States and partner countries, including delegations, embassies and missions.

5.  
By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 and 2, the competent authority of a Member State may authorise the sale, supply, transfer or export of the goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1 or the provision of related technical or financial assistance, for non-military use and for a non-military end-user, after having determined that such goods or technology or the related technical or financial assistance are due under contracts concluded before 3 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such a contract, provided that such authorisation is requested before 1 May 2022.
6.  
Authorisations required under this Article shall be granted by the relevant competent authority in accordance with the rules and procedures laid down in Regulation (EU) 2021/821, which shall apply mutatis mutandis. Such authorisations shall be valid throughout the Union.
7.  

When deciding on a request for authorisation pursuant to paragraphs 4 and 5, the competent authority shall not grant an authorisation if it has reasonable grounds to believe that:

(i) 

the end-user might be a military end-user or a natural or legal person, entity or body listed in Annex V, or that the goods might have a military end-use; or

(ii) 

the sale, supply, transfer or export of goods and technology referred to in paragraph 1, or the provision of related technical or financial assistance, is intended for aviation or the space industry.

8.  
The competent authority may annul, suspend, modify or revoke an authorisation which it has granted pursuant to paragraphs 4 and 5 if it deems that such annulment, suspension, modification or revocation is necessary for the effective implementation of this Regulation.

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Article 1fa

1.  

With regard to the entities listed in Annex V, by way of derogation from Article 1e(1) and (2) and Article 1f(1) and (2), and without prejudice to the authorisation requirements pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2021/821, the competent authority may only authorise the sale, supply, transfer or export of dual-use goods and technology and goods and technology listed in Annex Va, or the provision of related technical or financial assistance, after having determined that such goods or technology or the related technical or financial assistance are:

(a) 

necessary for the urgent prevention or mitigation of an event likely to have a serious and significant impact on human health and safety or the environment; or

(b) 

due under contracts concluded before 3 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such a contract, provided that such authorisation is requested before 1 May 2022.

2.  
Authorisations required under this Article shall be granted by the competent authorities of the Member State in accordance with the rules and procedures laid down in Regulation (EU) 2021/821, which shall apply mutatis mutandis. Such authorisation shall be valid throughout the Union.
3.  
The competent authorities may annul, suspend, modify or revoke an authorisation which they have granted pursuant to paragraph 1 if they deem that such annulment, suspension, modification or revocation is necessary for the effective implementation of this Regulation.

Article 1fb

1.  
The notification to the competent authority referred to in Articles 1e(3) and 2f(3) shall be submitted by electronic means, whenever possible, on forms containing at least all the elements of, and in the order provided for in, the models set out in Annex Vc.
2.  
All authorisations referred to in Articles 1e and 1f shall be issued by electronic means, whenever possible, on forms containing at least all the elements of, and in the order provided for in, the models set out in Annex Vc.

Article 1fc

1.  
The competent authorities shall exchange information on authorisations granted and denials issued pursuant to Articles 1e, 1f and 1fa with the other Member States and the Commission. Such exchange of information shall be carried out using the electronic system provided pursuant to Article 23(6) of Regulation (EU) 2021/821.
2.  
Information received as a result of the application of this Article shall be used only for the purpose for which it was requested, including the exchanges mentioned in paragraph 4. Member States and the Commission shall ensure the protection of confidential information acquired in the application of this Article in accordance with Union law and the respective national law. Member States and the Commission shall ensure that classified information provided or exchanged under this Article is not downgraded or declassified without the prior written consent of the originator.
3.  
Before a Member State grants an authorisation in accordance with Article 1e, 1f or 1fa for a transaction which is essentially identical to a transaction which is the subject of a still valid denial issued by another Member State or by other Member States, it shall first consult the Member State or Member States which issued the denial. If, following such consultations, the Member State concerned decides to grant an authorisation, it shall inform the other Member States and the Commission thereof, providing all relevant information to explain the decision.
4.  
The Commission, in consultation with the Member States, shall, where appropriate and on the basis of reciprocity, exchange information with partner countries, with a view to supporting the effectiveness of export control measures under this Regulation and the consistent application of export control measures applied by partner countries.

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Article 1g

1.  
It shall be prohibited to sell, supply, transfer, or export the goods listed in Annex VI, whether such goods originate or not in the Union, to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus.

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1a.  
It shall be prohibited to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in paragraph 1

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2.  
Annex VI shall include goods used for the production or manufacturing of tobacco products.

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Article 1h

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1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to import, directly or indirectly, ►M46  mineral products ◄ as listed in Annex VII into the Union if they:

(i) 

originate in Belarus; or

(ii) 

have been exported from Belarus;

(b) 

to purchase, directly or indirectly, ►M46  mineral products ◄ as listed in Annex VII which are located in or which originated in Belarus;

(c) 

to transport ►M46  mineral products ◄ as listed in Annex VII if they originated in Belarus or are being exported from Belarus to any other country.

(d) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in points (a), (b) and (c).

2.  
The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall not apply to purchases in Belarus of ►M46  mineral products ◄ as listed in Annex VII which are required in order to meet the essential needs of the purchaser in Belarus or of humanitarian projects in Belarus.

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4.  
Paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the freedom of transit through Belarus of ►M46  mineral products ◄ as listed in Annex VII which originate in a third country.

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Article 1i

1.  
It shall be prohibited to import, purchase or transfer, directly or indirectly, potassium chloride ("potash") products as listed in Annex VIII from Belarus, whether or not originating in Belarus.

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1a.  
It shall be prohibited to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in paragraph 1.

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Article 1j

It shall be prohibited to directly or indirectly purchase, sell, provide investment services for or assistance in the issuance of, or otherwise deal with transferable securities and money-market instruments with a maturity exceeding 90 days, issued after 29 June 2021 by:

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(a) 

the Republic of Belarus, its Government, its public bodies, corporations or agencies;

(b) 

a major credit institution established in Belarus with over 50 % public ownership, or under public control, as of 1 June 2021, as listed in Annex IX;

(c) 

a legal person, entity or body established outside the Union whose proprietary rights are directly or indirectly owned for more than 50 % by an entity referred to in point (a) or (b) of this Article; or

(d) 

a natural or legal person, entity or body acting on behalf or at the direction of an entity referred to in point (a), (b) or (c) of this Article.

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Article 1ja

1.  
Transactions related to the management of reserves as well as of assets of the Central Bank of Belarus, including transactions with any legal person, entity or body acting on behalf of, or at the direction of, the Central Bank of Belarus, are prohibited.
2.  
By way of derogation from paragraph 1, the competent authorities may authorise a transaction provided that it is strictly necessary to ensure the financial stability of the Union as a whole or of the Member State concerned.
3.  
The Member State concerned shall immediately inform the other Member States and the Commission of its intention to grant an authorisation under paragraph 2.

Article 1jb

It shall be prohibited to list and provide services as of 12 April 2022 on trading venues registered or recognised in the Union for the transferable securities of any legal person, entity or body established in Belarus and with over 50 % public ownership.

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Article 1k

1.  

It shall be prohibited to directly or indirectly make or be part of any arrangement to make new loans or credit with a maturity exceeding 90 days, after 29 June 2021, to:

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(a) 

the Republic of Belarus, its Government, its public bodies, corporations or agencies;

(b) 

a major credit institution established in Belarus with over 50 % public ownership, or under public control, as of 1 June 2021, as listed in Annex IX;

(c) 

a legal person, entity or body established outside the Union whose proprietary rights are directly or indirectly owned for more than 50 % by an entity referred to in point (a) or (b) of this paragraph; or

(d) 

a natural or legal person, entity or body acting on behalf or at the direction of an entity referred to in point (a), (b) or (c) of this paragraph.

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2.  
The prohibition shall not apply to loans or credits that have a specific and documented objective to provide financing for non-prohibited imports or exports of goods and non-financial services between the Union and any third State, including the expenditure for goods and services from another third State that is necessary for executing the export or import contracts.
3.  

The competent authority of a Member State may also grant, under such terms as it deems appropriate, an authorisation to make or be part of the loans or credits referred to in paragraph 1 if it has determined that:

(i) 

the activities concerned are for the purpose of providing support for the Belarusian civilian population, such as humanitarian assistance, environmental projects, and nuclear safety or the loan or credit is necessary to comply with legal or regulatory minimum reserve or similar requirements to meet solvency and liquidity criteria for financial entities in Belarus which are majority-owned by financial institutions of the Union; and

(ii) 

the activities concerned do not entail funds or economic resources being made available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of a person, entity or body referred to in Article 2.

When applying the conditions under points (i) and (ii), the competent authority shall require adequate information as regards the use of the authorisation granted, including information concerning the purpose of, and the counterparts to, the activities concerned.

The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under this Article within two weeks of the authorisation.

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Article 1l

1.  

It shall be prohibited to provide insurance or re-insurance to:

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(i) 

the Republic of Belarus, its Government, its public bodies, corporations or agencies; or

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(ii) 

any natural or legal person, entity or body acting on behalf or at the direction of a legal person, entity or body referred to in point (i).

2.  
The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall not apply to the provision of compulsory or third party liability insurance to Belarusian persons, entities or bodies where the risk insured is situated in the Union or to the provision of insurance for Belarusian diplomatic or consular missions in the Union.

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Article 1m

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It shall be prohibited to participate, knowingly and intentionally, in activities whose object or effect is, directly or indirectly, to circumvent the prohibitions set out in this Regulation.

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Article 1n

In addition to the prohibitions set out in Article 1k, the European Investment Bank (EIB) shall:

(a) 

be prohibited from making any disbursement or payment under or in connection with any existing agreements entered into between the Republic of Belarus or any public authority thereof and the EIB; and

(b) 

suspend all existing Technical Assistance Service Contracts relating to projects financed under the agreements referred to in point (a), and which are intended for the direct or indirect benefit of the Republic of Belarus or any public authority thereof to be performed in Belarus.

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Article 1o

1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to import, directly or indirectly, wood products as listed in Annex X into the Union if they:

(i) 

originate in Belarus; or

(ii) 

have been exported from Belarus;

(b) 

to purchase, directly or indirectly, wood products as listed in Annex X which are located in or which originated in Belarus;

(c) 

to transport wood products as listed in Annex X if they originated in Belarus or are being exported from Belarus to any other country;

(d) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in points (a), (b) and (c).

2.  
The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the execution until 4 June 2022 of contracts concluded before 2 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such contracts.

Article 1p

1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to import, directly or indirectly, cement products as listed in Annex XI into the Union if they:

(i) 

originate in Belarus; or

(ii) 

have been exported from Belarus;

(b) 

to purchase, directly or indirectly, cement products as listed in Annex XI which are located in or which originated in Belarus;

(c) 

to transport cement products as listed in Annex XI if they originated in Belarus or are being exported from Belarus to any other country;

(d) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in points (a), (b) and (c).

2.  
The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the execution until 4 June 2022 of contracts concluded before 2 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such contracts.

Article 1q

1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to import, directly or indirectly, iron and steel products as listed in Annex XII into the Union if they:

(i) 

originate in Belarus; or

(ii) 

have been exported from Belarus;

(b) 

to purchase, directly or indirectly, iron and steel products as listed in Annex XII which are located in or which originated in Belarus;

(c) 

to transport iron and steel products as listed in Annex XII if they originated in Belarus or are being exported from Belarus to any other country;

(d) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in points (a), (b) and (c).

2.  
The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the execution until 4 June 2022 of contracts concluded before 2 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such contracts.

Article 1r

1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to import, directly or indirectly, rubber products as listed in Annex XIII into the Union if they:

(i) 

originate in Belarus; or

(ii) 

have been exported from Belarus;

(b) 

to purchase, directly or indirectly, rubber products as listed in Annex XIII which are located in or which originated in Belarus;

(c) 

to transport rubber products as listed in Annex XIII if they originated in Belarus or are being exported from Belarus to any other country;

(d) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in points (a), (b) and (c).

2.  
The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the execution until 4 June 2022 of contracts concluded before 2 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such contracts.

Article 1s

1.  

It shall be prohibited:

(a) 

to sell, supply, transfer or export, directly or indirectly, machinery as listed in Annex XIV, whether or not originating in the Union, to any person, entity or body in Belarus or for use in Belarus;

(b) 

to provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and re-insurance, related to the prohibitions in point (a).

2.  

The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall not apply to the sale, supply, transfer or export of the machinery referred to in paragraph 1 or to the related provision of technical and financial assistance, for non-military use and for a non-military end-user, intended for:

(a) 

humanitarian purposes, health emergencies, the urgent prevention or mitigation of an event likely to have a serious and significant impact on human health and safety or on the environment, or as a response to natural disasters;

(b) 

medical or pharmaceutical purposes;

(c) 

temporary use by news media;

(d) 

software updates;

(e) 

use as consumer communication devices;

(f) 

ensuring cyber-security and information security for natural or legal persons, entities or bodies in Belarus except for its government and undertakings directly or indirectly controlled by that government; or

(g) 

personal use of natural persons travelling to Belarus, and limited to personal effects, household effects, vehicles or tools of trade owned by those individuals and not intended for sale.

With the exception of points (f) and (g), the exporter shall declare in its customs declaration that the items are being exported under the relevant exception set out in this paragraph and shall notify the competent authority of the Member State where the exporter is resident or established of the first use of the relevant exception within 30 days from that first export.

3.  
The prohibitions in paragraph 1 shall be without prejudice to the execution until 4 June 2022 of contracts concluded before 2 March 2022, or ancillary contracts necessary for the execution of such contracts.

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Article 1t

1.  
It shall be prohibited to provide public financing or financial assistance for trade with, or investment in, Belarus.
2.  

The prohibition in paragraph 1 shall not apply to:

(a) 

binding financing or financial assistance commitments established prior to 10 March 2022;

(b) 

the provision of public financing or financial assistance up to the total value of EUR 10 000 000 per project benefiting small and medium-sized enterprises established in the Union; or

(c) 

the provision of public financing or financial assistance for trade in food, and for agricultural, medical or humanitarian purposes.

Article 1u

1.  
It shall be prohibited to accept any deposits from Belarusian nationals or natural persons residing in Belarus, or legal persons, entities or bodies established in Belarus, if the total value of deposits of the natural or legal person, entity or body per credit institution exceeds EUR 100 000 .
2.  
Paragraph 1 shall not apply to nationals of a Member State, of a country member of the European Economic Area or of Switzerland, or to natural persons having a temporary or permanent residence permit in a Member State, in a country member of the European Economic Area or in Switzerland.
3.  
Paragraph 1 shall not apply to deposits which are necessary for non-prohibited cross-border trade in goods and services between the Union and Belarus.

Article 1v

1.  

By way of derogation from Article 1u(1), the competent authorities may authorise the acceptance of such a deposit, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, after having determined that the acceptance of such a deposit is:

(a) 

necessary to satisfy the basic needs of natural or legal persons, entities or bodies referred to in Article 1u(1) and their dependent family members, including payments for food, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges;

(b) 

intended exclusively for the payment of reasonable professional fees or the reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services;

(c) 

necessary for extraordinary expenses, provided that the relevant competent authority has notified the competent authorities of the other Member States and the Commission of the grounds on which it considers that a specific authorisation should be granted, at least two weeks prior to the authorisation; or

(d) 

necessary for official purposes of a diplomatic mission or consular post or international organisation.

2.  
The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under points (a), (b) and (d) of paragraph 1 within two weeks of the authorisation.

Article 1w

1.  

By way of derogation from Article 1u(1), the competent authorities may authorise the acceptance of such a deposit, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, after having determined that the acceptance of such a deposit is:

(a) 

necessary for humanitarian purposes, such as delivering or facilitating the delivery of assistance, including medical supplies, food, or the transfer of humanitarian workers and related assistance or for evacuations; or

(b) 

necessary for civil society activities that directly promote democracy, human rights or the rule of law in Belarus.

2.  
The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under paragraph 1 within two weeks of the authorisation.

Article 1x

1.  
It shall be prohibited for Union central securities depositories to provide any services as defined in the Annex to Regulation (EU) No 909/2014 for transferable securities issued after 12 April 2022 to any Belarusian national or natural person residing in Belarus or any legal person, entity or body established in Belarus.
2.  
Paragraph 1 shall not apply to nationals of a Member State or natural persons having a temporary or permanent residence permit in a Member State.

Article 1y

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1.  
It shall be prohibited to sell transferable securities denominated in any official currency of a Member State issued after 12 April 2022 or units in collective investment undertakings providing exposure to such securities, to any Belarusian national or natural person residing in Belarus or any legal person, entity or body established in Belarus.

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2.  
Paragraph 1 shall not apply to nationals of a Member State or natural persons having a temporary or permanent residence permit in a Member State.

Article 1z

Without prejudice to the applicable rules concerning reporting, confidentiality and professional secrecy, credit institutions shall:

(a) 

supply to the national competent authority of the Member State where they are located or to the Commission by no later than 27 May 2022, a list of deposits exceeding EUR 100 000 held by Belarusian nationals or natural persons residing in Belarus, or by legal persons, entities or bodies established in Belarus. They shall provide updates regarding the amounts of such deposits every 12 months.

(b) 

supply to the national competent authority of the Member State where they are located information on deposits exceeding EUR 100 000 held by Belarusian nationals or natural persons residing in Belarus who have acquired the citizenship of a Member State or residence rights in a Member State through an investor citizenship scheme or an investor residence scheme.

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Article 1za

1.  
It shall be prohibited to sell, supply, transfer or export banknotes denominated in any official currency of a Member State to Belarus or to any natural or legal person, entity or body in Belarus, including the government and the Central Bank of Belarus, or for use in Belarus.
2.  

The prohibition in paragraph 1 shall not apply to the sale, supply, transfer or export of banknotes denominated in any official currency of a Member State provided that such sale, supply, transfer or export is necessary for:

(a) 

the personal use of natural persons travelling to Belarus or members of their immediate families travelling with them; or

(b) 

the official purposes of diplomatic missions, consular posts or international organisations in Belarus enjoying immunities in accordance with international law.

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Article 1zb

It shall be prohibited as of 20 March 2022 to provide specialised financial messaging services, which are used to exchange financial data, to the legal persons, entities or bodies listed in Annex XV or to any legal person, entity or body established in Belarus whose proprietary rights are directly or indirectly owned for more than 50 % by an entity listed in Annex XV.

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Article 1zc

1.  
It shall be prohibited for any road transport undertaking established in Belarus to transport goods by road within the territory of the Union, including in transit.
2.  
The prohibition in paragraph 1 shall not apply to road transport undertakings transporting mail as a universal service.
3.  

The prohibition in paragraph 1 shall not apply until 16 April 2022 to the transport of goods that started before 9 April 2022, provided that the vehicle of the road transport undertaking:

(a) 

was already in the territory of the Union on 9 April 2022, or

(b) 

needs to transit through the Union in order to return to Belarus.

4.  

By way of derogation from paragraph 1, the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise the transport of goods by a road transport undertaking established in Belarus if the competent authorities have determined that such transport is necessary for:

(a) 

the purchase, import or transport into the Union of natural gas and oil, including refined petroleum products, as well as titanium, aluminium, copper, nickel, palladium and iron ore;

(b) 

the purchase, import or transport of pharmaceutical, medical, agricultural and food products, including wheat and fertilisers whose import, purchase and transport is allowed under this Regulation;

(c) 

humanitarian purposes; or,

(d) 

the functioning of diplomatic and consular representations of the Union and of the Member States in Belarus, including delegations, embassies and missions, or international organisations in Belarus enjoying immunities in accordance with international law.

5.  
The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under paragraph 4 within two weeks of the authorisation.

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Article 2

1.  
All funds and economic resources belonging to, or owned, held or controlled by the natural or legal persons, entities and bodies listed in Annex I shall be frozen.
2.  
No funds or economic resources shall be made available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of the natural or legal persons, entities and bodies listed in Annex I.
3.  
The participation, knowingly and intentionally, in activities the object or effect of which is, directly or indirectly, to circumvent the measures referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be prohibited.
4.  
Annex I shall consist of a list of the natural or legal persons, entities and bodies who, in accordance with point (a) of Article 4(1) of Council Decision 2012/642/CFSP of 15 October 2012 concerning restrictive measures against Belarus ( 5 ), have been identified by the Council as being responsible for serious violations of human rights or the repression of civil society and democratic opposition, or whose activities otherwise seriously undermine democracy or the rule of law in Belarus, or any natural or legal persons, entities and bodies associated with them, as well as legal persons, entities or bodies owned or controlled by them.
5.  
Annex I shall also consist of a list of the natural or legal persons, entities and bodies who, in accordance with point (b) of Article 4(1) of Decision 2012/642/CFSP, have been identified by the Council as benefiting from or supporting the Lukashenka regime, as well as legal persons, entities and bodies owned or controlled by them.

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6.  

Annex I shall also consist of a list of:

(a) 

the natural or legal persons, entities or bodies who, in accordance with Article 4(1), point (c), of Decision 2012/642/CFSP, have been identified by the Council as organising or contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate:

(i) 

the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union; or

(ii) 

the transfer of prohibited goods and the illegal transfer of restricted goods, including hazardous goods, into the territory of the Union; and

(b) 

the legal persons, entities or bodies who, in accordance with Article 4(1), point (d), of Decision 2012/642/CFSP, have been identified by the Council as legal persons, entities or bodies owned or controlled by persons, entities or bodies referred to in point (a).

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Article 2a

Actions by natural or legal persons, entities or bodies shall not give rise to liability of any kind on their part, if they did not know, and had no reasonable cause to suspect, that their actions would infringe the measures set out in this Regulation.

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Article 2b

1.  
►M15  Annex I ◄ shall include the grounds for the listing of listed persons, entities and bodies.
2.  
►M15  Annex I ◄ shall also include, where available, information necessary to identify the natural or legal persons, entities and bodies concerned. With regard to natural persons, such information may include names including aliases, date and place of birth, nationality, passport and ID card numbers, gender, address, if known, and function or profession. With regard to legal persons, entities and bodies, such information may include names, place and date of registration, registration number and place of business.

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Article 3

▼M37

1.  

By way of derogation from Article 2, the competent authorities in the Member States, as indicated in the websites listed in Annex II, may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, after having determined that the funds or economic resources are:

(a) 

necessary to satisfy the basic needs of persons listed in Annex I and their dependent family members, including payments for foodstuffs, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges;

(b) 

intended exclusively for payment of reasonable professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services;

(c) 

intended exclusively for payment of fees or service charges for routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds or economic resources;

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(d) 

intended exclusively for:

(i) 

humanitarian purposes, including the operation of flights for the evacuation or repatriation of persons, or for initiatives providing support to victims of natural, nuclear or chemical disasters;

(ii) 

the operation of flights in the framework of international adoption procedures;

(iii) 

the operation of flights required for attending meetings with the objective of seeking a solution to the crisis in Belarus or promoting the policy objectives of the restrictive measures; or

(iv) 

an emergency landing, take-off or overflight by an EU air carrier;

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(e) 

necessary to deal with critical and clearly identified air safety matters and after prior consultation of the European Union Aviation Safety Agency.

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2.  
By way of derogation from Article 2, the competent authorities in the Member States, as indicated in the websites listed in Annex II, may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, after having determined that the funds or economic resources are necessary for extraordinary expenses, provided that the Member State concerned has notified the other Member States and the Commission of the grounds on which it considers that a specific authorisation should be granted, at least 2 weeks before the authorisation.
3.  
Member States shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under paragraph 1 or 2.

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Article 3a

1.  

By way of derogation from Article 2(1), the competent authorities may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, if the following conditions are met:

(a) 

the funds or economic resources are the subject of an arbitral decision rendered prior to the date on which the natural or legal person, entity or body referred to in Article 2 was listed in Annex I, or of a judicial or administrative decision rendered in the Union, or a judicial decision enforceable in the Member State concerned, prior to or after that date;

(b) 

the funds or economic resources will be used exclusively to satisfy claims secured by such a decision or recognised as valid in such a decision, within the limits set by applicable laws and regulations governing the rights of persons having such claims;

(c) 

the decision is not for the benefit of a natural or legal person, entity or body listed in Annex I; and

(d) 

recognition of the decision is not contrary to public policy in the Member State concerned.

2.  
The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under paragraph 1 within two weeks of the authorisation.

▼B

Article 4

1.  

Article 2(2) shall not apply to the addition to frozen accounts of

(a) 

interest or other earnings on those accounts; or

(b) 

payments due under contracts, agreements or obligations that were concluded or arose prior to the date on which those accounts became subject to the provisions of this Regulation,

provided that any such interest, other earnings and payments continue to be subject to Article 2(1).

2.  
Article 2(2) shall not prevent financial or credit institutions in the EU from crediting the frozen accounts, if they receive funds transferred by third parties to the account of the listed person, entity or body, provided that any additions to such accounts will also be frozen. The financial or credit institution shall inform the competent authorities about such transactions without delay.

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Article 4a

By way of derogation from Article 2(1), where a payment by a natural or legal person, entity or body listed in ►M15  Annex I ◄ is due under a contract or agreement that was concluded by, or an obligation that arose for the natural or legal person, entity or body concerned before the date on which that person, entity or body had been listed, the competent authorities of the Member States, as indicated on the websites listed in Annex II, may authorise, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, provided that:

(i) 

the competent authority concerned has determined that the payment is not, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of a person, entity or body listed in ►M15  Annex I ◄ ; and

(ii) 

the Member State concerned has, at least 2 weeks prior to the grant of the authorisation, notified the other Member States and the Commission of that determination and its intention to grant the authorisation.

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Article 4b

By way of derogation from Article 2, the competent authorities in the Member States, as indicated in the websites listed in Annex II, may authorise, under such conditions as they deem appropriate, the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, after having determined that the funds or economic resources are necessary for official purposes of diplomatic missions or consular posts or international organisations enjoying immunities in accordance with international law.

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Article 5

1.  

Without prejudice to the applicable rules concerning reporting, confidentiality and professional secrecy, natural and legal persons, entities and bodies shall:

(a) 

immediately supply the competent authorities indicated in the websites listed in Annex II, in the country where they are resident or located, with any information which would facilitate compliance with this Regulation, such as accounts and amounts frozen in accordance with Article 2, and directly or indirectly supply such information to the Commission; and

(b) 

cooperate with the competent authorities indicated in the websites listed in Annex II in any verification of this information.

2.  
Any information provided or received in accordance with this Article shall be used only for the purposes for which it was provided or received.

▼B

Article 6

The freezing of funds and economic resources or the refusal to make funds or economic resources available, carried out in good faith on the basis that such action is in accordance with this Regulation, shall not give rise to liability of any kind on the part of the natural or legal person or entity or body implementing it, or its directors or employees, unless it is proved that the funds and economic resources were frozen as a result of negligence.

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Article 7

1.  

The Member States and the Commission shall inform each other of the measures taken under this Regulation and share any other relevant information at their disposal in connection with this Regulation, in particular information in respect of:

(a) 

authorisations granted under this Regulation;

(b) 

information received under Article 1z;

(c) 

violation and enforcement problems and judgments handed down by national courts.

2.  
The Member States shall immediately inform each other and the Commission of any other relevant information at their disposal which might affect the effective implementation of this Regulation.
3.  
Any information provided or received in accordance with this Article shall be used for the purposes for which it was provided or received, including ensuring the effectiveness of the measures set out in this Regulation.

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Article 8

The Commission shall be empowered to amend Annexes II and Vc on the basis of information supplied by Member States.

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Article 8a

1.  
Where the Council decides to subject a natural or legal person, entity or body to the measures referred to in Article 2(1), it shall amend ►M15  Annex I ◄ accordingly.
2.  
The Council shall communicate its decision, including the grounds for the listing, to the natural or legal person, entity or body referred to in paragraph 1, either directly, if the address is known, or through the publication of a notice, providing such natural or legal person, entity or body with an opportunity to present observations.
3.  
Where observations are submitted, or where substantial new evidence is presented, the Council shall review its decision and inform the natural or legal person, entity or body accordingly.
4.  
The lists in ►M15  Annex I ◄ shall be reviewed in regular intervals and at least every 12 months.

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Article 8b

1.  
It shall be prohibited for any aircraft operated by Belarusian air carriers, including as a marketing carrier in code-sharing or blocked-space arrangements, to land in, take off from or overfly the territory of the Union.
2.  
Paragraph 1 shall not apply in the case of an emergency landing or an emergency overflight.

Article 8c

1.  
By way of derogation from Article 8b, the competent authorities in the Member States as listed in Annex II may authorise an aircraft to land in, take off from or overfly the territory of the Union if those competent authorities have determined that such landing, take-off or overflight is required for humanitarian purposes or any other purpose consistent with the objectives of this Regulation.
2.  
The Member State or Member States concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under paragraph 1.

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Article 8ca

1.  
The Network Manager for air traffic management network functions of the single European sky shall support the Commission and the Member States in ensuring the implementation of, and compliance with, Articles 2(2) and 8b of this Regulation. The Network Manager shall, in particular, reject all flight plans filed by aircraft operators indicating an intent to carry out activities over the territory of the Union or of Belarus that constitute a violation of this Regulation, such that the pilot is not permitted to fly.
2.  
The Network Manager shall regularly supply to the Commission and the Member States, based on the analysis of flight plans, reports on the implementation of Article 8b.

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Article 8d

1.  

No claims in connection with any contract or transaction the performance of which has been affected, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, by the measures imposed under this Regulation, including claims for indemnity or any other claim of this type, such as a claim for compensation or a claim under a guarantee, notably a claim for extension or payment of a bond, guarantee or indemnity, particularly a financial guarantee or financial indemnity, of whatever form, shall be satisfied, if they are made by:

(a) 

designated natural or legal persons, entities or bodies listed in Annex I;

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(b) 

entities referred to in Articles 1j, 1k, 1l and 1zb or listed in Annexes V, IX and XV;

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(c) 

any other Belarussian person, entity or body, including the Belarusian government;

(d) 

any person, entity or body acting through or on behalf of one of the persons, entities or bodies referred to in point (a), (b) or (c) of this paragraph.

2.  
In any proceedings for the enforcement of a claim, the onus of proving that satisfying the claim is not prohibited by paragraph 1 shall be on the person seeking the enforcement of that claim.
3.  
This Article is without prejudice to the right of the persons, entities and bodies referred to in paragraph 1 to judicial review of the legality of the non-performance of contractual obligations in accordance with this Regulation.

Article 8e

1.  

The Council, the Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (the ‘High Representative’) shall process personal data that are necessary to carry out their tasks under this Regulation. Those tasks include:

(a) 

as regards the Council, preparing and making amendments to Annex I;

(b) 

as regards the High Representative, preparing amendments to Annex I;

(c) 

as regards the Commission:

(i) 

adding the contents of Annex I to the electronic, consolidated list of persons, groups and entities subject to Union financial sanctions and to the interactive sanctions map, both publicly available;

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(ii) 

processing information on the impact of the measures provided for in this Regulation such as the value of frozen funds, information on deposits and information on authorisations granted by the competent authorities.

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2.  
The Council, the Commission and the High Representative may process, where applicable, relevant data relating to criminal offences committed by listed natural persons, to criminal convictions of such persons or to security measures concerning such persons, only to the extent that such processing is necessary for the preparation of Annex I.
3.  
For the purposes of this Regulation, the Council, the Commission and the High Representative are designated as ‘controller’ within the meaning of point (8) of Article 3 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1725 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 6 ), in order to ensure that the natural persons concerned can exercise their rights under Regulation (EU) 2018/1725.

▼B

Article 9

1.  
Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of this Regulation and shall take all measures necessary to ensure that they are implemented. The penalties provided for shall be effective, proportionate and dissuasive.
2.  
Member States shall notify these rules to the Commission without delay after entry into force of the Regulation and shall notify it of any subsequent amendment.

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Article 9a

1.  
Member States shall designate the competent authorities referred to in Articles 3, 4(2) and 5 and identify them in the websites listed in Annex II.
2.  
Member States shall notify the Commission of their competent authorities and the contact details thereof by 31 July 2008 and shall notify it of any subsequent amendment without delay.

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Article 9b

Where there is, in this Regulation, a requirement to notify, inform or otherwise communicate with the Commission, the address and other contact details to be used for such communication shall be those indicated in Annex II.

▼B

Article 10

This Regulation shall apply:

— 
within the territory of the Community, including its airspace,
— 
on board any aircraft or any vessel under the jurisdiction of a Member State,
— 
to any natural person inside or outside the territory of the Community who is a national of a Member State,
— 
to any legal person, entity or body which is incorporated or constituted under the law of a Member State,
— 
to any legal person, entity or body in respect of any business done in whole or in part within the Community.

Article 11

This Regulation shall enter into force on the day of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

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ANNEX I

List of natural and legal persons, entities and bodies referred to in Article 2(1)

A.   Natural persons referred to in Article 2(1)



 

Names (Transliteration of Belarusian spelling)

(Transliteration of Russian spelling)

Names

(Belarusian spelling)

(Russian spelling)

Identifying information

Reasons for listing

Date of listing

1.

Uladzimir Uladzimiravich NAVUMAU

Vladimir Vladimirovich NAUMOV

Уладзімір Уладзіміравіч НАВУМАЎ

Владимир Владимирович НАУМОВ

Position(s): former Minister of Internal Affairs; former Head of the President’s Security Service

DOB: 7.2.1956

POB: Smolensk, former USSR (now Russian Federation)

Gender: male

Failed to take action to investigate the case of the unresolved disappearances of Yuri Zakharenko, Viktor Gonchar, Anatoly Krasovski and Dmitri Zavadski in Belarus in 1999-2000. Former Minister of Internal Affairs and also former Head of the President's Security Service. As a Minister of Internal Affairs he was responsible for the repression of peaceful demonstrations until his retirement on 6 April 2009 for health reasons. Received a residence in the Drozdy nomenklatura district in Minsk from the Presidential Administration. In October 2014, was awarded the Order ‘For Merit’ III degree by President Lukashenka.

24.9.2004

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2.

Dzmitry Valerievich PAULICHENKA

Dmitri Valerievich PAVLICHENKO (Dmitriy Valeriyevich PAVLICHENKO)

Дзмiтрый Валер'евiч ПАЎЛIЧЭНКА

Дмитрий Валериевич ПАВЛИЧЕНКО

Position(s): Former Commander of the Special Rapid Response Unit (SOBR)

Commander of an OMON unit

DOB: 1966

POB: Vitebsk/Viciebsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Address: Belarusian Association of Veterans of Special Forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs ‘Honour’, 111 Mayakovskogo St., 220028 Minsk, Belarus

Gender: male

Key person in the unresolved disappearances of Yuri Zakharenko, Viktor Gonchar, Anatoly Krasovski and Dmitri Zavadski in Belarus in 1999-2000. Former Commander of the Special Rapid Response Unit (SOBR) at the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA).

Businessman, Head of ‘Honour’, the MoIA's Association of Veterans of Special Forces of the MoIA.

He was identified as commanding an OMON unit during the brutal crackdown on protesters that took place in Belarus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

24.9.2004

3.

Viktar Uladzimiravich SHEIMAN (Viktar Uladzimiravich SHEYMAN)

Viktor Vladimirovich SHEIMAN (Viktor Vladimirovich SHEYMAN)

Вiктар Уладзiмiравiч ШЭЙМАН

Виктор Владимирович ШЕЙМАН

Position(s): Former Head of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate

DOB: 26.5.1958

POB: Soltanishki, Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Address: Belarus President Property Management Directorate, 38 Karl Marx St., 220016 Minsk, Belarus

Gender: male

Former Head of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate. Responsible for the unresolved disappearances of Yuri Zakharenko, Viktor Gonchar, Anatoly Krasovski and Dmitri Zavadski in Belarus in 1999-2000. Former Secretary of the Security Council. Sheiman remains a Special Assistant/Aid to the President.

He remains an influential and active member of the Lukashenka regime.

24.9.2004

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4.

Iury Leanidavich SIVAKAU (Yuri Leanidavich SIVAKAU, SIVAKOU)

Iury (Yuri) Leonidovich SIVAKOV

Юрый Леанідавіч СІВАКАЎ, СІВАКОЎ

Юрий Леонидович СИВАКОВ

Position(s): former Minister of Internal Affairs; former Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration

DOB: 5.8.1946

POB: Onor, Sakhalin Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Russian Federation)

Address: Belarusian Association of Veterans of Special Forces of the Ministry of Internal Affairs ‘Honour’, 111 Mayakovskogo St., Minsk 220028, Belarus

Gender: male

Orchestrated the unresolved disappearances of Yuri Zakharenko, Viktor Gonchar, Anatoly Krasovski and Dmitri Zavadski in Belarus in 1999-2000. Former Minister of Tourism and Sports, former Minister of Internal Affairs and former Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration.

24.9.2004

5.

Yuri Khadzimuratavich KARAEU

Yuri Khadzimuratovich KARAEV

Юрый Хаджымуратавіч КАРАЕЎ

Юрий Хаджимуратович КАРАЕВ

Position(s): Former Minister of Internal Affairs; Lieutenant General of Militia (police force); Aide to the President of the Republic of Belarus - Inspector for the Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast

DOB: 21.6.1966

POB: Ordzhonikidze, former USSR (now Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as Minister of Internal Affairs (MoIA), he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by MoIA forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

Remains active in the Lukashenka regime as an aide to the President of Belarus – Inspector for the Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast.

2.10.2020

6.

Genadz Arkadzievich KAZAKEVICH

Gennadi Arkadievich KAZAKEVICH

Генадзь Аркадзьевіч КАЗАКЕВІЧ

Геннадий Аркадьевич КАЗАКЕВИЧ

Position(s): Former First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs;

Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs – Chief of the Criminal Militia, Colonel of Militia (police force)

DOB: 14.2.1975

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs (MoIA), he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by MoIA forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs. He retains his post of Chief of the Criminal Militia.

2.10.2020

7.

Aliaksandr Piatrovich BARSUKOU

Alexander (Alexandr) Petrovich BARSUKOV

Аляксандр Пятровіч БАРСУКОЎ

Александр Петрович БАРСУКОВ

Position(s): Former Deputy Minister Internal Affairs; Lieutenant-General of Militia (police force);

Aide to the President of the Republic of Belarus - Inspector for the Minsk Region/Oblast

DOB: 29.4.1965

POB: Vetkovski (Vetka) District, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs (MoIA), he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by MoIA forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Aide to the President of Belarus – Inspector for the Minsk Region/Oblast.

2.10.2020

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8.

Siarhei Mikalaevich KHAMENKA

Sergei Nikolaevich KHOMENKO

Сяргей Мiкалаевiч ХАМЕНКА

Сергей Николаевич ХОМЕНКО

Position(s): Former Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Major-General of Militia (police force)

Minister of Justice

DOB: 21.9.1966

POB: Yasinovataya, former USSR (now Ukraine)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA), he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by MoIA forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Minister of Justice.

2.10.2020

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9.

Yuri Genadzevich NAZARANKA

Yuri Gennadievich NAZARENKO

Юрый Генадзевіч НАЗАРАНКА

Юрий Геннадьевич НАЗАРЕНКО

Position(s): Former Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Former Commander of the Internal Troops;

First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Head of the Public Security Police, Major General of Militia (police force)

DOB: 17.4.1976

POB: Slonim, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA) and Commander of the MoIA Internal Troops, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by MoIA forces, in particular the Internal Troops under his command, in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as first Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs and Head of the Public Security Police.

2.10.2020

10.

Khazalbek Baktibekavich ATABEKAU

Khazalbek Bakhtibekovich ATABEKOV

Хазалбек Бактібекавіч АТАБЕКАЎ

Хазалбек Бахтибекович АТАБЕКОВ

Position(s): Deputy Commander of the Internal Troops

DOB: 18.3.1967

Gender: male

In his position as Deputy Commander of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA), he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by MoIA forces, in particular the Internal Troops under his command, in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators, as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

2.10.2020

11.

Aliaksandr Valerievich BYKAU

Alexander (Alexandr) Valerievich BYKOV

Аляксандр Валер’евіч БЫКАЎ

Александр Валерьевич БЫКОВ

Position(s): Commander of the Special Rapid Response Unit (SOBR), Lieutenant Colonel

Gender: male

In his position as Commander of the Special Rapid Response Unit (SOBR) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by SOBR forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators.

2.10.2020

12.

Aliaksandr Sviataslavavich SHEPELEU

Alexander (Alexandr) Svyatoslavovich SHEPELEV

Аляксандр Святаслававіч ШЭПЕЛЕЎ

Александр Святославович ШЕПЕЛЕВ

Position(s): Head of the Department for Safety and Security, Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 14.10.1975

POB: village of Rublevsk, Kruglyanskiy district, Mogilev/Mahiliou Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his senior position as Head of the Department for Safety and Security in the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA), he is involved in the repression and intimidation campaign led by MoIA forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

2.10.2020

13.

Dzmitry Uladzimiravich BALABA

Dmitry Vladimirovich BALABA

Дзмітрый Уладзіміравіч БАЛАБА

Дмитрий Владимирович БАЛАБА

Position(s): Head of OMON (‘Special Purpose Police Detachment’) for the Minsk City Executive Committee

DOB: 1.6.1972

POB: village of Gorodilovo, Minsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his command position over OMON forces in Minsk, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by OMON forces in Minsk in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

2.10.2020

14.

Ivan Uladzimiravich KUBRAKOU

Ivan Vladimirovich KUBRAKOV

Іван Уладзіміравіч КУБРАКОЎ

Иван Владимирович КУБРАКОВ

Position(s): Former Head of the Main Internal Affairs Directorate of the Minsk City Executive Committee;

Minister of Internal Affairs, Major General of Militia (police force)

DOB: 5.5.1975

POB: village of Malinovka, Mogilev/Mahiliou Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former position as Head of the Main Internal Affairs Directorate of the Minsk City Executive Committee, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by police forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the Minister of Internal Affairs.

2.10.2020

15.

Maxim Aliaksandravich GAMOLA (HAMOLA)

Maxim Alexandrovich GAMOLA

Максім Аляксандравіч ГАМОЛА

Максим Александрович ГАМОЛА

Position(s): Former Head of the Police Department in Moskovski District, Minsk;

Deputy head of the Minsk City Police Department, Head of Criminal Police

Gender: male

In his former position as Head of the Police Department in Moskovski District, Minsk, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign in that district against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests, excessive use of force and ill-treatment, including torture.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Deputy Head of the Minsk City Police Department and Head of Criminal Police.

2.10.2020

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16.

Aliaksandr Mikhailavich ALIASHKEVICH

Alexander Mikhailovich ALESHKEVICH

Аляксандр Мiхайлавiч АЛЯШКЕВIЧ

Александр Михайлович АЛЕШКЕВИЧ

Position(s): Former First Deputy Head of the District Department of Internal Affairs in Moskovsky District, Minsk, Head of Criminal Police

Head of the District Department of Internal Affairs in Leninsky District, Minsk

Gender: male

In his former position as First Deputy Head of the District Department of Internal Affairs in Moskovsky District, Minsk, and Head of Criminal Police, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign in that district against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests, excessive use of force and ill-treatment, including torture.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Head of the District Department of Internal Affairs in Leninsky District, Minsk.

2.10.2020

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17.

Andrei Vasilievich GALENKA

Andrey Vasilievich GALENKA

Андрэй Васiльевіч ГАЛЕНКА

Андрей Васильевич ГАЛЕНКА

Position(s): Deputy Head of the District Department of Internal Affairs in Moskovski District, Minsk, Head of Public Safety Police

Gender: male

In his position as Deputy Head of the District Department of Internal Affairs in Moskovski District, Minsk and Head of Public Safety Police, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign in that district against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests, excessive use of force and ill-treatment, including torture.

2.10.2020

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18.

Aliaksandr Paulavich VASILIEU

Alexander Pavlovich VASILIEV

Аляксандр Паўлавiч ВАСIЛЬЕЎ

Александр Павлович ВАСИЛЬЕВ

Position(s): Former Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast Executive Committee

Head of the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 24.3.1975

POB: Mahiliou/Mogilev, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former position as Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast Executive Committee, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign in that region/oblast against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests, excessive use of force and ill-treatment, including torture.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Head of the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

2.10.2020

19.

Aleh Mikalaevich SHULIAKOUSKI

Oleg Nikolaevich SHULIAKOVSKI

Алег Мiкалаевiч ШУЛЯКОЎСКI

Олег Николаевич ШУЛЯКОВСКИЙ

Position(s): Former First Deputy Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast Executive Committee, Head of Criminal Police

Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Brest Region/Oblast Executive Committee

DOB: 26.7.1977

Gender: male

In his former position as First Deputy Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast Executive Committee and Head of Criminal Police, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign in that region/oblast against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests, excessive use of force and ill-treatment, including torture.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Brest Region/Oblast Executive Committee.

2.10.2020

20.

Anatol Anatolievich VASILIEU

Anatoli Anatolievich VASILIEV

Анатоль Анатольевiч ВАСIЛЬЕЎ

Анатолий Анатольевич ВАСИЛЬЕВ

Position(s): Former Deputy Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast Executive Committee, Head of Public Safety Police

Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee

DOB: 26.1.1972

POB: Gomel/Homyel, Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former position as Deputy Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast Executive Committee and Head of Public Safety Police, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign in that region/oblast against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests, excessive use of force and ill-treatment, including torture.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee.

2.10.2020

21.

Aliaksandr Viachaslavavich ASTREIKA

Alexander Viacheslavovich ASTREIKO

Аляксандр Вячаслававiч АСТРЭЙКА

Александр Вячеславович АСТРЕЙКО

Position(s): Former Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Brest Region/Oblast Executive Committee, Major-General of Militia (police force)

Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Minsk Region/Oblast Executive Committee

DOB: 22.12.1971

POB: Kapyl, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former position as Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of Brest Region/Oblast Executive Committee and Major-General of Militia, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign in that region/oblast against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests, excessive use of force and ill-treatment, including torture.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Minsk Region/Oblast Executive Committee.

2.10.2020

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22.

Leanid ZHURAUSKI

Leonid ZHURAVSKI

Леанід ЖУРАЎСКІ

Леонид ЖУРАВСКИЙ

Position(s): Head of OMON (‘Special Purpose Police Detachment’) in Vitebsk/Viciebsk

DOB: 20.9.1975

Gender: male

In his command position over OMON forces in Vitebsk/Viciebsk, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by OMON forces in Vitebsk/Viciebsk in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment of peaceful demonstrators.

2.10.2020

23.

Mikhail DAMARNACKI

Mikhail DOMARNATSKY

Міхаіл ДАМАРНАЦКІ

Михаил ДОМАРНАЦКИЙ

Position(s): Head of OMON (‘Special Purpose Police Detachment’) in Gomel/Homyel

Gender: male

In his command position over OMON forces in Gomel/Homyel, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by OMON forces in Gomel/Homyel in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment of peaceful demonstrators.

2.10.2020

24.

Maxim MIKHOVICH

Maxim MIKHOVICH

Максім МІХОВІЧ

Максим МИХОВИЧ

Position(s): Head of OMON (‘Special Purpose Police Detachment’) in Brest, Lieutenant Colonel

Gender: male

In his command position over OMON forces in Brest, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by OMON forces in Brest in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment of peaceful demonstrators.

2.10.2020

25.

Aleh Uladzimiravich MATKIN

Oleg Vladimirovitch MATKIN

Алег Уладзіміравіч МАТКІН

Олег Владимирович МАТКИН

Position(s): Head of the Penal Correction Department in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Major-General of Militia (police force)

Gender: male

In his position as Head of the Penal Correction Department that has authority over the detention facilities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained in those detention facilities in the wake of the 2020 presidential election and for the general brutal crackdown on peaceful protesters.

2.10.2020

26.

Ivan Yurievich SAKALOUSKI

Ivan Yurievich SOKOLOVSKI

Іван Юр’евіч САКАЛОЎСКІ

Иван Юрьевич СОКОЛОВСКИЙ

Position(s): Director of the Akrestina detention centre, Minsk

Gender: male

In his capacity as Director of the Akrestina detention centre in Minsk, he is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained in that detention centre in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

2.10.2020

27.

Valeri Paulavich VAKULCHYK

Valery Pavlovich VAKULCHIK

Валерый Паўлавіч

ВАКУЛЬЧЫК

Валерий Павлович ВАКУЛЬЧИК

Position(s): Former Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB);

Former State Secretary of the Security Council;

Aide to the President of the Republic of Belarus – Inspector for the Brest Region/Oblast

DOB: 19.6.1964

POB: Radostovo, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB), he was responsible for the participation of the KGB in the repression and intimidation campaign in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators and opposition members.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Aide to the President of Belarus – Inspector for the Brest Region/Oblast.

2.10.2020

28.

Siarhei Yaugenavich TSERABAU

Sergey Evgenievich TEREBOV

Сяргей Яўгенавіч ЦЕРАБАЎ

Сергей Евгеньевич ТЕРЕБОВ

Position(s): First Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB)

DOB: 1972

POB: Borisov/Barisaw, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his leadership position as First Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB), he is responsible for the participation of the KGB in the repression and intimidation campaign in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators and opposition members.

2.10.2020

29.

Dzmitry Vasilievich RAVUTSKI

Dmitry Vasilievich REUTSKY

Дзмітрый Васільевіч РАВУЦКІ

Дмитрий Васильевич РЕУЦКИЙ

Position(s): Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB)

Gender: male

In his leadership position as Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB), he is responsible for the participation of the KGB in the repression and intimidation campaign in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators and opposition members.

2.10.2020

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30.

Uladzimir Viktaravich KALACH

Vladimir Viktorovich KALACH

Уладзiмiр Вiктаравiч КАЛАЧ

Владимир Викторович КАЛАЧ

Position(s): Former Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB)

Aide to the President of the Republic of Belarus - Inspector for Minsk Region/Oblast

Gender: male

Rank: Major-General

In his former leadership position as Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB), he was responsible for the participation of the KGB in the repression and intimidation campaign in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators and opposition members.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Aide to the President of the Republic of Belarus - Inspector for Minsk Region/Oblast.

2.10.2020

31.

Alieg Anatolevich CHARNYSHOU

Oleg Anatolievich CHERNYSHEV

Алег Анатольевiч ЧАРНЫШОЎ

Олег Анатольевич ЧЕРНЫШЁВ

Position(s): Former Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB)

Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences

Gender: male

Rank: Major-General

In his former leadership position as Deputy Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB), he was responsible for the participation of the KGB in the repression and intimidation campaign in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators and opposition members.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences.

2.10.2020

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32.

Aliaksandr Uladzimiravich KANYUK

Alexander (Alexandr) Vladimirovich KONYUK

Аляксандр Уладзіміравіч КАНЮК

Александр Владимирович КОНЮК

Position(s): Former Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus;

Ambassador of the Republic of Belarus to Armenia

DOB: 11.7.1960

POB: Grodno/Hrodna, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former position as Prosecutor General, he was responsible for the widespread use of criminal proceedings to disqualify opposition candidates ahead of the 2020 presidential election and to prevent persons from joining the Coordination Council launched by the opposition to challenge the outcome of that election.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the ambassador of Belarus to Armenia.

2.10.2020

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33.

Lidzia Mihailauna YARMOSHINA

Lidia Mikhailovna YERMOSHINA

Лiдзiя Мiхайлаўна ЯРМОШЫНА

Лидия Михайловна ЕРМОШИНА

Position(s): Former Chairwoman of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 29.1.1953

POB: Slutsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

In her former position as Chairwoman of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC), she was responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency, and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its leadership have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

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34.

Vadzim Dzmitryevich IPATAU

Vadim Dmitrievich IPATOV

Вадзім Дзмітрыевіч ІПАТАЎ

Вадим Дмитриевич ИПАТОВ

Position(s): Deputy Chairman of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 30.10.1964

POB: Kolomyia, Ivano-Frankivsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Ukraine)

Gender: male

As Deputy Chairman of the CEC, he is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its leadership have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

35.

Alena Mikalaeuna DMUHAILA

Elena Nikolaevna DMUHAILO

Алена Мікалаеўна ДМУХАЙЛА

Елена Николаевна ДМУХАЙЛО

Position(s): Secretary of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 1.7.1971

Gender: female

As Secretary of the CEC, she is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its leadership have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

36.

Andrei Anatolievich GURZHY

Andrey Anatolievich GURZHIY

Андрэй Анатольевіч ГУРЖЫ

Андрей Анатольевич ГУРЖИЙ

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 10.10.1975

Gender: male

As a member of the CEC college, he is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

37.

Volga Leanidauna DARASHENKA

Olga Leonidovna DOROSHENKO

Вольга Леанідаўна ДАРАШЭНКА

Ольга Леонидовна ДОРОШЕНКО

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 1976

Gender: female

As a member of the CEC college, she is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

38.

Siarhei Aliakseevich KALINOUSKI

Sergey Alexeyevich KALINOVSKIY

Сяргей Аляксеевіч КАЛІНОЎСКІ

Сергей Алексеевич КАЛИНОВСКИЙ

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 3.1.1969

Gender: male

As a member of the CEC college, he is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

39.

Sviatlana Piatrouna KATSUBA

Svetlana Petrovna KATSUBO

Святлана Пятроўна КАЦУБА

Светлана Петровна КАЦУБО

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 6.8.1959

POB: Podilsk, Odessa Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Ukraine)

Gender: female

As a member of the CEC college, she is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

40.

Aliaksandr Mikhailavich LASYAKIN

Alexander (Alexandr) Mikhailovich LOSYAKIN

Аляксандр Міхайлавіч ЛАСЯКІН

Александр Михайлович ЛОСЯКИН

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 21.7.1957

Gender: male

As a member of the CEC college, he is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

41.

Igar Anatolievich PLYSHEUSKI

Ihor Anatolievich PLYSHEVSKIY

Ігар Анатольевіч ПЛЫШЭЎСКІ

Игорь Анатольевич ПЛЫШЕВСКИЙ

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 19.2.1979

POB: Lyuban, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

As a member of the CEC college, he is responsible for its misconduct of the presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

42.

Marina Yureuna RAKHMANAVA

Marina Yurievna RAKHMANOVA

Марына Юр’еўна РАХМАНАВА

Марина Юрьевна РАХМАНОВА

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 26.9.1970

Gender: female

As a member of the CEC college, she is responsible for its misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

43.

Aleh Leanidavich SLIZHEUSKI

Oleg Leonidovich SLIZHEVSKI

Алег Леанідавіч СЛIЖЭЎСКІ

Олег Леонидович СЛИЖЕВСКИЙ

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 16.8.1972

POB: Grodno/Hrodna, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

As a member of the CEC college, he is responsible for the misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

44.

Irina Aliaksandrauna TSELIKAVETS

Irina Alexandrovna TSELIKOVEC

Ірына Аляксандраўна ЦЭЛІКАВЕЦ

Ирина Александровна ЦЕЛИКОВЕЦ

Position(s): Member of the Central Electoral Commission (CEC)

DOB: 2.11.1976

POB: Zhlobin, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

As a member of the CEC college, she is responsible for the misconduct of the 2020 presidential electoral process, its non-compliance with basic international standards of fairness and transparency and its falsification of election results.

The CEC and its college have, in particular, organised the dismissal of certain opposition candidates on spurious grounds and placed disproportionate restrictions on observers in polling stations. The CEC has also ensured that the election commissions under its supervision are composed in a biased manner.

2.10.2020

45.

Aliaksandr Ryhoravich LUKASHENKA

Alexander (Alexandr) Grigorievich LUKASHENKO

Аляксандр Рыгоравіч ЛУКАШЭНКА

Александр Григорьевич ЛУКАШЕНКО

Position(s): President of the Republic of Belarus

DOB: 30.8.1954

POB: Kopys settlement, Vitebsk/Viciebsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

As President of Belarus with authority over State bodies, he is responsible for the violent repression by the State apparatus carried out before and after the 2020 presidential election, in particular the dismissal of key opposition candidates, arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

6.11.2020

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46.

Viktar Aliaksandravich LUKASHENKA

Viktor Aleksandrovich LUKASHENKO

Вiктар Аляксандравiч ЛУКАШЭНКА

Виктор Александрович ЛУКАШЕНКО

Position(s): Former National Security Advisor to the President, Member of the Security Council

President of the National Olympic Committee of Belarus

DOB: 28.11.1975

POB: Mahiliou/Mogilev, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Personal ID: 3281175A014PB8

In his former position as National Security Advisor to the President and a Member of the Security Council, as well as his informal supervisory position over Belarus security forces, he has been responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the State apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the President of the National Olympic Committee. In this position, to which he was appointed on 26 February 2021, he bears responsibility for the mistreatment by the NOC officials of athlete Krystsina Tsimanouskaya during the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo.

6.11.2020

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47.

Ihar Piatrovich SERGYAENKA

Igor Petrovich SERGEENKO

Ігар Пятровіч СЕРГЯЕНКА

Игорь Петрович СЕРГЕЕНКО

Position(s): Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration

DOB: 14.1.1963

POB: Stolitsa village in Vitebsk/Viciebsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his position as the Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration, he is closely associated with the President and responsible for ensuring the implementation of presidential powers in the field of domestic and foreign policy. He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime, including in the repression and intimidation campaign led by the State apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

6.11.2020

48.

Ivan Stanislavavich TERTEL

Ivan Stanislavovich TERTEL

Іван Станіслававіч ТЭРТЭЛЬ

Иван Станиславович ТЕРТЕЛЬ

Position(s): Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB), former Chairman of the State Control Committee

DOB: 8.9.1966

POB: village Privalka/Privalki in Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his leadership position as the Chairman of the State Security Committee (KGB) and in his former position as the Chairman of the State Control Committee, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the State apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

6.11.2020

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49.

Raman Ivanavich MELNIK

Roman Ivanovich MELNIK

Раман Iванавiч МЕЛЬНIК

Роман Иванович МЕЛЬНИК

Position(s): Former Head of the Main Directorate of Law and Order Protection and Prevention at the Ministry of Internal Affairs

Head of the Administration of the Leninsky District of Minsk

DOB: 29.5.1964

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as the Head of the Main Directorate of Law and Order Protection and Prevention at the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the State apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as Head of the Administration of the Leninsky District of Minsk.

6.11.2020

50.

Ivan Danilavich NASKEVICH

Ivan Danilovich NOSKEVICH

Iван Данiлавiч НАСКЕВIЧ

Иван Данилович НОСКЕВИЧ

Position(s): Former Chairman of the Investigative Committee

Member of the reserve of the Investigative Committee

DOB: 25.3.1970

POB: village of Cierabličy in Brest Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as the Chairman of the Investigative Committee, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by that Committee in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular investigations launched against the Coordination Council and peaceful demonstrators.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as a member of the reserve of the Investigative Committee.

6.11.2020

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51.

Aliaksey Aliaksandravich VOLKAU

Alexei Alexandrovich VOLKOV

Аляксей Аляксандравіч ВОЛКАЎ

Алексей Александрович ВОЛКОВ

Position(s): Former First Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee; currently Chairman of the State Committee for Forensic Expertise

DOB: 7.9.1973

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as the First Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the Committee in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular investigations launched against the Coordination Council and peaceful demonstrators.

6.11.2020

52.

Siarhei Yakaulevich AZEMSHA

Sergei Yakovlevich AZEMSHA

Сяргей Якаўлевіч АЗЕМША

Сергей Яковлевич АЗЕМША

Position(s): Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee

DOB: 17.7.1974

POB: Rechitsa, Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his leadership position as the Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the Committee in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular investigations launched against the Coordination Council and peaceful demonstrators.

6.11.2020

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53.

Andrei Fiodaravich SMAL

Andrei Fyodorovich SMAL

Андрэй Фёдаравiч СМАЛЬ

Андрей Федорович СМАЛЬ

Position(s): Former Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee

DOB: 1.8.1973

POB: Brest, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as the Deputy Chairman of the Investigative Committee, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the Committee in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular investigations launched against the Coordination Council and peaceful demonstrators.

6.11.2020

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54.

Andrei Yurevich PAULIUCHENKA

Andrei Yurevich PAVLYUCHENKO

Андрэй Юр’евіч ПАЎЛЮЧЕНКА

Андрей Юрьевич ПАВЛЮЧЕНКО

Position(s): Head of Operational-Analytical Center

DOB: 1.8.1971

Gender: male

In his leadership position as the Head of Operational-Analytical Center, he is closely associated with the President and responsible for the repression of civil society, in particular interrupting connection to telecommunication networks as a tool of repression of civil society, peaceful demonstrators and journalists.

6.11.2020

55.

Ihar Ivanavich BUZOUSKI

Igor Ivanovich BUZOVSKI

Ігар Іванавіч БУЗОЎСКІ

Игорь Иванович БУЗОВСКИЙ

Position(s): Deputy Minister of Information

DOB: 10.7.1972

POB: village of Koshelevo, Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his leadership position as Deputy Minister of Information, he is responsible for the repression of civil society, in particular the Ministry of Information decision to cut off access to independent websites and limit internet access in Belarus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, as a tool of repression of civil society, peaceful demonstrators and journalists.

6.11.2020

56.

Natallia Mikalaeuna EISMANT

Natalia Nikolayevna EISMONT

Наталля Мікалаеўна ЭЙСМАНТ

Наталья Николаевна ЭЙСМОНТ

Position(s): Press Secretary of the President of Belarus

DOB: 16.2.1984

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Maiden name: Kirsanova (Russian spelling: Кирсанова) or Selyun (Russian spelling: Селюн)

Gender: female

In her position as Press Secretary of the President of Belarus, she is closely associated with the President and responsible for coordinating media activities of the President, including drafting statements and organising public appearances. She is therefores supporting the Lukashenka regime, including in the repression and intimidation campaign led by the State apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election. In particular, with her public statements defending the President and criticising opposition activists as well as the peaceful protesters, made in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, she contributed to seriously undermining democracy and the rule of law in Belarus.

6.11.2020

57.

Siarhei Yaugenavich ZUBKOU

Sergei Yevgenevich ZUBKOV

Сяргей Яўгенавіч ЗУБКОЎ

Сергей Евгеньевич ЗУБКОВ

Position(s): ALFA Unit Commander

DOB: 21.8.1975

Gender: male

In his commanding position over ALFA Unit forces, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign carried out by those forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

6.11.2020

58.

Andrei Aliakseevich RAUKOU

Andrei Alexeyevich RAVKOV

Андрэй Аляксеевіч РАЎКОЎ

Андрей Алексеевич РАВКОВ

Position(s): Former State Secretary of the Security Council

Ambassador of the Republic of Belarus to Azerbaijan

DOB: 25.6.1967

POB: village of Revyaki, Vitebsk/Viciebsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former position as State Secretary of the Security Council, he has been closely associated with the President and responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign carried out by the State apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the ambassador of Belarus to Azerbaijan.

6.11.2020

59.

Pyotr Piatrovich MIKLASHEVICH

Petr Petrovich MIKLASHEVICH

Пётр Пятровіч МІКЛАШЭВІЧ

Петр Петрович МИКЛАШЕВИЧ

Position(s): Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Belarus

DOB: 18.10.1954

POB: Minsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

As the chairman of the Constitutional Court, he is responsible for the Constitutional Court’s decision adopted on 25 August 2020, by which the results of the fraudulent elections were legitimised. He has therefore supported and facilitated actions of repression and intimidation campaign by the State apparatus against peaceful protestors and journalists and is therefore responsible for seriously undermining democracy and the rule of law in Belarus.

6.11.2020

60.

Anatol Aliaksandravich SIVAK

Anatoli Alexandrovich SIVAK

Анатоль Аляксандравіч СІВАК

Анатолий Александрович СИВАК

Position(s): Deputy Prime Minister; former Chairman of the Minsk City Executive Committee

DOB: 19.7.1962

POB: Zavoit, Narovlya District, Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership capacity as Chairman of the Minsk City Executive Committee, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign run by the local apparatus in Minsk under his oversight in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists. He made numerous public statements criticising peaceful protests taking place in Belarus.

In his current leadership position as Deputy Prime Minister he continues to support the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

61.

Ivan Mikhailavich EISMANT

Ivan Mikhailovich EISMONT

Іван Міхайлавіч ЭЙСМАНТ

Иван Михайлович ЭЙСМОНТ

Position(s): Chairman of the Belarusian State Television and Radio Company, Head of Belteleradio Company

DOB: 20.1.1977

POB: Grodno/Hrodna, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his current position as Head of the Belarusian State Television and Radio Company, he is responsible for the dissemination of state propaganda in public media and continues to support the Lukashenka regime. This includes using media channels to support the President’s continuation of his term in office, despite the fraudulent presidential elections that took place on 9 August 2020, and the subsequent and repeated violent crackdown on peaceful and legitimate protests.

Eismont made public statements criticising the peaceful protesters and refused to provide media coverage of the protests. He also fired striking employees of Belteleradio Company under his management, thereby making him responsible for human rights violations.

17.12.2020

62.

Uladzimir Stsiapanavich KARANIK

Vladimir Stepanovich KARANIK

Уладзімір Сцяпанавіч КАРАНІК

Владимир Степанович КАРАНИК

Position(s): Governor of the Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast; former Minister of Healthcare

DOB: 30.11.1973

POB: Grodno/Hrodna, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership capacity as the Minister of Healthcare, he was responsible for the use of healthcare services to repress peaceful protesters, including using ambulances to transport protesters in need of medical assistance to isolation wards rather than to hospitals. He made numerous public statements criticising the peaceful protests taking place in Belarus, on one occasion accusing a protester of being intoxicated.

In his current leadership position as the Governor of the Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast he continues to support the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

63.

Natallia Ivanauna KACHANAVA

Natalia Ivanovna KOCHANOVA

Наталля Іванаўна КАЧАНАВА

Наталья Ивановна КОЧАНОВА

Position(s): Chair of the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly of Belarus

DOB: 25.9.1960

POB: Polotsk, Vitebsk/Viciebsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

In her current leadership position as Chair of the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly of Belarus, she is responsible for supporting the decisions of the President in the field of domestic policy. She is also responsible for organising the fraudulent elections that took place on 9 August 2020. She made public statements defending the brutal crackdown of the security apparatus on peaceful demonstrators.

17.12.2020

64.

Pavel Mikalaevich LIOHKI

Pavel Nikolaevich LIOHKI

Павел Мікалаевіч ЛЁГКІ

Павел Николаевич ЛЁГКИЙ

Position(s): First Deputy Minister of Information

DOB: 30.5.1972

POB: Baranavichy, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his leadership position as First Deputy Minister of Information, he is responsible for the repression of civil society, and in particular the Ministry of Information decision to cut off access to independent websites and limit internet access in Belarus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, as a tool of repression of civil society, peaceful demonstrators and journalists.

17.12.2020

65.

Ihar Uladzimiravich LUTSKY

Igor Vladimirovich LUTSKY

Ігар Уладзіміравіч ЛУЦКІ

Игорь Владимирович ЛУЦКИЙ

Position(s): Minister of Information

DOB: 31.10.1972

POB: Stolin, Brest Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his leadership position as Minister of Information, he is responsible for the repression of civil society, and in particular the Ministry of Information decision to cut off access to independent websites and limit internet access in Belarus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, as a tool of repression of civil society, peaceful demonstrators and journalists.

17.12.2020

66.

Andrei Ivanavich SHVED

Andrei Ivanovich SHVED

Андрэй Іванавіч ШВЕД

Андрей Иванович ШВЕД

Position(s): Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus

DOB: 21.4.1973

POB: Glushkovichi, Gomel/Homyel Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his position as Prosecutor General, he is responsible for the ongoing repression of civil society and democratic opposition, and in particular the launching of numerous criminal proceedings against peaceful demonstrators, opposition leaders and journalists in the wake of the 2020 presidential elections. He also made public statements threatening participants in ‘unauthorised rallies’ with punishment.

17.12.2020

67.

Genadz Andreevich BOGDAN

Gennady Andreievich BOGDAN

Генадзь Андрэевіч БОГДАН

Геннадий Андреевич БОГДАН

Position(s): Deputy Head of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate

DOB: 8.1.1977

Gender: male

In his position of Deputy Head of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate, he oversees the functioning of numerous enterprises. The body under his leadership provides financial, material and technical, social, household and medical support to the State apparatus and republican authorities. He is closely associated with the President and continues to support the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

68.

Ihar Paulavich BURMISTRAU

Igor Pavlovich BURMISTROV

Ігар Паўлавіч БУРМІСТРАЎ

Игорь Павлович БУРМИСТРОВ

Position(s): Chief of Staff and First Deputy Commander of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 30.9.1968

Gender: male

In his leadership position as First Deputy Commander of the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the Internal Troops under his command in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

17.12.2020

69.

Arciom Kanstantinavich DUNKA

Artem Konstantinovich DUNKO

Арцём Канстанцінавіч ДУНЬКА

Артем Константинович ДУНЬКО

Position(s): Senior Inspector for Special Matters of the Department of Financial Investigations of the State Control Committee

DOB: 8.6.1990

Gender: male

In his leadership position as Senior Inspector for Special Matters of the Department of Financial Investigations of the State Control Committee, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the State apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular investigations launched into opposition leaders and activists.

17.12.2020

▼M45

70.

Aleh Heorhievich KARAZIEI

Oleg Georgievich KARAZEI

Алег Георгiевiч КАРАЗЕЙ

Олег Георгиевич КАРАЗЕЙ

Position(s): Former Head of the Prevention Department of the Main Department of Law Enforcement and Prevention of the Public Security Police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

Associate professor at the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 1.1.1979

POB: Minsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former leadership position as Head of the Prevention Department of the Main Department of Law Enforcement and Prevention of the Public Security Police of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the police forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as associate professor at the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

17.12.2020

▼M35

71.

Dzmitry Aliaksandravich KURYAN

Dmitry Alexandrovich KURYAN

Дзмітрый Аляксандравіч КУРЬЯН

Дмитрий Александрович КУРЬЯН

Position(s): Police Colonel, Deputy Head of the Main Department and Head of the Department of Law Enforcement in the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 3.10.1974

Gender: male

In his leadership position as Police Colonel and Deputy Head of the Main Department and Head of the Department of Law Enforcement in the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the police forces in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

17.12.2020

72.

Aliaksandr Henrykavich TURCHIN

Alexander (Alexandr) Henrihovich TURCHIN

Аляксандр Генрыхавіч ТУРЧЫН

Александр Генрихович ТУРЧИН

Position(s): Chairman of Minsk Regional Executive Committee

DOB: 2.7.1975

POB: Novogrudok, Grodno/Hrodna Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his position as the Chairman of Minsk Regional Executive Committee, he is responsible for overseeing local administration, including a number of committees. He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

73.

Dzmitry Mikalaevich SHUMILIN

Dmitry Nikolayevich SHUMILIN

Дзмітрый Мікалаевіч ШУМІЛІН

Дмитрий Николаевич ШУМИЛИН

Position(s): Deputy Head of the department for mass events of the GUVD (Main Department of Internal Affairs) of the Minsk City Executive Committee

DOB: 26.7.1977

Gender: male

In his position as Deputy Head of the department for mass events of the GUVD of the Minsk City Executive Committee, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the local apparatus in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

He is documented as personally taking part in the unlawful detention of peaceful protesters.

17.12.2020

74.

Vital Ivanavich STASIUKEVICH

Vitalyi Ivanovich STASIUKEVICH

Віталь Іванавіч СТАСЮКЕВІЧ

Виталий Иванович СТАСЮКЕВИЧ

Position(s): Deputy Chief of the Public Security Police in Grodno/Hrodna

DOB: 5.3.1976

POB: Grodno/Hrodna, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his position as Deputy Chief of the Public Security Police in Grodno/Hrodna, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the local police force under his command in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

According to witnesses, he personally supervised the unlawful detention of peaceful protesters.

17.12.2020

75.

Siarhei Leanidavich KALINNIK

Sergei Leonidovich KALINNIK

Сяргей Леанідавіч КАЛИННИК

Сергей Леонидович КАЛИННИК

Position(s): Police Colonel, Chief of the Sovetsky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 23.7.1979

Gender: male

In his position as Chief of the Sovetsky District Police Department of Minsk, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the local police force under his command in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

According to witnesses, he personally supervised and took part in torturing unlawfully detained protesters.

17.12.2020

76.

Vadzim Siarhaevich PRYGARA

Vadim Sergeyevich PRIGARA

Вадзім Сяргеевіч ПРЫГАРА

Вадим Сергеевич ПРИГАРА

Position(s): Police Lieutenant Colonel, Head of the District Police Department in Molodechno

DOB: 31.10.1980

Gender: male

In his position as Head of the District Police Department in Molodechno, he is responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the local police force under his command in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

According to witnesses, he personally supervised beatings of unlawfully detained protesters. He also made numerous derogatory statements about the protesters to the media.

17.12.2020

▼M45

77.

Viktar Ivanavich STANISLAUCHYK

Viktor Ivanovich STANISLAVCHIK

Вiктар Iванавiч СТАНIСЛАЎЧЫК

Виктор Иванович СТАНИСЛАВЧИК

Position(s): Former Deputy Head of the Police Department of the Sovetsky District of Minsk, Head of the Public Security Police

First Deputy Head of the Centre of Advanced Studies and Specialists of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 27.1.1971

Gender: male

In his former position as Deputy Head of the Police Department of the Sovetsky District of Minsk and Head of the Public Security Police, he was responsible for the repression and intimidation campaign led by the local police force under his command in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in particular arbitrary arrests and ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful demonstrators as well as intimidation and violence against journalists.

According to witnesses, he personally supervised the detention of peaceful protesters and beatings of those unlawfully detained.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the First Deputy Head of the Centre of Advanced Studies and Specialists of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

17.12.2020

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78.

Aliaksandr Aliaksandravich PIETRASH

Alexander (Alexandr) Alexandrovich PETRASH

Аляксандр Аляксандравіч ПЕТРАШ

Александр Александрович ПЕТРАШ

Position(s): Chairman of the Moskovski district court in Minsk

DOB: 16.5.1988

Gender: male

In his position as chairman of the Moskovski district court in Minsk, he is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters. Violations of rights of defence and reliance on statements from false witnesses were reported during trials conducted under his supervision.

He was instrumental in fining and detaining protesters, journalists and opposition leaders in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

He is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

79.

Andrei Aliaksandravich LAHUNOVICH

Andrei Alexandrovich LAHUNOVICH

Андрэй Аляксандравіч ЛАГУНОВІЧ

Андрей Александрович ЛАГУНОВИЧ

Position(s): Judge of the Sovetsky district court in Gomel/Homyel

Gender: male

In his position as judge of the Sovetsky district court in Gomel/Homyel, he is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, activists and protesters. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under his supervision.

He is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

80.

Alena Vasileuna LITVINA

Elena Vasilevna LITVINA

Алена Васільеўна ЛІТВІНА

Елена Васильевна ЛИТВИНА

Position(s): Judge of the Leninsky district court in Mogilev/Mahiliou

Gender: female

In her position as judge of the Leninsky district court in Mogilev/Mahiliou, she is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters, in particular the sentencing of Siarhei Tsikhanousky – opposition activist and husband of presidential candidate Svetlana Tsikhanouskaya. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

81.

Victoria Valeryeuna SHABUNYA

Victoria Valerevna SHABUNYA

Вікторыя Валер’еўна ШАБУНЯ

Виктория Валерьевна ШАБУНЯ

Position(s): Judge of the Central district court in Minsk

DOB: 27.2.1974

Gender: female

In her position as judge of the Central district court in Minsk, she is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters, in particular the sentencing of Sergei Dylevsky – Coordination Council member and leader of a strike committee. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

82.

Alena Aliaksandravna ZHYVITSA

Elena Alexandrovna ZHYVITSA

Алена Аляксандравна ЖЫВІЦА

Елена Александровна ЖИВИЦА

Position(s): Judge of the Oktyabrsky district court in Minsk

DOB: 9.4.1990

Gender: female

In her position as judge of the Oktyabrsky district court in Minsk, she is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

83.

Natallia Anatolievna DZIADKOVA

Natalia Anatolievna DEDKOVA

Наталля Анатольеўна ДЗЯДКОВА

Наталья Анатольевна ДЕДКОВА

Position(s): Judge of the Partizanski district court in Minsk

DOB: 2.12.1979

Gender: female

In her position as judge of the Partizanski district court in Minsk, she is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters, in particular the sentencing of Coordination Council leader Mariya Kalesnikava. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

84.

Maryna Arkadzeuna FIODARAVA

Marina Arkadievna FEDOROVA

Марына Аркадзьеўна ФЁДАРАВА

Марина Аркадьевна ФЕДОРОВА

Position(s): Judge of the Sovetsky district court in Minsk

DOB: 11.9.1965

Gender: female

In her position as judge of the Sovetsky district court in Minsk, she is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

85.

Yulia Chaslavauna HUSTYR

Yulia Cheslavovna HUSTYR

Юлія Чаславаўна ГУСТЫР

Юлия Чеславовна ГУСТЫР

Position(s): Judge of the Central district court in Minsk

DOB: 14.1.1984

Gender: female

In her position as judge of the Central district court in Minsk, she is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters, in particular the sentencing of opposition presidential candidate Viktar Babarika. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

86.

Alena Tsimafeeuna NYAKRASAVA

Elena Timofeyevna NEKRASOVA

Алена Цімафееўна НЯКРАСАВА

Елена Тимофеевна НЕКРАСОВА

Position(s): Judge of the Zavodsky district court in Minsk

DOB: 26.11.1974

Gender: female

In her position as judge of the Zavodsky district court in Minsk, she is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for human rights violations and undermining the rule of law, as well as for contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

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87.

Aliaksandr Vasilevich SHAKUTSIN

Aleksandr Vasilevich SHAKUTIN

Аляксандр Васiльевiч ШАКУЦIН

Александр Васильевич ШАКУТИН

Position(s): Businessman, chairman of the board of directors of Amkodor holding

DOB: 12.1.1959

POB: Bolshoe Babino, Orsha Rayon, Vitebsk/Viciebsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

He is one of the leading businessmen operating in Belarus, with business interests in construction, machine building, agriculture and other sectors.

He is reported to be one of the persons who benefitted most from the privatisation during Lukashenka's tenure as President. He is also a former member of the presidium of the pro-Lukashenka public association ‘Belaya Rus’ and a former member of the Council for the Development of Entrepreneurship in the Republic of Belarus.

In July 2020 he made public comments condemning the opposition protests in Belarus, thus supporting the Lukashenka regime's policy of repression towards peaceful protesters, democratic opposition and civil society.

He maintains business interests in Belarus.

17.12.2020

88.

Mikalai Mikalaevich VARABEI/VERABEI

Nikolay Nikolaevich VOROBEY

Мiкалай Мiкалаевiч ВАРАБЕЙ/ВЕРАБЕЙ

Николай Николаевич ВОРОБЕЙ

Position(s): Businessman, co-owner of Bremino Group

DOB: 4.5.1963

POB: Ukrainian SSR (now Ukraine)

Gender: male

He is one of the leading businessmen operating in Belarus, and has had business interests in petroleum, coal transit, banking and other sectors.

He is the co-owner of Bremino Group – a company that has enjoyed tax breaks and other forms of support from the Belarusian administration. His company BelKazTrans was granted an exclusive right to transfer coal through Belarus. In December 2020 he transferred some of his assets to his close business associates. According to media reports he still controls companies Interservice and Oil Bitumen Plant. He maintains business activities and close relations with authorities in Belarus and gave two luxury cars to Lukashenka. He also has business interests in Ukraine and Russia.

He is therefore benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

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89.

Natallia Mikhailauna BUHUK

Natalia Mikhailovna BUGUK

Наталля Міхайлаўна БУГУК

Наталья Михайловна БУГУК

Judge at the Fruzensky district court in Minsk

DOB: 19.12.1989

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as judge at the Fruzensky district court in Minsk, Natallia Buhuk is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists and protesters, in particular the sentencing of Katsiaryna Bakhvalava (Andreyeva) and Darya Chultsova. Violations of rights of defence and of right to a fair trial were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

90.

Alina Siarhieeuna KASIANCHYK

Alina Sergeevna KASYANCHYK

Аліна Сяргееўна КАСЬЯНЧЫК

Алина Сергеевна КАСЬЯНЧИК

Assistant Prosecutor at the Frunzensky District Court in Minsk

DOB: 12.03.1998

POB:

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as assistant prosecutor at the Fruzensky District Court in Minsk, Alina Kasianchyk has represented the Lukashenka regime in politically motivated cases against journalists, activists and protesters. In particular, she has prosecuted journalists Katsiaryna Bakhvalava (Andreyeva) and Darya Chultsova for recording peaceful protests, based on the groundless charges of ‘conspiracy’ and ‘violating public order’. She has also prosecuted members of Belarusian civil society e.g. for taking parts in peaceful protests, and paying tribute to murdered protester Aliaksandr Taraikousky. She has continuously asked the judge for long-term prison sentences.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

91.

Ihar Viktaravich KURYLOVICH

Igor Viktorovich KURILOVICH

Iгар Вiĸтаравiч КУРЫЛОВIЧ,

Игорь Викторович КУРИЛОВИЧ

Senior Investigator of the Frunzensky District Department of the Investigative Committee

DOB: 26.09.1990

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Senior Investigator at the Fruzensky District Court in Minsk, Ihar Kurylovich was involved in preparing a politically motivated criminal case against journalists Katsiaryna Bakhvalava (Andreyeva) and Darya Chultsova. The journalists, who recorded peaceful protests, were accused of violations of public order and sentenced to two years of prison.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

92.

Siarhei Viktaravich SHATSILA

Sergei Viktorovich SHATILO

Сяргей Віĸтаравіч ШАЦІЛА

Сергей Виĸторович ШАТИЛО

Judge at Sovetsky District Court in Minsk

DOB: 13.08.1989

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as judge of the Sovetsky District Court in Minsk, Siarhei Shatsila is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against protesters, in particular the sentencing of Natallia Hersche, Dzmitry Halko and Dzmitry Karatkevich, considered as political prisoners by Viasna, a Belarusian human rights organisation.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

93.

Anastasia Vasileuna ACHALAVA

Anastasia Vasilievna ACHALOVA

Анастасія Васільеўна АЧАЛАВА

Анастасия Васильевна АЧАЛОВА

Judge at the Leninsky District Court in Minsk

DOB: 15.10.1992

POB: Minsk, Belarus

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as judge of the Leninsky District Court in Minsk, Anastasia Achalava is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, activists and protesters, in particular the sentencing of Coordination Council member Dzmitry Kruk, as well as against medical personnel and senior citizens. Reliance on statements of anonymous witnesses was reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

94.

Mariya Viachaslavauna YAROKHINA

Maria Viacheslavovna YEROKHINA

Марыя Вячаславаўна ЯРОХІНА

Мария Вячеславовна ЕРОХИНА

Judge at the Frunzensky District Court in Minsk

DOB: 04.07.1987

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as judge of the Frunzensky District Court in Minsk, Mariya Yerokhina is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, trade union activists, sportsmen and protesters, in particular the sentencing of journalist Uladzimir Hrydzin.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

95.

Yuliya Aliaksandrauna BLIZNIUK

Yuliya Aleksandrovna BLIZNIUK

Юлія Аляĸсандраўна БЛІЗНЮК

Юлия Алеĸсандровна БЛИЗНЮК

Deputy Chairwoman/judge at the Frunzensky District Court in Minsk

DOB: 23.09.1971

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as Deputy Chairwoman and judge at the Frunzensky District Court in Minsk, Yuliya Blizniuk is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, activists and protesters, in particular sentencing activists Artsiom Khvashcheuski, Artsiom Sauchuk, Maksim Pauliushchyk. These persons are considered as political prisoners by Viasna, a Belarusian human rights organization.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

96.

Anastasia Dzmitreuna KULIK

Anastasia Dmitrievna KULIK

Анастасія Дзмітрыеўна КУЛІК

Анастасия Дмитриевна КУЛИК

Judge of the Pervomaisky District Court of Minsk

DOB: 28.07.1989

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as judge of the Pervomaisky District Court of Minsk, Anastasia Kulik is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against peaceful protesters, in particular the sentencing of Aliaksandr Zakharevich, who is considered as a political prisoner by Viasna, a Belarusian human rights organization.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

97.

Maksim Leanidavich TRUSEVICH

Maksim Leonidovich TRUSEVICH

Маĸсім Леанідавіч ТРУСЕВІЧ

Маĸсим Леонидович ТРУСЕВИЧ

Judge of the Pervomaisky District Court of Minsk

DOB: 12.08.1989

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as judge at the Pervomaisky District Court in Minsk, Maksim Trusevich is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters. Violations of rights of defence and right to a fair trial were reported during trials conducted under his supervision.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

98.

Tatsiana Yaraslavauna MATYL

Tatiana Yaroslavovna MOTYL

Тацяна Яраславаўна МАТЫЛЬ

Татьяна Ярославовна МОТЫЛЬ

Judge of the Moskovsky District Court of Minsk

DOB: 20.01.1968

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as judge at the Moskovsky District Court in Minsk, Tatsiana Matyl is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, opposition leaders, activists and protesters, in particular the sentencing of opposition politician Mikalai Statkevich and journalist Alexander Borozenko. Violations of rights of defence and right to a fair trial were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

99.

Aliaksandr Anatolevich RUDZENKA

Aleksandr Anatolevich RUDENKO

Аляĸсандр Анатольевіч РУДЗЕНКА

Алеĸсандр Анатольевич РУДЕНКО

Deputy Chairman of the of the Oktyabrsky District Court of Minsk

DOB: 01.12.1981

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Chairman and judge of the Oktyabrsky District Court in Minsk, Aliaksandr Rudzenka is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against journalists, activists and protesters, in particular fining an elderly and disabled protester, as well as the sentencing of Lyudmila Kazak – the lawyer of Mariya Kalesnikava, Belarussian opposition leader. Violations of rights of defence and right to a fair trial were reported during trials conducted under his supervision.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

100.

Aliaksandr Aliaksandravich VOUK

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich VOLK

Аляĸсандр Аляĸсандравіч ВОЎК

Алеĸсандр Алеĸсандрович ВОЛК

Judge of the Sovetsky District Court of Minsk

DOB: 01.08.1979

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as judge of the Sovetsky District Court of Minsk, Aliaksandr Vouk is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against peaceful protesters, in particular the sentencing of sisters Anastasia and Victoria Mirontsev, considered as political prisoners by Viasna, a Belarussian human rights organisation. Violations of rights of defence and right to a fair trial were reported during trials conducted under his supervision.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

101.

Volha Siarheeuna NIABORSKAIA

Olga Sergeevna NEBORSKAIA

Вольга Сяргееўна НЯБОРСКАЯ

Ольга Сергеевна НЕБОРСКАЯ

Judge of the Oktyabrsky District Court of Minsk

DOB: 14.02.1991

POB:

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as judge of the Oktyabrsky district court in Minsk, Volha Niaborskaya is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against peaceful protesters and journalists, in particular the sentencing of Sofia Malashevich and Tikhon Kliukach, considered as political prisoners by Viasna, a Belarussian human rights organisation. Violations of rights of defence were reported during trials conducted under her supervision.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

102.

Marina Sviataslavauna ZAPASNIK

Marina Sviatoslavovna ZAPASNIK

Марына Святаславаўна ЗАПАСНІК

Марина Святославовна ЗАПАСНИК

Deputy Chairman of the Court of the Leninsky District of Minsk

DOB: 28.03.1982

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as Deputy Chairman and judge of the Court of the Leninsky District of Minsk, Marina Zapasnik is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against peaceful protesters, in particular the sentencing of activists Vladislav Zenevich, Olga Pavlova, Olga Klaskovskaya, Viktar Barushka, Sergey Ratkevich, Aleksey Charvinskiy, Andrey Khrenkov, student Viktor Aktistov, and minor Maksim Babich. All are recognized as political prisoners by Viasna, a Belarussian human rights organisation.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

103.

Maksim Yurevich FILATAU

Maksim Yurevich FILATOV

Максім Юр'евіч Філатаў

Максим Юрьевич ФИЛАТОВ

Judge of the Lida City Court

DOB:

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the judge of Lida City Court, Maksim Filatau is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against peaceful protesters, in particular the sentencing of activist Vitold Ashurok, who is recognized as political prisoner by Viasna, a Belarussian human rights organisation.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

104.

Andrei Vaclavavich HRUSHKO

Andrei Vatslavovich GRUSHKO

Андрэй Вацлававіч ГРУШКО

Андрей Вацлавович ГРУШКО

Judge of the Leninsky District Court of Brest

DOB: 24.01.1979

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as judge of the Leninsky District Court of Brest, Andrei Hrushko is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against peaceful protesters, in particular by sentencing activists, recognized as political prisoners, and minors.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

105.

Dzmitry Iurevich HARA

Dmitry Iurevich GORA

Дзмітрый Юр'евіч ГАРА

Дмитрий Юрьевич ГОРА

Chairman of the Investigative Committee of Belarus (appointed on 11 March 2021)

Former Deputy Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus (until 11 March 2021)

DOB: 04.05.1970

In his position of Deputy Prosecutor General until March 2021, Dzmitry Hara bears responsibility for politically motivated criminal cases against peaceful protestors, members of the opposition, journalists, civil society and regular citizens. Mr Hara was also involved in initiating of politically motivated criminal proceedings against Siarhei Tsikhanousky – opposition activist and husband of presidential candidate Svetlana Tsikhanouskaya.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

POB: Tbilisi, former Georgian SSR (now Georgia)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

As the Head of the Intergovernmental Commission created by the Office of the General Prosecutor to investigate citizens' complaints about abuse of powers by law enforcement officers, Dzmitry Hara is responsible for inaction of this institution, since no case of such an investigation is known, despite applications for the initiation of criminal cases complaining about the use of violence, ill-treatment and torture.

As of March 2021, he is the Chairman of the Investigative Committee of Belarus. In this position he is responsible for prosecuting human rights defenders and participants in peaceful protests.

 

 

 

 

 

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition

 

106.

Aliaksei Kanstantsinavich STUK

Alexey Konstantinovich STUK

Аляĸсей Канстанцінавіч СТУК

Алеĸсей Константинович СТУК

Deputy Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus

DOB: 1959

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position of Deputy Prosecutor General, Aliaksei Stuk bears responsibility for politically motivated criminal cases against opposition, journalists, civil society and regular citizens. He is responsible for tightening the Prosecutor's Office's control of citizens' activities in localities and work places and is responsible for applying excessive legal responsibilities on participants in peaceful protests. He publicly stated that the Office of Prosecutor General would work to identify "illegal" citizen associations and suppress their activities.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

107.

Genadz Iosifavich DYSKO

Gennadi Iosifovich DYSKO

Генадзь Іосіфавіч ДЫСКО

Геннадий Иосифович ДЫСКО

Deputy Prosecutor General of the Republic of Belarus, State Counselor of Justice of the 3rd class DOB: 22.03.1964

POB: Oshmyany, Hrodna region, (former USSR) now Belarus

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position of Deputy Prosecutor General, Genadz Dysko bears responsibility for politically motivated criminal cases against opposition, journalists, civil society and regular citizens. He was also involved in initiating of politically motivated criminal proceedings against Siarhei Tsikhanousky - opposition activist and husband of presidential candidate Svetlana Tsikhanouskaya.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

108.

Sviatlana, Anatoleuna LYUBETSKAYA

Svetlana Anatolevna LYUBETSKAYA

Святлана Анатольеўна ЛЮБЕЦКАЯ

Светлана Анатольевна ЛЮБЕЦКАЯ

Member of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus, Chairperson of the Standing Commission on Law

DOB: 03.06.1971

POB: former USSR (now Ukraine)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as Chairperson of the Parliamentary Commission on Law, Sviatlana Lyubetskaya is responsible for the adoption of the new Code of Administrative Infringements (entered into force on 1 March 2021) that authorises arbitrary arrests and imposed increased liability for participation in mass events, including for display of political symbols. Through these legislative activities, she is responsible for serious violations of human rights, including the right of peaceful assembly, and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition. These legislative activities also seriously undermine democracy and the rule of law in Belarus.

21.6.2021

109.

Aliaksei Uladzimiravich IAHORAU

Alexei Vladimirovich YEGOROV

Аляксей Уладзіміравіч ЯГОРАЎ

Алексей Владимирович ЕГОРОВ

Member of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus, Deputy Chairperson of the Standing Commission on Law

DOB: 16.12.1969

In his position as Deputy Chairperson of the Parliamentary Commission on Law, Aliaksei Iahorau is responsible for the adoption of the new Code of Administrative Infringements (entered into force on 1 March 2021) that authorises arbitrary arrests and imposed increased liability for participation in mass events, including for display of political symbols. Through these legislative activities, he is responsible for serious violations of human rights, including the right of peaceful assembly, and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition. These legislative activities also seriously undermine democracy and the rule of law in Belarus.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

POB: Novosokolniki, Pskov region, former USSR (now Russian Federation)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

 

 

110.

Aliaksandr Paulavich AMELIANIUK

Aleksandr Pavlovich OMELYANYUK

Аляксандр Паўлавіч АМЕЛЬЯНЮК

Александр Павлович ОМЕЛЬЯНЮК

Member of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus, Deputy Chairperson of the Standing Commission on Law

DOB: 06.03.1964

In his position as Deputy Chairperson of the Parliamentary Commission on Law, Aliaksandr Amelianiuk is responsible for the adoption of the new Code of Administrative Infringements (entered into force on 1 March 2021) that authorises arbitrary arrests and imposed increased liability for participation in mass events, including display of political symbols. Through these legislative activities, he is responsible for serious violations of human rights, including the right to peaceful assembly, and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition. These legislative activities also seriously undermine democracy and the rule of law in Belarus.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

POB: Kobrin, Brest Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

 

 

111.

Andrei Mikalaevich MUKAVOZCHYK

Andrei Nikolaevich MUKOVOZCHYK

Андрэй Міĸалаевіч МУКАВОЗЧЫК

Андрей Ниĸолаевич МУКОВОЗЧИК

Political observer of "Belarus Today" ("Sovietskaia Belarus - Belarus Segodnya")

DOB: 13.06.1963

POB: Novosibirsk, former USSR (now Russian Federation)

Andrei Mukavozchyk is one of the main propagandists of the Lukashenka regime publishing in "Belarus Today", the official newspaper of the Presidential Administration. In his articles, democratic opposition and civil society are systematically highlighted in a negative and derogatory way, using falsified information. He is one of the main sources of state propaganda, which supports and justifies the repression of the democratic opposition and of civil society.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Passport number: MP 3413113 and MP 2387911

In May 2020, Mukavozchyk became a recipient of the "Golden Pen" award from a pro-governmental organization Belarusian Union of Journalists. In December 2020, he received the prize "Golden Letter", handed over by representatives of the Belarussian Ministry of Information. In January 2021, Lukashenka signed a decree awarding Mukavozchyk a medal "For labour merits".

He is therefore benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

 

▼M45

112.

Siarhei Aliaksandravich GUSACHENKA

Sergey Alexandrovich GUSACHENKO

Сяргей Аляксандравiч ГУСАЧЭНКА

Сергей Александрович ГУСАЧЕНКО

Position(s): Deputy Chair of the National State Television and Radio Company (Belteleradio Company)

DOB: 5.11.1983

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Tel. (office): +375 (17) 369-90-15

In his position as the Deputy Chair of Belteleradio Company (the National State Television and Radio Company), author and host of weekly propaganda television show Glavnyy efir, Siarhei Gusachenka has been willingly providing the Belarusian public with false information about the outcome of elections, protests, repressions perpetrated by the state authorities and activities of the Lukashenka regime that facilitate illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union. He is directly responsible for the way in which the state television presents information about the situation in the country, thus lending support to the authorities including Lukashenka.

He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

▼M38

113.

Genadz Branislavavich DAVYDZKA

Gennadi Bronislavovich DAVYDKO

Генадзь Браніслававіч ДАВЫДЗЬКА

Геннадий Брониславович ДАВЫДЬКO

Member of the Chamber of Representatives, Chair of the Committee on Human Rights and Media

Chair of the Belarusian political organisation Belaya Rus

DOB: 29.09.1955

As the Chairman of Belaya Rus, a major pro-Lukashenka organization, Genadz Davydzka is one of the main propagandists of the regime. In his support for Lukashenka, he frequently used inflammatory language, and encouraged the violence of the state apparatus against peaceful protesters.

He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

POB: Popovka village, Senno/Sjanno, Vitebsk Region, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Passport MP2156098

 

 

▼M45

114.

Volha Mikalaeuna CHAMADANAVA

Olga Nikolaevna CHEMODANOVA

Вольга Мiĸалаеўна ЧАМАДАНАВА

Ольга Ниĸолаевна ЧЕМОДАНОВА

Position(s): Former Press Secretary of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus

Head of the Main Directorate for Ideology and Youth of the Minsk City Executive Committee

DOB: 13.10.1977

POB: Minsk Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

Rank: Colonel

Passport: MC1405076

In her former position as the main media person of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus, Volha Chamadanava played a key role in distorting and deflecting the facts regarding violence against protesters, as well as in spreading false information about them. She threatened peaceful protesters and continuously justified violence against them.

Since she has been a part of the security apparatus and has spoken on its behalf, she is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

She remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the Head of the Main Directorate for Ideology and Youth of the Minsk City Executive Committee.

21.6.2021

▼M38

115.

Siarhei Ivanavich SKRYBA

Sergei Ivanovich SKRIBA

Сяргей Іванавіч СКРЫБА

Сергей Иванович СКРИБА

Vice Chancellor of the Belarusian State Economic University for Educational Work

DOB: 21.11.1964 / 1965

POB: Kletsk, Minsk Region, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

e-mail: skriba_s@bseu.by

In his position as Vice Chancellor of the Belarusian State Economic University (BSEU) for educational work, Siarhei Skryba is responsible for sanctions taken against students for their participation in peaceful protests, including their expulsion from university.

Some of these sanctions were taken following Lukashenka's call on 27 October 2020 for expelling from universities students taking part in protests and strikes.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

116.

Siarhei Piatrovich, RUBNIKOVICH

Sergei Petrovich RUBNIKOVICH

Сяргей Пятровіч РУБНІКОВІЧ Сергей Петрович РУБНИКОВИЧ

Rector of the Belarusian State Medical University DOB: 1974

POB: Sharkauschyna, Vitebsk/ Viciebsk Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Rector of the Belarusian State Medical University, whose appointment was approved by Alexander Lukashenka, Siarhei Rubnikovich is responsible for the decision of University administration to expel students for taking part in peaceful protests. The expulsion orders were taken following Lukashenka's call on 27 October 2020 for expelling from universities students taking part in protests and strikes.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

117.

Aliaksandr Henadzevich BAKHANOVICH

Aleksandr Gennadevich BAKHANOVICH

Аляĸсандр Генадзевіч БАХАНОВІЧ

Алеĸсандр Геннадьевич БАХАНОВИЧ

Rector of the Brest State Technical University

DOB: 1972

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Rector of the Brest State Technical University, whose appointment was approved by Alexander Lukashenka, Aliaksandr Bakhanovich is responsible for the decision of University administration to expel students for taking part in peaceful protests. The expulsion orders were taken following Lukashenka's call on 27 October 2020 for expelling from universities students taking part in protests and strikes.

Bakhanovich is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

118.

Mikhail Ryhoravich BARAZNA

Mikhail Grigorevich BOROZNA

Міхаіл Рыгоравіч БАРАЗНА

Михаил Григорьевич БОРОЗНА

Rector of the Belarusian State Academy of Arts (BSAA)

DOB: 20.11.1962

POB: Rakusheva, Mahileu/ Mogiliev Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Rector of the Belarusian State Academy of Arts (BSAA), Mikhail Barazna is responsible for the decision of University administration to expel students for taking part in peaceful protests.

The expulsion orders were taken following Lukashenka's call on 27 October 2020 for expelling from universities students taking part in protests and strikes.

Mikhail Barazna is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

119.

Maksim Uladzimiravich RYZHANKOU

Maksim Vladimirovich RYZHENKOV

Максім Уладзіміравіч РЫЖАНКОЎ

Максим Владимирович РЫЖЕНКОВ

First Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration

DOB: 19.06.1972

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the First Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration, Maksim Ryzhankou is closely associated with the President and responsible for ensuring the implementation of presidential powers in the field of domestic and foreign policy. For over 20 years of his career in the civil service of Belarus he has held a number of posts, including in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and various embassies. He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

120.

Dzmitry Aliaksandravich LUKASHENKA

Dmitry Aleksandrovich LUKASHENKO

Дзмітрый Аляксандравіч ЛУКАШЭНКА

Дмитрий Александрович ЛУКАШЕНКО

Businessman, chairman of President’s Sport Club

DOB: 23.03.1980

POB: Mogilev/ Mahiliou, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Dzmitry Lukashenka is Aliaksandr Lukashenka’s son and a businessman. He has been the chairman of the State-Public Association ‘Presidential Sport’s Club’ since 2005 and in 2020 he has been re-elected to this post. Through this entity, he conducts business and controls a number of enterprises. He was present on Aliaksandr Lukashenka’s secret inauguration in September 2020. He is therefore benefiting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

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121.

Liliya Valereuna LUKASHENKA (SIAMASHKA)

Liliya Valerevna LUKASHENKO (SEMASHKO)

Лiлiя Валер'еўна ЛУКАШЭНКА (СЯМАШКА)

Лилия Валерьевна ЛУКАШЕНКО (СЕМАШКО)

Position(s): Businesswoman, director of an art gallery

DOB: 29.10.1979

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID: 4291079A047PB1

Liliya Lukashenka is the wife of Viktar Lukashenka and daughter-in-law of Aliaksandr Lukashenka. She has been closely connected with a number of high-profile companies which have benefitted from the Lukashenka regime, including Dana Holdings / Dana Astra and Belkhudozhpromysly concern. She was present, alongside her husband Viktar Lukashenka, on Aliaksandr Lukashenka's secret inauguration in September 2020.

She is currently the director of the art gallery Art Chaos. Her business activities are promoted by regime-affiliated media.

She is therefore benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

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122.

Valeri Valerevich IVANKOVICH

Valery Valerevich IVANKOVICH

Валерый Валер'евіч ІВАНКОВІЧ

Валерий Валерьевич ИВАНКОВИЧ

General Director of OJSC "MAZ".

DOB: 1971

POB: Novopolotsk, Belarusian SSR (Now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the General Director of OJSC ‘MAZ’, Valeri Ivankavich bears responsibility for the detention of MAZ workers within MAZ premises by security forces, and for firing MAZ employees who were participating in peaceful protests against the regime. He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society.

He was appointed by Lukashenka as a member of the commission tasked to draft amendments to the Belarus constitution. He therefore supports the Lukashenka regime.

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123.

Aliaksandr Yauhenavich SHATROU

Alexander (Alexandr) Evgenevich SHATROV

Аляксандр Яўгенавiч ШАТРОЎ

Александр Евгеньевич ШАТРОВ

Position(s): Businessman, shareholder and former head of Synesis LLC

DOB: 9.11.1978

POB: former USSR (now Russian Federation)

Gender: male

Nationality: Russian, Belarusian

Personal ID: 3091178A002VF5

In his position as the former head and former majority shareholder of Synesis LLC, Alexander Shatrov was responsible for that company's decision to provide Belarusian authorities with a surveillance platform, Kipod, which can search through and analyse video footage and employ facial recognition software. He is therefore contributing to the repression of civil society and democratic opposition by the state apparatus.

Synesis LLC and its subsidiary Panoptes benefit from their participation in the Republican Safety Monitoring System. Other companies which have been owned or co-owned by Shatrov, such as BelBet and Synesis Sport, also benefit from government contracts.

He made public statements in which he criticised those protesting against the Lukashenka regime and put into perspective the lack of democracy in Belarus. He therefore benefits from and supports the Lukashenka regime.

He remains a shareholder of Synesis LLC.

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124.

Siarhei Siamionavich TSIATSERYN

Sergei Semionovich TETERIN

Сяргей Сямёнавiч ЦЯЦЕРЫН

Сергей Семёнович ТЕТЕРИН

Position(s): Businessman, owner of BelGlobalStart, co-owner of VIBEL, former Chairman of the Belarusian Tennis Federation

DOB: 7.1.1961

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Siarhei Tsiatseryn is one of the leading businessmen operating in Belarus, with business interests in the distribution of alcohol drinks (through his company BelGlobalStart), food products and furniture. He belongs to Lukashenka's inner circle.

In 2019, BelGlobalStart was granted an opportunity to start the construction of a multi-functional business centre in front of the presidential palace in Minsk. He co-owns the company VIBEL, which sells commercials on a number of Belarusian national TV channels. He was the chairman of the Belarusian Tennis Federation and Lukashenka's former aide for sports matters.

21.6.2021

125.

Mikhail Safarbekovich GUTSERIEV

Микаил (Михаил) Сафарбекович ГУЦЕРИЕВ

Position(s): Businessman, shareholder and chairman of the board of executives of Safmar and Slavkali companies

DOB: 9.5.1958

POB: Akmolinsk, former USSR (now Kazakhstan)

Gender: male

Nationality: Russian

Mikhail Gutseriev is a prominent Russian businessman, with business interests in Belarus in the sectors of energy, potash, hospitality and others. He is a long-time acquaintance of Aliaksandr Lukashenka and thanks to that association has accumulated significant wealth and influence among the political elite in Belarus. Safmar, a company which has been controlled by Gutseriev, was the only Russian oil firm that carried on supplying oil to Belarusian refineries during the energy crisis between Belarus and Russia in early 2020.

Gutseriev also supported Lukashenka in disputes with Russia over oil deliveries. Gutseriev has been the chairman of the board of directors of, and a shareholder in, the Slavkali company, which is building the Nezhinsky potassium chloride mining and processing plant based on the Starobinsky potash salt deposit near Lyuban. It is the largest investment in Belarus, worth USD 2 billion. Lukashenka promised to rename the town of Lyuban ‘Gutserievsk’ in his honour.

His other businesses in Belarus have included fuelling stations and oil depots, a hotel, a business centre and an airport terminal in Minsk. Lukashenka came to Gutseriev's defence after a criminal investigation was initiated against him in Russia. Lukashenka also thanked Gutseriev for his financial contributions to charity and investments worth billions of dollars in Belarus. Gutseriev is reported to have gifted Lukashenka luxurious presents.

Gutseriev also declared himself to be the owner of a residency which de facto belongs to Lukashenka, thus covering him up when journalists started to investigate Lukashenka's assets. Gutseriev attended Lukashenka's secret inauguration on 23 September 2020. In October 2020 Lukashenka and Gutseriev both appeared at the opening of an orthodox church, which the latter sponsored.

According to media reports, when the striking employees of Belarusian state-owned media were fired in August 2020, Russian media workers were flown to Belarus on board aircraft belonging to Gutseriev in order to replace the fired workers, and lodged in the Minsk Renaissance Hotel belonging to Gutseriev. Gutseriev assisted with the acquisition of CT scanners for Belarus during the COVID-19 crisis. Mikhail Gutseriev is therefore benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

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126.

Aliaksey Ivanavich ALEKSIN

Alexei Ivanovich OLEKSIN

Аляксей Іванавіч АЛЕКСІН

Алексей Иванович ОЛЕКСИН

Businessman, Co-owner of Bremino Group,

DOB:

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Aliaksei Aleksin is one of the leading businessmen in Belarus, with business interests in the sectors of oil and energy, real estate, development, logistics, tobacco, retail, finance and others. He enjoys a close relationship with Aliaksandr Lukashenka and his son and former National Security Advisor Viktar Lukashenka. He is active in the biker movement in Belarus, a hobby he shares with Viktar Lukashenka. His company owns property in ‘Alexandria 2’ (Mogilev region), commonly called ‘presidential residence’, where Aliaksandr Lukashenka is a frequent visitor.

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He is the co-owner of ‘Bremino Group’ – the initiator and co-administrator of the Bremino-Orsha special economic zone project, created by a presidential decree signed by Aliaksandr Lukashenka. The company has received state support for developing the Bremino-Orsha zone, as well as a number of financial and tax advantages and other benefits. Aleksin and other owners of Bremino Group received support from Viktar Lukashenka.

 

 

 

 

 

Companies ‘Inter Tobacco’ and ‘Energo-Oil’, which belong to Aleksin and members of his close family, were given exclusive privileges to import tobacco products to Belarus, based on a decree signed by Aliaksandr Lukashenka, and received state support for the creation of Tabakierka kiosks. He was allegedly involved in the establishment of the first government-approved private military company in Belarus ‘GardServis’, with reported links to the Belarussian security apparatus. He is therefore benefitting from the Lukashenka regime.

 

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127.

Aliaksandr Mikalaevich ZAITSAU

Alexander (Alexandr) Nikolaevich ZAITSEV

Аляксандр Мiкалаевiч ЗАЙЦАЎ

Александр Николаевич ЗАЙЦЕВ

Position(s): Businessman, co-owner of Bremino Group and Sohra Group

DOB: 22.11.1976

POB: Ruzhany, Brest Region/Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Aliaksandr Zaitsau is the former assistant of Viktar Lukashenka, son of and former Adviser on National Security to Aliaksandr Lukashenka. Through access to the Lukashenka family, Zaitsau obtains lucrative contracts for his businesses. He has had close ties with the Sohra Group that is granted the right to export state-owned enterprises' production (tractors and trucks) to the Gulf and African countries. He is also the co-owner and chairman of the Council of participants of Bremino Group. The company has received state support for developing the Bremino-Orsha zone, as well as a number of financial and tax advantages and other benefits. Zaitsau and other owners of Bremino Group received support from Viktar Lukashenka.

He therefore benefits from and supports the Lukashenka regime.

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128.

Ivan Branislavavich MYSLITSKI

Ivan Bronislavovich MYSLITSKIY

Іван Браніслававіч МЫСЛІЦКІ

Иван Брониславович МЫСЛИЦКИЙ

First Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department Of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 23.10.1976

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as First Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs that has authority over detention facilities, Ivan Myslitski is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in those detention facilities in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in line with the address of Lukashenka to officers of the Interior Ministry.

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In his position, he bears responsibility for detention conditions in Belarusian prisons, including the categorisation of prisoners corresponding to different kinds of ill-treatment and torture the detainees are subject to, such as verbal abuse, punitive isolation, deprivation of calls and visits, mutilation, beatings and brutal torture.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

129.

Aleh Mikalaevich, BELIAKOU

Oleg Nikolaevich BELIAKOV

Алег Міĸалаевіч БЕЛЯКОЎ

Олег Ниĸолаевич БЕЛЯКОВ

Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB:

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs that has authority over detention facilities, Aleh Beliakou is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in those detention facilities in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in line with the address of Lukashenka to officers of the Interior Ministry.

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In his position, he bears responsibility for detention conditions in Belarusian prisons, including the categorisation of prisoners corresponding to different kinds of ill-treatment and torture the detainees are subject to, such as verbal abuse, punitive isolation, deprivation of calls and visits, mutilation, beatings and brutal torture.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

130.

Uladzislau Aliakseevich MANDRYK

Vladislav Alekseevich MANDRIK

Уладзіслаў Аляксеевіч МАНДРЫК

Владислав Алексеевич МАНДРИК

Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 04.07.1971

POB:

National ID: 3040771A125PB2; Passport: MP3810311.

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs that has authority over detention facilities, Uladzislau Mandryk is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in those detention facilities in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in line with the address of Lukashenka to officers of the Interior Ministry.

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In his position, he bears responsibility for detention conditions in Belarusian prisons, including the categorization of prisoners, corresponding to different kinds of ill-treatment and torture the detainees are subject to, such as verbal abuse, punitive isolation, deprivation of calls and visits, mutilation, beatings and brutal torture.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

131.

Andrei Mikalaevich DAILIDA

Andrei Nikolaevich DAILIDA

Андрэй Мікалаевіч ДАЙЛІДА

Андрей Ниĸолаевич ДАЙЛИДА

Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 01.07.1974

POB:

Passport: KH2133825

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs that has authority over detention facilities, Andrei Dailida is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in those detention facilities in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in line with the address of Lukashenka to officers of the Interior Ministry.

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In his position, he bears responsibility for detention conditions in Belarusian prisons, including the categorization of prisoners, corresponding to different kinds of ill-treatment and torture the detainees are subject to, such as verbal abuse, punitive isolation, deprivation of calls and visits, mutilation, beatings and brutal torture. For his work as Deputy head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, he received, in December 2020, the Presidential Order for service to the Motherland and has therefore benefitted from the Lukashenka regime

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

132.

Aleh Mikalaevich LASHCHYNOUSKI

Oleg Nikolaevich LASHCHINOVSKII

Алег Мікалаевіч ЛАШЧЫНОЎСКІ

Олег Николаевич ЛАЩИНОВСКИЙ

Former Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 12.05.1963

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his former position as Deputy Head of the Penal Correction Department that has authority over detention facilities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Aleh Lashchynouski is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in those detention facilities in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in line with the address of Lukashenka to officers of the Interior Ministry.

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In his former position, he bears responsibility for conditions in Belarusian prisons and the repressive measures taken there, including the categorisation of prisoners corresponding to different kinds of ill-treatment and torture the detainees are subject to, such as verbal abuse, punitive isolation, deprivation of calls and visits, mutilation, beatings and brutal torture.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

133.

Zhana Uladzimirauna BATURYTSKAIA

Zhanna Vladimirovna BATURITSKAYA

Жана Уладзіміраўна БАТУРЫЦКАЯ

Жанна Владимировна БАТУРИЦКАЯ

Head of the Directorate of Sentence Enforcement of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 20.04.1972

POB:

Gender: female

Nationality: Belarusian

In her position as Head of the Directorate of Sentence Enforcement of the Penal Correction Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs that has authority over detention facilities, Zhana Baturitskaia is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in those detention facilities in the wake of the 2020 presidential election, in line with the address of Lukashenka to officers of the Interior Ministry.

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In her position, she bears responsibility for detention conditions in Belarusian prisons, including the categorisation of prisoners corresponding to different kind of ill-treatment and torture the detainees are subject to, such as verbal abuse, punitive isolation, deprivation of calls and visits, mutilation, beatings, brutal torture.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

134.

Dzmitry Mikalaevich STREBKOU

Dmitry Nikolaevich STREBKOV

Дзмітрый Мікалаевіч СТРЭБКОЎ

Дмитрий Николаевич СТРЕБКОВ

Head of the Prison No. 8 in Zhodino

DOB: 19.03.1977

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Head of the Prison No. 8 in Zhodino, Dzmitry Strebkou is responsible for the appalling conditions in the detention centre and for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in this detention facility, including in its temporary detention centre, in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

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135.

Yauhen Andreevich SHAPETSKA

Evgeniy Andreevich SHAPETKO

Яўген Андрэевіч ШАПЕЦЬКА

Евгений Андреевич ШАПЕТЬКО

Head of Akrestina isolation centre for offenders

DOB: 30.03.1989

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Head of the Akrestina Isolation Centre for Offenders, Yauhen Shapetska is responsible for appalling conditions in the isolation centre and for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and were detained in this detention facility in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

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136.

Ihar Ryhoravich KENIUKH

Igor Grigorevich KENIUKH

Ігар Рыгоравіч КЕНЮХ

Игорь Григорьевич КЕНЮХ

Head of Akrestina Temporary Detention Centre

DOB: 21.01.1980

POB: Gomel Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Head of the Akrestina Temporary Detention Centre, Ihar Keniukh is responsible for appalling conditions and for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including beatings and torture, inflicted on citizens detained in this detention facility in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

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He exerted pressure on medical staff to remove doctors who sympathize with protesters. According to the testimony of multiple women included in the report of the Centre for Promotion of Women’s Rights, "Her Rights," the most inhumane treatment took place in the detention centre at Akrestina in Minsk, where the OMON policemen were especially cruel and used torture.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

137.

Hleb Uladzimiravich DRYL

Gleb Vladimirovich DRIL

Глеб Уладзіміравіч ДРЫЛЬ

Глеб Владимирович ДРИЛЬ

Deputy Head of the Akrestina Temporary Detention Centre

DOB: 12.05.1980

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Head of the Temporary Detention Centre, Hleb Dryl is responsible for the appalling conditions and for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including beatings and torture, inflicted on citizens detained in this detention facility in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

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According to witness testimonies, some of the women detained on 9-12 August 2020 were heavily beaten in the detention centres. According to the testimony of multiple women, included in the report of the Centre for Promotion of Women’s Rights ‘Her Rights’, the most inhumane treatment took place in the detention centre at Akrestina in Minsk, where the OMON policemen were especially cruel and used torture.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

138.

Uladzimir Iosifavich LAPYR

Vladimir Yosifovich LAPYR

Уладзімір Іосіфавіч ЛАПЫР

Владимир Иосифович ЛАПЫРЬ

Deputy Head of the Akrestina Temporary Detention Centre

DOB: 21.08.1977

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Head of the Akrestina Temporary Detention Centre, Uladzimir Lapyr is responsible for appalling conditions and for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including beatings and torture, inflicted on citizens detained in this detention facility in the wake of the 2020 presidential election. According to the testimony of multiple women included in the report of the Centre for Promotion of Women’s Rights, "Her Rights," the most inhumane treatment took place in the detention centre at Akrestina in Minsk, where the OMON policemen were especially cruel and used torture.

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He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

139.

Aliaksandr Uladzimiravich VASILIUK

Alexander (Alexandr) Vladimirovich VASILIUK

Аляксандр Уладзіміравіч ВАСІЛЮК

Александр Владимирович ВАСИЛЮК

Head of the Investigation team of the Investigative Committee

DOB: 08.05.1975

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Head of the Investigation team of the Investigative Committee of Belarus, Aliaksandr Vasiliuk is responsible for politically-motivated prosecutions and detention, in particular of the opposition Coordination Council members, including Belarusian opposition leader Mariya Kalesnikava who is considered a political prisoner by human rights organisations. He is also responsible for the detention of several opposition media representatives.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

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140.

Yauhen Anatolevich ARKHIREEU

Evgeniy Anatolevich ARKHIREEV

Яўген Анатольевіч АРХІРЭЕЎ

Евгений Анатольевич АРХИРЕЕВ

Head of the Main Investigation Department, Central Office of Investigative Committee

DOB: 1.07.1977

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Head of the Main Investigation Department of the Investigative Committee of Belarus, Yauhen Arkhireeu is responsible for initiating and investigating politically-motivated criminal proceedings, in particular of the opposition Coordination Council members and other protesters. Such investigations are aimed at intimidating protesters, as well as criminalizing the participation in peaceful protests.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

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141.

Aliaksei Iharavich KAURYZHKIN

Alexey Igorovich KOVRYZHKIN

Аляĸсей Ігаравіч КАЎРЫЖКІН

Алеĸсей Игоревич КОВРИЖКИН

Head of Investigation Team, Main Investigation Department, Investigative Committee

DOB: 03.11.1981

POB: Bobruisk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Head of the Investigation Team of the Investigative Committee of Belarus, Aliaksei Kauryzhkin is responsible for politically motivated prosecutions and detention, in particular of members of Viktar Babarika's presidential campaign team and of Coordination Council members, including lawyer Maksim Znak who is considered a political prisoner by human rights organisations.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

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142.

Aliaksandr Dzmitryevich AHAFONAU

Alexander (Alexandr) Dmitrievich AGAFONOV

Аляксандр Дзмітрыевіч АГАФОНАЎ

Александр Дмитриевич АГАФОНОВ

First Deputy Head of the Main Investigation Department, Investigative Committee

DOB: 13.03.1982

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the First Deputy Head of the Main Investigation Department of the Investigative Committee of Belarus, Aliaksandr Ahafonau is responsible for politically-motivated prosecutions and arrests of the presidential candidate Siarhei Tsikhanousky – opposition activist and husband of presidential candidate Svetlana Tsikhanouskaya. and other political activists, including Mikalai Statkevich and Dzmitry Kazlou. Siarhei Tsikhanousky, Dzmitry Kazlou, and Mikalai Statkevich are recognised as political prisoners by Viasna, a Belarussian human rights organisation.

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He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

143.

Kanstantsin Fiodaravich BYCHAK

Konstantin Fedorovich BYCHEK

Канстанцін Фёдаравіч БЫЧАК

Константин Фёдорович БЫЧЕК

Head of Division of the KGB Investigation Department

DOB: 20.09.1985

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Head of Division of the KGB Investigation Department, Kanstantin Bychak has supervised politically motivated investigation of presidential candidate Viktar Babarika. Babarika’s candidacy was rejected by the Central Election Commission. This decision was based on a report from the KGB and official TV statements of Bychak declaring Babarika guilty of money laundering while investigations were still ongoing.

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On October 26, 2020, Bychak threatened peaceful protestors on the governmental TV by stating that their actions would be classified as acts of terrorism.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of the democratic opposition and civil society.

 

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144.

Andrei Siarheevich BAKACH

Andrei Sergeevich BAKACH

Андрэй Сяргеевiч БАКАЧ

Андрей Сергеевич БАКАЧ

Position(s): Former Head of the Pervomaysky District Police Department of Minsk

First Deputy Head of the Internal Affairs Directorate of the Grodno/Hrodna Regional Executive Committee

DOB: 19.11.1983

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his former position as Head of the Department of Internal Affairs of the Pervomaysky District Administration in Minsk, Andrei Bakach was responsible for the actions of police forces belonging to that police precinct and for the actions occurring in the police station. During his time as Head, peaceful protesters in Minsk were subjected to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment inside the police station under his control.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

He remains active in the Lukashenka regime as the First Deputy Head of the Internal Affairs Directorate of the Grodno/Hrodna Regional Executive Committee.

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145.

Aliaksandr Uladzimiravich, PALULEKH

Aleksandr Vladimirovich POLULEKH

Аляксандр Уладзіміравіч ПАЛУЛЕХ

Александр Владимирович ПОЛУЛЕХ

Head of the Frunzensky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 25.06.1979

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Head of the Internal Affairs Directorate of the Frunzensky District Administration of Minsk, Aliaksandr Palulekh is responsible for the repression led by the police forces in this district against peaceful protesters in the wake of the 2020 presidential elections, in particular with ill-treatment, including torture, of peaceful protesters who were detained inside the police station under his control.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

146.

Aliaksandr Aliaksandravich ZAKHVITSEVICH

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich ZAKHVITSEVICH

Аляксандр Аляксандравіч ЗАХВІЦЭВІЧ

Александр Александрович ЗАХВИЦЕВИЧ

Deputy Head of the Frunzensky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 01.01.1977

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Deputy Head of the Frunzensky District Police Department of Minsk Aliaksandr Zakhvitsevich supervises public security police and is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained in the Frunzenskiy District in the wake of the 2020 presidential election and for the general brutal crackdown on peaceful protesters in this district. Officers under Zakhvitsevich's supervision used torture against detainees.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

147.

Siarhei Uladzimiravich USHAKOU

Sergei Vladimirovich USHAKOV

Сяргей Уладзіміравіч УШАКОЎ

Сергей Владимирович УШАКОВ

Deputy Head of the Frunzensky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 22.08.1980

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Deputy Head of the Frunzensky District Police Department of Minsk supervising criminal police, Siarhei Ushakou is responsible for actions of his subordinates, especially inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained in the Frunzensky District in the wake of the 2020 presidential election and for the general brutal crackdown on peaceful protesters. Officers under Ushakou’s direct supervision used torture against detainees.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

148.

Siarhei Piatrovich ARTSIOMENKA

Sergei Petrovich ARTEMENKO / ARTIOMENKO

Сяргей Пятровіч АРЦЁМЕНКА

Сергей Петрович АРТЁМЕНКО

Deputy Head of the Pervomaisky Police District in Minsk

DOB: 26.03.1973

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Deputy Head of the Pervomaisky Police District in Minsk, supervising public security police, Siarhei Artemenko is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted, by his subordinates on citizens detained at the Pervomaiskiy District Police Department of Minsk that occurred in the wake of the 2020 presidential election and for the general brutal crackdown on peaceful protesters. One example is the mistreatment of Maksim Haroshin, a floral shop owner, who was arrested after he gave flowers to the participants of the Women's March on 13 October 2020. Artemenko exerted pressure on citizens not to participate in peaceful demonstrations.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

149.

Aliaksandr Mikhailavich RYDZETSKI

Aleksandr Mikhailovich RIDETSKIY

Аляксандр Міхайлавіч РЫДЗЕЦКІ

Александр Михайлович РИДЕЦКИЙ

Former Head of the Oktyabrskiy District Police Department of Minsk, Head of the Directorate of internal security of the State Forensic Examination Committee

DOB: 14.08.1978

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his former position as the Head of the Oktyabrsky District Police Department of Minsk, Aliandsandr Rydzetski was responsible for the inhuman and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted by his subordinates on citizens detained in that district in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

150.

Dzmitry Iauhenevich BURDZIUK

Dmitry Evgenevich BURDIUK

Дзмітрый Яўгеньевіч БУРДЗЮК

Дмитрий

Евгеньевич БУРДЮК

Head of the Oktyabrsky District Police Department, Former Head of the Partizanski District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 31.01.1980

POB: Brest region, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

In his former position as Head of the Partizanski District Police Department of Minsk, Dzmitry Burdziuk was responsible for overseeing the severe beatings and torture of peaceful protesters and bystanders in that district in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

In December 2020 he was appointed Head of the Oktyabrsky District Police Department.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal identification: 3310180C009PB7

Passport number: MP3567896

 

 

151.

Vital Vitalevich KAPILEVICH

Vitaliy Vitalevich KAPILEVICH

Віталь Вітальевіч КАПІЛЕВІЧ

Виталий Витальевич КАПИЛЕВИЧ

Head of the Leninsky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 26.11.1988

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Head of the Leninsky District Police Department of Minsk, Vital Kapilevich is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained at the Leninsky District Police Department. The detainees were denied medical help; paramedics who arrived at the Department were intimidated to prevent the provision of medical assistance to the detainees.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society.

21.6.2021

152.

Kiryl Stanislavavich KISLOU

Kirill Stanislavovich KISLOV

Кірыл Станіслававіч КІСЛОЎ

Кирилл Станиславович КИСЛОВ

Head of the Zavodsky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 02.01.1979

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Head of the Zavodsky District Police Department of Minsk, Kiryl Kislou is responsible for inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained at the premises of this police station. He is also responsible for mass repressions against peaceful protesters, journalists, human rights activists, workers, representatives of the academic community and bystanders, inflicted by his subordinates.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society.

21.6.2021

153.

Siarhei Aliaksandravich VAREIKA

Sergey Aleksandrovich VAREIKO

Сяргей Аляĸсандравіч ВАРЭЙКА

Сергей Алеĸсандрович ВАРЕЙКО

Head of Moskovski District Police Department of Minsk, former Deputy Head of the Zavodsky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 01.02.1980

POB:

In his former position as Deputy Head of the Zavodsky District Police Siarhei Vareika is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained on the premises of the Zavodsky District Police Department in the wake of the 2020 presidential election. He is also responsible for the actions of his subordinates, who took part in mass repressions against peaceful protesters, journalists, human rights activists, workers, representatives of the academic community and bystanders.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

On 21 December 2020 he was appointed Head of Moskovsky District Police Department of Minsk.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society.

 

154.

Siarhei Feliksavich DUBAVIK

Sergey Feliksovich DUBOVIK

Сяргей Феліĸсавіч ДУБАВІК

Сергей Фелиĸсович ДУБОВИК

Deputy Head of the Leninsky District Police Department

DOB: 01.02.1974

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Head of the Leninsky District Police Department, Siarhei Dubavik is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained on the premises of the Leninsky District Police Department in the wake of the 2020 presidential election. The detainees were denied medical help; paramedics who arrived at the Department were intimidated to prevent the provision of medical assistance to the detainees.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

He is also responsible for the actions of his subordinates, who took part in mass repressions against peaceful protesters, journalists, human rights activists, workers, representatives of the academic community and bystanders.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

155.

Aliaksandr Mechyslavavich ANDRYEUSKI

Alexander (Alexandr) Mechislavovich ANDRIEVSKII

Аляĸсандр Мечыслававіч АНДРЫЕЎСКІ

Алеĸсандр Мечиславович АНДРИЕВСКИЙ

Deputy Head of the Frunzensky District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 29.04.1982

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Deputy Head of the Frunzensky District Police Department in Minsk, Aliaksandr Andryeuski is responsible for inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained on the premises of the Fruzensky District Police Department in the wake of the 2020 presidential election. Detaineees were standing on their knees with heads down for hours, violently beaten, hit with a taser.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

156.

Vital Mikhailavich MAKRYTSKI

Vitalii Mikhailavich MAKRITSKII

Віталь Міхайлавіч МАКРЫЦКІ

Виталий

Михайлович МАКРИЦКИЙ

Deputy Head of the Oktyabrsky District Police Department of Minsk (Until December 17 2020). From December 17 2020 - the Head of the Partizanski District Police Department of Minsk

DOB: 17.02.1975

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his former position as Deputy Head of the Oktyabrsky District Police Department of Minsk, Vital Makrytski was responsible for overseeing the severe beatings and torture of peaceful protesters and bystanders detained on the premises of this police department, in the wake of the 2020 presidential election.

In December 2020 he was promoted to the position of the Head of the Partizanski District Police Department of Minsk.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

157.

Yauhen Aliakseevich URUBLEUSKI

Evgenii Alekseevich VRUBLEVSKII

Яўген Аляĸсеевіч УРУБЛЕЎСКІ

ЕвгенийАлеĸсеевич ВРУБЛЕВСКИЙ

Senior Police Sergeant of the Akrestina Offenders' Isolation Centre

DOB: 28.01 1966

POB:

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as a senior police sergeant of the Akrestina Offenders Isolation Centre. Yauhen Urubleuski is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment, including torture, inflicted on citizens detained in the Offenders’ Detention Centre. According to witnesses and media reports, he personally took part in brutal beatings of civilians detained in August 2020.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations.

21.6.2021

158.

Mikalai Mikalaevich KARPIANKAU

Nikolai Nikolaevich KARPENKOV

Міĸалай Міĸалаевіч КАРПЯНКОЎ

Ниĸолай Ниĸолаевич КАРПЕНКОВ

Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs, Former Head of the Main Department for Combating Organized Crime and Corruption of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

DOB: 06.09.1968

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as the Head of the Main Department for Combating Organized Crime and Corruption of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Mikalai Karpiankau is responsible for the inhumane and degrading treatment inflicted on citizens who participated in peaceful protests and for their arbitrary arrest and detention. Numerous testimonies, photo and video evidence indicate that the group under his command beat and arrested peaceful protestors, threatened them with firearms.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

On 6 September 2020, Karpiankou was filmed as he was smashing a glass door with a baton to the café where peaceful protestors were hiding and brutally detaining them. A recording has been published where he claimed his department would use firearms against the protestors.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

159.

Mikhail Viachaslavavich HRYB

Mikhail Viacheslavovich GRIB

Міхаіл Вячаслававіч ГРЫБ

Михаил Вячеславович ГРИБ

Head of the Main Department of Internal Affairs of the Minsk City Executive Committee

DOB: 29.07.1980

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Mikhail Hryb was Head of the Department of Internal Affairs in the Vitebsk Regional Executive Committee from March 2019 to October 2020, afterwards being appointed Head of the Main Department of Internal Affairs of the Minsk city Executive Committee and assigned the title of major general of militia (police forces).

21.6.2021

 

 

 

 

In this capacity, he is responsible for the actions of police forces, respectively in the Vitebsk region until October 2020 and in Minsk since after October 2020, including violent repression of peaceful protesters and breaches of right to peaceful assembly and free speech, committed by police forces in Vitebsk and Minsk, in the aftermath of the 2020 Belarussian presidential elections.

He is therefore responsible for serious violations of human rights and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

 

160.

Viktar Genadzevich KHRENIN

Viktor Gennadievich KHRENIN

Віктар Генадзевіч ХРЭНІН

Виктор Геннадиевич ХРЕНИН

Minister of Defense

DOB: 01.08.1971

POB: Navahrudak/ Novogrudek, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: Male

Nationality: Belarusian

Rank: Lieutanant General

BY passport number: KH2594621

In his position as Minister of Defense of Belarus since 20 January 2020, Viktar Khrenin is responsible for the decision taken by the Command of the Air Forces and Air Defence Forces, on Lukashenka's instructions, to dispatch military aircraft to escort the forced landing of passenger flight FR4978 in Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021. This politically motivated decision was aimed at arresting and detaining opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

Personal identification: 3010871K003PB1

He has made several public statements, declaring readiness to use the army against peaceful protesters in August 2020 and likening protesters' use of the historical white-red-white flag to Nazi collaborators.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus, and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

 

161.

Ihar Uladzimiravich HOLUB

Igor Vladimirovich GOLUB

Ігар Уладзіміравіч ГОЛУБ

Игорь Владимирович ГОЛУБ

Commander of the Air Force and Air Defence of the Armed Forces

DOB: 19.11.1967

POB: Chernigov, Chernigovskaya oblast, former USSR (now Ukraine)

Gender: Male

Nationality: Belarusian

Rank: Major General

In his position as Commander of the Air Force and Air Defence Forces of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus, Ihar Holub is responsible for the decision taken by the Command of the Air Forces and Air Defence Forces, on Lukashenka's instructions to dispatch military aircraft to escort the forced landing of passenger flight FR4978 in Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021.

This politically motivated decision was aimed at arresting and detaining opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

BY passport number: KH2187962

Personal identification: 3191167E003PB1

Following the incident, Ihar Holub gave press statements together with Belarusian Ministry of Transport Aviation Department Director Artem Sikorsky justifying the actions of the Belarusian aviation authorities.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus, and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

 

162.

Andrei Mikalaevich GURTSEVICH

Andrei Nikolaevich GURTSEVICH

Андрэй Мікалаевіч ГУРЦЕВИЧ

Андрей Николаевич ГУРЦЕВИЧ

Chief of the Main Staff, First Deputy Commander of the Air Force

DOB: 27.07.1971

POB: Baranovich, Brest Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: Male

Nationality: Belarusian

Rank: Major General

In his position as Chief of the Main Staff and First Deputy Commander of the Air Force and Air Defence Forces of the Armed Forces, Andrei Gurtsevich is responsible for the decision taken by the Command of the Air Forces and Air Defence Forces, on Lukashenka's instructions, to dispatch military aircraft to escort the forced landing of passenger flight FR4978 in Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

BY passport number: MP3849920

Personal identification: 3270771C016PB2

This politically motivated decision was aimed at arresting and detaining opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus. Following the incident, he gave press statements justifying the actions of the Belarusian authorities.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus, and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

 

163.

Leanid Mikalaevich CHURO

Leonid Nikolaevich CHURO

Леанід Мікалаевіч ЧУРО

Леонид Николаевич ЧУРО

Director General of BELAERONAVIGATSIA State-Owned Enterprise

DOB: 08.07.1956

POB:

Gender: Male

Nationality: Belarusian

BY passport number: P4289481

Personal identification: 3080756A068PB5

In his position as Director General of the BELAERONAVIGATSIA State-Owned Enterprise, Leanid Churo is responsible for Belarusian air traffic control. He therefore bears responsibility for diverting passenger flight FR4978 to Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021. This politically motivated decision was aimed at arresting and detaining opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus.

He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

164.

Aliaksei Mikalaevich AURAMENKA

Alexey Nikolaevich AVRAMENKO

Аляксей Мікалаевіч АЎРАМЕНКА

Алексей Николаевич АВРАМЕНКО

Minister of Transport and Communications

DOB: 11.05.1977

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: Male

Nationality: Belarusian

BY passport number: MP3102183

Personal identification: 3110577A020PB2

In his position as Minister of Transport and Communications of Belarus, Aliaksei Auramenka is responsible for the state management in the sphere of civil aviation and supervision of air traffic control. He therefore bears responsibility for diverting passenger flight FR4978 to Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021. This politically motivated decision was aimed at arresting and detaining opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus. He is therefore responsible for repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

165.

Artsiom Igaravich SIKORSKI

Artem Igorevich SIKORSKIY

Арцём Ігаравіч СІКОРСКІ

Артем Игоревич СИКОРСКИЙ

Director of the Aviation Department of the Ministry of Transport and Communications

DOB: 1983

POB: Soligorsk, Minsk Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

In his capacity as the Director of the Aviation Department of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of Belarus, Artsiom Sikorski is responsible for the state management in the sphere of civil aviation and supervision of air traffic control. He therefore bears responsibility for diverting passenger flight FR4978 to Minsk on 23 May 2021 without a proper justification. This politically motivated decision was aimed at arresting and detaining the opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition of Belarus.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

Gender: Male

Nationality: Belarusian

BY passport number: MP3785448

Personal identification: 3240483A023PB7

Following the incident, he gave press statements together with Commander of the Air Force and Air Defence Forces of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Belarus, Ihar Holub, justifying the actions of the Belarusian aviation authorities.

He is therefore responsible for repression of civil society and democratic opposition and is supporting the Lukashenka regime.

 

166.

Aleh Siarheevich HAIDUKEVICH

Oleg Sergeevich GAIDUKEVICH

Алег Сяргеевіч ГАЙДУКЕВІЧ

Олег Сергеевич ГАЙДУКЕВИЧ

Deputy Chairman of the Standing Committee on International Affairs in the House of Representatives of the National Assembly, member of the delegation of the National Assembly for contacts with the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

DOB: 26.03.1977

POB: Minsk, former USSR (now Belarus)

Aleh Haidukevich is the Deputy Chairman of the Standing Committee on International Affairs in the House of Representatives of the National Assembly, member of the delegation of the National Assembly for contacts with the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. He made public statements, applauding diverting passenger flight FR4978 to Minsk on 23 May 2021. This politically motivated decision was done without proper justification and was aimed at arresting and detaining opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus.

21.6.2021

 

 

 

Gender: Male

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal identification: 3260377A081PB9

Passport number: MP2663333

Additionally, Aleh Haidukevich made public statements suggesting that Belarusian opposition leaders may be detained abroad and transported to Belarus ‘in a car trunk’, thus supporting the ongoing crackdown of security forces on Belarusian democratic opposition and journalists.

He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

 

▼M43

167.

Ihar Anatolevich KRUCHKOU

Igor Anatolevich KRIUCHKOV

Ігар Анатольевіч КРУЧКОЎ

Игорь Анатольевич КРЮЧКОВ

Head of Separate Service for Active Measures (ASAM) of the Special Forces of the State Border Committee

DOB: 13.4.1976

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID: 3130476M077PB6

In his position as Head of Separate Service for Active Measures (ASAM) of the Special Forces of the State Border Committee, Ihar Kruchkou is responsible for actions of forces under his command, who are involved in the physical transportation of migrants inside Belarus to the border between Belarus and Union Member States. ASAM charges the transported migrants for the border crossing. Those actions are implemented as part of operation ‘Gate’.

He is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

168.

Anatol Piatrovich LAPO

Anatoliy Petrovich LAPPO

Анатоль Пятровіч ЛАПО/ ЛАППО

Анатолии Петрович ЛАППО

Lieutenant General, Chairman of the State Border Committee of the Republic of Belarus (appointed on 29 December 2016), Chief State Border Delegate

DOB: 24.5.1963

POB: Kulakovka, Mogilev Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Passport number: MP4098888

Personal ID: 3240563K033PB5

In his position as Chairman of the State Border Committee, Anatol Lapo is responsible for actions of border control bodies under his command, whose border guards were documented as directing, guiding or forcing migrants to illegally cross the border between Belarus and Union Member States, and whose deliberate failure to carry out their duties properly facilitates attempts by migrants to cross that border.

He is therefore responsible for organising activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

169.

Kanstantsin Henadzevich MOLASTAU

Konstantin Gennadevich MOLOSTOV

Канстанцін Генадзьевіч МОЛАСТАЎ

Константин Геннадьевич МОЛОСТОВ

Colonel, Head of the Grodno Border Group (appointed on 1 October 2014), Military Unit 2141, State Border Delegate

DOB: 30.5.1970

POB: Krasnoarmeysk, Saratov Region, Russian Federation

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Passport number: KH2479999

Personal ID: 3300570K025PB3

In his position as Head of the Grodno Border Group, Kanstantsin Molastau is responsible for actions of border guards under his command. The deliberate failure of the Grodno Border Group to carry out its duties properly facilitates attempts by migrants to cross the border with Union Member States.

He is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

170.

Pavel Mikalaevich KHARCHANKA

Pavel Nikolaevich KHARCHENKO

Павел Мікалаевіч ХАРЧАНКА

Павел Николаевич ХАРЧЕНКО

Head of the Polotsk Border Detachment

DOB: 29.3.1981

POB: Chita, former USSR (now Russian Federation)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Head of the Polotsk Border Detachment, Pavel Kharchanka is responsible for actions of border guards under his command. The deliberate failure of the Polotsk Border Detachment to carry out its duties properly facilitates attempts by migrants to cross the border with Union Member States.

He is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

171.

Ihar Mikalaevich GUTNIK

Igor Nikolaevich GUTNIK

Ігар Мікалаевіч ГУТНІК

Игорь Николаевич ГУТНИК

Head of the Brest Border Group, colonel

DOB: 17.12.1974

POB: Village of Zabolotye, Smolevichi District, Minsk Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Address: 90 Heroes of Defense of the Brest Fortress St., 224018, Brest, Belarus

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Passport number: BM1962867

In his position as Head of the Brest Border Group, Ihar Gutnik, who in 2018 became a deputy of the Brest Regional Council as one of the candidates loyal to Lukashenka, is responsible for actions of border guards under his command. The deliberate failure of the Brest Border Group to carry out its duties properly facilitates attempts by migrants to cross the border with Union Member States.

He is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

172.

Aliaksandr Barysavich DAVIDZIUK

Aleksandr Borisovich DAVIDIUK

Аляксандр Барысавіч ДАВІДЗЮК

Александр Борисович ДАВИДЮК

Colonel, Head of the Lida Border Detachment, Military Unit 1234 (appointed on 27 September 2016), State Border Delegate

Member of Lida District Council of Deputies of the 28th convocation (took office on 2 February 2018)

DOB: 4.5.1973

POB: Novograd-Volynsky, Zhytomyr region, former USSR (now Ukraine)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Passport number: KH2613034

Personal ID : 3040573E050PB7

In his position as Head of the Lida Border Detachment, Aliaksandr Davidziuk is responsible for actions of border guards under his command. The deliberate failure of the Lida Border Detachment to carry out its duties properly facilitates attempts by migrants to cross the border with Union Member States. He is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

173.

Maksim Viktaravich BUTRANETS

Maxim Viktorovich BUTRANETS

Максім Віктаравіч БУТРАНЕЦ

Максим Викторович БУТРАНЕЦ

Head of the Smorgon Border Group, Military Unit 2044 (appointed in March 2018), State Border Delegate

DOB: 12.12.1978

POB: Sverdlovsk, former USSR (now Russian Federation)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as Head of the Smorgon Border Group, Maksim Butranets is responsible for actions of border guards under his command. The deliberate failure of the Smorgon Border Group to carry out its duties properly facilitates attempts by migrants to cross the border with Union Member States. Maksim Butranets also stated that the number of migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border remained at the usual level, despite the substantial increase observed on the Lithuanian side. He is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

174.

Anatol Anatolyevich GLAZ

Anatoliy Anatolyevich GLAZ

Анатоль Анатольевіч ГЛАЗ

Анатолий Анатольевич ГЛАЗ

Head of the Department of Information and Digital Diplomacy (spokesperson) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus

DOB: 31.7.1982

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Anatol Glaz has been Head of the Department of Information and Digital Diplomacy and Spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus since 11 June 2018. In this capacity, he made a number of public statements, supporting the policy of the Lukashenka regime in its latest attempts to facilitate the illegal crossings of the external borders of Union Member States. He also publicly defended the forced landing of passenger flight FR4978 in Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021. This politically motivated decision had the aim of the arrest and detention of opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus.

He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

2.12.2021

175.

Siarhei Aliaksandravich EPIKHAU

Sergei Aleksandrovich EPIKHOV

Сяргей Аляксандравіч ЕПІХАЎ

Сергей Александрович ЕПИХОВ

Judge at the Minsk Regional Court

DOB: 16.5.1966

Address: 38 Timoshenko St., apt. 198, Minsk, Belarus;

59 L.Tolstoy St., apt. 80, Vileika, Belarus;

14 Kedyshko St., apt. 11, Minsk, Belarus

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID : 3160566B046PB4

In his position as judge at the Minsk Regional Court, Siarhei Epikhau is responsible for politically motivated rulings against opposition leaders and activists, in particular the sentencing of Maria Kolesnikova and Maksim Znak, who are considered as political prisoners by human rights organisations. Violations of rights of defence and of the right to a fair trial were reported during trials conducted under his supervision.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

2.12.2021

176.

Ihar Viachaslavavich LIUBAVITSKI

Igor Viacheslavovich LIUBOVITSKI

Ігар Вячаслававіч ЛЮБАВІЦКІ

Игорь Вячеславович ЛЮБОВИЦКИЙ

Judge at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus

DOB: 21.7.1983

Address: Vogel 1K St., apt. 17, Minsk, Belarus

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID: 3210783C002PB2

In his position as judge at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus, Ihar Liubavitski is responsible for politically motivated rulings against opposition leaders, activists and journalists, in particular the sentencing of opposition presidential candidate Viktar Babarika, who is considered a political prisoner by human rights organisations.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

2.12.2021

177.

Siarhei Siarheevich GIRGEL

Sergei Sergeevich GIRGEL

Сяргей Сяргеевіч ГIРГЕЛЬ

Сергей Сергеевич ГИРГЕЛЬ

Senior Prosecutor of the Department of Public Prosecution of the General Prosecutor’s Office

DOB: 16.6.1978

Address: 16 Lidskaya St., apt. 165, Minsk, Belarus

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID: 3160678H018PB5

In his position as the Senior Prosecutor of the Department of Public Prosecution of the General Prosecutor’s Office, Siarhei Girgel has represented the Lukashenka regime in politically motivated cases against opposition leaders and civil society members. In particular he has prosecuted the opposition presidential candidate Viktar Babarika, who is recognised as a political prisoner by human rights organisations. Siarhei Girgel has continuously asked the judge for long-term prison sentences.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

2.12.2021

178.

Valiantsina Genadzeuna KULIK

Valentina Gennadevna KULIK

Валянціна Генадзьеўна КУЛІК

Валентина Геннадьевна КУЛИК

Judge at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus

DOB: 15.1.1960

Address: 54 Angarskaya St., apt. 48, Minsk, Belarus

►C5  Gender: female ◄

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID: 4150160A119PB2

In her position as judge at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus, Valiantsina Kulik is responsible for politically motivated decisions against activists and opposition leaders. In particular she denied Viktar Babarika’s complaint to initiate a civil case based on his complaints against the Central Electoral Commission’s decision to refuse registration as a presidential candidate.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

2.12.2021

179.

Andrei Andreevich PRAKAPUK

Andrey Andreevich PROKOPUK

Андрэй Андрэевіч ПРАКАПУК

Андрей Андреевич ПРОКОПУК

Deputy Director of the Financial Investigations Department of the State Control Committee of the Republic of Belarus

Colonel of the Financial Police

DOB: 22.7.1973

POB: Kobrin, Brest region, Belarus

Address: 22 Mira St., apt. 88, Priluki, Minsk Region, Belarus

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID : 3220773C061PB1

In his position as the Deputy Director of the Financial Investigations Department of the State Control Committee of the Republic of Belarus, Andrei Prakapuk is responsible for politically motivated campaigns of that department against journalists and independent Belarusian media outlets. He personally approved a decision to search the premises of independent media outlet TUT.by and initiated a court case into TUT.by and the journalists employed by TUT.by, as well as blocking access to the TUT.by website.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition as well as for seriously undermining the rule of law.

2.12.2021

180.

Ihar Anatolevich MARSHALAU

Igor Anatolevich MARSHALOV

Ігар Анатольевіч МАРШАЛАЎ

Игорь Анатольевич МАРШАЛОВ

Deputy Chairman of the State Control Committee, Director of the Financial Investigations Department of the State Control Committee

Major General of Financial Police

DOB: 12.1.1972

POB: Shkolv, Mogilev Region/ Oblast, former USSR (now Belarus)

Address: 15 Shchukina St., Minsk, Belarus;

43A Franciska St., apt. 41, Minsk, Belarus

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID : 3120172H018PB4

Ihar Marshalau is the Deputy Chairman of the State Control Committee of Belarus and Director of the Financial Investigations Department of the State Control Committee. In that position, he is responsible for initiating the politically motivated tax evasion case against the media outlet TUT.by, allegedly based on Article 243 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Belarus, which threatens the freedom of media in Belarus. He is also responsible for the searches conducted in May 2021 at the office of TUT.by in Minsk, at regional offices and at the homes of several TUT.by staff.

He is also responsible for the detention of members of the Belarus Press Club in December 2020, a search and confiscation of items at the office of Rights of People with Disabilities including the violent interrogation of Aleh Hrableuski and Syarhei Drazdouski in January 2021, the detention of and tax evasion charges on member of the Coordination Council Liliya Ulasava, as well as the searches and detentions affecting employees of PandaDoc software company, who was running the initiative ‘Protect Belarus’, in September 2021.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and the repression of civil society and democratic opposition as well as for seriously undermining the rule of law.

2.12.2021

181.

Hanna Mikhailauna SAKALOUSKAYA

Anna Mikhaylovna SOKOLOVSKAYA

Ганна Міхайлаўна САКАЛОЎСКАЯ

Анна Михайловна СОКОЛОВСКАЯ

Judge of the Judicial Collegium for Civil Cases at the Supreme Court

DOB: 18.9.1955

Address: 22 Surhanava St., apt. 1, Minsk, Belarus

►C5  Gender: female ◄

Nationality: Belarusian

Personal ID: 4180955A015P80

In her position as judge at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Belarus, Hanna Sakalouskaya is responsible for the politically motivated decision to liquidate the Belarus PEN Center – a Belarusian civil society organisation. She is also responsible for a politically motivated decision leading up to the liquidation of the Belarus Helsinki Committee (BHC), as on 2 September 2021 she dismissed the complaint from BHC concerning the warning directed towards BHC by the Belarusian Ministry of Justice.

She is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

2.12.2021

182.

Marat Siarheevich MARKAU

Marat Sergeevich MARKOV

Марат Сяргеевіч МАРКАЎ

Марат Сергеевич МАРКОВ

Chairman of the Management Board of State-controlled TV channel ONT, host of the ‘Markov: Nothing Personal’ programme

DOB: 1.5.1969

POB: Luninets, former USSR (now Belarus)

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

Marat Markau is the Chairman of the Management Board of State-controlled TV channel ONT and the host of the ‘Markov: Nothing Personal’ programme. In this position he has been willingly providing the Belarusian public with false information about the outcome of elections, protests and the repression perpetrated by the State authorities, and the circumstances of the forced landing of passenger flight FR4978 in Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021. He is directly responsible for the way in which the ONT channel presents information about the situation in the country, thus lending support to the authorities, including Lukashenka. He is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

Markov conducted the first forced interview with Raman Pratasevich, after Pratasevich was detained and according to numerous reports tortured by the Belarusian authorities. Markov also threatened and intimidated ONT workers who were striking in the wake of fraudulent 2020 presidential elections and authorities’ crackdown. He is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

2.12.2021

183.

Dzmitry Siarheevich KARSIUK

Dmitriy Sergeevich KARSIUK

Дзмітрый Сяргеевіч КАРСЮК

Дмитрий Сергеевич КАРСЮК

Judge at the Central District of the City of Minsk Court

DOB: 7.7.1995

Gender: male

Nationality: Belarusian

In his position as judge at the Central District of the City of Minsk Court, Dzmitriy Karsiuk is responsible for numerous politically motivated rulings against peaceful protesters, in particular the sentencing of Yahor Viarshynin, Pavel Lukoyanov, Artsiom Sakovich and Mikalai Shemetau, who are recognised as political prisoners by Belarusian Human rights organisation Viasna. He has sentenced people to penal colony, prison and house arrest for taking part in peaceful protests, posts on social media, use of the white-red-white flag of Belarus and other exercises of civil freedoms.

He is therefore responsible for serious human rights violations and for seriously undermining the rule of law, as well as for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

2.12.2021

▼M35

B.   Legal persons, entities and bodies referred to in Article 2(1)

▼M45



 

Names

(Transliteration of Belarusian spelling)

(Transliteration of Russian spelling)

Names

(Belarusian spelling)

(Russian spelling)

Identifying information

Reasons for listing

Date of listing

1.

Beltechexport

Белтехэкспорт

Address: Nezavisimosti Ave. 86-B, Minsk, Belarus

Website: https://bte.by/

E-mail address: mail@bte.by

Beltechexport is a private entity which exports weapons and military equipment produced by Belarusian state-owned companies to countries in Africa, South America, Asia and the Middle East. Beltechexport is closely associated with the Ministry of Defence of Belarus.

Beltechexport is therefore benefitting from its association with and supporting the Lukashenka regime, by bringing benefits to the presidential administration.

17.12.2020

2.

Dana Holdings

ТАА ‘Дана Холдынгз’

ООО ‘Дана Холдингз’

Address: Peter Mstislavets St. 9, pom. 3 (office 4), 220076 Minsk, Belarus

Registration number: 690611860

Websites: https://bir.by/; https://en.dana-holdings.com; https://dana-holdings.com/

E-mail address: info@bir.by

Tel.: +375 (29) 636-23-91

Dana Holdings is one of the main real estate developers and constructors in Belarus. The company and its subsidiaries received development rights for plots of land and developed several large residential complexes and business centres.

Individuals reportedly representing Dana Holdings maintain close relations with President Lukashenka. Liliya Lukashenka, daughter-in-law of the President, had a high-ranking position in Dana Astra.

Dana Holdings is still active economically in Belarus.

Dana Holdings is therefore benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

3.

Dana Astra

ЗТАА ‘Дана Астра’

ИООО ‘Дана Астра’

Address: Peter Mstislavets St. 9, pom. 9-13, 220076 Minsk, Belarus

Registration number: 191295361

Websites: https://bir.by/; https://en.dana-holdings.com; https://dana-holdings.com/

E-mail address: PR@bir.by

Tel.: +375 (17) 269-32-60; +375 17 269-32-51

Dana Astra, previously a subsidiary of Dana Holdings, is one of the main real estate developers and constructors in Belarus. The company received development rights for plots of land and is developing the multifunctional centre ‘Minsk World’, which is advertised by the company as the biggest investment of its kind in Europe.

Individuals reportedly representing Dana Astra maintain close relations with President Lukashenka. Liliya Lukashenka, daughter-in-law of the President, had a high-ranking position in the company.

Dana Astra is therefore benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

4.

GHU – Main Economic Department of the Presidential Administration

Главное хозяйственное управление

Address: Miasnikova St. 37, Minsk, Belarus

Website: http://ghu.by

E-mail address: ghu@ghu.by

Main Economic Department (GHU) of the Presidential Administration is the largest operator on the non-residential real estate market in the Republic of Belarus and a supervisor of numerous companies.

Victor Sheiman, who as the former head of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate exercised direct control over GHU, was asked by President Aliaksandr Lukashenka to supervise the safety of the 2020 presidential elections.

GHU is therefore benefitting from its association with and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

17.12.2020

5.

SYNESIS LLC

ООО ‘Синезис’

Address: Platonova 20B, 220005 Minsk, Belarus; Mantulinskaya 24, 123100 Moscow, Russia

Registration number: 190950894 (Belarus); 7704734000/

770301001 (Russia)

Website: https://synesis.partners; https://synesis-group.com/

E-mail address: yuriy.serbenkov@synesis.by

Tel.: +375 (17) 240-36-50

Synesis LLC provides the Belarusian authorities with a surveillance platform, which can search through and analyse video footage and employ facial recognition software, making the company responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition by the state apparatus in Belarus.

Synesis employees are forbidden from communicating in Belarusian, thereby supporting the Lukashenka regime's policy of discrimination on the basis of language.

The Belarusian State Security Committee (KGB) and Ministry of Internal Affairs are listed as users of a system created by Synesis. The company is therefore benefitting from its association with and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

Synesis former head, founder and former majority shareholder Alexander Shatrov publicly criticised those protesting against the Lukashenka regime and relativized the lack of democracy in Belarus.

17.12.2020

6.

AGAT electromechanical Plant OJSC

Агат-электромеханический завод

Address: Nezavisimosti Ave. 115, 220114 Minsk, Belarus

Website: https://agat-emz.by/

E-mail address: marketing@agat-emz.by

Tel.:

+375 (17) 272-01-32;

+375 (17) 570-41-45

AGAT electromechanical Plant OJSC is part of the Belarusian State Authority for Military Industry of the Republic of Belarus (a.k.a. SAMI or State Military Industrial Committee), which is responsible for implementing the military-technical policy of the State and a subordinate to the Council of Ministers and President of Belarus.

AGAT electromechanical Plant OJSC is therefore benefitting from its association with and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

The company manufactures ‘Rubezh’ – a barrier system designed for riot control that has been deployed against peaceful demonstrations that took place in the wake of the presidential elections held on 9 August 2020, thus making the company responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

7.

140 Repair Plant

140 ремонтный завод

Website: 140zavod.org

140 Repair Plant is part of the Belarussian State Authority for Military Industry of the Republic of Belarus (a.k.a. SAMI or State Military Industrial Committee), which is responsible for implementing the military-technical policy of the State and a subordinate to the Council of Ministers and President of Belarus. 140 Repair Plant is therefore benefitting from its association with and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

The company manufactures transport vehicles and armoured vehicles, which have been deployed against peaceful demonstrations that took place in the wake of the presidential elections held on 9 August 2020, thus making the company responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

17.12.2020

8.

MZKT (a.k.a. VOLAT)

МЗКТ - Минский завод колёсных тягачей

Website: www.mzkt.by

MZKT (a.k.a. VOLAT) is part of the Belarusian State Authority for Military Industry of the Republic of Belarus (a.k.a. SAMI or State Military Industrial Committee), which is responsible for implementing the military-technical policy of the State and a subordinate to the Council of Ministers and the President of Belarus. MZKT (a.k.a. VOLAT) is therefore benefitting from its association with and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

Employees of MZKT who protested during the visit of Aliaksandr Lukashenka to the factory and went on strike in the wake of the 2020 presidential elections in Belarus were fired, which makes the company responsible for violation of human rights.

17.12.2020

9.

Sohra Group / Sohra LLC

ООО Сохра

Address: Revolucyonnaya 17/19, office no. 22, 220030 Minsk, Belarus

Registration number: 192363182

Website: http://sohra.by/

E-mail address: info@sohra.by

Sohra company was owned by Aliaksandr Zaitsau, one of the most influential businessmen in Belarus, a person with close connections to the Belarusian political establishment and a close aide to Lukashenka's eldest son Viktor. Sohra promotes Belarusian industrial products in countries in Africa and the Middle East. It co-founded the defence company BSVT-New Technologies, engaged in weapons production and missile modernisation. Sohra, using its privileged position, serves as a proxy between the Belarusian political establishment and state-owned companies and foreign partners in Africa and the Middle East. It also engaged in gold mining in African countries on the basis of concessions obtained by the Lukashenka regime.

Sohra Group is therefore benefitting from the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

10.

Bremino Group LLC

ООО ‘Бремино групп’

Address: Niamiha 40, 220004 Minsk, Belarus; Bolbasovo village, Zavodskaya 1k, Orsha Region/Oblast, Belarus

Registration number: 691598938

Website: http://www.bremino.by

E-mail address: office@bremino.by; marketing@bremino.by

Bremino Group is the initiator and co-administrator of the Bremino-Orsha special economic zone project, created by a presidential decree signed by Aliaksandr Lukashenka. The company has received state support for developing the Bremino-Orsha zone, as well as a number of financial and tax advantages and other benefits. The owners of Bremino Group - Aliaksandr Zaitsau, Mikalai Varabei and Aliaksei Aleksin - belong to the inner circle of Lukashenka-related businessmen and maintain close relations with Lukashenka and his family.

Bremino Group is therefore benefitting from the Lukashenka regime.

Bremino Group is the owner of Transport and Logistics Center (TLC) on the Belarusian-Polish border - Bremino-Bruzgi, which was used by the Lukashenka regime as a shelter for migrants who have been transported to the Belarusian-Union border with the aim of illegally crossing it. Bremino-Bruzgi TLC was also a site of Lukashenka's propaganda visit to the migrants.

Bremino Group is therefore contributing to the activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

21.6.2021

11.

Globalcustom Management LLC

ООО ‘Глобалкастом-менеджмент’

Address: Nemiga 40/301, Minsk, Belarus

Registration number: 193299162

Website: https://globalcustom.by/

E-mail address: info@globalcustom.by

Globalcustom Management is associated with the Belarus President Property Management Directorate, formerly headed by Victor Sheiman, who has been designated by the Union since 2004. The company is involved in the smuggling of goods to Russia, which would not be possible without the consent of the Lukashenka regime, which controls the border guards and customs. The privileged position in the flower export sector to Russia, from which the company benefits, is also conditioned on the support of the regime. Globalcustom Management was the first owner of the GardService, the only private company to whom Lukashenka granted the use of weapons. Globalcustom Management is therefore benefitting from the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

12.

Belarusski Avtomobilnyi Zavod (BelAZ) / OJSC ‘BELAZ’

Open Joint Stock Company ‘BELAZ’ - Management Company of Holding ‘BELAZ-HOLDING’

ААТ ‘БЕЛАЗ’

ОАО ‘БЕЛАЗ’

Address: 40 let Octyabrya St. 4, 222161, Zhodino, Minsk Region/Oblast, Belarus

Website: https://belaz.by

OJSC BelAZ is one of the leading state-owned companies in Belarus and one of the largest manufacturers of large trucks and large dump trucks in the world. It is a source of significant revenue for the Lukashenka regime. Lukashenka stated that the government will always support the company, and described it as a ‘Belarusian brand’ and ‘part of the national legacy’. OJSC BelAZ has offered its premises and equipment to stage a political rally in support of the Lukashenka regime. Therefore OJSC BelAZ benefits from and supports the Lukashenka regime.

The employees of OJSC BelAZ who took part in strikes and peaceful protests in the aftermath of the fraudulent August 2020 elections in Belarus were threatened with layoffs and intimidated by the company management. A group of employees was locked indoors by OJSC BelAZ to prevent them from joining the other protesters. The company management presented a strike to the media as a staff meeting. Therefore OJSC BelAZ is responsible for the repression of civil society and supports the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

13.

Minskii Avtomobilnyi Zavod (MAZ) / OJSC ‘MAZ’

Open Joint Stock Company ‘Minsk Automobile Works’ - Management Company of ‘BELAVTOMAZ’ Holding

ААТ ‘Мiнскi аўтамабiльны завод’

ОАО ‘Минский автомобильный завод’

Address: Socialisticheskaya 2, 220021 Minsk, Belarus

Website: http://maz.by/

Date of registration: 16.7.1944

Tel.: +375 (17) 217-22-22; +8000 217-22-22

OJSC Minsk Automobile Plant (MAZ) is one of the biggest state-owned automotive manufacturers in Belarus. Lukashenka described it as ‘one of the most important industrial enterprises of the country’. It is a source of revenue for the Lukashenka regime. OJSC MAZ has offered its premises and equipment to stage a political rally in support of the regime. Therefore, OJSC MAZ benefits from and supports the Lukashenka regime.

Employees of OJSC MAZ who took part in strikes and peaceful protests in the aftermath of fraudulent August 2020 elections in Belarus were intimidated and later laid off by the company's management. A group of employees was locked indoors by OJSC MAZ to prevent them from joining the other protesters. Therefore, OJSC MAZ is responsible for the repression of civil society and supports the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

14.

Logex

ТАА ‘Лагекс’

ООО ‘Логекс’

Address: 24 Kommunisticheskaya St., office 2, Minsk, Belarus

Registration number: 192695465

Website: http://logex.by/

E-mail address: info@logex.by

Logex is associated with Aliaksandr Shakutsin, a businessman close to the Lukashenka regime, who has been designated by the Union.

The company is involved in the export of flowers to the Russian Federation at dumped prices, which would not be possible without the consent of the regime, which controls the border guards and customs. The privileged position in the flower export sector to Russia, from which the company benefits, is conditioned on the support of the regime. The main Belarusian suppliers of cut flowers are the companies that are closely connected with the leadership of the republic.

Logex is therefore benefitting from the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

15.

JSC ‘NNK’ (Novaia naftavaia kampania) / New Oil Company

ЗАТ ‘ННК’ (Новая нафтавая кампанiя)

ЗАО ‘ННК’ (Новая нефтяная компания)

Address: Rakovska St. 14W room 7, 5th floor, Minsk, Belarus

Registration number: 193402282

Novaya Neftnaya Kompaniya (NNK), New Oil company, is an entity founded in March 2020. It is the only private company entitled to export oil products from Belarus - an indication of close links to the authorities and the highest level of state privileges. NNK is owned by Interservice, a company belonging to Mikalai Varabei who is one of the leading businessmen benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime. NNK is also reported to be connected to Aliaksei Aleksin, another prominent Belarusian businessman who benefits from the Lukashenka regime. According to media reports, Aleskin was the founder of NNK alongside Varabei. NNK was also used by the Belarusian authorities to adapt the Belarusian economy to restrictive measures introduced by the Union.

NNK is therefore benefitting from the Lukashenka regime.

21.6.2021

16.

Belaeronavigatsia

State-owned enterprise

Белаэранавiгацыя

Дзяржаўнае прадпрыемства

Белаэронавигация

Государственное предприятие

Address: 19 Korotkevich St., 220039 Minsk, Belarus

Date of registration: 1996

Website: http://www.ban.by/

E-mail address: office@ban.by

Tel.: +375 (17) 215-40-51

Fax: +375 (17) 213-41-63

The state-owned enterprise Belaeronavigatsia is responsible for Belarusian air traffic control. It therefore bears responsibility for diverting passenger flight FR4978 to Minsk airport without proper justification on 23 May 2021. This politically motivated decision was taken with the aim of arresting and detaining opposition journalist Raman Pratasevich and Sofia Sapega and is a form of repression against civil society and democratic opposition in Belarus.

The state-owned enterprise Belaeronavigatsia is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society and democratic opposition.

21.6.2021

17.

Open Joint Stock Company ‘Belavia Belarusian Airlines’

ААТ ‘Авiякампанiя Белавiя’

ОАО ‘Авиакомпания Белавиа’

Address: 14A Nemiga St., 220004 Minsk, Belarus

Date of registration: 4.1.1996

Registration number: 600390798

OJSC Belavia Belarusian Airlines is the state-owned national flag carrier airline. Aliaksandr Lukashenka promised that his administration would provide all possible support to Belavia after the Union decided to introduce a prohibition on the overflight of Union airspace and on access to Union airports by all Belarusian air carriers. To that end, he agreed with the Russian President Vladimir Putin on planning the opening of new airline routes for Belavia.

Belavia's management also told its employees not to protest against the election irregularities and mass detentions in Belarus, in view of the fact that Belavia is a state-owned enterprise.

Belavia is therefore benefitting from and supporting the Lukashenka regime.

Belavia has been involved in bringing migrants from the Middle East to Belarus. Migrants wishing to cross the Union's external border have been flying to Minsk on board flights operated by Belavia from a number of Middle Eastern countries, in particular Lebanon, UAE and Turkey. In order to facilitate this, Belavia opened new air routes and expanded the number of flights on existing routes. Local tour operators have acted as intermediaries in selling Belavia tickets to prospective migrants, thereby helping Belavia to keep a low profile.

Belavia is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

18.

Republican unitary enterprise ‘TSENTRKURORT’

Рэспублiканскае унiтарнае прадпрыемства ‘ЦЭНТРКУРОРТ’

Республиканское унитарное предприятие ‘ЦЕНТРКУРОРТ’

Address: 39 Myasnikova St., 220030 Minsk, Belarus

Date of registration: 12.8.2003

Registration number: 100726604

State-owned tourism company Tsentrkurort is part of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate. Tsentrkurort is reported to be one of the companies coordinating the flow of migrants that intend to cross the border between Belarus and the Union. Tsentrkurort helped at least 51 Iraqi citizens acquire visas for their visit to Belarus, and signed a contract for transportation services with Belarusian company Stroitur, which offers bus rentals with drivers. Buses booked by Tsentrkurort transported migrants, including children, from Minsk airport to hotels.

Tsentrkurort is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

19.

Oskartour LLC

ООО Оскартур

Address: 25 Karl Marx St., room 1n, Minsk, Belarus

Date of registration: 18.10.2016

Registration number: 192721937

Oskartour is a tour operator, which facilitated the obtainment of visas for migrants coming from Iraq and organised their subsequent travel to Belarus by flights from Bagdad to Minsk. Those Iraqi migrants were later transported to the Belarusian-Union border with the aim of illegally crossing it. Thanks to Oskartour and its contacts with Iraqi airlines, Belarusian authorities and the state-owned Tsentrkurort company, regular flights from Baghdad to Minsk were launched by the Iraqi air carrier, in order to bring more persons to Belarus to illegally cross the external borders of the Union. Oskartour took part in this illegal border-crossing scheme carried out by Belarusian security services and state-owned companies.

It is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

20.

Republican subsidiary unitary enterprise ‘Hotel Minsk’

Гатэль ‘Мiнск’

Республиканское дочернее унитарное предприятие “Отель ‘Минск’

Address: 11 Nezavisimosti Ave., Minsk, Belarus

Date of registration: 26.12.2016/3.4.2017

Registration number: 192750964

Website: http://hotelminsk.by/

E-mail address: hotelminsk@udp.gov.by; marketing@hotelminsk.by

Tel.: +375 (17) 209-90-61

Fax: +375 (17) 200-00-72

Hotel Minsk is a subsidiary company of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate – a government agency that directly reports to the President. Hotel Minsk took part in the illegal border-crossing scheme carried out by Belarusian security services and state-owned companies. Migrants were accommodated in the hotel before being transported to the border between Belarus and the Union in order to illegally cross it. Iraqi migrants had listed Hotel Minsk as a temporary residence in their Belarusian visa applications, which were lodged immediately before their arrival in Belarus.

Hotel Minsk is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

21.

Open Joint Stock Company ‘Hotel Planeta’

ААТ ‘Гасцiнiца Планета’

OAO ‘Гостиница Планета’

Address: 31 Pobediteley Ave., Minsk, Belarus

Date of registration: 1.2.1994/6.3.2000

Registration number: 100135173

Website: https://hotelplaneta.by/

E-mail address: planeta@udp.gov.by

Tel.: +375 (17) 226-78-53

Fax: +375 (17) 226-78-55

OJSC Hotel Planeta is a subsidiary company of the Belarus President Property Management Directorate – a government agency that directly reports to the President. Hotel Planeta took part in the illegal border-crossing scheme carried out by Belarusian security services and state-owned companies. Migrants were accommodated in the hotel before being transported to the border between Belarus and the Union in order to illegally cross it. They paid USD 1 000 to a travel agent in Baghdad for the flight, a tourist visa and a stay in the hotel.

Hotel Planeta is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

22.

ASAM (Asobnaia sluzhba aktyunykh merapryemstvau)

OSAM (Otdiel'naya sluzhba aktivnykh mieropriyatiy)

Асобная служба актыўных мерапрыемстваў (АСАМ)

Отдельная служба активных мероприятий (ОСАМ)

Address: State Border Committee of the Republic of Belarus, 24 Volodarsky St., 220050 Minsk, Belarus

ASAM (Separate Service for Active Measures) is a Belarusian special border guard unit controlled by Viktar Lukashenka and headed by Ihar Kruchkou. ASAM forces under special operation ‘Gate’ organise illegal border crossings through Belarus to Union Member States and are directly involved in the physical transportation of migrants to the other side of the border. ASAM additionally charges the transported migrants for the border crossing.

ASAM is therefore contributing to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

23.

Cham Wings Airlines

 

Address: P.O. Box 30588 Damascus, Syria

Website: https://chamwings.com/

Cham Wings Airlines is an operator of charter flights from Syria to Belarus. The company increased the number of flights from Damascus to Minsk since the summer of 2021 in order to transport migrants to Belarus who intended to illegally cross the external borders of the Union. In autumn 2021, Cham Wings also opened two new offices in Minsk in order to be able to organise the flights between Damascus and Minsk.

Cham Wings Airlines therefore contributes to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

24.

VIP Grub

 

Address: Büyükdere Cad., No:201, Istanbul, Turkey

VIP Grub is a passport and visa service based in Istanbul, Turkey, which organises trips to Belarus with the explicit intention of facilitating migration to the Union. VIP Grub actively advertises migration to the Union. VIP Grub therefore contributes to activities by the Lukashenka regime that facilitate the illegal crossing of the external borders of the Union.

2.12.2021

25.

Open Joint Stock Company ‘Grodno Azot’

Including Branch ‘Khimvolokno Plant’ JSC ‘Grodno Azot’

ААТ ‘Гродна Азот’

ОАО ‘Гродно Азот’

Фiлiял ‘Завод Хiмвалакно’ ААТ ‘Гродна Азот’

Филиал ‘Завод Химволокно’ ОАО ‘Гродно Азот’

Address: 100 Kosmonavtov Ave., Grodno/Hrodna, Belarus

Date of registration: 1965

Registration number: 500036524

Website: https://azot.by/en/

Address: 4 Slavinskogo St., 230026 Grodno/Hrodna, Belarus

Date of registration: 12.5.2000

Registration number: 590046884

Website: www.grodno-khim.by

E-mail address: office@grodno-khim.by; market@grodno-khim.by; ppm@grodno-khim.by; tnp@grodno-khim.by

Tel./Fax: +375 (152) 39-19-00; +375 (152) 39-19-44

OJSC Grodno Azot is a large state-owned producer of nitrogen compounds, based in Grodno/Hrodna. Lukashenka described it as ‘a very important enterprise, a strategic one’. Grodno Azot also owns Khimvolokno Plant, which is a large manufacturer of polyamide and polyester and composite materials. Grodno Azot and its Khimvolokno Plant are a source of substantial revenue for the Lukashenka regime. Grodno Azot is therefore supporting the Lukashenka regime.

Lukashenka visited the company and met with its representatives, discussing the plant's modernisation and various forms of State support. Lukashenka also promised that a loan would be used for the construction of a new nitrogen plant in Grodno/Hrodna. Grodno Azot is therefore benefitting from the Lukashenka regime.

The workers of Grodno Azot, including its employees at the Khimvolokno Plant, who participated in peaceful protests against the regime and went on strike, were dismissed, intimidated and threatened both by the Grodno Azot management and regime representatives. Grodno Azot is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society.

2.12.2021

26.

State Production Association ‘Belorusneft’

Дзяржаўнае вытворчае аб'яднанне ‘Беларуснафта’

Государственное производственное объединение ‘Белоруснефть’

Address: 9 Rogachevskaya St., 246003 Gomel/Homyel, Belarus

Date of registration: 25.2.1966

Registration number: 400051902

Belorusneft is a state-owned company, operating in the petrochemical sector. The company's management dismissed workers who went on strike, took part in anti-regime protests or publicly supported those protests. Belorusneft is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society.

2.12.2021

27.

Open Joint Stock Company ‘Belshina’

AAT ‘Белшина’

ОАО ‘Белшина’

Address: 4 Minskoe Shosse St., 213824 Bobruisk, Belarus

Date of registration: 10.1.1994

Registration number: 700016217

Website: http://www.belshinajsc.by/

OJSC Belshina is one of the leading state-owned companies in Belarus and a large manufacturer of vehicle tyres. As such, it is a substantial source of revenue for the Lukashenka regime. The Belarusian State is directly profiting from the earnings made by Belshina. Therefore, Belshina supports the Lukashenka regime.

Employees of Belshina who protested and went on strike in the wake of the 2020 presidential elections in Belarus were dismissed. Belshina is therefore responsible for the repression of civil society.

2.12.2021

▼M3




ANNEX II

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Websites for information on the competent authorities referred to in Articles 3, 4(2), and 5, and address for notifications to the European Commission

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BELGIUM

https://diplomatie.belgium.be/en/policy/policy_areas/peace_and_security/sanctions

BULGARIA

https://www.mfa.bg/en/EU-sanctions

CZECHIA

www.financnianalytickyurad.cz/mezinarodni-sankce.html

DENMARK

http://um.dk/da/Udenrigspolitik/folkeretten/sanktioner/

GERMANY

https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Artikel/Aussenwirtschaft/embargos-aussenwirtschaftsrecht.html

ESTONIA

https://vm.ee/et/rahvusvahelised-sanktsioonid

IRELAND

https://www.dfa.ie/our-role-policies/ireland-in-the-eu/eu-restrictive-measures/

GREECE

http://www.mfa.gr/en/foreign-policy/global-issues/international-sanctions.html

SPAIN

https://www.exteriores.gob.es/es/PoliticaExterior/Paginas/SancionesInternacionales.aspx

FRANCE

http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/autorites-sanctions/

CROATIA

https://mvep.gov.hr/vanjska-politika/medjunarodne-mjere-ogranicavanja/22955

ITALY

https://www.esteri.it/it/politica-estera-e-cooperazione-allo-sviluppo/politica_europea/misure_deroghe/

CYPRUS

https://mfa.gov.cy/themes/

LATVIA

http://www.mfa.gov.lv/en/security/4539

LITHUANIA

http://www.urm.lt/sanctions

LUXEMBOURG

https://maee.gouvernement.lu/fr/directions-du-ministere/affaires-europeennes/organisations-economiques-int/mesures-restrictives.html

HUNGARY

https://kormany.hu/kulgazdasagi-es-kulugyminiszterium/ensz-eu-szankcios-tajekoztato

MALTA

https://foreignandeu.gov.mt/en/Government/SMB/Pages/SMB-Home.aspx

NETHERLANDS

https://www.rijksoverheid.nl/onderwerpen/internationale-sancties

AUSTRIA

https://www.bmeia.gv.at/themen/aussenpolitik/europa/eu-sanktionen-nationale-behoerden/

POLAND

https://www.gov.pl/web/dyplomacja/sankcje-miedzynarodowe

https://www.gov.pl/web/diplomacy/international-sanctions

PORTUGAL

https://www.portaldiplomatico.mne.gov.pt/politica-externa/medidas-restritivas

ROMANIA

http://www.mae.ro/node/1548

SLOVENIA

http://www.mzz.gov.si/si/omejevalni_ukrepi

SLOVAKIA

https://www.mzv.sk/europske_zalezitosti/europske_politiky-sankcie_eu

FINLAND

https://um.fi/pakotteet

SWEDEN

https://www.regeringen.se/sanktioner

Address for notifications to the European Commission:

European Commission

Directorate-General for Financial Stability, Financial Services and Capital Markets Union (DG FISMA)

Rue de Spa 2

B-1049 Brussels, Belgium

E-mail: relex-sanctions@ec.europa.eu

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ANNEX III

List of equipment which might be used for internal repression as referred to in Article 1a and Article 1b

1. Fire-arms, ammunition and related accessories therefor, as follows:

1.1. 

Firearms not controlled by ML 1 and ML 2 of the Common Military List of the European Union ( 7 ) (‘Common Military List’);

1.2. 

Ammunition specially designed for the firearms listed in item 1.1 and specially designed components therefor;

1.3. 

Weapon-sights not controlled by the Common Military List.

2. Bombs and grenades not controlled by the Common Military List.

3. Vehicles as follows:

3.1. 

Vehicles equipped with a water cannon, specially designed or modified for the purpose of riot control;

3.2. 

Vehicles specially designed or modified to be electrified to repel borders;

3.3. 

Vehicles specially designed or modified to remove barricades, including construction equipment with ballistic protection;

3.4. 

Vehicles specially designed for the transport or transfer of prisoners and/or detainees;

3.5. 

Vehicles specially designed to deploy mobile barriers;

3.6. 

Components for the vehicles specified in items 3.1 to 3.5 specially designed for the purposes of riot control.

Note 1   This item does not control vehicles specially designed for the purposes of fire-fighting.

Note 2   For the purposes of item 3.5 the term ‘vehicles’ includes trailers.

4. Explosive substances and related equipment as follows:

4.1. 

Equipment and devices specially designed to initiate explosions by electrical or non-electrical means, including firing sets, detonators, igniters, boosters and detonating cord, and specially designed components therefor; except those specially designed for a specific commercial use consisting of the actuation or operation by explosive means of other equipment or devices the function of which is not the creation of explosions (e.g., car air-bag inflaters, electric-surge arresters of fire sprinkler actuators);

4.2. 

Linear cutting explosive charges not controlled by the Common Military List;

4.3. 

Other explosives not controlled by the Common Military List and related substances as follows:

a. 

amatol;

b. 

nitrocellulose (containing more than 12,5 % nitrogen);

c. 

nitroglycol;

d. 

pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN);

e. 

picryl chloride;

f. 

2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT).

5. Protective equipment not controlled by ML 13 of the Common Military List as follows:

5.1. 

Body armour providing ballistic and/or stabbing protection;

5.2. 

Helmets providing ballistic and/or fragmentation protection, anti-riot helmets, antiriot shields and ballistic shields.

Note: This item does not control:

— 
equipment specially designed for sports activities,
— 
equipment specially designed for safety of work requirements,

6. Simulators, other than those controlled by ML 14 of the Common Military List, for training in the use of firearms, and specially designed software therefor.

7. Night vision, thermal imaging equipment and image intensifier tubes, other than those controlled by the Common Military List.

8. Razor barbed wire.

9. Military knives, combat knives and bayonets with blade lengths in excess of 10 cm.

▼M40

9a. Riot control agents, as defined by article 1A004.a.4 of the Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/1749 of 7 October 2020 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items.

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10. Production equipment specially designed for the items specified in this list.

11. Specific technology for the development, production or use of the items specified in this list.

▼M40




ANNEX IV

EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY AND SOFTWARE REFERRED TO IN ARTICLES 1c AND 1d

General note

Notwithstanding the contents of this Annex, it shall not apply to:

(a) 

equipment, technology or software which are specified in Annex I to Council Regulation (EC) No 428/2009 ( 8 ) or the Common Military List; or

(b) 

software which is designed for installation by the user without further substantial support by the supplier and which is generally available to the public by being sold from stock at retail selling points, without restriction, by means of:

(i) 

over the counter transactions;

(ii) 

mail order transactions;

(iii) 

electronic transactions; or

(iv) 

telephone order transactions; or

(c) 

software which is in the public domain.

The categories A, B, C, D and E refer to the categories referred to in Regulation (EC) No 428/2009.

The equipment, technology and software referred to in Articles 1c and 1d is:

A. 

List of equipment:

— 
Deep Packet Inspection equipment,
— 
Network Interception equipment including Interception Management Equipment (IMS) and Data Retention Link Intelligence equipment,
— 
Radio Frequency monitoring equipment,
— 
Network and Satellite jamming equipment,
— 
Remote Infection equipment,
— 
Speaker recognition/processing equipment,
— 
IMSI ( 9 ), MSISDN ( 10 ), IMEI ( 11 ), TMSI ( 12 ) interception and monitoring equipment,

▼M44

— 
Systems, equipment, and components therefor, specially designed or modified for the generation, command and control, or delivery of intrusion software as defined in Regulation (EU) 2021/821 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 13 ),

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— 
Equipment designed or modified to perform cryptanalysis,
— 
Tactical SMS ( 14 ) /GSM ( 15 ) /GPS ( 16 ) /GPRS ( 17 ) /UMTS ( 18 ) /CDMA ( 19 ) /PSTN ( 20 ) interception and monitoring equipment,
— 
DHCP ( 21 ) /SMTP ( 22 ), GTP ( 23 ) information interception and monitoring equipment,
— 
Pattern Recognition and Pattern Profiling equipment,
— 
Remote Forensics equipment,
— 
Semantic Processing Engine equipment,
— 
WEP and WPA code breaking equipment,
— 
Interception equipment for VoIP proprietary and standard protocol.
B. 

Not used.

C. 

Not used.

D. 

"Software" for the "development", "production" or "use" of the equipment specified in point A and "software" having the characteristics of, or performing or simulating, the functions of the equipment specified in point A.

E. 

"Technology" for the "development", "production" or "use" of the equipment specified in point A.

Equipment, technology and software falling within those categories is within the scope of this Annex only to the extent that it falls within the general description "internet, telephone and satellite communications interception and monitoring systems".

For the purpose of this Annex, "monitoring" means acquisition, extraction, decoding, recording, processing, analysis and archiving call content or network data.

▼M46




ANNEX V

LIST OF NATURAL OR LEGAL PERSONS REFERRED TO IN ARTICLES 1e(7), 1f(7) AND 1fa(1)

Belarus Ministry of Defence.

▼M46




ANNEX Va

LIST OF GOODS AND TECHNOLOGY REFERRED TO IN ARTICLES 1f(1) AND 1fa(1)

General Notes, Acronyms and Abbreviations, and Definitions in Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2021/821 apply to this Annex, with the exception of ‘Part I - General Notes, Acronyms and Abbreviations, and Definitions, General Notes to Annex I, point 2’.

Definitions of terms used in the Common Military List (CML) of the European Union ( 24 ) apply to this Annex.

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Without prejudice to Article 1m of this Regulation, non-controlled items containing one or more components listed in this Annex are not subject to the controls under Articles 1f and 1fa of this Regulation.

▼M46

Category I - Electronics

X.A.I.001 

Electronic devices and components.

a. 

‘Microprocessor microcircuits’, ‘microcomputer microcircuits’, and microcontroller microcircuits having any of the following:

1. 

A performance speed of 5 GigaFLOPS or more and an arithmetic logic unit with an access width of 32 bit or more;

2. 

A clock frequency rate exceeding 25 MHz; or

3. 

More than one data or instruction bus or serial communication port that provides a direct external interconnection between parallel ‘microprocessor microcircuits’ with a transfer rate of 2,5 Mbyte/s;

b. 

Storage integrated circuits, as follows:

1. 

Electrically erasable programmable read-only memories (EEPROMs) with a storage capacity:

a. 

Exceeding 16 Mbits per package for flash memory types; or

b. 

Exceeding either of the following limits for all other EEPROM types:

1. 

Exceeding 1 Mbit per package; or

2. 

Exceeding 256 kbit per package and a maximum access time of less than 80 ns;

2. 

Static random access memories (SRAMs) with a storage capacity:

a. 

Exceeding 1 Mbit per package; or

b. 

Exceeding 256 kbit per package and a maximum access time of less than 25 ns;

c. 

Analog-to-digital converters having any of the following:

1. 

A resolution of 8 bit or more, but less than 12 bit, with an output rate greater than 200 Mega Samples Per Second (MSPS);

2. 

A resolution of 12 bit with an output rate greater than 105 Mega Samples per Second (MSPS);

3. 

A resolution of more than 12 bit but equal to or less than 14 bit with an output rate greater than 10 Mega Samples per Second (MSPS); or

4. 

A resolution of more than 14 bit with an output rate greater than 2,5 Mega Samples Per Second (MSPS);

d. 

Field programmable logic devices having a maximum number of single-ended digital input/outputs between 200 and 700;

e. 

Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) processors having a rated execution time for a 1 024 point complex FFT of less than 1 ms;

f. 

Custom integrated circuits for which the function is unknown, or the control status of the equipment in which the integrated circuits will be used is unknown to the manufacturer, having any of the following:

1. 

More than 144 terminals; or

2. 

A typical ‘basic propagation delay time’ of less than 0,4 ns;

g. 

Traveling-wave ‘vacuum electronic devices’, pulsed or continuous wave, as follows:

1. 

Coupled cavity devices, or derivatives thereof;

2. 

Devices based on helix, folded waveguide, or serpentine waveguide circuits, or derivatives thereof, having any of the following:

a. 

An ‘instantaneous bandwidth’ of half an octave or more and average power (expressed in kW) times frequency (expressed in GHz) of more than 0,2; or

b. 

An ‘instantaneous bandwidth’ of less than half an octave; and average power (expressed in kW) times frequency (expressed in GHz) of more than 0,4;

h. 

Flexible waveguides designed for use at frequencies exceeding 40 GHz;

i. 

Surface acoustic wave and surface skimming (shallow bulk) acoustic wave devices, having either of the following:

1. 

A carrier frequency exceeding 1 GHz; or

2. 

A carrier frequency of 1 GHz or less; and

a. 

A ‘frequency side-lobe rejection’ exceeding 55 dB;

b. 

A product of the maximum delay time and bandwidth (time in microseconds and bandwidth in MHz) of more than 100; or

c. 

A dispersive delay of more than 10 microseconds;

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.A.I.001.i ‘Frequency side-lobe rejection’ is the maximum rejection value specified in data sheet.

j. 

‘Cells’ as follows:

1. 

‘Primary cells’ having an ‘energy density’ of 550 Wh/kg or less at 293 K (20°C);

2. 

‘Secondary cells’ having an ‘energy density’ of 350 Wh/kg or less at 293 K (20°C);

Note: X.A.I.001.j does not control batteries, including single cell batteries.

Technical Notes: 

1. 

For the purpose of X.A.I.001.j, energy density (Wh/kg) is calculated from the nominal voltage multiplied by the nominal capacity in ampere-hours (Ah) divided by the mass in kilograms. If the nominal capacity is not stated, energy density is calculated from the nominal voltage squared then multiplied by the discharge duration in hours divided by the discharge load in Ohms and the mass in kilograms.

2. 

For the purpose of X.A.I.001.j, a ‘cell’ is defined as an electrochemical device, which has positive and negative electrodes, and electrolyte, and is a source of electrical energy. It is the basic building block of a battery.

3. 

For the purpose of X.A.I.001.j.1, a ‘primary cell’ is a ‘cell’ that is not designed to be charged by any other source.

4. 

For the purpose of X.A.I.001.j.2, a ‘secondary cell’ is a ‘cell’ that is designed to be charged by an external electrical source.

k. 

‘Superconductive’ electromagnets or solenoids specially designed to be fully charged or discharged in less than one minute, having all of the following:

Note: X.A.I.001.k does not control ‘superconductive’ electromagnets or solenoids designed for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) medical equipment.

1. 

Maximum energy delivered during the discharge divided by the duration of the discharge of more than 500 kJ per minute;

2. 

Inner diameter of the current carrying windings of more than 250 mm; and

3. 

Rated for a magnetic induction of more than 8T or ‘overall current density’ in the winding of more than 300 A/mm2;

l. 

Circuits or systems for electromagnetic energy storage, containing components manufactured from ‘superconductive’ materials specially designed for operation at temperatures below the ‘critical temperature’ of at least one of their ‘superconductive’ constituents, having all of the following:

1. 

Resonant operating frequencies exceeding 1 MHz;

2. 

A stored energy density of 1 MJ/m3 or more; and

3. 

A discharge time of less than 1 ms;

m. 

Hydrogen/hydrogen-isotope thyratrons of ceramic-metal construction and rate for a peak current of 500 A or more;

n. 

Not used;

o. 

Solar cells, cell-interconnect-coverglass (CIC) assemblies, solar panels, and solar arrays, which are ‘space qualified’ and not controlled by 3A001.e.4 ( 25 ).

X.A.I.002 

General purpose "electronic assemblies", modules and equipment.

a. 

Electronic test equipment, other than those specified in the CML or in Regulation (EU) 2021/821;

b. 

Digital instrumentation magnetic tape data recorders having any of the following characteristics;

1. 

A maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 60 Mbit/s and employing helical scan techniques;

2. 

A maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 120 Mbit/s and employing fixed head techniques; or

3. 

‘Space qualified’;

c. 

Equipment, with a maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 60 Mbit/s, designed to convert digital video magnetic tape recorders for use as digital instrumentation data recorders;

d. 

Non-modular analog oscilloscopes having a bandwidth of 1 GHz or greater;

e. 

Modular analog oscilloscope systems having either of the following characteristics:

1. 

A mainframe with a bandwidth of 1 GHz or greater; or

2. 

Plug-in modules with an individual bandwidth of 4 GHz or greater;

f. 

Analog sampling oscilloscopes for the analysis of recurring phenomena with an effective bandwidth greater than 4 GHz;

g. 

Digital oscilloscopes and transient recorders, using analog-to-digital conversion techniques, capable of storing transients by sequentially sampling single-shot inputs at successive intervals of less than 1 ns (greater than 1 Giga Samples per Second (GSPS)), digitizing to 8 bits or greater resolution and storing 256 or more samples.

Note: X.A.I.002 controls the following specially designed components for analog oscilloscopes:

1. 

Plug-in units;

2. 

External amplifiers;

3. 

Pre-amplifiers;

4. 

Sampling devices;

5. 

Cathode ray tubes.

X.A.I.003 

Specific processing equipment, other than those specified in the CML or in Regulation (EU) 2021/821, as follows:

a. 

Frequency changers capable of operating in the frequency range from 300 up to 600 Hz, other than those specified in the CML or in Regulation (EU) 2021/821;

b. 

Mass spectrometers, other than those specified in the CML or in Regulation (EU) 2021/821;

c. 

All flash x-ray machines, or components of pulsed power systems designed thereof, including Marx generators, high power pulse shaping networks, high voltage capacitors, and triggers;

d. 

Pulse amplifiers, other than those specified in the CML or in Regulation (EU) 2021/821;

e. 

Electronic equipment for time delay generation or time interval measurement, as follows:

1. 

Digital time delay generators with a resolution of 50 nanoseconds or less over time intervals of 1 microsecond or greater; or

2. 

Multi-channel (three or more) or modular time interval meter and chronometry equipment with resolution of 50 nanoseconds or less over time intervals of 1 microsecond or greater;

f. 

Chromatography and spectrometry analytical instruments.

X.B.I.001 

Equipment for the manufacture of electronic components or materials, as follows, and specially designed components and accessories therefor.

a. 

Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of electron tubes, optical elements and specially designed components therefor controlled by 3A001 ( 26 ) or X.A.I.001;

b. 

Equipment specially designed for the manufacture of semiconductor devices, integrated circuits and ‘electronic assemblies’, as follows, and systems incorporating or having the characteristics of such equipment:

Note: X.B.I.001.b. also controls equipment used or modified for use in the manufacture of other devices, such as imaging devices, electro-optical devices, acoustic-wave devices.

1. 

Equipment for the processing of materials for the manufacture of devices and components as specified in the heading of X.B.I.001.b, as follows:

Note: X.B.I.001 does not control quartz furnace tubes, furnace liners, paddles, boats (except specially designed caged boats), bubblers, cassettes or crucibles specially designed for the processing equipment controlled by X.B.I.001.b.1.

a. 

Equipment for producing polycrystalline silicon and materials controlled by 3C001 ( 27 );

b. 

Equipment specially designed for purifying or processing III/V and II/VI semiconductor materials controlled by 3C001, 3C002, 3C003, 3C004, or 3C005 ( 28 ) except crystal pullers, for which see X.B.I.001.b.1.c below;

c. 

Crystal pullers and furnaces, as follows:

Note: X.B.I.001.b.1.c does not control diffusion and oxidation furnaces.

1. 

Annealing or recrystallizing equipment other than constant temperature furnaces employing high rates of energy transfer capable of processing wafers at a rate exceeding 0,005 m2 per minute;

2. 

‘Stored program controlled’ crystal pullers having any of the following characteristics:

a. 

Rechargeable without replacing the crucible container;

b. 

Capable of operation at pressures above 2,5 x 105 Pa; or

c. 

Capable of pulling crystals of a diameter exceeding 100 mm;

d. 

‘Stored program controlled’ equipment for epitaxial growth having any of the following characteristics:

1. 

Capable of producing silicon layer with a thickness uniform to less than ± 2,5 % across a distance of 200 mm or more;

2. 

Capable of producing a layer of any material other than silicon with a thickness uniformity across the wafer of equal to or better than ± 3,5 %; or

3. 

Rotation of individual wafers during processing;

e. 

Molecular beam epitaxial growth equipment;

f. 

Magnetically enhanced ‘sputtering’ equipment with specially designed integral load locks capable of transferring wafers in an isolated vacuum environment;

g. 

Equipment specially designed for ion implantation, ion-enhanced or photo-enhanced diffusion, having any of the following characteristics:

1. 

Patterning capability;

2. 

Beam energy (accelerating voltage) exceeding 200 keV;

3. 

Optimised to operate at a beam energy (accelerating voltage) of less than 10 keV; or

4. 

Capable of high energy oxygen implant into a heated ‘substrate’;

h. 

‘Stored program controlled’ equipment for the selective removal (etching) by means of anisotropic dry methods (e.g., plasma), as follows:

1. 

‘Batch types’ having either of the following:

a. 

End-point detection, other than optical emission spectroscopy types; or

b. 

Reactor operational (etching) pressure of 26,66 Pa or less;

2. 

‘Single wafer types’ having any of the following:

a. 

End-point detection, other than optical emission spectroscopy types;

b. 

Reactor operational (etching) pressure of 26,66 Pa or less; or

c. 

Cassette-to-cassette and load locks wafer handling;

Notes:

 
1. 

‘Batch types’ refers to machines not specially designed for production processing of single wafers. Such machines can process two or more wafers simultaneously with common process parameters, e.g., RF power, temperature, etch gas species, flow rates.

2. 

‘Single wafer types’ refers to machines specially designed for production processing of single wafers. These machines may use automatic wafer handling techniques to load a single wafer into the equipment for processing. The definition includes equipment that can load and process several wafers but where the etching parameters, e.g., RF power or end point, can be independently determined for each individual wafer.

i. 

‘Chemical vapor deposition’ (CVD) equipment, e.g., plasma-enhanced CVD (PECVD) or photo-enhanced CVD, for semiconductor device manufacturing, having either of the following capabilities, for deposition of oxides, nitrides, metals or polysilicon:

▼M47

1. 

"Chemical vapor deposition" equipment operating below 105 Pa; or

▼M46

2. 

PECVD equipment operating either below 60 Pa or having automatic cassette-to-cassette and load lock wafer handling;

Note: X.B.I.001.b.1.i does not control low pressure ‘chemical vapor deposition’ (LPCVD) systems or reactive ‘sputtering’ equipment.

j. 

Electron beam systems specially designed or modified for mask making or semiconductor device processing having any of the following characteristics:

1. 

Electrostatic beam deflection;

2. 

Shaped, non-Gaussian beam profile;

3. 

Digital-to-analog conversion rate exceeding 3 MHz;

4. 

Digital-to-analog conversion accuracy exceeding 12 bit; or

5. 

Target-to-beam position feedback control precision of 1 micrometer or finer;

Note: X.B.I.001.b.1.j does not control electron beam deposition systems or general purpose scanning electron microscopes.

k. 

Surface finishing equipment for the processing of semiconductor wafers as follows:

1. 

Specially designed equipment for backside processing of wafers thinner than 100 micrometer and the subsequent separation thereof; or

2. 

Specially designed equipment for achieving a surface roughness of the active surface of a processed wafer with a two-sigma value of 2 micrometer or less, total indicator reading (TIR);

Note: X.B.I.001.b.1.k does not control single-side lapping and polishing equipment for wafer surface finishing.

l. 

Interconnection equipment which includes common single or multiple vacuum chambers specially designed to permit the integration of any equipment controlled by X.B.I.001 into a complete system;

m. 

‘Stored program controlled’ equipment using ‘lasers’ for the repair or trimming of ‘monolithic integrated circuits’ with either of the following characteristics:

1. 

Positioning accuracy less than ± 1 micrometer; or

2. 

Spot size (kerf width) less than 3 micrometer.

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.B.I.001.b.1, 'sputtering' is an overlay coating process wherein positively charged ions are accelerated by an electric field towards the surface of a target (coating material). The kinetic energy of the impacting ions is sufficient to cause target surface atoms to be released and deposited on the substrate. (Note: Triode, magnetron or radio frequency sputtering to increase adhesion of coating and rate of deposition are ordinary modifications of the process.).

2. 

Masks, mask substrates, mask-making equipment and image transfer equipment for the manufacture of devices and components as specified in the heading of X.B.I.001, as follows:

Note: The term masks refers to those used in electron beam lithography, X-ray lithography, and ultraviolet lithography, as well as the usual ultraviolet and visible photo-lithography.

a. 

Finished masks, reticles and designs therefor, except:

1. 

Finished masks or reticles for the production of integrated circuits not controlled by 3A001 ( 29 ); or

2. 

Masks or reticles, having both of the following characteristics:

a. 

Their design is based on geometries of 2,5 micrometer or more; and

b. 

The design does not include special features to alter the intended use by means of production equipment or ‘software’;

b. 

Mask substrates as follows:

1. 

Hard surface (e.g., chromium, silicon, molybdenum) coated ‘substrates’ (e.g., glass, quartz, sapphire) for the preparation of masks having dimensions exceeding 125 mm x 125 mm; or

2. 

Substrates specially designed for X-ray masks;

c. 

Equipment, other than general purpose computers, specially designed for computer aided design (CAD) of semiconductor devices or integrated circuits;

d. 

Equipment or machines, as follows, for mask or reticle fabrication:

1. 

Photo-optical step and repeat cameras capable of producing arrays larger than 100 mm x 100 mm, or capable of producing a single exposure larger than 6 mm x 6 mm in the image (i.e., focal) plane, or capable of producing line widths of less than 2,5 micrometer in the photoresist on the ‘substrate’;

2. 

Mask or reticle fabrication equipment using ion or ‘laser’ beam lithography capable of producing line widths of less than 2,5 micrometer; or

3. 

Equipment or holders for altering masks or reticles or adding pellicles to remove defects;

Note: X.B.I.001.b.2.d.1 and b.2.d.2 do not control mask fabrication equipment using photo-optical methods which was either commercially available before the 1st January 1980, or has a performance no better than such equipment.

e. 

‘Stored program controlled’ equipment for the inspection of masks, reticles or pellicles with:

1. 

A resolution of 0,25 micrometer or finer; and

2. 

A precision of 0,75 micrometer or finer over a distance in one or two coordinates of 63,5 mm or more;

Note: X.B.I.001.b.2.e does not control general purpose scanning electron microscopes except when specially designed and instrumented for automatic pattern inspection.

f. 

Align and expose equipment for wafer production using photo-optical or X-ray methods, e.g., lithography equipment, including both projection image transfer equipment and step and repeat (direct step on wafer) or step and scan (scanner) equipment, capable of performing any of the following functions:

Note: X.B.I.001.b.2.f does not control photo-optical contact and proximity mask align and expose equipment or contact image transfer equipment.

1. 

Production of a pattern size of less than 2,5 micrometer;

2. 

Alignment with a precision finer than ± 0,25 micrometer (3 sigma);

3. 

Machine-to-machine overlay no better than ± 0,3 micrometer; or

4. 

A light source wavelength shorter than 400 nm;

g. 

Electron beam, ion beam or X-ray equipment for projection image transfer capable of producing patterns less than 2,5 micrometer;

Note: For focused, deflected-beam systems (direct write systems), see X.B.I.001.b.1.j.

h. 

Equipment using ‘lasers’ for direct write on wafers capable of producing patterns less than 2,5 micrometer.

3. 

Equipment for the assembly of integrated circuits, as follows:

a. 

‘Stored program controlled’ die bonders having all of the following characteristics:

1. 

Specially designed for ‘hybrid integrated circuits’;

2. 

X-Y stage positioning travel exceeding 37,5 x 37,5 mm; and

3. 

Placement accuracy in the X-Y plane of finer than ± 10 micrometer;

b. 

‘Stored program controlled’ equipment for producing multiple bonds in a single operation (e.g., beam lead bonders, chip carrier bonders, tape bonders);

c. 

Semi-automatic or automatic hot cap sealers, in which the cap is heated locally to a higher temperature than the body of the package, specially designed for ceramic microcircuit packages controlled by 3A001 ( 30 ) and that have a throughput equal to or more than one package per minute.

Note: X.B.I.001.b.3 does not control general purpose resistance type spot welders.

4. 

Filters for clean rooms capable of providing an air environment of 10 or less particles of 0,3 micrometer or smaller per 0,02832 m3 and filter materials therefor.

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.B.I.001, ‘stored program controlled’ is a control using instructions stored in an electronic storage that a processor can execute in order to direct the performance of predetermined functions. Equipment may be ‘stored program controlled’ whether the electronic storage is internal or external to the equipment.

X.B.I.002 

Equipment for the inspection or testing of electronic components and materials, and specially designed components and accessories therefor.

a. 

Equipment specially designed for the inspection or testing of electron tubes, optical elements and specially designed components therefor controlled by 3A001 ( 31 ) or X.A.I.001;

b. 

Equipment specially designed for the inspection or testing of semiconductor devices, integrated circuits and ‘electronic assemblies’, as follows, and systems incorporating or having the characteristics of such equipment:

Note: X.B.I.002.b also controls equipment used or modified for use in the inspection or testing of other devices, such as imaging devices, electro-optical devices, acoustic-wave devices.

1. 

‘Stored program controlled’ inspection equipment for the automatic detection of defects, errors or contaminants of 0,6 micrometer or less in or on processed wafers, substrates, other than printed circuit boards or chips, using optical image acquisition techniques for pattern comparison;

Note: X.B.I.002.b.1 does not control general purpose scanning electron microscopes, except when specially designed and instrumented for automatic pattern inspection.

2. 

Specially designed ‘stored program controlled’ measuring and analysis equipment, as follows:

a. 

Specially designed for the measurement of oxygen or carbon content in semiconductor materials;

b. 

Equipment for line width measurement with a resolution of 1 micrometer or finer;

c. 

Specially designed flatness measurement instruments capable of measuring deviations from flatness of 10 micrometer or less with a resolution of 1 micrometer or finer.

3. 

‘Stored program controlled’ wafer probing equipment having any of the following characteristics:

a. 

Positioning accuracy finer than 3,5 micrometer;

b. 

Capable of testing devices having more than 68 terminals; or

c. 

Capable of testing at a frequency exceeding 1 GHz;

4. 

Test equipment as follows:

a. 

‘Stored program controlled’ equipment specially designed for testing discrete semiconductor devices and unencapsulated dice, capable of testing at frequencies exceeding 18 GHz;

Technical Note: Discrete semiconductor devices include photocells and solar cells.

b. 

‘Stored program controlled’ equipment specially designed for testing integrated circuits and ‘electronic assemblies’ thereof, capable of functional testing:

1. 

At a ‘pattern rate’ exceeding 20 MHz; or

2. 

At a ‘pattern rate’ exceeding 10 MHz but not exceeding 20 MHz and capable of testing packages of more than 68 terminals.

Notes: X.B.I.002.b.4.b does not control test equipment specially designed for testing:

1. 

Memories;

2. 

‘Assemblies’ or a class of ‘electronic assemblies’ for home and entertainment applications; and

3. 

Electronic components, ‘electronic assemblies’ and integrated circuits not controlled by 3A001 ( 32 ) or X.A.I.001 provided such test equipment does not incorporate computing facilities with ‘user accessible programmability’.

Technical Note: For purposes of X.B.I.002.b.4.b, ‘pattern rate’ is defined as the maximum frequency of digital operation of a tester. It is therefore equivalent to the highest data rate that a tester can provide in non-multiplexed mode. It is also referred to as test speed, maximum digital frequency or maximum digital speed.

c. 

Equipment specially designed for determining the performance of focal-plane arrays at wavelengths of more than 1 200  nm, using ‘stored program controlled’ measurements or computer aided evaluation and having any of the following characteristics:

1. 

Using scanning light spot diameters of less than 0,12 mm;

2. 

Designed for measuring photosensitive performance parameters and for evaluating frequency response, modulation transfer function, uniformity of responsivity or noise; or

3. 

Designed for evaluating arrays capable of creating images with more than 32 x 32 line elements;

5. 

Electron beam test systems designed for operation at 3 keV or below, or ‘laser’ beam systems, for non-contactive probing of powered-up semiconductor devices having any of the following:

a. 

Stroboscopic capability with either beam blanking or detector strobing;

b. 

An electron spectrometer for voltage measurements with a resolution of less than 0,5 V; or

c. 

Electrical tests fixtures for performance analysis of integrated circuits;

Note: X.B.I.002.b.5 does not control scanning electron microscopes, except when specially designed and instrumented for non-contactive probing of a powered-up semiconductor device.

6. 

‘Stored program controlled’ multifunctional focused ion beam systems specially designed for manufacturing, repairing, physical layout analysis and testing of masks or semiconductor devices and having either of the following characteristics:

a. 

Target-to-beam position feedback control precision of 1 micrometer or finer; or

b. 

Digital-to-analog conversion accuracy exceeding 12 bit;

7. 

Particle measuring systems employing ‘lasers’ designed for measuring particle size and concentration in air having both of the following characteristics:

a. 

Capable of measuring particle sizes of 0,2 micrometer or less at a flow rate of 0,02832 m3 per minute or more; and

b. 

Capable of characterizing Class 10 clean air or better.

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.B.I.002, ‘stored program controlled’ is a control using instructions stored in an electronic storage that a processor can execute in order to direct the performance of predetermined functions. Equipment may be ‘stored program controlled’ whether the electronic storage is internal or external to the equipment.

X.C.I.001 

Positive resists designed for semiconductor lithography specially adjusted (optimised) for use at wavelengths between 370 and 193 nm.

X.D.I.001 

‘Software’ specially designed for the ‘development’, ‘production’, or ‘use’ of electronic devices or components controlled by X.A.I.001, general purpose electronic equipment controlled by X.A.I.002, or manufacturing and test equipment controlled by X.B.I.001 and X.B.I.002; or ‘software’ specially designed for the ‘use’ of equipment controlled by 3B001.g and 3B001.h ( 33 ).

X.E.I.001 

‘Technology’ for the ‘development’, ‘production’ or ‘use’ of electronic devices or components controlled by X.A.I.001, general purpose electronic equipment controlled by X.A.I.002, or manufacturing and test equipment controlled by X.B.I.001 or X.B.I.002, or materials controlled by X.C.I.001.

Category II – Computers

Note: Category II does not control goods for the personal use of the natural persons.

X.A.II.001 

Computers, ‘electronic assemblies’ and related equipment, not controlled by 4A001 or 4A003 ( 34 ), and specially designed components therefor.

Note: The control status of the ‘digital computers’ and related equipment described in X.A.II.001 is determined by the control status of other equipment or systems provided:

a. 

The ‘digital computers’ or related equipment are essential for the operation of the other equipment or systems;

b. 

The ‘digital computers’ or related equipment are not a ‘principal element’ of the other equipment or systems; and

N.B.1: The control status of ‘signal processing’ or ‘image enhancement’ equipment specially designed for other equipment with functions limited to those required for the other equipment is determined by the control status of the other equipment even if it exceeds the ‘principal element’ criterion.

N.B.2: For the control status of ‘digital computers’ or related equipment for telecommunications equipment, see Category 5, Part 1 (Telecommunications) ( 35 ).

c. 

The ‘technology’ for the ‘digital computers’ and related equipment is determined by 4E ( 36 ).

a. 

Electronic computers and related equipment, and ‘electronic assemblies’ and specially designed components therefor, rated for operation at an ambient temperature above 343 K (70°C);

b. 

‘Digital computers’, including equipment of ‘signal processing’ or image enhancement”, having an ‘Adjusted Peak Performance’ (‘APP’) equal to or greater than 0,0128 Weighted TeraFLOPS (WT);

c. 

‘Electronic assemblies’ that are specially designed or modified to enhance performance by aggregation of processors, as follows:

1. 

Designed to be capable of aggregation in configurations of 16 or more processors;

2. 

Not used;

Note 1: X.A.II.001.c applies only to ‘electronic assemblies’ and programmable interconnections with a ‘APP’ not exceeding the limits in X.A.II.001.b, when shipped as unintegrated ‘electronic assemblies’. It does not apply to ‘electronic assemblies’ inherently limited by nature of their design for use as related equipment controlled by X.A.II.001.k.

Note 2: X.A.II.001.c does not control any ‘electronic assembly’ specially designed for a product or family of products whose maximum configuration does not exceed the limits of X.A.II.001.b.

d. 

Not used;

e. 

Not used;

f. 

Equipment for ‘signal processing’ or ‘image enhancement’ having an ‘Adjusted Peak Performance’ (‘APP’) equal to or greater than 0,0128 Weighted TeraFLOPS WT;

g. 

Not used;

h. 

Not used;

i. 

Equipment containing ‘terminal interface equipment’ exceeding the limits in X.A.III.101;

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.A.II.001.i, ‘terminal interface equipment’ means equipment at which information enters or leaves the telecommunication system, e.g. telephone, data device, computer, etc.

j. 

Equipment specially designed to provide external interconnection of ‘digital computers’ or associated equipment that allows communications at data rates exceeding 80 Mbyte/s.

Note: X.A.II.001.j does not control internal interconnection equipment (e.g., backplanes, buses) passive interconnection equipment, ‘network access controllers’ or ‘communication channel controllers’.

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.A.II.001.j, ‘communication channel controllers’ is the physical interface which controls the flow of synchronous or asynchronous digital information. It is an assembly that can be integrated into computer or telecommunications equipment to provide communications access.

k. 

‘Hybrid computers’ and ‘electronic assemblies’ and specially designed components therefor containing analog-to-digital converters having all of the following characteristics:

1. 

32 channels or more; and

2. 

A resolution of 14 bit (plus sign bit) or more with a conversion rate of 200 000  Hz or more.

X.D.II.001 

‘Program’ proof and validation ‘software’, ‘software’ allowing the automatic generation of ‘source codes’, and operating system ‘software’ that are specially designed for ‘real-time processing’ equipment.

a. 

‘Program’ proof and validation ‘software’ using mathematical and analytical techniques and designed or modified for ‘programs’ having more than 500 000 ‘source code’ instructions;

b. 

‘Software’ allowing the automatic generation of ‘source codes’ from data acquired on line from external sensors described in the Regulation (EU) 2021/821; or

c. 

Operating system ‘software’ specially designed for ‘real-time processing’ equipment that guarantees a ‘global interrupt latency time’ of less than 20 microseconds.

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.D.II.001, 'global interrupt latency time' is the time taken by the computer system to recognise an interrupt due to the event, service the interrupt and perform a context switch to an alternate memory-resident task waiting on the interrupt.

X.D.II.002 

‘Software’ other than that controlled in 4D001 ( 37 ) specially designed or modified for the ‘development’, ‘production’ or ‘use’ of equipment controlled by 4A101 ( 38 ), X.A.II.001.

X.E.II.001 

‘Technology’ for the ‘development’, ‘production’ or ‘use’ of equipment controlled by X.A.II.001, or ‘software’ controlled by X.D.II.001 or X.D.II.002.

X.E.II.001 

‘Technology’ for the ‘development’ or ‘production’ of equipment designed for ‘multi-data-stream processing’.

Technical Note: For the purpose of X.E.II.001, ‘multi-data-stream processing’ is a microprogram or equipment architecture technique that permits simultaneous processing of two or more data sequences under the control of one or more instruction sequences by means such as:

1. 

Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) architectures such as vector or array processors;

2. 

Multiple Single Instruction Multiple Data (MSIMD) architectures;

3. 

Multiple Instruction Multiple Data (MIMD) architectures, including those that are tightly coupled, closely coupled or loosely coupled; or

4. 

Structured arrays of processing elements, including systolic arrays.

Category III. Part 1 – Telecommunications

Note: Category III.Part 1 does not control goods for the personal use of the natural persons.

X.A.III.101 

Telecommunication equipment.

a. 

Any type of telecommunications equipment, not controlled by 5A001.a ( 39 ), specially designed to operate outside the temperature range from 219 K (-54°C) to 397 K (124°C).

b. 

Telecommunication transmission equipment and systems, and specially designed components and accessories therefor, having any of the following characteristics, functions or features:

Note: Telecommunication transmission equipment:

a. 

Categorised as follows, or combinations thereof:

1. 

Radio equipment (e.g., transmitters, receivers and transceivers);

2. 

Line terminating equipment;

3. 

Intermediate amplifier equipment;

4. 

Repeater equipment;

5. 

Regenerator equipment;

6. 

Translation encoders (transcoders);

7. 

Multiplex equipment (statistical mutiplex included);

8. 

Modulators/demodulators (modems);

9. 

Transmultiplex equipment (see CCITT Rec. G701);

10. 

‘Stored program controlled’ digital cross-connection equipment;

11. 

‘Gateways’ and bridges;

12. 

‘Media access units’; and

b. 

Designed for use in single or multi-channel communication via any of the following:

1. 

Wire (line);

2. 

Coaxial cable;

3. 

Optical fibre cable;

4. 

Electromagnetic radiation; or

5. 

Underwater acoustic wave propagation.

1. 

Employing digital techniques, including digital processing of analog signals, and designed to operate at a ‘digital transfer rate’ at the highest multiplex level exceeding 45 Mbit/s or a ‘total digital transfer rate’ exceeding 90 Mbit/s;

Note: X.A.III.101.b.1 does not control equipment specially designed to be integrated and operated in any satellite system for civil use.

2. 

Modems using the ‘bandwidth of one voice channel’ with a ‘data signalling rate’ exceeding 9 600 bits per second;

3. 

Being ‘stored program controlled’ digital cross connect equipment with ‘digital transfer rate’ exceeding 8,5 Mbit/s per port.

4. 

Being equipment containing any of the following:

a. 

"Network access controllers" and their related common medium having a ‘digital transfer rate’ exceeding 33 Mbit/s; or

b. 

‘Communication channel controllers’ with a digital output having a ‘data signalling rate’ exceeding 64 000 bit/s per channel;

Note: If any uncontrolled equipment contains a ‘network access controller’, it cannot have any type of telecommunications interface, except those described in, but not controlled by X.A.III.101.b.4.

5. 

Employing a ‘laser’ and having any of the following characteristics:

a. 

A transmission wavelength exceeding 1 000  nm; or

b. 

Employing analog techniques and having a bandwidth exceeding 45 MHz;

c. 

Employing coherent optical transmission or coherent optical detection techniques (also called optical heterodyne or homodyne techniques);

d. 

Employing wavelength division multiplexing techniques; or

e. 

Performing ‘optical amplification’;

6. 

Radio equipment operating at input or output frequencies exceeding:

a. 

31 GHz for satellite-earth station applications; or

b. 

26,5 GHz for other applications;

Note: X.A.III.101.b.6 does not control equipment for civil use when conforming with an International Telecommunications Union (ITU) allocated band between 26,5 GHz and 31 GHz.

7. 

Being radio equipment employing any of the following:

a. 

Quadrature-amplitude-modulation (QAM) techniques above level 4 if the ‘total digital transfer rate’ exceeds 8,5 Mbit/s;

b. 

QAM techniques above level 16 if the ‘total digital transfer rate’ is equal to or less than 8,5 Mbit/s;

c. 

Other digital modulation techniques and having a ‘spectral efficiency’ exceeding 3 bit/s/Hz; or

d. 

Operating in the 1,5 MHz to 87,5 MHz band and incorporating adaptive techniques providing more than 15 dB suppression of an interfering signal.

Notes: 

1. 

X.A.III.101.b.7 does not control equipment specially designed to be integrated and operated in any satellite system for civil use.

2. 

X.A.III.101.b.7 does not control radio relay equipment for operation in an International Telecommunications Union (ITU) allocated band:

a. 

Having any of the following:

1. 

Not exceeding 960 MHz; or

2. 

With a ‘total digital transfer rate’ not exceeding 8,5 Mbit/s; and

b. 

Having a ‘spectral efficiency’ not exceeding 4 bit/s/Hz.

c. 

‘Stored program controlled’ switching equipment and related signalling systems, having any of the following characteristics, functions or features, and specially designed components and accessories therefor:

Note: Statistical multiplexers with digital input and digital output which provide switching are treated as 'stored program controlled' switches.

1. 

‘Data (message) switching’ equipment or systems designed for ‘packet-mode operation’, electronic assemblies and components therefor, other than those specified in the CML or in Regulation (EU) 2021/821.

2. 

Not used;

3. 

Routing or switching of ‘datagram’ packets;

Note: X.A.III.101.c.3 does not control networks restricted to using only ‘network access controllers’ or to ‘network access controllers’ themselves.

4. 

Not used;

5. 

Multi-level priority and pre-emption for circuit switching;

Note: X.A.III.101.c.5 does not control single-level call preemption.

6. 

Designed for automatic hand-off of cellular radio calls to other cellular switches or automatic connection to a centralised subscriber data base common to more than one switch;

7. 

Containing ‘stored program controlled’ digital cross connect equipment with ‘digital transfer rate’ exceeding 8,5 Mbit/s per port.

8. 

‘Common channel signalling’ operating in either non-associated or quasi-associated mode of operation;

9. 

‘Dynamic adaptive routing’;

10. 

Being packet switches, circuit switches and routers with ports or lines exceeding any of the following:

a. 

A ‘data signalling rate’ of 64 000 bit/s per channel for a ‘communications channel controller’; or

Note: X.A.III.101.c.10.a does not control multiplex composite links composed only of communication channels not individually controlled by X.A.III.101.b.1.

b. 

A ‘digital transfer rate’ of 33 Mbit/s for a ‘network access controller’ and related common media;

Note: X.A.III.101.c.10 does not control packet switches or routers with ports or lines not exceeding the limits in X.A.III.101.c.10.

11. 

‘Optical switching’;

12. 

Employing ‘Asynchronous Transfer Mode’ (‘ATM’) techniques.

d. 

Optical fibres and optical fibre cables of more than 50 m in length designed for single mode operation;

e. 

Centralised network control having all of the following characteristics:

1. 

Receives data from the nodes; and

2. 

Process these data in order to provide control of traffic not requiring operator decisions, and thereby performing ‘dynamic adaptive routing’;

Note 1: X.A.III.101.e does not include cases of routing decisions taken on predefined information.

Note 2: X.A.III.101.e does not preclude control of traffic as a function of predictable statistical traffic conditions.

f. 

Phased array antennas, operating above 10,5 GHz, containing active elements and distributed components, and designed to permit electronic control of