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Document 01991R1538-20060323

Consolidated text: Commission Regulation (EEC) No 1538/91 of 5 June 1991 introducing detailed rules for implementing Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 on certain marketing standards for poultrymeat

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/1991/1538/2006-03-23

1991R1538 — EN — 23.03.2006 — 007.001


This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents

►B

COMMISSION REGULATION (EEC) No 1538/91

of 5 June 1991

introducing detailed rules for implementing Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 on certain ►C1  marketing standards for poultrymeat ◄

(OJ L 143, 7.6.1991, p.11)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

COMMISSION REGULATION (EEC) No 2988/91 of 11 October 1991

  L 284

26

12.10.1991

►M2

COMMISSION REGULATION (EEC) No 315/92 of 10 February 1992

  L 34

23

11.2.1992

►M3

COMMISSION REGULATION (EEC) No 1980/92 of 16 July 1992

  L 198

31

17.7.1992

►M4

COMMISSION REGULATION (EEC) No 2891/93 of 21 October 1993

  L 263

12

22.10.1993

 M5

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1026/94 of 2 May 1994

  L 112

32

3.5.1994

 M6

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 3239/94 of 21 December 1994

  L 338

48

28.12.1994

►M7

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 2390/95 of 11 October 1995

  L 244

60

12.10.1995

►M8

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 205/96 of 2 February 1996

  L 27

6

3.2.1996

►M9

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1000/96 of 4 June 1996

  L 134

9

5.6.1996

►M11

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1072/2000 of 19 May 2000

  L 119

21

20.5.2000

►M12

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1321/2002 of 22 July 2002

  L 194

17

23.7.2002

►M13

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 814/2004 of 29 April 2004

  L 231

3

30.6.2004

►M14

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 81/2006 of 18 January 2006

  L 14

8

19.1.2006

►M15

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 433/2006 of 15 March 2006

  L 79

16

16.3.2006


Corrected by:

►C1

Corrigendum, OJ L 233, 22.8.1991, p. 31  (1538/91)

►C2

Corrigendum, OJ L 198, 30.7.1994, p. 145  (2891/93)

 C3

Corrigendum, OJ L 036, 7.2.2001, p. 12  (1538/91)



NB: This consolidated version contains references to the European unit of accout and/or the ecu, which from 1 January 1999 should be understood as references to the euro — Council Regulation (EEC) No 3308/80 (OJ L 345, 20.12.1980, p. 1) and Coundil Regulation (EC) No 1103/97 (OJ L 162, 19.6.1997, p. 1).




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COMMISSION REGULATION (EEC) No 1538/91

of 5 June 1991

introducing detailed rules for implementing Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 on certain ►C1  marketing standards for poultrymeat ◄



THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 of 26 June 1990 on certain ►C1  marketing standards for poultrymeat ◄  ( 1 ), and in particular Article 9 thereof,

Whereas Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 enacted certain ►C1  marketing standards for poultrymeat ◄ , the application of which requires the adoption of provisions concerning in particular the list of those poultry carcases, parts thereof and offals to which the said Regulation applies, classification by conformation, appearance an weight, types of presentation, the indication of the name under which the products in question are to be sold, the optional use of indications concerning chilling methods and the type of farming, conditions for storage and transport of certain types of poultrymeat and the supervision of these provisions in order to ensure their uniform application throughout the Community;

Whereas, in order to provide for the marketing of poultry in different classes according to conformation and appearance, it is necessary to lay down definitions relating to species, age and presentation in the case of carcases, and anatomical conformation and content in the case of poultry cuts; whereas in the case of the product known as ‘Foie gras’ the high value and consequent risk of fraudulent practices make it necessary to lay down especially precise minimum marketing standards;

Whereas it is not necessary for these standards to be applied to certain products and presentations which are of local or otherwise limited importance; whereas, however, names under which such products are sold should not be likely to mislead the consumer to a material degree by causing him to confuse these products with products which are subject to these provisions; whereas, similarly, additional descriptive terms used to qualify the names of such products should also be subject to this provision;

Whereas storage and handling temperature is of crucial importance to the maintenance of high standards of quality; whereas, therefore, it is appropriate to lay down a minimum temperature at which forzen poultrymeat products are to be kept;

Whereas the provisions of this Regulation and in particular those relating to surveillance and enforcement must be applied uniformly throughout the Community; whereas detailed rules adopted to those ends must also be uniform; whereas it is therefore necessary to lay down common measures in the matter of sampling procedures and tolerances;

Whereas it is necessary, both in order that the consumer be provided with sufficient, unequivocal and objective information concerning such products offered for sale, and in order to secure the free movement of such products throughout the Community, to ensure that poultrymeat marketing standards take into account as far as is paracticable (SIC! practicable) the provisions of Council Directive 76/211/EEC of 20 January 1976 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making-up by weight or by volume of certain prepackaged products ( 2 ), as amended by Directive 78/891/EEC ( 3 );

Whereas among the indications which may optionally be ued on the labelling are those concerning the method of chilling and particular types of farming; whereas the use of the latter, in the interest of consumer protection, needs to be subordinated to the respect of closely-defined criteria concerning both husbandry conditions and quantity thresholds for stating certain criteria such as age at slaughter or length of fattening period and content of certain foodstuff ingredients;

Whereas it is appropriate for the Commission to exercise permanent surveillance of the compatibility with Community law, including the marketing standards, in particular of any national measures adopted in pursuance of these provisions; whereas particular provision should also be made for the registration and regular inspection of undertakings authorized to use terms referring to particular types of farming; whereas such undertakings must therefore be obliged to maintain regular and detailed records for this purpose;

Whereas, in view of the specialized nature of these inspections, responsibility for them may be delegated by the competent authorities of the Member State concerned, subject to the appropriate supervision and safeguards, to properly qualified and duly licensed outside bodies;

Whereas operators in third countries may wish to make use of optional indications concerning chilling methods and types of farming; whereas provision should be made for them to do so, subject to appropriate certification by the competent authority of the third country concerned, and which appears on a list established by the Commission;

Whereas the measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Management Committe for Poultrymeat and Eggs,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:



Article 1

The products referred to in Article 1 (2) of Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 are hereby defined as follows:

1.  Poultry carcases

(a) DOMESTIC FOWL (Gallus domesticus)

 chicken, broiler: fowl in which the tip of the sternum is flexible (not ossified),

 cock, hen, casserole or boiling fowl: fowl in which the tip of the sternum is rigid (ossified),

▼M9

 capon: male fowl castrated surgically before reaching sexual maturity and slaughtered at a minimum age of 140 days: after castration the capons must be fattened for at least 77 days,

▼M4

 poussin, coquelet: chicken of less than 650 g carcase weight (expressed without giblets, head and feet), chicken of 650 g to 750 g may be called ‘poussin’ if the age at slaughter does not exceed 28 days. Member States may apply Article 11 for the checking of this slaughter age;

▼M12

 young cock: male chicken of laying strains in which the tip of sternum is rigid but not completely ossified and for which the age at slaughter is at least 90 days;

▼B

(b) TURKEYS (Meleagris gallopavo dom.)

 (young) turkey: bird in which the tip of the sternum is flexible (not ossified),

 turkey: bird in which the tip of the sternum is rigid (ossified);

▼M4

(c) DUCKS (Anas platyrhynchos dom., cairina muschata), Mulard ducks (c.m.x.a.p.),

 young duck or duckling, (young) Muscovy duck, (young) Mulard duck: bird in which the tip of the sternum is flexible (not ossified),

 duck, Muscovy duck, Mulard duck: bird in which the tip of the sternum is rigid (ossified);

▼B

(d) GEESE (Anser anser dom.)

 (young) goose or gosling: bird in which the tip of the sternum is flexible (not ossified). The fat layer all over the carcase is thin or moderate; the fat of the young goose may have a colour indicative of a special diet,

 goose: bird in which the tip of the sternum is rigid (ossified); a moderate to thick fat layer is present all over the carcase;

(e) GUINEA FOWL (Numida meleagris domesticus)

 (young) guinea fowl: bird in which the tip of the sternum is flexible (not ossified),

 guinea fowl: bird in which the tip of the sternum is rigid (ossified).

For the purpose of this Regulation, variants of the above terms relating to sex shall be construed as equivalent.

2.  Poultry cuts

(a) Half: half of the carcase, obtrained by a longitudinal cut in a plane along the sternum and the backbone;

▼M4

(b) Quarter: leg quarter or breast quarter, obtained by a transversal cut of a half;

▼B

(c) Unseparated leg quarters: both leg quarters united by a portion of the back, with or without the rump;

(d) Breast: the sternum and the ribs, or part thereof, distributed on both sides of its, together with the surrounding musculature. The breast may be presented as a whole or a half;

(e) Leg: the femur, tibia and fibula together with the surrounding musculature. The two cuts shall be made at the joints;

▼M4

(f) Chicken leg with a portion of the back: the weight of the back does not exceed 25 % of that of the whole cut;

▼B

(g) Thigh: the femur together with the surrounding muscultature. The two cuts shall be made at the joints;

(h) Drumstick: the tibia and fibula together with the surrounding musculature. The two cuts shall be made at the joints;

(i) Wing: the humerus, radius, and ulna, together with the surrounding musculature. In the case of turkey wings, humerus or radius/ulna together with the surrounding musculature may be presented separately. The tip, including the carpal bones, may or may not have been removed. The cuts shall be made at the joints;

(j) Unseparated wings: both wings united by a portion of the back, where the weight of the latter does not exceed 45 % of that of the whole cut;

(k) Breast fillet: the whole or half of the breast deboned, i.e. without sternum and ribs. In the case of turkey breast, the fillet may comprise the deep pectoral muscle only;

(l) Breast fillet with wishbone: the breast fillet without skin with the clavicle and the cartilagenous point of the sternum only, the weight of clavicle and cartilage not to exceed 3 % of that of the cut;

▼M4

(m) Magret, maigret: breast fillet of ducks and geese referred to in 3 comprising skin and sub-cutan fat covering the breast muscle, without the deep pectoral muscle;

▼M11

(n) Deboned turkey leg meat: turkey thighs and/or drumsticks, deboned, i.e. without femur, tibia and fibula, whole, diced or cut into strips.

▼M4

For the products listed under (e), (g) and (h) the wording ‘cuts shall be made at the joints’ is to mean cuts made within the two lines deliminating the joints as shown in the graphical presentation in Annex Ia.

Until 31 December 1991, in the case of products listed under (e), (g) and (h) the two cuts may be made near the joints.

Products listed under (d) to (k) may be presented with or without skin. The absence of the skin in the case of products listed under (d) to (j) or the presence of the skin in the case of the product listed under (k) shall be mentioned on the labelling within the meaning of Article 1 (3) (a) of Council ►M12  Directive 2000/13/EC ◄  ( 4 ).

3.  Foie gras:

the livers of geese, or of ducks of the species cairina muschata or c.m. × Anas platyrachos which have been fed in such a way as to produce hepatic fatty cellular hypertrophy.

The birds from which such livers are removed shall have been completely bled, and the livers be of a uniform colour.

The livers shall be of the following weight:

▼M7

 duck livers shall weigh at least 300 g net,

▼B

 goose livers shall weigh at least 400 g net.

▼M4

Article 1 a

For the purposes of this Regulation:

‘marketing’ means holding or displaying for sale, offering for sale, selling, delivery or any other form of marketing;

‘batch’ means poultrymeat of the same species and type, the same class, the same production run, from the same slaughterhouse or cutting plant, situated in the same place, which are to be inspected. For the purposes of Article 8 and Annexes V and VI, a batch shall only comprise prepackages of the same nominal weight category.

▼B

Article 2

1.  Poultry carcases shall, in order to be marketed in accordance with this Regulation, be presented for sale in one of the following forms:

 partially eviscerated (‘effilé’, ‘roped’),

▼M7

 with giblets,

 without giblets.

The word ‘eviscerated’ may be added.

▼B

2.  Partially eviscerated carcases are carcases from which the heart, liver, lungs, gizzard, crop, and kidneys have not been removed.

▼M4

3.  For all carcase presentations, if the head is not removed, trachea, oesophagus and crop may remain in the carcase.

▼B

4.  Giblets shall comprise only the following:

The heart, neck, gizzard and liver, and all other parts considered as edible by the market on which the product is intended for final consumption. Livers shall be without gall bladders. The gizzard shall be without the horned membrane, and the contents of the gizzard shall have been removed. The heart may be with or without the pericardial sac. If the neck remains attached to the carcase, it is not considered as one of the giblets.

Where one of these four organs is customarily not included with the carcase for sale, its absence shall be mentioned on the labelling.

Article 3

1.  The names under which the products covered by this Regulation are sold, within the meaning of Article 3 (1) (1) of Directive 79/112/EEC, shall be those enumerated in Article 1 and the corresponding terms in the other Community languages listed in Annex I qualified in the case

 of whole carcases by reference to one of the forms of presentation as laid down in Article 2 (1),

 of poultry cuts, by reference to the respective species.

2.  The names defined in Article 1 (1) and (2) may be supplemented by other terms provided that the latter do not mislead the consumer to a material degree and in particular such as would lead to confusion with other products listed in Article 1 (1) and (2) or with indications provided for in Article 10.

Article 4

Products other than those defined in Article 1 may be marketed in the Community only under names which do not mislead the consumer to a material degree by allowing confusion with those referred to in Article 1 or with indications provided for in Article 10.

Article 5

The following additional provisions shall apply to frozen poultrymeat as defined in Article 2 (6) of Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90:

The temperature of frozen poultrymeat concerned by this Regulation must be stable and maintained, at all points in the product, at −12 °C or lower, with possibly brief upward fluctuations of no more than 3 °C. These tolerances in the temperature of the product shall be permitted in accordance with good storage and sitribution practice during local distribution and in retail display cabinets.

Article 6

1.  Poultry carcases and cuts covered by this Regulation shall meet the following minimum requirements in order to be graded into classes A and B:

 intact, taking into account the presentation,

 clean, free from any visible foreign matter, dirt or blood,

 free of any foreign smell,

 free of visible bloodstains except those which are small and unobtrusive,

 free of produtruding broken bones,

 free of severe contusions.

In the case of fresh poultry, there shall be no traces of prior freezing.

2.  In order to be graded as class A, poultry carcases and cuts shall in addition satisfy the following criteria:

 they shall be of good conformation. The flesh shall be plump; the breast well developed, broad, long and fleshy, and the legs shall be fleshy. On chickens, young ducks or ducklings and turkeys there shall be a thin regular layer of fat on the breast, back und thighs. On cocks, hens, ducks and young geese a thicker layer of fat is permissible. On geese a moderate to thick fat layer shall be present all over the carcass,

 a few small feathers, stubs (quill ends) and hairs (filoplumes) may be present on the breast, legs, rump, footjoints and wing tips. In the case of boiling fowl, ducks, turkeys and geese a few may also be present on other parts,

 some damage, contusion and discoloration is permitted provided that it is small and unobtrusive, and not present on the breast or legs. The wing tip may be missing. A slight redness is permissible in wing tips and follicies,

 in the case of frozen or quick-frozen poultry there shall be no traces of freezer-burn ( 5 ) except those that are indidental, small and unobtrusive and not present on the breast or legs.

Article 7

▼M4

1.  Decisions arising from failure to comply with Articles 1, 2 and 6 may only be taken for the whole of the batch which has been checked in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

▼M4 —————

▼B

3.  A sample consisting of the following numbers of individual products as defined in Article 1 shall be drawn at random from each batch to be inspected in slaughterhouses, cutting plants, wholesale and retail warehouses or in the case of imports from third countries at the time of customs clearance:

▼M4



Batch size

Sample size

Tolerable number of defective units

Total

For Article 1 (1), 3, and 6 (1)

1

2

3

4

100 - 500

30

5

2

501 - 3 200

50

7

3

> 3 200

80

10

4

(1)   Tolerance within each species, not from one species to another.

4.  In the checking of a batch of class A poultrymeat, the total tolerable number of detective units referred to in column 3 of the table of paragraph 3 is allowed. These defective units may also comprise, in the case of breast fillet, fillets with up to 2 % in weight of cartilage (flexible tip of sternum).

However, the number of defective units not complying with the provisions of points 1 and 3 of provisions of Article 1 (1) and (3) as well as Article 6 (1) shall not exceed the figures shown in column 4 of the table contained in paragraph 3.

As regards point 3 of Article 1 (3), any defective unit shall not be considered tolerable unless it be of a weight of at least 240 g in the case of duck livers and of at least 385 g in the case of goose livers.

5.  In the checking of a batch of class B poultrymeat, the tolerable number of defective units shall be doubled.

▼B

6.  Where the checked batch is not deemed to comply, the supervising agency shall prohibit its marketing or import if the batch comes from a third country, unless and until proof is forthcoming that it has been made to comply with Articles 1 and 6.

▼M3

Article 8

1.  Prepackaged frozen or quick frozen poultrymeat may be classified by weight category in accordance with Article 3 (3) of Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 in prepackages within the meaning of Article 2 of Directive 76/211/EEC.

These prepackages may be:

 prepackages containing one poultry carcase, or

 prepackages containing one or several poultry cuts of the same type and species,

as defined in Article 1.

2.  All prepackages shall in accordance with paragraphs 3 and 4 bear an indication of the weight of the product known as ‘nominal weight’ which they are required to contain.

3.  Prepackages of frozen or quick-frozen poultrymeat may by classified by categories of nominal weights as follows:

 carcases:

 

 <1 100 g: classes of 50 g (1 050 — 1 000 — 950 etc.),

 1 100- < 2 400 g: classes of 100 g (1 100 - 1 200 - 1 300 etc. ),

 ≥ 2 400 g: classes of 200 g (2 400 - 2 600 - 2 800 etc.),

 cuts:

 

 <1 100 g: classes of 50 g (1 050 - 1 000 - 950 etc.),

 ≥ 1 100 g: classes of 100 g (1 100 - 1 200 - 1 300 etc.).

4.  Prepackages referred to in paragraph 1 shall be made up in such a way that they satisfy the following requirements:

 the actual contents shall not be less, on average, than the nominal weight,

 the proportion of prepackages having a negative error greater than the tolerable negative error laid down in paragraph 9 shall be sufficiently small for batches of prepackages to satisfy the requirements of the tests specified in paragraph 10,

 no prepackage having a negative error greater than twice the tolerable negative error given in paragraph 9 shall be marketed.

The definitions of nominal weight, actual content and negative error laid down in Annex I to Directive 76/211/EEC shall apply to this Regulation.

5.  Regarding responsibility of the packer or importer of frozen or quick-frozen poultrymeat and checks to be carried out by competent authorities, points 4,5 and 6 of Annex I to Directive 76/211/EEC apply mutatis mutandis.

6.  The checking of prepackages shall be carried out by sampling and shall be in two parts:

 a check covering the actual content of each prepackage in the sample,

 a check on the average actual contents of the prepackages in the sample.

A batch of prepackages shall be considered acceptable if the results of both these checks satisfy the acceptance criteria referred to in paragraphs 10 and 11.

7.  A batch shall be made up of all the prepackages of the same nominal weight, the same type and the same production rund, packed in the same place, which are to be inspected.

The batch size shall be limited to the quantities laid down below:

 when prepackages are checked at the end of the packing line, the number in each batch shall be equal to the maximum hourly output of the packing line, without any restriction as to batch size,

 in other cases the batch size shall be limited to 10 000.

8.  A sample consisting of the following numbers of prepackages shall be drawn at random from each batch to be inspected:



Batch size

Sample size

100 to 500

30

501 to 3 200

50

> 3 200

80

For batches of fewer than 100 prepackages, the non-destructive test, within the meaning of Annex II to Directive 76/211/EEC, where carried out, shall be 100 %.

9.  In the case of prepackaged poultrymeat the following tolerable negative errors are permitted:



(g)

Nominal weight, g

Tolerable negative error, g

carcases

cuts

< less than 1 000

25

25

1 100 < 2 400

50

right accolade 50

2 400 and more

100

10.  For the checking of the actual content of each prepackage in the sample, the minimum acceptable content shall be calculated by subtracting the tolerable negative error for the contents concerned from the nominal weight of the prepackage.

The prepackages in the sample whose actual contents are less than the minimum acceptable content shall be considered defective.

The batch of prepackages, checked shall be considered acceptable or rejected, if the number of defective units found in the sample is less than or equal to the acceptance criterion or equal to or greater than the criterion for rejection shown below:



Number in sample

Number of defective units

Acceptance criterion

Rejection criterion

30

2

3

50

3

4

80

5

6

11.  For the checking of the average actual contents, a batch of prepackages shall be considered acceptable, if the average actual content of the prepackages forming the sample is greater than the acceptance criterion shown below:



Sample size

Acceptance criterion for average actual content

30

image

≥ Qn − 0,503 s

50

image

≥ Qn − 0,379 s

80

image

≥ Qn − 0,295 s

image

= average actual content of prepackages,

Qn = nominal quantity of the prepackage,

s = standard deviation of the actual contents of the prepackages in the batch.

The standard deviation shall be estimated as set out under point 2.3.2.2. of Annex II to Directive 76/211/EEC.

12.  For so long as Directive 80/181/EEC authorizes the use of supplementary indications, the indication of the nominal weight of prepackages to which this Article applies may be accompanied by a supplementary indication.

13.  As an alternative to making use of the provisions of paragraphs 2 to 12, operators may market in the United Kingdom until 31 December 1994 prepackages referred to in this Article which are lawfully marked in accordance with national legislation with the nominal weights expressed in imperial units.

In respect of poultrymeat coming into the United Kingdom from other Member States and complying with the provisions of the preceding subparagraph, checks shall be carried out on a random basis and shall not be made at the border.

▼B

Article 9

An indication of the use of one of the methods of chilling defined hereafter and the corresponding terms in the other Community languages listed in Annex II may appear on the labelling within the meaning of Article 1 (3) (a) of ►M12  Directive 2000/13/EC ◄ :

—air chilling:

chilling of poultry carcases in cold air,

air-spray chilling:

chilling of poultry carcases in cold air interspersed with waterhaze or fine water spray,

immersion chilling:

chilling of poultry carcases in tanks of water or of ice and water, in accordance with the counterflow process as defined in Council Directive 71/118/EEC ( 6 )., Annex I, Chapter V, points 28 (a) and (b).

Article 10

▼M4

1.  In order to indicate types of farming with the exception of organic or biological farming, no other terms except those set out hereunder and the corresponding terms in the other Community languages listed in Annex III may appear on the labelling within the meaning of Article 1 (3) (a) of ►M12  Directive 2000/13/EC ◄ , and in any case they may appear only if the relevant conditions specified in Annex IV are fulfilled:

▼B

(a) ‘Fed with … % of …’

(b) ‘Extensive indoor’ (‘Barn reared’)

(c) ‘Free range’

(d) ‘Traditional free range’

(e) ‘Free range — total freedom’.

These terms may be supplemented by indications referring to the particular characteristics of the respective types of farming.

▼M12

When free-range production (points c, d and e) is indicated on the label for meat coming from ducks and geese kept for the production of ‘foie gras’, the term ‘from foie gras production’ shall also be indicated.

▼M4

2.  Mention of the age at slaughter of length of fattening period shall be permitted only when use is made of one of the terms referred to in paragraph 1 and for an age of not less than that indicated in Annex IV (b), (c) or (d). However, this provisions does not apply in the case of animals falling within the fourth indent of point 1 (a) of Article 1.

▼B

3.  These provisions shall apply without prejudice to national technical measures going beyond the minimum requirements given in Annex IV, which are applicable only to producers of the Member State concerned, provided that they are compatible with Community law and are in conformity with the common marketing standards for poultrymeat.

4.  The national measures referred to in paragraph 3 shall be communicated to the Commission.

5.  At any time and at the request of the Commission, Member States shall provide all the information necessary for assessing the compatibility of the measures reffered to in this Article with Community law and their conformity with the common marketing standards for poultrymeat.

Article 11

1.  Slaughterhouses authorized to use the terms reffered (SIC! referred) to in Article 10 shall be subject to special registration. They shall keep a separate record, by type of farming:

 of the names and addresses of the producers of such birds, who shall be registered following an inspection by the competent authority of the Member State,

 at the request of this authority the number of birds kept by each producer per turnround,

▼M12

 of the number and total live or carcasse weight of such birds delivered and processed,

 of details of sales including names and addresses of purchasers for a minimum of 6 months following dispatch.

▼M12

2.  The said producers shall subsequently be inspected regularly. They shall keep current records, for a minimum of six months following dispatch, of the number of birds by type of poultry system showing also the number of birds sold and the names and addresses of the purchasers and quantities and source of feed supply.

In addition producers using free-range systems shall also keep records of the date when birds were first given access to range.

▼M12

2a.  Feed manufacturers and suppliers shall keep records for at least six months after dispatch showing that the composition of the feed supplied to the producers referred to in Article 10(1)(a) complies with the indications given about feeding.

2b.  Hatcheries shall keep records of birds of the strains recognised as slow growing supplied to the producers referred to in Article 10(1)(d) and (e) for at least six months after dispatch.

▼B

3.  Regular inspections regarding compliance with Articles 10 and 11 shall be carried out at the

 farm: at least once per turnround,

▼M12

 feed manufacturer and supplier: at least once a year,

▼B

 slaughterhouse: at least four times per year,

 hatchery: at least once per year for the types of farming referred to in Article 10 (1) (d) and (e).

4.  Each Member State shall provide the other Member States and the Commission before 1 July 1991 with a list of the approved slaughterhouse registered according to paragraph 1, showing the name and address and the number allotted to each of them. Any alteration of that list shall be communicated at the beginning of each quarter of the calender year to the other Member States and the Commission.

Article 12

In the case of supervision of the indication of the type of farming used as referred to in Article 5 (6), second paragraph of Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90 bodies designated by the Member States shall comply with the criteria set out in European Norm No En/45011 of 26 June 1989, and as such shall be licensed and supervised by the competent authorities of the Member State concerned.

Article 13

Poultrymeat imported from third countries may bear one or more of the optional indications provided for in Articles 9 or 10 if it is accompanied by a certificate issued by the competent authority of the country of origin attesting to the compliance of the products in question with the relevant provisions of this Regulation.

On request from a third country to the Commission, a list of such authorities shall be established by the Commission.

▼M12 —————

▼M4

Article 14a

1.  Without prejudice to paragraphs 6 and 10, frozen and quick-frozen chickens may be marketed by way of business or trade within the Community only if the water content does not exceed the technically unavoidable values determined by the method of analysis described in Annex V (drip method) or that in VI (chemical method).

2.  The competent authorities designated by each Member State shall ensure that the slaughterhouses adopt all measures necessary to comply with the provisions of paragraph 1 and in particular that:

 samples for monitoring water absorption during chilling and water content of frozen and quick-frozen chickens are taken,

 results of the checks are recorded and kept for a period of one year,

 each batch is marked in such a way that its date of production can be identified; this batch mark must appear on the production record.

3.  Regular checks in accordance with Annex VII on the water absorbed or checks in accordance with Annex V shall be carried out in the slaughterhouses at least once each working period of ►M11  eight ◄ hours.

Where these checks reveal that the amount of water absorbed is greater than the total water content permitted under the terms of this Regulation, account being taken of the water absorbed by the carcases during the stages of processing which are not subject to checking, and where, in any case, the amount of water absorbed is greater than the levels referred to in point 9 of Annex VII, or in point 7 of Annex V, the necessary technical adjustments shall be made immediately by the slaughterhouse to the process.

4.  In all cases referred to in the second subparagraph of paragraph 3 and in any case at least once ►M8  every two months, ◄ checks on water content referred to in paragraph 1 shall be carried out, by sampling, on frozen and quick frozen chickens from each slaughterhouse according to Annexes V or VI, to be chosen by the competent authority of the Member State. These checks shall not be conducted for carcases in respect of which proof is provided to the satisfaction of the competent authority that they are intended exclusively for export.

5.  The checks referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4 shall be carried out by or under the responsibility of the competent authorities. The competent authorities may, in specific cases, apply the provisions of paragraph 3, and in particular of points 1 and 9 of Annex VII, and of paragraph 4 more stringently in respect of a given slaughterhouse, where this proves necessary to ensure compliance with the total water content permitted under this Regulation.

▼M8

They shall in all cases, where a batch of frozen or quick-frozen chickens was deemed not to comply with this Regulation, resume testing at the minimum frequency of checks referred to in paragraph 4 only after three successive checks according to Annexes V or VI, to be carried out by sampling from three different days of production within a maximum of four weeks, have shown negative results. The costs for these check shall be paid by the slaughterhouse concerned.

▼M12

5a.  Where, in the case of air chilling, the results of checks referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4 show compliance with the criteria laid down in Annexes V to VII during a period of six months, the frequency of the checks referred to in paragraph 3 may be reduced to once every month. Any failure to comply with the criteria laid down in these Annexes shall result in reinstatement of checks as referred to in paragraph 3.

▼M12

6.  If the result of the checks referred to in paragraph 4 is in excess of the admissible limits, the batch concerned shall be deemed not to comply with this Regulation. In that event, however, the slaughterhouse concerned may request that a counter-analysis be carried out in the reference laboratory of the Member State, using a method to be chosen by the competent authority of the Member State. The costs of this counter-analysis shall be borne by the holder of the batch.

▼M4

7.  Where, if necessary after such counter-analysis, the batch in question is deemed not to comply with this Regulation, the competent authority shall take the appropriate measures aimed at allowing such a batch to be marketed within the Community only on condition such a batch to be marketed within the Community only on condition that both individual and bulk packaging of the carcases concerned shall be marked by the slaughterhouse under the supervision of the competent authority with a tape or label bearing at least one of the following forms of wording in red capital letters:

▼M13

 Contenido en agua superior al límite CEE

 Obsah vody překračuje limit EHS

 Vandindhold overstiger EØF-Normen

 Wassergehalt über dem EWG-Höchstwert

 Veesisaldus ületab EMÜ normi

 Περιεκτικότητα σε νερό ανώτερη του ορίου ΕΟΚ

 Water content exceeds EEC limit

 Teneur en eau supérieure à la limite CEE

 Tenore d'acqua superiore al limite CEE

 Ūdens saturs pārsniedz EEK noteikto normu

 Vandens kiekis viršija EEB nustatytą ribą

 Víztartalom meghaladja az EGK által előírt határértéket

 Il-kontenut ta’ l-ilma superjuri għal-limitu KEE

 Watergehalte hoger danhet EEG-maximum

 Zawartość wody przekracza normę EWG

 Teor de água superior ao limite CEE

 Cudzia voda v hydinovom mäse EEC limit

 Vsebnost vode presega EES omejitev

 Vesipitoisuus ylittää ETY-normin

 Vattenhalten överstiger den halt som är tillåten inom EEG.

▼M4

The batch referred to in the first subparagraph shall remain under the supervision of the competent authority until it is dealt with in accordance with the paragraph or otherwise disposed of. If it is certified to the competent authority that the batch referred to in the first subparagraph is to be exported, the competent authority shall take all necessary measures to prevent the batch in question from being marketed within the Community. The forms of wording provided for in the first subparagraph shall be marked in a conspicuous place in such a way as to be easily visible, clearly legible and indelible. They shall not in any way be hidden, obscured or interrupted by other written or pictorial matter. The latters shall be at least 1 cm high on the individual packaging and 2 cm on bulk packaging.

8.  The Member State of destination may, where there are serious ground for suspecting irregularities, carry out non-discriminatory random checks of frozen or quick-frozen chickens in order to verify that a consignment meets the requirements of this Article.

9.  The checks referred to in paragraph 8 shall be carried out at the place of destination of the goods or at another suitable place, provided that in the latter case the choice of the places is not at the border and interferes as little as possible with the routing of the goods and that the goods may proceed normally to their destination once the appropriate sample has been taken. However the products concerned shall not be sold to the final consumer until the result of the check is available.

Such checks shall be carried out as soon as possible so as not unduly to delay their placing on the market, or cause delays which might impair their quality.

Results of these checks and any subsequent decisions and the grounds for taking them shall be notified at the latest two working days after sampling to the consignor, the consignee or their representative. Decisions taken by the competent authority of the Member State of destination and the reasons for such decisions shall be notified to the competent authority of the Member State of dispatch.

If the consignor or his representative so requests, the said decisions and reasons shall be forwarded to him in writing with details of the rights of appeal which are available to him under the law in force in the Member State of destination and of the procedure and time limits applicable.

▼M12

10.  If the result of the checks referred to in paragraph 8 is in excess of the admissible limits, the holder of the batch concerned may request that a counter-analysis be carried out in one of the reference laboratories listed in Annex VIII, using the same method as for the initial test. The expenses occasioned by this counter-analysis shall be borne by the holder of the batch. Tasks and competencies of reference laboratories are provided for in Annex IX.

▼M4

11.  If, after a check carried out in accordance with paragraphs 8 and 9 and, if requested, after a counter-analysis, it is found that the frozen or quick-frozen chickens do not comply with this Article, the competent authority of the Member State of destination shall apply the procedures provided for in paragraph 7.

12.  In the cases provided for in paragraphs 10 and 11, the competent authority of the Member State of destination shall contact the competent authorities of the Member State of dispatch without delay. The latter authorities shall take all necessary measures and notify the competent authority of the first Member State of the nature of the checks carried out, the decisions taken and the reasons for such decisions.

Where the checks referred to in paragraphs 8 and 10 show repeated irregularities, or where such checks, in the view of the Member State or dispatch, are being carried out without sufficient justification, the competent authorities of the Member States concerned shall inform the Commission.

The Commission, to the extent necessary to ensure uniform application of this Regulation or at the request of the competent authority of the Member State of destination, and taking into account the nature of the infringements may:

 send a mission of experts to the establishment concerned, and in conjunction with the competent national authorities, carry out on-the-spot inspections, or

 request the competent authority of the Member State of dispatch to intensify its sampling of the products of the establishment concerned and if necessary to apply sanctions in accordance with Article 10 of Regulation (EEC) No 1906/90.

The Commission shall inform the Member States of its findings. Member States in whose territory an inspection is carried out shall give the experts all the assistance necessary for the performance of their tasks.

Pending the Commission's findings, the Member State of dispatch must, at the request of the Member State of destination, intensify checks on products coming from the establishment in question.

Where these measures are taken to deal with repeated irregularities on the part of an establishment, the Commission shall charge any expenses occasioned by the application of the indents of the third subparagraph to the establishment involved.

▼M8

12a.  The competent authorities of the Member States shall inform the respective national reference laboratory without delay about the results of the checks carried out by them or under their responsibility.

▼M15

The national reference laboratories shall forward these data to the board of experts referred to in paragraph 14 for further evaluation and discussion with national reference laboratories before 1 July each year. The findings shall be presented to the Management Committee for consideration in accordance with Article 18 of Regulation (EEC) No 2777/75.

▼M11

13.  The Member States shall adopt the practical measures for the checks provided for in this Article at all stages of marketing including checks of imports from third countries at the time of customs clearance in accordance with Annexes V and VI. They shall inform the other Member States and the Commission before 1 September 2000 of these measures. Any relevant changes shall be communicated immediately to the other Member States and to the Commission.

▼M15

14.  A board of experts in monitoring water content in poultrymeat shall act as a coordinating body for testing activities of national reference laboratories. It shall consist of representatives of the Commission and national reference laboratories. Tasks of the board and of national reference laboratories, as well as the organisational structure of the board are provided for in Annex IX.

▼M11

Article 14b

1.  The following fresh, frozen and quick-frozen poultry cuts may be marketed by way of business or trade within the Community only if the water content does not exceed the technically unavoidable values determined by the method of analysis described in Annex VIa (chemical method):

(a) chicken breast fillet, with or without wishbone, without skin;

(b) chicken breast, with skin;

(c) chicken thighs, drumsticks, legs, legs with a portion of the back, leg-quarters, with skin;

(d) turkey breast fillet, without skin;

(e) turkey breast, with skin;

(f) turkey thighs, drumsticks, legs, with skin;

(g) deboned turkey leg meat, without skin.

2.  The competent authorities designated by each Member State shall ensure that the slaughterhouses and cutting plants whether or not attached to slaughterhouses adopt all measures necessary to comply with the provisions of paragraph 1 and in particular that:

▼M12

 regular checks on water absorbed are carried out in the slaughterhouses in accordance with Article 14a(3) also for chicken and turkey carcasses intended for the production of the fresh, frozen and quick-frozen cuts listed in paragraph 1. These checks shall be carried out at least once each working period of eight hours. However, in case of air chilling of turkey carcasses, regular checks on water absorbed need not to be carried out. The limit values fixed in Annex VII(9) shall also apply for turkey carcasses,

▼M11

 results of the checks are recorded and kept for a period of one year,

 each batch is marked in such a way that its date of production can be identified; this batch mark must appear on the production record.

▼M12

Where, in the case of air chilling of chickens, the results of checks referred to in the first indent and in paragraph 3 show compliance with the criteria laid down in Annexes V to VII during a period of six months, the frequency of the checks referred to in the first indent may be reduced to once every month. Any failure to comply with the criteria laid down in Annexes V to VII shall result in reinstatement of checks as referred to in the first indent.

▼M11

3.  At least once every three months checks on the water content referred to in paragraph 1 shall be carried out, by sampling, on frozen and quick-frozen poultry cuts from each cutting-plant producing such cuts, according to Annex VIa. These checks shall not be conducted for poultry cuts in respect of which proof is provided to the satisfaction of the competent authority that they are intended exclusively for export.

▼M12

After one year of compliance with the criteria laid down in Annex VIa in a particular cutting plant, the frequency of tests shall be reduced to once every six months. Any failure to comply with these criteria shall result in reinstatement of checks as referred to in the first subparagraph.

▼M11

4.  Paragraphs 5 to 13 of Article 14a shall apply, mutatis mutandis, for poultry cuts referred to in paragraph 1.

▼M1

Article 15

This Regulation shall enter into force on 20 June 1991.

It shall apply from 1 July 1991.

Article 8 shall apply from 1 March 1992 in the case of imports from third countries.

However, until ►M2  31 March 1992 ◄ operators may pack products covered by this Regulation in packing material bearing indications provided for in Community or national legislation applicable before the entry into force of this Regulation. These products may then be marketed until 31 December 1992.

▼B

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

▼M13




ANNEX I



ARTICLE 1(1) – NAMES OF POULTRY CARCASES

 

es

cs

da

de

et

el

en

fr

it

lv

1.

Pollo (de carne)

Kuře, brojler

Kylling, slagtekylling

Hähnchen Masthuhn

Tibud, broiler

Κοτόπουλο Πετεινοί και κότες (κρεατοπαραγωγής)

Chicken, broiler

Poulet (de chair)

Pollo, ‘Broiler

Cālis, broilers

2.

Gallo, gallina

Kohout, slepice, drůbež na pečení, nebo vaření

Hane, høne, suppehøne

Suppenhuhn

Kuked, kanad, hautamiseks või keetmiseks mõeldud kodulinnud

Πετεινοί και κότες (για βράσιμο)

Cock, hen, casserole, or boiling fowl

Coq, poule (à bouillir)

Gallo, gallina Pollame da brodo

Gailis, vista, sautēta vai vārīta mājputnu gaļa

3.

Capón

Kapoun

Kapun

Kapaun

Kohikukk

Καπόνια

Capon

Chapon

Cappone

Kapauns

4.

Polluelo

Kuřátko, Kohoutek

Poussin, Coquelet

Stubenküken

Kana- ja kukepojad

Νεοσσός, πετεινάρι

Poussin, Coquelet

Poussin, coquelet

Galletto

Cālītis

5.

Gallo joven

Mladý kohout

Unghane

Junger Hahn

Noor kukk

Πετεινάρι

Young cock

Jeune coq

Giovane gallo

Jauns gailis

1.

Pavo (joven)

(Mladá) krůta

(Mini) kalkun

(Junge) Pute, (Junger) Truthahn

(Noor) kalkun

(Νεαροί) γάλοι και γαλοπούλες

(Young) turkey

Dindonneau, (jeune) dinde

(Giovane) tacchino

(Jauns) tītars

2.

Pavo

Krůta

Avlskalkun

Pute, Truthahn

Kalkun

Γάλοι και γαλοπούλες

Turkey

Dinde (à bouillir)

Tacchino/a

Tītars

1.

Pato (joven o anadino), pato de Berberia (joven), Pato cruzado (joven)

(Mladá) kachna, kachně, (Mladá) Pižmová kachna, (Mladá) Kachna Mulard

(Ung) and (Ung) berberand (Ung) mulardand

Frühmastente, Jungente, (Junge) Barbarieente (Junge) Mulardente

(Noor) part, pardipoeg, (noor) muskuspart, (noor), (noor) mullard

(Νεαρές) πάπιες ή παπάκια, (νεαρές) πάπιες βαρβαρίας, (νεαρές) πάπιες mulard

(Young) duck, duckling, (Young) Muscovy duck (Young) Mulard duck

(Jeune) canard, caneton, (jeune) canard de barbarie, (jeune) canard mulard

(Giovane) anatra (Giovane) Anatra muta (Giovane) Anatra ‘mulard

(Jauna) pīle, pīlēns, (Jauna) Muskuss pīle, (Jauna) Mullard pīle

2.

Pato, pato de Berbería Pato cruzado

Kachna, Pižmová kachna, Kachna Mulard

Avlsand Berberand Mulardand

Ente, Barbarieente Mulardente

Part, muskuspart, mullard

Πάπιες, πάπιες βαρβαρίας πάπιες mulard

Duck, Muscovy duck, Mulard duck

Canard, canard de Barbarie (à bouillir), canard mulard (à bouillir)

Anatra Anatra muta Anatra ‘mulard

Pīle, Muskuss pīle, Mullard pīle

1.

Oca (joven), ansarón

Mladá husa, house

(Ung) gås

Frühmastgans, (Junge) Gans, Jungmastgans

(Noor) hani, hanepoeg

(Νεαρές) χήνες ή χηνάκια

(Young) goose, gosling

(Jeune) oie ou oison

(Giovane) oca

(Jauna) zoss, zoslēns

2.

Oca

Husa

Avlsgås

Gans

Hani

Χήνες

Goose

Oie

Oca

Zoss

1.

Pintada (joven)

Mladá perlička

(Ung) perlehøne

(Junges) Perlhuhn

(Noor) pärlkana

(Νεαρές) φραγκόκοτες

(Young) guinea fowl

(Jeune) pintade Pintadeau

(Giovane) faraona

(Jauna) pērļu vistiņa

2.

Pintada

Perlička

Avlsperlehøne

Perlhuhn

Pärlkana

Φραγκόκοτες

Guinea fowl

Pintade

Faraona

Pērļu vistiņa



 

lt

hu

mt

nl

pl

pt

sk

sl

fi

sv

1.

Viščiukas broileris

Brojler csirke, pecsenyecsirke

Fellus, brojler

Kuiken, braadkuiken

Kurczę, broiler

Frango

Kurča, brojler

Pitovni piščanec-brojler

Broileri

Kyckling, slaktkyckling (broiler)

2.

Gaidys, višta, skirti troškinti arba virti

Kakas és tyúk (főznivaló baromfi)

Serduk, tiġieġa (tal-brodu)

Haan, hen, soep- of stoofkip

Kura rosołowa

Galo, galinha

Kohút, sliepka

Petelin, kokoš, perutnina za pečenje ali kuhanje

Kukko, kana

Tupp, höna, gryt- eller kokhöna

3.

Kaplūnas

Kappan

Ħasi

Kapoen

Kapłon

Capão

Kapún

Kopun

Chapon (syöttökukko)

Kapun

4.

Viščiukas

Minicsirke

Għattuqa, coquelet

Piepkuiken

Kurczątko

Franguitos

Kuriatko

Mlad piščanec, mlad petelin (kokelet)

Kananpoika, kukonpoika

Poussin, Coquelet

5.

Gaidžiukas

Fiatal kakas

Serduk żgħir fl-eta

Jonge han

Młody kogut

Galo jovem

Mladý kohút

Mlad petelin

Nuori kukko

Ung tupp

1.

Kalakučiukas

Pecsenyepulyka, gigantpulyka, növendék pulyka

Dundjan (żgħir fl-eta)

(Jonge) kalkoen

(Młody) indyk

Peru

Mladá morka

(Mlada) pura

(Nuori) kalkkuna

(Ung) kalkon

2.

Kalakutas

Pulyka

Dundjan

Kalkoen

Indyk

Peru adulto

Morka

Pura

Kalkkuna

Kalkon

1.

Ančiukai, Muskusinės anties ančiukai, Mulardinės anties ančiukai

Pecsenyekacsa, Pecsenye pézsmakacsa, Pecsenye mulard -kacsa

Papra (żgħira fl-eta), papra żgħira (fellus ta’ papra), papra muskovy (żgħira fl-eta), papra mulard

(Jonge) eend, (Jonge) Barbarijse eend (Jonge) ‘Mulard’-eend

(Młoda) kaczka tuczona, (Młoda) kaczka piżmowa, (Młoda) kaczka mulard

Pato, Pato Barbary, Pato Mulard

(Mladá kačica), kačiatko, (Mladá) pyžmová kačica, (Mladý) mulard

(Mlada) raca, račka, (Mlada) muškatna raca, (Mlada) mulard raca

(Nuori) ankka, (Nuori) myskiankka

(Ung) anka, ankunge, (ung) mulardand (ung) myskand

2.

Antis, Muskusinė antis, Mulardinė antis

Kacsa, Pézsma kacsa, Mulard kacsa

Papra, papra muscovy, papra mulard

Eend Barbarijse eend ‘Mulard’-eend

Kaczka, Kaczka piżmowa, Kaczka mulard

Pato adulto, pato adulto Barbary, pato adulto Mulard

Kačica, Pyžmová kačica, Mulard

Raca, Muškatna raca, Mulard raca

Ankka, myskiankka

Anka, mulardand, myskand

1.

Žąsiukas

Fiatal liba, pecsenye liba

Wiżża (żgħira fl-eta), fellusa ta’ wiżża

(Jonge) gans

Młoda gęś

Ganso

(Mladá) hus, húsatko

(Mlada) gos, goska

(Nuori) hanhi

(Ung) gås, gåsunge

2.

Žąsis

Liba

Wiżża

Gans

Gęś

Ganso adulto

Hus

Gos

Hanhi

Gås

1.

Perlinių vištų viščiukai

Pecsenyegyöngyös

Fargħuna (żgħira fl-eta)

(Jonge) parelhoen

(Młoda) perliczka

Pintada

(Mladá) perlička

(Mlada) pegatka

(Nuori) helmikana

(Ung) pärlhöna

2.

Perlinės vištos

Gyöngytyúk

Fargħuna

Parelhoen

Perlica

Pintada adulta

Perlička

Pegatka

Helmikana

Pärlhöna



ARTICLE 1(2) – NAMES OF POULTRY PARTS

 

es

cs

da

de

et

el

en

fr

it

lv

a)

Medio

Půlka

Halvt

Hälfte oder Halbes

Pool

Μισά

Half

Demi ou moitié

Metà

Puse

b)

Charto

Čtvrtka

Kvart

(Vorder-, Hinter-) Viertel

Veerand

Τεταρτημόριο

Quarter

Quart

Quarto

Ceturdaļa

c)

Cuartos traseros unidos

Neoddělená zadní čtvrtka

Sammenhængende lårstykker

Hinterviertel am Stück

Lahtilõikamata koivad

Αδιαχώριστα τεταρτημόρια ποδιών

Unseparated leg quarters

Quarts postérieurs non séparés

Cosciotto

Nesadalītas kāju ceturdaļas

d)

Pechuga

Prsa

Bryst

Brust, halbe Brust, halbierte Brust

Rind

Στήθος

Breast

Poitrine, blanc ou filet sur os

Petto con osso

Krūtiņa

e)

Muslo y contramuslo

Stehno

Helt lår

Schenkel, Keule

Koib

Πόδι

Leg

Cuisse

Coscia

Kāja

f)

Charto trasero de pollo

Stehno kuřete s částí zad

Kyllingelår med en del af ryggen

Hähnchenschenkel mit Rückenstück, Hühnerkeule mit Rückenstück

Koib koos seljaosaga

Πόδι από κοτόπουλο με ένα κομμάτι της ράχης

Chicken leg with a portion of the back

Cuisse de poulet avec une portion du dos

Coscetta

Cāļa kāja ar muguras daļu

g)

Contramuslo

Horní stehno

Overlår

Oberschenkel, Oberkeule

Reis

Μηρός (μπούτι)

Thigh

Haut de cuisse

Sovraccoscia

Šķiņkis

h)

Muslo

Dolní stehno (Palička)

Underlår

Unterschenkel, Unterkeule

Sääretükk

Κνήμη

Drumstick

Pilon

Fuso

Stilbs

i)

Ala

Křídlo

Vinge

Flügel

Tiib

Φτερούγα

Wing

Aile

Ala

Spārns

j)

Alas unidas

Neoddělená křídla

Sammenhængende vinger

Beide Flügel, ungetrennt

Lahtilõikamata tiivad

Αδιαχώριστες φτερούγες

Unseparated wings

Ailes non séparées

Ali non separate

Nesadalīti spārni

k)

Filete de pechuga

Prsní řízek

Brystfilet

Brustfilet, Filet aus der Brust, Filet

Rinnafilee

Φιλέτο στήθους

Breast fillet

Filet de poitrine, blanc, filet, noix

Filetto, fesa (tacchino)

Krūtiņas fileja

l)

Filete de pechuga con clavícula

Filety z prsou (Klíční kost s chrupavkou prsní kosti včetně svaloviny v přirozené souvislosti, klíč. kost a chrupavka max.3 % z cel.hmotnosti)

Brystfilet med ønskeben

Brustfilet mit Schlüsselbein

Rinnafilee koos harkluuga

Φιλέτο στήθους με κλειδοκόκαλο

Breast fillet with wishbone

Filet de poitrine avec clavicule

Petto (con forcella), fesa (con forcella)

Krūtiņas fileja ar krūšukaulu

m)

Magret, maigret

Magret, maigret (Filety z prsou kachen a hus s kůží a podkožním tukem pokrývajícím prsní sval, bez hlubokého svalu prsního)

Magret, maigret

Magret, Maigret

Rinnaliha (‘magret’ või ‘maigret’)

Maigret, magret

Magret, maigret

Magret, maigret

Magret, maigret

Pīles krūtiņa



 

lt

hu

mt

nl

pl

pt

sk

sl

fi

sv

a)

Pusė

Fél baromfi

Nofs

Helft

Połówka

Metade

Polená hydina

Polovica

Puolikas

Halva

b)

Ketvirtis

Negyed baromfi

Kwart

Kwart

Ćwiartka

Quarto

Štvrťka hydiny

Četrt

Neljännes

Kvart

c)

Neatskirti kojų ketvirčiai

Összefüggő (egész) combnegyedek

Il-kwarti ta’ wara tas-saqajn, mhux separati

Niet-gescheiden achterkwarten

Ćwiartka tylna w całości

Quartos de coxa não separados

Neoddelené hydinové stehná

Neločene četrti nog

Takaneljännes

Bakdelspart

d)

Krūtinėlė

Mell

Sidra

Borst

Pierś, połówka piersi

Peito

Prsia

Prsi

Rinta

Bröst

e)

Koja

Comb

Koxxa

Hele poot, hele dij

Noga

Perna inteira

Hydinové stehno

Bedro

Koipireisi

Klubba

f)

Viščiuko koja su neatskirta nugaros dalimi

Csirkecomb a hát egy részével

Koxxa tat-tiġieġa b’porzjon tad-dahar

Poot/dij met rugdeel (bout)

Noga kurczęca z częścią grzbietu

Perna inteira de frango com uma porção do dorso

Kuracie stehno s panvou

Piščančja bedra z delom hrbta

Koipireisi, jossa selkäosa

Kycklingklubba med del av ryggben

g)

Šlaunelė

Felsőcomb

Il-biċċa ta’ fuq tal-koxxa

Bovenpoot, bovendij

Udo

Coxa

Horné hydinové stehno

Stegno

Reisi

Lår

h)

Blauzdelė

Alsócomb

Il-biċċa t’isfel tal-koxxa (drumstick)

Onderpoot, onderdij (Drumstick)

Podudzie

Perna

Dolné hydinové stehno

Krača

Koipi

Ben

i)

Sparnas

Szárny

Ġewnaħ

Vleugel

Skrzydło

Asa

Hydinové krídelko

Peruti

Siipi

Vinge

j)

Neatskirti sparnai

Összefüggő (egész) szárnyak

Ġwienaħ mhux separati

Niet-gescheiden vleugels

Skrzydła w całości

Asas não separadas

Neoddelené hydinové krídla

Neločene peruti

Siivet kiini toisissaan

Sammanhängande vingar

k)

Krūtinėlės filė

Mellfilé

Flett tas-sidra

Borstfilet

Filet z piersi

Carne de peito

Hydinový rezeň

Prsni file

Rintafile'

Bröstfilé

l)

Krūtinėlės filė su raktikauliu ir krūtinkauliu

Mellfilé szegycsonttal

Flett tas-sidra bil-wishbone

Borstfilet met vorkbeen

Filet z piersi z obojczykiem

Carne de peito com fúrcula

Hydinový rezeň s kosťou

Prsni file s prsno kostjo

Rintafile' solisluineen

Bröstfilé med nyckelben

m)

Krūtinėlės filė be kiliojo raumens (magret)

Bőrös libamell-filé, (maigret)

Magret, maigret

Magret

Magret

Magret, maigret

Magret

Magret

Magret, maigret

Magret, maigret

▼M4




ANNEX I A

Cut separating thigh/leg and back

 delimination of hip joint —

  image

Cut separating thigh and drumstick

 delimination of knee joint —

  image

▼M13




ANNEX II



ARTICLE 9 – CHILLING METHODS

 

es

cs

da

de

et

el

en

fr

it

lv

1.

Refrigeración por aire

Vzduchem (Chlazení vzduchem)

Luftkøling

Luftkühlung

Õhkjahutus

Ψύξη με αέρα

Air chilling

Refroidissement à l'air

Raffreddamento ad aria

Dzesēšana ar gaisu

2.

Refrigeración por aspersión ventilada

Vychlazeným proudem vzduchu s postřikem

Luftspraykøling

Luft-Sprühkühlung

Õhkpiserdusjahutus

Ψύξη με ψεκασμό

Air spray chilling

Refroidissement par aspersion ventilée

Raffreddamento per aspersione e ventilazione

Dzesēšana ar izsmidzinātu gaisu

3.

Refrigeración por immersión

Ve vodní lázni ponořením

Neddypningskøling

Gegenstrom-Tauchkühlung

Sukeljahutus

Ψύξη με βύθιση

Immersion chilling

Refroidissement par immersion

Raffreddamento per immersione

Dzesēšana iegremdējot



 

lt

hu

mt

nl

pl

pt

sk

sl

fi

sv

1.

Atšaldymas ore

Levegős hűtés

Tkessiħ bl-arja

Luchtkoeling

Owiewowa

Refrigeração por ventilação

Chladené vzduchom

Zračno hlajenje

Ilmajähdytys

Luftkylning

2.

Atšaldymas pučiant orą

Permetezéses hűtés

Tkessiħ b’air spray

Lucht-sproeikoeling

Owiewowo-natryskowa

Refrigeração por aspersão e ventilação

Chladené sprejovaním

Hlajenje s pršenjem

Ilmasprayjäähdytys

Evaporativ kylning

3.

Atšaldymas panardinant

Bemerítéses hűtés

Tkessiħ b’immersjoni

Dompelkoeling

Zanurzeniowa

Refrigeração por imersão

Chladené vo vode

Hlajenje s potapljanjem

Vesijähdytys

Vattenkylning




ANNEX III



ARTICLE 10(1) – TYPES OF FARMING

 

es

cs

da

de

et

el

en

fr

it

lv

a)

Alimentado con… %Oca engordada con avena

Krmena (čím)…%(čeho)…Husa krmená ovsem

Fodret med… % …Havrefodret gås

Mast mit… % …Hafermastgans

Söödetud…, mis sisaldab…% …Kaeraga toidetud hani

Έχει τραφεί με… % …Χήνα που παχαίνεται με βρώμη

Fed with… % of …Oats fed goose

Alimenté avec… % de …Oie nourrie à l'avoine

Alimentato con il… % di …Oca ingrassata con avena

Barība ar… % …ar auzām barotas zosis

b)

Sistema extensivo en gallinero

Extenzivní v hale

Ekstensivt staldopdræt (skrabe…)

Extensive Bodenhaltung

Ekstensiivne seespidamine (lindlas pidamine)

Εκτατικής εκτροφής

Extensive indoor (barnreared)

Élevé à l'intérieur: système extensif

Estensivo al coperto

Turēšana galvenokārt telpās (‘Audzēti kūtī’)

c)

Gallinero con salida libre

Volný výběh

Fritgående

Auslaufhaltung

Vabapidamine

Ελεύθερης βοσκής

Free range

Sortant à l'extérieur

All'aperto

Brīvā turēšana

d)

Granja al aire libre

Tradiční volný výběh

Frilands …

Bäuerliche Auslaufhaltung

Traditsiooniline vabapidamine

Πτηνοτροφείο παραδοσιακά ελεύθερης βοσκής

Traditional free range

Fermier-élevé en plein air

Rurale all'aperto

Tradicionālā brīvā turēšana

e)

Granja de cría en libertad

Volný výběh – úplná volnost

Frilands… opdrættet i fuld frihed

Bäuerliche Freilandhaltung

Täieliku liikumisvabadusega traditsiooniline vabapidamine

Πτηνοτροφείο απεριόριστης τροφής

Free-range — total freedom

Fermier-élevé en liberté

Rurale in libertà

Pilnīgā brīvība



 

lt

hu

mt

nl

pl

pt

sk

sl

fi

sv

a)

Lesinta…%…Avižomis penėtos žąsys

…%-ban…..-val etetettZabbal etetett liba

Mitmugħa b’… % ta’ …Wiżża mitmugħa bil-ħafur

Gevoed met… % …Met haver vetgemeste gans

Żywione z udziałem…%…tucz owsiany (gęsi)

Alimentado com… % de …Ganso engordado com aveia

Kŕmené…% …husi kŕmené ovsom

Krmljeno s/z…….%gos krmljena z ovsem

Ruokittu… % …Kauralla ruokittu hanhi

Utfodrad med… % …Havreutfodrad gås

b)

Patalpose laisvai auginti paukščiai (Auginti tvartuose)

Istállóban külterjesen tartott

Mrobbija ġewwa: sistema estensiva

Scharrel… binnengehouden

Ekstensywny chów ściółkowy

Produção extensiva em interior

Extenzívne v halách

Ekstenzivna zaprta reja

Laajaperäinen siskasvatus

Extensivt uppfödd inomhus

c)

Laisvai laikomi paukščiai

Szabadtartás

Barra (free range)

Scharrel… met uitloop

Chów wybiegowy

Produção em semiliberdade

Chované vo voľnom výbehu

Prosta reja

Ulkoilumahdollisuus

Tillgång till utomhusvistelse

d)

Tradiciškai laisvai laikomi paukščiai

Hagyományos szabadtartás

Barra (free range) tradizzjonali

Boerenscharrel… met uitloopHoeve… met uitloop

Tradycyjny chów wybiegowy

Produção ao ar livre

Chované tradičným spôsobom v halách

Tradicionalna prosta reja

Ulkoiluvapaus

Traditionell utomhusvistelse

e)

Visiškoje laisvėje laikomi paukščiai

Teljes szabadtartás

Barra (free range) – liberta totali

Boerenscharrel… met vrije uitloopHoeve… met vrije uitloop

Chów wybiegowy bez ograniczeń

Produção em liberdade

Chované na paši

Prosta reja – neomejen izpust

Vapaa kasvatus

Uppfödd i full frihet

▼M4




ANNEX IV

▼M14

The conditions referred to in Article 10 are as follows:

▼M12

(a)  Fed with … % of …

Reference to the following particular feed ingredients may only be made where:

 in the case of cereals, they account for at least 65 % in weight of the feed formula givne (SIC! given) during the greater part of the fattening period, which may include not more than 15 % of cereal by-products; however, where reference is made to one specific cereal, it shall account for at least 35 % of the feed formula used, and for at least 50 % in the case of maize,

 in the case of pulses or green vegetables they account for at least 5 % in weight of the feed formula given during most of the fattening period,

 in the case of dairy products, they account for at least 5 % in weight of the feed formula given during the finishing stage.

The term ‘Oats fed goose’ may however be used where the geese are fed during the finishing stage of three weeks not less than 500 g of oats per day.

(b)  ‘Extensive indoor’ (‘barn reared’)

This term may only be used where:

 the stocking rate per m2 floor space does not exceed in the case of

 

▼M12

 chickens, young cocks, capons: 15 birds but not more than 25 kg liveweight,

▼M4

 ducks, guinea fowl, turkeys: 25 kg liveweight,

 geese: 15 kg liveweight,

 the birds are slaughtered in the case of:

 

 chickens at 56 days or later,

 turkeys at 70 days or later,

 geese at 112 days or later,

 peking ducks: 49 days or later,

 Muscovy ducks: 70 days or later for females, 84 days or later for males,

 female mulard ducks: 65 days or later,

 guinea fowl: 82 days or later,

▼M11

 young geese (goslings): 60 days or later,

▼M12

 young cocks: 90 days or later,

 capons: 140 days or later.

▼M4

(c)  Free range

This term may only be used where:

 the stocking rate in the house and the age of slaughter are in accordance with the limits fixed under (b), except for chickens, for which the stocking rate may be increased to 13, but not more than 27,5 kg liveweight per m2 and for capons, for which the stocking rate shall not exceed 7,5 m2, and not more than 27,5 kg liveweight per m2,

 the birds have had during at least half their lifetime continuous daytime access to open-air runs comprising an area mainly covered by vegetation of not less than:

 

 1 m2 per chicken or guinea fowl

▼M9

 2 m2 per duck or per capon

▼M4

 4 m2 per turkey or goose.

 In the chase (SIC! case) of guinea fowls, open-air runs may be replaced by a perchery having a floor surface of at least that of the house and a height of at least 2 m. Perches of at least 10 cm length are available per bird in total (house and perchery),

 the feed formula used in the fattening stage contains at least 70 % of cereals,

 the poultryhouse is provided with popholes of a combined length at least equal to 4 m per 100 m2 surface of the house.

(d)  Traditional free range

This term may only be used where:

 the indoor stocking rate per m2 does not exceed in the case of:

 

 chickens: 12 but not more than 25 kg liveweight; however, in the case of mobile houses not exceeding 150 m2 floor space and which remain open at night, the stocking rate may be increased to 20, but not more than 40 kg liveweight per m2,

 capons: 6,25 (up to 91 days of age: 12) but not more than 35 kg liveweight,

 Muscovy and Peking ducks: 8 males but not more than 35 kg liveweight, 10 females but not more than 25 kg liveweight,

 Mulard ducks: 8 but not more than 35 kg liveweight,

▼M12

 guinea fowl: 13 but not more than 25 kg liveweight,

▼M4

 turkeys: 6,25 (up to seven weeks of age: 10) but not more than 35 kg liveweight,

 geese: 5 (up to six weeks of age: 10), 3 during last three weeks of fattening if kept in claustration, but not more than 30 kg liveweight,

 the total usable area of poultryhouses at any single production site does not exceed 1 600 m2,

 each poultryhouse does not contain more than:

 

 4 800 chickens,

 5 200 guinea flow, (SIC! fowl,)

 4 000 female Muscovy or Peking ducks or 3 200 male Muscovy or Peking ducks or 3 200 Mulard ducks,

 2 500 capons, geese and turkeys,

 the poultryhouse is provided with propholes of a combined length at least equal to 4 m per 100 m2 surface of the house,

 there is continuous day-time access to open-air runs at least as from the age of

 

 six weeks in the case of chickens, and capons,

 eight weeks in the case of ducks, geese, guinea fowl and turkeys,

 open-air runs comprise an area mainly covered by vegetation amounting to at least:

 

 2 m2 per chicken or Muscovy or Peking duck or guinea fowl,

 3 m2 per Mulard duck,

 4 m2 per capon, as from 92 days (2 m2 up to 91st day),

 6 m2 per turkey,

 10 m2 per goose.

 In the case of guinea fowls, open-air runs may be replaced by a perchery having a floor surface of at least double that of the house and a height of at least 2 m. Perches of at least 10 cm length are available per bird in total (house and perchery),

 the birds fattened are of a strain recognized as being slow growing,

 the feed formula used in the fattening stage contains at least 70 % of cereals,

 the minimum age at slaughter is:

 

 81 days for chickens,

 150 days for capons,

 49 days for Peking ducks,

 70 days for female Muscovy ducks,

 84 days for male Muscovy ducks,

 92 days for Mulard ducks,

 94 days for guinea fowl,

▼M12

 140 days for turkeys and geese marketed whole for roasting,

 98 days for female turkeys intended for cutting up,

 126 days for male turkeys intended for cutting up,

▼M4

 95 days for geese intended for the production of foie gras and ‘magret’,

▼M11

 60 days for young geese (goslings),

▼M4

 finition in claustration does not exceed:

 

 for chickens after 90 days of age: 15 days,

▼M9

 for capons: four weeks,

▼M4

 for geese and mulards (SIC! mulard) ducks intended for the production of foie gras and magret, after 70 days of age: 4 weeks.

(e)  Free-rang (SIC! Free-range) — total freedom

The use of this term shall require conformity with the criteria set out under (d), except that the birds shall have continuous day-time access to open-air runs of unlimited area.

▼M14

In the event of restrictions, including veterinary restrictions adopted under Community law to protect public and animal health, having the effect of restricting the access of poultry to open-air runs, poultry reared in accordance with the production methods described in points (c), (d) and (e) of the first subparagraph, with the exception of guinea fowls reared in percheries, may continue to be marketed with a special reference to the method of rearing for the duration of the restriction but under no circumstances for more than 12 weeks.

▼M4




ANNEX V

DETERMINATION OF THAW LOSS

(Drip test)

1.  Object and scope

This method shall be used to determine the amount of water lost from frozen or quick-frozen chickens during thawing. If this drip loss, expressed as a percentage by weight of the carcase (including all the edible offal contained in the pack) exceeds the limit value laid down in paragraph 7, it is considered that excess water has been absorbed during processing. ►C2   ◄

2.  Definition

Drip loss determined by this method shall be expressed as a percentage of the total weight of the frozen or quick-frozen carcase, including edible offal.

3.  Principle

The frozen or quick-frozen carcase, including edible offal present, shall be allowed to thaw under controlled conditions which allow the weight of water lost to be calculated.

4.  Apparatus

4.1. Scales capable of weighing up to 5 kg with an accuracy better than approximately 1 g.

4.2. Plastic bags large enough to hold the carcase and having a secure means of fixing the bag.

4.3. Thermostatically controlled water-bath with equipment capable of holding the carcases as described in 5.5 and 5.6. The water-bath shall contain a volume of water not less than eight times that of the poultry to be checked and shall be capable of maintaining the water at a temperature of 42 plus or minus 2 °C.

4.4. Filter paper or other absorbent paper towels.

5.  Technique

5.1. Twenty carcases shall be removed at random from the quantity of poultry to be checked. Until each can be tested as described in 5.2 to 5.11, they shall be kept at a temperature no higher than − 18 °C.

5.2. The outside of the pack shall be wiped to remove superficial ice and water. The pack and its content shall be weighed to the nearest gram: this weight shall be M0.

5.3. The carcase, together with any edible offal sold with it, shall be removed from the outer wrap, which shall be dried and weighed to the nearest gram: this weight shall be M1.

5.4. The weight of frozen carcase plus offal shall be calculated by subtracting M1 from M0.

5.5. The carcase, including the edible offal, shall be placed in a strong, waterproof plastic bag with the abdominal cavity facing towards the bottom, closed end of the bag. The bag shall be of sufficient length so as to ensure that it can be fixed securely when in the water-bath but shall not be unduly wide as to allow the carcase to move from the vertical position.

5.6. The part of the bag containing the carcase end edible offal shall be completely immersed in a water-bath and shall remain open, enabling as much air as possible to escape. It shall be held vertically, if necessary by guide bars or by extra weights put in the bag, such that water from the bath cannot enter it. The individual bags shall not touch each other.

5.7. The bag shall be left in the water-bath, maintained at 42 plus or minus 2 °C throughout, with continuous movement of the bag or continuous agitation of the water, until the thermal centre of the carcase (the deepest part of the breast muscle close to the breast bone, in chickens without giblets, or the middle of the giblets in chickens with giblets) reaches at least 4 °C, measured in two randomly chosen carcases. The carcases should not remain in the water-bath for longer than is necessary to reach 4 °C. The required period of immersion, for carcases stored at − 18 °C is of the order of:



Weight class (g)

Weight of carcase ± offal (g)

Indicative immersion time in minutes

Chickens without offal

Chickens with offal

< 800

< 825

77

92

850

825 — 874

82

97

900

875 — 924

85

100

950

925 — 974

88

103

1 000

975 — 1 024

92

107

1 050

1 025 — 1 074

95

110

1 100

1 050 — 1 149

98

113

1 200

1 150 — 1 249

105

120

1 300

1 250 — 1 349

111

126

1 400

1 350 — 1 449

118

133

Thereafter, an increase of seven minutes for each additional 100 g is required. If the suggested period of immersion is passed without reaching + 4 °C, in the two carcases which are checked, the thawing process shall be continued until they do reach + 4 °C in the thermal centre.

5.8. The bag and its content shall be removed from the bath of water; the bottom of the bag shall be pierced to allow any water produced on thawing to drain. The bag and its content shall be allowed to drip for one hour at an ambient temperature of between + 18 °C and + 25 °C.

5.9. The thawed carcase shall be removed from the bag and the pack containing offal (if present) shall be removed from the abdominal cavity. The carcase shall be dried inside and out with filter paper or paper towels. The bag containing the offal shall be pierced and, once any water has drained away, the bag and thawed offal shall also be dried as carefully as possible.

5.10. The total weight of thawed carcase, offal and pack shall be determined to the nearest gram and expressed as M2.

5.11. The weight of the pack which contains the offal shall be determined to the nearest gram and expressed as M3.

6.  Calculation of result

The amount of water lost through thawing as a percentage by weight of the frozen or quick-frozen carcase (including offal) shall be given by:

image

7.  Evaluation of result

If the average water loss on thawing for the 20 carcases in the sample exceeds the percentages given below, it is considered that the amount of water absorbed during processing exceeds the limit figure.

The percentages are in the case of:

 air chilling: 1,5 %,

 air spray chilling: 3,3 %,

 immersion chilling: 5,1 %.




ANNEX VI ( 7 )

DETERMINATION OF THE TOTAL WATER CONTENT OF CHICKENS

(Chemical test)

1.  Object and scope

This method shall be used to determine the total water content of frozen and quick-frozen chickens. The method shall involve determination of the water and protein contents of samples from the homogenized poultry carcase. The total water content as determined shall be compared with the limit value given by the formulae indicated in paragraph 6.4, to determine whether or nor excess water has been taken up during processing. If the analyst suspects the presence of any substance which may interfere with the assessment, it shall be for him or her to take the necessary appropriate precautions.

2.  Definitions

‘Carcase’: the poultry carcase with bones, cartilage and offals eventually contained in the carcase.

‘Offal’: liver, heart, gizzard and neck.

3.  Principle

Water and protein contents shall be determined in accordance with recognized ISO (International Organization for Standardization) methods or other methods or analysis approved by the Council.

The highest permissible total water content of the carcase will be estimated from the protein content of the carcase, which can be related to the physiological water content.

4.  Apparatus and reagents

4.1. Scales for weighing the carcase and wrappings, capable of weighing with an accuracy better than ± 1 g.

4.2. Meat-axe or saw for cutting carcases into pieces of appropriate size for the mincer.

4.3. Heavy-duty mincing machine and blender capable of homogenizing complete frozen or quick-frozen poultry pieces.

Note:

No special mincer shall be recommended. It should have sufficient power to mince frozen or quick-frozen meat and bones to produce a homogeneous mixture corresponding to that obtained from a mincer fitted with a 4 mm hole disc.

4.4. Apparatus as specified in ISO 1442, for the determination of water content.

4.5. Apparatus as specified in ISO 937, for the determination of protein content.

5.  Procedure

5.1. Seven carcases shall be taken at random from the quantity of poultry to be checked and in each case kept frozen until analysis in accordance with 5.2 to 5.6 begins.

It may be conducted either as an analysis of each of the seven carcases, or as an analysis of a composite sample of the seven carcases.

5.2. The preparation shall be commenced within the hour following the removal of the carcases from the freezer.

5.3. 

(a) The outside of the pack shall be wiped to remove superficial ice and water. Each carcase shall be weighed and removed from any wrapping material. After cutting up of the carcase into smaller pieces, any wrapping material around the edible offal shall be removed and ice adhering to the carcase, shall be determined to the nearest gram after deduction of the weight of any wrapping material removed to give ‘P1’.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, the total weight of the seven carcases, prepared in accordance with 5.3 (a), shall be determined to give ‘P7’.

5.4. 

(a) The whole carcase of which the weight is P1 shall be minced in a mincer as specified under 4.3 (and, if necessary, mixed with the use of a blender as well) to obtain a homogeneous material from which a sample representative of each carcase may then be taken.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, all seven carcases of which the weight is P7 shall be minced in a mincer as specified under 4.3 (and, if necessary, mixed with the use of a blender as well) to obtain a homogeneous material from which two samples representative of the seven carcases may then be taken.

The two samples are to be analysed as described in 5.5 and 5.6.

5.5. A sample of the monogenized material shall be taken and used immediately to determine the water content in accordance with ISO 1442 to give the water content ‘a %’.

5.6. A sample of the homogenized material shall also be taken and used immediately to determine the nitrogen content in accordance with ISO 937. This nitrogen content shall be converted to crude protein content ‘b %’ by multiplying it by the factor 6,25.

6.  Calculation of results

6.1. 

(a) The weight of water (W) in each carcase shall be given by aP1/100 and the weight of protein (RP) by bP1/100, both of which are to be expressed in grams.

The sums of the weights of water (W7) and the weights of protein (RP7) in the seven carcases analysed shall be determined.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, the average content of water and protein from the two samples analysed shall be determined to give a % and b %, respectively. The weight of the water (W7) in the seven carcases shall be given by aP7/100, and the weight of protein (RP7) by bP7/100, both of which are to be expressed in grams.

6.2. The average weight of water (WA) and protein (RPA) shall be calculated by dividing W7 and RP7, respectively, by seven.

6.3. The theoretical physiological water content in grams as determined by this method may be calculated by the following formula:

 chickens: 3,53 × RPA + 23

6.4. 

(a) Air chilling

Assuming that the minimum technically unavoidable water content absorbed during preparation amounts to 2 % (1), the highest permissible limit for the total water content (WG) in grams as determined by this method shall be given by the following formula (including confidence interval):

 chickens: WG = 3,65 × RPA + 42.

(b) Air-spray chilling

Assuming that the minimum technically unavoidable water content absorbed during preparation amounts to 4,5 % (1), the highest permissible limit for the total water content (WG) in grams as determined by this method shall be given by the following formula (including confidence interval):

 chickens: WG = 3,79 × RP + 42.

(c) Immersion chilling

Assuming a technically unavoidable water absorption during preparation of 7 % (1), the highest permissible limit for the total water content (WG) in grams as determined by this method shall be given by the following formula (including confidence interval):

 chickens: WG = 3,93 × RPA + 42.

6.5. If the average water content (WA) of the seven carcases as calculated under 6.2 does not exceed the value given in 6.4 (WG), the quantity of poultry subjected to the check shall be considered up to standard.

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ANNEX VIa

DETERMINATION OF THE TOTAL WATER CONTENT OF POULTRY CUTS

(Chemical test)

1.   Object and scope

This method shall be used to determine the total water content of certain poultry cuts. The method shall involve determination of the water and protein contents of samples from the homogenised poultry cuts. The total water content as determined shall be compared with the limit value given by the formulae indicated in paragraph 6.4, to determine whether or not excess water has been taken up during processing. If the analyst suspects the presence of any substance which may interfere with the assessment, it shall be for him or her to take the necessary appropriate precautions.

2.   Definitions and sampling procedures

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The definitions given in Article 1(2) are applicable to the poultry cuts referred to in Article 14b. The sample sizes should be at least as follows:

 chicken breast: half of the breast,

 chicken breast fillet: half of the boned breast without skin,

 turkey breast, turkey breast fillet and boned leg meat: portions of about 100 g

 other cuts: as defined in Article 1(2).

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In the case of frozen or quick frozen bulk products (cuts not individually packed) the large packs from which samples are to be taken may be kept at 0 °C until individual cuts can be removed.

3.   Principle

Water and protein contents shall be determined in accordance with recognised ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation) methods or other methods or analysis approved by the Council.

The highest permissible total water content of the poultry cuts will be estimated from the protein content of the cuts, which can be related to the physiological water content.

4.   Apparatus and reagents

4.1. Scales for weighing the cuts and wrappings, capable of weighing with an accuracy better than ± 1 g.

4.2. Meat axe or saw for cutting cuts into pieces of appropriate size for the mincer.

4.3. Heavy-duty mincing machine and blender capable of homogenising poultry cuts or parts thereof.

Note: No special mincer shall be recommended. It should have sufficient power to mince also frozen or quick-frozen meat and bones to produce a homogeneous mixture corresponding to that obtained from a mincer fitted with a 4 mm hole disc.

4.4. Apparatus as specified in ISO 1442, for the determination of water content.

4.5. Apparatus as specified in ISO 937, for the determination of protein content.

5.   Procedure

5.1. Five cuts shall be taken at random from the quantity of poultry cuts to be checked and in each case kept frozen or refrigerated as the case may be until analysis in accordance with points 5.2 to 5.6 begins.

Samples from frozen or quick-frozen bulk products referred to under point 2 may be kept at 0 °C until analysis begins.

It may be conducted either as an analysis of each of the five cuts, or as an analysis of a composite sample of the five cuts.

5.2. The preparation shall be commenced within the hour following the removal of the cuts from the freezer or refrigerator.

5.3. 

(a) The outside of the pack shall be wiped to remove superficial ice and water. Each cut shall be weighed and removed from any wrapping material. After cutting up the cuts into smaller pieces, the weight of the poultry cut shall be determined to the nearest gram after deduction of the weight of any wrapping material removed to give ‘P1’.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, the total weight of the five cuts, prepared in accordance with 5.3(a), shall be determined to give ‘P5’.

(a) The outside of the pack shall be wiped to remove superficial ice and water. Each cut shall be weighed and removed from any wrapping material. After cutting up the cuts into smaller pieces, the weight of the poultry cut shall be determined to the nearest gram after deduction of the weight of any wrapping material removed to give ‘P1’.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, the total weight of the five cuts, prepared in accordance with 5.3(a), shall be determined to give ‘P5’.

5.4. 

(a) The whole cut of which the weight is P1, shall be minced in a mincer as specified under point 4.3 (and, if necessary, mixed with the use of a blender as well) to obtain a homogeneous material from which a sample representative of each cut may then be taken.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, all five cuts of which the weight is P5 shall be minced in a mincer as specified under point 4.3 (and, if necessary, mixed with the use of a blender as well) to obtain a homogeneous material from which two samples representative of the five cuts may then be taken.

(a) The whole cut of which the weight is P1, shall be minced in a mincer as specified under point 4.3 (and, if necessary, mixed with the use of a blender as well) to obtain a homogeneous material from which a sample representative of each cut may then be taken.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, all five cuts of which the weight is P5 shall be minced in a mincer as specified under point 4.3 (and, if necessary, mixed with the use of a blender as well) to obtain a homogeneous material from which two samples representative of the five cuts may then be taken.

The two samples are to be analysed as described in points 5.5 and 5.6.

5.5. A sample of the homogenised material shall be taken and used immediately to determine the water content in accordance with ISO 1442 to give the water content ‘a %’.

5.6. A sample of the homogenised material shall also be taken and used immediately to determine the nitrogen content in accordance with ISO 937. This nitrogen content shall be converted to crude protein content ‘b %’ by multiplying it by the factor 6,25.

6.   Calculation of results

6.1. 

(a) The weight of water (W) in each cut shall be given by aP1/100 and the weight of protein (RP) by bP1/100, both of which are to be expressed in grams.

The sums of the weights of water (W5) and the weights of protein (RP5) in the five cuts analysed shall be determined.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, the average content of water and protein from the two samples analysed shall be determined to give a % and b %, respectively. The weight of the water (W5) in the five cuts shall be given by aP5/100, and the weight of protein (RP5) by bP5/100, both of which are to be expressed in grams.

(a) The weight of water (W) in each cut shall be given by aP1/100 and the weight of protein (RP) by bP1/100, both of which are to be expressed in grams.

The sums of the weights of water (W5) and the weights of protein (RP5) in the five cuts analysed shall be determined.

(b) In the case of a composite sample analysis, the average content of water and protein from the two samples analysed shall be determined to give a % and b %, respectively. The weight of the water (W5) in the five cuts shall be given by aP5/100, and the weight of protein (RP5) by bP5/100, both of which are to be expressed in grams.

6.2. The average weight of water (WA) and protein (RPA) shall be calculated by dividing W5 and RP5 respectively, by five.

6.3. The mean physiological W/RP ratio as determined by this method is as follows:

 chicken breast fillet: 3,19 ± 0,12

 chicken legs and leg quarters: 3,78 ± 0,19

 turkey breast fillet: 3,05 ± 0,15

 turkey legs: 3,58 ± 0,15

 deboned turkey leg meat: 3,65 ± 0,17.

6.4. Assuming that the minimum technically unavoidable water content absorbed during preparation amounts to 2 %, 4 % or 6 % ( 8 ) depending on the type of products and chilling methods applied, the highest permissible W/RP ratio as determined by this method shall be as follows:



 

Air chilled

Air-spray chilled

Immersion chilled

Chicken breast fillet; without skin

3,40

3,40

3,40

Chicken breast; with skin

3,40

3,50

3,60

Chicken thighs, drumsticks, legs, legs with a portion of the back, leg quarters, with skin

4,05

4,15

4,30

Turkey breast fillet; without skin

3,40

3,40

3,40

Turkey breast, with skin

3,40

3,50

3,60

Turkey thighs, drumsticks, legs, with skin

3,80

3,90

4,05

Deboned turkey leg meat, without skin

3,95

3,95

3,95

If the average WA/RPA ratio of the five cuts as calculated from the values under point 6.2 does not exceed the ratio given in point 6.4, the quantity of poultry cuts subjected to the check shall be considered up to standard.

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ANNEX VII

Check on absorption of water in the production establishment

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1. At least once each working period of eight hours:

select at random 25 carcases from the evisceration line immediately after evisceration and the removal of the offal and fat and before the first subsequent washing.

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2. If necessary, remove the neck by cutting, leaving the neck skin attached to the carcase.

3. Identify each carcase individually. Weigh each carcase and record its weight to the nearest gram.

4. Re-hang the test carcases on the evisceration line to continue through the normal processes of washing, chilling, dripping, etc.

5. Remove identified carcases at the end of the drip line without allowing them any longer time to drip than that allowed normally for poultry from the lot from which the sample was taken.

6. The sample shall consist of the first 20 carcases recovered. They shall be re-weighed. Their weight to the nearest gramme shall be recorded against the weight recorded on first weighing. The test shall be declared void if less than 20 identified carcases are recovered.

7. Remove identification from sample carcases and allow the carcases to proceed through normal packing operations.

8. Determine percentage moisture absorption by subtracting the total weight of these same carcases after washing, chilling and dripping, dividing the difference by the initial weight and multiplying by 100.

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8a. Instead of manual weighing as described under points 1 to 8 automatic weighing lines may be used for the determination of the percentage moisture absorption for the same number of carcases and according to the same principles, provided that the automatic weighing line is approved in advance for this purpose by the competent authority.

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9. The result shall not exceed the following percentages of the initial weight of the carcase or any other figure allowing compliance with the maximum total extraneous water content:



—  air chilling:

0,1 %

—  air-spray chilling:

2,0 %

—  immersion chilling:

4,5 %

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ANNEX VIII

LIST OF NATIONAL REFERENCE LABORATORIES

Belgium

Instituut voor Landbouw- en Visserijonderzoek (ILVO)

Eenheid Technologie en Voeding

Productkwaliteit en voedselveiligheid

Brusselsesteenweg 370

BE-9090 Melle

Czech Republic

Státní veterinární ústav Jihlava

Národní referenční laboratoř pro mikrobiologické, chemické a senzorické analýzy masa a masných výrobků

Rantířovská 93

CZ-586 05 Jihlava

Denmark

Fødevarestyrelsen

Fødevareregion Øst

Afdeling for Fødevarekemi

Søndervang 4

DK-4100 Ringsted

Germany

Bundesforschungsanstalt für Ernährung und Lebensmittel

Standort Kulmbach

EC-Baumann-Straße 20

D-95326 Kulmbach

Estonia

Veterinaar- ja Toidulaboratoorium

Kreutzwaldi 30

EE-51006 Tartu

Greece

Ministry of Rural Development & Food

Veterinary Laboratory of Larisa

7th km Larisa-Trikalon st.

EL-411 10 Larisa

Spain

Laboratorio Arbitral Agroalimentario

Carretera de La Coruña, km 10,700

ES-28023 Madrid

France

Unité hygiène et qualité des produits avicoles

Laboratoire central de recherches avicoles et porcines

Centre National d'études vétérinaires et alimentaires

Beaucemaine — B.P. 53

FR-22400 Ploufragan

Ireland

National Food Centre

Teagasc

Dunsinea

Castleknock

Dublin 15

Ireland

Italy

Ministero Politiche Agricole e Forestali

Ispettorato Centrale Repressione Frodi — Laboratorio di Modena

Via Jacopo Cavedone n. 29

IT-41100 Modena

Cyprus

Agricultural Laboratory

Department of Agriculture

Loukis Akritas Ave; 14

CY-Lefcosia (Nicosia)

Latvia

Pārtikas un veterinārā dienesta

Nacionālais diagnostikas centrs

Lejupes iela 3,

LV-1076 Rīga

Lithuania

Nacionalinė veterinarijos laboratorija

J. Kairiūkščio g. 10

LT-2021 Vilnius

Luxembourg

Laboratoire National de Santé

Rue du Laboratoire, 42

LU-1911 Luxembourg

Hungary

Országos Élelmiszervizsgáló Intézet

Budapest 94. Pf. 1740

Mester u. 81.

HU-1465

Malta

CE.FI.T S.r.l.

Sede Centrale e Laboratori

Viale Lido 108 A

IT-96012 Avola (SR)

Netherlands

RIKILT — Instituut voor Voedselveiligheid

Bornsesteeg 45, gebouw 123

NL-6708 AE Wageningen

Austria

Österreichische Agentur für Gesundheit und Ernährungssicherheit GmbH

Institut für Lebensmitteluntersuchung Wien

Abteilung 6 — Fleisch und Fleischwaren

Spargelfeldstraße 191

AT-1226 Wien

Poland

Centralne Laboratorium Głównego Inspektoratu Jakości Handlowej Artykułów Rolno-Spożywczych

ul. Reymonta 11/13

PL-60-791 Poznań

Portugal

Autoridade de Segurança Alimentar e Económica — ASAE

Laboratório Central da Qualidade Alimentar — LCQA

Av. Conde Valbom, 98

PT 1050-070 LISBOA

Slovenia

Univerza v Ljubljani

Veterinarska fakulteta

Nacionalni veterinarski inštitut

Gerbičeva 60

SI-1115 Ljubljana

Slovakia

Štátny veterinárny a potravinový ústav

Botanická 15

SK-842 52 Bratislava

Finland

Elintarviketurvallisuusvirasto Evira

Mustialankatu 3

FIN-00710 Helsinki

Sweden

Livsmedelsverket

Box 622

SE-75126 Uppsala

United Kingdom

Laboratory of the Government Chemist

Queens Road

Teddington

United Kingdom

TW11 0LY




ANNEX IX

Tasks and organisational structure of the board of experts in monitoring water content in poultrymeat

The board of experts referred to in Article 14a(14) is responsible for the following tasks:

(a) supplying information on analytical methods and comparative testing regarding the water content of poultrymeat to the national reference laboratories,

(b) coordinating the application by the national reference laboratories of the methods referred to in (a), by organising comparative testing, and proficiency testing in particular,

(c) supporting the national reference laboratories in proficiency testing by providing scientific support for statistical data evaluation and reporting,

(d) coordinating the development of new analytical methods and informing the national reference laboratories of progress made in this area,

(e) providing scientific and technical assistance to the Commission, especially in cases where the results of analyses are contested between Member States.

The board of experts referred to in Article 14a(14) shall be organised as follows:

The board of experts in monitoring water content in poultrymeat shall consist of representatives of the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre (JRC) — Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM), of the Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development and of three national reference laboratories. The representative of IRMM shall act as the chairperson of the board and shall appoint the national reference laboratories on rotational basis. The Member States’ authorities responsible for the national reference laboratory selected shall subsequently appoint individual experts in monitoring water content in food to serve on the board. Through annual rotation, one participating national reference laboratory shall be replaced at a time, so as to ensure a degree of continuity on the board. Expenses incurred by the Member States’ experts and/or the national reference laboratories in the exercise of their functions under this paragraph shall be borne by the respective Member States.

Tasks of national reference laboratories

The national reference laboratories listed in Annex VIII are responsible for the following tasks:

(a) coordinating the activities of the national laboratories responsible for analyses of water content in poultrymeat,

(b) assisting the competent authority in the Member State to organise the system for monitoring water content in poultrymeat,

(c) participating in comparative testing (proficiency testing) between the various national laboratories referred to in (a),

(d) ensuring that the information supplied by the board of experts is disseminated to the competent authority in the relevant Member State and to the national laboratories referred to in (a),

(e) collaborate with the board of experts and in case of appointment to join the board of experts, to prepare the necessary test samples, including homogeneity testing, and to arrange appropriate shipping.



( 1 ) OJ No L 173, 6. 7. 1990, p. 1.

( 2 ) OJ No L 46, 21. 2. 1976, p. 1.

( 3 ) OJ No L 311, 4. 11. 1978, p. 21.

( 4 ) OJ No L 33, 8. 2. 1979, p. 1.

( 5 ) Freezer-burn: (in the sensee of a reduction in quality) is the local or area-type irreversible drying up of skin and/or flesh which may show itself as changes:

 in the original colour (mostly getting paler), and/or

 in flavour and smell (flavourless or rancid), and/or

 in consistency (dry, spongy).

( 6 ) OJ No L 55, 8. 3. 1971, p. 23

( 7 ) Calculated on the basis of the carcase exclusive of absorbed extraneous water.

( 8 ) Calculated on the basis of the cut, exclusive of absorbed extraneous water. For (skinless) fillet and deboned turkey leg meat, the percentage is 2 % for each of the chilling methods.

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