Accept Refuse

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32019R0838

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/838 of 20 February 2019 on technical specifications for vessel tracking and tracing systems and repealing Regulation (EC) No 415/2007

C/2019/1114

OJ L 138, 24.5.2019, p. 31–69 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2019/838/oj

24.5.2019   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 138/31


COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/838

of 20 February 2019

on technical specifications for vessel tracking and tracing systems and repealing Regulation (EC) No 415/2007

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Directive 2005/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on harmonised river information services (RIS) on inland waterways in the Community (1), and in particular Article 5(1)(d), thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Technical specifications for vessel tracking and tracing systems, provided for by Commission Regulation (EC) No 415/2007 (2), should be updated and clarified, taking into account experience gained from their application, as well as the technological progress and the updates of underlying international standards.

(2)

The technical specifications for vessel tracking and tracing systems should be based on the technical principles set out in Annex II to Directive 2005/44/EC.

(3)

In accordance with Article 1(2) of Directive 2005/44/EC, the technical specifications are to take due account of the work carried out by international organisations. Continuity is to be ensured with other modal traffic management services, in particular maritime vessel traffic management and information services.

(4)

In order to improve efficiency of transport by inland waterways, the technical specifications should be extended to include provisions related to Application Specific Messages for vessel tracking and tracing systems.

(5)

In order to improve safety of navigation, the technical specifications for vessel tracking and tracing systems should be extended to include provisions related to Aids to Navigation in inland navigation.

(6)

This Regulation should be without prejudice to the provisions of Directive (EU) 2016/1148 of the European Parliament and of the Council (3) concerning the measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union.

(7)

Pursuant to Article 12(2) of Directive 2005/44/EC technical specifications should enter into force immediately after their publication and Member States should be required to apply those specifications not later than 12 months after their entry into force.

(8)

Regulation (EC) No 415/2007 should therefore be repealed.

(9)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee referred to in Article 11 of Directive 2005/44/EC,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

The technical specifications for vessel tracking and tracing systems in inland waterway transport shall be as set out in the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

Regulation (EC) No 415/2007 is repealed. References to the repealed Regulation shall be construed as references to this Regulation.

Article 3

This Regulation shall enter into force on the day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 13 June 2020.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 20 February 2019.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 255, 30.9.2005, p. 152.

(2)  Commission Regulation (EC) No 415/2007 of 13 March 2007 concerning the technical specifications for vessel tracking and tracing systems referred to in Article 5 of Directive 2005/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on harmonised river information services (RIS) on inland waterways in the Community (OJ L 105, 23.4.2007, p. 35).

(3)  Directive (EU) 2016/1148 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union (OJ L 194, 19.7.2016, p. 1).


ANNEX

Standard Vessel Tracking and Tracing for Inland Navigation

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.

General provisions 37

1.1.

Introduction 37

1.2.

References 37

1.3.

Definitions 38

1.4.

Vessel Tracking and Tracing services and minimum requirements of Vessel Tracking and Tracing systems 40

2.

Inland Vessel tracking and tracing functions 41

2.1.

Introduction 41

2.2.

Navigation 41

2.2.1.

Navigation, medium-term ahead 41

2.2.2.

Navigation, short-term ahead 41

2.2.3.

Navigation, very short-term ahead 42

2.3.

Vessel traffic management 42

2.3.1.

Vessel traffic services 42

2.3.1.1.

Information service 42

2.3.1.2.

Navigational assistance service 42

2.3.1.3.

Traffic organisation service 42

2.3.2.

Lock planning and operation 43

2.3.2.1.

Lock planning, long-term 43

2.3.2.2.

Lock planning, medium-term 43

2.3.2.3.

Lock operation 43

2.3.3.

Bridge planning and operation 43

2.3.3.1.

Bridge planning, medium-term 43

2.3.3.2.

Bridge planning, short-term 44

2.3.3.3.

Bridge operation 44

2.4.

Calamity abatement 44

2.5.

Transport management 44

2.5.1.

Voyage planning 44

2.5.2.

Transport logistics 44

2.5.3.

Intermodal port and terminal management 44

2.5.4.

Cargo and fleet management 45

2.6.

Enforcement 45

2.7.

Waterway dues and port infrastructure charges 45

2.8.

Information needs 45

3.

Inland AIS Technical Specification 46

3.1.

Introduction 46

3.2.

Scope 47

3.3.

Requirements 48

3.3.1.

General requirements 48

3.3.2.

Information content 48

3.3.2.1.

Static vessel information 49

3.3.2.2.

Dynamic vessel information 49

3.3.2.3.

Voyage related vessel information 50

3.3.2.4.

Number of persons on board 50

3.3.2.5.

Safety related messages 50

3.3.3.

Reporting interval of information transmission 50

3.3.4.

Technology platform 52

3.3.5.

Compatibility to AIS Class A mobile stations 52

3.3.6.

Unique identifier 52

3.3.7.

Application requirements 52

3.3.8.

Type-approval 52

3.4.

Protocol amendments for Inland AIS mobile station 52

3.4.1.

Table 3.2 Position report 52

3.4.2.

Ship static and voyage related data (Message 5) 54

3.4.3.

Group assignment command (Message 23) 57

3.5.

Inland AIS Messages 57

3.5.1.

Additional Inland AIS messages 57

3.5.2.

Application identifier for Inland AIS Application Specific Messages 57

3.5.3.

Information content through Application Specific Messages 57

3.5.3.1.

Inland ship static and voyage related data (Inland specific Message FI 10) 57

3.5.3.2.

Number of persons on board (Inland specific message FI 55) 58

4.

Other AIS mobile stations on inland waterways 59

4.1.

Introduction 59

4.2.

General requirements for AIS Class B mobile stations on inland waterways 60

5.

AIS Aids to Navigation in Inland Navigation 60

5.1.

Introduction 60

5.2.

Use of Message 21: Aids to Navigation report 60

5.3.

Extension of Message 21 with inland-specific type of AtoN 64

1.   GENERAL PROVISIONS

1.1.   Introduction

The technical specifications for Vessel Tracking and Tracing (VTT) systems is based on the work carried out in this field by relevant international organizations, namely already existing standards and technical specifications in inland navigation, maritime or other relevant areas.

Due to the application of VTT systems in mixed traffic areas including both inland and maritime navigation environments, like sea ports and coastal areas VTT systems shall be compatible with the AIS Class A mobile stations as referred to in Chapter V of the SOLAS convention.

When VTT systems provide essential services as defined in Directive (EU) 2016/1148 (1) concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union, the provisions of that Directive apply.

1.2.   References

The following international agreements, recommendations, standards and guidelines are referred to in this Annex:

Document title

Organisation

Publication date

The World Association for Waterborne Transport Infrastructure (PIANC) Guidelines and Recommendations for River Information Services

PIANC

2011

International Convention of Safety Of Life At Sea (SOLAS) by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), Chapter V — Safety of navigation, 1974, as amended

IMO

1974

International Maritime Organisation (IMO)

MSC.74(69) Annex 3, ‘Recommendation on Performance Standards for a Ship-borne Automatic Identification System (AIS)’, 1998

IMO

1998

IMO Resolution A.915(22), ‘Revised Maritime Policy and Requirements for a future Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)’, 2002

IMO

2002

IMO Resolution A.1106(29) Revised Guidelines for the Onboard Operational Use of Shipborne Automatic Identification System (AIS), 2015

IMO

2015

Recommendation by the International Telecommunication Union ITU-R M.585 ‘Assignment and use of identities in the maritime mobile service’, 2015

ITU

2015

Recommendation by the International Telecommunication Union ITU-R M.1371 ‘Technical characteristics for a universal shipborne automatic identification system using time division multiple access in the VHF maritime mobile band’

ITU

2014

International Standard by International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

61993-2, ‘Maritime navigation and radio communication equipment and systems — Automatic Identification system,

Part 2: Class A shipborne equipment of the universal automatic identification system (AIS)’

IEC

2018

International Standard IEC 61162-Serie, ‘Maritime navigation and radio communication equipment and systems — Digital interfaces’:

Part 1: Single talker and multiple listeners; Part 2: Single talker and multiple listeners, high speed transmission

IEC

Part 1: 2016

Part 2: 1998

International Standard by International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC):

62287-Series, Maritime navigation and radio communication equipment and systems — Class B shipborne equipment of the automatic identification system (AIS)

Part 1: Carrier-sense time division multiple access (CSTDMA) techniques;

Part 2: Self-organising time division multiple access (SOTDMA) techniques

IEC

2017

Radio Technical Commission's for Maritime Services (RTCM) Recommended Standards for Differential GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) Service

RTCM

2010

UNECE recommendation No 28 ‘Codes for Types of Means of Transport’

UNECE

2010

1.3.   Definitions

The following definitions are used in this Annex:

(a)

Automatic Identification System

Automatic Identification System (AIS)

 

‘Automatic Identification System (AIS)’ means an automatic communication and identification system intended to improve the safety of navigation by assisting in the efficient operation of vessel traffic services (VTS), ship reporting, ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore operations.

Inland AIS

 

‘Inland AIS’ means AIS for the use in inland navigation and interoperable with (maritime) AIS-technically enabled by amendments and extensions to the (maritime) AIS.

Track and Trace

 

‘Track and Trace’ means the process of monitoring and recording the past and present whereabouts of a ship shipment, as it passes through different handlers on its way to its destination, through a network. Tracing refers to where the product has been, while tracking refers to where it is going next.

Track

 

‘Track’ means the path followed or to be followed between one position and another.

(b)

Services

River Information Services (RIS)

 

‘River Information Services (RIS)’ means services provided in accordance with Article 3(a) of Directive 2005/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (2).

Vessel Traffic Management (VTM)

 

‘Vessel Traffic Management (VTM)’ means the functional framework of harmonised measures and services to enhance the safety, security, efficiency of shipping and the protection of the marine environment in all navigable waters.

Inland Vessel Traffic Services (VTS)

 

‘Inland Vessel Traffic Services (VTS)’ means services within the meaning of point 2.5 of the Annex to Commission Regulation (EC) No 414/2007 (3).

Navigational information

 

‘Navigational information’ means information provided to the skipper on board to support in on-board decision-making.

Tactical Traffic Information (TTI)

 

‘Tactical Traffic Information’ means the information affecting immediate navigation decisions in the actual traffic situation and the close geographic surroundings. Tactical Traffic Information is used to generate a Tactical Traffic Image.

Strategic Traffic Information (STI)

 

‘Strategic Traffic Information’ means the information affecting the medium and long-term decisions of RIS users. Strategic Traffic Information is used to generate a Strategic Traffic Image.

Vessel Tracking and Tracing (VTT)

 

‘Vessel Tracking and Tracing’ means a function within the meaning of point 2.12 of the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 414/2007.

Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)

 

‘Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)’ means series of nine digits which are transmitted over the radio path in order to uniquely identify ship, stations, coast stations and group calls.

Electronic Reporting International (ERI)

 

‘Electronic Reporting International (ERI)’ means the Technical guidelines and specifications established in accordance with Article 5(1)(b) of Directive 2005/44/EC.

Inland Electronic Chart Display and Information System (Inland ECDIS)

 

‘Inland Electronic Chart Display and Information System (Inland ECDIS)’ means the Technical guidelines and specifications established in accordance with Article 5(1)(a) of Directive 2005/44/EC.

Players

Shipmaster

 

‘Shipmaster’ means the person on board of the ship being in command and having the authority to take all decisions pertaining to navigation and ship management. The terms ‘shipmaster’, ‘boatmaster’ and ‘skipper’ shall be deemed to be equivalent.

Conning skipper

 

‘Conning skipper (Navigating skipper)’ means the person who navigates the vessel, according to the voyage plan instructions of the shipmaster.

Competent Authority for RIS

 

The Competent Authority for RIS means the authority designated by the Member State in accordance with Article 8 of Directive 2005/44/EC.

RIS operator

 

‘RIS operator’ means a person performing one or more tasks related to the provision of RIS services.

RIS users

 

‘RIS users’ means all different user groups as defined in Article 3(g) of Directive 2005/44/EC.

1.4.   Vessel Tracking and Tracing services and minimum requirements of Vessel Tracking and Tracing systems

VTT systems shall be able to support the following services:

Navigation,

Traffic Information,

Traffic Management,

Calamity Abatement,

Transport Management,

Enforcement,

Waterway dues and port infrastructure charges,

Fairway Information Services,

Statistics.

This is without prejudice to the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 414/2007 applicable to those services.

The most important information of VTT relates to vessel identity and its position. VTT shall be capable of providing — at minimum — the following information on an automatic and periodical basis to other vessels and shore stations, provided these vessels or shore stations are appropriately equipped:

Unique vessel ID: unique European vessel identification number (ENI)/International Maritime Organisation number (IMO number),

Vessel name,

Vessel call sign,

Navigational status,

Type of vessel or convoy,

Dimensions of vessel or convoy,

Draught,

Dangerous cargo indication (number of blue cones in compliance with ADN),

Loading status (loaded/unloaded),

Destination,

Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) at destination,

Number of persons on board,

Position (+ quality indication),

Speed (+ quality indication),

Course Over Ground (COG) (+ quality indication),

Heading (HDG) (+ quality indication),

Rate Of Turn (ROT),

Blue sign information,

Timestamp of position fix.

These minimum requirements indicate the user needs and the necessary data for VTT systems in inland navigation.

A VTT system is designed to offer sufficient flexibility to accommodate future additional requirements.

2.   INLAND VESSEL TRACKING AND TRACING FUNCTIONS

2.1.   Introduction

This section sets out the requirements relating to VTT information for different RIS service categories. Requirements for each service category are listed describing the user groups and usage of the VTT information.

The overview of VTT information needs is provided in Table 2.1 at the end of this section.

2.2.   Navigation

Vessel tracking and tracing can be used to support the active navigation on board. Main user group are the conning skippers.

The process navigation can be divided in three phases:

(a)

navigation, medium-term ahead,

(b)

navigation, short-term ahead,

(c)

navigation, very short-term ahead.

The user requirements are different for each phase.

2.2.1.   Navigation, medium-term ahead

Navigation, medium-term ahead, is the navigation phase in which the skipper observes and analyses the traffic situation looking some minutes up to an hour ahead and considers the possibilities of where to meet, pass or overtake other vessels.

The traffic image needed is the typical ‘looking around the corner’ feature and is mainly outside the scope of the on-board radar range.

The update rate is depending on the task and differs from the situation in which the vessel is involved.

2.2.2.   Navigation, short-term ahead

Navigation, short-term ahead, is the decision phase in the navigation process. In this phase traffic information has relevance for the process of navigation, including collision avoidance measures if necessary. This function deals with the observation of other vessels in the close surroundings of the own vessel.

The actual traffic information shall be exchanged continuously at least every 10 seconds. For some routes the authorities may set a predefined update rate (maximum two seconds).

2.2.3.   Navigation, very short-term ahead

Navigation, very short-term ahead, is the operational navigation process. It consists of execution of the decisions that were made beforehand, on the spot and monitoring their effects. The traffic information needed from other vessels especially in this situation is related to its own vessel conditions, such as relative position, relative speed. It is necessary to follow highly accurate information in this phase.

Therefore, Tracking and Tracing information cannot be used for very short-term navigation.

2.3.   Vessel traffic management

Vessel traffic management (VTM) comprises at least of the following elements:

(a)

vessel traffic services,

(b)

lock planning and operation,

(c)

bridge planning and operation.

2.3.1.   Vessel traffic services

Vessel traffic services consist of the following services:

(a)

an information service,

(b)

a navigational assistance service,

(c)

a traffic organisation service.

The user groups of Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) are VTS operators and conning skippers.

The user needs related to traffic information are indicated in points 2.3.1.1 to 2.3.1.3.

2.3.1.1.   Information service

An information service is provided by broadcasting information at fixed times and intervals or when deemed necessary by the VTS or at the request of a vessel, and may include reports on the position, identity and intentions of other vessels, waterway conditions, weather conditions, hazardous situations or any other factors that may influence the vessel's transit.

For the information services an overview of traffic in a network or on fairway stretch is required.

The competent authority may set a predefined update rate if needed for safe and reliable passage through the area.

2.3.1.2.   Navigational assistance service

A navigational assistance service informs the conning skipper on difficult navigational or meteorological circumstances or assists the conning skipper in case of defects or deficiencies. This service is normally rendered at the request of a vessel or by the VTS when deemed necessary.

To provide individual information to a conning skipper, the VTS operator needs an actual detailed traffic image.

The actual traffic information has to be exchanged continuously (every three seconds, almost real time or another predefined update rate set by the competent authority).

All other information has to be made available on request of the VTS operator or in special occasions.

2.3.1.3.   Traffic organisation service

A traffic organisation service concerns the operational management of traffic and the planning of vessel movements to prevent congestion and dangerous situations, and is particularly relevant in times of high traffic density or when the movement of special transports may affect the flow of other traffic. The service may also include establishing and operating a system of traffic clearances or VTS sailing plans or both in relation to priority of movements, allocation of space (such as berthing places, lock space, sailing routes), mandatory reporting of movements in the VTS area, routes to be followed, speed limits to be observed or other appropriate measures which are considered necessary by the VTS Authority.

2.3.2.   Lock planning and operation

The lock planning processes — long- and medium-term — and lock operation process are described in points 2.3.2.1 to 2.3.2.3. Main user groups are lock operators, conning skippers, shipmasters and fleet managers.

2.3.2.1.   Lock planning, long-term

Long-term lock planning is dealing with the planning of a lock some hours up to a day ahead.

In this case the traffic information is used to improve the information on waiting and passing times at locks, which are originally based on statistical information.

Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) shall be available on demand or shall be exchanged if the deviation from the original ETA exceeds the deviation allowed by the competent authority. Requested time of arrival (RTA) is the response to an ETA report or may be sent from a lock to propose a locking time.

2.3.2.2.   Lock planning, medium-term

Medium-term lock planning is dealing with the planning of a lock up to two or four lock cycles ahead.

In this case the traffic information is used to map the arriving vessels to the available lock cycles and based on the planning to inform the conning skippers about the RTA.

ETA shall be available on request or shall be exchanged if the deviation from the original ETA exceeds the deviation allowed by the competent authority. All other information shall be available once at the first contact or on request. RTA is the response to an ETA report or may be sent from a lock to propose a locking time.

2.3.2.3.   Lock operation

In lock operation phase the actual locking process take place.

The actual traffic information has to be exchanged continuously or another predefined update rate set by the competent authority.

The accuracy of VTT information does not allow for high-precision applications like closing of lock gates.

2.3.3.   Bridge planning and operation

The bridge planning processes — medium- and short-term — and bridge operation process are described in points 2.3.3.1 to 2.3.3.3. Main user groups are bridge operators, conning skippers, shipmasters and fleet managers.

2.3.3.1.   Bridge planning, medium-term

The bridge planning process on medium term is dealing with the optimisation of the traffic flow in such a way that the bridges are opened in time for passing of vessels (green wave). The planning horizon varies between 15 minutes to two hours. The timeframe depends on the local situation.

ETA and position information shall be available on request, or such information shall be exchanged as soon as the deviation between the updated ETA and the original ETA exceeds a pre-defined value set by the competent authority. All other information shall be available once at the first contact or on request. RTA is the response on an ETA report or may be sent from a bridge to propose a passage time.

2.3.3.2.   Bridge planning, short-term

In case of bridge planning on a short term, decisions are made on the basis of the strategy for opening of the bridge.

Actual traffic information on the position, speed and direction, shall be available on request or exchanged in accordance with predefined update rate, for example, every five minutes, set by the competent authority. ETA and position information shall be available on request, or such information shall be exchanged as soon as the deviation between the updated ETA and the original ETA exceeds a pre-defined value set by the competent authority. All other information shall be available once at the first contact or on request. RTA is the response on an ETA report or may be sent from a bridge to propose a passage time.

2.3.3.3.   Bridge operation

In bridge operation phase the actual opening and passing of the vessel through the bridge take place.

The actual traffic information shall be exchanged continuously or at another update rate set by the competent authority.

The accuracy of VTT information does not allow for high-precision applications like opening or closing of the bridge.

2.4.   Calamity abatement

Calamity abatement in this context focuses on repressive measures: dealing with real accidents and providing assistance during emergencies. Main user groups are operators in calamity centre, VTS operators, conning skippers, shipmasters and the competent authorities.

In the case of an accident the traffic information can be provided automatically or the responsible organisation shall ask for the respective information.

2.5.   Transport management

Transport management (TS) is divided into the following four activities:

(a)

voyage planning,

(b)

transport logistics,

(c)

port and terminal management,

(d)

cargo and fleet management.

Main user groups are shipmasters, freight brokers, fleet managers, consignors, consignees, supply forwarders, port authorities, terminal operators, lock operators and bridge operators.

2.5.1.   Voyage planning

Voyage planning in this context focuses on the planning on-trip. During the voyage the shipmaster shall check his original planned voyage.

2.5.2.   Transport logistics

Transport logistics consist of the organisation, planning, execution and control of the transport.

All traffic information is needed on request by the ship-owner or logistic stakeholders.

2.5.3.   Intermodal port and terminal management

Intermodal port and terminal management considers the planning of resources in ports and at terminals.

The terminal and port manager shall request for traffic information or shall agree that in predefined situations the traffic information will be sent automatically.

2.5.4.   Cargo and fleet management

Cargo and fleet management considers the planning and optimising the use of vessels, arranging cargo and transportation.

The shipper or ship-owner shall request the traffic information or traffic information shall be sent in predefined situations.

2.6.   Enforcement

The scope of the enforcement task is limited to the services on dangerous goods, immigration control and customs. Main user groups are customs, competent authorities and shipmasters.

The traffic information shall be exchanged with appropriate authorities. The traffic information exchange shall take place on request or at fixed predefined points or in special circumstances defined by the responsible authority.

2.7.   Waterway dues and port infrastructure charges

In various locations in the Union, usage of the waterway and ports is subject to the payment of fees. Main user groups are competent authorities, shipmasters, fleet managers, waterway authorities and port authorities.

The traffic information shall be exchanged on request or at fixed points, defined by the competent waterway or port authority.

2.8.   Information needs

Table 2.1 provides an overview of the information needs of the different services.

Table 2.1

Overview of information needs

 

Identification

Name

Call sign

Navigational status

Type

Dimensions

Draught

Dangerous cargo

Loading status

Destination

ETA at destination

Number of persons

Position and time

Speed

Course/direction

Heading

Rate of turn

Blue sign

Other information

Navigation — medium-term

X

X

 

X

X

X

 

X

X

X

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

X

 

Navigation — short-term

X

X

 

X

X

X

 

X

X

X

 

 

X

X

X

X

 

X

 

Navigation — very short-term

Requirements are currently not met by VTT

VTM — VTS services

X

X

 

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

 

X

X

X

X

 

 

X

 

VTM — lock operation

X

X

 

X

X

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

Air draught

VTM — lock planning

X

X

 

X

X

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

number of assisting tugboats, air draught, ETA/RTA

VTM — bridge operation

X

X

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Air draught

VTM — bridge planning

X

X

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

 

Air draught, ETA/RTA

Calamity abatement

X

X

 

 

X

 

 

X

X

X

 

X

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

TM — voyage planning

X

X

 

 

 

X

X

 

X

X

 

 

X

X

 

 

 

 

Air draught, ETA/RTA

TM — transport logistics

X

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

TM — port and terminal management

X

X

 

X

X

X

 

X

X

 

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

ETA/RTA

TM — cargo and fleet management

X

X

 

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

 

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

ETA/RTA

Enforcement

X

X

 

X

X

 

 

X

 

X

X

X

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

Waterway and port infrastructure charges

X

X

 

 

X

X

X

 

 

X

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.   INLAND AIS TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION

3.1.   Introduction

In maritime navigation, the IMO has introduced the carriage of automatic identification system (AIS): all seagoing vessels on international voyage falling under Chapter V of the SOLAS convention have to be equipped with AIS Class A mobile stations since the end of 2004.

Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (4) establishes a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system for seagoing vessels carrying dangerous or polluting goods using AIS for Ship Reporting and Monitoring.

AIS is considered as a suitable solution for automatic identification and Vessel Tracking and Tracing in inland navigation. Especially the real time performance of AIS and the availability of worldwide standards and guidelines are beneficial for safety related applications.

To serve the specific requirements of inland navigation, AIS has to be further developed to the so-called Inland AIS technical specification while preserving full compatibility with maritime AIS and already existing standards and technical specifications in inland navigation.

Because Inland AIS is compatible with the maritime AIS it enables a direct data exchange between seagoing and inland vessels navigating in mixed traffic areas.

AIS is:

a system introduced by the IMO to support maritime safety of navigation; mandatory carriage requirement for all vessels in accordance with Chapter V of SOLAS convention,

operating in direct ship-to-ship mode as well as in a ship-to-shore, shore-to-ship mode,

a safety system with high requirements regarding availability, continuity and reliability,

a real time system thanks to the direct ship-to-ship data exchange,

an autonomously operating system in a self-organised manner without master station. There is no need for a central controlling intelligence,

based on international standards and procedures in accordance with Chapter V of SOLAS convention,

a type approved system to enhance safety of navigation following a certification procedure,

globally interoperable.

The purpose of this section is to define all necessary technical requirements, amendments and extensions to the existing AIS Class A mobile stations in order to create an Inland AIS mobile station for use in inland navigation.

3.2.   Scope

The AIS is a ship-borne radio data system, exchanging static, dynamic and voyage related vessel data between equipped vessels and between equipped vessels and shore stations. Ship-borne AIS stations broadcast the vessel's identity, position and other data in regular intervals. By receiving these transmissions, ship-borne or shore-based AIS stations within the radio range can automatically locate, identify and track AIS equipped vessels on an appropriate display like radar or electronic chart display systems such as the Inland Electronic Chart Display and Information System (Inland ECDIS) as defined in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 909/2013 (5). AIS is intended to enhance safety of navigation in ship-to-ship use, surveillance (VTS), Vessel Tracking and Tracing, and calamity abatement support.

AIS mobile stations are divided into following types:

a)

Class A mobile stations to be used by all sea going vessels falling under carriage requirements of Chapter V of SOLAS convention;

b)

Inland AIS mobile station, having full Class A functionality on VHF Data Link level, deviating in supplementary functions designed for the use by inland vessels;

c)

Class B SO/CS mobile stations with limited functionality which may be used by vessels not falling under carriage requirements for Class A or Inland AIS mobile stations;

d)

AIS shore stations, including AIS base stations and AIS repeater stations.

The following modes of operation can be distinguished:

a)

ship-to-ship operation: all AIS equipped vessels are able to receive static and dynamic information from all other AIS equipped vessels within the radio range;

b)

ship-to-shore operation: data from AIS equipped vessels can also be received by AIS shore stations connected to the RIS centre where a traffic image (Tactical Traffic Image and/or Strategic Traffic Image) can be generated;

c)

shore-to-ship operation: voyage and safety related data from shore to vessel can be transmitted.

A characteristic of AIS is the autonomous mode, using self-organised time division multiple access (SOTDMA), without any need for an organising master station. The radio protocol is designed in a way that vessel stations operate autonomously in a self-organised manner by exchanging link access parameters. Time is divided into one minute frames with 2 250 time slots per radio channel which are synchronised by GNSS UTC time. Each participant organises its access to the radio channel by choosing free time slots considering the future use of time slots by other stations. There is no need for a central intelligence controlling the slot assignment.

An Inland AIS mobile station consists in general of the following components:

a)

VHF transceiver (one transmitter, two receivers);

b)

GNSS receiver;

c)

data processor.

Universal ship-borne AIS, as defined by IMO, ITU and IEC, and recommended for the use in inland navigation uses SOTDMA in the VHF maritime mobile band. AIS operates on the internationally designated VHF frequencies AIS 1 (161,975 MHz) and AIS 2 (162,025 MHz) and can be switched to other frequencies in the VHF maritime mobile band.

To serve the specific requirements of inland navigation, AIS has to be further developed to the so called Inland AIS while preserving compatibility with the maritime AIS.

Vessel Tracking and Tracing systems in inland navigation shall be compatible with AIS Class A mobile stations, as defined by IMO. Therefore, Inland AIS messages shall be able to provide the following types of information:

a)

static information, such as official vessel number, call sign of vessel, name of vessel, type of vessel;

b)

dynamic information, such as vessels position with accuracy indication and integrity status;

c)

voyage related information, such as length and beam of convoy, dangerous cargo on board;

d)

inland navigation specific information, such as number of blue cones/lights according to ADN or ETA at lock/bridge/terminal/border.

For moving vessels the update rate for dynamic information on tactical level shall be between 2 and 10 seconds. For vessels at anchor it is recommended to have an update rate of several minutes, or an update triggered when information is amended.

Inland AIS mobile station does not replace, but supports navigational services such as radar target tracking and VTS. Inland AIS mobile station provides an additional input for navigational information: its value added is to provide means of surveillance and tracking of vessels equipped with Inland AIS. The position accuracy derived from Inland AIS mobile station using the internal (uncorrected) GNSS is typically above 10 metres. When the position is corrected using DGNSS from either maritime beacon differential correction service, AIS Message 17 or EGNOS (SBAS) the accuracy is typically below 5 metres. Due to their different characteristics, Inland AIS mobile station and radar complement each other.

3.3.   Requirements

3.3.1.   General requirements

Inland AIS mobile station is based on the AIS Class A mobile station in accordance with SOLAS convention.

Inland AIS mobile station shall cover the main functionality of AIS Class A mobile stations while considering the specific requirements for inland navigation.

Inland AIS shall be compatible to the maritime AIS and shall enable a direct data exchange between seagoing and inland vessels navigating in a mixed traffic area.

The requirements set out in points 3.3 to 3.5 are complementary or additional requirements for Inland AIS, which differs from the AIS Class A mobile stations.

The Inland AIS mobile station design shall take into account the ‘Technical clarifications on the Vessel Tracking and Tracing standard’.

The default setting of the transmission power shall be high power and shall only been set to low power if directed so by the competent authority.

3.3.2.   Information content

Only Tracking and Tracing and safety related information shall be transmitted via Inland AIS mobile station.

The information content set out in points 3.3.2.1 to 3.3.2.5 shall be implemented in a way that it can be sent from an Inland AIS mobile station without the need for an external application.

The Inland AIS messages shall contain following information (items marked with ‘*’ have to be handled differently as for seagoing vessels):

3.3.2.1.   Static vessel information

The static vessel information for inland vessels shall have the same parameters and the same structure as in the AIS Class A mobile stations as far as it is applicable. Any conversions from inland to maritime parameters shall be done automatically where feasible. Unused parameter fields shall be set to ‘not available’.

Inland specific static vessel information shall be added.

Static vessel information is broadcast autonomously from vessel or on request.

User identifier (MMSI)

in all messages

Name of vessel

AIS Message 5

Call sign of the vessel

AIS Message 5

IMO number

AIS Message 5 (not available for Inland vessels)

Type of vessel/convoy and cargo *

AIS Message 5 + Inland FI 10

Overall length (decimetre accuracy) *

AIS Message 5 + Inland FI 10

Overall beam (decimetre accuracy) *

AIS Message 5 + Inland FI 10

Unique European vessel identification number (ENI)

Inland FI 10

Reference point of reported position on the vessel (location of antenna) *

AIS Message 5

3.3.2.2.   Dynamic vessel information

The dynamic vessel information for inland vessels shall have the same parameters and the same structure as in AIS Class A mobile stations as far as it is applicable. Not used parameter fields shall be set to ‘not available’.

Inland specific dynamic vessel information shall be added.

Dynamic vessel information is broadcasted autonomously from vessel or on request.

Position according to World Geodetic System from 1984 (WGS 84)

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Speed Over Ground (SOG)

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Course COG

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Heading HDG

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Rate of turn ROT

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Position accuracy (GNSS/DGNSS)

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Time of electronic position fixing device

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Navigational status

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Status of Blue sign *

AIS Message 1, 2 and 3

Quality of speed information

Inland FI 10

Quality of course information

Inland FI 10

Quality of heading information

Inland FI 10

3.3.2.3.   Voyage related vessel information

The voyage related vessel information for inland vessels shall have the same parameters and the same structure than in AIS Class A mobile stations as far as it is applicable. Unused parameter fields shall be set to ‘not available’.

Inland specific voyage related vessel information shall be added.

Voyage related vessel information is broadcasted autonomously from vessel or on request.

Destination (ISRS location code)

AIS Message 5

Category of dangerous cargo

AIS Message 5

ETA

AIS Message 5

Maximum present static draught *

AIS Message 5 + Inland FI 10

Dangerous cargo indication

Inland FI 10

Loaded/unloaded vessel

Inland FI 10

3.3.2.4.   Number of persons on board

The number of persons on board is transmitted either as a broadcast message or as an addressed message from vessel to shore on request or on event.

Number of crew members on board

Inland FI 55

Number of passengers on board

Inland FI 55

Number of shipboard personnel on board

Inland FI 55

3.3.2.5.   Safety related messages

Safety related messages (i.e. text messages) are transmitted when required as broadcast or as addressed messages.

Addressed Safety related message

AIS Message 12

Broadcasted Safety related message

AIS Message 14

3.3.3.   Reporting interval of information transmission

The different information types of Inland AIS messages shall be transmitted with different reporting rates.

The reporting rate for dynamic information can be switched between autonomous mode and assigned mode for moving vessels in inland waterway areas. The reporting rate can be increased up to 2 seconds in assigned mode. The reporting behaviour shall be switchable from an AIS base station (via AIS Message 23 for group assignment or Message 16 for individual assignment) and by commands from external ship-borne systems, via IEC 61162 interface as defined in Appendix B.

For static and voyage related the reporting rate shall be 6 minutes, on request, or if information is amended.

Following reporting rates shall be applicable:

Static vessel information:

Every 6 minutes, on request or when data has been changed

Dynamic vessel information:

Depends on navigational status and vessel operating mode, either autonomous (default) or assigned mode, see Table 3.1

Voyage related vessel information:

Every 6 minutes, on request or when data has been changed

Number of persons on board:

As required or on request

Safety related messages:

As required

Application Specific Messages:

As required (to be defined by competent authority)


Table 3.1

Update rate of dynamic vessel information

Vessel dynamic conditions

Nominal reporting interval

Vessel status ‘at anchor’ and not moving faster than 3 knots

3 minutes (6)

Vessel status ‘at anchor’ and moving faster than 3 knots

10 seconds (6)

Vessel operating in autonomous mode, moving 0 to 14 knots

10 seconds (6)

Vessel operating in autonomous mode, moving 0 to 14 knots and changing course

3 1/3 seconds (6)

Vessel operating in autonomous mode, moving 14 to 23 knots

6 seconds (6)

Vessel operating in autonomous mode, moving 14 to 23 knots and changing course

2 seconds

Vessel operating in autonomous mode, moving faster than 23 knots

2 seconds

Vessel operating in autonomous mode, moving faster than 23 knots and changing course

2 seconds

Vessel operating in assigned mode (7)

assigned between 2 seconds and 10 seconds

3.3.4.   Technology platform

The platform for Inland AIS mobile station is the AIS Class A mobile station.

The technical solution of Inland AIS mobile station is based on the same technical standards as AIS Class A mobile stations (Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 and international standard IEC 61993-2).

3.3.5.   Compatibility to AIS Class A mobile stations

Inland AIS mobile stations shall be compliant to AIS Class A mobile stations and shall be capable of receiving and processing all AIS messages (according to Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 and technical clarifications on Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 by International Association of aids to navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (IALA)) and in addition the messages defined in point 3.4.

3.3.6.   Unique identifier

In order to guarantee the compatibility with maritime vessels, the Maritime Mobile Service Identifier (MMSI) number shall be used as a unique station identifier (radio equipment identifier) for the Inland AIS mobile stations.

3.3.7.   Application requirements

Information referred to point 3.3.2 shall be input, stored and displayed directly within the Inland AIS mobile station.

The Inland AIS mobile station shall be capable of storing also the inland specific static data in the internal memory, in order to keep the information when the unit is without power supply.

Necessary data conversions for the Minimum Keyboard Display (MKD) of the Inland AIS information content (e.g. knots into km/h) or MKD input and display of information concerning inland vessel types shall be handled within the Inland AIS mobile station.

Application Specific Messages (ASM) should be entered/displayed by an external application with the exemption of Inland AIS ASM DAC = 200 FI = 10 (Inland Ship static and voyage related data) and DAC = 200 FI = 55 (inland number of persons on board) which are implemented directly in the Inland AIS mobile station.

In order to program the inland specific data into the AIS transponder the digital interface sentences are defined in Appendix B.

The Inland AIS mobile station shall provide — as a minimum — an external interface for the input of DGNSS correction and integrity information according to the provisions of the Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services Special Committee 104 on DGNSS.

3.3.8.   Type-approval

Inland AIS mobile station shall be type-approved for compliance with these technical specifications.

3.4.   Protocol amendments for Inland AIS mobile station

Due to evolution of the Recommendation ITU-R M.1371, several parameters allow for the use of new status codes. This does not harm the functioning of the AIS but may result in display of unrecognized status codes in equipment based on previous revisions of the standard.

3.4.1.   Table 3.2 Position report

Table 3.2

Position report

Parameter

Number of bits

Description

Message ID

6

Identifier for this message 1, 2 or 3

Repeat indicator

2

Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a message has been repeated

0-3; Default = 0; 3 = do not repeat any more

User ID (MMSI)

30

MMSI number

Navigational Status

4

0 = under way using engine; 1 = at anchor; 2 = not under command; 3 = restricted manoeuvrability; 4 = constrained by her draught; 5 = moored; 6 = aground;

7 = engaged in fishing; 8 = under way sailing;

9 = reserved for future amendment of Navigational Status for a high-speed craft;

10 = reserved for future amendment of Navigational Status for Wing In Ground (WIG);

11 = power-driven vessel towing astern (regional use) (8)

12 = power-driven vessel pushing ahead or towing alongside (regional use) (8);

13 = reserved for future use; 14 = AIS-SART (active);

15 = not defined = default (also used by AIS)

Rate of turn ROT AIS

8

0 to + 126 = turning right at up to 708° per min or higher

0 to – 126 = turning left at up to 708° per min or higher

Values between 0 and 708° per min coded by ROTAIS = 4.733 SQRT(ROTsensor) degrees per min where ROTsensor is the Rate of Turn as input by an external Rate of Turn Indicator. ROTAIS is rounded to the nearest integer value

+ 127 = turning right at more than 5° per 30 s (No Turn Indicator available)

– 127 = turning left at more than 5° per 30 s (No Turn Indicator available)

– 128 (80 hexadecimal) indicates no turn information available (default).

ROT data should not be derived from COG information

Speed over ground

10

Speed over ground in 1/10 knot steps (0-102,2 knots)

1 023 = not available; 1 022 = 102,2 knots or higher (9)

Position accuracy

1

The position accuracy (PA) flag should be determined in accordance with ITU-R M. 1371

1 = high (=< 10 m)

0 = low (> 10 m)

0 = default

Longitude

28

Longitude in 1/10 000 min (± 180o, East = positive (as per 2's complement), West = negative (as per 2's complement),

181= (6791AC0 hexadecimal) = not available = default)

Latitude

27

Latitude in 1/10 000 min (± 90o, North = positive (as per 2's complement), South = negative (as per 2's complement), 91= (3412140 hexadecimal) = not available = default)

Course over ground

12

Course over ground in 1/10o (0-3599). 3 600 (E10 hexadecimal)

= not available = default;

3 601 — 4 095 shall not be used

True heading

9

Degrees (0-359) (511 indicates not available = default).

Time stamp

6

UTC second when the report was generated by the electronic positioning fixing system (EPFS) (0-59, or 60 if time stamp is not available, which shall also be the default value, or 61 if positioning system is in manual input mode, or 62 if Electronic Position Fixing System operates in estimated (dead reckoning) mode, or 63 if the positioning system is inoperative)

Special manoeuvre indicator: blue sign

2

Indication if blue sign is set (10)

0 = not available = default,

1 = not engaged in special manoeuvre = blue sign not set

2 = engaged in special manoeuvre = blue sign is set

yes,

3 is not used

Spare

3

Not used. Should be set to zero. Reserved for future use.

RAIM-flag

1

Receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM) flag of electronic position fixing device; 0 = RAIM not in use = default; 1 = RAIM in use. RAIM-flag should be determined in accordance with ITU-R M. 1371

Communication state

19

Communication state should be determined in accordance with ITU-R M. 1371

Total

168

Occupies one slot

3.4.2.   Ship static and voyage related data (Message 5)

Table 3.3

Ship static and dynamic data report

Parameter

Number of bits

Description

Message ID

6

Identifier for this message 5

Repeat indicator

2

Sent by the repeater to indicate how many times a message has been repeated 0-3; Default = 0; 3 = do not repeat any more

User ID (MMSI)

30

MMSI number

AIS version indicator

2

0 = Station compliant with Recommendation ITU-R M. 1371-1;

1 = Station compliant with Recommendation ITU-R M. 1371-3 (or later),

2 = Station compliant with Recommendation ITU-R M. 1371-5 (or later),

3 = Station compliant with future editions

IMO number

30

0 = not available = default — not applicable to Search And Rescue aircraft

0000000001-0000999999 not used

0001000000-0009999999 = valid IMO number;

0010000000-1073741823 = official flag state number. (11)

Call sign

42

7 × 6 bit ASCII characters, ‘@@@@@@@’ = not available = default

Craft associated with a parent vessel, should use ‘A’ followed by the last 6 digits of the MMSI of the parent vessel. Examples of these craft include towed vessels, rescue boats, tenders, lifeboats and liferafts

Name

120

Maximum 20 characters 6 bit ASCII, see ITU-R M. 1371;

@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ = not available = default. For Search And Rescue (SAR) aircraft, it should be set to ‘SAR AIRCRAFT NNNNNNN’ where NNNNNNN equals the aircraft registration number

Type of vessel and cargo

8

0 = not available or no vessel = default;

1 — 99 = as defined in ITU-R M. 1371; (12)

100 — 199 = preserved, for regional use;

200 — 255 = preserved, for future use

Not applicable to SAR aircraft

Overall dimensions of vessel/convoy and reference for position

30

Reference point for reported position; Also indicates the dimension of vessel in metres (see ITU-R M. 1371).

For SAR aircraft, the use of this field may be decided by the responsible administration. If used it should indicate the maximum dimensions of the craft. As default should A = B = C = D be set to ‘0’ (13)  (14)  (15)

Type of electronic position fixing device

4

0 = Undefined (default),

1 = GPS,

2 = GLONASS,

3 = Combined GPS/GLONASS,

4 = Loran-C,

5 = Chayka,

6 = Integrated Navigation System,

7 = surveyed,

8 = Galileo

9 — 14 = not used

15 = internal GNSS

ETA

20

ETA; MMDDHHMM UTC

Bits 19 — 16: month; 1 — 12; 0 = not available = default;

Bits 15 — 11: day; 1 — 31; 0 = not available = default;

Bits 10 — 6: hour; 0 — 23; 24 = not available = default;

Bits 5 — 0: minute; 0 — 59; 60 = not available = Default

For SAR aircraft, the use of this field may be decided by the responsible administration

Maximum present static draught

8

in 1/10 m, 255 = draught 25,5 m or greater, 0 = not available = default (16)

Destination

120

Maximum 20 characters using 6-bit ASCII; @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ = not available. (17)

Data Terminal Equipment (DTE)

1

Data terminal ready (0 = available, 1 = not available = default)

Spare

1

Spare. Not used. Shall be set to zero. Reserved for future use

Total

424

Occupies two slots

Figure 3.1

Reference point for reported position and overall dimension of vessel/convoy

Image 1

 

Number of bits

Bit fields

Distance (m)

 

A

9

Bit 21 — Bit 29

0 — 511

511 = 511 m or greater

Reference Point for reported position

B

9

Bit 12 — Bit 20

0 — 511

511 = 511 m or greater

C

6

Bit 6 — Bit 11

0 — 63

63 = 63 m or greater

D

6

Bit 0 — Bit 5

0 — 63

63 = 63 m or greater

L = A + B

Defined in Inland FI 10

Overall dimension used in Inland AIS mobile station

W = C + D

The dimension should be in the direction of the transmitted heading information (bow).

Reference point of reported position not available, but dimensions of vessel/convoy are available: A = C = 0 and B ≠ 0 and D ≠ 0.

Neither reference point of reported position nor dimensions of vessel/convoy are available: A = B = C = D = 0 (= default).

For use of the message table, A = most significant field. D = least significant field

3.4.3.   Group assignment command (Message 23)

Inland AIS mobile stations shall be addressed for group assignment by Message 23 using station type ‘6 = inland waterways’.

3.5.   Inland AIS Messages

3.5.1.   Additional Inland AIS messages

To comply with the information needs, specific Inland AIS messages are defined. In addition to the information content which shall be implemented directly in the Inland AIS station, the Inland AIS mobile station may transmit additional information through Application Specific Messages (ASM). This information content is normally handled by an external application, such as Inland ECDIS.

The use of Inland AIS ASM is in the responsibility of the river commission or the competent authorities.

3.5.2.   Application identifier for Inland AIS Application Specific Messages

The application specific messages consist of the AIS Class A mobile stations framework according Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 (message ID, repeat indicator, source ID, destination ID), the Application Identifier (AI = DAC + FI) and the data content (variable length up to a given maximum).

The 16-bit application identifier (AI = DAC + FI) consists of the following elements:

(a)

10-bit designated area code (DAC): international (DAC = 1) or regional (DAC > 1);

(b)

6-bit function identifier (FI) — allows for 64 unique application specific messages.

For the European harmonized Inland AIS Application Specific Messages the DAC ‘200’ is used.

In addition national (regional) DAC may be used in local ASM e.g. test pilots. Nevertheless it is strongly recommended to avoid the usage of regional ASM.

3.5.3.   Information content through Application Specific Messages

Inland AIS ASM DAC = 200 FI = 10 (Inland Ship static and voyage related data) and DAC = 200 FI = 55 (inland number of persons on board) are implemented directly in the Inland AIS mobile station (see points 3.5.3.1 and 3.5.3.2).

3.5.3.1.   Inland ship static and voyage related data (Inland specific Message FI 10)

This message shall be used by inland vessels only, to broadcast vessel static and voyage related data in addition to message 5. The message shall be sent with binary message 8 as soon as possible (from the AIS point of view) after message 5.

Table 3.4

Inland vessel data report

 

Parameter

Number of bits

Description

Message ID

6

Identifier for message 8; always 8

Repeat indicator

2

Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a message has been repeated.

0-3; Default = 0; 3 = do not repeat any more

Source ID

30

MMSI number

Spare

2

Not used, shall be set to zero. Reserved for future use

Binary data

Application identifier

16

DAC = 200, FI = 10

Unique European vessel identification number (ENI)

48

8*6 Bit ASCII characters

00000000 = ENI not assigned = default

Length of vessel/convoy

13

1 — 8 000 (rest not to be used) length of vessel/convoy in 1/10 m 0 = default

Beam of vessel/convoy

10

1 — 1 000 (rest not to be used) beam of vessel/convoy in 1/10 m; 0 = default

Vessel and convoy type

14

Numeric vessel and convoy type as described in Appendix C

0 = not available = default

Dangerous cargo indication

3

Number of blue cones/lights 0 — 3; 4 = B-Flag, 5 = default = unknown

Maximum present static draught

11

1 — 2 000 (rest not used) draught in 1/100 m, 0 = default = unknown

Loaded/unloaded

2

1 = loaded, 2 = unloaded, 0 = not available/default, 3 shall not be used

Quality of speed information

1

1 = high, 0 = low/GNSS = default (*1)

Quality of course information

1

1 = high, 0 = low/GNSS = default (*1)

Quality of heading information

1

1 = high, 0 = low = default (*1)

Spare

8

Not used, shall be set to zero. Reserved for future use

 

Total

168

Occupies one slot

3.5.3.2.   Number of persons on board (Inland specific message FI 55)

This message shall be sent by inland vessels only, to inform about the number of persons (passengers, crew, shipboard personnel) on board. The message shall be sent with binary message 6 preferably on event or on request using International Application Identifier binary functional message 2.

Table 3.5

Number of Persons on board report

 

Parameter

Bit

Description

Message ID

6

Identifier for message 6; always 6

Repeat indicator

2

Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a message has been repeated.

0-3; Default = 0; 3 = do not repeat any more

Source ID

30

MMSI number of source station

Sequence number

2

0 — 3

Destination ID

30

MMSI number of destination station

Retransmit flag

1

Retransmit flag shall be set upon retransmission: 0 = no retransmission = default;

1 = retransmitted.

Spare

1

Not used, shall be set to zero. Reserved for future use

Binary data

Application identifier

16

DAC = 200, FI = 55

Number of crew members on board

8

0 — 254 crew members, 255 = unknown = default

Number of passengers on board

13

0 — 8 190 passengers, 8 191 = unknown = default

Number of shipboard personnel on board

8

0 — 254 shipboard personnel, 255 = unknown = default

Spare

51

Not used, shall be set to zero. Reserved for future use.

 

Total

168

Occupies one slot

4.   OTHER AIS MOBILE STATIONS ON INLAND WATERWAYS

4.1.   Introduction

Vessels not obliged to operate Inland AIS mobile stations may use other AIS mobile stations. The following mobile stations can be used:

(a)

AIS Class A mobile station in accordance with Articles 35(2) and 35(3) of Commission Directive 2014/90/EU (18);

(b)

AIS Class B mobile station in accordance with point 4.2.

The use of such stations in inland waterways is up to the decision of the Competent Authority responsible for the navigation in that area.

If such stations are used on a voluntary basis, the shipmaster shall keep the manually entered AIS data constantly up to date. No incorrect data shall be transmitted over AIS.

4.2.   General requirements for AIS Class B mobile stations on inland waterways

AIS Class B has restricted functionalities compared to Inland AIS mobile stations. The messages sent out by an AIS Class B mobile station are transmitted with a lower priority in comparison to Inland AIS mobile stations.’

In addition to the requirements resulting from other Union legal acts, in particular, Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (19) and Commission Decision 2005/53/EC (20), AIS Class B mobile stations installed on vessels navigating on Union inland waterways shall meet the requirements set out in:

(a)

Recommendation ITU-R M. 1371;

(b)

IEC International Standard 62287 (including DSC channel management).

Note:

It is the responsibility of the Competent Authority responsible for the navigation in that area to ascertain the conformity of AIS Class B mobile stations to the standards and requirements listed in the second subparagraph prior to issuing a ship station license, assigning a Maritime Mobile Service Identifier (MMSI) number, for example by type approval of the relevant AIS Class B mobile stations.

5.   AIS AIDS TO NAVIGATION IN INLAND NAVIGATION

5.1.   Introduction

A navigational aid (also known as Aids to Navigation, or AtoN) is a marker which provides support during navigation. Such aids include markings for lighthouses, buoys, fog signals, and day beacons. A list of types of AtoNs is included in Table 5.2.

The AIS technology provides the possibility to dynamically transfer information about AtoNs.

For the use in inland navigation the maritime AIS AtoN report (Message 21) needs to be extended to reflect the specifics of the inland buoyage system.

The maritime AIS AtoN report is based on the IALA buoyage system. For inland navigation the AIS AtoN report needs to reflect the European Inland AtoN system described in Section 5.

The AIS AtoN report transfers the position and the meaning of the AtoN as well as information if a buoy is on the required position (on position) or not (off position).

5.2.   Use of Message 21: Aids to Navigation report

For the use on inland waterways the AIS AtoN report (Message 21) as defined in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 is being used. The additional European Inland types of AtoN are coded using the ‘AtoN status’ bits.

Table 5.1

AIS AtoN Report

Parameter

Number of bits

Description

Message ID

6

Identifier for this message 21

Repeat indicator

2

Used by the repeater to indicate how many times a message has been repeated

0-3; Default = 0; 3 = do not repeat any more

ID

30

MMSI number, (see Article 19 of the RR and Recommendation ITU-R M.585)

Type of Aids-to-Navigation

5

0 = not available = default; refer to appropriate definition set up by IALA; see Figure 5-1 (21)

Name of Aids-to-Navigation

120

Maximum 20 characters 6-bit ASCII, as defined in Table 47 ‘@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@’ = not available = default.

The name of the AtoN may be extended by the parameter ‘Name of Aids-to-Navigation Extension’ below

Position accuracy (PA)

1

1 = high (≤ 10 m) 0 = low (> 10 m) 0 = default The PA flag should be determined in accordance with Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 table ‘Determination of position accuracy information’

Longitude

28

Longitude in 1/10 000 min of position of an AtoN (± 180°, East = positive, West = negative 181 = (6791AC0h) = not available = default)

Latitude

27

Latitude in 1/10 000 min of an AtoN (± 90°, North = positive, South = negative 91 = (3412140h) = not available = default)

Dimension/reference for position

30

Reference point for reported position; also indicates the dimension of an AtoN (m) (see Figure 5-1), if relevant (22)

Type of electronic position fixing device

4

0 = Undefined (default)

1 = GPS

2 = GLONASS

3 = Combined GPS/GLONASS

4 = Loran-C

5 = Chayka

6 = Integrated Navigation System

7 = surveyed. For fixed AtoN and virtual AtoN, the charted position should be used. The accurate position enhances its function as a radar reference target

8 = Galileo

9-14 = not used

15 = internal GNSS

Time stamp

6

UTC second when the report was generated by the EPFS (0-59 or 60) if time stamp is not available, which should also be the default value or 61 if positioning system is in manual input mode or 62 if electronic position fixing system operates in estimated (dead reckoning) mode or 63 if the positioning system is inoperative)

Off-position indicator

1

For floating AtoN, only: 0 = on position; 1 = off position.

NOTE 1 — This flag should only be considered valid by receiving station, if the AtoN is a floating aid, and if time stamp is equal to or below 59. For floating AtoN the guard zone parameters should be set on installation

AtoN status

8

Reserved for the indication of the AtoN status

00000000 = default (23)

RAIM-flag

1

RAIM (Receiver autonomous integrity monitoring) flag of electronic position fixing device; 0 = RAIM not in use = default; 1 = RAIM in use; see Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 table ‘Determination of position accuracy information’

Virtual AtoN flag

1

0 = default = real AtoN at indicated position; 1 = virtual AtoN, does not physically exist (24)

Assigned mode flag

1

0 = Station operating in autonomous and continuous mode = default 1 = Station operating in assigned mode

Spare

1

Spare. Not used. Should be set to zero. Reserved for future use

Name of Aids-to-Navigation Extension

0, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, … 84

This parameter of up to 14 additional 6-bit-ASCII characters for a 2-slot message may be combined with the parameter ‘Name of Aids-to-Navigation’ at the end of that parameter, when more than 20 characters are needed for the name of the AtoN. This parameter should be omitted when no more than 20 characters for the name of the AtoN are needed in total. Only the required number of characters should be transmitted, i.e. no @-character should be used

Spare

0, 2, 4, or 6

Spare. Used only when parameter ‘Name of Aids-to-Navigation Extension’ is used. Should be set to zero. The number of spare bits should be adjusted in order to observe byte boundaries

Total

272-360

Occupies two slots

Figure 5-1

Reference point for reported position of a maritime AtoN, or the dimension of an AtoN

Image 2

 

Number of bits

Bit Fields

Distance (m)

A

9

Bit 21 — Bit 29

0-511

511 — 511 m or greater

B

9

Bit 12 — Bit 20

0-511

511 — 511 m or greater

C

6

Bit 6 — Bit 11

0-63

63 — 63 m or greater

D

6

Bit 0 — Bit 5

0-63

63 — 63 m or greater

If the type of AtoN to be transmitted is covered within the existing IALA types of AtoN (according to Table 5.2) no changes need to be applied.

Table 5.2

Types of Aids to Navigation

Code

Definition Maritime

 

0

Default, Type of AtoN not specified

 

1

Reference point

 

2

RACON

 

3

Fixed structures offshore, such as oil platforms, wind farms.

(NOTE 1 — This code should identify an obstruction that is fitted with an AtoN AIS station)

 

4

Emergency Wreck Marking Buoy

Fixed AtoN

5

Light, without sectors

6

Light, with sectors

7

Leading Light Front

8

Leading Light Rear

9

Beacon, Cardinal N

10

Beacon, Cardinal E

11

Beacon, Cardinal S

12

Beacon, Cardinal W

13

Beacon, Port hand

14

Beacon, Starboard hand

15

Beacon, Preferred Channel port hand

16

Beacon, Preferred Channel starboard hand

17

Beacon, Isolated danger

18

Beacon, Safe water

19

Beacon, Special mark

Floating AtoN

20

Cardinal Mark N

21

Cardinal Mark E

22

Cardinal Mark S

23

Cardinal Mark W

24

Port hand Mark

25

Starboard hand Mark

26

Preferred Channel Port hand

27

Preferred Channel Starboard hand

28

Isolated danger

29

Safe Water

30

Special Mark

31

Light Vessel/LANBY/Rigs

NOTE 1 — The types of AtoN listed above are based on the IALA Maritime Buoyage System, where applicable.

NOTE 2 — There is potential for confusion when deciding whether an aid is lighted or unlighted. Competent authorities may wish to use the regional/local section of the message to indicate this.

5.3.   Extension of Message 21 with inland-specific type of AtoN

The parameter field ‘AtoN status’ is used for the extension of Message 21 with inland-specific type of AtoN.

The parameter field ‘AtoN status’ is organised in eight pages, of which page ID 0 is 0 = default, page ID 1 to 3 is for regional use and page ID 4 to 7 is for international use. The first three bits of the AtoN status filed defines the page ID, the remaining 5 bits contains the information of the page.

The region, in which page ID 1 to 3 is applicable is defined by the Maritime Identification Digits within the MMSI of the transmitting AIS AtoN station. Thus the bit coding of the 5 information bits in the AtoN status field is only applicable in this specific region.

As regards Union inland waterways page ID 1 of the AtoN status field contains the list of inland-specific type of AtoN used.

To set an inland-specific type of AtoN in Message 21 two steps have to be made. First the parameter ‘Type of aids-to-navigation’ in Message 21 needs to be set to ‘0 = Default, type of AtoN not specified’. Second, the parameter ‘AIS status’ needs to be set to page ID 1 and the appropriate code of the Inland-specific type of AtoN, as follows:

Msg 21 — AtoN status:

Bits:

Image 3

Image 4

LSB

coding:

Page ID

type of AtoN (0-31)

 


(1)  Directive (EU) 2016/1148 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union (OJ L 194, 19.7.2016, p. 1).

(2)  Directive 2005/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on harmonised river information services (RIS) on inland waterways in the Community (OJ L 255, 30.9.2005, p. 152).

(3)  Commission Regulation (EC) No 414/2007 of 13 March 2007 concerning the technical guidelines for the planning, implementation and operational use of river information services (RIS) referred to in Article 5 of Directive 2005/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on harmonised river information services (RIS) on inland waterways in the Community (OJ L 105, 23.4.2007, p. 1).

(4)  Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 June 2002 establishing a Community vessel traffic monitoring and information system repealing Council Directive 93/75/EEC (OJ L 208, 5.8.2002, p. 10).

(5)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 909/2013 of 10 September 2013 on the technical specifications for the electronic chart display and information system for inland navigation (Inland ECDIS) referred to in Directive 2005/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 258, 28.9.2013, p. 1).

(6)  When a mobile station determines that it is the semaphore (refer to Recommendation ITU-R M.1371, Annex 2, § 3.1.1.4), the reporting rate shall increase to once per two seconds (refer to Recommendation ITU-R M.1371, Annex 2, § 3.1.3.3.2).

(7)  Shall be switched by competent authority, when necessary.

(8)  Not applicable within the Union for the purpose of this Regulation

(9)  Knots shall be calculated in km/h by external on-board equipment.

(10)  Shall only be evaluated if the report is coming from an Inland AIS mobile station and if the information is derived by automatic means (direct connection to switch).

(11)  Shall be set to 0 for inland vessels.

(12)  Best applicable vessel type shall be used for inland navigation (see APPENDIX C).

(13)  The dimensions shall be set to the maximum rectangle size of the convoy.

(14)  The decimetre accuracy of the inland information shall be rounded upwards.

(15)  The reference point information has to be taken out of the SSD interface sentence by distinguishing the field ‘source identifier’. Position reference point information with source identifier AI, has to be stored as internal one. Other source identifiers shall lead to reference point information for the external reference point.

(16)  The centimetre accuracy on the inland information shall be rounded upwards.

(17)  The ISRS Location Codes as part of the RIS Index shall be used derived from the European Reference Data Management System (ERDMS) kept by the European Commission.

(*1)  Shall be set to 0 if no type approved sensor (e.g. gyro) is connected to the transponder.

(18)  Commission Directive 2014/90/EU of 23 July 2014 on marine equipment and repealing Council Directive 96/98/EC (OJ L 257, 28.8.2014, p. 146).

(19)  Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 1999 on radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment and the mutual recognition of their conformity (OJ L 91, 7.4.1999, p. 10).

(20)  Commission Decision 2005/53/EC of 25 January 2005 on the application of Article 3(3)(e) of Directive 1999/5/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council to radio equipment intended to participate in the Automatic Identification System (AIS) (OJ L 22, 26.1.2005, p. 14).

(21)  In case an inland AtoN type code is being transmitted, this field (type of AtoN) shall be set to 0 = undefined

(22)  When using Figure 5-1 for AtoN the following shall be observed:

For fixed AtoN, virtual AtoN, and for offshore structures, the orientation established by the dimension A shall point to true north.

For floating aids larger than 2 m * 2 m the dimensions of the AtoN shall always be given approximated to a circle, i.e. the dimensions shall always be as follows A = B = C = D ≠ 0. (This is due to the fact that the orientation of the floating AtoN is not transmitted. The reference point for reported position is in the centre of the circle.)

A = B = C = D = 1 shall indicate objects (fixed or floating) smaller than or equal to 2 m * 2 m. (The reference point for reported position is in the centre of the circle.)

Floating offshore structures that are not fixed, such as rigs, shall be considered as Code 31 type from Table 5.2. These structures shall have their ‘Dimension/reference for position’ parameter as determined above in Note (1).

For fixed offshore structures, Code 3 type from Table 5.2, shall have their ‘Dimension/reference for position’ parameter as determined above in Note (1). Hence, all offshore AtoN and structures have the dimension determined in the same manner and the actual dimensions are contained in Message 21.

(23)  For Inland AIS AtoN report this field shall be used to indicate the Inland AtoN type using page 001

(24)  When transmitting virtual AtoN information, i.e. the virtual/pseudo AtoN Target Flag is set to one (1), the dimensions shall be set to A = B=C = D = 0 (default). This shall also be the case, when transmitting ‘reference point’ information

Appendix A

ABBREVIATIONS

AI

Application Identifier

AIS

Automatic Identification System

ADN

European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways

ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ASM

Application Specific Message

AtoN

Aids to Navigation

DAC

Designated Area Code

DGNSS

Differential GNSS

FI

Functional Identifier

GLONASS

(Russian) GLObal NAvigation Satellite System

GNSS

Global Navigation Satellite System

GPS

Global Positioning System

HDG

Heading

IAI

International Application Identifier

ID

Identifier

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

MMSI

Maritime Mobile Service Identifier as referred to in ITU Recommendation ITU-R M585

ROT

Rate Of Turn

Class B SO/CS

Class B mobile stations using either carrier-sense time division multiple access (CSTDMA) technique ('CO'), or Self-organising time division multiple access (SOTDMA) technique ('SO')

SOLAS

Safety Of Life At Sea

SQRT

Square root

UTC

Universal Time Coordinated

VHF

Very High Frequency

VTS

Vessel Traffic Services

Appendix B

DIGITAL INTERFACE SENTENCES FOR INLAND AIS

B.1   Input sentences

The serial digital interface of the AIS is supported by existing IEC 61162 sentences. The detailed descriptions for the digital interface sentences are found in IEC 61162.

In addition the following digital interface sentences are defined for Inland AIS mobile station.

B.2   Inland waterway static ship data

This sentence is used to change settings, which are not covered by SSD and VSD.

$PIWWSSD,cccccccc,xxxx,x.x,x.x,x,x,x,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x*hh<CR><LF>

field 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Field

Format

Description

1

cccccccc

ENI number

2

xxxx

inland vessel type according to APPENDIX C

3

x.x

length of vessel 0 to 800,0 metre

4

x.x

beam of vessel 0 to 100,0 metre

5

x

quality of speed information 1 = high or 0 = low

6

x

quality of course information 1 = high or 0 = low

7

x

quality of heading information 1 = high or 0 = low

8

x.x

B value for internal reference position (distance reference point to stern)

9

x.x

C value for internal reference position (distance reference point to port side)

10

x.x

B value for external reference position (distance reference point to stern)

11

x.x

C value for external reference position (distance reference point to port side)

B.3   Inland waterway voyage data

This sentence is used to enter inland navigation voyage vessel data into an Inland AIS mobile station. For setting the inland voyage related data the sentence $PIWWIVD with the following content is used

$PIWWIVD,x,x,x,x.x,x.x,x,xxx,xxxx,xxx,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x*hh<CR><LF>

field 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Field

Format

Description

1

x

See Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 Msg 23 reporting interval settings, default setting: 0

2

x

number of blue cones: 0-3, 4 = B-Flag, 5 = default = unknown

3

x

0 = not available = default, 1 = loaded, 2 = unloaded, rest not used

4

x.x

static draught of vessel 0 to 20,00 metres, 0 = unknown = default, rest not used

5

x.x

air draught of vessel 0 to 40,00 metres, 0 = unknown = default, rest not used

6

x

number of assisting tugboats 0-6, 7 = default = unknown, rest not used

7

xxx

number of crew members on board 0 to 254, 255 = unknown = default, rest not

8

xxxx

number of passengers on board 0 to 8 190 , 8 191 = unknown = default, rest not used

9

xxx

number of shipboard personnel on board 0 to 254, 255 = unknown = default, rest not used

10

x.x

Convoy extension to bow in (metre.decimetre = resolution in dm)

11

x.x

Convoy extension to stern in (metre.decimetre = resolution in dm)

12

x.x

Convoy extension to port side in (metre.decimetre = resolution in dm)

13

x.x

Convoy extension to starboard side in (metre.decimetre = resolution in dm)

In case of null fields the corresponding configuration setting shall not be changed.

Appendix C

INLAND VESSEL AND CONVOY TYPES

This correspondence table is based on an excerpt of the ‘Codes for Types of Means of Transport’ according to UNECE Recommendation 28 and the maritime ship types as defined in Recommendation ITU-R M.1371 ‘Technical characteristics for a universal shipborne automatic identification system using time division multiple access in the VHF maritime mobile band’.

Vessel and convoy type

maritime ship type

code

vessel name

1st digit

2nd digit

8000

Vessel, type unknown

9

9

8010

Motor freighter

7

9

8020

Motor tanker

8

9

8021

Motor tanker, liquid cargo, type N

8

0

8022

Motor tanker, liquid cargo, type C

8

0

8023

Motor tanker, dry cargo as if liquid (e.g. cement)

8

9

8030

Container vessel

7

9

8040

Gas tanker

8

0

8050

Motor freighter, tug

7

9

8060

Motor tanker, tug

8

9

8070

Motor freighter with one or more ships alongside

7

9

8080

Motor freighter with tanker

8

9

8090

Motor freighter pushing one or more freighters

7

9

8100

Motor freighter pushing at least one tank-ship

8

9

8110

Tug, freighter

7

9

8120

Tug, tanker

8

9

8130

Tug, freighter, coupled

3

1

8140

Tug, freighter/tanker, coupled

3

1

8150

Freightbarge

9

9

8160

Tankbarge

9

9

8161

Tankbarge, liquid cargo, type N

9

0

8162

Tankbarge, liquid cargo, type C

9

0

8163

Tankbarge, dry cargo as if liquid (e.g. cement)

9

9

8170

Freightbarge with containers

8

9

8180

Tankbarge, gas

9

0

8210

Pushtow, one cargo barge

7

9

8220

Pushtow, two cargo barges

7

9

8230

Pushtow, three cargo barges

7

9

8240

Pushtow, four cargo barges

7

9

8250

Pushtow, five cargo barges

7

9

8260

Pushtow, six cargo barges

7

9

8270

Pushtow, seven cargo barges

7

9

8280

Pushtow, eigth cargo barges

7

9

8290

Pushtow, nine or more barges

7

9

8310

Pushtow, one tank/gas barge

8

0

8320

Pushtow, two barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8330

Pushtow, three barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8340

Pushtow, four barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8350

Pushtow, five barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8360

Pushtow, six barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8370

Pushtow, seven barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8380

Pushtow, eight barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8390

Pushtow, nine or more barges at least one tanker or gas barge

8

0

8400

Tug, single

5

2

8410

Tug, one or more tows

3

1

8420

Tug, assisting a vessel or linked combination

3

1

8430

Pushboat, single

9

9

8440

Passenger ship, ferry, red cross ship, cruise ship

6

9

8441

Ferry

6

9

8442

Red cross ship

5

8

8443

Cruise ship

6

9

8444

Passenger ship without accommodation

6

9

8445

Day-trip high speed vessel

6

9

8446

Day-trip hydrofoil vessel

6

9

8447

Sailing cruise ship

6

9

8448

Sailing passenger ship without accommodation

6

9

8450

Service vessel, police patrol, port service

9

9

8451

Service vessel

9

9

8452

Police patrol vessel

5

5

8453

Port service vessel

9

9

8454

Navigation surveillance vessel

9

9

8460

Vessel, work maintenance craft, floating derrick, cable-ship, buoy-ship, dredge

3

3

8470

Object, towed, not otherwise specified

9

9

8480

Fishing boat

3

0

8490

Bunkership

9

9

8500

Barge, tanker, chemical

8

0

8510

Object, not otherwise specified

9

9

1500

General cargo Vessel maritime

7

9

1510

Unit carrier maritime

7

9

1520

Bulk carrier maritime

7

9

1530

Tanker

8

0

1540

Liquefied gas tanker

8

0

1850

Pleasure craft, longer than 20 metres

3

7

1900

Fast ship

4

9

1910

Hydrofoil

4

9

1920

Catamaran fast

4

9


Top