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Document 02013D0255-20190304

Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP of 31 May 2013 concerning restrictive measures against Syria

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2013/255/2019-03-04

02013D0255 — EN — 04.03.2019 — 028.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

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COUNCIL DECISION 2013/255/CFSP

of 31 May 2013

concerning restrictive measures against Syria

(OJ L 147 1.6.2013, p. 14)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

COUNCIL DECISION 2013/760/CFSP of 13 December 2013

  L 335

50

14.12.2013

 M2

COUNCIL DECISION 2014/74/CFSP of 10 February 2014

  L 40

63

11.2.2014

►M3

COUNCIL DECISION 2014/309/CFSP of 28 May 2014

  L 160

37

29.5.2014

►M4

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2014/387/CFSP of 23 June 2014

  L 183

72

24.6.2014

►M5

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2014/488/CFSP of 22 July 2014

  L 217

49

23.7.2014

►M6

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2014/678/CFSP of 26 September 2014

  L 283

59

27.9.2014

►M7

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION 2014/730/CFSP of 20 October 2014

  L 301

36

21.10.2014

►M8

COUNCIL DECISION 2014/901/CFSP of 12 December 2014

  L 358

28

13.12.2014

►M9

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2015/117 of 26 January 2015

  L 20

85

27.1.2015

►M10

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2015/383 of 6 March 2015

  L 64

41

7.3.2015

►M11

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2015/784 of 19 May 2015

  L 124

13

20.5.2015

►M12

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2015/837 of 28 May 2015

  L 132

82

29.5.2015

►M13

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2015/973 of 22 June 2015

  L 157

52

23.6.2015

►M14

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2015/1836 of 12 October 2015

  L 266

75

13.10.2015

►M15

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2015/2359 of 16 December 2015

  L 331

26

17.12.2015

►M16

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2016/850 of 27 May 2016

  L 141

125

28.5.2016

►M17

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2016/1746 of 29 September 2016

  L 264

30

30.9.2016

►M18

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2016/1897 of 27 October 2016

  L 293

36

28.10.2016

►M19

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2016/1985 of 14 November 2016

  L 305I

4

14.11.2016

►M20

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2016/2000 of 15 November 2016

  L 308

20

16.11.2016

►M21

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2016/2144 of 6 December 2016

  L 332

22

7.12.2016

►M22

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2017/485 of 20 March 2017

  L 75

24

21.3.2017

►M23

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2017/917 of 29 May 2017

  L 139

62

30.5.2017

►M24

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2017/1245 of 10 July 2017

  L 178

13

11.7.2017

►M25

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2017/1341 of 17 July 2017

  L 185

56

18.7.2017

►M26

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2017/1754 of 25 September 2017

  L 246

7

26.9.2017

►M27

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2018/284 of 26 February 2018

  L 54I

8

26.2.2018

►M28

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2018/421 of 19 March 2018

  L 75I

3

19.3.2018

►M29

COUNCIL DECISION (CFSP) 2018/778 of 28 May 2018

  L 131

16

29.5.2018

►M30

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2019/87 of 21 January 2019

  L 18I

13

21.1.2019

►M31

COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2019/351 of 4 March 2019

  L 63I

4

4.3.2019


Corrected by:

►C1

Corrigendum, OJ L 305, 24.10.2014, p.  116 (2014/730/CFSP)

 C2

Corrigendum, OJ L 050, 21.2.2015, p.  48 (2014/488/CFSP)

►C3

Corrigendum, OJ L 336, 10.12.2016, p.  42 (2015/1836)

 C4

Corrigendum, OJ L 146, 9.6.2017, p.  159 (2017/917)

 C5

Corrigendum, OJ L 167, 4.7.2018, p.  36 (2018/778)

►C6

Corrigendum, OJ L 190, 27.7.2018, p.  20 (2013/255/CFSP)


The presentation of this consolidated text takes into account judgments of the EU Courts concerning entries in the list of designated persons and entities.




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COUNCIL DECISION 2013/255/CFSP

of 31 May 2013

concerning restrictive measures against Syria



CHAPTER I

EXPORT AND IMPORT RESTRICTIONS

Article 1

1.  The sale, supply, transfer or export of certain equipment, goods and technology which might be used for internal repression or for the manufacture and maintenance of products which could be used for internal repression, to Syria by nationals of Member States or from the territories of Member States or using their flag vessels or aircraft, shall be prohibited, whether originating or not in their territories.

The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this paragraph.

2.  It shall be prohibited to:

(a) provide, directly or indirectly, technical assistance, brokering services or other services related to the items referred to in paragraph 1 or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of such items, to any natural or legal person, entity or body in, or for use in, Syria;

(b) provide, directly or indirectly, financing or financial assistance related to the items referred to in paragraph 1, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance, as well as insurance and reinsurance, for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for the provision of related technical assistance, brokering services or other services to any natural or legal person, entity or body in, or for use in, Syria.

▼M1

3.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to the sale, supply, transport or export of certain equipment, goods and technology which might be used for internal repression or for the manufacture and maintenance of products which could be used for internal repression or to the provision of related technical or financial assistance, where a Member State determines on a case-by-case basis that they are intended for:

(a) food, agricultural, medical or other humanitarian purposes, or for the benefit of UN Personnel, or personnel of the Union or its Member States; or

(b) activities undertaken in accordance with paragraph 10 of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2118(2013) and related decisions of the Executive Council of the OPCW, consistent with the objective of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention) and after consultation with the OPCW.

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Article 2

1.  The sale, supply, transfer or export of certain equipment, goods or technology other than those referred to in Article 1(1) which might be used for internal repression or for the manufacture and maintenance of products which could be used for internal repression, to Syria by nationals of Member States or from the territories of Member States or using their flag vessels or aircraft, shall be subject to authorisation on a case-by-case basis by the competent authorities of the exporting Member State.

The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this paragraph.

2.  The provision of:

(a) technical assistance, brokering services or other services related to the items referred to in paragraph 1 or related to the provision, manufacture, maintenance and use of such items, to any natural or legal person, entity or body in, or for use in, Syria;

(b) financing or financial assistance related to the items referred to in paragraph 1, including in particular grants, loans and export credit insurance, as well as insurance and reinsurance, for any sale, supply, transfer or export of such items, or for the provision of related technical assistance, brokering services or other services to any natural or legal person, entity or body in, or for use in, Syria,

shall also be subject to an authorisation of the competent authority of the exporting Member State.

Article 3

1.  The purchase, import or transport of arms and related material of all types, including weapons and ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, paramilitary equipment and spare parts for the aforementioned, from Syria or originating in Syria, shall be prohibited.

2.  It shall be prohibited to provide, directly or indirectly, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and reinsurance, and brokering services related to insurance and reinsurance, for any purchase, import or transport of the items referred to in paragraph 1, from Syria or originating in Syria.

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3.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to the import or transport of chemical weapons or related material from Syria or originating in Syria, undertaken in accordance with paragraph 10 of UN Security Council Resolution 2118(2013) and related decisions of the Executive Council of the OPCW, consistent with the objective of the Chemical Weapons Convention.

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Article 4

The sale, supply, transfer or export of equipment or software intended primarily for use in the monitoring or interception by the Syrian regime, or on its behalf, of the Internet and of telephone communications on mobile or fixed networks in Syria and the provision of assistance to install, operate or update such equipment or software shall be prohibited.

The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this Article.

Article 5

1.  The purchase, import or transport from Syria of crude oil and petroleum products shall be prohibited.

2.  It shall be prohibited to provide, directly or indirectly, financing or financial assistance, including financial derivatives, as well as insurance and reinsurance, related to the prohibitions referred to in paragraph 1.

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3.  The prohibitions set out in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to the purchase or transport in Syria of petroleum products or to associated financing or financial assistance by public bodies, or by legal persons or entities which receive public funding from the Union or Member States to provide humanitarian relief in Syria or to provide assistance to the civilian population in Syria, where such products are purchased or transported for the sole purposes of providing humanitarian relief in Syria or to provide assistance to the civilian population in Syria.

4.  The prohibitions set out in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to the purchase or transport of petroleum products by diplomatic or consular missions where such products are purchased or transported for official purposes of the mission.

▼M21

Article 6

1.  With a view to helping the civilian population in Syria in cases not covered by Article 5(3) and by way of derogation from Article 5(1) and (2), the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise, on the general and specific terms and conditions they deem appropriate, the purchase or transport in Syria of petroleum products and the provision of associated financing or financial assistance, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a) the activities concerned are for the sole purpose of providing humanitarian relief in Syria or assistance to the civilian population in Syria; and

(b) the activities concerned do not breach any of the prohibitions laid down in this Decision.

2.  The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under this Article within two weeks of any authorisation granted. For an authorisation granted under paragraph 1, the notification shall contain details about the authorised entity and about its humanitarian activities in Syria.

▼B

Article 7

The prohibitions in Article 5 shall be without prejudice to the execution, until 15 November 2011, of obligations provided for in contracts concluded before 2 September 2011.

▼M8

Article 7a

1.  The sale, supply, transfer or export of jet fuel and additives specifically formulated for jet fuel to Syria by nationals of Member States, or from the territories of Member States, or using their flag vessels or aircraft, shall be prohibited, whether originating or not in their territories.

2.  It shall be prohibited to provide, directly or indirectly, financing or financial assistance, as well as insurance and reinsurance or brokering services, related to any sale, supply, transfer or export of jet fuel and additives as referred to in paragraph 1.

3.  The competent authorities of a Member State may authorise the sale, supply, transfer or export of jet fuel and additives to Syria or the provision of direct or indirect financing, financial assistance, insurance, reinsurance or brokering services, necessary for use by the United Nations or bodies acting on its behalf for humanitarian purposes such as delivering or facilitating the delivery of assistance, including medical supplies, food, or the transfer of humanitarian workers and related assistance or for evacuations from Syria or within Syria.

4.  The prohibitions in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to jet fuel and additives exclusively used by non-Syrian civilian aircraft landing in Syria, provided that they are intended and used solely for the continuation of the flight operation of the aircraft into which they were loaded.

5.  The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this Article.

▼B

Article 8

1.  The sale, supply or transfer of key equipment and technology for the following key sectors of the oil and natural gas industry in Syria, or to Syrian or Syrian-owned enterprises engaged in those sectors outside Syria, by nationals of Member States, or from the territories of Member States, or using vessels or aircraft under the jurisdiction of Member States shall be prohibited whether or not originating in their territories:

(a) refining;

(b) liquefied natural gas;

(c) exploration;

(d) production.

The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this paragraph.

2.  It shall be prohibited to provide the following to enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the key sectors of the Syrian oil and gas industry referred to in paragraph 1 or to Syrian, or Syrian-owned enterprises engaged in those sectors outside Syria:

(a) technical assistance or training and other services related to key equipment and technology as referred to in paragraph 1;

(b) financing or financial assistance for any sale, supply, transfer or export of key equipment and technology as set out in paragraph 1 or for the provision of related technical assistance or training.

Article 9

1.  The prohibition in Article 8(1) shall be without prejudice to the execution of an obligation relating to the delivery of goods provided for in contracts awarded or concluded before 1 December 2011.

2.  The prohibitions in Article 8 shall be without prejudice to the execution of an obligation arising from contracts awarded or concluded before 1 December 2011 and relating to investments made in Syria before 23 September 2011 by enterprises established in Member States.

Article 10

With a view to helping the Syrian civilian population, in particular to meeting humanitarian concerns, restoring normal life, upholding basic services, reconstruction, and restoring normal economic activity or other civilian purposes and by way of derogation from Article 8(1) and (2), the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise the sale, supply or transfer of key equipment and technology for the key sectors of the oil and natural gas industry in Syria referred to in Article 8(1), or to Syrian or Syrian-owned enterprises engaged in those sectors outside Syria and the provision of related technical assistance or training and other services, as well as financing or financial assistance, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a) the Syrian National Coalition for Opposition and Revolutionary Forces has been consulted in advance by the Member State concerned;

(b) the activities concerned are not directly or indirectly for the benefit of a person or entity referred to in Article 28(1); and

(c) the activities concerned do not breach any of the prohibitions laid down in this Decision.

The relevant Member State shall inform the other Member States of any authorisation granted under this Article.

Article 11

The delivery of Syrian denominated banknotes and coinage to the Central Bank of Syria shall be prohibited.

Article 12

The direct or indirect sale, purchase, transportation or brokering of gold and precious metals, as well as of diamonds to, from or for the Government of Syria, its public bodies, corporations and agencies, the Central Bank of Syria, as well as to, from or for persons and entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, or entities owned or controlled by them, shall be prohibited.

The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this Article.

Article 13

The sale, supply, transfer or export of luxury goods to Syria by nationals of Member States or from the territories of Member States or using their flag vessels or aircraft, shall be prohibited, whether originating or not in their territories.

The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this Article.

▼M12

Article 13a

It shall be prohibited to import, export, transfer or provide related brokering services for cultural property and other items of archaeological, historical, cultural, rare scientific and religious importance which have been illegally removed from Syria, or where reasonable suspicion exists that they have been illegally removed from Syria, on or after 15 March 2011. The prohibition shall not apply if it is shown that the cultural items are being safely returned to their legitimate owners in Syria.

The Union shall take the necessary measures in order to determine the relevant items to be covered by this Article.

▼B



CHAPTER II

RESTRICTIONS ON FINANCING OF CERTAIN ENTERPRISES

Article 14

The following shall be prohibited:

(a) the granting of any financial loan or credit to enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the Syrian oil industry sectors of exploration, production or refining, or to Syrian or Syrian-owned enterprises engaged in those sectors outside Syria;

(b) the granting of any financial loan or credit to enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the construction of new power plants for the production of electricity in Syria;

(c) the acquisition or extension of a participation in enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the Syrian oil industry sectors of exploration, production or refining, or in Syrian or Syrian-owned enterprises engaged in those sectors outside Syria, including the acquisition in full of such enterprises and the acquisition of shares or securities of a participating nature;

(d) the acquisition or extension of a participation in enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the construction of new power plants for the production of electricity in Syria, including the acquisition in full of such enterprises and the acquisition of shares or securities of a participating nature;

(e) the creation of any joint venture with enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the Syrian oil industry sectors of exploration, production or refining and with any subsidiary or affiliate under their control;

(f) the creation of any joint venture with enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the construction of new power plants for the production of electricity in Syria and with any subsidiary or affiliate under their control.

Article 15

1.  The prohibitions set out in points (a) and (c) of Article 14:

(i) shall be without prejudice to the execution of an obligation arising from contracts or agreements concluded before 23 September 2011;

(ii) shall not prevent the extension of a participation, if such extension is an obligation under an agreement concluded before 23 September 2011.

2.  The prohibitions set out in points (b) and (d) of Article 14:

(i) shall be without prejudice to the execution of an obligation arising from contracts or agreements concluded before 1 December 2011;

(ii) shall not prevent the extension of a participation, if such extension is an obligation under an agreement concluded before 1 December 2011.

Article 16

With a view to helping the Syrian civilian population, in particular to meeting humanitarian concerns, restoring normal life, upholding basic services, reconstruction, and restoring normal economic activity or other civilian purposes and by way of derogation from points (a), (c) and (e) of Article 14, the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise the granting of any financial loan or credit to or the acquisition or extension of a participation in enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the Syrian oil industry sectors of exploration, production or refining, or Syrian or Syrian-owned enterprises engaged in those sectors outside Syria, or the creation of any joint venture with enterprises in Syria that are engaged in the Syrian oil industry sectors of exploration, production or refining and with any subsidiary or affiliate under their control, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a) the Syrian National Coalition for Opposition and Revolutionary Forces has been consulted in advance by the Member State concerned;

(b) the activities concerned are not directly or indirectly for the benefit of a person or entity referred to in Article 28(1); and

(c) the activities concerned do not breach any of the prohibitions laid down in this Decision.

The relevant Member State shall inform the other Member States of any authorisation granted under this Article.



CHAPTER III

RESTRICTIONS ON INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS

Article 17

1.  Participation in the construction of new power plants for the production of electricity in Syria shall be prohibited.

2.  It shall be prohibited to provide technical assistance or financing or financial assistance to the construction of new power plants for the production of electricity in Syria.

3.  The prohibition in paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be without prejudice to the execution of an obligation arising from contracts or agreements concluded before 1 December 2011.



CHAPTER IV

RESTRICTIONS ON FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR TRADE

Article 18

1.  Member States shall exercise restraint in entering into new short and medium-term commitments for public and private provided financial support for trade with Syria, including the granting of export credits, guarantees or insurance, to their nationals or entities involved in such trade, with a view to reducing their outstanding amounts, in particular to avoid any financial support contributing to the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria. In addition, Member States shall not enter into new long-term commitments for public and private provided financial support for trade with Syria.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall not affect commitments established prior to 1 December 2011.

3.  Paragraph 1 shall not concern trade for food, agricultural, medical or other humanitarian purposes.



CHAPTER V

FINANCIAL SECTOR

Article 19

Member States shall not enter into new commitments for grants, financial assistance or concessional loans to the Government of Syria, including through their participation in international financial institutions, except for humanitarian and developmental purposes.

Article 20

The following shall be prohibited:

(a) any disbursement or payment by the European Investment Bank (EIB) under or in connection with any existing loan agreements entered into between Syria and the EIB;

(b) the continuation by the EIB of any existing Technical Assistance Service Contracts for sovereign projects located in Syria.

Article 21

The following shall be prohibited: the direct or indirect sale or purchase of, or brokering or assistance in the issuance of Syrian public or public-guaranteed bonds issued after 1 December 2011 to and from the Government of Syria, its public bodies, corporations and agencies, the Central Bank of Syria, or banks domiciled in Syria, or branches and subsidiaries within and outside the jurisdiction of Member States of banks domiciled in Syria, or financial entities that are neither domiciled in Syria nor within the jurisdiction of the Member States, but are controlled by persons and entities domiciled in Syria as well as any persons and entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, or entities owned or controlled by them.

Article 22

1.  The opening of new branches, subsidiaries, or representative offices of Syrian banks in the territories of Member States, and the establishment of new joint ventures, or the taking of an ownership interest, or the establishment of new correspondent banking relationships by Syrian banks, including the Central Bank of Syria, its branches and subsidiaries and financial entities that are not domiciled in Syria, but are controlled by persons or entities domiciled in Syria, with banks in the jurisdiction of Member States, shall be prohibited.

2.  Financial institutions within the territories of the Member States or under their jurisdiction shall be prohibited from opening representative offices, subsidiaries or banking accounts in Syria.

Article 23

With a view to helping the Syrian civilian population, in particular to meeting humanitarian concerns, restoring normal life, upholding basic services, reconstruction, and restoring normal economic activity or other civilian purposes and by way of derogation from Article 22(2), the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise financial institutions within the territories of the Member States or under their jurisdiction to open representative offices, subsidiaries or banking accounts in Syria, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a) the Syrian National Coalition for Opposition and Revolutionary Forces has been consulted in advance by the Member State concerned;

(b) the activities concerned are not directly or indirectly for the benefit of a person or entity referred to in Article 28(1); and

(c) the activities concerned do not breach any of the prohibitions laid down in this Decision.

The relevant Member State shall inform the other Member States of any authorisation granted under this Article.

Article 24

1.  The provision of insurance and re-insurance to the Government of Syria, its public bodies, corporations and agencies or to any persons or entities acting on their behalf or at their direction, or to entities owned or controlled by them, including through illicit means, shall be prohibited.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall not apply to the provision of:

(a) health or travel insurance to natural persons;

(b) compulsory or third party insurance to Syrian persons, entities or bodies based in the Union;

(c) insurance or re-insurance to the owner of a vessel, aircraft or vehicle chartered by a Syrian person, entity or body and which person, entity or body is not listed in Annex I or II.



CHAPTER VI

TRANSPORT SECTOR

Article 25

1.  Member States, in accordance with their national legislation and consistent with international law, in particular relevant international civil aviation agreements, shall take the necessary measures to prevent access to the airports under their jurisdiction of all exclusively cargo flights operated by Syrian carriers and all flights operated by Syrian Arab Airlines.

2.  Paragraph 1 shall not apply to the access to airports under the jurisdiction of Member States of flights operated by Syrian Arab Airlines, necessary for the sole purpose of evacuating citizens of the Union and their family members from Syria.

Article 26

1.  If Member States have information that provides reasonable grounds to believe that the cargo of vessels and aircraft bound for Syria contains items whose supply, sale, transfer or export is prohibited under Article 1 or subject to authorisation under Article 2, they shall inspect, in accordance with their national legislation and consistent with international law, in particular the law of the sea and relevant international civil aviation agreements and maritime transport agreements, such vessels and aircraft in their seaports and airports, as well as in their territorial sea, in accordance with decisions and capabilities of their competent authorities and with the consent, as necessary in accordance with international law for the territorial sea, of the flag State.

2.  Member States, in accordance with their national legislation and consistent with international law, shall, upon discovery, seize and dispose of items whose supply, sale, transfer or export is prohibited under Article 1 or 2.

3.  Member States shall cooperate, in accordance with their national legislation, with inspections and disposals undertaken pursuant to paragraphs 1 and 2.

4.  Aircraft and vessels transporting cargo to Syria shall be subject to the requirement of additional pre-arrival or pre-departure information for all goods brought into or out of a Member State.



CHAPTER VII

RESTRICTIONS ON ADMISSION

▼M14

Article 27

1.  Member States shall take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into, or transit through, their territories of the persons responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria, persons benefiting from or supporting the regime, and persons associated with them, as listed in Annex I.

2.  In accordance with the assessments and determinations made by the Council in the context of the situation in Syria as set out in recitals 5 to 11, Member States shall also take the necessary measures to prevent the entry into, or transit through, their territories of:

(a) leading businesspersons operating in Syria;

(b) members of the Assad or Makhlouf families;

(c) Syrian Government Ministers in power after May 2011;

(d) members of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of ‘colonel’ and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011;

(e) members of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011;

(f) members of regime-affiliated militias; or

(g) persons operating in the chemical weapons proliferation sector,

and persons associated with them, as listed in Annex I.

3.  Persons within one of the categories referred to in paragraph 2 shall not be included or retained on the list of persons and entities in Annex I if there is sufficient information that they are not, or are no longer, associated with the regime or do not exercise influence over it or do not pose a real risk of circumvention.

4.  All listing decisions shall be made on an individual and case-by-case basis taking into account the proportionality of the measure.

5.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not oblige a Member State to refuse its own nationals entry into its territory.

6.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall be without prejudice to the cases where a Member State is bound by an obligation of international law, namely:

(a) as a host country to an international intergovernmental organisation;

(b) as a host country to an international conference convened by, or under the auspices of, the UN;

(c) under a multilateral agreement conferring privileges and immunities; or

(d) under the 1929 Treaty of Conciliation (Lateran pact) concluded by the Holy See (State of the Vatican City) and Italy.

7.  Paragraph 6 shall be considered as also applying in cases where a Member State is host country to the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

8.  The Council shall be duly informed in all cases where a Member State grants an exemption pursuant to paragraph 6 or 7.

9.  Member States may grant exemptions from the measures imposed under paragraphs 1 and 2 where travel is justified on the grounds of urgent humanitarian need, or on grounds of attending intergovernmental meetings, including those promoted by the Union, or hosted by a Member State holding the Chairmanship in office of the OSCE, where a political dialogue is conducted that directly promotes democracy, human rights and the rule of law in Syria.

10.  A Member State wishing to grant exemptions referred to in paragraph 9 shall notify the Council in writing. The exemption shall be deemed to be granted unless one or more of the Council members raises an objection in writing within two working days of receiving notification of the proposed exemption. Should one or more of the Council members raise an objection, the Council, acting by a qualified majority, may decide to grant the proposed exemption.

11.  Where, pursuant to paragraphs 6 to 10, a Member State authorises the entry into, or transit through, its territory of persons listed in Annex I, the authorisation shall be limited to the purpose for which it is given and to the person concerned therewith.

▼B



CHAPTER VIII

FREEZING OF FUNDS AND ECONOMIC RESSOURCES

▼M14

Article 28

1.  All funds and economic resources belonging to, or owned, held or controlled by persons responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria, persons and entities benefiting from or supporting the regime, and persons and entities associated with them, as listed in Annexes I and II, shall be frozen.

2.  In accordance with the assessments and determinations made by the Council in the context of the situation in Syria as set out in recitals 5 to 11, all funds and economic resources belonging to, or owned, held or controlled by:

(a) leading businesspersons operating in Syria;

(b) members of the Assad or Makhlouf families;

(c) Syrian Government Ministers in power after May 2011;

(d) members of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of ‘colonel’ and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011;

(e) members of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011;

(f) members of regime-affiliated militias; or

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(g) members of entities, units, agencies, bodies or institutions operating in the chemical weapons proliferation sector,

and persons and entities associated with them, as listed in Annex I, shall be frozen.

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3.  Persons, entities or bodies within one of the categories referred to in paragraph 2 shall not be included or retained on the list of persons and entities in Annex I if there is sufficient information that they are not, or are no longer, associated with the regime or do not exercise influence over it or do not pose a real risk of circumvention.

4.  All listing decisions shall be made on an individual and case-by-case basis taking into account the proportionality of the measure.

5.  No funds or economic resources shall be made available, directly or indirectly, to or for the benefit of, the natural or legal persons or entities listed in Annexes I and II.

6.  The competent authority of a Member State may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, or the making available of certain funds or economic resources, under such conditions as it deems appropriate, after having determined that the funds or economic resources concerned are:

(a) necessary to satisfy the basic needs of the persons listed in Annexes I and II and their dependent family members, including payments for foodstuffs, rent or mortgage, medicines and medical treatment, taxes, insurance premiums, and public utility charges;

(b) intended exclusively for the payment of reasonable professional fees and the reimbursement of incurred expenses associated with the provision of legal services;

(c) intended exclusively for the payment of fees or service charges for the routine holding or maintenance of frozen funds or economic resources; or

(d) necessary for extraordinary expenses, provided that the competent authority has notified the competent authorities of the other Member States and the Commission of the grounds on which it considers that a specific authorisation should be granted, at least two weeks prior to the authorisation;

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(f) to be paid into or from an account of a diplomatic or consular mission or an international organisation enjoying immunities in accordance with international law, in so far as such payments are intended to be used for official purposes of the diplomatic or consular mission or international organisation;

(g) necessary for evacuations from Syria;

(h) intended for the Central Bank of Syria or Syrian State-owned entities, as listed in Annexes I and II, to make payments on behalf of the Syrian Arab Republic to the OPCW for activities related to the OPCW verification mission and the destruction of Syrian chemical weapons, and in particular to the OPCW Syrian Special Trust Fund for activities related to the complete destruction of Syrian chemical weapons outside the territory of the Syrian Arab Republic.

A Member State shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation it grants under this paragraph.

7.  By way of derogation from paragraphs 1 and 2, the competent authorities of a Member State, may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources, provided that the following conditions are met:

(a) the funds or economic resources are subject of an arbitral decision rendered prior to the date on which the person or entity referred to in paragraph 1 or 2 was listed in Annex I or II or of a judicial or administrative decision rendered in the Union, or a judicial decision enforceable in the Member State concerned, prior to or after that date;

(b) the funds or economic resources will be used exclusively to satisfy claims secured by such a decision or recognised as valid in such a decision, within the limits set by applicable laws and regulations governing the rights of persons having such claims;

(c) the decision is not for the benefit of a person or entity listed in Annex I or II; and

(d) recognising the decision is not contrary to public policy in the Member State concerned.

A Member State shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under this paragraph.

8.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not prevent a designated person or entity from making a payment due under a contract entered into before the listing of such a person or entity, provided that the relevant Member State has determined that the payment is not directly or indirectly received by a person or entity referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2.

9.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not prevent a designated entity listed in Annex II, for a period of two months after the date of its designation, from making a payment from frozen funds or economic resources received by such entity after the date of its designation, where such payment is due under a contract in connection with the financing of trade, provided that the relevant Member State has determined that the payment is not directly or indirectly received by a person or entity referred to in paragraph 1 or 2.

10.  Paragraph 5 shall not apply to the addition to frozen accounts of:

(a) interest or other earnings on those accounts; or

(b) payments due under contracts, agreements or obligations that were concluded or arose prior to the date on which those accounts became subject to this Decision,

provided that any such interest, other earnings and payments remain subject to paragraphs 1 and 2.

11.  Paragraphs 1, 2 and 5 shall not apply to a transfer by or through the Central Bank of Syria of funds or economic resources received and frozen after the date of its designation or to a transfer of funds or economic resources to or through the Central Bank of Syria after the date of its designation where such transfer is related to a payment by a non-designated financial institution due in connection with a specific trade contract, provided that the relevant Member State has determined, on a case-by-case basis, that the payment is not directly or indirectly received by a person or entity referred to in paragraph 1 or 2.

12.  Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not apply to a transfer by or through the Central Bank of Syria of frozen funds or economic resources where such transfer is for the purpose of providing financial institutions under the jurisdiction of Member States with liquidity for the financing of trade, provided that the transfer has been authorised by the relevant Member State.

13.  Paragraphs 1, 2 and 5 shall not apply to a transfer, by or through a financial entity listed in Annex I or II, of frozen funds or economic resources where the transfer is related to a payment by a person or entity not listed in Annex I or II in connection with the provision of financial support to Syrian nationals pursuing an education, professional training or engaged in academic research in the Union, provided that the relevant Member State has determined, on a case-by-case basis, that the payment is not directly or indirectly received by a person or entity referred to in paragraph 1 or 2.

14.  Paragraphs 1, 2 and 5 shall not apply to acts or transactions carried out, with regard to Syrian Arab Airlines, for the sole purpose of evacuating citizens of the Union and their family members from Syria.

15.  Paragraphs 1, 2 and 5 shall not apply to the transfer by or through the Commercial Bank of Syria of funds or economic resources received from outside the Union and frozen after the date of its designation or to a transfer of funds or economic resources to or through the Commercial Bank of Syria received from outside the Union after the date of its designation where such transfer is related to a payment by a non-designated financial institution due in connection with a specific trade contract for medical supplies, food, shelter, sanitation or hygiene for civilian use, provided that the relevant Member State has determined, on a case-by-case basis, that the payment is not directly or indirectly received by a person or entity referred to in paragraph 1 or 2.

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Article 28a

1.  The prohibition set out in Article 28(5) shall not apply to funds or economic resources made available to the natural or legal persons and entities listed in Annexes I and II by public bodies, or by legal persons or entities which receive public funding to provide humanitarian relief in Syria or to provide assistance to the civilian population in Syria, where the provision of such funds or economic resources is in accordance with Article 5(3).

2.  In cases not covered by paragraph 1 of this Article and by way of derogation from Article 28(5), the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise the making available of certain funds or economic resources, on the general and specific terms and conditions they deem appropriate, after having determined that the making available of funds or economic resources concerned is necessary for the sole purpose of providing humanitarian relief in Syria or assistance to the civilian population in Syria.

3.  The prohibition in Article 28(5) shall not apply to funds or economic resources made available to the natural or legal persons or entities listed in Annexes I and II by diplomatic or consular missions where the provision of such funds or economic resources is in accordance with Article 5(4).

4.  By way of derogation from Articles 28(1) and 28(2), the competent authorities of a Member State may authorise the release of certain frozen funds or economic resources on the general and specific terms and conditions they deem appropriate after having determined that the funds and economic resources concerned are necessary for the sole purpose of providing humanitarian relief in Syria or assistance to the civilian population in Syria. The funds or economic resources shall be released to the UN for the purpose of delivering or facilitating the delivery of assistance in Syria in accordance with the Syria Humanitarian Response Plan or any successor plan coordinated by the UN.

5.  The Member State concerned shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of any authorisation granted under paragraphs 2 and 4 within two weeks of any authorisation granted.

▼B



CHAPTER IX

GENERAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 29

No claims, including for compensation or indemnification or any other claim of this kind, such as a claim of set-off, fines or a claim under a guarantee, claims for extension or payment of a bond, financial guarantee, including claims arising from letters of credit and similar instruments in connection with any contract or transaction the performance of which was affected, directly or indirectly, wholly or in part, by reason of measures covered by this Decision, shall be granted to the designated persons or entities listed in Annexes I and II, or any other person or entity in Syria, including the Government of Syria, its public bodies, corporations and agencies, or any person or entity claiming through or for the benefit of any such person or entity.

Article 30

1.  The Council, acting upon a proposal by a Member State or the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, shall establish and amend the lists in Annexes I and II.

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2.  The Council shall communicate its decision on the listing, including the grounds therefor, to the person, entity or body concerned, either directly, if the address is known, or through the publication of a notice, providing such person, entity or body with an opportunity to present observations. In particular, where a person, entity or body is listed in Annex I on the basis that they fall within one of the categories of persons, entities or bodies set out in Articles 27(2) and 28(2), the person, entity or body may present evidence and observations as to why, although they fall within such a category, they consider that their designation is not justified.

▼B

3.  Where observations are submitted, or where substantial new evidence is presented, the Council shall review its decision and inform the person or entity concerned accordingly.

Article 31

1.  Annexes I and II shall include the grounds for listing the persons and entities concerned.

2.  Annexes I and II shall also contain, where available, the information necessary to identify the persons or entities concerned. With regard to persons, such information may include names, including aliases, date and place of birth, nationality, passport and identity card numbers, gender, address if known, and function or profession. With regard to entities, such information may include names, place and date of registration, registration number and place of business.

Article 32

It shall be prohibited to participate, knowingly or intentionally, in activities the object or effect of which is to circumvent the prohibitions laid down in this Decision.

Article 33

In order to maximise the impact of the measures set out in this Decision, the Union shall encourage third States to adopt restrictive measures similar to those contained in this Decision.

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Article 34

This Decision shall apply until 1 June 2019. It shall be kept under constant review. It may be renewed, or amended as appropriate, if the Council deems that its objectives have not been met.

▼B

Article 35

This Decision shall enter into force on the date of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.




ANNEX I

List of natural and legal persons, entities or bodies referred to in Articles 27 and 28



A.  Persons

 

Name

Identifying information

Reasons

Date of listing

1.

Bashar (image) Al-Assad (image)

Date of birth: 11 September 1965;

Place of birth: Damascus;

diplomatic passport No D1903

President of the Republic; person authorising and supervising the crackdown on demonstrators.

23.5.2011

▼M17

2.

Maher (image) (a.k.a. Mahir) Al-Assad (image)

Date of birth: 8 December 1967

Place of birth: Damascus

Diplomatic passport No 4138

Major General of the 42nd Brigade and former Brigadier Commander of the Army's 4th Armoured Division

Member of the Syria Armed Forces of the rank of ‘colonel’ and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011; Major General of the 42nd Brigade and former Brigadier Commander of the Army's 4th Armoured Division. Member of the Assad family; brother of President Bashar Al-Assad.

9.5.2011

▼M12

3.

Ali (image) Mamluk (image) (a.k.a. Mamlouk)

Date of birth: 19 February 1946;

Place of birth: Damascus;

Diplomatic passport No 983

Director of the National Security Bureau. Former Head of Syrian Intelligence Directorate (GID) involved in violence against demonstrators.

9.5.2011

▼M17

4.

Atej (image) (a.k.a. Atef, Atif) Najib (image) (a.k.a. Najeeb)

Place of birth: Jablah, Syria

Former Head of the Political Security Directorate in Dara'a. Involved in violence against demonstrators. Member of the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar Al-Assad.

9.5.2011

5.

Hafiz (image) Makhlouf (image) (a.k.a. Hafez Makhlouf)

Date of birth: 2 April 1971

Place of birth: Damascus

Diplomatic passport No 2246

Former Colonel and Head of Unit in General Intelligence Directorate, Damascus Branch in post after May 2011. Member of the Makhlouf family; Cousin of President Bashar Al-Assad.

9.5.2011

▼M12

6.

Muhammad (image) Dib (image) Zaytun (image) (a.k.a. Mohammed Dib Zeitoun; a.k.a. Mohamed Dib Zeitun)

Date of birth: 20 May 1951;

Place of birth: Damascus;

Diplomatic passport No D000001300

Head of General Security Directorate; involved in violence against demonstrators.

9.5.2011

▼M29

7.

Amjad (image) Abbas (image) (a.k.a. Al-Abbas)

 

Head of Political Security in Banyas, involved in violence against demonstrators in Baida.

9.5.2011

8.

Rami (image) Makhlouf (image)

Born: 10 July 1969;

Place of birth: Damascus;

passport no 000098044;

Issue number 002-03-0015187

Leading businessman operating in Syria with interests in the telecommunications, financial services, transport and property sectors; he has financial interest in and/or holds senior and executive positions in Syriatel, the leading mobile telephone operator in Syria, the investment funds Al Mashreq, Bena Properties and Cham Holding.

He furnishes financing and support to the Syrian regime, through his business interests.

He is an influential member of the Makhlouf family and closely connected to the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar al-Assad.

9.5.2011

9.

Abd Al-Fatah (image) Qudsiyah (image)

Born: 1953;

Place of birth: Hama;

diplomatic passport no D0005788

Officer of the rank of Major General in the Syrian Armed Forces in post after May 2011.

Deputy Director of the National Security Bureau of the Ba'ath Party. Former Head of Syrian Military Intelligence Directorate. Involved in violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

9.5.2011

▼M17

10.

Jamil (image) (a.k.a. Jameel) Hassan (image) (a.k.a. al-Hassan)

Born: 1953

Place of birth: Homs, Syria

Head of Syrian Air Force Intelligence

Officer of the rank of Major-General in the Syrian Air Force in post after May 2011. Head of Syrian Air Force Intelligence in post after May 2011. Responsible for violent repression against the civilian population in Syria.

9.5.2011

▼M12 —————

▼M13 —————

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13.

Munzir (image) (a.k.a. Mundhir, Monzer) Jamil (image) Al-Assad (image)

Date of birth: 1 March 1961;

Place of birth: Kerdaha, Latakia Province;

passports no 86449 and No 842781

Involved in violence against the civilian population as part of the Shabiha militia.

9.5.2011

▼M3 —————

▼M17 —————

▼M12

16.

Faruq (image) (a.k.a. Farouq, Farouk) Al Shar' (image) (a.k.a. Al Char', Al Shara', Al Shara)

Date of birth: 10 December 1938

Former Vice-President of Syria; involved in violence against the civilian population

23.5.2011

▼M16 —————

▼M16

18.

Mohammed (image) Hamcho (image)

Born: 20 May 1966;

Passport No 002954347

Leading businessman operating in Syria, with interests in the engineering and construction, media, hospitality and health sector. He has financial interest in and/or holds senior and executive positions within a number of companies in Syria, in particular Hamsho international, Hamsho Communication, Mhg International, Jupiter for Investment and Tourism project and Syria Metal industries.

He plays an important role in the business community in Syria as general secretary of the Damascus Chamber of Commerce (appointed by the then Minister for economy Khodr Orfali in December 2014), chairman of the China-Syria Bilateral Business Councils (since March 2014) and chairman of the Syrian Metal and Steel Council (since December 2015).

He has close business relationships with key figures of the Syrian regime, including Maher Al-Assad.

Mohammed Hamcho benefits from and provides support to the Syrian regime through his business interests, and is associated with persons benefiting from and providing support to this regime.

27.1.2015

▼M29

19.

Iyad (image) (a.k.a. Eyad) Makhlouf (image)

Date of birth: 21 January 1973;

Place of birth: Damascus;

passport no N001820740

Member of the Makhlouf family; son of Mohammed Makhlouf, brother of Hafez and Rami and brother of Ihab Makhlouf; cousin of President Bashar al-Assad.

Member of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011.

An officer in the GID involved in violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.5.2011

▼B

20.

Bassam (image) Al Hassan (image) (a.k.a. Al Hasan)

 

Presidential Advisor for Strategic Affairs; involved in violence against the civilian population.

23.5.2011

▼M29 —————

▼M16

22.

Ihab (image) (a.k.a. Ehab, Iehab) Makhlouf (image)

Born: 21 January 1973;

Place of birth: Damascus;

Passport No N002848852

Leading businessman operating in Syria. Ihab Makhlouf is Vice President of, and shareholder in Syriatel, the leading mobile telephone operator in Syria. He also has business interests in several other Syrian companies and entities, including Ramak Construction Co and Syrian International Private University for Science and Technology (SIUST).

As Vice President of Syriatel, which transfers a significant part of its profits to the Syrian government by way of its licensing contract, Ihab Makhlouf is also directly supporting the Syrian regime.

He is an influential member of the Makhlouf family and closely connected to the Assad family; cousin of President Bashar al-Assad.

23.5.2011

▼M29

23.

Zoulhima (image) (a.k.a. Zu al-Himma) Chaliche (image) (a.k.a., Shalish, Shaleesh) (a.k.a. Dhu al-Himma Shalish)

Born: 1951 or 1946 or 1956;

Place of birth: Kerdaha

Officer of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011; Former Head of Presidential Security.

Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011.

Involved in violence against demonstrators.

Member of the Assad family: cousin of President Bashar Al-Assad.

23.6.2011

▼B

24.

Riyad (image) Chaliche (image) (a.k.a. Shalish, Shaleesh) (a.k.a. Riyad Shalish)

 

Director of Military Housing Establishment; provides funding to the regime; first cousin of President Bashar Al-Assad.

23.6.2011

25.

Brigadier Commander Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Ali (image) Jafari (image) (a.k.a. Jaafari, Ja'fari, Aziz; a.k.a. Jafari, Ali; a.k.a. Jafari, Mohammad Ali; a.k.a. Ja'fari, Mohammad Ali; a.k.a. Jafari-Naja-fabadi, Mohammad Ali)

Date of birth: 1 September 1957;

Place of birth: Yazd, Iran

General Commander of Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, involved in providing equipment and support to help the Syrian regime suppress protests in Syria.

23.6.2011

▼M29

26.

Major General Qasem (image) Soleimani (image) (a.k.a. Qasim Soleimany; Qasim Soleimani; Qasem Sulaimani; Qasim Sulaimani; Qasim Sulaymani; Qasem Sulaymani; Kasim Soleimani; Kasim Sulaimani; Kasim Sulaymani; Haj Qasem; Haji Qassem; Sarder Soleimani)

Date of birth: 11 March 1957;

Place of birth: Qom, Iran (Islamic Republic of);

passport no: 008827, issued in Iran.

Commander of Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, IRGC - Qods, involved in providing equipment and support to help the Syrian regime suppress protests in Syria.

23.6.2011

27.

Hossein (image) Taeb (image) (a.k.a. Taeb, Hassan; a.k.a. Taeb, Hosein; a.k.a. Taeb, Hossein; a.k.a. Taeb, Hussayn; a.k.a. Hojjatoleslam Hossein Ta'eb)

Born: 1963;

Place of birth: Tehran, Iran

Deputy Commander for Intelligence of Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, involved in providing equipment and support to help the Syrian regime suppress protests in Syria.

23.6.2011

▼M16

28.

Khalid (image) (a.k.a. Khaled) Qaddur (image) (a.k.a. Qadour, Qaddour, Kaddour)

 

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in the telecommunications, oil and plastic industry sectors and close business relations with Maher Al-Assad.

He benefits from and provides support to the Syrian regime, through his business activities.

Associate of Maher Al-Assad, including through his business activities.

27.1.2015

29.

Ra'if (image) Al-Quwatly (image) (a.k.a. Ri'af Al-Quwatli a.k.a. Raeef Al-Kouatly)

Born: 3.2.1967;

Place of birth: Damascus

Business associate of Maher Al-Assad and responsible for managing some of his business interests; provides funding to the regime.

23.6.2011

▼B

30.

Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammed) Mufleh (image) (a.k.a. Muflih)

 

Head of Syrian Military Intelligence in the town of Hama, involved in the crackdown on demonstrators.

1.8.2011

31.

Major General Tawfiq (image) (a.k.a. Tawfik) Younes (image) (a.k.a. Yunes)

 

Head of the Department for Internal Security of the General Intelligence Directorate; involved in violence against the civilian population.

1.8.2011

▼M16

32.

Mr Mohammed (image) Makhlouf (image) (a.k.a. Abu Rami)

Born: 19.10.1932;

Place of birth: Latakia, Syria

Influential member of the Makhlouf family, business associate and father of Rami, Ihab and Iyad Makhlouf. Closely associated with the Assad family and maternal uncle of Bashar and Mahir al-Assad. Also referred to as Abu Rami.

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in multiple sectors of Syria's economy, including interests in and/or significant influence in the General Organisation of Tobacco and the oil and gas, arms and banking sectors.

Involved in business dealings for the Assad regime in arms procurement and banking. Given the extent of his business and political ties to the regime he provides support to and benefits from the Syrian regime.

1.8.2011

33.

Ayman (image) Jabir (image) (a.k.a. Aiman Jaber)

Place of birth: Latakia

Leading businessman operating in Syria, involved in the steel, media, consumable goods and oil sectors, including in trading these goods. He has financial interest and/or holds senior executive positions in a number of companies and entities in Syria, in particular Al Jazira (aka Al Jazerra; El Jazireh), Dunia TV, and Sama Satellite Channel.

Through his company Al Jazira, Ayman Jaber has facilitated the importation of oil from Overseas Petroleum Trading to Syria.

Ayman Jaber benefits from and provides support to the regime, through his business interests.

Provides direct support for and plays leading role in activities of regime affiliated militias known as Shabiha and/or Suqur as-Sahraa.

Associate of Rami Makhlouf through his business activities and an associate of Maher Al-Assad through his role in regime affiliated militias.

27.1.2015

▼B

34.

Hayel (image) Al-Assad (image)

 

Assistant to Maher Al-Assad, Head of the military police unit of the army's 4th Division, involved in repression.

23.8.2011

35.

Ali (image) Al-Salim (image) (a.k.a. Al-Saleem)

 

Director of the supplies office of the Syrian Ministry of Defence, entry point for all arms acquisitions by the Syrian army.

23.8.2011

▼M29

36.

Nizar (image) al-Asaad (image) (a.k.a. Nizar Asaad)

Cousin of Bashar Al-Assad; previously head of the ‘Nizar Oilfield Supplies’ company

Very close to key government officials.

Financing Shabiha in the region of Latakia.

23.8.2011

37.

Major General Rafiq (image) (a.k.a. Rafeeq) Shahadah (image) (a.k.a. Shahada, Shahade, Shahadeh, Chahada, Chahade, Chahadeh, Chahada)

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Jablah, Latakia Province

Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011. Former Head of Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI) Branch 293 (Internal Affairs) in Damascus. Directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Damascus. Advisor to President Bashar Al-Assad for strategic questions and military intelligence.

23.8.2011

▼B

38.

Brigadier-General Jamea (image) Jamea (image) (a.k.a. Jami Jami, Jame', Jami')

 

Branch Chief for Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI) in Dayr az-Zor. Directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Dayr az-Zor and Alboukamal.

23.8.2011

▼M29 —————

▼B

40.

Muhammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Said (image) (a.k.a. Sa'id, Sa'eed, Saeed) Bukhaytan (image)

 

Assistant Regional Secretary of Ba'ath Arab Socialist Party since 2005, 2000-2005 Director for the national security of the regional Ba'ath party. Former Governor of Hama (1998-2000). Close associate of President Bashar Al-Assad and Maher Al-Assad. Senior decision-maker in the regime on repression of civilian population.

23.8.2011

▼M16

41.

Ali (image) Douba (image)

Born: 1933

Place of birth: Karfis, Syria

Responsible for killings in Hama in 1980, has been called back to Damascus as special advisor to President Bashar Al-Assad.

23.8.2011

▼M12

42.

Brigadier-General Nawful (image) (a.k.a. Nawfal, Nofal, Nawfel) Al-Husayn (image) (a.k.a. Al-Hussain, Al-Hussein)

 

Idlib Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI) Branch Chief. Directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Idlib province.

23.8.2011

▼B

43.

Brigadier Husam (image) Sukkar (image)

 

Presidential Adviser on Security Affairs. Presidential Adviser for security agencies' repression and violence against the civilian population.

23.8.2011

▼M12

44.

Brigadier-General Muhammed (image) (a.k.a. Muhamad) Zamrini (image) (a.k.a. Zamreni)

 

Branch Chief for Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI) in Homs. Directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Homs.

23.8.2011

▼M17

45.

Munir (image) (a.k.a. Mounir, Mouneer, Monir, Moneer, Muneer) Adanov (image) (a.k.a. Adnuf, Adanof)

Born: 1951

Place of birth: Homs, Syria

Passport: 0000092405

Position: Deputy Chief of General Staff, Operations and Training, Syrian Army

Rank: Lieutenant-General, Syrian Arab Army

Officer of the rank of Lieutenant General and Deputy Chief of General Staff, Operations and Training for the Syrian Army in post after May 2011. In his position as Deputy Chief of General Staff he was directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.8.2011

▼B

46.

Brigadier-General Ghassan (image) Khalil (image) (a.k.a. Khaleel)

 

Head of General Intelligence Directorate's (GID) Information Branch. Directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.8.2011

47.

Mohammed (image) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohamed) Jabir (image) (a.k.a. Jaber)

Place of birth: Latakia

Shabiha militia. Associate of Maher Al-Assad for the Shabiha militia. Directly involved in repression and violence against the civilian population and coordination of Shabiha militia groups.

23.8.2011

▼M16

48.

Samir (image) Hassan (image)

 

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in multiple sectors of Syria's economy. He holds interests in and/or has significant influence in the Amir Group and Cham Holdings, two conglomerates with interests in the real estate, tourism, transport and finance sectors. Since March 2014, he has held the position of Chairman for Russia of the Bilateral Business Councils following his appointment by Minister of Economy, Khodr Orfali.

Samir Hassan supports the regime's war effort with cash donations.

Samir Hassan is associated with persons benefitting from or supporting the regime. In particular, he is associated with Rami Makhlouf and Issam Anbouba, who have been designated by the Council and benefits from the Syrian regime.

27.9.2014

▼B

49.

Fares (image) Chehabi (image) (a.k.a. Fares Shihabi; Fares Chihabi)

Son of Ahmad Chehabi;

Date of birth: 7 May 1972

President of Aleppo Chamber of Industry. Vice-chairman of Cham Holding. Provides economic support to the Syrian regime.

2.9.2011

▼M29

50.

Tarif (image) Akhras (image) (a.k.a. Al Akhras (image))

Date of birth: 2 June 1951;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria;

Syrian passport nr. 0000092405

Prominent businessman benefiting from and supporting the regime. Founder of the Akhras Group (commodities, trading, processing and logistics) and former Chairman of the Homs Chamber of Commerce. Close business relations with President Al-Assad's family. Member of the Board of the Federation of Syrian Chambers of Commerce. Provided logistical support for the regime (buses and tank loaders).

2.9.2011

▼B

51.

Issam (image) Anbouba (image)

President of Anbouba for Agricultural Industries Co.;

Born: 1952;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria

Providing financial support for the repressive apparatus and the paramilitary groups exerting violence against the civil population in Syria. Providing property (premises, warehouses) for improvised detention centers. Financial relations with high Syrian officials.

2.9.2011

52.

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▼M29

53.

Adib (image) Mayaleh (image) (a.k.a. André Mayard)

Born: 15 May 1955;

Place of birth: Bassir

Former Governor and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Central Bank of Syria.

Adib Mayaleh controlled the Syrian banking sector and managed the Syrian money supply through the issue and withdrawal of bank notes and control of the Foreign Exchange rate value of the Syrian Pound. Through his role at the Central Bank of Syria, Adib Mayaleh provided economic and financial support to the Syrian regime.

Former Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade in power after May 2011.

15.5.2012

▼B

54.

Major General Jumah (image) Al-Ahmad (image) (a.k.a. Al-Ahmed)

 

Commander Special Forces. Responsible for the use of violence against protestors across Syria.

14.11.2011

▼M12

55.

Colonel Lu'ai (image) (a.k.a. Louay, Loai) al-Ali (image)

 

Head of Syrian Military Intelligence, Dara'a Branch. Responsible for the violence against protesters in Dara'a.

14.11.2011

▼M27

56.

Ali (image) Abdullah (image) (a.k.a. Abdallah) Ayyub (image) (a.k.a. Ayyoub, Ayub, Ayoub, Ayob)

Date of birth: 1952

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria

Minister of Defence. Appointed in January 2018. Officer of the rank of General in the Syrian Army, in post after May 2011. Former Chief of General Staff of the Syrian Armed Forces. Person supporting the Assad regime and responsible for repression and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

14.11.2011

57.

Fahd (image) (a.k.a. Fahid, Fahed) Jasim (image) (a.k.a. Jasem, Jassim, Jassem) al-Furayj (image) (a.k.a. Al-Freij)

Date of birth: 1 January 1950

Place of birth: Hama, Syria

Former Minister of Defence. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

14.11.2011

▼B

58.

General Aous (image) (Aws) Aslan (image)

Born: 1958

Head of Battalion in the Republican Guard. Close to Maher al-Assad and President al-Assad. Involved in the crackdown on the civilian population across Syria.

14.11.2011

▼M23

59.

General Ghassan (image) Belal (image)

 

General in command of the 4th Division reserve bureau. Adviser to Maher al-Assad and coordinator of security operations. Responsible for the crackdown on the civilian population across Syria and involved in several breaches of cessation of hostilities in the Ghouta.

14.11.2011

▼B

60.

Abdullah (image) (a.k.a. Abdallah) Berri (image)

 

Head of Berri family militia. In charge of pro-government militia involved in the crackdown on the civilian population in Aleppo.

14.11.2011

61.

George (image) Chaoui (image)

 

Member of Syrian electronic army. Involved in the violent crackdown and call for violence against the civilian population across Syria.

14.11.2011

▼M17

62.

Zuhair (image) (a.k.a. Zouheir, Zuheir, Zouhair) Hamad (image)

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria

Rank: Major General

Current position: Deputy Head of General Intelligence Directorate (a.k.a. General Security Directorate) since July 2012

Officer of the rank of Major General in the Syrian Armed Forces in post after May 2011. Deputy Head of General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for repression, human rights abuses and violence against the civilian population in Syria.

14.11.2011

▼B

63.

Amar (image) (a.k.a. Ammar) Ismael (image) (a.k.a. Ismail)

Born on or around 3 April 1973;

place of birth Damascus

Civilian - Head of Syrian electronic army (territorial army intelligence service). Involved in the violent crackdown and call for violence against the civilian population across Syria.

14.11.2011

64.

Mujahed (image) Ismail (image) (a.k.a. Ismael)

 

Member of Syrian electronic army. Involved in the violent crackdown and call for violence against the civilian population across Syria.

14.11.2011

65.

Major General Nazih (image)

 

Deputy Director of General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for the use of violence across Syria and intimidation and torture of protestors.

14.11.2011

▼M23

66.

Kifah (image) Moulhem (image) (a.k.a. Moulhim, Mulhem, Mulhim)

 

Former batallion Commander in the 4th Division. Appointed deputy head of the Military Intelligence Division in July 2015. Responsible for the crackdown on the civilian population in Deir ez-Zor.

14.11.2011

▼B

67.

Major General Wajih (image) (a.k.a. Wajeeh) Mahmud (image)

 

Commander 18th Armoured Division. Responsible for the violence against protestors in Homs.

14.11.2011

68.

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69.

Lt. General Talal (image) Mustafa (image) Tlass (image)

 

Deputy Chief of General Staff (Logistics and supplies). Responsible for the use of violence against protestors across Syria.

14.11.2011

70.

Major General Fu'ad (image) Tawil (image)

 

Deputy head Syrian Air Force Intelligence. Responsible for the use of violence across Syria and intimidation and torture of protestors.

14.11.2011

▼M17

71.

Bushra (image) Al-Assad (image) (a.k.a. Bushra Shawkat, Bouchra Al Assad)

Date of birth: 24.10.1960

Member of the Assad family; sister of Bashar Al-Assad. Given the close personal relationship and intrinsic financial relationship to the Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad, she benefits from and is associated with the Syrian regime.

23.3.2012

72.

Asma (image) Al-Assad (image) (a.k.a. Asma Fawaz Al Akhras)

Date of birth: 11.8.1975

Place of birth: London, UK

Passport No 707512830, expires 22.9.2020

Maiden name: Al Akhras

Member of the Assad family and closely connected to key regime figures; wife of President Bashar Al-Assad. Given the close personal relationship and intrinsic financial relationship to the Syrian President, Bashar Al-Assad, she benefits from and is associated with the Syrian regime.

23.3.2012

▼B

73.

Manal (image) Al-Assad (image) (a.k.a. Manal Al Ahmad)

Date of birth: 02.02.1970;

Place of Birth: Damascus;

Passport number (Syrian): 0000000914;

Maiden name: Al Jadaan

Spouse of Maher Al-Assad, and as such benefiting from and closely associated with the regime.

23.3.2012

▼M17 —————

▼B

75.

Lt. General Fahid (image) (a.k.a. Fahd) Al-Jassim (image)

 

Chief of Staff. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

76.

Major General Ibrahim (image) Al-Hassan (image) (a.k.a. Al-Hasan)

 

Deputy Chief of Staff. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

77.

Brigadier Khalil (image) (a.k.a. Khaleel) Zghraybih (image,image) (a.k.a. Zghraybeh, Zghraybe, Zghrayba, Zghraybah, Zaghraybeh, Zaghraybe, Zaghrayba, Zaghraybah, Zeghraybeh, Zeghraybe, Zeghrayba, Zeghraybah, Zughraybeh, Zughraybe, Zughrayba, Zughraybah, Zighraybeh, Zighraybe, Zighrayba, Zighraybah)

 

14th Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

78.

Brigadier Ali (image) Barakat (image)

 

103rd Brigade of the Republican Guard Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

▼M29

79.

Major General Talal (image) Makhluf (image) (a.k.a. Makhlouf)

 

Former commander of the 105th Brigade of the Republican Guards. Current commander general of the Republican Guards. Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011. Military official involved in the violence in Damascus.

1.12.2011

80.

Major General Nazih (image) (a.k.a. Nazeeh) Hassun (image) (a.k.a. Hassoun)

 

Officer of the rank of Major General in the Syrian Armed Forces in post after May 2011. Head of the Political Security Directorate of the Syrian security services in post after May 2011. Responsible for violent repression against the civilian population in Syria.

1.12.2011

▼B

81.

Captain Maan (image) (a.k.a. Ma'an) Jdiid (image) (a.k.a. Jdid, Jedid, Jedeed, Jadeed, Jdeed)

 

Presidential Guard. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

82.

Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Al-Shaar (image) (a.k.a. Al-Chaar, Al-Sha'ar, Al-Cha'ar)

 

Political Security Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

83.

Khald (image) (a.k.a. Khaled) Al-Taweel (image) (a.k.a. Al-Tawil)

 

Political Security Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

84.

Ghiath (image) Fayad (image) (a.k.a. Fayyad)

 

Political Security Division. Military official involved in the violence in Homs.

1.12.2011

85.

Brigadier General Jawdat (image) Ibrahim (image) Safi (image)

Commander of 154th Regiment

Ordered troops to shoot at protestors in and around Damascus, including Mo'adamiyeh, Douma, Abasiyeh, Duma.

23.1.2012

86.

Major General Muhammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Ali (image) Durgham

Commander in 4th Division

Ordered troops to shoot at protestors in and around Damascus, including Mo'adamiyeh, Douma, Abasiyeh, Duma.

23.1.2012

87.

Major General Ramadan (image) Mahmoud (image) Ramadan (image)

Commander of 35th Special Forces Regiment

Ordered troops to shoot protestors in Baniyas and Deraa.

23.1.2012

88.

Brigadier General Ahmed (image) (a.k.a. Ahmad) Yousef (image) (a.k.a. Youssef) Jarad (image) (a.k.a. Jarrad)

Commander of 132nd Brigade

Ordered troops to shoot at protestors in Deraa, including the use of machine guns and anti-aircraft guns.

23.1.2012

89.

Major General Naim (image) (a.k.a. Naaeem, Naeem, Na'eem, Naaim, Na'im) Jasem (image) Suleiman (image)

Commander of the 3rd Division

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Douma.

23.1.2012

90.

Brigadier General Jihad (image) Mohamed (image) (a.k.a Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Sultan (image)

Commander of 65th Brigade

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Douma.

23.1.2012

91.

Major General Fo'ad (image) (a.k.a. Fouad, Fu'ad) Hamoudeh (image) (a.k.a. Hammoudeh, Hammoude, Hammouda, Hammoudah)

Commander of the military operations in Idlib

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Idlib at the beginning of September 2011.

23.1.2012

92.

Major General Bader (image) Aqel (image)

Special Forces Commander

Gave the soldiers orders to pick up the bodies and hand them over to the mukhabarat and responsible for the violence in Bukamal.

23.1.2012

93.

Brigadier General Ghassan (image) Afif (image) (a.k.a. Afeef)

Commander from the 45th Regiment

Commander of military operations in Homs, Baniyas and Idlib.

23.1.2012

94.

Brigadier General Mohamed (image) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Maaruf (image) (a.k.a. Maarouf, Ma'ruf)

Commander from the 45th Regiment

Commander of military operations in Homs. Gave orders to shoot protestors in Homs.

23.1.2012

95.

Brigadier General Yousef (image) Ismail (image) (a.k.a. Ismael)

Commander of the 134th Brigade

Gave orders to troops to shoot at houses and people on roofs during a funeral in Talbiseh for protesters killed the previous day.

23.1.2012

96.

Brigadier General Jamal (image) Yunes (image) (a.k.a. Younes)

Commander of the 555th Regiment

Gave orders to troops to shoot at protestors in Mo'adamiyeh.

23.1.2012

97.

Brigadier General Mohsin (image) Makhlouf (image)

 

Gave orders to troops to shoot at protestors in Al-Herak.

23.1.2012

98.

Brigadier General Ali (image) Dawwa

 

Gave orders to troops to shoot protestors in Al-Herak.

23.1.2012

99.

Brigadier General Mohamed (image) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Khaddor (image) (a.k.a. Khaddour, Khaddur, Khadour, Khudour)

Commander of the 106th Brigade, Presidential Guard

Gave orders to troops to beat the protesters with sticks and then arrest them. Responsible for repression of peaceful protestors in Douma.

23.1.2012

100.

Major General Suheil (image) (a.k.a. Suhail) Salman (image) Hassan (image)

Commander of 5th Division

Gave orders to troops to shoot at the protesters in Deraa Governorate.

23.1.2012

101.

Wafiq (image) (a.k.a. Wafeeq) Nasser (image)

Head of Suwayda Regional Branch (Department of Military Intelligence)

As Head of the Suwayda branch of the Department for Military Intelligence, responsible for arbitrary detention and torture of detainees in Suwayda.

23.1.2012

102.

Ahmed (image) (a.k.a. Ahmad) Dibe (image) (a.k.a. Dib, Deeb)

Head of Deraa Regional Branch (General Security Directorate)

As Head of the Deraa Regional Branch of the General Security Directorate, responsible for arbitrary detention and torture of detainees in Deraa.

23.1.2012

103.

Makhmoud (image) (a.k.a. Mahmoud) al-Khattib (image) (a.k.a. Al-Khatib, Al-Khateeb)

Head of Investigative Branch (Political Security Directorate)

As Head of the Investigative Branch of the Political Security Directorate, responsible for detention and torture of detainees.

23.1.2012

104.

Mohamed (image) (a.k.a. Mohammad, Muhammad, Mohammed) Heikmat (image) (a.k.a. Hikmat, Hekmat) Ibrahim (image)

Head of Operations Branch (Political Security Directorate)

As Head of the Operations Branch of the Political Security Directorate, responsible for detention and torture of detainees.

23.1.2012

105.

Nasser (image) (a.k.a. Naser) Al-Ali (image) (a.k.a. Brigadier General Nasr al-Ali)

Head of Deraa Regional Branch (Political Security Directorate)

As Head of the Deraa Regional Branch of the Political Security Directorate, responsible for detention and torture of detainees. Since April 2012 Head of the Deraa site of the Political Security Directorate (ex-head of the Homs branch).

23.1.2012

▼M23

106.

Dr Wael (image) Nader (image) Al –Halqi (image) (a.k.a. Al-Halki)

Born: 1964;

Place of birth: Dara'a Province

Former Prime Minister, in office until 3 July 2016, and former Minister of Health. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

27.2.2012

▼M31

107.

Mohammad Ibrahim Al-Sha'ar

Born: 1956; Place of birth: Aleppo;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Interior. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

1.12.2011

▼M16

108.

Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Al-Jleilati (image)

Born: 1945;

Place of birth: Damascus

Former Minister of Finance, in office until 9 February 2013. As former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

1.12.2011

▼M29

109.

Imad (image) Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Deeb (image) Khamis (image) (a.k.a. Imad Mohammad Dib Khamees)

Date of birth: 1 August 1961;

Place of birth: near Damascus

Prime Minister and former Minister of Electricity. As Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

23.3.2012

▼M23

110.

Omar (image) Ibrahim (image) Ghalawanji (image)

Born: 1954;

Place of birth: Tartous

Former Vice Prime Minister for Services Affairs, former Minister of Local Administration, in office until 3 July 2016. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

23.3.2012

▼M16

111.

Joseph (image) Suwaid (image)

Born: 1958;

Place of Birth: Damascus

Former Minister of State, in office until at least 21 January 2014. As former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

23.3.2012

112.

Hussein (image) (a.k.a. Hussain) Mahmoud (image) Farzat (image) (a.k.a.: Hussein Mahmud Farzat)

Born: 1957;

Place of Birth: Hama

Former Minister of State, in office until at least 2014. As former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

23.3.2012

▼B

113.

Mansour (image) Fadlallah (image) Azzam (image) (a.k.a.: Mansur Fadl Allah Azzam)

Born: 1960;

Place of birth: Sweida Province

Minister for Presidency Affairs. As Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

27.2.2012

▼M29

114.

Emad (image) Abdul-Ghani (image) Sabouni (image) (a.k.a. Imad Abdul Ghani Al Sabuni)

Born: 1964;

Place of birth: Damascus

Former Minister of Telecommunications and Technology, in office until at least April 2014. As former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population. Appointed in July 2016 as the Head of Planning and International Cooperation Agency (Government agency).

27.2.2012

▼B

115.

General Ali (image) Habib (image) (a.k.a. Habeeb) Mahmoud (image)

Born: 1939;

Place of birth: Tartous

Former Minister of Defence. Associated with the Syrian regime and the Syrian military, and its violent repression against the civilian population.

1.8.2011

▼M29

116.

Tayseer (image) Qala (image) Awwad (image)

Born: 1943;

Place of birth: Damascus

Former Minister of Justice. Associated with the Syrian regime and its violent repression against the civilian population. Former Head of Military Court. Member of the High Judicial Council.

23.9.2011

▼M23

117.

Adnan (image) Hassan (image) Mahmoud (image)

Born: 1966;

Place of birth: Tartous

Syrian Ambassador to Iran. Former Minister of Information in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

23.9.2011

▼M7 —————

▼B

119.

Sufian (image) Allaw (image)

Born: 1944;

Place of birth: al-Bukamal, Deir Ezzor

Former Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources. Associated with the regime and its violent repression against the civilian population.

27.2.2012

120.

Dr Adnan (image) Slakho (image)

Born: 1955;

Place of birth: Damascus

Former Minister of Industry. Associated with the regime and its violent repression against the civilian population.

27.2.2012

121.

Dr. Saleh (image) Al-Rashed (image)

Born: 1964;

Place of birth: Aleppo Province

Former Minister of Education. Associated with the regime and its violent repression against the civilian population.

27.2.2012

122.

Dr. Fayssal (image) (a.k.a. Faysal) Abbas (image)

Born: 1955;

Place of birth: Hama Province

Former Minister of Transport. Associated with the regime and its violent repression against the civilian population.

27.2.2012

123.

Ghiath (image) Jeraatli (image) (Jer'atli, Jir'atli, Jiraatli)

Born: 1950;

Place of Birth: Salamiya

Former Minister of State. Associated with the regime and its violent repression against the civilian population.

23.3.2012

124.

Yousef (image) Suleiman (image) Al-Ahmad (image) (a.k.a. Al-Ahmed)

Born: 1956;

Place of Birth: Hasaka

Former Minister of State. Associated with the regime and its violent repression against the civilian population.

23.3.2012

125.

Hassan (image,image) al-Sari (image)

Born: 1953;

Place of Birth: Hama

Former Minister of State. Associated with the regime and its violent repression against the civilian population.

23.3.2012

126.

Bouthaina (image) Shaaban (image) (a.k.a. Buthaina Shaaban)

Born: 1953;

Place of birth: Homs, Syria

Political and Media Advisor to the President since July 2008 and as such associated with the violent crackdown on the population.

26.6.2012

127.

Brigadier General Sha'afiq (image) (a.k.a. Shafiq, Shafik) Masa (image) (a.k.a. Massa)

 

Head of Branch 215 (Damascus) of the army's intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of detained opponents. Involved in repressive actions against civilians.

24.7.2012

128.

Brigadier General Burhan (image) Qadour (image) (a.k.a. Qaddour, Qaddur)

 

Head of Branch 291 (Damascus) of the army's intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

129.

Brigadier General Salah (image) Hamad (image)

 

Deputy Head of Branch 291 of the army's intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

130.

Brigadier General Muhammad (image) (or: Mohammed) Khallouf (image) (a.k.a. Abou Ezzat)

 

Head of Branch 235, a.k.a. "Palestine" (Damascus) of the army's intelligence service, which is at the centre of the army's apparatus of repression. Directly involved in repression of opponents. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

131.

Major General Riad (image) (a.k.a. Riyad) al-Ahmed (image) (a.k.a. Al-Ahmad)

 

Deputy Head of Latakia Branch of the army's intelligence service. Responsible for the torture and murder of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

▼M29

132.

Brigadier General Abdul-Salam (image) Fajr (image) Mahmoud (image)

 

Head of the Bab Tuma (Damascus) Branch of the air force's intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

▼B

133.

Brigadier General Jawdat (image) al-Ahmed (image) (a.k.a. Al-Ahmad)

 

Head of the Homs Branch of the air force's intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

134.

Colonel Qusay (image) Mihoub (image)

 

Head of the Deraa branch of the air force's intelligence service (sent from Damascus to Deraa at the start of demonstrations there). Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

135.

Colonel Suhail (image) (a.k.a. Suheil) Al-Abdullah (image) (a.k.a. Al-Abdallah)

 

Head of the Latakia Branch of the air force's intelligence service. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

136.

Brigadier General Khudr (image) Khudr (image)

 

Head of the Latakia branch of the General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

▼M12

137.

Brigadier General Ibrahim (image) Ma'ala (image) (a.k.a. Maala, Maale, Ma'la)

 

Head of branch 285 (Damascus) of the General Intelligence Directorate (replaced Brig. Gen. Hussam Fendi at end 2011). Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

▼B

138.

Brigadier General Firas (image) Al-Hamed (image) (a.k.a. Al-Hamid)

 

Head of branch 318 (Homs) of the General Intelligence Directorate. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

139.

Brigadier General Hussam (image) (a.k.a. Husam, Housam, Houssam) Luqa (image) (a.k.a. Louqa, Louca, Louka, Luka)

 

Since April 2012, head of the Homs branch of the Political Security Directorate (succeeded Brig. Gen. Nasr al-Ali). Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody.

24.7.2012

140.

Brigadier General Taha (image) Taha (image)

 

Site manager of the Latakia branch of the Political Security Directorate. Responsible for the torture of opponents in custody

24.7.2012

141.

Bassel (image) (a.k.a. Basel) Bilal (image)

 

Police officer at Idlib central prison; has taken part directly in acts of torture of opponents held in Idlib central prison.

24.7.2012

142.

Ahmad (image) (a.k.a. Ahmed) Kafan (image)

 

Police officer at Idlib central prison; has taken part directly in acts of torture of opponents held in Idlib central prison.

24.7.2012

143.

Bassam (image) al-Misri (image)

 

Police officer at Idlib central prison; has taken part directly in acts of torture of opponents held in Idlib central prison.

24.7.2012

144.

Ahmed (image) (a.k.a. Ahmad) al-Jarroucheh (image) (a.k.a. Al-Jarousha, Al-Jarousheh, Al-Jaroucha, Al-Jarouchah, Al-Jaroucheh)

Born: 1957

Head of the foreign branch of General Intelligence (branch 279). As such, responsible for General Intelligence arrangements in Syrian embassies. He participates directly in the repression implemented by the Syrian authorities against opponents and in particular has responsibility for repression of the Syrian opposition abroad.

24.7.2012

145.

Michel (image) Kassouha (image) (a.k.a. Kasouha) (a.k.a. Ahmed Salem; a.k.a. Ahmed Salem Hassan)

Date of birth: 1 February 1948

Member of the Syrian security services since the early 1970s, he is involved in combating opposition in France and Germany. Since March 2006, has been responsible for public relations of branch 273 of the Syrian General Intelligence Directorate. A longstanding member of the managerial staff, he is close to General Intelligence Directorate head Ali Mamlouk, one of the top security officials of the regime who has been subject to EU restrictive measures since 9 May 2011. He directly supports the regime's repression of opponents and is responsible inter alia for repression of the Syrian opposition abroad.

24.7.2012

146.

General Ghassan (image) Jaoudat (image) Ismail (image) (a.k.a. Ismael)

Born: 1960;

Place of origin: Drekish, Tartous region

Responsible for the missions branch of the air force intelligence service, which, in cooperation with the special operations branch, manages the elite troops of the air force intelligence service, who play an important role in the repression conducted by the regime. As such, Ghassan Jaoudat Ismail is one of the military leaders directly implementing the repression of opponents conducted by the regime.

24.7.2012

▼M29

147.

General Amer al-Achi (a.k.a. Amer Ibrahim al-Achi; a.k.a. Amis al Ashi; a.k.a. Ammar Aachi; a.k.a. Amer Ashi) (image)

 

Head of the intelligence branch of the air force intelligence agency (2012-2016). Through his role in the air force intelligence agency, Amer al-Achi is implicated in the repression of the Syrian opposition.

24.7.2012

▼B

148.

General Mohammed (image) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammad) Ali (image) Nasr (image) (or: Mohammed Ali Naser)

Born: around 1960.

Close to Maher Al-Assad, younger brother of the President. Most of his career has been spent in the Republican Guard. In 2010 he joined the internal branch (or branch 251) of the General Intelligence Directorate which is responsible for combating the political opposition. As one of its senior officers, General Mohammed Ali is directly involved in the repression of opponents.

24.7.2012

149.

General Issam (image) Hallaq (image)

 

Air Force Chief of Staff since 2010. Commands air operations against opponents.

24.7.2012

150.

Ezzedine (image) Ismael (image) (a.k.a. Ismail)

Born: middle of the 1940s (probably 1947);

Place of birth: Bastir. Jableh region

Retired general, longstanding member of the managerial staff of the air force intelligence service, of which he became the head in the early 2000s. Was appointed political and security adviser to the President in 2006. As political and security adviser to the Syrian president, Ezzedine Ismael is implicated in the political repression conducted by the regime against the opposition.

24.7.2012

151.

Samir (image) (a.k.a. Sameer) Joumaa (image) (a.k.a. Jumaa, Jum'a, Joum'a) (a.k.a. Abou Sami)

Born: around 1962

For almost 20 years he has been head of the office of Mohammad Nassif Kheir Bek, one of the main security advisers of Bashar al-Assad (and officially deputy to the Vice- President, Farouk al-Sharaa). Samir Joumaa's closeness to Bashar al-Assad and Mohammed Nassif Kheir Bek means that he is implicated in the policy of repression conducted by the regime against its opponents.

24.7.2012

▼M4

152.

Dr. Qadri (image) (a.k.a. Kadri) Jamil (image) (a.k.a. Jameel)

 

Former Vice Prime Minister for Economic Affairs, former Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer protection. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M29

153.

Waleed (image) (a.k.a. Walid) Al Mo'allem (image) (a.k.a. Al Moallem, Muallem (image))

 

Vice Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates. As Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M17 —————

▼B

155.

Dr. Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Abdul-Sattar (image) (a.k.a. Abd al-Sattar) Al Sayed (image) (a.k.a. Al Sayyed)

 

Minister of Religious Endowments. As Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M3

156.

Eng. Hala (image) Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Al Nasser (image)

 

Former Minister of Tourism. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M29

157.

Eng. Bassam (image) Hanna (image)

Date of birth: 1954;

Place of birth: Aleppo (Syria)

Former Minister of Water Resources in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M3

158.

Eng. Subhi (image) Ahmad (image) Al Abdallah (image) (a.k.a. Al-Abdullah)

 

Former Minister of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

159.

Dr. Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammed) Yahiya (image) (a.k.a. Yehya, Yahya, Yihya, Yihia, Yahia) Moalla (image) (a.k.a. Mu'la, Ma'la, Muala, Maala, Mala)

 

Former Minister of Higher Education. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M29

160.

Dr. Hazwan (image) Al Wez (image) (a.k.a. Al Wazz)

 

Minister of Education. As Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M3

161.

Dr. Mohamad (image) (a.k.a. Muhammad, Mohamed, Mohammed, Mohammad) Zafer (image) (a.k.a. Dhafer) Mohabak (image) (a.k.a. Mohabbak, Muhabak, Muhabbak)

 

Former Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M23

162.

Dr Mahmoud (image) Ibraheem (image) (a.k.a. Ibrahim) Sa'iid (image) (a.k.a. Said, Sa'eed, Saeed)

 

Former Minister of Transport in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M3

163.

Dr. Safwan (image) Al Assaf (image)

 

Former Minister of Housing and Urban Development. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

164.

Eng. Yasser (image) (a.k.a. Yaser) Al Siba'ii (image) (a.k.a. Al-Sibai, Al-Siba'i, Al Sibaei)

 

Former Minister of Public Works. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

165.

Eng Sa'iid (image) (a.k.a. Sa'id, Sa'eed, Saeed) Ma'thi (image) (a.k.a. Mu'zi, Mu'dhi, Ma'dhi, Ma'zi, Maazi) Hneidi (image)

 

Former Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M23

166.

Dr Lubana (image) (a.k.a. Lubanah) Mushaweh (image) (a.k.a. Mshaweh, Mshawweh, Mushawweh)

Born 1955;

place of birth Damascus

Former Minister of Culture in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M3

167.

Dr. Jassem (image) (a.k.a. Jasem) Mohammad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammed) Zakaria (image)

Born 1968

Former Minister of Labour and Social Affairs. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M23

168.

Omran (image) Ahed (image) Al Zu'bi (image) (a.k.a. Al Zoubi, Al Zo'bi, Al Zou'bi)

Born 27 September 1959;

Place of birth Damascus

Former Minister of Information in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M29

169.

Dr. Adnan (image) Abdo (image) (a.k.a. Abdou) Al Sikhny (image) (a.k.a. Al-Sikhni, Al-Sekhny, Al-Sekhni)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Aleppo (Syria)

Former Minister of Industry. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M23

170.

Najm (image) (a.k.a. Nejm) Hamad (image) Al Ahmad (image) (a.k.a. Al-Ahmed)

 

Former Minister of Justice in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M29

171.

Dr Abdul-Salam (image) Al Nayef (image)

 

Former Minister of Health in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M31

172.

Ali Hadar

Gender: male

Head of the National Reconciliation Agency and former State Minister for National Reconciliation Affairs. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M23

173.

Dr Nazeera (image) (a.k.a. Nazira, Nadheera, Nadhira) Farah (image) Sarkees (image) (a.k.a. Sarkis)

 

Former State Minister for Environmental Affairs, in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M3

174.

Mohammed (image) Turki (image) Al Sayed (image)

 

Former Minister of Industry. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M29

175.

Najm-eddin (image) (a.k.a. Nejm-eddin, Nejm-eddeen, Najm-eddeen, Nejm-addin, Nejm-addeen, Najm-addeen, Najm-addin) Khreit (image) (a.k.a. Khrait)

 

Former State Minister. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

176.

Abdullah (image) (a.k.a. Abdallah) Khaleel (image) (a.k.a. Khalil) Hussein (image) a.k.a. Hussain)

 

Former State Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M23

177.

Jamal (image) Sha'ban (image) (a.k.a. Shaaban) Shaheen (image)

 

Former State Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

16.10.2012

▼M3 —————

▼B

179.

Razan (image) Othman (image)

Wife of Rami Makhlouf, daughter of Waleed (alias Walid) Othman.;

Date of birth: 31 January 1977;

Place of birth: governorate of Latakia;

ID nr.: 06090034007

She has close personal and financial relations with Rami Makhlouf, cousin of president Bashar Al-Assad and principal financer of the regime, who has been designated. As such, associated with the Syrian regime, and benefiting from it.

16.10.2012

▼M4

180.

Ahmad al-Qadri

Date of birth: 1956

Agriculture and Agrarian Reform Minister. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

▼M23

181.

Suleiman Al Abbas

 

Former Oil and Mineral Resources Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the violent repression of the Syrian people.

24.6.2014

182.

Kamal Eddin Tu'ma

Date of birth: 1959

Former Industry Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

183.

Kinda al-Shammat (a.k.a. Shmat)

Date of birth: 1973

Former Social Affairs Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

184.

Hassan Hijazi

Date of birth: 1964

Former Minister for Labour in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

185.

Ismael Ismael (a.k.a. Ismail Ismail, or Isma'Il Isma'il)

Born: 1955

Former Finance Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

186.

Dr Khodr Orfali (a.k.a. Khud/Khudr Urfali/Orphaly)

Date of birth: 1956

Former Economy and Foreign Trade Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

187.

Samir Izzat Qadi Amin

Date of birth: 1966

Former Internal Trade and Consumer Protection Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

▼M31

188.

Bishr Riyad Yazigi

Born: 1972;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Tourism. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

▼M29

189.

Dr Malek (image) Ali (image) (a.k.a. Malik Ali)

Date of birth: 1956;

Place of birth: Tartous (Syria)

Former Higher Education Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

▼M31

190.

Hussein Arnous (a.k.a. Arnus)

Born: 1953;

Gender: male

Water Resources Minister. As a Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

▼M23

191.

Dr Hassib Elias Shammas (a.k.a. Hasib)

Date of birth: 1957

Former State Minister in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

24.6.2014

▼M16

192.

Hashim Anwar al-Aqqad a.k.a. Hashem Aqqad, Hashem Akkad, Hashim Akkad

Born: 1961

Place of birth: Mohagirine, Syria

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in multiple sectors of Syria's economy. He holds interests in and/or has significant influence in Anwar Akkad Sons Group (AASG) and its subsidiary United Oil. AASG is a conglomerate with interests in sectors such as oil, gas, chemicals, insurance, industrial machinery, real estate, tourism, exhibitions, contracting, insurance, and medical equipment.

Hashim Anwar al-Aqqad also worked as a member of the Syrian Parliament as recently as 2012.

Al-Aqqad could not have remained successful without assistance from the regime. Given the extent of his business and political ties to the regime he provides support to and benefits from the Syrian regime.

23.7.2014

▼M17

193.

Suhayl (a.k.a. Sohail, Suhail, Suheil) Hassan (a.k.a. Hasan, al-Hasan, al-Hassan) known as ‘The Tiger’ (a.k.a. al-Nimr)

Born: 1970

Place of birth: Jableh (Latakia Province, Syria)

Rank: Major-General

Position: Commander of Qawat al-Nimr (Tiger Forces)

Officer of the rank of Major-General in the Syrian Army after May 2011. Commander of army division known as ‘Tiger Forces’. Responsible for violent repression against the civilian population in Syria.

23.7.2014

▼M11

194.

Amr Armanazi (a.k.a. Amr Muhammad Najib Al-Armanazi, Amr Najib Armanazi, Amrou Al-Armanazy)

Date of birth:

7 February 1944

Director-General of the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Center (SSRC), responsible for providing support to the Syrian army for the acquisition of equipment used for the surveillance and repression of demonstrators. Also responsible for the development and production of non-conventional weapons, including chemical weapons, and the missiles to deliver them.

Responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population; supports the regime.

23.7.2014

▼M23

►M29  264. ◄

Houmam Jaza'iri (a.k.a. Humam al-Jazaeri, Hammam al-Jazairi)

Born: 1977

Former Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade in power after May 2011. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the violent repression of the Syrian people.

21.10.2014

►M29  265. ◄

Mohamad Amer Mardini (a.k.a. Mohammad Amer Mardini)

Date of birth: 1959;

Place of birth: Damascus

Former Minister of Higher Education in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

►M29  266. ◄

Mohamad Ghazi Jalali (a.k.a. Mohammad Ghazi al-Jalali)

Date of birth: 1969;

Place of birth: Damascus

Former Minister of Communications and Technology in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

►M29  15. ◄

Kamal Cheikha (a.k.a. Kamal al-Sheikha)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Damascus

Former Minister of Water Resources in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

►M29  17. ◄

Hassan Nouri (a.k.a. Hassan al-Nouri)

Date of birth: 9.2.1960

Former Minister of Administrative Development in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

▼M31

74.

Mohammad Walid Ghazal

Born: 1951; Place of birth: Aleppo;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Housing and Urban Development. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

▼M23

►M29  118. ◄

Khalaf Souleymane Abdallah (a.k.a. Khalaf Sleiman al-Abdullah)

Date of birth: 1960;

Place of birth: Deir ez-Zor

Former Minister of Labour in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

▼M7

►M29  178. ◄

Nizar Wahbeh Yazaji

(a.k.a. Nizar Wehbe Yazigi)

Date of birth: 1961

Place of birth: Damascus

Minister of Health since 27.8.2014. As Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

▼M23

►M29  202. ◄

Hassan Safiyeh (a.k.a. Hassan Safiye)

Date of birth: 1949;

Place of birth: Latakia

Former Minister of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

►M29  267. ◄

Issam Khalil

Date of birth: 1965;

Place of birth: Banias

Former Minister of Culture in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

11.

Mohammad Mouti' Mouayyad (a.k.a. Mohammad Muti'a Moayyad)

Date of birth: 1968;

Place of birth: Ariha (Idlib)

Former State Minister in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

12.

Ghazwan Kheir Bek (a.k.a. Ghazqan Kheir Bek)

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Latakia

Former Minister of transport in power after May 2011 (appointed 27.8.2014). As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

21.10.2014

▼M17

►M29  268. ◄

Ghassan Ahmed Ghannan (a.k.a. Major General Ghassan Ghannan, Brigadier General Ghassan Ahmad Ghanem)

Rank: Major General

Position: Commander of the 155th Missile Brigade

Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of ‘colonel’ and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011. Major General and commander of the 155th Missile Brigade. Associated with Maher al-Assad through his role in the 155th Missile Brigade. As commander of the 155th Missile Brigade, he is supporting the Syrian regime and he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population. Responsible for firing Scud Missiles at various civilian sites between January and March 2013.

21.10.2014

▼M7

14.

Colonel Mohammed Bilal

(a.k.a. Lieutenant Colonel Muhammad Bilal)

 

As a senior officer in the Air Force Intelligence Service of Syria, he supports the Syrian regime and he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population. He is also associated with the listed Scientific Studies Research Centre (SSRC).

21.10.2014

▼M16 —————

▼M7

►M29  269. ◄

Abdelhamid Khamis Abdullah

(a.k.a. Abdulhamid Khamis Abdullah

a.k.a. Hamid Khamis

a.k.a Abdelhamid Khamis Ahmad Adballa)

 

Chairman of Overseas Petroleum Trading Company (OPT) which has been listed by the Council for benefiting from and supporting the Syrian regime. He coordinated shipments of oil to the Syrian regime with listed Syrian state oil company Sytrol. Therefore, he is benefitting from and providing support to the Syrian regime.

In view of his position as the most senior person in the entity he is responsible for its activities

21.10.2014

▼M17

199.

Bayan Bitar (a.k.a. Dr Bayan Al-Bitar)

Date of birth: 8.3.1947

Address: PO Box 11037 Damascus, Syria

Managing Director of the Organisation for Technological Industries (OTI), and the Syrian Company for Information Technology (SCIT), which are both subsidiaries of the Syrian Ministry of Defence, which has been designated by the Council. OTI assists in the production of chemical weapons for the Syrian regime. As Managing Director of OTI and the SCIT Bayan Bitar provides support to the Syrian regime. Due to his role in the production of chemical weapons, he also shares responsibility for the violent repression against the Syrian population. In view of his senior position in these entities, he is also associated with the designated entities OTI and SCIT.

7.3.2015

200.

Brigadier General Ghassan Abbas

Date of birth: 10.3.1960

Place of birth: Homs

Address: CERS, Centre d'Etude et de Recherche Scientifique (a.k.a. SSRC, Scientific Studies and Research Centre; Centre de Recherche de Kaboun Barzeh Street, PO Box 4470, Damascus)

Manager of the branch of the designated Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC/CERS) near Jumraya/Jmraiya. He has been involved in the proliferation of chemical weapons and the organisation of chemical weapons attacks, including in Ghouta in August 2013. He therefore shares responsibility for the violent repression against the Syrian population. As manager of the SSRC/CERS branch near Jumraya/Jmraiya, Ghassan Abbas provides support to the Syrian regime. As a result of his senior position in the SSRC, he is also associated with the designated entity SSRC.

7.3.2015

201.

██████

██████

██████

██████

██████

██████

▼M24 —————

▼M24

203.

George Haswani

(a.k.a. Heswani; Hasawani; Al Hasawani)

Address: Damascus Province, Yabroud, Al Jalaa St, Syria

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and/or activities in the engineering, construction and oil and gas sectors. He holds interests in and/or has significant influence in a number of companies and entities in Syria, in particular HESCO Engineering and Construction Company, a major engineering and construction company.

7.3.2015

▼M17

204.

Emad (image) Hamsho (image) (a.k.a. Imad Hmisho; Hamchu; Hamcho; Hamisho; Hmeisho; Hemasho)

Address: Hamsho Building 31 Baghdad Street Damascus, Syria

Occupies a senior management position in Hamsho Trading. As a result of his senior position in Hamsho Trading, a subsidiary of Hamsho International, which has been designated by the Council, he provides support to the Syrian regime. He is also associated with a designated entity, Hamsho International. He is also vice-president of the Syrian Council of Iron and Steel alongside designated regime businessmen such as Ayman Jaber. He is also an associate of Bashar Al-Assad.

7.3.2015

▼M15 —————

▼M29

206.

Major General Muhamad (image) (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad) Mahalla (image) (a.k.a. Mahla, Mualla, Maalla, Muhalla)

Born: 1960;

Place of birth: Jableh

Member of the Syria Armed Forces of the rank of Major General in post after May 2011. Head of the Syrian Military Intelligence (SMI), Branch 293 (Internal Affairs), since April 2015. Responsible for repression and violence against the civilian population in Damascus/Damascus countryside. Former Deputy Head of Political Security (2012), Officer of the Syrian Republican Guard and Vice-Director of the Political Security Directorate. Head of Military Police, Member of the National Security Bureau.

29.5.2015

▼M18

207.

Adib Salameh

(a.k.a. Adib Salamah; Adib Salama; Adib Salame; Mohammed Adib Salameh; Adib Nimr Salameh)

(image)

Position: Major General, Deputy Director of Air Force Intelligence Directorate in Damascus

Member of the Syrian security and intelligence services in post after May 2011; Deputy Director of Air Force Intelligence Directorate in Damascus; previously Head of Air Force Intelligence in Aleppo.

Member of the Syrian Armed Forces of the rank of ‘colonel’ and the equivalent or higher in post after May 2011; holds the rank of Major General.

Responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria, through the planning of and involvement in military assaults in Aleppo and authority over the arrest and detention of civilians.

28.10.2016

208.

Adnan Aboud Hilweh

(a.k.a. Adnan Aboud Helweh; Adnan Aboud)

(image)

Position: Brigadier General

Holds the rank of Brigadier General of 155 Brigade and 157 Brigade in the Syrian Army in post after May 2011.

As the Brigadier General of 155 and 157 Brigade, he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria, including through his responsibility for the deployment and use of missile and chemical weapons in civilian areas in 2013 and involvement in the large scale detentions.

28.10.2016

209.

Jawdat Salbi Mawas

(a.k.a. Jawdat Salibi Mawwas; Jawdat Salibi Mawwaz)

(image)

Position: Major General

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer in the Syrian Artillery and Missile Directorate of the Syrian Armed Forces, in post after May 2011.

As a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Artillery and Missile Directorate, he is responsible for violent repression against the civilian population, including the use of missiles and chemical weapons by Brigades under his command in highly populated civilian areas in 2013 in Ghouta.

28.10.2016

▼M29

210.

Tahir (image) Hamid (image) Khalil (image) (a.k.a. Tahir Hamid Khali; Khalil Tahir Hamid)

Position: Major General

Holds the ranks of Major General, Head of the Syrian Artillery and Missiles Directorate of the Syrian Armed Forces, in post after May 2011. As a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Artillery and Missile Directorate, he is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population, including the deployment of missiles and chemical weapons by Brigades under his command in highly populated civilian areas in Ghouta in 2013.

28.10.2016

▼M18

211.

Hilal Hilal

(a.k.a. Hilal al-Hilal)

(image)

Date of birth: 1966

Member of the regime-affiliated militias known as ‘Kataeb al-Baath’ (The Baath Party militia). Supports the regime through his role in the recruitment and organisation of the Baath Party militia.

28.10.2016

▼M27

212.

Ammar Al-Sharif

(a.k.a Amar Al-Sharif; Amar Al-Charif; Ammar Sharif; Ammar Charif; Ammar al Shareef; Ammar Sherif; Ammar Medhat Sherif)

(image)

Date of birth: 26 June 1969

Place of birth: Lattakia

Nationality: Syrian

Syrian Passport:

number: 010312413;

issue number: 002-15-L093534;

date of issue: 14 July 2015

place of issue: Damascus-Centre;

expiry date: 13 July 2021

National number: 060-10276707

Leading Syrian businessman operating in Syria, active in the banking, insurance, and hospitality sectors. Founding partner of Byblos Bank Syria, major shareholder in Unlimited Hospitality Ltd, and board member of the Solidarity Alliance Insurance Company and the Al-Aqueelah Takaful Insurance Company.

28.10.2016

▼M31

213.

Bishr al-Sabban (a.k.a Mohammed Bishr Al-Sabban; Bishr Mazin Al-Sabban)

Gender: male

Former Governor of Damascus, who was appointed by, and is associated with, Bashar al-Assad. Supports the regime and is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria, including engaging in discriminatory practices against Sunni communities within the capital.

28.10.2016

▼M18

214.

Ahmad Sheik Abdul-Qader

(a.k.a Ahmad Sheikh Abdul Qadir; Ahmad al-Sheik Abdulquader)

(image)

 

Governor of Quneitra, associated with and appointed by Bashar al-Assad. Previously Governor of Latakia. Supports and benefits from the regime, including by public support for the Syrian Armed Forces and pro-regime militia.

28.10.2016

215.

Dr Ghassan Omar Khalaf

(image)

 

Governor of Hama, who was appointed by, and is associated with, Bashar al-Assad. He also supports and benefits from the regime. Ghassan Omar Khalaf is closely associated with members of a regime-affiliated militia in Hama known as the Hama Brigade.

28.10.2016

216.

Khayr al-Din al-Sayyed

(a.k.a Khayr al-Din Abdul-Sattar al-Sayyed; Mohamed Khair al-Sayyed; Kheredden al-Sayyed; Khairuddin as-Sayyed; Khaireddin al-Sayyed; Kheir Eddin al-Sayyed; Kheir Eddib Asayed)

(image)

 

Governor of Idlib, associated with and appointed by Bashar al-Assad. Benefits from and supports the regime, including by providing support for Syrian Armed Forces and pro-regime militia. Associated with the regime's Minister of Awqaf, Dr Mohammad Abdul-Sattar al-Sayyed, who is his brother.

28.10.2016

▼M31

217.

Atef Naddaf

Born: 1956; Place of birth: Damascus Countryside;

Gender: male

Minister of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection.

Appointed in November 2018.

14.11.2016

▼M23

218.

Hussein Makhlouf (a.k.a. Makhluf)image

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Lattakia;

Former Governor of Damascus Governorate

Local Administration Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

Cousin of Rami Makhlouf.

14.11.2016

▼M31

219.

Ali Al-Zafir

Born: 1962; Place of birth: Tartous;

Gender: male

Former Minister of Communications and Technology. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

14.11.2016

▼M23

220.

Ali Ghanemimage

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Damascus

Minister for Petroleum and Mineral Resources.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

▼M27

221.

Mohammed (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammad) Ramez Tourjman (a.k.a. Tourjuman)

(image)

Date of birth: 1966

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria

Former Minister of Information. As a former Government Minister, shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

14.11.2016

▼M23

222.

Mohammed (a.k.a. Mohamed, Muhammad, Mohammad) al-Ahmed (a.k.a. al-Ahmad)image

Date of birth: 1961;

Place of birth: Lattakia

Culture Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

223.

Ali Hamoud (a.k.a. Hammoud)image

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Tartous

Transport Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

224.

Mohammed Zuhair (a.k.a. Zahir) Kharboutliimage

Place of birth: Damascus

Electricity Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

225.

Maamoun (a.k.a. Ma'moun) Hamdanimage

Date of birth: 1958;

Place of birth: Damascus

Finance Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

226.

Nabil al-Hasan (a.k.a. al-Hassan)image

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Aleppo

Minister of Water Resources.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

▼M27

227.

Ahmad al-Hamu (a.k.a. al-Hamo)

(image)

Date of birth: 1947

Former Minister of Industry. As a former Government Minister shares responsibility for the regime's violent repression against the civilian population.

14.11.2016

▼M23

228.

Abdullah al-Gharbi (a.k.a. al-Qirbi)image

Date of birth: 1962;

Place of birth: Damascus

Minister of Internal Trade and Consumer Protection.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

229.

Abdullah Abdullah (image)

Date of birth: 1956

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

230.

Salwa Abdullahimage

Date of birth: 1953;

Place of birth: Quneitra

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

231.

Rafe'a Abu Sa'ad (a.k.a. Saad)image

Date of birth: 1954;

Place of birth: Habran village (Sweida province)

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

232.

Wafiqa Hosniimage

Date of birth: 1952;

Place of birth: Damascus

State Minister.

Appointed in July 2016.

14.11.2016

233.

Rima Al-Qadiri (a.k.a. Al-Kadiri)image

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Damascus

Minister for Social Affairs (since August 2015).

14.11.2016

▼M19

234.

Duraid Durgham

 

Governor of the Central Bank of Syria.

Responsible for providing economic and financial support to the Syrian regime through his functions as the Governor of the Central Bank of Syria, which is also listed.

14.11.2016

▼M22

235.

Ahmad Ballul

(a.k.a. Ahmad Muhammad Ballul; Ahmed Balol)

image

Date of birth: 10 October 1954

Rank: Major General; Commander of the Syrian Arab Air Force and Air Defence Forces

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer and Commander of the Syrian Arab Air and Air Defence Forces, in post after May 2011.

Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and, as a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Arab Air Force, is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population, including the use of chemical weapons attacks by the Syrian regime identified in the report of the Joint Investigative Mechanism.

21.3.2017

▼M26

236.

Saji' Darwish

(a.k.a. Saji Jamil Darwish; Sajee Darwish; Sjaa Darwis)

(image)

Date of birth: 11 January 1957

Rank: Major General, Syrian Arab Air Force

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer and former Commander of the 22nd Division of the Syrian Arab Air Force, in post after May 2011. Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population: as a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Arab Air Force and Commander of the 22nd Division until April 2017 he holds responsibility for the use of chemical weapons by aircraft operating from airbases under the control of the 22nd Division, including the attack on Talmenes that the Joint Investigative Mechanism reported was conducted by Hama airfield-based regime helicopters.

21.3.2017

▼M22

237.

Muhammed Ibrahim

image

Date of birth: 5 August 1964

Rank: Brigadier General; Deputy Commander of Syrian Arab Air Force 63rd Brigade at Hama airfield

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, a senior officer and Deputy Commander of the Syrian Arab Air Force 63rd Brigade, in post after May 2011.

Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and, as a senior ranking officer of the Syrian Arab Air Force during the period investigated by the Joint Investigative Mechanism and Deputy Commander of the 63rd brigade from March to December 2015, is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population through the use of chemical weapons by the 63rd Brigade in Talmenes (21 April 2014), Qmenas (16 March 2015) and Sarmin (16 March 2015).

21.3.2017

238.

Badi' Mu'alla

image

Date of birth: 1961

Place of birth: Bistuwir, Jablah, Syria

Rank: Brigadier General; Commander of Syrian Arab Air Force 63rd Brigade

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, a senior officer and Commander of 63rd Brigade of the Syrian Arab Air Force, in post after May 2011.

Operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector and, as Commander of the 63rd Brigade during the period investigated by the Joint Investigative Mechanism, is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population through the use of chemical weapons by the 63rd Brigade in Talmenes (21 April 2014), Qmenas (16 March 2015) and Sarmin (16 March 2015).

21.3.2017

▼M23

239.

Hisham Mohammad Mamdouh al-Sha'ar

Date of birth: 1958;

Place of birth: Damascus (Syria)

Justice Minister. Appointed in March 2017.

30.5.2017

240.

Mohammad Samer Abdelrahman al-Khalil

 

Economy and Foreign Trade. Minister. Appointed in March 2017.

30.5.2017

241.

Salam Mohammad al-Saffaf

Date of birth: 1979

Administrative Development Minister. Appointed in March 2017.

30.5.2017

▼M25

242.

Samir Dabul

(a.k.a.: Samir Daaboul)

Date of birth: 4 September 1965

Title: Brigadier General

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, in post after May 2011.

As a senior military officer he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population and involved in the storage and deployment of chemical weapons. He is also associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

243.

Ali Wanus

(a.k.a.: Ali Wannous)

(image)

Date of birth: 5 February 1964

Title: Brigadier General

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, in post after May 2011.

As a senior military officer he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population and involved in the storage and deployment of chemical weapons.

He is also associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

244.

Yasin Ahmad Dahi

(a.k.a.: Yasin Dahi; Yasin Dhahi)

(image)

Date of birth: 1960

Title: Brigadier General

Holds the rank of Brigadier General in the Syrian Armed Forces, in post after May 2011. Senior officer within the Military Intelligence Directorate of the Syrian Armed Forces. Former head of Military Intelligence Branch 235 in Damascus and Military Intelligence in Homs. As a senior military officer he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population.

18.7.2017

245.

Muhammad Yousef Hasouri

(a.k.a.: Mohammad Yousef Hasouri; Mohammed Yousef Hasouri)

(image)

Title: Brigadier General

Brigadier General Muhammad Hasouri is a senior officer of the Syrian Air Force, in post after May 2011. He holds the position as Chief of Staff of Air Force Brigade 50 and Deputy Commander of the Shayrat Airbase. Brigadier General Muhammad Hasouri operates in the chemical weapons proliferation sector. As a senior military officer he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria.

18.7.2017

246.

Malik Hasan

(a.k.a.: Malek Hassan)

(image)

Title: Major General

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer and Commander of the 22nd Division of the Syrian Air Force, in post after May 2011.

As a senior officer of the Syrian Air Force and in the chain of command of the 22nd Division, he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria, including the use of chemical weapons by aircraft operating from airbases under the control of the 22nd Division, such as the attack on Talmenas that the Joint Investigative Mechanism established by the United Nations reported was conducted by Hama airfield-based regime helicopters.

18.7.2017

▼M26

247.

Jayyiz Rayyan Al-Musa

(a.k.a.: Jaez Sawada al-Hammoud al-Mousa; Jayez al-Hammoud al-Moussa)

(image)

Date of birth: 1954

Place of birth: Hama, Syria

Rank: Major General

Governor of Hasaka, appointed by Bashar al-Assad; he is associated with Bashar al-Assad.

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer and former Chief of Staff of the Syrian Air Force.

As a senior officer of the Syrian Air Force, he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population in Syria, including the use of chemical weapons attacks by the Syrian regime during his tenure as Chief of Staff of the Syrian Air Force, as identified in the report of the Joint Investigative Mechanism established by the United Nations.

18.7.2017

248.

Mayzar 'Abdu Sawan

(a.k.a.: Meezar Sawan)

(image)

Date of birth: 1954

Rank: Major General

Holds the rank of Major General, a senior officer and Commander of the 20th Division of the Syrian Air Force, in post after May 2011.

As a senior officer in the Syrian air force he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population including attacks against civilian areas by aircraft operating from airbases under the control of the 20th Division.

18.7.2017

249.

Isam Zahr Al-Din

(a.k.a.: Isam Zuhair al-Din; Isam Zohruddin; Issam Zahruddin; Issam Zahreddine; Essam Zahruddin; Issam Zaher Eldin; Issam Zaher al-Deen; Nafed Assadllah)

(image)

Date of birth: 1961

Place of birth: Tarba, As-Suwayda province, Syria

Rank: Brigadier General

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, a senior officer in the Republican Guard, in post after May 2011. As a senior military officer he is responsible for the violent repression against the civilian population, including during the siege of Baba Amr in February 2012.

18.7.2017

▼M25

250.

Mohammad Safwan Katan

(a.k.a.: Mohammad Safwan Qattan)

(image)

 

Mohammad Safwan Katan is an engineer at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity. He is involved in chemical weapons proliferation and delivery. Mohammad Safwan Katan has been involved in the construction of barrel bombs which have been used against the civilian population in Syria.

He is associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

▼M29

251.

Mohammad (image) Ziad (image) Ghriwati (image) (a.k.a. Mohammad Ziad Ghraywati)

 

Mohammad Ziad Ghriwati is an engineer at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre. He is involved in chemical weapons proliferation and delivery. Mohammad Ziad Ghriwati has been involved in the construction of barrel bombs which have been used against the civilian population in Syria.

He is associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

▼M25

252.

Mohammad Darar Khaludi

(a.k.a.: Mohammad Darar Khloudi)

(image)

 

Mohammad Darar Khaludi is an engineer at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre. He is involved in chemical weapons proliferation and delivery. Mohammad Darar Khaludi has been also known to be involved in the construction of barrel bombs which have been used against the civilian population in Syria.

He is also associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

▼M29

253.

Khaled (image) Sawan (image)

 

Dr Khaled Sawan is an engineer at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, which is involved in chemical weapons proliferation and delivery. He has been involved in the construction of barrel bombs which have been used against the civilian population in Syria.

He has been associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

254.

Raymond (image) Rizq (image) (a.k.a. Raymond Rizk)

 

Raymond Rizq is an engineer at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, involved in chemical weapons proliferation and delivery. He has been involved in the construction of barrel bombs which have been used against the civilian population in Syria.

He is associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

▼M25

255.

Fawwaz El-Atou

(a.k.a.: Fawaz Al Atto)

(image)

 

Fawwaz El-Atou is a lab technician at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, involved in chemical weapons proliferation and delivery. Fawwaz El-Atou has been involved in the construction of barrel bombs which have been used against the civilian population in Syria.

He is associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

256.

Fayez Asi

(a.k.a.: Fayez al-Asi)

(image)

 

Fayez Asi is a lab technician at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, involved in chemical weapons proliferation and delivery. He has been involved in the construction of barrel bombs which have been used against the civilian population in Syria.

He is associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

257.

Hala Sirhan

(a.k.a.: Halah Sirhan)

(image)

Date of birth: 5 January 1953

Title: Dr

Dr Hala Sirhan works with Syrian Military Intelligence at the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre. She operated in Institute 3000, which is involved in chemical weapons proliferation.

She is associated with the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre, a listed entity.

18.7.2017

▼M27

258.

Mohamed Mazen Ali Yousef

(image)

Date of birth: 17 May 1969

Place of birth: Damascus countryside

Minister of Industry. Appointed in January 2018.

26.2.2018

259.

Imad Abdullah Sara

(image)

Date of birth: 1968;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria

Minister of Information. Appointed in January 2018.

26.2.2018

▼M28

260.

Yusuf Ajeeb

(a.k.a: image; Yousef; Ajib)

Brigadier General; Doctor; Head of Security Office, Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC)

Address: Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC), Barzeh Street, P.O. Box 4470, Damascus

Holds the rank of Brigadier General, a senior officer in the Syrian Armed Forces, in post after May 2011. Since 2012, he has been Head of Security for the Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC) which is involved in the chemical weapons proliferation sector. As a result of his senior position as Head of Security for SSRC, he is associated with the designated entity SSRC.

19.3.2018

▼M29

261.

Maher Sulaiman (a.k.a. image; Mahir; Suleiman)

Place of birth: Lattakia, Syria;

Doctor; Director of the Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology;

Address: Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology (HIAST), P.O. Box 31983, Damascus

Director of the Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology (HIAST), which provides training and support as part of the Syrian chemical weapons proliferation sector. Due to his senior position at the HIAST, which is an affiliate and subsidiary of the Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC), he is associated with the HIAST and SSRC, both of which are designated entities.

19.3.2018

▼M28

262.

Salam Tohme

(a.k.a: image; Salim; Taame, Ta'mah, Toumah)

Doctor: Deputy Director General, Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC)

Address: Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC), Barzeh Street, P.O. Box 4470, Damascus

Deputy Director General of the Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC) which is responsible for the development and production of non-conventional weapons, including chemical weapons, and the missiles to deliver them. Due to his senior position at SSRC, he is associated with designated entity SSRC.

19.3.2018

263.

Zuhair Fadhlun

(a.k.a: image; Zoher; Fadloun, Fadhloun)

Head of Institute 3000 (a.k.a. Institute 5000), Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC)

Address: Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC), Barzeh Street, P.O. Box 4470, Damascus

Director of the branch of the Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC) that is known as Institute 3000 (a.k.a. Institute 5000). In this role, he is responsible for chemical weapons projects, including production of chemical agents and munitions. Due to his senior position at SSRC, he is associated with designated entity SSRC.

19.3.2018

▼M30

264.

Anas Talas

(a.k.a. image; Anas Talous/Tals/Tuls/Tlass)

Gender: male

Position: Chairman of the Talas Group

Date of birth: 25 March 1971

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and activities in multiple sectors of Syria's economy. Through his business activities and investments, Anas Talas also benefits from and/or supports the Syrian regime. In 2018 the Talas Group, chaired by Anas Talas, entered into a SYP 23 billion joint venture with Damascus Cham Holding for the construction of Marota City, a regime-backed luxury residential and commercial development.

21.1.2019

265.

Nazir Ahmad JamalEddine

(a.k.a. image; Nazir Ahmad, Mohammed JamalEddine)

Gender: male

Position: Cofounder and majority shareholder of Apex Development and Projects LLC and founder of A'ayan Company for Projects and Equipment

Date of birth: 1962

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria with significant investments in the construction industry, including a controlling 90 % stake in Apex Development and Projects LLC, which has entered into a USD 34,8 million joint venture for the construction of Marota City, a regime-backed luxury residential and commercial development. Through his participation in the Marota City development, Nazir Ahmad JamalEddine benefits from and/or supports the Syrian regime.

21.1.2019

266.

Mazin Al-Tarazi

(a.k.a. image; Mazen al-Tarazi)

Gender: male

Position: Businessperson

Date of birth: September 1962

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with significant investments in the construction and aviation sectors. Through his investments and activities, Mazin Al-Tarazi benefits from and/or supports the Syrian regime. In particular, Al-Tarazi has concluded a deal with Damascus Cham Holdings for a USD 320 million investment in the construction of Marota City, a regime-backed luxury residential and commercial development; he has also been granted a licence for a private airline in Syria.

21.1.2019

267.

Samer Foz

(a.k.a. Samir (image) Foz (image)/Fawz; Samer Zuhair Foz)

Gender: male

Position: CEO of Aman Group

Date of birth: May 1973

Place of birth: Latakia, Syria

Nationalities: Syrian, Turkish

Other information:

Executive President of Aman Group. Subsidiaries: Foz for Trading, Al-Mohaimen for Transportation & Contracting. Aman Group is the private sector partner in Joint Venture Aman Damascus JSC with Damascus Cham Holding, in which Foz is an individual shareholder. Emmar Industries is a joint venture between Aman Group and the Hamisho Group, in which Foz has the majority stake and is the Chairman.

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and activities in multiple sectors of Syria's economy, including a regime-backed joint venture involved in the development of Marota City, a luxury residential and commercial development. Samer Foz provides financial and other support to the regime, including funding the Military Security Shield Forces in Syria and brokering grain deals. He also benefits financially from access to commercial opportunities through the wheat trade and reconstruction projects as a result of his links to the regime.

21.1.2019

268.

Khaldoun Al-Zoubi

(a.k.a. Khaldoon al-Zu'bi; Khaldoun Zubi)

Gender: male

Position: Vice-president of Aman Holding (a.k.a. Aman Group)

Date of birth: 1979

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and activities in multiple sectors of Syria's economy; including his roles as Vice President of Aman Holding and majority shareholder of Fly Aman airline. In this capacity, he is linked to Samer Foz. Aman Holding is represented on the board of, and holds a majority stake in, ‘Aman Damascus’, a joint venture in the construction of Marota City, a regime-backed luxury residential and commercial development. Al-Zoubi benefits from and/or supports the regime through his position as Vice President of Aman Holding.

21.1.2019

269.

Hussam Al-Qatirji

(a.k.a. Hussam/Hossam Ahmed/Mohammed/Muhammad al-Katerji image)

Gender: male

Position: CEO of Katerji Group (a.k.a. al-Qatirji Company/Qatirji Company/ Khatirji Group/Katerji International Group)

Date of birth: 1982

Place of birth: Raqqa, Syria

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, who is also a Member of Parliament for Aleppo. Al-Qatirji supports and benefits from the regime through enabling, and profiting from, trade deals with the regime in relation to oil and wheat.

21.1.2019

270.

Bashar Mohammad Assi

Gender: male

Position: Chairman of the Board of Directors of ‘Aman Damascus’. Founding partner of Fly Aman Limited Liability airline.

Date of birth: 1977

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with interests and activities in multiple sectors of Syria's economy, including his roles as founding partner of Fly Aman airline and Chairman of the Board of Directors of ‘Aman Damascus’; a joint venture involved in the development of Marota City, a regime-backed luxury residential and commercial development. Assi benefits from and/or supports the regime through his position as Chairman of the Board of Directors of ‘Aman Damascus’.

21.1.2019

271.

Khaled al-Zubaidi

(a.k.a. (Mohammed) Khaled/Khalid (Bassam) (al-) Zubaidi/Zubedi image)

Gender: male

Position: Co-owner of Zubaidi and Qalei LLC, Director of Agar Investment Company, General Manager of Al Zubaidi company and Al Zubaidi & Al Taweet Contracting Company, Director and Owner of Zubaidi Development Company, and co-owner of Enjaz Investment Company.

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with significant investments in the construction industry, including a 50 % stake in Zubaidi and Qalei LLC, which is constructing the luxury tourist city Grand Town and to which the regime has granted a 45-year agreement in return for 19-21 % of its revenue. In this capacity he is linked to Nader Qalei. Khaled al-Zubaidi benefits from and/or supports the regime through his business activities, in particular through this stake in the Grand Town development.

21.1.2019

272.

Hayan Mohammad Nazem Qaddour

(a.k.a. Hayyan Kaddour bin Mohammed Nazem)

Gender: male

Name: Hayan Mohammed Nazem Qaddour

Position: Primary Shareholder of Exceed Development and Investment Company

Date of birth: 1970

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, who holds a 67 % stake in Exceed Development and Investment, which has entered into a USD 17,7 million joint venture for the construction of Marota City, a regime-backed luxury residential and commercial development. Through his participation in the Marota City development, Hayan Mohammad Nazem Qaddour benefits from and/or supports the Syrian regime.

21.1.2019

273.

Maen Rizk Allah Haykal

(a.k.a. Heikal Bin Rizkallah)

Gender: male

Position: Secondary Shareholder of Exceed Development and Investment Company

Nationality: Syrian

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, who holds a 33 % stake in Exceed Development and Investment, which has entered into a USD 17,7 million joint venture for the construction of Marota City, a regime-backed luxury residential and commercial development. Through the participation in the Marota City development, Maen Rizk Allah Haykal benefits from and/or supports the Syrian regime.

21.1.2019

274.

Nader Qalei

(a.k.a. Kalai, Kalei)

Gender: male

Name: Nader Kalai

Date of birth: 9.7.1965

Place of birth: Damascus

Nationality: Syrian

Passport number (including country that issued and date and place of issue): Syrian Arab Republic, N 010170320, issue number: 002-15-L062672, date of issue: 24.5.2015, date of expiry: 23.5.2021;

ID number: Syrian Arab Republic, 010-40036453.

Position: Majority shareholder of Castle Investment Holding, Co-owner of Zubaidi and Qalei LLC, Chairman of Kalai Industries Management

Relatives/business associates or partners/links to listed individuals: Khaled al-Zubaidi

Address:

Young Avenue, Halifax, Canada

Leading businessperson operating in Syria, with significant investments in the construction industry, including a 50 % stake in Zubaidi and Qalei LLC, which is constructing the luxury tourist city Grand Town and to which the regime has granted a 45-year agreement in return for 19-21 % of its revenue. In this capacity, he is linked to Khaled al-Zubaidi. Nader Qalei benefits from and/or supports the regime through his business activities, in particular through this stake in the Grand Town development.

21.1.2019

▼M31

275.

Major General Mohammad Khaled al-Rahmoun

Born: 1957; Place of birth: Idleb;

Gender: male

Minister of Interior.

Appointed in November 2018.

4.3.2019

276.

Mohammad Rami Radwan Martini

Born: 1970; Place of birth: Aleppo;

Gender: male

Minister of Tourism.

Appointed in November 2018.

4.3.2019

277.

Imad Muwaffaq al-Azab

Born: 1970; Place of birth: Damascus Countryside;

Gender: male

Minister of Education.

Appointed in November 2018.

4.3.2019

278.

Bassam Bashir Ibrahim

Born: 1960; Place of birth: Hama;

Gender: male

Minister of Higher Education.

Appointed in November 2018.

4.3.2019

279.

Suhail Mohammad Abdullatif

Born: 1961; Place of birth: Lattakia;

Gender: male

Minister of Public Works and Housing.

Appointed in November 2018.

4.3.2019

280.

Iyad Mohammad al-Khatib

Born: 1974; Place of birth: Damascus;

Gender: male

Minister of Communications and Technology.

Appointed in November 2018.

4.3.2019

281.

Mohammad Maen Zein-al-Abidin Jazba

Born: 1962; Place of birth: Aleppo;

Gender: male

Minister of Industry.

Appointed in November 2018.

4.3.2019

▼B



B.  Entities

 

Name

Identifying information

Reasons

Date of listing

1.

Bena Properties

 

Controlled by Rami Makhlouf; provides funding to the regime.

23.6.2011

2.

Al Mashreq Investment Fund (AMIF) (alias Sunduq Al Mashrek Al Istithmari)

P.O. Box 108,

Damascus;

Tel.: 963 112110059 / 963 112110043

Fax: 963 933333149

Controlled by Rami Makhlouf; provides funding to the regime.

23.6.2011

▼M9

3.

Hamcho International

(a.k.a. Hamsho International Group)

Baghdad Street,

PO Box 8254

Damascus

Tel. +963 112316675

Fax +963 112318875

Website: www.hamshointl.com

E-mail: info@hamshointl.com and hamshogroup@yahoo.com

Hamcho International is a large Syrian holding company owned by Mohammed Hamcho.

Hamcho International benefits from and provides support to the regime and is associated with a person benefiting from and supporting the regime.

27.1.2015

▼B

4.

Military Housing Establishment (alias MILIHOUSE)

 

Public works company controlled by Riyad Shalish and Ministry of Defence; provides funding to the regime.

23.6.2011

5.

Political Security Directorate

 

Syrian government agency directly involved in repression.

23.8.2011

6.

General Intelligence Directorate

 

Syrian government agency directly involved in repression.

23.8.2011

7.

Military Intelligence Directorate

 

Syrian government agency directly involved in repression.

23.8.2011

8.

Air Force Intelligence Agency

 

Syrian government agency directly involved in repression.

23.8.2011

9.

IRGC Qods Force (Quds Force)

Teheran, Iran

The Qods (or Quds) Force is a specialist arm of the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). The Qods Force is involved in providing equipment and support to help the Syria regime suppress protests in Syria. IRGC Qods Force has provided technical assistance, equipment and support to the Syrian security services to repress civilian protest movements.

23.8.2011

10.

Mada Transport

Subsidiary of Cham Holding (Sehanya Dara'a Highway, PO Box 9525, Tel: 00 963 11 99 62)

Economic entity financing the regime.

2.9.2011

11.

Cham Investment Group

Subsidiary of Cham Holding (Sehanya Dara'a Highway, PO Box 9525, Tel: 00 963 11 99 62)

Economic entity financing the regime.

2.9.2011

12.

Real Estate Bank

Insurance Bldg- Yousef Al-Azmeh Square,

Damascus

P.O. Box: 2337

Damascus Syrian Arab Republic;

Tel: (+963) 11 2456777 and 2218602;

Fax: (+963) 11 2237938 and 2211186;

Bank's email: Publicrelations@reb.sy

Website: www.reb.sy

State-owned bank providing financial support for the regime.

2.9.2011

13.

Addounia TV (a.k.a. Dounia TV)

Tel: +963-11-5667274; +963-11-5667271;

Fax: +963-11-5667272;

Website: http://www.addounia.tv

Addounia TV has incited violence against the civilian population in Syria.

23.9.2011

14.

Cham Holding

Cham Holding Building Daraa Highway - Ashrafiyat Sahnaya Rif Dimashq – Syria

P.O. Box 9525;

Tel +963 (11) 9962; +963 (11) 668 14000; +963 (11) 673 1044;

Fax +963 (11) 673 1274;

Email: info@chamholding.sy

Website: www.chamholding.sy

Controlled by Rami Makhlouf; largest holding company in Syria, benefiting from and supporting the regime.

23.9.2011

15.

El-Tel. Co. (El-Tel. Middle East Company)

Address: Dair Ali Jordan Highway,

P.O. Box 13052,

Damascus, Syria;

Tel. +963-11-2212345;

Fax +963-11-44694450

Email: sales@eltelme.com

Website: www.eltelme.com

Manufacturing and supplying communication and transmission towers and other equipment for the Syrian army.

23.9.2011

16.

Ramak Constructions Co.

Address: Dara'a Highway,

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: +963-11-6858111;

Mobile: +963-933-240231

Construction of military barracks, border post barracks and other buildings for Army needs.

23.9.2011

▼M7

17.

Souruh Company

(a.k.a. SOROH Al Cham Company)

Address: Adra Free Zone Area Damascus — Syria;

Tel: +963-11-5327266;

Mobile: +963-933-526812;

+963-932-878282;

Fax:+963-11-5316396

Email: sorohco@gmail.com

Website: http://sites.google.com/site/sorohco

Majority of the shares of the company are owned directly or indirectly by Rami Makhlouf.

►C1  23.9.2011 ◄

▼B

18.

Syriatel

Thawra Street, Ste Building 6th Floor,

BP 2900;

Tel: +963 11 61 26 270;

Fax: +963 11 23 73 97 19;

Email: info@syriatel.com.sy;

Website: http://syriatel.sy/

Controlled by Rami Makhlouf; provides financial support to the regime: through its licensing contract it pays 50 % of its profits to the Government.

23.9.2011

19.

Cham Press TV

Al Qudsi building, 2nd Floor - Baramkeh - Damas;

Tel: +963-11-2260805;

Fax: +963-11-2260806

Email: mail@champress.com

Website: www.champress.net

Television channel which participates in campaigns to spread disinformation and incite violence against demonstrators.

1.12.2011

20.

Al Watan

Al Watan Newspaper -Damascus – Duty Free Zone;

Tel: 00963 11 2137400;

Fax: 00963 11 2139928

Daily newspaper which participates in campaigns to spread disinformation and incite violence against demonstrators.

1.12.2011

▼M26

21.

Centre d'études et de recherches syrien (CERS)

(a.k.a. Centre d'Etude et de Recherche Scientifique (CERS); Scientific Studies and Research Center (SSRC); Centre de Recherche de Kaboun)

Barzeh Street,

Po Box 4470,

Damascus

Provides support to the Syrian army for the acquisition of equipment used for the surveillance and repression of demonstrators.

Operating in the chemical weapon proliferation sector, it is the government entity responsible for developing and producing non-conventional weapons, including chemical weapons, and the missiles to deliver them.

1.12.2011

▼B

22.

Business Lab

Maysat Square, Al Rasafi Street Bldg. 9,

PO Box 7155,

Damascus;

Tel: 963112725499;

Fax: 963112725399

Front company for the acquisition of sensitive equipment by the CERS.

1.12.2011

23.

Industrial Solutions

Baghdad Street 5,

PO Box 6394,

Damascus;

Tel /fax: 63114471080

Front company for the acquisition of sensitive equipment by the CERS.

1.12.2011

24.

Mechanical Construction Factory (MCF)

P.O. Box 35202,

Industrial Zone,

Al-Qadam Road,

Damas

Front company for the acquisition of sensitive equipment by the CERS.

1.12.2011

25.

Syronics – Syrian Arab Co. for Electronic Industries

Kaboon Street,

P.O.Box 5966,

Damascus;

Tel.: +963-11-5111352;

Fax: +963-11-5110117

Front company for the acquisition of sensitive equipment by the CERS.

1.12.2011

26.

Handasieh – Organization for Engineering Industries

P.O. Box 5966,

Abou Bakr Al-Seddeq St.,

Damascus

and PO BOX 2849

Al-Moutanabi Street,

Damascus

and PO BOX 21120

Baramkeh,

Damascus;

Tel: 963112121816; 963112121834; 963112214650; 963112212743; 963115110117

Front company for the acquisition of sensitive equipment by the CERS.

1.12.2011

27.

Syria Trading Oil Company (Sytrol)

Prime Minister Building,

17 Street Nissan,

Damascus, Syria

State-owned company responsible for all oil exports from Syria. Provides financial support to the regime.

1.12.2011

28.

General Petroleum Corporation (GPC)

New Sham - Building of Syrian Oil Company,

PO Box 60694,

Damascus, Syria

BOX: 60694;

Tel: 963113141635;

Fax: 963113141634;

Email: info@gpc-sy.com

State-owned oil company. Provides financial support to the regime.

1.12.2011

29.

Al Furat Petroleum Company

Dummar - New Sham -Western Dummer 1st. Island -Property 2299- AFPC Building

P.O. Box 7660

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: 00963-11- (6183333); 00963-11- (31913333);

Fax: 00963-11- (6184444); 00963-11- (31914444);

afpc@afpc.net.sy

Joint venture 50 % owned by GPC. Provides financial support to the regime.

1.12.2011

30.

Industrial Bank

Dar Al Muhanisen Building, 7th Floor, Maysaloun Street,

P.O. Box 7572

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: +963 11-222-8200; +963 11-222-7910;

Fax: +963 11-222-8412

State-owned bank. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

31.

Popular Credit Bank

Dar Al Muhanisen Building, 6th Floor, Maysaloun Street,

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: +963 11-222-7604; +963 11-221-8376;

Fax: +963 11-221-0124

State-owned bank. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

32.

Saving Bank

Syria-Damascus – Merjah – Al-Furat St.

P.O. Box: 5467;

Fax: 224 4909; 245 3471;

Tel: 222 8403;

email: s.bank@scs-net.org, post-gm@net.sy

State-owned bank. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

33.

Agricultural Cooperative Bank

Agricultural Cooperative Bank Building, Damascus Tajhez,

P.O. Box 4325,

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: +963 11-221-3462; +963 11-222-1393;

Fax: +963 11-224-1261;

Website: www.agrobank.org

State-owned bank. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

34.

Syrian Lebanese Commercial Bank

Syrian Lebanese Commercial Bank Building, 6th Floor, Makdessi Street, Hamra,

P.O. Box 11-8701,

Beirut, Lebanon;

Tel: +961 1-741666;

Fax: +961 1-738228; +961 1-753215; +961 1-736629;

Website: www.slcb.com.lb

Subsidiary of the Commercial Bank of Syria already listed. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

35.

Deir ez-Zur Petroleum Company

Dar Al Saadi Building 1st, 5th, and 6th Floor Zillat Street Mazza Area

P.O. Box 9120

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: +963 11-662-1175; +963 11-662-1400;

Fax: +963 11-662-1848

Joint venture of GPC. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

▼M23

36.

Ebla Petroleum Company a.k.a. Ebco

Head Office Mazzeh Villat Ghabia Dar Es Saada 16,

P.O. Box 9120,

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: +963 116691100

Joint venture of GPC. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

▼B

37.

Dijla Petroleum Company

Building No. 653 – 1st Floor, Daraa Highway,

P.O. Box 81,

Damascus, Syria

Joint venture of GPC. Provides financial support to the regime.

23.1.2012

38.

Central Bank of Syria

Syria, Damascus, Sabah Bahrat Square

Postal address: Altjreda al Maghrebeh square,

Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic,

P.O. Box: 2254

Providing financial support to the regime.

27.2.2012

39.

Syrian Petroleum company

Address: Dummar Province, Expansion Square, Island 19-Building 32

P.O. BOX: 2849 or 3378;

Phone: 00963-11-3137935 or 3137913;

Fax: 00963-11-3137979 or 3137977;

Email: spccom2@scs-net.org or spccom1@scs-net.org;

Websites: www.spc.com.sy www.spc-sy.com

State-owned oil company. Provides financial support to the Syrian regime.

23.3.2012

40.

Mahrukat Company (The Syrian Company for the Storage and Distribution of Petroleum Products)

Headquarters: Damascus – Al Adawi st., Petroleum building;

Fax: 00963-11/4445796;

Phone: 00963-11/44451348 – 4451349;

Email: mahrukat@net.sy;

Website: http://www.mahrukat.gov.sy/indexeng.php

State-owned oil company. Provides financial support to the Syrian regime.

23.3.2012

41.

General Organisation of Tobacco

Salhieh Street 616,

Damascus, Syria

Provides financial support to the Syrian regime. The General Organisation of Tobacco is wholly owned by the Syrian state. The profits that the organisation makes, including through the sale of licenses to market foreign brands of tobacco and taxes levied on imports of foreign brands of tobacco are transferred to the Syrian state.

15.5.2012

42.

Ministry of Defence

Address: Umayyad Square,

Damascus;

Telephone: +963-11-7770700

Syrian government branch directly involved in repression.

26.6.2012

43.

Ministry of Interior

Address: Merjeh Square,

Damascus;

Telephone: +963-11-2219400; +963-11-2219401; +963-11-2220220; +963-11-2210404

Syrian government branch directly involved in repression.

26.6.2012

44.

Syrian National Security Bureau

 

Syrian government branch and element of the Syrian Ba'ath Party. Directly involved in repression. It directed Syrian security forces to use extreme force against demonstrators.

26.6.2012

▼M3 —————

▼B

46.

General Organisation of Radio and TV (a.k.a. Syrian Directorate General of Radio & Television Est; a.k.a. General Radio and Television Corporation; a.k.a. Radio and Television Corporation; a.k.a. GORT)

Address: Al Oumaween Square,

P.O. Box 250,

Damascus, Syria;

Telephone (963 11) 223 4930

State-run agency subordinate to Syria's Ministry of Information and as such supports and promotes its information policy. It is responsible for operating Syria's state-owned television channels, two terrestrial and one satellite, as well as government radio stations. The GORT has incited violence against the civilian population in Syria, serving as a propaganda instrument for the Assad regime and spreading disinformation.

26.6.2012

47.

Syrian Company for Oil Transport (a.k.a. Syrian Crude Oil Transportation Company; a.k.a. 'SCOT'; a.k.a. 'SCOTRACO')

Banias Industrial Area, Latakia Entrance Way,

P.O. Box 13,

Banias, Syria;

Website www.scot-syria.com;

Email: scot50@scn-net.org

Syrian state owned oil company. Provides financial support to the regime.

26.6.2012

48.

Drex Technologies S.A.

Incorporation date: 4 July 2000;

Incorporation number: 394678;

Director: Rami Makhlouf;

Registered agent: Mossack Fonseca & Co (BVI) Ltd

Drex Technologies is wholly owned by Rami Makhlouf, who is listed under EU sanctions for providing financial support to the Syrian regime. Rami Makhlouf uses Drex Technologies to facilitate and manage his international financial holdings, including a majority share in SyriaTel, which the EU has previously listed on the grounds that it also provides financial support to the Syrian regime.

24.7.2012

49.

Cotton Marketing Organisation

Address: Bab Al-Faraj

P.O. Box 729,

Aleppo;

Tel.: +96321 2239495/6/7/8;

Cmo-aleppo@mail.sy, www.cmo.gov.sy

State-owned company. Provides financial support to the Syrian regime.

24.7.2012

50.

Syrian Arab Airlines (a.k.a. SAA, a.k.a. Syrian Air)

Al-Mohafazeh Square,

P.O. Box 417,

Damascus, Syria;

Tel: +963112240774

Public company controlled by the regime. Provides financial support for the regime.

24.7.2012

51.

Drex Technologies Holding S.A.

Registered in Luxembourg under number B77616, formerly established at the following address:

17, rue Beaumont

L-1219 Luxembourg

The beneficial owner of Drex Technologies Holding S.A. is Rami Makhlouf, who is listed under EU sanctions for providing financial support to the Syrian regime.

17.8.2012

52.

Megatrade

Address: Aleppo Street,

P.O. Box 5966,

Damascus, Syria;

Fax: 963114471081

Acts as a proxy for the Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC), which is listed. Involved in trade in dual use goods prohibited by EU sanctions for the Syrian government.

16.10.2012

53.

Expert Partners

Address: Rukn Addin, Saladin Street, Building 5,

PO Box: 7006,

Damascus, Syria

Acts as a proxy for the Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC), which is listed. Involved in trade in dual use goods prohibited by EU sanctions for the Syrian government.

16.10.2012

▼M6

54.

Overseas Petroleum Trading a.k.a. ‘Overseas Petroleum Trading SAL (Off-Shore)’ a.k.a. ‘Overseas Petroleum Company’

Dunant Street, Snoubra Sector, Beirut, Lebanon.

Providing support to the Syrian regime and benefitting from the regime by organising covert shipments of oil to the Syrian regime.

23.7.2014

▼M20 —————

▼M5

56.

The Baniyas Refinery Company a.k.a. Banias, Banyas.

Banias Refinery Building, 26 Latkia Main Road, Tartous, P.O. Box 26, Syria.

Subsidiary of the General Corporation for Refining and Distribution of Petroleum Products (GCRDPP), a section of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources. As such it provides financial support to the Syrian regime.

23.7.2014

57.

The Homs Refinery Company. a.k.a Hims, General Company for Homs Refinery.

General Company for Homs Refinery Building, 352 Tripoli Street, Homs, P.O. Box 352, Syria.

Subsidiary of the General Corporation for Refining and Distribution of Petroleum Products (GCRDPP), a section of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources. As such is provides financial support to the Syrian regime.

23.7.2014

58.

Army Supply Bureau

PO Box 3361, Damascus

Involved in the procurement of military equipment in support of the regime, and therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria. Branch of Syrian Ministry of Defence.

23.7.2014

59.

Industrial Establishment of Defence. a.k.a. Industrial Establishment of Defense (IED), Industrial Establishment for Defence, Defence Factories Establishment, Establissements Industriels de la Defense (EID), Establissement Industrial de la Defence (ETINDE), Coefficient Defense Foundation.

Al Thawraa Street, P.O. Box 2330 Damascas, or Al-Hameh, Damascas Countryside, P.O. Box 2230.

Involved in the procurement of military equipment for the regime, and therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria. Branch of Syrian Ministry of Defence.

23.7.2014

▼M29

60.

Higher Institute for Applied Sciences and Technology (HIAST) (image image) (a.k.a. Institut Supérieur des Sciences Appliquées et de Technologie (ISSAT))

P.O. Box 31983, Barzeh

Affiliated to and a subsidiary of the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC) which is already designated. It provides training and support to the SSRC and is therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population.

23.7.2014

▼M5

61.

National Standards & Calibration Laboratory (NSCL)

P.O. Box 4470 Damascus

Affiliated to and a subsidiary of the Syrian Scientific Studies and Research Centre (SSRC) which is already designated. It provides training and support to the SSRC and is therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population.

23.7.2014

62.

El Jazireh a.k.a. Al Jazerra

Shaheen Building, 2nd floor, Sami el Solh, Beyrouth; sector of hydrocarbons

Owned or controlled by Ayman Jaber, therefore associated with a designated person.

23.7.2014

▼M7

63.

Pangates International Corp Ltd

(a.k.a. Pangates)

PO Box 8177

Sharjah Airport International Free Zone

United Arab Emirates

Pangates acts as an intermediary in the supply of oil to the Syrian regime. Therefore, it is providing support to and benefiting from the Syrian regime. It is also associated with listed Syrian oil company Sytrol.

21.10.2014

64.

██████

██████

██████

█████

██████

██████

▼M10

65.

Organisation for Technological Industries

(a.k.a. Technical Industries Corporation (TIC))

Address: PO Box 11037 Damascus, Syria

Subsidiary of the Syrian Ministry of Defence, which has been designated by the Council.

OTI is involved in the production of chemical weapons for the Syrian regime.

It is therefore responsible for the violent repression against the Syrian population.

As a subsidiary of the Ministry of Defence, it is also associated with a designated entity.

7.3.2015

66.

Syrian Company for Information Technology (SCIT)

Address: PO Box 11037 Damascus, Syria

Subsidiary of the Organisation for Technological Industries (OTI) and therefore the Syrian Ministry of Defence, which have been designated by the Council. It also works with the Central Bank of Syria which has been designated by the Council.

As a subsidiary of OTI and the Ministry of Defence, SCIT is associated with these designated entities.

7.3.2015

67.

Hamsho Trading

(a.k.a. Hamsho Group; Hmisho Trading Group; Hmisho Economic Group)

Hamsho Building

31 Baghdad Street

Damascus,

Syria

Subsidiary of Hamsho International, which has been designated by the Council.

As such, Hamsho Trading is associated with a designated entity, Hamsho International.

Supports the Syrian regime through its subsidiaries, including Syria Steel. Through its subsidiaries it is associated with groups such as the pro-regime Shabiha militias.

7.3.2015

▼M15 —————

▼M10

70.

DK Group

(a.k.a. DK Group SARL DK Middle East & Africa Regional Office)

Addresses: DK Middle East & Africa Regional Office, Peres Lazaristes Centre, No 3, 5th Floor, Emir Bachir Street, Beirut Central District, Bachoura Sector, Beirut, Lebanon.

Azarieh Building — Block 03, 5th Floor

Azarieh Street — Solidere — Downtown, PO Box 11-503, Beirut, Lebanon

DK Group supplies new banknotes to the Central Bank of Syria.

DK Group therefore provides support to the regime. Due to this supply relationship, it is also associated with a designated entity, the Central Bank of Syria.

7.3.2015

▼M24

71.

██████

██████

██████

█████

██████

██████

▼M30

72.

Rawafed Damascus Private Joint Stock Company

(a.k.a. Rawafed/Rawafid/Rawafed (Tributary) image Damascus Private Joint Stock Company)

Address: Damascus, Syria

Rawafed Damascus Private Joint Stock Company is a USD 48,3 million joint venture between Damascus Cham Holdings, Ramak Development and Humanitarian Projects, Al-Ammar LLC, Timeet Trading LLC (also referred to as Ultimate Trading Co. Ltd.), and Wings Private JSC. Rawafed supports and/or benefits from the Syrian regime, including through its participation in the regime-backed luxury development Marota City.

21.1.2019

73.

Aman Damascus Joint Stock Company

(a.k.a. Aman Damascus JSC)

Address: Damascus, Syria

Aman Damascus Joint Stock Company is a USD 18,9 million joint venture between Damascus Cham Holdings and Aman Group. Through its participation in the regime-backed luxury development Marota City, Aman Damascus supports and/or benefits from the Syrian regime.

21.1.2019

74.

Bunyan Damascus Private Joint Stock Company

(a.k.a. Bunyan Damascus Private JSC)

Address: Damascus, Syria

Bunyan Damascus Private Joint Stock Company is a USD 34,8 million joint venture between Damascus Cham Holdings and Apex Development and Projects LLC and Tamayoz LLC. Through its participation in the regime-backed luxury development Marota City, Bunyan Damascus Private Joint Stock Company supports and/or benefits from the Syrian regime.

21.1.2019

75.

Mirza

Address: Damascus, Syria

Mirza is a USD 52,7 million joint venture between Damascus Cham Holding and Talas Group. Through its participation in the regime-backed luxury development Marota City, Mirza supports and/or benefits from the Syrian regime.

21.1.2019

76.

Developers Private Joint Stock Company

(a.k.a. Developers Private JSC)

Address: Damascus, Syria

Developers Private Joint Stock Company is a USD 17,7 million joint venture between Damascus Cham Holdings and Exceed Development and Investment. Through its participation in the regime-backed luxury development Marota City, Developers Private Joint Stock Company supports and/or benefits from the Syrian regime.

21.1.2019

▼B




ANNEX II

List of entities referred to in Article 28



Entities

 

Name

Identifying information

Reasons

Date of listing

1.

Commercial Bank of Syria

— Damascus Branch, P.O. Box 2231, Moawiya St., Damascus, Syria;

— P.O. Box 933, Yousef Azmeh Square, Damascus, Syria;

— Aleppo Branch, P.O. Box 2, Kastel Hajjarin St., Aleppo, Syria; ►C6  SWIFT/BIC: CMSYSYDA; ◄ all offices worldwide [NPWMD];

Website: http://cbs-bank.sy/En-index.php

Tel: +963 11 2218890;

Fax: +963 11 2216975;

General management: dir.cbs@mail.sy

State-owned bank providing financial support to the regime.

13.10.2011

Top