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Document 52012XG1214(01)

Fourteenth Annual Report according to Article 8(2) of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment

OJ C 386, 14.12.2012, p. 1–431 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

14.12.2012   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

C 386/1


FOURTEENTH ANNUAL REPORT ACCORDING TO ARTICLE 8(2) OF COUNCIL COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES GOVERNING CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT

2012/C 386/01

INTRODUCTION

The present report covers activities undertaken by the EU and its Member States in the framework of the implementation of Council Common Position 2008/944/CFSP (1) throughout 2011 and 2012. As far as data on conventional arms exports are concerned, the report covers the 2011 calendar year.

During 2011 and 2012, the EU and its Member States continued to implement Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment, which replaced in 2008 the EU Code of Conduct on arms exports in force since June 1998. Article 15 of the Common Position establishes that the Common Position shall be reviewed three years after its adoption. On this basis, the EU Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) initiated preparatory work for the review in the second half of 2011. A thorough assessment of the provisions and implementation of the Common Position has been conducted over the past months and confirmed that the provisions of the Common Position, and the instruments it provides for, continue to properly serve the objectives set by the Council in 2008 and to provide a solid basis for the coordination of Member States’ arms export policies. The Council will continue to work in the months to come on ways to improve the implementation of the Common Position. Preliminary results of the review process are expected to be reflected in Council Conclusions by the end of 2012.

The following third countries have officially aligned themselves with the criteria and principles of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Montenegro and Norway. COARM developed in 2011 a specific information exchange system between the EU and certain third countries aligning with the Common Position.

The promotion of effective national arms export control regimes in selected third countries was carried out in 2011 and 2012 in the framework of Council Decision 2009/1012/CFSP of 22 December 2009 on support for EU activities in order to promote the control of arms exports and the principles and criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP among third countries (2).

The EU and its Member States continued to play a leading role in the Arms Trade Treaty process, thoroughly preparing for, and actively participating in the 2012 UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty in July 2012, and in all the sessions of the Preparatory Committee that took place in 2011 and 2012. The EU remains committed to the swift successful conclusion of the ATT negotiating process in early 2013. EU efforts also focused on outreach to third countries, both through bilateral consultations and through the organisation of regional outreach events in the framework of Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP of 14 June 2010 (3).

I.   IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP

1.   Implementation of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP in national legislation or administrative rules

Member States are requested to apply the provisions of the Common Position in their national export control systems. The Common Position is an evolution of the EU Code of Conduct on arms exports, which it replaced in December 2008.

It includes, inter alia, an extension of controls on brokering, transit transactions and intangible transfers of technologies, as well as strengthened procedures to harmonise Member States’ export policies.

Member States are required to ensure full implementation of the Common Position in their national legislation or administrative rules. The situation regarding national transposition of the Common Position into Member States’ arms export control regimes is reported in the annexed Table C.

2.   User's Guide

The User’s Guide is an essential instrument summarising agreed guidance for the implementation of the operative provisions of the Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, and the interpretation of its criteria. It is referred to in Article 13 of the Common Position.

It has been developed by the Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) and is updated as appropriate. It is intended for use primarily by export licensing officials, thus substantially contributing, in a pragmatic way, to the convergence of Member States’ arms export control policies and procedures. The Guide is a public document available on the website of the European External Action Service (4).

The User’s Guide contains sections, inter alia, on the following issues:

(a)   Denial notifications and consultations

Denial notifications and bilateral consultations continue to take place via the EU’s electronic coreu system on a daily basis. Information is circulated in a timely manner, ensuring transparency on the arms export policies of Member States vis-à-vis specific countries of final destination and end-users.

The denials notified, as well as the results of bilateral consultations, are included in a central electronic EU database of denials. The database is managed by the European External Action Service, and represents a dynamic system reflecting Member States’ arms export control policies. The number of denials notified in 2011 are indicated in row (d) of the tables in Table A.I (annexed to this report) per destination and per military list category; the number of consultations issued and received by each Member State, and the number of consultations per destination can be found in Tables B.I and B.II respectively.

(b)   Best practice for interpretation of criteria

The best practices for interpretation of the criteria of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP have been developed by the COARM working party, building on national best practices and taking into account input from other relevant stakeholders.

Their purpose is to achieve greater consistency among Member States in the application of the criteria of the Common Position. This is achieved, inter alia, through the identification of factors that need to be considered when assessing export licence applications. The best practices are for the use by export licensing officials and other officials in government departments and agencies. The decision-making process is informed by the expertise of these officials on questions covering regional, legal (e.g. human rights law, public international law), technical, development, as well as security and military related, issues.

3.   Review of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP

Article 15 of the Common Position establishes that the Common Position shall be reviewed three years after its adoption. On this basis, the EU Council Working Party on Conventional Arms Exports (COARM) initiated preparatory work for the review in the second half of 2011 and a thorough assessment of the provisions of the Common Position was conducted 2012. Involvement of relevant stakeholders, such as the European Parliament and civil society, has been ensured through the organisation of a series of dedicated meetings.

On the basis of this assessment exercised, it emerged that the Common Position, and the instruments it provides for, continue to properly serve the objectives set by the Council in 2008 and to provide a solid basis for the coordination of Member States’ arms export policies. Preliminary results of the review process are expected to be reflected in Council Conclusions by the end of 2012.

At the same time, it also emerged that further progress is achievable in the implementation of the Common Position and in ensuring maximum convergence among Member States in the field of exports of conventional arms. To this end, the Council will continue to work in the months to come on ways to improve the implementation of the Common Position.

4.   Outreach

Article 11 of the Common Position calls on Member States to ‘use their best endeavours to encourage other States, which export military technology or equipment to apply the criteria of the Common Position.’ Coordinated outreach activities by Member States and the EU continued throughout 2011 and 2012 to date (see Table D, annexed hereto).

Decision 2009/1012/CFSP allocated funds for five regional outreach seminars and four staff exchanges with third countries closely associated to the EU. Its technical implementation has been entrusted to the German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA).

In 2011, the fourth and fifth outreach seminars foreseen by Decision 2009/1012/CFSP took place respectively in Podgorica, Montenegro, in May 2011 for the Western Balkan countries (Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia; the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; Montenegro, and Serbia), and in Kiev, Ukraine, in November 2011, for the Eastern European and Caucasian partners of the European Neighbourhood Policy (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, and Ukraine).

As far as the staff exchanges foreseen by the Council Decision are concerned, Hungary hosted a study visit for Croatian arms export control officials in June 2011, Portugal hosted a study visit for officials from the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and from Montenegro in October 2011. Study visits for arms export control personnel from Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Montenegro was also hosted by Poland in November 2011. Finally, the Czech Republic hosted a study visit for officials from Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Montenegro in January 2012. These staff exchanges enabled officials from EU candidate countries to benefit from Member States’ experience regarding the implementation in day-to-day practice of arms exports-related customs issues, brokering and transit controls, reporting and transparency, exporters’ internal compliance programmes, and the national implementation of international and EU sanctions.

In the second half of 2012, work has started to prepare the adoption of a new Council Decision on outreach activities to promote the principles and criteria of the Common Position among third countries.

5.   Political dialogue meetings

Political dialogue meetings on arms export control issues were held on a biannual basis in 2011 and 2012 with Norway, Canada, Ukraine, the United States, the Russian Federation and, in 2012, for the first time with Serbia.

These political dialogues provided a forum for fruitful discussions on matters of mutual interest such as export policies to specific destinations, compliance and control issues, and the Arms Trade Treaty process.

6.   Update of the Common Military List of the European Union

The Common Military List of the European Union has the status of a commitment in the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. It is reproduced as the scope of defence-related products annexed to Directive 2009/43/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 simplifying terms and conditions of transfers of defence-related products within the Community (5).

On 27 February 2012, the Council adopted an updated version of the list which takes into account changes in the Wassenaar Arrangement’s Munitions List agreed at the 2011 Plenary meeting of the Wassenaar Arrangement. The updated version of the Common Military List of the European Union was published in the Official Journal of the European Union C 85 of 22 March 2012, p. 1.

7.   Arms brokering

The Council agreed that the information sharing commitments set out in Council Common Position 2003/468/CFSP of 23 June 2003 on the control of arms brokering (6) should be implemented via the mechanism laid down in Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. In accordance with Article 5 of Common Position 2003/468/CFSP, Member States have put in place separate arrangements for the exchange of information on brokering licences granted and denied. Furthermore, in accordance with Articles 4 and 5 of Common Position 2003/468/CFSP, those Member States who have required brokers to obtain a written authorisation to act as brokers and/or have established a register of arms brokers, have put in place separate arrangements for the exchange of relevant information on registered brokers. Information on brokering licences granted and denied by EU Member States can be found in the annexed Table A.III.

Detailed information on national implementation of the Common Position on brokering or, for those Member States which have not yet fully implemented the Common Position, information on the state of play of its implementation, is provided in the annexed Table C.

8.   Intra-EU defence transfers

Directive 2009/43/EC simplifying intra-EU defence transfers provides that Member States shall adopt and publish, no later than 30 June 2011, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with it. Member States are bound to apply the adopted measures as from 30 June 2012. Since the adoption of the Directive in 2009, Member States have held discussions in the context of a Commission-chaired committee on how best to address issues raised by the transposition of the Directive into their national legislation. Based on the input of this committee, the Commission adopted on 11 January 2011 a Recommendation (7) on the certification of defence undertakings under Article 9 of Directive 2009/43/EC. The Annex of the Directive that lays down the scope of defence items covered by the Directive has been amended according to updates of the EU common military list by Commission Directives 2010/80/EU (8) and 2012/10/EU (9) and a further update should take place by the end of 2012.

9.   Dialogue with the European Parliament and NGOs

Following the temporary suspension of meetings with the European Parliament pending the establishment of the European External Action Service, the dialogue between the COARM working party and the European Parliament resumed on 5 December 2011 with the hearing by the Sub-Committee on defence and security of the COARM Chair.

In accordance with past practice, COARM meetings with non-governmental organisations were organised in the period 2011-2012 on a six-monthly basis.

II.   ARMS TRADE TREATY (ATT)

1.   Engagement in the sessions of the Preparatory Committee

Achieving a legally binding and robust Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) has been among the top foreign policy priorities for the European Union. An ATT can make a substantial contribution to the regulation of the international trade in arms, making it more transparent and more responsible, through the establishment of common, high international standards. The ATT process reached a crucial stage with the convening of the July 2012 UN Conference mandated to negotiate the Treaty.

Throughout the period of 2011-2012, the European Union and its Member States closely supported and participated in the UN-led Arms Trade Treaty process. In preparation to the sessions of the ATT Preparatory Committee (February and July 2011, and February 2012) and to the July 2012 UN Conference, a dedicated sub-group of the COARM working group has met regularly to share views and coordinate positions, thereby allowing the EU to continue to be a very active and visible player in the ATT process. On the basis of EU coordinated positions, the EU and its Member States also held extensive consultations with third countries, and in particular major arms-manufacturing countries, and with the Chairman of the UN Conference, Ambassador Roberto García Moritán.

While recognising that significant progress was reached at the UN Conference, the EU regrets that no agreement on a final text of the Treaty could be reached. Strong efforts will continue to be made towards the early and successful conclusion of the negotiating process at the final UN conference in early 2013, which will complete negotiations on the basis of the draft Treaty of 26 July 2012.

2.   Outreach in the context of Council Decision 2010/336/CFSP of 14 June 2010 on EU activities in support of the Arms Trade Treaty

Since 2009, the EU has been particularly active in promoting the ATT process vis-à-vis third countries, and with the aim of increasing participation in the UN consultations and improving understanding by all UN Member States of the different elements of a future treaty.

On the basis of the results achieved through the first series of outreach events funded by Council Decision 2009/42/CFSP (10), the EU decided to increase efforts to enhance participation in and better understanding of the ATT process with the adoption of Decision 2010/336/CFSP.

In 2011 and 2012, outreach seminars in the framework of the 2010 Council Decision were held in Casablanca, Morocco (February 2011) for Northern, Western and Central Africa countries, in Montevideo, Uruguay (April 2011) for American and Caribbean countries, in Bali, Indonesia (June 2011) for East Asia and Pacific countries, in Nairobi, Kenya, for Eastern and Southern African countries (February 2012), in Beirut, Lebanon for Middle East countries (March 2012) and in Belgrade, Serbia, for European and Caucasus countries (April 2012). Side events were also organised in the margins of the ATT Preparatory Committee sessions, held in New York in February and July 2011, and in the margins of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly First Committee in October 2011. A final event was held in New York in the margins of the July 2012 UN Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty.

III.   PRIORITY GUIDELINES FOR COARM FOR THE NEAR FUTURE

With the adoption of the legally-binding Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, the fundamental elements of a common approach to the control of conventional arms exports by Member States have been identified. In spite of the progress represented by the adoption of the Common Position, there is still work to be done, especially in the areas which have not been addressed in the past, or where further work is necessary to consolidate and build on the results achieved. The review of the Common Position, as mandated by its Article 15, has so far enabled the identification of areas where the full potential of the text of the Common Position could be better exercised at the implementing level.

The following are priority guidelines for the near future:

1.

to finalise the review of Common Position 2008/944/CFSP and address the areas for improvement that have been identified as part of the assessment exercise, with a view to achieving a more effective implementation of the Common Position;

2.

to update as appropriate the User’s Guide and EU Common Military List, notably in the light of the results of the review process of the Common Position;

3.

to ensure that those Member States, which have not yet done so, adopt the appropriate national regulations or administrative rules to fully implement:

Common Position 2003/468/CFSP on the control of arms brokering,

Common Position 2008/944/CFSP defining common rules governing control of exports of military technology and equipment;

4.

to continue coordination at EU level and input into the negotiating process on the Arms Trade Treaty, with a view to ensuring the swift and successful conclusion of negotiations within the United Nations;

5.

to continue COARM outreach activities to promote the principles and criteria of the Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, taking into account the results of the assessment of the implementation of Decision 2009/1012/CFSP;

6.

to continue to develop information and best practices exchanges with third countries aligned with Common Position 2008/944/CFSP, in consultation with relevant stakeholders;

7.

to continue the dialogue with the European Parliament and to further develop relations with civil society and industry;

8.

to ensure the early finalisation and publishing of the 15th EU annual report on arms exports.


(1)  OJ L 335, 13.12.2008, p. 99.

(2)  OJ L 348, 29.12.2009, p. 16.

(3)  OJ L 152, 18.6.2010, p. 14.

(4)  http://www.eeas.europa.eu/non-proliferation-and-disarmament/arms-export-control/index_en.htm

(5)  OJ L 146, 10.6.2009, p. 1.

(6)  OJ L 156, 25.6.2003, p. 79.

(7)  OJ L 11, 15.1.2011, p. 62.

(8)  OJ L 308, 24.11.2010, p. 11.

(9)  OJ L 85, 24.3.2012, p. 3.

(10)  OJ L 17, 22.1.2009, p. 39.


ANNEX

The attached tables contain the following information:

A.I

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND LICENCE REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLD WIDE

A.II

TABLE SHOWING EXPORTS TO UNITED NATIONS-MANDATED OR OTHER INTERNATIONAL MISSIONS IN 2011

A.III

TABLE PROVIDING INFORMATION ON BROKERING LICENCES GRANTED AND DENIED PER MEMBER STATE

B.I

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS INITIATED AND TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS RECEIVED BY EACH MEMBER STATE IN 2011

B.II

TABLE SHOWING TOTAL NUMBER OF CONSULTATIONS FOR EACH DESTINATION CONCERNED IN 2011

C.

INFORMATION ON NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION OF COMMON POSITION 2003/468/CFSP ON THE CONTROL OF ARMS BROKERING AND COMMON POSITION 2008/944/CFSP DEFINING COMMON RULES FOR THE CONTROL OF EXPORTS OF MILITARY TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT

D.

TABLE OF OUTREACH ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT BY THE EU AND MEMBER STATES (MAY 2011 TO JULY 2012)

E.

TABLE SHOWING INTERNET ADDRESSES FOR NATIONAL REPORTS ON ARMS EXPORTS

Brief descriptions of EU Common Military List categories

(cf. OJ C 85 of 22 March 2012 for the full EU Common Military List)

ML1

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of less than 20 mm, other arms and automatic weapons with a calibre of 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches) or less and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML2

Smooth-bore weapons with a calibre of 20 mm or more, other weapons or armament with a calibre greater than 12,7 mm (calibre 0,50 inches), projectors and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML3

Ammunition and fuse setting devices, and specially designed components therefor

ML4

Bombs, torpedoes, rockets, missiles, other explosive devices and charges and related equipment and accessories, and specially designed components therefor

ML5

Fire control, and related alerting and warning equipment, and related systems, test and alignment and countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML6

Ground vehicles and components

ML7

Chemical or biological toxic agents, ‘riot control agents’, radioactive materials, related equipment, components and materials

ML8

‘Energetic materials’, and related substances

ML9

Vessels of war, (surface or underwater) special naval equipment, accessories, components and other surface vessels

ML10

‘Aircraft’, ‘lighter than air vehicles’, unmanned airborne vehicles, aero-engines and ‘aircraft’ equipment, related equipment and components, specially designed or modified for military use

ML11

Electronic equipment, not specified elsewhere on the EU Common Military List, and specially designed components therefor

ML12

High velocity kinetic energy weapon systems and related equipment, and specially designed components therefor

ML13

Armoured or protective equipment, constructions and components

ML14

Specialised equipment for military training or for simulating military scenarios, simulators specially designed for training in the use of any firearm or weapon specified by ML1 or ML2, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML15

Imaging or countermeasure equipment, specially designed for military use, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML16

Forgings, castings and other unfinished products the use of which in a specified product is identifiable by material composition, geometry or function, and which are specially designed for any products specified by ML1 to ML4, ML6, ML9, ML10, ML12 or ML19

ML17

Miscellaneous equipment, materials and ‘libraries’, and specially designed components therefor

ML18

Production equipment and components of products referred to in the EU Common Military List

ML19

Directed energy weapon systems (DEW), related or countermeasure equipment and test models, and specially designed components therefor

ML20

Cryogenic and ‘superconductive’ equipment, and specially designed components and accessories therefor

ML21

‘Software’ specially designed or modified for the ‘development’, ‘production’‘use’ of equipment or materials controlled by the EU Common Military List

ML22

‘Technology’ for the ‘development’, ‘production’ or ‘use’ of items controlled in the EU Common Military List

TABLE A.I

Figures of Table A.I are broken down per Member State, and where possible per EU Common Military List category where (a) = number of licences issued; (b) = value of licences issued in euros; (c) = value of arms exports in euros (if available) (1).

Total EU licence refusals to each destination, region and world wide are provided, broken down by EU Common Military List category; (d) = number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML (2)); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets).

NB:

Statistics are compiled differently by each Member State: no uniform standard is used. Consequently, owing to current procedures in the area of arms export reporting or data protection legislation, not all countries have been able to submit the same information (3).

With regard to actual exports authorised by EU Member States (row c)), it is important to note that Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Greece, Ireland and the United Kingdom could not supply these data while France and Italy have reported total values only. No aggregation is therefore reported at the EU level, except for destinations where all the EU Member States that exported to the destination in question can report under row c).

It is important to bear in mind that exports to destinations subject to EU arms embargoes comply with the terms, conditions and possible exceptions set out in the decisions imposing such embargoes. The full list and details of embargoes is available at: http://eeas.europa.eu/cfsp/sanctions/docs/measures_en.pdf.

TABLES SETTING OUT EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION, PER REGION AND WORLDWIDE

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER (NON-EMBARGOED) DESTINATION

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER DESTINATION (WHEN DESTINATION IS SUBJECT TO AN EU ARMS EMBARGO)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS PER REGION:

Central America and the Caribbean

(Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago)

Central Asia

(Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan)

European Union

(Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark; Denmark (Greenland), Denmark (Faeroes),Estonia, Finland, France, France (French Polynesia), France (Mayotte), France (New Caledonia), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Netherlands (Aruba),Netherlands (Netherlands Antilles), Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United Kingdom (Bermuda), United Kingdom (Cayman Islands), United Kingdom (Channel Islands),United Kingdom (Gibraltar), United Kingdom (St Helena), United Kingdom (Turcs and Caicos Islands)

Middle East

(Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestinian controlled territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)

North Africa

(Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)

North America

(Canada, United States)

North East Asia

(China (Mainland), China (Hong Kong), China (Macao), Korea (Democratic People’s Rep. of), Korea (Republic of), Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan)

Oceania

(Australia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Fed. States of), Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu)

Other European Countries

(Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Georgia, Holy See, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo (under UNSCR 1244/99); Republic of Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Norway, Russian Federation, Serbia, St Marino, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine).

South America

(Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela)

South Asia

(Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka)

South East Asia

(Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, Vietnam)

Sub-Saharan Africa

(Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo (Republic of), Congo (Democratic Republic of), Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe)

EXPORTS AND REFUSALS WORLD WIDE

 

EU ARMS EXPORTS PER DESTINATION IN 2011

Key: (a) = number of licences issued, (b) = value of licences issued in Euros, (c) = value of arms exports in Euros (if available) (d) = total EU number of licence refusals (small discrepancies may appear between breakdowns and totals due to refusals concerning more than one ML item or refusals for items other than those appearing in the ML); (e) = criteria numbers on which refusals are based (the approximate number of times each criterion is invoked is indicated in brackets)

ALBANIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 5

ML 6

ML 15

TOTAL per destination

Czech Republic

a

 

1

 

 

 

1

b

 

64 570

 

 

 

64 570

c

 

63 779

 

 

 

63 779

France

a

 

 

 

 

3

3

b

 

 

 

 

11 763 500

11 763 500

c

 

 

 

 

 

2 892

Germany

a

 

 

1

1

 

2

b

 

 

989

132 313

 

133 302

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

5

 

 

 

 

5

b

409 050

 

 

 

 

409 050

c

 

 

 

 

 

1 194 628

TOTAL PER ML category

a

5

1

1

1

3

11

b

409 050

64 570

989

132 313

11 763 500

12 370 422

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 


ALGERIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 9

ML 10

Austria

a

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

245 000

 

 

479 178

 

 

 

 

 

c

245 000

 

 

479 178

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

1

3

1

2

 

 

 

b

 

 

12 800

14 323 259

795 210

1 321 790

 

 

 

c

23 962

280 656

24 317 135

4 678 079

 

1 282 301

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

15 679 639

 

 

9 005 752

c

 

 

278 924

 

 

9 019 315

 

 

10 831 790

France

a

 

 

 

 

4

 

1

 

8

b

 

 

 

 

1 608 213

 

253 235

 

5 683 079

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

214 006 570

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

1

10

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 974 000

416 172 665

56 118 079

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

1

 

 

 

1

3

 

 

5

b

3 737

 

 

 

147 103

2 211 662

 

 

18 739 089

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

136 766

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

2

 

 

3

1

 

 

 

3

b

435 273

 

 

660 341

44 160

 

 

 

61 910

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

4

 

1

7

7

15

4

1

30

b

684 010

 

12 800

15 462 778

2 594 686

233 219 661

5 227 235

416 172 665

89 607 909

d

 

 

 

2

1

 

2

 

1

e

 

 

 

3(2)

2 (1)

 

3(2)

 

6 (1); 7 (1)


ALGERIA

 

 

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 17

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

724 178

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

724 178

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

8

b

 

 

 

 

22 162

 

 

 

16 475 221

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 582 133

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24 685 391

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

20 130 030

France

a

9

2

 

26

 

 

 

10

60

b

3 178 815

70 906

 

39 846 566

 

 

 

2 888 837

53 529 650

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

48 875 403

Germany

a

3

 

1

 

 

1

1

3

11

b

126 346

 

 

 

 

 

200 560

3 100 000

217 433 476

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

b

255 186

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

477 519 930

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 652 720

Lithuania

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

437 809

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

437 809

c

429 904

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

429 904

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21 101 591

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

136 766

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

21 333 029

 

 

 

21 333 029

United Kingdom

a

2

 

 

1

1

 

 

2

15

b

42 580

 

 

63 427

7 771

 

 

1 568 835

2 884 297

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

17

2

1

27

2

1

1

15

135

b

4 040 736

70 906

 

39 909 993

29 933

 

200 560

7 557 672

814 791 543

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2(1); 3 (4); 6 (1); 7(1)


ANDORRA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 18

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

1

7

 

8

b

4 873

32 967

 

37 840

c

 

32 967

 

32 967

Belgium

a

1

3

 

4

b

559

18 913

 

19 472

c

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

31

6

1

38

b

163 679

77 423

2 000

243 102

c

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

33 185

Spain

a

6

6

 

12

b

191 511

7 383

 

198 894

c

6 466

6 433

 

12 899

Sweden

a

 

1

 

1

b

 

53 800

 

53 800

c

 

12 493

 

12 493

TOTAL PER ML category

a

39

23

1

63

b

360 622

190 486

2 000

553 108

d

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 


ANGOLA

 

 

ML 1

ML 4

ML 6

ML 7

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 15

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

1

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

2 893 795

 

 

354 578

 

3 248 373

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 994 950

Germany

a

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

1 166 670

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 166 670

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 000

 

 

2 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 133

Portugal

a

29

 

 

1

3

 

 

 

 

 

33

b

 

 

 

9 255

69 305

 

 

 

 

 

78 560

c

 

 

 

9 255

69 305

 

 

 

 

 

78 560

Slovakia

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

188 763

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

188 763

c

 

188 660

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

188 660

United Kingdom

a

 

 

1

1

 

1

2

 

 

1

6

b

 

 

916 083

523

 

26 740

109 237

 

 

 

1 052 583

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

29

1

4

2

3

4

2

1

1

1

48

b

 

188 763

2 082 753

9 778

69 305

2 920 535

109 237

2 000

354 578

 

5 736 949

d

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

e

7 (1)

7(1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7(2)


ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

TOTAL per destination

United Kingdom

a

1

2

3

b

6 450

87 472

93 922

c

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

2

3

b

6 450

87 472

93 922

d

 

 

 

e

 

 

 


ARGENTINA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

Austria

a

8

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

715 142

 

 

 

 

7 321

 

 

 

c

489 960

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgium

a

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

620 874

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

1

4

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

253 530

728 049

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

306 840

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

1

1

2

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

4 548

218 290

103 142

 

341 988

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

34

 

 

2

 

 

 

3

5

b

599 295

 

 

352 850

 

 

 

216

323 879

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

50 208

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

202 847

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

226 610

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

9 674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

7 674

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

27

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

403 191

 

106 086

 

 

 

 

 

365 270

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

84

3

5

7

5

1

1

3

10

b

2 348 176

50 208

364 163

1 299 190

305 989

7 321

341 988

216

689 149

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ARGENTINA

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 15

ML 17

ML 18

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

722 463

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

489 960

Belgium

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

6

b

 

 

 

350 820

 

 

 

971 694

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

981 579

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

306 840

France

a

24

 

 

3

 

 

4

36

b

5 684 897

 

 

1 400 697

 

 

1 574 447

9 328 010

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 454 356

Germany

a

7

2

 

1

1

3

 

58

b

516 590

642 230

 

355 000

196

81 302

 

2 871 558

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

74 258

 

 

 

 

 

 

124 466

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 278 641

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

202 847

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

226 610

Romania

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

5 986

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 986

c

5 986

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 986

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 674

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 674

United Kingdom

a

23

2

1

 

 

 

 

61

b

432 583

79 886

34 764

 

 

 

 

1 421 780

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

56

4

1

5

1

3

4

193

b

6 714 314

722 116

34 764

2 106 517

196

81 302

1 574 447

16 640 057

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ARMENIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 10

ML 15

ML21

TOTAL per destination

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

5 008

TOTAL PER ML category

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

d

1

1

1

1

1

5

e

1(1); 4(1); 7(1)

1(1)

7(1)

1(1)

1(1)

1(4); 4(1); 7(2)


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

Austria

a

33

1

 

1

6

6

 

 

 

b

1 456 246

2 866

 

1 043 784

773 140

19 510 274

 

 

 

c

623 035

2 866

 

1 043 784

588 820

19 510 274

 

 

 

Belgium

a

16

7

2

1

 

1

 

 

 

b

3 207 861

887 801

593 600

4 774 655

 

603 280

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

2

 

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

4 960

 

 

45 155

 

 

 

 

 

c

5 261

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

1 474 526

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

2

 

4

 

 

 

4

 

 

b

54 218

 

2 445 032

 

 

 

7 874

 

 

c

7 474

 

1 623

 

 

 

11 649

 

 

France

a

 

6

5

12

18

 

1

 

9

b

 

2 874 252

597 647

20 572 380

13 376 157

 

169 026

 

9 367 840

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

286

5

26

3

9

30

2

11

37

b

3 447 505

8 103

2 297 191

1 059 666

528 825

9 988 539

198

3 761

659 822

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

7

 

 

 

2

1

 

 

 

b

6 500

 

 

 

386 695

29 952

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

6

 

2

 

 

12

b

 

 

 

4 607 411

 

2 017 318

 

 

321 475

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

590

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

590

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

925 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

9 669

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

8 527

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

298 460

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

126 552

 

 

 

Spain

a

1

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

1 155 500

 

 

 

 

1 476 617

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16 249 511

Sweden

a

1

 

5

 

1

 

 

 

2

b

1 978

 

9 545 763

 

14 957

 

 

 

10 066

c

 

121 635

9 270 575

26 466

8 780 372

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

69

1

3

7

7

10

16

4

7

b

2 428 818

42 998

121 916

213 200

32 496

1 782 138

1 196 166

327

93 288 449

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

423

20

46

37

43

51

23

15

70

b

10 618 345

3 816 020

15 601 150

34 946 277

15 112 270

34 229 961

1 373 264

4 088

106 049 268

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

ML 20

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

143 505

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

143 505

 

Belgium

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

11 855

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

1 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

79

3

1

3

11

 

 

 

1

b

298 733 323

2 424 250

151 125

49 932 020

2 378 931

 

 

 

23 543

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

25

59

 

1

1

17

3

12

 

b

1 972 408

6 114 995

 

6 045

6 043

442 399

583 326

432 896

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ireland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

7

3

 

2

1

 

 

 

 

b

11 055 007

221 600

 

226 866

2 148 058

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

63 764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

19 404

63 764

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

406 637 796

39 324

 

 

 

 

 

1 545 619

 

Sweden

a

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

1 124 430

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

1 177 867

 

1 032 476

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

20

7

2

1

 

 

1

1

 

b

756 689

70 950

11 935

1 447

 

 

232

35

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

132

75

4

7

13

17

4

26

1

b

312 529 282

10 019 989

164 060

50 166 378

4 533 032

442 399

583 558

576 436

23 543

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRALIA

 

 

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

60

b

 

 

22 929 815

c

 

 

21 912 284

Belgium

a

 

 

28

b

 

 

10 079 052

c

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

4

b

 

 

50 115

c

 

 

5 261

Denmark

a

 

 

4

b

 

84 558

1 559 084

c

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

11

b

 

 

2 508 124

c

 

 

20 846

France

a

 

19

168

b

 

2 553 954

403 154 448

c

 

 

130 359 839

Germany

a

8

5

540

b

47 106

15 300

27 614 128

c

 

 

 

Ireland

a

 

 

10

b

 

 

423 147

c

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

2

35

b

 

120 000

20 717 735

c

 

 

23 135 740

Malta

a

 

 

2

b

 

 

590

c

 

 

590

Netherlands

a

 

 

3

b

 

 

988 764

c

 

 

83 168

Romania

a

 

 

4

b

 

 

9 669

c

 

 

8 527

Slovenia

a

 

 

1

b

 

 

298 460

c

 

 

126 552

Spain

a

 

1

5

b

 

 

2 632 117

c

 

 

424 472 250

Sweden

a

1

 

12

b

 

 

10 697 194

c

 

2 436 754

22 846 145

United Kingdom

a

5

11

172

b

49 970

47 348

100 045 114

c

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

14

38

1 059

b

97 076

2 821 160

603 707 556

d

 

 

 

e

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

Belgium

a

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

b

501 782

 

 

 

 

 

 

55 159

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

3

 

 

 

1

2

2

 

 

b

127 269

 

 

 

2 367 130

62 771 009

802 835

 

 

c

31 343

 

5 485 914

 

2 759 198

10 685 556

160 752

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

1

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

23 820

 

237 000

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

23 820

 

16 231

 

 

 

 

 

99 450

France

a

 

 

1

2

11

 

 

2

 

b

 

 

85 547

9 712 817

1 677 522

 

 

94 605

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

8

4

24

7

8

270

4

 

9

b

59 598

33 714

1 221 195

156 256

346 732

20 225 735

1 468

 

134 761

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

3

1

 

4

 

 

 

1

1

b

43 454

29 596

 

5 025 000

 

 

 

400 000

500 000

c

43 454

29 596

 

551 152

 

 

 

31 839

25 848

Italy

a

1

 

1

1

2

2

 

 

 

b

509

 

496 644

2 191

1 821 673

55 470 175

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

2 600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

2 600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

4

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

4 500

 

2 476

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

4 500

 

2 476

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

4

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

113 275

 

17 644

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

93

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

226 212

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

226 212

 

 

 

Romania

a

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

119 529

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

68 649

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

10

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

776 466

 

 

 

370 520

 

 

 

c

 

721 366

 

 

 

446 270

 

 

 

Spain

a

4

 

1

 

 

9

 

 

 

b

47 080

 

29 055

 

 

4 785 604

 

 

 

c

13 040

 

 

 

 

952 961

 

 

 

Sweden

a

2

 

2

 

1

 

 

4

 

b

183 121

 

1 140 570

 

20 339

 

 

133 435

 

c

479

195

490 548

4 649 305

 

 

 

37 122

 

United Kingdom

a

18

 

1

 

 

3

4

 

 

b

671 684

 

3 870

 

 

21 722

3 713 014

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

155

15

33

14

23

288

10

9

10

b

1 898 221

839 776

3 234 001

14 896 265

6 233 396

143 870 977

4 517 317

683 199

634 761

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 12

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

1 060 840

 

 

2 028 595

199 594

 

866 042

 

Denmark

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

939 531

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

99 450

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

5

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

b

 

196 557

 

 

 

1 767 306

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

31

19

 

 

4

12

5

26

57

b

387 461

1 217 051

 

 

92 806

142 807

95 861

1 401 609

235 379

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

9

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

94 445 375

2 522 833

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

7

 

 

 

 

 

8

 

 

b

42 105 000

 

 

 

 

 

272 795

 

 

c

15 887

 

 

 

 

274 010

297 995

 

 

Sweden

a

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

7 359 110

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

194 021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

3

5

 

2

 

2

 

 

 

b

40 511

93 698

 

1 475

 

98 421

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

50

34

1

3

4

21

13

26

57

b

136 978 347

11 389 249

939 531

100 925

92 806

2 008 534

368 656

1 401 609

235 379

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


AUSTRIA

 

 

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

9

b

 

 

556 941

c

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

8

b

 

 

66 068 243

c

 

332

23 278 166

Denmark

a

1

 

2

b

29 931

 

969 462

c

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

3

b

 

 

360 270

c

 

 

139 501

France

a

 

4

32

b

 

1 002 916

14 537 271

c

 

 

12 412 008

Germany

a

5

29

522

b

15 277

1 440 434

27 208 144

c

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

 

10

b

 

 

5 998 050

c

 

 

681 889

Italy

a

 

 

20

b

 

 

154 759 401

c

 

 

3 915 576

Malta

a

 

 

2

b

 

 

2 600

c

 

 

2 600

Netherlands

a

 

 

5

b

 

 

6 976

c

 

 

6 976

Poland

a

 

 

5

b

 

 

130 919

c

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

94

b

 

 

226 212

c

 

 

226 212

Romania

a

 

 

5

b

 

 

119 529

c

 

 

68 649

Slovenia

a

 

 

11

b

 

 

1 146 986

c

 

 

1 167 636

Spain

a

 

 

29

b

 

 

47 239 534

c

 

 

1 553 893

Sweden

a

 

 

10

b

 

 

8 836 575

c

 

 

5 371 670

United Kingdom

a

1

 

39

b

1 162 100

 

5 806 495

c

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

7

33

806

b

1 207 308

2 443 350

333 973 608

d

 

 

 

e

 

 

 


AZERBAIJAN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 6

ML 8

ML 10

Austria

a

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

799

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

799

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 355 240

Germany

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

331 800

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

120 000

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

2

1

2

 

 

 

 

b

581 930

172 414

79 023

 

 

 

 

c

122 016

 

15 445

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

200 000

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

70 750

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

4 535

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

3

1

2

2

1

1

 

b

582 729

172 414

79 023

531 800

120 000

4 535

 

d

2

 

 

 

1

 

1

e

 

 

 

 

1(1)

 

1(1)


AZERBAIJAN

 

 

ML 11

ML 13

ML 17

ML 18

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

799

c

 

 

 

 

 

799

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

187 238

 

 

2 542 478

Germany

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

331 800

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

1

 

1

1

4

b

 

3 083 175

 

587 000

470 000

4 260 175

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

1

 

 

 

 

6

b

79 246

 

 

 

 

912 613

c

1 187 926

 

 

455 638

950 240

2 731 265

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

200 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

70 750

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

4 535

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

1

1

 

1

1

14

b

79 246

3 083 175

 

587 000

470 000

5 709 922

d

1

3

1

1

1

11

e

1(1)

1(3)

1(1)

1(1)

1(1)

1(11)


BAHAMAS

 

 

TOTAL per destination

Italy

a

 

b

 

c

18 733

TOTAL PER ML category

a

 

b

 

c

18 733

d

 

e

 


BAHRAIN

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 7

ML 8

Belgium

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

4 278 966

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

872 165

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

3

1

2

 

b

 

 

 

16 011 565

500 000

421 000

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

1

 

 

 

 

1

 

b

18 000

 

 

 

 

2 400

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

4

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

64 856

 

 

 

 

456 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

6 350 515

 

 

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

6 347 110

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

477 260

 

 

United Kingdom

a

5

1

3

2

2

 

 

b

519 563

1 280 634

102 960

96 629

94 170

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

6

5

4

5

5

3

1

b

537 563

1 345 490

4 381 926

16 108 194

6 941 280

423 400

456 000

d

6

2

4

 

1

1

 

e

2(5); 3(4)

2(2); 3(2)

2(3); 3(4)

 

2(1)

2(1); 3(1)

 


BAHRAIN

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 15

ML 17

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 278 966

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

872 165

France

a

 

 

 

1

 

2

9

b

 

 

 

285 000

 

120 531

17 338 096

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 812 780

Germany

a

 

2

 

 

1

 

5

b

 

7 305

 

 

510 000

 

537 705

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

520 856

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

242 044

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 350 515

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 347 110

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

477 260

United Kingdom

a

11

1

1

1

 

1

28

b

205 933

4 648

4 067

92 968

 

 

2 401 572

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

11

3

1

2

1

3

50

b

205 933

11 953

4 067

377 968

510 000

120 531

31 424 305

d

 

 

 

 

 

1

20

e

 

 

 

 

 

2(1); 3(1)

2(18); 3(17)

Total number of denials include 2 denials in the ML 6 category both under criteria 2 and 3


BANGLADESH

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

Austria

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

147 750

 

 

c

 

 

 

118 750

 

 

Belgium

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

b

11 700

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

1

 

1

 

1

b

 

21 110

 

542 660

 

18 787

c

 

21 110

 

542 660

 

18 787

Czech Republic

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

193 730

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

 

 

2

1

 

 

b

 

 

2 766

4 470

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

1

1

2

 

 

b

 

153 369

1 265 870

3 780 635

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malta

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

2

 

b

 

 

 

 

407 248

 

c

 

 

 

 

371 429

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romania

a

1

1

 

 

 

 

b

9 283

81 509

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

 

 

 

184 370

 

 

c

 

 

 

749 315

 

 

Sweden

a

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

 

 

1 464 402

 

 

 

c

 

 

156 180

 

 

 

United Kingdom

a

 

 

 

3

 

1

b

 

 

 

224 214

 

228 999

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

3

3

4

10

2

2

b

20 983

255 988

2 733 038

5 077 829

407 248

247 786

d

 

 

2

 

 

 

e

 

 

7(2)

 

 

 


BANGLADESH

 

 

ML 10

ML 11

ML 13

ML 15

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

147 750

c

 

 

 

 

 

118 750

Belgium

a

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

11 700

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

a

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

582 557

c

 

 

 

 

 

582 557

Czech Republic

a

20

3

 

 

 

24

b

2 037 779

36 197

 

 

 

2 267 706

c

2 217 410

55 531

 

 

 

2 272 941

France

a

 

3

 

1

1

5

b

 

306 726

 

2 429 274

 

2 736 000

c

 

 

 

 

 

637

Germany

a

1

1

1

 

 

6

b

5 900

16 281

326 711

 

 

356 128

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

5 199 874

c

 

 

 

 

 

1 278 810

Lithuania

a

3

1

 

 

 

4

b

193 426

46 203

 

 

 

239 629

c

134 987

 

 

 

 

134 987

Malta

a

1

 

 

 

 

1

b

148 010

 

 

 

 

148 010

c

148 010

 

 

 

 

148 010

Netherlands

a

 

 

 

 

 

2

b

 

 

 

 

 

407 248

c

 

 

 

 

 

371 429

Poland

a

3

 

 

 

 

3

b

376 121

 

 

 

 

376 121

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

 

1

 

 

 

1

b

 

264 656

 

 

 

264 656

c

 

264 656

 

 

 

264 656

Romania

a

2

 

 

 

 

4

b

4 865 805

 

 

 

 

4 956 597

c

2 408 046

 

 

 

 

2 408 046

Slovakia

a

1

 

 

 

 

1

b

124 998

 

 

 

 

124 998

c

19 490

 

 

 

 

19 490

Spain

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

184 370

c

 

 

 

 

 

749 315

Sweden

a

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

 

 

1 464 402

c

 

 

 

 

 

156 180

United Kingdom

a

 

3

1

 

 

8

b

 

25 105

235 881

 

 

714 199

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

31

12

2

1

1

71

b

7 752 039

695 168

562 592

2 429 274

 

20 181 944

d

 

 

 

 

 

3

e

 

 

 

 

 

7(2); 8(1)

Total number of denials include 1 denial in the ML 9 category under criterion 8


BARBADOS

 

 

ML 1

ML 3

ML 4

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

1

 

 

1

b

10 000

 

 

10 000

c

10 000

 

 

10 000

Germany

a

1

 

 

1

b

210

 

 

210

c

 

 

 

 

Hungary

a

 

2

 

2

b

 

80 425

 

80 425

c

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

5 787

United Kingdom

a

1

 

1

2

b

291

 

32 286

32 577

c

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

3

2

1

6

b

10 501

80 425

32 286

123 212

d

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 


BELGIUM

 

 

ML 1

ML 2

ML 3

ML 4

ML 5

ML 6

ML 7

ML 8

ML 9

ML 10

Austria

a

2

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

b

18 365

 

 

 

 

250 000

 

 

 

 

c

3 980

 

 

 

 

182 400

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

a

5

 

7

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

b

51 856

 

1 222 564

 

 

 

 

2 745 465

 

 

c

16 928

 

742 607

17 315

 

 

 

935 818

 

 

Denmark

a

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

1

b

 

 

 

7 248

 

 

 

 

 

9 932

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Estonia

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Finland

a

6

 

3

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

b

389 194

 

426 857

 

 

 

860

 

 

 

c

229 630

 

231 630

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

France

a

7

1

6

19

15

4

1

1

 

18

b

570 776

 

3 613 225

2 603 984

9 753 052

4 190 912

168 762

1 663 005

 

40 521 637

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Germany

a

22

1

11

1

11

139

 

 

3

 

b

74 336

10 200

255 286

9 540

2 767 327

6 467 961

 

 

21 348

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

a

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

265 230

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

a

15

 

10

8

3

 

 

 

 

 

b

3 344 754

 

733 275

798 380

3 448 372

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Luxembourg

a

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

11 600

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portugal

a

695

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 263 964

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 263 964

Romania

a

2

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

b

102 000

 

 

 

 

5 614

 

 

 

 

c

70 375

 

 

 

 

178

 

 

 

 

Slovenia

a

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b

 

 

73 118

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c

 

 

73 118

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spain

a

3

 

2

3

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

70 500

 

14 775

578 620

 

 

 

 

 

25 060 000

c

18 240

 

322 758

578 620

 

 

 

 

 

698 510

Sweden

a

 

 

3

 

5

 

 

10

 

 

b

 

 

1 610 520

 

905 040

 

 

3 393 799

 

 

c

 

 

351 635

 

36 300

 

 

2 065 942

 

 

United Kingdom

a

34

4

4

3

2

5

1

 

 

5

b

1 918 884

168 883

20 483

854 585

637 774

265 585

40 674

 

 

469 106

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL PER ML category

a

796

6

48

35

36

151

3

12

3

31

b

6 817 495

179 083

7 970 103

4 852 357

17 511 566

11 180 072

210 295

7 802 269

21 348

67 324 639

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


BELGIUM

 

 

ML 11

ML 13

ML 14

ML 15

ML 16

ML 17

ML 18

ML 21

ML 22

TOTAL per destination

Austria

a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

b

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

268 365

c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

<