Accept Refuse

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32015R0340

Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/340 of 20 February 2015 laying down technical requirements and administrative procedures relating to air traffic controllers' licences and certificates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council, amending Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012 and repealing Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 Text with EEA relevance

OJ L 63, 6.3.2015, p. 1–122 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2015/340/oj

6.3.2015   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 63/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/340

of 20 February 2015

laying down technical requirements and administrative procedures relating to air traffic controllers' licences and certificates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council, amending Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012 and repealing Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive 91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC (1), and in particular Articles 8c(10) and 10(5) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Air traffic controllers and persons and organisations involved in their training, testing, checking and medical examination and assessment must comply with the relevant essential requirements set out in Annex Vb to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008. In particular, they are to be certified or licensed once they have demonstrated compliance with the essential requirements.

(2)

The European licence has proved to be an effective way of recognising and certifying the competence of air traffic controllers, who as a profession play a unique role in the operation of safe air traffic control. The Union-wide competence standard has reduced fragmentation in this field and thus contributed to more efficient organisation of work in the current context of increased regional collaboration between air navigation service providers. Maintaining and improving the common licensing scheme for air traffic controllers working in the Union is an important part of the European air traffic control system. To this aim, technical requirements and administrative procedures related to air traffic controllers' licences and certificates, reflecting the state of the art in this domain, should now be laid down.

(3)

The provision of air navigation services requires highly skilled personnel and in particular air traffic controllers, whose competence is demonstrated by a licence, issued on the basis of the detailed requirements set out in this Regulation. The rating on a licence should indicate the type of air traffic service an air traffic controller is competent to provide. The endorsements on the licence should reflect both the specific skills of the controller and the authorisation given by the competent authorities to provide services for a particular sector, group of sectors and/or working positions.

(4)

The authorities performing supervision and verification of compliance under this Regulation should be sufficiently independent from air traffic controllers when issuing licences or extending the validity of the endorsements, when suspending or revoking licences, ratings, endorsements or certificates in cases where the conditions for their issue are no longer met. Those authorities should also be sufficiently independent from air navigation service providers and training organisations. They should remain capable of performing their tasks effectively. The competent authority or authorities charged with the responsibility set out in this Regulation may be the body or bodies designated or established in accordance with Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2). The European Aviation Safety Agency (hereinafter the ‘Agency’) should act as the competent authority for issuing and renewing certificates held by air traffic controller training organisations located outside the territory of the Member States and, where relevant, their personnel. As such, it should meet the same requirements.

(5)

In light of the particular characteristics of air traffic in the Union, common competence standards for air traffic controllers employed by air navigation service providers should be introduced and effectively applied, ensuring air traffic management and air navigation services (ATM/ANS) to the public.

(6)

Member States should have the possibility to apply this Regulation to their military personnel providing services to the public, as referred to in Article 1(2)(c) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008.

(7)

Poor communication is often a significant contributing factor in incidents and accidents. Therefore, detailed language proficiency requirements for air traffic controllers should be laid down. Those requirements are based on the requirements adopted by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and provide a means of enforcing these internationally accepted standards. The principles of non-discrimination, transparency and proportionality are upheld with regard to language proficiency requirements in order to encourage free movement of workers, while ensuring safety. The validity of language proficiency endorsement should be proportionate to the proficiency level as determined in this Regulation.

(8)

Common rules for issuing and maintaining licences for air traffic controllers are essential to increase Member States' confidence in each other's systems. To ensure the highest level of safety, uniform requirements for the training, qualifications and competence of air traffic controllers should therefore be introduced. This also serves to ensure the provision of safe, high-quality air traffic control services and it contributes to the recognition of licences throughout the Union, thereby increasing freedom of movement and improving the availability of air traffic controllers.

(9)

The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol) has set appropriate standards for initial training, set out in the Specification for the ATCO Common Core Content Initial Training. In order to reflect the scientific and technical progress and to facilitate a uniform approach to initial training, which is the key element for ensuring mobility among air traffic controllers, these standards should now be set out in Union law. Requirements should also be established for unit and continuation training, taking into account the applicable essential requirements as specified in Article 8c of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008. In the absence of European training requirements, Member States may continue to rely on training standards developed by ICAO.

(10)

In consultation with a group of experts, Eurocontrol has developed requirements for medical assessment of air traffic controllers, which have already been used by Member States together with ICAO Annex 1. Those requirements should now be transposed into Union law in order to ensure their uniform application in all Member States.

(11)

In order to ensure that Member States fulfil their safety responsibilities and obligations in a correct and structured manner by means of an administration and management system operated by competent authorities and organisations acting on their behalf, in line with ICAO State Safety Programme, this Regulation should stipulate the requirement to be applied by the competent authorities.

(12)

The certification of training organisations is one of the essential factors contributing to the quality of air traffic controller training and thus to the safe provision of air traffic control. The requirements for training organisations should therefore be strengthened. It should be possible to certify training according to the type of training, as a package of training services or as a package of training and air navigation services, without losing sight of the particular characteristics of the training offered by each organisation.

(13)

The general conditions for obtaining a licence, insofar as they relate to age and medical requirements, should not affect the holders of existing licences. In order to preserve existing licence privileges and provide smooth transition for all licence holders and for the competent authorities, licences and medical certificates issued by Member States in accordance with Directive 2006/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (3) and with Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 (4) should be considered as having been issued in accordance with this Regulation.

(14)

For the sake of consistency, the definition of psychoactive substance in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012 (5) should be amended.

(15)

While this Regulation builds on previous achievements and EU regulatory requirements, for the sake of clarity, Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 should be repealed.

(16)

In accordance with Articles 17(2)(b) and 19(1) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, the Commission has been assisted by the Agency when preparing the measures provided for in this Regulation.

(17)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee established by Article 65 of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Subject matter and scope

1.   This Regulation lays down detailed rules for:

(a)

the conditions for issuing, suspending and revoking air traffic controllers and student air traffic controllers' licences, associated ratings and endorsements, and the privileges and responsibilities of those holding them;

(b)

the conditions for issuing, limiting, suspending and revoking air traffic controllers and student air traffic controllers' medical certificates, and the privileges and responsibilities of those holding them;

(c)

the certification of aero-medical examiners and aero-medical centres for air traffic controllers and student air traffic controllers;

(d)

the certification of air traffic controller training organisations;

(e)

the conditions for validating revalidating, renewing and using such licences, ratings, endorsements and certificates.

2.   This Regulation shall apply to:

(a)

student air traffic controllers and air traffic controllers exercising their functions within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008;

(b)

persons and organisations involved in the licensing, training, testing, checking and medical examination and assessment of applicants in accordance with this Regulation.

Article 2

Compliance with requirements and procedures

1.   The student air traffic controllers, the air traffic controllers and the persons involved in the licensing, training, testing, checking and medical examination and assessment of applicants referred to in Article 1(2)(a) and (b) shall be qualified and licensed in accordance with the provisions of Annexes I, III and IV by the competent authority referred to in Article 6.

2.   The organisations referred to in Article 1(2)(b) shall be qualified in accordance with the technical requirements and administrative procedures laid down in Annexes I, III and IV and shall be certified by the competent authority referred to in Article 6.

3.   The medical certification of the persons referred to in Article 1(2)(a) and (b) shall be compliant with the technical requirements and administrative procedures laid down in Annexes III and IV.

4.   Air traffic controllers employed by air navigation service providers providing air traffic services in the airspace of the territory to which the Treaty applies and having their principal place of operations and their registered office, if any, located outside the territory subject to the provisions of the Treaty, shall be deemed to have been licenced in accordance with paragraph 1, where they meet both of the following conditions:

(a)

they hold an air traffic controller licence issued by a third country in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention;

(b)

they have demonstrated to the competent authority referred to in Article 6 that they have received training and successfully passed examinations and assessments equivalent to those required by Part ATCO, Subpart D, Sections 1-4, set out in Annex I.

The tasks and functions assigned to the air traffic controllers referred to in the first subparagraph shall not exceed the privileges of the licence issued by the third country.

5.   Practical instructors and assessors employed by a training organisation located outside the territory of the Member States shall be deemed to have been qualified in accordance with paragraph 1, where they meet both of the following conditions:

(a)

they hold an air traffic controller licence issued by a third country in accordance with Annex I of the Chicago Convention with a rating and, if applicable, rating endorsement corresponding to the one for which they are authorised to instruct or assess;

(b)

they have demonstrated to the competent authority referred to in Article 6 that they have received training and successfully passed examinations and assessments equivalent to those required by Part ATCO, Subpart D, Section 5, set out in Annex I.

The privileges referred to in the first subparagraph shall be specified in a certificate issued by a third country and shall be limited to provide instruction and assessment for training organisations located outside the territory of the Member States.

Article 3

Provision of air traffic control services

1.   Air traffic control services shall only be provided by air traffic controllers qualified and licensed in accordance with this Regulation.

2.   Subject to Article 1(3) of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, Member States shall, as far as practicable, ensure that services provided or made available by military personnel to the public referred to in Article 1(2)(c) of that Regulation offer a level of safety that is at least equivalent to the level required by the essential requirements as defined in Annex Vb to that Regulation.

3.   Member States may apply this Regulation to their military personnel providing services to the public.

Article 4

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)

‘abnormal situation’ means circumstances, including degraded situations, which are neither routinely nor commonly experienced and for which an air traffic controller has not developed automatic skills;

(2)

‘acceptable means of compliance (AMC)’ means non-binding standards adopted by the Agency to illustrate means by which to establish compliance with Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its implementing rules;

(3)

‘air traffic control (ATC) service’ means a service provided for the purpose of:

(a)

preventing collisions:

between aircraft, and

in the manoeuvring area between aircraft and obstructions; and

(b)

expediting and maintaining an orderly flow of air traffic;

(4)

‘air traffic control (ATC) unit’ means a generic term meaning variously, area control centre, approach control unit or aerodrome control tower;

(5)

‘alternative means of compliance’ means an alternative to an existing AMC or a new means to establish compliance with Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and its implementing rules for which no associated AMC have been adopted by the Agency;

(6)

‘assessment’ means an evaluation of the practical skills leading to the issue of the licence, rating and/or endorsement(s) and their revalidation and/or renewal, including behaviour and the practical application of knowledge and understanding being demonstrated by the person being assessed;

(7)

‘assessor endorsement’ means the authorisation entered on and forming part of the licence, indicating the competence of the holder to assess the practical skills of student air traffic controller and air traffic controller;

(8)

‘critical incident stress’ means the manifestation of unusual and/or extreme emotional, physical and/or behavioural reactions in an individual following an unexpected event, an accident, an incident or serious incident;

(9)

‘emergency situation’ means a serious and dangerous situation requiring immediate actions;

(10)

‘examination’ means a formalised test evaluating the person's knowledge and understanding;

(11)

‘guidance material (GM)’ means non-binding material developed by the Agency that helps to illustrate the meaning of a requirement or specification and is used to support the interpretation of Regulation (EC) No 216/2008, its implementing rules and AMC;

(12)

‘ICAO location indicator’ means the four-letter code group formulated in accordance with the rules prescribed by ICAO in its manual 'DOC 7910' in its latest updated version and assigned to the location of an aeronautical fixed station;

(13)

‘language proficiency endorsement’ means the statement entered on and forming part of a licence, indicating the language proficiency of the holder;

(14)

‘licence’ means a document issued and endorsed in accordance with this Regulation and entitling its lawful holder to exercise the privileges of the ratings and endorsements contained therein;

(15)

‘on-the-job training instruction’ means the phase of unit training during which previously acquired job-related routines and skills are integrated in practice under the supervision of a qualified on-the-job training instructor in a live traffic situation;

(16)

‘on-the-job training instructor (OJTI) endorsement’ means the authorisation entered on and forming part of a licence, indicating the competence of the holder to give on-the-job training instruction and instruction on synthetic training devices;

(17)

‘part-task trainer (PTT)’ means a synthetic training device to provide training for specific and selected operational tasks without requiring the learner to practise all of the tasks which are normally associated with a fully operational environment;

(18)

‘performance objective’ means a clear and unambiguous statement of the performance expected of the person undertaking the training, the conditions under which the performance takes place and the standards that the person undertaking training should meet;

(19)

‘provisional inability’ means a temporary state in which the licence holder is prevented from exercising the privileges of the licence when ratings, endorsements and his/her medical certificate are valid;

(20)

‘psychoactive substance’ means alcohol, opioids, cannabinoids, sedatives and hypnotics, cocaine, other psychostimulants, hallucinogens, and volatile solvents, whereas caffeine and tobacco are excluded;

(21)

‘rating endorsement’ means the authorisation entered on and forming part of a licence, indicating the specific conditions, privileges or limitations pertaining to the relevant rating;

(22)

‘renewal’ means the administrative act taken after a rating, endorsement or certificate has expired that renew the privileges of the rating, endorsement or certificate for a further specified period subject to the fulfilment of specified requirements;

(23)

‘revalidation’ means the administrative act taken within the period of validity of a rating, endorsement or certificate that allows the holder to continue to exercise the privileges of a rating, endorsement or certificate for a further specified period subject to the fulfilment of specified requirements;

(24)

‘sector’ means a part of a control area and/or part of a flight information region or upper region;

(25)

‘simulator’ means a synthetic training device that presents the important features of the real operational environment and reproduces the operational conditions under which the person undertaking training can practice real-time tasks directly;

(26)

‘synthetic training device’ means any type of device by which operational conditions are simulated, including simulators and part-task trainers;

(27)

‘synthetic training device instructor (STDI) endorsement’ means the authorisation entered on and forming part of a licence, indicating the competence of the holder to give instruction on synthetic training devices;

(28)

‘training course’ means theoretical and/or practical instruction developed within a structured framework and delivered within a defined duration;

(29)

‘training organisation’ means an organisation which has been certified by the competent authority to provide one or more types of training;

(30)

‘unit endorsement’ means the authorisation entered on and forming part of a licence, indicating the ICAO location indicator and the sector, group of sectors or working positions where the licence holder is competent to work;

(31)

‘validation’ means a process by which, through the successful completion of a unit endorsement course associated to a rating or a rating endorsement, the holder may start exercising the privileges of that rating or rating endorsement.

Article 5

Competent authority

1.   Member States shall nominate or establish one or more competent authority(ies) with allocated responsibilities for the certification and oversight of persons and organisations subject to this Regulation.

2.   Within a functional airspace block or in the case of cross-border service provision the competent authorities shall be designated by agreement of the Member States concerned.

3.   If a Member State nominates or establishes more than one competent authority, the areas of competence of each competent authority shall be clearly defined in terms of responsibilities and geographical area, where appropriate. Coordination shall be established between those authorities to ensure effective oversight of all persons and organisations subject to this Regulation within their respective remits.

4.   The competent authority(ies) shall be independent from air navigation service providers and training organisations. This independence shall be achieved through adequate separation, at least at functional level, of the competent authorities on the one hand and air navigation service providers and the training organisations on the other hand. The competent authorities shall exercise their powers impartially and transparently.

The first subparagraph also applies to the Agency, where it acts as a competent authority pursuant to Article 6(2)(b) and (3)(a)(ii).

5.   Member States shall ensure that the competent authorities have the necessary capability to conduct the certification and oversight activities covered by their certification and oversight programmes, including sufficient resources to fulfil the requirements of Annex II (Part ATCO.AR). In particular, Member States shall use the assessments produced by the competent authorities in accordance with point ATCO.AR.A.005(a) of Annex II in order to demonstrate their capability.

6.   Member States shall ensure that, with respect to the personnel of the competent authorities that carry out the oversight and certification activities under this Regulation, there is no direct or indirect conflict of interest, in particular relating to family or financial interests of the personnel concerned.

7.   The competent authority(ies) nominated or established by a Member State for the purposes of Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 shall be deemed to remain the competent authority for the purposes of this Regulation, unless otherwise determined by the Member State concerned. In the latter case, Member States shall notify the Agency of the name(s) and address(es) of the competent authority(ies) that they nominate or establish in application of this Article, as well as any changes thereto.

Article 6

Competent authority for the purposes of Annexes I, III and IV

1.   For the purpose of Annex I, the competent authority shall be the authority(ies) nominated or established by the Member State to whom the person applies for the issue of a licence.

2.   For the purpose of Annex III and for the oversight of the requirements of Annex I regarding air navigation service providers, the competent authority shall be:

(a)

the authority nominated or established by the Member State as its competent authority for oversight where the applicant has its principal place of operation or its registered office, if any, unless otherwise provided for in bilateral or multilateral agreements between Member States or their competent authorities;

(b)

the Agency, if the applicant has its principle place of operation or its registered office, if any, outside the territory of the Member States.

3.   For the purpose of Annex IV, the competent authority shall be:

(a)

for aero-medical centres:

(i)

the authority designated by the Member State in which the aero-medical centre has its principal place of business;

(ii)

the Agency, when the aero-medical centre is located in a third country;

(b)

for aero-medical examiners:

(i)

the authority designated by the Member State in which the aero-medical examiner has his or her principal place of practice;

(ii)

if the principal place of practice of an aero-medical examiner is located in a third country, the authority designated by the Member State to which the applicant aero-medical examiner applies for the issue of the certificate.

Article 7

Transitional provisions

1.   Licences, ratings and endorsements issued in accordance with the relevant provisions of national legislation based on Directive 2006/23/EC and licences, ratings and endorsements issued in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 shall be deemed to have been issued in accordance with this Regulation.

2.   The Area Control Procedural (ACP) rating with the Oceanic Control (OCN) rating endorsement issued on the basis of national rules based on Article 31(1) of Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 shall be deemed to have been issued in accordance with this Regulation.

3.   Medical certificates and certificates for training organisations, aero-medical examiners and aero-medical centres, approvals of unit competence schemes and training plans issued in accordance with the relevant provisions of national legislation based on Directive 2006/23/EC in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 shall be deemed to have been issued in accordance with this Regulation.

Article 8

Replacement of licences, adaptations of privileges, training courses and unit competence schemes

1.   Member States shall replace the licences referred to in Article 7(1) with licences complying with the format laid down in Appendix 1 of Annex II to this Regulation by 31 December 2015, or 31 December 2016, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest.

2.   Member States shall replace the certificates for air traffic controller training organisations referred to in Article 7(3) with certificates complying with the format laid down in Appendix 2 of Annex II to this Regulation by 31 December 2015, or 31 December 2016, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest.

3.   Member States shall replace the certificates for aero-medical examiners and the certificates for aero-medical centres referred to in Article 7(3) with certificates complying with the format laid down in Appendices 3 and 4 of Annex II to this Regulation by 31 December 2015, or 31 December 2016, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest.

4.   The competent authorities shall convert the privileges of examiners and assessors for initial training pursuant to Article 20 of Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 and of competence examiners and competence assessors for unit and continuation training approved by the competent authority pursuant to Article 24 of Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 into the privileges of an assessor endorsement pursuant to this Regulation, if appropriate, by 31 December 2015, or 31 December 2016, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest.

5.   The competent authorities may convert the privileges for national simulator or synthetic training device instructors into privileges for a synthetic training device instructor endorsement according to this Regulation, if appropriate, by 31 December 2015, or 31 December 2016, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest

6.   Air navigation service providers shall adapt their unit competence schemes to comply with the requirements of this Regulation by 31 December 2015, or 31 December 2016, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest.

7.   Air traffic controller training organisations shall adapt their training plans to comply with the requirements of this Regulation by 31 December 2015, or 31 December 2016, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest.

8.   Certificates of completion of training courses that started prior to the application of this Regulation in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 shall be accepted for the purpose of the issue of the relevant licences, ratings and endorsements in accordance with this Regulation provided that the training and the assessment have been completed by 30 June 2016, or 30 June 2017, when the Member State makes use of the derogation in Article 11(2), at the latest.

Article 9

Amendment to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012

In Article 2 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012, point 104 is replaced by the following:

‘104.

“psychoactive substance” means alcohol, opioids, cannabinoids, sedatives and hypnotics, cocaine, other psychostimulants, hallucinogens, and volatile solvents, whereas caffeine and tobacco are excluded;’

Article 10

Repeal

Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 is repealed.

Article 11

Entry into force and application

1.   This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 30 June 2015.

2.   By way of derogation from paragraph 1, Member States may decide not to apply Annexes I to IV, in whole or in part, before 31 December 2016.

When a Member State makes use of this possibility, it shall notify the Commission and the Agency by 1 July 2015 at the latest. This notification shall describe the scope of the derogation(s) as well as the programme for implementation containing actions envisaged and related timing. In that case, the relevant provisions of Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 shall continue to apply.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 20 February 2015.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 79, 19.3.2008, p. 1.

(2)  Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 laying down the framework for the creation of the single European sky (OJ L 96, 31.3.2004, p. 10).

(3)  Directive 2006/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on a Community air traffic controller licence (OJ L 114, 27.4.2006, p. 22).

(4)  Commission Regulation (EU) No 805/2011 of 10 August 2011 laying down detailed rules for air traffic controllers' licences and certain certificates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 206, 11.8.2011, p. 21).

(5)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012 of 26 September 2012 laying down the common rules of the air and operational provisions regarding services and procedures in air navigation and amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1035/2011 and Regulations (EC) No 1265/2007, (EC) No 1794/2006, (EC) No 730/2006, (EC) No 1033/2006 and (EU) No 255/2010 (OJ L 281, 13.10.2012, p. 1).


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ANNEX I —

PART ATCO — REQUIREMENTS FOR THE LICENSING OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS 18

SUBPART A —

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 18

ATCO.A.001

Scope 18

ATCO.A.005

Application for the issue of licences, ratings and endorsements 18

ATCO.A.010

Exchange of licences 18

ATCO.A.015

Exercise of the privileges of licences and provisional inability 18

ATCO.A.020

Revocation and suspension of licences, ratings and endorsements 19

SUBPART B —

LICENCES, RATINGS AND ENDORSEMENTS 19

ATCO.B.001

Student air traffic controller licence 19

ATCO.B.005

Air traffic controller licence 19

ATCO.B.010

Air traffic controller ratings 20

ATCO.B.015

Rating endorsements 20

ATCO.B.020

Unit endorsements 21

ATCO.B.025

Unit competence scheme 22

ATCO.B.030

Language proficiency endorsement 23

ATCO.B.035

Validity of language proficiency endorsement 23

ATCO.B.040

Assessment of language proficiency 24

ATCO.B.045

Language training 24

SUBPART C —

REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTRUCTORS AND ASSESSORS 24

SECTION 1 —

INSTRUCTORS 24

ATCO.C.001

Theoretical instructors 24

ATCO.C.005

Practical instructors 25

ATCO.C.010

On-the-job training instructor (OJTI) privileges 25

ATCO.C.015

Application for on-the-job training instructor endorsement 25

ATCO.C.020

Validity of on-the-job training instructor endorsement 25

ATCO.C.025

Temporary OJTI authorisation 25

ATCO.C.030

Synthetic training device instructor (STDI) privileges 26

ATCO.C.035

Application for synthetic training device instructor endorsement 26

ATCO.C.040

Validity of synthetic training device instructor endorsement 26

SECTION 2 —

ASSESSORS 27

ATCO.C.045

Assessor privileges 27

ATCO.C.050

Vested interests 27

ATCO.C.055

Application for assessor endorsement 27

ATCO.C.060

Validity of assessor endorsement 28

ATCO.C.065

Temporary assessor authorisation 28

SUBPART D —

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING 28

SECTION 1 —

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 28

ATCO.D.001

Objectives of air traffic controller training 28

ATCO.D.005

Types of air traffic controller training 28

SECTION 2 —

INITIAL TRAINING REQUIREMENTS 29

ATCO.D.010

Composition of initial training 29

ATCO.D.015

Initial training plan 30

ATCO.D.020

Basic and rating training courses 30

ATCO.D.025

Basic training examinations and assessment 31

ATCO.D.030

Basic training performance objectives 31

ATCO.D.035

Rating training examinations and assessment 31

ATCO.D.040

Rating training performance objectives 32

SECTION 3 —

UNIT TRAINING REQUIREMENTS 32

ATCO.D.045

Composition of unit training 32

ATCO.D.050

Prerequisites of unit training 33

ATCO.D.055

Unit training plan 33

ATCO.D.060

Unit endorsement course 34

ATCO.D.065

Demonstration of theoretical knowledge and understanding 34

ATCO.D.070

Assessments during unit endorsement courses 34

SECTION 4 —

CONTINUATION TRAINING REQUIREMENTS 34

ATCO.D.075

Continuation training 34

ATCO.D.080

Refresher training 34

ATCO.D.085

Conversion training 35

SECTION 5 —

TRAINING OF INSTRUCTORS AND ASSESSORS 35

ATCO.D.090

Training of practical instructors 35

ATCO.D.095

Training of assessors 35

APPENDIX 1 of Annex I —

LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY RATING SCALE — REQUIREMENTS FOR PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES 36

APPENDIX 2 of Annex I —

BASIC TRAINING 39

Subject 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE 39

Subject 2:

AVIATION LAW 39

Subject 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 40

Subject 4:

METEOROLOGY 41

Subject 5:

NAVIGATION 42

Subject 6:

AIRCRAFT 43

Subject 7:

HUMAN FACTORS 44

Subject 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS 45

Subject 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT 46

APPENDIX 3 of Annex I —

AERODROME CONTROL VISUAL RATING (ADV) 47

Subject 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE 47

Subject 2:

AVIATION LAW 47

Subject 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 48

Subject 4:

METEOROLOGY 49

Subject 5:

NAVIGATION 49

Subject 6:

AIRCRAFT 49

Subject 7:

HUMAN FACTORS 50

Subject 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS 51

Subject 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT 51

Subject 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS 51

Subject 11:

AERODROMES 52

APPENDIX 4 of Annex I —

AERODROME CONTROL INSTRUMENT RATING FOR TOWER — ADI (TWR) 53

Subject 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE 53

Subject 2:

AVIATION LAW 53

Subject 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 54

Subject 4:

METEOROLOGY 55

Subject 5:

NAVIGATION 55

Subject 6:

AIRCRAFT 56

Subject 7:

HUMAN FACTORS 56

Subject 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS 57

Subject 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT 57

Subject 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS 58

Subject 11:

AERODROMES 58

APPENDIX 5 of Annex I —

APPROACH CONTROL PROCEDURAL RATING (APP) 59

Subject 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE 59

Subject 2:

AVIATION LAW 59

Subject 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 60

Subject 4:

METEOROLOGY 61

Subject 5:

NAVIGATION 61

Subject 6:

AIRCRAFT 61

Subject 7:

HUMAN FACTORS 62

Subject 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS 63

Subject 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT 63

Subject 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS 63

Subject 11:

AERODROMES 64

APPENDIX 6 of Annex I —

AREA CONTROL PROCEDURAL RATING (ACP) 65

Subject 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE 65

Subject 2:

AVIATION LAW 65

Subject 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 66

Subject 4:

METEOROLOGY 67

Subject 5:

NAVIGATION 67

Subject 6:

AIRCRAFT 67

Subject 7:

HUMAN FACTORS 68

Subject 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS 68

Subject 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT 69

Subject 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS 69

APPENDIX 7 of Annex I —

APPROACH CONTROL SURVEILLANCE RATING (APS) 70

Subject 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE 70

Subject 2:

AVIATION LAW 70

Subject 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 71

Subject 4:

METEOROLOGY 72

Subject 5:

NAVIGATION 72

Subject 6:

AIRCRAFT 73

Subject 7:

HUMAN FACTORS 73

Subject 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS 74

Subject 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT 74

Subject 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS 75

Subject 11:

AERODROMES 75

APPENDIX 8 of Annex I —

AREA CONTROL SURVEILLANCE RATING (ACS) 76

Subject 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE 76

Subject 2:

AVIATION LAW 76

Subject 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 77

Subject 4:

METEOROLOGY 78

Subject 5:

NAVIGATION 78

Subject 6:

AIRCRAFT 79

Subject 7:

HUMAN FACTORS 79

Subject 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS 80

Subject 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT 80

Subject 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS 81

ANNEX II —

PART ATCO.AR — REQUIREMENTS FOR COMPETENT AUTHORITIES 82

SUBPART A —

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 82

ATCO.AR.A.001

Scope 82

ATCO.AR.A.005

Personnel 82

ATCO.AR.A.010

Tasks of the competent authorities 82

ATCO.AR.A.015

Means of compliance 83

ATCO.AR.A.020

Information to the Agency 83

ATCO.AR.A.025

Immediate reaction to a safety problem 84

SUBPART B —

MANAGEMENT 84

ATCO.AR.B.001

Management system 84

ATCO.AR.B.005

Allocation of tasks to qualified entities 85

ATCO.AR.B.010

Changes to the management system 85

ATCO.AR.B.015

Record keeping 85

SUBPART C —

OVERSIGHT AND ENFORCEMENT 86

ATCO.AR.C.001

Oversight 86

ATCO.AR.C.005

Oversight programme 86

ATCO.AR.C.010

Findings and enforcement measures for personnel 87

SUBPART D —

ISSUE, REVALIDATION, RENEWAL, SUSPENSIONAND REVOCATION OF LICENCES, RATINGS AND ENDORSEMENTS 87

ATCO.AR.D.001

Procedure for the issue, revalidation and renewal of licences, ratings, endorsements and authorisations 87

ATCO.AR.D.005

Revocation and suspension of licences, ratings and endorsements 88

SUBPART E —

CERTIFICATION PROCEDURE FOR AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING ORGANISATIONS AND APPROVAL OF TRAINING COURSES 88

ATCO.AR.E.001

Application and certification procedure for training organisations 88

ATCO.AR.E.005

Approval of training courses and training plans 89

ATCO.AR.E.010

Changes to the training organisations 89

ATCO.AR.E.015

Findings and corrective actions 89

SUBPART F —

SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO AERO-MEDICAL CERTIFICATION 90

SECTION 1 —

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 90

ATCO.AR.F.001

Aero-medical centres and aero-medical certification 90

SECTION 2 —

DOCUMENTATION 91

ATCO.AR.F.005

Medical certificate 91

ATCO.AR.F.010

AME certificate 91

ATCO.AR.F.015

AeMC certificate 91

ATCO.AR.F.020

Aero-medical forms 91

APPENDIX 1 of Annex II —

Format for licence — AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER LICENCE 92

APPENDIX 2 of Annex II —

CERTIFICATE FOR AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING ORGANISATIONS (ATCO TOs) 98

APPENDIX 3 of Annex II —

CERTIFICATE FOR AERO-MEDICAL EXAMINERS (AMEs) 100

APPENDIX 4 of Annex II —

CERTIFICATE FOR AERO-MEDICAL CENTRES (AeMCs) 102

ANNEX III —

PART ATCO.OR — REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING ORGANISATIONS AND AERO-MEDICAL CENTRES 103

SUBPART A —

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 103

ATCO.OR.A.001

Scope 103

SUBPART B —

REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING ORGANISATIONS 103

ATCO.OR.B.001

Application for a training organisation certificate 103

ATCO.OR.B.005

Means of compliance 103

ATCO.OR.B.010

Terms of approval and privileges of a training organisation certificate 104

ATCO.OR.B.015

Changes to the training organisation 104

ATCO.OR.B.020

Continued validity 104

ATCO.OR.B.025

Access to training organisations' facilities and data 104

ATCO.OR.B.030

Findings 104

ATCO.OR.B.035

Immediate reaction to a safety problem 105

ATCO.OR.B.040

Occurrence reporting 105

SUBPART C —

MANAGEMENT OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING ORGANISATIONS 105

ATCO.OR.C.001

Management system of training organisations 105

ATCO.OR.C.005

Contracted activities 105

ATCO.OR.C.010

Personnel requirements 106

ATCO.OR.C.015

Facilities and equipment 106

ATCO.OR.C.020

Record keeping 106

ATCO.OR.C.025

Funding and insurances 106

SUBPART D —

REQUIREMENTS FOR TRAINING COURSES AND TRAINING PLANS 107

ATCO.OR.D.001

Requirements for training courses and training plans 107

ATCO.OR.D.005

Examination and assessment results and certificates 107

SUBPART E —

REQUIREMENTS FOR AERO-MEDICAL CENTRES 107

ATCO.OR.E.001

Aero-medical centres 107

ANNEX IV —

PART ATCO.MED -MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS 108

SUBPART A —

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS 108

SECTION 1 —

GENERAL 108

ATCO.MED.A.001

Competent authority 108

ATCO.MED.A.005

Scope 108

ATCO.MED.A.010

Definitions 108

ATCO.MED.A.015

Medical confidentiality 109

ATCO.MED.A.020

Decrease in medical fitness 109

ATCO.MED.A.025

Obligations of AeMC and AME 109

SECTION 2 —

REQUIREMENTS FOR MEDICAL CERTIFICATES 110

ATCO.MED.A.030

Medical certificates 110

ATCO.MED.A.035

Application for a medical certificate 110

ATCO.MED.A.040

Issue, revalidation and renewal of medical certificates 110

ATCO.MED.A.045

Validity, revalidation and renewal of medical certificates 111

ATCO.MED.A.046

Suspension or revocation of a medical certificate 111

ATCO.MED.A.050

Referral 112

SUBPART B —

REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER MEDICAL CERTIFICATES 112

SECTION 1 —

GENERAL 112

ATCO.MED.B.001

Limitations to medical certificates 112

SECTION 2 —

MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CLASS 3 MEDICAL CERTIFICATES 112

ATCO.MED.B.005

General 112

ATCO.MED.B.010

Cardiovascular system 113

ATCO.MED.B.015

Respiratory system 115

ATCO.MED.B.020

Digestive system 116

ATCO.MED.B.025

Metabolic and endocrine systems 116

ATCO.MED.B.030

Haematology 116

ATCO.MED.B.035

Genitourinary system 117

ATCO.MED.B.040

Infectious disease 117

ATCO.MED.B.045

Obstetrics and gynaecology 117

ATCO.MED.B.050

Musculoskeletal system 117

ATCO.MED.B.055

Psychiatry 118

ATCO.MED.B.060

Psychology 118

ATCO.MED.B.065

Neurology 118

ATCO.MED.B.070

Visual system 119

ATCO.MED.B.075

Colour vision 120

ATCO.MED.B.080

Otorhinolaryngology 120

ATCO.MED.B.085

Dermatology 120

ATCO.MED.B.090

Oncology 121

SUBPART C —

AERO-MEDICAL EXAMINERS (AMEs) 121

ATCO.MED.C.001

Privileges 121

ATCO.MED.C.005

Application 121

ATCO.MED.C.010

Requirements for the issue of an AME certificate 121

ATCO.MED.C.015

Training courses in aviation medicine 122

ATCO.MED.C.020

Changes to the AME certificate 122

ATCO.MED.C.025

Validity of AME certificates 122

ANNEX I

PART ATCO

REQUIREMENTS FOR THE LICENSING OF AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS

SUBPART A

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

ATCO.A.001   Scope

This Part, set out in this Annex, establishes the requirements for the issue, revocation and suspension of student air traffic controller licences and air traffic controller licences, their associated ratings and endorsements, and the conditions of their validity and use.

ATCO.A.005   Application for the issue of licences, ratings and endorsements

(a)

An application for the issue of licences, ratings and endorsements shall be submitted to the competent authority in accordance with the procedure established by that authority.

(b)

An application for the issue of further ratings or endorsements, for the revalidation or renewal of endorsements and for the reissue of the licence shall be submitted to the competent authority which issued that licence.

(c)

The licence shall remain the property of the person to whom it is issued, unless it is revoked by the competent authority. The licence holder shall sign the licence.

(d)

The licence shall specify all relevant information related to the privileges that are granted by the licence and shall comply with the requirements in Appendix 1 of Annex II.

ATCO.A.010   Exchange of licences

(a)

If the licence holder is to exercise the privileges of the licence in a Member State for which the competent authority is not the one that issued the licence, the licence holder shall submit an application to exchange his/her licence for a licence issued by the competent authority of the Member State where the privileges are to be exercised in accordance with the procedure established by this authority, except where otherwise foreseen in agreements concluded among the Member States. For this purpose, the authorities involved shall share all the relevant information needed to carry out the licence exchange according to the procedures referred to in ATCO.AR.B.001(c).

(b)

For the purposes of the exchange and for exercising the privileges of the licence in a Member State other than that in which the licence was issued, the licence holder must fulfil the language proficiency requirements referred to in ATCO.B.030 established by the respective Member State.

(c)

The new licence shall include ratings, rating endorsements, licence endorsements and all valid unit endorsements in the licence, including the date of their first issue and expiry, if applicable.

(d)

Following the receipt of the new licence, the licence holder shall submit an application referred to in ATCO.A.005 together with his/her air traffic controller licence in order to get new ratings, rating endorsements, licence endorsements or unit endorsements.

(e)

Following the exchange, the previously issued licence shall be returned to the authority that issued it.

ATCO.A.015   Exercise of the privileges of licences and provisional inability

(a)

The exercise of the privileges granted by a licence shall be dependent on the validity of the ratings, endorsements and of the medical certificate.

(b)

Licence holders shall not exercise the privileges of their licence when having doubts of being able to safely exercise the privileges of the licence and shall in such cases immediately notify the relevant air navigation service provider of the provisional inability to exercise the privileges of their licence.

(c)

Air navigation service providers may declare the provisional inability of the licence holder if they become aware of any doubt concerning the ability of the licence holder to safely exercise the privileges of the licence.

(d)

Air navigation service providers shall develop and implement objective, transparent and non-discriminatory procedures to enable licence holders declaring provisional inability to exercise the privileges of their licence in accordance with point (b), to declare the provisional inability of the licence holder in accordance with point (c), to manage the operational impact of provisional inability cases and to inform the competent authority as defined in that procedure.

(e)

The procedures referred to in point (d) shall be included in the unit competence scheme according to ATCO.B.025(a)(13).

ATCO.A.020   Revocation and suspension of licences, ratings and endorsements

(a)

Licences, ratings and endorsements may be suspended or revoked by the competent authority according to ATCO.AR.D.005 when the licence holder does not comply with the requirements of this Part.

(b)

When the licence holder has his/her licence revoked, he/she shall immediately return the licence to the competent authority according to the administrative procedures established by that authority.

(c)

With the issue of the air traffic controller licence the student air traffic controller licence is revoked and shall be returned to the competent authority which is issuing the air traffic controller licence.

SUBPART B

LICENCES, RATINGS AND ENDORSEMENTS

ATCO.B.001   Student air traffic controller licence

(a)

Holders of a student air traffic controller licence shall be authorised to provide air traffic control services in accordance with the rating(s) and rating endorsement(s) contained in their licence under the supervision of an on-the-job training instructor and to undertake training for rating endorsement(s).

(b)

Applicants for the issue of a student air traffic controller licence shall:

(1)

be at least 18 years old;

(2)

have successfully completed initial training at a training organisation satisfying the requirements laid down in Annex III (Part ATCO.OR) relevant to the rating, and if applicable, to the rating endorsement, as set out in Part ATCO, Subpart D, Section 2;

(3)

hold a valid medical certificate;

(4)

have demonstrated an adequate level of language proficiency in accordance with the requirements set out in ATCO.B.030.

(c)

The student air traffic controller licence shall contain the language endorsement(s) and at least one rating and, if applicable, one rating endorsement.

(d)

The holder of a student air traffic controller licence who has not started exercising the privileges of that licence within one year from the date of its issue or has interrupted exercising those privileges for a period of more than one year may only start or continue unit training in that rating after an assessment of his/her previous competence, conducted by a training organisation satisfying the requirements laid down in Annex III (Part ATCO.OR) and certified to provide initial training relevant to the rating, as to whether he/she continues to satisfy the requirements relevant to that rating, and after satisfying any training requirements resulting from this assessment.

ATCO.B.005   Air traffic controller licence

(a)

Holders of an air traffic controller licence shall be authorised to provide air traffic control services in accordance with the ratings and rating endorsements of their licence, and to exercise the privileges of the endorsements contained therein.

(b)

The privileges of an air traffic controller licence shall include the privileges of a student air traffic controller licence as set out in ATCO.B.001(a).

(c)

Applicants for the first issue of an air traffic controller licence shall:

(1)

hold a student air traffic controller licence;

(2)

have completed a unit endorsement course and successfully passed the appropriate examinations and assessments in accordance with the requirements set out in Part ATCO, Subpart D, Section 3;

(3)

hold a valid medical certificate;

(4)

have demonstrated an adequate level of language proficiency in accordance with the requirements set out in ATCO.B.030.

(d)

The air traffic controller licence shall be validated by the inclusion of one or more ratings and the relevant rating, unit and language proficiency endorsements for which the training was successful.

(e)

The holder of an air traffic controller licence who has not started exercising the privileges of any rating within one year from the date of its issue may only start unit training in that rating after an assessment of his/her previous competence, conducted by a training organisation satisfying the requirements laid down in Annex III (Part ATCO.OR) and certified to provide initial training relevant to the rating, as to whether he/she continues to satisfy the requirements relevant to that rating, and after satisfying any training requirements resulting from this assessment.

ATCO.B.010   Air traffic controller ratings

(a)

Licences shall contain one or more of the following ratings in order to indicate the type of service which the licence holder is authorised to provide:

(1)

the Aerodrome Control Visual (ADV) rating, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide an air traffic control service to aerodrome traffic at an aerodrome that has no published instrument approach or departure procedures;

(2)

the Aerodrome Control Instrument (ADI) rating, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide an air traffic control service to aerodrome traffic at an aerodrome that has published instrument approach or departure procedures and shall be accompanied by at least one of the rating endorsements described in ATCO.B.015(a);

(3)

the Approach Control Procedural (APP) rating, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide an air traffic control service to arriving, departing or transiting aircraft without the use of surveillance equipment;

(4)

the Approach Control Surveillance (APS) rating, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide an air traffic control service to arriving, departing or transiting aircraft with the use of surveillance equipment;

(5)

the Area Control Procedural (ACP) rating, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide an air traffic control service to aircraft without the use of surveillance equipment;

(6)

the Area Control Surveillance (ACS) rating, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide an air traffic control service to aircraft with the use of surveillance equipment.

(b)

The holder of a rating who has interrupted exercising the privileges associated with that rating for a period of four or more immediately preceding consecutive years may only start unit training in that rating after assessment of previous competence, conducted by a training organisation satisfying the requirements laid down in Annex III (Part ATCO.OR) and certified to provide training relevant to the rating, as to whether the person concerned continues to satisfy the conditions of that rating, and after satisfying any training requirements resulting from this assessment.

ATCO.B.015   Rating endorsements

(a)

The Aerodrome Control Instrument (ADI) rating shall bear at least one of the following endorsements:

(1)

the Air Control (AIR) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide air control to traffic flying in the vicinity of an aerodrome and on the runway;

(2)

the Ground Movement Control (GMC) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide ground movement control;

(3)

the Tower Control (TWR) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide aerodrome control service. The TWR endorsement includes the privileges of the AIR and GMC endorsements;

(4)

the Ground Movement Surveillance (GMS) endorsement, granted in addition to the Ground Movement Control endorsement or Tower Control endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide ground movement control with the help of aerodrome surface movement guidance systems;

(5)

the Aerodrome Radar Control (RAD) endorsement, granted in addition to the Air Control endorsement or Tower Control endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide aerodrome control with the help of surveillance radar equipment.

(b)

The Approach Control Surveillance (APS) rating may bear one or more of the following endorsements:

(1)

the Precision Approach Radar (PAR) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide ground-controlled precision approaches with the use of precision approach radar equipment to aircraft on the final approach to the runway;

(2)

the Surveillance Radar Approach (SRA) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide ground-controlled non-precision approaches with the use of surveillance equipment to aircraft on the final approach to the runway;

(3)

the Terminal Control (TCL) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide air traffic control services with the use of any surveillance equipment to aircraft operating in a specified terminal area and/or adjacent sectors.

(c)

The Area Control Procedural (ACP) rating may bear the Oceanic Control (OCN) endorsement, indicating that the holder of the licence is competent to provide air traffic control services to aircraft operating in an Oceanic Control Area.

(d)

The Area Control Surveillance (ACS) rating may bear one of the following endorsements:

(1)

the Terminal Control (TCL) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide air traffic control services with the use of any surveillance equipment to aircraft operating in a specified terminal area and/or adjacent sectors;

(2)

the Oceanic Control (OCN) endorsement, indicating that the licence holder is competent to provide air traffic control services to aircraft operating in an Oceanic Control Area.

ATCO.B.020   Unit endorsements

(a)

The unit endorsement shall authorise the licence holder to provide air traffic control services for a specific sector, group of sectors and/or working positions under the responsibility of an air traffic services unit.

(b)

Applicants for a unit endorsement shall have successfully completed a unit endorsement course in accordance with the requirements set out in Part ATCO, Subpart D, Section 3.

(c)

Applicants for a unit endorsement following an exchange of a licence referred to in ATCO.A.010 shall, in addition to the requirements set out in point (b), meet the requirements of ATCO.D.060(f).

(d)

For air traffic controllers providing air traffic control services to aircraft carrying out flight tests, the competent authority may, in addition to the requirements set out in point (b), set out additional requirements to be met.

(e)

Unit endorsements shall be valid for a period defined in the unit competence scheme. This period shall not exceed three years.

(f)

The validity period of unit endorsements for initial issue and renewal shall start not later than 30 days from the date on which the assessment has been successfully completed.

(g)

Unit endorsements shall be revalidated if:

(1)

the applicant has been exercising the privileges of the licence for a minimum number of hours as defined in the unit competence scheme;

(2)

the applicant has undertaken refresher training within the validity period of the unit endorsement according to the unit competence scheme;

(3)

the applicant's competence has been assessed in accordance with the unit competence scheme not earlier than three months prior to the expiry date of the unit endorsement.

(h)

Unit endorsements shall be revalidated, provided that the requirements set out in point (g) are met, within the 3-month period immediately preceding their expiry date. In such cases the validity period shall be counted from that expiry date.

(i)

If the unit endorsement is revalidated before the period provided for in point (h), its validity period shall start not later than 30 days from the date on which the assessment has been successfully completed, provided that the requirements in point (g)(1) and (2) are also met.

(j)

If the validity of a unit endorsement expires, the licence holder shall successfully complete the unit endorsement course in accordance with the requirements set out in Part ATCO, Subpart D, Section 3 in order to renew the endorsement.

ATCO.B.025   Unit competence scheme

(a)

Unit competence schemes shall be established by the air navigation service provider and approved by the competent authority. It shall include at least the following elements:

(1)

the validity of the unit endorsement in accordance with ATCO.B.020(e);

(2)

the maximum continuous period when the privileges of a unit endorsement are not exercised during its validity. This period shall not exceed 90 calendar days;

(3)

the minimum number of hours for exercising the privileges of the unit endorsement within a defined period of time, which shall not exceed 12 months, for the purpose of ATCO.B.020(g)(1). For on-the-job training instructors exercising the privileges of the OJTI endorsement the time spent instructing shall be counted for the maximum of 50 % of the hours required for revalidation of the unit endorsement.

(4)

procedures for the cases where the licence holder does not meet the requirements set out in point (a)(2) and (3);

(5)

processes for assessing competence, including assessment of the refresher training subjects according to ATCO.D.080(b);

(6)

processes for the examination of theoretical knowledge and understanding necessary to exercise privileges of the ratings and endorsements;

(7)

processes to identify the topics and subtopics, objectives and training methods for continuation training;

(8)

the minimum duration and frequency of the refresher training;

(9)

processes for the examination of theoretical knowledge and/or the assessment of practical skills acquired during conversion training, including pass marks for examinations;

(10)

processes in case of failure of an examination or assessment, including the appeal processes;

(11)

training personnel qualifications, roles and responsibilities;

(12)

procedure to ensure that practical instructors have practised instructional techniques in the procedures in which it is intended to provide instruction in accordance with ATCO.C.010(b)(3) and ATCO.C.030(b)(3);

(13)

procedures for the declaration and the management of cases of provisional inability to exercise the privileges of a licence, as well as for informing the competent authority in accordance with ATCO.A.015(d);

(14)

identification of records to be kept specific to continuation training and assessments, in accordance with ATCO.AR.B.015;

(15)

process and reasons for reviewing and amending the unit competence scheme and its submission to the competent authority. The review of the unit competence scheme shall take place at least once every three years.

(b)

In order to comply with the requirement set out in point (a)(3), air navigation service providers shall keep records of the hours, during which each licence holder exercises the privileges of his/her unit endorsement working in sectors, group of sectors and/or working positions in the ATC unit and shall provide that data to the competent authorities and to the licence holder upon request.

(c)

When establishing the procedures referred to in point (a)(4) and (13) air navigation service providers shall ensure that mechanisms are applied to guarantee fair treatment of licence holders where the validity of their endorsements cannot be extended.

ATCO.B.030   Language proficiency endorsement

(a)

Air traffic controllers and student air traffic controllers shall not exercise the privileges of their licences unless they have a valid language proficiency endorsement in English and, if applicable, in the language(s) imposed by the Member State for reasons of safety at the ATC unit as published in the Aeronautical Information Publications. The language proficiency endorsement shall indicate the language(s), the level(s) of proficiency and the expiry date(s).

(b)

The language proficiency level shall be determined in accordance with the rating scale set out in Appendix 1 of Annex I.

(c)

The applicant for any language proficiency endorsement shall demonstrate, in accordance with the rating scale referred to in point (b), at least an operational level (level four) of language proficiency.

To do so, the applicant shall:

(1)

communicate effectively in voice only (telephone/radiotelephone) and in face-to-face situations;

(2)

communicate on common, concrete and work-related topics with accuracy and clarity;

(3)

use appropriate communicative strategies to exchange messages and to recognise and resolve misunderstandings in a general or work-related context;

(4)

handle successfully and with relative ease the linguistic challenges presented by a complication or unexpected turn of events that occur within the context of a routine work situation or communicative task with which they are otherwise familiar; and

(5)

use a dialect or accent which is intelligible to the aeronautical community.

(d)

Notwithstanding point (c), extended level (level five) of the language proficiency rating scale set out in Appendix 1 of Annex I may be required by the air navigation service provider, where the operational circumstances of the particular rating or endorsement warrant a higher level of language proficiency for imperative reasons of safety. Such a requirement shall be non-discriminatory, proportionate, transparent, and objectively justified by the air navigation service provider wishing to apply the higher level of proficiency and shall be approved by the competent authority.

(e)

Language proficiency shall be demonstrated by a certificate attesting the result of the assessment.

ATCO.B.035   Validity of language proficiency endorsement

(a)

The validity of the language proficiency endorsement, depending on the level determined in accordance with Appendix 1 of Annex I, shall be:

(1)

for operational level (level four), three years from the date of assessment; or

(2)

for extended level (level five), six years from the date of assessment;

(3)

for expert level (level six):

(i)

nine years from the date of assessment, for the English language;

(ii)

unlimited, for any other language(s) referred to in ATCO.B.030(a).

(b)

The validity period of the language proficiency endorsements for initial issue and renewal shall start not later than 30 days from the date on which the language proficiency assessment has been successfully completed.

(c)

Language proficiency endorsements shall be revalidated following successful completion of the language proficiency assessment taking place within three months immediately preceding their expiry date. In such cases the new validity period shall be counted from that expiry date.

(d)

If the language proficiency endorsement is revalidated before the period provided for in point (c), its validity period shall start not later than 30 days from the date on which the language proficiency assessment has been successfully completed.

(e)

When the validity of a language proficiency endorsement expires, the licence holder shall successfully complete a language proficiency assessment in order to have his/her endorsement renewed.

ATCO.B.040   Assessment of language proficiency

(a)

The demonstration of language proficiency shall be done through a method of assessment approved by the competent authority, which shall contain:

(1)

the process by which an assessment is done;

(2)

the qualification of the assessors;

(3)

the appeals procedure.

(b)

Language assessment bodies shall comply with the requirements established by the competent authorities according to ATCO.AR.A.010.

ATCO.B.045   Language training

(a)

Air navigation service providers shall make available language training to maintain the required level of language proficiency of air traffic controllers to:

(1)

holders of language proficiency endorsement at operational level (level four);

(2)

licence holders without the opportunity to apply their skills on a regular basis in order to maintain their language skills.

(b)

Language training may also be made available in the form of continuous training.

SUBPART C

REQUIREMENTS FOR INSTRUCTORS AND ASSESSORS

SECTION 1

Instructors

ATCO.C.001   Theoretical instructors

(a)

Theoretical training shall only be carried out by appropriately qualified instructors.

(b)

A theoretical instructor is appropriately qualified if he/she:

(1)

holds an air traffic controller licence and/or holds a professional qualification appropriate to the subject being taught and/or has demonstrated adequate knowledge and experience to the training organisation;

(2)

has demonstrated instructional skills to the training organisation.

ATCO.C.005   Practical instructors

A person shall only carry out practical training when he/she holds an air traffic controller licence with an on-the-job training instructor (OJTI) endorsement or a synthetic training device instructor (STDI) endorsement.

ATCO.C.010   On-the-job training instructor (OJTI) privileges

(a)

Holders of an OJTI endorsement are authorised to provide practical training and supervision on operational working positions for which a valid unit endorsement is held and on synthetic training devices in the ratings held.

(b)

Holders of an OJTI endorsement shall only exercise the privileges of the endorsement if they have:

(1)

exercised for at least two years the privilege of the rating they will instruct in;

(2)

exercised for an immediately preceding period of at least six months the privilege of the valid unit endorsement, in which instruction will be given;

(3)

practised instructional skills in those procedures in which it is intended to provide instruction.

(c)

The period of two years referred to in point (b)(1) can be shortened to not less than one year by the competent authority when requested by the training organisation.

ATCO.C.015   Application for on-the-job training instructor endorsement

Applicants for the issue of an OJTI endorsement shall:

(a)

hold an air traffic controller licence with a valid unit endorsement;

(b)

have exercised the privileges of an air traffic controller licence for a period of at least two years immediately preceding the application. This period can be shortened to not less than one year by the competent authority when requested by the training organisation; and

(c)

within the year preceding the application, have successfully completed a practical instructional techniques course during which the required knowledge and pedagogical skills are taught and have been appropriately assessed.

ATCO.C.020   Validity of on-the-job training instructor endorsement

(a)

The OJTI endorsement shall be valid for a period of three years.

(b)

The OJTI endorsement may be revalidated by successfully completing refresher training on practical instructional skills during its validity period, provided that the requirements of ATCO.C.015(a) and (b) are met.

(c)

If the OJTI endorsement has expired, it may be renewed by:

(1)

receiving refresher training on practical instructional skills; and

(2)

successfully passing a practical instructor competence assessment;

within the year preceding the application for renewal, provided that the requirements of ATCO.C.015(a) and (b) are met.

(d)

In the case of first issue and renewal the period of validity of the OJTI endorsement shall start not later than 30 days from the date on which the assessment has been successfully completed.

(e)

If the requirements of ATCO.C.015(a) and (b) are not met the OJTI endorsement may be exchanged for an STDI endorsement, provided that compliance with the requirements of ATCO.C.040(b) and (c) is ensured.

ATCO.C.025   Temporary OJTI authorisation

(a)

When compliance with the requirements provided for in ATCO.C.010(b)(2) is not possible, the competent authority may grant temporary OJTI authorisation based on a safety analysis presented by the air navigation service provider.

(b)

The temporary OJTI authorisation referred to in point (a) may be issued to holders of a valid OJTI endorsement issued in accordance with ATCO.C.015.

(c)

The temporary OJTI authorisation referred to in point (a) shall be limited to the instruction necessary to cover exceptional situations and its validity shall not exceed one year or the expiration of the validity of the OJTI endorsement issued in accordance with ATCO.C.015, whichever occurs sooner.

ATCO.C.030   Synthetic training device instructor (STDI) privileges

(a)

Holders of an STDI endorsement are authorised to provide practical training on synthetic training devices:

(1)

for subjects of practical nature during initial training;

(2)

for unit training other than OJT; and

(3)

for continuation training.

Where the STDI is providing pre-OJT, he/she shall hold or have held the relevant unit endorsement.

(b)

Holders of an STDI endorsement shall only exercise the privileges of the endorsement if they have:

(1)

at least two years' experience in the rating they will instruct in;

(2)

demonstrated knowledge of current operational practices;

(3)

practised instructional techniques in those procedures in which it is intended to provide instruction.

(c)

Notwithstanding point (b)(1)

(1)

for the purpose of basic training any rating held is appropriate;

(2)

for the purpose of rating training, training may be provided for specific and selected operational tasks by an STDI holding a rating that is relevant for that specific and selected operational task.

ATCO.C.035   Application for synthetic training device instructor endorsement

Applicants for the issue of an STDI endorsement shall:

(a)

have exercised the privileges of an air traffic controller licence in any rating for at least two years; and

(b)

within the year preceding the application have successfully completed a practical instructional techniques course during which the required knowledge and pedagogical skills are taught using theoretical and practical methods and have been appropriately assessed.

ATCO.C.040   Validity of synthetic training device instructor endorsement

(a)

The STDI endorsement shall be valid for a period of three years.

(b)

The STDI endorsement may be revalidated by successfully completing refresher training on practical instructional skills and on current operational practices during its validity period.

(c)

If the STDI endorsement has expired, it may be renewed by:

(1)

receiving refresher training on practical instructional skills and on current operational practices; and

(2)

successfully passing a practical instructor competence assessment;

within the year preceding the application for renewal.

(d)

In the case of first issue and renewal the period of validity of the STDI endorsement shall start not later than 30 days from the date on which the assessment has been successfully completed.

SECTION 2

Assessors

ATCO.C.045   Assessor privileges

(a)

A person shall only carry out assessments when he/she holds an assessor endorsement.

(b)

Holders of an assessor endorsement are authorised to carry out assessments:

(1)

during initial training for the issue of a student air traffic controller licence or for the issue of a new rating and/or rating endorsement, if applicable;

(2)

of previous competence for the purpose of ATCO.B.001(d) and ATCO.B.010(b);

(3)

of student air traffic controllers for the issue of a unit endorsement and rating endorsements, if applicable;

(4)

of air traffic controllers for the issue of a unit endorsement and rating endorsements, if applicable, as well as for revalidation and renewal of a unit endorsement;

(5)

of applicant practical instructors or applicant assessors when compliance with the requirements of point (d)(2) to (4) is ensured.

(c)

Holders of an assessor endorsement shall only exercise the privileges of the endorsement if they have:

(1)

at least two years' experience in the rating and rating endorsement(s) they will assess in; and

(2)

demonstrated knowledge of current operational practices.

(d)

In addition to the requirements set out in point (c), holders of an assessor endorsement shall only exercise the privileges of the endorsement:

(1)

for assessments leading to the issue, revalidation and renewal of a unit endorsement, if they also hold the unit endorsement associated with the assessment for an immediately preceding period of at least one year;

(2)

for assessing the competence of an applicant for the issue or renewal of an STDI endorsement, if they hold an STDI or OJTI endorsement and have exercised the privileges of that endorsement for at least three years;

(3)

for assessing the competence of an applicant for the issue or renewal of an OJTI endorsement, if they hold an OJTI endorsement and have exercised the privileges of that endorsement for at least three years;

(4)

for assessing the competence of an applicant for the issue or renewal of an assessor endorsement, if they have exercised the privileges of the assessor endorsement for at least three years.

(e)

When assessing for the purpose of issue and renewal of a unit endorsement, and for ensuring supervision on the operational working position, the assessor shall also hold an OJTI endorsement, or an OJTI holding the valid unit endorsement associated with the assessment shall be present.

ATCO.C.050   Vested interests

Assessors shall not conduct assessments whenever their objectivity may be affected.

ATCO.C.055   Application for assessor endorsement

Applicants for the issue of an assessor endorsement shall:

(a)

have exercised the privileges of an air traffic controller licence for at least two years; and

(b)

within the year preceding the application have successfully completed an assessor course during which the required knowledge and skills are taught using theoretical and practical methods, and have been appropriately assessed.

ATCO.C.060   Validity of assessor endorsement

(a)

The assessor endorsement shall be valid for a period of three years.

(b)

The assessor endorsement may be revalidated by successfully completing refresher training on assessment skills and on current operational practices during its validity period.

(c)

If the assessor endorsement has expired, it may be renewed by:

(1)

receiving refresher training on assessment skills and on current operational practices; and

(2)

successfully passing an assessor competence assessment;

within the year preceding the application for renewal.

(d)

In the case of first issue and renewal the period of validity of the assessor endorsement shall start not later than 30 days from the date on which the assessment has been successfully completed.

ATCO.C.065   Temporary assessor authorisation

(a)

When the requirement provided for in ATCO.C.045 (d)(1) cannot be met, the competent authority may authorise holders of an assessor endorsement issued in accordance with ATCO.C.055 to carry out assessments referred to in ATCO.C.045(b)(3) and (4) to cover exceptional situations or to ensure the independence of the assessment, provided that the requirements set out in points (b) and (c) are met.

(b)

For the purpose of covering exceptional situations the holder of the assessor endorsement shall also hold a unit endorsement with the associated rating and, if applicable, rating endorsement, relevant to the assessment for an immediately preceding period of at least one year. The authorisation shall be limited to the assessments necessary to cover exceptional situations and shall not exceed one year or the validity of the assessor endorsement issued in accordance with ATCO.C.055, whichever occurs sooner.

(c)

For the purpose of ensuring the independence of the assessment for reasons of recurrent nature the holder of the assessor endorsement shall also hold a unit endorsement with the associated rating and, if applicable, rating endorsement, relevant to the assessment for an immediately preceding period of at least one year. The validity of the authorisation shall be determined by the competent authority but shall not exceed the validity of the assessor endorsement issued in accordance with ATCO.C.055.

(d)

For issuing a temporary assessor authorisation for the reasons referred to in points (b) and (c) the competent authority may require a safety analysis to be presented by the air navigation service provider.

SUBPART D

AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLER TRAINING

SECTION 1

General requirements

ATCO.D.001   Objectives of air traffic controller training

Air traffic controller training shall cover the entirety of theoretical courses, practical exercises, including simulation, and on-the-job training required in order to acquire and maintain the skills to deliver safe, orderly and expeditious air traffic control services.

ATCO.D.005   Types of air traffic controller training

(a)

Air traffic controller training shall consist of the following types:

(1)

initial training, leading to the issue of a student air traffic controller licence or to the issue of an additional rating and, if applicable, rating endorsement, providing:

(i)   ‘basic training’: theoretical and practical training designed to impart fundamental knowledge and practical skills related to basic operational procedures;

(ii)   ‘rating training’: theoretical and practical training designed to impart knowledge and practical skills related to a specific rating and, if applicable, to rating endorsement;

(2)

unit training, leading to the issue of an air traffic controller licence, the issue of a rating endorsement, the validation of rating(s) or rating endorsement(s) and/or the issue or renewal of a unit endorsement. It comprises the following phases:

(i)

transitional training phase, designed primarily to impart knowledge and understanding of site-specific operational procedures and task-specific aspects; and

(ii)

on-the-job training phase, which is the final phase of unit training during which previously acquired job-related routines and skills are integrated in practice under the supervision of a qualified on-the-job training instructor in a live traffic situation.

(iii)

In addition to points (i) and (ii), for unit endorsement(s) that require the handling of complex and dense traffic situations, a pre-on-the-job training phase is required to enhance the previously acquired rating routines and skills and to prepare for live traffic situations which may be encountered in that unit;

(3)

continuation training, designed to maintain the validity of the endorsements of the licence, consisting of:

(i)

refresher training;

(ii)

conversion training, when relevant.

(b)

In addition to the types of training referred to in point (a), air traffic controllers may undertake the following types:

(1)

practical instructors' training, leading to the issue, revalidation or renewal of an OJTI or STDI endorsement;

(2)

assessor training, leading to the issue, revalidation or renewal of an assessor endorsement.

SECTION 2

Initial training requirements

ATCO.D.010   Composition of initial training

(a)

Initial training, intended for an applicant for a student air traffic controller licence or for the issue of an additional rating and/or, if applicable, rating endorsement, shall consist of:

(1)

basic training, comprising all the subjects, topics and subtopics contained in Appendix 2 of Annex I; and

(2)

rating training, comprising the subjects, topics and subtopics of at least one of the following:

(i)

Aerodrome Control Visual Rating — ADV, defined in Appendix 3 of Annex I;

(ii)

Aerodrome Control Instrument Rating for Tower — ADI (TWR), defined in Appendix 4 of Annex I;

(iii)

Approach Control Procedural Rating — APP, defined in Appendix 5 of Annex I;

(iv)

Area Control Procedural Rating — ACP, defined in Appendix 6 of Annex I;

(v)

Approach Control Surveillance Rating — APS, defined in Appendix 7 of Annex I;

(vi)

Area Control Surveillance Rating — ACS, defined in Appendix 8 of Annex I.

(b)

Training intended for an additional rating shall consist of the subjects, topics and subtopics applicable to at least one of the ratings established in point (a)(2).

(c)

Training intended for the reactivation of a rating following a not successful assessment of previous competence according to ATCO.B.010(b) shall be tailored according to the result of that assessment.

(d)

Training intended for a rating endorsement other than ATCO.B.015(a)(3) shall consist of subjects, topics and subtopics developed by the training organisation and approved as part of the training course.

(e)

Basic and/or rating training may be complemented with subjects, topics and subtopics that are additional or specific to the Functional Airspace Block (FAB) or to the national environment.

ATCO.D.015   Initial training plan

An initial training plan shall be established by the training organisation and approved by the competent authority. It shall contain at least:

(a)

the composition of the initial training course provided according to ATCO.D.010;

(b)

the structure of the initial training provided according to ATCO.D.020(b);

(c)

the process for the conduct of the initial training course(s);

(d)

the training methods;

(e)

minimum and maximum duration of the initial training course(s);

(f)

with regard to ATCO.D.010(b), process for adapting the initial training course(s) to take due account of a successfully completed basic training course;

(g)

processes for examinations and assessments according to ATCO.D.025 and ATCO.D.035, as well as performance objectives according to ATCO.D.030 and ATCO.D.040;

(h)

training personnel qualifications, roles and responsibilities;

(i)

process for early termination of training;

(j)

the appeal process;

(k)

identification of records to be kept specific to initial training;

(l)

process and reasons for reviewing and amending the initial training plan and its submission to the competent authority. The review of the initial training plan shall take place at least once every three years.

ATCO.D.020   Basic and rating training courses

(a)

Basic and rating training shall be provided as separate or integrated courses.

(b)

Basic and rating training courses or an integrated initial training course shall be developed and provided by training organisations and approved by the competent authority.

(c)

When initial training is provided as an integrated course, a clear distinction shall be made between the examinations and assessments for:

(1)

basic training; and

(2)

each rating training.

(d)

The successful completion of initial training, or of rating training for the issue of an additional rating, shall be demonstrated by a certificate issued by the training organisation.

(e)

The successful completion of basic training shall be demonstrated by a certificate issued by the training organisation upon request of the applicant.

ATCO.D.025   Basic training examinations and assessment

(a)

Basic training courses shall include theoretical examination(s) and assessment(s).

(b)

A pass in theoretical examination(s) shall be awarded to an applicant achieving a minimum of 75 % of the marks allocated to that examination.

(c)

Assessment(s) of performance objectives as listed in ATCO.D.030 shall be conducted on a part-task trainer or a simulator.

(d)

A pass in assessment(s) shall be awarded to an applicant who consistently demonstrates the required performance as listed in ATCO.D.030 and shows the behaviour required for safe operations within the air traffic control service.

ATCO.D.030   Basic training performance objectives

Assessment(s) shall include evaluation of the following performance objectives:

(a)

checking and using the working position equipment;

(b)

developing and maintaining situational awareness by monitoring traffic and identifying aircraft when applicable;

(c)

monitoring and updating flight data display(s);

(d)

maintaining a continuous listening watch on the appropriate frequency;

(e)

issuing appropriate clearances, instructions and information to traffic;

(f)

using approved phraseology;

(g)

communicating effectively;

(h)

applying separation;

(i)

applying coordination as necessary;

(j)

applying the prescribed procedures for the simulated airspace;

(k)

detecting potential conflicts between aircraft;

(l)

appreciating priority of actions;

(m)

choosing appropriate separation methods.

ATCO.D.035   Rating training examinations and assessment

(a)

Rating training courses shall include theoretical examination(s) and assessment(s).

(b)

A pass in theoretical examination(s) shall be awarded to an applicant achieving a minimum of 75 % of the marks allocated to that examination.

(c)

Assessment(s) shall be based on the rating training performance objectives described in ATCO.D.040.

(d)

Assessment(s) shall be conducted on a simulator.

(e)

A pass in assessment(s) shall be awarded to an applicant who consistently demonstrates the required performance described in ATCO.D.040 and shows the behaviour required for safe operations within the air traffic control service.

ATCO.D.040   Rating training performance objectives

(a)

Rating training performance objectives and performance objective tasks shall be defined for each rating training course.

(b)

Rating training performance objectives shall require an applicant to:

(1)

demonstrate the ability to manage air traffic in a manner that ensures safe, orderly and expeditious services; and

(2)

handle complex and dense traffic situations.

(c)

In addition to point (b), rating training performance objectives for the Aerodrome Control Visual (ADV) and Aerodrome Control Instrument (ADI) rating shall ensure that applicants:

(1)

manage the workload and provide air traffic services within a defined aerodrome area of responsibility; and

(2)

apply aerodrome control techniques and operational procedures to aerodrome traffic.

(d)

In addition to point (b), rating training performance objectives for the Approach Control Procedural rating shall ensure that applicants:

(1)

manage the workload and provide air traffic services within a defined approach control area of responsibility; and

(2)

apply procedural approach control, planning techniques and operational procedures to arriving, holding, departing and transiting traffic.

(e)

In addition to point (b), rating training performance objectives for the Approach Control Surveillance rating shall ensure that applicants:

(1)

manage the workload and provide air traffic services within a defined approach control area of responsibility; and

(2)

apply approach surveillance control, planning techniques and operational procedures to arriving, holding, departing and transiting traffic.

(f)

In addition to point (b), rating training performance objectives for the Area Control Procedural rating shall ensure that applicants:

(1)

manage the workload and provide air traffic services within a defined area control area of responsibility; and

(2)

apply procedural area control, planning techniques and operational procedures to area traffic.

(g)

In addition to point (b), rating training performance objectives for the Area Control Surveillance rating shall ensure that applicants:

(1)

manage the workload and provide air traffic services within a defined area control area of responsibility; and

(2)

apply area surveillance control, planning techniques and operational procedures to area traffic.

SECTION 3

Unit training requirements

ATCO.D.045   Composition of unit training

(a)

Unit training shall consist of training course(s) for each unit endorsement established at the ATC unit as defined in the unit training plan.

(b)

The unit endorsement course(s) shall be developed and provided by training organisations according to ATCO.D.060 and approved by the competent authority.

(c)

Unit training shall include training in:

(1)

operational procedures;

(2)

task-specific aspects;

(3)

abnormal and emergency situations; and

(4)

human factors.

ATCO.D.050   Prerequisites of unit training

Unit training may only be started by persons who are holders of:

(a)

a student air traffic controller licence with the appropriate rating and, if applicable, rating endorsement; or

(b)

an air traffic controller licence with the appropriate rating and, if applicable, rating endorsement;

provided that the requirements set out in ATCO.B.001(d) and ATCO.B.010(b) are met.

ATCO.D.055   Unit training plan

(a)

A unit training plan shall be established by the training organisation for each ATC unit and shall be approved by the competent authority.

(b)

The unit training plan shall contain at least:

(1)

ratings and endorsements for which the training is conducted;

(2)

the structure of the unit training;

(3)

the list of unit endorsement course(s) according to ATCO.D.060;

(4)

the process for the conduct of a unit endorsement course;

(5)

the training methods;

(6)

the minimum duration of the unit endorsement course(s);

(7)

process for adapting the unit endorsement course(s) to take due account of the acquired ratings and/or rating endorsements and experience of applicants, when relevant;

(8)

processes for demonstrating theoretical knowledge and understanding according to ATCO.D.065, including the number, frequency and type of, as well as pass marks for examinations, which shall be a minimum of 75 % of the marks allocated to these examinations;

(9)

processes for the assessment according to ATCO.D.070, including the number and frequency of assessments;

(10)

training personnel qualifications, roles and responsibilities;

(11)

process for early termination of training;

(12)

the appeal process;

(13)

identification of records to be kept specific to the unit training;

(14)

a list of identified abnormal and emergency situations specific for each unit endorsement;

(15)

process and reasons for reviewing and amending the unit training plan and its submission to the competent authority. The review of the unit training plan shall take place at least once every three years.

ATCO.D.060   Unit endorsement course

(a)

A unit endorsement course shall be the combination of the relevant unit training phases for the issue or renewal of a unit endorsement in the licence. Each course shall contain:

(1)

a transitional training phase;

(2)

an on-the-job training phase.

A pre-on-the-job training phase shall be included, if required, according to ATCO.D.005(a)(2).

(b)

The unit training phases referred to in paragraph (a) shall be provided separately or in an integrated manner.

(c)

Unit endorsement courses shall define the syllabus and the performance objectives in accordance with ATCO.D.045(c) and shall be conducted in accordance with the unit training plan.

(d)

Unit endorsement courses that include training for rating endorsement(s) according to ATCO.B.015 shall be supplemented with additional training that allows for the acquisition of the concerned rating endorsement skills.

(e)

Training intended for a rating endorsement other than ATCO.B.015(a)(3) shall consist of subjects, subject objectives, topics and subtopics developed by the training organisation and approved as part of the training course.

(f)

Unit endorsement courses undertaken following an exchange of a licence shall be adapted to include elements of initial training that are specific to the Functional Airspace Block or to the national environment.

ATCO.D.065   Demonstration of theoretical knowledge and understanding

Theoretical knowledge and understanding shall be demonstrated by examinations.

ATCO.D.070   Assessments during unit endorsement courses

(a)

The applicant's assessment shall be conducted in the operational environment under normal operational conditions at least once at the end of the on-the-job training.

(b)

When the unit endorsement course contains a pre-on-the-job training phase, the applicant's skills shall be assessed on a synthetic training device at least at the end of this phase.

(c)

Notwithstanding point (a), a synthetic training device may be used during a unit endorsement assessment to demonstrate the application of trained procedures not encountered in the operational environment during the assessment.

SECTION 4

Continuation training requirements

ATCO.D.075   Continuation training

Continuation training shall consist of refresher and conversion training courses and shall be provided according to the requirements contained in the unit competence scheme according to ATCO.B.025.

ATCO.D.080   Refresher training

(a)

Refresher training course(s) shall be developed and provided by training organisations and approved by the competent authority.

(b)

Refresher training shall be designed to review, reinforce or enhance the existing knowledge and skills of air traffic controllers to provide a safe, orderly and expeditious flow of air traffic and shall contain at least:

(1)

standard practices and procedures training, using approved phraseology and effective communication;

(2)

abnormal and emergency situations training, using approved phraseology and effective communication; and

(3)

human factors training.

(c)

A syllabus for the refresher training course shall be defined, and where a subject refreshes skills of air traffic controllers, performance objectives shall also be developed.

ATCO.D.085   Conversion training

(a)

Conversion training course(s) shall be developed and provided by training organisations and approved by the competent authority.

(b)

Conversion training shall be designed to provide knowledge and skills appropriate to a change in the operational environment and shall be provided by training organisations when the safety assessment of the change concludes the need for such training.

(c)

Conversion training courses shall include the determination of:

(1)

the appropriate training method for and duration of the course, taking into account the nature and extent of the change; and

(2)

the examination and/or assessment methods for the conversion training.

(d)

Conversion training shall be provided before air traffic controllers exercise the privileges of their licence in the changed operational environment.

SECTION 5

Training of instructors and assessors

ATCO.D.090   Training of practical instructors

(a)

Training of practical instructors shall be developed and provided by training organisations and shall consist of:

(1)

a practical instructional techniques course for OJTI and/or STDI, including an assessment;

(2)

a refresher training course on practical instructional skills;

(3)

a method(s) for assessing the competence of practical instructors.

(b)

The training courses and assessment methods referred to in point (a) shall be approved by the competent authority.

ATCO.D.095   Training of assessors

(a)

Training of assessors shall be developed and provided by training organisations and shall consist of:

(1)

an assessor training course, including an assessment;

(2)

a refresher training course on assessment skills;

(3)

a method(s) for assessing the competence of assessors.

(b)

The training courses and the assessment method referred to in point (a) shall be approved by the competent authority.

Appendix 1 of Annex I

LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY RATING SCALE — REQUIREMENTS FOR PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES

Language proficiency rating scale: expert, extended and operational levels

Level

Pronunciation

Uses a dialect and/or accent intelligible to the aeronautical community

Structure

Relevant grammatical structures and sentence patterns are determined by language functions appropriate to the task

Vocabulary

Fluency

Comprehension

Interactions

Expert

6

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation, though possibly influenced by the first language or regional variation, almost never interfere with ease of understanding.

Both basic and complex grammatical structures and sentence patterns are consistently well controlled.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are sufficient to communicate effectively on a wide variety of familiar and unfamiliar topics. Vocabulary is idiomatic, nuanced, and sensitive to register.

Able to speak at length with a natural, effortless flow. Varies speech flow for stylistic effect, e.g. to emphasise a point. Uses appropriate discourse markers and connectors spontaneously

Comprehension is consistently accurate in nearly all contexts and includes comprehension of linguistic and cultural subtleties.

Interacts with ease in nearly all situations. Is sensitive to verbal and non-verbal cues, and responds to them appropriately.

Extended

5

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation, though influenced by the first language or regional variation, rarely interfere with ease of understanding.

Basic grammatical structures and sentence patterns are consistently well controlled. Complex structures are attempted but with errors which sometimes interfere with meaning.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are sufficient to communicate effectively on common, concrete, and work-related topics. Paraphrases consistently and successfully. Vocabulary is sometimes idiomatic.

Able to speak at length with relative ease on familiar topics, but may not vary speech flow as a stylistic device. Can make use of appropriate discourse markers or connectors.

Comprehension is accurate on common, concrete, and work-related topics and mostly accurate when the speaker is confronted with a linguistic or situational complication or an unexpected turn of events. Is able to comprehend a range of speech varieties (dialect and/or accent) or registers.

Responses are immediate, appropriate, and informative. Manages the speaker/listener relationship effectively.

Operational

4

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation are influenced by the first language or regional variation but only sometimes interfere with ease of understanding.

Basic grammatical structures and sentence patterns are used creatively and are usually well controlled. Errors may occur, particularly in unusual or unexpected circumstances, but rarely interfere with meaning.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are usually sufficient to communicate effectively on common, concrete, and work-related topics. Can often paraphrase successfully when lacking vocabulary in unusual or unexpected circumstances.

Produces stretches of language at an appropriate tempo. There may be occasional loss of fluency on transition from rehearsed or formulaic speech to spontaneous interaction, but this does not prevent effective communication. Can make limited use of discourse markers or connectors. Fillers are not distracting.

Comprehension is mostly accurate on common, concrete, and work-related topics when the accent or variety used is sufficiently intelligible for an international community of users. When the speaker is confronted with a linguistic or situational complication or an unexpected turn of events, comprehension may be slower or require clarification strategies.

Responses are usually immediate, appropriate, and informative. Initiates and maintains exchanges even when dealing with an unexpected turn of events. Deals adequately with apparent misunderstandings by checking, confirming, or clarifying.

Language proficiency rating scale: pre-operational, elementary and pre-elementary levels

Level

Pronunciation

Uses a dialect and/or accent intelligible to the aeronautical community

Structure

Relevant grammatical structures and sentence patterns are determined by language functions appropriate to the task

Vocabulary

Fluency

Comprehension

Interactions

Pre-operational

3

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation are influenced by the first language or regional variation and frequently interfere with ease of understanding.

Basic grammatical structures and sentence patterns associated with predictable situations are not always well controlled. Errors frequently interfere with meaning.

Vocabulary range and accuracy are often sufficient to communicate on common, concrete, or work-related topics but range is limited and the word choice often inappropriate. Is often unable to paraphrase successfully when lacking vocabulary.

Produces stretches of language, but phrasing and pausing are often inappropriate. Hesitations or slowness in language processing may prevent effective communication. Fillers are sometimes distracting.

Comprehension is often accurate on common, concrete, and work-related topics when the accent or variety used is sufficiently intelligible for an international community of users. May fail to understand a linguistic or situational complication or an unexpected turn of events.

Responses are sometimes immediate, appropriate, and informative. Can initiate and maintain exchanges with reasonable ease on familiar topics and in predictable situations. Generally inadequate when dealing with an unexpected turn of events.

Elementary

2

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm and intonation are heavily influenced by the first language or regional variation and usually interfere with ease of understanding.

Shows only limited control of a few simple memorised grammatical structures and sentence patterns.

Limited vocabulary range consisting only of isolated words and memorised phrases.

Can produce very short, isolated, memorised utterances with frequent pausing and a distracting use of fillers to search for expressions and to articulate less familiar words.

Comprehension is limited to isolated, memorised phrases when they are carefully and slowly articulated.

Response time is slow, and often inappropriate. Interaction is limited to simple routine exchanges.

Pre-elementary

1

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

Performs at a level below the Elementary level.

Appendix 2 of Annex I

BASIC TRAINING

(Reference: Annex I — Part ATCO Subpart D, Section 2, ATCO.D.010(a)(1))

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

SUBJECT 2:

AVIATION LAW

SUBJECT 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

SUBJECT 4:

METEOROLOGY

SUBJECT 5:

NAVIGATION

SUBJECT 6:

AIRCRAFT

SUBJECT 7:

HUMAN FACTORS

SUBJECT 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

SUBJECT 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

SUBJECT 1:   INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

TOPIC INTRB 1 —   COURSE MANAGEMENT

Subtopic INTRB 1.1 —

Course introduction

Subtopic INTRB 1.2 —

Course administration

Subtopic INTRB 1.3 —

Study material and training documentation

TOPIC INTRB 2 —   INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE

Subtopic INTRB 2.1 —

Course content and organisation

Subtopic INTRB 2.2 —

Training ethos

Subtopic INTRB 2.3 —

Assessment process

TOPIC INTRB 3 —   INTRODUCTION TO THE ATCO'S FUTURE

Subtopic INTRB 3.1 —

Job prospect

SUBJECT 2:   AVIATION LAW

TOPIC LAWB 1 —   INTRODUCTION TO AVIATION LAW

Subtopic LAWB 1.1 —

Relevance of aviation law

TOPIC LAWB 2 —   INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

Subtopic LAWB 2.1 —

ICAO

Subtopic LAWB 2.2 —

European and other agencies

Subtopic LAWB 2.3 —

Aviation associations

TOPIC LAWB 3 —   NATIONAL ORGANISATIONS

Subtopic LAWB 3.1 —

Purpose and function

Subtopic LAWB 3.2 —

National legislative procedures

Subtopic LAWB 3.3 —

Competent authority

Subtopic LAWB 3.4 —

National aviation associations

TOPIC LAWB 4 —   ATS SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Subtopic LAWB 4.1 —

Safety regulation

Subtopic LAWB 4.2 —

Safety management system

TOPIC LAWB 5 —   RULES AND REGULATIONS

Subtopic LAWB 5.1 —

Units of measurement

Subtopic LAWB 5.2 —

ATCO licensing/certification

Subtopic LAWB 5.3 —

Overview of ANS and ATS

Subtopic LAWB 5.4 —

Rules of the air

Subtopic LAWB 5.5 —

Airspace and ATS routes

Subtopic LAWB 5.6 —

Flight plan

Subtopic LAWB 5.7 —

Aerodromes

Subtopic LAWB 5.8 —

Holding procedures for IFR flights

Subtopic LAWB 5.9 —

Holding procedures for VFR flights

SUBJECT 3:   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

TOPIC ATMB 1 —   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

Subtopic ATMB 1.1 —

Application of units of measurement

Subtopic ATMB 1.2 —

Air traffic control (ATC) service

Subtopic ATMB 1.3 —

Flight information service (FIS)

Subtopic ATMB 1.4 —

Alerting service

Subtopic ATMB 1.5 —

Air traffic advisory service

Subtopic ATMB 1.6 —

ATS system capacity and air traffic flow management

Subtopic ATMB 1.7 —

Airspace management (ASM)

TOPIC ATMB 2 —   ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION

Subtopic ATMB 2.1 —

Altimetry

Subtopic ATMB 2.2 —

Transition level

Subtopic ATMB 2.3 —

Level allocation

TOPIC ATMB 3 —   RADIOTELEPHONY (RTF)

Subtopic ATMB 3.1 —

RTF general operating procedures

TOPIC ATMB 4 —   ATC CLEARANCES AND ATC INSTRUCTIONS

Subtopic ATMB 4.1 —

Type and content of ATC clearances

Subtopic ATMB 4.2 —

ATC instructions

TOPIC ATMB 5 —   COORDINATION

Subtopic ATMB 5.1 —

Principles, types and content of coordination

Subtopic ATMB 5.2 —

Necessity for coordination

Subtopic ATMB 5.3 —

Means of coordination

TOPIC ATMB 6 —   DATA DISPLAY

Subtopic ATMB 6.1 —

Data extraction

Subtopic ATMB 6.2 —

Data management

TOPIC ATMB 7 —   SEPARATIONS

Subtopic ATMB 7.1 —

Vertical separation and procedures

Subtopic ATMB 7.2 —

Horizontal separation and procedures

Subtopic ATMB 7.3 —

Visual separation

Subtopic ATMB 7.4 —

Aerodrome separation and procedures

Subtopic ATMB 7.5 —

Separation based on ATS surveillance systems

Subtopic ATMB 7.6 —

Wake turbulence separation

TOPIC ATMB 8 —   AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS AND GROUND-BASED SAFETY NETS

Subtopic ATMB 8.1 —

Airborne collision avoidance systems

Subtopic ATMB 8.2 —

Ground-based safety nets

TOPIC ATMB 9 —   BASIC PRACTICAL SKILLS

Subtopic ATMB 9.1 —

Traffic management process

Subtopic ATMB 9.2 —

Basic practical skills applicable to all ratings

Subtopic ATMB 9.3 —

Basic practical skills applicable to aerodrome

Subtopic ATMB 9.4 —

Basic practical skills applicable to surveillance

SUBJECT 4:   METEOROLOGY

TOPIC METB 1 —   INTRODUCTION TO METEOROLOGY

Subtopic METB 1.1 —

Application of units of measurement

Subtopic METB 1.2 —

Aviation and meteorology

Subtopic METB 1.3 —

Organisation of meteorological service

TOPIC METB 2 —   ATMOSPHERE

Subtopic METB 2.1 —

Composition and structure

Subtopic METB 2.2 —

Standard atmosphere

Subtopic METB 2.3 —

Heat and temperature

Subtopic METB 2.4 —

Water in the atmosphere

Subtopic METB 2.5 —

Air pressure

TOPIC METB 3 —   ATMOSPHERIC CIRCULATION

Subtopic METB 3.1 —

General air circulation

Subtopic METB 3.2 —

Air masses and frontal systems

Subtopic METB 3.3 —

Mesoscale systems

Subtopic METB 3.4 —

Wind

TOPIC METB 4 —   METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA

Subtopic METB 4.1 —

Clouds

Subtopic METB 4.2 —

Types of precipitation

Subtopic METB 4.3 —

Visibility

Subtopic METB 4.4 —

Meteorological hazards

TOPIC METB 5 —   METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION FOR AVIATION

Subtopic METB 5.1 —

Messages and reports

SUBJECT 5:   NAVIGATION

TOPIC NAVB 1 —   INTRODUCTION TO NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAVB 1.1 —

Application of units of measurement

Subtopic NAVB 1.2 —

Purpose and use of navigation

TOPIC NAVB 2 —   THE EARTH

Subtopic NAVB 2.1 —

Place and movement of the Earth

Subtopic NAVB 2.2 —

System of coordinates, direction and distance

Subtopic NAVB 2.3 —

Magnetism

TOPIC NAVB 3 —   MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS

Subtopic NAVB 3.1 —

Map making and projections

Subtopic NAVB 3.2 —

Maps and charts used in aviation

TOPIC NAVB 4 —   NAVIGATIONAL BASICS

Subtopic NAVB 4.1 —

Influence of wind

Subtopic NAVB 4.2 —

Speed

Subtopic NAVB 4.3 —

Visual navigation

Subtopic NAVB 4.4 —

Navigational aspects of flight planning

TOPIC NAVB 5 —   INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAVB 5.1 —

Ground-based systems

Subtopic NAVB 5.2 —

Inertial navigation systems

Subtopic NAVB 5.3 —

Satellite-based systems

Subtopic NAVB 5.4 —

Instrument approach procedures

TOPIC NAVB 6 —   PERFORMANCE BASED NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAVB 6.1 —

Principles and benefits of area navigation

Subtopic NAVB 6.2 —

Introduction to PBN

Subtopic NAVB 6.3 —

PBN applications

TOPIC NAVB 7 —   DEVELOPMENTS IN NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAVB 7.1 —

Future developments

SUBJECT 6:   AIRCRAFT

TOPIC ACFTB 1 —   INTRODUCTION TO AIRCRAFT

Subtopic ACFTB 1.1 —

Application of units of measurement

Subtopic ACFTB 1.2 —

Aviation and aircraft

TOPIC ACFTB 2 —   PRINCIPLES OF FLIGHT

Subtopic ACFTB 2.1 —

Forces acting on aircraft

Subtopic ACFTB 2.2 —

Structural components and control of an aircraft

Subtopic ACFTB 2.3 —

Flight envelope

TOPIC ACFTB 3 —   AIRCRAFT CATEGORIES

Subtopic ACFTB 3.1 —

Aircraft categories

Subtopic ACFTB 3.2 —

Wake turbulence categories

Subtopic ACFTB 3.3 —

ICAO approach categories

Subtopic ACFTB 3.4 —

Environmental categories

TOPIC ACFTB 4 —   AIRCRAFT DATA

Subtopic ACFTB 4.1 —

Recognition

Subtopic ACFTB 4.2 —

Performance data

TOPIC ACFTB 5 —   AIRCRAFT ENGINES

Subtopic ACFTB 5.1 —

Piston engines

Subtopic ACFTB 5.2 —

Jet engines

Subtopic ACFTB 5.3 —

Turboprop engines

Subtopic ACFTB 5.4 —

Aviation fuels

TOPIC ACFTB 6 —   AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS AND INSTRUMENTS

Subtopic ACFTB 6.1 —

Flight instruments

Subtopic ACFTB 6.2 —

Navigational instruments

Subtopic ACFTB 6.3 —

Engine instruments

Subtopic ACFTB 6.4 —

Aircraft systems

TOPIC ACFTB 7 —   FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Subtopic ACFTB 7.1 —

Take-off factors

Subtopic ACFTB 7.2 —

Climb factors

Subtopic ACFTB 7.3 —

Cruise factors

Subtopic ACFTB 7.4 —

Descent and initial approach factors

Subtopic ACFTB 7.5 —

Final approach and landing factors

Subtopic ACFTB 7.6 —

Economic factors

Subtopic ACFTB 7.7 —

Environmental factors

SUBJECT 7:   HUMAN FACTORS

TOPIC HUMB 1 —   INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN FACTORS

Subtopic HUMB 1.1 —

Learning techniques

Subtopic HUMB 1.2 —

Relevance of human factors for ATC

Subtopic HUMB 1.3 —

Human factors and ATC

TOPIC HUMB 2 —   HUMAN PERFORMANCE

Subtopic HUMB 2.1 —

Individual behaviour

Subtopic HUMB 2.2 —

Safety culture and professional conduct

Subtopic HUMB 2.3 —

Health and well-being

Subtopic HUMB 2.4 —

Teamwork

Subtopic HUMB 2.5 —

Basic needs of people at work

Subtopic HUMB 2.6 —

Stress

TOPIC HUMB 3 —   HUMAN ERROR

Subtopic HUMB 3.1 —

Dangers of error

Subtopic HUMB 3.2 —

Definition of human error

Subtopic HUMB 3.3 —

Classification of human error

Subtopic HUMB 3.4 —

Risk analysis and risk management

TOPIC HUMB 4 —   COMMUNICATION

Subtopic HUMB 4.1 —

Importance of good communications in ATC

Subtopic HUMB 4.2 —

Communication process

Subtopic HUMB 4.3 —

Communication modes

TOPIC HUMB 5 —   THE WORK ENVIRONMENT

Subtopic HUMB 5.1 —

Ergonomics and the need for good design

Subtopic HUMB 5.2 —

Equipment and tools

Subtopic HUMB 5.3 —

Automation

SUBJECT 8:   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

TOPIC EQPSB 1 —   ATC EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPSB 1.1 —

Main types of ATC equipment

TOPIC EQPSB 2 —   RADIO

Subtopic EQPSB 2.1 —

Radio theory

Subtopic EQPSB 2.2 —

Direction finding

TOPIC EQPSB 3 —   COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPSB 3.1 —

Radio communications

Subtopic EQPSB 3.2 —

Voice communication between ATS units/positions

Subtopic EQPSB 3.3 —

Data link communications

Subtopic EQPSB 3.4 —

Airline communications

TOPIC EQPSB 4 —   INTRODUCTION TO SURVEILLANCE

Subtopic EQPSB 4.1 —

Surveillance concept in ATS

TOPIC EQPSB 5 —   RADAR

Subtopic EQPSB 5.1 —

Principles of radar

Subtopic EQPSB 5.2 —

Primary radar

Subtopic EQPSB 5.3 —

Secondary radar

Subtopic EQPSB 5.4 —

Use of radars

Subtopic EQPSB 5.5 —

Mode S

TOPIC EQPSB 6 —   AUTOMATIC DEPENDENT SURVEILLANCE

Subtopic EQPSB 6.1 —

Principles of automatic dependent surveillance

Subtopic EQPSB 6.2 —

Use of automatic dependent surveillance

TOPIC EQPSB 7 —   MULTILATERATION

Subtopic EQPSB 7.1 —

Principles of multilateration

Subtopic EQPSB 7.2 —

Use of multilateration

TOPIC EQPSB 8 —   SURVEILLANCE DATA PROCESSING

Subtopic EQPSB 8.1 —

Surveillance data networking

Subtopic EQPSB 8.2 —

Working principles of surveillance data networking

TOPIC EQPSB 9 —   FUTURE EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPSB 9.1 —

New developments

TOPIC EQPSB 10 —   AUTOMATION IN ATS

Subtopic EQPSB 10.1 —

Principles of automation

Subtopic EQPSB 10.2 —

Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network (AFTN)

Subtopic EQPSB 10.3 —

On-line data interchange

Subtopic EQPSB 10.4 —

Systems used for the automatic dissemination of information

TOPIC EQPSB 11 —   WORKING POSITIONS

Subtopic EQPSB 11.1 —

Working position equipment

Subtopic EQPSB 11.2 —

Aerodrome control

Subtopic EQPSB 11.3 —

Approach control

Subtopic EQPSB 11.4 —

Area control

SUBJECT 9:   PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC PENB 1 —   FAMILIARISATION

Subtopic PENB 1.1 —

ATS and aerodrome facilities

TOPIC PENB 2 —   AIRSPACE USERS

Subtopic PENB 2.1 —

Civil aviation

Subtopic PENB 2.2 —

Military

Subtopic PENB 2.3 —

Expectations and requirements of pilots

TOPIC PENB 3 —   CUSTOMER RELATIONS

Subtopic PENB 3.1 —

Customer relations

TOPIC PENB 4 —   ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Subtopic PENB 4.1 —

Environmental protection

Appendix 3 of Annex I

AERODROME CONTROL VISUAL RATING (ADV)

(Reference: Annex I — PART ATCO Subpart D, Section 2, ATCO.D.010(a)(2)(i))

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

SUBJECT 2:

AVIATION LAW

SUBJECT 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

SUBJECT 4:

METEOROLOGY

SUBJECT 5:

NAVIGATION

SUBJECT 6:

AIRCRAFT

SUBJECT 7:

HUMAN FACTORS

SUBJECT 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

SUBJECT 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

SUBJECT 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

SUBJECT 11:

AERODROMES

SUBJECT 1:   INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

TOPIC INTR 1 —   COURSE MANAGEMENT

Subtopic INTR 1.1 —

Course introduction

Subtopic INTR 1.2 —

Course administration

Subtopic INTR 1.3 —

Study material and training documentation

TOPIC INTR 2 —   INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE

Subtopic INTR 2.1 —

Course content and organisation

Subtopic INTR 2.2 —

Training ethos

Subtopic INTR 2.3 —

Assessment process

SUBJECT 2:   AVIATION LAW

TOPIC LAW 1 —   ATCO LICENSING/CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE

Subtopic LAW 1.1 —

Privileges and conditions

TOPIC LAW 2 —   RULES AND REGULATIONS

Subtopic LAW 2.1 —

Reports

Subtopic LAW 2.2 —

Airspace

TOPIC LAW 3 —   ATC SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Subtopic LAW 3.1 —

Feedback process

Subtopic LAW 3.2 —

Safety Investigation

SUBJECT 3:   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

TOPIC ATM 1 —   PROVISION OF SERVICES

Subtopic ATM 1.1 —

Aerodrome control service

Subtopic ATM 1.2 —

Flight information service (FIS)

Subtopic ATM 1.3 —

Alerting service (ALRS)

Subtopic ATM 1.4 —

ATS system capacity and air traffic flow management

TOPIC ATM 2 —   COMMUNICATION

Subtopic ATM 2.1 —

Effective communication

TOPIC ATM 3 —   ATC CLEARANCES AND ATC INSTRUCTIONS

Subtopic ATM 3.1 —

ATC clearances

Subtopic ATM 3.2 —

ATC instructions

TOPIC ATM 4 —   COORDINATION

Subtopic ATM 4.1 —

Necessity for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.2 —

Tools and methods for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.3 —

Coordination procedures

TOPIC ATM 5 —   ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION

Subtopic ATM 5.1 —

Altimetry

TOPIC ATM 6 —   SEPARATIONS

Subtopic ATM 6.1 —

Separation between departing aircraft

Subtopic ATM 6.2 —

Separation of landing aircraft and preceding landing or departing aircraft

Subtopic ATM 6.3 —

Time based wake turbulence longitudinal separation

Subtopic ATM 6.4 —

Reduced separation minima

TOPIC ATM 7 —   AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS AND GROUND-BASED SAFETY NETS

Subtopic ATM 7.1 —

Airborne collision avoidance systems

Subtopic ATM 7.2 —

Ground-based safety nets

TOPIC ATM 8 —   DATA DISPLAY

Subtopic ATM 8.1 —

Data management

TOPIC ATM 9 —   OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (SIMULATED)

Subtopic ATM 9.1 —

Integrity of the operational environment

Subtopic ATM 9.2 —

Verification of the currency of operational procedures

Subtopic ATM 9.3 —

Handover-takeover

TOPIC ATM 10 —   PROVISION OF AN AERODROME CONTROL SERVICE

Subtopic ATM 10.1 —

Responsibility for the provision

Subtopic ATM 10.2 —

Functions of aerodrome control tower

Subtopic ATM 10.3 —

Traffic management process

Subtopic ATM 10.4 —

Aeronautical ground lights

Subtopic ATM 10.5 —

Information to aircraft by aerodrome control tower

Subtopic ATM 10.6 —

Control of aerodrome traffic

Subtopic ATM 10.7 —

Control of traffic in the traffic circuit

Subtopic ATM 10.8 —

Runway in use

SUBJECT 4:   METEOROLOGY

TOPIC MET 1 —   METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA

Subtopic MET 1.1 —

Meteorological phenomena

TOPIC MET 2 —   SOURCES OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA

Subtopic MET 2.1 —

Meteorological instruments

Subtopic MET 2.2 —

Other sources of meteorological data

SUBJECT 5:   NAVIGATION

TOPIC NAV 1 —   MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS

Subtopic NAV 1.1 —

Maps and charts

TOPIC NAV 2 —   INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAV 2.1 —

Navigational systems

Subtopic NAV 2.2 —

Stabilised approach

SUBJECT 6:   AIRCRAFT

TOPIC ACFT 1 —   AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS

Subtopic ACFT 1.1 —

Aircraft instruments

TOPIC ACFT 2 —   AIRCRAFT CATEGORIES

Subtopic ACFT 2.1 —

Wake turbulence

TOPIC ACFT 3 —   FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Subtopic ACFT 3.1 —

Take-off factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.2 —

Climb factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.3 —

Final approach and landing factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.4 —

Economic factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.5 —

Environmental factors

TOPIC ACFT 4 —   AIRCRAFT DATA

Subtopic ACFT 4.1 —

Recognition of aircraft types

Subtopic ACFT 4.2 —

Performance data

SUBJECT 7:   HUMAN FACTORS

TOPIC HUM 1 —   PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 1.1 —

Cognitive

TOPIC HUM 2 —   MEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 2.1 —

Fatigue

Subtopic HUM 2.2 —

Fitness

TOPIC HUM 3 —   SOCIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 3.1 —

Team resource management (TRM)

Subtopic HUM 3.2 —

Teamwork and team roles

Subtopic HUM 3.3 —

Responsible behaviour

TOPIC HUM 4 —   STRESS

Subtopic HUM 4.1 —

Stress

Subtopic HUM 4.2 —

Stress management

TOPIC HUM 5 —   HUMAN ERROR

Subtopic HUM 5.1 —

Human error

Subtopic HUM 5.2 —

Violation of rules

TOPIC HUM 6 —   COLLABORATIVE WORK

Subtopic HUM 6.1 —

Communication

Subtopic HUM 6.2 —

Collaborative work within the same area of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.3 —

Collaborative work between different areas of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.4 —

Controller/pilot cooperation

SUBJECT 8:   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

TOPIC EQPS 1 —   VOICE COMMUNICATIONS

Subtopic EQPS 1.1 —

Radio communications

Subtopic EQPS 1.2 —

Other voice communications

TOPIC EQPS 2 —   AUTOMATION IN ATS

Subtopic EQPS 2.1 —

Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network (AFTN)

Subtopic EQPS 2.2 —

Automatic data interchange

TOPIC EQPS 3 —   CONTROLLER WORKING POSITION

Subtopic EQPS 3.1 —

Operation and monitoring of equipment

Subtopic EQPS 3.2 —

Situation displays and information systems

Subtopic EQPS 3.3 —

Flight data systems

TOPIC EQPS 4 —   FUTURE EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPS 4.1 —

New developments

TOPIC EQPS 5 —   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS LIMITATIONS AND DEGRADATION

Subtopic EQPS 5.1 —

Reaction to limitations

Subtopic EQPS 5.2 —

Communication equipment degradation

Subtopic EQPS 5.3 —

Navigational equipment degradation

SUBJECT 9:   PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC PEN 1 —   FAMILIARISATION

Subtopic PEN 1.1 —

Study visit to aerodrome

TOPIC PEN 2 —   AIRSPACE USERS

Subtopic PEN 2.1 —

Contributors to civil ATS operations

Subtopic PEN 2.2 —

Contributors to military ATS operations

TOPIC PEN 3 —   CUSTOMER RELATIONS

Subtopic PEN 3.1 —

Provision of services and user requirements

TOPIC PEN 4 —   ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Subtopic PEN 4.1 —

Environmental protection

SUBJECT 10:   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

TOPIC ABES 1 —   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS (ABES)

Subtopic ABES 1.1 —

Overview of ABES

TOPIC ABES 2 —   SKILLS IMPROVEMENT

Subtopic ABES 2.1 —

Communication effectiveness

Subtopic ABES 2.2 —

Avoidance of mental overload

Subtopic ABES 2.3 —

Air/ground cooperation

TOPIC ABES 3 —   PROCEDURES FOR ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

Subtopic ABES 3.1 —

Application of procedures for ABES

Subtopic ABES 3.2 —

Radio failure

Subtopic ABES 3.3 —

Unlawful interference and aircraft bomb threat

Subtopic ABES 3.4 —

Strayed or unidentified aircraft

Subtopic ABES 3.5 —

Runway incursion

SUBJECT 11:   AERODROMES

TOPIC AGA 1 —   AERODROME DATA, LAYOUT AND COORDINATION

Subtopic AGA 1.1 —

Definitions

Subtopic AGA 1.2 —

Coordination

TOPIC AGA 2 —   MOVEMENT AREA

Subtopic AGA 2.1 —

Movement area

Subtopic AGA 2.2 —

Manoeuvring area

Subtopic AGA 2.3 —

Runways

TOPIC AGA 3 —   OBSTACLES

Subtopic AGA 3.1 —

Obstacle-free airspace around aerodromes

TOPIC AGA 4 —   MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT

Subtopic AGA 4.1 —

Location

Appendix 4 of Annex I

AERODROME CONTROL INSTRUMENT RATING FOR TOWER — ADI (TWR)

(Reference: Annex I — PART ATCO Subpart D, Section 2, ATCO.D.010(a)(2)(ii))

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

SUBJECT 2:

AVIATION LAW

SUBJECT 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

SUBJECT 4:

METEOROLOGY

SUBJECT 5:

NAVIGATION

SUBJECT 6:

AIRCRAFT

SUBJECT 7:

HUMAN FACTORS

SUBJECT 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

SUBJECT 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

SUBJECT 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

SUBJECT 11:

AERODROMES

SUBJECT 1:   INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

TOPIC INTR 1 —   COURSE MANAGEMENT

Subtopic INTR 1.1 —

Course introduction

Subtopic INTR 1.2 —

Course administration

Subtopic INTR 1.3 —

Study material and training documentation

TOPIC INTR 2 —   INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE

Subtopic INTR 2.1 —

Course content and organisation

Subtopic INTR 2.2 —

Training ethos

Subtopic INTR 2.3 —

Assessment process

SUBJECT 2:   AVIATION LAW

TOPIC LAW 1 —   ATCO LICENSING/CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE

Subtopic LAW 1.1 —

Privileges and conditions

TOPIC LAW 2 —   RULES AND REGULATIONS

Subtopic LAW 2.1 —

Reports

Subtopic LAW 2.2 —

Airspace

TOPIC LAW 3 —   ATC SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Subtopic LAW 3.1 —

Feedback process

Subtopic LAW 3.2 —

Safety Investigation

SUBJECT 3:   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

TOPIC ATM 1 —   PROVISION OF SERVICES

Subtopic ATM 1.1 —

Aerodrome control service

Subtopic ATM 1.2 —

Flight information service (FIS)

Subtopic ATM 1.3 —

Alerting service (ALRS)

Subtopic ATM 1.4 —

ATS system capacity and air traffic flow management

TOPIC ATM 2 —   COMMUNICATION

Subtopic ATM 2.1 —

Effective communication

TOPIC ATM 3 —   ATC CLEARANCES AND ATC INSTRUCTIONS

Subtopic ATM 3.1 —

ATC clearances

Subtopic ATM 3.2 —

ATC instructions

TOPIC ATM 4 —   COORDINATION

Subtopic ATM 4.1 —

Necessity for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.2 —

Tools and methods for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.3 —

Coordination procedures

TOPIC ATM 5 —   ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION

Subtopic ATM 5.1 —

Altimetry

Subtopic ATM 5.2 —

Terrain clearance

TOPIC ATM 6 —   SEPARATIONS

Subtopic ATM 6.1 —

Separation between departing aircraft

Subtopic ATM 6.2 —

Separation of departing aircraft from arriving aircraft

Subtopic ATM 6.3 —

Separation of landing aircraft and preceding landing or departing aircraft

Subtopic ATM 6.4 —

Time-based wake turbulence longitudinal separation

Subtopic ATM 6.5 —

Reduced separation minima

TOPIC ATM 7 —   AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS AND GROUND-BASED SAFETY NETS

Subtopic ATM 7.1 —

Airborne collision avoidance systems

Subtopic ATM 7.2 —

Ground-based safety nets

TOPIC ATM 8 —   DATA DISPLAY

Subtopic ATM 8.1 —

Data management

TOPIC ATM 9 —   OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (SIMULATED)

Subtopic ATM 9.1 —

Integrity of the operational environment

Subtopic ATM 9.2 —

Verification of the currency of operational procedures

Subtopic ATM 9.3 —

Handover-takeover

TOPIC ATM 10 —   PROVISION OF AN AERODROME CONTROL SERVICE

Subtopic ATM 10.1 —

Responsibility for the provision

Subtopic ATM 10.2 —

Functions of aerodrome control tower

Subtopic ATM 10.3 —

Traffic management process

Subtopic ATM 10.4 —

Aeronautical ground lights

Subtopic ATM 10.5 —

Information to aircraft by aerodrome control tower

Subtopic ATM 10.6 —

Control of aerodrome traffic

Subtopic ATM 10.7 —

Control of traffic in the traffic circuit

Subtopic ATM 10.8 —

Runway in use

TOPIC ATM 11 —   PROVISION OF AERODROME CONTROL — INSTRUMENT

Subtopic ATM 11.1 —

Low visibility operations and special VFR

Subtopic ATM 11.2 —

Departing traffic

Subtopic ATM 11.3 —

Arriving traffic

Subtopic ATM 11.4 —

Aerodrome control service with advanced system support

SUBJECT 4:   METEOROLOGY

TOPIC MET 1 —   METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA

Subtopic MET 1.1 —

Meteorological phenomena

TOPIC MET 2 —   SOURCES OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA

Subtopic MET 2.1 —

Meteorological instruments

Subtopic MET 2.2 —

Other sources of meteorological data

SUBJECT 5:   NAVIGATION

TOPIC NAV 1 —   MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS

Subtopic NAV 1.1 —

Maps and charts

TOPIC NAV 2 —   INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAV 2.1 —

Navigational systems

Subtopic NAV 2.2 —

Stabilised approach

Subtopic NAV 2.3 —

Instrument departures and arrivals

Subtopic NAV 2.4 —

Satellite-based systems

Subtopic NAV 2.5 —

PBN applications

SUBJECT 6:   AIRCRAFT

TOPIC ACFT 1 —   AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS

Subtopic ACFT 1.1 —

Aircraft instruments

TOPIC ACFT 2 —   AIRCRAFT CATEGORIES

Subtopic ACFT 2.1 —

Wake turbulence

Subtopic ACFT 2.2 —

Application of ICAO approach categories

TOPIC ACFT 3 —   FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Subtopic ACFT 3.1 —

Take-off factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.2 —

Climb factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.3 —

Final approach and landing factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.4 —

Economic factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.5 —

Environmental factors

TOPIC ACFT 4 —   AIRCRAFT DATA

Subtopic ACFT 4.1 —

Recognition of aircraft types

Subtopic ACFT 4.2 —

Performance data

SUBJECT 7:   HUMAN FACTORS

TOPIC HUM 1 —   PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 1.1 —

Cognitive

TOPIC HUM 2 —   MEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 2.1 —

Fatigue

Subtopic HUM 2.2 —

Fitness

TOPIC HUM 3 —   SOCIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 3.1 —

Team resource management (TRM)

Subtopic HUM 3.2 —

Teamwork and team roles

Subtopic HUM 3.3 —

Responsible behaviour

TOPIC HUM 4 —   STRESS

Subtopic HUM 4.1 —

Stress

Subtopic HUM 4.2 —

Stress management

TOPIC HUM 5 —   HUMAN ERROR

Subtopic HUM 5.1 —

Human error

Subtopic HUM 5.2 —

Violation of rules

TOPIC HUM 6 —   COLLABORATIVE WORK

Subtopic HUM 6.1 —

Communication

Subtopic HUM 6.2 —

Collaborative work within the same area of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.3 —

Collaborative work between different areas of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.4 —

Controller/pilot cooperation

SUBJECT 8:   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

TOPIC EQPS 1 —   VOICE COMMUNICATIONS

Subtopic EQPS 1.1 —

Radio communications

Subtopic EQPS 1.2 —

Other voice communications

TOPIC EQPS 2 —   AUTOMATION IN ATS

Subtopic EQPS 2.1 —

Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network (AFTN)

Subtopic EQPS 2.2 —

Automatic data interchange

TOPIC EQPS 3 —   CONTROLLER WORKING POSITION

Subtopic EQPS 3.1 —

Operation and monitoring of equipment

Subtopic EQPS 3.2 —

Situation displays and information systems

Subtopic EQPS 3.3 —

Flight data systems

TOPIC EQPS 4 —   FUTURE EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPS 4.1 —

New developments

TOPIC EQPS 5 —   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS LIMITATIONS AND DEGRADATION

Subtopic EQPS 5.1 —

Reaction to limitations

Subtopic EQPS 5.2 —

Communication equipment degradation

Subtopic EQPS 5.3 —

Navigational equipment degradation

SUBJECT 9:   PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC PEN 1 —   FAMILIARISATION

Subtopic PEN 1.1 —

Study visit to aerodrome

TOPIC PEN 2 —   AIRSPACE USERS

Subtopic PEN 2.1 —

Contributors to civil ATS operations

Subtopic PEN 2.2 —

Contributors to military ATS operations

TOPIC PEN 3 —   CUSTOMER RELATIONS

Subtopic PEN 3.1 —

Provision of services and user requirements

TOPIC PEN 4 —   ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Subtopic PEN 4.1 —

Environmental protection

SUBJECT 10:   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

TOPIC ABES 1 —   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS (ABES)

Subtopic ABES 1.1 —

Overview of ABES

TOPIC ABES 2 —   SKILLS IMPROVEMENT

Subtopic ABES 2.1 —

Communication effectiveness

Subtopic ABES 2.2 —

Avoidance of mental overload

Subtopic ABES 2.3 —

Air/ground cooperation

TOPIC ABES 3 —   PROCEDURES FOR ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

Subtopic ABES 3.1 —

Application of procedures for ABES

Subtopic ABES 3.2 —

Radio failure

Subtopic ABES 3.3 —

Unlawful interference and aircraft bomb threat

Subtopic ABES 3.4 —

Strayed or unidentified aircraft

Subtopic ABES 3.5 —

Runway incursion

SUBJECT 11:   AERODROMES

TOPIC AGA 1 —   AERODROME DATA, LAYOUT AND COORDINATION

Subtopic AGA 1.1 —

Definitions

Subtopic AGA 1.2 —

Coordination

TOPIC AGA 2 —   MOVEMENT AREA

Subtopic AGA 2.1 —

Movement area

Subtopic AGA 2.2 —

Manoeuvring area

Subtopic AGA 2.3 —

Runways

TOPIC AGA 3 —   OBSTACLES

Subtopic AGA 3.1 —

Obstacle-free airspace around aerodromes

TOPIC AGA 4 —   MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT

Subtopic AGA 4.1 —

Location

Appendix 5 of Annex I

APPROACH CONTROL PROCEDURAL RATING (APP)

(Reference: Annex I — PART ATCO Subpart D, Section 2, ATCO.D.010(a)(2)(iii))

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

SUBJECT 2:

AVIATION LAW

SUBJECT 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

SUBJECT 4:

METEOROLOGY

SUBJECT 5:

NAVIGATION

SUBJECT 6:

AIRCRAFT

SUBJECT 7:

HUMAN FACTORS

SUBJECT 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

SUBJECT 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

SUBJECT 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

SUBJECT 11:

AERODROMES

SUBJECT 1:   INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

TOPIC INTR 1 —   COURSE MANAGEMENT

Subtopic INTR 1.1 —

Course introduction

Subtopic INTR 1.2 —

Course administration

Subtopic INTR 1.3 —

Study material and training documentation

TOPIC INTR 2 —   INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE

Subtopic INTR 2.1 —

Course content and organisation

Subtopic INTR 2.2 —

Training ethos

Subtopic INTR 2.3 —

Assessment process

SUBJECT 2:   AVIATION LAW

TOPIC LAW 1 —   ATCO LICENSING/CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE

Subtopic LAW 1.1 —

Privileges and conditions

TOPIC LAW 2 —   RULES AND REGULATIONS

Subtopic LAW 2.1 —

Reports

Subtopic LAW 2.2 —

Airspace

TOPIC LAW 3 —   ATC SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Subtopic LAW 3.1 —

Feedback process

Subtopic LAW 3.2 —

Safety Investigation

SUBJECT 3:   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

TOPIC ATM 1 —   PROVISION OF SERVICES

Subtopic ATM 1.1 —

Air traffic control (ATC) service

Subtopic ATM 1.2 —

Flight information service (FIS)

Subtopic ATM 1.3 —

Alerting service (ALRS)

Subtopic ATM 1.4 —

ATS system capacity and air traffic flow management

Subtopic ATM 1.5 —

Airspace management (ASM)

TOPIC ATM 2 —   COMMUNICATION

Subtopic ATM 2.1 —

Effective communication

TOPIC ATM 3 —   ATC CLEARANCES AND ATC INSTRUCTIONS

Subtopic ATM 3.1 —

ATC clearances

Subtopic ATM 3.2 —

ATC instructions

TOPIC ATM 4 —   COORDINATION

Subtopic ATM 4.1 —

Necessity for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.2 —

Tools and methods for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.3 —

Coordination procedures

TOPIC ATM 5 —   ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION

Subtopic ATM 5.1 —

Altimetry

Subtopic ATM 5.2 —

Terrain clearance

TOPIC ATM 6 —   SEPARATIONS

Subtopic ATM 6.1 —

Vertical separation

Subtopic ATM 6.2 —

Horizontal separation

Subtopic ATM 6.3 —

Delegation of separation

TOPIC ATM 7 —   AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS AND GROUND-BASED SAFETY NETS

Subtopic ATM 7.1 —

Airborne collision avoidance systems

TOPIC ATM 8 —   DATA DISPLAY

Subtopic ATM 8.1 —

Data management

TOPIC ATM 9 —   OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (SIMULATED)

Subtopic ATM 9.1 —

Integrity of the operational environment

Subtopic ATM 9.2 —

Verification of the currency of operational procedures

Subtopic ATM 9.3 —

Handover-takeover

TOPIC ATM 10 —   PROVISION OF CONTROL SERVICE

Subtopic ATM 10.1 —

Responsibility and processing of information

Subtopic ATM 10.2 —

Approach control

Subtopic ATM 10.3 —

Traffic management process

Subtopic ATM 10.4 —

Handling traffic

TOPIC ATM 11 —   HOLDING

Subtopic ATM 11.1 —

General holding procedures

Subtopic ATM 11.2 —

Approaching aircraft

SUBJECT 4:   METEOROLOGY

TOPIC MET 1 —   METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA

Subtopic MET 1.1 —

Meteorological phenomena

TOPIC MET 2 —   SOURCES OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA

Subtopic MET 2.1 —

Sources of meteorological information

SUBJECT 5:   NAVIGATION

TOPIC NAV 1 —   MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS

Subtopic NAV 1.1 —

Maps and charts

TOPIC NAV 2 —   INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAV 2.1 —

Navigational systems

Subtopic NAV 2.2 —

Stabilised approach

Subtopic NAV 2.3 —

Instrument departures and arrivals

Subtopic NAV 2.4 —

Navigational assistance

Subtopic NAV 2.5 —

Satellite-based systems

Subtopic NAV 2.6 —

PBN applications

SUBJECT 6:   AIRCRAFT

TOPIC ACFT 1 —   AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS

Subtopic ACFT 1.1 —

Aircraft instruments

TOPIC ACFT 2 —   AIRCRAFT CATEGORIES

Subtopic ACFT 2.1 —

Wake turbulence

Subtopic ACFT 2.2 —

Application of ICAO approach categories

TOPIC ACFT 3 —   FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Subtopic ACFT 3.1 —

Climb factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.2 —

Cruise factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.3 —

Descent and initial approach factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.4 —

Final approach and landing factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.5 —

Economic factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.6 —

Environmental factors

TOPIC ACFT 4 —   AIRCRAFT DATA

Subtopic ACFT 4.1 —

Performance data

SUBJECT 7:   HUMAN FACTORS

TOPIC HUM 1 —   PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 1.1 —

Cognitive

TOPIC HUM 2 —   MEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 2.1 —

Fatigue

Subtopic HUM 2.2 —

Fitness

TOPIC HUM 3 —   SOCIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 3.1 —

Team resource management (TRM)

Subtopic HUM 3.2 —

Teamwork and team roles

Subtopic HUM 3.3 —

Responsible behaviour

TOPIC HUM 4 —   STRESS

Subtopic HUM 4.1 —

Stress

Subtopic HUM 4.2 —

Stress management

TOPIC HUM 5 —   HUMAN ERROR

Subtopic HUM 5.1 —

Human error

Subtopic HUM 5.2 —

Violation of rules

TOPIC HUM 6 —   COLLABORATIVE WORK

Subtopic HUM 6.1 —

Communication

Subtopic HUM 6.2 —

Collaborative work within the same area of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.3 —

Collaborative work between different areas of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.4 —

Controller/pilot cooperation

SUBJECT 8:   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

TOPIC EQPS 1 —   VOICE COMMUNICATIONS

Subtopic EQPS 1.1 —

Radio communications

Subtopic EQPS 1.2 —

Other voice communications

TOPIC EQPS 2 —   AUTOMATION IN ATS

Subtopic EQPS 2.1 —

Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network (AFTN)

Subtopic EQPS 2.2 —

Automatic data interchange

TOPIC EQPS 3 —   CONTROLLER WORKING POSITION

Subtopic EQPS 3.1 —

Operation and monitoring of equipment

Subtopic EQPS 3.2 —

Situation displays and information systems

Subtopic EQPS 3.3 —

Flight data systems

TOPIC EQPS 4 —   FUTURE EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPS 4.1 —

New developments

TOPIC EQPS 5 —   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS LIMITATIONS AND DEGRADATION

Subtopic EQPS 5.1 —

Reaction to limitations

Subtopic EQPS 5.2 —

Communication equipment degradation

Subtopic EQPS 5.3 —

Navigational equipment degradation

SUBJECT 9:   PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC PEN 1 —   FAMILIARISATION

Subtopic PEN 1.1 —

Study visit to approach control unit

TOPIC PEN 2 —   AIRSPACE USERS

Subtopic PEN 2.1 —

Contributors to civil ATS operations

Subtopic PEN 2.2 —

Contributors to military ATS operations

TOPIC PEN 3 —   CUSTOMER RELATIONS

Subtopic PEN 3.1 —

Provision of services and user requirements

TOPIC PEN 4 —   ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Subtopic PEN 4.1 —

Environmental protection

SUBJECT 10:   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

TOPIC ABES 1 —   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS (ABES)

Subtopic ABES 1.1 —

Overview of ABES

TOPIC ABES 2 —   SKILLS IMPROVEMENT

Subtopic ABES 2.1 —

Communication effectiveness

Subtopic ABES 2.2 —

Avoidance of mental overload

Subtopic ABES 2.3 —

Air/ground cooperation

TOPIC ABES 3 —   PROCEDURES FOR ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

Subtopic ABES 3.1 —

Application of procedures for ABES

Subtopic ABES 3.2 —

Radio failure

Subtopic ABES 3.3 —

Unlawful interference and aircraft bomb threat

Subtopic ABES 3.4 —

Strayed or unidentified aircraft

Subtopic ABES 3.5 —

Diversions

SUBJECT 11:   AERODROMES

TOPIC AGA 1 —   AERODROME DATA, LAYOUT AND COORDINATION

Subtopic AGA 1.1 —

Definitions

Subtopic AGA 1.2 —

Coordination

TOPIC AGA 2 —   MOVEMENT AREA

Subtopic AGA 2.1 —

Movement area

Subtopic AGA 2.2 —

Manoeuvring area

Subtopic AGA 2.3 —

Runways

TOPIC AGA 3 —   OBSTACLES

Subtopic AGA 3.1 —

Obstacle-free airspace around aerodromes

TOPIC AGA 4 —   MISCELLANEOUS EQUIPMENT

Subtopic AGA 4.1 —

Location

Appendix 6 of Annex I

AREA CONTROL PROCEDURAL RATING (ACP)

(Reference: Annex I — PART ATCO Subpart D, Section 2, ATCO.D.010(a)(2)(iv))

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

SUBJECT 2:

AVIATION LAW

SUBJECT 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

SUBJECT 4:

METEOROLOGY

SUBJECT 5:

NAVIGATION

SUBJECT 6:

AIRCRAFT

SUBJECT 7:

HUMAN FACTORS

SUBJECT 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

SUBJECT 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

SUBJECT 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

SUBJECT 1:   INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

TOPIC INTR 1 —   COURSE MANAGEMENT

Subtopic INTR 1.1 —

Course introduction

Subtopic INTR 1.2 —

Course administration

Subtopic INTR 1.3 —

Study material and training documentation

TOPIC INTR 2 —   INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE

Subtopic INTR 2.1 —

Course content and organisation

Subtopic INTR 2.2 —

Training ethos

Subtopic INTR 2.3 —

Assessment process

SUBJECT 2:   AVIATION LAW

TOPIC LAW 1 —   ATCO LICENSING/CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE

Subtopic LAW 1.1 —

Privileges and conditions

TOPIC LAW 2 —   RULES AND REGULATIONS

Subtopic LAW 2.1 —

Reports

Subtopic LAW 2.2 —

Airspace

TOPIC LAW 3 —   ATC SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Subtopic LAW 3.1 —

Feedback process

Subtopic LAW 3.2 —

Safety Investigation

SUBJECT 3:   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

TOPIC ATM 1 —   PROVISION OF SERVICES

Subtopic ATM 1.1 —

Air traffic control (ATC) service

Subtopic ATM 1.2 —

Flight information service (FIS)

Subtopic ATM 1.3 —

Alerting service (ALRS)

Subtopic ATM 1.4 —

ATS system capacity and air traffic flow management

Subtopic ATM 1.5 —

Airspace management (ASM)

TOPIC ATM 2 —   COMMUNICATION

Subtopic ATM 2.1 —

Effective communication

TOPIC ATM 3 —   ATC CLEARANCES AND ATC INSTRUCTIONS

Subtopic ATM 3.1 —

ATC clearances

Subtopic ATM 3.2 —

ATC instructions

TOPIC ATM 4 —   COORDINATION

Subtopic ATM 4.1 —

Necessity for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.2 —

Tools and methods for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.3 —

Coordination procedures

TOPIC ATM 5 —   ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION

Subtopic ATM 5.1 —

Altimetry

Subtopic ATM 5.2 —

Terrain clearance

TOPIC ATM 6 —   SEPARATIONS

Subtopic ATM 6.1 —

Vertical separation

Subtopic ATM 6.2 —

Horizontal separation

TOPIC ATM 7 —   AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS AND GROUND-BASED SAFETY NETS

Subtopic ATM 7.1 —

Airborne collision avoidance systems

TOPIC ATM 8 —   DATA DISPLAY

Subtopic ATM 8.1 —

Data management

TOPIC ATM 9 —   OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (SIMULATED)

Subtopic ATM 9.1 —

Integrity of the operational environment

Subtopic ATM 9.2 —

Verification of the currency of operational procedures

Subtopic ATM 9.3 —

Handover-takeover

TOPIC ATM 10 —   PROVISION OF CONTROL SERVICE

Subtopic ATM 10.1 —

Responsibility and processing of information

Subtopic ATM 10.2 —

Area control

Subtopic ATM 10.3 —

Traffic management process

Subtopic ATM 10.4 —

Handling traffic

TOPIC ATM 11 —   HOLDING

Subtopic ATM 11.1 —

General holding procedures

Subtopic ATM 11.2 —

Holding aircraft

SUBJECT 4:   METEOROLOGY

TOPIC MET 1 —   METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA

Subtopic MET 1.1 —

Meteorological phenomena

TOPIC MET 2 —   SOURCES OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA

Subtopic MET 2.1 —

Sources of meteorological information

SUBJECT 5:   NAVIGATION

TOPIC NAV 1 —   MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS

Subtopic NAV 1.1 —

Maps and charts

TOPIC NAV 2 —   INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAV 2.1 —

Navigational systems

Subtopic NAV 2.2 —

Navigational assistance

Subtopic NAV 2.3 —

PBN applications

SUBJECT 6:   AIRCRAFT

TOPIC ACFT 1 —   AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS

Subtopic ACFT 1.1 —

Aircraft instruments

TOPIC ACFT 2 —   AIRCRAFT CATEGORIES

Subtopic ACFT 2.1 —

Wake turbulence

TOPIC ACFT 3 —   FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Subtopic ACFT 3.1 —

Climb factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.2 —

Cruise factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.3 —

Descent factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.4 —

Economic factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.5 —

Environmental factors

TOPIC ACFT 4 —   AIRCRAFT DATA

Subtopic ACFT 4.1 —

Performance data

SUBJECT 7:   HUMAN FACTORS

TOPIC HUM 1 —   PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 1.1 —

Cognitive

TOPIC HUM 2 —   MEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 2.1 —

Fatigue

Subtopic HUM 2.2 —

Fitness

TOPIC HUM 3 —   SOCIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 3.1 —

Team resource management (TRM)

Subtopic HUM 3.2 —

Teamwork and team roles

Subtopic HUM 3.3 —

Responsible behaviour

TOPIC HUM 4 —   STRESS

Subtopic HUM 4.1 —

Stress

Subtopic HUM 4.2 —

Stress management

TOPIC HUM 5 —   HUMAN ERROR

Subtopic HUM 5.1 —

Human error

Subtopic HUM 5.2 —

Violation of rules

TOPIC HUM 6 —   COLLABORATIVE WORK

Subtopic HUM 6.1 —

Communication

Subtopic HUM 6.2 —

Collaborative work within the same area of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.3 —

Collaborative work between different areas of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.4 —

Controller/pilot cooperation

SUBJECT 8:   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

TOPIC EQPS 1 —   VOICE COMMUNICATIONS

Subtopic EQPS 1.1 —

Radio communications

Subtopic EQPS 1.2 —

Other voice communications

TOPIC EQPS 2 —   AUTOMATION IN ATS

Subtopic EQPS 2.1 —

Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network (AFTN)

Subtopic EQPS 2.2 —

Automatic data interchange

TOPIC EQPS 3 —   CONTROLLER WORKING POSITION

Subtopic EQPS 3.1 —

Operation and monitoring of equipment

Subtopic EQPS 3.2 —

Situation displays and information systems

Subtopic EQPS 3.3 —

Flight data systems

TOPIC EQPS 4 —   FUTURE EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPS 4.1 —

New developments

TOPIC EQPS 5 —   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS LIMITATIONS AND DEGRADATION

Subtopic EQPS 5.1 —

Reaction to limitations

Subtopic EQPS 5.2 —

Communication equipment degradation

Subtopic EQPS 5.3 —

Navigational equipment degradation

SUBJECT 9:   PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC PEN 1 —   FAMILIARISATION

Subtopic PEN 1.1 —

Study visit to area control centre

TOPIC PEN 2 —   AIRSPACE USERS

Subtopic PEN 2.1 —

Contributors to civil ATS operations

Subtopic PEN 2.2 —

Contributors to military ATS operations

TOPIC PEN 3 —   CUSTOMER RELATIONS

Subtopic PEN 3.1 —

Provision of services and user requirements

TOPIC PEN 4 —   ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Subtopic PEN 4.1 —

Environmental protection

SUBJECT 10:   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

TOPIC ABES 1 —   ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS (ABES)

Subtopic ABES 1.1 —

Overview of ABES

TOPIC ABES 2 —   SKILLS IMPROVEMENT

Subtopic ABES 2.1 —

Communication effectiveness

Subtopic ABES 2.2 —

Avoidance of mental overload

Subtopic ABES 2.3 —

Air/ground cooperation

TOPIC ABES 3 —   PROCEDURES FOR ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

Subtopic ABES 3.1 —

Application of procedures for ABES

Subtopic ABES 3.2 —

Radio failure

Subtopic ABES 3.3 —

Unlawful interference and aircraft bomb threat

Subtopic ABES 3.4 —

Strayed or unidentified aircraft

Subtopic ABES 3.5 —

Diversions

Appendix 7 of Annex I

APPROACH CONTROL SURVEILLANCE RATING (APS)

(Reference: Annex I — PART ATCO Subpart D, Section 2, ATCO.D.010(a)(2)(v))

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBJECT 1:

INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

SUBJECT 2:

AVIATION LAW

SUBJECT 3:

AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

SUBJECT 4:

METEOROLOGY

SUBJECT 5:

NAVIGATION

SUBJECT 6:

AIRCRAFT

SUBJECT 7:

HUMAN FACTORS

SUBJECT 8:

EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

SUBJECT 9:

PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

SUBJECT 10:

ABNORMAL AND EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

SUBJECT 11:

AERODROMES

SUBJECT 1:   INTRODUCTION TO THE COURSE

TOPIC INTR 1 —   COURSE MANAGEMENT

Subtopic INTR 1.1 —

Course introduction

Subtopic INTR 1.2 —

Course administration

Subtopic INTR 1.3 —

Study material and training documentation

TOPIC INTR 2 —   INTRODUCTION TO THE ATC TRAINING COURSE

Subtopic INTR 2.1 —

Course content and organisation

Subtopic INTR 2.2 —

Training ethos

Subtopic INTR 2.3 —

Assessment process

SUBJECT 2:   AVIATION LAW

TOPIC LAW 1 —   ATCO LICENSING/CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE

Subtopic LAW 1.1 —

Privileges and conditions

TOPIC LAW 2 —   RULES AND REGULATIONS

Subtopic LAW 2.1 —

Reports

Subtopic LAW 2.2 —

Airspace

TOPIC LAW 3 —   ATC SAFETY MANAGEMENT

Subtopic LAW 3.1 —

Feedback process

Subtopic LAW 3.2 —

Safety Investigation

SUBJECT 3:   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

TOPIC ATM 1 —   PROVISION OF SERVICES

Subtopic ATM 1.1 —

Air traffic control (ATC) service

Subtopic ATM 1.2 —

Flight information service (FIS)

Subtopic ATM 1.3 —

Alerting service (ALRS)

Subtopic ATM 1.4 —

ATS system capacity and air traffic flow management

Subtopic ATM 1.5 —

Airspace management (ASM)

TOPIC ATM 2 —   COMMUNICATION

Subtopic ATM 2.1 —

Effective communication

TOPIC ATM 3 —   ATC CLEARANCES AND ATC INSTRUCTIONS

Subtopic ATM 3.1 —

ATC clearances

Subtopic ATM 3.2 —

ATC instructions

TOPIC ATM 4 —   COORDINATION

Subtopic ATM 4.1 —

Necessity for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.2 —

Tools and methods for coordination

Subtopic ATM 4.3 —

Coordination procedures

TOPIC ATM 5 —   ALTIMETRY AND LEVEL ALLOCATION

Subtopic ATM 5.1 —

Altimetry

Subtopic ATM 5.2 —

Terrain clearance

TOPIC ATM 6 —   SEPARATIONS

Subtopic ATM 6.1 —

Vertical separation

Subtopic ATM 6.2 —

Longitudinal separation in a surveillance environment

Subtopic ATM 6.3 —

Delegation of separation

Subtopic ATM 6.4 —

Wake turbulence distance-based separation

Subtopic ATM 6.5 —

Separation based on ATS surveillance systems

TOPIC ATM 7 —   AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEMS AND GROUND-BASED SAFETY NETS

Subtopic ATM 7.1 —

Airborne collision avoidance systems

Subtopic ATM 7.2 —

Ground-based safety nets

TOPIC ATM 8 —   DATA DISPLAY

Subtopic ATM 8.1 —

Data management

TOPIC ATM 9 —   OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (SIMULATED)

Subtopic ATM 9.1 —

Integrity of the operational environment

Subtopic ATM 9.2 —

Verification of the currency of operational procedures

Subtopic ATM 9.3 —

Handover-takeover

TOPIC ATM 10 —   PROVISION OF CONTROL SERVICE

Subtopic ATM 10.1 —

Responsibility and processing of information

Subtopic ATM 10.2 —

ATS surveillance service

Subtopic ATM 10.3 —

Traffic management process

Subtopic ATM 10.4 —

Handling traffic

Subtopic ATM 10.5 —

Control service with advanced system support

TOPIC ATM 11 —   HOLDING

Subtopic ATM 11.1 —

General holding procedures

Subtopic ATM 11.2 —

Approaching aircraft

Subtopic ATM 11.3 —

Holding in a surveillance environment

TOPIC ATM 12 —   IDENTIFICATION

Subtopic ATM 12.1 —

Establishment of identification

Subtopic ATM 12.2 —

Maintenance of identification

Subtopic ATM 12.3 —

Loss of identity

Subtopic ATM 12.4 —

Position Information

Subtopic ATM 12.5 —

Transfer of identity

SUBJECT 4:   METEOROLOGY

TOPIC MET 1 —   METEOROLOGICAL PHENOMENA

Subtopic MET 1.1 —

Meteorological phenomena

TOPIC MET 2 —   SOURCES OF METEOROLOGICAL DATA

Subtopic MET 2.1 —

Sources of meteorological information

SUBJECT 5:   NAVIGATION

TOPIC NAV 1 —   MAPS AND AERONAUTICAL CHARTS

Subtopic NAV 1.1 —

Maps and charts

TOPIC NAV 2 —   INSTRUMENT NAVIGATION

Subtopic NAV 2.1 —

Navigational systems

Subtopic NAV 2.2 —

Stabilised approach

Subtopic NAV 2.3 —

Instrument departures and arrivals

Subtopic NAV 2.4 —

Navigational assistance

Subtopic NAV 2.5 —

Satellite-based systems

Subtopic NAV 2.6 —

PBN applications

SUBJECT 6:   AIRCRAFT

TOPIC ACFT 1 —   AIRCRAFT INSTRUMENTS

Subtopic ACFT 1.1 —

Aircraft instruments

TOPIC ACFT 2 —   AIRCRAFT CATEGORIES

Subtopic ACFT 2.1 —

Wake turbulence

Subtopic ACFT 2.2 —

Application of ICAO approach categories

TOPIC ACFT 3 —   FACTORS AFFECTING AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE

Subtopic ACFT 3.1 —

Climb factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.2 —

Cruise factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.3 —

Descent and initial approach factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.4 —

Final approach and landing factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.5 —

Economic factors

Subtopic ACFT 3.6 —

Environmental factors

TOPIC ACFT 4 —   AIRCRAFT DATA

Subtopic ACFT 4.1 —

Performance data

SUBJECT 7:   HUMAN FACTORS

TOPIC HUM 1 —   PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 1.1 —

Cognitive

TOPIC HUM 2 —   MEDICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 2.1 —

Fatigue

Subtopic HUM 2.2 —

Fitness

TOPIC HUM 3 —   SOCIAL AND ORGANISATIONAL FACTORS

Subtopic HUM 3.1 —

Team resource management (TRM)

Subtopic HUM 3.2 —

Teamwork and team roles

Subtopic HUM 3.3 —

Responsible behaviour

TOPIC HUM 4 —   STRESS

Subtopic HUM 4.1 —

Stress

Subtopic HUM 4.2 —

Stress management

TOPIC HUM 5 —   HUMAN ERROR

Subtopic HUM 5.1 —

Human error

Subtopic HUM 5.2 —

Violation of rules

TOPIC HUM 6 —   COLLABORATIVE WORK

Subtopic HUM 6.1 —

Communication

Subtopic HUM 6.2 —

Collaborative work within the same area of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.3 —

Collaborative work between different areas of responsibility

Subtopic HUM 6.4 —

Controller/pilot cooperation

SUBJECT 8:   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS

TOPIC EQPS 1 —   VOICE COMMUNICATIONS

Subtopic EQPS 1.1 —

Radio communications

Subtopic EQPS 1.2 —

Other voice communications

TOPIC EQPS 2 —   AUTOMATION IN ATS

Subtopic EQPS 2.1 —

Aeronautical fixed telecommunication network (AFTN)

Subtopic EQPS 2.2 —

Automatic data interchange

TOPIC EQPS 3 —   CONTROLLER WORKING POSITION

Subtopic EQPS 3.1 —

Operation and monitoring of equipment

Subtopic EQPS 3.2 —

Situation displays and information systems

Subtopic EQPS 3.3 —

Flight data systems

Subtopic EQPS 3.4 —

Use of ATS surveillance system

Subtopic EQPS 3.5 —

Advanced systems

TOPIC EQPS 4 —   FUTURE EQUIPMENT

Subtopic EQPS 4.1 —

New developments

TOPIC EQPS 5 —   EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS LIMITATIONS AND DEGRADATION

Subtopic EQPS 5.1 —

Reaction to limitations

Subtopic EQPS 5.2 —

Communication equipment degradation

Subtopic EQPS 5.3 —

Navigational equipment degradation

Subtopic EQPS 5.4 —

Surveillance equipment degradation

Subtopic EQPS 5.5 —

ATC processing system degradation

SUBJECT 9:   PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

TOPIC PEN 1 —   FAMILIARISATION

Subtopic PEN 1.1 —

Study visit to approach control unit

TOPIC PEN 2 —   AIRSPACE USERS

Subtopic PEN 2.1 —

Contributors to civil ATS operations

Subtopic PEN 2.2 —

Contributors to military ATS operations

TOPIC PEN 3 —   CUSTOMER RELATIONS

Subtopic PEN 3.1 —