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Document 02004R0866-20150831

Consolidated text: Council Regulation (EC) No 866/2004 of 29 April 2004 on a regime under Article 2 of Protocol 10 to the Act of Accession

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2004/866/2015-08-31

02004R0866 — EN — 31.08.2015 — 005.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 866/2004

of 29 April 2004

on a regime under Article 2 of Protocol 10 to the Act of Accession

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(OJ L 206 9.6.2004, p. 128)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 293/2005 of 17 February 2005

  L 50

1

23.2.2005

 M2

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 601/2005 of 18 April 2005

  L 99

10

19.4.2005

 M3

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1283/2005 of 3 August 2005

  L 203

8

4.8.2005

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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 587/2008 of 16 June 2008

  L 163

1

24.6.2008

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COUNCIL REGULATION (EU) No 685/2013 of 15 July 2013

  L 196

1

19.7.2013

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COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/1472 of 26 August 2015

  L 225

3

28.8.2015


Corrected by:

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Corrigendum, OJ L 206, 9.6.2004, p.  51 (866/2004)




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COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 866/2004

of 29 April 2004

on a regime under Article 2 of Protocol 10 to the Act of Accession



TITLE I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Definitions

For the purpose of this Regulation the following definitions shall apply:

1. 

the term ‘line’ means:

(a) 

for the purpose of checks on persons, as defined in Article 2, the line between the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and those areas in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control;

(b) 

for the purpose of checks on goods, as defined in Article 4, the line between the areas in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control and both those areas in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus exercises effective control and the Eastern Sovereign Base Area of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;

2. 

the term ‘third-country national’ means any person who is not a citizen of the Union within the meaning of Article 17(1) of the EC Treaty.

References in this Regulation to areas in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control are to areas within the Republic of Cyprus only.

TITLE II

CROSSING OF PERSONS

Article 2

Check on Persons

1.  
The Republic of Cyprus shall carry out checks on all persons crossing the line with the aim to combat illegal immigration of third-country nationals and to detect and prevent any threat to public security and public policy. Such checks shall also be carried out on vehicles and objects in the possession of persons crossing the line.
2.  
All persons shall undergo at least one such check in order to establish their identity.
3.  

Third-country nationals shall only be allowed to cross the line provided they:

(a) 

possess either a residence permit issued by the Republic of Cyprus or a valid travel document and, if required, a valid visa for the Republic of Cyprus, and

(b) 

do not represent a threat to public policy or public security.

4.  
The line shall be crossed only at crossing points authorised by the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus. A list of these crossing points is laid down in Annex I.
5.  
Checks on persons at the boundary between the Eastern Sovereign Base Area and the areas not under effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus shall be carried out in accordance with Article 5(2) of Protocol 3 to the Act of Accession.

Article 3

Surveillance of the line

Effective surveillance shall be carried out by the Republic of Cyprus all along the line, in such a way as to discourage people from circumventing checks at the crossing points referred to in Article 2(4).

TITLE III

CROSSING OF GOODS

Article 4

Treatment of goods arriving from the areas not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus

1.  
Without prejudice to Article 6, goods may be introduced in the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, on condition that they are wholly obtained in the areas not under effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus or have undergone their last, substantial, economically justified processing or working in an undertaking equipped for that purpose in the areas not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus within the meaning of Articles 23 and 24 of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 ( 4 ).

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2.  
The goods referred to in paragraph 1 shall not be subject to a customs declaration. They shall not be subject to customs duties or charges having equivalent effect. In order to ensure effective controls, the quantities crossing the line shall be registered.

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3.  
The goods shall cross the line only at the crossing points listed in Annex I and the crossing points of Pergamos and Strovilia under the authority of the Eastern Sovereign Base Area.
4.  
The goods shall be subject to the requirements and undergo the checks as required by Community legislation as set out in Annex II.
5.  
Goods shall be accompanied by a document issued by the Turkish Cypriot Chamber of Commerce, duly authorised for that purpose by the Commission in agreement with the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, or by another body so authorised in agreement with the latter. The Turkish Cypriot Chamber of Commerce or other duly authorised body will maintain records of all such documents issued to enable the Commission to monitor the type and volume of goods crossing the line as well as their compliance with the provisions of this Article.
6.  
After the goods have crossed the line into the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus shall check the authenticity of the document referred to in paragraph 5 and whether it corresponds with the consignment.
7.  
The Republic of Cyprus shall treat the goods referred to in paragraph 1 as not being imported within the meaning of Article 7(1) of Council Directive 77/388/EEC ( 5 ) and Article 5 of Council Directive 92/12/EEC ( 6 ), provided the goods are destined for consumption in the Republic of Cyprus.
8.  
Paragraph 7 shall not have any effect on the European Communities' own resources accruing from VAT.

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9.  
The movement across the line of live animals and animal products which are subject to Community veterinary requirements shall be prohibited. Prohibitions in respect of specified live animals or animal products may be lifted by Commission decisions laying down the conditions applicable for trade adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 58(2) of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 7 ).

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10.  
The authorities of the Eastern Sovereign Base Area may maintain the traditional supply of the Turkish Cypriot population of the village of Pyla with goods coming from the areas which are not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. They shall strictly supervise the quantities and nature of the goods in view of their destination.
11.  
Goods complying with the conditions set out in paragraphs 1 to 10 shall have the status of Community goods, within the meaning of Article 4(7) of Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92.
12.  
This Article shall apply immediately as from 1 May 2004 to goods wholly obtained in the areas not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and complying with Annex II. In respect of other goods, the full implementation of this Article shall be subject to specific rules that take full account of the particular situation in the island of Cyprus on the basis of a Commission decision to be adopted as soon as possible and at the latest within two months of the adoption of this Regulation. For such purpose, the Commission shall be assisted by a Committee and Articles 3 and 7 of Council Decision 1999/468/EC ( 8 ) shall apply.

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Article 4a

Temporary introduction of goods

1.  

With the exception of goods which are subject to veterinary and phytosanitary requirements, the following goods may be temporarily introduced from the areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control into the areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus exercises effective control:

(a) 

the personal effects of persons crossing the line reasonably required for the journey and goods for sport purposes;

(b) 

means of transport;

(c) 

professional equipment;

(d) 

goods destined to be repaired;

(e) 

goods to be exhibited or used at a public event.

2.  
The goods referred to in paragraph 1 may be introduced for a period of up to six months.
3.  
The goods referred to in paragraph 1 do not need to fulfil the conditions laid down in Article 4(1).
4.  
If the goods referred to in paragraph 1, are not returned to the areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not exercise effective control on the expiry of the period of temporary introduction provided for under paragraph 2, they shall be subject to confiscation by the customs authorities of the Republic of Cyprus.
5.  
In the event of the temporary introduction of the goods referred to in points (a) and (b) of paragraph 1 of this Article, Articles 229, 232, 579 and 581 of Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 ( 9 ) shall apply mutatis mutandis.

In the event of the temporary introduction of the goods referred to in points (c), (d) and (e) of paragraph 1 of this Article, the following procedure shall be followed:

(a) 

the goods shall be accompanied by a declaration by the person introducing them stating the purpose of the temporary introduction and supporting documentation, as appropriate, providing reasonable evidence that the goods fall into one of the three categories listed in points (c), (d) and (e) of paragraph 1 of this Article;

(b) 

the goods shall be registered by the customs authorities of the Republic of Cyprus or by the authorities of the Eastern Sovereign Base Area when they enter and leave the areas of the Republic of Cyprus in which the Government of the Republic of Cyprus exercises effective control or the Eastern Sovereign Base Area;

(c) 

the customs authorities of the Republic of Cyprus and the authorities of the Eastern Sovereign Base Area may make the temporary introduction of the goods conditional upon the provision of a guarantee in order to ensure that any customs or fiscal debt which may be incurred in respect of those goods will be paid.

6.  
The Commission may adopt specific rules in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 4(12).

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Article 5

Goods sent to the areas not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus

1.  
Goods which are allowed to cross the line shall not be subject to export formalities. However, the necessary equivalent documentation shall be provided, in full respect of Cypriot internal legislation, by the authorities of the Republic of Cyprus upon request.
2.  
No export refund shall be paid for agricultural and processed agricultural goods when crossing the line.
3.  
The supply of goods shall not be exempt under Article 15(1) and (2) of Directive 77/388/EEC.
4.  
The movement of goods, the removal or export of which from the customs territory of the Community is prohibited or subject to authorisation, restrictions, duties or other charges on export by Community law, shall be prohibited.

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Article 5a

Treatment of goods which are taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and taken back into those areas after passing through the areas not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus

1.  

Without prejudice to Articles 4, 4a and 6, Union goods, within the meaning of point (18) of Article 4 of Regulation (EC) No 450/2008, may be taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and taken back into those areas after passing through the areas of the Republic of Cyprus not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, subject to the following requirements:

(a) 

whoever transports those goods shall at the crossing point where the goods are taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus present to the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus appropriate documentation to establish that they are Union goods. That documentation shall include an invoice, a transport document or an equivalent document. In cases where it is not possible to present such documentation, because the goods are produced by the person transporting them, a declaration that the goods are Union goods shall be presented to the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus;

(b) 

except when the goods are destined for personal use, the documentation accompanying them shall contain at least the full name and address of the consignor, or the declarant where the consignor and declarant are not the same, the quantity and kind as well as the marks and numbers of the packages, a description of the goods, the gross mass in kilograms and, where necessary, the container numbers;

(c) 

whoever transports those goods shall designate the crossing point which is intended to be used for taking them back into the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and shall inform the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus of that designation at the crossing point where the goods are taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus;

(d) 

when considered necessary by the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus, consignments or means of transport shall be sealed at the crossing point where the goods are taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus;

(e) 

when the goods are taken back into the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus after passing through the areas not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, whoever transports those goods shall present to the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus at the crossing point where the goods are taken back into the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus the same documentation as used at the crossing point where the goods were taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus;

(f) 

the goods shall be taken out and taken back into the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus at the crossing points listed in Annex I and within a reasonable time span determined by the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus taking into account the acceptable total time of transportation, considering the total transportation distance;

(g) 

the competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus shall check the documentation and if appropriate the goods and their seals, whether the goods taken back into the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus correspond to the documentation used at the crossing point where the goods were taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, and whether the requirements in point (f) have been respected;

(h) 

in the event of failure to comply with the requirements laid down in points (a) to (g), the goods shall not be allowed to be taken back into the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus unless an assessment of the risk involved has been carried out and effective, proportionate and targeted measures based upon that assessment have been adopted. Those goods shall be subject to confiscation by the customs authorities of the Republic of Cyprus.

2.  
In accordance with Article 4(9), it shall be prohibited to take back live animals which are subject to Union veterinary requirements.
3.  
Consignments of animal products which are subject to Union veterinary requirements may be taken out of the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and be taken back into those areas after passing through the areas not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.

The competent authorities of the Republic of Cyprus shall ensure that consignments of animal products are not allowed to be taken back to the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus where the total time of transportation considerably exceeds the acceptable total time of transportation, considering the total transportation distance, unless the competent veterinary authority has carried out an assessment of the risks to animal and public health and has adopted effective, proportional and targeted measures based on that assessment.

The Republic of Cyprus shall regularly and as necessary inform the Commission of any non-compliance with this paragraph and of any measures taken to address it.

4.  
The goods referred to in the paragraphs 1 to 3 shall not be subject to further customs formalities.

The competent customs authorities of the Republic of Cyprus may however perform effective risk analysis and customs security checks in accordance with the applicable legal provisions, on the basis of the documentation concerning the goods being transported.

The crossing points listed in Annex I shall be fully equipped, staffed and in every other way prepared to implement the provisions laid down in paragraphs 1 to 3.

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Article 6

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1.  
Council Directive 69/169/EEC of 28 May 1969 on the harmonisation of provisions laid down by Law, Regulation or Administrative Action relating to exemption from turnover tax and excise duty on imports in international travel ( 10 ) and Regulation (EEC) No 918/83 of 28 March 1983 setting up a Community system of reliefs from customs duty ( 11 ) shall not apply, but goods contained in the personal luggage of persons crossing the line shall be exempt from turnover tax and excise duty as well as from other duties provided they have no commercial character and their total value does not exceed EUR 260 per person.
2.  
The quantitative limits for exemptions from turnover tax and excise duty as well as from other duties shall be 40 cigarettes and 1 litre of spirits for personal consumption.

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3.  
Exemptions for the goods mentioned in paragraph 2 shall not be granted to persons crossing the line under 17 years of age.
4.  
Within the quantitative limits set out in paragraph 2, the value of the goods listed in paragraph 2 shall not be taken into consideration in determining the exemption referred to in paragraph 1.
5.  
In order to address serious disturbances in a specific sector of its economy caused by the extensive use of the facilities by persons crossing the line, the Republic of Cyprus may, after approval by the Commission, derogate from Article 6(1) for a period of no longer than three months.

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TITLE IV

SERVICES

Article 7

Taxation

To the extent that services are supplied across the line to and from persons established or having their permanent address or usual residence in the areas of the Republic of Cyprus which are not under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, these services shall for VAT purposes be deemed to have been supplied or received by persons established or having their permanent address or usual residence in the areas of the Republic of Cyprus under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.

TITLE V

FINAL PROVISIONS

Article 8

Implementation

The authorities of the Republic of Cyprus and the authorities of the Eastern Sovereign Base Area in Cyprus shall take all appropriate measures in order to ensure full compliance with the provisions of this Regulation and to prevent any circumvention of them.

Article 9

Adaptation of Annexes

The Commission may, in agreement with the Government of Cyprus amend the Annexes to this Regulation. Prior to amending the Annexes, the Commission shall consult the Turkish Cypriot Chamber of Commerce or other body duly authorized by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus as referred to in Article 4(5), as well as the United Kingdom if the Sovereign Base Areas are affected. When amending Annex II the Commission shall follow the appropriate procedure referred to in the relevant Community legislation relating to the matter being amended.

Article 10

Change of policy

Any change in the policy of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on crossings of persons or goods shall only become effective after the proposed changes have been notified to the Commission and the Commission has not objected to these changes within one month. If appropriate, and after consultation with the United Kingdom if the Sovereign Base Areas are affected, the Commission may propose modifications to this Regulation in order to secure compatibility of national and EU rules applicable to the line.

Article 11

Review and monitoring of the Regulation

1.  
Without prejudice to Article 4(12), the Commission shall report to the Council on an annual basis, starting not later than one year after the date of entry into force of this Regulation, on the implementation of the Regulation and the situation resulting from its application, attaching to this report suitable proposals for amendments if necessary.

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2.  
The Commission shall monitor the application of Articles 4 and 5a of this Regulation and the patterns of trade between the areas under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus and the areas not under its effective control, including the volume and value of trade and products traded. For that purpose the Republic of Cyprus shall collect data and communicate it to the Commission on a monthly basis.

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3.  
Any Member State may request the Council to invite the Commission to examine and report back to it within a specified time frame on any matter of concern arising from the application of this Regulation.
4.  
In the event of an emergency creating a threat or risk to public or animal and plant health, the appropriate procedures as set out in EU legislation in Annex II shall apply. ►M4  In the event of other emergencies, in particular those caused by irregularities, trade distortions or fraud, or where other exceptional circumstances arise which require immediate action, the Commission may, in consultation with the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, apply forthwith such measures as are strictly necessary to remedy the situation. ◄ The measures taken shall be referred to the Council within 10 working days. The Council may, acting by qualified majority vote, amend, modify or annul the measures taken by the Commission within 21 working days from the date of receipt of notification from the Commission.
5.  
Any Member State may invite the Commission to provide details of the volume, value and products crossing the line to the appropriate standing or management committee, provided it gives one month's notice of its request.

Article 12

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the day of accession of Cyprus to the European Union.

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ANNEX I

List of crossing points referred to in Article 2(4)

— 
Agios Dhometios
— 
Astromeritis — Zodhia
— 
Kato Pyrgos — Karavostasi
— 
Kato Pyrgos — Kokkina
— 
Kokkina — Pachyammos
— 
Ledra Palace
— 
Ledra Street
— 
Lefka — Apliki
— 
Deryneia.

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ANNEX II

Requirements and checks referred to in Article 4(4)

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Veterinary, phytosanitary and food safety requirements and checks as set out in measures adopted pursuant to Article 37 (former Article 43) and/or Article 152(4)(b) of the EC Treaty. In particular, relevant plants, plant products and other objects shall have undergone phytosanitary checks by duly authorised experts to verify that the provisions of EU phytosanitary legislation (Council Directive 2000/29/EC ( 12 )) are complied with before they cross the line to the areas under the effective control of the Republic of Cyprus.



( 1 )  OJ L 236, 23.9.2003, p. 955.

( 2 )  OJ L 236, 23.9.2003, p. 940.

( 3 )  OJ L 302, 19.10.1992, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by the 2003 Act of Accession.

( 4 )  OJ L 145, 13.6.1977, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Directive 2004/15/EC (OJ L 52, 21.2.2004, p. 61).

( 5 )  OJ L 76, 23.3.1992, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 807/2003 (OJ L 122, 16.5.2003, p. 36).

( 6 )  OJ L 184, 17.7.1999, p. 23.

( 7 )  OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 1642/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 245, 29.9.2003 p. 4).

( 8 )  OJ L 133, 4.6.1969, p. 6. Directive as last amended by Directive 2000/47/EC (OJ L 193, 29.7.2000, p. 73).

( 9 ) Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2454/93 of 2 July 1993 laying down provisions for the implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No 2913/92 establishing the Community Customs Code (OJ L 253, 11.10.1993, p. 1). Regulation as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 214/2007 (OJ L 62, 1.3.2007, p. 6).

( 10 )  OJ L 133, 4.6.1969, p. 6. Directive as last amended by Council Directive 2007/74/EC (OJ L 346, 29.12.2007, p. 6).

( 11 )  OJ L 105, 23.4.1983, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 274/2008 (OJ L 85, 27.3.2008, p. 1).

( 12 )  OJ L 169, 10.7.2000, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2004/31/EC (OJ L 85, 23.3.2004, p. 18).

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