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Document 02008R0692-20160516

Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 of 18 July 2008 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information (Text with EEA relevance)

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2008/692/2016-05-16

02008R0692 — EN — 16.05.2016 — 010.004


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

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COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 692/2008

of 18 July 2008

implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

(Text with EEA relevance)

(OJ L 199 28.7.2008, p. 1)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 566/2011 of 8 June 2011

  L 158

1

16.6.2011

►M2

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 459/2012 of 29 May 2012

  L 142

16

1.6.2012

►M3

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 630/2012 of 12 July 2012

  L 182

14

13.7.2012

►M4

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 143/2013 of 19 February 2013

  L 47

51

20.2.2013

►M5

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 171/2013 of 26 February 2013

  L 55

9

27.2.2013

►M6

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 195/2013 of 7 March 2013

  L 65

1

8.3.2013

►M7

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 519/2013 of 21 February 2013

  L 158

74

10.6.2013

►M8

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 136/2014 of 11 February 2014

  L 43

12

13.2.2014

►M9

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/45 of 14 January 2015

  L 9

1

15.1.2015

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COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2016/427 of 10 March 2016

  L 82

1

31.3.2016

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COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2016/646 of 20 April 2016

  L 109

1

26.4.2016


Corrected by:

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Corrigendum, OJ L 336, 21.12.2010, p.  68 (692/2008)

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Corrigendum, OJ L 131, 20.5.2017, p.  23 (2016/427)




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COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 692/2008

of 18 July 2008

implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

(Text with EEA relevance)



Article 1

Subject matter

This Regulation lays down measures for the implementation of Articles 4, 5 and 8 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

Article 2

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:

1. ‘vehicle type with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information’ means a group of vehicles which do not differ in the following respects:

(a) the equivalent inertia determined in relation to the reference mass as provided for in paragraph 5.1 of Annex 4 of UN/ECE Regulation 83 ( 1 );

(b) the engine and vehicle characteristics as set out in Appendix 3 of Annex I;

2. ‘EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information’ means an EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to its tailpipe emissions, crankcase emissions, evaporative emissions, fuel consumption and access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information;

3. ‘gaseous pollutants’ means the exhaust gas emissions of carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, expressed in nitrogen dioxide (NO2) equivalent, and hydrocarbons with the following ratio:

(a) C1H1,89O0,016 for petrol (E5);

(b) C1H1,86O0,005 for diesel (B5);

(c) C1H2,525 for liquefied petroleum gas (LPG);

(d) CH4 for natural gas (NG) and biomethane;

(e) C1H2,74O0,385 for ethanol (E85);

4. ‘starting aid’ means glow plugs, modifications to the injection timing and other devices which assist the engine to start without enrichment of the air/fuel mixture of the engine;

5. ‘engine capacity’ means either of the following:

(a) for reciprocating piston engines, the nominal engine swept volume;

(b) for rotary piston (Wankel) engines, double the nominal engine swept volume;

6. ‘periodically regenerating system’ means catalytic converters, particulate filters or other pollution control devices that require a periodical regeneration process in less than 4 000 km of normal vehicle operation

7. ‘original replacement pollution control device’ means a pollution control device or an assembly of pollution control devices whose types are indicated in Appendix 4 to Annex I to this Regulation but are offered on the market as separate technical units by the holder of the vehicle type-approval;

8. ‘type of pollution control device’ means catalytic converters and particulate filters which do not differ in any of the following essential aspects:

(a) number of substrates, structure and material;

(b) type of activity of each substrate;

(c) volume, ratio of frontal area and substrate length;

(d) catalyst material content;

(e) catalyst material ratio;

(f) cell density;

(g) dimensions and shape;

(h) thermal protection;

9. ‘mono fuel vehicle’ means a vehicle that is designed to run primarily on one type of fuel;

10. ‘mono fuel gas vehicle’ means a mono fuel vehicle that primarily runs on LPG, NG/biomethane, or hydrogen but may also have a petrol system for emergency purposes or starting only, where the petrol tank does not contain more than 15 litres of petrol;

11. ‘bi fuel vehicle’ means a vehicle with two separate fuel storage systems that can run part-time on two different fuels and is designed to run on only one fuel at a time;

12. ‘bi fuel gas vehicle’ means a bi fuel vehicle that can run on petrol and also on either LPG, NG/biomethane or hydrogen;

13. ‘flex fuel vehicle’ means a vehicle with one fuel storage system that can run on different mixtures of two or more fuels;

14. ‘flex fuel ethanol vehicle’ means a flex fuel vehicle that can run on petrol or a mixture of petrol and ethanol up to an 85 % ethanol blend (E85);

15. ‘flex fuel biodiesel vehicle’ means a flex fuel vehicle that can run on mineral diesel or a mixture of mineral diesel and biodiesel;

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16. ‘hybrid electric vehicle’ (HEV) means a vehicle, including vehicles which draw energy from a consumable fuel only for the purpose of re-charging the electrical energy/power storage device, that, for the purpose of mechanical propulsion, draws energy from both of the following on-vehicle sources of stored energy/power:

(a) a consumable fuel;

(b) a battery, capacitor, flywheel/generator or other electrical energy/power storage device;

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17. ‘properly maintained and used’ means, for the purpose of a test vehicle, that such a vehicle satisfies the criteria for acceptance of a selected vehicle laid down in section 2 of Appendix 1 to Annex II;

18. ‘emission control system’ means, in the context of the OBD system, the electronic engine management controller and any emission-related component in the exhaust or evaporative system which supplies an input to or receives an output from this controller;

19. ‘malfunction indicator (MI)’ means a visible or audible indicator that clearly informs the driver of the vehicle in the event of a malfunction of any emission-related component connected to the OBD system, or of the OBD system itself;

20. ‘malfunction’ means the failure of an emission-related component or system that would result in emissions exceeding the limits in section 3.3.2 of Annex XI or if the OBD system is unable to fulfil the basic monitoring requirements set out in Annex XI;

21. ‘secondary air’ means the air introduced into the exhaust system by means of a pump or aspirator valve or other means that is intended to aid in the oxidation of HC and CO contained in the exhaust gas stream;

22. ‘driving cycle’, in respect of vehicle OBD systems, consists of engine start-up, driving mode where a malfunction would be detected if present, and engine shut-off;

23. ‘access to information’ means the availability of all vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information, required for the inspection, diagnosis, servicing or repair of the vehicle.

24. ‘deficiency’ means, in the context of the OBD system, that up to two separate components or systems which are monitored contain temporary or permanent operating characteristics that impair the otherwise efficient OBD monitoring of those components or systems or do not meet all of the other detailed requirements for OBD;

25. ‘deteriorated replacement pollution control device’ means a pollution control device as defined in Article 3(11) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 that has been aged or artificially deteriorated to such an extent that it fulfils the requirements laid out in Section 1 to Appendix 1 to Annex XI of UN/ECE Regulation No 83;

26. ‘vehicle OBD information’ means information relating to an on-board diagnostic system for any electronic system on the vehicle

27. ‘reagent’ means any product other than fuel that is stored on-board the vehicle and is provided to the exhaust after-treatment system upon request of the emission control system;

28. ‘mass of the vehicle in running order’ means the mass described in point 2.6 of Annex I to Directive 2007/46/EC;

29. ‘engine misfire’ means lack of combustion in the cylinder of a positive ignition engine due to absence of spark, poor fuel metering, poor compression or any other cause;

30. ‘cold start system or device’ means a system which temporarily enriches the air/fuel mixture of the engine thus assisting the engine to start;

31. ‘power take-off operation or unit’ means an engine-driven output provision for the purposes of powering auxiliary, vehicle mounted, equipment;

32. ‘small volume manufacturers’ means vehicle manufacturers whose worldwide annual production is less than 10 000 units;

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33. ‘electric power train’ means a system consisting of one or more electric energy storage devices, one or more electric power conditioning devices and one or more electric machines that convert stored electric energy to mechanical energy delivered at the wheels for propulsion of the vehicle;

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34. ‘pure electric vehicle’ means a vehicle powered by an electric power train only;

35. ‘flex fuel H2NG vehicle’ means a flex fuel vehicle that can run on different mixtures of hydrogen and NG/biomethane;

36. ‘hydrogen fuel cell vehicle’ means a vehicle powered by a fuel cell that converts chemical energy from hydrogen into electric energy, for propulsion of the vehicle;

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37. ‘net power’ means the power obtained on a test bench at the end of the crankshaft or its equivalent at the corresponding engine or motor speed with the auxiliaries, tested in accordance with Annex XX (Measurements of net engine power, net power and the maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive train), and determined under reference atmospheric conditions;

38. ‘maximum net power’ means the maximum value of the net power measured at full engine load;

39. ‘maximum 30 minutes power’ means the maximum net power of an electric drive train at DC voltage as set out in paragraph 5.3.2. of UNECE Regulation No 85 ( 2 );

40. ‘cold start’ means an engine coolant temperature (or equivalent temperature) at engine start less than or equal to 35 °C and less than or equal to 7 K higher than ambient temperature (if available) at engine start;

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41. ‘real driving emissions (RDE)’ means the emissions of a vehicle under its normal conditions of use;

42. ‘portable emissions measurement system (PEMS)’ means a portable emissions measurement system meeting the requirements specified in Appendix 1 to Annex IIIA;

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43. ‘base emission strategy’ (hereinafter ‘BES’) means an emission strategy that is active throughout the speed and load operating range of the vehicle unless an auxiliary emission strategy is activated;

44. ‘auxiliary emission strategy’ (hereinafter ‘AES’) means an emission strategy that becomes active and replaces or modifies a BES for a specific purpose and in response to a specific set of ambient or operating conditions and only remains operational as long as those conditions exist.

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Article 3

Requirements for type-approval

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1.  In order to receive an EC type-approval with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information, the manufacturer shall demonstrate that the vehicles comply with the test procedures specified in Annexes III to VIII, X to XII, XIV, XVI and XX to this Regulation. The manufacturer shall also ensure compliance with the specifications of reference fuels set out in Annex IX to this Regulation.

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2.  Vehicles shall be subject to the tests specified in Figure I.2.4 of Annex I.

3.  As an alternative to the requirements contained in Annexes II, III, V to XI and XVI, small volume manufacturers may request the granting of EC type-approval to a vehicle type which was approved by an authority of a third country on the basis of the legislative acts set out in Section 2.1 of Annex I.

The emissions tests for roadworthiness purposes set out in Annex IV, tests fuel consumption and CO2 emissions set out in Annex XII and the requirements for access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information set out in Annex XIV shall still be required to obtain EC type-approval with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information under this paragraph.

The approval authority shall inform the Commission of the circumstances of each type approval granted under this paragraph.

4.  Specific requirements for inlets to fuel tanks and electronic system security are laid down in Section 2.2 and 2.3 of Annex I.

5.  The manufacturer shall take technical measures so as to ensure that the tailpipe and evaporative emissions are effectively limited, in accordance with this Regulation, throughout the normal life of the vehicle and under normal conditions of use.

These measures shall include ensuring that the security of hoses, joints and connections, used within the emission control systems, are constructed so as to conform with the original design intent.

6.  The manufacturer shall ensure that the emissions test results comply with the applicable limit value under the specified test conditions of this Regulation.

7.  For the Type 2 test set out in Appendix 1 to Annex IV, at normal engine idling speed, the maximum permissible carbon monoxide content in the exhaust gases shall be that stated by the vehicle manufacturer. However, the maximum carbon monoxide content shall not exceed 0,3 % vol.

At high idle speed, the carbon monoxide content by volume of the exhaust gases shall not exceed 0,2 %, with the engine speed being at least 2 000 min-1 and Lambda being 1 ± 0,03 or in accordance with the specifications of the manufacturer.

8.  The manufacturer shall ensure that for the Type 3 test set out in Annex V, the engine’s ventilation system does not permit the emission of any crankcase gases into the atmosphere.

9.  The Type 6 test measuring emissions at low temperatures set out in Annex VIII shall not apply to diesel vehicles.

However, when applying for type-approval, manufacturers shall present to the approval authority with information showing that the NOx aftertreatment device reaches a sufficiently high temperature for efficient operation within 400 seconds after a cold start at – 7 °C as described in the Type 6 test.

In addition, the manufacturer shall provide the approval authority with information on the operating strategy of the exhaust gas recirculation system (EGR), including its functioning at low temperatures.

This information shall also include a description of any effects on emissions.

The approval authority shall not grant type-approval if the information provided is insufficient to demonstrate that the aftertreatment device actually reaches a sufficiently high temperature for efficient operation within the designated period of time.

At the request of the Commission, the approval authority shall provide information on the performance of NOx aftertreatment devices and EGR system at low temperatures.

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10.  The manufacturer shall ensure that, throughout the normal life of a vehicle which is type-approved in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, its emissions as determined in accordance with the requirements set out in Annex IIIA to this Regulation and emitted at an RDE test performed in accordance with that Annex, shall not exceed the values set out therein.

Type-approval in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 may only be issued if the vehicle is part of a validated PEMS test family according to Appendix 7 of Annex IIIA.

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Until three years after the dates specified in Article 10(4) and four years after the dates specified in Article 10(5) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 the following provisions shall apply:

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(a)  ►M11  The requirements of point 2.1 of Annex IIIA shall not apply. ◄

(b) The other requirements of Annex IIIA, in particular with regard to RDE tests to be performed and data to be recorded and made available, shall apply only to new type-approvals according to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 issued after the twentieth day following that of the publication of Annex IIIA in the Official Journal of the European Union.

(c) The requirements of Annex IIIA shall not apply to type-approvals granted to small-volume manufacturers as defined in Article 2(32) of this Regulation.

(d) Where the requirements set out in Appendices 5 and 6 of Annex IIIA are satisfied for only one of the two data evaluation methods described in those Appendices, the following procedures shall be followed:

(i) one additional RDE test shall be performed;

(ii) where those requirements are again satisfied for only one method the analysis of the completeness and normality shall be recorded for both methods and the calculation required by point 9.3 of Annex IIIA may be limited to the method for which the completeness and normality requirements are satisfied.

The data of both RDE tests and of the analysis of the completeness and normality shall be recorded and made available for examining the difference in the results of the two data evaluation methods.

(e) The power at the wheels of the test vehicle shall be determined either by wheel hub torque measurement or from the CO2 mass flow using ‘Velines’ according to point 4 of Appendix 6 of Annex IIIA.

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Article 4

Requirements for type-approval regarding the OBD system

1.  The manufacturer shall ensure that all vehicles are equipped with an OBD system.

2.  The OBD system shall be designed, constructed and installed on a vehicle so as to enable it to identify types of deterioration or malfunction over the entire life of the vehicle.

3.  The OBD system shall comply with the requirements of this Regulation during conditions of normal use.

4.  When tested with a defective component in accordance with Appendix 1 of Annex XI, the OBD system malfunction indicator shall be activated.

The OBD system malfunction indicator may also activate during this test at levels of emissions below the OBD thresholds limits specified in Annex XI.

5.  The manufacturer shall ensure that the OBD system complies with the requirements for in-use performance set out in section 3 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI of this Regulation under all reasonably foreseeable driving conditions.

6.  In-use performance related data to be stored and reported by a vehicle’s OBD system according to the provisions of point 3.6 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI shall be made readily available by the manufacturer to national authorities and independent operators without any encryption.

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Article 5

Application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

1.  The manufacturer shall submit to the approval authority an application for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information.

2.  The application referred to in paragraph 1 shall be drawn up in accordance with the model of the information document set out in Appendix 3 to Annex I.

3.  In addition, the manufacturer shall submit the following information:

(a) in the case of vehicles equipped with positive-ignition engines, a declaration by the manufacturer of the minimum percentage of misfires out of a total number of firing events that either would result in emissions exceeding the limits given in section 2.3 of Annex XI if that percentage of misfire had been present from the start of a type 1 test as described in Annex III to this Regulation or could lead to an exhaust catalyst, or catalysts, overheating prior to causing irreversible damage;

(b) detailed written information fully describing the functional operation characteristics of the OBD system, including a listing of all relevant parts of the emission control system of the vehicle that are monitored by the OBD system;

(c) a description of the malfunction indicator used by the OBD system to signal the presence of a fault to a driver of the vehicle;

(d) a declaration by the manufacturer that the OBD system complies with the provisions of section 3 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI relating to in-use performance under all reasonably foreseeable driving conditions;

(e) a plan describing the detailed technical criteria and justification for incrementing the numerator and denominator of each monitor that must fulfil the requirements of sections 3.2 and 3.3 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI, as well as for disabling numerators, denominators and the general denominator under the conditions outlined in section 3.7 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI;

(f) a description of the provisions taken to prevent tampering with and modification of the emission control computer;

(g) if applicable, the particulars of the vehicle family as referred to in Appendix 2 to Annex XI;

(h) where appropriate, copies of other type-approvals with the relevant data to enable extension of approvals and establishment of deterioration factors.

4.  For the purposes of paragraph 3(d), the manufacturer shall use the model of a manufacturer’s certificate of compliance with the OBD in-use performance requirements set out in Appendix 7 of Annex I

5.  For the purposes of paragraph 3(e), the approval authority that grants the approval shall make the information referred to in that point available to the approval authorities or the Commission upon request.

6.  For the purposes of points (d) and (e) of paragraph 3, approval authorities shall not approve a vehicle if the information submitted by the manufacturer is inappropriate for fulfilling the requirements of section 3 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI.

Sections 3.2, 3.3 and 3.7 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI shall apply under all reasonably foreseeable driving conditions.

For the assessment of the implementation of the requirements set out in the first and second subparagraphs, the approval authorities shall take into account the state of technology.

7.  For the purposes of paragraph 3(f), the provisions taken to prevent tampering with and modification of the emission control computer shall include the facility for updating using a manufacturer-approved programme or calibration.

8.  For the tests specified in Figure I.2.4 of Annex I the manufacturer shall submit to the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests a vehicle representative of the type to be approved.

9.  The application for type-approval of mono fuel, bi-fuel and flex-fuel vehicles shall comply with the additional requirements laid down in Sections 1.1 and 1.2 of Annex I.

10.  Changes to the make of a system, component or separate technical unit that occur after a type-approval shall not automatically invalidate a type approval, unless its original characteristics or technical parameters are changed in such a way that the functionality of the engine or pollution control system is affected.

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11.  The manufacturer shall also provide an extended documentation package with the following information:

(a) information on the operation of all AES and BES, including a description of the parameters that are modified by any AES and the boundary conditions under which the AES operate, and indication of the AES or BES which are likely to be active under the conditions of the test procedures set out in this Regulation;

(b) a description of the fuel system control logic, timing strategies and switch points during all modes of operation.

12.  The extended documentation package referred to in paragraph 11 shall remain strictly confidential. It may be kept by the approval authority, or, at the discretion of the approval authority, may be retained by the manufacturer. In the case the manufacturer retains the documentation package, that package shall be identified and dated by the approval authority once reviewed and approved. It shall be made available for inspection by the approval authority at the time of approval or at any time during the validity of the approval.

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Article 6

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

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1.  If all the relevant requirements are met, the approval authority shall grant an EC type-approval and issue a type-approval number in accordance with the numbering system set out in Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC.

Without prejudice to the provisions of Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC, section 3 of the type-approval number shall be drawn up in accordance with Appendix 6 to Annex I to this Regulation.

An approval authority shall not assign the same number to another vehicle type.

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The requirements of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 shall be deemed to be met if all the following conditions are fulfilled:

(a) the requirements of Article 3(10) are met;

(b) the requirements of Article 13 of this Regulation are met;

(c) for vehicles type-approved to the requirements of the Euro 5 emission limits given in Table 1 of Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, the vehicle has been approved according to UN/ECE Regulations No 83, series of amendments 06, No 85, No 101, series of amendments 01 and in the case of compression ignition vehicles No 24 Part III, series of amendments 03;

(d) for vehicles type-approved to the requirements of the Euro 6 emission limits given in Table 2 of Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, the vehicle has been approved according to UN/ECE Regulations No 83, series of amendments 07, No 85 and its supplements, No 101, Revision 3 (comprising series of amendments 01 and their supplements) and in the case of compression ignition vehicles No 24 Part III, series of amendments 03.

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In the case referred to in the fourth subparagraph Article 14 shall also apply.

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2.  By way of derogation from paragraph 1, at the request of the manufacturer, a vehicle with an OBD system may be accepted for type-approval with regard to emissions and vehicle repair and maintenance information, even though the system contains one or more deficiencies such that the specific requirements of Annex XI are not fully met, provided that the specific administrative provisions set out in Section 3 of that Annex are complied with.

The approval authority shall notify the decision to grant such a type approval to all approval authorities in the other Member States in accordance with the requirements set out in Article 8 of Directive 2007/46/EC.

3.  When granting an EC type approval under paragraph 1, the approval authority shall issue an EC type-approval certificate using the model set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I.

Article 7

Amendments to type-approvals

Articles 13, 14 and 16 of Directive 2007/46/EC shall apply to any amendments to the type-approvals.

At the manufacturer’s request the provisions specified in Section 3 of Annex I shall apply without the need for additional testing only to vehicles of the same type.

Article 8

Conformity of production

1.  Measures to ensure the conformity of production shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of Article 12 of Directive 2007/46/EC.

2.  Conformity of production shall be checked on the basis of the description in the type-approval certificate set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I to this Regulation.

3.  The specific provisions concerning conformity of production are laid down in Section 4 of Annex I to this Regulation and the relevant statistical methods in Appendices 1 and 2 to that Annex.

Article 9

In service conformity

1.  The provisions for in-service conformity are laid down in Annex II to this Regulation and, for vehicles type-approved under Council Directive 70/220/EEC ( 3 ), in Annex XV to this Regulation.

2.  Measures to ensure in-service conformity of vehicles type-approved under this Regulation or Directive 70/220/EEC shall be taken in accordance with Article 12 of Directive 2007/46/EC.

3.  The in-service conformity measures shall be appropriate for confirming the functionality of the pollution control devices during the normal useful life of the vehicles under normal conditions of use as specified in Annex II to this Regulation.

4.  The in-service conformity measures shall be checked for a period of up to 5 years of age or 100 000 km, whichever is the sooner.

5.  The manufacturer shall not be obliged to carry out an audit of in-service conformity if the number of vehicles sold precludes obtaining sufficient samples to test. Therefore, an audit shall not be required if the annual sales of that vehicle type are less than 5 000 across the Community.

However, the manufacturer of such small series vehicles shall provide the approval authority with a report of any emissions related warranty and repair claims and OBD faults as set out in point 2.3 of Annex II to this Regulation. In addition, the type-approval authority may require such vehicle types to be tested in accordance with Appendix 1 to Annex II to this Regulation.

6.  With regard to vehicles type-approved under this Regulation, where the approval authority is not satisfied with the results of the tests in accordance with the criteria defined in Appendix 2 to Annex II, the remedial measures referred to in Article 30(1) and in Annex X to Directive 2007/46/EC shall be extended to vehicles in service belonging to the same vehicle type which are likely to be affected with the same defects in accordance with section 6 of Appendix 1 to Annex II.

The plan of remedial measures presented by the manufacturer according to section 6.1 of Appendix 1 of Annex II to this Regulation shall be approved by the approval authority. The manufacturer shall be responsible for the execution of the approved remedial plan.

The approval authority shall notify its decision to all Member States within 30 days. Member States may require that the same plan of remedial measures be applied to all vehicles of the same type registered in their territory.

7.  If an approval authority has established that a vehicle type does not conform to the applicable requirements of Appendix 1, it shall notify without delay the Member State which granted the original type-approval in accordance with the requirements of Article 30(3) of Directive 2007/46/EC.

Following that notification and subject to the provision of Article 30(6) of Directive 2007/46/EC, the approval authority which granted the original type-approval shall inform the manufacturer that a vehicle type fails to satisfy the requirements of these provisions and that certain measures are expected of the manufacturer. The manufacturer shall submit to that authority, within two months after this notification, a plan of measures to overcome the defects, the substance of which should correspond to the requirements of sections 6.1 to 6,8 of Appendix 1. The approval authority which granted the original type-approval shall, within two months, consult the manufacturer in order to secure agreement on a plan of measures and on the carrying out the plan. If the approval authority which granted the original type-approval establishes that no agreement can be reached, the procedure pursuant to Article 30(3) and (4) of Directive 2007/46/EC shall be initiated

Article 10

Pollution control devices

1.  The manufacturer shall ensure that replacement pollution control devices intended to be fitted to EC type-approved vehicles covered by the scope of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 are EC type-approved, as separate technical units within the meaning of Article 10(2) of Directive 2007/46/EC, in accordance with Article 12, Article 13 and Annex XIII to this Regulation.

Catalytic converters and particulate filters shall be considered to be pollution control devices for the purposes of this Regulation.

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The relevant requirements shall be deemed to be met if all the following conditions are fulfilled:

(a) the requirements of Article 13 are met;

(b) the replacement pollution control devices have been approved according to UN/ECE Regulation No 103.

In the case referred to in the third subparagraph Article 14 shall also apply.

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2.  Original equipment replacement pollution control devices, which fall within the type covered by point 2.3 of the Addendum to Appendix 4 to Annex I and are intended for fitment to a vehicle to which the relevant type-approval document refers, do not need to comply with Annex XIII provided they fulfil the requirements of points 2.1 and 2.2 of that Annex.

3.  The manufacturer shall ensure that the original pollution control device carries identification markings.

4.  The identification markings referred to in paragraph 3 shall comprise the following:

(a) the vehicle or engine manufacturer’s name or trade mark;

(b) the make and identifying part number of the original pollution control device as recorded in the information mentioned in point 3.2.12.2 of Appendix 3 to Annex I.

Article 11

Application for EC type-approval of a type of replacement pollution control device as a separate technical unit

1.  The manufacturer shall submit to the approval authority an application for EC type-approval of a type of replacement pollution control device as a separate technical unit.

The application shall be drawn up in accordance with the model of the information document set out in Appendix 1 to Annex XIII.

2.  In addition to the requirements laid down in paragraph 1, the manufacturer shall submit to the technical service responsible for the type-approval test the following:

(a) a vehicle or vehicles of a type approved in accordance with this Regulation equipped with a new original equipment pollution control device

(b) one sample of the type of the replacement pollution control device

(c) an additional sample of the type of the replacement pollution control device, in the case of a replacement pollution control device intended to be fitted to a vehicle equipped with an OBD system.

3.  For the purposes of paragraph 2(a), the test vehicles shall be selected by the applicant with the agreement of the technical service.

The test vehicles shall comply with the requirements set out in Section 3.1 of Annex 4 to UN/ECE Regulation 83.

The test vehicles shall respect the following requirements:

(a) they shall have no emission control system defects;

(b) any excessively worn out or malfunctioning emission-related original part shall be repaired or replaced;

(c) they shall be tuned properly and set to manufacturer’s specification prior to emission testing.

4.  For the purposes of points (b) and (c) of paragraph 2, the sample shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the applicant’s trade name or mark and its commercial designation.

5.  For the purposes of paragraph 2(c), the sample shall have been deteriorated as defined under point 25 of Article 2.

Article 12

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval of replacement pollution control device as separate technical unit

1.  If all the relevant requirements are met, the type approval authority shall grant an EC type-approval for replacement pollution control devices as separate technical unit and issue a type-approval number in accordance with the numbering system set out in Annex VII to Directive 2007/46/EC.

The approval authority shall not assign the same number to another replacement pollution control device type.

The same type-approval number may cover the use of that replacement pollution control device type on a number of different vehicle types.

2.  For the purposes of paragraph 1, the approval authority shall issue an EC type-approval certificate established in accordance with the model set out in Appendix 2 to Annex XIII.

3.  If the applicant for type-approval is able to demonstrate to the approval authority or technical service that the replacement pollution control device is of a type indicated in section 2.3 of the Addendum to Appendix 4 to Annex I, the granting of a type-approval shall not be dependent on verification of compliance with the requirements specified in section 4 of Annex XIII.

Article 13

Access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information

1.  Manufacturers shall put in place the neccessary arrangements and procedures, in accordance with Articles 6 and 7 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Annex XIV of this regulation, to ensure that vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information is readily accessible.

2.  Approval authorities shall only grant type-approval after receiving from the manufacturer a Certificate on Access to Vehicle OBD and Vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information.

3.  The Certificate on Access to Vehicle OBD and Vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information shall serve as the proof of compliance with Article 6(7) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

4.  The Certificate on Access to Vehicle OBD and Vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information shall be drawn up in accordance with the model set out in Appendix 1 of Annex XIV.

5.  If the vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information is not available, or does not conform to Article 6 and 7 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Annex XIV of this Regulation, when the application for type-approval is made, the manufacturer shall provide that information within six months of the relevant date set out in paragraph 2 of Article 10 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 or within six months of the date of type-approval, whichever date is later.

6.  The obligations to provide information within the dates specified in paragraph 5 shall apply only if, following type-approval, the vehicle is placed on the market.

When the vehicle is placed on the market more than six months after type-approval, the information shall be provided on the date on which the vehicle is placed on the market.

7.  The approval authority may presume that the manufacturer has put in place satisfactory arrangements and procedures with regard to access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information, on the basis of a completed Certificate on Access to Vehicle OBD and Vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information, providing that no complaint was made, and that the manufacturer provides thise information within the period set out in paragraph 5.

8.  In addition to the requirements for the access to OBD information that are specified in Section 4 of Annex XI, the manufacturer shall make available to interested parties the following information:

(a) relevant information to enable the development of replacement components which are critical to the correct functioning of the OBD system.

(b) information to enable the development of generic diagnostic tools.

For the purposes of point (a), the development of replacement components shall not be restricted by: the unavailability of pertinent information, the technical requirements relating to malfunction indication strategies if the OBD thresholds are exceeded or if the OBD system is unable to fulfil the basic OBD monitoring requirements of this Regulation; specific modifications to the handling of OBD information to deal independently with vehicle operation on petrol or on gas; and the type-approval of gas-fuelled vehicles that contain a limited number of minor deficiencies.

For the purposes of point (b), where manufacturers use diagnostic and test tools in accordance with ISO 22900 Modular Vehicle Communication Interface (MVCI) and ISO 22901 Open Diagnostic Data Exchange (ODX) in their franchised networks, the ODX files shall be accessible to independent operators via the web site of the manufacturer.

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9.  The Forum on Access to Vehicle Information (the Forum) is hereby established.

The Forum shall consider whether access to information affects the advances made in reducing vehicle theft and shall make recommendations for improving the requirements relating to access to information. In particular, the Forum shall advise the Commission on the introduction of a process for approving and authorising independent operators by accredited organisations to access information on vehicle security.

The Commission may decide to keep the discussions and findings of the Forum confidential.

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Article 14

Compliance with the obligations regarding access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information

1.  An approval authority may, at any time, whether on its own initiative, on the basis of a complaint, or on the basis of an assessment by a technical service, check the compliance of a manufacturer with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, this Regulation, and the terms of the Certificate on Access to Vehicle OBD and Vehicle Repair and Maintenance Information.

2.  Where an approval authority finds that the manufacturer has failed to comply with its obligations regarding access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information, the approval authority which granted the relevant type approval shall take appropriate steps to remedy the situation.

3.  These steps may include withdrawal or suspension of type-approval, fines, or other measures adopted in accordance with Article 13 of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

4.  The approval authority shall proceed to an audit in order to verify compliance by the manufacturer with the obligations concerning access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information, if an independent operator or a trade association representing independent operators files a complaint to the approval authority.

5.  When carrying out the audit, the approval authority may ask a technical service or any other independent expert to carry out an assessment to verify whether these obligations are met.

Article 15

Special requirements regarding type approval information

1.  By way of derogation from Annex I to Council Directive 70/156/EEC ( 4 ) and until 29 April 2009, the additional requirements set out in Annex XVIII to this Regulation shall also apply.

2.  By way of derogation from Annex III to Council Directive 70/156/EEC and until 29 April 2009, the additional requirements set out in Annex XIX to this Regulation shall also apply.

Article 16

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 is amended in accordance with Annex XVII to this Regulation.

Article 17

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the third day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

However, the obligations set out in Articles 4(5), 4(6), 5(3)(d) and 5(3)(e) shall apply from 1 September 2011 for the type-approval of new types of vehicles and from 1 January 2014 for all new vehicles sold, registered or put into service in the Community.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.




LIST OF ANNEXES



ANNEX I

Administrative provisions for EC type-approval

Appendix 1

Verification of conformity of production (1st statistical method)

Appendix 2

Verification of conformity of production (2nd statistical method)

Appendix 3

Model information document

Appendix 4

Model EC type-approval certificate

Appendix 5

OBD related information

Appendix 6

EC type-approval certificate numbering system

Appendix 7

Manufacturer's certificate of compliance with OBD in-use performance requirements

ANNEX II

In-service conformity

Appendix 1

In-service conformity check

Appendix 2

Statistical procedure for tailpipe emissions in-service conformity testing

Appendix 3

Responsibilities for in-service conformity

ANNEX III

Verifying average exhaust emissions at ambient conditions (Type 1 test)

ANNEX IIIA

Verifying real driving emissions

Appendix 1

Test procedure for vehicle emissions testing with a Portable Emissions Measurement System (PEMS)

Appendix 2

Specifications and calibration of PEMS components and signals

Appendix 3

Validation of PEMS and non-traceable exhaust mass flow rate

Appendix 4

Determination of emissions

Appendix 5

Verification of trip dynamic conditions with method 1 (Moving Averaging Window)

Appendix 6

Verification of trip dynamic conditions with method 2 (Power Binning)

Appendix 7

Selection of vehicles for PEMS testing at initial type approval

Appendix 7a

Verification of overall trip dynamics

Appendix 7b

Procedure to determine the cumulative positive elevation gain of a trip

Appendix 8

Data exchange and reporting requirements

Appendix 9

Manufacturer's certificate of compliance

ANNEX IV

Emissions data required at type-approval for roadworthiness purposes

Appendix 1

Measuring carbon monoxide emissions at idling speeds (Type 2 test)

Appendix 2

Measurement of smoke opacity

ANNEX V

Verifying emissions of crankcase gases (Type 3 test)

ANNEX VI

Determination of evaporative emissions (Type 4 test)

ANNEX VII

Verifying the durability of pollution control devices (Type 5 test)

Appendix 1

Standard Bench Cycle (SBC)

Appendix 2

Standard Diesel Bench Cycle (SDBC)

Appendix 3

Standard Road Cycle (SRC)

ANNEX VIII

Verifying the average exhaust emissions at low ambient temperatures (Type 6 test)

ANNEX IX

Specifications of reference fuels

ANNEX X

Emissions test procedure for hybrid electric vehicles (HEV)

ANNEX XI

On-board diagnostics (OBD) for motor vehicles

Appendix 1

Functional aspects of OBD systems

Appendix 2

Essential characteristics of the vehicle family

ANNEX XII

Determination of CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, electric energy consumption and electric range

ANNEX XIII

EC Type-approval of replacement pollution control devices as separate technical unit

Appendix 1

Model information document

Appendix 2

Model EC type-approval certificate

Appendix 3

Model EC type-approval mark

ANNEX XIV

Access to vehicle OBD and vehicle repair and maintenance information

Appendix 1

Certificate of compliance

ANNEX XV

In-service conformity of vehicles type-approval under Directive 70/220/EC

Appendix 1

In-service conformity check

Appendix 2

Statistical procedure for in-service conformity testing

ANNEX XVI

Requirements for vehicles that use a reagent for the exhaust aftertreatment system

ANNEX XVII

Amendments to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

ANNEX XVIII

Special Provisions Regarding Annex I to Council Directive 70/156/EEC

ANNEX XIX

Special Provisions Regarding Annex III to Council Directive 70/156/EEC

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ANNEX XX

Measurement of net engine power

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ANNEX I

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS FOR EC TYPE-APPROVAL

1.   ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTING OF EC TYPE-APPROVAL

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1.1.   Additional requirements for mono fuel gas vehicles, bi-fuel gas vehicles and flex fuel H2NG vehicles.

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1.1.1.

For the purposes of section 1.1 the following definitions shall apply:

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1.1.1.1.

A family means a group of vehicle types fuelled by LPG, NG/biomethane, H2NG, identified by a parent vehicle.

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1.1.1.2.

A parent vehicle means a vehicle that is selected to act as the vehicle on which the self adaptability of a fuelling system is going to be demonstrated, and to which the members of a family refer. It is possible to have more than one parent vehicle in a family.

1.1.1.3.

A member of the family means a vehicle that shares the following essential characteristics with its parent:

(a) It is produced by the same vehicle manufacturer;

(b) It is subject to the same emission limits;

(c) If the gas fuelling system has a central metering for the whole engine, it has a certified power output between 0,7 and 1,15 times that of the engine of the parent vehicle;

(d) If the gas fuelling system has an individual metering per cylinder, it has a certified power output per cylinder between 0,7 and 1,15 times that of the engine of the parent vehicle;

(e) If fitted with a catalyst system, it has the same type of catalyst i.e. three-way, oxidation, de NOx;

(f) It has a gas fuelling system (including the pressure regulator) from the same system manufacturer and of the same type: induction, vapour injection (single point, multipoint), liquid injection (single point, multipoint);

(g) This gas fuelling system is controlled by an ECU of the same type and technical specification, containing the same software principles and control strategy. The vehicle may have a second ECU compared to the parent vehicle, provided that the ECU is only used to control the injectors, additional shut-off valves and the data acquisition from additional sensors.

With regard to the requirements referred to in point (c) and (d), in the case where a demonstration shows two gas fuelled vehicles could be members of the same family with the exception of their certified power output, respectively P1 and P2 (P1 < P2), and both are tested as if they were parent vehicles, the family relation will be considered valid for any vehicle with a certified power output between 0,7 × P1 and 1,15 × P2.

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1.1.2.

In case of vehicles fuelled by LPG, NG/biomethane, H2NG, EC type-approval is granted subject to the following requirements:

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1.1.2.1.

For the type-approval of a parent vehicle, the parent vehicle shall demonstrate its capability to adapt to any fuel composition that may occur across the market. In the case of LPG there are variations in C3/C4 composition. In the case of natural gas there are generally two types of fuel, high calorific fuel (H-gas) and low calorific fuel (L-gas), but with a significant spread within both ranges; they differ significantly in Wobbe index. These variations are reflected in the reference fuels.

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In the case of a flex fuel H2NG vehicle, the composition range may vary from 0 % hydrogen to a maximum percentage of hydrogen within the mixture, which shall be specified by the manufacturer. The parent vehicle shall demonstrate its capability to adapt to any percentage, within the range specified by the manufacturer. It shall also demonstrate its capability to adapt to any NG/biomethane composition that may occur across the market, regardless of the percentage of hydrogen in the mixture.

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1.1.2.2.

In the case of vehicles fuelled by LPG, NG/biomethane, the parent vehicle shall be tested in the type 1 test on the two extreme gas reference fuels set out in Annex IX. In the case of NG/biomethane, if the transition from one gas fuel to the other gas fuel is, in practice, aided through the use of a switch, this switch shall not be used during type-approval.

In the case of flex fuel H2NG vehicles, the parent vehicle shall be tested in the type 1 test with the following fuel compositions:

 100 % H-gas.

 100 % L-gas.

 The mixture of H-gas and the maximum percentage of hydrogen specified by the manufacturer.

 The mixture of L-gas and the maximum percentage of hydrogen specified by the manufacturer.

1.1.2.3.

The vehicle is considered to conform if, under the tests and reference fuels mentioned in point 1.1.2.2, the vehicle complies with the emission limits.

1.1.2.4.

In the case of vehicles fuelled by LPG or NG/biomethane, the ratio of emission results ‘r’ shall be determined for each pollutant as follows:



Type of fuel

Reference fuels

Calculation of ‘r’

LPG

fuel A

image

fuel B

NG/Biomethane

fuel G20

image

fuel G25

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1.1.2.5.

In the case of flex fuel H2NG vehicles, two ratios of emission results ‘r1’ and ‘r2’, shall be determined for each pollutant as follows:



Type of fuel

Reference fuels

Calculation of ‘r’

NG/biomethane

fuel G20

image

fuel G25

H2NG

Mixture of hydrogen and G20 with the maximum percentage of hydrogen specified by the manufacturer

image

Mixture of hydrogen and G25 with the maximum percentage of hydrogen specified by the manufacturer

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1.1.3.

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For the type-approval of a mono- fuel gas vehicle and bi-fuel gas vehicles operating in gas mode, fuelled by LPG or NG/biomethane, as a member of the family, a type 1 test shall be performed with one gas reference fuel. This reference fuel may be either of the gas reference fuels. The vehicle is considered to comply if the following requirements are met:

 ◄

(a) the vehicle complies with the definition of a family member as defined in section 1.1.1.3;

(b) if the test fuel is the reference fuel A for LPG or G20 for NG/Biomethane, the emission result for each pollutant shall be multiplied by the relevant factor ‘r’ calculated in section 1.1.2.4 if r > 1; if r < 1, no correction is needed;

(c) if the test fuel is the reference fuel B for LPG or G25 for NG/Biomethane, the emission result for each pollutant shall be divided by the relevant factor ‘r’ calculated in section 1.1.2.4 if r < 1; if r > 1, no correction is needed;

(d) on the manufacturer’s request the type 1 test may be performed on both reference fuels, so that no correction is needed;

(e) the vehicle shall comply with the emission limits valid for the relevant category for both measured and calculated emissions;

(f) if repeated tests are made on the same engine the results on reference fuel G20, or A, and those on reference fuel G25, or B, shall first be averaged; the ‘r’ factor shall then be calculated from these averaged results;

(g) during the type 1 test the vehicle shall only use petrol for a maximum of 60 seconds when operating in gas mode.

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1.1.4.

For the type-approval of a flex fuel H2NG vehicle as a member of a family, two type 1 tests shall be performed, the first test with 100 % of either G20 or G25, and the second test with the mixture of hydrogen and the same NG/biomethane fuel used during the first test, with the maximum hydrogen percentage specified by the manufacturer.

The vehicle tested in accordance with the first paragraph shall be considered as complying if, in addition to requirements set out in points (a), (e) and (g) of point 1.1.3., the following requirements are met:

(a) if the NG/biomethane fuel is the reference fuel G20, the emission result for each pollutant shall be multiplied by the relevant factors (r1 for the first test and r2 for the second test), calculated in section 1.1.2.5, if the relevant factor > 1; if the correspondent relevant factor < 1, no correction is needed;

(b) if the NG/biomethane fuel is the reference fuel G25, the emission result for each pollutant shall be divided by the correspondent relevant factor (r1 for the first test and r2 for the second test) calculated in accordance with point 1.1.2.5, if the correspondent relevant factor < 1; if the correspondent relevant factor > 1, no correction is needed;

(c) on the manufacturer's request the type 1 test must be performed with the four possible combinations of reference fuels, according to section 1.1.2.5, so that no correction is needed;

(d) if repeated tests are made on the same engine the results on reference fuel G20, or H2G20, and those on reference fuel G25, or H2G25 with the maximum hydrogen percentage specified by the manufacturer, shall first be averaged; the ‘r1’ and ‘r2’ factors shall then be calculated from these averaged results.

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1.2.   Additional requirements for flex fuel vehicles

1.2.1.

For the type-approval of a flex fuel ethanol or biodiesel vehicle, the vehicle manufacturer shall describe the capability of the vehicle to adapt to any mixture of petrol and ethanol fuel (up to an 85 % ethanol blend) or diesel and biodiesel that may occur across the market.

1.2.2.

For flex fuel vehicles, the transition from one reference fuel to another between the tests shall take place without manual adjustment of the engine settings.

2.   ADDITIONAL TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS

2.1.   Small volume manufacturers

2.1.1.

List of legislative acts referred to in Article 3(3):



Legislative Act

Requirements

The California Code of Regulations, Title 13, Sections 1961(a) and 1961(b)(1)(C)(1) applicable to 2001 and later model year vehicles, 1968.1, 1968.2, 1968.5, 1976 and 1975, published by Barclay’s Publishing

Type-approval must be granted under the California Code of Regulations applicable to the most recent model year of light-duty vehicle.

2.2.   Inlets to fuel tanks

2.2.1.

The inlet orifice of the petrol or ethanol tank shall be designed so that it prevents the tank from being filled from a fuel pump delivery nozzle that has an external diameter of 23,6 mm or greater.

2.2.2.

Section 2.2.1 shall not apply to a vehicle for which both of the following conditions are satisfied:

(a) the vehicle is designed and constructed so that no device designed to control the emission of gaseous pollutants is adversely affected by leaded petrol, and

(b) the vehicle is conspicuously, legibly and indelibly marked with the symbol for unleaded petrol specified in ISO 2575:2004 in a position immediately visible to a person filling the fuel tank. Additional markings are permitted.

2.2.3.

Provision shall be made to prevent excess evaporative emissions and fuel spillage caused by a missing fuel filler cap. This may be achieved by using one of the following:

(a) an automatically opening and closing, non-removable fuel filler cap,

(b) design features which avoid excess evaporative emissions in the case of a missing fuel filler cap,

(c) any other provision which has the same effect. Examples may include, but are not limited to, a tethered filler cap, a chained filler cap or one utilizing the same locking key for the filler cap as for the vehicle’s ignition. In this case the key shall be removable from the filler cap only in the locked condition.

2.3.   Provisions for electronic system security

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2.3.1.

Any vehicle with an emission control computer shall include features to prevent modification, except as authorised by the manufacturer. The manufacturer shall authorise modifications if these modifications are necessary for the diagnosis, servicing, inspection, retrofitting or repair of the vehicle. Any reprogrammable computer codes or operating parameter shall be resistant to tampering and afford a level of protection at least as good as the provisions in ISO 15031-7; dated 15 March 2001 (SAE J2186 dated October 1996). Any removable calibration memory chips shall be potted, encased in a sealed container or protected by electronic algorithms and shall not be changeable without the use of specialised tools and procedures. Only features directly associated with emissions calibration or prevention of vehicle theft may be so protected.

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2.3.2.

Computer-coded engine operating parameters shall not be changeable without the use of specialized tools and procedures (e. g. soldered or potted computer components or sealed (or soldered) computer enclosures).

2.3.3.

In the case of mechanical fuel-injection pumps fitted to compression-ignition engines, manufacturers shall take adequate steps to protect the maximum fuel delivery setting from tampering while a vehicle is in service.

2.3.4.

Manufacturers may apply to the approval authority for an exemption to one of the requirements of Section 2.3 for those vehicles which are unlikely to require protection. The criteria that the approval authority shall evaluate in considering an exemption shall include the current availability of performance chips, the high-performance capability of the vehicle and the projected sales volume of the vehicle.

2.3.5.

Manufacturers using programmable computer code systems (e.g. electrical erasable programmable read-only memory, EEPROM) shall deter unauthorised reprogramming. Manufacturers shall include enhanced tamper-protection strategies and write-protect features requiring electronic access to an off-site computer maintained by the manufacturer ’, to which independent operators shall also have access using the protection afforded in Section 2.3.1. and Section 2.2. of Annex XIV. Methods giving an adequate level of tamper protection shall be approved by the approval authority.

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2.4.    Application of tests

2.4.1.

Figure I.2.4 illustrates the application of the tests for type-approval of a vehicle. The specific test procedures are described in Annexes II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI, XII, XVI ( 5 ) and XX.



Figure I.2.4

Application of test requirements for type-approval and extensions

Vehicle category

Vehicles with positive ignition engines including hybrids

Vehicles with compression ignition engines including hybrids

Pure electric vehicles

Hydrogen Fuel cell vehicles

Mono fuel

Bi-fuel (1)

Flex-fuel (1)

Flex fuel

Mono fuel

Reference fuel

Petrol

(E5/E10) (5)

LPG

NG/Biome thane

Hydrogen

Petrol (E5/E10) (5)

Petrol (E5/E10) (5)

Petrol (E5/E10) (5)

Petrol (E5/E10) (5)

NG/Biomethane

Diesel

(B5/B7) (5)

Diesel

(B5/B7) (5)

LPG

NG/Biomethane

Hydrogen

Ethanol

(E85)

H2NG

Biodiesel

Gaseous pollutants

(Type 1 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes (4)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels) (4)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes (B5/B7 only) (2) (5)

Yes

Particulate mass and particulate number

(Type 1 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes (B5/B7 only) (2) (5)

Yes

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Gaseous pollutants, RDE (Type 1A test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes (4)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes ((both fuels)

Yes

Particulate number, RDE (Type 1A test) (6)

Yes

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels

Yes (both fuels

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes

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Idle emissions

(Type 2 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(NG/biomethane only)

Crankcase emissions

(Type 3 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(NG/biomethane only)

Evaporative emissions

(Type 4 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Durability

(Type 5 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(NG/ biomethane only)

Yes (B5/B7 only) (2) (5)

Yes

Low temperature emissions

(Type 6 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes (3)

(both fuels)

In-service conformity

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes (B5/B7 only) (2) (5)

Yes

On-board diagnostics

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, electric energy consumption and electric range

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes (B5/B7 only) (2) (5)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Smoke opacity

Yes (B5/B7 only) (2) (5)

Yes

Engine power

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(1)   When a bi-fuel vehicle is combined with a flex fuel vehicle, both test requirements are applicable.

(2)   This provision is temporary, further requirements for biodiesel shall be proposed later on.

(3)   Test on petrol only before the dates set out in Article 10(6) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007. The test will be performed on both fuels after these dates. The E75 test reference fuel specified in Annex IX, Section B, shall be used.

(4)   Only NOx emissions shall be determined when the vehicle is running on hydrogen.

(5)   

Upon the choice of the manufacturer vehicles with positive and compression ignition engines may be tested with either E5 or E10 and either B5 or B7 fuels, respectively. However:

— Not later than sixteen months after the dates set out in Article 10(4) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, new type -approvals shall only be performed with E10 and B7 fuels,

— Not later than three years after the dates set out in Article 10(5) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, all new vehicles shall be type-approved with E10 and B7 fuels.

(6)   The particulate number RDE test only applies to vehicles for which Euro 6 PN emission limits are defined in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

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Explanatory note:

The dates of application of the reference fuels E10 and B7 for all new vehicles have been set out to minimise the test burden. If, however, technical evidence for vehicles certified with E5 or B5 reference fuels showing significantly higher emissions when tested with E10 or B7 is established, the Commission should make a proposal advancing these introduction dates.

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3.   EXTENSIONS TO TYPE-APPROVALS

3.1.   Extensions for tailpipe emissions (type 1, type 2 and type 6 tests)

3.1.1.

Vehicles with different reference masses

3.1.1.1.

The type-approval shall be extended only to vehicles with a reference mass requiring the use of the next two higher equivalent inertia or any lower equivalent inertia.

3.1.1.2.

For category N vehicles, the approval shall be extended only to vehicles with a lower reference mass, if the emissions of the vehicle already approved are within the limits prescribed for the vehicle for which extension of the approval is requested.

3.1.2.

Vehicles with different overall transmission ratios

3.1.2.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles with different transmission ratios only under certain conditions.

3.1.2.2.

To determine whether type-approval can be extended, for each of the transmission ratios used in the type 1 and type 6 tests, the proportion,

image

shall be determined where, at an engine speed of 1 000 rpm, V1 is the speed of the vehicle-type approved and V2 is the speed of the vehicle type for which extension of the approval is requested.

3.1.2.3.

If, for each transmission ratio, E ≤ 8 %, the extension shall be granted without repeating the type 1 and type 6 tests.

3.1.2.4.

If, for at least one transmission ratio, E > 8 %, and if, for each gear ratio, E ≤ 13 %, the type 1 and type 6 tests shall be repeated. The tests may be performed in a laboratory chosen by the manufacturer subject to the approval of the technical service. The report of the tests shall be sent to the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests.

3.1.3.

Vehicles with different reference masses and transmission ratios

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles with different reference masses and transmission ratios, provided that all the conditions prescribed in 3.1.1 and 3.1.2 are fulfilled.

3.1.4.

Vehicles with periodically regenerating systems

The type-approval of a vehicle type equipped with a periodically regenerating system shall be extended to other vehicles with periodically regenerating systems, whose parameters described below are identical, or within the stated tolerances. The extension shall only relate to measurements specific to the defined periodically regenerating system.

3.1.4.1.

Identical parameters for extending approval are:

(1) Engine,

(2) Combustion process,

(3) Periodically regenerating system (i.e. catalyst, particulate trap),

(4) Construction (i.e. type of enclosure, type of precious metal, type of substrate, cell density),

(5) Type and working principle,

(6) Dosage and additive system,

(7) Volume ± 10 per cent,

(8) Location (temperature ± 50 °C at 120 km/h or 5 per cent difference of max. temperature/pressure).

3.1.4.2.

Use of Ki factors for vehicles with different reference masses

The Ki factors developed by the procedures in section 3 of Annex 13 of UN/ECE Regulation No 83 for type-approval of a vehicle type with a periodically regenerating system, may be used by other vehicles which meet the criteria referred to in section 3.1.4.1 and have a reference mass within the next two higher equivalent inertia classes or any lower equivalent inertia.

3.1.5.

Application of extensions to other vehicles

When an extension has been granted in accordance with 3.1.1 to 3.1.4, such a type-approval shall not be further extended to other vehicles.

3.2.   Extensions for evaporative emissions (type 4 test)

3.2.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles equipped with a control system for evaporative emissions which meet the following conditions:

3.2.1.1.

The basic principle of fuel/air metering (e.g. single point injection) is the same.

3.2.1.2.

The shape of the fuel tank and the material of the fuel tank and liquid fuel hoses is identical.

3.2.1.3.

The worst-case vehicle with regard to the cross-section and approximate hose length shall be tested. Whether non-identical vapour/liquid separators are acceptable is decided by the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests.

3.2.1.4.

The fuel tank volume is within a range of ± 10 %.

3.2.1.5.

The setting of the fuel tank relief valve is identical.

3.2.1.6.

The method of storage of the fuel vapour is identical, i.e. trap form and volume, storage medium, air cleaner (if used for evaporative emission control), etc.

3.2.1.7.

The method of purging of the stored vapour is identical (e.g. air flow, start point or purge volume over the preconditioning cycle).

3.2.1.8.

The method of sealing and venting of the fuel metering system is identical.

3.2.2.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles with:

3.2.2.1.

different engine sizes;

3.2.2.2.

different engine powers;

3.2.2.3.

automatic and manual gearboxes;

3.2.2.4.

two and four wheel transmissions;

3.2.2.5.

different body styles; and

3.2.2.6.

different wheel and tyre sizes.

3.3.   Extensions for durability of pollution control devices (type 5 test)

3.3.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to different vehicle types, provided that the vehicle, engine or pollution control system parameters specified below are identical or remain within the prescribed tolerances:

3.3.1.1.

Vehicle:

Inertia category: the two inertia categories immediately above and any inertia category below.

Total road load at 80 km/h: + 5 % above and any value below.

3.3.1.2.

Engine

(a) engine cylinder capacity (± 15 %),

(b) number and control of valves,

(c) fuel system,

(d) type of cooling system,

(e) combustion process.

3.3.1.3.

Pollution control system parameters:

(a) Catalytic converters and particulate filters:

number of catalytic converters, filters and elements,

size of catalytic converters and filters (volume of monolith ± 10 %),

type of catalytic activity (oxidizing, three-way, lean NOx trap, SCR, lean NOx catalyst or other),

precious metal load (identical or higher),

precious metal type and ratio (± 15 %),

substrate (structure and material),

cell density,

temperature variation of no more than 50 K at the inlet of the catalytic converter or filter. This temperature variation shall be checked under stabilized conditions at a speed of 120 km/h and the load setting of the type 1 test.

(b) Air injection:

with or without

type (pulsair, air pumps, other(s))

(c) EGR:

with or without

type (cooled or non cooled, active or passive control, high pressure or low pressure).

3.3.1.4.

The durability test may be carried out using a vehicle, which has a different body style, gear box (automatic or manual) and size of the wheels or tyres, from those of the vehicle type for which the type-approval is sought.

3.4.   Extensions for on-board diagnostics

3.4.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to different vehicles with identical engine and emission control systems as defined in Annex XI, Appendix 2. The type-approval shall be extended regardless of the following vehicle characteristics:

(a) engine accessories;

(b) tyres;

(c) equivalent inertia;

(d) cooling system;

(e) overall gear ratio;

(f) transmission type; and

(g) type of bodywork.

3.5.   Extensions for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption

3.5.1.

Vehicles powered by an internal combustion engine only, except vehicles equipped with a periodically regenerating emission control system.

3.5.1.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles differing with regard to the following characteristics, if the CO2 emissions measured by the technical service do not exceed the type-approval value by more than 4 % for vehicles of category M and 6 % for vehicles of category N:

 reference mass,

 technically permissible maximum laden mass,

 type of bodywork as defined in Section C of Annex II of Directive 2007/46/EC,

 overall gear ratios,

 engine equipment and accessories.,

3.5.2.

Vehicles powered by an internal combustion engine only and equipped with a periodically regenerating emission control system

3.5.2.1.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles, differing with regard to the characteristics given in Section 3.5.1.1 above, but not exceeding the family characteristics of UN/ECE Regulation No 101 ( 6 ), Annex 10, if the CO2 emissions measured by the technical service do not exceed the type approved value by more than 4 % for vehicles of category M and 6 % for vehicles of category N, and where the same Ki factor is applicable.

3.5.2.2.

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles with a different Ki factor, if the CO2 emissions measured by the technical service do not exceed the type approved value by more than 4 % for vehicles of category M and 6 % for vehicles of category N.

3.5.3.

Vehicles powered by an electric power train only

Extensions shall be granted after agreement with the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.

3.5.4.

Vehicles powered by a hybrid electric power train

The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles differing with regard to the following characteristics, if the CO2 emissions and the electric energy consumption measured by the technical service do not exceed the type approved value by more than 4 % for vehicles of category M and 6 % for vehicles of category N:

 reference mass,

 Technically permissible maximum laden mass,

 Type of bodywork as defined in Section C of Annex II of Directive 2007/46/EC,

 With respect to a change in any other characteristic extensions may be granted after agreement with the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.,

3.5.5.

Extension of type-approval of vehicles of category N within a family:

3.5.5.1.

For vehicles of category N that are approved as members of a vehicle family using the procedure in Section 3.6.2, the type-approval shall be extended to vehicles from within the same family only if the technical service estimates that the fuel consumption of the new vehicle does not exceed the fuel consumption of the vehicle on which the family’s fuel consumption is based.

Type-approvals may also be extended to vehicles which:

 are up to 110 kg heavier than the family member tested, provided that they are within 220 kg of the lightest member of the family,

 have a lower overall transmission ratio than the family member tested due solely to a change in tyre sizes, and,

 conform with the family in all other respects.,

3.5.5.2.

For vehicles of category N that are type-approved as members of a vehicle family using the procedure in point 3.6.3, the type-approval can be extended to vehicles from within the same family without additional testing only if the technical service estimates that the fuel consumption of the new vehicle falls within the limits made up of those two vehicles in the family that have the lowest and the highest fuel consumption, respectively.

3.6.   Type-approval of vehicles of category N within a family for fuel consumption and CO2 emissions

Vehicles of category N shall be type-approved within a family as defined in point 3.6.1 using one of the two alternative methods described in points 3.6.2 and 3.6.3.

3.6.1.

N vehicles may be grouped together into a family for the purposes of measurement of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions if the following parameters are identical or within the specified limits:

3.6.1.1.

Identical parameters shall be the following:

 manufacturer and type as defined in section I of Appendix 4,

 engine capacity,

 emission control system type,

 fuel system type as defined in point 1.10.2 of Appendix 4.,

3.6.1.2.

The following parameters shall be within the following limits:

 transmission overall ratios (no more than 8 % higher than the lowest) as defined in point 1.13.3 of Appendix 4,

 reference mass (no more than 220 kg lighter than the heaviest),

 frontal area (no more than 15 % smaller than the largest),

 engine power (no more than 10 % less than the highest value).

3.6.2.

A vehicle family, as defined in point 3.6.1, may be approved with CO2 emission and fuel consumption data that are common to all members of the family. The technical service shall select for testing the member of the family which the service considers to have the highest CO2 emission. The measurements shall be performed as described in Annex XII, and the results according to the method described in section 5.5 of UN/ECE Regulation No 101 shall be used as type-approval values that are common to all members of the family.

3.6.3.

Vehicles that are grouped in a family as defined in point 3.6.1 may be approved with individual CO2 emission and fuel consumption data for each of the family members. The technical service shall select for testing the two vehicles, which the service considers to have the highest and the lowest CO2 emissions respectively. The measurements shall be performed as described in Annex XII. If the manufacturer’s data for these two vehicles falls within the tolerance limits described in section 5.5 of UN/ECE Regulation No 101, the CO2 emissions declared by the manufacturer for all members of the vehicle family can be used as type-approval values. If the manufacturer’s data do not fall within the tolerance limits, the results according to the method described in section 5.5 of UN/ECE Regulation No 101 shall be used as type-approval values and the technical service shall select an appropriate number of other family members for additional tests.

4.   CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION

4.1.   Introduction

4.1.1.

Where applicable the tests of types 1, 2, 3, 4, the test for OBD, the test for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption and the test for smoke opacity shall be performed, as described in section 2.4. The specific procedures for conformity of production are set out in the sections 4.2 to 4.10.

4.2.   Checking the conformity of the vehicle for a type 1 test

4.2.1.

The type 1 test shall be carried out on a vehicle of the same specification as described in the type-approval certificate. When a type 1 test is to be carried out for a vehicle type-approval that has one or several extensions, the type 1 tests shall be carried out either on the vehicle described in the initial information package or on the vehicle described in the information package relating to the relevant extension.

4.2.2.

After selection by the approval authority, the manufacturer shall not undertake any adjustment to the vehicles selected.

4.2.2.1.

Three vehicles shall be selected at random in the series and tested as described in Annex III to this Regulation. The deterioration factors shall be used in the same way. The limit values are set out in Tables 1 and 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

4.2.2.2.

If the approval authority is satisfied with the production standard deviation given by the manufacturer in accordance with Annex X to Directive 2007/46/EC, the tests shall be carried out according to Appendix 1 of this Annex.

If the approval authority is not satisfied with the production standard deviation given by the manufacturer in accordance with Annex X to Directive 2007/46/EC, the tests shall be carried out according to Appendix 2 of this Annex.

4.2.2.3.

The production of a series shall be deemed to conform or not to conform on the basis of a sampling test of the vehicles once a pass decision is reached for all the pollutants or a fail decision is reached for one pollutant, according to the test criteria applied in the appropriate appendix.

When a pass decision has been reached for one pollutant, that decision shall not be changed by any additional tests carried out to reach a decision for the other pollutants.

If no pass decision is reached for all the pollutants and no fail decision is reached for one pollutant, a test shall be carried out on another vehicle (see Figure I.4.2).

Figure I.4.2

image

4.2.3.

Notwithstanding the requirements of Annex III, the tests shall be carried out on vehicles coming straight off the production line.

4.2.3.1.

However, at the request of the manufacturer, the tests may be carried out on vehicles which have completed:

(a) A maximum of 3 000 km for vehicles equipped with a positive ignition engine;

(b) A maximum of 15 000 km for vehicles equipped with a compression ignition engine.

The running-in procedure shall be conducted by the manufacturer, who shall undertake not to make any adjustments to these vehicles.

4.2.3.2.

If the manufacturer wishes to run in the vehicles, (‘x’ km, where x ≤ 3 000 km for vehicles equipped with a positive ignition engine and x ≤ 15 000 km for vehicles equipped with a compression ignition engine), the procedure shall be the following:

(a) the pollutant emissions (type 1) shall be measured at zero and at ‘x’ km on the first tested vehicle;

(b) the evolution coefficient of the emissions between zero and ‘x’ km shall be calculated for each of the pollutant:

Emissions ‘x’ km/Emissions zero km

This may be less than 1; and

(c) the other vehicles shall not be run in, but their zero km emissions shall be multiplied by the evolution coefficient. In this case, the values to be taken shall be:

(i) the values at ‘x’ km for the first vehicle;

(ii) the values at zero km multiplied by the evolution coefficient for the other vehicles.

4.2.3.3.

All these tests shall be conducted with commercial fuel. However, at the manufacturer’s request, the reference fuels described in Annex IX may be used.

4.3.   Checking the conformity of the vehicle for CO2 emissions

4.3.1.

If a vehicle type has had one or several extensions, the tests shall be carried out on the vehicle(s) described in the information package which accompanied the first type-approval application, or on the vehicle described in the information package that accompanied the relevant extension.

4.3.2.

If the approval authority is not satisfied with the auditing procedure of the manufacturer, points 3.3 and 3,4 of Annex X to Directive 2007/46/EC shall apply.

4.3.3.

For the purpose of this section and Appendices 1 and 2, the term ‘pollutant’ shall include the regulated pollutants (given in Tables 1 and 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007) and the emission of CO2.

4.3.4.

The conformity of the vehicle for CO2 emissions shall be determined in accordance with the procedure described in point 4.2.2. with the following exceptions:

4.3.4.1.

The provisions of Section 4.2.2.1 shall be replaced by the following:

Three vehicles shall be randomly taken in the series and tested as described in Annex XII.

4.3.4.2.

The provisions of Section 4.2.3.1 shall be replaced by the following:

However, at the request of the manufacturer, the tests may be carried out on vehicles which have completed a maximum of 15 000 km.

In this case, the running-in procedure shall be conducted by the manufacturer, who shall undertake not to make any adjustments to these vehicles.

4.3.4.3.

The provisions of Section 4.2.3.2 shall be replaced by the following:

If the manufacturer wishes to run in the vehicles, (‘x’ km, where x ≤ 15 000 km), the procedure shall be the following:

(a) the pollutant emissions shall be measured at zero and at ‘x’ km on the first tested vehicle;

(b) the evolution coefficient of the emissions between zero and ‘x’ km shall be calculated for each of the pollutant:

Emissions ‘x’ km/Emissions zero km

This may be less than 1; and

(c) the other vehicles shall not be run in, but their zero km emissions shall be multiplied by the evolution coefficient. In this case, the values to be taken shall be:

(i) the values at ‘x’ km for the first vehicle;

(ii) the values at zero km multiplied by the evolution coefficient for the other vehicles.

4.3.4.4.

The provisions of Section 4.2.3.3 shall be replaced by the following:

The reference fuels described in Annex IX of this Regulation, shall be used for testing.

4.3.4.5.

When checking the conformity of vehicle for CO2 emissions, as an alternative to the procedure mentioned in Section 4.3.4.3, the vehicle manufacturer may use a fixed evolution coefficient EC of 0,92 and multiply all values of CO2 measured at zero km by this factor.

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4.3.5.

Vehicle fitted with eco-innovations

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4.3.5.1.

In the case of a vehicle type fitted with one or more eco-innovations, within the meaning of Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 for M1 vehicles or Article 12 of Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 for N1 vehicles, the conformity of production shall be demonstrated with respect to the eco-innovations, by performing the tests provided for in the Commission Decision(s) approving the eco-innovation(s) in question.

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4.3.5.2.

Points 4.3.1, 4.3.2 and 4.3.4 shall apply.

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4.4.   Vehicles powered by an electric power train only

Measures to ensure the conformity of production with regard to electric energy consumption shall be checked on the basis of the description in the type-approval certificate set out in Appendix 4 to this Annex.

4.4.1.

The holder of the approval shall, in particular:

4.4.1.1.

Ensure the existence of procedures for the effective control of production quality;

4.4.1.2.

Have access to the equipment necessary for checking conformity with each approved type;

4.4.1.3.

Ensure that the data concerning the test result are recorded and that the annexed documents are available during a period to be agreed with the administrative service;

4.4.1.4.

Analyse the results of each type of test so as to monitor and ensure the consistency of the characteristics of the product, taking into account the variations admissible in industrial manufacture;

4.4.1.5.

Make sure that for each type of vehicle tests referred to in Annex XII to this Regulation are carried out; notwithstanding the requirements of paragraph 2.3.1.6 of Annex 7 of UN/ECE Regulation No 101, at the request of the manufacturer, the tests shall be carried out on vehicles which have not travelled any distance;

4.4.1.6.

Make sure that any collections of samples or test pieces demonstrating non-conformity with the type test under consideration is followed by a subsequent sampling and a further test. All necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of production.

4.4.2.

The approval authorities may verify at any time the methods applied in each production unit.

4.4.2.1.

In every inspection, the records of tests and production monitoring shall be communicated to the visiting inspector.

4.4.2.2.

The inspector may select at random the samples to be tested in the manufacturer’s laboratory. The minimum number of samples shall be determined on the basis of the results of the manufacturer’s own checks.

4.4.2.3.

When the quality standard does not seem satisfactory or when it seems necessary to verify the validity of the tests conducted under Section 4.4.2.2, the inspector shall collect samples to be sent to the technical service which carried out the approval tests.

4.4.2.4.

The approval authorities may carry out all the tests set out in this Regulation.

4.5.   Vehicles powered by a hybrid electric power train

4.5.1.

Measures to ensure the conformity of production with regard to CO2 emissions and electric energy consumption from hybrid electric vehicles shall be checked on the basis of the description in the type-approval certificate conforming to the model in Appendix 4.

4.5.2.

The control of production conformity shall be based on an assessment made by the approval authority of the manufacturer’s auditing procedure in order to ensure conformity of the vehicle type with respect to the emission of CO2 and the electric energy consumption.

4.5.3.

If the approval authority is not satisfied with the standard of the manufacturer’s auditing procedure, it shall require that verification tests be carried out on vehicles in production.

4.5.4.

Conformity for CO2 emissions shall be checked using the statistical procedures described in Section 4.3 and Appendices 1 and 2. Vehicles shall be tested according to the procedure referred to in Annex XII.

4.6.   Checking the conformity of the vehicle for a type 3 test

4.6.1.

If a type 3 test is to be carried out, it shall be conducted on all vehicles selected for the type 1 conformity of production test set out in section 4.2. The conditions laid down in Annex V shall apply.

4.7.   Checking the conformity of the vehicle for a type 4 test

4.7.1.

If a type 4 test is to be carried out, it shall be conducted in accordance with Annex VI.

4.8.   Checking the conformity of the vehicle for On-board Diagnostics (OBD)

4.8.1.

If a verification of the performance of the OBD system is to be carried out, it shall be conducted in accordance with the following requirements:

4.8.1.1.

When the approval authority determines that the quality of production seems unsatisfactory, a vehicle shall be randomly taken from the series and subjected to the tests described in Appendix 1 to Annex XI.

4.8.1.2.

The production shall be deemed to conform if this vehicle meets the requirements of the tests described in Appendix 1 to Annex XI.

4.8.1.3.

If the vehicle taken from the series does not satisfy the requirements of section 4.8.1.1, a further random sample of four vehicles shall be taken from the series and subjected to the tests described in Appendix 1 to Annex XI. The tests may be carried out on vehicles which have been run in for no more than 15 000 km.

4.8.1.4.

The production shall be deemed to conform if at least 3 vehicles meet the requirements of the tests described in Annex XI, Appendix 1.

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4.9.   Checking the conformity of a vehicle fuelled by LPG, natural gas or H2NG

4.9.1.

Tests for conformity of production may be performed with a commercial fuel of which the C3/C4 ratio lies between those of the reference fuels in the case of LPG, or of which the Wobbe index lies between those of the extreme reference fuels in the case of NG or H2NG. In that case a fuel analysis shall be presented to the approval authority.

▼B

4.10.   Checking the conformity of vehicle for smoke opacity

4.10.1.

Conformity of the vehicle with the approved type as regards the emission of pollutants from compression ignition engines shall be verified on the basis of the results listed in the Addendum to the type-approval certificate set out in point 2.4 of Appendix 4.

4.10.2.

In addition to point 10.1, where a check is carried out on a vehicle taken from the series, the tests shall be carried out as follows:

4.10.2.1 A vehicle which has not been run in shall be subjected to the test under free acceleration described in section 4.3 of Appendix 2 to Annex IV. The vehicle shall be deemed to conform to the approved type if the absorption coefficient determined does not exceed by more than 0·5 m–1 the figure shown in the approval mark.

4.10.2.2 If the figure determined in the test referred to in point 4.10.2.1. exceeds by more than 0·5 m–1 the figure shown in the approval mark, a vehicle of the type considered or its engine shall be subjected to the test at steady speeds over the full-load curve, as described in section 4.2 of Appendix 2 to Annex IV. The emission levels shall not exceed the limits prescribed in Annex 7 to UN/ECE Regulation No 24 ( 7 ).




Appendix 1

Verification of conformity of production — First statistical method

1.

The first statistical method shall be used to verify the production conformity for the type 1 test when the manufacturer’s production standard deviation is satisfactory. The applicable statistical method is set out in Appendix 1 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83. The exceptions to these procedures are the following:

1.1.

In paragraph 3, the reference to paragraph 5.3.1.4 shall be understood as reference to the applicable table of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.

1.2.

In paragraph 3, the reference to Figure 2 shall be understood as reference to Figure I.4.2 of Regulation (EC) No 692/2008.




Appendix 2

Verification of conformity of production — Second statistical method

1.

The second statistical method shall be used to verify the production conformity requirements for the type 1 test when the manufacturer’s evidence of production standard deviation is either unsatisfactory or unavailable. The applicable statistical method is set out in Appendix 2 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83, The exceptions to these procedures are the following:

1.1.

In paragraph 3, the reference to paragraph 5.3.1.4 shall be understood as reference to the applicable table of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.




Appendix 3

MODEL

INFORMATION DOCUMENT No …

relating to EC type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

The following information, if applicable, must be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any drawings must be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4 format. Photographs, if any, must show sufficient detail.

If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning their performance must be supplied.

0.   GENERAL

0.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer):

0.2.

Type:

0.2.1.

Commercial name(s), if available

0.3.

Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle ( 8 ) ( 9 )

0.3.1.

Location of that marking:

0.4.

Category of vehicle ( 10 ):

0.5.

Name and address of manufacturer:

0.8.

Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s):

0.9.

Name and address of the manufacturer’s representative (if any)

1.   GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE

1.1.

Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle:

1.3.3.

Powered axles (number, position, interconnection):

2.   MASSES AND DIMENSIONS ( 11 ) (in kg and mm)

(Refer to drawing where applicable)

2.6.

Mass of the vehicle with bodywork and, in the case of the towing vehicle of a category other than M1, with coupling device, if fitted by the manufacturer, in running order, or mass of the chassis or chassis with cab, without bodywork and/or coupling device if the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling device (including liquids, tools, spare wheel, if fitted, and driver and, for buses and coaches, a crew member if there is a crew seat in the vehicle) ( 12 ) (maximum and minimum for each variant):

2.8.

Technically permissible maximum laden mass stated by the manufacturer ( 13 ) ( *1 )

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2.17.

Vehicle submitted to multi-stage type-approval (only in the case of incomplete or completed vehicles of category N1 within the scope of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007): yes/no (8) 

2.17.1.

Mass of the base vehicle in running order: kg

2.17.2.

Default added mass, calculated in accordance with Section 5 of Annex XII to Regulation (EC) No 692/2008: … kg

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3.   POWER PLANT ( 14 ) (In the case of a vehicle that can run either on petrol, diesel, etc., or also in combination with another fuel, items shall be repeated ( *2 ))

3.1.

Manufacturer:

3.1.1.

Manufacturer’s engine code as marked on the engine:

3.2.

Internal combustion engine

3.2.1.1.

Working principle: positive ignition/compression ignition (8)  …

four stroke/two stroke/rotary cycle (8)  …

3.2.1.2.

Number and arrangement of cylinders:

3.2.1.2.1.

Bore ( 15 ): mm

3.2.1.2.2.

Stroke (15) : mm

3.2.1.2.3.

Firing order:

3.2.1.3.

Engine capacity (s): … cm3

3.2.1.4.

Volumetric compression ratio ( 16 )

3.2.1.5.

Drawings of combustion chamber, piston crown and, in the case of positive ignition engine, piston rings:

3.2.1.6.

Normal engine idling speed (16)  … min-1

3.2.1.6.1.

High engine idling speed (16)  … min-1

3.2.1.7.

Carbon monoxide content by volume in the exhaust gas with the engine idling (16)  … as stated by the manufacturer (positive ignition engines only)

3.2.1.8.

Maximum net power ►M8   ( 17 ) ◄ … kW at … min-1 (manufacturer’s declared value)

3.2.1.9.

Maximum permitted engine speed as prescribed by the manufacturer: … min-1

3.2.1.10.

Maximum net torque ►M8   (17)  ◄ : Nm at … min-1 (manufacturer’s declared value)

3.2.2.

▼M3

Fuel

▼M3

3.2.2.1.

Light-duty vehicles: Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG or Biomethane/Ethanol (E85) /Biodiesel /Hydrogen/H2NG (8)  ( 18 )

▼B

3.2.2.2.

RON, unleaded:

3.2.2.3.

Fuel tank inlet: restricted orifice/label (8) 

3.2.2.4.

Vehicle fuel type: Mono fuel, Bi fuel, Flex fuel

3.2.2.5.

Maximum amount of biofuel acceptable in fuel (manufacturer’s declared value): … % by volume

3.2.4.

Fuel feed

3.2.4.2.

By fuel injection (compression ignition only): yes/no (8) 

3.2.4.2.1.

System description:

3.2.4.2.2.

Working principle: direct injection/pre-chamber/swirl chamber (8) 

3.2.4.2.3.

Injection pump

3.2.4.2.3.1.

Make(s):

3.2.4.2.3.2.

Type(s):

3.2.4.2.3.3.

Maximum fuel delivery (8)  (16)  mm3/stroke or cycle at an engine speed of: … min-1 or, alternatively, a characteristic diagram:

3.2.4.2.3.5.

Injection advance curve (16) :

3.2.4.2.4.

Governor

3.2.4.2.4.2.

Cut-off point

3.2.4.2.4.2.1.

Cut-off point under load … min-1

3.2.4.2.4.2.2.

Cut-off point without load … min-1

3.2.4.2.6.

Injector(s)

3.2.4.2.6.1.

Make(s):

3.2.4.2.6.2.

Type(s):

3.2.4.2.7.

Cold start system

3.2.4.2.7.1.

Make(s):

3.2.4.2.7.2.

Type(s):

3.2.4.2.7.3.

Description:

3.2.4.2.8.

Auxiliary starting aid

3.2.4.2.8.1.

Make(s):

3.2.4.2.8.2.

Type(s):

3.2.4.2.8.3.

System description:

3.2.4.2.9.

Electronic controlled injection: yes/no (8) 

3.2.4.2.9.1.

Make(s):

3.2.4.2.9.2.

Type(s):

3.2.4.2.9.3.

Description of the system, in the case of systems other than continuous injection give equivalent details:

3.2.4.2.9.3.1.

Make and type of the control unit:

3.2.4.2.9.3.2.

Make and type of the fuel regulator:

3.2.4.2.9.3.3.

Make and type of air-flow sensor:

3.2.4.2.9.3.4.

Make and type of fuel distributor:

3.2.4.2.9.3.5.

Make and type of throttle housing:

3.2.4.2.9.3.6.

Make and type of water temperature sensor:

3.2.4.2.9.3.7.

Make and type of air temperature sensor:

3.2.4.2.9.3.8.

Make and type of air pressure sensor:

3.2.4.3.

By fuel injection (positive ignition only): yes/no (8) 

3.2.4.3.1.

Working principle: intake manifold (single-/multi-point (8) )/direct injection/other (specify) (8) 

3.2.4.3.2.

Make(s):

3.2.4.3.3.

Type(s):

3.2.4.3.4.

System description, in the case of systems other than continuous injection give equivalent details:

3.2.4.3.4.1.

Make and type of the control unit:

3.2.4.3.4.3.

Make and type of air-flow sensor:

3.2.4.3.4.6.

Make and type of micro switch:

3.2.4.3.4.8.

Make and type of throttle housing:

3.2.4.3.4.9.

Make and type of water temperature sensor:

3.2.4.3.4.10.

Make and type of air temperature sensor:

3.2.4.3.4.11.

Make and type of air pressure sensor:

3.2.4.3.5.

Injectors: opening pressure (16) : … kPa or characteristic diagram:

3.2.4.3.5.1.

Make(s):

3.2.4.3.5.2.

Type(s):

3.2.4.3.6.

Injection timing:

3.2.4.3.7.

Cold start system

3.2.4.3.7.1.

Operating principle(s):

3.2.4.3.7.2.

Operating limits/settings (8)  (16) :

3.2.4.4.

Feed pump

3.2.4.4.1.

Pressure (16) : … kPa or characteristic diagram (16) :

3.2.5.

Electrical system

3.2.5.1.

Rated voltage: V, positive/negative ground (8) 

3.2.5.2.

Generator

3.2.5.2.1.

Type:

3.2.5.2.2.

Nominal output: … VA

3.2.6.

Ignition

3.2.6.1.

Make(s):

3.2.6.2.

Type(s):

3.2.6.3.

Working principle:

3.2.6.4.

Ignition advance curve (16) :

3.2.6.5.

Static ignition timing (16) : … degrees before TDC

3.2.7.

Cooling system: liquid/air (8) 

3.2.7.1.

Nominal setting of the engine temperature control mechanism:

3.2.7.2.

Liquid

3.2.7.2.1.

Nature of liquid:

3.2.7.2.2.

Circulating pump(s):yes/no (8) 

3.2.7.2.3.

Characteristics , or

3.2.7.2.3.1.

Make(s):

3.2.7.2.3.2.

Type(s):

3.2.7.2.4.

Drive ratio(s):

3.2.7.2.5.

Description of the fan and its drive mechanism:

3.2.7.3.

Air

3.2.7.3.1.

Blower: yes/no (8) 

3.2.7.3.2.

Characteristics: , or

3.2.7.3.2.1.

Make(s):

3.2.7.3.2.2.

Type(s):

3.2.7.3.3.

Drive ratio(s):

3.2.8.

Intake system

3.2.8.1.

Pressure charger: yes/no (8) 

3.2.8.1.1.

Make(s):

3.2.8.1.2.

Type(s):

3.2.8.1.3.

Description of the system (e.g. maximum charge pressure: … kPa, wastegate if applicable):

3.2.8.2.

Intercooler: yes/no (8) 

3.2.8.2.1.

Type: air-air/air-water (8) 

3.2.8.3.

Intake depression at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression ignition engines only)

Minimum allowable: kPa

Maximum allowable: kPa

3.2.8.4.

Description and drawings of the inlet pipes and their accessories (plenum chamber, heating device, additional air intakes, etc.):

3.2.8.4.1.

Intake manifold description (include drawings and/or photos):

3.2.8.4.2.

Air filter, drawings: … or

3.2.8.4.2.1.

Make(s):

3.2.8.4.2.2.

Type(s):

3.2.8.4.3.

Intake silencer, drawings: … or

3.2.8.4.3.1.

Make(s):

3.2.8.4.3.2.

Type(s):

3.2.9.

Exhaust system

3.2.9.1.

Description and/or drawing of the exhaust manifold:

3.2.9.2.

Description and/or drawing of the exhaust system:

3.2.9.3.

Maximum allowable exhaust back pressure at rated engine speed and at 100 % load (compression ignition engines only): kPa

3.2.10.

Minimum cross-sectional areas of inlet and outlet ports:

3.2.11.

Valve timing or equivalent data

3.2.11.1.

Maximum lift of valves, angles of opening and closing, or timing details of alternative distribution systems, in relation to dead centres. For variable timing system, minimum and maximum timing:

3.2.11.2.

Reference and/or setting ranges (8) :

3.2.12.

Measures taken against air pollution

3.2.12.1.

Device for recycling crankcase gases (description and drawings):

3.2.12.2.

Additional pollution control devices (if any, and if not covered by another heading)

3.2.12.2.1.

Catalytic converter: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.1.1.

Number of catalytic converters and elements (provide the information below for each separate unit):

3.2.12.2.1.2.

Dimensions, shape and volume of the catalytic converter:

3.2.12.2.1.3.

Type of catalytic action:

3.2.12.2.1.4.

Total charge of precious metals:

3.2.12.2.1.5.

Relative concentration:

3.2.12.2.1.6.

Substrate (structure and material):

3.2.12.2.1.7.

Cell density:

3.2.12.2.1.8.

Type of casing for the catalytic converter(s):

3.2.12.2.1.9.

Location of the catalytic converter(s) (place and reference distance in the exhaust line):

3.2.12.2.1.10.

Heat shield: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.1.11.

Regeneration systems/method of exhaust after-treatment systems, description:

3.2.12.2.1.11.1.

The number of Type 1 operating cycles, or equivalent engine test bench cycles, between two cycles where regenerative phases occur under the conditions equivalent to Type 1 test (Distance ‘D’ in figure 1 in Annex 13 to UN/ECE Regulation 83):

3.2.12.2.1.11.2.

Description of method employed to determine the number of cycles between two cycles where regenerative phases occur:

3.2.12.2.1.11.3.

Parameters to determine the level of loading required before regeneration occurs (i.e. temperature, pressure etc.):

3.2.12.2.1.11.4.

Description of method used to load system in the test procedure described in paragraph 3.1., Annex 13 to UN/ECE Regulation 83:

3.2.12.2.1.11.5.

Normal operating temperature range (K):

3.2.12.2.1.11.6.

Consumable reagents (where appropriate):

3.2.12.2.1.11.7.

Type and concentration of reagent needed for catalytic action (where appropriate):

3.2.12.2.1.11.8.

Normal operational temperature range of reagent (where appropriate):

3.2.12.2.1.11.9.

International standard (where appropriate):

3.2.12.2.1.11.10.

Frequency of reagent refill: continuous/maintenance (8)  (where appropriate):

3.2.12.2.1.12.

Make of catalytic converter:

3.2.12.2.1.13.

Identifying part number:

3.2.12.2.2.

Oxygen sensor: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.2.1.

Type:

3.2.12.2.2.2.

Location:

3.2.12.2.2.3.

Control range:

3.2.12.2.2.4.

Make of oxygen sensor: …

3.2.12.2.2.5.

Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.3.

Air injection: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.3.1.

Type (pulse air, air pump etc.):

3.2.12.2.4.

Exhaust gas recirculation: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.4.1.

Characteristics (flow rate etc.):

3.2.12.2.4.2.

Water cooled system: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.5.

Evaporative emissions control system: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.5.1.

Detailed description of the devices and their state of tune:

3.2.12.2.5.2.

Drawing of the evaporative control system:

3.2.12.2.5.3.

Drawing of the carbon canister:

3.2.12.2.5.4.

Mass of dry charcoal: … g

3.2.12.2.5.5.

Schematic drawing of the fuel tank with indication of capacity and material:

3.2.12.2.5.6.

Drawing of the heat shield between tank and exhaust system: ….

3.2.12.2.6.

Particulate trap: yes/no (8) 

3.2.12.2.6.1.

Dimensions, shape and capacity of the particulate trap:

3.2.12.2.6.2.

Type and design of the particulate trap:

3.2.12.2.6.3.

Location (reference distance in the exhaust line):

3.2.12.2.6.4.

Method or system of regeneration, description and/or drawing:

3.2.12.2.6.4.1.

The number of Type 1 operating cycles, or equivalent engine test bench cycle, between two cycles where regeneration phases occur under the conditions equivalent to Type 1 test (Distance ‘D’ in figure 1 in Annex 13 to UN/ECE Regulation 83):

3.2.12.2.6.4.2.

Description of method employed to determine the number of cycles between two cycles where regenerative phases occur:

3.2.12.2.6.4.3.

Parameters to determine the level of loading required before regeneration occurs (i.e. temperature, pressure, etc.):

3.2.12.2.6.4.4.

Description of method used to load system in the test procedure described in paragraph 3.1., Annex 13 to UN/ECE Regulation 83:

3.2.12.2.6.5.

Make of particulate trap: …

3.2.12.2.6.6.

Identifying part number: …

3.2.12.2.7.

On-board-diagnostic (OBD) system: (yes/no) (8) 

3.2.12.2.7.1.

Written description and/or drawing of the MI:

3.2.12.2.7.2.

List and purpose of all components monitored by the OBD system:

3.2.12.2.7.3.

Written description (general working principles) for:

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.

Positive-ignition engines (8) 

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.1.

Catalyst monitoring (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.2.

Misfire detection (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.3.

Oxygen sensor monitoring (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.3.1.4.

Other components monitored by the OBD system (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.

Compression-ignition engines (8) 

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.1.

Catalyst monitoring (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.2.

Particulate trap monitoring (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.3.

Electronic fuelling system monitoring (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.3.2.4.

Other components monitored by the OBD system (8) :

3.2.12.2.7.4.

Criteria for MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method):

3.2.12.2.7.5.

List of all OBD output codes and formats used (with explanation of each):

3.2.12.2.7.6.

The following additional information shall be provided by the vehicle manufacturer for the purposes of enabling the manufacture of OBD-compatible replacement or service parts and diagnostic tools and test equipment.

The information given in this section shall be repeated in Appendix 5 to this Annex (vehicle OBD information appendix to the EC type-approval certificate):

3.2.12.2.7.6.1.

A description of the type and number of the pre-conditioning cycles used for the original type-approval of the vehicle.

3.2.12.2.7.6.2.

A description of the type of the OBD demonstration cycle used for the original type-approval of the vehicle for the component monitored by the OBD system.

3.2.12.2.7.6.3.

A comprehensive document describing all sensed components with the strategy for fault detection and MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method), including a list of relevant secondary sensed parameters for each component monitored by the OBD system. A list of all OBD output codes and format used (with an explanation of each) associated with individual emission related power-train components and individual non-emission related components, where monitoring of the component is used to determine MI activation. In particular, a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $05 Test ID $21 to FF and the data given in service $06 shall be provided. In the case of vehicle types that use a communication link in accordance with ISO 15765-4 ‘Road vehicles diagnostics on controller area network (CAN) — part 4: requirements for emissions-related systems’, a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $06 Test ID $00 to FF, for each OBD monitor ID supported, shall be provided.

3.2.12.2.7.6.4.

The information required by this section may, for example, be defined by completing a table as follows, which shall be attached to this Annex.



Component

Fault code

Monitoring strategy

Fault detection criteria

MI activation criteria

Secondary parameters

Preconditioning

Demonstration test

Catalyst

PO420

Oxygen sensor 1 and 2 signals

Difference between sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals

3rd cycle

Engine speed, engine load, A/F mode, catalyst temperature

Two Type 1 cycles

Type 1

3.2.12.2.8.

Other systems (description and operation):

3.2.13.

Location of the absorption coefficient symbol (compression ignition engines only):

3.2.14.

Details of any devices designed to influence fuel economy (if not covered by other items):

3.2.15.

LPG fuelling system: yes/no (8) 

3.2.15.1.

EC type-approval number according to Council Directive 70/221/EEC (OJ L 76, 6.4.1970, p. 23) (when the Directive will be amended to cover tanks for gaseous fuels) or approval number of UN/ECE Regulation 67

3.2.15.2.

Electronic engine management control unit for LPG fuelling

3.2.15.2.1.

Make(s):

3.2.15.2.2.

Type(s):

3.2.15.2.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities:

3.2.15.3.

Further documentation

3.2.15.3.1.

Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to LPG or back:

3.2.15.3.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.):

3.2.15.3.3.

Drawing of the symbol:

3.2.16.

NG fuelling system: yes/no (8) 

3.2.16.1.

EC type-approval number according to Directive 70/221/EEC (when the Directive will be amended to cover tanks for gaseous fuels) or approval number of UN/ECE Regulation 110:

3.2.16.2.

Electronic engine management control unit for NG fuelling

3.2.16.2.1.

Make(s):

3.2.16.2.2.

Type(s):

3.2.16.2.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities:

3.2.16.3.

Further documentations

3.2.16.3.1.

Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to NG or back:

3.2.16.3.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.):

3.2.16.3.3.

Drawing of the symbol:

▼M3

3.2.18.

Hydrogen fuelling system: yes/no (8) 

3.2.18.1.

EC type-approval number according to Regulation (EC) No 79/2009:

3.2.18.2.

Electronic engine management control unit for hydrogen fuelling

3.2.18.2.1.

Make(s):

3.2.18.2.2.

Type(s):

3.2.18.2.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities:

3.2.18.3.

Further documentation

3.2.18.3.1.

Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to hydrogen or back:

3.2.18.3.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.):

3.2.18.3.3.

Drawing of the symbol:

3.2.19.

H2NG fuelling system: yes/no (8) 

3.2.19.1.

Percentage of hydrogen in the fuel (the maximum specified by the manufacturer):

3.2.19.2.

EC type-approval number according to UN/ECE Regulation No 110 ( 19 )

3.2.19.3.

Electronic engine management control unit for H2NG fuelling

3.2.19.3.1.

Make(s):

3.2.19.3.2.

Type(s):

3.2.19.3.3.

Emission-related adjustment possibilities:

3.2.19.4.

Further documentation

3.2.19.4.1.

Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to H2NG or back:

3.2.19.4.2.

System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses, etc.):

3.2.19.4.3.

Drawing of the symbol:

3.3.

Electric motor

3.3.1.

Type (winding, excitation): …

▼M8

3.3.1.1.

Maximum hourly output: kW

(manufacturer’s declared value)

3.3.1.1.1.

Maximum net power (a) kW

(manufacturer’s declared value)

3.3.1.1.2.

Maximum 30 minutes power (a) kW

(manufacturer’s declared value)

▼M3

3.3.1.2.

Operating voltage:… V

3.3.2.

Battery

3.3.2.1.

Number of cells:

3.3.2.2.

Mass: kg

3.3.2.3.

Capacity: … Ah (Amp-hours)

3.3.2.4.

Position:

▼B

3.4.

Engines or motor combinations

3.4.1.

Hybrid Electric Vehicle: yes/no (8) 

3.4.2.

Category of Hybrid Electric vehicle

Off Vehicle Charging/Not Off Vehicle Charging (8) 

3.4.3.

Operating mode switch: with/without (8) 

3.4.3.1.

Selectable modes

3.4.3.1.1.

Pure electric: yes/no (8) 

3.4.3.1.2.

Pure fuel consuming: yes/no (8) 

3.4.3.1.3.

Hybrid modes: yes/no (8) 

(if yes, short description)

3.4.4.

Description of the energy storage device: (battery, capacitor, flywheel/generator)

3.4.4.1.

Make(s):

3.4.4.2.

Type(s):

3.4.4.3.

Identification number:

3.4.4.4.

Kind of electrochemical couple: ….

3.4.4.5.

Energy: … (for battery: voltage and capacity Ah in 2 h, for capacitor: J, …)

3.4.4.6.

Charger: on board/external/without (8) 

3.4.5.

Electric machines (describe each type of electric machine separately)

3.4.5.1.

Make:

3.4.5.2.

Type: ….

3.4.5.3.

Primary use: traction motor/generator

3.4.5.3.1.

When used as traction motor: monomotor/multimotors (number):

3.4.5.4.

Maximum power: kW

3.4.5.5.

Working principle:

3.4.5.5.1.

direct current/alternating current/number of phases:

3.4.5.5.2.

separate excitation/series/compound (8) 

3.4.5.5.3.

synchronous/asynchronous (8) 

3.4.6.

Control unit

3.4.6.1.

Make(s):

3.4.6.2.

Type(s):

3.4.6.3.

Identification number:

3.4.7.

Power controller

3.4.7.1.

Make:

3.4.7.2.

Type:

3.4.7.3.

Identification number:

▼M3

3.4.8.

Vehicle electric range … … km (in accordance to Annex 9 to UN/ECE Regulation No 101 ( 20 )

▼B

3.4.9.

Manufacturer’s recommendation for preconditioning:

3.5.

CO2 emissions/fuel consumption ( 21 ) (manufacturer’s declared value)

3.5.1.

CO2 mass emissions (provide for each reference fuel tested)

3.5.1.1.

CO2 mass emissions (urban conditions): … g/km

3.5.1.2.

CO2 mass emissions (extra-urban conditions): … g/km

3.5.1.3.

CO2 mass emissions (combined): … g/km

3.5.2.

Fuel consumption (provide for each reference fuel tested)

▼M3

3.5.2.1.

Fuel consumption (urban conditions) … l/100 km or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (8) 

3.5.2.2.

Fuel consumption (extra-urban conditions) … l/100 km or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (8) 

3.5.2.3.

Fuel consumption (combined) … l/100 km or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (8) 

3.5.3.

Electric energy consumption for electric vehicles

▼M8

▼M5

3.5.3.1.

Type/Variant/Version of the baseline vehicle as defined in Article 5 of Implementing Regulation (EU) No 725/2011 ( 22 )

▼M8

3.5.3.1.

Electric energy consumption for pure electric vehicles … Wh/km

▼M5

3.5.3.2.

Interactions existing between different eco-innovations: yes/no ( 23 )

▼M8

3.5.3.2.

Electric energy consumption for externally chargeable hybrid electric vehicles

3.5.3.2.1.

Electric energy consumption (Condition A, combined) Wh/km

3.5.3.2.2.

Electric energy consumption (Condition B, combined) Wh/km

3.5.3.2.3.

Electric energy consumption (weighted combined) Wh/km

▼M5

3.5.3.3.

Emissions data related to the use of eco-innovations ( 24 ) ( 25 )



Decision approving the eco-innovation (1)

Code of the eco-innovation (2)

1.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle

(g/km)

2.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle

(g/km)

3.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle under type 1 test-cycle (3)

4.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle under type 1 test-cycle

(= 3.5.1.3)

5.  Usage factor (UF)i.e. temporal share of technology usage in normal operation conditions

CO2 emissions savings

image

xxxx/201x (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total CO2 emissions saving (g/km) (4)

 

(1)   Number of the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(2)   Assigned in the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(3)   Under agreement of the type-approval authority, if modelling is applied instead of the type 1 test-cycle, this value shall be the one provided by the modelling methodology.

(4)   Sum of the emission s saving of each individual eco-innovation.

▼M8 —————

3.5.6.

▼M9

Vehicle fitted with an eco-innovation within the meaning of Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 for M1 vehicles or Article 12 of Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 for N1 vehicles: yes/no ( 26 ).

3.5.6.1.

Type/Variant/Version of the baseline vehicle as referred to in Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 725/2011 for M1 vehicles or Article 5 of Regulation (EU) No 427/2014 for N1 vehicles ( 27 ).

▼M6

3.5.6.2.

Interactions existing between different eco-innovations: yes/no (26) 

3.5.6.3.

Emissions data related to the use of eco-innovations ( 28 ) ( 29 )



Decision approving the eco-innovation (1)

Code of the eco-innovation (2)

1.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle (g/km)

2.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle (g/km)

3.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle under type 1 test-cycle (3)

4.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle under type 1 test-cycle (= 3.5.1.3)

5.  Usage factor (UF)i.e. temporal share of technology usage in normal operation conditions

CO2 emissions savings

image

xxxx/201x (1)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total CO2 emissions saving (g/km) (4)

 

(1)   Number of the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(2)   Assigned in the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(3)   Under agreement of the type-approval authority, if modelling is applied instead of the type 1 test-cycle, this value shall be the one provided by the modelling methodology.

(4)   Sum of the emissions saving of each individual eco-innovation.

▼B

3.6.

Temperatures permitted by the manufacturer

3.6.1.

Cooling system

3.6.1.1.

Liquid cooling

Maximum temperature at outlet: K

3.6.1.2.

Air cooling

3.6.1.2.1.

Reference point: …

3.6.1.2.2.

Maximum temperature at reference point: K

3.6.2.

Maximum outlet temperature of the inlet intercooler: K

3.6.3.

Maximum exhaust temperature at the point in the exhaust pipe(s) adjacent to the outer flange(s) of the exhaust manifold: K

3.6.4.

Fuel temperature

Minimum: K

Maximum: K

3.6.5.

Lubricant temperature

Minimum: K

Maximum: K

3.8.

Lubrication system

3.8.1.

Description of the system

3.8.1.1.

Position of the lubricant reservoir:

3.8.1.2.

Feed system (by pump/injection into intake/mixing with fuel, etc.) (8) 

3.8.2.

Lubricating pump

3.8.2.1.

Make(s):

3.8.2.2.

Type(s):

3.8.3.

Mixture with fuel

3.8.3.1.

Percentage:

3.8.4.

Oil cooler: yes/no (8) 

3.8.4.1.

Drawing(s): …, or

3.8.4.1.1.

Make(s):

3.8.4.1.2.

Type(s):

4.   TRANSMISSION ( 30 )

4.3.

Moment of inertia of engine flywheel:

4.3.1.

Additional moment of inertia with no gear engaged:

4.4.

Clutch (type):

4.4.1.

Maximum torque conversion:

4.5.

Gearbox

4.5.1.

Type (manual/automatic/CVT (continuously variable transmission)) (8) 

4.6.

Gear ratios



Gear

Internal gearbox ratios (ratios of engine to gearbox output shaft revolutions)

Final drive ratio(s) (ratio of gearbox output shaft to driven wheel revolutions)

Total gear ratios

Maximum for CVT

1

2

3

Minimum for CVT (1)

Reverse

 

 

 

(*1)   CVT — continuously variable transmission.

6.   SUSPENSION

6.6.

Tyres and wheels

6.6.1.

Tyre/wheel combination(s)

(a) for all tyre options indicate, size designation, load-capacity index, speed category symbol, rolling resistance to ISO 28580 (where applicable)

(b) for tyres of category Z intended to be fitted on vehicles whose maximum speed exceeds 300 km/h equivalent information shall be provided; for wheels indicate rim size(s) and off-set(s)

6.6.1.1.

Axles

6.6.1.1.1.

Axle 1:

6.6.1.1.2.

Axle 2:

etc.

6.6.2.

Upper and lower limits of rolling radii

6.6.2.1.

Axle 1:

6.6.2.2.

Axle 2:

etc.

6.6.3.

Tyre pressure(s) as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer: kPa

9.   BODYWORK

9.1.

Type of bodywork: (use codes defined in Annex II, section C of Directive 2007/46/EC):

9.10.3.

Seats

9.10.3.1.

Number:

16.   ACCESS TO VEHICLE REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE INFORMATION

16.1.

Address of principal website for access to vehicle repair and maintenance information:

16.1.1.

Date from which it is available (no later than 6 months from the date of type approval):

16.2.

Terms and conditions of access to website referred to in Section 16.1:

16.3.

Format of vehicle repair and maintenance information accessible through website referred to in Section 16.1:




Appendix to information document

INFORMATION ON TEST CONDITIONS

1.   Spark plugs

1.1.

Make:

1.2.

Type:

1.3.

Spark-gap setting:

2.   Ignition coil

2.1.

Make: ….

2.2.

Type:

3.   Lubricant used

3.1.

Make:

3.2.

Type:

(state percentage of oil in mixture if lubricant and fuel mixed)

4   Dynamometer load setting information (repeat information for each dynamometer test)

4.1.

Vehicle bodywork type (variant/version)

4.2.

Gearbox type (manual/automatic/CVT)

4.3.

Fixed load curve dynamometer setting information (if used)

4.3.1.

Alternative dynamometer load setting method used (yes/no)

4.3.2.

Inertia mass (kg):

4.3.3.

Effective power absorbed at 80km/h including running losses of the vehicle on the dynamometer (kW)

4.3.4.

Effective power absorbed at 50km/h h including running losses of the vehicle on the dynamometer (kW)

4.4.

Adjustable load curve dynamometer setting information (if used)

4.4.1.

Coast down information from the test track.

4.4.2.

Tyres make and type:

4.4.3.

Tyre dimensions (front/rear):

4.4.4.

Tyre pressure (front/rear) (kPa):

4.4.5.

Vehicle test mass including driver (kg):

4.4.6.

Road coast down data (if used)



V (km/h)

V2 (km/h)

V1 (km/h)

Mean corrected coast down time (s)

120

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

80

 

 

 

60

 

 

 

40

 

 

 

20

 

 

 

4.4.7.

Average corrected road power (if used)



V (km/h)

CPcorrected (kW)

120

 

100

 

80

 

60

 

40

 

20

 




Appendix 4

MODEL OF EC TYPE-APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm))

EC TYPE-APPROVAL CERTIFICATE

Stamp of administration

Communication concerning the:

 EC type-approval ( 31 ),

 extension of EC type-approval (31) ,

 refusal of EC type-approval (31) ,

 withdrawal of EC type-approval (31) ,

 of a type of system/type of a vehicle with regard to a system (31)  with regard to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 ( 32 ) and Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 ( 33 )

EC type-approval number:

Reason for extension:

SECTION I

0.1.

Make (trade name of manufacturer):

0.2.

Type:

0.2.1.

Commercial name(s) (if available):

0.3.

Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle ( 34 )

0.3.1.

Location of that marking:

0.4.

Category of vehicle ( 35 )

0.5.

Name and address of manufacturer:

0.8.

Name(s) and address(es) of assembly plant(s):

0.9.

Representative of the manufacturer: ….

SECTION II

1.

Additional information (where applicable): (see addendum)

2.

Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests:

3.

Date of test report:

4.

Number of test report:

5.

Remarks (if any): (see addendum)

6.

Place:

7.

Date:

8.

Signature:



Attachments:

Information package.

Test report.




Addendum to EC type-approval certificate No …

concerning the type-approval of a vehicle with regard to emissions and access to vehicle repair and maintenance information according to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007

1.   Additional information

1.1.

Mass of the vehicle in running order:

1.2.

Maximum mass:

1.3.

Reference mass:

1.4.

Number of seats:

1.6.

Type of bodywork:

1.6.1.

for M1, M2: saloon, hatchback, station wagon, coupé, convertible, multipurpose vehicle ( 36 )

1.6.2.

for N1, N2: lorry, van (36) 

1.7.

Drive wheels: front, rear, 4 x 4 (36) 

1.8.

Pure electric vehicle: yes/no (36) 

1.9.

Hybrid electric vehicle: yes/no (36) 

1.9.1.

Category of Hybrid Electric vehicle: Off Vehicle Charging/Not Off Vehicle charging (36) 

1.9.2.

Operating mode switch: with/without (36) 

1.10.

Engine identification:

1.10.1.

Engine displacement:

1.10.2.

Fuel supply system: direct injection/indirect injection (36) 

1.10.3.

Fuel recommended by the manufacturer:

1.10.4.

Maximum power: kW at min'

1.10.5.

Pressure charging device: yes/no (36) 

1.10.6.

Ignition system: compression ignition/positive ignition (36) 

1.11.

Power train (for pure electric vehicle or hybrid electric vehicle) (36) 

1.11.1.

Maximum net power: … kW, at: … to … min-1

1.11.2.

Maximum thirty minutes power: … kW

▼M8

1.11.3

Maximum net torque: … Nm, at … min–1

▼B

1.12.

Traction battery (for pure electric vehicle or hybrid electric vehicle)

1.12.1.

Nominal voltage: V

1.12.2.

Capacity (2 h rate): Ah

1.13.

Transmission: …,

1.13.1.

Type of gearbox: manual/automatic/variable transmission (36) 

1.13.2.

Number of gear ratios:

1.13.3.

Total gear ratios (including the rolling circumferences of the tyres under load): road speeds per 1 000 min-1 (km/h)



First gear:

Sixth gear:

Second gear:

Seventh gear:

Third gear:

Eighth gear:

Fourth gear:

Overdrive:

Fifth gear:

 

1.13.4.

Final drive ratio:

1.14.

Tyres: …, , …

Type: … Dimensions:

Rolling circumference under load:

Rolling circumference of tyres used for the Type 1 test

2.   Test results

2.1.

Tailpipe emissions test results

Emissions classification: Euro 5/Euro 6 (36) 

Type 1 test results, where applicable

Type approval number if not parent vehicle (36) :



Type 1 Result

Test

CO

(mg/km)

THC

(mg/km)

NMHC

(mg/km)

NOx

(mg/km)

THC + NOx

(mg/km)

Particulates

(mg/km)

Particles

(#/km)

Measured () ()

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Measured mean value (M) () ()

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ki () ()

 

 

 

 

 

 ()

 

 

Mean value calculated with Ki (M.Ki) ()

 

 

 

 

 

 ()

 

 

DF () ()

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final mean value calculated with Ki and DF (M.Ki.DF) ()

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Limit value

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1)   Where applicable.

(2)   Not applicable.

(3)   Mean value calculated by adding mean values (M.Ki) calculated for THC and NOx.

(4)   Round to 2 decimal places.

(5)   Round to 4 decimal places.

(6)   Round to 1 decimal place more than limit value.

Information about regeneration strategy

D — number of operating cycles between 2 cycles where regenerative phases occur:

d — number of operating cycles required for regeneration:

Type 2: %

Type 3:

Type 4: g/test



Type 5:

— Durability test: whole vehicle test/bench ageing test/none (1)

— Deterioration factor DF: calculated/assigned (1)

— Specify the values:

(1)   Delete where not applicable (there are cases where nothing needs to be deleted when more than one entry is applicable.)

▼M6



Type 6

CO (g/km)

THC (g/km)

Measured value

 

 

2.1.1.

For bi fuel vehicles, the type 1 table shall be repeated for both fuels. For flex fuel vehicles, when the type 1 test is to be performed on both fuels according to Figure I.2.4 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 692/2008, and for vehicles running on LPG or NG/Biomethane, either mono fuel or bi fuel, the table shall be repeated for the different reference gases used in the test, and an additional table shall display the worst results obtained. When applicable, in accordance with sections 1.1.2.4 and 1.1.2.5 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 692/2008, it shall be shown if the results are measured or calculated.

▼B

2.1.2.

Written description and/or drawing of the MI:

2.1.3.

List and function of all components monitored by the OBD system:

2.1.4.

Written description (general working principles) for:

2.1.4.1.

Misfire detection ( 37 ):

2.1.4.2.

Catalyst monitoring (37) :

2.1.4.3.

Oxygen sensor monitoring (37) :

2.1.4.4.

Other components monitored by the OBD system (37) :

2.1.4.5.

Catalyst monitoring ( 38 ):

2.1.4.6.

Particulate trap monitoring (38) :

2.1.4.7.

Electronic fuelling system actuator monitoring (38) :

2.1.4.8.

Other components monitored by the OBD system:

2.1.5.

Criteria for MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method):

2.1.6.

List of all OBD output codes and formats used (with explanation of each):

2.2.

Emissions data required for roadworthiness testing



Test

CO value

(% vol)

Lambda (1)

Engine speed

(min-)

Engine oil temperature

(°C)

Low idle test

 

N/A

 

 

High idle test

 

 

 

 

(1)   Delete where not applicable (there are cases where nothing needs to be deleted when more than one entry is applicable.)

2.3.

Catalytic converters yes/no (36) 

2.3.1.

Original equipment catalytic converter tested to all relevant requirements of this Regulation yes/no (36) 

2.4.

Smoke opacity test results (36) 

2.4.1.

At steady speeds: See technical service test report number:

2.4.2.

Free acceleration tests

2.4.2.1.

Measured value of the absorption coefficient: … m-1

2.4.2.2.

Corrected value of the absorption coefficient: … m-1

2.4.2.3.

Location of the absorption coefficient symbol on the vehicle:

2.5.

CO2 emissions and fuel consumption test results

2.5.1.

Internal combustion engine vehicle and Not Externally Chargeable (NOVC) Hybrid Electric Vehicle

2.5.1.1.

CO2 mass emissions (provide declared values for each reference fuel tested)

2.5.1.1.1.

CO2 mass emissions (urban conditions): … g/km

2.5.1.1.2.

CO2 mass emissions (extra-urban conditions): … g/km

2.5.1.1.3.

CO2 mass emissions (combined): … g/km

2.5.1.2.

Fuel consumption (provide declared values for each reference fuel tested)

2.5.1.2.1.

Fuel consumption (urban conditions): … 1/100 km ( 39 )

2.5.1.2.2.

Fuel consumption (extra-urban conditions): … 1/100 km

2.5.1.2.3.

Fuel consumption (combined): … 1/100 km (39) 

2.5.1.3.

For vehicles powered by an internal combustion engine only which are equipped with periodically regenerating systems as defined in paragraph 6 of Article 2 of this Regulation, the test results shall be multiplied by the factor Ki as specified in Annex 10 to UN/ECE Regulation 101.

2.5.1.3.1.

Information about regeneration strategy for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption

D — number of operating cycles between 2 cycles where regenerative phases occur:

d — number of operating cycles required for regeneration:



 

urban

extra urban

combined

Ki

Values for CO2

and fuel consumption (1)

 

 

 

(1)   Round to 4 decimal places.

2.5.2.

Pure electric vehicles (36) 

2.5.2.1.

Electric energy consumption (declared value).

2.5.2.1.1.

Electric energy consumption: Wh/km

2.5.2.1.2.

Total time out of tolerance for the conduct of the cycle: … sec

2.5.2.2.

Range (declared value): km

2.5.3.

Externally chargeable (OVC) Hybrid Electric Vehicle:

2.5.3.1.

CO2 mass emission (Condition A, combined) ( 40 ): g/km

2.5.3.2.

CO2 mass emission (Condition B, combined) (40) : g/km

2.5.3.3.

CO2 mass emission (weighted, combined) (40) : g/km

2.5.3.4.

Fuel consumption (Condition A, combined) (40) : … l/100 km

2.5.3.5.

Fuel consumption (Condition B, combined) (40) : … l/100 km

2.5.3.6.

Fuel consumption (weighted, combined) (40) : … l/100 km

2.5.3.7.

Electric energy consumption (Condition A, combined) (40) : Wh/km

2.5.3.8.

Electric energy consumption (Condition B, combined) (40) : Wh/km

2.5.3.9.

Electric energy consumption (weighted and combined) (40) : Wh/km

2.5.3.10.

Pure electric range: km

▼M6

2.6.

Test results of eco-innovations ( 41 ) ( 42 )



Decision approving the eco-innovation (1)

Code of the eco-innovation (2)

1.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle (g/km)

2.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle (g/km)

3.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle under type 1 test-cycle (3)

4.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle under type 1 test-cycle (= 3.5.1.3)

5.  Usage factor (UF)i.e. temporal share of technology usage in normal operation conditions

CO2 emissions savings

image

xxxx/201x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total CO2 emissions saving (g/km) (4)

 

(1)   Number of the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(2)   Assigned in the Commission Decision approving the eco-innovation.

(3)   If modelling is applied instead of the type 1 test-cycle, this value shall be the one provided by the modelling methodology.

(4)   Sum of the emissions saving of each individual eco-innovation.

2.6.1.   General code of the eco-innovation(s) ( 43 ): …

▼B

3.

Vehicle repair information

3.1.

Address of website for access to vehicle repair and maintenance information: …

3.1.1.

Date from which it is available (up to 6 months from the date of type approval):

▼M1

3.2.

Terms and conditions of access (i.e. duration of access, price of access on a hourly, daily, monthly, annual and per-transaction basis) to websites referred to in point 3.1):

▼B

3.3.

Format of vehicle repair and maintenance information accessible through website referred to in Section 3.1:

3.4.

Manufacturer’s certificate on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information provided: …

▼M8

4.

Power measurement

Maximum engine net power of internal combustion engine, net power and maximum 30 minutes power of electric drive train

4.1.   Internal combustion engine net power

4.1.1.

Engine speed (rpm)

4.1.2.

Measured fuel flow (g/h)

4.1.3.

Measured torque (Nm)

4.1.4.

Measured power (kW)

4.1.5.

Barometric pressure (kPa)

4.1.6.

Water vapour pressure (kPa)

4.1.7.

Intake air temperature (K)

4.1.8.

Power correction factor when applied

4.1.9.

Corrected power (kW)

4.1.10.

Auxiliary power (kW)

4.1.11.

Net power (kW)

4.1.12.

Net torque (Nm)

4.1.13.

Corrected specific fuel consumption (g/kWh)

4.2.   Electric drive train(s):

4.2.1.

Declared figures

4.2.2.

Maximum net power: … kW, at … min–1

4.2.3.

Maximum net torque: … Nm, at … min–1

4.2.4.

Maximum net torque at zero speed: .… Nm

4.2.5.

Maximum 30 minutes power: … kW

4.2.6.

Essential characteristics of the electric drive train

4.2.7.

Test DC voltage: … V

4.2.8.

Working principle:

4.2.9.

Cooling system:

4.2.10.

Motor: liquid/air ( 44 )

4.2.11.

Variator: liquid/air () 

▼M8

5.

Remarks:

▼B




Appendix 5

Vehicle OBD information

1.

The information required in this Appendix shall be provided by the vehicle manufacturer for the purposes of enabling the manufacture of OBD-compatible replacement or service parts and diagnostic tools and test equipment.

2.

Upon request, the following information shall be made available to any interested component, diagnostic tools or test equipment manufacturer, on a non-discriminatory basis:

2.1.

A description of the type and number of the preconditioning cycles used for the original type-approval of the vehicle;

2.2.

A description of the type of the OBD demonstration cycle used for the original type-approval of the vehicle for the component monitored by the OBD system;

2.3.

A comprehensive document describing all sensed components with the strategy for fault detection and MI activation (fixed number of driving cycles or statistical method), including a list of relevant secondary sensed parameters for each component monitored by the OBD system and a list of all OBD output codes and format used (with an explanation of each) associated with individual emission-related power-train components and individual non-emission related components, where monitoring of the component is used to determine MI activation. In particular, a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $ 05 Test ID $ 21 to FF and the data given in service $ 06 shall be provided. In the case of vehicle types that use a communication link in accordance with ISO 15765-4 ‘Road vehicles — Diagnostics on Controller Area Network (CAN) — Part 4: Requirements for emissions-related systems’, a comprehensive explanation for the data given in service $ 06 Test ID $ 00 to FF, for each OBD monitor ID supported, shall be provided.

This information may be provided in the form of a table, as follows:



Component

Fault code

Monitoring strategy

Fault detection criteria

MI activation criteria

Secondary parameters

Preconditioning

Demonstration test

Catalyst

P0420

Oxygen sensor 1 and 2 signals

Difference between sensor 1 and sensor 2 signals

3rd cycle

Engine speed, engine load, A/F mode, catalyst temperature

Two Type 1 cycles

Type 1

3.

Information required for the manufacture of diagnostic tools

In order to facilitate the provision of generic diagnostic tools for multi-make repairers, vehicle manufacturers shall make available the information referred to in the points 3.1 to 3.3. through their repair information web-sites. This information shall include all diagnostic tool functions and all the links to repair information and troubleshooting instructions. The access to this information may be subject to the payment of a reasonable fee.

3.1.   Communication Protocol Information

The following information shall be required indexed against vehicle make, model and variant, or other workable definition such as VIN or vehicle and systems identification:

(a) Any additional protocol information system necessary to enable complete diagnostics in addition to the standards prescribed in Annex XI Section 4, including any additional hardware or software protocol information, parameter identification, transfer functions, ‘keep alive’ requirements, or error conditions;

(b) Details of how to obtain and interpret all fault codes not in accordance with the standards prescribed in Annex XI Section 4:

(c) A list of all available live data parameters including scaling and access information;

(d) A list of all available functional tests including device activation or control and the means to implement them;

(e) Details of how to obtain all component and status information, time stamps, pending DTC and freeze frames;

(f) Resetting adaptive learning parameters, variant coding and replacement component setup, and customer preferences;

(g) ECU identification and variant coding;

(h) Details of how to reset service lights;

(i) Location of diagnostic connector and connector details;

(j) Engine code identification.

3.2.   Test and diagnosis of OBD monitored components

The following information shall be required:

(a) A description of tests to confirm its functionality, at the component or in the harness

(b) Test procedure including test parameters and component information

(c) Connection details including minimum and maximum input and output and driving and loading values

(d) Values expected under certain driving conditions including idling

(e) Electrical values for the component in its static and dynamic states

(f) Failure mode values for each of the above scenarios

(g) Failure mode diagnostic sequences including fault trees and guided diagnostics elimination.

3.3.   Data required to perform the repair

The following information shall be required:

(a) ECU and component initialisation (in the event of replacements being fitted)

(b) Initialisation of new or replacement ECU’s where relevant using pass-through (re-) programming techniques.




Appendix 6

EC Type –Approval Certification Numbering System

1.

Section 3 of the EC type-approval number issued according to Article 6(1) shall be composed by the number of the implementing regulatory act or the latest amending regulatory act applicable to the EC type-approval. ►M2  This number shall be followed by one or more characters reflecting the different categories in accordance with Table 1. ◄ These alphabetical characters shall also distinguish the Euro 5 and 6 emission limit values to which the approval was granted.

▼M8



Table 1

Character

Emissions standard

OBD standard

Vehicle category and class

Engine

Implementation date: new types

Implementation date: new vehicles

Last date of registration

A

Euro 5a

Euro 5

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.9.2009

1.1.2011

31.12.2012

B

Euro 5a

Euro 5

M1 to fulfil specific social needs (excluding M1G)

CI

1.9.2009

1.1.2012

31.12.2012

C

Euro 5a

Euro 5

M1G to fulfil specific social needs

CI

1.9.2009

1.1.2012

31.8.2012

D

Euro 5a

Euro 5

N1 class II

PI, CI

1.9.2010

1.1.2012

31.12.2012

E

Euro 5a

Euro 5

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

1.9.2010

1.1.2012

31.12.2012

F

Euro 5b

Euro 5

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2013

31.12.2013

G

Euro 5b

Euro 5

M1 to fulfil specific social needs (excluding M1G)

CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2013

31.12.2013

H

Euro 5b

Euro 5

N1 class II

PI, CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2013

31.12.2013

I

Euro 5b

Euro 5

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2013

31.12.2013

J

Euro 5b

Euro 5+

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2014

31.8.2015

K

Euro 5b

Euro 5+

M1 to fulfil specific social needs (excluding M1G)

CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2014

31.8.2015

L

Euro 5b

Euro 5+

N1 class II

PI, CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2014

31.8.2016

M

Euro 5b

Euro 5+

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

1.9.2011

1.1.2014

31.8.2016

N

Euro 6a

Euro 6-

M, N1 class I

CI

 

 

31.12.2012

O

Euro 6a

Euro 6-

N1 class II

CI

 

 

31.12.2012

P

Euro 6a

Euro 6-

N1 class III, N2

CI

 

 

31.12.2012

Q

Euro 6b

Euro 6-

M, N1 class I

CI

 

 

31.12.2013

R

Euro 6b

Euro 6-

N1 class II

CI

 

 

31.12.2013

S

Euro 6b

Euro 6-

N1 class III, N2

CI

 

 

31.12.2013

T

Euro 6b

Euro 6- plus IUPR

M, N1 class I

CI

 

 

31.8.2015

U

Euro 6b

Euro 6- plus IUPR

N1 class II

CI

 

 

31.8.2016

V

Euro 6b

Euro 6- plus IUPR

N1 class III, N2

CI

 

 

31.8.2016

W

Euro 6b

Euro 6-1

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.9.2014

1.9.2015

31.8.2018

X

Euro 6b

Euro 6-1

N1 class II

PI, CI

1.9.2015

1.9.2016

31.8.2019

Y

Euro 6b

Euro 6-1

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

1.9.2015

1.9.2016

31.8.2019

ZA

Euro 6c

Euro 6-1

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

 

 

31.8.2018

ZB

Euro 6c

Euro 6-1

N1 class II

PI, CI

 

 

31.8.2019

ZC

Euro 6c

Euro 6-1

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

 

 

31.8.2019

▼M11

ZD

Euro 6c

Euro 6-2

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

 

1.9.2018

31.8.2019

ZE

Euro 6c

Euro 6-2

N1 class II

PI, CI

 

1.9.2019

31.8.2020

ZF

Euro 6c

Euro 6-2

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

 

1.9.2019

31.8.2020

▼M11

ZG

Euro 6d-TEMP

Euro 6-2

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.9.2017

1.9.2019

31.12.2020

ZH

Euro 6d-TEMP

Euro 6-2

N1 class II

PI, CI

1.9.2018

1.9.2020

31.12.2021

ZI

Euro 6d-TEMP

Euro 6-2

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

1.9.2018

1.9.2020

31.12.2021

ZJ

Euro 6d

Euro 6-2

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.1.2020

1.1.2021

 

ZK

Euro 6d

Euro 6-2

N1 class II

PI, CI

1.1.2021

1.1.2022

 

PLN

Euro 6d

Euro 6-2

N1 class III, N2

PI, CI

1.1.2021

1.1.2022

 

▼M8

ZX

n.a.

n.a.

All vehicles

Battery full electric

1.9.2009

1.1.2011

 

ZY

n.a.

n.a.

All vehicles

Fuel cell full electric

1.9.2009

1.1.2011

 

ZZ

n.a

n.a.

All vehicles using certificates according to point 2.1.1 of Annex I

PI, CI

1.9.2009

1.1.2011

 

Key:

‘Euro 5a’ emissions standard = excludes revised measurement procedure for particulate matter, particle number standard and flex fuel vehicle low temperature emission testing with biofuel;
‘Euro 5b’ emissions standard = Full Euro 5 emission requirements including revised measurement procedure for particulate matter, particle number standard for CI vehicles and flex fuel vehicle low temperature emission testing with biofuel;
‘Euro 6a’ emissions standard = excludes revised measurement procedure for particulate matter, particle number standard and flex fuel vehicle low temperature emission testing with biofuel;
‘Euro 6b’ emissions standard = Euro 6 emission requirements including revised measurement procedure for particulate matter, particle number standards (preliminary values for PI vehicles) and flex fuel vehicle low temperature emission testing with biofuel; ►M11  
‘Euro 6c’ emissions standard = Full Euro 6 emission requirements but without quantitative RDE requirements, i.e. Euro 6b emission standard, final particle number standards for PI vehicles, use of E10 and B7 reference fuel (where applicable) assessed on regulatory lab test cycle and RDE testing for monitoring only (no NTE emission limits applied);
‘Euro 6d-TEMP’ emissions standard = Full Euro 6 emission requirements, i.e. Euro 6b emission standard, final particle number standards for PI vehicles, use of E10 and B7 reference fuel (where applicable) assessed on regulatory lab test cycle and RDE testing against temporary conformity factors;  ◄ ►M11  
‘Euro 6d’ emissions standard = Full Euro 6 emission requirements, i.e. Euro 6b emission standard, final particle number standards for PI vehicles, use of E10 and B7 reference fuel (where applicable) assessed on regulatory lab test cycle and RDE testing against final conformity factors;  ◄
‘Euro 5’ OBD standard = Base Euro 5 OBD requirements excluding in use performance ratio (IUPR), NOx monitoring for petrol vehicles and tightened PM threshold limits for diesel;
‘Euro 5+’ OBD standard = includes relaxed in use performance ratio (IUPR), NOx monitoring for petrol vehicles and tightened PM threshold limits for diesel;
‘Euro 6-’ OBD standard = relaxed OBD threshold limits;
‘Euro 6- plus IUPR’ OBD standard = includes relaxed OBD threshold limits and relaxed in use performance ratio (IUPR);
‘Euro 6-1’ OBD standard = Full Euro 6 OBD requirements but with preliminary OBD threshold limits as defined in point 2.3.4 of Annex XI and partially relaxed IUPR;
‘Euro 6-2’ OBD standard = Full Euro 6 OBD requirements but with final OBD threshold limits as defined in point 2.3.3 of Annex XI.

▼B

2.

Examples of type–approval certification numbers.

2.1.

An example is provided below of a first approval without any extensions of an Euro 5 light passenger vehicle. The approval was granted to the base regulation and its implementing regulation so the forth component is 0001. The vehicle is of category M1 represented by letter A. The approval was issued by the Netherlands:

e4*715/2007*692/2008A*0001*00

2.2.

This second example shows a fourth approval for the second extension of an Euro 5 light passenger vehicle of category M1G meeting the special social needs requirements (letter C). The approval was granted to the base regulation and an amending regulation in the year 2009 and was issued by Germany:

e1*715/2007*…/2009C*0004*02




Appendix 7

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▼M1




ANNEX II

IN-SERVICE CONFORMITY

1.   INTRODUCTION

1.1.

This Annex sets out the tailpipe emissions and OBD (inclusive IUPRM) in-service conformity requirements for vehicles type approved to this Regulation.

2.   AUDIT OF IN-SERVICE CONFORMITY

2.1.

The audit of in-service conformity by the approval authority shall be conducted on the basis of any relevant information that the manufacturer has, under the same procedures as those for the conformity of production defined in Article 12(1) and (2) of Directive 2007/46/EC and in points 1 and 2 of Annex X to that Directive. Information from approval authority and Member State surveillance testing may complement the in-service monitoring reports supplied by the manufacturer.

2.2.

The figure referred to in point 9 of Appendix 2 to this Annex and Figure 4/2 of Appendix 4 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 (for tailpipe emissions only) illustrates the procedure for in-service conformity checking. The process for in-service conformity is described in Appendix 3 to this Annex.

2.3.

As part of the information provided for the in-service conformity control, at the request of the approval authority, the manufacturer shall report to the type-approval authority on warranty claims, warranty repair works and OBD faults recorded at servicing, according to a format agreed at type-approval. The information shall detail the frequency and substance of faults for emissions-related components and systems. The reports shall be filed at least once a year for each vehicle model for the duration of the period defined in Article 9(4) of this Regulation.

2.4.

Parameters defining the tailpipe emissions in-service family

The in-service family may be defined by basic design parameters which shall be common to vehicles within the family. Accordingly, vehicle types may be considered as belonging to the same in-service family if they have in common, or within the stated tolerances, the following parameters:

2.4.1. combustion process (two stroke, four stroke, rotary);

2.4.2. number of cylinders;

2.4.3. configuration of the cylinder block (in-line, V, radial, horizontally opposed, other. The inclination or orientation of the cylinders is not a criteria);

2.4.4. method of engine fuelling (e.g. indirect or direct injection);

2.4.5. type of cooling system (air, water, oil);

2.4.6. method of aspiration (naturally aspirated, pressure charged);

2.4.7. fuel for which the engine is designed (petrol, diesel, NG, LPG, etc.). Bi fuelled vehicles may be grouped with dedicated fuel vehicles providing one of the fuels is common;

2.4.8. type of catalytic converter (three-way catalyst, lean NOx trap, SCR, lean NOx catalyst or other(s));

2.4.9. type of particulate trap (with or without);

2.4.10. exhaust gas recirculation (with or without, cooled or non-cooled); and

2.4.11. engine cylinder capacity of the largest engine within the family minus 30 %.

2.5.

Information requirements

An audit of in-service conformity will be conducted by the approval authority on the basis of information supplied by the manufacturer. Such information shall include in particular, the following:

2.5.1. the name and address of the manufacturer;

2.5.2. the name, address, telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address of his authorised representative within the areas covered by the manufacturer’s information;

2.5.3. the model name(s) of the vehicles included in the manufacturer’s information;

2.5.4. where appropriate, the list of vehicle types covered within the manufacturer’s information, i.e. for tailpipe emissions, the in-service family group in accordance with point 2.4, and for OBD and IUPRM, the OBD family in accordance with Appendix 2 to Annex XI;

2.5.5. the vehicle identification number (VIN) codes applicable to these vehicle types within the family (VIN prefix);

2.5.6. the numbers of the type-approvals applicable to these vehicle types within the family, including, where applicable, the numbers of all extensions and field fixes/recalls (re-works);

2.5.7. details of extensions, field fixes/recalls to those type-approvals for the vehicles covered within the manufacturer’s information (if requested by the approval authority);

2.5.8. the period of time over which the manufacturer’s information was collected;

2.5.9. the vehicle build period covered within the manufacturer’s information (e.g. vehicles manufactured during the 2007 calendar year);

2.5.10. the manufacturer’s in-service conformity checking procedure, including:

(i) vehicle location method;

(ii) vehicle selection and rejection criteria;

(iii) test types and procedures used for the programme;

(iv) the manufacturer’s acceptance/rejection criteria for the family group;

(v) geographical area(s) within which the manufacturer has collected information;

(vi) sample size and sampling plan used;

2.5.11. the results from the manufacturer’s in-service conformity procedure, including:

(i) identification of the vehicles included in the programme (whether tested or not). The identification shall include the following:

 model name,

 vehicle identification number (VIN),

 vehicle registration number,

 date of manufacture,

 region of use (where known),

 tyres fitted (tailpipe emissions only);

(ii) the reason(s) for rejecting a vehicle from the sample;

(iii) service history for each vehicle in the sample (including any re-works);

(iv) repair history for each vehicle in the sample (where known);

(v) test data, including the following:

 date of test/download,

 location of test/download,

 distance indicated on vehicle odometer;

(vi) test data for tailpipe emissions only:

 test fuel specifications (e.g. test reference fuel or market fuel),

 test conditions (temperature, humidity, dynamometer inertia weight),

 dynamometer settings (e.g. power setting),

 test results (from at least three different vehicles per family);

(vii) test data for IUPRM only:

 all required data downloaded from the vehicle,

 For each monitor to be reported the in-use-performance ratio IUPRM;

2.5.12. records of indication from the OBD system;

2.5.13. for IUPRM sampling, the following:

 The average of in-use-performance ratios IUPRM of all selected vehicles for each monitor according to points 3.1.4 and 3.1.5 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI,

 The percentage of selected vehicles, which have an IUPRM greater or equal to the minimum value applicable to the monitor according to points 3.1.4 and 3.1.5 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI.

3.   SELECTION OF VEHICLES FOR IN-SERVICE CONFORMITY

3.1.

The information gathered by the manufacturer shall be sufficiently comprehensive to ensure that in-service performance can be assessed for normal conditions of use. The manufacturer’s sampling shall be drawn from at least two Member States with substantially different vehicle operating conditions (unless only sold in one Member State). Factors such as differences in fuels, ambient conditions, average road speeds, and urban/highway driving split shall be taken into consideration in the selection of the Member States.

For OBD IUPRM testing only vehicles fulfilling the criteria of point 2.2.1 of Appendix 1 shall be included in the test sample.

3.2.

In selecting the Member States for sampling vehicles, the manufacturer may select vehicles from a Member State that is considered to be particularly representative. In this case, the manufacturer shall demonstrate to the approval authority which granted the type approval that the selection is representative (e.g. by the market having the largest annual sales of a vehicle family within the Union). When a family requires more than one sample lot to be tested as defined in point 3.5, the vehicles in the second and third sample lots shall reflect different vehicle operating conditions from those selected for the first sample.

3.3.

The emissions testing may be done at a test facility which is located in a different market or region from where the vehicles have been selected.

3.4.

The in-service tailpipe emissions conformity tests by the manufacturer shall be continuously carried out reflecting the production cycle of applicable vehicles types within a given in-service vehicle family. The maximum time period between commencing two in-service conformity checks shall not exceed 18 months. In the case of vehicle types covered by an extension to the type-approval that did not require an emissions test, this period may be extended up to 24 months.

3.5.

Sample size

3.5.1. When applying the statistical procedure defined in Appendix 2 (i.e. for tailpipe emissions), the number of sample lots shall depend on the annual sales volume of an in-service family in the Union, as defined in the following table:



EU Registrations

— per calendar year (for tailpipe emission tests),

— of vehicles of an OBD family with IUPR in the sampling period

Number of sample lots

up to 100 000

1

100 001 to 200 000

2

above 200 000

3

3.5.2. For IUPR, the number of sample lots to be taken is described in the table in point 3.5.1 and is based on the number of vehicles of an OBD family that are approved with IUPR (subject to sampling).

For the first sampling period of an OBD family, all of the vehicle types in the family that are approved with IUPR shall be considered to be subject to sampling. For subsequent sampling periods, only vehicle types which have not been previously tested or are covered by emissions approvals that have been extended since the previous sampling period shall be considered to be subject to sampling.

For families consisting of fewer than 5 000 EU registrations that are subject to sampling within the sampling period the minimum number of vehicles in a sample lot is six. For all other families, the minimum number of vehicles in a sample lot to be sampled is fifteen.

Each sample lot shall adequately represent the sales pattern, i.e. at least high volume vehicle types (≥ 20 % of the family total) shall be represented.

4.

On the basis of the audit referred to in Section 2 the approval authority shall adopt one of the following decisions and actions:

(a) decide that the in-service conformity of a vehicle type, vehicle in-service family or vehicle OBD family is satisfactory and not take any further action;

(b) decide that the data provided by the manufacturer is insufficient to reach a decision and request additional information or test data from the manufacturer;

(c) decide that based on data from the approval authority or Member State surveillance testing programmes, that information provided by the manufacturer is insufficient to reach a decision and request additional information or test data from the manufacturer;

(d) decide that the in-service conformity of a vehicle type, that is part of an in-service family, or of an OBD family, is unsatisfactory and proceed to have such vehicle type or OBD family tested in accordance with Appendix 1.

If according to the IUPRM audit the test criteria of point 6.1.2 point (a) or (b) of Appendix 1 are met for the vehicles in a sample lot, the type-approval authority must take the further action described in point (d) of this point.

4.1.

Where type 1 tests are considered necessary to check the conformity of emission control devices with the requirements for their performance while in service, such tests shall be carried out using a test procedure meeting the statistical criteria defined in Appendix 2.

4.2.

The approval authority, in cooperation with the manufacturer, shall select a sample of vehicles with sufficient mileage whose use under normal conditions can be reasonably assured. The manufacturer shall be consulted on the choice of the vehicles in the sample and allowed to attend the confirmatory checks of the vehicles.

4.3.

The manufacturer shall be authorised, under the supervision of the approval authority, to carry out checks, even of a destructive nature, on those vehicles with emission levels in excess of the limit values with a view to establishing possible causes of deterioration which cannot be attributed to the manufacturer (e.g. use of leaded petrol before the test date). Where the results of the checks confirm such causes, those test results shall be excluded from the conformity check.




Appendix 1

In-service conformity check

1.   INTRODUCTION

1.1. This Appendix sets out the criteria referred to in Section 4 regarding the selection of vehicles for testing and the procedures for the in-service conformity control.

2.   SELECTION CRITERIA

The criteria for acceptance of a selected vehicle are defined for tailpipe emissions in points 2.1 to 2.8 and for IUPRM in Sections 2.1 to 2.5.

2.1. The vehicle shall belong to a vehicle type that is type-approved under this Regulation and covered by a certificate of conformity in accordance with Directive 2007/46/EC. For checking of IUPRM, the vehicle shall be approved to the OBD standards Euro 5+, Euro 6- plus IUPR or later. It shall be registered and have been used in the Union.

2.2. The vehicle shall have been in service for at least 15 000 km or 6 months, whichever the later, and for no more than 100 000 km or 5 years, whichever the sooner.

2.2.1. For checking IUPRM, the test sample shall include only vehicles that:

(a) have collected sufficient vehicle operation data for the monitor to be tested.

For monitors required to meet the in-use monitor performance ratio and to track and report ratio data pursuant to point 3.6.1 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI, sufficient vehicle operation data shall mean the denominator meets the criteria set forth below. The denominator, as defined in points 3.3 and 3.5 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI, for the monitor to be tested must have a value equal to or greater than one of the following values:

(i) 75 for evaporative system monitors, secondary air system monitors, and monitors utilising a denominator incremented in accordance with point 3.3.2 points (a), (b) or (c) of Appendix 1 to Annex XI (e.g. cold start monitors, air conditioning system monitors, etc.); or

(ii) 25 for particulate filter monitors and oxidation catalyst monitors utilising a denominator incremented in accordance with point 3.3.2(d) of Appendix 1 to Annex XI; or

(iii) 150 for catalyst, oxygen sensor, EGR, VVT, and all other component monitors;

(b) have not been tampered with or equipped with add-on or modified parts that would cause the OBD system not to comply with the requirements of Annex XI.

2.3. There shall be a maintenance record to show that the vehicle has been properly maintained (e.g. has been serviced in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations).

2.4. The vehicle shall exhibit no indications of abuse (e. g. racing, overloading, mis-fuelling, or other misuse), or other factors (e. g. tampering) that could affect emission performance. The fault code and mileage information stored in the computer shall be taken into account. A vehicle shall not be selected for testing if the information stored in the computer shows that the vehicle has operated after a fault code was stored and a relatively prompt repair was not carried out.

2.5. There shall have been no unauthorised major repair to the engine or major repair of the vehicle.

2.6. The lead content and sulphur content of a fuel sample from the vehicle tank shall meet the applicable standards laid down in Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council ( 45 ) and there shall be no evidence of mis-fuelling. Checks may be done in the tailpipe.

2.7. There shall be no indication of any problem that might jeopardise the safety of laboratory personnel.

2.8. All anti-pollution system components on the vehicle shall be in conformity with the applicable type-approval.

3.   DIAGNOSIS AND MAINTENANCE

Diagnosis and any normal maintenance necessary shall be performed on vehicles accepted for testing, prior to measuring exhaust emissions, in accordance with the procedure laid down in points 3.1 to 3.7.

3.1. The following checks shall be carried out: checks on air filter, all drive belts, all fluid levels, radiator cap, all vacuum hoses and electrical wiring related to the antipollution system for integrity; checks on ignition, fuel metering and pollution control device components for maladjustments and/or tampering. All discrepancies shall be recorded.

3.2. The OBD system shall be checked for proper functioning. Any malfunction indications in the OBD memory shall be recorded and the requisite repairs shall be carried out. If the OBD malfunction indicator registers a malfunction during a preconditioning cycle, the fault may be identified and repaired. The test may be rerun and the results of that repaired vehicle used.

3.3. The ignition system shall be checked and defective components replaced, for example spark plugs, cables, etc.

3.4. The compression shall be checked. If the result is unsatisfactory the vehicle shall be rejected.

3.5. The engine parameters shall be checked to the manufacturer’s specifications and adjusted if necessary.

3.6. If the vehicle is within 800 km of a scheduled maintenance service, that service shall be performed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Regardless of odometer reading, the oil and air filter may be changed at the request of the manufacturer.

3.7. Upon acceptance of the vehicle, the fuel shall be replaced with appropriate emission test reference fuel, unless the manufacturer accepts the use of market fuel.

4.   IN-SERVICE TESTING

4.1. When a check on vehicles is deemed necessary, emission tests in accordance with Annex III are performed on pre-conditioned vehicles selected in accordance with the requirements of Sections 2 and 3 of this Appendix. This test shall only include the measurement of particle number emissions for vehicles approved to the Euro 6 emission standards in categories W, X and Y as defined in Table 1 of Appendix 6 to Annex I. Pre-conditioning cycles additional to those specified in points 5.3 of Annex 4 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 will only be allowed if they are representative of normal driving.

4.2. Vehicles equipped with an OBD system may be checked for proper in-service functionality, of the malfunction indication, etc., in relation to levels of emissions (e.g. the malfunction indication limits defined in Annex XI) for the type-approved specifications.

4.3. The OBD system may be checked, for example, for levels of emissions above the applicable limit values with no malfunction indication, systematic erroneous activation of the malfunction indication and identified faulty or deteriorated components in the OBD system.

4.4. If a component or system operates in a manner not covered by the particulars in the type-approval certificate and/or information package for such vehicle types and such deviation has not been authorised under Article 13(1) or (2) of Directive 2007/46/EC, with no malfunction indication by the OBD, the component or system shall not be replaced prior to emission testing, unless it is determined that the component or system has been tampered with or abused in such a manner that the OBD does not detect the resulting malfunction.

5.   EVALUATION OF EMISSION TEST RESULTS

5.1. The test results shall be submitted to the evaluation procedure in accordance with Appendix 2.

5.2. Test results shall not be multiplied by deterioration factors.

6.   PLAN OF REMEDIAL MEASURES

6.1. The approval authority shall request the manufacturer to submit a plan of remedial measures to remedy the non-compliance when:

6.1.1. For tailpipe emissions, more than one vehicle is found to be an outlying emitter that meets either of the following conditions:

(a) the conditions set out in point 3.2.3 of Appendix 4 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 and where both the approval authority and the manufacturer agree that the excess emission is due to the same cause; or

(b) the conditions set out in point 3.2.4 of Appendix 4 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 where the approval authority has determined that the excess emission is due to the same cause.

6.1.2. For IUPRM of a particular monitor M the following statistical conditions are met in a test sample, the size of which is determined according to point 3.5 of this Annex:

(a) For vehicles certified to a ratio of 0,1 in accordance with point 3.1.5 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI, the data collected from the vehicles indicate for at least one monitor M in the test sample either that the test sample average in-use-performance ratio is less than 0,1 or that 66 % or more of the vehicles in the test sample have an in-use monitor performance ratio of less than 0,1.

(b) For vehicles certified to the full ratios in accordance with point 3.1.4 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI, the data collected from the vehicles indicate for at least one monitor M in the test sample either that the test sample average in-use performance ratio in the test sample is less than the value Testmin(M) or that 66 % or more of the vehicles in the test sample have an in-use performance ratio of less than Testmin(M).

The value of Testmin(M) shall be:

(i) 0,230 if the monitor M is required to have an in-use ratio of 0,26;

(ii) 0,460 if the monitor M is required to have an in-use ratio of 0,52;

(iii) 0,297 if the monitor M is required to have an in-use ratio of 0,336;

according to point 3.1.4 of Appendix 1 to Annex XI.

6.2. The plan of remedial measures shall be filed with the type-approval authority not later than 60 working days from the date of the notification referred to in point 6.1. The type-approval authority shall within 30 working days declare its approval or disapproval of the plan of remedial measures. However, where the manufacturer can demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the competent approval authority, that further time is required to investigate the non-compliance in order to submit a plan of remedial measures, an extension shall be granted.

6.3. The remedial measures shall apply to all vehicles likely to be affected by the same defect. The need to amend the type-approval documents shall be assessed.

6.4. The manufacturer shall provide a copy of all communications related to the plan of remedial measures, and shall also maintain a record of the recall campaign, and supply regular status reports to the approval authority.

6.5. The plan of remedial measures shall include the requirements specified in points 6.5.1 to 6.5.11. The manufacturer shall assign a unique identifying name or number to the plan of remedial measures.

6.5.1. A description of each vehicle type included in the plan of remedial measures.

6.5.2. A description of the specific modifications, alterations, repairs, corrections, adjustments or other changes to be made to bring the vehicles into conformity including a brief summary of the data and technical studies which support the decision of the manufacturer as to the particular measures to be taken to correct the non-conformity.

6.5.3. A description of the method by which the manufacturer informs the vehicle owners.

6.5.4. A description of the proper maintenance or use, if any, which the manufacturer stipulates as a condition of eligibility for repair under the plan of remedial measures, and an explanation of the reasons why the manufacturer imposes any such condition. No maintenance or use conditions may be imposed unless it is demonstrably related to the non-conformity and the remedial measures.

6.5.5. A description of the procedure to be followed by vehicle owners to obtain correction of the non-conformity. This description shall include a date after which the remedial measures may be taken, the estimated time for the workshop to perform the repairs and where they can be done. The repair shall be done expediently, within a reasonable time after delivery of the vehicle.

6.5.6. A copy of the information transmitted to the vehicle owner.

6.5.7. A brief description of the system which the manufacturer uses to assure an adequate supply of component or systems for fulfilling the remedial action. It shall be indicated when there will be an adequate supply of components or systems to initiate the campaign.

6.5.8. A copy of all instructions to be sent to those persons who are to perform the repair.

6.5.9. A description of the impact of the proposed remedial measures on the emissions, fuel consumption, driveability, and safety of each vehicle type, covered by the plan of remedial measures with data and technical studies which support these conclusions.

6.5.10. Any other information, reports or data the type-approval authority may reasonably determine is necessary to evaluate the plan of remedial measures.

6.5.11. Where the plan of remedial measures includes a recall, a description of the method for recording the repair shall be submitted to the type-approval authority. If a label is used, an example of it shall be submitted.

6.6. The manufacturer may be required to conduct reasonably designed and necessary tests on components and vehicles incorporating a proposed change, repair, or modification to demonstrate the effectiveness of the change, repair, or modification.

6.7. The manufacturer is responsible for keeping a record of every vehicle recalled and repaired and the workshop which performed the repair. The type-approval authority shall have access to the record on request for a period of 5 years from the implementation of the plan of remedial measures.

6.8. The repair and modification or addition of new equipment shall be recorded in a certificate supplied by the manufacturer to the vehicle owner.




Appendix 2

Statistical procedure for tailpipe emissions in-service conformity testing

1. This procedure shall be used to verify the in-service conformity requirements for the type 1 test. The applicable statistical method set out in Appendix 4 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 shall apply, with the exceptions described in the Sections 2 to 9 of this Appendix.

2. Note 1 shall not apply.

3. Point 3.2 shall be understood as follows:

A vehicle is said to be an outlying emitter when the conditions given in point 3.2.2 are met.

4. Point 3.2.1 shall not apply.

5. In point 3.2.2, the reference to row B of the table in point 5.3.1.4 shall be understood as reference to Table 1 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for Euro 5 vehicles and to Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for Euro 6 vehicles.

6. In points 3.2.3.2.1 and 3.2.4.2, the reference to Section 6 of Appendix 3 shall be understood as reference to Section 6 of Appendix 1 to Annex II to this Regulation.

7. In notes 2 and 3, the reference to row A of the table in point 5.3.1.4 shall be understood as reference to Table 1 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for Euro 5 vehicles and to Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for Euro 6 vehicles.

8. In point 4.2, the reference to point 5.3.1.4 shall be understood as reference to Table 1 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for Euro 5 vehicles and Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for Euro 6 vehicles.

9. Figure 4/1 shall be replaced by the following figure:

Figure 4/1 image




Appendix 3

Responsibilities for in-service conformity

1. The process of checking in-service conformity check is illustrated in Figure 1.

2. The manufacturer shall compile all the information needed to comply with the requirements of this Annex. The approval authority may also take information from surveillance programmes into consideration.

3. The approval authority shall conduct all the procedures and tests necessary to ensure that the requirements regarding the in-service conformity are met. (Phases 2 to 4).

4. In the event of discrepancies or disagreements in the assessment of information supplied, the approval authority shall request clarification from the technical service that conducted the type-approval test.

5. The manufacturer shall establish and implement a plan of remedial measures. This plan shall be approved by the approval authority before it is implemented (Phase 5).

Figure 1

Illustration of the in-service conformity process