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Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of the Marshall Islands on the short-stay visa waiver
Agreement between the European Union and the Republic of the Marshall Islands on the short-stay visa waiver
OJ L 216, 11.8.2016, p. 3–9 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
Official Journal of the European Union
between the European Union and the Republic of the Marshall Islands on the short-stay visa waiver
THE EUROPEAN UNION, hereinafter referred to as ‘the Union’ or ‘the EU’, and
THE REPUBLIC OF THE MARSHALL ISLANDS, hereinafter referred to as ‘the Marshall Islands’,
hereinafter referred to jointly as the ‘Contracting Parties’,
WITH A VIEW to further developing friendly relations between the Contracting Parties and desiring to facilitate travel by ensuring visa-free entry and short stay for their citizens,
HAVING REGARD to Regulation (EU) No 509/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement (1) by, inter alia, transferring 19 third countries, including the Marshall Islands, to the list of third countries whose nationals are exempt from the visa requirement for short stays in the Member States,
BEARING IN MIND that Article 1 of Regulation (EU) No 509/2014 states that for those 19 countries, the exemption from the visa requirement shall apply from the date of entry into force of an agreement on visa exemption to be concluded with the Union,
DESIRING to safeguard the principle of equal treatment of all EU citizens,
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that persons travelling for the purpose of carrying out a paid activity during their short stay are not covered by this Agreement and therefore for that category the relevant rules of Union law and national law of the Member States and the national law of the Marshall Islands on the visa obligation or exemption and on the access to employment continue to apply,
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the Protocol on the position of the United Kingdom and Ireland in respect of the area of freedom, security and justice and the Protocol on the Schengen acquis integrated into the framework of the European Union, annexed to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and confirming that the provisions of this Agreement do not apply to the United Kingdom and Ireland,
HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:
This Agreement provides for visa-free travel for the citizens of the Union and for the citizens of the Marshall Islands when travelling to the territory of the other Contracting Party for a maximum period of 90 days in any 180-day period.
For the purpose of this Agreement:
‘Member State’ shall mean any Member State of the Union, with the exception of the United Kingdom and Ireland;
‘a citizen of the Union’ shall mean a national of a Member State as defined in point (a);
‘a citizen of the Marshall Islands’ shall mean any person who holds the citizenship of the Marshall Islands;
‘Schengen area’ shall mean the area without internal borders comprising the territories of the Member States as defined in point (a) applying the Schengen acquis in full.
Scope of application
1. Citizens of the Union holding a valid ordinary, diplomatic, service, official or special passport issued by a Member State may enter and stay without a visa in the territory of the Marshall Islands for the period of stay as defined in Article 4(1).
Citizens of the Marshall Islands holding a valid ordinary, diplomatic, service, official or special passport issued by the Marshall Islands may enter and stay without a visa in the territory of the Member States for the period of stay as defined in Article 4(2).
2. Paragraph 1 of this Article does not apply to persons travelling for the purpose of carrying out a paid activity.
For that category of persons, each Member State individually may decide to impose a visa requirement on the citizens of the Marshall Islands or to withdraw it in accordance with Article 4(3) of Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 (2).
For that category of persons, the Marshall Islands may decide on the visa requirement or the visa waiver for the citizens of each Member State individually in accordance with its national law.
3. The visa waiver provided for by this Agreement shall apply without prejudice to the laws of the Contracting Parties relating to the conditions of entry and short stay. The Member States and the Marshall Islands reserve the right to refuse entry into and short stay in their territories if one or more of these conditions is not met.
4. The visa waiver applies regardless of the mode of transport used to cross the borders of the Contracting Parties.
5. Issues not covered by this Agreement shall be governed by Union law, the national law of the Member States and by the national law of the Marshall Islands.
Duration of stay
1. Citizens of the Union may stay in the territory of the Marshall Islands for a maximum period of 90 days in any 180-day period.
2. Citizens of the Marshall Islands may stay in the territory of the Member States fully applying the Schengen acquis for a maximum period of 90 days in any 180-day period. That period shall be calculated independently of any stay in a Member State which does not yet apply the Schengen acquis in full.
Citizens of the Marshall Islands may stay for a maximum period of 90 days in any 180-day period in the territory of each of the Member States that do not yet apply the Schengen acquis in full, independently of the period of stay calculated for the territory of the Member States fully applying the Schengen acquis.
3. This Agreement does not affect the possibility for the Marshall Islands and the Member States to extend the period of stay beyond 90 days in accordance with their respective national laws and Union law.
1. As regards the French Republic, this Agreement shall apply only to the European territory of the French Republic.
2. As regards the Kingdom of the Netherlands, this Agreement shall apply only to the European territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Joint Committee for the management of the Agreement
1. The Contracting Parties shall set up a Joint Committee of experts (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Committee’), composed of representatives of the Union and representatives of the Marshall Islands. The Union shall be represented by the European Commission.
2. The Committee shall have, inter alia, the following tasks:
monitoring the implementation of this Agreement;
suggesting amendments or additions to this Agreement;
settling disputes arising from the interpretation or application of this Agreement.
3. The Committee shall be convened whenever necessary, at the request of one of the Contracting Parties.
4. The Committee shall establish its rules of procedure.
Relationship of this Agreement to existing bilateral visa waiver agreements between the Member States and the Marshall Islands
This Agreement shall take precedence over any bilateral agreements or arrangements concluded between individual Member States and the Marshall Islands, in so far as they cover issues falling within the scope hereof.
1. This Agreement shall be ratified or approved by the Contracting Parties in accordance with their respective internal procedures and shall enter into force on the first day of the second month following the date of the later of the two notifications by which the Contracting Parties notify each other that those procedures have been completed.
This Agreement shall be applied on a provisional basis as from the day following the date of signature hereof.
2. This Agreement is concluded for an indefinite period, unless terminated in accordance with paragraph 5.
3. This Agreement may be amended by written agreement of the Contracting Parties. Amendments shall enter into force after the Contracting Parties have notified each other of the completion of their internal procedures necessary for this purpose.
4. Each Contracting Party may suspend in whole or in part this Agreement, in particular, for reasons of public policy, the protection of national security or the protection of public health, illegal immigration or upon the reintroduction of the visa requirement by either Contracting Party. The decision on suspension shall be notified to the other Contracting Party not later than two months before its planned entry into force. A Contracting Party that has suspended the application of this Agreement shall immediately inform the other Contracting Party should the reasons for that suspension cease to exist and shall lift that suspension.
5. Each Contracting Party may terminate this Agreement by giving written notice to the other Party. This Agreement shall cease to be in force 90 days thereafter.
6. The Marshall Islands may suspend or terminate this Agreement only in respect of all the Member States.
7. The Union may suspend or terminate this Agreement only in respect of all of its Member States.
Done in duplicate in the Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish and Swedish languages, each text being equally authentic.
Съставено в Женева на двадесет и седми юни през две хиляди и шестнадесета година.
Hecho en Ginebra el veintisiete de junio de dos mil dieciséis.
V Ženevě dne dvacátého sedmého června dva tisíce šestnáct.
Udfærdiget i Genève den syvogtyvende juni to tusind og seksten.
Geschehen zu Genf am siebenundzwanzigsten Juni zweitausendsechzehn.
Kahe tuhande kuueteistkümnenda aasta juunikuu kahekümne seitsmendal päeval Genfis.
Έγινε στη Γενεύη στις είκοσι εφτά Ιουνίου δύο χιλιάδες δεκαέξι.
Done at Geneva on the twenty seventh day of June in the year two thousand and sixteen.
Fait à Genève, le vingt sept juin deux mille seize.
Sastavljeno u Ženevi dvadeset sedmog lipnja godine dvije tisuće šesnaeste.
Fatto a Ginevra, addì ventisette giugno duemilasedici.
Ženēvā, divi tūkstoši sešpadsmitā gada divdesmit septītajā jūnijā.
Priimta du tūkstančiai šešioliktų metų birželio dvidešimt septintą dieną Ženevoje.
Kelt Genfben, a kétezer-tizenhatodik év június havának huszonhetedik napján.
Magħmul f'Ġinevra fis-sebgħa u għoxrin jum ta' Ġunju fis-sena elfejn u sittax.
Gedaan te Genève, zevenentwintig juni tweeduizend zestien.
Sporządzono w Genewie dnia dwudziestego siódmego czerwca roku dwa tysiące szesnastego.
Feito em Genebra, em vinte e sete de junho de dois mil e dezasseis.
Întocmit la Geneva, la douăzeci și șapte iunie două mii șaisprezece.
V Ženeve dvadsiateho siedmeho júna dvetisícšestnásť.
V Ženevi, dne sedemindvajsetega junija leta dva tisoč šestnajst.
Tehty Genevessä kahdentenakymmenentenäseitsemäntenä päivänä kesäkuuta vuonna kaksituhattakuusitoista.
Som skedde i Genève den tjugosjunde juni år tjugohundrasexton.
За Европейския съюз
Рог la Unión Europea
Za Evropskou unii
For Den Europæiske Union
Für die Europäische Union
Euroopa Liidu nimel
Για την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση
For the European Union
Pour l'Union européenne
Za Europsku uniju
Per l'Unione europea
Eiropas Savienības vārdā –
Europos Sąjungos vardu
Az Európai Unió részéről
Voor de Europese Unie
W imieniu Unii Europejskiej
Pela União Europeia
Pentru Uniunea Europeană
Za Európsku úniu
Za Evropsko unijo
Euroopan unionin puolesta
För Europeiska unionen
За Република Маршалови острови
Por la República de las Islas Marshall
Za Republiku Marshallovy ostrovy
For Republikken Marshalløerne
Für die Republik Marshallinseln
Marshalli Saarte Vabariigi nimel
Για τη Δημοκρατία των Νήσων Μάρσαλ
For the Republic of the Marshall Islands
Pour la République des Îles Marshall
Za Republiku Maršalove Otoke
Per la Repubblica delle Isole Marshall
Māršala salu vārdā –
Maršalo Salų Respublikos vardu
A Marshall-szigeteki Köztársaság részéről
Għar-Repubblika tal-Gżejjer Marshall
Voor de Republiek der Marshalleilanden
W imieniu Republiki Wysp Marshalla
Pela República das Ilhas Marshall
Pentru Republica Insulelor Marshall
Za Republiku Marshallových ostrovov
Za Republiko Marshallovi otoki
Marshallinsaarten tasavallan puolesta
För Republiken Marshallöarna
(2) Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 of 15 March 2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement (OJEU L 81, 21.3.2001, p. 1).
JOINT DECLARATION WITH REGARD TO ICELAND, NORWAY, SWITZERLAND AND LIECHTENSTEIN
The Contracting Parties take note of the close relationship between the European Union and Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein, particularly by virtue of the Agreements of 18 May 1999 and 26 October 2004 concerning the association of those countries with the implementation, application and development of the Schengen acquis.
In such circumstances it is desirable that the authorities of Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein, on the one hand, and the Marshall Islands, on the other hand, conclude, without delay, bilateral agreements on the short-stay visa waiver in terms similar to those of this Agreement.
JOINT DECLARATION ON THE INTERPRETATION OF THE CATEGORY OF PERSONS TRAVELLING FOR THE PURPOSE OF CARRYING OUT A PAID ACTIVITY AS PROVIDED FOR IN ARTICLE 3(2) OF THIS AGREEMENT
Desiring to ensure a common interpretation, the Contracting Parties agree that, for the purposes of this Agreement, the category of persons carrying out a paid activity covers persons entering for the purpose of carrying out a gainful occupation or remunerated activity in the territory of the other Contracting Party as an employee or as a service provider.
This category should not cover:
businesspersons, i.e. persons travelling for the purpose of business deliberations (without being employed in the country of the other Contracting Party),
sportspersons or artists performing an activity on an ad-hoc basis,
journalists sent by the media of their country of residence, and,
The implementation of this Declaration shall be monitored by the Joint Committee within its responsibility under Article 6 of this Agreement, which may propose modifications when, on the basis of the experiences of the Contracting Parties, it considers it necessary.
JOINT DECLARATION ON THE INTERPRETATION OF THE PERIOD OF 90 DAYS IN ANY 180-DAY PERIOD AS SET OUT IN ARTICLE 4 OF THIS AGREEMENT
The Contracting Parties understand that the maximum period of 90 days in any 180-day period as provided for by Article 4 of this Agreement means either a continuous visit or several consecutive visits, the total duration of which does not exceed 90 days in any 180-day period.
The notion of ‘any’ implies the application of a moving 180-day reference period, looking backwards at each day of the stay into the last 180-day period, in order to verify if the 90 days in any 180-day period requirement continues to be fulfilled. Inter alia, it means that an absence for an uninterrupted period of 90 days allows for a new stay for up to 90 days.
JOINT DECLARATION ON INFORMING CITIZENS ABOUT THE VISA WAIVER AGREEMENT
Recognising the importance of transparency for the citizens of the European Union and the citizens of the Marshall Islands, the Contracting Parties agree to ensure full dissemination of information about the content and consequences of the visa waiver agreement and related issues, such as the entry conditions.