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Document 32014R0223

Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived

Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived

The 2014-2020 Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived (FEAD) supports European Union (EU) member countries' actions to reduce poverty by providing non-financial assistance such as food and clothing and other essentials to the most materially-deprived.


Regulation (EU) No 223/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2014 on the Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived


In 2012, according to Eurostat, close to 125 million people - almost a quarter of the EU's population - were at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Almost 50 million were suffering severe material deprivation.

FEAD aims to complement national poverty eradication programmes and social inclusion policies. FEAD's main focus is to provide material assistance to the most deprived.

By adopting the Europe 2020 strategy, the EU and the EU countries have set themselves the objective of having at least 20 million fewer people at risk of poverty and social exclusion by 2020.

FEAD replaces to some degree the previous EU food aid programme. It includes social inclusion measures such as guidance and help for people to get out of poverty.

In addressing people's most basic needs, it makes it easier for them to look for jobs or training courses, some of which are supported by the European Social Fund.

Approval of national programmes by the European Commission

National authorities submit a national programme for the 2014-20 period for the Commission's approval. It contains all the information concerning, for example, what action(s) a given country is proposing to take, the type of assistance planned, social inclusion measures and how it is going to manage the programme.

EU countries can choose what type of assistance they will provide (food, essential goods or a combination) and how to go about procurement of these goods and their distribution.

Partner organisations at national level

To implement the programme on the ground, each EU country designates partner organisations (either public bodies or non-governmental organisations, such as charities) by means of objective and transparent criteria that are defined at national level.


The European Commission has adopted implementing acts (see Related acts below) which lay down rules for submitting, implementing and monitoring of programmes financed by the FEAD. These implementing acts mainly seek to

establish the conditions of the use of the System for Fund Management in the European Union (SFC2014). The SFC2014 is an electronic data exchange system between the EU countries and the Commission for the implementation of EU funds;

create a computerised system to store data on the financial management and the evaluation of the programmes financed by the FEAD;

set up specific models for the management and the payment of each operational programme implemented under the FEAD.


Over €3.8 billion are allocated for the FEAD for the 2014-2020 period.

In addition, EU countries must contribute at least 15 % in national co-financing to their national programme.



Entry into force

Deadline for transposition in the Member States

Official Journal

Regulation (EU) No 223/2014



OJ L 72, 12.3.2014, pp. 1-41.


Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 463/2014 of 5 May 2014 laying down pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 223/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Fund for European Aid to the Most Deprived, the terms and conditions applicable to the electronic data exchange system between the Member States and the Commission (OJ L 134, 7.5.2014, pp. 32-36).

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/212 of 11 February 2015 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) No 223/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the technical specifications of the system to record and store data on each operation necessary for monitoring, evaluation, financial management, verification and audit, including data on individual participants in operations co-financed by OP II (OJ L 36, 12.2.2015, pp. 1-3).

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/341 of 20 February 2015 laying down detailed rules for implementing Regulation (EU) No 223/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the models for submission of certain information to the Commission (OJ L 60, 4.3.2015, pp. 1-30).

last update 25.09.2015