This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
Pesticide safety on the EU market
Pesticide safety on the EU market
The EU attaches great importance to protecting human and animal health and the environment. Standardising rules on the sale of plant protection products helps to achieve this, ensures the smooth working of the single market and improves agricultural production.
WHAT DOES THE REGULATION DO?
It lays down rules for authorising the sale, use and control of plant protection products in the EU. It recognises the precautionary principle which EU countries may apply if there is scientific uncertainty about the risks a plant protection product might pose to human or animal health or the environment.
The legislation applies to products used to protect or preserve plants, influence their growth or destroy and stunt undesired plants.
To secure approval, an active substance (any chemical, plant extract or micro-organism that acts against pests or on plants) must not have any harmful effects on human health, including vulnerable groups, or any unacceptable effect on the environment.
Plant protection products must be effective, have no immediate or delayed harmful effect on human health, no unacceptable effects on plants or the environment and not cause unnecessary suffering or pain to vertebrates.
The competent national authority in each EU country may attach criteria and restrictions such as minimum degree of purity, type of preparation and manner and conditions of use, when approving a pesticide*.
The authority gives its first approval for a period not exceeding 10 years. Approval of a renewal request may be for no more than 15 years.
Applications for approval of an active substance, accompanied by the necessary scientific information, must be submitted to national authorities. They have a maximum of 12 months to examine the request.
Holders of an authorisation in one EU country may use the mutual recognition procedure to request its use in another.
*Pesticide: something that prevents, destroys or controls a harmful organism (pest) or disease, or protects plants or plant products during production, storage and transport. Pesticide is a broader term than plant protection product since it covers non-plant/crop uses like biocides.
For more information:
Pesticides on the European Commission's website
Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC (OJ L 309 of 24.11.2009, pp. 1–50)
The successive amendments to Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 283/2013 of 1 March 2013 setting out the data requirements for active substances, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market (Official Journal L 93 of 3.4.2013, pp. 1–84). See consolidated version.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 284/2013 of 1 March 2013 setting out the data requirements for plant protection products, in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market (Official Journal L 93 of 3.4.2013, pp. 85–152). See consolidated version.
last update 26.11.2015