This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website
European Genocide Network
WHAT DOES THIS DECISION DO?
It establishes a network of national contact points (one in each EU country) for improving cooperation in combating genocide*, crimes against humanity*, and war crimes*.
National contact points for exchanging information on investigations of such crimes are established in each EU country. The details of each contact point must be sent to the General Secretariat of the Council of the EU, which then forwards the information to the national contact points in other EU countries.
National contact points provide each other with information relevant to investigations into genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes upon request from other national contact points.
The Council of the EU annually briefs the European Parliament on the activities of the network of contact points.
The network meets twice a year at meetings convened by the Presidency of the Council of the EU to coordinate on-going efforts to investigate and prosecute persons suspected of having committed or participated in genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.
FROM WHEN DOES THE DECISION APPLY?
It entered into force on 13 June 2002.
However, the investigation and prosecution of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes are primarily the responsibilities of national authorities. This is why closer cooperation between national authorities is needed to ensure these crimes are combated successfully.
* Genocide: acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group.
* Crimes against humanity: acts committed as part of a widespread and systematic attack directed against civilian populations.
* War crimes: acts committed that violate the law of war (e.g. the Geneva Conventions). Examples include mistreating prisoners-of-war, killing hostages, or deliberately destroying cities, towns or villages.
Council Decision 2002/494/JHA of 13 June 2002 setting up a European network of contact points in respect of persons responsible for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes (OJ L 167, 26.6.2002, pp. 1–2)
Council Decision 2003/335/JHA of 8 May 2003 on the investigation and prosecution of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes (OJ L 118, 14.5.2003, pp. 12–14)
last update 26.11.2015