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Document 22014A0529(01)

Association agreement with Ukraine

Association agreement with Ukraine

 

SUMMARY OF:

Decision (EU) 2017/1247 and Decision (EU) 2017/1248 on the conclusion, on behalf of the EU, of the association agreement with Ukraine

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THE DECISIONS AND THE AGREEMENT?

  • Council Decisions (EU) 2017/1247 and (EU) 2017/1248 concluded the association agreement with Ukraine, allowing it to enter into force.
  • The agreement constitutes a new stage in the contractual relations between the European Union (EU) and Ukraine, aiming at political association and economic integration through:
    • the promotion of a gradual rapprochement (good relationship) between the parties based on common values;
    • the enhancement of political dialogue and cooperation in the areas of freedom, security and justice;
    • the promotion of peace and stability;
    • the creation of the conditions for enhanced economic and trade relations leading to Ukraine’s gradual access to parts of the EU’s internal market;
    • the establishment of conditions for increasingly close cooperation in other areas of mutual interest.
  • It replaces the EU–Ukraine Partnership and Cooperation Agreement as the legal basis and framework for EU–Ukraine relations.

KEY POINTS

The agreement comprises a preamble which sets out the reasons for the agreement and its aims, followed by seven titles.

General principles

The principles that are essential elements of the agreement between the parties are:

  • respect for democratic principles, rule of law, good governance, human rights and fundamental freedoms;
  • promoting respect for the principles of sovereignty and territorial integrity, inviolability of borders and independence, and working against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

The EU and Ukraine also agree that the principles of a free market economy underpin their relationship. They also recognise that the following are central to enhancing their relationship:

Intensified political dialogue and cooperation

Political dialogue will be further developed to bring about gradual EU–Ukraine convergence in the areas of common foreign and security policy and common security and defence policy. Among other things, it will seek to:

  • strengthen cooperation and dialogue on international security and crisis management to address global and regional challenges and key threats;
  • build result-oriented and practical cooperation for achieving peace, security and stability on the European continent.

Justice, freedom and security

Priorities in this area include:

  • consolidating the rule of law and strengthening institutions at all levels of administration in general; and
  • law enforcement, in particular the administration of justice.

The aim is to strengthen the judiciary, improve its efficiency, safeguard its independence and impartiality and combat corruption. Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms will guide the parties’ cooperation on justice, freedom and security.

The parties also commit to:

  • increasing their dialogue and cooperation on migration, asylum and border management; and
  • combating organised crime and money laundering.

The title also includes explicit mention of the parties’ wish for increased people-to-people contacts and their recognition of the importance of the introduction – in due course – of visa-free travel to the EU for Ukrainian citizens, provided that the conditions for well-managed and secure mobility are in place.

Trade and trade-related matters

The objective of the parties is to create a deep and comprehensive free trade area (DCFTA). They are committed to developing a new climate, promoting in particular trade and investment, and to stimulating competition, all of which are crucial to economic restructuring and modernisation.

The DCFTA involves the gradual removal of customs tariffs and quotas, which – in line with the broader process of aligning Ukraine’s laws with EU laws, standards and practices (acquis) – will contribute to further economic integration with the EU single market.

Economic and sectorial cooperation

This title covers cooperation in a wide variety of fields and sectors based on gradual alignment with EU laws and practices and, where relevant, with international norms and standards. Sectors concerned include:

Financial cooperation

The EU and the EU Member States have given financial assistance to Ukraine since the 1990s. Ukraine can benefit from continued financial assistance through the relevant EU funding mechanisms and instruments to achieve the objectives of the association agreement. For the 2021–2027 period, the former European Neighbourhood Instrument has been replaced by the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument – Global Europe.

Institutional, general and final provisions

This last title covers how EU–Ukraine relations are managed. The institutional set-up is as follows.

  • EU–Ukraine Summit. This allows top-level political dialogue between presidents.
  • Association Council. This is a ministerial-level dialogue where binding decisions can be taken.
  • Association Committee. Assists the Association Council in preparing its duties; the committee can create subcommittees to implement sector cooperation.
  • Parliamentary Association Committee. This is a forum for Members of the European Parliament and of Ukraine’s parliament to meet and exchange views.
  • Civil society platform. This will promote regular civil society meetings and make recommendations to the Association Council.

Temporary trade liberalisation

On 30 May 2022, in view of Russia’s unprovoked and unjustified war of aggression against Ukraine, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union adopted Regulation (EU) 2022/870 introducing temporary trade liberalisation measures supplementing the trade concessions under the association agreement and suspending the existing trade defence measures for a period of 1 year. These measures entered into force on 4 June 2022.

All the tariffs under Title IV of the association agreement with Ukraine establishing the DCFTA that had not yet been liberalised are suspended for a year. The suspension covers:

  • industrial products subject to a duty phase-out by the end of 2022, fruits and vegetables subject to the entry-price system and agricultural products and processed agricultural products subject to tariff-rate quotas;
  • the collection of anti-dumping duties on imports originating in Ukraine; and
  • the application of the common rules for imports with respect of imports originating in Ukraine.

FROM WHEN DO THE DECISIONS AND THE AGREEMENT APPLY?

It entered into force on 1 September 2017.

BACKGROUND

Several important parts of the agreement were provisionally applied as of 1 November 2014:

  • respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and rule of law;
  • political dialogue and reform;
  • justice, freedom and security;
  • economic and sectoral cooperation (e.g. energy, environment, climate action, transport, agriculture, rural development, consumer protection and fisheries) and financial cooperation, including anti-fraud.

The DCFTA provisionally applied as of 1 January 2016.

For further information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENTS

Council Decision (EU) 2017/1247 of 11 July 2017 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part, with the exception of the provisions relating to the treatment of third-country nationals legally employed as workers in the territory of the other party (OJ L 181, 12.7.2017, pp. 1–3).

Council Decision (EU) 2017/1248 of 11 July 2017 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part, as regards provisions relating to the treatment of third-country nationals legally employed as workers in the territory of the other party (OJ L 181, 12.7.2017, pp. 4–5).

Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part (OJ L 161, 29.5.2014, pp. 3–2137).

See consolidated version.

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Regulation (EU) 2022/870 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2022 on temporary trade-liberalisation measures supplementing trade concessions applicable to Ukrainian products under the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part (OJ L 152, 3.6.2022, pp. 103–108).

Notice concerning the provisional application of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part (OJ L 321, 5.12.2015, p. 1).

Notice concerning the provisional application of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States of the one part and Ukraine, of the other part (OJ L 311, 31.10.2014, p. 1).

Regulation (EU) 2015/478 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2015 on common rules for imports (OJ L 83, 27.3.2015, pp. 16–33).

Final Act between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part, as regards the Association Agreement (OJ L 278, 20.9.2014, pp. 4–5).

Council Decision 2014/668/EU of 23 June 2014 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and provisional application of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part, as regards Title III (with the exception of the provisions relating to the treatment of third-country nationals legally employed as workers in the territory of the other Party) and Titles IV, V, VI and VII thereof, as well as the related Annexes and Protocols (OJ L 278, 20.9.2014, pp. 1–3).

Successive amendments to Decision 2014/668/EU have been incorporated in the basic text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

Council Decision 2014/295/EU of 17 March 2014 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union, and provisional application of the Association Agreement between the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and their Member States, of the one part, and Ukraine, of the other part, as regards the Preamble, Article 1, and Titles I, II and VII thereof (OJ L 161, 29.5.2014, pp. 1–2).

last update 27.07.2022

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