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Document 32019R1242

CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles

CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles

 

SUMMARY OF:

Regulation (EU) 2019/1242 — setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles

WHAT IS THE AIM OF THIS REGULATION?

KEY POINTS

Emissions reduction targets

The regulation sets a binding CO2 reduction target for new heavy-duty vehicles of:

  • from 2025 onwards: 15% reduction
  • from 2030 onwards: 30% reduction

The reference period for these reductions shall be 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.

Incentives for zero-emission and low-emission vehicles

  • Introduces a dedicated mechanism in the form of super credits for the reporting periods from 2019 to 2024 and a benchmark-based crediting system for the share of zero- and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles in a manufacturer’s fleet from 2025 onwards, with a benchmark set at 2%.
  • System is designed to ensure investment certainty for charging infrastructure providers and manufacturers to promote the rapid deployment of zero- and low-emission heavy-duty vehicles on the EU market, while allowing manufacturers certain flexibility in their investments.
  • The system excludes buses and coaches because they are covered by other incentive measures.

Reliability of data

  • The European Commission will ensure that the reference CO2 emissions are robust and representative as a basis for calculating the EU fleet-wide CO2 emission targets.
  • The Commission will monitor and assess the real-world representativeness of the CO2 emissions and energy consumption values of heavy-duty vehicles. It will use on-board fuel and/or energy consumption monitoring devices, starting with new heavy-duty vehicles registered from the date of application of the measures.
  • It will introduce in-service conformity testing and mandate the reporting of deviations and the introduction of a correction measure.

Penalties

  • The Commission will impose a financial penalty, in the form of an excess CO2 emissions premium, on manufacturers found to have excess CO2 emissions, taking into account emission credits and emission debts.
  • To encourage manufacturers to take measures to reduce the specific CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles, the premium must exceed the average marginal costs of the technologies needed to meet the CO2 emissions targets.

Review

By the end of 2022, the Commission must present a report on among other things:

  • the effectiveness of the regulation;
  • the CO2 emission reduction target and the level of the incentive mechanism for low- and zero-emission heavy-duty vehicles applicable from 2030;
  • the setting of CO2 emission reduction targets for other types of heavy-duty vehicles, including smaller trailers, buses, coaches and professional vehicles;
  • the introduction of binding CO2 emission reduction targets for heavy-duty vehicles for 2035 and 2040 onwards.

From when does it apply?

It has applied since 14 August 2019.

BACKGROUND

For more information, see:

MAIN DOCUMENT

Regulation (EU) 2019/1242 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 setting CO2 emission performance standards for new heavy-duty vehicles and amending Regulations (EC) No 595/2009 and (EU) 2018/956 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Council Directive 96/53/EC (OJ L 198, 25.7.2019, pp. 202-240)

RELATED DOCUMENTS

Regulation (EU) 2019/631 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 setting CO2 emission performance standards for new passenger cars and for new light commercial vehicles, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 443/2009 and (EU) No 510/2011 (OJ L 111, 25.4.2019, pp. 13-53)

Regulation (EU) 2018/956 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 June 2018 on the monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions from and fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles (OJ L 173, 9.7.2018, pp. 1-15)

Successive amendments to Regulation (EU) 2018/956 have been incorporated into the original text. This consolidated version is of documentary value only.

Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 (OJ L 156, 19.6.2018, pp. 26-42)

Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/2400 of 12 December 2017 implementing Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the determination of the CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of heavy-duty vehicles and amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 (OJ L 349, 29.12.2017, pp. 1-247)

See consolidated version.

Council Decision (EU) 2016/1841 of 5 October 2016 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Union, of the Paris Agreement adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, pp. 1-3)

Paris Agreement (OJ L 282, 19.10.2016, pp. 4-18)

Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, pp. 1-13)

See consolidated version.

Directive 2009/33/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of clean and energy-efficient road transport vehicles (OJ L 120, 15.5.2009, pp. 5-12)

See consolidated version.

Council Directive 96/53/EC of 25 July 1996 laying down for certain road vehicles circulating within the Community the maximum authorized dimensions in national and international traffic and the maximum authorized weights in international traffic (OJ L 235, 17.9.1996, pp. 59-75)

See consolidated version.

last update 15.11.2019

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