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COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) …/… amending Directive 2007/46/EC, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 for the purpose of improving the emission type approval tests and procedures for light passenger and commercial vehicles, including those for in-service conformity and real-driving emissions and introducing devices for monitoring the consumption of fuel and electric energy

Please be aware that this draft act does not constitute the final position of the institution.

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) …/…

of XXX

amending Directive 2007/46/EC, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 for the purpose of improving the emission type approval tests and procedures for light passenger and commercial vehicles, including those for in-service conformity and real-driving emissions and introducing devices for monitoring the consumption of fuel and electric energy

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information 1 , and in particular Articles 5(3) and 14(3) thereof,

Having regard to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 September 2007 establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (Framework Directive) 2 , and in particular Article 39(2) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 is a separate act under the type-approval procedure laid down by Directive 2007/46/EC. It requires new light passenger and commercial vehicles to comply with certain emission limits and lays down additional requirements on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information. The specific technical provisions necessary to implement that Regulation are contained in Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 3 , which replaces and repeals Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 4 .

(2)Some of the effects of Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 remain until it is repealed as from 1 January 2022. However, it is necessary to clarify that such effects include the possibility to request extensions of existing type-approvals granted under this Regulation.

(3)By Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, a new regulatory test procedure implementing the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) was introduced into Union legislation. The WLTP contains stricter and more detailed conditions for the execution of the emissions tests at type approval.

(4)In addition, by Commission Regulations (EU) 2016/427 5 , (EU) 2016/646 6 and (EU) 2017/1154 7 a new methodology for testing vehicle emissions in real-driving conditions, the RDE test procedure, was introduced.

(5)In order for the WLTP test to be possible, some margin of tolerance is necessary. However, the test tolerance should not be exploited to obtain results different from those associated with the execution of the test at set-point conditions. Therefore, in order to provide a level-playing field among different vehicle manufacturers and to ensure that the measured CO2 and fuel consumption values are more in line with real life, a method to normalize the impact of specific test tolerances on CO2 and fuel consumption test results should be introduced.

(6)The fuel and/or electric energy consumption values resulting from the regulatory laboratory test procedures should be complemented by information on the vehicles' average real-world consumption when used on the road. Such information, once anonymised, collected and aggregated, is essential for assessing that the regulatory test procedures adequately reflect the average real world CO2 emissions as well as the fuel and/or electric energy consumed. Moreover, the availability at the vehicle of instantaneous fuel consumption information should facilitate on-road testing.

(7)To ensure a timely assessment of the representativeness of the new regulatory test procedures, in particular for vehicles with large market shares, the scope of the new requirements should be in a first instance limited to conventional and hybrid vehicles running on liquid fuels and to plug-in hybrid vehicles, as these are to-date the only powertrains covered by corresponding technical standards.

(8)The quantity of fuel and/or electric energy used is already being determined and stored on board of most new vehicles; however, the devices presently used to monitor this information are not subject to standardised requirements. In order to ensure that the data provided by these devices are accessible and may serve as a harmonised basis for a comparison between different vehicle categories and manufacturers, basic type-approval requirements with regard to the devices should be laid down.

(9)Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/646 8 introduced the requirement for the manufacturers to declare the use of auxiliary emission strategies. In addition, Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/11546 increased the supervision of emission strategies by the type approval authorities. However, the application of those requirements has highlighted the need to harmonise the application of the rules on auxiliary emission strategies by the different type approval authorities. Therefore it is appropriate to lay down a common format for the extended documentation package and a common methodology for the assessment of auxiliary emission strategies.

(10)After the introduction of the RDE tests at the stage of type approval, it is now necessary to update the rules on in-service conformity checks in order to ensure that the real driving emissions are also effectively limited during the normal life of the vehicles under normal conditions of use.

(11)The application of the new RDE during in-service conformity checks will require more resources for the performance of the in-service conformity testing of a vehicle and the evaluation of its results. In order to balance the need to perform effective in-service conformity tests with the increased testing burden, the maximum number of vehicles in a statistical sample and the pass and fail criteria for the sample applicable to all in-service conformity testing should be adapted.

(12)In-service conformity checks currently cover only pollutant emissions measured through the Type 1 test. However, in order to ensure that the requirements of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 are met, they should be extended to tailpipe and evaporative emissions. Therefore, Type 4 and Type 6 tests should be introduced for the purposes of in-service conformity tests. Due to the cost and complexity of such tests, they should remain optional.

(13)A review of the current in-service conformity tests, performed by the manufacturers, revealed that very few fails were reported to type approval authorities although recall campaigns and other voluntary actions were implemented by the manufacturers to fix problems related to emissions. Therefore, it is necessary to introduce more transparency and control in the in-service conformity checks.

(14)In order to control the in-service conformity process more effectively, type approval authorities should be responsible for performing tests and checks on a fixed percentage of the approved vehicle types each year.

(15)In order to facilitate the information flows generated by in-service conformity testing, as well as to assist type-approval authorities in the decision making process, an electronic platform should be developed by the Commission.

(16)In order to improve the vehicle selection process for the testing by type-approval authorities, information is needed that could identify potential problems and vehicle types with high emissions. Remote sensing, simplified on-board emissions monitoring systems (SEMS) and testing with portable emission measurement systems (PEMS) should be recognised as valid tools for providing information to the type-approval authorities that can guide the selection of vehicles to test.

(17)Ensuring the quality of the in-service conformity tests is essential. It is therefore necessary to lay down the rules on the accreditation of testing laboratories.

(18)In order to allow testing, all relevant information needs to be publicly accessible. In addition, some of the information needed for the performance of in-service conformity checks should be easily available and should therefore be indicated in the certificate of conformity.

(19)In order to increase the transparency of the in-service conformity process, type approval authorities should be required to publish an annual report with the results of their in-service conformity checks.

(20)The methodologies prescribed in order to ensure that only trips made under normal conditions be considered valid RDE tests led to too many invalid tests and should therefore be reviewed and simplified.

(21)A review of the methodologies for the evaluation of the pollutant emissions of a valid trip showed that the results of the two methods currently allowed are not consistent. A new simple and transparent methodology should therefore be laid down. The evaluation factors used in the new methodology should be kept under constant assessment by the Commission in order to reflect the actual state of the technology.

(22)The use of plug-in hybrids, which are used partly in electric mode and partly with the internal combustion engine, should be duly taken into account for the purposes of RDE testing and therefore the calculated RDE emissions should reflect that advantage.

(23)A new evaporative emissions test procedure has been developed at the level of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) which takes into account the technological progress in the control of evaporative emissions from petrol (gasoline) vehicles, adapts that procedure to the WLTP test procedure and introduces new provisions for sealed tanks. It is therefore appropriate to update the current Union rules on evaporative emissions tests to reflect the changes at the level of the UN/ECE.

(24)Also under the auspices of the UN/ECE, the WLTP test procedure has been further improved and completed with a series of new elements, including alternative ways to measure the road load parameters of a vehicle, more clear provisions for bi-fuel vehicles, improvements of the CO2 interpolation method, updates related to dual-axis dynamometer requirements and tyre rolling resistances. Those new developments should now be incorporated into Union legislation.

(25)The practical experience with the application of the WLTP since its mandatory introduction for new vehicle types in the Union on 1 September 2017 has shown that that procedure should be further adapted to the Union type-approval system, in particular as regards the information to be included in the relevant documentation.

(26)The changes in the type-approval documentation resulting from the amendments in this Regulation need to be reflected also in the certificate of conformity and the whole vehicle type-approval documentation in Directive 2007/46.

(27)It is therefore appropriate to amend Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Directive 2007/46 accordingly.

(28)The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Technical Committee – Motor Vehicles,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Amendments to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 is amended as follows:

(1)Article 2 is amended as follows:

(a) point 1(b) is replaced by the following:

'(b)    fall in a single "CO2 interpolation range" within the meaning of point 2.3.2. of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI;';

(b) point 6 is replaced by the following:

'(6) ‘periodically regenerating system’ means an exhaust emissions control device (e.g. catalytic converter, particulate trap) that requires a periodic regeneration process;';

(c) points 11 and 12 are replaced by the following:

'(11) ‘bi-fuel vehicle’ means a vehicle with two separate fuel storage systems that is designed to run primarily on only one fuel at a time;

(12) ‘bi-fuel gas vehicle’ means a bi-fuel vehicle where the two fuels are petrol (petrol mode) and either LPG, NG/biomethane, or hydrogen;';

(d) the following point 33 is inserted:

'(33) "pure ICE vehicle" means a vehicle where all of the propulsion energy converters are internal combustion engines;';

(e) point 38 is replaced by the following:

'(38) ‘rated engine powerʼ () means the maximum net power of the engine or motor in kW measured in accordance with the requirements of Annex XX;';

(f) points 45 to 48 are replaced by the following:

'(45) ‘Fuel tank system’ means the devices which allow storing the fuel, comprising the fuel tank, the fuel filler, the filler cap and the fuel pump when it is fitted in or on the fuel tank.;

(46) ‘permeability factor’ (PF) means the factor determined on the basis of hydrocarbon losses over a period of time and used to determine the final evaporative emissions;

(47) ‘monolayer non-metal tank’ means a fuel tank constructed with a single layer of non-metal material including fluorinated/sulfonated materials;

(48) ‘multilayer tank’ means a fuel tank constructed with at least two different layered materials, one of which is a hydrocarbon barrier material;';

(2)Article 3(7) is amended as follows:

(a) the first subparagraph is replaced by the following:

'7. For the Type 1 test set out in Annex XXI, vehicles that are fuelled with LPG or NG/biomethane shall be tested in the Type 1 test for variation in the composition of LPG or NG/biomethane, as set out in Annex 12 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 for pollutant emissions, with the fuel used for the measurement of the net power in accordance with Annex XX to this Regulation. Vehicles that can be fuelled both with petrol or LPG or NG/biomethane shall be tested on both the fuels, tests on LPG or NG/biomethane being performed for variation in the composition of LPG or NG/biomethane, as set out in Annex 12 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83, and with the fuel used for the measurement of the net power in accordance with Annex XX to this Regulation. '

(3)The following Article 4a is inserted:

'Article 4a

Requirements for type-approval regarding devices for monitoring the consumption of fuel and/or electric energy

The manufacturer shall ensure that the following vehicles of categories M1 and N1 are equipped with a device for determining, storing and making available data on the quantity of fuel and/or electric energy used for the operation of the vehicle:

(1)vehicles powered exclusively by mineral diesel;

(2)vehicles powered exclusively by biodiesel;

(3)vehicles powered exclusively by mineral diesel and biodiesel;

(4)vehicles powered exclusively by petrol;

(5)vehicles powered exclusively by ethanol;

(6)vehicles powered exclusively by petrol and ethanol;

(7)Off-Vehicle Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (OVC-HEVs) powered by electricity and any of the fuels mentioned in points 1 to 6.

The device for monitoring the consumption of fuel and/or electric energy shall comply with the requirements laid down in Annex XXII.';

(4)Article 5 is amended as follows:

(a)Paragraph 11 is amended as follows:

(a)The second subparagraph is replaced by the following:

'The extended documentation package shall be identified and dated by the approval authority and kept by that authority for at least 10 years after the approval is granted.';

(b) the following third to sixth subparagraphs are added:

'At the request of the manufacturer, the approval authority shall conduct a preliminary assessment of the AES for new vehicle types. The relevant documentation shall be provided to the type approval authority between 12 and 2 months before the start of the type-approval process.

The approval authority shall make a preliminary assessment on the basis of the extended documentation package, as described in point (b) of Appendix 3a to Annex I, provided by the manufacturer. The approval authority shall make the assessment in accordance with the methodology described in Appendix 3b of Annex I. The approval authority may deviate from that methodology in exceptional and duly justified cases.

The preliminary assessment of the AES for new vehicle types shall remain valid for the purposes of type approval for a period of 18 months. That period may be extended by a further 12 months if the manufacturer provides to the approval authority proof that no new technologies have become accessible in the market that would change the preliminary assessment of the AES.

A list of non-acceptable AES shall be drafted yearly by the Type-Approval Authorities Expert Group (TAAEG) and made available to the public by the Commission.';

(b)The following paragraph 12 is inserted:

'12. The manufacturer shall also provide the type approval authority which granted the emission type-approval under this Regulation ('granting approval authority') with a package on Testing Transparency containing the necessary information in order to allow the performance of testing in accordance with point 5.9 of Annex II.';

(5)Article 9 is amended as follows:

(a)Paragraphs 2 to 6 are replaced by the following:

'2. The in-service conformity checks shall be appropriate for confirming that tailpipe and evaporative emissions are effectively limited during the normal life of vehicles under normal conditions of use.

3. In-service conformity shall be checked on properly maintained and used vehicles, in accordance with Appendix 1 of Annex II, between 15 000 km or 6 months whichever occurs later and 100 000 km or 5 years whichever occurs sooner. In service conformity for evaporative emissions shall be checked on properly maintained and used vehicles, in accordance with Appendix 1 of Annex II, between 30 000 km or 12 months whichever occurs later and 100 000 km or 5 years whichever occurs sooner.

The requirements for in-service conformity checks of an in-service conformity family are applicable until 5 years after the last date of registration of vehicles of that in-service conformity family.

4. In-service conformity checks shall not be mandatory if the annual sales of the in-service conformity family are less than 5 000 vehicles in the Union for the previous year. For such families, the manufacturer shall provide the approval authority with a report of any emissions related warranty, repair claim and OBD fault as set out in point 4.1 of Annex II. The type-approval authority and third parties may still select such in-service conformity families to be tested in accordance with Annex II.

5. The manufacturer shall perform in-service conformity checks including at least Type 1 tests in accordance with Annex II. For vehicles approved under multistage rules, these checks shall be performed by the manufacturer of the base vehicle. The granting approval authority shall perform in-service conformity checks including at least Type 1 and RDE tests on a percentage of families in accordance with Annex II and may also perform Type 4 and Type 6 tests in accordance with Annex II.

6. The granting approval authority shall take the decision on whether a family failed the provisions of in-service conformity, following a compliance assessment and approve the plan of remedial measures presented by the manufacturer in accordance with point 7 of Annex II.';

(b)The following paragraphs 7, 8 and 9 are added:

'7. If a type approval authority has established that an in-service conformity family fails the in-service conformity check, it shall notify without delay the granting type approval authority, in accordance with Article 30(3) of Directive 2007/46/EC.

Following that notification and subject to the provisions of Article 30(6) of Directive 2007/46/EC, the granting approval authority shall inform the manufacturer that an in-service conformity family fails the in-service conformity checks and that the procedures described in points 6 and 7 of Annex II shall be followed.

If the granting approval authority establishes that no agreement can be reached with a type approval authority that has established that an in-service conformity family fails the in-service conformity check, the procedure pursuant to Article 30(6) of Directive 2007/46/EC shall be initiated.

8.    Vehicles submitted to multi-stage type-approval, as defined in Article 3(7) of Directive 2007/46/EC, shall be checked for in service conformity in accordance with the rules for multistage approval set out in point 5.9.6 of Annex II to this Regulation.

9.    Armoured vehicles and wheelchair accessible vehicles, as defined in points 5.2 and 5.5 of Part A of Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC respectively, shall not be subject to the provisions of this Article. All other special purpose vehicles as defined in point 5 of Part A of Annex II to Directive 2007/46/EC, shall be checked for in service conformity in accordance with the rules for multistage type-approvals set out in Annex II to this Regulation.';

(6)Article 15 is amended as follows:

   (a) paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

'2.    Notwithstanding the second subparagraph, with effect from 1 September 2017 in the case of categories M1, M2 and category N1 class I vehicles, and from 1 September 2018 in the case of N1 vehicles of class II and III and category N2 vehicles, national authorities shall refuse, on grounds relating to emissions or fuel consumption, to grant EC type approval or national type approval in respect of new vehicle types which do not comply with this Regulation, with the exception of Annex VI.

With effect from 1 September 2019, national authorities shall refuse, on grounds relating to emissions or fuel consumption, to grant EC type approval or national type approval, in respect to new vehicle types which do not comply with Annex VI. Until 31 August 2019 and at the request of the manufacturer , the evaporative emissions test procedure set out in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 or alternatively the procedure laid down in Annex 7 to UNECE Regulation 83 may still be used for the purposes of type-approval under this Regulation.';

(b) paragraph 3 is replaced by the following:

'3.    Notwithstanding the second subparagraph, with effect from 1 September 2018 in the case of categories M1, M2 and category N1 class I vehicles, and from 1 September 2019 in the case of N1 vehicles of class II and III and category N2 vehicles, national authorities shall, on grounds relating to emissions or fuel consumption, in the case of new vehicles which do not comply with this Regulation, consider certificates of conformity to be no longer valid for the purposes of Article 26 of Directive 2007/46/EC and shall prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of such vehicles.

With the exception of vehicles approved for evaporative emissions under the procedure laid down in Annex VI of Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 , with effect from 1 September 2019, national authorities shall refuse, on grounds relating to emissions or fuel consumption, to grant EC type approval or national type approval, in respect to new vehicles which do not comply with Annex VI.';

(c) paragraph 4 is amended as follows

(i) point (c) is replaced by the following

'(c) the requirements of Article 4a and Annex IIIA shall not apply to type approvals granted to small volume manufacturers.'

(ii) points (d) and (e) are deleted

(d) paragraph 5 is amended as follows:

(i) point (b) is replaced by the following:

'(b) With respect to vehicles of a WLTP interpolation family which fulfil the extension rules specified in point 3.1.4. of Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 692/2008, procedures performed in accordance with section 3.13. of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 until 3 years after the dates given in Article 10(4) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 shall be accepted by the approval authority for the purposes of fulfilling the requirements of Appendix 1 to Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI of this Regulation; '

(ii) the following is added in point (c):

'For the purposes of this point, the possibility to use test results from procedures performed and completed in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 shall only be applicable to those vehicles of a WLTP interpolation family which fulfil the extension rules specified in point 3.3.1. of Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 692/2008';

(e) the following paragraphs 8 and 9 are added

'8.    Part A of Annex II shall apply to M and N1 class I vehicles based on types approved until 31 December 2018 and registered until 31 August 2019 and to N1 classes II and III and N2 vehicles based on types approved until 31 August 2019 and registered until 31 August 2020. Part B of Annex II shall apply to M and N1 class I vehicles based on types approved after 1 January 2019 and to all vehicles registered after 1 September 2019 and to N1 classes II and III and N2 vehicles based on types approved after 1 September 2019 and registered after 1 September 2020.

9.    With effect from 1 January 2020 in the case of vehicles as referred to in Article 4a of categories M1 and N1, class I, and from 1 January 2021 in the case of vehicles as referred to in Article 4a of category N1 vehicles, classes II and III, national authorities shall refuse, on grounds relating to emissions or fuel consumption, to grant EC type approval or national type approval in respect of new vehicle types which do not meet the requirements laid down in Article 4a.

With effect from 1 January 2021, in the case vehicles as referred to in Article 4a of categories M1 and N1, class I, and from 1 January 2022 in the case of vehicles as referred to in Article 4a of category N1 vehicles, classes II and III, national authorities shall prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of new vehicles that do not comply with that Article.';

(7)Article 18bis is deleted.

(8)Annex I is amended as set out in Annex I to this Regulation.

(9)Annex II is amended as set out in Annex II to this Regulation.

(10)Annex IIIA is amended as set out in Annex III to this Regulation.

(11)In Annex V, point 2.3. is replaced by the following:

'2.3. The road load coefficients to be used shall be those for vehicle low (VL). If VL does not exist, then the VH road load shall be used. VL and VH are defined in point 4.2.1.1.2. of Sub-Annex 4 to Annex XXI. Alternatively, the manufacturer may choose to use road loads that have been determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 7 to Annex 4a of UN/ECE Regulation No 83 for a vehicle included in the interpolation family.'

(12)Annex VI is replaced by the text in Annex IV to this Regulation;

(13)Annex VII is amended as follows:

(1) in point 2.2., in the table, in the legend, the deterioration factor designation ‘P’ is replaced by ‘PN’

(2) point 3.10. is replaced by the following

'3.10. The road load coefficients to be used shall be those for vehicle low (VL). If VL does not exist or the total load of vehicle (VH) at 80 km/h is higher than the total load of VL at 80 km/h + 5 %, then the VH road load shall be used. VL and VH are defined in point 4.2.1.1.2. of Sub-Annex 4 to Annex XXI.'

(14)In Annex VIII, point 3.3. is replaced by the following:

'3.3. The road load coefficients to be used shall be those for vehicle low (VL). If VL does not exist then the VH road load shall be used. VL and VH are defined in point 4.2.1.1.2. of Sub-Annex 4 to Annex XXI. Alternatively the manufacturer may choose to use road loads that have been determined in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 7 of Annex 4a of UN/ECE Regulation No 83 for a vehicle included in the interpolation family. In both cases, the dynamometer shall be adjusted to simulate the operation of a vehicle on the road at -7 °C. Such adjustment may be based on a determination of the road load force profile at -7 °C. Alternatively, the driving resistance determined may be adjusted for a 10% decrease of the coast-down time. The technical service may approve the use of other methods for determining the driving resistance.'

(15)Annex IX is amended as set out in Annex V to this Regulation;

(16)Annex XI is replaced by the text in Annex VI to this Regulation;

(17)Annex XII is amended as set out in Annex VII to this Regulation;

(18)In Annex XIV, in Appendix 1, the words "Annex I, section 2.3.1 and 2.3.5 of Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1151" are replaced by the words "Annex I, section 2.3.1 and 2.3.4 of Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1151';

(19)Annex XVI is replaced by the text in Annex VIII to this Regulation;

(20)Annex XXI is amended as set out in Annex IX to this Regulation;

(21)Annex XXII, as set out in Annex X to this Regulation, is added.

Article 2

Amendment to Regulation (EC) No 692/2008

Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 is amended as follows:

(22)In the first subparagraph of Article 16a of Regulation (EC) No 692/2008, the following point (d) is added:

'(d)    extensions to type-approvals granted under this Regulation, until new requirements become applicable for new vehicles'

(23)(1) in Annex 1, Appendix 3 the following point 3.2.12.2.5.7. is added:

'3.2.12.2.5.7. Permeability factor(1) : …';

(24)(2) in Annex XII, point 4.4. is deleted.

Article 3

Amendments to Directive 2007/46/EC

Annexes I, III, VIII and IX to Directive 2007/46/EC are amended as set out in Annex XI to this Regulation.

Article 4

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 January 2019.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels,

   For the Commission

   The President
   Jean-Claude Juncker

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ANNEX I

   Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 is amended as follows:

(1) the following point 1.1.3. is inserted:

'1.1.3. For LPG or NG, the fuel to be used shall be the one selected by the manufacturer for the measurement of the net power in accordance with Annex XX to this Regulation. The selected fuel shall be specified in the information document set out in Appendix 3 of Annex I to this Regulation. ';

(2) points 2.3.1., 2.3.2. and 2.3.3. are replaced by the following:

'2.3.1.    Any vehicle with an emission control computer shall include features to deter modification, except as authorised by the manufacturer. The manufacturer shall authorise modifications if those modifications are necessary for the diagnosis, servicing, inspection, retrofitting or repair of the vehicle. Any reprogrammable computer codes or operating parameters shall be resistant to tampering and afford a level of protection at least equivalent to that afforded by the provisions of the standard ISO 15031-7:2013. Any removable calibration memory chips shall be potted, encased in a sealed container or protected by electronic algorithms and shall not be changeable without the use of specialised tools and procedures. Only features directly associated with emissions calibration or prevention of vehicle theft may be so protected.

2.3.2.    Computer-coded engine operating parameters shall not be changeable without the use of specialised tools and procedures (e.g. soldered or potted computer components or sealed (or soldered) enclosures).

2.3.3.    At the request of the manufacturer, the approval authority may grant exemptions to the requirements in points 2.3.1. and 2.3.2. for those vehicles that are unlikely to require protection. The criteria that the approval authority shall evaluate in considering an exemption shall include, but are not limited to, the current availability of performance chips, the high-performance capability of the vehicle and the projected sales volume of the vehicle.';

(3) the following points 2.3.4., 2.3.5. and 2.3.6. are inserted:

'2.3.4.    Manufacturers using programmable computer code systems shall take the necessary measures to deter unauthorised reprogramming. Such measures shall include enhanced tamper protection strategies and write-protect features requiring electronic access to an off-site computer maintained by the manufacturer, to which independent operators shall also have access using the protection afforded in point 2.3.1. and point 2.2. of Annex XIV. Methods giving an adequate level of tamper protection shall be approved by the approval authority.

2.3.5. In the case of mechanical fuel-injection pumps fitted to compression-ignition engines, manufacturers shall take adequate steps to protect the maximum fuel delivery setting from tampering while a vehicle is in service.

2.3.6. Manufacturers shall effectively deter reprogramming of the odometer readings, in the board network, in any powertrain controller as well as in the transmitting unit for remote data exchange if applicable. Manufacturers shall include systematic tamper-protection strategies and write-protect features to protect the integrity of the odometer reading. Methods giving an adequate level of tamper protection shall be approved by the approval authority.';

(4) point 2.4.1. is replaced by the following:

'2.4.1. Figure I.2.4 illustrates the application of the tests for type-approval of a vehicle. The specific test procedures are described in Annexes II, IIIA, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, XI, XVI, XX and XXI.

Figure I.2.4

Application of test requirements for type-approval and extensions

Vehicle category

Vehicles with positive ignition engines including hybrids1,2

Vehicles with compression ignition engines including hybrids

Pure electric vehicles

Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles

Mono fuel

Bi-fuel3

Flex-fuel3

Reference fuel

Petrol

(E10)

LPG

NG/Biomethane

Hydrogen (ICE)

Petrol (E10)

Petrol (E10)

Petrol (E10)

Petrol (E10)

Diesel

(B7) 5

Hydrogen (Fuel Cell)

LPG

NG/Biomethane

Hydrogen (ICE) 4

Ethanol

(E85)

Gaseous pollutants

(Type 1 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes4

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

PM

(Type 1 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

PN

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Gaseous pollutants, RDE (Type 1A test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes (4)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes

-

-

PN, RDE (Type 1A test)6

Yes

-

-

-

Yes (petrol only)

Yes (petrol only)

Yes (petrol only)

Yes (both fuels)

Yes

-

-

ATCT (14°C test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes4

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Idle emissions

(Type 2 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

Crankcase emissions

(Type 3 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Evaporative emissions

(Type 4 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Durability

(Type 5 test)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

Low temperature emissions

(Type 6 test)

Yes

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(petrol only)

Yes

(both fuels)

In-service conformity

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(as at type approval)

Yes

(as at type approval)

Yes

(as at type approval)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

On-board diagnostics

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

CO2 emissions, fuel consumption, electric energy consumption and electric range

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

(both fuels)

Yes

Yes

Yes

Smoke opacity

Yes

Engine power

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

1 Specific test procedures for hydrogen and flex fuel biodiesel vehicles will be defined at a later stage.

2 Particulate mass and particle number limits and respective measurement procedures shall apply only to vehicles with direct injection engines

3 When a bi-fuel vehicle is combined with a flex fuel vehicle, both test requirements are applicable.

4 Only NOx emissions shall be determined when the vehicle is running on hydrogen.

5 Further requirements for biodiesel will be defined later.

6 The particle number RDE test only applies to vehicles for which Euro 6 PN emission limits are defined in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007. ';

(5) point 3.1.1. is replaced by the following:

'3.1.1. The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles of the same vehicle type in accordance to Article 2 (1) (a) and (c), which fulfil all the following criteria:

(a) the CO2 emission of the tested vehicle resulting from step 9 of Table A7/1 of Sub-Annex 7 to Annex XXI is less than or equal to the CO2 emission obtained from the interpolation line corresponding to the cycle energy demand of the tested vehicle;

(b) the new interpolation range does not exceed the maximum range as set out in point 2.3.2.2. of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI;

(c) the pollutant emissions respect the limits set out in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007.';

(6) the following point 3.1.1.1. is inserted:

'3.1.1.1. The type-approval shall not be extended to an interpolation family if it has been granted only in relation to Vehicle High.';

(7) in point 3.1.2. the first paragraph below the title is replaced by the following:

'For Ki tests undertaken under Appendix 1 to Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI (WLTP), the type-approval shall be extended to vehicles if they conform to the criteria of paragraph 5.9. of Annex XXI. ';

(8) Point 3.2.inclusive of all its sub-points is replaced by the following:

'3.2. Extensions for evaporative emissions (type 4 test)

3.2.1. For tests performed in accordance with Annex 6 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 [1 day NEDC] or the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 2017/1221 [2 days NEDC] the type-approval shall be extended to vehicles equipped with a control system for evaporative emissions which meet the following conditions:

3.2.1.1. The basic principle of fuel/air metering (e.g. single point injection) is the same.

3.2.1.2. The shape of the fuel tank and the material of the fuel tank and liquid fuel hoses are identical.

3.2.1.3. The worst-case vehicle with regard to the cross-section and approximate hose length shall be tested. Whether non-identical vapour/liquid separators are acceptable is decided by the technical service responsible for the type-approval tests.

3.2.1.4. The fuel tank volume is within a range of ± 10 %.

3.2.1.5. The setting of the fuel tank relief valve is identical.

3.2.1.6. The method of storage of the fuel vapour is identical, i.e. trap form and volume, storage medium, air cleaner (if used for evaporative emission control), etc.

3.2.1.7. The method of purging of the stored vapour is identical (e.g. air flow, start point or purge volume over the preconditioning cycle).

3.2.1.8. The method of sealing and venting of the fuel metering system is identical.

3.2.2. For tests performed according Annex VI [2 days WLTP] the type-approval shall be extended to vehicles equipped with a control system for evaporative emissions which meet the requirements of point 5.5.1. of Annex VI.

3.2.3. The type-approval shall be extended to vehicles with:

3.2.3.1. different engine sizes;

3.2.3.2. different engine powers;

3.2.3.3. automatic and manual gearboxes;

3.2.3.4. two and four wheel transmissions;

3.2.3.5. different body styles; and

3.2.3.6. different wheel and tyre sizes. ';

(9) point 4.1.2. is replaced by the following:

'4.1.2.The manufacturer shall check the conformity of production by testing the emissions of pollutants (given in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007), the emission of CO2 (along with the measurement of electric energy consumption, EC and, where applicable, the monitoring of the OBFCM device accuracy), the crankcase emissions, evaporative emissions and the OBD. The verification shall therefore include the tests of types 1, 3, 4 and the test for OBD, as described in section 2.4 and the relevant annexes quoted therein.

     The Type Approval Authority shall keep record for a period of at least 5 years of all the documentation related to the conformity of production test results and shall make it available to the Commission upon request.

The specific procedures for conformity of production are set out in Sections 4.2 to 4.7 and Appendixes 1 and 2.';

(10) point 4.1.3. is replaced by the following:

'4.1.3.     For the purposes of the manufacturer's conformity of production check, the family means the conformity of production (COP) family for tests of Type 1, including the monitoring of the OBFCM device accuracy, and Type 3, includes for the Type 4 test the extensions described in point 3.2 and the OBD family with the extensions described in point 3.4 for the OBD tests. ';

(11) the following points 4.1.3.1, 4.1.3.1.1. and 4.1.3.1.2. are inserted:

'4.1.3.1. COP family criteria

4.1.3.1.1. For Category M vehicles and for Category N1 class I and class II vehicles, the COP family shall be identical to the interpolation family, as described in paragraph 5.6. of Annex XXI.

4.1.3.1.2 For Category N1 Class III and Category N2 vehicles, only vehicles that are identical with respect to the following vehicle/powertrain/transmission characteristics may be part of the same COP family:

(a)    Type of internal combustion engine: fuel type (or types in the case of flex-fuel or bi-fuel vehicles), combustion process, engine displacement, full-load characteristics, engine technology, and charging system, and also other engine subsystems or characteristics that have a non-negligible influence on CO2 mass emission under WLTP conditions;

(b)    Operation strategy of all CO2 mass emission influencing components within the powertrain;

(c)    Transmission type (e.g. manual, automatic, CVT) and transmission model (e.g. torque rating, number of gears, number of clutches, etc.);

(d)    Number of powered axles. ';

(12)    point 4.1.4. is replaced by the following:

'4.1.4.    The frequency for product verification performed by the manufacturer shall be based on a risk assessment methodology consistent with the international standard ISO 31000:2018 — Risk Management — Principles and guidelines and at least for Type 1 with a minimum frequency per COP family of one verification per 5 000 vehicles produced or once per year, whichever comes first. ';

(13) in point 4.1.5., the third paragraph is replaced by the following:

'If the approval authority is not satisfied with the auditing procedure of the manufacturer, physical test shall directly be carried out on production vehicles as described in points 4.2 to 4.7. ';

(14) in point 4.1.6., in the first paragraph, the second sentence is replaced by the following:

'The approval authority shall conduct these physical emission tests and OBD tests on production vehicles as described in points 4.2 to 4.7. ';

(15) points 4.2.1. and 4.2.2. are replaced by the following:

'4.2.1.    The Type 1 test shall be carried out on production vehicles of a valid member of the COP family as described in point 4.1.3.1. The limit values against which to check conformity for pollutants are set out in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007. As regards CO2 emissions, the limit value shall be the value determined by the manufacturer for the selected vehicle in accordance with the interpolation methodology set out in Sub-Annex 7 of Annex XXI. The interpolation calculation shall be verified by the approval authority.

4.2.2. A sample of three vehicles shall be selected at random in the COP family. After selection by the approval authority, the manufacturer shall not undertake any adjustment to the vehicles selected. ';

(16)    point 4.2.2.1. is deleted;

(17)    in point 4.2.3., the second and third paragraphs are replaced by the following;

'4.2.3. The statistical method for calculating the test criteria is described in Appendix 1.

The production of a COP family shall be deemed to not conform when a fail decision is reached for one or more of the pollutants and CO2 values, in accordance with the test criteria in Appendix 1.

The production of a COP family shall be deemed to conform once a pass decision is reached for all the pollutants and CO2 values in accordance with the test criteria in Appendix 1.';

(18)    point 4.2.4. is replaced by the following;

'4.2.4.    At the request of the manufacturer and with the acceptance of the approval authority, tests may be carried out on a vehicle of the COP family with a maximum of 15 000 km in order to establish measured evolution coefficients EvC for pollutants/CO2 for each COP family. The running-in procedure shall be conducted by the manufacturer, who shall not to make any adjustments to these vehicles.'; 

(19) in point 4.2.4.1. (c), the introductory part is replaced by the following;

   '(c) the other vehicles in the COP family shall not be run in, but their zero km emissions/EC/CO2 shall be multiplied by the evolution coefficient of the first run-in vehicle. In this case, the values to be taken for testing as in Appendix 1 shall be:';

   

(20) point 4.4.3.3. is replaced by the following:

'4.4.3.3. The value determined in accordance with point 4.4.3.2. shall be compared to the value determined in accordance with point 2.4. of Appendix 2. ';

(21) Appendix 1 is amended as follows:

(a) point 1. is replaced by the following:

'1. This Appendix describes the procedure to be used to verify the production conformity requirements for the Type 1 test for pollutants/CO2, including conformity requirements for PEVs and OVC-HEVs, and to monitor the OBFCM device accuracy.';

(b) in point 2., the first paragraph is replaced by the following:

'Measurements of the pollutants specified in Table 2 of Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, and the emission of CO2 shall be carried out on a minimum number of 3 vehicles, and consecutively increase until a pass or fail decision is reached. The OBFCM device accuracy shall be determined for each of the N tests.';

(c) in point 3.(iii), after the introductory part, the text

'A × L – VAR/L ≤ Xtests < A × L – ((N–3)/13) × VAR/L '

is replaced by the following:

'A × L – VAR/L ≤ Xtests ≤ A × L – ((N–3)/13) × VAR/L ';

(d) in point 4.(iii), after the introductory part, the text

'A – VAR ≤ Xtests < A – ((N–3)/13) × VAR '

is replaced by the following:

'A – VAR ≤ Xtests ≤ A – ((N–3)/13) × VAR ';

(e) in point 4., the last paragraph is deleted.

(f) the following point 5. is added:

'5. For vehicles referred to in Article 4a, the accuracy of the OBFCM device shall be calculated as follows:

xi,OBFCM = accuracy of the OBFCM device determined for each single test i in accordance with the formulae point 4.2 of Annex XXII.

The Type Approval authority shall keep a record of the determined accuracies for each COP family tested.';

(22)    Appendix 3 is amended as follows:

(a) the following points 0.2.2.1. to 0.2.3.9. are inserted:

‘0.2.2.1. Allowed Parameter Values for multistage type approval to use the base vehicle emission values (insert range if applicable):

Final Vehicle mass (in kg): …

Frontal area for final vehicle (in cm2): …

Rolling resistance (kg/t): …

Cross-sectional area of air entrance of the front grille (in cm2): …

0.2.3. Identifiers(y):

0.2.3.1. interpolation family’s identifier : …

0.2.3.2. ATCT family’s identifier: …

0.2.3.3. PEMS family’s identifier: …

0.2.3.4. Roadload family’s identifier

0.2.3.4.1. Roadload family of VH: …

0.2.3.4.2. Roadload family of VL: …

0.2.3.4.3. Roadload families applicable in the interpolation family: …

0.2.3.5. Roadload Matrix family’s identifier: …

0.2.3.6. Periodic regeneration family’s identifier: …

0.2.3.7. Evaporative test family’s identifier: …

0.2.3.8. OBD family’s identifier: …

0.2.3.9. other family’s identifier: … ';

(b) in point 2.6., points (a) and (b) are deleted;

(c) the following point 2.6.3. is inserted:

'2.6.3. Rotational mass (y): 3 % of the sum of mass in running order and 25 kg or value, per axle (kg): … ';

(d) point 3.2.2.1. is replaced by the following:

'3.2.2.1. Diesel/Petrol/LPG/NG or Biomethane/Ethanol (E 85)/Biodiesel/Hydrogen (1), (6) ';

(e) the following point 3.2.12.0. is inserted:

'3.2.12.0. Emission character of type approval (y) ';

(f) point 3.2.12.2.5.5. is replaced by the following:

'3.2.12.2.5.5. Schematic drawing of the fuel tank (petrol and ethanol engines only): … ';

(g) the following points 3.2.12.2.5.5.1. to 3.2.12.2.5.5.5. are inserted:

'3.2.12.2.5.5.1. Fuel tank system capacity, material and construction: …

3.2.12.2.5.5.2. Description of vapour hose material, fuel line material and connection technique of the fuel system: …

3.2.12.2.5.5.3. Sealed tank system: yes/no

3.2.12.2.5.5.4. Description of fuel tank relief valve setting (air ingestion and relief): …

3.2.12.2.5.5.5. Description of the purge control system: … ';

(h) point 3.2.12.2.5.6. is replaced by the following:

'3.2.12.2.5.6. Description and schematic of the heat shield between tank and exhaust system: … ';

(i) the following point 3.2.12.2.5.7. is inserted:

'3.2.12.2.5.7. Permeability factor: … ';

(j) the following point 3.2.12.2.12. is inserted:

'3.2.12.2.12. Water injection: yes/no (1) ';

(k) point 3.2.19.4.1. is deleted;

(l) point 3.2.20. is replaced by the following:

'3.2.20.        Heat storage information (y) ';

(m) point 3.2.20.2. is replaced by the following:

'3.2.20.2. Insulation materials: yes/no (1) ';

(n) the following points 3.2.20.2.5., 3.2.20.2.5.1., 3.2.20.2.5.2., 3.2.20.2.5.3. and 3.2.20.2.6. are inserted:

'3.2.20.2.5. Worst case approach vehicle cool down: yes/no (1)

3.2.20.2.5.1. (not worst case approach) Minimum soaking time, tsoak_ATCT (hours): …

3.2.20.2.5.2. (not worst case approach) DeltaT_ATCT of the reference vehicle: …

3.2.20.2.5.3. (not worst case approach) Location of the engine temperature measurement: …

3.2.20.2.6. Single interpolation family within the ATCT family approach: yes/no(1) ';

(o) the following point 3.3.1.1.2. is inserted:

'3.3.1.1.2. Maximum 30 minutes power(n)… kW

(manufacturer’s declared value) ';

(p) point 3.5.7.1.is replaced by the following:

'3.5.7.1. Test vehicle parameters (y)

Vehicle

Vehicle Low (VH)

Vehicle High (VL)

if existing

VM

if existing

V representative (only for road load matrix family*)

Vehicle bodywork type (variant/version)

-

Road load method used (measurement or calculation by road load family)

-

-

Road load information:

Tyres make and type,

if measurement

-

Tyre dimensions (front/rear),

if measurement

-

Tyre rolling resistance (front/rear) (kg/t)

Tyre pressure (front/rear) (kPa),

if measurement

Delta CD × A of vehicle L compared to vehicle H (IP_H minus IP_L)

-

-

-

Delta CD × A compared to road load family vehicle H (RL_H minus IP_H), if calculation by road load family

-

-

Vehicle test mass (kg)

Road load coefficients

f0 (N)

f1 (N/(km/h))

f2 (N/(km/h)²)

Frontal area m² (0.000 m²)

-

-

-

Calculation tool information towards VH and VL

-

-

-

Cycle Energy Demand (J)

* representative vehicle is tested for the road load matrix family ';

(q) points 3.5.7.1.1. to 3.5.7.1.3.2.3. are deleted;

(r) point 3.5.7.2.1. is replaced by the following:

'3.5.7.2.1. CO2 mass emission for pure ICE vehicles ';

(s) the following point 3.5.7.2.1.0. is inserted:

'3.5.7.2.1.0. Minimum and maximum CO2 values within the interpolation family ';

(t) the following point 3.5.7.2.2.0. is inserted:

'3.5.7.2.2.0. Minimum and maximum CO2 values within the interpolation family (for NOVC-HEVs only)';

(u) points 3.5.7.2.3. to 3.5.7.2.3.3.0. are replaced with the following:

'3.5.7.2.3. Charge Depleting CO2 mass emission and weighted CO2 mass emission for OVC-HEVs

3.5.7.2.3.1. Charge Depleting CO2 mass emission of Vehicle high: … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.1.0. Charge Depleting CO2 mass emission of Vehicle high (NEDC): … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.2. Charge Depleting CO2 mass emission of Vehicle low (if applicable): … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.2.0. Charge Depleting CO2 mass emission of Vehicle low (if applicable) (NEDC): … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.3. Charge Depleting CO2 mass emission of Vehicle M (if applicable): … g/km

3.5.7.2.3.3.0. Charge Depleting CO2 mass emission of Vehicle M (if applicable) (NEDC): … g/km';

(u) the following point 3.5.7.2.3.4. is added:

'3.5.7.2.3.4. Minimum and maximum weighted CO2 values within the OVC interpolation family';

(v) point 3.5.8.3. is replaced by the following:

'3.5.8.3. Emissions data related to the use of eco-innovations (repeat the table for each reference fuel tested) (w1)

Decision approving the eco-innovation (w2)

Code of the eco-innovation (w3)

1.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle (g/km)

2.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle (g/km)

3.  CO2 emissions of the baseline vehicle under type 1 test-cycle (w4)

4.  CO2 emissions of the eco-innovation vehicle under type 1 test-cycle

5.  Usage factor (UF), i.e. temporal share of technology usage in normal operation conditions

CO2 emissions savings ((1 – 2) – (3 – 4))*5

xxxx/201x

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total NEDC CO2 emissions saving (g/km)(w5)

Total WLTP CO2 emissions saving (g/km)(w5)

 ';

(w) the following point 3.8.5. is inserted:

'3.8.5. Lubricant specification: ...W... ';

(x) points 4.5.1.1., 4.5.1.2. and 4.5.1.3. are deleted;

(y) in point 4.6., the word 'Reverse' at the bottom of the first column of the table, is deleted;

(z) the following points 4.6.1. to 4.6.1.7.1. are inserted:

'4.6.1. Gearshift (y)4.6.1.1. Gear 1 excluded: yes/no (1)

4.6.1.2. n_95_high for each gear: …min-1

4.6.1.3. nmin_drive 

4.6.1.3.1. 1st gear: …min-1

4.6.1.3.2. 1st gear to 2nd:…min-1

4.6.1.3.3. 2nd gear to standstill: …min-1

4.6.1.3.4. 2nd gear: …min-1

4.6.1.3.5. 3rd gear and beyond: …min-1

4.6.1.4. n_min_drive_set for acceleration/constant speed phases (n_min_drive_up):…min-1

4.6.1.5. n_min_drive_set for deceleration phases (nmin_drive_down):

4.6.1.6. initial period of time

4.6.1.6.1. t_start_phase:…s

4.6.1.6.2. n_min_drive_start:….min-1

4.6.1.6.3. n_min_drive_up_start:….min-1

4.6.1.7. use of ASM: yes/no(1)

4.6.1.7.1. ASM values: … ';

   

(aa) the following point 4.12. is inserted:

'4.12. Gearbox lubricant: ...W… ';

(ab) points 9.10.3. and 9.10.3.1 are deleted;

(ac) the following points 12.8. to 12.8.3.2. are inserted:

'12.8. Devices or systems with driver selectable modes which influence CO2 emissions and/or criteria emissions and do not have a predominant mode: yes/no (1)

12.8.1. Charge sustaining test (if applicable) (state for each device or system)

12.8.1.1. Best case mode: …

12.8.1.2. Worst case mode: …

12.8.2. Charge depleting test (if applicable) (state for each device or system)

12.8.2.1. Best case mode: …

12.8.2.2. Worst case mode: …

12.8.3. Type 1 test (if applicable) (state for each device or system)

12.8.3.1. Best case mode: …

12.8.3.2. Worst case mode: … ';

(ad) in the Explanatory notes, the following footnote (y) is added:

'(y) Only for the approval under Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and its amendments. ';

   (ae) in Appendix 3 the 'Appendix to information document' is deleted;

(23) Appendix 3a is amended as follows:

(a) point (d) is replaced by the following:

'(d)    detailed technical reasoning of any AES including a risk assessment estimating the risk with the AES and without it, and information on the following:

(i) why any of the exception clauses from the defeat device prohibition in Article 5(2) of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 apply;

(ii) hardware element(s) that need to be protected by the AES, where applicable;

(iii) proof of sudden and irreparable engine damage that cannot be prevented by regular maintenance and would occur in the absence of the AES, where applicable;

(iv) a reasoned explanation on why there is a need to use an AES upon engine start, where applicable;';

(b) the following second and third paragraphs are added:

'The extended documentation package shall be limited to 100 pages and shall include all the main elements to allow the type approval authority to assess the AES. The package may be complemented with annexes and other attached documents, containing additional and complementary elements, if necessary. The manufacturer shall send a new version of the extended documentation package to the type approval authority every time changes are introduced to the AES. The new version shall be limited to the changes and their effect. The new version of the AES shall be evaluated and approved by the type approval authority.

The extended documentation package shall be structured as follows:

Extended Documentation Package for AES Application No. YYY/OEM in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Parts

paragraph

point

Explanation

Introduction
documents

 

Introduction letter to TAA

Reference of the document with the version , the date of issuing the document, signature by the relevant person in the manufacturer organisation

 

Versioning table

Content of each version modifications: and with part is modified

Description of the (emission) types concerned

 

Attached documents table

List of all attached documents

Cross references

link to paragraph (a) to (i) of Appendix 3a (where to find each requirement of the regulation)

Absence of defeat device declaration

 + signature

Core document

0

Acronyms/abbreviations

 

1

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

 

1.1

Engine general presentation

Description of main characteristics: displacement, after treatment,…

1.2

General system architecture

System bloc diagram: list of sensors and  actuators, explanation of engine general functions

1.3

Reading of software and calibration version

E.g. scan-tool explanation

2

Base Emission Strategies

 

2.x

BES x

description of strategy x

2.y

BES y

description of strategy y

3

Auxiliary Emission Strategies

 

3.0

Presentation of the AESs

Hierarchical relations among AES: description and justification (e.g. safety, reliability, etc.)

3.x

AES x

3.x.1 AES justification
3.x.2 measured and/or modelled parameters for AES characterization

3.x.3 Action mode of AES - Parameters used

3.x.4 Effect of AES on pollutants and CO2

3.y

AES y

3.y.1
3.y.2

etc.

100 page limit ends here

Annex

 

List of types covered by this BES-AES : including TA reference, software reference, calibration number, checksums of each version  and of each CU (engine and/or after-treatment if any)

Attached
documents

Technical note for AES justification n°xxx

 Risk assessment or  justification by testing or example of sudden damage, if any

Technical note for AES justification n°yyy

 

 

Test report for specific AES impact quantification

test report of all specific tests done for AES justification, test conditions details, description of the vehicle / date of the tests
emission/CO2 impact with/without AES activation';

(24) The following Appendix 3b is inserted:

'Appendix 3b

Methodology for the assessment of AES

The assessment of the AES by the type-approval authority shall include at least the following verifications:

(1) The increase of emissions induced by the AES shall be kept at the lowest possible level:

(a)The increase of total emissions when using an AES shall be kept at the lowest possible level throughout the normal use and life of the vehicles;

(b)Whenever a technology or design that would allow for improved emission control is available on the market at the time of the AES application it shall be used to the largest extent technically possible (i.e. with no unjustified modulation)

(2) When used to justify an AES, the risk of sudden and irreparable damage to the "propulsion energy converter and the drivetrain", as defined in Mutual Resolution No. 2 (M.R.2) of the 1958 and 1998 Agreements of UNECE containing Vehicle Propulsion System Definitions 1 , shall be appropriately demonstrated and documented, including the following information:

(a)Proof of catastrophic (i.e. sudden and irreparable) engine damage shall be provided by the manufacturer, along with a risk assessment which includes an evaluation of the likelihood of the risk occurring and severity of the possible consequences, including results of tests carried out to this effect;

(b)When a technology or design is available on the market at the time of the AES application that eliminates or reduces that risk, it shall be used to the largest extent technically possible (i.e. with no unjustified modulation);

(c)Durability and the long-term protection of the engine or components of the emission control system from wear and malfunctioning shall not be considered an acceptable reason to grant an exemption from the defeat device prohibition.

(3) An adequate technical description shall document why it is necessary to use an AES for the safe operation of the vehicle:

(a)Proof of an increased risk to the safe operation of the vehicle should be provided by the manufacturer along with a risk assessment which includes an evaluation of the likelihood of the risk occurring and severity of the possible consequences, including results of tests carried out to this effect;

(b)When a different technology or design is available on the market at the time of the AES application that would allow for lowering the safety risk, it shall be used to the largest extent technically possible (i.e. with no unjustified modulation).

(4) An adequate technical description shall document why it is necessary to use an AES during engine start:

(a)Proof of the need to use an AES during engine start shall be provided by the manufacturer along with a risk assessment which includes an evaluation of the likelihood of the risk occurring and severity of the possible consequences, including results of tests carried out to this effect;

(b)Where a different technology or design is available on the market at the time of the AES application that would allow for improved emission control upon engine start, it shall be used to the largest extent technically possible.'.

(25)    Appendix 4 is amended as follows:

   (a) in the model of EC type-approval certificate, in Section I, the following point 0.4.2. is inserted:

'0.4.2. base vehicle(5a) (1): yes/no (1) ';

   (b) the Addendum to EC-type-approval certificate is amended as follows:

(i) point 0. is replaced by the following:

'0. Interpolation family identifier as defined in paragraph 5.0 of Annex XXI of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

0.1. Identifier: …

0.2. Base vehicle identifier (5a)(1):… ';

(ii) points 1.1., 1.2. and 1.3. are replaced by the following:

'1.1. Mass of the vehicle in running order:

VL(1): …

VH: …

1.2. Maximum mass:

VL(1): …

VH: …

1.3. Reference mass:

VL(1): …

VH: … ';

(iii) point 2.1. is replaced by the following:

'2.1. Tailpipe emissions test results

Emissions classification: Euro 6

Type 1 test results, where applicable

Type approval number if not parent vehicle (1): …

Test 1

Type 1 Result

CO

(mg/km)

THC

(mg/km)

NMHC

(mg/km)

NOx

(mg/km)

THC + NOx

(mg/km)

PM

(mg/km)

PN

(#.1011/km)

Measured (8)(9)

Ki × (8)(10)

(11)

Ki + (8)(10)

(11) 

Mean value calculated with Ki (M×Ki or M+Ki) (9)

(12)

DF (+)(8)(10)

DF (×)(8)(10)

Final mean value calculated with Ki and DF (13)

Limit value

Test 2 (if applicable)

Repeat Test 1 table with the second test results.

Test 3 (if applicable)

Repeat Test 1 table with the third test results.

Repeat Test 1, test 2 (if applicable) and test 3 (if applicable) for Vehicle Low (if applicable), and VM (if applicable)

Information about regeneration strategy

D — number of operating cycles between 2 cycles where regenerative phases occur: …

d — number of operating cycles required for regeneration: …

Applicable Type 1 cycle: (Sub-Annex 4 to Annex XXI of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 or UN/ECE Regulation No 83) (14): …

ATCT test

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Combined

ATCT (14°C) MCO2,Treg

Type 1 (23°C) MCO2,23°

Family correction factor (FCF)

ATCT test Result

CO

(mg/km)

THC

(mg/km)

NMHC

(mg/km)

NOx

(mg/km)

THC + NOx

(mg/km)

PM

(mg/km)

PN

(#.1011/km)

Measured1,2 

Limit values

__________________________________________

1    Where applicable.

2    Round to two decimal numbers.

Difference between engine coolant end temperature and average soak area temperature of the last 3 hours ∆T_ATCT (°C) for the reference vehicle: …

The minimum soaking time tsoak_ATCT (s): …

Location of temperature sensor: …

ATCT family identifier:…

Type 2: (including data required for roadworthiness testing):

Test

CO value

(% vol)

Lambda(1)

Engine speed

(min-1)

Engine oil temperature

(°C)

Low idle test

N/A

High idle test

Type 3: …

Type 4: … g/test;

test procedure in accordance with: Annex 6 to UN/ECE Regulation No 83 [1 day NEDC] / the Annex to Regulation (EC) 2017/1221 [2 days NEDC] / Annex VI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 [2 days WLTP].

Type 5:    - Durability test: whole vehicle test/bench ageing test/none (1) 

- Deterioration factor DF: calculated/assigned (1)

- Specify the values: …

- Applicable Type 1 cycle (Sub-Annex 4 to Annex XXI of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 or UN/ECE Regulation No 83) (14): …

Type 6

CO (g/km)

THC (g/km)

Measured value

Limit value

';



(iv) point 2.5.1. is replaced by the following:

'2.5.1. Pure ICE vehicle and Not Externally Chargeable (NOVC) Hybrid Electric Vehicle';

(v) the following point 2.5.1.0. is inserted:

'2.5.1.0. Minimum and maximum CO2 values within the interpolation family ';

(vi) points 2.5.1.1.3. and 2.5.1.1.4. are replaced by the following:

'2.5.1.1.3. CO2 mass emissions (provide values for each reference fuel tested, for the phases: the measured values, for the combined see points 1.2.3.8. and 1.2.3.9. of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151)

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

MCO2,p,5 / MCO2,c,5

1

2

3

average

Final MCO2,p,H / MCO2,c,H

2.5.1.1.4. Fuel consumption (provide values for each reference fuel tested, for the phases: the measured values for the combined see paragraphs 1.2.3.8 and 1.2.3.9 of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI)

Fuel consumption (l/100 km) or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (1)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Final values FCp,H / FCc,H

';

(vii) points 2.5.1.2. to 2.5.1.3. are replaced by the following:

'2.5.1.2. Vehicle Low (if applicable)

2.5.1.2.1. Cycle Energy Demand: … J

2.5.1.2.2. Road load coefficients

2.5.1.2.2.1. f0, N: …

2.5.1.2.2.2. f1, N/(km/h): …

2.5.1.2.2.3. f2, N/(km/h)²: …

2.5.1.2.3. CO2 mass emissions (provide values for each reference fuel tested, for the phases: the measured values for the combined see points 1.2.3.8. and.1.2.3.9. of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI)

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

MCO2,p,5 / MCO2,c,5

1

2

3

average

Final MCO2,p,L / MCO2,c,L

2.5.1.2.4. Fuel consumption (provide values for each reference fuel tested, for the phases: the measured values for the combined see points 1.2.3.8 and 1.2.3.9 of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI)

Fuel consumption (l/100 km) or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (1)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Final values FCp,L / FCc,L

2.5.1.3. vehicle M for NOVC-HEV (if applicable)';

(viii) the following points 2.5.1.3.1. to 2.5.1.3.4. are inserted:

2.5.1.3.1. Cycle Energy Demand: … J

2.5.1.3.2. Road load coefficients

2.5.1.3.2.1. f0, N: …

2.5.1.3.2.2. f1, N/(km/h): …

2.5.1.3.2.3. f2, N/(km/h)²: …

2.5.1.3.3. CO2 mass emissions (provide values for each reference fuel tested, for the phases: the measured values for the combined see paragraphs 1.2.3.8. and 1.2.3.9. of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI)

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

MCO2,p,5 / MCO2,c,5

1

2

3

average

Final MCO2,p,L / MCO2,c,L

2.5.1.3.4. Fuel consumption (provide values for each reference fuel tested, for the phases: the measured values for the combined see paragraphs 1.2.3.8. and 1.2.3.9. of Sub-Annex 6 to Annex XXI)

Fuel consumption (l/100 km) or m3/100 km or kg/100 km (1)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Final values FCp,L / FCc,L

';

(ix) point 2.5.1.3.1. is deleted;

(x) the following points 2.5.1.4. and 2.5.1.4.1. are inserted:

2.5.1.4. For vehicles powered by an internal combustion engine only which are equipped with periodically regenerating systems as defined in point 6 of Article 2 of this Regulation, the test results shall be adjusted by the Ki factor as specified in Appendix 1 to Sub-Annex 6 of Annex XXI.

2.5.1.4.1. Information about regeneration strategy for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption

D — number of operating cycles between 2 cycles where regenerative phases occur: …

d — number of operating cycles required for regeneration: …

Applicable Type 1 cycle (Sub-Annex 4 to Annex XXI of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, or UN/ECE Regulation 83) (14): …

Combined

Ki (additive / multiplicative) (1) 

Values for CO2 and fuel consumption (10)

Repeat 2.5.1. in case of base vehicle';

(xi) point 2.5.2.1.1. is replaced by the following:

'2.5.2.1.1. Electric energy consumption:

EC (Wh/km)

Test

City

Combined

Calculated EC

1

2

3

average

Declared value

-

';

(xii) point 2.5.2.2. is replaced by the following:

'2.5.2.2. Pure Electric Range

PER (km)

Test

City

Combined

Measured Pure Electric Range

1

2

3

average

Declared value

-

';

(xiii) points 2.5.3.1. to 2.5.3.2. are replaced by the following:

'2.5.3.1. CO2 mass emission charge sustaining

2.5.3.1.1. Vehicle High

2.5.3.1.1.1. Cycle Energy Demand: … J

2.5.3.1.1.2. Road load coefficients

2.5.3.1.1.2.1. f0, N: …

2.5.3.1.1.2.2. f1, N/(km/h): …

2.5.3.1.1.2.3. f2, N/(km/h)²: …

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

MCO2,p,5 / MCO2,c,5

1

2

3

Average

Final MCO2,p,H / MCO2,c,H

2.5.3.1.2. Vehicle Low (if applicable)

2.5.3.1.2.1. Cycle Energy Demand: … J

2.5.3.1.2.2. Road load coefficients

2.5.3.1.2.2.1. f0, N: …

2.5.3.1.2.2.2. f1, N/(km/h): …

2.5.3.1.2.2.3. f2, N/(km/h)²: …

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

MCO2,p,5 / MCO2,c,5

1

2

3

Average

Final MCO2,p,L / MCO2,c,L

2.5.3.1.3. Vehicle M (if applicable)

2.5.3.1.3.1. Cycle Energy Demand: … J

2.5.3.1.3.2. Road load coefficients

2.5.3.1.3.2.1. f0, N: …

2.5.3.1.3.2.2. f1, N/(km/h): …

2.5.3.1.3.2.3. f2, N/(km/h)²: …

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

MCO2,p,5 / MCO2,c,5

1

2

3

Average

MCO2,p,M / MCO2,c,M

2.5.3.2. CO2 mass emission charge depleting

Vehicle High

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Combined

MCO2,CD

1

2

3

Average

Final MCO2,CD,H

Vehicle Low (if applicable)

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Combined

MCO2,CD

1

2

3

Average

Final MCO2,CD,L

Vehicle M (if applicable)

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Test

Combined

MCO2,CD

1

2

3

Average

Final MCO2,CD,M

';

 

(xiv) in point 2.5.3.3., the following point 2.5.3.3.1. is added:

'2.5.3.3.1. Minimum and maximum CO2 values within the interpolation family';

(xv) point 2.3.5. is replaced with the following:

   '2.5.3.5. Fuel consumption Charge Depleting

Vehicle High

Fuel consumption (l/100km)

Combined

Final values FCCD,H

Vehicle Low (if applicable)

Fuel consumption (l/100km)

Combined

Final values FCCD,L

Vehicle M (if applicable)

Fuel consumption (l/100km)

Combined

Final values FCCD,M

';

(xvi) point 2.5.3.7.1. is replaced by the following:

'2.5.3.7.1. All Electric Range AER

AER (km)

Test

City

Combined

AER values

1

2

3

Average

Final values AER

';

(xvii) point 2.5.3.7.4. is replaced by the following:

'2.5.3.7.4. Charge Depleting Cycle Range RCDC

RCDC (km)

Test

Combined

RCDC values

1

2

3

Average

Final values RCDC

';

(xviii) points 2.5.3.8.2. and 2.5.3.8.3. are replaced by the following:

'2.5.3.8.2. UF-weighted charge-depleting electric consumption ECAC,CD (combined)

ECAC,CD (Wh/km)

Test

Combined

ECAC,CD values

1

2

3

Average

Final values ECAC,CD

2.5.3.8.3. UF-weighted electric consumption ECAC, weighted (combined)

ECAC,weighted (Wh/km)

Test

Combined

ECAC,weighted values

1

2

3

Average

Final values ECAC,weighted

Repeat 2.5.1. in case of base vehicle ';

(xix) the following point 2.5.4. is inserted:

'2.5.4. Fuel cell vehicles (FCV)

Fuel Consumption (kg/100 km)

Combined

Final values FCp / FCc

Repeat 2.5.1. in case of base vehicle';

(xx) the following point 2.5.5. is inserted:

'2.5.5.    Device for monitoring the consumption of fuel and/or electric energy: yes/not applicable ….";

(xxi) in the Explanatory Notes, the following footnote 5a is inserted:

'(5a) as defined in article 3, point 18 of Directive 2007/46/EC';

   (c) the Appendix to the Addendum to Type-Approval Certificate is amended as follows:

(i) The headline of point 1. is replaced by the following:

'1.    CO2 emissions determined in accordance with point 3.2. of Annex I to Implementing Regulations (EU) 2017/1152 and (EU) 2017/1153 ';

(ii) point 2.1.1.is replaced by the following:

'2.1.1. CO2 mass emissions (for each reference fuel tested) for pure ICE and NOVC-HEV

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Urban

Extra Urban

Combined

MCO2,NEDC_H,test

(iii) the following points 2.1.2., 2.1.2.1 and 2.1.2.2 are inserted:

'2.1.2. OVC test results

2.1.2.1. CO2 mass emissions for OVC-HEV

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Combined

MCO2,NEDC_H,test,condition A

MCO2,NEDC_H,test,condition B

MCO2,NEDC_H,test,weighted

2.1.2.2. Electric energy consumption for OVC-HEV

Electric energy consumption (Wh/km)

Combined

ECNEDC_H,test,condition A

ECNEDC_H,test,condition B

ECNEDC_H,test,weighted

';

(iv) point 2.2.1. is replaced by the following:

'2.2.1. CO2 mass emissions (for each reference fuel tested) for pure ICE and NOVC-HEV

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Urban

Extra Urban

Combined

MCO2,NEDC_L,test

';

(v) the following points 2.2.2., 2.2.2.1. and 2.2.2.2. are inserted:

'2.2.2. OVC test results

2.2.2.1. CO2 mass emissions for OVC-HEV

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Combined

MCO2,NEDC_L,test,condition A

MCO2,NEDC_L,test,condition B

MCO2,NEDC_L,test,weighted

2.2.2.2. Electric energy consumption for OVC-HEV

Electric energy consumption (Wh/km)

Combined

ECNEDC_L,test,condition A

ECNEDC_L,test,condition B

ECNEDC_L,test,weighted

';

(vi) point 3 is replaced by the following:

'3. Deviation and verification factors (determined in accordance with point 3.2.8 of Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 and (EU) 2017/1153).

Deviation factor (if applicable)

Verification factor (if applicable)

‘1’ or ‘0’

Hash identifier code of the complete correlation file (point 3.1.1.2 of Annex I to Implementing Regulations (EU) 2017/1152 and (EU) 2017/1153

';

       

(vii) the following points 4. to 4.2.3. are inserted:

'4. Final NEDC CO2 and fuel consumption values

4.1. Final NEDC values (for each reference fuel tested) for pure ICE and NOVC-HEV

Urban

Extra Urban

Combined

CO2 Emission (g/km)

MCO2,NEDC_L, final

MCO2,NEDC_H, final

Fuel Consumption (l/100km)

FCNEDC_L, final

FCNEDC_H, final

4.2. final NEDC values (for each reference fuel tested) for OVC-HEV

4.2.1. CO2 Emission (g/km): see points 2.1.2.1. and 2.2.2.1. (point 2.3.2.1. if VM)

4.2.2. Electric energy consumption (Wh/km): see points 2.1.2.2. and 2.2.2.2. (point 2.3.2.2. if VM)

4.2.3. Fuel consumption (l/100 km)

Fuel consumption

(l/100 km)

Combined

FCNEDC_L,test,condition A

FCNEDC_L,test,condition B

FCNEDC_L,test,weighted

';



(26) Appendix 6 is amended as follows:

(a) Table 1 is amended as follows:

(i) the following is inserted after the line with the character AG:

'

CG

Euro 6d-TEMP-ISC

Euro 6-2

M, N1 class I

PI, CI

1.1.2019

1.9.2019

31.12.2020

';

(b) after table 1, the following text is inserted after the key regarding EURO 6d-TEMP:

'Euro 6d-TEMP-ISC emissions standard = RDE testing against temporary conformity factors, full Euro 6 tailpipe emission requirements (including PN RDE) and new ISC procedure;';

(c) after table 1, the text :

‘Euro 6d-TEMP-EVAP’ emissions standard = RDE NOx testing against temporary conformity factors, otherwise full Euro 6 tailpipe emission requirements (including PN RDE), revised evaporative emissions test procedure;

Euro 6d’ emissions standard = RDE testing against final conformity factors, otherwise full Euro 6 tailpipe emission requirements, revised evaporative emissions test procedure.'

is replaced by the following:

'‘Euro 6d-TEMP-EVAP’ emissions standard = RDE NOx testing against temporary conformity factors, otherwise full Euro 6 tailpipe emission requirements (including PN RDE), revised evaporative emissions test procedure and new ISC procedure;

Euro 6d’ emissions standard = RDE testing against final conformity factors, full Euro 6 tailpipe emission requirements, revised evaporative emissions test procedure, devices for monitoring the consumption of fuel and/or electric energy and new ISC procedure.';



 (27)     Appendices 8a to 8c are replaced by the following:

'Appendix 8a

Test Reports

A Test Report is the report issued by the technical service responsible for conducting the tests according this regulation.

Part I

The following information, if applicable, is the minimum data required for the Type 1 test.

REPORT number

APPLICANT

Manufacturer

SUBJECT

Roadload family identifier(s)

:

Interpolation family identifier(s)

:

Object submitted to tests

Make

:

IP identifier

:

CONCLUSION

The object submitted to tests complies with the requirements mentioned in the subject.

place,

DD/MM/YYYY

 

General notes:

(1)

If there are several options (references), the one tested should be described in the test report

If there are not, a single reference to the information document at the start of the test report may be sufficient.

Every Technical Service is free to include some additional information

(a) Specific to positive ignition engine

(b) Specific to compression ignition engine



1. DESCRIPTION of TESTED VEHICLE(s): HIGH, LOW and M (if Applicable)

1.1. GENERAL

Vehicle numbers

:

Prototype number and VIN

Category

:

Bodywork

:

Drive wheels

:

 

1.1.1. Powertrain Architecture

Powertrain architecture

:

pure ICE, hybrid, electric or fuel cell

1.1.2. INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE (if applicable)

For more than one ICE, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Working principle

:

two/four stroke

Cylinders number and arrangement

:

 

Engine capacity (cm3)

:

 

Engine idling speed (min-1)

:

+

-

High engine idling speed (min-1) (a)

:

+

-

Rated engine power

:

kW

at

rpm

Maximum net torque

:

Nm

at

rpm

Engine lubricant

:

make and type

Cooling system

:

Type: air/water/oil

Insulation

:

material, amount, location, volume and weight

1.1.3. TEST FUEL for Type 1 test (if applicable)

For more than one test fuel, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Petrol E10 - Diesel B7 – LPG – NG - …

Density at 15°C

:

Sulphur content

:

Only for Diesel B7 and Petrol E10

:

Batch number

:

Willans factors (for ICE) for CO2 emission (gCO2/MJ)

:



1.1.4. FUEL FEED SYSTEM (if applicable)

For more than one fuel feed system, please repeat the point

Direct injection

:

yes/no or description

Vehicle fuel type

:

Monofuel / bifuel / flex fuel

Control unit

Part reference

:

same as information document

Software tested

:

read via scantool, for example

Air flowmeter

:

Throttle body

:

Pressure sensor

:

Injection pump

:

Injector(s)

:

1.1.5. INTAKE SYSTEM (if applicable)

For more than one intake system, please repeat the point

Pressure charger

:

Yes/no

make & type (1)

Intercooler

:

yes/no

type (air/air – air/water) (1)

Air filter (element) (1)

:

make & type

Intake silencer (1)

:

make & type

1.1.6. EXHAUST SYSTEM AND ANTI-EVAPORATIVE SYSTEM (if applicable)

For more than one, please repeat the point

First catalytic converter

:

make & reference (1)

principle: three way / oxidising / NOx trap / NOx storage system / Selective Catalyst Reduction…

Second catalytic converter

:

make & reference (1)

principle: three way / oxidising / NOx trap / NOx storage system / Selective Catalyst Reduction…

Particulate trap

:

with/without/not applicable

catalysed: yes/no

make & reference (1)

Reference and position of oxygen sensor(s)

:

before catalyst / after catalyst

Air injection

:

with/without/not applicable

Water injection

:

with/without/not applicable

EGR

:

with/without/not applicable

cooled/non-cooled

HP/LP

Evaporative emission control system

:

with/without/not applicable

Reference and position of NOx sensor(s)

:

Before/ after 

General description (1)

:

1.1.7. Heat storage device (if applicable)

For more than one Heat Storage System, please repeat the point

Heat storage device

:

yes/no

Heat capacity (enthalpy stored J)

   

:

Time for heat release (s)

:

1.1.8. TRANSMISSION (if applicable)

For more than one Transmission, please repeat the point

Gearbox

:

manual / automatic / continuous variation

Gear shifting procedure

Predominant mode

:

yes/no

normal / drive / eco/…

Best case mode for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption (if applicable)

:

Worst case mode for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption (if applicable)

:

Control unit

:

Gearbox lubricant

:

make and type

Tyres

Make

:

Type

:

Dimensions front/rear

:

Circumference (m)

:

Tyre pressure (kPa)

:

Transmission ratios (R.T.), primary ratios (R.P.) and (vehicle speed (km/h)) / (engine speed (1000 (min-1)) (V1000) for each of the gearbox ratios (R.B.).

R.B.

R.P.

R.T.

V1000

1st

1/1

2nd

1/1

3rd

1/1

4th

1/1

5th

1/1

1.1.9. ELECTRIC MACHINE (if applicable)

For more than one Electric Machine, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Peak Power

:

1.1.10. TRACTION REESS (if applicable)

For more than one Traction REESS, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Capacity

:

Nominal Voltage

:

1.1.11. FUEL CELL (if applicable)

For more than one Fuel Cell, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Maximum Power

:

Nominal Voltage

:

1.1.12. POWER ELECTRONICS (if applicable)

Can be more than one PE (propulsion converter, low voltage system or charger)

Make

:

Type

:

Power

:

1.2. VEHICLE HIGH Description (type 1)

1.2.1. MASS

Test mass of VH (kg)

:

1.2.2. Road load parameters

f0 (N)

:

f1 (N/(km/h))

:

f2 (N/(km/h)²)

:

Cycle energy demand (J)

:

Road load test report reference

:

Road load family’s identifier

:

1.2.3. Cycle Selection parameters

Cycle (without downscaling)

:

Class 1 / 2 / 3a / 3b

Ratio of rated power to mass in running order (PMR)(W/kg)

:

(if applicable)

Capped speed process used during measurement

:

yes/no

Maximum speed of the vehicle

:

Downscaling (if applicable)

:

yes/no

Downscaling factor fdsc

:

Cycle distance (m)

:

Constant speed (in the case of the shortened test procedure)

:

if applicable

1.2.4. Gear shift point (if applicable)

Gear shifting

:

Average gear for v ≥ 1 km/h, rounded to four places of decimal

nmin drive(rpm)

1st gear

:

…min-1

1st gear to 2nd

:

…min-1

2nd gear to standstill

:

…min-1

2nd gear

:

…min-1

3rd gear and beyond

:

…min-1

Gear 1 excluded

:

yes/no

n_95_high for each gear

:

…min-1

n_min_drive_set for acceleration/constant speed phases (n_min_drive_up)

:

…min-1

n_min_drive_set for deceleration phases (nmin_drive_down)

:

…min-1

t_start_phase

:

…s

n_min_drive_start

:

…min-1

N_min_drive_up_start

:

…min-1

use of ASM

:

yes/no

ASM values

:

1.3. VEHICLE LOW description (if APPlicable)

1.3.1. MASS

Test mass of VL(kg)

:

1.3.2. Road load parameters

f0 (N)

:

f1 (N/(km/h))

:

f2 (N/(km/h)²)

:

Cycle energy demand (J)

:

Δ(CD×Af)LH

:

Road load test report reference

:

1.3.3. Cycle Selection parameters

Cycle (without downscaling)

:

Class 1 / 2 / 3a / 3b

Ratio of rated power to mass in running order (PMR)(W/kg)

:

(if applicable)

Capped speed process used during measurement

:

yes/no

Maximum speed of the vehicle

:

Downscaling (if applicable)

:

yes/no

Downscaling factor fdsc

:

Cycle distance (m)

:

Constant speed (in the case of the shortened test procedure)

:

if applicable

1.3.4. Gear shift point (if applicable)

Gear shifting

:

Average gear for v ≥ 1 km/h, rounded to four places of decimal

1.4. VEHICLE M description (if APPlicable)

1.4.1. MASS

Test mass of VL(kg)

:

1.4.2. Road load parameters

f0 (N)

:

f1 (N/(km/h))

:

f2 (N/(km/h)²)

:

Cycle energy demand (J)

:

Δ(CD×Af)LH

:

1.4.3. Cycle Selection parameters

Cycle (without downscaling)

:

Class 1 / 2 / 3a / 3b

Ratio of rated power to mass in running order (PMR)(W/kg)

:

(if applicable)

Capped speed process used during measurement

:

yes/no

Maximum speed of the vehicle

:

Downscaling (if applicable)

:

yes/no

Downscaling factor fdsc

:

Cycle distance (m)

:

Constant speed (in the case of the shortened test procedure)

:

if applicable

1.4.4. Gear shift point (if applicable)

Gear shifting

:

Average gear for v ≥ 1 km/h, rounded to four places of decimal

2.    TEST RESULTS

 

2.1.    TYPE 1 TEST

Method of chassis dyno setting

:

Fixed run / iterative / alternative with its own warmup cycle

Dynamometer in 2WD/4WD operation

:

2WD/4WD

For 2WD operation, was the non-powered axle rotating

:

yes/no/not applicable

Dynamometer operation mode

.

yes/no

Coastdown mode

:

yes/no

Additional preconditioning

:

yes/no

description

Deterioration factors

:

assigned / tested

2.1.1. Vehicle high

Date of tests

:

(day/month/year)

Place of the test

:

Chassis dyno, location, country

Height of the lower edge above ground of cooling fan (cm)

:

Lateral position of fan centre (if modified as request by the manufacturer)

:

in the vehicle centre-line/…

Distance from the front of the vehicle (cm)

:

IWR: Inertial Work Rating (%)

:

x,x

RMSSE: Root Mean Squared Speed Error (km/h)

:

x,xx

Description of the accepted deviation of the driving cycle

:

PEV before break off criteria

or

Fully operated acceleration pedal

2.1.1.1. Pollutant emissions (if applicable)

2.1.1.1.1. Pollutant emissions of vehicles with at least one combustion engine, of NOVC-HEVs and of OVC-HEVs in case of a charge-sustaining Type 1 test

For each operating mode tested the points below shall be repeated (predominant mode or best case mode and worst case, mode if applicable)

Test 1 

Pollutants

CO

THC (a)

NMHC (a)

NOx

THC+NOx (b)

Particulate Matter

Particle Number

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(#.1011/km)

Measured values

Regeneration factors (Ki)(2)

Additive

Regeneration factors (Ki)(2)

Multiplicative

Deterioration factors (DF) additive

Deterioration factors (DF) multiplicative

Final values

Limit values

(2) See Ki family report(s)

:

Type 1/I performed for Ki determination

:

Annex XXI, Sub-Annex 4 or UN/ECE Regulation No 83 2

Regeneration family’s identifier

:

Test 2 if applicable: for CO2 reason (dCO21) / for pollutants reason (90% of the limits) / for both

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 if applicable: for CO2 reason (dCO22)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

2.1.1.1.2. Pollutant emissions of OVC-HEVs in case of a charge-depleting Type 1 test

Test 1 

Pollutant emission limits have to be fulfilled and the following point has to be repeated for each driven test cycle.

Pollutants

CO

THC (a)

NMHC (a)

NOx

THC+NOx (b)

Particulate Matter

Particle Number

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(#.1011/km)

Measured single cycle values

Limit single cycle values

Test 2 (if applicable): for CO2 reason (dCO21) / for pollutants reason (90% of the limits) / for both

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable): for CO2 reason (dCO22)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

2.1.1.1.3. UF-weighted pollutant emissions of OVC-HEVs

Pollutants

CO

THC (a)

NMHC (a)

NOx

THC+NOx (b)

Particulate Matter

Particle Number

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(#.1011/km)

Calculated values

2.1.1.2. CO2 emission (if applicable)

 

2.1.1.2.1. CO2 emission of vehicles with at least one combustion engine, of NOVC-HEV and of OVC-HEV in the case of a charge-sustaining Type 1 test

For each operating mode tested the points below have to be repeated (predominant mode or best case mode and worst case, mode if applicable)

Test 1

CO2 emission

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Measured value MCO2,p,1

-

Speed and distance corrected value MCO2,p,1b / MCO2,c,2

RCB correction coefficient: (5)

MCO2,p,3 / MCO2,c,3

Regeneration factors (Ki)

Additive

Regeneration factors (Ki)

Multiplicative

MCO2,c,4

-

AFKi= MCO2,c,3 / MCO2,c,4

-

MCO2,p,4 / MCO2,c,4

-

ATCT correction (FCF) (4)

Temporary values MCO2,p,5 / MCO2,c,5

Declared value

-

-

-

-

dCO21 * declared value

-

-

-

-

(4) FCF: family correction factor for correcting for representative regional temperature conditions (ATCT)

See FCF family report(s)

:

ATCT family’s identifier

:

(5) correction as referred to in Sub-Annex 6 Appendix 2 of Annex XXI of Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 for pure ICE vehicles, KCO2 for HEVs

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Conclusion

CO2 emission (g/km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Averaging MCO2,p,6/ MCO2,c,6

Alignment MCO2,p,7 / MCO2,c,7

Final values MCO2,p,H / MCO2,c,H

Information for Conformity of Production for OVC-HEV

Combined

CO2 emission (g/km)

MCO2,CS,COP

AFCO2,CS

2.1.1.2.2. CO2 mass emission of OVC-HEVs in case of a charge-depleting Type 1 test

Test 1:

CO2 mass emission (g/km)

Combined

Calculated value MCO2,CD

Declared value

dCO21

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Conclusion

CO2 mass emission (g/km)

Combined

Averaging MCO2,CD

Final value MCO2,CD

2.1.1.2.4. UF-weighted CO2 mass emission of OVC-HEVs

CO2 mass emission (g/km)

Combined

Calculated value MCO2,weighted

2.1.1.3 Fuel consumption (if applicable)

2.1.1.3.1. Fuel consumption of vehicles with only a combustion engine, of NOVC-HEVs and of OVC-HEVs in case of a charge-sustaining Type 1 test

For each operating modes tested the points below has to be repeated (predominant mode or best case mode and worst case, mode if applicable)

Fuel consumption (l/100 km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Final values FCp,H / FCc,H (6)

(6) Calculated from aligned CO2 values

A-On-board Fuel and/or Energy Consumption Monitoring for vehicles referred to in Article 4a 

a.Data accessibility

The parameters listed in point 3 of Annex XXII are accessible: yes/not applicable

b.Accuracy (if applicable)

Fuel_ConsumedWLTP (litres) (8)

Vehicle HIGH - Test 1

x,xxx

Vehicle HIGH - Test 2 (if applicable)

x,xxx

Vehicle HIGH - Test 3 (if applicable)

x,xxx

Vehicle LOW - Test 1 (if applicable)

x,xxx

Vehicle LOW Test 2 (if applicable)

x,xxx

Vehicle LOW - Test 3 (if applicable)

x,xxx

Total

x,xxx

Fuel_ConsumedOBFCM (litres) (8)

Vehicle HIGH - Test 1

x,xx

Vehicle HIGH - Test 2 (if applicable)

x,xx

Vehicle HIGH - Test 3 (if applicable)

x,xx

Vehicle LOW - Test 1 (if applicable)

x,xx

Vehicle LOW Test 2 (if applicable)

x,xx

Vehicle LOW - Test 3 (if applicable)

x,xx

Total

x,xx

Accuracy (8)

x,xxx

(8) in accordance with Annex XXII

2.1.1.3.2. Fuel consumption of OVC-HEVs in case of a charge-depleting Type 1 test

Test 1:

Fuel consumption (l/100 km)

Combined

Calculated value FCCD

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Conclusion

Fuel consumption (l/100km)

Combined

Averaging FCCD

Final value FCCD

2.1.1.3.3. UF-Weighted Fuel consumption of OVC-HEVs

Fuel consumption (l/100 km)

Combined

Calculated value FCweighted

2.1.1.3.4. Fuel consumption of vehicles of NOVC-FCHVs in case of a charge-sustaining Type 1 test

For each operating modes tested the points below has to be repeated (predominant mode or best case mode and worst case, mode if applicable)

Fuel consumption (kg/100 km)

Combined

Measured values

RCB correction coefficient

Final values FCc

2.1.1.4.    Ranges (If applicable)

2.1.1.4.1.    Ranges for OVC-HEVs (if applicable)

2.1.1.4.1.1. All electric range

Test 1

AER (km)

City

Combined

Measured/Calculated values AER

Declared value

-

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Conclusion

AER (km)

City

Combined

Averaging AER (if applicable)

Final values AER

2.1.1.4.1.2. Equivalent All electric Range

EAER (km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

City

Combined

Final values EAER

   

2.1.1.4.1.3. Actual Charge-Depleting Range

RCDA (km)

Combined

Final value RCDA

2.1.1.4.1.4. Charge-Depleting Cycle Range

Test 1

RCDC (km)

Combined

Final value RCDC

Index Number of the transition cycle

REEC of confirmation-cycle (%)

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

2.1.1.4.2. Ranges for PEVs - Pure electric range (if applicable)

Test 1

PER (km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

City

Combined

Calculated values PER

Declared value

-

-

-

-

-

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Conclusion

PER (km)

City

Combined

Averaging PER

Final values PER

2.1.1.5.    ELECTRIC consumption (if applicable)

2.1.1.5.1.    Electric consumption of OVC-HEVs (if applicable)

2.1.1.5.1.1.    Electric consumption (EC)

EC (Wh/km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

City

Combined

Final values EC

2.1.1.5.1.2.    UF-weighted charge-depleting electric consumption

Test 1

ECAC,CD (Wh/km)

Combined

Calculated value ECAC,CD

ECDC,CD,COP

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Conclusion (if applicable)

ECAC,CD (Wh/km)

Combined

Averaging ECAC,CD

Final value

Information for COP

Combined

Electric consumption (Wh/km) ECDC,CD,COP

AFEC

2.1.1.5.1.3.    UF-weighted electric consumption

Test 1

ECAC,weighted (Wh)

Combined

Calculated value ECAC,weighted

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Conclusion (if applicable)

ECAC,weighted (Wh/km)

Combined

Averaging ECAC,weighted

Final value

2.1.1.5.2.    Electric consumption of PEVs (if applicable)

Test 1

EC (Wh/km)

City

Combined

Calculated values EC

Declared value

-

Test 2 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

Test 3 (if applicable)

Record test results in accordance with the table of Test 1

EC (Wh/km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

City

Combined

Averaging EC

Final values EC

Information for COP

Combined

Electric Consumption (Wh/km) ECDC,CD,COP

AFEC

2.1.2. Vehicle LOW (if APPLICABLE)

Repeat § 2.1.1.

2.1.3. Vehicle M (if APPLICABLE)

Repeat § 2.1.1.

2.1.4. FINAL Criteria EMissions values (if applicable)

Pollutants

CO

THC (a)

NMHC (a)

NOx

THC+NOx (b)

PM

PN

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(#.1011/km)

Highest values(3) 

(3) for each pollutant within all test results of VH, VL (if applicable) and VM (if applicable)

2.2. TYPE 2 (a) TEST

Included the emissions data required for roadworthiness testing

Test

CO ( % vol)

Lambda(x)

Engine speed (min-1)

Oil temperature (°C)

Idle

-

High idle

(x) Delete where not applicable (there are cases where nothing needs to be deleted when more than one entry is applicable)

2.3. TYPE 3 (a) TEST

Emission of crankcase gases into the atmosphere: none

2.4. TYPE 4 (a) TEST

Family’s identifier

:

See report(s)

:

2.5. TYPE 5 TEST

Family’s identifier

:

See durability family report(s)

:

Type 1/I cycle for criteria emissions testing

:

Annex XXI, Sub-Annex 4 or UN/ECE Regulation No 83 3

2.6. RDE TEST

RDE family number

:

MSxxxx

See family report(s)

:

2.7. TYPE 6 (a) TEST

Family’s identifier

Date of tests

:

(day/month/year)

Place of tests

:

Method of setting of the chassis dyno

:

coast down (road load reference)

Inertia mass (kg)

:

If deviation from the vehicle of Type 1 test

:

Tyres

:

Make

:

Type

:

Dimensions front/rear

:

Circumference (m)

:

Tyre pressure (kPa)

:

Pollutants

CO

(g/km)

HC

(g/km)

Test

1

2

3

Average

Limit

2.8. ON BOARD DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM

Family’s identifier

:

See family report(s)

:

2.9. SMOKE OPACITY (b) TEST

2.9.1. STEADY SPEEDS TEST

See family report(s)

:

2.9.2. FREE ACCELERATION TEST

Measured absorption value (m-1)

:

Corrected absorption value (m-1)

:

2.10. ENGINE POWER

See family report(s)

:

2.11. TEMPERATURE INFORMATION related to VEHICLE HIGH (VH)

Worst case approach vehicle cool down

:

yes/no (7)

ATCT family composed of a single Interpolation family

:

yes/no (7)

Engine coolant temperature at the end of soaking time (°C)

:

Average soak area temperature over the 3 last hours (°C)

:

Difference between engine coolant end temperature and average soak area temperature of the last 3 hours ∆T_ATCT (°C)

:

The minimum soaking time tsoak_ATCT (s)

:

Location of temperature sensor

:

Measured engine temperature

:

oil/coolant

(7) if “yes” then the six last lines are not applicable

Annexes to the test report (not applicable ATCT test and PEV),

1. By electronic format, all the input data for the correlation tool, listed in point 2.4 of Annex I to Regulations (EU) 2017/1152 and (EU) 2017/1153 (Correlation Regulations).

Reference of input file: …

2. Complete correlation file referred to in point 3.1.1.2. of Annex I to Implementing Regulations (EU) 2017/1152 and (EU) 2017/1153:

3. Pure ICE and NOVC-HEV

Results NEDC Correlation

vehicle High

vehicle Low

NEDC CO2 declared value

xxx.xx

xxx.xx

CO2-result CO2MPAS (including Ki)

xxx.xx

xxx.xx

CO2-result double-test or dice-test (including Ki)

xxx.xx

xxx.xx

Hash number

Dice decision

Deviation factor (value or not applicable)

Verification factor (0/1/not applicable)

Declared value confirmed by (CO2MPAS / double-test)

CO2-result CO2MPAS (excluding Ki)

urban

extra urban

combined

Physical measurement results

Date of test (s)

Test 1

dd/mm/yyyy

dd/mm/yyyy

Test 2

Test 3

CO2 emissions combined

Test 1

urban

xxx.xxx

xxx.xxx

extra urban

xxx.xxx

xxx.xxx

combined

xxx.xxx

xxx.xxx

Test 2

urban

extra urban

combined

Test 3

urban

extra urban

combined

Ki CO2

1,xxxx

CO2 emissions combined including Ki

Average

combined

Comparison with the declared value (declared-average)/declared %

Road Load values for testing

f0 (N)

x,x

x,x

f1 (N/(km/h))

x,xxx

x,xxx

f2 (N/(km/h)²)

x,xxxxx

x,xxxxx

inertia class (kg)

Final results

NEDC CO2 [g/km]

urban

xxx.xx

xxx.xx

extra urban

xxx.xx

xxx.xx

combined

xxx.xx

xxx.xx

NEDC FC [l/100km]

urban

x.xxx

x.xxx

extra urban

x.xxx

x.xxx

combined

x.xxx

x.xxx

4. OVC test results

4.1. Vehicle High

4.1.1. CO2 mass emissions for OVC-HEV

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Combined

(including Ki)

Ki CO2

1,xxxx

MCO2,NEDC_H,test,condition A

MCO2,NEDC_H,test,condition B

MCO2,NEDC_H,test,weighted

4.1.2. Electric energy consumption for OVC-HEV

Electric energy consumption (Wh/km)

Combined

ECNEDC_H,test,condition A

ECNEDC_H,test,condition B

ECNEDC_H,test,weighted

4.1.3. Fuel consumption (l/100 km)

Fuel consumption

(l/100 km)

Combined

FCNEDC_L,test,condition A

FCNEDC_L,test,condition B

FCNEDC_L,test,weighted

4.2. Vehicle Low (if applicable)

4.2.1. CO2 mass emissions for OVC-HEV

CO2 Emission (g/km)

Combined

(including Ki)

Ki CO2

1,xxxx

MCO2,NEDC_L,test,condition A

MCO2,NEDC_L,test,condition B

MCO2,NEDC_L,test,weighted

4.2.2. Electric energy consumption for OVC-HEV

Electric energy consumption (Wh/km)

Combined

ECNEDC_L,test,condition A

ECNEDC_L,test,condition B

ECNEDC_L,test,weighted

4.2.3. Fuel consumption (l/100 km)

Fuel consumption

(l/100 km)

Combined

FCNEDC_L,test,condition A

FCNEDC_L,test,condition B

FCNEDC_L,test,weighted

Part II

The following information, if applicable, is the minimum data required for the ATCT test.

REPORT number

APPLICANT

Manufacturer

SUBJECT

Roadload family identifier(s)

:

Interpolation family identifier(s)

:

Object submitted to tests

Make

:

IP identifier

:

CONCLUSION

The object submitted to tests complies with the requirements mentioned in the subject.

place,

DD/MM/YYYY

General notes:

(1)

If there are several options (references), the one tested should be described in the test report

If there are not, a single reference to the information document at the start of the test report may be sufficient.

Every Technical Service is free to include some additional information

(a) Specific to positive ignition engine

(b) Specific to compression ignition engine



1. DESCRIPTION of TESTED VEHICLE(s): HIGH, LOW and M (if Applicable)

1.1. GENERAL

Vehicle numbers

:

Prototype number and VIN

Category

:

Number of seats including the driver

:

Bodywork

:

Drive wheels

:

 

1.1.1. Powertrain Architecture

Powertrain architecture

:

pure ICE, hybrid, electric or fuel cell

1.1.2. INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE (if applicable)

For more than one ICE, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Working principle

:

two/four stroke

Cylinders number and arrangement

:

Engine capacity (cm3)

:

 

Engine idling speed (min-1)

:

±

High engine idling speed (min-1) (a)

:

±

Rated engine power

:

kW

At

rpm

Maximum net torque

:

Nm

At

rpm

Engine lubricant

:

make and type

Cooling system

:

Type: air/water/oil

Insulation

:

material, amount, location, volume and weight

1.1.3. TEST FUEL for type 1 test (if applicable)

For more than one test fuel, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Petrol E10 - Diesel B7 – LPG – NG - …

Density at 15°C

:

Sulphur content

:

Only for Diesel B7 and Petrol E10

Annex IX

:

Batch number

:

Willans factors (for ICE) for CO2 emission (gCO2/MJ)

:



1.1.4. FUEL FEED SYSTEM (if applicable)

For more than one fuel feed system, please repeat the point

Direct injection

:

yes/no or description

Vehicle fuel type

:

Monofuel / bifuel / flex fuel

Control unit

Part reference

:

same as information document

Software tested

:

read via scantool, for example

Air flowmeter

:

Throttle body

:

Pressure sensor

:

Injection pump

:

Injector(s)

:

1.1.5. INTAKE SYSTEM (if applicable)

For more than one intake system, please repeat the point

Pressure charger

:

Yes/no

make & type (1)

Intercooler

:

yes/no

type (air/air – air/water) (1)

Air filter (element) (1)

:

make & type

Intake silencer (1)

:

make & type

1.1.6. EXHAUST SYSTEM AND ANTI-EVAPORATIVE SYSTEM (if applicable)

For more than one, please repeat the point

First catalytic converter

:

make & reference (1)

principle: three way / oxidising / NOx trap / Nox storage system / Selective Catalyst Reduction…

Second catalytic converter

:

make & reference (1)

principle: three way / oxidising / NOx trap / Nox storage system / Selective Catalyst Reduction…

Particulate trap

:

with/without/not applicable

catalysed: yes/no

make & reference (1)

Reference and position of oxygen sensor(s)

:

before catalyst / after catalyst

Air injection

:

with/without/not applicable

EGR

:

with/without/not applicable

cooled/non-cooled

HP/LP

Evaporative emission control system

:

with/without/not applicable

Reference and position of NOx sensor(s)

:

Before/ after 

General description (1)

:

1.1.7. Heat storage device (if applicable)

For more than one Heat Storage System, please repeat the point

Heat storage device

:

yes/no

Heat capacity (enthalpy stored J)

   

:

Time for heat release (s)

:

1.1.8. TRANSMISSION (if applicable)

For more than one Transmission, please repeat the point

Gearbox

:

manual / automatic / continuous variation

Gear shifting procedure

Predominant mode

:

yes/no

normal / drive / eco/…

Best case mode for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption (if applicable)

:

Worst case mode for CO2 emissions and fuel consumption (if applicable)

:

Control unit

:

Gearbox lubricant

:

make and type

Tyres

Make

:

Type

:

Dimensions front/rear

:

Circumference (m)

:

Tyre pressure (kPa)

:

Transmission ratios (R.T.), primary ratios (R.P.) and (vehicle speed (km/h)) / (engine speed (1000 (min-1)) (V1000) for each of the gearbox ratios (R.B.).

R.B.

R.P.

R.T.

V1000

1st

1/1

2nd

1/1

3rd

1/1

4th

1/1

5th

1/1

1.1.9. ELECTRIC MACHINE (if applicable)

For more than one electric machine, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Peak Power

:

1.1.10. TRACTION REESS (if applicable)

For more than one traction REESS, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Capacity

:

Nominal Voltage

:

1.1.11. POWER ELECTRONICS (if applicable)

Can be more than one PE (propulsion converter, low voltage system or charger)

Make

:

Type

:

Power

:

1.2. VEHICLE descripTion

1.2.1. MASS

Test mass of VH (kg)

:

1.2.2. Road load parameters

f0 (N)

:

f1 (N/(km/h))

:

f2 (N/(km/h)²)

:

f2_TReg (N/(km/h)²)

:

Cycle energy demand (J)

:

Road load test report reference

:

Road load family’s identifier

:

1.2.3. Cycle Selection parameters

Cycle (without downscaling)

:

Class 1 / 2 / 3a / 3b

Ratio of rated power to mass in running order (PMR)(W/kg)

:

(if applicable)

Capped speed process used during measurement

:

yes/no

Maximum speed of the vehicle

:

Downscaling (if applicable)

:

yes/no

Downscaling factor fdsc

:

Cycle distance (m)

:

Constant speed (in the case of the shortened test procedure)

:

if applicable

1.2.4. Gear shift point (if applicable)

Gear shifting

:

Average gear for v ≥ 1 km/h, rounded to four places of decimal

nmin drive(rpm)

1st gear

:

…min-1

1st gear to 2nd

:

…min-1

2nd gear to standstill

:

…min-1

2nd gear

:

…min-1

3rd gear and beyond

:

…min-1

Gear 1 excluded

:

yes/no

n_95_high for each gear

:

…min-1

n_min_drive_set for acceleration/constant speed phases (n_min_drive_up)

:

…min-1

n_min_drive_set for deceleration phases (nmin_drive_down)

:

…min-1

t_start_phase

:

…s

n_min_drive_start

:

…min-1

n_min_drive_up_start

:

…min-1

use of ASM

:

yes/no

ASM values

:

2.    TEST RESULTS

Method of chassis dyno setting

:

Fixed run / iterative / alternative with its own warmup cycle

Dynamometer in 2WD/4WD operation

:

2WD/4WD

For 2WD operation, was the non-powered axle rotating

:

yes/no/not applicable

Dynamometer operation mode

yes/no

Coastdown mode

:

yes/no

2.1    test at 14°C  Date of tests

:

(day/month/year)

Place of the test

:

Height of the lower edge above ground of cooling fan (cm)

:

Lateral position of fan centre (if modified as request by the manufacturer)

:

in the vehicle centre-line/…

Distance from the front of the vehicle (cm)

:

IWR: Inertial Work Rating (%)

:

x,x

RMSSE: Root Mean Squared Speed Error (km/h)

:

x,xx

Description of the accepted deviation of the driving cycle

:

PEV before break off criteria

or

Fully operated acceleration pedal

2.1.1. Pollutant emissions of vehicle with at least one combustion engine, of NOVC-HEVs and of OVC-HEVs in case of a charge-sustaining 

 

Pollutants

CO

THC (a)

NMHC (a)

NOx

THC+NOx (b)

Particulate Matter

Particle Number

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(#.1011/km)

Measured values

Limit values

2.1.2. CO2 emission of vehicle with at least one combustion engine, of NOVC-HEV and of OVC-HEV in case of a charge-sustaining tests

IWR: Inertial Work Rating (%)

:

x,x

RMSSE: Root Mean Squared Speed Error (km/h)

:

x,xx

Description of the accepted deviation of the driving cycle

:

Fully operated acceleration pedal

CO2 emission (g/km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Measured value MCO2,p,1 

-

Measured Speed and distance corrected value MCO2,p,1b / MCO2,c,2

RCB correction coefficient (2)

MCO2,p,3 / MCO2,c,3

(2) correction as referred to in Sub-Annex 6 Appendix 2 of Annex XXI of this Regulation for ICE vehicles, KCO2 for HEVs

2.2    test at 23°C

Provide information or refer to type 1 test report

Date of tests

:

(day/month/year)

Place of the test

:

Height of the lower edge above ground of cooling fan (cm)

:

Lateral position of fan centre (if modified as request by the manufacturer)

:

in the vehicle centre-line/…

Distance from the front of the vehicle (cm)

:

IWR: Inertial Work Rating (%)

:

x,x

RMSSE: Root Mean Squared Speed Error (km/h)

:

x,xx

Description of the accepted deviation of the driving cycle

:

PEV before break off criteria

or

Fully operated acceleration pedal

2.2.1. Pollutant emissions of vehicle with at least one combustion engine, of NOVC-HEVs and of OVC-HEVs in case of a charge-sustaining 

Pollutants

CO

THC (a)

NMHC (a)

NOx

THC+NOx (b)

Particulate Matter

Particle Number

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(mg/km)

(#.1011/km)

Final values

Limit values

2.2.2. CO2 emission of vehicle with at least one combustion engine, of NOVC-HEV and of OVC-HEV in case of a charge-sustaining tests

IWR: Inertial Work Rating (%)

:

x,x

RMSSE: Root Mean Squared Speed Error (km/h)

:

x,xx

Description of the accepted deviation of the driving cycle

:

PEV before break off criteria

or

Fully operated acceleration pedal

CO2 emission (g/km)

Low

Medium

High

Extra High

Combined

Measured value MCO2,p,1 

-

Measured Speed and distance corrected value MCO2,p,1b / MCO2,c,2

RCB correction coefficient (2)

MCO2,p,3 / MCO2,c,3

(2) correction as referred to in Sub-Annex 6 Appendix 2 of Annex XXI of this Regulation for ICE vehicles, KCO2 for HEVs

2.3    Conclusion

CO2 emission (g/km)

Combined

ATCT (14°C) MCO2,Treg

Type 1 (23°C) MCO2,23°

Family correction factor (FCF)

2.4. TEMPERATURE INFORMATION of the reference Vehicle after 23°C test

Worst case approach vehicle cool down

:

yes/no (3)

ATCT family composed of a single Interpolation family

:

yes/no (3)

Engine coolant temperature at the end of soaking time (°C)

:

Average soak area temperature over the 3 last hours (°C)

:

Difference between engine coolant end temperature and average soak area temperature of the last 3 hours ∆T_ATCT (°C)

:

The minimum soaking time tsoak_ATCT (s)

:

Location of temperature sensor

:

Measured engine temperature

:

oil/coolant

(3) if “yes” then the six last lines are not applicable

Appendix 8b

Road Load Test Report

The following information, if applicable, is the minimum data required for the road load determination test.

REPORT number

APPLICANT

Manufacturer

SUBJECT

Determination of a vehicle road load /…

Roadload family identifier

:

Object submitted to tests

Make

:

Type

:

CONCLUSION

The object submitted to tests complies with the requirements mentioned in the subject.

place,

DD/MM/YYYY

1. CONCERNED VEHICLE(s)

Make(s) concerned

:

Type(s) concerned

:

Commercial description

:

Maximal speed (km/h)

:

Powered axle(s)

:

2. DESCRIPTION of TESTED VEHICLEs

If no interpolation: the worst-case vehicle (regarding energy demand) shall be described

2.1. Wind tunnel method

Combination with

:

Flat belt dynamometer / chassis dynamometer

2.1.1 General

Wind tunnel

Dynamometer

HR

LR

HR

LR

Make

Type

Version

Cycle energy demand over a complete WLTC Class 3 cycle (kJ)

Deviation from production series

-

-

Mileage (km)

-

-

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

The manufacturer and the type approval authority shall agree which vehicle test model is representative.

The vehicle parameters test mass, tyre rolling resistance and frontal area of both a vehicle HM and LM shall be determined in such a way that vehicle HM produces the highest cycle energy demand and vehicle LM the lowest cycle energy demand from the road load matrix family. The manufacturer and the type approval authority shall agree on the vehicle parameters for vehicle HM and LM.

The road load of vehicles HM and LM of the road load matrix family shall be calculated in accordance with point 5.1. of Sub-Annex 4 of Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

Make

:

Type

:

Version

:

Cycle energy demand over a complete WLTC

:

Deviation from production series

:

Mileage (km)

:

2.1.2 Masses

Dynamometer

HR

LR

Test mass (kg)

Average mass mav(kg)

Value of mr (kg per axle)

Category M vehicle:
proportion of the vehicle mass in running order on the front axle (%)

Category N vehicle:

weight distribution (kg or %)

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

Test mass (kg)

:

Average mass mav(kg)

:

(average before and after the test)

Technically permissible maximum laden mass

:

Estimated arithmetic average of the mass of optional equipment

:

Category M vehicle:

proportion of the vehicle mass in running order on the front axle (%)

:

Category N vehicle:

weight distribution (kg or %)

:

2.1.3 Tyres

Wind tunnel

Dynamometer

HR

LR

HR

LR

Size designation

Make

Type

Rolling resistance

Front (kg/t)

-

-

Rear (kg/t)

-

-

Tyre pressure

Front (kPa)

-

-

Rear (kPa)

-

-

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

Size designation

Make

:

Type

:

Rolling resistance

Front (kg/t)

:

Rear (kg/t)

:

Tyre pressure

Front (kPa)

:

Rear (kPa)

:

2.1.4. Bodywork

Wind tunnel

HR

LR

Type

AA/AB/AC/AD/AE/AF BA/BB/BC/BD

Version

Aerodynamic devices

Movable aerodynamic body parts

y/n and list if applicable

Installed aerodynamic options list

Delta (CD × Af)LH compared to HR (m2)

-

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

Body shape description

:

Square box (if no representative body shape for a complete vehicle can be determined)

Frontal area Afr

:

2.2 on ROAD

2.2.1. General

HR

LR

Make

Type

Version

Cycle energy demand over a complete WLTC Class 3 cycle (kJ)

Deviation from production series

Mileage

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

The manufacturer and the type approval authority shall agree which vehicle test model is representative.

The vehicle parameters test mass, tyre rolling resistance and frontal area of both a vehicle HM and LM shall be determined in such a way that vehicle HM produces the highest cycle energy demand and vehicle LM the lowest cycle energy demand from the road load matrix family. The manufacturer and the type approval authority shall agree on the vehicle parameters for vehicle HM and LM.

The road load of vehicles HM and LM of the road load matrix family shall be calculated in accordance with point 5.1. of Sub-Annex 4 of Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

Make

:

Type

:

Version

:

Cycle energy demand over a complete WLTC

:

Deviation from production series

:

Mileage

:

2.2.2 Masses

HR

LR

Test mass (kg)

Average mass mav(kg)

Value of mr (kg per axle)

Category M vehicle:
proportion of the vehicle mass in running order on the front axle (%)

Category N vehicle:

weight distribution (kg or %)

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

Test mass (kg)

:

Average mass mav(kg)

:

(average before and after the test)

Technically permissible maximum laden mass

:

Estimated arithmetic average of the mass of optional equipment

:

Category M vehicle:
proportion of the vehicle mass in running order on the front axle (%)

Category N vehicle:

weight distribution (kg or %)

2.2.3 Tyres

HR

LR

Size designation

Make

Type

Rolling resistance

Front (kg/t)

Rear (kg/t)

Tyre pressure

Front (kPa)

Rear (kPa)

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

Size designation

:

Make

:

Type

:

Rolling resistance

Front (kg/t)

:

Rear (kg/t)

:

Tyre pressure

Front (kPa)

:

Rear (kPa)

:

2.2.4. Bodywork

HR

LR

Type

AA/AB/AC/AD/AE/AF BA/BB/BC/BD

Version

Aerodynamic devices

Movable aerodynamic body parts

y/n and list if applicable

Installed aerodynamic options list

Delta (CD ×Af)LH compared to HR (m2)

-

Or (in case of roadload matrix family):

Body shape description

:

Square box (if no representative body shape for a complete vehicle can be determined)

Frontal area Afr

:

2.5. POWERTRAIN

2.5.1. Vehicle High

Engine code

:

Transmission type

:

manual, automatic, CVT

Transmission model

(manufacturer's codes)

:

(torque rating and no of clutches → to be included in info doc)

Covered transmission models

(manufacturer's codes)

:

Engine rotational speed divided by vehicle speed

:

Electric machine(s) coupled in position N

:

n.a. (no electric machine or no coastdown mode)

Type and number of electric machines

:

construction type: asynchronous/ synchronous…

Type of coolant

:

air, liquid,…

2.5.2. Vehicle Low

Repeat §2.5.1. with VL data

2.6. TEST RESULTS

2.6.1. Vehicle High

Dates of tests

:

dd/mm/yyyy (wind tunnel)

dd/mm/yyyy (dynamometer)

or

dd/mm/yyyy (on road)

ON ROAD

Method of the test

:

coastdown

or torque meter method

Facility (name / location / track's reference)

:

Coastdown mode

:

y/n

Wheel alignment

:

Toe and camber values

Maximum reference speed (km/h)

:

Anemometry

:

stationary

or on board: influence of anemometry (CD × A) and if it was corrected.

Number of split(s)

:

Wind

:

average, peaks and direction in conjunction with direction of the test track

Air pressure

:

Temperature (mean value)

:

Wind correction

:

y/n

Tyre pressure adjustment

:

y/n

Raw results

:

Torque method:

c0 =

c1 =

c2 =

Coastdown method:

f0

f1

f2 

Final results

Torque method:

c0 =

c1 =

c2 =

and

f0 =

f1 =

f2 =

Coastdown method:

f0 =

f1 =

f2 =

Or

 

WIND TUNNEL METHOD

Facility (name/location/dynamometer's reference)

:

Qualification of the facilities

:

Report reference and date

Dynamometer

Type of dynamometer

:

flat belt or chassis dynamometer

Method

:

stabilised speeds or deceleration method

Warm up

:

warm-up by dyno or by driving the vehicle

Correction of the roller curve

:

(for chassis dynamometer, if applicable)

Method of chassis dynamometer setting

:

Fixed run / iterative / alternative with its own warmup cycle

Measured aerodynamic drag coefficient multiplied by the frontal area

:

Result

:

f0 =

f1 =

f2 =

Or

ROAD LOAD MATRIX ON ROAD

Method of the test

:

coastdown

or torque meter method

Facility (name/location/track's reference)

:

Coastdown mode

:

y/n

Wheel alignment

:

Toe and camber values

Maximum reference speed (km/h)

:

Anemometry

:

stationary

or on board: influence of anemometry (CD × A) and if it was corrected.

Number of split(s)

:

Wind

:

average, peaks and direction in conjunction with direction of the test track

Air pressure

:

Temperature (mean value)

:

Wind correction

:

y/n

Tyre pressure adjustment

:

y/n

Raw results

:

Torque method:

c0r =

c1r =

c2r =

Coastdown method:

f0r =

f1r =

f2r =

Final results

Torque method:

c0r =

c1r =

c2r =

and

f0r (calculated for vehicle HM) =

f2r (calculated for vehicle HM) =

f0r (calculated for vehicle LM) =

f2r (calculated for vehicle LM) =

Coastdown method:

f0r (calculated for vehicle HM) =

f2r (calculated for vehicle HM) =

f0r (calculated for vehicle LM) =

f2r (calculated for vehicle LM) =

Or

ROAD LOAD MATRIX WIND TUNNEL METHOD

Facility (name/location/dynamometer's reference)

:

Qualification of the facilities

:

Report reference and date

Dynamometer

Type of dynamometer

:

flat belt or chassis dynamometer

Method

:

stabilised speeds or deceleration method

Warm up

:

warm-up by dyno or by driving the vehicle

Correction of the roller curve

:

(for chassis dynamometer, if applicable)

Method of chassis dynamometer setting

:

Fixed run / iterative / alternative with its own warmup cycle

Measured aerodynamic drag coefficient multiplied by the frontal area

:

Result

:

f0r =

f1r =

f2r =

f0r (calculated for vehicle HM) =

f2r (calculated for vehicle HM) =

f0r (calculated for vehicle LM) =

f2r (calculated for vehicle LM) =

2.6.2. Vehicle Low

Repeat §2.6.1. with VL data



Appendix 8c

Template for Test Sheet

The test sheet shall include the test data that are recorded, but not included in any test report.

The test sheet(s) shall be retained by the technical service or the manufacturer for at least 10 years.

The following information, if applicable, is the minimum data required for test sheets.

Information from Annex XXI, Sub-Annex 4 to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Adjustable wheel alignment parameters

:

The coefficients, c0, c1 and c2,

The coastdown times measured on the chassis dynamometer

:

:

c0 =

c1 =

c2 =

Additional weight may be placed on or in the vehicle to eliminate tyre slippage

:

weight (kg)

on/in the vehicle

The coastdown times after performing the vehicle coast down procedure

:

Information from Annex XXI, Sub-Annex 5 to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

NOx converter efficiency

Indicated concentrations (a); (b), (c), (d), and the concentration when the NOx analyser is in the NO mode so that the calibration gas does not pass through the converter

:

(a) =

(b) =

(c) =

(d) =

Concentration in NO mode =

Information from Annex XXI, Sub-Annex 6 to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

The distance actually driven by the vehicle

:

For manual shift transmission vehicle, MT vehicle that cannot follow the cycle trace:  

The deviations from the driving cycle

:

Drive trace indices:

The following indices shall be calculated in accordance with the standard SAE J2951(Revised Jan-2014):

IWR    : Inertial Work Rating

RMSSE    : Root Mean Squared Speed Error

:

:

:

:

:

:

Particulate sample filter weighing

Filter before the test

Filter after the test

Reference filter

:

:

:

Content of each of the compounds measured after stabilization of the measuring device

:

Regeneration factor determination

The number of cycles D between two WLTCs where regeneration events occur

The number of cycles over which emission measurements are made n

The mass emissions measurement for each compound i over each cycle j

:

:

:

Regeneration factor determination

The number of applicable test cycles measured for complete regeneration

:

Regeneration factor determination

Msi

Mpi

Ki

:

:

:

Information from Annex XXI, Sub-Annex 6a to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

ATCT

The air temperature and humidity of the test cell measured at the vehicle cooling fan outlet at a minimum frequency of 0,1 Hz.

:

Temperature set point = Treg 

Actual temperature value

± 3 °C at the start of the test

± 5 °C during the test

The temperature of the soak area measured continuously at a minimum frequency of 0,033 Hz.

:

Temperature set point = Treg 

Actual temperature value

± 3 °C at the start of the test

± 5 °C during the test

The time of transfer from the preconditioning to the soak area

:

≤ 10 minutes

The time between the end of the Type 1 test and the cool down procedure

The measured soaking time, and shall be recorded in all relevant test sheets.

:

:

≤ 10 minutes 

time between the measurement of the end temperature and the end of the Type 1 test at 23 °C

Information from Annex VI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Diurnal testing

Ambient temperature during the two diurnal cycles (recorded at least every minute)

:

Canister puff loss loading

Ambient temperature during the first 11-hour profile (recorded at least every 10 minutes)

:

';



(28)    the following Appendix 8d is added:

' Appendix 8d 

Evaporative emission test report

REPORT number

APPLICANT

Manufacturer

SUBJECT

Evaporative family identifier

:

Object submitted to tests

Make

:

CONCLUSION

The object submitted to tests complies with the requirements mentioned in the subject.

place,

DD/MM/YYYY

Every Technical Service is free to include additional information

1. DESCRIPTION of TESTED VEHICLE HIGH

Vehicle numbers

:

Prototype number and VIN

Category

:

1.1. Powertrain Architecture

Powertrain architecture

:

internal combustion, hybrid, electric or fuel cell

1.2. Internal combustion engine

For more than one ICE, please repeat the point

Make

:

Type

:

Working principle

:

two/four stroke

Cylinders number and arrangement

:

Engine capacity (cm3)

:

 

Supercharging

:

yes/no

Direct injection

:

yes/no or description

Vehicle fuel type

:

Monofuel / bifuel / flex fuel

Engine lubricant

:

Make and type

Cooling system

:

Type: air/water/oil

1.4. Fuel system

Injection pump

:

Injector(s)

:

Fuel tank

Layer(s)

:

monolayer/ multilayer

Material for the fuel tank

:

metal / …

Material for other parts of the fuel system

:

Sealed

:

yes/no

Nominal tank capacity (l)

:

Canister

Make and type

:

Type of activated carbon

:

Volume of charcoal (l)

:

Mass of charcoal (g)

:

Declared BWC (g)

:

xx,x

2.    TEST RESULTS

2.1. Canister bench ageing

Date of tests

:

(day/month/year)

Place of the test

:

Canister ageing test report

:

Loading rate

:

Fuel specification

Make

:

Density at 15°C (kg/m3)

:

Ethanol content (%)

:

Batch number

:

2.2. Determination of the permeability factor (PF)

Date of tests

:

(day/month/year)

Place of the test

:

Permeability factor test report

:

HC measured at week 3, HC3W (mg/24h)

:

xxx

HC measured at week 20, HC20W (mg/24h)

:

xxx

Permeability Factor, PF (mg/24h)

:

xxx

In case of multilayer tanks or metal tanks

Alternative Permeability Factor, PF (mg/24h)

:

yes/no

2.3. Evaporative test

Date of tests

:

(day/month/year)

Place of the test

:

Method of chassis dyno setting

:

Fixed run / iterative / alternative with its own warmup cycle

Dynamometer operation mode

yes/no

Coastdown mode

:

yes/no

2.3.1. Mass

Test mass of VH (kg)

:

2.3.2. Roadload parameters

f0 (N)

:

f1 (N/(km/h))

:

f2 (N/(km/h)²)

:

2.3.3. Cycle and Gear shift point (if applicable)

Cycle (without downscaling)

:

Class 1 / 2 / 3

Gear shifting

:

Average gear for v ≥ 1 km/h, rounded to four places of decimal

2.3.4. Vehicle

Tested vehicle

:

VH or description

Mileage (km)

:

Age (weeks)

:

2.3.5. Procedure of test and results

Test procedure

:

Continuous (sealed fuel tank systems) / Continuous (non-sealed fuel tank systems) /

Stand –alone (sealed fuel tank systems)

Description of soak periods (time and temperature)

:

Puff loss loading value (g)

:

xx,x (if applicable)

Evaporative test

hot soak,

MHS

1st 24h diurnal, MD1

2nd 24h diurnal, MD2

Mean temperature (°C)

-

-

Evaporative emission (g/test)

x,xxx

x,xxx

x,xxx

Final result, MHS+MD1+MD2+(2xPF) (g/test)

x,xx

Limit (g/test)

2,0';



ANNEX II

Annex II to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 is amended as follows:

(1) The following text is inserted after the title:

'PART A:'

(2) Point 1.1. is replaced by the following:

'1.1.    This Part shall apply to M and N1 class I vehicles based on types approved until 31 December 2018 and registered until 31 August 2019 and to N1 classes II and III and N2 vehicles based on types approved until 31 August 2019 and registered until 31 August 2020';

(3) The following is added:

'PART B:

NEW IN-SERVICE CONFORMITY METHODOLOGY

1.Introduction

This Part shall apply to M and N1 class I vehicles based on types approved after 1 January 2019 and to all vehicles registered after 1 September 2019 and to N1 classes II and III and N2 vehicles based on types approved after 1 September 2019 and registered after 1 September 2020.

It sets out the in-service conformity (ISC) requirements for checking compliance against the emission limits for tailpipe (including low temperature) and evaporative emissions throughout the normal life of the vehicle up to five years or 100 000 km, whichever is sooner.

2.Process description

Figure B.1

Illustration of the in-service conformity process (where GTAA refers to the granting type approval authority and OEM refers to the manufacturer)

3.ISC family definition

An ISC family shall be composed of the following vehicles:

(a)For tailpipe emissions (Type 1 and Type 6 tests), the vehicles covered by the PEMS test family, as described in Appendix 7 of Annex IIIa,

(b)For evaporative emissions (Type 4 test), the vehicles included in the evaporative emission family, as described in Point 5.5 of Annex VI.

4.Information gathering and risk assessment

The granting type approval authority shall gather all relevant information on possible emission non-compliances relevant for deciding which ISC families to check in a particular year. The granting type-approval authority shall take into account in particular information indicating vehicle types with high emissions in real driving conditions. That information shall be obtained through the use of appropriate methods, including remote sensing, simplified on-board emissions monitoring systems (SEMS) and testing with PEMS. The number and importance of exceedances observed during such testing may be used to prioritise ISC testing.

As part of the information provided for the ISC checks, each manufacturer shall report to the granting type approval authority on emission-related warranty claims, and any emission-related warranty repair works performed or recorded during servicing, in accordance with a format agreed between the granting type approval authority and the manufacturer at type approval. The information shall detail the frequency and nature of faults for emissions-related components and systems by ISC family. The reports shall be filed at least once a year for each vehicle ISC family for the duration of the period during which in-service conformity checks are to be performed in accordance with Article 9(3).

On the basis of the information referred to in the first and second paragraphs, the granting type approval authority shall assess the risk of an ISC family to not comply with the in-service conformity rules and on that basis shall take a decision on which families to test and which types of tests to perform under the ISC provisions. Additionally, the granting type approval authority may randomly choose ISC families to test.

5.ISC testing

The manufacturer shall perform ISC testing for tailpipe emissions comprising at least the Type 1 test for all ISC families. The manufacturer may also perform RDE, Type 4 and Type 6 tests for all or part of the ISC families. The manufacturer shall report to the granting type approval authority all results of the ISC testing using the Electronic Platform for in-service conformity described in point 5.9.

The granting type approval authority shall check an appropriate number of ISC families each year, as set out in point 5.4. The granting type approval authority shall include all results of the ISC testing in the Electronic Platform for in-service conformity described in point 5.9.

Accredited laboratories or technical services may perform checks on any number of ISC families each year. The accredited laboratories or technical services shall report to the granting type approval authority all results of the ISC testing using the Electronic Platform for in-service conformity described in point 5.9.

5.1.Quality assurance of testing

Inspection bodies and laboratories performing ISC checks, that are not a designated technical service, shall be accredited pursuant to Regulation (EC) 765/2008 of the European Parliament and the Council 4 .

The granting type approval authority shall annually audit the ISC checks performed by the manufacturer. The granting type approval authority may also audit the ISC checks performed by accredited laboratories and technical services. The audit shall be based on the information provided by the manufacturers, accredited laboratory or technical service which shall include at least the detailed ISC report in accordance with Appendix 3. The granting type approval authority may require the manufacturers, accredited laboratories or technical services to provide additional information.

5.2.Disclosure of tests results by accredited laboratories and technical services

The granting type approval authority shall communicate the results of the compliance assessment and remedial measures for a particular ISC family to the accredited laboratories or technical services which provided test results for that family as soon as they become available.

The results of the tests, including the detailed data for all vehicles tested, may only be disclosed to the public after the publication by the granting type approval authority of the annual report or the results of an individual ISC procedure or after the closure of the statistical procedure (see point 5.10.) without a result. If the results of the ISC tests are published, reference shall be made to the annual report by the granting type approval authority which included them.

5.3.Types of tests

ISC testing shall only be performed on vehicles selected in accordance with Appendix 1.

ISC testing with the Type 1 test shall be performed in accordance with Annex XXI.

ISC testing with the RDE tests shall be performed in accordance with Annex IIIA, Type 4 tests shall be performed in accordance with Appendix 2 to this Annex and Type 6 tests shall be performed in accordance with Annex VIII.

5.4.Frequency and scope of ISC testing

The time period between commencing two in-service conformity checks by the manufacturer for a given ISC family shall not exceed 24 months.

The frequency of ISC testing performed by the granting type approval authority shall be based on a risk assessment methodology consistent with the international standard ISO 31000:2018 — Risk Management — Principles and guidelines. As of 1 January 2020, granting type approval authorities shall perform the Type 1 and RDE tests on a minimum of 5% of the ISC families per manufacturer per year or at least two ISC families per manufacturer per year, where available. The granting type approval authority shall ensure the widest possible coverage of ISC families, taking into account the results of the risk assessment referred to in the third paragraph of point 4. The granting type approval authority shall complete the statistical procedure for each ISC family it has started within 12 months.

Type 4 or Type 6 ISC tests shall have no minimum frequency requirements.

5.5.Funding for ISC testing by the granting type approval authorities

Funding for the in service conformity testing performed by the granting type approval authorities shall be provided for by the manufacturer.

5.6.Testing plan

When performing RDE testing for ISC, the granting type approval authority shall draft a testing plan. That plan shall include testing covering the widest possible set of testing conditions in accordance with Annex IIIA.

5.7.Selection of vehicles for ISC testing

The information gathered shall be sufficiently comprehensive to ensure that in-service performance can be assessed for vehicles that are properly maintained and used. The tables in Appendix 1 shall be used to decide whether the vehicle can be selected for the purposes of ISC testing. During the check against the tables in Appendix 1, some vehicles may be declared as faulty and not tested during ISC, when there is evidence that parts of the emission control system were damaged.

The same vehicle may be used to perform and establish reports from more than one type of tests (Type 1, RDE, Type 4, Type 6) but only the first valid test of each type shall be taken into account for the statistical procedure.

5.7.1.General requirements

The vehicle shall belong to an ISC family as described in point 3 and shall comply with the checks set out in the table in Appendix 1. It shall be registered in the Union and have been driven in the Union for at least 90 % of its driving time. The emissions testing may be done in a different geographical region from that where the vehicles have been selected.

The vehicles selected shall be accompanied by a maintenance record which shows that the vehicle has been properly maintained and has been serviced in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations with only original parts used for the replacement of emissions related parts.

Vehicles exhibiting indications of abuse, improper use that could affect its emissions performance, tampering or conditions that may lead to unsafe operation shall be excluded from ISC.

The vehicles shall not have undergone aerodynamic modifications that cannot be removed prior to testing.

A vehicle shall not be excluded from ISC testing if the information stored in the on-board computer shows that the vehicle was operated after a fault code was displayed and a repair was not carried out in accordance with manufacturer specifications.

A vehicle shall be excluded from ISC testing if the fuel from the vehicle tank does not meet the applicable standards laid down in Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council 5 or if there is evidence or record of fuelling with the wrong type of fuel.

5.7.2.Vehicle Examination and Maintenance

Diagnosis of faults and any normal maintenance necessary in accordance with Appendix 1 shall be performed on vehicles accepted for testing, prior to or after proceeding with ISC testing.

The following checks shall be carried out: OBD checks (performed before or after the test), visual checks for lit malfunction indicator lamps, checks on air filter, all drive belts, all fluid levels, radiator and fuel filler cap, all vacuum and fuel system hoses and electrical wiring related to the after-treatment system for integrity; checks on ignition, fuel metering and pollution control device components for maladjustments and/or tampering.

If the vehicle is within 800 km of a scheduled maintenance service, that service shall be performed.

The window washer fluid shall be removed before the Type 4 test and replaced with hot water.

A fuel sample shall be collected and kept in accordance with the requirements of Annex IIIA for further analysis in case of fail.

All faults shall be recorded. When the fault is on the pollution control devices then the vehicle shall be reported as faulty and not be used further for testing, but the fault shall be taken into account for the purposes of the compliance assessment performed in accordance with point 6.1.

5.8.Sample size

When manufacturers apply the statistical procedure set out in point 5.10 for the Type 1 test, the number of sample lots shall be set on the basis of the annual sales volume of an in-service family in the Union, as described in the following table:

Table B.1: Number of sample lots for ISC testing with Type 1 tests

EU Registrations per calendar year of vehicles in the sampling period

Number of sample lots

(for Type 1 tests)

up to 100000

1

100001 to 200000

2

above 200000

3

Each sample lot shall include enough vehicle types, in order to ensure that at least 20% of the total family sales are covered. When a family requires more than one sample lot to be tested, the vehicles in the second and third sample lots shall reflect different vehicle use conditions from those selected for the first sample.

5.9.Use of the Electronic Platform for in-service conformity and access to data required for testing

The Commission shall set up an electronic platform in order to facilitate the exchange of data between on the one side, the manufacturers, accredited labs or technical services and on the other side the granting type approval authority and the taking of the decision on the sample fail or pass.

The type-approval authority which grants the emission type-approval shall complete the Transparency list 1 set out in table 1 of Appendix 5 in accordance with the package on Testing Transparency and upload it to the Electronic Platform for in-service conformity.

All information on Transparency list 1 of Appendix 5 shall be accessible to the public in an electronic form free of charge.

The type-approval authority which grants the whole vehicle type-approval shall complete Transparency list 2 set out in table 2 of Appendix 5 in accordance with the package on Testing Transparency and upload it to the Electronic Platform for in-service conformity.

The information on the Transparency list 2 shall be also accessible to the public in an electronic form free of charge. It shall be used in order to allow the selection of vehicles from the same family for testing and along with the Transparency list 1 provide sufficient information for vehicles to be tested.

The following information shall also be part of the package on Testing Transparency and shall be provided by the manufacturer free-of-charge within 2 days of the request by an accredited lab or technical service.

ID

Input

Description

1.

Special Procedure for conversion of vehicles (4WD to 2WD) for dyno testing if available

As defined in Sub-Annex 6; point 2.4.2.4.

2.

Dyno mode instructions, if available

How to enable the dyno mode as done also during TA tests

3.

Coastdown mode used during the TA tests

If the vehicle has coastdown mode instructions how to enable this mode

4.

Battery discharge procedure (OVC-HEV, PEV)

OEM procedure to deplete battery for preparing OVC-HEV for charge sustaining tests, and PEV to charge the battery

5.

Procedure to deactivate all auxiliaries

If used during TA

5.10.Statistical Procedure

5.10.1.General

The verification of in-service conformity shall rely on a statistical method following the general principles of sequential sampling for inspection by attributes. The minimum sample size for a pass result is three vehicles, and the maximum cumulative sample size is ten vehicles for the Type 1 and RDE tests.

For the Type 4 and Type 6 tests a simplified method may be used, where the sample shall consist of three vehicles and shall be considered a fail if all three vehicles fail to pass the test, and a pass if all three vehicles pass the test. In cases where two out of three passed or failed, the type approval authority may decide to conduct further tests or proceed with accessing the compliance in accordance with point 6.1.

Test results shall not be multiplied by deterioration factors.

For vehicles that have a Declared Maximum RDE Values reported in point 48.2 of the Certificate of Conformity, as described in Annex IX of Directive 2007/46/EC which is lower than the emission limits set out in Annex I to Regulation (EC) No 715/2007, the conformity shall be checked both against the Declared Maximum RDE Value multiplied by the margin set out in point 2.1.1 of Annex IIIA and the not-to-exceed limit set out in in section 2.1. of that Annex. If the sample is found not to conform with the Declared Maximum RDE Values increased by the applicable measurement uncertainty margin, but pass with the not-to-exceed limit, the granting type approval authority shall require the manufacturer to take corrective actions.

Prior to the performance of the first ISC test, the manufacturer, accredited laboratory or technical service ("party") shall notify the intent of performing in-service conformity testing of a given vehicle family to the granting type approval authority. Upon this notification, the granting type approval authority shall open a new statistical folder to process the results for each relevant combination of the following parameters for that particular party/or that pool of parties: vehicle family, emissions test type and pollutant. Separate statistical procedures shall be opened for each relevant combination of those parameters.

The granting type approval authority shall incorporate in each statistical folder only the results provided by the relevant party. The granting type approval authority shall keep a record of the number of tests performed, the number of failed and passed tests and other necessary data to support the statistical procedure.

Whereas more than one statistical procedure can be open at the same time for a given combination of test type and vehicle family, a party shall only be allowed to provide test results to one open statistical procedure for a given combination of test type and vehicle family. Each test shall be reported only once and all tests (valid, not valid, fail or pass, etc.) shall be reported.

Each ISC statistical procedure shall remain open until an outcome is reached when the statistical procedure arrives to a pass or fail decision for the sample in accordance point 5.10.5. However, if an outcome is not reached within 12 months of the opening of a statistical folder, the granting type approval authority shall close the statistical folder unless it decides to complete testing for that statistical folder within the following 6 months.

5.10.2.Pooling of ISC results

Test results from two or more accredited laboratories or technical services may be pooled for the purposes of a common statistical procedure. The pooling of test results shall require the written consent from all the interested parties providing test results to a pool of results, and a notification to the granting type approval authority prior to the start of testing. One of the parties pooling test results shall be designated as leader of the pool and be responsible for data reporting and communication with the granting type approval authority.

5.10.3.Pass/Fail/Invalid outcome for a single test

An ISC emissions test shall be considered as 'passed' for one or more pollutants when the emissions result is equal or below the emission limit set out in Annex I of Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 for that type of test.

An emissions test shall be considered as 'failed' for one or more pollutants when the emissions result is greater than the corresponding emission limit for that type of test. Each failed test result shall increase the 'f' count (see point 5.10.5) by one for that statistical instance.

An ISC emissions test shall be considered invalid if it does not respect the test requirements referred to in point 5.3. Invalid test results shall be excluded from the statistical procedure.

The results of all ISC tests shall be submitted to the granting type approval authority within ten working days from the execution of each test. The test results shall be accompanied by a comprehensive test report at the end of the tests. The results shall be incorporated in the sample in chronological order of execution.

The granting type approval authority shall incorporate all valid emission test results to the relevant open statistical procedure until a ‘sample fail’ or a ‘sample pass’ outcome is reached in accordance with point 5.10.5.

5.10.4.Treatment of Outliers

The presence of outlying results in the sample statistical procedure may lead to a ‘fail’ outcome in accordance with the procedures described below:

Outliers shall be categorised as intermediate or extreme.

An emissions test result shall be considered as an intermediate outlier if it is equal or greater than 1.3 times the applicable emission limit. The presence of two such outliers in a sample shall lead to a fail of the sample.

An emissions result shall be considered as an extreme outlier if it is equal or greater than 2.5 times the applicable emission limit. The presence of one such outlier in a sample shall lead to a fail of the sample. In such case, the plate number of the vehicle shall be communicated to the manufacturer and to the granting type approval authority. This possibility shall be communicated to the vehicle owners before testing.

5.10.5.Pass/Fail decision for a sample

For the purposes of deciding on a pass/fail result for the sample, 'p' is the count of passed results, and 'f' is the count of failed results. Each passed test result shall increase the p count by one and each failed test result shall increase the 'f' count by one for the relevant open statistical procedure.

Upon the incorporation of a valid emission test results to an open instance of the statistical procedure, the type approval authority shall perform the following actions:

update the cumulative sample size 'n' for that instance to reflect the total number of valid emissions tests incorporated to the statistical procedure;

following an evaluation of the results, update the count of passed results 'p' and the count of failed results 'f';

compute the number of extreme and intermediate outliers in the sample in accordance with point 5.10.4.

check whether a decision is reached with the procedure described below.

The decision depends on the cumulative sample size 'n', the passed and failed result counts 'p' and 'f', as well as the number of intermediate and/or extreme outliers in the sample. For the decision on a pass/fail of an ISC sample the granting type approval authority shall use the decision chart in Figure B.2 for vehicles based on types approved as of 1 January 2020 and the decision chart in Figure B.2.a for vehicles based on types approved until 31 December 2019. The charts indicate the decision to be taken for a given cumulative sample size 'n' and failed count result 'f'.

Two decisions are possible for a statistical procedure for a given combination of vehicle family, emissions test type and pollutant:

‘Sample pass’ outcome shall be reached when the applicable decision chart from Figure B.2 or Figure B.2.a gives a "PASS" outcome for the current cumulative sample size 'n' and the count of failed results 'f'.

‘Sample fail’ decision shall be reached when, for a given cumulative sample size n, when at least one of the following conditions is fulfilled:

the applicable decision chart from Figure B.2 or Figure B.2.a gives a "FAIL" decision for the current cumulative sample size 'n' and the count of failed results 'f'.

there are two intermediate outliers;

there is one extreme outlier.

If no decision is reached the statistical procedure shall remain open, and further results shall be incorporated to it until a decision is reached or the procedure is closed in accordance with point 5.10.1.

Figure B.2:

Decision chart for the statistical procedure for vehicles based on types approved as of 1 January 2020 (where 'UND' means undecided).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

failed result count f

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAIL

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAIL

FAIL

8

 

 

 

 

 

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

7

 

 

 

 

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

6

 

 

 

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

5

 

 

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

UND

UND

PASS

4

 

FAIL

FAIL

UND

UND

UND

UND

PASS

3

FAIL

FAIL

UND

UND

UND

UND

PASS

PASS

2

UND

UND

UND

UND

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

1

UND

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

0

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

 

 

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

 

Cumulative sample size n

Figure B.2.a:

Decision chart for the statistical procedure for vehicles type approved until 31 December 2019 (where 'UND' means undecided).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

failed result count f

10

FAIL

9

FAIL

FAIL

8

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

7

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

6

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

FAIL

5

FAIL

UND

UND

UND

UND

PASS

4

UND

UND

UND

UND

UND

PASS

PASS

3

UND

UND

UND

UND

UND

PASS

PASS

PASS

2

UND

UND

UND

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

1

UND

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

0

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

PASS

 

 

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

 

Cumulative sample size n

5.10.6.ISC for completed vehicles and special purpose vehicles

The manufacturer of the base vehicle shall determine the allowed values for the parameters listed in Table B.3. The allowed Parameter Values for each family shall be recorded in the information document of the emissions type approval and in the Transparency list 1 referred to in Appendix 5 (rows 45 to 48). The second-stage manufacturer shall only be allowed to use the base vehicle emission values if the completed vehicle remains within the allowed Parameter Values. The parameter values for each completed vehicle shall be recorded in its Certificate of Conformity.

Table B.3:

Allowed Parameter Values for multistage and special purpose vehicles to use the base vehicle emission type approval.

Parameter Values:

Allowed values from - to:

Final Vehicle mass in running order (in kg)

Frontal area for final vehicle (in cm2)

Rolling resistance (kg/t)

Projected frontal area of air entrance of the front grille (in cm2)

If a completed or special purpose vehicle is tested and the result of the test is below the applicable emission limit, the vehicle shall be considered as a pass for the ISC family for the purposes of point 5.10.3.

If the result of the test on a completed or special purpose vehicle exceeds the applicable emission limits but is not higher than 1.3 times the applicable emission limits, the tester shall examine whether that vehicle complies with the values in table B.3. Any non-compliance with these values shall be reported to the granting type approval authority. If the vehicle does not comply with those values, the granting type approval authority shall investigate the reasons for the non-compliance and take the appropriate measures regarding the manufacturer of the completed or special purpose vehicle to restore conformity, including the withdrawal of the type-approval. If the vehicle complies with the values in table B.3, it shall be considered as a flagged vehicle for the in-service conformity family for the purposes of point 6.1.

If the result of the test exceeds 1.3 times the applicable emission limits, shall be considered as a fail for the in-service conformity family for the purposes of point 6.1. , but not as an outlier for the relevant ISC family. If the completed or special purpose vehicle does not comply with the values in table B.3, this shall be reported to the granting type approval authority, who shall investigate the reasons for the non-compliance and take the appropriate measures regarding the manufacturer of the completed or special purpose vehicle to restore conformity, including the withdrawal of the type-approval.

6.Compliance Assessment

6.1.Within 10 days of the end of the ISC testing for the sample as referred to in point 5.10.5, the granting type approval authority shall start detailed investigations with the manufacturer in order to decide whether the ISC family (or part of it) complies with the ISC rules and whether it requires remedial measures. The granting type approval authority shall also perform detailed investigations when there are at least three faulty vehicles with the same fault or five flagged multistage or special purpose vehicles in the same ISC family, as set out in point 5.10.6.

6.2.On the request of the manufacturer, the granting type approval authority may extend the investigations to vehicles in service of the same manufacturer belonging to other ISC families which are likely to be affected by the same defects.

6.3.The detailed investigation shall take no more than 60 working days after the start of the investigation by the granting type approval authority. The granting type approval authority may conduct additional ISC tests designed to determine why vehicles have failed during the original ISC tests. The additional tests shall be conducted under similar conditions as the original ISC failed tests.

Upon the request of the granting type approval authority, the manufacturer shall provide additional information, showing in particular the possible cause of the failures, which parts of the family might be affected, whether other families might be affected or why the problem which caused the failure at the original ISC tests is not related to in-service conformity, if applicable. The manufacturer shall be given the opportunity to prove that the in-service conformity provisions have been complied with.

6.4.Within the deadline set out in point 6.3, the granting type approval authority shall take a decision on the compliance and the need to apply remedial measures for the ISC family covered by the detailed investigations and shall notify it to the manufacturer.

7.Remedial Measures

7.1.The manufacturer shall establish a plan of remedial measures and submit it to the granting type approval authority within 45 working days of the notification referred to in point 6.4. That period may be extended by up to an additional 30 working days where the manufacturer demonstrates to the granting type approval authority that further time is required to investigate the non-compliance.

7.2.The remedial measures required by the granting type approval authority shall include reasonably designed and necessary tests on components and vehicles in order to demonstrate the effectiveness and durability of the remedial measures.

7.3.The manufacturer shall assign a unique identifying name or number to the plan of remedial measures. The plan of remedial measures shall include at least the following:

a.a description of each vehicle emission type included in the plan of remedial measures;

b. a description of the specific modifications, alterations, repairs, corrections, adjustments or other changes to be made to bring the vehicles into conformity including a brief summary of the data and technical studies which support the decision of the manufacturer as to the particular remedial measures to be taken;

c. a description of the method by which the manufacturer will inform the vehicle owners of the planned remedial measures;

d. a description of the proper maintenance or use, if any, which the manufacturer stipulates as a condition of eligibility for repair under the plan of remedial measures, and an explanation of the need for such condition;

e. a description of the procedure to be followed by vehicle owners to obtain correction of the non-conformity; that description shall include a date after which the remedial measures shall be taken, the estimated time for the workshop to perform the repairs and where they can be done;

f. an example of the information transmitted to the vehicle owner;

g. a brief description of the system which the manufacturer uses to assure an adequate supply of component or systems for fulfilling the remedial action, including information on when an adequate supply of the components, software or systems needed to initiate the application of remedial measures will be available;

h. an example of all instructions to be sent to the repair shops which will perform the repair;

i. a description of the impact of the proposed remedial measures on the emissions, fuel consumption, driveability, and safety of each vehicle emission type, covered by the plan of remedial measures, including supporting data and technical studies;

j. where the plan of remedial measures includes a recall, a description of the method for recording the repair shall be submitted to the granting type approval authority. If a label is used, an example of it shall also be submitted.

For the purposes of point (d), the manufacturer may not impose maintenance or use conditions which are not demonstrably related to the non-conformity and the remedial measures.

7.4.The repair shall be done expediently, within a reasonable time after the vehicle is received by the manufacturer for repair. Within 15 working days of receiving the proposed plan of remedial measures, the granting type approval authority shall approve it or require a new plan in accordance with point 7.5.

7.5.When the granting type approval authority does not approve the plan of remedial measures, the manufacturer shall develop a new plan and submit it to the granting type approval authority within 20 working days of notification of the decision of the granting type approval authority.

7.6.If the granting type approval authority does not approve the second plan submitted by the manufacturer, it shall take all appropriate measures, in accordance with Article 30 of Directive 2007/46/EC, to restore conformity, including withdrawal of type approval where necessary.

7.7.The granting type approval authority shall notify its decision to all Member States and the Commission within 5 working days.

7.8.The remedial measures shall apply to all vehicles in the ISC family (or other relevant families identified by the manufacturer in accordance with point 6.2) that are likely to be affected by the same defect. The granting type approval authority shall decide if it is necessary to amend the type approval.

7.9.The manufacturer is responsible for the execution of the approved plan of remedial measures in all Member States and for keeping a record of every vehicle removed from the market or recalled and repaired and the workshop which performed the repair.

7.10.The manufacturer shall keep a copy of the communication with the customers of affected vehicles related to the plan of remedial measures. The manufacturer shall also maintain a record of the recall campaign, including the total number of vehicles affected per Member State and the total number of vehicles already recalled per Member State, along with an explanation of any delays in the application of the remedial measures. The manufacturer shall provide that record of the recall campaign to the granting type approval authority, the type approval authorities of each Member State and the Commission every two months.

7.11.Member States shall take measures to ensure that the approved plan of remedial measures is applied within one year to at least 90% of affected vehicles registered in their territory.

7.12.The repair and modification or addition of new equipment shall be recorded in a certificate provided to the vehicle owner, which shall include the number of the remedial campaign.

8.Annual report by the granting type approval authority

The granting type approval authority shall make available on a publicly accessible website, free of charge and without the need for the user to reveal his identity or sign up, a report with the results of all the finalised ISC investigations of the previous year, at the latest by the 31 March of each year. In case some ISC investigations of the previous year are still open by that date, they shall be reported as soon as the investigation is finalised. The report shall contain at least the items listed in Appendix 4.



Appendix 1

Criteria for vehicle selection and failed vehicles decision

Selection of Vehicles for In Service Conformity Emissions Testing

Confidential

Date:

 

 

x

Name of investigator:

 

 

x

Location of test:

 

 

x

Country of registration (in EU only):

 

x

 

x = Exclusion Criteria

X = Checked and reported

Vehicle Characteristics

Registration plate number:

 

x

x

Mileage:
The vehicle must have between 15 000 km (or 30 000 km for testing evaporative emissions) and 100 000 km

x

 

 

Date of first registration:
The vehicle must be between 6 months (or 12 months for testing evaporative emissions) and 5 years old

x

 

 

VIN:

 

x

 

Emission class and character:

 

x

 

Country of registration:

The vehicle must be registered in the EU

x

x

 

Model:

 

x

 

Engine code:

 

x

 

Engine volume (l):

 

x

 

Engine power (kW):

 

x

 

Gearbox type (auto/manual):

 

x

 

Drive axle (FWD/AWD/RWD):

 

x

 

Tire size (front and rear if different):

 

x

 

Is the vehicle involved in a recall or service campaign?
If yes: Which one? Has the campaign repairs already been done?

The repairs must have been done

x

x

 

Vehicle Owner Interview 

(the owner will only be asked the main questions and shall have no knowledge of the implications of the replies)

Name of the owner (only available to the accredited inspection body or laboratory/technical service)

 

 

x

Contact (address / telephone) (only available to the accredited inspection body or laboratory/technical service)

 

 

x

How many owners did the vehicle have?

 

x

 

Did the odometer not work?
If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

 

 

Was the vehicle used for one of the following?

 

 

 

As presentation car?

 

x

 

As a taxi?

 

x

 

As delivery vehicle?

 

x

 

For racing / motor sports?

x

 

 

As a rental car?

 

x

 

Has the vehicle carried heavy loads over the specifications of the manufacturer?
If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

 

Have there been major engine or vehicle repairs?

 

x

 

Have there been unauthorised major engine or vehicle repairs?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

 

 

Has there been a power increase/tuning?
If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

 

 

Was any part of the emissions after-treatment and/or the fuel system replaced? Were original parts used? If original parts were not used, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

x

 

Was any part of the emissions after-treatment system removed?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected

x

 

 

Were there any unauthorised devices installed (Urea killer, emulator, etc)?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected

x

 

 

Was the vehicle involved in a serious accident? Provide a list of damage and repairs done afterwards

 

x

 

Has the car been used with a wrong fuel type (i.e. gasoline instead of diesel) in the past? Has the car been used with non-commercially available EU-quality fuel (black market, or blended fuel?)
If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

 

 

Did you use air-fresher, cockpit-spray, brake cleaner or other high hydrocarbon emission source around the vehicle during the last month? If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected for evaporative testing.

x

Was there a gasoline spill in the inside or outside of the vehicle during the last 3 months?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected for evaporative testing.

x

Did anyone smoke in the car during the last 12 months?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected for evaporative testing

x

Did you apply corrosion protection, stickers, under seal protection, on any other potential sources of volatile compounds to the car?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected for evaporative testing

x

Was the car repainted?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected for evaporative testing

x

Where do you use your vehicle more often?

 

 

 

% motorway

 

x

 

% rural

 

x

 

% urban

 

x

 

Did you drive the vehicle in a non EU Member State for more than 10% of driving time?

If yes, the vehicle cannot be selected

x

-

 

In which country was the vehicle refuelled during the last two times?

If the vehicle was refuelled the last two times outside a state applying the EU Fuel Standards, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

Has a fuel additive, not approved by the manufacturer used?

If yes then the vehicle cannot be selected.

x

Has the vehicle been maintained and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions?
If not, the vehicle cannot be selected.

x