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Document 52019PC0108

Proposal for a COUNCIL DECISION concerning the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the annual Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea and repealing Decision 9782/17

COM/2019/108 final

Brussels, 8.3.2019

COM(2019) 108 final

2019/0058(NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

concerning the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the annual Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea and repealing Decision 9782/17


EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

1.Subject matter of the proposal

This proposal concerns a Decision establishing the position to be taken on the Union’s behalf at meetings of the annual Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea for the period 2019-2023 in connection with the envisaged adoption of conservation and management measures.

2.Context of the proposal

2.1.Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea

The Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea (Bering Sea Convention) aims, by establishing the annual Conference of the Parties to the Convention, to ensure the long-term conservation and sustainable use of pollock resources in the Convention area. The Convention entered into force on 8 December 1995.

The Republic of Poland is a contracting party to the Bering Sea Convention. The Union is not a party to the Convention. In accordance with Article 6(9) of the Accession Act 1 , fisheries agreements that Member States have concluded with nonEU countries are to be managed by the Union and the Union is to implement any decisions established under them. t

Council Decision 7277/16 of 11 April 2016 authorised Poland to negotiate, in the interest of the Union, an amendment to the Bering Sea Convention with a view to the Union becoming a contracting party. That mandate is currently being implemented. It is understood that, once the Union is accepted as a full contracting party, Poland will withdraw its membership.

2.2.The annual Conference of the Parties

The annual Conference of the Parties is the body established by the Bering Sea Convention to be responsible for the management and conservation of pollock resources in the Convention area. It adopts conservation and management measures to ensure the long-term conservation and sustainable use of fishery resources under its purview.

As a member of the annual Conference of the Parties, Poland has participation and voting rights. As the Union is not a party to the Convention, Poland represents it at the annual Conference of the Parties. The annual Conference of the Parties usually takes its decisions by consensus.

2.3.Decisions of the annual Conference of the Parties

The annual Conference of the Parties has the authority to adopt measures for the fisheries under its purview and these are binding on the contracting parties.

The measures agreed by the contracting parties enter into force immediately after the contracting parties have been notified of them.

3.Position to be taken on the Union’s behalf

The position to be adopted on behalf of the Union at the annual meetings of regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs) is currently established according to a twotier approach. A Council Decision sets out the guiding principles and orientations of the Union’s position on a multiannual basis and it is subsequently adjusted for each annual meeting by Commission non-papers to be discussed in the Council Working Party.

For the annual Conference of the Parties, this approach is implemented by Council Decision 9782/17 of 30 May 2017, which sets out the Union’s position in the Bering Sea Convention for the period 2017-2021. The Decision contains general principles and orientations, but also takes into account to the extent possible the specificities of the Bering Sea Convention. In addition, it sets out the standard process for establishing the Union’s position year by year, as requested by Member States.

Decision 9782/17 does not provide for a review of the Union’s position in the annual Conference of the Parties before the 2022 annual meeting. However, the vast majority of the Council Decisions setting out the Union’s positions in the various RFMOs to which it is a contracting party are due for revision before the 2019 annual meetings of those RFMOs. Therefore, to promote coherence among the Union’s position in all RFMOs and to synchronise the timing for the revision procedures, it is appropriate to bring forward the revision of the Union’s position in the annual Conference of the Parties for the period 20192023 and thereby replace Decision 9782/17.

Decision 9782/17 incorporated the principles and orientations of the new common fisheries policy (CFP), as laid down in Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council 2 , also taking into account the objectives set in the Commission Communication on the external dimension of the CFP 3 . Moreover, it adjusted the Union’s position to the Lisbon Treaty.

The current revision takes into consideration, in connection with impacts of fishing, of the Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on a European strategy for plastics in a circular economy 4 , the Joint Communication by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the European Commission on International ocean governance: an agenda for the future of oceans 5 and the Council conclusions on that Joint Communication 6 .

4.Legal basis

4.1.Procedural legal basis

4.1.1.Principles

Article 218(9) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides for decisions establishing ‘the positions to be adopted on the Union’s behalf in a body set up by an agreement, when that body is called upon to adopt acts having legal effects, with the exception of acts supplementing or amending the institutional framework of the agreement’.

‘Acts having legal effects’ include acts that have legal effects by virtue of the rules of international law governing the body in question, and instruments that do not have a binding effect under international law, but are ‘capable of decisively influencing the content of the legislation adopted by the EU legislature’ 7 .

4.1.2.Application to the present case

The annual Conference of the Parties is a body set up by an agreement, namely the Bering Sea Convention.

The acts that the annual Conference of the Parties is called upon to adopt constitute acts having legal effects. The envisaged acts are to be binding under international law in accordance with the Bering Sea Convention and are capable of decisively influencing the content of EU legislation, including:

·Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 establishing a Community system to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing 8 ;

·Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the Common Fisheries Policy 9 ; and

·Council Regulation (EU) 2017/2403 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2017 on the sustainable management of external fishing fleets 10 .

The envisaged acts do not supplement or amend the institutional framework of the Bering Sea Convention.

Therefore, the procedural legal basis for the proposed Decision is Article 218(9) TFEU.

4.2.Substantive legal basis

4.2.1.Principles

The substantive legal basis for a Decision under Article 218(9) TFEU depends primarily on the objective and content of the envisaged act in respect of which a position is taken on the Union’s behalf. If that act pursues two aims or has two components, and if one of those aims or components is identifiable as the main one, whereas the other is merely incidental, the Decision under Article 218(9) TFEU must be founded on a single substantive legal basis, namely that required by the main or predominant aim or component.

4.2.2.Application to the present case

The main objective and content of the envisaged act relate to fisheries. Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 is the legal basis setting out the principles to be reflected in this position.

Therefore, the substantive legal basis of the proposed Decision is Article 43(2) TFEU. The Decision is to replace Decision 9782/17.

4.3.Conclusion

The legal basis of the proposed Decision should be Article 43(2) TFEU, in conjunction with Article 218(9) TFEU.

2019/0058 (NLE)

Proposal for a

COUNCIL DECISION

concerning the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the annual Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea and repealing Decision 9782/17

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 43(2), in conjunction with Article 218(9) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

Whereas:

(1)The Republic of Poland is a Contracting Party to the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea (Bering Sea Convention). The Union is not a Party to that Convention. In accordance with Article 6(9) of the Accession act 11 , fisheries agreements concluded by Member States with third countries are managed by the Union and the Union should implement any decisions established under the Bering Sea Convention.

(2)Council Decision 7277/16 of 11 April 2016 authorised the Republic of Poland to negotiate, in the interest of the Union, an amendment to the Bering Sea Convention with a view for the Union to becoming a Contracting Party to that Convention. That mandate is currently being implemented. It is understood that upon the acceptance of the Union as a full Contracting Party to the Bering Sea Convention, the Republic of Poland will withdraw its membership from the Convention.

(3)The annual Conference of the Parties to the Bering Sea Convention (the annual Conference of the Parties) is responsible for the management and conservation of the Pollock Resources in the Bering Sea Convention Area. Such measures may become binding upon the Union.

(4)Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council 12  provides that the Union is to ensure that fishing and aquaculture activities are environmentally sustainable in the long-term and are managed in a way that is consistent with the objectives of achieving economic, social and employment benefits, and of contributing to the availability of food supplies. It also provides that the Union is to apply the precautionary approach to fisheries management, and is to aim to ensure that exploitation of living marine biological resources restores and maintains population of harvested species above levels which can produce the maximum sustainable yield. It further provides that the Union is to take management and conservation measures based on best available scientific advice, to support the development of scientific knowledge and advice, to gradually eliminate discards and to promote fishing methods that contribute to more selective fishing and the avoidance and reduction, as far as possible, of unwanted catches, to fishing with low impact on marine ecosystem and fishery resources. Besides, Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 specifically provides that those objectives and principles are to be applied by the Union in the conduct of its external fisheries relations.

(5)As stated in the Joint communication by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the European Commission on International ocean governance: an agenda for the future of oceans 13 , and the Council conclusions on that Joint communication 14 , the promotion of measures to support and enhance the effectiveness of regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs) and, where relevant, improve their governance is central to the Union’s action in these fora.

(6)The Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on a European Strategy for Plastics in a Circular Economy 15 , refers to specific measures to reduce plastics and marine pollution as well as the loss or abandonment at sea of fishing gear.

(7)It is appropriate to establish the position to be taken on the Union’s behalf in in the annual Conference of the Parties for the period 2019-2023 as conservation and enforcement measures adopted by the annual Conference of the Parties will be binding on the Union and capable of decisively influencing the content of Union law namely, Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 16 ; Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 17 ; and Regulation (EU) 2017/2403 of the European Parliament and of the Council 18 .

(8)Council Decision 9782/17 19 does not provide for a review of the Union’s position within the annual Conference of the Parties before the 2022 annual meeting. However, the vast majority of the Council Decisions setting the Union’s position within the different RFMOs to which the Union is a Contracting Party are due for revision before the 2019 annual meetings of those RFMOs. Therefore, to promote improved coherence amongst the Union’s position in all RFMOs and to streamline the revision process, it is appropriate to bring forward the revision of Council Decision 9782/17 and to repeal it replacing it by a new Decision for the period 2019-2023.

(9)In view of the evolving nature of fishery resources in the Bering Sea Convention Area and the consequent need for the position of the Union to take account of new developments, including new scientific and other relevant information presented before or during the meetings of the annual Conference of the Parties, procedures should be established, in line with the principle of sincere cooperation among the Union institutions enshrined in Article 13(2) of the Treaty on the European Union (TEU), for the year-to-year specification of the Union’s position for the period 2019-2023.

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The position to be taken on the Union’s behalf in the meetings of the annual Conference of the Parties to the Bering Sea Convention is set out in Annex I.

Article 2

The year-to-year specification of the Union’s position to be taken in the meetings of the annual Conference of the Parties to the Bering Sea Convention shall be conducted in accordance with Annex II.

Article 3

The Union’s position set out in Annex I shall be assessed and, where appropriate, revised by the Council upon a proposal from the Commission, at the latest for the annual Conference of the Parties to the Bering Sea Convention in 2024.

Article 4

Decision 9782/17 of 30 May 2017 is repealed.

Article 5

1.    This Decision is addressed to the Republic of Poland.

2.    In the case of accession of the Union to the Bering Sea Convention, this Decision shall be addressed to the Commission which shall represent the Union at the meetings of the annual Conference of the Parties to the Bering Sea Convention.

3.    This Decision shall enter into force on the day of its adoption.

Done at Brussels,

   For the Council

   The President

(1)    Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic and the adjustments to the Treaties on which the European Union is founded (OJ L 236, 23.9.2003, p. 33).
(2)    Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1954/2003 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2371/2002 and (EC) No 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585/EC (OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 22).
(3)    COM(2011) 424, 13.7.2011.
(4)    COM(2018) 28 final, 16.1.2018.
(5)    JOIN(2016) 49 final, 10.11.2016.
(6)    7348/1/17 REV 1, 24.3.2017.
(7)    Judgment of the Court of Justice of 7 October 2014, Germany v Council, C-399/12, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2258, paragraphs 61 to 64.
(8)    OJ L 286, 29.10.2008, p. 1.
(9)    OJ L 343, 22.12.2009, p. 1.
(10)    OJ L 347, 28.12.2017, p. 81.
(11)    Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Czech Republic, the Republic of Estonia, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Slovenia and the Slovak Republic and the adjustments to the Treaties on which the European Union is founded, OJ L 236, 23.9.2003, p. 33.
(12)    Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1954/2003 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2371/2002 and (EC) No 639/2004 and Council decision 2004/585/EC (OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 22).
(13)    JOIN(2016) 49 final of 10.11.2016.
(14)    7348/1/17 REV 1 of 24.3.2017.
(15)    COM(2018) 28 final, 16.1.2018.
(16)    Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 establishing a Community system to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, amending Regulations (EEC) No 2847/93, (EC) No 1936/2001 and (EC) No 601/2004 and repealing Regulations (EC) No 1093/94 and (EC) No 1447/1999 (OJ L 286, 29.10.2008, p. 1).
(17)    Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 of 20 November 2009 establishing a Union control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy, amending Regulations (EC) No 847/96, (EC) No 2371/2002, (EC) No 811/2004, (EC) No 768/2005, (EC) No 2115/2005, (EC) No 2166/2005, (EC) No 388/2006, (EC) No 509/2007, (EC) No 676/2007, (EC) No 1098/2007, (EC) No 1300/2008, (EC) No 1342/2008 and repealing Regulations (EEC) No 2847/93, (EC) No 1627/94 and (EC) No 1966/2006 (OJ L 343, 22.12.2009, p. 1).
(18)    Regulation (EU) 2017/2403 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2017 on the sustainable management of external fishing fleets, and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1006/2008 (OJ L 347, 28.12.2017, p. 81).
(19)    Council Decision of 30 May 2017 establishing the position to be adopted, on behalf of the European Union, in the annual Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea, and repealing the Council Decision of 10 July 2012 on establishing the position to be adopted on behalf of the European Union in the framework of the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea.
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Brussels, 8.3.2019

COM(2019) 108 final

ANNEXES

to the

proposal for a Council Decision

concerning the position to be taken on behalf of the European Union in the annual Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock Resources in the Central Bering Sea and repealing Decision 9782/17


ANNEX I

The position to be taken on the Union’s behalf in the in the annual Conference of the Parties to the Bering Sea Convention

1.PRINCIPLES

In the framework of the Bering Sea Convention, the Union shall:

a) act in accordance with the objectives and principles pursued by the Union within the common fisheries policy (CFP), notably through the precautionary approach and the aims related to the maximum sustainable yield as laid down in Article 2(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013, to promote the implementation of an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management, to avoid and reduce as far as possible unwanted catches, and gradually eliminate discards, and to minimise the impact of fishing activities on marine ecosystems and their habitats, as well as, through the promotion of economically viable and competitive Union fisheries, to provide a fair standard of living for those who depend on fishing activities and take account of the interests of consumers;

b) ensure that measures adopted within the annual Conference of the Parties are in accordance with the Bering Sea Convention;

c) ensure that measures adopted within the annual Conference of the Parties are consistent with international law, and in particular with the provisions of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the 1995 UN Agreement relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, the 1993 Agreement to promote compliance with international conservation and management measures by fishing vessels on the high seas, and the 2009 Food and Agriculture Organization Port State Measures Agreement;

d) promote positions consistent with the best practices of regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs) in the same area;

e) seek consistency and synergy with the policy that the Union is pursuing as part of its bilateral fisheries relations with third countries, and ensure coherence with its other policies notably in the field of external relations, employment, environment, trade, development, research and innovation;

f)ensure that the Union's international commitments are respected;

g) be in line with the Council Conclusions of 19 March 2012 on the Commission Communication on the external dimension of the common fisheries policy 1 ;

h) aim to create a level playing field for the Union fleet within the Bering Sea Convention area based on the same principles and standards as those applicable under Union law, and to promote the uniform implementation of those principles and standards;

i) be in line with the Joint communication by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the European Commission on International ocean governance: an agenda for the future of oceans 2 as well as the Council conclusions on that Joint communication 3 and promote measures to support and enhance the effectiveness of the annual Conference of the Parties and, where relevant, improve its governance and performance (in particular as regards on science, compliance, transparency and decision-making) as a contribution to the sustainable management of oceans in all its dimensions;

j) promote coordination between RFMOs and regional sea conventions (RSCs) and cooperation with global organisations, as applicable, within their mandates;

k)promote cooperation mechanisms amongst non-tuna RFMOs similar to the so-called Kobe process for tuna RFMOs.

2.ORIENTATIONS

The Union shall, where appropriate, endeavour to support the adoption of the following actions by the annual Conference of the Parties:

a) conservation and management measures for fisheries resources in the Agreement area based on the best scientific advice available, including Allowable Harvest Level (AHL) and individual national quotas or effort regulation for living marine biological resources regulated by the annual Conference of the Parties, including changing Annex to the Bering Sea Convention, which would achieve the maximum sustainable yield exploitation rate on a progressive, incremental basis. Where necessary, those conservation and management measures shall include specific measures for stocks, which suffer from overfishing to keep the fishing effort in line with available fishing opportunities;

b) measures to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities in the Bering Sea Convention area, including IUU vessel listing;

c) monitoring, control and surveillance measures in the Convention Area in order to ensure efficiency of control and compliance with measures adopted within the annual Conference of the Parties;

d) measures to minimise the negative impact of fishing activities on marine biodiversity and marine ecosystems and their habitats, including measures to reduce marine pollution and prevent the discharge of plastics at sea and reduce the impact on marine biodiversity and ecosystems of plastics present at sea, protective measures for vulnerable marine ecosystems in the Bering Sea Convention area in line with the FAO International Guidelines for the Management of Deep-sea Fisheries in the High Seas, and measures to avoid and reduce as far as possible unwanted catches, including in particular vulnerable marine species, and to gradually eliminate discards;

e)measures to reduce the impact of Abandoned, Lost or Otherwise Discarded Fishing Gear (ALDFG) in the ocean and to facilitate the identification and recovery of such gear;

f) measures aimed at the prohibition of fisheries conducted solely for the purpose of harvesting shark fins and requiring that all sharks are landed with each fin naturally attached;

g) recommendations, where appropriate and to the extent permitted under the relevant constituent documents, encouraging the implementation of the Work in Fishing Convention of the International Labour Organisation (ILO);

h)common approaches with other RFMOs, where appropriate, in particular those involved in fisheries management in the same region;

i) additional technical measures based on advice from the subsidiary bodies and working groups of the annual Conference of the Parties.

ANNEX II

Year to year specification of the Union’s position to be taken

at the annual Conference of the Parties

Before each meeting of the annual Conference of the Parties, when that body is called upon to adopt decisions having legal effects on the Union, the necessary steps shall be taken so that the position to be expressed on the Union's behalf takes account of the latest scientific and other relevant information transmitted to the European Commission, in accordance with the principles and orientations set out in Annex I.

To this effect, and based on that information, the European Commission shall transmit to the Council, or to its preparatory bodies, in sufficient time before each meeting of the annual Conference of the Parties, a written document setting out the particulars of the proposed specification of the Union’s position for discussion and endorsement of the details of the position to be expressed on the Union's behalf.

If in the course of a meeting of the annual Conference of the Parties it is impossible to reach an agreement, including on the spot, in order for the Union’s position to take account of new elements, the matter shall be referred to the Council or its preparatory bodies.

(1)    7087/12REV 1 ADD 1 COR 1.
(2)    JOIN(2016) 49 final of 10.11.2016.
(3)    7348/1/17 REV 1 of 24.3.2017.
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