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Document 32019R1839

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1839 of 31 October 2019 amending Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 as regard the determination and reporting of WLTP CO2 values for certain categories of new light commercial vehicles and adjusting the input data for the correlation tool (Text with EEA relevance)

C/2019/7892

OJ L 282, 4.11.2019, p. 1–8 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Date of entry into force unknown (pending notification) or not yet in force., Date of effect: 24/11/2019

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2019/1839/oj

4.11.2019   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 282/1


COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2019/1839

of 31 October 2019

amending Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 as regard the determination and reporting of WLTP CO2 values for certain categories of new light commercial vehicles and adjusting the input data for the correlation tool

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2011 setting emission performance standards for new light commercial vehicles as part of the Union’s integrated approach to reduce CO2 emissions from light-duty vehicles (1), and in particular the first subparagraph of Article 8(9) and the third subparagraph of Article 13(6) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Light commercial vehicles for which type-approvals have been granted pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) and extended pursuant to the fourth paragraph of Article 2 of that Regulation may be placed on the market in 2020, and as end-of-series vehicles until June 2022, with CO2 emission values determined in accordance with the New European Drive Cycle (NEDC).

(2)

Those vehicles should, however, be adequately accounted for in the calculation of the specific CO2 emission targets applicable to manufacturers from 2021 to 2024, and for verifying compliance with those targets in the years 2021 and 2022 in accordance with points 1 to 5 of Part B of Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2019/631 of the European Parliament and of the Council (3).

(3)

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 (4) provides a methodology for the correlation of NEDC CO2 emission values and those determined in accordance with the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) as set out in Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 (5). It is therefore appropriate to clarify in Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 which WLTP CO2 emission values should be attributed to this specific group of light commercial vehicles, with a view to ensuring that those values take into account the CO2 emission values that are to be determined for this group of vehicles from 1 January 2021 in accordance with Annex VIII to Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 (6).

(4)

Regulation (EU) 2019/631 provides that the EU fleet-wide CO2 emission targets for new light commercial vehicles for 2025 and 2030 are to be calculated on the basis of the CO2 emissions measured in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 for new light commercial vehicles registered in 2020 (hereinafter ‘measured CO2 emission values’).

(5)

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 sets out rules about the calculation and reporting by manufacturers of those measured CO2 emission values. It is, however, necessary to further specify how those values are to be determined, in particular, as regards Not-Off-Vehicle Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (NOVC-HEV) and Off-Vehicle Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (OVC-HEV).

(6)

It should also be clarified how the measured CO2 emission values are to be determined where several CO2 emissions tests are performed for the purpose of type-approval.

(7)

The correlation of the CO2 emissions of NOVC-HEVs and OVC-HEVs should be performed on the basis of physical vehicle tests and not on the basis of simulations performed by the correlation tool, due to the complexity of adapting the correlation tool to take into account such vehicle technologies. In order to ensure effective verification of the correlation results, technical test data relating to those vehicles should be provided to the Commission in the same way as for conventional vehicles.

(8)

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(9)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Climate Change Committee,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 is amended as follows:

(1)

in Article 3(1), point (d) is replaced by the following:

‘(d)

with regard to end-of-series vehicles referred to in Article 27 of Directive 2007/46/EC, and to N1 vehicles with a reference mass between 2 380 kg and 2 610 kg for which the type-approvals granted pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009, in respect of their engines, have been extended in accordance with the fourth paragraph of Article 2 of that Regulation (‘HDV-derived N1 vehicles’), the measured NEDC CO2 values, and, where available, NEDC CO2 values.’;

(2)

Article 4 is amended as follows:

(a)

the following paragraph 1a is added:

‘1a.   With regard to HDV-derived N1 vehicles registered in 2020 for which CO2 emission values have been determined in accordance with UNECE Regulation No 101 as referred to in Annex VIII to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 in its version of 31 January 2014, the following shall apply:

(a)

Where an extension of the type approval pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 has been granted by 31 December 2020 and a WLTP CO2 value has been determined in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 in conjunction with Annex VIII to Regulation (EU) No 582/2011, that WLTP CO2 value shall be attributed to the HDV-derived N1 vehicle registered in 2020, if the type, variant and version code of that vehicle is the same as that recorded in the type approval certificate of the type approval extension in question.

The manufacturer shall by 28 February 2021 submit the following information to the Commission with regard to each vehicle covered by this point:

(i)

Vehicle identification number;

(ii)

Type, variant and version code;

(iii)

Type approval number, including the extension number;

(iv)

A copy of the type approval certificate.

(b)

Where the type approval pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 is not extended by 31 December 2020, the following WLTP CO2 value shall be attributed to each HDV-derived N1 vehicle concerned:

Image 1

Where,

NEDCind

is the measured NEDC CO2 value in 2020 of the individual vehicle;

NEDC2020

is the average specific emissions of CO2 in 2020 of the manufacturer determined in accordance with this Regulation, calculated in accordance with the second indent of Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2019/631, and without including CO2 savings resulting from the application of Article 11 of that Regulation;

WLTP2020

is the average specific emissions of CO2 in 2020 of the manufacturer determined in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 or in accordance with point (a) of this paragraph, calculated in accordance with the second indent of Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2019/631, and without including CO2 savings resulting from the application of Article 11 of that Regulation.

NEDC2020 and WLTP2020 shall only include those vehicles with a WLTP CO2 value determined in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 or with point (a) of this paragraph.

The manufacturer shall by 28 February 2021 submit to the Commission a copy of the certificate of conformity of each vehicle covered by this point.

Where the manufacturer does not provide the information and documents referred to in points (a) and (b), the WLTP CO2 value of the vehicles concerned shall be attributed as set out in paragraph 2(a) of this Article.’

(b)

Paragraph 2 is amended as follows:

(i)

the introductory subparagraph is replaced by the following:

‘With regard to end-of-series vehicles that have not been type approved in accordance with Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 but are registered in 2020, the following WLTP CO2 values shall be attributed to each registered vehicle:’

(ii)

the following subparagraph is added:

‘With regard to end-of-series vehicles registered in 2021 and 2022, the WLTP CO2 values to be attributed to each of those vehicles shall be those determined in accordance with paragraph 1a(b) of this Article.’

(3)

Article 6a is amended as follows:

(a)

the first subparagraph of paragraph 1 is replaced by the following:

‘Manufacturers shall calculate the combined, or where applicable weighted combined CO2 emissions, determined as MCO2, measured, for each light commercial vehicle registered in 2020 in accordance with the following:

(a)

For pure internal combustion engine vehicles:

the equation for calculating MCO2-ind set out in the second subparagraph of paragraph 3.2.3.2.4. of Sub-Annex 7 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, where the terms MCO2-H and MCO2-L shall, for the interpolation family concerned, be replaced by the values MCO2,C,5 (combined) taken from the entries 2.5.1.1.3. (vehicle H) and 2.5.1.2.3. (vehicle L) of the EC type-approval certificate, as indicated in the model set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151;

(b)

For Not-Off-Vehicle Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (NOVC-HEV):

the equation: MCO2-measured = MCO2-L,C,5 + Kind x (MCO2-H,C,5 – MCO2-L,C,5)

Where,

MCO2-L,C,5

is the value MCO2,C,5 (combined) for the interpolation family concerned, taken from entry 2.5.1.2.3 of the EC type-approval certificate, as indicated in the model set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151;

Kind

is the interpolation coefficient for the considered individual vehicle for the applicable WLTP test cycle as specified in paragraph 4.5.3 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151;

MCO2-H,C,5

is the value MCO2,C,5 (combined) for the interpolation family concerned, taken from entry 2.5.1.1.3 of the EC type-approval certificate, as indicated in the model set out in Appendix 4 to Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.

(c)

For Off-Vehicle Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (OVC-HEV):

the equation: MCO2-measured = MCO2-L,C,5 + Kind x (MCO2-H,C,5 – MCO2-L,C,5)

Where,

MCO2-L,C,5, MCO2-H,C,5

are, for the interpolation family concerned, determined in accordance with the formula set out in paragraph 4.1.3.1 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151, where the term Mi,CDj shall be replaced by the value MCO2,CD (combined) taken from the entry 2.5.3.2 for vehicle H and L, as applicable, of the EC type-approval certificate, and the term Mi,CS shall be replaced by the value MCO2,C,5 (combined) taken from entry 2.5.3.1 of the EC type-approval certificate for vehicle H, L, or M, as applicable;

Kind

is the interpolation coefficient for the considered individual vehicle for the applicable WLTP test cycle as defined in paragraph 4.5.3 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151.’

(b)

the following paragraph 1a is inserted:

‘1a.   Where more than one measurement is recorded in entries 2.5.1.1.3., 2.5.1.2.3., 2.5.3.1., or 2.5.3.2. of an EC type-approval certificate, the MCO2,C,5 or MCO2,CD values referred to in paragraph 1 shall for the purpose of this provision be determined as follows:

(a)

in the case of one measurement: the combined value recorded for Test 1;

(b)

in the case of two measurements: the average of the two combined values recorded for Tests 1 and 2;

(c)

in the case of three measurements: the average of the three combined values recorded for Tests 1, 2 and 3.’;

(4)

Annex I is amended as follows:

(a)

in point 2.1, the last sentence of the second paragraph is replaced by the following:

‘With regard to Not-Off-Vehicle Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (NOVC-HEV) and Off-Vehicle Charging Hybrid Electric Vehicles (OVC-HEV), the NEDC CO2 values to be used as a reference for the purpose of Section 3 shall be determined by way of physical vehicle tests instead of correlation tool simulations. The physical measurements shall be performed in accordance with the relevant provisions referring to physical vehicle tests set out in this Annex. The input data for the physical vehicle tests shall be determined and submitted to the type-approval authority or, where applicable, technical service, in accordance with point 2.4.’;

(b)

in point 2.2a, point (a) is replaced by the following:

‘(a) The correction of the WLTP test results for CO2 mass emissions in accordance with Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 6 and Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 shall apply to all such test results, notwithstanding the provisions in paragraph 3.4.4(a) of Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 6 and paragraph 1.1.4(a) of Appendix 2 to Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to that Regulation;’;

(c)

in point 2.4, table 1 is amended as follows:

(i)

in entry 24, the text in the second column under ‘Input parameters for the correlation tool’ is replaced by the words ‘Service battery capacity’;

(ii)

entries 38 to 41 are replaced by the following:

‘38

WLTP CO2 value phase 1 (Charge-Sustaining value in case of NOVC and OVC-HEVs)

gCO2/km

Entry 2.1.1.2.1.

of Appendix 8a to Annex I of (EU) 2017/1151

Uncorrected measured value MCO2,p,1 of phase Low

39

WLTP CO2 value phase 2 (Charge-Sustaining value in case of NOVC and OVC-HEVs)

gCO2/km

Idem

Uncorrected measured value MCO2,p,1 of phase Medium

40

WLTP CO2 value phase 3 (Charge-Sustaining value in case of NOVC and OVC-HEVs)

gCO2/km

Idem

Uncorrected measured value MCO2,p,1 of phase High

41

WLTP CO2 value phase 4 (Charge-Sustaining value in case of NOVC and OVC-HEVs)

gCO2/km

Idem

Uncorrected measured value MCO2,p,1 of phase Extra-High

(iii)

in entry 60, the text in the second column under ‘Input parameters for the correlation tool’ is replaced by the words ‘WLTP Alternator (DC/DC converter — low voltage side — in case of NOVC and OVC-HEVs) Current’;

(iv)

in entry 61, the text in the second column under ‘Input parameters for the correlation tool’ is replaced by the words ‘Service battery current’;

(v)

entry 75 is deleted;

(vi)

entry 77 is replaced by the following:

‘77

WLTP CO2 measured corrected (Charge-Sustaining value in case of NOVC and OVC-HEVs) for vehicle H and/or L

g/km

Entry 2.1.1.2.1 of Appendix 8a to Annex I of (EU) 2017/1151

Combined measured CO2 emissions for vehicle H and L after all applicable corrections, MCO2,C,5 . In case of 2 and 3 WLTP tests all measured results shall be provided (except for NOVC and OVC-HEVs where only final type-approval value shall be provided).

(vii)

the following entries 79 to 101 are added:

‘79

WLTP Charge-depleting CO2 results (combined)

gCO2/km

2.5.3.2 of Appendix 4 to Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Combined charge depleting CO2 mass emissions MCO2,CD (average values in case of 2 and 3 tests) for the Type I test as calculated according to paragraph 4.1.2 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151(OVC-HEV only)

80

WLTP utility factor-weighted combined CO2 emission (measured)

gCO2/km

Calculated according to paragraph 4.1.3.1 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Calculated weighted combined results (measured) as described in Article 7a(1)(c) of this Regulation (OVC-HEV only)

81

WLTP utility factor-weighted combined CO2 emission (declared)

gCO2/km

Entry 2.5.3.3 of the EC type-approval certificate

Calculated weighted combined results (declared) taken from entry 2.5.3.3 of the EC type-approval certificate (OVC-HEV only)

82

WLTP Equivalent all electric range (EAER) combined

km

Entry 2.5.3.7.2 (EAER) of the EC type-approval certificate

Combined Equivalent all Electric Range (EAER) (OVC-HEV only)

83

Index number of the transition cycle

Entry 2.1.1.4.1.4 of Appendix 8a to Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

for OVC-HEV indicate the index number of the transition cycle

84

Relative electric energy change REECi of each charge-depleting test

Calculated according to paragraph 3.2.4.5.2 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Indicate REECi of each CD test

85

NEDC Charge- Sustaining CO2 emission (declared, Condition B)

gCO2/km

Information document (Appendix 3 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151)

(for NOVC-HEV entry 3.5.7.2.1; for OVC-HEV entry 3.5.7.2.2)

OEM declaration

for NOVC-HEV: Declared combined NEDC CO2 value; For OVC-HEV: Declared combined charge sustaining CO2 mass emission (NEDC condition B).

86

NEDC Charge- Depleting CO2 emission (declared, Condition A)

gCO2/km

Information document, (entry 3.5.7.2.3 of Appendix 3 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151)

Combined CD CO2 emission, OEM declaration (only OVC-HEV)

87

NEDC weighted-combined CO2 emission (declared)

gCO2/km

OEM declaration

OEM declaration (only OVC-HEV)

88

NEDC electric range for OVC-HEV (declared)

km

OEM declaration

OEM declaration (only OVC-HEV)

89

KCO2 factor for charge sustaining mode correction

(g/km)/(Wh/km)

paragraph 2.3.2 of Appendix 2 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

RCB CO2 mass emission correction coefficient for NOVC and OVC-HEV

90

Hybrid Vehicle Configuration (P0, P1, P2, P2 planetary, P3, or P4) (***)

 

Does the vehicle have an electric machine used for vehicle propulsion and electric energy generation in P0, P1, P2, P2 planetary, P3, or P4 position, or a combination thereof?

OEM declaration

91

Maximum power output of each electric machine (P0, P1, P2, P2 planetary, P3, or P4) (***)

kW

Point 3.3.1.1.1 of Appendix 3 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

OEM declaration

92

Maximum torque output of each electric machine (P0, P1, P2, P2 planetary, P3, or P4) (***)

Nm

 

OEM declaration

93

For each electric machine, the ratio between the electric machine rotational speed and the reference rotational speed (P0, P1, P2, P2 planetary, P3, or P4) (***)

 

OEM declaration

94

Traction REESS capacity

Ah

Point 3.3.2.3 of Appendix 3 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

OEM declaration

95

Traction REESS current

A

Appendix 3 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

20Hz time-series values used for the test(s) resampled to 1Hz

96

Traction REESS technology type

Point 1.1.10 of Appendix 8a of Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

OEM declaration

97

Traction REESS initial state of charge

%

 

OEM declaration

98

Number of REESS cells

 

Point 3.3.2.1 of Appendix 3 of Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

OEM declaration

99

Traction REESS voltage nominal/time-series

V

Appendix 3 of Sub-Annex 8 to Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151

Nominal or time-series values used for the test (20Hz minimum)

100

Engine-idle coasting function

Y/N

Does the vehicle have the engine idle coasting function (allow the engine to idle during vehicle coasting in order to save fuel)?

101

Engine-off coasting function

Y/N

Does the vehicle have the engine-off coasting function (allow the engine to switch off during vehicle coasting in order to save fuel)?

(d)

in the second paragraph of point 4.2.1.4.2, the following sentence is added:

‘In the case of point (d), where the road load coefficients for the road load matrix family have been determined in accordance with point 2.3.8.2.1(a), the road load coefficients for the individual vehicle may be determined in accordance with the formulae set out in the second paragraph of point 4.2.1.5.’.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Point (4)(c) of Article 1 shall apply from 1 January 2020.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 31 October 2019.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 145, 31.5.2011, p. 1.

(2)  Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 June 2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information and amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 and Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 80/1269/EEC, 2005/55/EC and 2005/78/EC (OJ L 188, 18.7.2009, p. 1).

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2019/631 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 setting CO2 emission performance standards for new passenger cars and for new light commercial vehicles, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 443/2009 and (EU) No 510/2011 (OJ L 111, 25.4.2019, p. 13).

(4)  Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1152 of 2 June 2017 setting out a methodology for determining the correlation parameters necessary for reflecting the change in the regulatory test procedure with regard to light commercial vehicles and amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 293/2012 (OJ L 175, 7.7.2017, p. 644).

(5)  Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 of 1 June 2017 supplementing Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on type-approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information, amending Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 1230/2012 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 (OJ L 175, 7.7.2017, p. 1–643).

(6)  Commission Regulation (EU) No 582/2011 of 25 May 2011 implementing and amending Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (EuroVI) and amending Annexes I and III to Directive 2007/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 167, 25.6.2011, p. 1).

(***)  P0: the electric machine is connected to the engine transmission belt therefore has the engine speed as reference speed;

P1: the electric machine is connected to the engine crankshaft therefore has the engine speed as reference speed;

P2: the electric machine is mounted right upstream the transmission (gearbox or continuously variable transmission), therefore has the transmission input speed as reference speed;

P2 planetary: the electric machine is connected to the gear of a planetary gearset that is not connected to the internal combustion engine or the final drive sides, here referred to as the planetary side. In this case the speed ratio to be specified is the ratio between the electric machine and planetary side rotational speed (reference speed) reflecting the speed multiplication/reduction effect of a reduction gear

P3: the electric machine is right upstream the final drive of a driven axle therefore has the final drive input rotational speed as reference speed (this includes electric machines mounted on the gear of a planetary gearset on the final drive side). A vehicle can have up to two P3 machines (one for the front (P3a) and one for the rear (P3b) axle;

P4: the electric machine is downstream the final drive, therefore has the wheel speed as reference speed. A vehicle can have up to four P4 motors (one for each wheel, where P4a indicates front wheels and P4b rear wheels).

Further specifications of these inputs are to be provided in the input template for the correlation tool’;


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