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Document 32019L1833

Commission Directive (EU) 2019/1833 of 24 October 2019 amending Annexes I, III, V and VI to Directive 2000/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards purely technical adjustments

C/2019/7533

OJ L 279, 31.10.2019, p. 54–79 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Date of entry into force unknown (pending notification) or not yet in force., Date of effect: 20/11/2019

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2019/1833/oj

31.10.2019   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 279/54


COMMISSION DIRECTIVE (EU) 2019/1833

of 24 October 2019

amending Annexes I, III, V and VI to Directive 2000/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards purely technical adjustments

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Directive 2000/54/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 September 2000 on the protection of workers from risks related to exposure to biological agents at work (1), and in particular Article 19 thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Principle 10 of the European Pillar of Social Rights (2), proclaimed at Gothenburg on 17 November 2017, provides that every worker has the right to a healthy, safe and well-adapted working environment. The workers’ right to a high level of protection of their health and safety at work and to a working environment that is adapted to their professional needs and that enables them to prolong their participation in the labour market includes protection from exposure to biological agents at work.

(2)

The implementation of the directives related to the health and safety of workers at work, including Directive 2000/54/EC, was the subject of an ex-post evaluation, referred to as a REFIT evaluation. The evaluation looked at the directives’ relevance, at research and at new scientific knowledge in the various fields concerned. The REFIT evaluation, referred to in the Commission Staff Working Document (3), concludes, among other things, that the classified list of biological agents in Annex III to Directive 2000/54/EC needs to be amended in light of scientific and technical progress and that consistency with other relevant directives should be enhanced.

(3)

In its Communication ‘Safer and Healthier Work for All — Modernisation of the EU Occupational Safety and Health Legislation and Policy’ (4), the Commission reiterated that while the REFIT evaluation of the Union’s acquis on occupational health and safety confirmed that the legislation in this field is generally effective and fit-for-purpose, there is scope for updating outdated rules and ensuring better and broader protection, compliance and enforcement on the ground. The Commission emphasises the particular need to update the list of biological agents in Annex III to Directive 2000/54/EC.

(4)

Directive 2000/54/EC lays down rules to protect workers against risks to their health and safety, including the prevention of such risks, arising or likely to arise from exposure to biological agents at work. Directive 2000/54/EC applies to activities in which workers are exposed, or are potentially exposed, to biological agents as a result of their work, and states the measures to be taken in the case of any activity likely to involve a risk of exposure to biological agents, to determine the nature, degree and duration of workers’ exposure to biological agents.

(5)

Since the results of a risk assessment can show an unintended exposure to biological agents, there could be other work activities not included in Annex I to Directive 2000/54/EC that should also be taken into consideration. Therefore, the indicative list of activities set out in Annex I to Directive 2000/54/EC should be amended to include an introductory phrase in order to clarify the non-exhaustive nature of the list.

(6)

Annex III to Directive 2000/54/EC sets out the list of biological agents known to infect humans, classified according to their level of risk of infection. In line with introductory note 6 in that Annex, the list should be amended to take into account the latest state of knowledge as regards scientific development that have brought about significant changes since the list was last updated, particularly as regards the taxonomy, nomenclature, classification and characteristics of biological agents, and the existence of new biological agents.

(7)

Annexes V and VI to Directive 2000/54/EC lay down the containment measures and levels for laboratories, animal facilities and industry. Annexes V and VI should be amended and restructured in order to be aligned with and to take into account the containment and other protective measures included in Directive 2009/41/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (5).

(8)

In preparing the current update of Annexes I, III V and VI to Directive 2000/54/EC, consideration was given to the need to maintain the existing levels of protection for workers who are or who are potentially exposed to biological agents through their work, and to ensure that the amendments only take into account scientific developments in the area, requiring adjustments at the workplace that are merely technical in nature.

(9)

The Advisory Committee for Safety and Health at Work was consulted on the measures resulting from the adoption of the Commission’s Communication ‘Safer and Healthier Work for All — Modernisation of the EU Occupational Safety and Health Legislation and Policy’ that are required to keep the Union’s occupational health and safety legislation effective and fit-for-purpose.

(10)

In its ‘Opinion on the Modernisation of Six OSH Directives to Ensure Healthier and Safer Work for All’ (6), adopted on 6 December 2017, the Advisory Committee for Safety and Health at Work recommends that Directive 2000/54/EC should be amended to enhance its relevance and effectiveness.

(11)

In a subsequent ‘Opinion on technical updates to the annexes of the Biological Agents Directive (2000/54/EC)’ (7), adopted on 31 May 2018, the Advisory Committee for Safety and Health at Work recommends that specific updates should be made to Annex I, III, V and VI, reflecting the latest technological and scientific developments in the field.

(12)

In preparing the current update of Annexes I, III, V and VI to Directive 2000/54/EC, the Commission was assisted by experts representing Member States, who provided technical and scientific support.

(13)

In accordance with the Joint Political Declaration on explanatory documents (8), adopted by the Member States and the Commission on 28 September 2011, Member States have undertaken to accompany, in justified cases, the notification of their transposition measures with one or more documents explaining the relationship between the components of a directive and the corresponding parts of national transposition instruments.

(14)

The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee established by Article 17 of Council Directive 89/391/EEC (9),

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

Annexes I, III, V and VI to Directive 2000/54/EC are replaced by the text in the Annex to this Directive.

Article 2

1.   Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 20 November 2021 at the latest. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions.

When Member States adopt those measures, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or shall be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.

2.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 3

This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 4

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 24 October 2019.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)  OJ L 262, 17.10.2000, p. 21.

(2)  European Pillar of Social Rights, November 2017, https://ec.europa.eu/commission/priorities/deeper-and-fairer-economic-and-monetary-union/european-pillar-social-rights_en

(3)  SWD(2017) 10 final.

(4)  COM(2017) 12.

(5)  Directive 2009/41/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms (OJ L 125, 21.5.2009, p. 75).

(6)  Advisory Committee for Safety and Health at Work Doc. 1718/2017.

(7)  Advisory Committee for Safety and Health at Work Doc. 434/18.

(8)  OJ C 369, 17.12.2011, p. 14.

(9)  Council Directive 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers at work (OJ L 183, 29.6.1989, p. 1).


ANNEX

(1)   

Annex I to Directive 2000/54/EC is replaced by the following:

‘ANNEX I

INDICATIVE LIST OF ACTIVITIES

(Article 4(2))

Preliminary note

Where the result of the risk assessment, carried out in accordance with Article 3 and Article 4(2) of this Directive, shows an unintentional exposure to biological agents, there may be other work activities, not included in this Annex, which should be considered.

1.

Work in food production plants.

2.

Work in agriculture.

3.

Work activities where there is contact with animals and/or products of animal origin.

4.

Work in healthcare, including isolation and post-mortem units.

5.

Work in clinical, veterinary and diagnostic laboratories, excluding diagnostic microbiological laboratories.

6.

Work in refuse disposal plants.

7.

Work in sewage purification installations.

’.

(2)   

Annex III to Directive 2000/54/EC is replaced by the following:

‘ANNEX III

COMMUNITY CLASSIFICATION

Article 2, second paragraph, and Article 18

INTRODUCTORY NOTES

1.

In line with the scope of the Directive, only agents which are known to infect humans are to be included in the classified list.

Where appropriate, indicators are given of the toxic and allergic potential of these agents.

Animal and plant pathogens which are known not to affect man are excluded.

In drawing up this list of classified biological agents consideration has not been given to genetically modified micro-organisms.

2.

The list of classified agents is based on the effect of those agents on healthy workers.

No specific account is taken of particular effects on those whose susceptibility may be affected for one or other reason such as pre-existing disease, medication, compromised immunity, pregnancy or breast feeding.

Additional risk to such workers should be considered as part of the risk assessment required by the Directive.

In certain industrial processes, certain laboratory work or certain work with animals involving actual or potential exposure to biological agents of groups 3 or 4, any technical precautions taken must comply with Article 16 of the Directive.

3.

Biological agents which have not been classified for inclusion in groups 2 to 4 of the list are not implicitly classified in group 1.

For genera where more than one species is known to be pathogenic to man, the list will include those species which are known to be the most frequently responsible for diseases, together with a more general reference to the fact that other species of the same genus may affect health.

When a whole genus is mentioned in the classified list of biological agents, it is implicit that the species and strains known to be non-pathogenic are excluded.

4.

Where a strain is attenuated or has lost known virulence genes, then the containment required by the classification of its parent strain need not necessarily apply, subject to assessment appropriate for risk in the workplace.

This is the case, for example, when such a strain is to be used as a product or part of a product for prophylactic or therapeutic purposes.

5.

The nomenclature of classified agents used to establish this list reflects and is in conformity with the latest international agreements of the taxonomy and nomenclature of agents at the time the list was prepared.

6.

The list of classified biological agents reflects the state of knowledge at the time that it was devised.

It will be updated as soon as it no longer reflects the latest state of knowledge.

7.

Member States are to ensure that all viruses which have already been isolated in humans and which have not been assessed and allocated in this Annex are classified in group 2 as a minimum, except where Member States have proof that they are unlikely to cause disease in humans.

8.

Certain biological agents classified in group 3 which are indicated in the appended list by two asterisks (**), may present a limited risk of infection for workers because they are not normally infectious by the airborne route.

Member States shall assess the containment measures to be applied to such agents, taking account of the nature of specific activities in question and of the quantity of the agent involved, with a view to determining whether, in particular circumstances, some of these measures may be dispensed with.

9.

The requirements as to containment consequent on the classification of parasites apply only to stages in the life cycle of the parasite in which it is liable to be infectious to humans at the workplace.

10.

This list also gives a separate indication in cases where the biological agents are likely to cause allergic or toxic reactions, where an effective vaccine is available, or where it is advisable to keep a list of exposed workers for more than 10 years.

These indications are shown by the following letters:

A:

Possible allergic effects

D:

List of workers exposed to this biological agent to be kept for more than 10 years after the end of last known exposure

T:

Toxin production

V:

Effective vaccine available and registered within the EU

The application of preventive vaccination should take account of the code of practice given in Annex VII.

BACTERIA

and similar organisms

NB: For biological agents appearing on this list, the entry of the whole genus with the addition of “spp.” refers to other species belonging to this genus that have not specifically been included in the list, but which are known pathogens in humans. See introductory note 3 for further details.

Biological agent

Classification

Notes

Actinomadura madurae

W

 

Actinomadura pelletieri

2

 

Actinomyces gerencseriae

2

 

Actinomyces israelii

2

 

Actinomyces spp.

2

 

Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans)

2

 

Anaplasma spp.

2

 

Arcanobacterium haemolyticum (Corynebacterium haenolyticum)

2

 

Arcobacter butzleri

2

 

Bacillus anthracis

3

T

Bacteroides fragilis

2

 

Bacteroides spp.

2

 

Bartonella bacilliformis

2

 

Bartonella quintana (Rochalimaea quintana)

2

 

Bartonella (Rochalimaea) spp.

2

 

Bordetella bronchiseptica

2

 

Bordetella parapertussis

2

 

Bordetella pertussis

2

T, V

Bordetella spp.

2

 

Borrelia burgdorferi

2

 

Borrelia duttonii

2

 

Borrelia recurrentis

2

 

Borrelia spp.

2

 

Brachyspira spp.

2

 

Brucella abortus

3

 

Brucella canis

3

 

Brucella inopinata

3

 

Brucella melitensis

3

 

Brucella suis

3

 

Burkholderia cepacia

2

 

Burkholderia mallei (Pseudomonas mallei)

3

 

Burkholderia pseudomallei (Pseudomonas pseudomallei)

3

D

Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus

2

 

Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis

2

 

Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei

2

 

Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni

2

 

Campylobacter spp.

2

 

Cardiobacterium hominis

2

 

Cardiobacterium valvarum

2

 

Chlamydia abortus (Chlamydophila abortus)

2

 

Chlamydia caviae (Chlamydophila caviae)

2

 

Chlamydia felis (Chlamydophila felis)

2

 

Chlamydia pneumoniae (Chlamydophila pneumoniae)

2

 

Chlamydia psittaci (Chlamydophila psittaci) (avian strains)

3

 

Chlamydia psittaci (Chlamydophila psittaci) (other strains)

2

 

Chlamydia trachomatis (Chlamydophila trachomatis)

2

 

Clostridium botulinum

2

T

Clostridium difficile

2

T

Clostridium perfringens

2

T

Clostridium tetani

2

T, V

Clostridium spp.

2

 

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

2

T, V

Corynebacterium minutissimum

2

 

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

2

T

Corynebacterium ulcerans

2

T

Corynebacterium spp.

2

 

Coxiella burnetii

3

 

Edwardsiella tarda

2

 

Ehrlichia spp.

2

 

Eikenella corrodens

2

 

Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (Flavobacterium meningosepticum)

2

 

Enterobacter aerogenes (Klebsiella mobilis)

2

 

Enterobacter cloacae subsp. cloacae (Enterobacter cloacae)

2

 

Enterobacter spp.

2

 

Enterococcus spp.

2

 

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae

2

 

Escherichia coli (with the exception of non-pathogenic strains)

2

 

Escherichia coli, verocytotoxigenic strains (e.g. O157:H7 or O103)

3 (*1)

T

Fluoribacter bozemanae (Legionella)

2

 

Francisella hispaniensis

2

 

Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica

2

 

Francisella tularensis subsp. mediasiatica

2

 

Francisella tularensis subsp. novicida

2

 

Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis

3

 

Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. funduliforme

2

 

Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. necrophorum

2

 

Gardnerella vaginalis

2

 

Haemophilus ducreyi

2

 

Haemophilus influenzae

2

V

Haemophilus spp.

2

 

Helicobacter pylori

2

 

Helicobacter spp.

2

 

Klebsiella oxytoca

2

 

Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. ozaenae

2

 

Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae

2

 

Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. rhinoscleromatis

2

 

Klebsiella spp.

2

 

Legionella pneumophila subsp. fraseri

2

 

Legionella pneumophila subsp. pascullei

2

 

Legionella pneumophila subsp. pneumophila

2

 

Legionella spp.

2

 

Leptospira interrogans (all serovars)

2

 

Leptospira interrogans spp.

2

 

Listeria monocytogenes

2

 

Listeria ivanovii subsp. ivanovii

2

 

Listeria invanovii subsp. londoniensis

2

 

Morganella morganii subsp. morganii (Proteus morganii)

2

 

Morganella morganii subsp. sibonii

2

 

Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus

2

 

Mycobacterium africanum

3

V

Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium (Mycobacterium avium)

2

 

Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Mycobacterium paratuberculosis)

2

 

Mycobacterium avium subsp. silvaticum

2

 

Mycobacterium bovis

3

V

Mycobacterium caprae (Mycobacterium tuberculosis subsp. caprae)

3

 

Mycobacterium chelonae

2

 

Mycobacterium chimaera

2

 

Mycobacterium fortuitum

2

 

Mycobacterium intracellulare

2

 

Mycobacterium kansasii

2

 

Mycobacterium leprae

3

 

Mycobacterium malmoense

2

 

Mycobacterium marinum

2

 

Mycobacterium microti

3 (*1)

 

Mycobacterium pinnipedii

3

 

Mycobacterium scrofulaceum

2

 

Mycobacterium simiae

2

 

Mycobacterium szulgai

2

 

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

3

V

Mycobacterium ulcerans

3 (*1)

 

Mycobacterium xenopi

2

 

Mycoplasma hominis

2

 

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

2

 

Mycoplasma spp.

2

 

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

2

 

Neisseria meningitidis

2

V

Neorickettsia sennetsu (Rickettsia sennetsu, Ehrlichia sennetsu)

2

 

Nocardia asteroides

2

 

Nocardia brasiliensis

2

 

Nocardia farcinica

2

 

Nocardia nova

2

 

Nocardia otitidiscaviarum

2

 

Nocardia spp.

2

 

Orientia tsutsugamushi (Rickettsia tsutsugamushi)

3

 

Pasteurella multocida subsp. gallicida (Pasteurella gallicida)

2

 

Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida

2

 

Pasteurella multocida subsp. septica

2

 

Pasteurella spp.

2

 

Peptostreptococcus anaerobius

2

 

Plesiomonas shigelloides

2

 

Porphyromonas spp.

2

 

Prevotella spp.

2

 

Proteus mirabilis

2

 

Proteus penneri

2

 

Proteus vulgaris

2

 

Providencia alcalifaciens (Proteus inconstans)

2

 

Providencia rettgeri (Proteus rettgeri)

2

 

Providencia spp.

2

 

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

2

T

Rhodococcus hoagii (Corynebacterium equii)

2

 

Rickettsia africae

3

 

Rickettsia akari

3 (*1)

 

Rickettsia australis

3

 

Rickettsia canadensis

2

 

Rickettsia conorii

3

 

Rickettsia heilongjiangensis

3 (*1)

 

Rickettsia japonica

3

 

Rickettsia montanensis

2

 

Rickettsia typhi

3

 

Rickettsia prowazekii

3

 

Rickettsia rickettsii

3

 

Rickettsia sibirica

3

 

Rickettsia spp.

2

 

Salmonella enterica (choleraesuis) subsp. arizonae

2

 

Salmonella Enteritidis

2

 

Salmonella Paratyphi A, B, C

2

V

Salmonella Typhi

3 (*1)

V

Salmonella Typhimurium

2

 

Salmonella (other serovars)

2

 

Shigella boydii

2

 

Shigella dysenteriae (Type 1)

3 (*1)

T

Shigella dysenteriae, other than Type 1

2

 

Shigella flexneri

2

 

Shigella sonnei

2

 

Staphylococcus aureus

2

T

Streptobacillus moniliformis

2

 

Streptococcus agalactiae

2

 

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis

2

 

Streptococcus pneumoniae

2

T, V

Streptococcus pyogenes

2

T

Streptococcus suis

2

 

Streptococcus spp.

2

 

Treponema carateum

2

 

Treponema pallidum

2

 

Treponema pertenue

2

 

Treponema spp.

2

 

Trueperella pyogenes

2

 

Ureaplasma parvum

2

 

Ureaplasma urealyticum

2

 

Vibrio cholerae (including El Tor)

2

T, V

Vibrio parahaemolyticus (Benecka parahaemolytica)

2

 

Vibrio spp.

2

 

Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. enterolitica

2

 

Yersinia enterocolitica subsp. palearctica

2

 

Yersinia pestis

3

 

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

2

 

Yersinia spp.

2

 

VIRUSES (*)

(*) See paragraph 7 of the introductory notes.

NB: Viruses have been listed according to their order (O), family (F) and genus (G).

Biological agent

(virus species or indicated taxonomy order)

Classification

Notes

Bunyavirales (O)

 

 

Hantaviridae (F)

 

 

Orthohantavirus (G)

 

 

Andes orthohantavirus (Hantavirus species causing Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome [HPS])

3

 

Bayou orthohantavirus

3

 

Black Creek Canal orthohantavirus

3

 

Cano Delgadito orthohantavirus

3

 

Choclo orthohantavirus

3

 

Dobrava-Belgrade orthohantavirus (Hantavirus species causing Haemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome [HFRS])

3

 

El Moro Canyon orthohantavirus

3

 

Hantaan orthohantavirus (Hantavirus species causing Haemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome [HFRS])

3

 

Laguna Negra orthohantavirus

3

 

Prospect Hill orthohantavirus

2

 

Puumala orthohantavirus (Hantavirus species causing Nephropathia Epidemica [NE])

2

 

Seoul orthohantavirus (Hantavirus species causing Haemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome [HFRS])

3

 

Sin Nombre orthohantavirus (Hantavirus species causing Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome [HPS])

3

 

Other hantaviruses known to be pathogenic

2

 

Nairoviridae (F)

 

 

Orthonairovirus (G)

 

 

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever orthonairovirus

4

 

Dugbe orthonairovirus

2

 

Hazara orthonairovirus

2

 

Nairobi sheep disease orthonairovirus

2

 

Other nairoviruses known to be pathogenic

2

 

Peribunyaviridae (F)

 

 

Orthobunyavirus (G)

 

 

Bunyamwera orthobunyavirus (Germiston virus)

2

 

California encephalitis orthobunyavirus

2

 

Oropouche orthobunyavirus

3

 

Other orthobunyaviruses known to be pathogenic

2

 

Phenuiviridae (F)

 

 

Phlebovirus (G)

 

 

Bhanja phlebovirus

2

 

Punta Toro phlebovirus

2

 

Rift Valley fever phlebovirus

3

 

Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus (Toscana Virus)

2

 

SFTS phlebovirus (Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome-Virus)

3

 

Other phleboviruses known to be pathogenic

2

 

Herpesvirales (O)

 

 

Herpesviridae (F)

 

 

Cytomegalovirus (G)

 

 

Human betaherpesvirus 5 (Cytomegalovirus)

2

 

Lymphocryptovirus (G)

 

 

Human gammaherpesvirus 4 (Epstein-Barr virus)

2

 

Rhadinoovirus (G)

 

 

Human gammaherpesvirus 8

2

D

Roseolovirus (G)

 

 

Human betaherpesvirus 6A (Human B-lymphotropic virus)

2

 

Human betaherpesvirus 6B

2

 

Human betaherpesvirus 7

2

 

Simplexvirus (G)

 

 

Macacine alphaherpesvirus 1 (Herpesvirus simiae, Herpes B virus)

3

 

Human alphaherpesvirus 1 (Human herpesvirus 1, Herpes simplex virus type 1)

2

 

Human alphaherpesvirus 2 (Human herpesvirus 2, Herpes simplex virus type 2)

2

 

Varicellovirus (G)

 

 

Human alphaherpesvirus 3 (Herpesvirus varicella-zoster)

2

V

Mononegavirales (O)

 

 

Filoviridae (F)

 

 

Ebolavirus (G)

4

 

Marburgvirus (G)

 

 

Marburg marburgvirus

4

 

Paramyxoviridae (F)

 

 

Avulavirus (G)

 

 

Newcastle disease virus

2

 

Henipavirus (G)

 

 

Hendra henipavirus

4

 

Nipah henipavirus

4

 

Morbillivirus (G)

 

 

Measles morbillivirus

2

V

Respirovirus (G)

 

 

Human respirovirus 1 (Parainfluenza virus 1)

2

 

Human respirovirus 3 (Parainfluenza virus 3)

2

 

Rubulavirus (G)

 

 

Mumps rubulavirus

2

V

Human rubulavirus 2 (Parainfluenza virus 2)

2

 

Human rubulavirus 4 (Parainfluenza virus 4)

2

 

Pneumoviridae (F)

 

 

Metapneumovirus (G)

 

 

Orthopneumovirus (G)

 

 

Human orthopneumovirus (Respiratory syncytial virus)

2

 

Rhabdoviridae (F)

 

 

Lyssavirus (G)

 

 

Australian bat lyssavirus

3 (*3)

V

Duvenhage lyssavirus

3 (*3)

V

European bat lyssavirus 1

3 (*3)

V

European bat lyssavirus 2

3 (*3)

V

Lagos bat lyssavirus

3 (*3)

 

Mokola lyssavirus

3

 

Rabies lyssavirus

3 (*3)

V

Vesiculovirus (G)

 

 

Vesicular stomatitis virus, Alagoas vesiculovirus

2

 

Vesicular stomatitis virus, Indiana vesiculovirus

2

 

Vesicular stomatitis virus, New Jersey vesiculovirus

2

 

Piry vesiculovirus (Piry virus)

2

 

Nidovirales (O)

 

 

Coronaviridae (F)

 

 

Betacoronavirus (G)

 

 

Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-virus)

3

 

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-virus)

3

 

Other Coronaviridae known to be pathogenic

2

 

Picornavirales (O)

 

 

Picornaviridae (F)

 

 

Cardiovirus (G)

 

 

Saffold virus

2

 

Cosavirus (G)

 

 

Cosavirus A

2

 

Enterovirus (G)

 

 

Enterovirus A

2

 

Enterovirus B

2

 

Enterovirus C

2

 

Enterovirus D, Human Enterovirus type 70 (Acute haemorrhagic conjunctivitis virus)

2

 

Rhinoviruses

2

 

Poliovirus, type 1 and 3

2

V

Poliovirus, type 2  (1)

3

V

Hepatovirus (G)

 

 

Hepatovirus A (Hepatitis A virus, Human Enterovirus type 72)

2

V

Kobuvirus (G)

 

 

Aichivirus A (Aichi virus 1)

2

 

Parechovirus (G)

 

 

Parechoviruses A

2

 

Parechoviruses B (Ljungan virus)

2

 

Other Picornaviridae known to be pathogenic

2

 

Unassigned (O)

 

 

Adenoviridae (F)

2

 

Astroviridae (F)

2

 

Arenaviridae (F)

 

 

Mammarenavirus (G)

 

 

Brazilian mammarenavirus

4

 

Chapare mammarenavirus

4

 

Flexal mammarenavirus

3

 

Guanarito mammarenavirus

4

 

Junín mammarenavirus

4

 

Lassa mammarenavirus

4

 

Lujo mammarenavirus

4

 

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis mammarenavirus, neurotropic strains

2

 

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis mammarenavirus (other strains)

2

 

Machupo mammarenavirus

4

 

Mobala mammarenavirus

2

 

Mopeia mammarenavirus

2

 

Tacaribe mammarenavirus

2

 

Whitewater Arroyo mammarenavirus

3

 

Caliciviridae (F)

 

 

Norovirus (G)

 

 

Norovirus (Norwalk virus)

2

 

Other Caliciviridae known to be pathogenic

2

 

Hepadnaviridae (F)

 

 

Orthohepadnavirus (G)

 

 

Hepatitis B virus

3 (*3)

V, D

Hepeviridae (F)

 

 

Orthohepevirus (G)

 

 

Orthohepevirus A (Hepatitis E virus)

2

 

Flaviviridae (F)

 

 

Flavivirus (G)

 

 

Dengue virus

3

 

Japanese encephalitis virus

3

V

Kyasanur Forest disease virus

3

V

Louping ill virus

3 (*3)

 

Murray Valley encephalitis virus (Australia encephalitis virus)

3

 

Omsk haemorrhagic fever virus

3

 

Powassan virus

3

 

Rocio virus

3

 

St. Louis encephalitis virus

3

 

Tick-borne encephalitis virus

 

 

Absettarov virus

3

 

Hanzalova virus

3

 

Hypr virus

3

 

Kumlinge virus

3

 

Negishi virus

3

 

Russian spring-summer encephalitis (1)

3

V

Tick-borne encephalitis virus Central European subtype

3 (*3)

V

Tick-borne encephalitis virus Far Eastern Subtype

3

 

Tick-borne encephalitis virus Siberian subtype

3

V

Wesselsbron virus

3 (*3)

 

West Nile fever virus

3

 

Yellow fever virus

3

V

Zika virus

2

 

Other flaviviruses known to be pathogenic

2

 

Hepacivirus (G)

 

 

Hepacivirus C (Hepatitis C virus)

3 (*3)

D

Orthomyxoviridae (F)

 

 

Gammainfluenzavirus (G)

 

 

Influenza C virus

2

V (3)

Influenzavirus A (G)

 

 

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses HPAIV (H5), e.g. H5N1

3

 

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses HPAIV (H7), e.g. H7N7, H7N9

3

 

Influenza A virus

2

V (3)

Influenza A virus A/New York/1/18 (H1N1) (Spanish flu 1918)

3

 

Influenza A virus A/Singapore/1/57 (H2N2)

3

 

Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus (LPAI) H7N9

3

 

Influenzavirus B (G)

 

 

Influenza B virus

2

V (3)

Thogoto virus (G)

 

 

Dhori virus (Tick-borne orthomyxoviridae: Dhori)

2

 

Thogoto virus (Tick-borne orthomyxoviridae: Thogoto)

2

 

Papillomaviridae (F)

2

D (4)

Parvoviridae (F)

 

 

Erythroparvovirus (G)

 

 

Primate erythroparvovirus 1 (Human parvovirus, B 19 virus)

2

 

Polyomaviridae (F)

 

 

Betapolyomavirus (G)

 

 

Human polyomavirus 1 (BK virus)

2

D (4)

Human polyomavirus 2 (JC virus)

2

D (4)

Poxviridae (F)

 

 

Molluscipoxvirus (G)

 

 

Molluscum contagiosum virus

2

 

Orthopoxvirus (G)

 

 

Cowpox virus

2

 

Monkeypox virus

3

V

Vaccinia virus (incl. Buffalopox virus  (5), Elephantpox virus  (6), Rabbitpox virus  (7))

2

 

Variola (major and minor) virus

4

V

Parapoxvirus (G)

 

 

Orf virus

2

 

Pseudocowpox virus (Milkers’ node virus, parapoxvirus bovis)

2

 

Yatapoxvirus (G)

 

 

Tanapox virus

2

 

Yaba monkey tumor virus

2

 

Reoviridae (F)

 

 

Seadornavirus (G)

 

 

Banna virus

2

 

Coltivirus (G)

2

 

Rotaviruses (G)

2

 

Orbivirus (G)

2

 

Retroviridae (F)

 

 

Deltaretrovirus (G)

 

 

Primate T-lymphotropic virus 1 (Human T-cell lymphotropic virus, type 1)

3 (*3)

D

Primate T-lymphotropic virus 2 (Human T-cell lymphotropic virus, type 2)

3 (*3)

D

Lentivirus (G)

 

 

Human immunodeficiency virus 1

3 (*3)

D

Human immunodeficiency virus 2

3 (*3)

D

Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) (8)

2

 

Togaviridae (F)

 

 

Alphavirus (G)

 

 

Cabassouvirus

3

 

Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus

3

V

Bebaru virus

2

 

Chikungunya virus

3 (*3)

 

Everglades virus

3 (*3)

 

Mayaro virus

3

 

Mucambo virus

3 (*3)

 

Ndumu virus

3 (*3)

 

O’nyong-nyong virus

2

 

Ross River virus

2

 

Semliki Forest virus

2

 

Sindbis virus

2

 

Tonate virus

3 (*3)

 

Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus

3

V

Western equine encephalomyelitis virus

3

V

Other alphaviruses known to be pathogenic

2

 

Rubivirus (G)

 

 

Rubella virus

2

V

Unassigned (F)

 

 

Deltavirus (G)

 

 

Hepatitis delta virus (2)

2

V, D

PRION DISEASE AGENTS

Biological agent

Classification

Notes

Agent of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

3 (*4)

D (9)

Variant Agent of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

3 (*4)

D (9)

Agent of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and other related animal TSEs

3 (*4)

D (9)

Agent of Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome

3 (*4)

D (9)

Agent of Kuru

3 (*4)

D (9)

Agent of Scrapie

2

 

PARASITES

NB: For biological agents appearing on this list, the entry of the whole genus with the addition of “spp.” refers to other species belonging to this genus that have not specifically been included in the list, but which are known pathogens in humans. See introductory note 3 for further details.

Biological agent

Classification

Notes

Acanthamoeba castellani

2

 

Ancylostoma duodenale

2

 

Angiostrongylus cantonensis

2

 

Angiostrongylus costaricensis

2

 

Anisakis simplex

2

A

Ascaris lumbricoides

2

A

Ascaris suum

2

A

Babesia divergens

2

 

Babesia microti

2

 

Balamuthia mandrillaris

3

 

Balantidium coli

2

 

Brugia malayi

2

 

Brugia pahangi

2

 

Brugia timori

2

 

Capillaria philippinensis

2

 

Capillaria spp.

2

 

Clonorchis sinensis (Opisthorchis sinensis)

2

 

Clonorchis viverrini (Opisthirchis viverrini)

2

 

Cryptosporidium hominis

2

 

Cryptosporidium parvum

2

 

Cyclospora cayetanensis

2

 

Dicrocoelium dentriticum

2

 

Dipetalonema streptocerca

2

 

Diphyllobothrium latum

2

 

Dracunculus medinensis

2

 

Echinococcus granulosus

3 (*5)

 

Echinococcus multilocularis

3 (*5)

 

Echinococcus oligarthrus

3 (*5)

 

Echinococcus vogeli

3 (*5)

 

Entamoeba histolytica

2

 

Enterobius vermicularis

2

 

Enterocytozoon bieneusi

2

 

Fasciola gigantica

2

 

Fasciola hepatica

2

 

Fasciolopsis buski

2

 

Giardia lamblia (Giardia duodenalis, Giardia intestinalis)

2

 

Heterophyes spp.

2

 

Hymenolepis diminuta

2

 

Hymenolepis nana

2

 

Leishmania aethiopica

2

 

Leishmania braziliensis

3 (*5)

 

Leishmania donovani

3 (*5)

 

Leishmania guyanensis (Viannia guyanensis)

3 (*5)

 

Leishmania infantum (Leishmania chagasi)

3 (*5)

 

Leishmania major

2

 

Leishmania mexicana

2

 

Leishmania panamensis (Viannia panamensis)

3 (*5)

 

Leishmania peruviana

2

 

Leishmania tropica

2

 

Leishmania spp.

2

 

Loa loa

2

 

Mansonella ozzardi

2

 

Mansonella perstans

2

 

Mansonella streptocerca

2

 

Metagonimus spp.

2

 

Naegleria fowleri

3

 

Necator americanus

2

 

Onchocerca volvulus

2

 

Opisthorchis felineus

2

 

Opisthorchis spp.

2

 

Paragonimus westermani

2

 

Paragonimus spp.

2

 

Plasmodium falciparum

3 (*5)

 

Plasmodium knowlesi

3 (*5)

 

Plasmodium spp. (human and simian)

2

 

Sarcocystis suihominis

2

 

Schistosoma haematobium

2

 

Schistosoma intercalatum

2

 

Schistosoma japonicum

2

 

Schistosoma mansoni

2

 

Schistosoma mekongi

2

 

Strongyloides stercoralis

2

 

Strongyloides spp.

2

 

Taenia saginata

2

 

Taenia solium

3 (*5)

 

Toxocara canis

2

 

Toxocara cati

2

 

Toxoplasma gondii

2

 

Trichinella nativa

2

 

Trichinella nelsoni

2

 

Trichinella pseudospiralis

2

 

Trichinella spiralis

2

 

Trichomonas vaginalis

2

 

Trichostrongylus orientalis

2

 

Trichostrongylus spp.

2

 

Trichuris trichiura

2

 

Trypanosoma brucei brucei

2

 

Trypanosoma brucei gambiense

2

 

Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense

3 (*5)

 

Trypanosoma cruzi

3 (*5)

 

Wuchereria bancrofti

2

 

FUNGI

NB: For biological agents appearing on this list, the entry of the whole genus with the addition of “spp.” refers to other species belonging to this genus that have not specifically been included in the list, but which are known pathogens in humans. See introductory note 3 for further details.

Biological agent

Classification

Notes

Aspergillus flavus

2

A

Aspergillus fumigatus

2

A

Aspergillus spp.

2

 

Blastomyces dermatitidis (Ajellomyces dermatitidis)

3

 

Blastomyces gilchristii

3

 

Candida albicans

2

A

Candida dubliniensis

2

 

Candida glabrata

2

 

Candida parapsilosis

2

 

Candida tropicalis

2

 

Cladophialophora bantiana (Xylohypha bantiana, Cladosporium bantianum, trichoides)

3

 

Cladophialophora modesta

3

 

Cladophialophora spp.

2

 

Coccidioides immitis

3

A

Coccidioides posadasii

3

A

Cryptococcus gattii (Filobasidiella neoformans var. bacillispora)

2

A

Cryptococcus neoformans (Filobasidiella neoformans var. neoformans)

2

A

Emmonsia parva var. parva

2

 

Emmonsia parva var. crescens

2

 

Epidermophyton floccosum

2

A

Epidermophyton spp.

2

 

Fonsecaea pedrosoi

2

 

Histoplasma capsulatum

3

 

Histoplasma capsulatum var. farciminosum

3

 

Histoplasma duboisii

3

 

Madurella grisea

2

 

Madurella mycetomatis

2

 

Microsporum spp.

2

A

Nannizzia spp.

2

 

Neotestudina rosatii

2

 

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

3

A

Paracoccidioides lutzii

3

 

Paraphyton spp.

2

 

Rhinocladiella mackenziei

3

 

Scedosporium apiospermum

2

 

Scedosporium prolificans (inflatum)

2

 

Sporothrix schenckii

2

 

Talaromyces marneffei (Penicillium marneffei)

2

A

Trichophyton rubrum

2

A

Trichophyton tonsurans

2

A

Trichophyton spp.

2

 

(3)   

Annex V to Directive 2000/54/EC is replaced by the following:

‘ANNEX V

INDICATIONS CONCERNING CONTAINMENT MEASURES AND CONTAINMENT LEVELS

(Articles 15(3) and 16(1)(a) and (b))

Preliminary note

The measures contained in this Annex shall be applied according to the nature of the activities, the assessment of risk to workers, and the nature of the biological agent concerned.

In the table, “Recommended” means that the measures should in principle be applied, unless the results of the assessment referred to in Article 3(2) indicate otherwise.

A. Containment measures

B. Containment levels

2

3

4

Workplace

1. The workplace is to be separated from any other activities in the same building

No

Recommended

Yes

2. The workplace is to be sealable to permit fumigation

No

Recommended

Yes

Facilities

3. Infected material including any animal is to be handled in a safety cabinet or isolation or other suitable containment

Where appropriate

Yes, where infection is by airborne route

Yes

Equipment

4. Input air and extract air to the workplace are to be filtered using (HEPA (2)) or likewise

No

Yes, on extract air

Yes, on input and extract air

5. The workplace is to be maintained at an air pressure negative to atmosphere

No

Recommended

Yes

6. Surfaces impervious to water and easy to clean

Yes, for bench and floor

Yes, for bench, floor and other surfaces determined by risk assessment

Yes, for bench, walls, floor and ceiling

7. Surfaces resistant to acids, alkalis, solvents, disinfectants

Recommended

Yes

Yes

System of work

8. Access is to be restricted to nominated workers only

Recommended

Yes

Yes, via airlock (3)

9. Efficient vector control, for example rodents and insects

Recommended

Yes

Yes

10. Specified disinfection procedures

Yes

Yes

Yes

11. Safe storage of a biological agent

Yes

Yes

Yes, secure storage

12. Personnel should shower before leaving the contained area

No

Recommended

Recommended

Waste

13. Validated inactivation process for the safe disposal of animal carcases

Recommended

Yes, on or off site

Yes, on site

Other measures

14. A laboratory is to contain its own equipment

No

Recommended

Yes

15. An observation window, or, alternative, is to be present, so that occupants can be seen

Recommended

Recommended

Yes

(4)   

Annex VI to Directive 2000/54/EC is replaced by the following:

‘ANNEX VI

CONTAINMENT FOR INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

(Article 4(1) and Article 16(2)(a))

Preliminary note

In the table, “Recommended” means that the measures should in principle be applied, unless the results of the assessment referred to in Article 3(2) indicate otherwise.

Group 1 biological agents

For work with group 1 biological agents including live attenuated vaccines, the principles of good occupational safety and hygiene should be observed.

Groups 2, 3 and 4 biological agents

It may be appropriate to select and combine containment requirements from different categories below on the basis of a risk assessment related to any particular process or part of a process.

A. Containment measures

B. Containment levels

2

3

4

General

1. Viable organisms should be handled in a system which physically separates the process from the environment

Yes

Yes

Yes

2. Exhaust gases from the closed system should be treated so as to:

Minimise release

Prevent release

Prevent release

3. Sample collection, addition of materials to a closed system and transfer of viable organisms to another closed system, should be performed so as to:

Minimise release

Prevent release

Prevent release

4. Bulk culture fluids should not be removed from the closed system unless the viable organisms have been:

Inactivated by validated chemical or physical means

Inactivated by validated chemical or physical means

Inactivated by validated chemical or physical means

5. Seals should be designed so as to:

Minimise release

Prevent release

Prevent release

6. The controlled area should be designed to contain spillage of the entire contents of the closed system

No

Recommended

Yes

7. The controlled area should be sealable to permit fumigation

No

Recommended

Yes

Facilities

8. Decontamination and washing facilities should be provided for personnel

Yes

Yes

Yes

Equipment

9. Input air and extract air to the controlled area should be HEPA (4) filtered

No

Recommended

Yes

10. The controlled area should be maintained at an air pressure negative to atmosphere

No

Recommended

Yes

11. The controlled area should be adequately ventilated to minimise air contamination

Recommended

Recommended

Yes

System of work

12. Closed systems (5) should be located within a controlled area

Recommended

Recommended

Yes, and purpose-built

13. Biohazard signs should be posted

Recommended

Yes

Yes

14. Access should be restricted to nominated personnel only

Recommended

Yes

Yes, via an airlock (6)

15. Personnel should shower before leaving the controlled area

No

Recommended

Yes

16. Personnel should wear protective clothing

Yes, work clothing

Yes

Yes, complete change

Waste

17. Effluent from sinks and showers should be collected and inactivated before release

No

Recommended

Yes

18. Effluent treatment before final discharge

Inactivated by validated chemical or physical means

Inactivated by validated chemical or physical means

Inactivated by validated chemical or physical means


(*1)  See paragraph 8 of the introductory notes.

(*2)  See paragraph 7 of the introductory notes.

(1)  Classification according to WHO Global Action Plan to minimize poliovirus facility-associated risk after type-specific eradication of wild polioviruses and sequential cessation of oral polio vaccine use.

(*3)  See paragraph 8 of the introductory notes.

(1)  Tick-borne encephalitis.

(2)  Hepatitis delta virus is pathogenic in workers only in the presence of simultaneous or secondary infection caused by hepatitis B virus. Vaccination against hepatitis B virus will therefore protect workers who are not affected by hepatitis B virus against hepatitis delta virus.

(3)  Only for types A and B.

(4)  Recommended for work involving direct contact with these agents.

(5)  Two viruses are identified: one a buffalopox type and the other a variant of the Vaccinia virus.

(6)  Variant of cowpox virus.

(7)  Variant of Vaccinia.

(8)  At present there is no evidence of disease in humans caused by the other retroviruses of simian origin. As a precaution containment level 3 is recommended for work with them.

(*4)  See paragraph 8 of the introductory notes.

(9)  Recommended for work involving direct contact with these agents.

(*5)  See paragraph 8 of the introductory notes.

(2)  HEPA: High efficiency particulate air

(3)  Airlock: Entry must be through an airlock which is a chamber isolated from the laboratory. The clean side of the airlock must be separated from the restricted side by changing or showering facilities and preferably by interlocking doors.

(4)  HEPA: High efficiency particulate air

(5)  Closed system: A system that physically separates the process from the environment (e.g. incubator vats, tanks, etc.).

(6)  Airlock: Entry must be through an airlock which is a chamber isolated from the laboratory. The clean side of the airlock must be separated from the restricted side by changing or showering facilities and preferably by interlocking doors.


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