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Document 32015R0995

Commission Regulation (EU) 2015/995 of 8 June 2015 amending Decision 2012/757/EU concerning the technical specification for interoperability relating to the ‘operation and traffic management’ subsystem of the rail system in the European Union (Text with EEA relevance)

OJ L 165, 30.6.2015, p. 1–69 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 15/06/2021; Implicitly repealed by 32019R0773

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2015/995/oj

30.6.2015   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 165/1


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2015/995

of 8 June 2015

amending Decision 2012/757/EU concerning the technical specification for interoperability relating to the ‘operation and traffic management’ subsystem of the rail system in the European Union

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Directive 2008/57/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the interoperability of the rail system within the Community (1), and in particular Article 6(1) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 881/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) requires the European Railway Agency (the Agency) to ensure that the technical specifications for interoperability (the TSIs) are adapted to technical progress, market trends and social requirements and to propose to the Commission the amendments to the TSIs which it considers necessary.

(2)

By Decision C(2010) 2576 of 29 April 2010, the Commission gave the Agency a mandate to develop and review the TSIs with a view to extending their scope to the whole rail system in the Union. Under the terms of that mandate, the Agency was requested to extend the scope of the TSI relating to the ‘operation and traffic management’ subsystem, to the whole rail system in the Union.

(3)

Following the Commission’s report on the profile and tasks of other train crew members (3), the Commission asked the Agency to identify the common safety-critical tasks of other crew members not related to vehicle design/rolling stock and to define the scope of Appendix J to Annex I to Commission Decision 2012/757/EU (4) (TSI OPE).

(4)

On 18 December 2013 and on 18 July 2014, the Agency issued two recommendations on the amendments to the TSI relating to the ‘operation and traffic management’ subsystem (ERA-REC-100-2013/REC and ERA-REC-101-2014/REC).

(5)

Decision 2012/757/EU should therefore be amended accordingly.

(6)

The operation and traffic management TSI established by this Regulation does not deal with all essential requirements. In accordance with Article 5(6) of Directive 2008/57/EC, technical aspects which are not covered by it should be identified as ‘open points’ governed by national rules applicable in each Member State.

(7)

Implementation, and conformity with the relevant points, of the TSI set out in the Annex, should be determined in accordance with an implementation plan that each Member State is required to update for the lines for which it is responsible.

(8)

Rail traffic currently operates under national, bilateral, multinational or international agreements. It is important that these do not hinder current and future progress towards interoperability. The Member States should therefore notify such agreements to the Commission.

(9)

Directive 2008/57/EC defines the ‘operation and traffic management’ subsystem as functional. Consequently, the compliance with the TSI on operation and traffic management is not assessed when authorising a vehicle to be brought into service but should be assessed when assessing the safety management systems of railway undertakings and infrastructure managers.

(10)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Committee established in accordance with Article 29(1) of Directive 2008/57/EC,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Decision 2012/757/EU is amended as follows:

(1)

Articles 1, 2 and 3 are replaced by the following:

‘Article 1

Subject matter

The technical specification for interoperability (TSI) relating to the “operation and traffic management” subsystem of the rail system in the entire European Union, as set out in Annex I, is hereby adopted.

Article 2

Scope

1.   The TSI set out in Annex I shall apply to the “operation and traffic management” subsystem of the rail system in the Union as defined in point 2.5 of Annex II to Directive 2008/57/EC.

2.   The TSI shall apply to the following networks:

(a)

the trans-European conventional rail system network as defined in Section 1.1 of Annex I to Directive 2008/57/EC;

(b)

the trans-European high-speed rail system network (TEN) as defined in Section 2.1 of Annex I to Directive 2008/57/EC; and

(c)

other parts of the network of the rail system in the Union.

It excludes the cases referred to in Article 1(3) of Directive 2008/57/EC.

Article 3

Open points

1.   With regard to the issues classified as “open points” referred to in Appendix I of Annex I, the conditions to be complied with for verifying the interoperability pursuant to Article 17(3) of Directive 2008/57/EC shall be as set out in the national rules applicable in the Member State where the operation takes place.

2.   By 1 January 2016 at the latest each Member State shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of its relevant national rules.

Article 3a

Specific cases

1.   With regard to specific cases referred to in point 7.3 of Annex I, the conditions to be met for the verification of interoperability pursuant to Article 17(3) of Directive 2008/57/EC shall be as set out in the national rules applicable in the Member State where the operation takes place.

2.   By 1 January 2016 at the latest each Member State shall inform the other Member States and the Commission of its relevant national rules.

Article 3b

Notification of bilateral agreements

Member States shall notify the Commission of the following types of agreement by 1 January 2016 at the latest, provided they have not already done so under Commission Decision 2006/920/EC (*1), Decision 2008/231/EC, Decision 2011/314/EU or this Decision:

(a)

national agreements between the Member States and railway undertakings or infrastructure managers, agreed on a permanent or temporary basis and required by the very specific or local nature of the intended transport service;

(b)

bilateral or multilateral agreements between railway undertakings, infrastructure managers or safety authorities which deliver significant levels of local or regional interoperability; and

(c)

international agreements between one or more Member States and at least one third country, or between railway undertakings or infrastructure managers of Member States and at least one railway undertaking or infrastructure manager of a third country, which deliver significant levels of local or regional interoperability.

Article 3c

Notification of rules related to the type of rear end signal

Member States shall notify the Commission of the rules defining the type of rear end signal, as described in points 4.2.2.1.3.2 and 4.2.2.1.3.3 of Annex I, by 1 January 2016 at the latest, provided they have not already been notified under Decisions 2006/920/EC, 2008/231/EC, 2011/314/EU or this Decision.

Article 3d

Implementation

1.   The steps to be followed for the implementation of an interoperable operation and traffic management subsystem are set out in Section 7 of Annex I.

2.   Member States shall prepare a national implementation plan, describing the actions they plan to take to comply with this Decision, in accordance with Section 7 of Annex I.

Member States shall notify their national implementation plans to the Commission by 1 July 2017 at the latest. Member States shall also notify possible updates to these national implementation plans.

3.   The Commission shall publish the national implementation plans, and any subsequent revisions notified, on its website and inform Member States about them through the Committee referred to in Directive 2008/57/EC.

4.   Member States that have already sent their updated implementation plan shall not be required to send it again.

(*1)  Commission Decision 2006/920/EC of 11 August 2006 concerning the technical specification of interoperability relating to the subsystem “Traffic Operation and Management” of the trans-European conventional rail system (OJ L 359, 18.12.2006, p. 1).’ "

(2)

Annex I is replaced by the text in the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 July 2015.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 8 June 2015.

For the Commission

The President

Jean-Claude JUNCKER


(1)   OJ L 191, 18.7.2008, p. 1

(2)  Regulation (EC) No 881/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 establishing a European railway agency (OJ L 164, 30.4.2004, p. 1).

(3)  Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the profile and tasks of other train crew members (COM(2013) 33 final, 30.1.2013)

(4)  Commission Decision 2012/757/EU of 14 November 2012 concerning the technical specification for interoperability relating to the operation and traffic management subsystem of the rail system in the European Union and amending Decision 2007/756/EC (OJ L 345, 15.12.2012, p. 1).


ANNEX

‘ANNEX I

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.

Introduction 10

1.1.

Technical scope 10

1.2.

Geographical scope 10

1.3.

Content of this TSI 10

2.

Description of subsystem/scope 11

2.1.

Subsystem 11

2.2.

Scope 11

2.2.1.

Staff and trains 11

2.2.2.

Principles 11

2.2.3.

Applicability to existing vehicles and infrastructure 12

3.

Essential requirements 12

3.1.

Compliance with the essential requirements 12

3.2.

Essential requirements — overview 12

4.

Characteristics of the subsystem 16

4.1.

Introduction 16

4.2.

Functional and technical specifications of the subsystem 16

4.2.1.

Specifications relating to staff 16

4.2.1.1.

General requirements 16

4.2.1.2.

Documentation for drivers 16

4.2.1.2.1

Driver’s Rule Book 17

4.2.1.2.2

Description of the line and the relevant line-side equipment associated with the lines worked over 18

4.2.1.2.2.1

Preparation of the Route Book 18

4.2.1.2.2.2

Modifications to information contained within the Route Book 19

4.2.1.2.2.3

Informing the driver in real time 19

4.2.1.2.3

Timetables 19

4.2.1.2.4

Rolling stock 20

4.2.1.3.

Documentation for railway undertaking staff other than drivers 20

4.2.1.4.

Documentation for infrastructure manager’s staff authorising train movements 20

4.2.1.5.

Safety-related communications between train crew, other railway undertaking staff and staff authorising train movements 20

4.2.2.

Specifications relating to trains 20

4.2.2.1.

Train visibility 20

4.2.2.1.1

General requirement 20

4.2.2.1.2

Front end 20

4.2.2.1.3

Rear end 21

4.2.2.2.

Train audibility 22

4.2.2.2.1

General requirement 22

4.2.2.2.2

Control 22

4.2.2.3.

Vehicle identification 22

4.2.2.4.

Safety of passengers and load 23

4.2.2.4.1

Safety of load 23

4.2.2.4.2

Safety of passengers 23

4.2.2.5.

Train composition 23

4.2.2.6.

Train braking 24

4.2.2.6.1

Minimum requirements of the braking system 24

4.2.2.6.2

Braking performance and maximum speed allowed 24

4.2.2.7.

Ensuring that the train is in running order 25

4.2.2.7.1

General requirement 25

4.2.2.7.2

Data required 25

4.2.2.8.

Requirements for signal and line-side marker sighting 25

4.2.2.9.

Driver vigilance 26

4.2.3.

Specifications relating to train operations 26

4.2.3.1.

Train planning 26

4.2.3.2.

Identification of trains 26

4.2.3.2.1

Format of train running number 26

4.2.3.3.

Train departure 26

4.2.3.3.1

Checks and tests before departure 26

4.2.3.3.2

Informing the infrastructure manager of the train’s operational status 26

4.2.3.4.

Traffic management 26

4.2.3.4.1

General requirements 26

4.2.3.4.2

Train reporting 27

4.2.3.4.2.1

Data required for train position reporting 27

4.2.3.4.2.2

Predicted handover time 27

4.2.3.4.3

Dangerous goods 27

4.2.3.4.4

Operational quality 28

4.2.3.5.

Data recording 28

4.2.3.5.1

Recording of supervision data outside the train 29

4.2.3.5.2

Recording of supervision data on board the train 29

4.2.3.6.

Degraded operation 29

4.2.3.6.1

Advice to other users 29

4.2.3.6.2

Advice to train drivers 29

4.2.3.6.3

Contingency arrangements 29

4.2.3.7.

Managing an emergency situation 30

4.2.3.8.

Aid to train crew in the event of an incident or of a major rolling stock malfunction 31

4.3.

Functional and technical specifications of the interfaces 31

4.3.1.

Interfaces with the Infrastructure TSI 31

4.3.2.

Interfaces with the Control/Command and Signalling TSI 31

4.3.3.

Interfaces with the Rolling Stock TSI 32

4.3.3.1.

Interfaces with TSI LOC&PAS 32

4.3.3.2.

Interfaces with TSI WAG 32

4.3.4.

Interfaces with the TSI Energy 33

4.3.5.

Interfaces with TSI on Safety in Railway Tunnels 33

4.4.

Operating rules 33

4.5.

Maintenance rules 33

4.6.

Professional competences 33

4.6.1.

Professional competence 33

4.6.2.

Linguistic competency 34

4.6.2.1.

Principles 34

4.6.2.2.

Level of knowledge 34

4.6.3.

Initial and ongoing assessment of staff 34

4.6.3.1.

Basic elements 34

4.6.3.2.

Analysis and update of training needs 34

4.6.4.

Auxiliary staff 35

4.7.

Health and safety conditions 35

4.7.1.

Introduction 35

4.7.2.

Medical examinations and psychological assessments 35

4.7.2.1.

Before appointment 35

4.7.2.1.1

Minimum content of the medical examination 35

4.7.2.1.2

Psychological assessment 36

4.7.2.2.

After appointment 36

4.7.2.2.1

Periodicity of periodic medical examinations 36

4.7.2.2.2

Minimum content of the periodic medical examination 37

4.7.2.2.3

Additional medical examinations and/or psychological assessments 37

4.7.3.

Medical requirements 37

4.7.3.1.

General requirements 37

4.7.3.2.

Vision requirements 37

4.7.3.3.

Hearing requirements 38

4.8.

Registers of infrastructure and vehicles 38

4.8.1.

Infrastructure 38

4.8.2.

Rolling stock 38

5.

Interoperability constituents 39

5.1.

Definition 39

5.2.

List of constituents 39

6.

Assessment of conformity and/or suitability for use of the constituents and verification of the subsystem 39

6.1.

Interoperability constituents 39

6.2.

Operation and Traffic Management Subsystem 39

6.2.1.

Principles 39

7.

Implementation 39

7.1.

Principles 39

7.2.

Implementation guidelines 40

7.3.

Specific cases 40

7.3.1.

Introduction 40

7.3.2.

List of specific cases 41

7.3.2.1.

Temporary specific case (T1) Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 41

7.3.2.2.

Temporary specific case (T2) Ireland and United Kingdom 41

7.3.2.3.

Temporary specific case (T3) Finland 41

7.3.2.4.

Permanent specific case (P1) Finland 41

Appendix A:

ERTMS/ETCS operating rules 42

Appendix B:

Common operational principles and rules 43

Appendix C:

Safety-related communications methodology 47

Appendix D:

Elements the infrastructure manager has to provide to the railway undertaking for the Route Book and for the train compatibility over the route intended for operation 52

Appendix E:

Language and communication level 56

Appendix F:

Minimum elements relevant to professional qualification for the tasks associated with ‘accompanying trains’ 57

Appendix G:

Minimum elements relevant to professional qualification for the task of preparing trains 60

Appendix H:

Vehicle identification 62

Appendix I:

List of open points 65

Appendix J:

Glossary 66

1.   INTRODUCTION

1.1.   Technical scope

This Technical Specification for Interoperability (“TSI”) concerns the “operation and traffic management” subsystem shown in the list contained in point 1 of Annex II to Directive 2008/57/EC. Further information on this subsystem is provided in Chapter 2.

Where necessary the TSI distinguishes between requirements for conventional and high-speed rail as defined in Annex I, Section 2.1 of Directive 2008/57/EC.

1.2.   Geographical scope

The geographical scope of this TSI is the network of the whole rail system composed of:

the trans-European conventional rail system network (TEN) as described in Section 1.1 “Network” to Annex I of Directive 2008/57/EC,

the trans-European high-speed rail system network (TEN) as described in Section 2.1 “Network” to Annex I of Directive 2008/57/EC,

other parts of the network of the whole rail system, following the extension of scope as described in Section 4 to Annex I of Directive 2008/57/EC,

and excludes the cases referred to in Article 1(3) of Directive 2008/57/EC.

1.3.   Content of this TSI

In accordance with Article 5(3) of Directive 2008/57/EC, this TSI:

(a)

indicates its intended scope for the “operation and traffic management” subsystem — Chapter 2;

(b)

lays down essential requirements for the subsystem concerned and its interfaces vis-à-vis other subsystems — Chapter 3;

(c)

establishes the functional and technical specifications to be met by the target subsystem and its interfaces vis-à-vis other subsystems. If necessary, these specifications may vary according to the use of the subsystem, for example according to the categories of line, hub and/or rolling stock provided for in Annex I to Directive 2008/57/EC — Chapter 4;

(d)

determines the interoperability constituents and interfaces covered by European specifications, including European standards, which are necessary to achieve interoperability within the European rail system — Chapter 5;

(e)

states, in each case under consideration, which procedures are to be used in order to assess the conformity or suitability for use of the interoperability constituents — Chapter 6;

(f)

indicates the strategy for implementing the TSI. In particular, it is necessary to specify the stages to be completed and the elements that can be applied in order to make a gradual transition from the existing situation to the final situation in which compliance with the TSI must be the norm — Chapter 7;

(g)

indicates, for the staff concerned, the professional qualifications and health and safety conditions at work required for the operation and maintenance of the subsystem concerned, as well as for the implementation of the TSI — Chapter 4.

Moreover, in accordance with Article 5(5) of Directive 2008/57/EC, provision may be made for specific cases for each TSI. These are indicated in Chapter 7.

This TSI also comprises, in Chapter 4, the operating and maintenance rules specific to the scope indicated in points 1.1 and 1.2 of this Annex.

2.   DESCRIPTION OF SUBSYSTEM/SCOPE

2.1.   Subsystem

The “operation and traffic management” subsystem is described in point 2.5 of Annex II to Directive 2008/57/EC as:

“The procedures and related equipment enabling a coherent operation of the various structural subsystems, during both normal and degraded operation, including in particular train composition and train driving, traffic planning and management.

The professional qualifications which may be required for carrying out cross-border services.”

2.2.   Scope

This TSI applies to the “operation and traffic management” subsystem of infrastructure managers (hereinafter referred to as “IM”) and railway undertakings (hereinafter referred to as “RU”) related to the operation of trains on the European rail system as defined in Chapter 1.2.

2.2.1.   Staff and trains

Points 4.6 and 4.7 apply to those staff undertaking the safety-critical tasks associated with accompanying a train.

Point 4.6.2 applies to train drivers as provided for in point 8 of Annex VI to Directive 2007/59/EC.

For those staff undertaking the safety-critical tasks associated with despatching trains and authorising train movements, mutual recognition of professional qualifications and health and safety conditions between Member States will apply.

For those staff undertaking the safety-critical tasks associated with the last preparation of a train before it is scheduled to cross a border(s) and work beyond any location(s) designated as the “frontier” in the network statement of an infrastructure manager and included in his safety authorisation, point 4.6 shall apply while mutual recognition between Member States shall apply for point 4.7. A train will not be considered to be a cross-border service, if all the vehicles of the train crossing the state border cross it only to the “frontier” location(s).

2.2.2.   Principles

This TSI covers those elements (as set out in Chapter 4) of the rail “operation and traffic management” subsystem, where principally there are operational interfaces between RU and IM and where there is a particular benefit to interoperability.

RU and IM must ensure that all requirements concerning rules and procedures as well as documentation are met by the establishment of the appropriate processes. The set up of these processes is a relevant part of RU’s and IM’s safety management system (hereinafter referred to as “SMS”) as required by Directive 2004/49/EC (1). The SMS itself is assessed by the relevant national safety authority (hereinafter referred to as “NSA”) before granting safety certificate/authorisation.

2.2.3.   Applicability to existing vehicles and infrastructure

While the majority of the requirements contained in this TSI relate to processes and procedures, a number also relate to physical elements, trains and vehicles which are important for operation.

The design criteria for these elements are described in the TSIs covering other subsystems such as rolling stock. In the context of this TSI it is their operational function that is considered.

3.   ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENTS

3.1.   Compliance with the essential requirements

In accordance with Article 4(1) of Directive 2008/57/EC, the Union rail system, its subsystems and their interoperability constituents must meet the essential requirements set out in general terms in Annex III to that Directive.

3.2.   Essential requirements — overview

The essential requirements cover:

safety,

reliability and availability,

health,

environmental protection,

technical compatibility,

accessibility.

According to Directive 2008/57/EC, the essential requirements may be generally applicable to the whole European rail system or be specific to each subsystem and its constituents.

The following table summarises the correspondence between the essential requirements set out in Annex III to Directive 2008/57/EC and this TSI.

Clause

Clause title

Safety

Reliability & Availability

Health

Environmental protection

Technical compatibility

Essential requirements specific to operation and traffic management

1.1.1

1.1.2

1.1.3

1.1.4

1.1.5

1.2

1.3.1

1.3.2

1.4.1

1.4.2

1.4.3

1.4.4

1.4.5

1.5

2.6.1

2.6.2

2.6.3

4.2.1.2

Documentation for drivers

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.1.2.1

Rule Book

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.1.2.2

Route Book

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.1.2.2.1

Preparation of the Route Book

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

4.2.1.2.2.2

Modification to information contained within the Route Book

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.1.2.2.3

Informing the driver in real time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.1.2.3

Timetables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.1.2.4

Rolling stock

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.1.3

Documentation for railway undertaking staff other than drivers

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.1.4

Documentation for infrastructure manager’s staff authorising train movements

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

4.2.1.5

Safety-related communications between train crew, other railway undertaking staff and staff authorising train movements

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.2.1

Train visibility

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.1.1

General requirement

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.1.2

Front end

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.1.3

Rear end

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.2

Train audibility

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.2.1

General requirement

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.2.2

Control

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

4.2.2.3

Vehicle identification

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.4

Safety of passengers and load

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

4.2.2.5

Train composition

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

4.2.2.6

Train braking

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.6.1

Minimum requirements of the braking system

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.6.2

Braking performance

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.7

Ensuring that the train is in running order

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.7.1

General requirement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.7.2

Data required

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.2.8

Requirements for signal and line-side marker sighting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

 

4.2.2.9

Driver vigilance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

4.2.3.1

Train planning

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

4.2.3.2

Identification of trains

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.3.3

Train departure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.3.3.1

Checks and tests before departure

 

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.3.3.2

Informing the infrastructure manager of the train’s operational status

 

X

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

4.2.3.4

Traffic management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.3.4.1

General requirements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.3.4.2

Train reporting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.3.4.2.1

Data required for train position reporting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.3.4.2.2

Predicted handover time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.3.4.3

Dangerous goods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

4.2.3.4.4

Operational quality

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

4.2.3.5

Data recording

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

4.2.3.5.1

Recording of supervision data outside the train

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

4.2.3.5.2

Recording of supervision data on board the train

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

4.2.3.6

Degraded operation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.3.6.1

Advice to other users

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

X

4.2.3.6.2

Advice to train drivers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

4.2.3.6.3

Contingency arrangements

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.3.7

Managing an emergency situation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.2.3.8

Aid to train crew in the event of an incident or of a major rolling stock malfunction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

4.4

ERTMS operating rules

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

 

4.6

Professional qualifications

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

X

X

4.7

Health and safety conditions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

4.   CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUBSYSTEM

4.1.   Introduction

Taking into account all the relevant essential requirements, the “operation and traffic management” subsystem, as described in point 2.2, covers only the elements specified in this Chapter.

In accordance with Directive 2012/34/EU (2), it is the overall responsibility of the infrastructure manager to provide all the appropriate requirements which must be met by trains permitted to run on his network, taking into account the geographic particularities of individual lines and the functional or technical specifications set out in this Chapter.

4.2.   Functional and technical specifications of the subsystem

The functional and technical specifications of the “operation and traffic management” subsystem comprise of the following:

specifications relating to staff,

specifications relating to trains,

specifications relating to train operations.

4.2.1.   Specifications relating to staff

4.2.1.1.   General requirements

This point deals with staff who contribute to the operation of the subsystem by performing safety-critical tasks involving a direct interface between a railway undertaking and an infrastructure manager.

(1)

Railway undertaking staff:

(a)

undertaking the task of driving trains (“driver”) and forming part of the “train crew”;

(b)

undertaking tasks on-board (other than driving) and forming part of the “train crew”;

(c)

undertaking the task of preparing trains.

(2)

Infrastructure manager’s staff undertaking the task of authorising the movement of trains

The areas covered are:

documentation,

communication.

In addition, for the staff as defined in point 2.2.1, this TSI sets out requirements on:

qualifications (see point 4.6 and Appendix G),

health and safety conditions (see point 4.7).

4.2.1.2.   Documentation for drivers

The railway undertaking operating the train must supply the driver with all the necessary information and documentation required to carry out his duties.

This information must take into account the necessary elements for operation in normal, degraded and emergency situations for the routes to be worked over and the rolling stock used on those routes.

4.2.1.2.1   Driver’s Rule Book

All the necessary procedures for the driver must be included in a document or a computer medium called the “Driver’s Rule Book”.

The Driver’s Rule Book must state the requirements for all the routes worked and the rolling stock used on those routes according to the situations of normal operation, degraded operation and in emergency situations which the driver may encounter.

The Driver’s Rule Book must cover two distinct aspects:

one which describes the set of common rules and procedures (taking into account the contents of Appendices A, B and C),

another which sets out any necessary rules and procedures specific to each infrastructure manager.

It must include procedures covering, as a minimum, the following aspects:

staff safety and security,

signalling and control command,

train operation including degraded mode,

traction and rolling stock,

incidents and accidents.

The railway undertaking is responsible for compiling the Driver’s Rule Book.

The railway undertaking must present the Driver’s Rule Book in a clear format for the entire infrastructure over which their drivers will work.

The railway undertaking must compile the Driver’s Rule Book in such a way that the driver’s application of all operational rules is enabled.

It must have two appendices:

Appendix 1: Manual of communication procedures,

Appendix 2: Book of Forms.

Predefined messages and forms must remain in the “operating” language of infrastructure manager(s).

The process for preparing and updating the Driver’s Rule Book must include the following steps:

the infrastructure manager (or the organisation responsible for the preparation of the operating rules) must provide the railway undertaking with the appropriate information in the infrastructure manager’s operating language,

the railway undertaking must draw up the initial or updated document,

if the language chosen by the railway undertaking for the Driver’s Rule Book is not the language in which the appropriate information was originally supplied, it is the responsibility of the railway undertaking to arrange for any necessary translation and/or provide explanatory notes in another language.

The infrastructure manager must ensure that the content of the documentation provided to the railway undertaking(s) is complete and accurate.

The railway undertaking must ensure that the content of the Driver’s Rule Book is complete and accurate.

4.2.1.2.2   Description of the line and the relevant line-side equipment associated with the lines worked over

Drivers must be provided with a description of the lines and the associated line-side equipment for the lines over which they will operate and relevant to the driving task. Such information must be set out in a single document called the “Route Book” (which can either be a traditional document or computer-based).

The following is a list of information which must, as a minimum, be provided:

the general operating characteristics,

indication of rising and falling gradients,

detailed line diagram.

4.2.1.2.2.1   Preparation of the Route Book

The format of the Route Book must be prepared in the same manner for all the infrastructures worked over by the trains of an individual railway undertaking.

The railway undertaking is responsible for the complete and correct compilation of the Route Book, using the information supplied by the infrastructure manager(s).

The infrastructure manager must provide the railway undertaking with at least the information for the Route Book as defined in Appendix D.

The following information must be included (this list is not exhaustive):

(a)

the general operating characteristics:

(a)

type of signalling system and corresponding operational regime (double track, reversible working, left- or right-hand running, etc.),

(b)

type of power supply,

(c)

type of track to train radio equipment.

(b)

indication of rising and falling gradients with their gradient values and location;

(c)

detailed line diagram:

names of stations on the line and key locations and their location,

tunnels, including location, name, length, specific information such as the existence of walkways and points of safe egress as well as the location of safe areas where evacuation of passengers can take place,

essential locations such as neutral sections,

permissible speed limits for each track, including, if necessary, differential speeds relating to certain types of train,

the responsible infrastructure manager,

means of communication with the traffic management/control centre in normal and degraded mode.

The infrastructure manager must ensure that the content of the documentation provided to the railway undertaking(s) is complete and accurate.

The railway undertaking must ensure that the content of the Route Book is complete and accurate.

4.2.1.2.2.2   Modifications to information contained within the Route Book

The infrastructure manager must advise the railway undertaking of any permanent or temporary modifications to information supplied in accordance with point 4.2.1.2.2.1.

These changes must be grouped by the railway undertaking into a dedicated document or computer medium whose format must be the same for all the infrastructures worked over by the trains of an individual railway undertaking.

The infrastructure manager must ensure that the content of the documentation provided to the railway undertaking(s) is complete and accurate.

The railway undertaking must ensure that the content of the document grouping the modifications to information contained within the Route Book is complete and accurate.

4.2.1.2.2.3   Informing the driver in real time

The infrastructure manager must inform drivers of any changes to the line or relevant line-side equipment that have not been advised as modifications to information for the Route Book as set out in point 4.2.1.2.2.2.

4.2.1.2.3   Timetables

The provision of train schedule information facilitates the punctual running of trains and assists in service performance.

The railway undertaking must provide drivers with the information necessary for the normal running of the train and as a minimum include:

the train identification,

the train running days (if necessary),

the stopping points and the activities associated with them,

other timing points,

the arrival/departure/passing times at each of those points.

Such train running information, which must be based on information supplied by the infrastructure manager, may be provided either electronically or in a paper format.

Presentation to the driver must be consistent across all the lines over which the railway undertaking operates.

4.2.1.2.4   Rolling stock

The railway undertaking must provide the driver with all information relevant to the working of the rolling stock during degraded situations (such as trains requiring assistance). Such documentation must also focus on the specific interface with the infrastructure manager’s staff in these cases.

4.2.1.3.   Documentation for railway undertaking staff other than drivers

The railway undertaking must provide all members of his staff (whether on train or otherwise) who undertake safety-critical tasks involving a direct interface with the staff, equipment or systems of the infrastructure manager with the rules, procedures, rolling stock and route specific information it deems appropriate to such tasks. Such information shall be applicable in both normal and degraded operation.

For staff on board trains, the structure, format, content and process for preparation and updating of such information must be based on the specification set out in Subsection 4.2.1.2.

4.2.1.4.   Documentation for infrastructure manager’s staff authorising train movements

All the information necessary to ensure safety-related communication between staff authorising the movement of trains and train crews must be set out in:

documents describing the Communications Principles (Appendix C);

the document entitled Book of Forms.

The infrastructure manager must draw up these documents in his operating language.

4.2.1.5.   Safety-related communications between train crew, other railway undertaking staff and staff authorising train movements

The language used for safety-related communication between train crew, other railway undertaking staff (as defined in Appendix G) and the staff authorising train movements is the operating language (as defined in Appendix J) used by the infrastructure manager on the route concerned.

The principles for safety-related communication between train crew and staff responsible for authorising the movement of trains are to be found in Appendix C.

In accordance with Directive 2012/34/EU, the infrastructure manager is responsible for publishing the “operating” language used by his personnel in daily operational use.

Where, however, local practice requires that a second language is also provided for, it is the responsibility of the infrastructure manager to determine the geographic boundaries for its use.

4.2.2.   Specifications relating to trains

4.2.2.1.   Train visibility

4.2.2.1.1   General requirement

The railway undertaking must ensure that trains are fitted with means of indicating the front and rear of the train.

4.2.2.1.2   Front end

The railway undertaking must ensure that an approaching train is clearly visible and recognisable as such, by the presence and layout of its lit white front-end lights.

The forward facing front end of the leading vehicle of a train must be fitted with three lights in an isosceles triangle, as shown below. These lights must always be lit when the train is being driven from that end.

Image 1

The front-end lights must optimise train detectability (marker lights), provide sufficient visibility for the train driver (head lights) by night and during low light conditions and must not dazzle the drivers of oncoming trains.

The spacing, the height above rails, the diameter, the intensity of the lights, the dimensions and shape of the emitted beam in both day and night time operation are defined in Commission Regulation (EU) No 1302/2014 (the “rolling stock — locomotives and passenger rolling stock” TSI (LOC&PAS TSI)) (3).

4.2.2.1.3   Rear end

The railway undertaking must provide the required means of indicating the rear of a train. The rear-end signal must only be exhibited on the rear of the last vehicle of the train. It must be displayed as shown below.

Image 2

Image 3

4.2.2.1.3.1   Passenger trains

The rear-end indication of a passenger train must consist of two steady red lights at the same height above buffer on the transversal axis.

4.2.2.1.3.2   Freight trains in international traffic

The Member State must notify the Commission which of the following rules will apply on the network of its Member State for trains that cross a border between Member States:

either

two steady red lights, or

two reflective plates of the following shape with white side triangles and red top and bottom triangle:

Image 4

The lamps or plates must be on the same height above buffer on the transversal axis.

Member States that require two reflective plates must also accept two steady red lights as train rear-end indication.

Member States that require two steady red lights must also accept two reflective plates as train rear-end indication if the following two conditions are fulfilled in the whole network:

the operational rule for entering a possible occupied block section states that the train drivers shall be able to stop in front of any obstacle, and

there is no requirement that signallers must visually check the presence of a train rear-end device to verify that the train is complete.

4.2.2.1.3.3   Freight trains not crossing a border between Member States

The Member State must notify the Commission which rules will apply on its network for trains not crossing a border.

In addition, the notified rules for freight trains in international traffic described in 4.2.2.1.3.2 shall also be accepted for trains not crossing a border.

4.2.2.2.   Train audibility

4.2.2.2.1   General requirement

The railway undertaking must ensure that trains are fitted with an audible warning device to indicate the approach of a train.

4.2.2.2.2   Control

The activation of the audible warning device must be possible from all driving positions.

4.2.2.3.   Vehicle identification

Each vehicle must have a number to uniquely identify it from any other rail vehicle. This number must be prominently displayed at least on each longitudinal side of the vehicle.

It must also be possible to identify operational restrictions applicable to the vehicle.

Further requirements are specified in Appendix H.

4.2.2.4.   Safety of passengers and load

4.2.2.4.1   Safety of load

The railway undertaking must make sure that freight vehicles are safely and securely loaded and remain so throughout the journey.

4.2.2.4.2   Safety of passengers

The railway undertaking must ensure that passenger transport is undertaken safely at the departure and during the journey.

4.2.2.5.   Train composition

The railway undertaking must define the rules and procedures to be followed by his staff so as to ensure that the train is in compliance with the allocated path.

Train composition requirements must take into account the following elements:

(a)

the vehicles

all vehicles in the train must be in compliance with all the requirements applicable on the routes over which the train will run,

all vehicles on the train must be fit to run at the maximum speed at which the train is scheduled to run;

(b)

all vehicles on the train must be currently within their specified maintenance interval and will remain so for the duration (in terms of both time and distance) of the journey being undertaken;

(c)

the train

the combination of vehicles forming a train must comply with the technical constraints of the route concerned and be within the maximum length permissible for forwarding and receiving terminals;

(d)

the railway undertaking is responsible for ensuring that the train is technically fit for the journey to be undertaken and remains so throughout the journey;

(e)

the weight and axle load;

(f)

the weight of the train must be within the maximum permissible for the section of route, the strength of the couplings, the traction power and other relevant characteristics of the train. Axle load limitations must be respected;

(g)

the maximum speed of the train

the maximum speed at which the train can run must take into account any restrictions on the route(s) concerned, braking performance, axle load and vehicle type;

(h)

the kinematic envelope;

(i)

the kinematic gauge of each vehicle (inclusive of any load) in the train must be within the maximum permissible for the section of route.

Additional constraints may be required or imposed due to the type of braking regime or traction type on a particular train.

The infrastructure manager must inform the railway undertaking of the changes on characteristics of the allocated path change, as soon as these changes occur. The elements that must be checked in order to ensure the train’s compliance with the allocated path are set out in Appendix D.

4.2.2.6.   Train braking

4.2.2.6.1   Minimum requirements of the braking system

All vehicles in a train must be connected to the continuous automatic braking system as defined in the RST TSI.

The first and last vehicles (including any traction units) in any train must have the automatic brake operative.

In the case of a train becoming accidentally divided into two parts, both sets of detached vehicles must come automatically to a stand as a result of a maximum application of the brake.

4.2.2.6.2   Braking performance and maximum speed allowed

(1)

The infrastructure manager shall provide the railway undertaking with all relevant line characteristics for each route:

signalling distances (warning, stopping) containing their inherent safety margins,

gradients,

maximum permitted speeds, and

conditions of use of braking systems possibly affecting the infrastructure such as magnetic, regenerative and eddy-current brake.

(2)

Additionally, the infrastructure manager may provide the following information:

(i)

for trains able to run at a maximum speed higher than 200 km/h, deceleration profile and equivalent response time on level track;

(ii)

for trainsets or for fixed train compositions, unable to run at a maximum speed higher than 200 km/h, deceleration (as above in (i)) or brake weight percentage;

(iii)

for other trains (variable compositions of trains unable to run at a maximum speed higher than 200 km/h): brake weight percentage.

If the infrastructure manager provides the abovementioned information, it shall be made available to all RUs who intend to operate trains on its network. The braking tables already in use and accepted for the existing lines at the date of entry into force of the present regulation shall also be made available.

(3)

The railway undertaking shall, in the planning stage, determine the braking capability of the train and corresponding maximum speed taking into account:

the relevant line characteristics as expressed in point (1) above or, if available, the information provided by the infrastructure manager in accordance to point (2) above. If the infrastructure manager has provided the information of point (2), the railway undertaking has to express the braking capability by using the same information, and

the rolling-stock-related margins derived from reliability and availability of the braking system.

Furthermore, the railway undertaking shall ensure that during operation each train achieves at least the necessary braking performance. The railway undertaking shall set up and implement corresponding rules and shall manage them within its safety management system.

In particular the railway undertaking has to set up rules to be used if a train does not reach the necessary braking performance during operation. In this case, the railway undertaking must immediately inform the infrastructure manager. The infrastructure manager may take appropriate measures to reduce the impact on the overall traffic on its network.

4.2.2.7.   Ensuring that the train is in running order

4.2.2.7.1   General requirement

The railway undertaking must define the process to ensure that all safety-related on-train equipment is in a fully functional state and that the train is safe to run.

The railway undertaking must inform the infrastructure manager of any modification to the characteristics of the train affecting its performance or any modification that might affect the ability to accommodate the train in its allocated path.

The infrastructure manager and the railway undertaking must define and keep up to date conditions and procedures for train running in degraded mode.

4.2.2.7.2   Data required

The data required for safe and efficient operation and the process by which this data must be forwarded must comprise:

the train identification,

the identity of the railway undertaking responsible for the train,

the actual length of the train,

if a train carries passengers or animals when it is not scheduled to do so,

any operational restrictions with an indication of the vehicle(s) concerned (gauge, speed restrictions, etc.),

information the infrastructure manager requires for the transport of dangerous goods.

The railway undertaking must ensure that this data is made available to the infrastructure manager(s) prior to the departure of the train.

The railway undertaking must advise the infrastructure manager(s) if a train will not occupy its allocated path or is cancelled.

4.2.2.8.   Requirements for signal and line-side marker sighting

The driver must be able to observe signals and line-side markers, and they must be observable by the driver whenever applicable. The same applies for other types of line-side signs if they are safety-related.

Therefore, signals, line-side markers, signs and information boards must be designed and positioned in such a consistent way to facilitate this. Issues that must be taken into account include:

that they are suitably sited so that train headlights allow the driver to read the information,

suitability and intensity of lighting, where required to illuminate the information,

where retro-reflectivity is employed, the reflective properties of the material used are in compliance with appropriate specifications and the signs are fabricated so that train headlights easily allow the driver to read the information.

Driving cabs must be designed in such a consistent way that the driver is able to easily see the information displayed to him.

4.2.2.9.   Driver vigilance

A means of on-board monitoring of driver vigilance is necessary. This shall intervene to bring the train to a stand if the driver does not react within a certain time; the time range is specified in the rolling stock TSIs.

4.2.3.   Specifications relating to train operations

4.2.3.1.   Train planning

In accordance with Directive 2012/34/EU the infrastructure manager must advise what data is required when a train path is requested.

4.2.3.2.   Identification of trains

Each train must be identified by a train running number. The train running number is given by the infrastructure manager when allocating a train path and must be known by the railway undertaking and all infrastructure managers operating the train. The train running number must be unique per network. Changes of train running number during a train journey should be avoided.

4.2.3.2.1   Format of train running number

The train running number format is defined in Commission Decision 2012/88/EU (4), as amended (the control-command and signalling TSI (hereinafter referred to as “CCS TSI”).

4.2.3.3.   Train departure

4.2.3.3.1   Checks and tests before departure

The railway undertaking must define the checks and tests to ensure that any departure is undertaken safely (e.g. doors, load, brakes).

4.2.3.3.2   Informing the infrastructure manager of the train’s operational status

The railway undertaking shall inform the infrastructure manager when a train is ready for access to the network.

The railway undertaking must inform the infrastructure manager of any anomaly affecting the train or its operation having possible repercussions on the train’s running prior to departure and during the journey.

4.2.3.4.   Traffic management

4.2.3.4.1   General requirements

Traffic management must ensure the safe, efficient and punctual operation of the railway, including effective recovery from service disruption.

The infrastructure manager must determine procedures and means for:

the real time management of trains,

operational measures to maintain the highest possible performance of the infrastructure in case of delays or incidents, whether actual or anticipated, and

the provision of information to the railway undertaking(s) in such cases.

Any additional processes required by the railway undertaking and which affect the interface with the infrastructure manager(s) can be introduced after being agreed with the infrastructure manager.

4.2.3.4.2   Train reporting

4.2.3.4.2.1   Data required for train position reporting

The infrastructure manager must:

(a)

provide a means of real time recording of the times at which trains depart from, arrive at or pass appropriate predefined reporting points on their networks and the delta-time value;

(b)

provide the specific data required in relation to train position reporting. Such information must include:

train identification,

identity of reporting point,

line on which the train is running,

scheduled time at reporting point,

actual time at reporting point (and whether depart, arrive or pass — separate arrival and departure times must be provided in respect of intermediate reporting points at which the train calls),

number of minutes early or late at the reporting point,

initial explanation of any single delay exceeding 10 minutes or as otherwise required by the performance monitoring regime,

indication that a report for a train is overdue and the number of minutes by which it is overdue,

former train identification(s), if any

train cancelled for a whole or a part of its journey.

4.2.3.4.2.2   Predicted handover time

The infrastructure manager must have a process, which enables an indication of the estimated number of minutes of deviation from the scheduled time a train is scheduled to be handed over from one infrastructure manager to another.

This must include information on service disruption (description and location of problem).

4.2.3.4.3   Dangerous goods

The railway undertaking must define the procedures to supervise the transport of dangerous goods.

These procedures must include:

the provisions as specified in Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (5),

advice to the driver of the presence and position of dangerous goods on the train,

information the infrastructure manager requires for transport of dangerous goods,

determination, in conjunction with the infrastructure manager, of lines of communication and planning of specific measures in case of emergency situations involving the goods.

4.2.3.4.4   Operational quality

The infrastructure manager and the railway undertaking must have processes in place to monitor the efficient operation of all the services concerned.

Monitoring processes must be designed to analyse data and detect underlying trends, both in terms of human error and system error. The results of this analysis must be used to generate improvement actions, designed to eliminate or mitigate against events which could compromise the efficient operation of the network.

Where such improvement actions would have network-wide benefits, involving other infrastructure managers and railway undertakings, they must, subject to commercial confidentiality, be communicated accordingly.

Events that have significantly disrupted operations must be analysed as soon as possible by the infrastructure manager. Where appropriate, and in particular where one of their staff is concerned, the infrastructure manager must invite those railway undertaking(s) involved in the event concerned to participate in the analysis. Where the result of such analysis leads to network improvement recommendations designed to eliminate or mitigate against causes of accidents/incidents, these must be communicated to all relevant infrastructure managers and railway undertakings concerned.

These processes shall be documented and subject to internal audit.

4.2.3.5.   Data recording

Data pertaining to the running of a train must be recorded and retained for the purposes of:

supporting systematic safety monitoring as a means of preventing incidents and accidents,

identification of driver, train and infrastructure performance in the period leading up to and, if appropriate, immediately after an incident or accident, in order to enable the identification of causes, and supporting the case for new or changed measures to prevent recurrence,

recording information relating to the performance of both the locomotive/traction unit and the person driving.

It must be possible to match recorded data to:

the date and time of the recording,

the precise geographic location of the event being recorded,

the train identification,

the identity of the driver.

Data to be recorded for ETCS/GSM-R are those defined in the TSI CCS and that are relevant considering the requirements in point 4.2.3.5 of this TSI.

The data must be securely sealed and stored and accessible to authorised bodies including National Investigation Bodies in carrying out their role pursuant to Article 19 of Directive 2004/49/EC.

4.2.3.5.1   Recording of supervision data outside the train

As a minimum, the infrastructure manager must record the following data:

the failure of line-side equipment associated with the movement of trains (signalling, points etc.),

the detection of an overheating axle bearing, if fitted,

safety-related communication between the train driver and signaller.

4.2.3.5.2   Recording of supervision data on board the train

As a minimum, the railway undertaking must record the following data:

the detection of passing of signals at danger or “end of movement authority”,

application of the emergency brake,

speed at which the train is running,

any isolation or overriding of the on-board train control (signalling) systems,

operation of the audible warning device,

operation of door controls (release, closure), if fitted,

detection by on-board alarm systems related to the safe operation of the train, if fitted,

identity of the cab for which data is being recorded to be checked.

Further technical specifications concerning the recording device are set out in the TSI Loc & Pas.

4.2.3.6.   Degraded operation

4.2.3.6.1   Advice to other users

The infrastructure manager in conjunction with the railway undertaking(s) must define a process to immediately inform each other of any situation that impedes the safety, performance and/or the availability of the rail network or rolling stock.

4.2.3.6.2   Advice to train drivers

In any case of degraded operation associated with the infrastructure manager’s area of responsibility, the infrastructure manager must give formal instructions to drivers on what measures to take in order to safely overcome the degradation.

4.2.3.6.3   Contingency arrangements

The infrastructure manager in conjunction with all the railway undertakings operating over his infrastructure, and neighbouring infrastructure managers as appropriate, must define, publish and make available appropriate contingency measures and assign responsibilities based on the requirement to reduce any negative impact as a result of degraded operation.

The planning requirements and the response to such events must be proportional to the nature and potential severity of the degradation.

These measures, which must as a minimum include plans for recovering the network to “normal” status, may also address:

rolling stock failures (for example, those which could result in substantial traffic disruption, the procedures for rescuing failed trains),

infrastructure failures (for example, when there has been a failure of the electric power or the conditions under which trains may be diverted from the booked route),

extreme weather conditions.

The infrastructure manager must establish and keep updated contact information for key infrastructure manager and railway undertaking staff who may be contacted in the event of service disruption leading to degraded operation. This information must include contact details both during and outside office hours.

The railway undertaking must submit this information to the infrastructure manager and advise the infrastructure manager of any changes to these contact details.

The infrastructure manager must advise all the railway undertaking(s) of any changes to his details.

4.2.3.7.   Managing an emergency situation

The infrastructure manager must, in consultation with:

all railway undertakings operating over his infrastructure, or, where appropriate, representative bodies of railway undertakings operating over his infrastructure,

neighbouring infrastructure managers, as appropriate,

local authorities, representative bodies of the emergency services (including fire-fighting and rescue) at either local or national level, as appropriate,

define, publish and make available appropriate measures to manage emergency situations and restore the line to normal operation.

Such measures shall typically cover:

collisions,

fires on train,

evacuation of trains,

accidents in tunnels,

incidents involving dangerous goods,

derailments.

The railway undertaking must provide the infrastructure manager with any specific information in respect to these circumstances, especially in respect to the recovery or re-railing of their trains.

Additionally, the railway undertaking must have processes to inform passengers about on-board emergency and safety procedures.

4.2.3.8.   Aid to train crew in the event of an incident or of a major rolling stock malfunction

The railway undertaking must define appropriate procedures to assist the train crew in degraded situations in order to avoid or decrease delays caused by technical or other failures of the rolling stock (for example, lines of communication, measures to be taken in case of evacuation of a train).

4.3.   Functional and technical specifications of the interfaces

In the light of the essential requirements set out in Chapter 3, the functional and technical specifications of the interfaces are as follows:

4.3.1.   Interfaces with the infrastructure TSI

Reference operation TSI

 

Reference infrastructure TSI

 

Parameter

Point

Parameter

Point

Braking performance and maximum speed allowed

4.2.2.6.2

Longitudinal track resistance

4.2.6.2

Modifications to information contained in the Route Book

4.2.1.2.2.2

Operating rules

4.4

Degraded operation

4.2.3.6

4.3.2.   Interfaces with the control-command and signalling TSI

Reference operation TSI

 

Reference control-command and signalling TSI

 

Parameter

Point

Parameter

Point

Rule Book

4.2.1.2.1

Operating rules

4.4

Operating rules

4.4

Requirements for line-side signal and marker sighting

4.2.2.8

Visibility of track-side control-command objects

4.2.15

Train braking

4.2.2.6

Train braking performance and characteristics

4.3.2.3

Rule Book

4.2.1.2.1

Use of sanding equipment

4.2.10

Train running number

4.2.3.2.1

ETCS DMI

4.2.12

GSM-R DMI

4.2.13

Data recording on board

4.2.3.5

Interface to data recording for regulatory purposes

4.2.14

4.3.3.   Interfaces with the rolling stock TSIs

4.3.3.1.   Interfaces with TSI on locomotives and passenger rolling stock

Reference operation TSI

 

Reference LOC&PAS TSI

 

Parameter

Point

Parameter

Point

Contingency arrangements

4.2.3.6.3

Rescue coupling

4.2.2.2.4

End coupling

4.2.2.2.3

Train composition

4.2.2.5

Axle load parameter

4.2.3.2

Train braking

4.2.2.6

Braking performance

4.2.4.5

Train visibility

4.2.2.1

External front and rear lights

4.2.7.1

Train audibility

4.2.2.2

Horn

4.2.7.2

Requirements for line-side signal and marker sighting

4.2.2.8

External visibility

4.2.9.1.3

Optical characteristics of the windscreen

4.2.9.2.2

Internal lighting

4.2.9.1.8

Driver vigilance

4.2.2.9

Driver’s activity control function

4.2.9.3.1

Recording of supervision data on board the train

4.2.3.5.2

Recording device

4.2.9.6

Managing an emergency situation

4.2.3.7

Lifting diagram and instructions

4.2.12.5

Rescue-related descriptions

4.2.12.6

Train composition

4.2.2.5

Operating documentation

4.2.12.4

Minimum elements relevant to professional qualification for the tasks associated with “accompanying trains”

Appendix F

Sanding

Appendix B

Isolating emissions

4.2.3.3.1.1

4.3.3.2.   Interfaces with TSI on freight wagons

Reference operation TSI

 

Reference freight wagon TSI

 

Parameter

Point

Parameter

Point

Rear end

4.2.2.1.3.2

Attachment devices for rear-end signal

4.2.6.3

Rear-end signal

Appendix E

Train composition

4.2.2.5

Gauging

4.2.3.1

Train composition

4.2.2.5

Compatibility with load-carrying capacity of lines

4.2.3.2

Contingency arrangements

4.2.3.6.3

Strength of unit — Lifting and jacking

4.2.2.2

Train braking

4.2.2.6

Brake

4.2.4

4.3.4.   Interfaces with the Energy TSI

Reference operation TSI

 

Reference energy TSI

 

Parameter

Point

Parameter

Point

Train composition

4.2.2.5

Maximum train current

4.2.4.1

Preparation of the Route Book

4.2.1.2.2.1

Train composition

4.2.2.5

Separation sections:

 

Preparation of the Route Book

4.2.1.2.2.1

Phase

4.2.15

System

4.2.16

4.3.5.   Interfaces with TSI on Safety in Railway Tunnels

Reference operation TSI

 

Reference SRT TSI

 

Parameter

Point

Parameter

Point

Ensuring that the train is in running order

4.2.2.7

Emergency rule

4.4.1

Train departure

4.2.3.3

Degraded operation

4.2.3.6

Managing an emergency situation

4.2.3.7

Tunnels emergency plan

4.4.2

Exercises

4.4.3

Provision of on-train safety and emergency information to passengers

4.4.5

Professional competence

4.6.1

Tunnel-specific competence of the train crew and other staff

4.6.1

4.4.   Operating rules

The rules and procedures enabling coherent operation of new and different structural subsystems intended to be used in the European Union rail system, and in particular those that are linked directly to the operation of a new control and signalling system, must be identical where identical situations exist.

The operational principles and rules specific to the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS/ETCS) and for ERTMS/GSM-R radio system are specified in Appendix A.

Operational principles and rules, which are common across the European Union rail system, are specified in Appendix B.

4.5.   Maintenance rules

Not applicable

4.6.   Professional competences

4.6.1.   Professional competence

Staff of the railway undertaking and the infrastructure manager must have attained appropriate professional competence to undertake all necessary safety-critical tasks in normal, degraded and emergency situations. Such competence comprises professional knowledge and the ability to put this knowledge into practice.

Minimum elements relevant to professional qualification for individual tasks can be found in Appendices F and G.

4.6.2.   Language competence

4.6.2.1.   Principles

The infrastructure manager and the railway undertaking are required to ensure that their relevant staff are competent in the use of the communication protocols and principles set out in Appendix C.

Where the operating language used by the infrastructure manager differs from that habitually used by the railway undertaking’s staff, such linguistic and communications training must form a critical part of the railway undertaking’s overall competence management system.

Railway undertaking staff whose duties require them to communicate with staff of the infrastructure manager in connection with safety-critical matters, whether in normal, degraded or emergency situations, must have a sufficient level of knowledge in the operating language of the infrastructure manager.

4.6.2.2.   Level of knowledge

The level of knowledge in the infrastructure manager’s operating language must be sufficient for safety purposes.

(a)

As a minimum this must comprise of the driver being able to:

send and understand all the messages specified in Appendix C,

effectively communicate in routine, degraded and emergency situations,

complete the forms associated with the use of the Book of Forms.

(b)

Other members of the train crew whose duties require them to communicate with the infrastructure manager on safety-critical matters, must as a minimum, be able to send and understand information describing the train and its operational status.

The level of knowledge for staff accompanying trains other than train drivers must be at least level 2 as described in Appendix E.

4.6.3.   Initial and ongoing assessment of staff

4.6.3.1.   Basic elements

Railway undertakings and infrastructure managers are required to define the assessment process for their staff in order to meet the requirements specified in Commission Regulations (EU) 1158/2010 (6) and (EU) 1169/2010 (7).

4.6.3.2.   Analysis and update of training needs

Railway undertakings and infrastructure managers must undertake an analysis of training needs for their relevant staff and define a process for reviewing and updating their individual training needs in order to meet the requirements specified in Regulations (EU) 1158/2010 and (EU) 1169/2010.

This analysis must set out both scope and complexity and take into account the risks associated with the operation of trains, traction and rolling stock. The railway undertaking must define the process by which knowledge of on board staff of the routes worked over is acquired and maintained. This process must be:

based upon the route information provided by the infrastructure manager, and

in accordance with the process described in point 4.2.1.

For the tasks associated with “accompanying trains” and “preparing trains”, the elements that shall be considered can be found in respectively the appendices F and G. As appropriate, these elements must be put in place as part of the training for staff.

It is possible that due to the type of operation envisaged by a railway undertaking or the nature of the network being run by an infrastructure manager, some of the elements in the appendices F and G will not be appropriate. The analysis of training needs must document those not deemed appropriate and the reasons why.

4.6.4.   Auxiliary staff

The railway undertaking must make sure that the auxiliary staff (for example, catering and cleaning) not forming part of the train crew is, in addition to their basic instruction, trained to respond to the instructions of the fully trained members of the train crew.

4.7.   Health and safety conditions

4.7.1.   Introduction

Staff specified in point 4.2.1 as staff performing safety-critical tasks in accordance with point 2.2 must have appropriate fitness to ensure that overall operational and safety standards are met.

Railway undertakings and infrastructure managers must set up and document the process they put in place to meet the medical, psychological and health requirements for their staff within their safety management system.

Medical examinations as specified in point 4.7.2 and any associated decisions on the individual fitness of staff must be conducted by a medical doctor.

Staff must not perform safety-critical tasks whilst vigilance is impaired by substances such as alcohol, drugs or psychotropic medication. Therefore, the railway undertaking and the infrastructure manager must have in place procedures to control the risk that staff attend for work under the influence of such substances, or consume such substances at work.

National rules of the Member State where a train service is operated apply with regard to defined limits of the abovementioned substances.

4.7.2.   Medical examinations and psychological assessments

4.7.2.1.   Before appointment

4.7.2.1.1   Minimum content of the medical examination

Medical examinations must cover:

general medical examination,

examinations of sensory functions (vision, hearing, colour perception),

urine or blood analysis for the detection of diabetes mellitus and other conditions as indicated by the clinical examination,

screening for abuse of drugs.

4.7.2.1.2   Psychological assessment

The aim of the psychological assessment is to support the railway undertaking in the appointment and management of staff who have the cognitive, psychomotor, behavioural and personality capabilities to perform their roles safely.

In determining the content of the psychological assessment, as a minimum, the following criteria relevant to the requirements of each safety function must be taken into account:

(a)

Cognitive:

attention and concentration,

memory,

perceptive capability,

reasoning,

communication.

(b)

Psychomotor:

speed of reaction,

gestured coordination.

(c)

Behavioural and personality

emotional self-control,

behavioural reliability,

autonomy,

conscientiousness.

If any of those elements is omitted, the respective decision must be justified and documented by a psychologist.

Applicants shall demonstrate their psychological fitness by passing an examination conducted by, or under the supervision of — to be decided by the Member State — a psychologist or a medical doctor.

4.7.2.2.   After appointment

4.7.2.2.1   Frequency of periodic medical examinations

At least one systematic medical examination must be performed:

every 5 years for staff aged up to 40,

every 3 years for staff aged between 41 and 62,

every year for staff aged over 62.

Increased frequency of examination must be set by the medical doctor if the state of health of the member of the staff requires so.

4.7.2.2.2   Minimum content of the periodic medical examination

If the worker complies with the criteria required at the examination, which is carried out before practising an occupation, the periodic specialised examinations must include as a minimum:

general medical examination,

examination of sensory functions (vision, hearing, colour perception),

urine or blood analysis for the detection of diabetes mellitus and other conditions as indicated by the clinical examination;

screening for abuse of drugs where clinically indicated.

4.7.2.2.3   Additional medical examinations and/or psychological assessments

Besides the periodic medical examination, an additional specific medical examination and/or psychological assessment must be performed where there is reasonable ground for doubting the medical or psychological fitness of a member of staff or reasonable suspicion of use of drugs or use of alcohol over the limits allowed. This would be the case especially after an incident or accident caused by human error on the part of the individual.

The railway undertaking and the infrastructure manager must put systems in place to ensure that such additional examinations and assessments are undertaken as appropriate.

4.7.3.   Medical requirements

4.7.3.1.   General requirements

Staff must not suffer from medical conditions or take medical treatment likely to cause:

sudden loss of consciousness,

impairment of awareness or concentration,

sudden incapacity,

impairment of balance or coordination,

significant limitation of mobility.

The following vision and hearing requirements must be met:

4.7.3.2.   Vision requirements

aided or unaided distance visual acuity: 0,8 (right eye + left eye – measured separately), minimum of 0,3 for the worse eye,

maximum corrective lenses: hypermetropia + 5 / myopia – 8. The medical doctor may allow values outside this range in exceptional cases and after having sought the opinion of an eye specialist,

intermediate and near vision: sufficient whether aided or unaided,

contact lenses are allowed,

normal colour vision: using a recognised test, such as the Ishihara, completed by another recognised test if required,

vision field: normal (absence of any abnormality affecting the task to be performed),

vision for both eyes: effective,

binocular vision: effective,

contrast sensitivity: good,

absence of progressive eye disease,

lens implants, keratotomies and keratectomies are allowed only on condition that they are checked on a yearly basis or according to a frequency set by the medical doctor.

4.7.3.3.   Hearing requirements

Sufficient hearing confirmed with tone audiogram, that is:

hearing good enough to hold a phone conversation going and be able to hear alert tones and radio messages,

the use of hearing aids is allowed.

4.8.   Registers of infrastructure and vehicles

Due to the characteristics of the registers of infrastructure and vehicles, as defined in Articles 33, 34 and 35 of Directive 2008/57/EC, these registers are not suitable for the particular requirements of the operation and traffic management subsystem. Therefore this TSI specifies nothing in respect of these registers.

However, there is an operational requirement for certain infrastructure related data items to be made available to a railway undertaking and conversely for certain rolling stock related items to be made available to an infrastructure manager, as specified in point 4.8.1 and point 4.8.2. In both cases the data concerned must be complete and accurate.

4.8.1.   Infrastructure

The requirements for the rail infrastructure related data items with regard to the operation and traffic management subsystem, and which must be made available to railway undertakings, are specified in Appendix D. The infrastructure manager is responsible for the correctness of the data.

4.8.2.   Rolling stock

The following rolling stock related data items must be available to infrastructure managers. The keeper is responsible for the correctness of the data:

whether the vehicle is constructed from materials which can be hazardous in case of accidents or fire (for example, asbestos),

total length of the vehicle, including buffers if existing.

5.   INTEROPERABILITY CONSTITUENTS

5.1.   Definition

As defined in Article 2(f) of Directive 2008/57/EC, “interoperability constituents” means “any elementary component, group of components, subassembly or complete assembly of equipment incorporated or intended to be incorporated into a subsystem, upon which the interoperability of the rail system depends directly or indirectly. The concept of a ‘constituent’ covers both tangible objects and intangible objects such as software”.

5.2.   List of constituents

In respect to the operation and traffic management subsystem, there are no interoperability constituents.

6.   ASSESSMENT OF CONFORMITY AND/OR SUITABILITY FOR USE OF THE CONSTITUENTS AND VERIFICATION OF THE SUBSYSTEM

6.1.   Interoperability constituents

As this TSI does not yet specify any interoperability constituents, no assessment