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Document 32009L0067

Directive 2009/67/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 on the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on two or three-wheel motor vehicles (Text with EEA relevance)

OJ L 222, 25.8.2009, p. 1–91 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)
Special edition in Croatian: Chapter 07 Volume 013 P. 166 - 256

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 31/12/2015; Repealed by 32013R0168

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2009/67/oj

25.8.2009   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 222/1


DIRECTIVE 2009/67/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 13 July 2009

on the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on two or three-wheel motor vehicles

(codified version)

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 95 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 251 of the Treaty (2),

Whereas:

(1)

Council Directive 93/92/EEC of 29 October 1993 on the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on two or three-wheel motor vehicles (3) has been substantially amended (4). In the interests of clarity and rationality the said Directive should be codified.

(2)

Directive 93/92/EEC is one of the separate Directives of the EC type-approval system provided for in Council Directive 92/61/EEC of 30 June 1992 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles as replaced by Directive 2002/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 March 2002 relating to the type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (5), and lays down technical prescriptions concerning the design and construction of two or three-wheel motor vehicles as regards the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices. Those technical prescriptions concern the approximation of the laws of the Member States to allow for the EC type-approval procedure provided for by Directive 2002/24/EC to be applied in respect of each type of vehicle. Consequently, the provisions laid down in Directive 2002/24/EC relating to two or three-wheel motor vehicle systems, components and separate technical units apply to this Directive.

(3)

In each Member State the lighting and light-signalling devices fitted to two or three-wheel vehicles should display certain technical characteristics laid down by mandatory provisions. It is necessary to draw up harmonised requirements concerning the fitting of those devices in order to enable the EC type-approval procedure laid down in Directive 2002/24/EC to be applied for each such vehicle.

(4)

It should be specified that lighting devices type-approved for vehicles in categories M1 and N1, in accordance with the relevant Directives, may also be installed on two or three-wheel motor vehicles. Provision should also be made to permit the optional installation of front fog lamps, rear fog lamps, reversing lamps and hazard warning devices on three-wheel mopeds and light quadricycles.

(5)

In order to facilitate access to the markets of non-Community countries, an equivalence should exist, as far as two-wheel motorcycles are concerned, between the requirements of this Directive and those of Regulation No 53 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (6) (UNECE).

(6)

This Directive should be without prejudice to the obligations of the Member States relating to the time limits for transposition into national law and application of the Directives set out in Annex VII, Part B,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

This Directive applies to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on all types of vehicle as referred to in Article 1 of Directive 2002/24/EC.

Article 2

The procedure governing the granting of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle and the conditions governing the free movement of such vehicles shall be as laid down in Directive 2002/24/EC.

Article 3

1.   In accordance with Article 11 of Directive 2002/24/EC, equivalence between the requirements laid down in this Directive for two-wheel motorcycles and those laid down in UNECE Regulation No 53 is hereby acknowledged.

2.   The authorities of the Member States which grant EC component type-approval shall accept approvals granted in accordance with the requirements of UNECE Regulation No 53 as well as component type-approval marks as an alternative to the corresponding approvals granted in accordance with the requirements of this Directive.

Article 4

The amendments necessary to adapt to technical progress the requirements of Annexes I to VI shall be adopted in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 18(2) of Directive 2002/24/EC.

Article 5

1.   Member States may not, on grounds relating to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices:

refuse, in respect of a type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle, to grant EC type-approval, or

prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of two or three-wheel motor vehicles,

if the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices complies with the requirements of this Directive.

2.   Member States shall refuse to grant EC type-approval for any new type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle on grounds relating to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices if the requirements of this Directive are not fulfilled.

3.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 6

Directive 93/92/EEC, as amended by the Directive listed in Annex VII, Part A, is repealed, without prejudice to the obligations of the Member States relating to the time limits for transposition into national law and application of the Directives set out in Annex VII, Part B.

References to the repealed Directive shall be construed as references to this Directive and shall be read in accordance with the correlation table in Annex VIII.

Article 7

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 January 2010.

Article 8

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 13 July 2009.

For the European Parliament

The President

H.-G. PÖTTERING

For the Council

The President

E. ERLANDSSON


(1)  OJ C 151, 17.6.2008, p. 12.

(2)  Opinion of the European Parliament of 17 June 2008 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and Council Decision of 22 June 2009.

(3)  OJ L 311, 14.12.1993, p. 1.

(4)  See Annex VII, Part A.

(5)  OJ L 124, 9.5.2002, p. 1.

(6)  E/ECE/TRANS/505/Add. 52/Amend. 1.


LIST OF ANNEXES

ANNEX I:

Definitions and general requirements

Appendix 1:

Lamp surfaces, axis and centre of reference, and angles of geometric visibility

Appendix 2:

Definition of lamp colours

ANNEX II:

Requirements concerning two-wheel mopeds

Appendix 1:

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

Appendix 2:

Arrangement drawing

Appendix 3:

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel moped

Appendix 4:

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel moped

ANNEX III:

Requirements concerning three-wheel mopeds and light quadricycles

Appendix 1:

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

Appendix 2:

Arrangement drawing

Appendix 3:

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of three-wheel moped

Appendix 4:

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of three-wheel moped

ANNEX IV:

Requirements concerning two-wheel motorcycles

Appendix 1:

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

Appendix 2:

Arrangement drawing

Appendix 3:

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel motorcycle

Appendix 4:

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel motorcycle

ANNEX V:

Requirements concerning motorcycles with side-car

Appendix 1:

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

Appendix 2:

Arrangement drawing

Appendix 3:

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of motorcycle with side-car

Appendix 4:

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of motorcycle with side-car

ANNEX VI:

Requirements concerning tricycles

Appendix 1:

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

Appendix 2:

Arrangement drawing

Appendix 3:

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of tricycle

Appendix 4:

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of tricycle

ANNEX VII:

Part A: Repealed Directive with its amendment

Part B: List of time limits for transposition into national law and application

ANNEX VIII:

Correlation table

ANNEX I

DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

A.   DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this Directive the following definitions shall apply:

1.   vehicle type

with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices, means vehicles which do not differ in such essential respects as:

1.1.   the dimensions and outer shape of the vehicle;

1.2.   the number and positioning of the devices;

the following are, likewise, considered not to be ‘vehicles of a different type’:

1.3.1.   vehicles which differ within the meaning of points 1.1 and 1.2, but not in such a way as to entail a change in the type, number, positioning and geometric visibility of the lamps prescribed for the vehicle type in question;

1.3.2.   vehicles on which optional lamps component type-approved by virtue of a Directive are fitted or are absent;

2.   transverse plane

means a vertical plane perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle;

3.   unladen vehicle

means the vehicle without a driver, passenger or load, but with a full complement of fuel and its normal on-board tool kit;

4.   device

means a component or combination of components used in order to perform one or several functions;

5.   lamp

means a device designed to illuminate the road or to emit a light signal to other road users. Rear registration-plate lamps and retro-reflectors are likewise regarded as lamps;

5.1.   single lamp

means a device or part of a device, having one function and one illuminating surface and one or more light sources. For the purpose of installation on a vehicle, a ‘single lamp’ also means any assembly of two independent or grouped lamps, whether identical or not, having the same function, if they are installed such that the projections of the illuminating surfaces of the lamps on a given transverse plane occupy not less than 60 % of the smallest rectangle circumscribing the projections of the said illuminating surfaces.

In such a case, each of these lamps is, where approval is required, to be approved as a type ‘D’ lamp;

5.2.   equivalent lamps

means lamps having the same function and authorised in the country in which the vehicle is registered; such lamps may have different characteristics from those installed on the vehicle when it is approved on condition that they satisfy the requirements of this Annex;

5.3.   independent lamps

means lamps having separate illuminating surfaces, light sources and lamp bodies;

5.4.   grouped lamps

means lamps having separate illuminating surfaces and light sources, but a common lamp body;

5.5.   combined lamps

means lamps having separate illuminating surfaces but a common light source and a common lamp body;

5.6.   reciprocally incorporated lamps

means devices having separate light sources or a single light source operating under different conditions (e.g. optical, mechanical or electrical differences), totally or partially common illuminating surfaces and a common lamp body;

5.7.   main-beam headlamp

means the lamp used to illuminate the road over a long distance ahead of the vehicle;

5.8.   dipped-beam headlamp

means the lamp used to illuminate the road ahead of the vehicle without causing undue dazzle or discomfort to oncoming drivers or to other road users;

5.9.   direction indicator lamp

means the lamp used to indicate to other road users that the driver intends to change direction to the right or the left;

5.10.   stop lamp

means the lamp used to indicate to other road users to the rear of the vehicle that the latter’s driver is applying the service brake;

5.11.   front position lamp

means the lamp used to indicate the presence of the vehicle when viewed from the front;

5.12.   rear position lamp

means the lamp used to indicate the presence of the vehicle when viewed from the rear;

5.13.   front fog lamp

means the lamp used to improve the illumination of the road in case of fog, snowfall, rainstorms or dust clouds;

5.14.   rear fog lamp

means the lamp used to render the vehicle more readily visible from the rear in dense fog;

5.15.   reversing lamp

means the lamp used to illuminate the road to the rear of the vehicle and to warn other road users that the vehicle is reversing or about to reverse;

5.16.   hazard warning signal

means the simultaneous operation of all of a vehicle’s direction indicator lamps to draw attention to the fact that the vehicle temporarily constitutes a special danger to other road users;

5.17.   rear registration-plate lamp

means the device used to illuminate the space intended to accommodate the rear registration plate; it may consist of several optical elements;

5.18.   retro-reflector

means the device used to indicate the presence of a vehicle by the reflection of light emanating from a light source not connected to the vehicle, the observer being situated near that source; for the purposes of this Annex retro-reflecting number plates are not considered to be retro-reflectors;

6.   illuminating surface (see Appendix 1)

6.1.   light-emitting surface of a lighting device or retro-reflector

means all or part of the exterior surface of the translucent material as declared in the request for approval by the manufacturer of the device on the drawing (see Appendix 1);

6.2.   illuminating surface of a lighting device (see points 5.7, 5.8, 5.13 and 5.15)

means the orthogonal projection of the full aperture of the reflector or in the case of headlamps with an ellipsoidal reflector of the projection lens, on a transverse plane. If the lighting device has no reflector, the definition of point 6.3 is applied. If the light-emitting surface of the lamp extends over part only of the full aperture of the reflector, then the projection of that part only is taken into account. In the case of a dipped-beam headlamp, the illuminating surface is limited by the apparent trace of the cut-off on to the lens. If the reflector and lens are adjustable relative to one another, the mean adjustment is used;

6.3.   illuminating surface of a light-signalling device other than a retro-reflector (see points 5.9 to 5.12, 5.14, 5.16 and 5.17)

means the orthogonal projection of the lamp in a plane perpendicular to its axis of reference and in contact with the exterior light-emitting surface of the lamp, this projection being bounded by the edges of screens situated in this plane, each allowing only 98 % of the total luminous intensity of the light to persist in the direction of the axis of reference; to determine the lower, upper and lateral limits of the illuminating surface, only screens with horizontal or vertical edges are used;

6.4.   illuminating surface of a retro-reflector (see point 5.18)

means the orthogonal projection of a retro-reflector in a plane perpendicular to its axis of reference and bounded by planes touching the outer edges of the light projection surface of the retro-reflector and parallel to this axis. To determine the lower, upper and lateral limits of the illuminating surface, only horizontal and vertical planes are used;

7.   apparent surface

for a defined direction of observation means, at the request of the manufacturer or his duly accredited representative, the orthogonal projection of either:

the boundary of the illuminating surface projected on the exterior surface of the lens (a-b), or

the light-emitting surface (c-d),

in a plane perpendicular to the direction of observation and tangential to the most exterior point of the lens (see drawings at Appendix 1);

8.   axis of reference

means the characteristic axis of the lamp, determined by the manufacturer (of the lamp) for use as the direction of reference (H = 0°, V = 0°) for angles of field for photometric measurements and when fitting the lamp on the vehicle;

9.   centre of reference or reference centre

means the intersection of the axis of reference with the light-emitting surface, the centre of reference being specified by the lamp manufacturer;

10.   angles of geometric visibility

means the angles which determine the field of the minimum solid angle in which the apparent surface of the lamp must be visible. That field is determined by the segments of the sphere of which the centre coincides with the centre of reference of the lamp and the equator is parallel with the ground. These segments are determined in relation to the axis of reference. The horizontal angles β correspond to the longitude and the vertical angles α to the latitude. There must be no obstacle on the inside of the angles of geometric visibility to the propagation of light from any part of the apparent surface of the lamp observed from infinity.

If measurements are taken closer to the lamp, there must be a parallel shift in the direction of observation to achieve the same accuracy. No account is taken of obstacles on the inside of the angles of geometric visibility, if they were already present when the lamp was type-approved.

If, when the lamp is installed, any part of the apparent surface of the lamp is hidden by any further parts of the vehicle, proof must be furnished that the part of the lamp not hidden by obstacles still conforms to the photometric values prescribed for the approval of the device as an optical unit (see Appendix 1);

11.   extreme outer edge

on either side of the vehicle means the plane parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and coinciding with its lateral outer edge, disregarding the projection(s) of:

11.1.   the rear-view mirrors;

11.2.   the direction indicator lamps;

12.   overall width

means the distance between the two vertical planes defined in point 11;

13.   distance between two lamps pointing in the same direction

means the distance between the orthogonal projections, in a plane perpendicular to the axes of reference, of the outlines of the two illuminating surfaces as defined, according to the case, in point 6;

14.   operational telltale

means the telltale showing whether a device that has been actuated is operating correctly or not;

15.   circuit-closed telltale

means a telltale showing that a device has been switched on but not showing whether it is operating correctly or not.

B.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

1.   The lighting and light-signalling devices must be so installed that, under normal conditions of use and notwithstanding any vibration to which they may be subjected, they retain the characteristics laid down and enable the vehicle to comply with the requirements of this Directive. In particular, it must not be possible for the adjustment of the lamps to be inadvertently disturbed.

2.   The illuminating lamps must be so fitted that their alignment can easily be set correctly.

3.   For all light-signalling devices the reference axis of the lamp when fitted to the vehicle must be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle in the case of side retro-reflectors and parallel to that plane in the case of all other signalling devices. In each direction a tolerance of 3° is allowed.

In addition, any specific instructions as regards fitting laid down by the manufacturer must be complied with.

4.   The height and alignment of lamps are checked, in the absence of specific instructions, with the vehicle unladen and located on a flat horizontal surface, with its median longitudinal plane being vertical and its handlebars or steering wheel in the dead-ahead position. The tyre pressure must be that specified by the manufacturer for the specific loading conditions laid down.

In the absence of specific requirements, lamps constituting a pair must:

5.1.   be installed on the vehicle symmetrically in relation to the median longitudinal plane;

5.2.   be symmetrical to each other in relation to the median longitudinal plane;

5.3.   fulfil the same colorimetric requirements;

5.4.   have substantially identical photometric characteristics.

6.   In the absence of specific instructions, lamps having different functions may be independent or be grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated in one device, provided that each such lamp complies with the requirement applicable to it.

7.   The maximum height above ground is measured from the highest point, and the minimum height from the lowest point, of the illuminating surface. The minimum height above ground of dipped-beam headlamps must be measured from the lower edge of the lens, or of the reflector if the latter is higher.

8.   In the absence of specific requirements no lamps other than direction indicator lamps and the hazard warning signal may emit a flashing light.

No red lamp must be visible towards the front and no white lamp other than any reversing lamp fitted visible towards the rear. This condition is checked as follows (see drawings according to the types of two or three-wheel vehicles set out in Appendix 1 to Annexes II to VI):

9.1.   for the visibility of a red lamp towards the front: there must be no direct visibility of a red lamp if viewed by an observer moving within Zone 1 in a transverse plane situated 25 m in front of the foremost part of the vehicle;

9.2.   for the visibility of a white lamp towards the rear: there must be no direct visibility of a white lamp if viewed by an observer moving within Zone 2 in a transverse plane situated 25 m behind the rearmost part of the vehicle;

Zones 1 and 2, as seen by the observer, are limited in their respective planes as follows:

9.3.1.   as regards height, two horizontal planes which are 1 m and 2,2 m respectively above the ground;

9.3.2.   as regards width, by two vertical planes making an angle of 15° towards the front and rear respectively, and outside the vehicle by reference to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. These planes contain, respectively, the vertical lines of intersection of the vertical planes parallel to the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle and representing its overall width, and of the transverse planes representing the overall length of the vehicle.

10.   The electrical connections must be such that the front position lamp or the dipped-beam headlamp, if there is no front position lamp, the rear position lamp and the rear registration-plate lamp can only be switched on and off simultaneously.

11.   In the absence of specific requirements, the electrical connections must be such that the main-beam headlamp, the dipped-beam headlamp and the fog lamp cannot be switched on until the lamps referred to in point 10 have also been switched on. This requirement does not apply, however, to main-beam or dipped-beam headlamps when their optical warnings consist of the intermittent lighting-up at short intervals of the main-beam headlamp, or the intermittent lighting-up at short intervals of the dipped-beam headlamp, or the alternate lighting-up at short intervals of the main-beam and dipped-beam headlamps.

12.   Telltales

12.1.   All telltales must be clearly visible to the driver in the normal driving position.

12.2.   Where provision has been made for a circuit-closed telltale it may be replaced by an operational telltale.

13.   Colours emitted by the lamps

The colours emitted by the lamps are as follows:

Main-beam headlamps

:

white,

Non-triangular front retro-reflector

:

white,

Dipped-beam headlamp

:

white,

Direction-indicator lamp

:

amber,

Stop lamp

:

red,

Front position lamp

:

white,

Rear position lamp

:

red,

Front fog lamp

:

white/yellow,

Rear fog lamp

:

red,

Reversing lamp

:

white,

Hazard warning signal

:

amber,

Rear registration-plate lamp

:

white,

Non-triangular side retro-reflector

:

amber,

Non-triangular rear retro-reflector

:

red,

Pedal retro-reflector

:

amber.

The definition of lamp colours must be as laid down in Appendix 2.

14.   All lighting and light-signalling devices must be component type-approved. However, pending the entry into force of harmonised provisions concerning lighting and light-signalling devices on mopeds with engines of no more than 0,5 kW and a maximum speed not exceeding 25 km/h, such mopeds may be fitted with dipped-beam headlamps and/or rear position lamps which have not been approved. In such cases, the manufacturer must declare that the devices concerned conform to ISO standard 6742/1. Specific additional requirements will be laid down in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 18(2) of Directive 2002/24/EC.

Appendix 1

Lamp surfaces, axis and centre of reference, and angles of geometric visibility

Image

NB: Notwithstanding the drawing the apparent surface is to be considered as tangent to the light-emitting surface.

Appendix 2

Definition of lamp colours

TRICHROMATIC COORDINATES

Red

Limit towards yellow

y ≤ 0,335

Limit towards purple

z ≤ 0,008

White

Limit towards blue

x ≥ 0,310

Limit towards yellow

x ≤ 0,500

Limit towards green

y ≤ 0,150 + 0,640x

Limit towards green

y ≤ 0,440

Limit towards purple

y ≥ 0,050 + 0,750x

Limit towards red

y ≥ 0,382

Yellow

Limit towards red

y ≥ 0,138 + 0,580x

Limit towards green

y ≤ 1,29x — 0,100

Limit towards white

y ≥ — x + 0,940

y ≥ 0,440

Limit towards the spectral value

y ≤ — x + 0,992

Amber

Limit towards yellow

y ≤ 0,429

Limit towards red

y ≥ 0,398

Limit towards white

z ≤ 0,007

A source having a colour temperature of 2 856 K is used to check the above limits (International Commission on Illumination (ICI) Standard A).

ANNEX II

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING TWO-WHEEL MOPEDS

Without prejudice to the provisions of point B(14) of Annex I, all two-wheel mopeds must be fitted with the lighting and light-signalling devices listed below:

1.1.   dipped-beam headlamp;

1.2.   rear position lamp;

1.3.   stop lamp. This requirement does not apply to mopeds covered by an exemption such as that provided for in Annex I, point B(14);

1.4.   non-triangular side retro-reflectors;

1.5.   non-triangular rear retro-reflectors;

1.6.   pedal retro-reflectors only where two-wheel mopeds are fitted with non-retractable pedals.

In addition all two-wheel mopeds may be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

2.1.   main-beam headlamp;

2.2.   direction indicator lamps;

2.3.   rear registration-plate lamp;

2.4.   front position lamp;

2.5.   non-triangular front retro-reflectors.

3.   Each of the lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 must be fitted to comply with the appropriate provisions of point 6.

4.   No lighting and light-signalling device other than those referred to in points 1 and 2 may be fitted.

5.   The lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 and type-approved for motorcycles, in accordance with Directive 97/24/EC, or type-approved for vehicles in categories M1 and N1, in accordance with Directives 76/757/EEC, 76/758/EEC, 76/759/EEC, 76/760/EEC, 76/761/EEC, 76/762/EEC, 77/538/EEC or 77/539/EEC, shall also be permitted on mopeds.

6.   SPECIFIC FITTING REQUIREMENTS

6.1.   Main-beam headlamps

6.1.1.   Number: one or two.

6.1.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.1.3.   Position

6.1.3.1.   Width:

an independent main-beam headlamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one on top of the other the reference centre of the main-beam headlamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centre must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a main-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; however, when the vehicle is also fitted with an independent dipped-beam headlamp alongside the main-beam headlamp their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plan of the vehicle,

two main-beam headlamps of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

6.1.3.2.   The length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or reflective surfaces on the vehicle.

6.1.3.3.   In any case, the distance between the edge of the illuminating surface of any independent main-beam headlamp and the edge of that of the dipped-beam headlamp must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.3.4.   The distance separating the illuminating surfaces of two main-beam headlamps must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.4.   Geometrical visibility

Even in the zones which do not seem to be illuminated in the direction of observation under consideration, the illuminating surface must be visible within a divergent area limited by generatrices touching the entire contour of the illuminating surface and forming an angle of 5° at least with the headlamp reference axis. The contour of the projection of the illuminating surface on to a transverse plane that is tangent to the front part of the main-beam headlamp lens is considered to be the origin of the angles of geometrical visibility.

6.1.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May pivot along with the steering angle.

6.1.6.   May be grouped together with the dipped-beam headlamp and the front position lamp.

6.1.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

May be reciprocal, incorporated:

6.1.8.1.   with the dipped-beam headlamp;

6.1.8.2.   with the front position lamp.

6.1.9.   Electrical connections

The main-beam headlamps must light simultaneously. All main-beam headlamps must light when they are switched from dipped-beam to main-beam. All main-beam headlamps must be extinguished simultaneously when switched from main-beam to dipped-beam. The dipped-beam headlamps may remain lit at the same time as the main-beam headlamps.

6.1.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Blue non-flashing warning light.

6.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

6.2.1.   Number: one or two.

6.2.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.2.3.   Position

6.2.3.1.   Width:

an independent dipped-beam headlamp may be installed above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the dipped-beam headlamp must be located in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a dipped-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, where the vehicle is also fitted with an independent main-beam headlamp alongside the dipped-beam headlamp their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two dipped-beam headlamps, of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.2.3.2.   Height: a minimum of 500 mm and a maximum of 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.2.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle this requirement is regarded as satisfied if the light emitted does not cause discomfort to the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflecting surfaces of the vehicle.

6.2.3.4.   In the case of two dipped-beam headlamps the distance separating the illuminating surfaces must not exceed 200 mm.

6.2.4.   Geometric visibility

Determined by angles α and β as specified in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

15° upwards and 10° downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right if there is only one dipped-beam headlamp;

45° outwards and 10° inwards if there are two dipped-beam headlamps.

The presence of panels or other items of equipment near the light must not give rise to secondary effects causing discomfort to other road users.

6.2.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.2.6.   May be grouped together with the main-beam headlamp and the front position lamp.

6.2.7.   May not be combined with any other lamps.

6.2.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the main-beam headlamp and the front position lamp.

6.2.9.   Electrical connections

The control for changing over the dipped beam must switch off all main-beam headlamps simultaneously, whereas the dipped beams may remain switched on at the same time as the main beam.

6.2.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.2.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.3.   Direction indicator lamps

6.3.1.   Number: Two per side.

6.3.2.   Arrangement drawing: two front and two rear indicator lamps.

6.3.3.   Position

Width:

The following apply simultaneously to front indicator lamps:

6.3.3.1.1.1.   there must be a minimum distance of 240 mm between the illuminating surfaces;

6.3.3.1.1.2.   they must be situated outside the vertical longitudinal planes that are tangent to the outer edges of the illuminating surfaces of the headlamp(s).

6.3.3.1.1.3.   A minimum distance between the illuminating surfaces of the indicators and the closest dipped-beam headlamps of:

75 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 90 cd,

40 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 175 cd,

20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 250 cd,

≤ 20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 400 cd.

6.3.3.1.2.   The distance between the inner edges of the illuminating surfaces of the rear indicator lamps must be at least 180 mm.

6.3.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.3.3.3.   Length: the distance towards the front between the transverse plane corresponding to the extreme longitudinal rearmost extremity of the vehicle and the centre of reference of the rear indicators must not exceed 300 mm.

6.3.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: see Appendix 2.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.3.5.   Alignment

The front direction indicator lamps may move in line with the steering angle.

6.3.6.   May be grouped with one or more lamps.

6.3.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.3.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with another lamp.

6.3.9.   Electrical connections

Direction indicator lamps must switch on independently of the other lamps. All direction indicator lamps on one side of a vehicle must be switched on and off by means of one control.

6.3.10.   Operational telltale: optional.

It may be optical or auditory or both. If it is optical it must be a green flashing light and visible under all normal operating conditions. It must be extinguished or remain alight without flashing or show a marked change of frequency in the event of the malfunction of any of the direction indicator lamps. If it is entirely auditory it must be clearly audible and show the same operating conditions as the optical telltale.

6.3.11.   Other requirements

The characteristics listed below must be measured with the electrical generator supplying current only to those circuits that are essential to the operation of the engine and lighting devices.

6.3.11.1.   Actuation of the light-signalling device control must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and extinction of the first lamp within a maximum of one and a half seconds.

In the case of all vehicles the direction indicator lamps of which are supplied with direct current:

6.3.11.2.1.   the flashing-light frequency must be 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.2.2.   the direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle must flash at the same frequency and in phase.

Where a vehicle is fitted with direction indicator lamps which are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between 50 and 100 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.3.1.   the lights must flash at a frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.3.2.   the direction indicator lamps may flash on the same side of the vehicle either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear nor the rear lamps to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

Where the direction indicator lamps fitted to a vehicle are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between the idling speed specified by the manufacturer and 50 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.4.1.   the flashing frequency must lie between 90 + 30 and 90 – 45 times per minute;

6.3.11.4.2.   direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle may flash either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear, nor the rear lamps visible to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

6.3.11.5.   In the event of failure, other than a short circuit, of one direction indicator lamp, the other must continue to flash, or remain lit, but the frequency in this state may be different from that specified.

6.4.   Stop lamps

6.4.1.   Number: one or two.

6.4.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.4.3.   Position

6.4.3.1.   Width: if there is only one stop lamp its centre of reference must lie within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, or if there are two stop lamps they must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.4.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above ground.

6.4.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 45° to the left and to the right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.4.5.   Alignment: towards the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.6.   May be grouped with one or more other rear lamps.

6.4.7.   May not be combined with another lamp.

6.4.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the rear position lamp.

6.4.9.   Operational electrical connection: must light up whenever at least one of the service brakes is applied.

6.4.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: prohibited.

6.5.   Front position lamps

6.5.1.   Number: one or two.

6.5.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.5.3.   Position

6.5.3.1.   Width:

one independent front position lamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the front position lamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a front position lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two front position lamps one or both of which is/are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.5.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.5.3.3.   Length: at front of vehicle.

6.5.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and to the right if there is a single position lamp; 80° to the outside and 45° towards the inside if there are two position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.5.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May pivot as a function of the steering angle.

6.5.6.   May be grouped with any other front lamp.

6.5.7.   May be reciprocally incorporated with any other front lamp.

6.5.8.   Operational electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.5.9.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Non-flashing green indicator light.

6.5.10.   Other requirements: none.

6.6.   Rear position lamps

6.6.1.   Number: one or two.

6.6.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.6.3.   Position

6.6.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle if there is only one position lamp, or if there are two position lamps these must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.6.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above the ground.

6.6.3.3.   Length: at rear of vehicle.

6.6.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and to the right if there is a single position lamp; 80° towards the outside and 45° towards the inside if there are two position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.6.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.6.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.6.7.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the stop lamp or non-triangular rear retro-reflector, or with both.

6.6.8.   Operational electric connections: no individual specification.

6.6.9.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its function may be fulfilled by the device provided, where appropriate, for the front position lamp.

6.6.10.   Other requirements: none.

6.7.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors

6.7.1.   Number per side: one or two Class IA (1).

6.7.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.7.3.   Position

6.7.3.1.   Width: no individual specifications.

6.7.3.2.   Height: 300 mm minimum, 900 mm maximum above the ground.

6.7.3.3.   Length: should be such that, under normal conditions, the device cannot be masked by the driver or passenger, nor by their clothing.

6.7.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: 30° towards the front and rear.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the reflector is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.7.5.   Alignment: the reference axis of the retro-reflectors must be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and positioned outwards.

Retro-reflectors at the front may pivot in line with the steering angle.

6.7.6.   May be grouped with other signalling devices.

6.8.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

6.8.1.   Number: one Class IA (2).

6.8.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.8.3.   Position

6.8.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.8.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 900 mm above the ground.

6.8.3.3.   Length: at rear of vehicle.

6.8.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 30° to the left and right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the reflector is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.8.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.8.6.   May be grouped with any other lamp.

6.8.7.   Other requirements:

The illuminating surface of the reflector may have parts in common with any other rear-mounted red lamp.

6.9.   Pedal retro-reflectors

6.9.1.   Each pedal of a two-wheel moped must be fitted with two retro-reflectors.

6.9.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specification.

6.9.3.   Other requirements

The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector must be recessed within its frame. The reflectors must be installed within the body of the pedal in such a way that they are clearly visible both to the front and to the rear of the vehicle. The reference axis of the reflectors, the shape of which must be adapted to that of the body of the pedal, and put at right angles to the axis of the pedal. The pedal reflectors need be mounted only on vehicle pedals which, by means of cranks or similar devices, may act as a means of propulsion instead of the engine. They need not be mounted on pedals acting as vehicle controls or solely as footrests for the driver or passenger.

6.10.   Non-triangular front retro-reflector

6.10.1.   Number: one Class IA (2).

6.10.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specification.

6.10.3.   Position

6.10.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle;

6.10.3.2.   Height: minimum 400 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground;

6.10.3.3.   Length: at front of vehicle.

6.10.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 30° to the left and right

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the reflector is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.10.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May pivot in line with the steering angle.

6.10.6.   May be grouped with one or more lamps.

6.10.7.   Other specifications: none.

6.11.   Rear registration-plate lamp

6.11.1.   Number: one.

The lamp may consist of several optical elements intended to illuminate the position of the plate.

6.11.2.

Arrangement drawing

Such that the lamp illuminates the position reserved for the registration plate.

6.11.3.

Position

6.11.3.1.

Width:

6.11.3.2.

Height:

6.11.3.3.

Length:

6.11.4.

Geometrical visibility

6.11.5.

Alignment

6.11.6.   May be grouped with one or more rear lamps.

6.11.7.   May be combined with the rear position lamp.

6.11.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.11.9.   Operational electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.11.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its operation must be ensured by the same telltale as provided for the position lamp.

6.11.11.   Other requirements: none.


(1)  In accordance with the classification set out in Directive 76/757/EEC.

(2)  In accordance with the classification set out in Directive 76/757/EEC.

Appendix 1

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

(See point B(9) in Annex I and point 6.3.11.4.2 in this Annex)

Image

Image

Appendix 2

Arrangement drawing

Image

Appendix 3

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel moped

(To be attached to the EC component type-approval application where this is submitted separately from the vehicle type-approval application)

Reference number (allocated by the applicant): …

The application for component type approval in respect of the installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel moped shall contain the information set out in Annex II to Directive 2002/24/EC under A, points:

0.1,

0.2,

0.4 to 0.6,

8 to 8.4.

Appendix 4

Name of administration

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel moped

MODEL

Report No … by technical service … on … (date)

EC component type-approval No … Extension No …

1.   Make (trade name) of vehicle …

2.   Vehicle type …

3.   Manufacturer's name and address …

4.   Name and address of manufacturer's representative (if any) …

Mandatory lighting devices installed on the vehicle submitted for checks (1): …

5.1.   Dipped-beam headlamps

5.2.   Rear position lamps

5.3.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors

5.4.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

5.5.   Pedal retro-reflectors (2)

5.6.   Stop lamp(s) (3)

Optional lighting devices present on the vehicle submitted for checks (1):

6.1.   Main-beam headlamps: yes/no (4)

6.2.   Direction indicator lamp: yes/no (4)

6.3.   Rear registration plate lamp: yes/no (4)

6.4.   Front position lamps: yes/non (4)

6.5.   non-triangular front retro-reflector: yes/no (4)

7.   Variants …

8.   Vehicle submitted for EC component type-approval on … (date)

9.   EC component type-approval has been granted/refused (4)

10.   Place …

11.   Date …

12.   Signature …


(1)  State on a separate sheet for each device the duly identified types of devices meeting the fitting requirements of this Annex.

(2)  Only for two-wheel mopeds fitted with pedals.

(3)  Excluding mopeds by an exemption such as provided for under point B(14) of Annex I.

(4)  Delete as appropriate.

ANNEX III

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING THREE-WHEEL MOPEDS AND LIGHT QUADRICYCLES

All three-wheel mopeds must be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

1.1.   dipped-beam headlamp;

1.2.   front position lamp;

1.3.   rear position lamp;

1.4.   non-triangular rear retro-reflectors;

1.5.   pedal retro-reflectors only where three-wheel mopeds are fitted with pedals;

1.6.   stop lamp;

1.7.   direction indicator lamps for three-wheel mopeds with closed bodywork.

In addition all three-wheel mopeds may be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

2.1.   main-beam headlamp;

2.2.   direction indicator lamps, for three-wheel mopeds without closed bodywork;

2.3.   rear registration-plate lamp;

2.4.   non-triangular side retro-reflectors;

2.5.   front fog lamp;

2.6.   rear fog lamp;

2.7.   reversing lamp;

2.8.   hazard warning device.

3.   Each of the lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 must be fitted in accordance with the appropriate provisions of point 6 below.

4.   No lighting and light-signalling device other than those referred to in points 1 and 2 may be fitted.

5.   The lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 and type-approved for motorcycles, in accordance with Directive 97/24/EC, or type-approved for vehicles in categories M1 and N1, in accordance with Directives 76/757/EEC, 76/758/EEC, 76/759/EEC, 76/760/EEC, 76/761/EEC, 76/762/EEC, 77/538/EEC or 77/539/EEC, shall also be permitted on three-wheel mopeds and light quadricycles.

6.   SPECIFIC FITTING REQUIREMENTS

6.1.   Main-beam headlamps

6.1.1.   Number: one or two.

However, in the case of three-wheel mopeds with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two main-beam headlamps are required.

6.1.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.1.3.   Position

6.1.3.1.   Width:

an independent main-beam headlamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the main-beam headlamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a main-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; however, when the vehicle is also fitted with an independent dipped-beam headlamp alongside the main-beam headlamp their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plan of the vehicle,

two main-beam headlamps of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation of the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.1.3.2.   The length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces on the vehicle.

6.1.3.3.   In the case of a single independent main-beam headlamp, the distance between the edge of the illuminating surface and that of the dipped-beam headlamp must not exceed 200 mm for each pair of lamps.

6.1.4.   Geometrical visibility

Even in the zones which do not seem to be illuminated in the direction of observation under consideration, the illuminating surface must be visible within a divergent area limited by generatrices touching the entire contour of the illuminating surface and forming an angle of 5° at least with the headlamp reference axis. The contour of the projection of the illuminating surface on to a transverse plane that is tangent to the front part of the main-beam headlamp lens is considered to be the origin of the angles of geometrical visibility.

6.1.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.1.6.   May be grouped together with the dipped-beam headlamp and the front position lamp.

6.1.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

May be reciprocally incorporated:

6.1.8.1.   with the dipped-beam headlamp;

6.1.8.2.   with the front position lamp.

6.1.9.   Electrical connections

The main-beam headlamps must light simultaneously. All main-beam headlamps must light when they are switched from dipped-beam to main-beam. All main-beam headlamps must be extinguished simultaneously when switched from main-beam to dipped-beam. The dipped-beam headlamps may remain lit at the same time as the main-beam headlamps.

6.1.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Blue non-flashing warning light.

6.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

6.2.1.   Number: one or two.

However, in the case of three-wheel mopeds, the maximum width of which exceeds 1 300 mm, two dipped-beam headlamps are required.

6.2.2.   Arrangement drawing: no particular specification.

6.2.3.   Position

6.2.3.1.   Width:

an independent dipped-beam headlamp may be installed above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the dipped-beam headlamp must be located in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a dipped-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, where the vehicle is also fitted with an independent main-beam headlamp alongside the dipped-beam headlamp their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two dipped-beam headlamps, of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

In the case of a vehicle with two dipped-beam headlamps:

the edges of the illuminating surfaces furthermost from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost edge of the vehicle,

the internal edges of the illuminating surfaces must be at least 500 mm apart. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.2.3.2.   Height: a minimum of 500 mm and a maximum of 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.2.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle this requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.2.4.   Geometric visibility

Determined by angles α and β as specified in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

15° upwards and 10° downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right if there is only one dipped-beam headlamp;

45° outwards and 10° inwards if there are two dipped-beam headlamps.

6.2.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.2.6.   May be grouped together with the main-headlamp and the front position lamp.

6.2.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.2.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the main headlamp and the front position lamp.

6.2.9.   Electrical connections

The control for changing to the dipped beam must switch off all main-beam headlamps simultaneously, whereas the dipped beams may remain switched on at the same time as the main beam.

6.2.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.2.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.3.   Direction indicator lamps

6.3.1.   Number: two per side.

6.3.2.   Arrangement drawing: two front and two rear indicator lamps.

6.3.3.   Position

6.3.3.1.   Width:

the edges of the illuminating surface furthest from the median longitudinal plane must also not be more than 400 mm from the outermost part of the vehicle,

the internal edges of the illuminating surfaces must be at a distance of at least 500 mm,

there must be a minimum distance between the illuminating surfaces of the nearest indicators and dipped-beam headlamps of:

75 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 90 cd,

40 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 175 cd,

20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 250 cd,

≤ 20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 400 cd.

6.3.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above the ground.

6.3.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: see Appendix 2.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.3.5.   Alignment

The front direction indicator lamps may move in line with the steering angle.

6.3.6.   May be grouped with one or more lamps.

6.3.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.3.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with another lamp.

6.3.9.   Electrical connections

Direction indicator lamps must switch on independently of the other lamps. All direction indicator lamps on one side of a vehicle must be switched on and off by means of one control.

6.3.10.   Operational telltale: optional.

This may be optical or auditory or both. If it is optical it must be green and of the flashing type. It must be visible under all normal operating conditions. It must be extinguished or remain alight without flashing or show a marked change of frequency in the event of the malfunction of any of the direction indicator lamps. If it is entirely auditory it must be clearly audible and show the same operating conditions as the optical telltale.

6.3.11.   Other requirements

The characteristics listed below must be measured with the electrical generator supplying current only to those circuits that are essential to the operation of the engine and lighting devices.

6.3.11.1.   Actuation of the light-signalling device control must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and extinction of the first lamp within a maximum of one-and-a-half seconds.

In the case of all vehicles the direction indicator lamps of which are supplied with direct current:

6.3.11.2.1.   the flashing-light frequency must be 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.2.2.   the direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle must flash at the same frequency and in phase.

Where a vehicle is fitted with direction indicator lamps which are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between 50 and 100 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.3.1.   the lights must flash at a frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.3.2.   the direction indicator lamps may flash on the same side of the vehicle either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear nor the rear lamps to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

Where the direction indicator lamps fitted to a vehicle are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between the idling speed specified by the manufacturer and 50 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.4.1.   the flashing frequency must be between 90 + 30 and 90 – 45 times per minute;

6.3.11.4.2.   direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle may flash either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear, nor the rear lamps visible to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

6.3.11.5.   In the event of failure, other than a short circuit, of one direction indicator lamp, the other must continue to flash, or remain lit, but the frequency in this state may be different from that specified.

6.4.   Stop lamps

6.4.1.   Number: one or two.

However, for three-wheel mopeds with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two stop lamps are required.

6.4.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.4.3.   Position

6.4.3.1.   Width: if there is only one stop lamp its centre of reference must lie within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, or if there are two stop lamps they must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. In the case of vehicles with two rear wheels: at least 600 mm between the two lamps. The distance may be reduced to 400 mm of the maximum width if the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.4.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above ground.

6.4.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.4.   Geometric visibility:

Horizontal angle: 45° to the left and to the right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.4.5.   Alignment: towards the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.6.   May be grouped with one or more other rear lamps.

6.4.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.4.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the rear position lamp.

6.4.9.   Electrical connection: must light up whenever at least one of the service brakes is applied.

6.4.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: prohibited.

6.5.   Front position lamps

6.5.1.   Number: one or two.

However, in the case of three-wheel mopeds with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two front position lamps are required.

6.5.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.5.3.   Position

6.5.3.1.   Width:

one independent front position lamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the front position lamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a front position lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two front position lamps one or both of them reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that their geometric centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

In the case of a vehicle with two front position lamps:

the edges of the illuminating surface furthest from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost part of the vehicle,

the internal edges of the illuminating surfaces must be at least 500 mm apart. That distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.5.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.5.3.3.   Length: at front of vehicle.

6.5.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and to the right if there is a single position lamp; 80° to the outside and 45° to the inside if there are two position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.5.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.5.6.   May be grouped with any other front lamp.

6.5.7.   May be reciprocally incorporated with any other front lamp.

6.5.8.   Electrical connections: no particular specification.

6.5.9.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Non-flashing green indicator light.

6.5.10.   Other requirements: none.

6.6.   Rear position lamps

6.6.1.   Number: one or two.

However, for three-wheel mopeds with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two rear position lamps are required.

6.6.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.6.3.   Position

6.6.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle if there is only one rear position lamp; if there are two rear position lamps these must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. In the case of vehicles with two rear wheels: at least 600 mm between the two lamps. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.6.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above the ground.

6.6.3.3.   Length: at rear of vehicle.

6.6.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and to the right if there is a single position lamp; 80° towards the outside and 45° towards the inside if there are two rear position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.6.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.6.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.6.7.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the stop lamp or non-triangular rear retro-reflector, or with both.

6.6.8.   Electrical connections: no particular specification.

6.6.9.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its function may be fulfilled by the device provided, where appropriate, for the front position lamp.

6.6.10.   Other requirements: none.

6.7.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

6.7.1.   Number: one or two Class IA (1).

However, in the case of three-wheel mopeds with a maximum width exceeding 1 000 mm, two non-triangular rear retro-reflectors are required.

6.7.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.7.3.   Position

6.7.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle if there is only one retro-reflector or, if there are two retro-reflectors, they must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

In the case of a vehicle with two rear retro-reflectors:

the point of the illuminating surface furthest from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost part of the vehicle,

the internal edges of the retro-reflectors must be at least 500 mm apart. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.7.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 900 mm above the ground.

6.7.3.3.   Length: at rear of vehicle.

6.7.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: 30° to the left and right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the reflector is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.7.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.7.6.   May be grouped with any other lamp.

6.7.7.   Other requirements:

The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector may have parts in common with any other rear-mounted red lamp.

6.8.   Pedal retro-reflectors

Each pedal of a three-wheel moped must be fitted with two retro-reflectors. They must be fitted in such a way that the operational surfaces are external to the pedal itself, and perpendicular to the bearing plane of the pedal, with their optical axis parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.8.1.   Number: four retro-reflectors or groups of retro-reflectors.

6.8.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.8.3.   Other requirements

The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector must be recessed within its frame. The reflectors must be installed within the body of the pedal in such a way that they are clearly visible both to the front and to the rear of the vehicle. The reference axis of the reflectors, the shape of which must be adapted to that of the body of the pedal, must be put at right angles to the axis of the pedal. The pedal reflectors must be mounted only on vehicle pedals which, by means of cranks or similar devices, may act as a means of propulsion instead of the engine. They must not be mounted on pedals acting as vehicle controls or solely as footrests for the driver or passenger.

6.9.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors

6.9.1.   Number per side: one or two Class IA (2).

6.9.2.   Arrangements drawing: no individual specifications.

6.9.3.   Position

6.9.3.1.   Width: no individual specifications.

6.9.3.2.   Height: minimum 300 mm, maximum 900 mm above the ground.

6.9.3.3.   Length: must be such that, under normal conditions, the device cannot be hidden by the driver or passenger, or by their clothing.

6.9.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: 30° towards the front and back.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the reflector is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.9.5.   Alignment: the reference axis of the retro-reflectors must be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and positioned outwards. Retro-reflectors at the front move in line with the steering angle.

6.9.6.   May be grouped with other signalling devices.

6.10.   Rear registration-plate lamp

6.10.1.   Number: one.

The lamp may consist of several optical elements intended to illuminate the position of the plate.

6.10.2.

Arrangement drawing

Such that the lamp illuminates the position reserved for the registration plate.

6.10.3.

Position

6.10.3.1.

Width

6.10.3.2.

Height

6.10.3.3.

Length

6.10.4.

Geometric visibility

6.10.5.

Alignment

6.10.6.   May be grouped with one or more rear lamps.

6.10.7.   May be combined with the rear position lamp.

6.10.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.10.9.   Operational electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.10.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its operation must be ensured by the same telltale as provided for the position lamp.

6.10.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.11.   Front fog lamps

6.11.1.   Provisions identical to those set out in points 6.7.1 to 6.7.11 of Annex VI.

6.12.   Rear fog lamps

6.12.1.   Provisions identical to those set out in points 6.8.1 to 6.8.11 of Annex VI.

6.13.   Reversing lamps

6.13.1.   Provisions identical to those set out in points 6.9.1 to 6.9.10 of Annex VI.

6.14.   Hazard warning device

6.14.1.   Provisions identical to those set out in points 6.10.1 to 6.10.4 of Annex VI.


(1)  In accordance with the classification set out in Directive 76/757/EEC.

(2)  In accordance with the classification set out in Directive 76/757/EEC.

Appendix 1

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

(See point B(9) in Annex I and point 6.3.11.4.2 in this Annex)

Image

Image

Appendix 2

Arrangement drawing

Direction indicator lamp — Geometric visibility

Image

Appendix 3

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of three-wheel moped

(To be attached to the EC component type-approval application where this is submitted separately from the vehicle type approval application)

Reference number (allocated by the applicant): …

The application for component type approval in respect of the installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of three-wheel moped shall contain the information set out in Annex II to Directive 2002/24/EC under A, points:

0.1,

0.2,

0.4 to 0.6,

8 to 8.4.

Appendix 4

Name of administration

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of three-wheel moped

MODEL

Report No … by technical service … on … (date)

EC component type-approval No … Extension No …

1.   Make (trade name) of vehicle …

2.   Vehicle type …

3.   Manufacturer's name and address …

4.   Name and address of manufacturer's representative (if any) …

Mandatory lighting devices installed on the vehicle submitted for checks (1): …

5.1.   Dipped-beam headlamps

5.2.   Front position lamps

5.3.   Rear position lamps

5.4.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

5.5.   Pedal retro-reflectors (2)

5.6.   Direction indicator lamps for three-wheeled mopeds with closed bodyworkl

5.7.   Stop lamp(s)

Optional lighting devices present on the vehicle submitted for checks (1):

6.1.   Main-beam headlamps: yes/no (3)

6.2.   Direction indicator lamps for three-wheeled mopeds without closed bodywork: yes/no (3)

6.3.   Non-triangular front retro-reflectors: yes/no (3)

6.4.   Rear registration plate lamp: yes/non (3)

7.   Variants …

8.   Vehicle submitted for EC component type-approval on … (date)

9.   EC component type-approval has been granted/refused (3)

10.   Place …

11.   Date …

12.   Signature …


(1)  State on a separate sheet for each device the duly identified types of devices meeting the fitting requirements of this Annex.

(2)  Only for two-wheel mopeds fitted with pedals.

(3)  Delete as appropriate.

ANNEX IV

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING TWO-WHEEL MOTORCYCLES

All two-wheel motorcycles must be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

1.1.   main-beam headlamp;

1.2.   dipped-beam lamp;

1.3.   direction indicator lamps;

1.4.   stop lamp;

1.5.   front position lamp;

1.6.   rear position lamp:

1.7.   rear registration-plate lamp;

1.8.   non-triangular rear retro-reflector.

In addition all two-wheel motorcycles may be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

2.1.   front fog lamp;

2.2.   rear fog lamp;

2.3.   hazard warning signal;

2.4.   non-triangular side retro-reflectors.

3.   Each of the lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 must be fitted in line with the appropriate provisions of point 6.

4.   No lighting and light-signalling device other than those referred to in points 1 and 2 may be fitted.

5.   The lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 and type-approved for vehicles in categories M1 and N1, in accordance with Directives 76/757/EEC, 76/758/EEC, 76/759/EEC, 76/760/EEC, 76/761/EEC, 76/762/EEC, 77/538/EEC or 77/539/EEC, shall also be permitted on motorcycles.

6.   SPECIFIC FITTING REQUIREMENTS

6.1.   Main-beam headlamps

6.1.1.   Number: one or two.

6.1.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.1.3.   Position

6.1.3.1.   Width:

an independent main-beam headlamp may be fitted above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the main-beam headlamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centre must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a main-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, when the vehicle is also fitted with an independent dipped-beam headlamp alongside the main-beam headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plan of the vehicle,

two main-beam headlamps of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation of the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.1.3.2.   The length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces on the vehicle.

6.1.3.3.   In any case, the distance between the edge of the illuminating surface of any independent main-beam headlamp and the edge of that of the dipped-beam headlamp must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.3.4.   In the case of two main-beam headlamps: the distance separating the illuminating surfaces of two main-beam headlamps must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.4.   Geometric visibility

Even in the zones which do not seem to be illuminated in the direction of observation under consideration, the illuminating surface must be visible within a divergent area limited by generatrices touching the entire contour of the illuminating surface and forming an angle of 5° at least with the headlamp reference axis. The contour of the projection of the illuminating surface on to a transverse plane that is tangent to the front part of the main-beam headlamp lens is considered to be the origin of the angles of geometrical visibility.

6.1.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.1.6.   May be grouped together with the dipped-beam headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.1.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

May be reciprocally incorporated:

6.1.8.1.   with the dipped-beam headlamp;

6.1.8.2.   with the front position lamp;

6.1.8.3.   with the front fog lamp.

6.1.9.   Electrical connections

The main-beam headlamps must light simultaneously. All main-beam headlamps must light when they are switched from dipped-beam to main-beam. All main-beam headlamps must be extinguished simultaneously when switched from main-beam to dipped-beam. The dipped-beam headlamps may remain lit at the same time as the main-beam headlamps.

6.1.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Blue non-flashing warning light.

6.1.11.   Other requirements: the maximum intensity of the main-beam headlamps which may be lit at the same time must not exceed 225 000 cd (EC component type-approval value).

6.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

6.2.1.   Number: one or two.

6.2.2.   Arrangement drawing: no particular specifications.

6.2.3.   Position

6.2.3.1.   Width:

an independent dipped-beam headlamp may be installed above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the dipped-beam headlamp must be located in the medium longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a dipped-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, where the vehicle is also fitted with an independent main-beam headlamp alongside the dipped-beam headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two dipped-beam headlamps, of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.2.3.2.   Height: a minimum of 500 mm and a maximum of 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.2.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.2.3.4.   In the case of two dipped-beam headlamps the distance separating the illuminating surfaces must not exceed 200 mm.

6.2.4.   Geometric visibility

Determined by angles α and β as specified in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

15° upwards and 10° downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right if there is only one dipped-beam headlamps;

45° outwards and 10° inwards if there are two dipped-beam headlamps.

The presence of panels or other items of equipment near the light must not give rise to secondary effects causing discomfort to other road users.

6.2.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

The vertical inclination of the dipped beam must remain between –0,5 and –2,5 %, except in the case where an external adjusting device is present.

6.2.6.   May be grouped together with the main-headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.2.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.2.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the main-beam headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.2.9.   Electrical connections

The control for changing to the dipped beam must switch off all main-beam headlamps simultaneously, whereas the dipped beam may remain switched on at the same time as the main beam.

6.2.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.2.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.3.   Direction indicator lamps

6.3.1.   Number: two per side.

6.3.2.   Arrangement drawing: two front and two rear indicator lamps.

6.3.3.   Position

Width:

the following apply simultaneously to front indicator lamps:

6.3.3.1.1.1.   there must be a minimum distance of 240 mm between the illuminating surfaces;

6.3.3.1.1.2.   they must be situated outside the vertical longitudinal planes that are tangent to the outer edges of the illuminating surfaces of the headlamp(s);

6.3.3.1.1.3.   a minimum distance between the illuminating surfaces of the nearest indicators and the closest dipped-beam headlamps of:

75 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 90 cd,

40 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 175 cd,

20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 250 cd,

≤ 20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 400 cd.

6.3.3.1.2.   The distance between the inner edges of the illuminating surfaces of the rear indicator lamps must be at least 180 mm, subject to compliance with the requirements of point A(10) of Annex I, even when the registration plate is fitted.

6.3.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.3.3.3.   Length: the distance towards the front between the transverse plane corresponding to the extreme longitudinal rearmost extremity of the vehicle and the centre of reference of the rear indicators must not exceed 300 mm.

6.3.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: see Appendix 2.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.3.5.   Alignment

The front direction indicator lamps may move in line with the steering angle.

6.3.6.   May be grouped with one or more lamps.

6.3.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.3.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.3.9.   Electrical connections:

Direction indicator lamps must switch on independently of the other lamps. All direction indicator lamps on one side of a vehicle must be switched on and off by means of one control.

6.3.10.   Operational telltale: compulsory.

This may be optical or auditory or both. If it is optical it must be a green flashing light and visible under all normal operating conditions. It must be extinguished or remain alight without flashing or show a marked change of frequency in the event of the malfunction of any of the direction indicator lamps. If it is entirely auditory it must be clearly audible and show the same operating conditions as the optical telltale.

6.3.11.   Other requirements

The characteristics listed below must be measured with the electrical generator supplying current only to those circuits that are essential to the operation of the engine and lighting devices.

6.3.11.1.   Actuation of the light-signalling device control must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and initial extinction of the lamp within a maximum of one and a half seconds.

In the case of all vehicles the direction indicator lamps of which are supplied with direct current:

6.3.11.2.1.   the flashing-light frequency must be 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.2.2.   the direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle must flash at the same frequency and in phase.

Where a vehicle is fitted with direction indicator lamps which are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between 50 and 100 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.3.1.   the lights must flash at a frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.3.2.   the direction indicator lamps may flash on the same side of the vehicle either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear nor the rear lamps to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

Where the direction indicator lamps fitted to a vehicle are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between the idling speed specified by the manufacturer and 50 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.4.1.   the flashing frequency must lie between 90 + 30 and 90 – 45 times per minute;

6.3.11.4.2.   direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle may flash either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear, nor the rear lamps visible to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

6.3.11.5.   In the event of failure, other than a short circuit, of one direction indicator lamp, the other must continue to flash, or remain lit, but the frequency in this state may be different from that specified.

6.4.   Stop lamps

6.4.1.   Number: one or two.

6.4.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.4.3.   Position

6.4.3.1.   Width: if there is only one stop lamp its centre of reference must lie within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, or if there are two stop lamps they must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.4.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above ground.

6.4.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 45° to the left and to the right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.4.5.   Alignment: towards the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.6.   May be grouped with one or more other rear lamps.

6.4.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.4.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the rear position lamp.

6.4.9.   Electrical connections: must light up whenever at least one of the service brakes is applied.

6.4.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: prohibited.

6.5.   Front position lamps

6.5.1.   Number: one or two.

6.5.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.5.3.   Position

6.5.3.1.   Width:

one independent front position lamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the front position lamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a front position lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two front position lamps, one or both of them reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.5.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.5.3.3.   Length: at front of vehicle.

6.5.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and to the right if there is a single position lamp; 80° to the outside and 45° to the inside if there are two position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.5.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.5.6.   May be grouped with any other front lamp.

6.5.7.   May be reciprocally incorporated with any other front lamp.

6.5.8.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.5.9.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Non-flashing green indicator light; this telltale is not required if the instrument panel lighting can only be switched on or off together with the position lamp.

6.5.10.   Other requirements: none.

6.6.   Rear position lamps

6.6.1.   Number: one or two.

6.6.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.6.3.   Position

6.6.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle if there is only one position lamp or, if there are two position lamps, these must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.6.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above the ground.

6.6.3.3.   Length: at rear of vehicle.

6.6.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and to the right if there is a single position lamp; 80° towards the outside and 45° to the inside if there are two-position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.6.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.6.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.6.7.   May be combined with the rear registration-plate lamp.

6.6.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the stop lamp or non-triangular rear retro-reflector, or with both, or with the rear fog lamp.

6.6.9.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.6.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its function may be fulfilled by the device provided, where appropriate, for the front position lamp.

6.6.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.7.   Front fog lamps

6.7.1.   Number: one or two.

6.7.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.7.3.   Position

6.7.3.1.   Width:

a front fog lamp may be installed above, below or next to another front lamp; if these lamps are on top of each other, the reference centre of the front fog lamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if the two lamps are side by side, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation of the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a front fog lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two front fog lamps, one or both of them reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation of the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.7.3.2.   Height: 250 mm minimum above the ground. No point of the illuminating surface may be above the highest point of the illuminating surface of the dipped-beam headlamp.

6.7.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver, either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.7.4.   Geometric visibility

This is determined by the angles α and β as defined in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

5° upwards and downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right in the case of a non-central lamp, in which case the internal angle must be β = 10°.

6.7.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.7.6.   May be grouped with the other front lamps.

6.7.7.   May not be combined with any other front lamp.

6.7.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with a main-beam headlamp and a front position lamp.

6.7.9.   Electrical connections

It must be possible to switch the front fog lamp on or off independently of the main-beam headlamp or the dipped-beam lamp.

6.7.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.7.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.8.   Rear fog lamps

6.8.1.   Number: one or two.

6.8.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.8.3.   Position

6.8.3.1.   Width: one independent rear fog lamp may be fitted above, below or next to another rear lamp; its reference centre must be situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle if the lamps are on top of each other; if the lamps are next to each other, their reference centres must be symmetrical in the relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. A rear fog lamp reciprocally incorporated with another rear lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicles.

6.8.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 900 mm above the ground.

6.8.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.8.3.4.   The distance between the illuminating surface of the rear fog lamp and that of the stop lamp must be at least 100 mm.

6.8.4.   Geometrical visibility

This is determined by the angles α and β as defined in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

5° upwards and 5° downwards;

β

=

25° to the left and to the right.

6.8.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.8.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.8.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.8.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with a rear position lamp.

6.8.9.   Electrical connections

The lamp may not be alight unless one or more of the following lamps are lit: the main-beam headlamp, the dipped-beam headlamp or the front fog lamp.

If there is a front fog lamp, it must be possible to switch the rear fog lamp off independently of the front fog lamp.

6.8.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Non-flashing amber indicator light.

6.8.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.9.   Hazard warning signal

6.9.1.   Requirements identical to those set out in points 6.3 to 6.3.8.

6.9.2.   Electrical connections

The signal must be actuated by a separate control which enables all of the direction indicators to be supplied with current simultaneously.

6.9.3.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

A red flashing light or, if there is not a separate telltale, the simultaneous operation of the telltales specified in point 6.3.10.

6.9.4.   Other requirements

A light flashing at the frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute. Actuation of the light-signalling device must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and initial extinction of the lamp within a maximum of one and a half seconds.

It must be possible to actuate the hazard warning signal even if the device for switching the engine on or off is in a position such that it is impossible for the latter to operate.

6.10.   Rear registration-plate lamp

6.10.1.   Number: one.

The lamp may consist of several optical elements intended to illuminate the position of the plate.

6.10.2.

Arrangement drawing

Such that the lamp illuminates the position reserved for the registration plate.

6.10.3.

Position

6.10.3.1.

Width:

6.10.3.2.

Height:

6.10.3.3.

Length:

6.10.4.

Geometrical visibility

6.10.5.

Alignment

6.10.6.   May be grouped with one or more rear lamps.

6.10.7.   May be combined with the rear position lamp.

6.10.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.10.9.   Operational electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.10.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its operation must be ensured by the same telltale as provided for the position lamp.

6.10.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.11.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors

6.11.1.   Number per side: one or two Class IA (1).

6.11.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.11.3.   Position

6.11.3.1.   Width: no individual specifications.

6.11.3.2.   Height: 300 mm minimum, 900 mm maximum above the ground.

6.11.3.3.   Length: must be such that, under normal conditions, the device cannot be masked by the driver or the passenger, nor by their clothing.

6.11.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: 30° towards the front and rear.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the height of the retro-reflector is less than 750 mm.

6.11.5.   Alignment: the reference axis of the retro-reflectors must be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and positioned outwards. Retro-reflectors at the front may move in line with the steering angle.

6.11.6.   May be grouped with the other signalling devices.

6.12.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

6.12.1.   Number: one Class IA (1).

6.12.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.12.3.   Position

6.12.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.12.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 900 mm above the ground.

6.12.3.3.   Length: to the rear of the vehicle.

6.12.4.   Geometrical visibility

Horizontal angle: 30° to the left and to the right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the height of the retro-reflector is less than 750 mm.

6.12.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.12.6.   May be grouped with any other lamp.

6.12.7.   The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector may have parts in common with any other red rear lamp.


(1)  In accordance with the classification set out in Directive 76/757/EEC.

Appendix 1

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

(See point B(9) in Annex I and point 6.3.11.4.2 in this Annex)

Image

Image

Appendix 2

Arrangement drawing

Image

Appendix 3

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel motorcycle

(To be attached to the EC component type-approval application where this is submitted separately from the vehicle type-approval application)

Reference number (allocated by the applicant): …

The application for component type-approval in respect of the installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel motorcycle shall contain the information set out in Annex II to Directive 2002/24/EC under A, points:

0.1,

0.2,

0.4 to 0.6,

8 to 8.4.

Appendix 4

Name of administration

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of two-wheel motorcycle

MODEL

Report No … by technical service … on … (date)

EC component type-approval No … Extension No …

1.   Make (trade name) of vehicle …

2.   Vehicle type …

3.   Manufacturer's name and address …

4.   Name and address of manufacturer's representative (if any) …

Mandatory lighting devices installed on the vehicle submitted for checks (1):

5.1.   Main-beam headlamps

5.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

5.3.   Direction indicator lamps

5.4.   Stop lamps

5.5.   Front position lamps

5.6.   Rear position lamps

5.7.   Rear registration plate lamp

5.8.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

Optional lighting devices present on the vehicle submitted for checks (1):

6.1.   Front fog lamps: yes/no (2)

6.2.   Rear fog lamps: yes/no (2)

6.3.   Hazard warning signals: yes/no (2)

6.4.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors: yes/no (2)

7.   Variants …

8.   Vehicle submitted for EC component type-approval on … (date)

9.   EC component type-approval has been granted/refused (2)

10.   Place …

11.   Date …

12.   Signature …


(1)  State on a separate sheet for each device the duly identified types of devices meeting the fitting requirements of this Annex.

(2)  Delete as appropriate.

ANNEX V

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING MOTORCYCLES WITH SIDE-CAR

All motorcycles with side-car must be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

1.1.   main-beam headlamp;

1.2.   dipped-beam headlamp;

1.3.   direction indicator lamps;

1.4.   stop lamp;

1.5.   front position lamp;

1.6.   rear position lamp;

1.7.   rear registration-plate lamp;

1.8.   non-triangular rear retro-reflector.

All motorcycles with side-car may also be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

2.1.   front fog lamp;

2.2.   rear fog lamp;

2.3.   hazard warning signal;

2.4.   non-triangular side retro-reflectors.

3.   Each of the lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 must be fitted in accordance with the appropriate provisions of point 6.

4.   No lighting and light-signalling device other than those referred to in points 1 and 2 may be fitted.

5.   The lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 and type-approved for vehicles in categories M1 and N1, in accordance with Directives 76/757/EEC, 76/758/EEC, 76/759/EEC, 76/760/EEC, 76/761/EEC, 76/762/EEC, 77/538/EEC or 77/539/EEC, shall also be permitted on motorcycles with sidecar.

6.   SPECIFIC FITTING REQUIREMENTS

6.1.   Main-beam headlamps

6.1.1.   Number: one or two.

6.1.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.1.3.   Position

6.1.3.1.   Width:

an independent main-beam headlamp may be fitted above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the main-beam headlamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centre must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle,

a main-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle. However, when the motorcycle is also fitted with an independent dipped-beam headlamp alongside the main-beam headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle,

two main-beam headlamps of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation of the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle.

6.1.3.2.   The length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces on the vehicle.

6.1.3.3.   In any case, the distance between the edge of the illuminating surface of any independent main-beam headlamp and the edge of that of the dipped-beam headlamp must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.3.4.   The distance separating the illuminating surfaces of two main-beam headlamps must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.4.   Geometrical visibility

Even in the zones which do not seem to be illuminated in the direction of observation under consideration, the illuminating surface must be visible within a divergent area limited by generatrices touching the entire contour of the illuminating surface and forming an angle of 5° at least with the headlamp reference axis. The contour of the projection of the illuminating surface on to a transverse plane that is tangent to the front part of the main-beam headlamp lens is considered to be the origin of the angles of geometrical visibility.

6.1.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.1.6.   May be grouped together with the dipped-beam headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.1.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

May be reciprocally incorporated:

6.1.8.1.   with the dipped-beam headlamp;

6.1.8.2.   with the front position lamp;

6.1.8.3.   with the front fog lamp.

6.1.9.   Electrical connections

The main-beam headlamps must switch on simultaneously. When switching from the dipped to the main-beam all of the main-beam headlamps must be lit. When switching from the main beam to the dipped-beams all of the main-beam headlamps must be switched off simultaneously. The dipped-beam headlamps may remain lit at the same time as the main-beam headlamps.

6.1.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Blue non-flashing warning light.

6.1.11.   Other requirements: the maximum intensity of the main-beam headlamps which can be switched on at the same time must not exceed 225 000 cd (EC component type-approval value).

6.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

6.2.1.   Number: one or two.

6.2.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.2.3.   Position

6.2.3.1.   Width:

an independent dipped-beam headlamp may be installed above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the dipped-beam headlamp must be located in the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle,

a dipped-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle. However, where the motorcycle is also fitted with an independent main-beam headlamp alongside the dipped-beam headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle,

two dipped-beam headlamps, of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle.

6.2.3.2.   Height: a minimum of 500 mm and a maximum of 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.2.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.2.3.4.   In the case of two dipped-beam headlamps the distance separating the illuminating surfaces must not exceed 200 mm.

6.2.4.   Geometric visibility

Determined by angles α and β as specified in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

15° upwards and 10° downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right if there is only one dipped-beam headlamp;

45° outwards and 10° inwards if there are two dipped-beam headlamps.

The presence of panels or other items of equipment near the light must not give rise to secondary effects causing discomfort to other road users.

6.2.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

The vertical inclination of the dipped beam must remain between –0,5 % and –2,5 %, except in the case where an external adjusting device is present.

6.2.6.   May be grouped together with the main-headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.2.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.2.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the main headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.2.9.   Electrical connections

The control for changing to the dipped-beam must switch off all main-beam headlamps simultaneously, whereas the dipped-beams may remain switched on at the same time as the main beam.

6.2.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.2.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.3.   Direction indicator lamps

6.3.1.   Number: two per side.

6.3.2.   Arrangement drawing: two front and two rear indicator lamps.

6.3.3.   Position

6.3.3.1.   Width:

the edges of the illuminating surfaces furthest from the median longitudinal plane must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost part of the vehicle,

the internal edges of the illuminating surfaces must be at least 600 mm apart,

there must be a minimum distance between the illuminating surfaces of the indicators and the nearest dipped-beam headlamps of:

75 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 90 cd,

40 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 175 cd,

20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 250 cd,

≤ 20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 400 cd.

6.3.3.2.   Length: the distance towards the front between the transverse plane corresponding to the extreme longitudinal rearmost extremity of the vehicle and the centre of reference of the rear indicators must not exceed 300 mm. The front direction indicator on the side-car must be ahead of the centre axis of the side-car and the rear direction indicator must be to the rear of the centre axis of the side-car.

6.3.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: see Appendix 2.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.3.5.   Alignment

The front direction indicator lamps may move in line with the steering angle.

6.3.6.   May be grouped with one or more lamps.

6.3.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.3.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.3.9.   Electrical connections

Direction indicator lamps must switch on independently of the other lamps. All direction indicator lamps on one side of a vehicle must be switched on and off by means of one control.

6.3.10.   Operational telltale: compulsory.

This may be optical or auditory or both. If it is optical it must be a green flashing light and visible under all normal operating conditions. It must be extinguished or remain alight without flashing or show a marked change of frequency in the event of the malfunction of any of the direction indicator lamps. If it is entirely auditory it must be clearly audible and show the same operating conditions as the optical telltale.

6.3.11.   Other requirements

The characteristics listed below must be measured with the electrical generator supplying current only to those circuits that are essential to the operation of the engine and lighting devices.

6.3.11.1.   Actuation of the light-signalling device control must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and initial extinction of the lamp within a maximum of one and a half seconds.

In the case of all vehicles the direction indicator lamps of which are supplied with direct current:

6.3.11.2.1.   the flashing-light frequency must be 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.2.2.   the direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle must flash at the same frequency and in phase.

Where a vehicle is fitted with direction indicator lamps which are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between 50 and 100 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.3.1.   the lights must flash at a frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.3.2.   the direction indicator lamps may flash on the same side of the vehicle either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear nor the rear lamps to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

Where the direction indicator lamps fitted to a vehicle are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between the idling speed specified by the manufacturer and 50 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.4.1.   the flashing frequency must lie between 90 + 30 and 90 – 45 times per minute;

6.3.11.4.2.   direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle may flash either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear, nor the rear lamps visible to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

6.3.11.5.   In the event of failure, other than a short circuit, of one direction indicator lamp, the other must continue to flash, or remain lit, but the frequency in this state may be different from that specified.

6.4.   Stop lamps

6.4.1.   Number: two or three (only one of which on the side-car).

6.4.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.4.3.   Position

6.4.3.1.   Width: the lateral distance between the outermost edge of the illuminating surfaces of the outermost stop lamps and the overall width must not exceed 400 mm. Where a third stop lamp is fitted it must be symmetrical to the stop lamp that is not fitted to the side-car in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle.

6.4.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above ground.

6.4.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 45° to the left and to the right. Where a stop lamp is fitted to the side-car: 45° to the outside and 10° to the inside.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.4.5.   Alignment: towards the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.6.   May be grouped with one or more other rear lamps.

6.4.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.4.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the rear position lamp.

6.4.9.   Electrical connection: must light up whenever at least one of the service brakes is applied.

6.4.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: prohibited.

6.5.   Front position lamps

6.5.1.   Number: two or three (one only on the side-car).

6.5.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.5.3.   Position

6.5.3.1.   Width: the lateral distance between the outermost edge of the illuminating surfaces of the outermost two front position lamps and the outermost edges of the vehicle must not exceed 400 mm. Where a third front position lamp is fitted it must be symmetrical to the front position lamp other than that fitted to the side-car, in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle.

6.5.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.5.3.3.   Length: at front of vehicle.

6.5.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the outside and 45° to the inside.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.5.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.5.6.   May be grouped with any other front lamp.

6.5.7.   May be reciprocally incorporated with any other front lamp.

6.5.8.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.5.9.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Non-flashing green pilot light; this telltale is not required where the dashboard lighting can only be switched on and off simultaneously with the position lamp.

6.5.10.   Other requirements: none.

6.6.   Rear position lamps

6.6.1.   Number: two or three (one only on the side-car).

6.6.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.6.3.   Position

6.6.3.1.   Width: the lateral distance between the outermost edge of the illuminating surfaces of the outermost rear position lamps and the outermost edges of the vehicle must not exceed 400 mm. Where a third rear position lamp is fitted it must be symmetrical to the front position lamp other than that fitted to the side-car, in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the motorcycle.

6.6.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above the ground.

6.6.3.3.   Length: at rear of vehicle.

6.6.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the outside and 45° to the inside.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.6.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.6.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.6.7.   May be combined with the rear registration-plate lamp.

6.6.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the stop lamp or non-triangular rear retro-reflector, or with both, or with the rear fog lamp.

6.6.9.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.6.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its function may be fulfilled by the device provided, where appropriate, for the front position lamp.

6.6.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.7.   Front fog lamps

6.7.1.   Number: one or two.

6.7.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.7.3.   Position

6.7.3.1.   Width:

one independent front fog lamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the front fog lamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a front fog lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two front fog lamps, one or both of them, reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.7.3.2.   Height: 250 mm minimum above the ground. No point of the illuminating surface must be above the highest point of the illuminating surface of the dipped-beam headlamp.

6.7.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver, either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.7.4.   Geometric visibility

This is determined by the angles α and β as defined in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

5° upwards and downwards;

β

=

45° to the outside and 10° towards the inside.

6.7.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.7.6.   May be grouped with the other front lamps.

6.7.7.   May not be combined with any other front lamp.

6.7.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with a main-beam headlamp and a front position lamp.

6.7.9.   Electrical connections

It must be possible to switch the front fog lamp on or off independently of the main-beam headlamp or the dipped-beam headlamp.

6.7.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.7.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.8.   Rear fog lamps

6.8.1.   Number: one or two.

6.8.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.8.3.   Position

6.8.3.1.   Width: when a single rear fog lamp is fitted its position in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must be on the side opposite that required for the rule of the road in the Member State where it is to be registered.

6.8.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 900 mm above the ground.

6.8.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.8.3.4.   The distance between the illuminating surface of the rear fog lamp and that of the stop lamp must be at least 100 mm.

6.8.4.   Geometrical visibility

This is determined by the angles α and β as defined in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

5° upwards and 5° downwards;

β

=

25° to the left and to the right.

6.8.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.8.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.8.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.8.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with a rear position lamp.

6.8.9.   Electrical connections

The lamp may not be lit unless one or more of the following lamps are lit: the main-beam headlamp, the dipped-beam headlamp or the front fog lamp.

If there is a front fog lamp, it must be possible to switch off the rear fog lamp independently of the front fog lamp.

6.8.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Non-flashing amber indicator light.

6.8.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.9.   Hazard warning signal

6.9.1.   Requirements identical to those set out in points 6.3 to 6.3.8.

6.9.2.   Electrical connections

The signal must be actuated by a separate control which enables all of the direction indicators to be supplied with current simultaneously.

6.9.3.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

A red flashing light or, if there is not a separate telltale, the simultaneous operation of the telltales specified in point 6.3.10.

6.9.4.   Other requirements

A light flashing at the frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute. Actuation of the light-signalling device must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and initial extinction of the lamp within a maximum of one-and-a-half seconds.

It must be possible to actuate the hazard warning signal even if the device for switching the engine on or off is in a position such that it is impossible for the latter to operate.

6.10.   Rear registration-plate lamp

6.10.1.   Number: one.

The lamp may consist of several optical elements intended to illuminate the position of the plate.

6.10.2.

Arrangement drawing

Such that the lamp illuminates the position reserved for the registration plate.

6.10.3.

Position

6.10.3.1.

Width

6.10.3.2.

Height

6.10.3.3.

Length

6.10.4.

Geometric visibility

6.10.5.

Alignment

6.10.6.   May be grouped with one or more rear lamps.

6.10.7.   May be combined with the rear position lamp.

6.10.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.10.9.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.10.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its operation must be ensured by the same telltale as provided for the position lamp.

6.10.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.11.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors

6.11.1.   Number per side: one or two Class IA (1).

6.11.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.11.3.   Position

6.11.3.1.   Width: no individual specifications.

6.11.3.2.   Height: 300 mm minimum, 900 mm maximum above the ground.

6.11.3.3.   Length: must be such that, under normal conditions, the device cannot be masked by the driver or the passenger, nor by their clothing.

6.11.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: 30° towards the front and rear.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the height of the retro-reflector is less than 750 mm.

6.11.5.   Alignment: the reference axis of the retro-reflectors must be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and positioned outwards. Retro-reflectors at the front may move in line with the steering angle.

6.11.6.   May be grouped with the other signalling devices.

6.12.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

6.12.1.   Number: one Class IA (1).

6.12.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.12.3.   Position

6.12.3.1.   Width:

the edges of the illuminating surfaces furthest from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost edge of the vehicle,

the inner edges of the reflectors must be at least 500 mm apart. That distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.12.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 900 mm above the ground.

6.12.3.3.   Length: to the rear of the vehicle.

6.12.4.   Geometrical visibility

Horizontal angle: 30° to the outside and 10° to the inside.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the height of the retro-reflector is less than 750 mm.

6.12.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.12.6.   May be grouped with any other lamp.

6.12.7.   The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector may have parts in common with any other red rear lamp.


(1)  In accordance with the classification set out in Directive 76/757/EEC.

Appendix 1

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

(See point B(9) in Annex I and point 6.3.11.4.2 in this Annex)

Image

Image

Appendix 2

Arrangement drawing

Two direction indicator lamps at the front and rear

Image

Appendix 3

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of motorcycle with side-car

(To be attached to the EC component type-approval application where this is submitted separately from the vehicle type-approval application)

Reference number (allocated by the applicant): …

The application for component type-approval in respect of the installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of motorcycle combination shall contain the information set out in Annex II to Directive 2002/24/EC under A, points:

0.1,

0.2,

0.4 to 0.6

8 to 8.4.

Appendix 4

Name of administration

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of motorcycle with side-car

MODEL

Report No … by technical service … on … (date)

EC component type-approval No … Extension No …

1.   Make (trade name) of vehicle …

2.   Vehicle type …

3.   Manufacturer's name and address …

4.   Name and address of manufacturer's representative (if any) …

Mandatory lighting devices installed on the vehicle submitted for checks (1): …

5.1.   Main-beam headlamps

5.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

5.3.   Direction indicator lamps

5.4.   Stop lamps

5.5.   Front position lamps

5.6.   Rear position lamps

5.7.   Rear registration plate lamp

5.8.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

Optional lighting devices installed on the vehicle submitted for checks (1):

6.1.   Front fog lamps: yes/no (2)

6.2.   Rear fog lamps: yes/no (2)

6.3.   Hazard warning signal: yes/no (2)

6.4.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors: yes/no (2)

7.   Variants …

8.   Vehicle submitted for EC component type-approval on … (date)

9.   EC component type-approval has been granted/refused (2)

10.   Place …

11.   Date …

12.   Signature …


(1)  State on a separate sheet for each device the duly identified types of device meeting the fitting requirements of this Annex.

(2)  Delete as appropriate.

ANNEX VI

REQUIREMENTS CONCERNING TRICYCLES

All tricycles must be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

1.1.   main-beam headlamp;

1.2.   dipped-beam headlamp;

1.3.   direction indicator lamps;

1.4.   stop lamp;

1.5.   front position lamp;

1.6.   rear position lamp:

1.7.   rear registration-plate lamp;

1.8.   non-triangular rear retro-reflector;

1.9.   hazard warning signal.

In addition all tricycles may be fitted with the following lighting and light-signalling devices:

2.1.   front fog lamp;

2.2.   rear fog lamp;

2.3.   reversing lamp;

2.4.   non-triangular side retro-reflectors.

3.   Each of the lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 must be fitted in accordance with the appropriate provisions of point 6.

4.   No lighting and light-signalling device other than those referred to in points 1 and 2 may be fitted.

5.   The lighting and light-signalling devices referred to in points 1 and 2 and type-approved for vehicles in categories M1 and N1, in accordance with Directives 76/757/EEC, 76/758/EEC, 76/759/EEC, 76/760/EEC, 76/761/EEC, 76/762/EEC, 77/538/EEC or 77/539/EEC, shall also be permitted on tricycles.

6.   SPECIFIC FITTING REQUIREMENTS

6.1.   Main-beam headlamps

6.1.1.   Number: one or two.

However, for tricycles with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two main-beam headlamps are required.

6.1.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications

6.1.3.   Position

6.1.3.1.   Width:

an independent main-beam headlamp may be fitted above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the main-beam headlamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centre must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a main-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. However, when the vehicle is also fitted with an independent dipped-beam headlamp alongside the main-beam headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two main-beam headlamps of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be fitted in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation of the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

6.1.3.2.   The length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces on the vehicle.

6.1.3.3.   In any case, the distance between the edge of the illuminating surface of any independent main-beam headlamp and the edge of that of the dipped-beam headlamp must not exceed 200 mm.

6.1.4.   Geometrical visibility

Even in the zones which do not seem to be illuminated in the direction of observation under consideration, the illuminating surface must be visible within a divergent area limited by generatrices touching the entire contour of the illuminating surface and forming an angle of 5° at least with the headlamp reference axis. The contour of the projection of the illuminating surface on to a transverse plane that is tangent to the front part of the main-beam headlamp lens is considered to be the origin of the angles of geometrical visibility.

6.1.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.1.6.   May be grouped together with the dipped-beam headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.1.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

May be reciprocally incorporated:

6.1.8.1.   with the dipped-beam headlamp;

6.1.8.2.   with the front position lamp;

6.1.8.3.   with the front fog lamp.

6.1.9.   Electrical connections

The main-beam headlamps must switch on simultaneously. When switching from the dipped to the main beam all of the main-beam headlamps must be lit. When switching from the main beam to the dipped beams all of the main-beam headlamps must be switched off simultaneously. The dipped-beam headlamps may remain lit at the same time as the main-beam headlamps.

6.1.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Blue non-flashing warning light.

6.1.11.   Other requirements: the maximum intensity of the main-beam headlamps which can be switched on at the same time must not exceed 225 000 cd (EC component type-approval value).

6.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

6.2.1.   Number: one or two.

However, for tricycles with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm two dipped-beam headlamps are required.

6.2.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.2.3.   Position

6.2.3.1.   Width:

an independent dipped-beam headlamp may be installed above, below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the dipped-beam headlamp must be located in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a dipped-beam headlamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre lies within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; however, where the vehicle is also fitted with an independent main-beam headlamp alongside the dipped-beam headlamp, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two dipped-beam headlamps, of which either one or both are reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

In the case of a vehicle with two dipped-beam headlamps:

the edges of the illuminating surfaces furthermost from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost edge of the vehicle,

the innermost edges of the illuminating surfaces must be at least 500 mm apart. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.2.3.2.   Height: a minimum of 500 mm and a maximum of 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.2.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.2.4.   Geometric visibility

Determined by angles α and β as specified in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

15° upwards and 10° downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right if there is only one dipped-beam headlamp;

45° outwards and 10° inwards if there are two dipped-beam headlamps.

The presence of panels or other items of equipment near the light must not give rise to secondary effects causing discomfort to other road users.

6.2.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

The vertical inclination of the dipped beam must remain between –0,5 and –2,5 %, except in the case where an external adjusting device is present.

6.2.6.   May be grouped together with the main-headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.2.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.2.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the main-beam headlamp and the other front lamps.

6.2.9.   Electrical connections

The control for changing to the dipped beam must switch off all main-beam headlamps simultaneously, whereas the dipped beams may remain switched on at the same time as the main beam.

6.2.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.2.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.3.   Direction indicator lamps

6.3.1.   Number: two per side.

One side direction indicator is also permitted per side.

6.3.2.   Arrangement drawing: two front and two rear indicator lamps.

6.3.3.   Position

6.3.3.1.   Width:

the edges of the illuminating surfaces furthest from the median longitudinal plane must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost part of the vehicle,

the internal edges of the illuminating surfaces must be at least 500 mm apart,

there must be a minimum distance between the illuminating surfaces of the indicators and the nearest dipped-beam headlamps of:

75 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 90 cd,

40 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 175 cd,

20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 250 cd,

≤ 20 mm in the case of a minimum indicator intensity of 400 cd.

6.3.3.2.   Height: a minimum of 350 mm and a maximum of 1 500 mm above the ground.

6.3.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: see Appendix 2.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamps are less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.3.5.   Alignment

The front direction indicator lamps may move in line with the steering angle.

6.3.6.   May be grouped with one or more lamps.

6.3.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.3.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.3.9.   Electrical connections

Direction indicator lamps must switch on independently of the other lamps. All direction indicator lamps on one side of a vehicle must be switched on and off by means of one control.

6.3.10.   Operational telltale: compulsory.

This may be optical or auditory or both. If it is optical it must be a green flashing light and visible under all normal operating conditions. It must be extinguished or remain alight without flashing or show a marked change of frequency in the event of the malfunction of any of the direction indicator lamps. If it is entirely auditory it must be clearly audible and show a marked change of frequency in the event of any malfunction.

6.3.11.   Other requirements

The characteristics listed below must be measured with the electrical generator supplying current only to those circuits that are essential to the operation of the engine and lighting devices.

6.3.11.1.   Actuation of the light-signalling device control must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and initial extinction of the lamp within a maximum of one and a half seconds.

In the case of all vehicles the direction indicator lamps of which are supplied with direct current:

6.3.11.2.1.   the flashing-light frequency must be 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.2.2.   the direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle must flash at the same frequency and in phase.

Where a vehicle is fitted with direction indicator lamps which are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between 50 and 100 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.3.1.   the lights must flash at a frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute;

6.3.11.3.2.   the direction indicator lamps may flash on the same side of the vehicle either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear nor the rear lamps to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

Where the direction indicator lamps fitted to a vehicle are supplied with alternating current, when the engine speed lies between the idling speed specified by the manufacturer and 50 % of the speed corresponding to the maximum speed of the vehicle:

6.3.11.4.1.   the flashing frequency must lie between 90 + 30 and 90 – 45 times per minute;

6.3.11.4.2.   direction indicator lamps on the same side of the vehicle may flash either simultaneously or alternately. The front lamps must not be visible to the rear, nor the rear lamps visible to the front within the zones defined in Appendix 1.

6.3.11.5.   In the event of failure, other than a short circuit, of one direction indicator lamp, the other must continue to flash, or remain lit, but the frequency in this state may be different from that specified, unless the vehicle is fitted with a telltale.

6.4.   Stop lamps

6.4.1.   Number: one or two.

However, for tricycles with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two stop lamps are required.

6.4.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.4.3.   Position

6.4.3.1.   Width: if there is only one stop lamp its centre of reference must lie within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, or if there are two stop lamps they must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

In the case of vehicles with two rear wheels: at least 600 mm between the two lamps. The distance may be reduced to 400 mm of the maximum width if the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.4.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above ground.

6.4.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 45° to the left and to the right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.4.5.   Alignment: towards the rear of the vehicle.

6.4.6.   May be grouped with one or more other rear lamps.

6.4.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.4.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the rear position lamp.

6.4.9.   Electrical connection: must light up whenever at least one of the service brakes is applied.

6.4.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: prohibited.

6.5.   Front position lamps

6.5.1.   Number: one or two.

However, in the case of tricycles with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two front position lamps are required.

6.5.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.5.3.   Position

6.5.3.1.   Width:

one independent front position lamp may be fitted above or below or to one side of another front lamp: if these lamps are one above the other the reference centre of the front position lamps must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if these lamps are side by side their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a front position lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two front position lamps, of which one or both are combined with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

In the case of a vehicle with two front position lamps:

the edges of the illuminating surfaces furthest from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost part of the vehicle,

the internal edges of the illuminating surfaces must be at least 500 mm apart. That distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.5.3.2.   Height: minimum 350 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.5.3.3.   Length: at front of vehicle.

6.5.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and right if there is a single position lamp; 80° to the outside and 45° to the inside, if there are two position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.5.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.5.6.   May be grouped with any other front lamp.

6.5.7.   May be reciprocally incorporated with any other front lamp.

6.5.8.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.5.9.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Non-flashing green pilot light; this telltale is not required where the dashboard lighting can only be switched on and off simultaneously with the position lamp.

6.5.10.   Other requirements: none.

6.6.   Rear position lamps

6.6.1.   Number: one or two.

However, for tricycles with a maximum width exceeding 1 300 mm, two rear position lamps are required.

6.6.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.6.3.   Position

6.6.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, if there is only one position lamp or, if there are two position lamps, they must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. In the case of vehicles with two rear wheels these must be at least 600 mm apart. This distance must be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.6.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 500 mm above the ground.

6.6.3.3.   Length: at rear of vehicle.

6.6.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 80° to the left and right if there is a single position lamp; 80° to the outside and 45° to the inside, if there are two position lamps.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the lamp is less than 750 mm above the ground.

6.6.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.6.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.6.7.   May be combined with the rear registration-plate lamp.

6.6.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with the stop lamp or non-triangular rear retro-reflector, or with both, or with the rear fog lamp.

6.6.9.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.6.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its function may be fulfilled by the device provided, where appropriate, for the front position lamp.

6.6.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.7.   Front fog lamps

6.7.1.   Number: one or two.

6.7.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.7.3.   Position

6.7.3.1.   Width:

a front fog lamp may be installed above, below or next to another front lamp; if these lamps are on top of each other, the reference centre of the front fog lamp must be located within the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle; if the two lamps are side by side, their reference centres must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

a front fog lamp that is reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp must be installed in such a way that its reference centre is situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

two front fog lamps, one or both of them, reciprocally incorporated with another front lamp, must be installed in such a way that their reference centres are symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle,

the edges of the illuminating surface furthermost from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be further than 400 mm from the outermost edge of the vehicle.

6.7.3.2.   Height: 250 mm minimum above the ground. No point of the illuminating surface must be above the highest point of the illuminating surface of the dipped-beam headlamp.

6.7.3.3.   Length: at the front of the vehicle. This requirement is considered to have been met if the light emitted does not disturb the driver, either directly or indirectly by means of the rear-view mirrors and/or other reflective surfaces of the vehicle.

6.7.4.   Geometric visibility

This is determined by the angles α and β as defined in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

5° upwards and downwards;

β

=

45° to the left and to the right in the case of a non-central lamp, in which case the internal angle must be β = 10°.

6.7.5.   Alignment: towards the front.

May move in line with the steering angle.

6.7.6.   May be grouped with the other front lamps.

6.7.7.   May not be combined with any other front lamp.

6.7.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with a main-beam headlamp and a front position lamp.

6.7.9.   Electrical connections

It must be possible to switch the front fog lamp on or off independently of the main-beam headlamp or the dipped-beam lamp.

6.7.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Green non-flashing indicator light.

6.7.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.8.   Rear fog lamps

6.8.1.   Number: one or two.

6.8.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.8.3.   Position

6.8.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle if there is a single rear fog lamp or, if there are two fog lamps, they must be symmetrical in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. In the case of vehicles with two rear wheels: at least 600 mm between the two lamps. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.8.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 000 mm above the ground.

6.8.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle. If there is a single rear fog lamp, it must be on the side of the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle opposite the normal direction of travel; the reference centre may also be situated on the longitudinal plane of symmetry of the vehicle.

6.8.3.4.   The distance between the illuminating surface of the rear fog lamp and that of the stop lamp must be at least 100 mm.

6.8.4.   Geometrical visibility

This is determined by the angles α and β as defined in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

5° upwards and 5° downwards;

β

=

25° to the left and to the right.

6.8.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.8.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.8.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.8.8.   May be reciprocally incorporated with a rear position lamp.

6.8.9.   Electrical connections

The lamp may not be lit unless one or more of the following lamps are lit: the main-beam headlamp, the dipped-beam headlamp or the front fog lamp.

6.8.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

Non-flashing amber indicator light.

6.8.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.9.   Reversing lamps

6.9.1.   Number: one or two.

6.9.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.9.3.   Position

6.9.3.1.   Width: no individual specifications.

6.9.3.2.   Height: minimum 250 mm, maximum 1 200 mm above the ground.

6.9.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.9.4.   Geometric visibility

This is determined by the angles α and β as specified in point A(10) of Annex I:

α

=

15° upwards and 5° downwards;

β

=

45° to the right and to the left if there is only one reversing lamp;

β

=

45° outwards and 30° inwards if there are two reversing lamps.

6.9.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.9.6.   May be grouped with any other rear lamp.

6.9.7.   May not be combined with any other lamp.

6.9.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with another lamp.

6.9.9.   Electrical connections

The reversing lamp may not be alight unless the reverse gear is engaged and the device for switching off the engine is in a position such that it is possible for the engine to operate. It must not be possible for the lamp to be alight or remain lit if one of these conditions is unverified.

6.9.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

6.10.   Hazard warning signal

6.10.1.   Requirements identical to those set out in points 6.3 to 6.3.8.

6.10.2.   Electrical connections

The signal must be actuated by a separate control which enables all of the direction indicators to be supplied with current simultaneously.

6.10.3.   Circuit-closed telltale: compulsory.

A red flashing light or, if there is no separate telltale, the simultaneous operation of the telltales specified in point 6.3.10.

6.10.4.   Other requirements

A light flashing at a frequency of 90 ± 30 times per minute. Actuation of the light-signalling device must be followed by illumination of the lamp within a maximum of one second and initial extinction of the lamp within a maximum of one and a half seconds.

It must be possible to actuate the hazard warning signal even if the device for switching the engine on or off is in a position such that it is impossible for the later to operate.

6.11.   Rear registration-plate lamp

6.11.1.   Number: one.

The lamp may consist of several optical elements intended to illuminate the position of the plate.

6.11.2.

Arrangement drawing

Such that the lamp illuminates the position reserved for the registration plate.

6.11.3.

Position

6.11.3.1.

Width

6.11.3.2.

Height

6.11.3.3.

Length

6.11.4.

Geometric visibility

6.11.5.

Alignment

6.11.6.   May be grouped with one or more rear lamps.

6.11.7.   May be combined with the rear position lamp.

6.11.8.   May not be reciprocally incorporated with any other lamp.

6.11.9.   Electrical connections: no individual specifications.

6.11.10.   Circuit-closed telltale: optional.

Its operation must be ensured by the same telltale as provided for the position lamp.

6.11.11.   Other requirements: none.

6.12.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

6.12.1.   Number: one or two Class IA (1).

However, in the case of tricycles with a maximum width exceeding 1 000 mm, two non-triangular rear reflectors are required.

6.12.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.12.3.   Position

6.12.3.1.   Width: the reference centre must be situated in the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle if there is a single retro-reflector or, if there are two retro-reflectors, they must be symmetrical to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle. In the case of a vehicle with two rear retro-reflectors, the edges of the illuminating surface furthest from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle must not be more than 400 mm from the outermost part of the vehicle. The internal edges of the retro-reflectors must be at least 500 mm apart. This distance may be reduced to 400 mm if the maximum width of the vehicle is less than 1 300 mm.

6.12.3.2.   Height: 250 mm minimum, 900 mm maximum above the ground.

6.12.3.3.   Length: at the rear of the vehicle.

6.12.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angle: 30° to the left and to the right.

Vertical angle: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the height of the retro-reflector is less than 750 mm.

6.12.5.   Alignment: towards the rear.

6.12.6.   May be grouped with any other lamp.

6.12.7.   Other requirements:

The illuminating surface of the retro-reflector may have parts in common with any other red rear lamp situated at the rear.

6.13.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors

6.13.1.   Number per side: one or two Class IA (1).

6.13.2.   Arrangement drawing: no individual specifications.

6.13.3.   Position

6.13.3.1.   Width: no individual specifications.

6.13.3.2.   Height: 300 mm minimum, 900 mm maximum above the ground.

6.13.3.3.   Length: must be such that, under normal conditions, the device cannot be hidden by the driver or passenger, or by their clothing; masked by the driver or the passenger, nor by their clothing.

6.13.4.   Geometric visibility

Horizontal angles: 30° towards the front and rear.

Vertical angles: 15° above and below the horizontal.

However, the vertical angle below the horizontal may be reduced to 5° if the height of the retro-reflector is less than 750 mm.

6.13.5.   Alignment: the reference axis of the retro-reflectors must be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and positioned outwards. Retro-reflectors at the front may move in line with the steering angle.

6.13.6.   May be grouped with the other signalling devices.


(1)  In accordance with the classification set out in Directive 76/757/EEC.

Appendix 1

Visibility of red lights towards the front and white lights towards the rear

(See point B(9) in Annex I and points 6.3.11.3.2 and 6.3.11.4.2 in this Annex)

Image

Image

Appendix 2

Arrangement drawing

Direction indicator lamp — Geometric visibility

Image

Appendix 3

Information document in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of tricycle

(To be attached to the EC component type-approval application where this is submitted separately from the vehicle type-approval application)

Reference number (allocated by the applicant): …

The application for component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of tricycle shall contain the information set out in Annex II to Directive 2002/24/EC under A, points:

0.1,

0.2,

0.4 to 0.6

8 to 8.4.

Appendix 4

Name of administration

Certificate of EC component type-approval in respect of the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on a type of tricycle

MODEL

Report No … by technical service … on … (date)

EC component type-approval No … Extension No …

1.   Make (trade name) of vehicle …

2.   Vehicle type …

3.   Manufacturer's name and address …

4.   Name and address of manufacturer's representative (if any) …

Mandatory lighting equipment installed on the vehicle submitted for checks (1): …

5.1.   Main-beam headlamps

5.2.   Dipped-beam headlamps

5.3.   Direction indicator lamps

5.4.   Stop lamps

5.5.   Front position lamps

5.6.   Rear position lamps

5.7.   Rear registration plate lamp

5.8.   Non-triangular rear retro-reflectors

Optional lighting devices fitted to the vehicle submitted for checks (1):

6.1.   Front fog lamps: yes/no (2)

6.2.   Rear fog lamps: yes/no (2)

6.3.   Reversing lamp: yes/no (2)

6.4.   Hazard warning signal: yes/no (2)

6.5.   Non-triangular side retro-reflectors: yes/no (2)

7.   Variants …

8.   Vehicle submitted for EC component type-approval on … (date)

9.   EC component type-approval has been granted/refused (2)

10.   Place …

11.   Data …

12.   Signature …


(1)  State on a separate sheet for each device the duly identified types of device meeting the fitting requirements of this Annex.

(2)  Delete as appropriate.

ANNEX VII

PART A

Repealed Directive with its amendment

(referred to in Article 6)

Council Directive 93/92/EEC

(OJ L 311, 14.12.1993, p. 1)

Commission Directive 2000/73/EC

(OJ L 300, 29.11.2000, p. 20)

PART B

List of time limits for transposition into national law and application

(referred to in Article 6)

Directive

Time limit for transposition

Date of application

93/92/EEC

1 May 1995

1 November 1995 (1)

2000/73/EC

31 December 2001

1 January 2002 (2)


(1)  In conformity with the third subparagraph of Article 6(1) of Directive 93/92/EEC:

‘From the date mentioned in the first subparagraph Member States may not, for reasons connected with the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices, prohibit the initial entry into service of vehicles which conform to this Directive.’

(2)  In conformity with Article 2 of Directive 2000/73/EC:

‘1.   With effect from 1 January 2002, Member States may not, on grounds relating to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices:

refuse to grant EC type-approval for a type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle, or

prohibit the registration, sale or entry into service of two or three-wheel motor vehicles,

if the installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices complies with the requirements of Directive 93/92/EEC, as amended by this Directive.

2.   With effect from 1 July 2002, Member States shall refuse to grant EC type-approval for any new type of two or three-wheel motor vehicle on grounds relating to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices if the requirements of Directive 93/92/EEC, as amended by this Directive, are not fulfilled.’

ANNEX VIII

CORRELATION TABLE

Directive 93/92/EEC

Directive 2000/73/EC

This Directive

Articles 1 and 2

 

Articles 1 and 2

Article 3 first paragraph

 

Article 3(1)

Article 3 second paragraph

 

Article 3(2)

Article 4

 

Article 4

Article 5

 

Article 6(1)

 

 

Article 2(1)

Article 5(1)

 

Article 2(2)

Article 5(2)

Article 6(2)

 

Article 5(3)

 

Articles 6 and 7

Article 7

 

Article 8

Annexes I-VI

 

Annexes I-VI

 

Annex VII

 

Annex VIII


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