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Document 31996D0647

96/269/ECSC: Decision No 647/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 March 1996 adopting a programme of Community action on the prevention of AIDS and certain other communicable diseases within the framework for action in the field of public health (1996 to 2000)

OJ L 95, 16.4.1996, p. 16–22 (ES, DA, DE, EL, EN, FR, IT, NL, PT, FI, SV)

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 31/12/2002; Repealed by 32002D1786 . Latest consolidated version: 01/01/2001

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/1996/647/oj

31996D0647

96/269/ECSC: Decision No 647/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 March 1996 adopting a programme of Community action on the prevention of AIDS and certain other communicable diseases within the framework for action in the field of public health (1996 to 2000)

Official Journal L 095 , 16/04/1996 P. 0016 - 0022


DECISION No 647/96/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 29 March 1996 adopting a programme of Community action on the prevention of AIDS and certain other communicable diseases within the framework for action in the field of public health (1996 to 2000)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 129 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the Commission (1),

Having regard to the opinion of the Economic and Social Committee (2),

Having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (3),

Acting in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 189b of the Treaty (4) in the light of the joint text approved on 31 January 1996 by the Conciliation Committee,

(1) Whereas the Council, in its Resolution of 2 June 1994 (5), in response to the Commission communication of 24 November 1993 on a framework for action in the field of public health, included AIDS and other communicable diseases among the priority areas for Community action for which the Commission was invited to bring forward proposals for action;

(2) Whereas AIDS is at present an incurable disease regarded as a major scourge, to combat which coordinated action is required in the areas both of research and of prevention;

(3) Whereas it is important to promote the utilization and proper use of condoms as a means of preventing transmission of the HIV virus and other sexually-transmissible diseases;

(4) Whereas AIDS is a phenomenon that poses a dilemma not only for those parts of human relationships of most intimate concern to individuals, but also for modes of collective behaviour; whereas its implications extend to law and the economy, to politics, public health, education and culture, as well as to medicine, sociology and research;

(5) Whereas the plan of action adopted by Decision 91/317/EEC of the Council and the Ministers for Health of the Member States, meeting within the Council (6), in the framework of the 'Europe against AIDS` programme expired at the end of 1993;

(6) Whereas the 'Europe against AIDS` programme was extended until the end of 1995 by Decision No 1729/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (7);

(7) Whereas the Council in its conclusions of 13 December 1993 on the setting up of an epidemiological network in the Community (8) and the European Parliament in its resolutions of 26 May 1989 (9), 15 May 1991 (10) and 19 November 1993 (11) took the view that it was essential to acquire a better knowledge of diseases on the basis of their causes and their epidemiological context; whereas, accordingly, the two institutions have called on the Commission to submit proposals for the setting up of an epidemiological network in the Community;

(8) Whereas the European Parliament and the Council emphasized that the smooth running of a network for gathering epidemiological data requires that the comparability and compatibility of data be ensured and that theoretical training in epidemiology and practical preparation in epidemiology in the field be developed for the teams participating in the network;

(9) Whereas the Community is in a position to make a major contribution towards the organization of exchanges of experience and the dissemination of information with regard to the specific training of health professionals and the information of all the social players involved, such as teachers, families, authorities and heads of undertakings;

(10) Whereas, in their Resolution of 13 November 1992 (12), the Council and the Ministers for Health of the Member States meeting within the Council invited the Commission to consider the existing arrangements which provide for cooperation between Member States in the field of monitoring and control of communicable diseases;

(11) Whereas the actions undertaken at Community level in the field of AIDS need to be continued, extended to cover certain other communicable diseases, in particular sexually-transmissible diseases (STDs), and consolidated within the framework of the action in the field of public health set out by the Commission, in a manner consistent with measures against exclusion and situations of vulnerability;

(12) Whereas these actions must take into account, as the Council and the Ministers for Health of the Member States meeting within the Council requested in their Resolution of 27 May 1993 (13), other actions undertaken by the Community in the field of public health or having an impact on public health;

(13) Whereas, by reason of its scale and effects, Community action in support of the prevention of AIDS and other communicable diseases enables the desired objectives to be attained more effectively;

(14) Whereas policies and programmes formulated and implemented at Community level should be compatible with the aims and objectives of Community action on the prevention of AIDS and other communicable diseases; whereas, in particular, implementation of actions under the Community's biomedical and health research programme, in particular the development of vaccines and new forms of treatment, must be closely coordinated with the implementation of Community actions to prevent infection by the HIV virus and certain other communicable diseases;

(15) Whereas it is necessary to promote studies in the Member States to identify the most effective methods of prevention and to publish the most significant results of this work;

(16) Whereas cooperation with the competent international organizations and with non-member countries should be strengthened;

(17) Whereas a multiannual programme is required, defining the objectives of Community action, the priority actions for the prevention of AIDS and other communicable diseases, and the appropriate evaluation mechanisms;

(18) Whereas it is important that the Commission ensures implementation of the programme in close cooperation with the Member States; whereas, to that end, provision should be made for a procedure to ensure that Member States are fully involved in implementing the programme;

(19) Whereas a modus vivendi between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission concerning the implementing measures for acts adopted in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 189b of the Treaty was concluded on 20 December 1994;

(20) Whereas, from an operational point of view, the investment made under the preceding action plans in terms of both the European pilot networks and the mobilization of all those involved in combating AIDS and other communicable diseases should be safeguarded and developed;

(21) Whereas this programme must take account of past and current measures implemented in the Member States either by the competent authorities or by other parties involved in health policy;

(22) Whereas, however, possible duplication of effort should be avoided by the promotion of exchanges of experience and by the joint development of basic information modules for the general public, for health education and for training members of the health-care professions, which may be targeted on specific groups and on non-governmental organizations, including patients' associations;

(23) Whereas the provision of information to children and young people must begin at a very early age in the general context of information on hygiene and sexuality and health education;

(24) Whereas the objective of this programme must be to contribute towards stemming the spread of AIDS and other communicable diseases in the Community by improving knowledge concerning their prevalence and patterns, improving recognition of high-risk situations and practices and improving early detection and social, health and medical support, with a view to preventing the transmission of AIDS and other communicable diseases and thus reducing the associated mortality and morbidity as well as combating all forms of discrimination against people suffering from AIDS or infected with the HIV virus;

(25) Whereas, in order to increase the value and impact of this programme, a continuous assessment of the measures undertaken should be carried out, with particular regard to their effectiveness and the achievement of objectives at both national and Community level and, where appropriate, the necessary adjustments should be made;

(26) Whereas the objective of this programme and of the measures undertaken to implement it form part of the health protection requirements referred to in the third subparagraph of Article 129 (1) of the Treaty and as such form a constituent part of the Community's other policies;

(27) Whereas access to this programme should be facilitated, with particular stress on reaching organizations which lack means of easy access to information on Community programmes;

(28) Whereas the procedures for granting financial aid should be simple and accessible, and there should be guarantees of total transparency of these procedures and the relevant controls;

(29) Whereas this Decision lays down, for the entire duration of the programme, a financial framework constituting the principal point of reference, within the meaning of point 1 of the Declaration by the European Parliament, the Council and Commission of 6 March 1995, for the budgetary authority during the annual budgetary procedure;

(30) Whereas this programme should run for five years in order to allow sufficient time for actions to be implemented to achieve the objectives set,

HAVE DECIDED AS FOLLOWS:

Article 1

Establishment of the programme

1. A programme of Community action on the prevention of AIDS and certain other communicable diseases, hereinafter referred to as 'this programme`, shall be adopted for the period 1 January 1996 to 31 December 2000 within the framework for action in the field of public health.

2. The objective of this programme shall be to help contain the spread of AIDS and reduce mortality and morbidity due to communicable diseases, by encouraging cooperation between Member States, promoting cooperation between prevention policies and programmes and supporting the activities of non-governmental organizations, including organizations for people affected by HIV.

3. The actions to be implemented under this programme and their specific objectives are set out in the Annex under the following headings:

A. Surveillance and monitoring of communicable diseases

B. Combating transmission

C. Information, education and training

D. Support for persons with HIV/AIDS and combating discrimination.

Article 2

Implementation

1. The Commission shall ensure the implementation, in close cooperation with Member States, of the actions set out in the Annex, in accordance with Article 5.

2. The Commission shall cooperate with the institutions and organizations which are active in preventing AIDS and other communicable diseases.

Article 3

Budget

1. The financial framework for implementation of this programme for the period referred to in Article 1 shall be ECU 49,6 million.

2. The annual appropriations shall be authorized by the budgetary authority within the limits of the financial perspective.

Article 4

Consistency and complementarity

The Commission shall ensure that there is consistency and complementarity between actions to be implemented under this programme and the other relevant Community programmes and initiatives, including the biomedical and health research programme under the Community's framework programme for research and Community action in developing countries.

Article 5

Committee

1. The Commission shall be assisted by a Committee consisting of two members designated by each Member State and chaired by a representative of the Commission.

2. The representative of the Commission shall submit to the Committee a draft of the measures to be taken concerning:

(a) the Committee's rules of procedure;

(b) an annual work programme indicating the priorities for action;

(c) the arrangements, criteria and procedures for selecting and financing projects under this programme, including those involving cooperation with international organizations competent in the field of public health and participation of the countries referred to in Article 6 (2);

(d) the evaluation procedure;

(e) the arrangements for dissemination and transfer of results;

(f) the arrangements for cooperating with the institutions and organizations referred to in Article 2 (2).

The Committee shall deliver its opinion on the draft measures referred to above within a time limit which the Chairman may lay down according to the urgency of the matter. The opinion shall be delivered by the majority laid down in Article 148 (2) of the Treaty in the case of decisions which the Council is required to adopt on a proposal from the Commission. The votes of the representatives of the Member States within the Committee shall be weighted in the manner set out in that Article. The Chairman shall not vote.

The Commission shall adopt measures which shall apply immediately. However, if these measures are not in accordance with the opinion of the Committee, they shall forthwith be communicated by the Commission to the Council. In that event:

- the Commission shall defer application of the measures which it has decided upon for a period of two months from the date of such communication,

- the Council, acting by a qualified majority, may take a different decision within the time limit laid down in the first indent.

3. In addition, the Commission may consult the Committee on any other matter concerning the implementation of this programme.

The representative of the Commission shall submit to the Committee a draft of the measures to be taken. The Committee shall deliver its opinion on the draft within a time limit which the Chairman may lay down according to the urgency of the matter, if necessary by taking a vote.

The opinion shall be recorded in the minutes; in addition, each Member State shall have the right to ask to have its opinion recorded in the minutes.

The Commission shall take the utmost account of the opinion delivered by the Committee. It shall inform the Committee of the manner in which its opinion has been taken into account.

4. The representative of the Commission shall keep the Committee regularly informed about:

- financial assistance granted under this programme (amounts, duration, breakdown and beneficiaries),

- Commission proposals or Community initiatives and the implementation of programmes in other policy areas which are directly related to the attainment of the objectives of this programme, with a view to ensuring the consistency and complementarity referred to in Article 4.

Article 6

International cooperation

1. In the course of implementing this programme, cooperation with non-member countries and with international organizations competent in the field of public health, especially the United Nations and in particular the World Health Organization, the Council of Europe and non-governmental organizations competent in the field of public health or particularly involved in the fight against AIDS and other communicable diseases and the prevention thereof, will be encouraged and implemented in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 5.

2. This programme shall be open to participation by the associated countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Accee), in accordance with the conditions laid down in the Additional Protocols to the Association Agreements relating to participation in Community programmes, to be concluded with those countries. This programme shall be open to participation by Cyprus and Malta on the basis of additional appropriations in accordance with the same rules as those applied to the EFTA countries, in accordance with procedures to be agreed with those countries.

Article 7

Monitoring and evaluation

1. The Commission, taking into account the reports drawn up by the Member States and with the participation, where necessary, of independent experts, shall ensure that an evaluation is made of the actions undertaken.

2. The Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and the Council an interim report halfway through this programme and a final report on completion thereof. It shall incorporate into these reports the results of the evaluations. It shall also send the reports to the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions.

Done at Brussels, 29 March 1996.

For the European Parliament

The President

K. HÄNSCH

For the Council

The President

T. TREU

(1) OJ No C 333, 29. 11. 1994, p. 34, and OJ No C 228, 2. 9. 1995, p. 6.

(2) OJ No C 133, 31. 5. 1995, p. 23.

(3) OJ No C 100, 2. 4. 1996, p. 28.

(4) Opinion of the European Parliament of 27 April 1995 (OJ No C 126, 22. 5. 1995, p. 74), Council Common Position of 2 June 1995 (OJ No C 216, 21. 8. 1995, p. 11) and Decision of the European Parliament of 25 October 1995 (OJ No C 308, 20. 11. 1995). Decision of the European Parliament of 15 February 1996 (OJ No C 65, 4. 3. 1996) and Council Decision of 16 February 1996.

(5) OJ No C 165, 17. 6. 1994, p. 1.

(6) OJ No L 175, 4. 7. 1991, p. 26.

(7) OJ No L 168, 18. 7. 1995, p. 1.

(8) OJ No C 15, 18. 1. 1994, p. 6.

(9) OJ No C 158, 26. 6. 1989, p. 477.

(10) OJ No C 158, 17. 6. 1991, p. 45.

(11) OJ No C 329, 6. 12. 1993, p. 375.

(12) OJ No C 326, 11. 12. 1992, p. 1.

(13) OJ No C 174, 25. 6. 1993, p. 1.

ANNEX

PROGRAMME OF COMMUNITY ACTION ON THE PREVENTION OF AIDS AND CERTAIN OTHER COMMUNICABLE DISEASES (1996 to 2000)

A. SURVEILLANCE AND MONITORING OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES

Objective

To help to improve knowledge and dissemination of information and data concerning HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases, taking into account international disease-classification provisions, and to improve the coordination of systems for monitoring these diseases and coordinating Community-level responses, particularly in the event of an epidemic outbreak.

Actions

1. Exploration with Member States of ways to increase the amount and improve the quality, comparability and availability of data and provide support for strengthening national or regional monitoring systems and implementing them as part of a network and, in the case of HIV/AIDS and connected diseases, support for the European Centre for the Epidemiological Monitoring of AIDS.

2. Contribution towards improving the quality and coordination of Member States' epidemiological monitoring systems and participation in the development of surveillance networks on the basis of the jointly-defined methodologies and conditions for data transmission, prior consultation and coordination of replies.

3. Setting up of a Community network of public health epidemiologists for the purpose of defining common surveillance methods and tools and enhancing the ability to respond in a coordinated way to the development of communicable diseases, especially in the case of epidemic outbreaks.

4. Contributing, in particular by the provision of the logistical support necessary, to the production and dissemination of a regular information notice and of a Community bulletin on communicable diseases surveillance, comprising both routine surveillance data and reports on specific epidemiological investigations.

5. Encouraging action aimed at increasing awareness of the problems and including comparable and reliable data on nosocomial infections particularly in routine surveys of hospital conditions; promoting knowledge and exchanges of experience on the ways in which surveillance results concerning infections caused by germs resistant to normal treatment (antibiotics) are analysed, processed and used by the actors in the field.

6. Promotion of investigations of the effectiveness and feasibility of screening for certain types of communicable diseases (tuberculosis, hepatitis, etc.), in particular among pregnant women. Coordination of research to minimalize transmission of diseases from mother to child.

B. COMBATING TRANSMISSION

Objective

To assist efforts to prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs), particularly as regards high-risk environments and behaviour and ensure optimum vaccination cover in the Community for certain communicable diseases.

Actions

7. Coordination of studies and information on the problems and situations of persons whose behaviour places them at risk (parenteral drug use, prostitution and at-risk sexual relations, etc.), or placed in particular situations (travel, penal institutions, etc.) and modes of transmission; exchange of experience on preventive action including the promotion of risk-reduction measures; promotion of appropriate preventive measures and of pilot projects, including promotion of the use and availability of good-quality condoms, with instructions for use so as to avoid sexual transmission of disease, and promotion of facilitated access to such condoms.

8. Exchange of views and experience on information, advice and counselling for women who are pregnant or wanting to have children and who may be at risk of transmitting HIV to their babies.

9. Exchanges of information on messages and promotion of appropriate measures for the dissemination of effective messages aimed at the general public and at target groups, notably through campaigns to inform, educate and raise awareness concerning means of protection against the risk of sexual transmission of diseases, the problems they raise and their use.

10. Promotion of cooperation and of exchange of information between Member States on their vaccination policies and programmes as well as their arrangements for implementing them and their results among the general population and especially among children, groups exposed to risk and persons living in certain risk situations. Promotion of exchange of experience and information as regards determining vaccination cover, vigilance concerning vaccines and encouragement of measures and initiatives to ensure optimum vaccination cover.

C. INFORMATION, EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Objective

To help to increase awareness and improve public information and education and provide, including with regard to the early detection of communicable diseases, better training for health professionals and relevant personnel.

Actions

11. Evaluation of the impact of information campaigns on communicable diseases and their prevention; encouragement of exchanges between Member States on information campaigns at all levels; development of ways of linking and reinforcing campaigns in the Member States, such as provision of specific materials; utilization of telephone and other response mechanisms; definition and promotion of activities to complement national efforts, including the setting-up or strengthening of networks and the exchange of experience and expertise.

12. Gathering and analysis of information concerning preventive measures and promotion of the dissemination of the information; promotion of the development and use of assessment methods to determine the effectiveness of preventive measures and information campaigns aimed at the general public and target groups.

13. Encouragement of initiatives to ascertain and disseminate existing information about the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of the general public and certain target groups, particularly children and young people, regarding HIV/AIDS and other STDs and about the preventive measures taken in the European Community; examination and evaluation of current practice in providing information both within and outside formal structures such as schools, training institutions and sports clubs; promotion of the exchange of educational and training material and methods, and support for pilot projects, especially those centred on groups of young people without any specific organizational framework or formal educational structure; development of training suited to every stage of the individual's development and exchange of educational material for this purpose.

Promotion of information campaigns in the Member States on the utilization and proper use of condoms as a means of preventing transmission of the HIV virus.

Carrying out new Eurobarometer surveys on trends in knowledge and behaviour with regard to HIV/AIDS, where existing information is inadequate.

14. Encouragement of initiatives relating to messages intended to inform and educate migrants in the Member States, taking particular account of cultural and linguistic differences.

15. Surveys and exchange of experience on training given to health professionals and those who, through their work, are brought into contact with certain communicable diseases or can act to prevent them, including personnel responsible for social support and counselling for HIV-infected persons and those living with them, in order to identify weaknesses and gaps in them and to help in devising and promoting new further training programmes; promotion of exchanges among the health professionals involved, where such action is not covered by existing Community programmes.

16. Support for the training of health personnel, in particular in the context of epidemiology and early detection of and screening for communicable diseases, including personal advice at the time of screening.

D. SUPPORT FOR PERSONS WITH HIV/AIDS AND COMBATING DISCRIMINATION

Objective

To assist efforts to ensure that persons suffering from HIV/AIDS receive assistance in line with their needs and are not discriminated against in any way.

Actions

17. Exchanges of experience and information concerning modes of assistance and support for those testing seropositive, those infected with AIDS and persons living with them. Promotion of studies, pilot projects and actions on the psycho-social aspects of HIV/AIDS, including the subject of HIV-positive children in the school environment.

18. Production and dissemination of information bulletins and directories giving the latest information on organizations providing information and support; encouragement of networks of associations providing information and psycho-social support.

19. Examination of actual or potential discriminatory situations in the Member States. Exchange of information on measures taken in the Member States to avoid or combat discrimination, particularly as regards employment, insurance, credit, housing, education and health care. Exchange of information and experience on HIV-testing policies and practices and drawing-up of a code of good practice on the matter.

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