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Document 32023R1538

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2023/1538 of 25 July 2023 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2022/2379 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards crop production statistics (Text with EEA relevance)

C/2023/4923

OJ L 187, 26.7.2023, p. 40–73 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force: This act has been changed. Current consolidated version: 26/07/2023

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2023/1538/oj

26.7.2023   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 187/40


COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2023/1538

of 25 July 2023

laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) 2022/2379 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards crop production statistics

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2022/2379 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 November 2022 on statistics on agricultural input and output, amending Commission Regulation (EC) No 617/2008 and repealing Regulations (EC) No 1165/2008, (EC) No 543/2009 and (EC) No 1185/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Council Directive 96/16/EC (1), and in particular Articles 4(6), 5(10), 7(2) and 9(4) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EU) 2022/2379 establishes an integrated framework for developing, producing and disseminating European statistics as regards agricultural inputs and outputs.

(2)

It is necessary to specify the data requirements for producing statistics on agricultural inputs and outputs as regards crop production in order to produce comparable data between Member States and to achieve harmonisation.

(3)

Pursuant to Article 5(10) of Regulation (EU) 2022/2379, this Regulation specifies technical elements of the data to be provided. Those elements consist of the list of variables, the descriptions of the variables, the observation units, the precision requirements to be applied, the methodological rules to be applied, and the deadlines for transmitting the data.

(4)

It is necessary to specify the variables for which the regional and organic dimensions are required as they are needed only for some variables.

(5)

The coverage of the data sets should be specified beyond the requirements in Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2022/2379 where appropriate, to avoid inconsistencies between Member States.

(6)

The reference periods mentioned in Article 9(4) of Regulation (EU) 2022/2379 should be further specified.

(7)

The crop yields are important indicators in agricultural production and should therefore be part of the data. However, the Commission (Eurostat) should calculate this indicator on the basis of data transmitted.

(8)

The humidity contents of produced crops and the sugar contents of sugar beets vary considerably between years and create obstacles in comparing production volumes over time and between countries. Information on national standard humidity and sugar contents is therefore needed to create comparable statistics.

(9)

Pursuant to Article 7(2) of Regulation (EU) 2022/2379, Member States can be exempted from providing data for predefined variables at certain deadlines if the impact of their production on the Union total of those variables is limited. This is the case if their production is below specific thresholds. It is necessary to specify those thresholds, the methodology used to set them up, the sources of data used in applying this methodology, and the data to which this exemption applies.

(10)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the European Statistical System Committee as established by Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2),

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Data requirements

Member States shall provide data on the domain of crop production statistics referred to in Article 5(1), point (b) of Regulation (EU) 2022/2379 in the form of aggregated data sets. The data on total and organic production shall be transmitted to the Commission (Eurostat) at the required geographical level.

Article 2

Datasets

(1)   The data contents of the datasets are specified in:

(1)

Annex I for topic (i), crop area and production, for the detailed topics:

(1)

Arable crops and permanent grassland;

(2)

Horticulture excluding permanent crops;

(3)

Permanent crops;

(2)

Annex II for topic (ii), crop balances, for the detailed topics:

(1)

Cereal balances;

(2)

Oil seed balances;

(3)

Annex III for topic (iii), grasslands, for the detailed topic:

(1)

Management of grasslands.

(2)   For each dataset, Section I specifies:

(1)

a description of the data contents;

(2)

the variables to be provided at national and, where required, at regional level;

(3)

the variables to be provided on organic production;

(4)

the deadlines for transmission of the data to the Commission (Eurostat);

(5)

the reference periods.

(3)   For each dataset, Section II specifies, where appropriate:

(1)

a description of the measurement units;

(2)

technical requirements related to the variables;

(3)

thresholds for exemptions to data transmission deadlines.

Article 3

Precision requirements

When data collections are carried out based on statistical samples, Member States shall ensure that the weighted results are representative of the statistical population within the relevant geographical unit and are designed to meet the precision requirements set out in Annex IV. Where precision requirements are not applicable, for example due to sources other than statistical surveys, the quality of the statistics shall be ensured so that they are representative of the scope that they describe, and they shall meet the quality criteria laid down in Article 12(1) of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009.

Article 4

Descriptions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the descriptions of terms as set out in Annex V shall apply.

Article 5

Methodology for exemptions

(1)   Member States may be exempted from certain regular data transmission deadlines in the event that the impact of that Member State on the Union total of those variables is limited.

(2)   Data transmission exemptions shall be granted for variables in datasets of the topic ‘crop area and production’ provided that their application does not reduce the information on the expected Union total of the corresponding variable by more than 5 %. The Commission (Eurostat) shall calculate reference threshold values for the production of each crop subject to exemptions. These reference threshold values shall be calculated based on a three-year average of statistical data on production volumes.

(3)   A Member State where the production of a crop has been lower than or equal to the reference threshold value for three successive years shall be exempted from transmitting data for all (sub)variables belonging to this crop for certain deadlines, as indicated in each Section II of the data sets in Annex I. The exemption shall be automatically revoked if the relevant production value of the Member State exceeds the reference threshold value for three successive years. Data transmission shall commence for the reference year following the third consecutive year in which the reference threshold value is exceeded. The exemption shall be automatically reinstated if the Member State’s production of the relevant crop is below or equal to the reference threshold for three successive years.

(4)   The reference threshold values are laid down in each Section II of Annex I. The Commission may amend any of these values if the average Union total stays lower than 90 % or higher than 110 % of the Union total used for calculating the reference threshold values for three successive years.

Article 6

Entry into force

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 January 2025.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 25 July 2023.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)  OJ L 315, 7.12.2022, p. 1.

(2)  Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics and repealing Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1101/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the transmission of data subject to statistical confidentiality to the Statistical Office of the European Communities, Council Regulation (EC) No 322/97 on Community Statistics, and Council Decision 89/382/EEC, Euratom establishing a Committee on the Statistical Programmes of the European Communities (OJ L 87, 31.3.2009, p. 164).


ANNEX I

CROP AREA AND PRODUCTION

DATA SET i.1

Arable crops and permanent grassland

Domain:

b.

Crop production statistics

Topic:

i.

Crop area and production

Detailed topic:

i.1

Arable crops and permanent grassland

SECTION I

Data content

The data shall cover early estimates and final statistics on the areas, production and yield of the arable agricultural crops and permanent grasslands, grown to be harvested mainly in the reference period, on the agricultural holdings in the Member States, including the crops grown according to organic principles.

 

 

National level data

Regional level data

Organic production data

Crop characteristics

Data transmission deadlines

31 January year N (1)

30 June year N (1)

31 August year N (1)

30 September year N

30 November year N

31 March year N + 1

30 September year N+1

30 September year N+1

30 September year N+1

Utilised agricultural area excluding kitchen gardens (2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA

MA

OMU, OMC, OMA

 

Arable land (3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA

MA

OMU, OMC, OMA

 

 

Cereals for the production of grain (incl. seed)

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

Wheat and spelt

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common wheat and spelt

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Common winter wheat and spelt

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common spring wheat and spelt

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Durum wheat

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

Rye

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

Barley

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

 

Winter barley

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring barley

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Oats

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Grain maize and corn-cob-mix

 

SA

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

Triticale

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Sorghum

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Rice

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

 

Rice Indica

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rice Japonica

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Winter cereal mixtures (maslin)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Spring cereal mixtures (mixed grain other than maslin)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Other cereals n.e.c. (millet, canary seed, etc.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Pseudocereals

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Buckwheat

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quinoa

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other pseudocereals n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

Dry pulses and protein crops for the production of grain (including seed and mixtures of cereals and pulses)

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

Field peas

 

SA

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Broad and field beans

 

SA

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Sweet lupins

 

 

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Lentils

 

 

 

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Vetches

 

 

 

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Chickpeas

 

 

 

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Other dry pulses and protein crops n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

Root crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Potatoes (including seed potatoes)

 

SA

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

Sugar beet (excluding seed)

 

SA

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

Other root crops n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

Industrial crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, SA

 

 

 

 

 

Oilseeds

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rape and turnip rape seeds

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Winter rape and turnip rape seeds

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spring rape and turnip rape seeds

 

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunflower seed

 

SA

 

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

 

Soya

 

SA

 

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

 

Linseed (oil flax)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cotton seed

 

 

 

 

 

 

PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other oilseed crops n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Fibre crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fibre flax

 

 

 

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hemp

 

 

 

SA

SA

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cotton fibre

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other fibre crops n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Tobacco

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Hops

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Aromatic, medicinal and culinary plants

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA

 

OF

 

 

 

Energy crops n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Other industrial crops n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA

 

 

 

 

Plants harvested green from arable land

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, PR

MA

 

 

 

 

Temporary grasses and grazings

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, PR

MA

OMA

 

 

 

Leguminous plants harvested green

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

OF, OP

 

 

 

 

Lucerne

 

 

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Legume grass mixtures

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other leguminous plants harvested green n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Green maize

 

SA

 

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

SA, PR

OF, OP

 

 

 

Other cereals harvested green (excluding green maize)

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Other plants harvested green from arable land n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA, PR

 

 

 

 

Seeds and seedlings

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA

 

OMA

 

 

Fallow land

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA

MA

 

 

 

Other arable land crops n.e.c.

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA

 

 

 

Permanent grassland

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, PR

MA

OMU, OMC, OMA

 

 

Permanent pastures and meadows, excluding rough grazings

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, PR

 

 

 

 

Permanent rough grazings

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA, PR

 

 

 

 

Permanent grassland no longer used for production purposes and eligible for the payment of subsidies

 

 

 

 

 

 

MA

 

 

N is the year the data refer to.

MA

=

total main area (1 000 ha), including organic areas

SA

=

total sown area (1 000 ha), including organic areas

OF

=

certified organic sown area (1 000 ha)

OMC

=

main certified organic area

OMU

=

main area under conversion to organic (1 000 ha)

OMA

=

main area certified or under conversion to organic (1 000 ha)

PR

=

total harvested production (1 000 tonnes), including organic production

OP

=

certified organic harvested production (1 000 tonnes)

Reference period: Harvest year.

SECTION II

Description of measurement units

Sown area: refers to the total area sown or planted with a crop for which the harvest starts during the reference calendar year, regardless of when the planting has taken place. In case the crop is sown or planted more than once during a year on the same parcel, the area is multiplied with the number of plantings.

Main area: refers to the physical area of the parcel(s), regardless of whether there was only one single crop or several crops during the harvest year. In the case of annual crops, the main area corresponds to the sown area; in the case of combined crops, it corresponds to the area where the crops co-exist; in case of successive sowings or crops, the area is taken into account only once; in case of permanent crops, in addition to the production area also non-productive young plantations and temporarily abandoned areas are included. In this manner, each area is listed only once.

Harvested production: refers to the total harvested production from which harvest losses have been removed.

The production for cereals, dry pulses and oilseeds shall be reported in terms of clean, dry weight of grains in the stable standard market humidity level in the country. Rice is reported in terms of paddy.

Production data of root crops should be reported in terms of clean weight, i.e. free of plant tops and leaves, soil and mud.

The production of plants harvested green from arable land and permanent grassland includes the volume of harvest done by cutting and grazing. The data shall be reported in terms of dry matter.

Production of other crops shall be reported in the stable standard market humidity level in the country, where humidity impacts marketing, in the form mainly used for trade.

The countries shall provide information on the stable standard market humidity levels in the countries, mentioned above, to the Commission (Eurostat) from which Eurostat shall recalculate the production in EU standard humidity for standardisation purposes.

For sugar beet, countries shall provide data on the sugar content of the harvested production of the harvest year with the final production data to the Commission (Eurostat) from which Eurostat shall recalculate the production in the EU standard sugar content (16 %) for standardisation purposes.

Certified organic area: refers to areas, excluding areas during the conversion period referred to in Article 10 of Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council (4), which are managed in compliance with the requirements applicable to organic production, as set out in Regulation (EU) 2018/848 or, where applicable, in the most recent legislation

Area under conversion to organic: refers to areas during the conversion period referred to in Article 10 of Regulation (EU) 2018/848 or, where applicable, in the most recent legislation, which are managed in compliance with the requirements applicable to organic production.

Area certified or under conversion to organic: refers to areas that are either Certified organic areas or Areas under conversion to organic.

Certified organic harvested production: refers to the harvested production from ‘certified organic areas’ as defined above.

Organic areas and production are included in the total areas and production.

Technical requirements related to the variables

Crop yield is calculated by dividing the total harvested production by the total sown area. Eurostat will calculate the crop yields based on the data transmitted. Weather-related incidents having major impacts on the harvested production shall be reported to the Commission (Eurostat).

Data transmission exemption reference threshold values

The reference threshold values as defined in Article 5(2) are:

Reference variable:

Production of

Reference threshold value (1 000 tonnes)

Transmission exemption

Common wheat and spelt

1 700

31 January year N

30 June year N

31 August year N

Durum wheat

170

Rye

80

Barley

500

Oats

70

Grain maize and corn-cob-mix

1 100

Triticale

120

Sorghum

15

Rice

65

Field peas

25

Broad and field beans

15

Potatoes

350

Sugar beet

1 500

Rape and turnip rape seeds

300

Sunflower seed

150

Soya

60

Green maize

2 000

DATA SET i.2

Horticulture excluding permanent crops

Domain:

b.

Crop production statistics

Topic:

i.

Crop area and production

Detailed topic:

i.2

Horticulture excluding permanent crops

SECTION I

Data contents

The data shall cover early estimates and final statistics on the areas, production and yield of the horticultural crops grown to be harvested in the reference period on the agricultural holdings in the Member States, including the crops grown according to organic principles.

 

National level data

Organic production data

Crop characteristics

Data transmission deadlines

30 June year N (5)

30 September year N (5)

31 May year N+1

30 September year N+1

30 September year N+1

 

 

Fresh vegetables (including melons) and strawberries

 

 

HA, PR

MA

OH, OP

 

 

 

Fresh vegetables (including melons)

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

Brassicas

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Cauliflower and broccoli

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brussels sprouts

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cabbages

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other brassicas n.e.c.

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leafy and stalked vegetables (excluding brassicas)

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Leeks

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celery

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lettuces

 

 

HA, PR, PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Endives

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spinach

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asparagus

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chicory

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artichokes

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other leafy or stalked vegetables n.e.c.

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vegetables cultivated for fruit (including melons)

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Tomatoes

HA

HA, PR

HA, PR, PRG

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Cucumbers and gherkins

 

 

HA, PR, PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eggplants

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Courgettes and marrows

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gourds and pumpkins

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muskmelons

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Watermelons

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peppers (capsicum)

 

 

HA, PR, PRG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other vegetables cultivated for fruit n.e.c.

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Root, tuber and bulb vegetables

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Carrots

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Onions and shallots

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Beetroot

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celeriac

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Radishes

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garlic

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other root, tuber and bulb vegetables n.e.c

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fresh pulses

 

 

HA, PR

 

OH, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Fresh peas

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fresh beans

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other fresh pulses n.e.c.

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other fresh vegetables n.e.c.

 

 

HA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Strawberries

 

 

HA, PR, PRG

 

OH, OP

 

 

Flowers and ornamental plants (excluding nurseries)

 

 

 

MA

 

Cultivated mushrooms

 

 

PR

 

OP

 

Champignons

 

 

PR

 

 

 

Other cultivated mushrooms n.e.c.

 

 

PR

 

 

N is the year the data refer to.

MA

=

total main area (1 000 ha)

HA

=

total harvested area (1 000 ha)

OH

=

certified harvested organic area (1 000 ha)

PR

=

total harvested production (1 000 tonnes)

PRG

=

total production from under glass or high accessible cover (1 000 tonnes)

OP

=

certified organic harvested production (1 000 tonnes)

Reference period: Harvest year.

SECTION II

Description of measurement units

Harvested area: refers to the area of a specific crop which is harvested in the reference harvest year. If the same area is sown or planted several times during the reference period, the area shall be multiplied by the number of yearly harvests.

Main area: See data set i.1, Section II.

Harvested production: See data set i.1, Section II.

Certified organic area: See data set i.1, Section II.

Certified organic harvested production: See data set i.1, Section II.

Technical requirements related to the variables

Crop yield is calculated by dividing the total harvested production by the total harvested area. Eurostat will calculate the crop yields based on the data transmitted. Weather-related incidents having major impacts on the harvested production shall be reported to the Commission (Eurostat).

Data transmission exemption reference threshold values

The reference threshold values as defined in Article 5(2) are:

Reference variable

Reference threshold value (1 000 tonnes)

Transmission exemption

Production of tomatoes

250

30 June year N

30 September year N

DATA SET i.3

Permanent crops

Domain:

b.

Crop production statistics

Topic:

i.

Crop area and production

Detailed topic:

i.3

Permanent crops

SECTION I

Data contents

The data shall cover early estimates and final statistics on the areas, production and yield of the permanent agricultural crops grown to be harvested mainly in the reference period on the agricultural holdings in the Member States, including the crops grown according to organic principles.

Crop characteristics

 

National level data

Regional level data

Organic production data

Data transmission deadlines

30 November year N (6)

31 March year N+1

30 September year N+1

30 September year N+1

30 September year N+1

 

Permanent crops

 

 

MA

MA

OMC, OMU, OMA

 

 

Permanent crops for human consumption

 

PA, PR

MA, PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Fruits, berries and nuts (excluding citrus fruits, grapes and strawberries)

 

PA, PR

MA

MA

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

Fruits from temperate climate zones

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA

 

 

 

 

 

Pome fruits

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apples

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pears

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other pome fruits n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stone fruits

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peaches

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nectarines

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apricots

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cherries

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweet cherries

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sour cherries

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plums

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other stone fruits n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fruits from subtropical and tropical climate zones

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA

 

 

 

 

 

Figs

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kiwis

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Avocados

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bananas

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other fruits from subtropical and tropical climate zones n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berries (excluding strawberries)

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Blackcurrants

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red currants

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raspberries

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blueberries

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other berries n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nuts

 

PA, PR

 

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Walnuts

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hazelnuts

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Almonds

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chestnuts

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other nuts n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Citrus fruits

 

PA, PR

MA, PA, PR

MA

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

Oranges

PA, PR

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

Small citrus fruits

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Satsumas

PA, PR

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clementines

PA, PR

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other small citrus fruits and mandarin hybrids n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lemons and acid limes

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pomelos and grapefruits

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other citrus fruits n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Grapes

 

PA, PR

MA, PA, PR

MA

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

Grapes for wines

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

 

Grapes for wines with protected designation of origin (PDO)

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grapes for wines with protected geographical indication (PGI)

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grapes for other wines n.e.c. (without PDO/PGI)

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grapes for table use

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grapes for raisins

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grapes for other purposes n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Olives

PA, PR

PA, PR

MA, PA, PR

MA

OPA, OP

 

 

 

 

Olives for table use

PA

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

 

Olives for oil

PA

PA, PR

PA, PR

 

 

 

 

 

Other permanent crops for human consumption n.e.c.

 

PA, PR

MA

 

 

 

 

Nurseries

 

 

MA

 

 

 

 

Other permanent crops

 

 

MA

 

 

N is the year the data refer to.

MA

=

total main area (1 000 ha)

PA

=

total production area (1 000 ha)

OPA

=

certified organic production area (1 000 ha)

OMC

=

main certified organic area

OMU

=

main area under conversion to organic (1 000 ha)

OMA

=

main area certified or under conversion to organic (1 000 ha)

PR

=

total harvested production (1 000 tonnes)

OP

=

certified organic harvested production (1 000 tonnes)

Reference period: Harvest year.

SECTION II

Description of the measurement units

Production area: refers to the area that can potentially be harvested mainly in the reference harvest year.

Main area: See data set i.1, Section II.

Harvested production: See data set i.1, Section II.

Certified organic area: See data set i.1, Section II.

Main area certified or under conversion to organic: See data set i.1, Section II.

Certified organic harvested production: See data set i.1, Section II.

Technical requirements related to the variables

Crop yield is calculated by dividing the total harvested production by the total production area. Eurostat will calculate the crop yields based on the data transmitted. Weather-related incidents having major impacts on the harvested production shall be reported to the Commission (Eurostat).

Data transmission exemption reference threshold values

The reference threshold values as defined in Article 5(2) are:

Reference variable:

Production of

Reference threshold value (1 000 tonnes)

Transmission exemption

Apples

150

30 November year N

Pears

40

Peaches

90

Nectarines

80

Oranges

300

Clementines

140

Satsumas

120

Olives

700


(1)  See Section II for data transmission exemption rules.

(2)  The areas in data sets i.2 and i.3 are included in the utilised agricultural area, except for the area of cultivated mushrooms in dataset i.2.

(3)  The areas in data set i.2 are included in the arable land area.

(4)  Regulation (EU) 2018/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on organic production and labelling of organic products and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 (OJ L 150, 14.6.2018, p. 1).

(5)  See Section II for data transmission exemption rules.

(6)  See Section II for data transmission exemption rules.


ANNEX II

CROP BALANCES

DATA SET ii.1

Cereal balances

Domain:

b.

Crop production statistics

Topic:

ii.

Crop balances

Detailed topic:

ii.1

Cereal balances

SECTION I

Data contents

The data shall cover the supplies, uses and stocks of the main cereals and the first level resulting products in the Member States during the reference period.

Crop characteristics

Common wheat and spelt

Durum wheat

Rye

Barley

Oats

Triticale

Grain maize and corn-cob-mix

Data transmission deadline

End of marketing year + 11 months

Balance characteristics

Supply

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

Harvested production

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Losses and wastage on agricultural holdings

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

Imports

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Imports intra-EU

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Imports extra-EU

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

Opening stocks at the beginning of the marketing year

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Use

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

Domestic uses

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – human consumption

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – industrial use

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

 

Domestic uses – industrial bioethanol, other biofuel or biogas use

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – used whole for animal feed

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – seeds

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – losses

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

Exports

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Exports intra-EU

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Exports extra-EU

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

 

Closing stocks at the end of the marketing year

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

Q

=

Quantity (1 000 tonnes) at national level

Reference period: Marketing year N (1 July year N – 30 June year N+1).

SECTION II

Description of the measurement units

Quantity refers to the quantity of the crop, or the equivalent expressed as grains, that is used for the balance item in the stable standard market humidity in the country.

DATA SET ii.2

Oilseed balances

Domain:

b.

Crop production statistics

Topic:

ii.

Crop balances

Detailed topic:

ii.2

Oilseed balances

SECTION I

Data contents

The data shall cover the supplies, uses and stocks of the main oil seeds during the reference period in the Member States

Crop characteristics

Rape and turnip rape seeds

Sunflower seed

Soya

Data transmission deadline

End of marketing year + 11 months

Balance characteristics

Supply

Q

Q

Q

 

Harvested production

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Losses and wastage on agricultural holdings

Q

Q

Q

 

Imports

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Imports intra-EU

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Imports extra-EU

Q

Q

Q

 

Opening stocks at the beginning of the marketing year

Q

Q

Q

Use

Q

Q

Q

 

Domestic uses

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – human consumption

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – used whole for animal feed

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – crushing

Q

Q

Q

 

 

 

Crushing for oils – human consumption

Q

Q

Q

 

 

 

Crushing for oils – biofuels

Q

Q

Q

 

 

 

Crushing for oils – other industrial use

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – seeds

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Domestic uses – losses

Q

Q

Q

 

Exports

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Exports intra-EU

Q

Q

Q

 

 

Exports extra-EU

Q

Q

Q

 

Closing stocks at the end of the marketing year

Q

Q

Q

Q

=

Quantity (1 000 tonnes) at national level

Reference period: Marketing year N (1 July year N – 30 June year N+1).

SECTION II

Description of the measurement units

Quantity refers to the quantity of the crop or the equivalent expressed as seeds that is used for the balance item in the stable standard market humidity in the country.


ANNEX III

GRASSLANDS

DATA SET iii.1

Management of grazed areas

Domain:

b.

Crop production statistics

Topic:

iii.

Grasslands

Detailed topic:

iii.1

Management of grasslands

SECTION I

Data contents

The data shall cover the areas of permanent and temporary grasslands classified by age, cover, and management in the Member States during the reference period.

 

Total area

Of which managed

Managed, of which fertilised

Data transmission deadline

30 September year N+1

Crop characteristic

 

Permanent grassland (20 years and more)

MA, MAR

MA

MA

Permanent grassland (11 to 19 years)

MA, MAR

MA

MA

Permanent grassland (6-10 years)

MA, MAR

MA

MA

Temporary grasses and grazings

MA, MAR

 

 

 

Age 1-3 years

MA, MAR

 

 

 

Age 4-5 years

MA, MAR

 

 

Part of total permanent grasslands with

 

 

 

 

Trees/shrubs cover

MA, MAR

 

 

 

Managed agro-forestry areas

MA, MAR

 

 

Measurement units

MA

=

total main area (1 000 ha)

MAR

=

main area at regional level

Frequency

:

Years ending with 0, 3 or 6.

Reference period

:

Calendar year.

SECTION II

Description of the measurement units

Main area: see data set i.1.


ANNEX IV

PRECISION REQUIREMENTS

Data collected for a sample and extrapolated to the entire statistical population of a data set shall meet the precision requirements presented in Table 1.

The precision requirements apply to the final transmission of the national estimates for specific variables belonging to the data sets listed in Table 1.

The variables refer to the main areas at national level.

The relevant populations are defined in the first column of Table 1.

Table 1

Precision requirements

Relevant population

Variable for which precision requirements apply

Relative standard error

Data set: Arable crops and permanent grassland

The agricultural holdings with the relevant variable

Main areas of cereals for the production of grain

3  %

Main areas of dry pulses and protein crops for the production of grain

Main areas of root crops

Main areas of industrial crops

Main areas of plants harvested green from arable land

Main areas of permanent grassland

Data set: Horticulture excluding permanent crops

The agricultural holdings with horticulture production excluding permanent crops.

Main areas of fresh vegetables (including melons) and strawberries

3  %

Data set: Permanent crops

The agricultural holdings with permanent crops.

Main areas of permanent crops

3  %


ANNEX V

DESCRIPTIONS

Harvest year

The calendar year in which the harvest begins, including the period during which all preparatory measures (such as tilling, planting, and applying fertilisers and plant protection products) are taken to secure that harvest, also during the preceding calendar year.


Utilised agricultural area excluding kitchen gardens

The total area taken up by arable land, permanent grassland, and permanent crops.

Arable land

Land worked (ploughed or tilled) and/or planted regularly, generally under a system of crop rotation.

Winter crops

Crops sown before or during the winter.

Spring crops

Crops sown in the spring.

Cereals for the production of grain (incl. seed)

All cereals harvested dry for grain, regardless of use.

Wheat and spelt

Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori et Paol., Triticum spelta L., Triticum monococcum L., and Triticum durum Desf.

Common wheat and spelt

Triticum aestivum L. emend. Fiori et Paol., Triticum spelta L. and Triticum monococcum L. and other species of the Triticum family grown for similar qualities.

Durum wheat

Triticum durum Desf.

Rye

Secale cereale L.

Winter cereal mixtures (maslin)

Mixtures of rye and other cereals and other cereal mixtures sown before or during the winter (maslin).

Barley

Hordeum vulgare L.

Oats

Avena sativa L.

Spring cereal mixtures (mixed grain other than maslin)

Cereals sown in the spring and grown as mixtures.

Grain maize and corn-cob-mix

Zea mays L., harvested for grain, as seed or as corn-cob-mix.

Triticale

x Triticosecale Wittmack.

Sorghum

Sorghum bicolor (L.) Conrad Moench or Sorghum x sudanense (Piper) Stapf.

Rice

Oryza sativa L.

Rice Indica

Oryza sativa ssp. indica.

Rice Japonica

Oryza sativa ssp. japonica.

Other cereals n.e.c.

Cereals, harvested dry for grain, which are not recorded elsewhere under the previous items, such as millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), canary seed (Phalaris canariensis L.) and other cereals not elsewhere classified.

Pseudocereals

Plants that produce fruits or seeds, which are used and consumed as grains, though botanically they are neither grasses nor true cereal grains.

Buckwheat

Fagopyrum esculentum Mill.

Quinoa

Chenopodium quinoa Willd.

Other pseudocereals n.e.c.

Pseudocereals not elsewhere classified.

Dry pulses and protein crops for the production of grain

All dried pulses and protein crops harvested dry for grain, regardless of use.

Field peas

All varieties of field peas (Pisum sativum L. convar. sativum or Pisum sativum L. convar. arvense L. or convar. speciosum) harvested dry.

Broad and field beans

All varieties of broad or field beans (Vicia faba L. (partim)) harvested dry.

Sweet lupins

All sweet lupins (Lupinus sp.) harvested dry for grain.

Lentils

Lens culinaris Medikus.

Chickpeas

Cicer arietinum L.

Vetches

Vicia sativa subsp. Sativa L. harvested dry for grain.

Other dry pulses and protein crops n.e.c.

Dry pulses and protein crops harvested dry for grain, which are not recorded elsewhere under the previous items.

Root crops

Crops cultivated for their root, tuber or modified stem. The item excludes root, tuber and bulb vegetables such as carrots, beetroots or swedes, among others.

Potatoes (including seed potatoes)

Solanum tuberosum L.

Sugar beet (excluding seed)

Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris var. altissima Döll, mainly intended for the sugar industry and alcohol production.

Other root crops n.e.c.

Fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L.) and plants of the Brassicae family harvested mainly for animal feed, regardless of whether it is the root or the stem, and other plants cultivated mainly for their roots for fodder, not elsewhere classified.

Industrial crops

Crops that are normally not sold directly for consumption because they need to be industrially processed prior to final use.

Oilseeds

Crops grown mainly for their oil content.

Rape and turnip rape seeds

Rape (Brassica napus L.) and turnip rape (Brassica rapa L. var. oleifera (Lam.)) grown for the production of oil, harvested as dry grains.

Sunflower seed

Helianthus annuus L., harvested as dry grains.

Soya

Glycine max L. Merril, harvested as dry grains, regardless of use.

Linseed (oil flax)

Linseed (flax) varieties (Linum usitatissimum L.), grown mainly for producing oil, and harvested as dry grains.

Other oilseed crops n.e.c.

Other crops grown mainly for their oil content, harvested as dry grains, which are not elsewhere classified.

Fibre crops

Crops grown mainly for their fibre content.

Fibre flax

Flax (linseed) varieties (Linum usitatissimum L.), grown mainly for producing fibre.

Hemp

Cannabis sativa L. grown for straw and other similar industrial uses.

Cotton

Gossypium spp., harvested for fibre and/or oilseed use.

Other fibre crops n.e.c.

Other plants grown mainly for their fibre content, not elsewhere classified, such as jute (Corchorus capsularis L.), abaca alias manila (Musa textilis Née), sisal (Agave sisalana Perrine), and kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.).

Tobacco

Nicotiana tabacum L. grown for leaves

Hops

Humulus lupulus L. grown for seed cones.

Aromatic, medicinal and culinary plants

Aromatic, medicinal and culinary plants, cultivated for pharmaceutical purposes, perfume manufacture or human consumption.

Energy crops n.e.c.

Crops used exclusively for renewable energy production, not elsewhere classified, and cultivated on arable land.

Other industrial crops n.e.c.

Other industrial crops not elsewhere classified.

Plants harvested green from arable land

All arable land crops harvested ‘green’ and intended mainly for animal feed, forage or renewable energy production, namely cereals, grasses, leguminous or industrial plants and other arable land crops harvested and/or used ‘green’.

Temporary grasses and grazings

Grass plants for grazing, hay or silage included as a part of a normal crop rotation, lasting at least one year and normally less than 5 years, sown with grass or grass mixtures.

Leguminous plants harvested green

Leguminous plants grown and harvested green as the whole plant mainly for fodder, or energy use. Mixtures of predominantly leguminous (normally > 80 % of legumes) crops and grass plants, harvested green or as dried hay are included.

Lucerne

Medicago spp. Cultivated alone or with high percentage in a mixture.

Legume grass mixtures

Temporary grassland sown with a mixture of grass and forage legumes (normally < 80 % of legumes), harvested green or as dried hay.

Other leguminous plants harvested green n.e.c.

Other leguminous plants harvested green mainly for fodder, or energy use.

Green maize

Zea mays L. grown mainly for silage (whole cob, parts of or whole plant) and not harvested for grain.

Other cereals harvested green (excluding green maize)

All cereals (excluding maize) grown and harvested green as the whole plant used for fodder or for the production of renewable energy (production of biomass).

Other plants harvested green from arable land n.e.c.

Other annual or multi-annual (less than 5 years) crops intended mainly for animal fodder and harvested green. Also the remainders of crops not elsewhere classified when the main harvest was destroyed, but the residues could still be used (as fodder, or renewable energy).

Seeds and seedlings

Areas producing seeds of root crops (except potatoes and other plants where the roots are also used as seeds), fodder crops, grasses, industrial crops (except oilseeds) and seeds and seedlings of vegetables and flowers.

Fallow land

Arable land either included in the crop rotation system or maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition (GAEC), whether worked or not, but which will not be harvested for the duration of a harvest year. The essential characteristic of fallow land is that it is left to recover, normally for the whole of a harvest year. Fallow land may be:

(i)

bare land bearing no crops at all; or

(ii)

land with spontaneous natural growth, which may be used as feed or ploughed in; or

(iii)

land sown exclusively to produce green manure (green fallow).

Other arable land crops n.e.c.

Arable crops not elsewhere classified

Permanent grassland

Land used permanently (for several consecutive years, normally 5 years or more) to grow herbaceous fodder, forage or energy purpose crops, through cultivation (sown) or naturally (self-seeded), and which is not included in the crop rotation on the agricultural holding. The grassland can be used for grazing, mown for silage and hay or used for renewable energy production.

Permanent pastures and meadows, excluding rough grazings

Permanent pasture on good or medium quality soils, which can normally be used for intensive grazing.

Permanent rough grazings

Low yielding permanent grassland, usually on low-quality soil, for example on hilly land and at high altitudes, usually unimproved by fertiliser, cultivation, reseeding or drainage. These areas can normally be used only for extensive grazing and are not normally mown or are mown in an extensive manner as they cannot support a large density of animals.

Permanent grassland no longer used for production purposes and eligible for the payment of subsidies

Permanent grassland and meadows no longer used for production purposes which, in line with Regulation (EU) 2021/2115 of the European Parliament and of the Council 1 or, where applicable, the most recent legislation, are maintained in a state which makes it suitable for grazing or cultivation without preparatory action going beyond the use of usual agricultural methods and machinery and are eligible for financial support.


Fresh vegetables (including melons) and strawberries

All brassicas, leafy and stalked vegetables, vegetables cultivated for fruit, root, tuber and bulb vegetables, fresh pulses, other vegetables harvested fresh (not dry) and strawberries. It refers to both vegetables and strawberries grown on arable land outdoor in rotation with other agricultural or horticultural crops and to those grown under glass or high accessible cover.

Fresh vegetables (including melons)

All brassicas, leafy and stalked vegetables, vegetables cultivated for fruit, root, tuber and bulb vegetables, fresh pulses and other vegetables harvested fresh (not dry).

Brassicas

All brassicas cultivated for leaves, stalks, inflorence, buds as well as root and tuber vegetables, harvested fresh (not dry).

Cauliflower and broccoli

Includes Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. convar. Botrytis (L.)), Broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis subvar. cymos), Broccoflower (green variety of cauliflower), Broccolini, Chinese broccoli, Chinese kale or kailaan (hybrid of broccoli and gai lan (Brassica oleracea L. var. alboglabra)), Romanesco broccoli (Brassica oleracea convar. Botrytis var. botrytis).

Brussels sprouts

Brassica oleracea L. var. Gemmifera DC.

Cabbages

Includes White cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. oleracea), Pointed cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. convar. capitata Alef. var. alba DC), Red cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. convar. capitata Alef. var. capitata L. f. rubra), Savoy cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. convar. capitata Alef. var. sabauda L.).

Other brassicas n.e.c.

All other brassicas not elsewhere classified.

Leafy and stalked vegetables (excluding brassicas)

All leafy or stalked vegetables (except brassicas): leeks, celery, lettuces, endives, spinach, asparagus, chicory, artichokes and other leafy or stalked vegetables.

Leeks

Allium porrum L. and other species of the Allium family grown for similar qualities.

Celery

Apium graveolens var. Dulce (Mill.) Pers.

Lettuces

Lactuca spp.

Endives

Endives (Cichorium endivia L. var. crispum Lam.) and scarole (Cichorium endivia L. var. latifolium Lam.).

Spinach

Spinacia oleracea L.

Asparagus

Asparagus officinalis L.

Chicory

Varieties of chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) for salad and for processing of inulin or coffee.

Artichokes

Cynara scolymus L.

Other leafy or stalked vegetables n.e.c.

Other leafy and stalked vegetables not elsewhere classified.

Vegetables cultivated for fruit (including melons)

All vegetables cultivated for fruit: tomatoes, cucumbers, gherkins, eggplants, courgettes and marrows, gourds and pumpkins, musk- and watermelons, peppers (Capsicum spp.) and other vegetables cultivated for fruit.

Tomatoes

All tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicon L. Syn. Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H. Karst. Syn. Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.).

Cucumbers & gherkins

Cucumbers (Cucumis sativus L.), including the specific cultivars generally used for pickled cucumber (gherkins). West Indian burr gherkins and gherkins (Cucumis anguria L.) are included.

Eggplants

Solanum melongena L.

Courgettes and marrows

Varieties of courgettes and marrows (Cucurbita pepo L. ssp. Pepo).

Gourds and pumpkins

Varieties of gourds (Cucurbita moschata Duchesne) and pumpkins (Curcubita maxima spp.) intended for human consumption.

Muskmelons

Cucumis melo L.

Watermelons

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai.

Peppers (capsicum)

All bell (sweet) peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) and chili peppers (Capsicum frutescens L.).

Other vegetables cultivated for fruit n.e.c.

Other vegetables cultivated for fruit for human consumption, not elsewhere classified.

Root, tuber and bulb vegetables

All root, tuber and bulb vegetables: carrots, onions, shallots, beetroot, celeriac, radishes, garlic and other root, tuber and bulb vegetables.

Carrots

Daucus carota L. ssp. sativus (Hoffm.) Hayek.

Onions and shallots

Common onion (Allium cepa L.), broadleaf wild leek (Allium ampeloprasum L.), bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L.) and shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.) and other species of the Allium family grown for similar qualities.

Beetroot

Beta vulgaris L. var. conditiva Alef.

Celeriac

Apium graveolens L. var. rapaceum.

Radishes

All radishes (Raphanus sativus L.), which are harvested and used as vegetables.

Garlic

Allium sativum L.

Other root, tuber and bulb vegetables n.e.c

Root, tuber and bulb vegetables for human consumption, not elsewhere classified.

Fresh pulses

All fresh pulses, such as peas, beans and other fresh pulses for human consumption.

Fresh peas

All peas (Pisum sativum L. (partim)) harvested fresh for human consumption.

Fresh beans

Common beans and runner beans (Phaseolus spp.) and mung beans, cowpeas and black gram beans (Vigna spp.) harvested fresh for human consumption.

Other fresh pulses n.e.c.

Fresh pulses for human consumption not elsewhere classified.

Other fresh vegetables n.e.c.

All other fresh vegetables for human consumption not elsewhere classified.

Strawberries

Fragaria spp.

Flowers and ornamental plants (excluding nurseries)

All flowers and ornamental plants intended to be sold as cut flowers, as potted, bedding and balcony flowers and plants and as bulb and corm flowers and other ornamental plants.

Cultivated mushrooms

Cultivated mushrooms grown in buildings, which have been specially erected or adapted for that purpose, as well as in underground premises, caves and cellars.

Champignons

Table mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus L.).

Other cultivated mushrooms n.e.c.

Other cultivated mushrooms not elsewhere classified.


Permanent crops

All fruit trees, all citrus fruit trees, all nut trees, all berry plantations, all vineyards, all olive trees and all other permanent crops used for human consumption (e.g. tea, coffee or carobs) and for other purposes (e.g. nurseries, Christmas trees or plants for plaiting and weaving such as rattan or bamboo).

Permanent crops for human consumption

All fruit trees, all citrus fruit trees, all nut trees, all berry plantations, all vineyards, all olive trees and all other permanent crops used for human consumption (e.g. tea, coffee or carobs).

Fruits, berries and nuts (excluding citrus fruits, grapes and strawberries)

Orchards of pome fruits, stone fruits, berries, nuts and fruits from tropical and subtropical climate zones.

Fruits from temperate climate zones

Orchards of pome fruits, stone fruits, berries and nuts, excluding fruits from tropical and subtropical climate zones.

Pome fruits

All pome fruits such as apples (Malus spp.), pears (Pyrus spp.), quinces (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) or medlars (Mespilus germanica, L.).

Apples

Malus pumila Miller syn. Malus domestica (Borkh.) Borkh.

Pears

Pyrus communis L.

Other pome fruits n.e.c.

Pome fruits not elsewhere classified.

Stone fruits

Stone fruits, such as peaches and nectarines (Prunus persica (L.) Batch), apricots (Prunus armeniaca L. and others), sweet and sour cherries (Prunus avium L., P. cerasus), plums (Prunus domestica L. and others) and other stone fruits not elsewhere classified such as. blackthorn/sloe (Prunus spinosa L.) or loquats/Japanese medlar (Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.).

Peaches

Prunus persica (L.) Batch.

Nectarines

Prunus persica (L.) Batsch. var. nucipersica.

Apricots

Prunus armeniaca L.

Cherries

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium L.) and sour cherries (Prunus cerasus L.)

Sweet cherries

Prunus avium L.

Sour cherries

Prunus cerasus L.

Plums

Prunus domestica L.

Other stone fruits n.e.c.

Stone fruits not elsewhere classified.

Fruits from subtropical and tropical climate zones

All fruits from subtropical and tropical climate zones such as figs (Ficus carica L.), kiwis (Actinidia chinensis Planch.), avocados (Persea americana Mill.) and bananas (Musa spp.).

Figs

Ficus carica L.

Kiwis

Actinidia chinensis Planch.

Avocados

Persea americana Mill.

Bananas

Musa spp.

Other fruits from subtropical and tropical climate zones n.e.c.

Fruits from subtropical and tropical climate zones not elsewhere classified.

Berries (excluding strawberries)

All cultivated berries such as blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum L.), redcurrants (Ribes rubrum L.), raspberries (Rubus idaeus L.) and blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.).

Blackcurrants

Ribes nigrum L.

Red currants

Ribes rubrum L., including also the white variant.

Raspberries

Rubus idaeus L.

Blueberries

Vaccinium corymbosum L.

Other berries n.e.c.

Other berries not elsewhere classified.

Nuts

All nut trees: walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, chestnuts and other nuts.

Walnuts

Juglans regia L.

Hazelnuts

Corylus avellana L.

Almonds

Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb.

Chestnuts

Castanea sativa Mill.

Other nuts n.e.c.

Nuts not elsewhere classified.

Citrus fruits

Citrus fruits (Citrus spp.): oranges, small citrus fruits, lemons, limes, pomelos, grapefruits and other citrus fruits.

Oranges

Oranges, including navel, white and blood varieties (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) and Bitter Oranges (Citrus aurantium L.).

Small citrus fruit

All small citrus fruits.

Clementines

Citrus x clementina.

Satsumas

Citrus unshiu var. owari, clausellina, planellina, etc.

Other small citrus fruits and mandarin hybrids n.e.c.

All other small citrus fruits not elsewhere classified.

Lemons and acid limes

Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f., C. jambhiri Lush., C. meyeri Yu. Tanaka, C. pseudolimon Tanaka or hybrids with one of these as parent.

Pomelos and grapefruits

Pomelos (Citrus maxima (Merr., Burm. f.)) and grapefruit (Citrus paradisi (Macfad.)).

Other citrus fruits n.e.c.

Citrus fruit not elsewhere classified.

Grapes

Vitis vinifera L., used for all purposes.

Grapes for wines

Grape varieties normally grown for the production of juice, must and/or wine.

Grapes for wines with protected designation of origin (PDO)

Grape varieties normally grown for the production of wines with a protected designation of origin which comply with the requirements of (i) Council Regulation (EC) No 491/20092 or, where applicable, the most recent legislation; and (ii) the corresponding national rules.

Grapes for wines with protected geographical indication (PGI)

Grape varieties normally grown for the production of wines with a protected geographical indication which comply with the requirements of (i) Regulation (EC) No 491/2009 or, where applicable, the most recent legislation; and (ii) the corresponding national rules.

Grapes for other wines n.e.c. (without PDO/PGI)

Grape varieties normally grown for the production of wines other than PDO and PGI wines.

Grapes for table use

Grape varieties normally grown for the production of fresh grapes.

Grapes for raisins

Grape varieties normally grown for the production of raisins.

Grapes for other purposes n.e.c.

Grape varieties for other purposes not elsewhere classified (not for wine, juice, must, table use or raisins).

Olives

Olive trees (Olea europaea L.) grown for the production of olives.

Olives for table use

Olive trees for the production of table olives.

Olives for oil

Olive trees for the production of olive oil.

Other permanent crops for human consumption n.e.c.

Permanent crops for human consumption not elsewhere classified.

Nurseries

Areas where young ligneous (woody) plants are grown in the open air for subsequent transplantation.

Other permanent crops

Permanent crops not elsewhere classified, plaiting and weaving plants (normally harvested every year) and trees planted as Christmas trees on the utilised agricultural area.

Crop balances

First level products

Products resulting from a first processing of an unprocessed (raw) crop product in its initial stage, such as flour.

Losses and wastage on agricultural holdings

Losses that occur after the harvest, i.e. in storage or when preparing for sale, e.g. sorting.

Imports intra-EU

The volume of intra-EU imports of the crop products.

Imports extra-EU

The volume of extra-EU imports of the crop products.

Opening stock

All crop products (cereals and oilseeds in grain equivalent) available on the farm or on the market at the beginning of the crop marketing year (1 July year N).

Closing stock

All crop products (cereals and oilseeds in grain equivalent) available in the stock at the end of the crop marketing year (30 June year N+1) which is equal to the opening stock of the next reference period.

Domestic uses

The total of all possible uses of crop products (excluding exports and final stock) in the reference area during the reference period.

Domestic uses – human consumption

Quantities of raw or processed crop products used for human consumption in the reference area and in the reference period, excluding quantities of oilseeds used for crushing for oils for human consumption.

Domestic uses – industrial use

The quantity of crop products used by the industry to produce industrial products other than those intended for human consumption, excluding quantities of oilseeds used for crushing for oils for human consumption.

Domestic uses – industrial bioethanol, other biofuel or biogas use

Quantities of crop products used by the industry to produce bioethanol or other biofuels or biogas.

Domestic uses – used whole for animal feed

Quantities of crop products (raw or processed) used for direct animal feed on the farm or by the feedingstuff industry, excluding byproducts from other industrial processes (e.g. oilseed cakes).

Domestic uses – seeds

Quantities of seeds used for sowing during the next production cycle.

Domestic uses – losses

Losses which occur during the use of crop products for human consumption, industrial use, animal feed and seeds.

Domestic uses – crushing

The quantities of oilseeds used for crushing (processing) in order to produce vegetable oils and cakes.

Crushing for oils – human consumption

The quantities of oilseeds used for crushing (processing) in order to produce vegetable oils for human consumption, excluding quantities used for human consumption without crushing.

Crushing for oils – biofuels

The quantities of oilseeds used for crushing (processing) in order to produce vegetable oils for industrial uses for biofuels.

Crushing for oils – other industrial use

The quantities of oilseeds used for crushing (processing) in order to produce vegetable oils for industrial uses other than for biofuels.

Exports intra-EU

The volume of intra-EU exports of the crop products.

Exports extra-EU

The volume of extra-EU exports of the crop products.

Grasslands and grazing

Grasslands

Agricultural areas covered by predominantly grass plants, to grow herbaceous fodder, forage or energy purpose crops, regardless of age.

Managed permanent grassland

Permanent grassland which is regularly (not necessarily annually) managed by reseeding, irrigated, fertilised, or treated with plant protection products as part of the farm long term management plans, including areas no longer used for production purposes and eligible for the payment of subsidies.

Fertilised permanent grassland

Managed permanent grassland which is regularly (not necessarily annually) fertilised with inorganic or organic fertilisers other than droppings of grazing livestock as part of the farm long term management plans.

Trees – shrubs cover (on grassland)

Grassland areas with a plant cover that consists of plant species with woody stems (trees and shrubs) excluding agroforestry areas and areas where agricultural and forestry activities take place in parallel (e.g. montado and dehesas).

Managed agro-forestry areas (on grassland)

Agroforestry is a particular type of land-use system and technology where woody perennials (trees, shrubs, etc.) are deliberately used on the same land management unit with agricultural crops and/or animals. Only agroforestry areas on grasslands are considered. Presence of trees and shrubs not belonging to an agroforestry system is excluded.

1

Regulation (EU) 2021/2115 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 2 December 2021 establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by Member States under the common agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013 and (EU) No 1307/2013 (OJ L 435, 6.12.2021, p. 1).

2

Council Regulation (EC) No 491/2009 of 25 May 2009 amending Regulation (EC) No 1234/2007 establishing a common organisation of agricultural markets and on specific provisions for certain agricultural products (Single CMO Regulation) (OJ L 154, 17.6.2009, p. 1).


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