EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32021R0663

Commission Regulation (EU) 2021/663 of 22 April 2021 amending Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for chlordecone in or on certain products (Text with EEA relevance)

C/2021/2661

OJ L 139, 23.4.2021, p. 148–160 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2021/663/oj

23.4.2021   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 139/148


COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) 2021/663

of 22 April 2021

amending Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards maximum residue levels for chlordecone in or on certain products

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 February 2005 on maximum residue levels of pesticides in or on food and feed of plant and animal origin and amending Council Directive 91/414/EEC (1), and in particular Article 14(1)(a) in conjunction with Article 16(1)(a) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

For chlordecone, maximum residue levels (MRLs) were set in Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

(2)

Regulation (EC) No 850/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) prohibited the placing on the market and use of plant protection products containing chlordecone. Residues of chlordecone are resulting from environmental contamination in soil due to the use of this persistent compound in the past.

(3)

On 12 July 2019, the French competent authorities notified to the Commission two emergency measures (3) (4), which had been taken at national level pursuant to Article 54 of Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council (5). Following the opinions (6) (7) of the French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), France had fixed national MRLs for chlordecone in bovine, ovine, caprine, porcine and poultry products at lower values than the ones currently applicable under Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, to ensure the protection of consumers in Guadeloupe and Martinique.

(4)

The Commission requested the European Food Safety Authority (‘the Authority’) to carry out a consumer exposure assessment in relation to the MRLs recommended by ANSES for chlordecone in products of animal origin.

(5)

The Authority submitted a scientific statement for chlordecone in certain products of animal origin (8) in accordance with Article 43 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. In that statement, the Authority concluded that the MRLs proposed in the opinions of ANSES for animal products, rounded according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guidelines on the MRL calculation, are acceptable with regard to consumer safety. Neither the lifetime nor the short-term exposure due to high consumption of the relevant products showed that there is a risk that the acceptable daily intake or the acute reference dose is exceeded. The MRLs for chlordecone should be set as temporary in Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. Those MRLs will be reviewed; the review will take into account the information available within 10 years from the publication of this Regulation.

(6)

Through the World Trade Organisation, the trading partners of the Union were consulted on the new MRLs and their comments have been taken into account.

(7)

Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(8)

A reasonable period should be allowed to elapse before the modified MRLs become applicable in order to permit Member States, third countries and food business operators to prepare themselves to meet the new requirements which will result from the modification of the MRLs.

(9)

The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed,

HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 is amended in accordance with the Annex to this Regulation.

Article 2

This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 13 November 2021.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Brussels, 22 April 2021.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)  OJ L 70, 16.3.2005, p. 1.

(2)  Regulation (EC) No 850/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on persistent organic pollutants and amending Directive 79/117/EEC (OJ L 158, 30.4.2004, p. 7).

(3)  Arrêté du 25 janvier 2019 modifiant l’arrêté du 30 juin 2008 relatif aux limites maximales applicables aux résidus de chlordécone que ne doivent pas dépasser certaines denrées alimentaires d’origine végétale et animale pour être reconnues propres à la consommation humaine (NOR: AGRG1901040A).

(4)  Arrêté du 23 mai 2019 modifiant l’arrêté du 25 janvier 2019 relatif aux limites maximales applicables aux résidus de chlordécone que ne doivent pas dépasser certaines denrées alimentaires d’origine végétale et animale pour être reconnues propres à la consommation humaine (NOR: AGRG1913466A).

(5)  Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety (OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1).

(6)  Note d’appui scientifique et technique de l’Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail relative à la fixation d’une limite maximale de résidus de chlordécone dans la graisse pour les denrées carnées (2018-SA-0202).

(7)  Avis de l’Agence nationale de sécurité sanitaire de l’alimentation, de l’environnement et du travail relatif à la fixation d’une limite maximale de résidus de chlordécone dans les muscles et dans la graisse pour les denrées carnées (2018-SA-0265).

(8)  Statement on the dietary exposure assessment for the temporary maximum residue levels for chlordecone in certain products of animal origin. EFSA Journal 2020;18(3):6052.


ANNEX

In Part A of Annex III to Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the column for chlordecone is replaced by the following:

Pesticide residues and maximum residue levels (mg/kg)

Code number

Groups and examples of individual products to which the MRLs apply (1)

Chlordecone (F)

(1)

(2)

(3)

0100000

FRUITS, FRESH or FROZEN; TREE NUTS

 

0110000

Citrus fruits

0,02

0110010

Grapefruits

 

0110020

Oranges

 

0110030

Lemons

 

0110040

Limes

 

0110050

Mandarins

 

0110990

Others (2)

 

0120000

Tree nuts

 

0120010

Almonds

0,01 (*1)

0120020

Brazil nuts

0,02

0120030

Cashew nuts

0,02

0120040

Chestnuts

0,01 (*1)

0120050

Coconuts

0,02

0120060

Hazelnuts/cobnuts

0,01 (*1)

0120070

Macadamias

0,01 (*1)

0120080

Pecans

0,01 (*1)

0120090

Pine nut kernels

0,01 (*1)

0120100

Pistachios

0,01 (*1)

0120110

Walnuts

0,01 (*1)

0120990

Others (2)

0,01 (*1)

0130000

Pome fruits

0,01 (*1)

0130010

Apples

 

0130020

Pears

 

0130030

Quinces

 

0130040

Medlars

 

0130050

Loquats/Japanese medlars

 

0130990

Others (2)

 

0140000

Stone fruits

0,01 (*1)

0140010

Apricots

 

0140020

Cherries (sweet)

 

0140030

Peaches

 

0140040

Plums

 

0140990

Others (2)

 

0150000

Berries and small fruits

 

0151000

(a)

grapes

 

0151010

Table grapes

0,02

0151020

Wine grapes

0,01 (*1)

0152000

(b)

strawberries

0,02

0153000

(c)

cane fruits

0,01 (*1)

0153010

Blackberries

 

0153020

Dewberries

 

0153030

Raspberries (red and yellow)

 

0153990

Others (2)

 

0154000

(d)

other small fruits and berries

0,01 (*1)

0154010

Blueberries

 

0154020

Cranberries

 

0154030

Currants (black, red and white)

 

0154040

Gooseberries (green, red and yellow)

 

0154050

Rose hips

 

0154060

Mulberries (black and white)

 

0154070

Azaroles/Mediterranean medlars

 

0154080

Elderberries

 

0154990

Others (2)

 

0160000

Miscellaneous fruits with

0,02

0161000

(a)

edible peel

 

0161010

Dates

 

0161020

Figs

 

0161030

Table olives

 

0161040

Kumquats

 

0161050

Carambolas

 

0161060

Kaki/Japanese persimmons

 

0161070

Jambuls/jambolans

 

0161990

Others (2)

 

0162000

(b)

inedible peel, small

 

0162010

Kiwi fruits (green, red, yellow)

 

0162020

Litchis/lychees

 

0162030

Passionfruits/maracujas

 

0162040

Prickly pears/cactus fruits

 

0162050

Star apples/cainitos

 

0162060

American persimmons/Virginia kaki

 

0162990

Others (2)

 

0163000

(c)

inedible peel, large

 

0163010

Avocados

 

0163020

Bananas

 

0163030

Mangoes

 

0163040

Papayas

 

0163050

Granate apples/pomegranates

 

0163060

Cherimoyas

 

0163070

Guavas

 

0163080

Pineapples

 

0163090

Breadfruits

 

0163100

Durians

 

0163110

Soursops/guanabanas

 

0163990

Others (2)

 

0200000

VEGETABLES, FRESH or FROZEN

 

0210000

Root and tuber vegetables

0,02

0211000

(a)

potatoes

 

0212000

(b)

tropical root and tuber vegetables

 

0212010

Cassava roots/manioc

 

0212020

Sweet potatoes

 

0212030

Yams

 

0212040

Arrowroots

 

0212990

Others (2)

 

0213000

(c)

other root and tuber vegetables except sugar beets

 

0213010

Beetroots

 

0213020

Carrots

 

0213030

Celeriacs/turnip rooted celeries

 

0213040

Horseradishes

 

0213050

Jerusalem artichokes

 

0213060

Parsnips

 

0213070

Parsley roots/Hamburg roots parsley

 

0213080

Radishes

 

0213090

Salsifies

 

0213100

Swedes/rutabagas

 

0213110

Turnips

 

0213990

Others (2)

 

0220000

Bulb vegetables

0,02

0220010

Garlic

 

0220020

Onions

 

0220030

Shallots

 

0220040

Spring onions/green onions and Welsh onions

 

0220990

Others (2)

 

0230000

Fruiting vegetables

0,02

0231000

(a)

Solanaceae and Malvaceae

 

0231010

Tomatoes

 

0231020

Sweet peppers/bell peppers

 

0231030

Aubergines/eggplants

 

0231040

Okra/lady's fingers

 

0231990

Others (2)

 

0232000

(b)

cucurbits with edible peel

 

0232010

Cucumbers

 

0232020

Gherkins

 

0232030

Courgettes

 

0232990

Others (2)

 

0233000

(c)

cucurbits with inedible peel

 

0233010

Melons

 

0233020

Pumpkins

 

0233030

Watermelons

 

0233990

Others (2)

 

0234000

(d)

sweet corn

 

0239000

(e)

other fruiting vegetables

 

0240000

Brassica vegetables(excluding brassica roots and brassica baby leaf crops)

0,02

0241000

(a)

flowering brassica

 

0241010

Broccoli

 

0241020

Cauliflowers

 

0241990

Others (2)

 

0242000

(b)

head brassica

 

0242010

Brussels sprouts

 

0242020

Head cabbages

 

0242990

Others (2)

 

0243000

(c)

leafy brassica

 

0243010

Chinese cabbages/pe-tsai

 

0243020

Kales

 

0243990

Others (2)

 

0244000

(d)

kohlrabies

 

0250000

Leaf vegetables, herbs and edible flowers

 

0251000

(a)

lettuces and salad plants

0,02

0251010

Lamb's lettuces/corn salads

 

0251020

Lettuces

 

0251030

Escaroles/broad-leaved endives

 

0251040

Cresses and other sprouts and shoots

 

0251050

Land cresses

 

0251060

Roman rocket/rucola

 

0251070

Red mustards

 

0251080

Baby leaf crops (including brassica species)

 

0251990

Others (2)

 

0252000

(b)

spinaches and similar leaves

0,02

0252010

Spinaches

 

0252020

Purslanes

 

0252030

Chards/beet leaves

 

0252990

Others (2)

 

0253000

(c)

grape leaves and similar species

0,01 (*1)

0254000

(d)

watercresses

0,02

0255000

(e)

witloofs/Belgian endives

0,01 (*1)

0256000

(f)

herbs and edible flowers

0,02

0256010

Chervil

 

0256020

Chives

 

0256030

Celery leaves

 

0256040

Parsley

 

0256050

Sage

 

0256060

Rosemary

 

0256070

Thyme

 

0256080

Basil and edible flowers

 

0256090

Laurel/bay leaves

 

0256100

Tarragon

 

0256990

Others (2)

 

0260000

Legume vegetables

0,02

0260010

Beans (with pods)

 

0260020

Beans (without pods)

 

0260030

Peas (with pods)

 

0260040

Peas (without pods)

 

0260050

Lentils

 

0260990

Others (2)

 

0270000

Stem vegetables

0,02

0270010

Asparagus

 

0270020

Cardoons

 

0270030

Celeries

 

0270040

Florence fennels

 

0270050

Globe artichokes

 

0270060

Leeks

 

0270070

Rhubarbs

 

0270080

Bamboo shoots

 

0270090

Palm hearts

 

0270990

Others (2)

 

0280000

Fungi, mosses and lichens

 

0280010

Cultivated fungi

0,01 (*1)

0280020

Wild fungi

0,02

0280990

Mosses and lichens

0,01 (*1)

0290000

Algae and prokaryotes organisms

0,01 (*1)

0300000

PULSES

 

0300010

Beans

0,02

0300020

Lentils

0,02

0300030

Peas

0,01 (*1)

0300040

Lupins/lupini beans

0,01 (*1)

0300990

Others (2)

0,01 (*1)

0400000

OILSEEDS AND OIL FRUITS

 

0401000

Oilseeds

 

0401010

Linseeds

0,01 (*1)

0401020

Peanuts/groundnuts

0,02

0401030

Poppy seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401040

Sesame seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401050

Sunflower seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401060

Rapeseeds/canola seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401070

Soyabeans

0,02

0401080

Mustard seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401090

Cotton seeds

0,02

0401100

Pumpkin seeds

0,02

0401110

Safflower seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401120

Borage seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401130

Gold of pleasure seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401140

Hemp seeds

0,01 (*1)

0401150

Castor beans

0,02

0401990

Others (2)

0,01 (*1)

0402000

Oil fruits

 

0402010

Olives for oil production

0,01 (*1)

0402020

Oil palms kernels

0,01 (*1)

0402030

Oil palms fruits

0,02

0402040

Kapok

0,02

0402990

Others (2)

0,01 (*1)

0500000

CEREALS

 

0500010

Barley

0,01 (*1)

0500020

Buckwheat and other pseudocereals

0,01 (*1)

0500030

Maize/corn

0,02

0500040

Common millet/proso millet

0,02

0500050

Oat

0,01 (*1)

0500060

Rice

0,01 (*1)

0500070

Rye

0,01 (*1)

0500080

Sorghum

0,01 (*1)

0500090

Wheat

0,01 (*1)

0500990

Others (2)

0,01 (*1)

0600000

TEAS, COFFEE, HERBAL INFUSIONS, COCOA AND CAROBS

0,02

0610000

Teas

 

0620000

Coffee beans

 

0630000

Herbal infusions from

 

0631000

(a)

flowers

 

0631010

Chamomile

 

0631020

Hibiscus/roselle

 

0631030

Rose

 

0631040

Jasmine

 

0631050

Lime/linden

 

0631990

Others (2)

 

0632000

(b)

leaves and herbs

 

0632010

Strawberry

 

0632020

Rooibos

 

0632030

Mate/maté

 

0632990

Others (2)

 

0633000

(c)

roots

 

0633010

Valerian

 

0633020

Ginseng

 

0633990

Others (2)

 

0639000

(d)

any other parts of the plant

 

0640000

Cocoa beans

 

0650000

Carobs/Saint John's breads

 

0700000

HOPS

0,02

0800000

SPICES

0,02

0810000

Seed spices

 

0810010

Anise/aniseed

 

0810020

Black caraway/black cumin

 

0810030

Celery

 

0810040

Coriander

 

0810050

Cumin

 

0810060

Dill

 

0810070

Fennel

 

0810080

Fenugreek

 

0810090

Nutmeg

 

0810990

Others (2)

 

0820000

Fruit spices

 

0820010

Allspice/pimento

 

0820020

Sichuan pepper

 

0820030

Caraway

 

0820040

Cardamom

 

0820050

Juniper berry

 

0820060

Peppercorn (black, green and white)

 

0820070

Vanilla

 

0820080

Tamarind

 

0820990

Others (2)

 

0830000

Bark spices

 

0830010

Cinnamon

 

0830990

Others (2)

 

0840000

Root and rhizome spices

 

0840010

Liquorice

 

0840020

Ginger (10)

 

0840030

Turmeric/curcuma

 

0840040

Horseradish (11)

 

0840990

Others (2)

 

0850000

Bud spices

 

0850010

Cloves

 

0850020

Capers

 

0850990

Others (2)

 

0860000

Flower pistil spices

 

0860010

Saffron

 

0860990

Others (2)

 

0870000

Aril spices

 

0870010

Mace

 

0870990

Others (2)

 

0900000

SUGAR PLANTS

 

0900010

Sugar beet roots

0,01 (*1)

0900020

Sugar canes

0,02

0900030

Chicory roots

0,01 (*1)

0900990

Others (2)

0,01 (*1)

1000000

PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN -TERRESTRIAL ANIMALS

 

1010000

Commodities from

(+)

1011000

(a)

swine

0,02

1011010

Muscle

 

1011020

Fat

 

1011030

Liver

 

1011040

Kidney

 

1011050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1011990

Others (2)

 

1012000

(b)

bovine

 

1012010

Muscle

0,02

1012020

Fat

0,03

1012030

Liver

0,02

1012040

Kidney

0,02

1012050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

0,02

1012990

Others (2)

0,02

1013000

(c)

sheep

0,02

1013010

Muscle

 

1013020

Fat

 

1013030

Liver

 

1013040

Kidney

 

1013050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1013990

Others (2)

 

1014000

d)

goat

0,02

1014010

Muscle

 

1014020

Fat

 

1014030

Liver

 

1014040

Kidney

 

1014050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1014990

Others (2)

 

1015000

(e)

equine

0,02

1015010

Muscle

 

1015020

Fat

 

1015030

Liver

 

1015040

Kidney

 

1015050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1015990

Others (2)

 

1016000

(f)

poultry

0,02

1016010

Muscle

 

1016020

Fat

 

1016030

Liver

 

1016040

Kidney

 

1016050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1016990

Others (2)

 

1017000

(g)

other farmed terrestrial animals

0,02

1017010

Muscle

 

1017020

Fat

 

1017030

Liver

 

1017040

Kidney

 

1017050

Edible offals (other than liver and kidney)

 

1017990

Others (2)

 

1020000

Milk

0,02

1020010

Cattle

 

1020020

Sheep

 

1020030

Goat

 

1020040

Horse

 

1020990

Others (2)

 

1030000

Birds eggs

0,02

1030010

Chicken

 

1030020

Duck

 

1030030

Geese

 

1030040

Quail

 

1030990

Others (2)

 

1040000

Honey and other apiculture products (7)

0,02

1050000

Amphibians and Reptiles

0,02

1060000

Terrestrial invertebrate animals

0,02

1070000

Wild terrestrial vertebrate animals

0,02

1100000

PRODUCTS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN - FISH, FISHPRODUCTS AND ANY OTHER MARINE AND FRESHWATER FOOD PRODUCTS (8)

 

1200000

PRODUCTS OR PART OF PRODUCTS EXCLUSIVELY USED FOR ANIMAL FEED PRODUCTION (8)

 

1300000

PROCESSED FOOD PRODUCTS (9)

 

(F) = Fat soluble

Chlordecone (F)

(+)

Monitoring data show that an unavoidable cross-contamination occurs. When re-viewing the MRL, the Commission will take into account the information available within 10 years from the date of publication.

1010000 Commodities from

1011000 (a) swine

1012000 (b) bovine

1013000 (c) sheep

1014000 d) goat

1015000 (e) equine

1016000 (f) poultry

1017000 (g) other farmed terrestrial animals


(*1)  Limit of analytical determination

(1)  For the complete list of products of plant and animal origin to which MRLs apply, reference should be made to Annex I.


Top