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Document 32019R0288

Regulation (EU) 2019/288 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 February 2019 amending Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013 and (EU) No 1307/2013 as regards certain rules on direct payments and support for rural development in respect of the years 2019 and 2020

PE/3/2019/REV/1

OJ L 53, 22.2.2019, p. 14–16 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2019/288/oj

22.2.2019   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 53/14


REGULATION (EU) 2019/288 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 13 February 2019

amending Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013 and (EU) No 1307/2013 as regards certain rules on direct payments and support for rural development in respect of the years 2019 and 2020

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 42 and Article 43(2) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

After consulting the European Economic and Social Committee,

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (1),

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) is the current legal framework for support for rural development. It provides for support to areas facing natural constraints, other than mountain areas. Taking into account the extension to 2019 of the deadline for the new delimitation of areas facing natural constraints other than mountain areas through Regulation (EU) 2017/2393 of the European Parliament and of the Council (3) and the shorter adaptation period for farmers who will no longer be eligible for payments, degressive transitional payments that only start in 2019 should start at no more than 80 % of the average payments fixed in the 2014–2020 programming period. The payment level should be established in such a way that the end-level in 2020 is half of the starting level.

(2)

In order to provide assistance to Member States and stakeholders for the timely preparation of the future common agricultural policy (CAP) and to ensure a smooth passage to the next programming period, it should be clarified that it is possible to finance activities linked to the preparation of the future CAP through technical assistance at the initiative of the Commission.

(3)

Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (4) is the current legal framework for direct payments. While most of its provisions can apply for as long as that Regulation remains in force, other provisions explicitly refer to the calendar years 2015 to 2019 covered by the Multiannual Financial Framework 2014-2020. For some other provisions, their applicability beyond the calendar year 2019 was not explicitly envisaged. In June 2018, the Commission submitted a proposal for a new Regulation to replace Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013, but only from 1 January 2021. Therefore, it is appropriate to proceed to some technical adjustments of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 so that it can be smoothly applied in the calendar year 2020.

(4)

The obligation set out in Article 11 of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 to reduce the part of the amount of direct payments to be granted to a farmer for a given calendar year exceeding EUR 150 000 continues to apply for as long as that Regulation is in force. However, that Article only lays down an obligation for Member States to notify their decisions and the estimated product of that reduction for the years 2015 to 2019. With a view to ensuring a continuation of the existing system, Member States should also notify their decisions concerning the year 2020 and the estimated product of reduction for that year.

(5)

Flexibility between pillars is an optional transfer of funds between direct payments and rural development. Under Article 14 of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013, Member States may make use of this flexibility as regards the calendar years 2014 to 2019. In order to ensure that Member States are able to keep their own strategy, the flexibility between pillars should be made available also for the calendar year 2020, corresponding to financial year 2021.

(6)

As a consequence of the amendment of Article 14 of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 in respect of the calendar year 2020, it is appropriate to adjust the references to that Article in the context of the obligation of the Member States to linearly reduce or increase the value of the payment entitlements due to fluctuations in the annual national ceiling resulting from their notifications of the application of flexibility between pillars.

(7)

Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013 and (EU) No 1307/2013 should therefore be amended accordingly.

(8)

In order to promptly provide the necessary flexibility to the Member States and to ensure the continuity of rural development policy in the final years of the 2014-2020 programming period, it was considered to be appropriate to provide for an exception to the eight-week period referred to in Article 4 of Protocol No 1 on the role of national Parliaments in the European Union, annexed to the Treaty on European Union, to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and to the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community.

(9)

In order to promptly provide the necessary flexibility to the Member States and to ensure the continuity of rural development policy in the final years of the 2014-2020 programming period, this Regulation should apply from 1 March 2019,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

Article 1

Amendments to Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013

Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 is amended as follows:

(1)

in Article 31(5), the following subparagraph is inserted after the first subparagraph:

‘By way of derogation from the first subparagraph, where degressive payments start only in the year 2019, those payments shall start at no more than 80 % of the average payment fixed in the 2014-2020 programming period. The payment level shall be established in such a way that the end-level in 2020 is half of the starting level.’;

(2)

in Article 51(1), the following subparagraph is inserted after the first subparagraph:

‘The EAFRD may finance activities preparing for the implementation of the CAP in the subsequent programming period.’.

Article 2

Amendments to Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013

Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 is amended as follows:

(1)

in Article 7, paragraph 2 is replaced by the following:

‘2.   For each Member State and for each calendar year, the estimated product of the reduction of payments referred to in Article 11 (which is reflected by the difference between the national ceiling set out in Annex II, to which is added the amount available in accordance with Article 58, and the net ceiling set out in Annex III) shall be made available as Union support financed under the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD).’;

(2)

in Article 11(6), the following subparagraph is added:

‘For the year 2020, Member States shall notify the Commission of the decisions taken in accordance with this Article and of any estimated product of reductions by 31 December 2019.’;

(3)

Article 14 is amended as follows:

(a)

in paragraph 1, the following subparagraph is added:

‘By 31 December 2019, Member States may decide to make available, as additional support financed under the EAFRD in financial year 2021, up to 15 % of their annual national ceilings for the calendar year 2020 set out in Annex II to this Regulation. As a result, the corresponding amount shall no longer be available for granting direct payments. That decision shall be notified to the Commission by 31 December 2019 and shall set out the percentage chosen.’;

(b)

in paragraph 2, the following subparagraph is added:

‘By 31 December 2019, Member States may decide to make available as direct payments up to 15 %, or in the case of Bulgaria, Estonia, Spain, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden up to 25 %, of the amount allocated to support financed under the EAFRD in financial year 2021 by Union legislation adopted after the adoption by the Council of the relevant Regulation pursuant to Article 312(2) TFEU. As a result, the corresponding amount shall no longer be available for support financed under the EAFRD. That decision shall be notified to the Commission by 31 December 2019 and shall set out the percentage chosen.’;

(4)

in Article 22, paragraph 5 is replaced by the following:

‘5.   If the ceiling for a Member State set by the Commission pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Article is different from that of the previous year as a result of any decision taken by that Member State in accordance with paragraph 3 of this Article, Article 14(1) or (2), Article 42(1), the second subparagraph of Article 49(1), the second subparagraph of Article 51(1), or Article 53, that Member State shall linearly reduce or increase the value of all payment entitlements in order to ensure compliance with paragraph 4 of this Article.’.

Article 3

Entry into force and application

This Regulation shall enter into force on the third day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

It shall apply from 1 March 2019.

This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.

Done at Strasbourg, 13 February 2019.

For the European Parliament

The President

A. TAJANI

For the Council

The President

G. CIAMBA


(1)  Position of the European Parliament of 31 January 2019 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and decision of the Council of 12 February 2019.

(2)  Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1698/2005 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 487).

(3)  Regulation (EU) 2017/2393 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 December 2017 amending Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD), (EU) No 1306/2013 on the financing, management and monitoring of the common agricultural policy, (EU) No 1307/2013 establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy, (EU) No 1308/2013 establishing a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products and (EU) No 652/2014 laying down provisions for the management of expenditure relating to the food chain, animal health and animal welfare, and relating to plant health and plant reproductive material (OJ L 350, 29.12.2017, p. 15).

(4)  Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 637/2008 and Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 608).


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