Accept Refuse

EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 42016X1723

Regulation No 48 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices [2016/1723]

OJ L 265, 30.9.2016, p. 125–242 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/1723/oj

30.9.2016   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 265/125


Only the original UN/ECE texts have legal effect under international public law. The status and date of entry into force of this Regulation should be checked in the latest version of the UN/ECE status document TRANS/WP.29/343, available at:

http://www.unece.org/trans/main/wp29/wp29wgs/wp29gen/wp29fdocstts.html

Regulation No 48 of the Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE) — Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices [2016/1723]

Incorporating all valid text up to:

Supplement 7 to the 06 series of amendments — Date of entry into force 8 October 2016

CONTENTS

REGULATION

1.

Scope

2.

Definitions

3.

Application for approval

4.

Approval

5.

General specifications

6.

Individual specifications

7.

Modifications and extensions of approval of the vehicle type or of the installation of its lighting and light-signalling devices

8.

Conformity of production

9.

Penalties for non-conformity of production

10.

Production definitively discontinued

11.

Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of Type Approval Authorities

12.

Transitional provisions

ANNEXES

1

Communication

2

Arrangements of approval marks

3

Examples of lamp surfaces, axes, centres of reference, and angles of geometric visibility

4

Visibility of a red lamp to the front and visibility of a white lamp to the rear

5

States of loading to be taken into consideration in determining variations in the vertical orientation of the dipped-beam headlamps

6

Measurement of the variation of dipped-beam inclination as a function of load

7

Indication of the downward inclination of the dipped-beam headlamps cut-off referred to in paragraph 6.2.6.1.1 and downward inclination of the front fog lamp cut-off referred to in paragraph 6.3.6.1.2 of this Regulation

8

The controls for the headlamp-levelling devices referred to in paragraph 6.2.6.2.2 of this Regulation

9

Control of conformity of production

10

Reserved

11

Visibility of conspicuity markings to the rear, front and side of a vehicle

12

Test drive

13

Automatic switching conditions dipped-beam headlamps

14

Observing area towards the apparent surface of manoeuvring and courtesy lamps

15

Gonio(photo)meter system used for the photometric measurements as defined in paragraph 2.34 of this Regulation

1.   SCOPE

This Regulation applies to vehicles of categories M, N, and to their trailers (category O) (1) with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices.

2.   DEFINITIONS

For the purpose of this Regulation:

2.1.   ‘Approval of a vehicle’ means the approval of a vehicle type with regard to the number and mode of installation of the lighting and light-signalling devices.

2.2.   ‘Vehicle type with regard to the installation of lighting and light-signalling devices’ means vehicles which do not differ in the essential respects mentioned in paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.4.

The following are likewise considered not to be ‘vehicles of a different type’: vehicles which differ within the meaning of paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.4, but not in such a way as to entail a change in the kind, number, positioning and geometric visibility of the lamps and the inclination of the dipped-beam prescribed for the vehicle type in question, and vehicles on which optional lamps are fitted or are absent:

2.2.1.

The dimension and the external shape of the vehicle;

2.2.2.

The number and positioning of the devices;

2.2.3.

The headlamp-levelling system;

2.2.4.

The suspension system.

2.3.   ‘Transverse plane’ means a vertical plane perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

2.4.   ‘Unladen vehicle’ means a vehicle without driver, crew, passengers and load, but with a full supply of fuel, spare wheel and the tools normally carried.

2.5.   ‘Laden vehicle’ means a vehicle loaded to its technically permissible maximum mass, as stated by the manufacturer, who shall also fix the distribution of this mass between the axles in accordance with the method described in Annex 5.

2.6.   ‘Device’ means an element or an assembly of elements used to perform one or more functions.

2.6.1.   ‘Lighting function’ means the light emitted by a device to illuminate the road and objects in the direction of vehicle movement.

2.6.2.   ‘Light-signalling function’ means the light emitted or reflected by a device to give to other road users visual information on the presence, identification and/or the change of movement of the vehicle.

2.7.   ‘Lamp’ means a device designed to illuminate the road or to emit a light signal to other road users. Rear registration plate lamps and retro-reflectors are likewise to be regarded as lamps. For the purpose of this Regulation, light-emitting rear registration plates and the service-door-lighting system according to the provisions of Regulation No 107 on vehicles of categories M2 and M3 are not considered as lamps.

2.7.1.   Light source

2.7.1.1.   ‘Light source’ means one or more elements for visible radiation, which may be assembled with one or more transparent envelopes and with a base for mechanical and electrical connection.

2.7.1.1.1.   ‘Replaceable light source’ means a light source which is designed to be inserted in and removed from the holder of its device without tool.

2.7.1.1.2.   ‘Non-replaceable light source’ means a light source which can only be replaced by replacement of the device to which this light source is fixed.

(a)

In case of a light source module: a light source which can only be replaced by replacement of the light source module to which this light source is fixed;

(b)

In case of adaptive front-lighting systems (AFS): a light source which can only be replaced by replacement of the lighting unit to which this light source is fixed.

2.7.1.1.3.   ‘Light source module’ means an optical part of a device which is specific to that device. It contains one or more non-replaceable light sources and it may optionally contain one or more holders for approved replaceable light sources.

2.7.1.1.4.   ‘Filament light source’ (filament lamp) means a light source where the element for visible radiation is one or more heated filaments producing thermal radiation.

2.7.1.1.5.   ‘Gas-discharge light source’ means a light source where the element for visible radiation is a discharge arc producing electro-luminescence/fluorescence.

2.7.1.1.6.   ‘Light-emitting diode (LED) light source’ means a light source where the element for visible radiation is one or more solid state junctions producing injection-luminescence/fluorescence.

2.7.1.1.7.   ‘LED module’ means a light source module containing as light sources only LEDs. However it may optionally contain one or more holders for approved replaceable light sources.

2.7.1.2.   ‘Electronic light source control gear’ means one or more components between supply and light source, whether or not integrated with the light source or the applied lamp, to control voltage and/or electrical current of the light source.

2.7.1.2.1.   ‘Ballast’ means an electronic light source control gear between supply and light source, whether or not integrated with the light source or applied lamp, to stabilise the electrical current of a gas-discharge light source.

2.7.1.2.2.   ‘Ignitor’ means an electronic light source control gear to start the arc of a gas-discharge light source.

2.7.1.3.   ‘Variable intensity control’ means the device which automatically controls rear light-signalling devices producing variable luminous intensities to assure the unvarying perception of their signals. The variable intensity control is part of the lamp, or part of the vehicle, or split between the said lamp and the vehicle.

2.7.2.   ‘Equivalent lamps’ means lamps having the same function and authorized in the country in which the vehicle is registered; such lamps may have different characteristics from those installed on the vehicle when it is approved on condition that they satisfy the requirements of this Regulation.

2.7.3.   ‘Independent lamps’ means devices having separate apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis (2), separate light sources and separate lamp bodies.

2.7.4.   ‘Grouped lamps’ means devices having separate apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis (2) and separate light sources, but a common lamp body.

2.7.5.   ‘Combined lamps’ means devices having separate apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis (2), but a common light source and a common lamp body.

2.7.6.   ‘Reciprocally incorporated lamps’ means devices having separate light sources or a single light source operating under different conditions (for example, optical, mechanical, electrical differences), totally or partially common apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis (2) and a common lamp body (3).

2.7.7.   ‘Single-function lamp’ means a part of a device which performs a single lighting or light-signalling function.

2.7.8.   ‘Concealable lamp’ means a lamp capable of being partly or completely hidden when not in use. This result may be achieved by means of a movable cover, by displacement of the lamp or by any other suitable means. The term ‘retractable’ is used more particularly to describe a concealable lamp the displacement of which enables it to be inserted within the bodywork.

2.7.9.   ‘Driving-beam (main-beam) headlamp’ means the lamp used to illuminate the road over a long distance ahead of the vehicle.

2.7.10.   ‘Passing-beam (dipped-beam) headlamp’ means the lamp used to illuminate the road ahead of the vehicle without causing undue dazzle or discomfort to oncoming drivers and other road-users.

2.7.10.1.   ‘Principal passing-beam (principal dipped-beam)’ means the dipped-beam produced without the contribution of infrared (IR) emitter and/or additional light sources for bend lighting.

2.7.11.   ‘Direction-indicator lamp’ means the lamp used to indicate to other road-users that the driver intends to change direction to the right or to the left.

A direction-indicator lamp or lamps may also be used according to the provisions of Regulation No 97 or Regulation No 116.

2.7.12.   ‘Stop lamp’ means a lamp used to indicate to other road users to the rear of the vehicle that the longitudinal movement of the vehicle is intentionally retarded.

2.7.13.   ‘Rear-registration plate illuminating device’ means the device used to illuminate the space reserved for the rear registration plate; such a device may consist of several optical components.

2.7.14.   ‘Front position lamp’ means the lamp used to indicate the presence and the width of the vehicle when viewed from the front.

2.7.15.   ‘Rear position lamp’ means the lamp used to indicate the presence and width of the vehicle when viewed from the rear.

2.7.16.   ‘Retro-reflector’ means a device used to indicate the presence of a vehicle by the reflection of light emanating from a light source not connected to the vehicle, the observer being situated near the source.

For the purposes of this Regulation the following are not considered as retro-reflectors:

2.7.16.1.   Retro-reflecting number plates;

2.7.16.2.   The retro-reflecting signals mentioned in the ADR (European Agreement concerning the international carriage of dangerous goods by road);

2.7.16.3.   Other retro-reflective plates and signals which shall be used to comply with national requirements for use as regards certain categories of vehicles or certain methods of operation;

2.7.16.4.   Retro-reflecting materials approved as Class D or E or F according to UN Regulation No 104 and used for other purposes in compliance with national requirements.

2.7.17.   ‘Conspicuity marking’ means a device intended to increase the conspicuity of a vehicle, when viewed from the side or rear (or in the case of trailers, additionally from the front), by the reflection of light emanating from a light source not connected to the vehicle, the observer being situated near the source.

2.7.17.1.   ‘Contour marking’ means a conspicuity marking intended to indicate the horizontal and vertical dimensions (length, width and height) of a vehicle.

2.7.17.1.1.   ‘Full contour marking’ means a contour marking that indicates the outline of the vehicle by a continuous line.

2.7.17.1.2.   ‘Partial contour marking’ means a contour marking that indicates the horizontal dimension of the vehicle by a continuous line, and the vertical dimension by marking the upper corners.

2.7.17.2.   ‘Line marking’ means a conspicuity marking intended to indicate the horizontal dimensions (length and width) of a vehicle by a continuous line.

2.7.18.   ‘Hazard warning signal’ means the simultaneous operation of all of a vehicle's direction-indicator lamps to show that the vehicle temporarily constitutes a special danger to other road-users.

2.7.19.   ‘Front fog lamp’ means a lamp used to improve the illumination of the road ahead of the vehicle in case of fog or any similar condition of reduced visibility.

2.7.20.   ‘Rear fog lamp’ means a lamp used to make the vehicle more easily visible from the rear in dense fog.

2.7.21.   ‘Reversing lamp’ means the lamp used to illuminate the road to the rear of the vehicle and to warn other road-users that the vehicle is reversing or about to reverse.

2.7.22.   ‘Parking lamp’ means a lamp which is used to draw attention to the presence of a stationary vehicle in a built-up area. In such circumstances it replaces the front and rear position lamps.

2.7.23.   ‘End-outline marker lamp’ means the lamp fitted near to the extreme outer edge and as close as possible to the top of the vehicle and intended to indicate clearly the vehicle's overall width. This lamp is intended, for certain vehicles and trailers, to complement the vehicle's front and rear position lamps by drawing particular attention to its bulk.

2.7.24.   ‘Side marker lamp’ means a lamp used to indicate the presence of the vehicle when viewed from the side.

2.7.25.   ‘Daytime running lamp’ means a lamp facing in a forward direction used to make the vehicle more easily visible when driving during daytime.

2.7.26.   ‘Cornering lamp’ means a lamp used to provide supplementary illumination of that part of the road which is located near the forward corner of the vehicle at the side towards which the vehicle is going to turn.

2.7.27.   ‘Objective luminous flux’ means:

(a)

In the case of a light source:

The value of the objective luminous flux, not including any tolerances, as indicated in the relevant data sheet of the applicable light source Regulation according to which the light source is approved;

(b)

In the case of an LED module:

The value of the objective luminous flux as indicated in the technical specification submitted with the LED module for approval of the lamp of which the LED module is a part;

2.7.28.   ‘Adaptive front lighting system’ (or ‘AFS’) means a lighting device type-approved according to Regulation No 123, providing beams with differing characteristics for automatic adaptation to varying conditions of use of the dipped-beam (passing-beam) and, if it applies, the main-beam (driving-beam).

2.7.28.1.   ‘Lighting unit’ means a light-emitting component designed to provide or contribute to one or more front lighting function(s) provided by the AFS.

2.7.28.2.   ‘Installation unit’ means an indivisible housing (lamp body) which contains one or more lighting unit(s).

2.7.28.3.   ‘Lighting mode’ or ‘mode’ means a state of a front lighting function provided by the AFS, as specified by the manufacturer and intended for adaptation to specific vehicle and ambient conditions.

2.7.28.4.   ‘System control’ means that part(s) of the AFS receiving the AFS control signals from the vehicle and controlling the operation of the lighting units automatically.

2.7.28.5.   ‘AFS control signal’ (V, E, W, T) means the input to the AFS in accordance with the paragraph 6.22.7.4 of this Regulation.

2.7.28.6.   ‘Neutral state’ means the state of the AFS when a defined mode of the class C passing-beam (‘basic passing-beam’) or of the main beam in the maximum condition of activation, if any, is produced, and no AFS control signal applies.

2.7.28.7.   ‘Adaptive main-beam’ means a main-beam of the AFS that adapts its beam pattern to the presence of oncoming and preceding vehicles in order to improve the long-range visibility for the driver without causing discomfort, distraction or glare to other road users.

2.7.29.   ‘Exterior courtesy lamp’ means a lamp used to provide supplementary illumination to assist the entry and exit of the vehicle driver and passenger or in loading operations;

2.7.30.   ‘Interdependent lamp system’ means an assembly of two or three interdependent lamps providing the same function.

2.7.30.1.   ‘Interdependent lamp marked “Y”’ means a device operating as part of an interdependent lamp system. Interdependent lamps operate together when activated, have separate apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis and separate lamp bodies, and may have separate light source(s).

2.7.31.   ‘Manoeuvring lamp’ means a lamp used to provide supplementary illumination to the side of the vehicle to assist during slow manoeuvres.

2.7.32.   ‘Lamps marked “D”’ means independent lamps, approved as separate devices in such a way that they are allowed to be used either independently or in an assembly of two lamps to be considered as a ‘single lamp’.

2.8.   ‘Light emitting surface’ of a ‘lighting device’, ‘light-signalling device’ or a retro-reflector means the surface as declared in the request for approval by the manufacturer of the device on the drawing, see Annex 3 (see e.g. Parts 1 and 4).

This shall be declared according to one of the following conditions:

(a)

In the case where the outer lens is textured, the declared light emitting surface shall be all or part of the exterior surface of the outer lens;

(b)

In the case where the outer lens is non-textured the outer lens may be disregarded and the light emitting surface shall be as declared on the drawing, see Annex 3 (see e.g. Part 5).

2.8.1.   ‘Textured outer lens’ or ‘Textured outer lens area’ means all or part of an outer lens, designed to modify or influence the propagation of light from the light source(s), such that the light rays are significantly diverted from their original direction.

2.9.   ‘Illuminating surface’ (see Annex 3).

2.9.1.   ‘Illuminating surface of a lighting device’ (paragraphs 2.7.9, 2.7.10, 2.7.19, 2.7.21 and 2.7.26) means the orthogonal projection of the full aperture of the reflector, or in the case of headlamps with an ellipsoidal reflector of the ‘projection lens’, on a transverse plane. If the lighting device has no reflector, the definition of paragraph 2.9.2 shall be applied. If the light emitting surface of the lamp extends over part only of the full aperture of the reflector, then the projection of that part only is taken into account.

In the case of a dipped-beam headlamp, the illuminating surface is limited by the apparent trace of the cut-off on to the lens. If the reflector and lens are adjustable relative to one another, the mean adjustment should be used.

In the case of AFS being installed: where a lighting function is produced by two or more simultaneously operated lighting units on a given side of the vehicle, the individual illuminating surfaces, taken together, constitute the illuminating surface to be considered (for example, in the figure of paragraph 6.22.4 below, the individual illuminating surfaces of the lighting units 8, 9 and 11, regarded together and taking into account their respective location, constitute the illuminating surface to be considered for the right hand side of the vehicle).

2.9.2.   ‘Illuminating surface of a light-signalling device other than a retro-reflector’ (paragraphs 2.7.11 to 2.7.15, 2.7.18, 2.7.20 and 2.7.22 to 2.7.25) means the orthogonal projection of the lamp in a plane perpendicular to its axis of reference and in contact with the exterior light-emitting surface of the lamp, this projection being bounded by the edges of screens situated in this plane, each allowing only 98 per cent of the total luminous intensity of the light to persist in the direction of the axis of reference.

To determine the lower, upper and lateral limits of the illuminating surface only screens with horizontal or vertical edges shall be used to verify the distance to the extreme edges of the vehicle and the height above the ground.

For other applications of the illuminating surface, e.g. distance between two lamps or functions, the shape of the periphery of this illuminating surface shall be used. The screens shall remain parallel, but other orientations are allowed to be used.

In the case of a light-signalling device whose illuminating surface encloses either totally or partially the illuminating surface of another function or encloses a non-lighted surface, the illuminating surface may be considered to be the light emitting surface itself (see e.g. Annex 3, Parts 2, 3, 5 and 6).

2.9.3.   ‘Illuminating surface of a retro-reflector’ (paragraph 2.7.16) means, as declared by the applicant during the component approval procedure for the retro-reflectors, the orthogonal projection of a retro-reflector in a plane perpendicular to its axis of reference and delimited by planes contiguous to the declared outermost parts of the retro-reflectors' optical system and parallel to that axis. For the purposes of determining the lower, upper and lateral edges of the device, only horizontal and vertical planes shall be considered.

2.10.   The ‘apparent surface’ for a defined direction of observation means, at the request of the manufacturer or his duly accredited representative, the orthogonal projection of:

 

Either the boundary of the illuminating surface projected on the exterior surface of the lens;

 

Or the light-emitting surface;

 

Only in the case of a light-signalling device producing variable luminous intensities, its apparent surface that may be variable as specified in paragraph 2.7.1.3 shall be considered under all conditions permitted by the variable intensity control, if applicable.

In a plane perpendicular to the direction of observation and tangential to the most exterior point of the lens. Different examples of the application of apparent surface can be found in Annex 3 to this Regulation.

2.11.   ‘Axis of reference’ (or ‘reference axis’) means the characteristic axis of the lamp determined by the manufacturer (of the lamp) for use as the direction of reference (H = 0°, V = 0°) for angles of field for photometric measurements and for installing the lamp on the vehicle.

2.12.   ‘Centre of reference’ means the intersection of the axis of reference with the exterior light-emitting surface; it is specified by the manufacturer of the lamp.

2.13.   ‘Angles of geometric visibility’ means the angles which determine the field of the minimum solid angle in which the apparent surface of the lamp is visible. That field of the solid angle is determined by the segments of the sphere of which the centre coincides with the centre of reference of the lamp and the equator is parallel with the ground. These segments are determined in relation to the axis of reference. The horizontal angles ß correspond to the longitude and the vertical angles α to the latitude.

2.14.   ‘Extreme outer edge’ on either side of the vehicle, means the plane parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and touching its lateral outer edge, disregarding the projection:

2.14.1.

Of tyres near their point of contact with the ground, and of connections for tyre-pressure gauges;

2.14.2.

Of any anti-skid devices mounted on the wheels;

2.14.3.

Of devices for indirect vision;

2.14.4.

Of side direction-indicator lamps, end-outline marker lamps, front and rear position lamps, parking lamps, retro-reflectors and side-marker lamps.

2.14.5.

Of customs seals affixed to the vehicle, and of devices for securing and protecting such seals.

2.14.6.

Of service-door lighting systems on vehicles of categories M2 and M3 as specified in paragraph 2.7.

2.15.   ‘Overall dimensions’ means the distance between the two vertical planes defined in paragraph 2.14 above.

2.15.1.   ‘Overall width’ means the distance between the two vertical planes defined in paragraph 2.14 above.

2.15.2.   ‘Overall length’ means the distance between the two vertical planes perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and touching its front and rear outer edge, disregarding the projection:

(a)

Of devices for indirect vision;

(b)

Of end-outline marker lamps;

(c)

Of coupling devices, in the case of motor vehicles.

For trailers in the ‘overall length’ and in any measurement in length the drawbar shall be included, except when specifically excluded.

2.16.   ‘Single and multiple lamps’

2.16.1.   ‘A single lamp’ means:

(a)

A device or part of a device having one lighting or light-signalling function, one or more light source(s) and one apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis, which may be a continuous surface or composed of two or more distinct parts; or

(b)

Any assembly of two lamps marked ‘D’, whether identical or not, having the same function; or

(c)

Any assembly of two independent retro-reflectors, whether identical or not, that have been approved separately; or

(d)

Any interdependent lamp system composed of two or three interdependent lamps marked ‘Y’ approved together and providing the same function.

2.16.2.   ‘Two lamps’ or ‘an even number of lamps’ in the shape of a band or strip, means two lamps with a single light emitting surface, providing such a band or strip is placed symmetrically in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.

2.17.   ‘Distance between two lamps’ which face in the same direction means the shortest distance between the two apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis. Where the distance between the lamps clearly meets the requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of apparent surfaces need not be determined.

2.18.   ‘Operating tell-tale’ means a visual or auditory signal (or any equivalent signal) indicating that a device has been switched on and is operating correctly or not.

2.19.   ‘Closed-circuit tell-tale’ means a visual (or any equivalent signal) indicating that a device has been switched on, but not indicating whether it is operating correctly or not.

2.20.   ‘Optional lamp’ means a lamp, the installation of which is left to the discretion of the manufacturer.

2.21.   ‘Ground’ means the surface on which the vehicle stands which should be substantially horizontal.

2.22.   ‘Movable components’ of the vehicle mean those body panels or other vehicle parts the position(s) of which can be changed by tilting, rotating or sliding without the use of tools. They do not include tiltable driver cabs of trucks.

2.23.   ‘Normal position of use of a movable component’ means the position(s) of a movable component specified by the vehicle manufacturer for the normal condition of use and the park condition of the vehicle.

2.24.   ‘Normal condition of use of a vehicle’ means:

2.24.1.

For a motor vehicle, when the vehicle is ready to move with its propulsion engine running and its movable components in the normal position(s) as defined in paragraph 2.23;

2.24.2.

And for a trailer, when the trailer is connected to a drawing motor vehicle in the conditions as prescribed in paragraph 2.24.1 and its movable components are in the normal position(s) as defined in paragraph 2.23.

2.25.   ‘Park condition of a vehicle’ means:

2.25.1

For a motor vehicle, when the vehicle is at standstill and its propulsion engine is not running and its movable components are in the normal position(s) as defined in paragraph 2.23;

2.25.2.

And for a trailer, when the trailer is connected to a drawing motor vehicle in the condition as described in paragraph 2.25.1 and its movable components are in the normal position(s) as defined in paragraph 2.23.

2.26.   ‘Bend lighting’ means a lighting function to provide enhanced illumination in bends.

2.27.   ‘Pair’ means the set of lamps of the same function on the left- and right-hand side of the vehicle.

2.27.1.   ‘Matched pair’ means the set of lamps of the same function on the left- and right-hand side of the vehicle, which, as a pair, complies with the photometric requirements.

2.28.   ‘Emergency stop signal’ means a signal to indicate to other road users to the rear of the vehicle that a high retardation force has been applied to the vehicle relative to the prevailing road conditions.

2.29.   Colour of the light emitted from a device

2.29.1.   ‘White’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (4) of the light emitted that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

W12

green boundary

y = 0,150 + 0,640 x

W23

yellowish green boundary

y = 0,440

W34

yellow boundary

x = 0,500

W45

reddish purple boundary

y = 0,382

W56

purple boundary

y = 0,050 + 0,750 x

W61

blue boundary

x = 0,310

With intersection points:

 

x

y

W1

0,310

0,348

W2

0,453

0,440

W3

0,500

0,440

W4

0,500

0,382

W5

0,443

0,382

W6

0,310

0,283

2.29.2.   ‘Selective-yellow’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (5) of the light emitted that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

SY12

green boundary

y = 1,290 x – 0,100

SY23

the spectral locus

 

SY34

red boundary

y = 0,138 + 0,580 x

SY45

yellowish white boundary

y = 0,440

SY51

white boundary

y = 0,940 – x

With intersection points:

 

x

y

SY1

0,454

0,486

SY2

0,480

0,519

SY3

0,545

0,454

SY4

0,521

0,440

SY5

0,500

0,440

2.29.3.   ‘Amber’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (5) of the light emitted that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

A12

green boundary

y = x – 0,120

A23

the spectral locus

 

A34

red boundary

y = 0,390

A41

white boundary

y = 0,790 – 0,670 x

With intersection points:

 

x

y

A1

0,545

0,425

A2

0,560

0,440

A3

0,609

0,390

A4

0,597

0,390

2.29.4.   ‘Red’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (5) of the light emitted that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

R12

yellow boundary

y = 0,335

R23

the spectral locus

 

R34

the purple line

(its linear extension across the purple range of colours between the red and the blue extremities of the spectral locus).

R41

purple boundary:

y = 0,980 – x

With intersection points:

 

x

y

R1

0,645

0,335

R2

0,665

0,335

R3

0,735

0,265

R4

0,721

0,259

2.30.   Night-time Colour of the light retro-reflected from a device excluding retro-reflective tires according to Regulation No 88

2.30.1.   ‘White’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (6) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

W12

blue boundary:

y = 0,843 – 1,182 x

W23

purple boundary

y = 0,489 x + 0,146

W34

yellow boundary

y = 0,968 – 1,010 x

W41

green boundary

y = 1,442 x – 0,136

With intersection points:

 

x

y

W1

0,373

0,402

W2

0,417

0,350

W3

0,548

0,414

W4

0,450

0,513

2.30.2.   ‘Yellow’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (6) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

Y12

green boundary

y = x – 0,040

Y23

the spectral locus

 

Y34

red boundary

y = 0,200 x + 0,268

Y41

white boundary

y = 0,970 – x

With intersection points:

 

x

y

Y1

0,505

0,465

Y2

0,520

0,480

Y3

0,610

0,390

Y4

0,585

0,385

2.30.3.   ‘Amber’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (7) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

A12

green boundary

y = 1,417 x – 0,347

A23

the spectral locus

 

A34

red boundary

y = 0,390

A41

white boundary

y = 0,790 – 0,670 x

With intersection points:

 

x

y

A1

0,545

0,425

A2

0,557

0,442

A3

0,609

0,390

A4

0,597

0,390

2.30.4.   ‘Red’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (7) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

R12

yellow boundary

y = 0,335

R23

the spectral locus

 

R34

the purple line

 

R41

purple boundary

y = 0,978 – x

With intersection points:

 

x

y

R1

0,643

0,335

R2

0,665

0,335

R3

0,735

0,265

R4

0,720

0,258

2.31.   Daytime Colour of the light reflected from a device

2.31.1.   ‘White’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (7) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

W12

purple boundary

y = x – 0,030

W23

yellow boundary

y = 0,740 – x

W34

green boundary

y = x + 0,050

W41

blue boundary

y = 0,570 – x

With intersection points:

 

x

y

W1

0,300

0,270

W2

0,385

0,355

W3

0,345

0,395

W4

0,260

0,310

2.31.2.   ‘Yellow’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (8) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

Y12

red boundary

y = 0,534 x + 0,163

Y23

white boundary

y = 0,910 – x

Y34

green boundary

y =1,342 x – 0,090

Y41

the spectral locus

 

With intersection points:

 

x

y

Y1

0,545

0,454

Y2

0,487

0,423

Y3

0,427

0,483

Y4

0,465

0,534

2.31.3.   ‘Red’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (8) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

R12

red boundary

y = 0,346 – 0,053 x

R23

purple boundary

y = 0,910 – x

R34

yellow boundary

y = 0,350

R41

the spectral locus

 

With intersection points:

 

x

y

R1

0,690

0,310

R2

0,595

0,315

R3

0,560

0,350

R4

0,650

0,350

2.32.   Daytime Colour of the fluorescent a device

2.32.1.   ‘Red’ means the chromaticity coordinates (x,y) (9) of the light reflected that lie inside the chromaticity areas defined by the boundaries:

FR12

red boundary

y = 0,346 – 0,053 x

FR23

purple boundary

y = 0,910 – x

FR34

yellow boundary

y = 0,315 + 0,047 x

FR41

the spectral locus

 

With intersection points:

 

x

y

FR1

0,690

0,310

FR2

0,595

0,315

FR3

0,569

0,341

FR4

0,655

0,345

2.33.   ‘Rear-end collision alert signal (RECAS)’ means an automatic signal given by the leading vehicle to the following vehicle. It warns that the following vehicle needs to take emergency action to avoid a collision.

2.34.   ‘Gonio(photo)meter system (if not otherwise specified in a particular Regulation)’ means a system used for the photometric measurements specified by the angular coordinates in degrees on a sphere with a vertical polar axis according to CIE publication No 70, Vienna 1987, i.e. corresponding to a gonio(photo)meter system with a horizontal (‘elevation’) axis fixed to the ground and a second, moveable (‘rotation’) axis perpendicular to the fixed horizontal axis (see Annex 14 to this Regulation). Note: The above mentioned CIE publication specifies a procedure to correct the angular coordinates in the case where an alternative gonio(photo)meter system is used.

2.35.   ‘H plane’ means the horizontal plane containing the centre of reference of the lamp.

2.36.   ‘Sequential activation’ means an electrical connection where the individual light sources of a lamp are wired such that they are activated in a predetermined sequence.

3.   APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL

3.1.   The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the installation of its lighting and light-signalling devices shall be submitted by the manufacturer or his duly accredited representative.

3.2.   It shall be accompanied by the following documents and particulars in triplicate:

3.2.1.

A description of the vehicle type with regard to the items mentioned in paragraphs 2.2.1 to 2.2.4 above, together with the restrictions on loading, particularly the maximum permissible load in the boot;

3.2.2.

A list of the devices prescribed by the manufacturer for the lighting and light-signalling assembly. The list may include several types of device for each operation. Each type shall be duly identified (component, type-approval mark, name of manufacturer, etc.), in addition the list may include in respect of each function the additional annotation ‘or equivalent devices’;

3.2.3.

A layout drawing of the lighting and light-signalling equipment as a whole, showing the position of the various devices on the vehicle;

3.2.4.

If necessary, in order to verify the conformity to the prescriptions of the present Regulation, layout drawing(s) for each individual lamp showing the illuminating surface as defined in paragraph 2.9, the light-emitting surface as defined in paragraph 2.8, the axis of reference as defined in paragraph 2.11 and the centre of reference as defined in paragraph 2.12. This information is not necessary in the case of the rear registration plate lamp (paragraph 2.7.13);

3.2.5.

The application shall include a statement of the method used for the definition of the apparent surface (see paragraph 2.10).

3.2.6.

Where an AFS is fitted on the vehicle, the applicant shall submit a detailed description providing the following information:

3.2.6.1.

The lighting functions and modes for which the AFS has been approved;

3.2.6.2.

The related AFS control signals and their technical characteristics as defined according to Annex 10 to Regulation No 123;

3.2.6.3.

The provisions being applied to adapt automatically the front lighting functions and modes according to paragraph 6.22.7.4 of this Regulation;

3.2.6.4.

Special instruction, if any, for the inspection of the light sources and the visual observation of the beam;

3.2.6.5.

The documents according to paragraph 6.22.9.2 of this Regulation;

3.2.6.6.

The lamps that are grouped or combined with or reciprocally incorporated in the AFS;

3.2.6.7.

Lighting units which are designed to comply with the requirements of paragraph 6.22.5 of this Regulation.

3.2.7.

For vehicles of M and N categories a description of the electric power supply conditions for the devices indicated in paragraphs 2.7.9, 2.7.10, 2.7.12, 2.7.14 and 2.7.15 above, including, if applicable, information on a special power supply/electronic light source control gear, or variable intensity control.

3.3.   An unladen vehicle fitted with a complete set of lighting and light-signalling equipment, as prescribed in paragraph 3.2.2 above, and representative of the vehicle type to be approved shall be submitted to the Technical Service responsible for conducting approval tests.

3.4.   The document provided in Annex 1 to this Regulation shall be attached to the type-approval documentation.

4.   APPROVAL

4.1.   If the vehicle type submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the requirements of the Regulation in respect of all the devices specified in the list, approval of that vehicle type shall be granted.

4.2.   An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present 06, corresponding to the 06 series of amendments) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign this number to another vehicle type or to the same vehicle type submitted with equipment not specified in the list referred to in paragraph 3.2.2 above, subject to the provisions of paragraph 7 of this Regulation.

4.3.   Notice of approval or of extension or refusal of approval or production definitively discontinued of a vehicle type/part pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

4.4.   There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation, an international approval mark consisting of:

4.4.1.

A circle surrounding the letter ‘E’ followed by the distinguishing number of the country which has granted approval (10);

4.4.2.

The number of this Regulation, followed by the letter ‘R’, a dash and the approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.

4.5.   If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1 need not to be repeated, in such a case the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in paragraph 4.4.1.

4.6.   The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.

4.7.   The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the manufacturer.

4.8.   Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.

5.   GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

5.1.   The lighting and light-signalling devices shall be so fitted that under normal conditions of use as defined in paragraphs 2.24, 2.24.1 and 2.24.2 and notwithstanding any vibrations to which they may be subjected, they retain the characteristics prescribed by this Regulation and enable the vehicle to comply with the requirements of this Regulation. In particular, it shall not be possible for the lamps to be inadvertently maladjusted.

5.2.   The illuminating lamps described in paragraphs 2.7.9, 2.7.10 and 2.7.19 shall be so installed that correct adjustment of their orientation can easily be carried out.

5.2.1.   In the case of headlamps fitted with measures to prevent discomfort to other road-users in a country where traffic operates on the side of the road opposite to that of the country for which the headlamp was designed, such measures shall be achieved automatically or by the vehicle user with the vehicle in the park condition without the need for special tools (other than those provided with the vehicle (11)). Detailed instructions shall be provided by the vehicle manufacturer with the vehicle.

5.3.   For all light-signalling devices, including those mounted on the side panels, the reference axis of the lamp when fitted to the vehicle shall be parallel to the bearing plane of the vehicle on the road; in addition it shall be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle in the case of side retro-reflectors and of side-marker lamps and parallel to that plane in the case of all other signalling devices. In each direction a tolerance of ± 3° shall be allowed. In addition, any specific instructions as regards fitting laid down by the manufacturer shall be complied with.

5.4.   In the absence of specific instructions, the height and orientation of the lamps shall be verified with the vehicle unladen and placed on a flat, horizontal surface, in the condition defined in paragraphs 2.24, 2.24.1 and 2.24.2 and, in the case where an AFS is installed, with the system in its neutral state.

5.5.   In the absence of specific instructions lamps constituting a pair shall:

5.5.1.

Be fitted to the vehicle symmetrically in relation to the median longitudinal plane (this estimate to be based on the exterior geometrical form of the lamp and not on the edge of its illuminating surface referred to in paragraph 2.9);

5.5.2.

Be symmetrical to one another in relation to the median longitudinal plane, this requirement is not valid with regard to the interior structure of the lamp;

5.5.3.

Satisfy the same colorimetric requirements and have substantially identical photometric characteristics. This shall not apply to a matched pair of Class F3 front fog lamps;

5.5.4.

Have substantially identical photometric characteristics.

5.6.   On vehicles whose external shape is asymmetrical the above requirements shall be satisfied so far as is possible.

5.7   Grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated or single lamps

5.7.1.   Lamps may be grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated with one another provided that all requirements regarding colour, position, orientation, geometric visibility, electrical connections and other requirements, if any, are fulfilled.

5.7.1.1.   The photometric and colorimetric requirements of a lamp shall be fulfilled when all other functions with which this lamp is grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated are switched OFF.

However, when a front or rear position lamp is reciprocally incorporated with one or more other function(s) which can be activated together with them, the requirements regarding colour of each of these other functions shall be fulfilled when the reciprocally incorporated function(s) and the front or rear position lamps are switched ON.

5.7.1.2.   Stop lamps and direction-indicator lamps are not permitted to be reciprocally incorporated.

5.7.1.3.   Where stop lamps and direction-indicator lamps are grouped, the following conditions shall be met:

5.7.1.3.1.

Any horizontal or vertical straight line passing through the projections of the apparent surfaces of these functions on a plane perpendicular to the reference axis, shall not intersect more than two borderlines separating adjacent areas of different colour;

5.7.1.3.2.

Their apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis, based upon the areas bounded by the outline of their light emitting surfaces, do not overlap.

5.7.2.   Single lamps

5.7.2.1.   Single lamps as defined in paragraph 2.16.1(a), composed of two or more distinct parts, shall be installed in such a way that:

(a)

Either the total area of the projection of the distinct parts on a plane tangent to the exterior surface of the outer lens and perpendicular to the reference axis shall occupy not less than 60 per cent of the smallest quadrilateral circumscribing the said projection; or

(b)

The minimum distance between the facing edges of two adjacent/tangential distinct parts shall not exceed 75 mm when measured perpendicularly to the reference axis.

These requirements shall not apply to a single retro-reflector.

5.7.2.2.   Single lamps as defined in paragraph 2.16.1(b) or (c), composed of two lamps marked ‘D’ or two independent retro reflectors, shall be installed in such a way that:

(a)

Either the projection of the apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis of the two lamps or retro reflectors occupies not less than 60 per cent of the smallest quadrilateral circumscribing the projections of the said apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis; or

(b)

The minimum distance between the facing edges of the apparent surfaces in the direction of the reference axis of two lamps or two independent retro reflectors does not exceed 75 mm when measured perpendicularly to the reference axis.

5.7.2.3.   Single lamps as defined in paragraph 2.16.1(d) shall fulfil the requirements of paragraph 5.7.2.1.

Where two or more lamps and/or two or more separate apparent surfaces are included into the same lamp body and/or have a common outer lens these shall not be considered as an interdependent lamp system.

However, a lamp in the shape of a band or strip may be part of an interdependent lamp system.

5.7.2.4.   Two lamps or an even number of lamps in the shape of a band or strip shall be placed symmetrically in relation to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle, extending on both sides to within at least 0,4 m of the extreme outer edge of the vehicle, and are not less than 0,8 m long; the illumination of such a surface shall be provided by not less than two light sources placed as close as possible to the ends; the light-emitting surface may be constituted by a number of juxtaposed elements on condition that these individual light-emitting surfaces, when projected on a transverse plane fulfil the requirements of paragraph 5.7.2.1.

5.8.   The maximum height above the ground shall be measured from the highest point and the minimum height from the lowest point of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis.

Where the (maximum and minimum) height above the ground clearly meets the requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of any surface need not be determined.

5.8.1.   For the purposes of reducing the geometric visibility angles, the position of a lamp with regard to height above the ground, shall be measured from the H plane.

5.8.2.   In the case of dipped-beam headlamp, the minimum height in relation to the ground is measured from the lowest point of the effective outlet of the optical system (e.g. reflector, lens, projection lens) independent of its utilization.

5.8.3.   The position, as regards width, will be determined from that edge of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis which is the furthest from the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle when referred to the overall width, and from the inner edges of the apparent surface in the direction of the reference axis when referred to the distance between lamps.

Where the position, as regards width, clearly meets the requirements of the Regulation, the exact edges of any surface need not be determined.

5.9.   In the absence of specific instructions, the photometric characteristics (e.g. intensity, colour, apparent surface, etc.) of a lamp shall not be intentionally varied during the period of activation of the lamp.

5.9.1.   Direction-indicator lamps, the vehicle-hazard warning signal, amber side-marker lamps complying with paragraph 6.18.7 below, and the emergency stop signal shall be flashing lamps.

5.9.2.   The photometric characteristics of any lamp may vary:

(a)

In relation to the ambient light;

(b)

As a consequence of the activation of other lamps; or

(c)

When the lamps is being used to provide another lighting function;

provided that any variation in the photometric characteristics is in compliance with the technical provisions for the lamp concerned.

5.9.3.   The photometric characteristics of a direction indicator lamp of categories 1, 1a, 1b, 2a or 2b may be varied during a flash by sequential activation of light sources as specified in paragraph 5.6 of Regulation No 6.

This provision shall not apply when direction indicator lamps of categories 2a and 2b are operated as emergency stop signal according to paragraph 6.23.1 of this Regulation.

5.10.   No red light which could give rise to confusion shall be emitted from a lamp as defined in paragraph 2.7 in a forward direction and no white light which could give rise to confusion, shall be emitted from a lamp as defined in paragraph 2.7 in a rearward direction. No account shall be taken of lighting devices fitted for the interior lighting of the vehicle. In case of doubt, this requirement shall be verified as follows:

5.10.1.

For the visibility of red light towards the front of a vehicle, with the exception of a red rearmost side-marker lamp, there shall be no direct visibility of the apparent surface of a red lamp if viewed by an observer moving within Zone 1 as specified in Annex 4;

5.10.2.

For the visibility of white light towards the rear, with the exception of reversing lamps and white side conspicuity markings fitted to the vehicle, there shall be no direct visibility of the apparent surface of a white lamp if viewed by an observer moving within Zone 2 in a transverse plane situated 25 m behind the vehicle (see Annex 4);

5.10.3.

In their respective planes, the zones 1 and 2 explored by the eye of the observer are bounded:

5.10.3.1.

In height, by two horizontal planes 1 m and 2,2 m respectively above the ground;

5.10.3.2.

In width, by two vertical planes which, forming to the front and to the rear respectively an angle of 15° outwards from the vehicle's median longitudinal plane, pass through the point or points of contact of vertical planes parallel to the vehicle's median longitudinal plane delimiting the vehicle's overall width; if there are several points of contact, the foremost shall correspond to the forward plane and the rearmost to the rearward plane.

5.11.   The electrical connections shall be such that the front and rear position lamps, the end-outline marker lamps, if they exist, the side-marker lamps, if they exist, and the rear registration plate lamp can only be switched ON and OFF simultaneously.

5.11.1.   This condition does not apply:

5.11.1.1.

When front and rear position lamps are switched ON, as well as side-marker lamps when combined or reciprocally incorporated with said lamps, as parking lamps; or

5.11.1.2.

When side-marker lamps flash in conjunction with direction indicators; or

5.11.1.3.

When light signalling system operates according to 6.2.7.6.2.

5.11.2.   To front position lamps when their function is substituted under the provisions of paragraph 5.12.1 below.

5.11.3.   In the case of an interdependent lamp system, all light sources shall be switched ON and OFF simultaneously.

5.12.   The electrical connections shall be such that the main-beam and dipped-beam headlamps and the front fog lamps cannot be switched on unless the lamps referred to in paragraph 5.11 are also switched on. This requirement shall not apply, however, to main-beam or dipped-beam headlamps when their luminous warnings consist of the intermittent lighting up at short intervals of the main-beam headlamp or the intermittent lighting up at short intervals of the dipped-beam headlamp or the alternate lighting up at short intervals of the main-beam and dipped-beam headlamps.

5.12.1.   The dipped-beam headlamps and/or the main-beam headlamps and/or the front fog lamps may substitute the function of the front position lamps, provided that:

5.12.1.1.

Their electrical connections are such that in case of failure of any of these lighting devices the front position lamps are automatically re-activated; and

5.12.1.2.

The substituting lamp/function meets, for the respective position lamp, the requirements concerning:

(a)

The geometric visibility prescribed for the front position lamps in 6.9.5; and

(b)

The minimum photometric values according to the angles of light distribution; and

5.12.1.3.

Appropriate evidence demonstrating compliance with the requirements indicated in paragraph 5.12.1.2 above is provided in the test reports of the substituting lamp.

5.13.   Tell-tale

Where a closed-circuit tell-tale is prescribed by this Regulation it may be replaced by an ‘operating’ tell-tale.

5.14.   Concealable lamps

5.14.1.   The concealment of lamps shall be prohibited, with the exception of the main-beam headlamps, the dipped-beam headlamps and the front fog lamps, which may be concealed when they are not in use.

5.14.2.   In the event of any failure affecting the operation of the concealment device(s) the lamps shall remain in the position of use, if already in use, or shall be capable of being moved into the position of use without the aid of tools.

5.14.3.   It shall be possible to move the lamps into the position of use and to switch them on by means of a single control, without excluding the possibility of moving them into the position of use without switching them on. However, in the case of grouped main-beam and dipped-beam headlamps, the control referred to above is required only to activate the dipped-beam headlamps.

5.14.4.   It shall not be possible deliberately, from the driver's seat, to stop the movement of switched-on lamps before they reach the position of use. If there is a danger of dazzling other road users by the movement of the lamps, they may light up only when they have reached their position of use.

5.14.5.   When the concealment device has a temperature of – 30 °C to + 50 °C the headlamps shall be capable of reaching the position of use within 3 seconds of initial operation of the control.

5.15.   The colours of the light emitted by the lamps (12) are the following:

Main-beam headlamp:

White

Dipped-beam headlamp:

White

Front fog lamp:

White or selective yellow

Reversing lamp:

White

Direction-indicator lamp:

Amber

Hazard warning signal:

Amber

Stop lamp:

Red

Emergency stop signal:

Amber or red

Rear-end collision alert signal:

Amber

Rear registration plate lamp:

White

Front position lamp:

White

Rear position lamp:

Red

Front fog lamp

White or selective yellow

Rear fog lamp:

Red

Parking lamp:

White in front, red at the rear, amber if reciprocally incorporated in the side direction-indicator lamps or in the side-marker lamps.

Side-marker lamp:

Amber; however the rearmost side- marker lamp can be red if it is grouped or combined or reciprocally incorporated with the rear position lamp, the rear end-outline marker lamp, the rear fog lamp, the stop lamp or is grouped or has part of the light emitting surface in common with the rear retro-reflector.

End-outline marker lamp:

White in front, red at the rear

Daytime running lamp:

White

Rear retro-reflector, non- triangular:

Red

Rear retro-reflector, triangular:

Red

Front retro-reflector, non- triangular:

Identical to incident light (13)

Side retro-reflector, non- triangular:

Amber; however the rearmost side retro-reflector can be red if it is grouped or has part of the light emitting surface in common with the rear position lamp, the rear end outline marker lamp, the rear fog lamp, the stop-lamp, the red rearmost side-marker lamp or the rear retro-reflector, non- triangular.

Cornering lamp:

White

Conspicuity marking:

White to the front;

White or yellow to the side;

Red or yellow to the rear (14).

Adaptive front-lighting systems (AFS):

White

Exterior courtesy lamp:

White

Manoeuvring lamp:

White

5.16.   Number of lamps

5.16.1.   The number of lamps mounted on the vehicle shall be equal to the number indicated in the individual specifications of this Regulation.

5.17.   Any lamp may be installed on movable components provided that the conditions specified in paragraphs 5.18, 5.19 and 5.20 are fulfilled.

5.18.   Rear position lamps, rear direction-indicators and rear retro-reflectors, triangular as well as non-triangular, may be installed on movable components only:

5.18.1.

If at all fixed positions of the movable components the lamps on the movable components meet all the position, geometric visibility, colorimetric and photometric requirements for those lamps.

5.18.2.

In the case where the functions referred to in paragraph 5.18 are obtained by an assembly of two lamps marked ‘D’ (see paragraph 2.16.1), only one of the lamps needs to meet the position, geometric visibility and photometric requirements for those lamps at all fixed positions of the movable components.

or

5.18.3.

Where additional lamps for the above functions are fitted and are activated, when the movable component is in any fixed open position, provided that these additional lamps satisfy all the position, geometric visibility and photometric requirements applicable to the lamps installed on the movable component.

5.18.4.

In the case where the functions referred to in paragraph 5.18 are obtained by an interdependent lamp system either of the following conditions shall apply:

(a)

Should the complete interdependent lamp system be mounted on the moving component(s), the requirements of paragraph 5.18.1 shall be satisfied. However, additional lamps for the above functions may be activated, when the movable component is in any fixed open position, provided that these additional lamps satisfy all the position, geometric visibility, colorimetric and photometric requirements applicable to the lamps installed on the movable component, or

(b)

Should the interdependent lamp system be partly mounted on the fixed component and partly mounted on a movable component, with the exception of direction indicator lamps, the interdependent lamp(s) specifie