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Document 32006L0129

Commission Directive 2006/129/EC of 8 December 2006 amending and correcting Directive 96/77/EC laying down specific purity criteria on food additives other than colours and sweeteners (Text with EEA relevance)

OJ L 346, 9.12.2006, p. 15–25 (ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, NL, PL, PT, SK, SL, FI, SV)
OJ L 314M , 1.12.2007, p. 423–433 (MT)
Special edition in Bulgarian: Chapter 13 Volume 055 P. 186 - 196
Special edition in Romanian: Chapter 13 Volume 055 P. 186 - 196

No longer in force, Date of end of validity: 08/10/2008

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/2006/129/oj

9.12.2006   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 346/15


COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2006/129/EC

of 8 December 2006

amending and correcting Directive 96/77/EC laying down specific purity criteria on food additives other than colours and sweeteners

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Council Directive 89/107/EEC of 21 December 1988 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning food additives authorised for use in foodstuffs intended for human consumption (1), and in particular Article 3(3)(a) thereof,

After consulting the Scientific Committee on Food and the European Food Safety Authority,

Whereas:

(1)

Commission Directive 96/77/EC (2) of 2 December 1996 laying down specific purity criteria on food additives other than colours and sweeteners sets out the purity criteria for the additives mentioned in Directive 95/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 1995 on food additives other than colours and sweeteners (3).

(2)

It is appropriate to withdraw the purity criteria for E 216 propyl p-hydroxybenzoate and E 217 sodium propyl p-hydroxybenzoate which are no longer permitted for use as food additives.

(3)

A number of language versions of Directive 96/77/EC contain errors regarding the following substances: E 307 alpha-tocopherol, E 315 erythorbic acid, E 415 xanthan gum. Those errors need to be corrected. In addition it is necessary to take into account the specifications and analytical techniques for additives as set out in the Codex Alimentarius as drafted by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). In particular where appropriate, the specific purity criteria have been adapted to reflect the limits for individual heavy metals of interest. For reasons of clarity the whole text concerning those substances should be replaced.

(4)

The level of sulphated ash in the purity criteria for E 472c citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids should be amended in order to cover partially or wholly neutralised products.

(5)

It is necessary to ensure that E 559 aluminium silicate is produced from raw kaolinitic clay which is free from unacceptable dioxin contamination. The presence of dioxin in the raw kaolinitic clay should therefore be restricted to the lowest possible level.

(6)

It is necessary to adopt specifications for the new food additives authorised through Directive 2006/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 amending Directive 95/2/EC on food additives other than colours and sweeteners and Directive 94/35/EC on sweeteners for use in foodstuffs: E 319 tertiary-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), E 426 soybean hemicellulose, E 462 ethyl cellulose, E 586 4-hexylresorcinol, E 1204 pullulan and E 1452 starch aluminium octenyl succinate.

(7)

Directive 96/77/EC should therefore be amended and corrected accordingly.

(8)

The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1

The Annex to Directive 96/77/EC is amended and corrected in accordance with the Annex to this Directive.

Article 2

1.   Member States shall bring into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive by 15 February 2008 at the latest. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions and a correlation table between those provisions and this Directive.

When Member States adopt those provisions, they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.

2.   Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the main provisions of national law which they adopt in the field covered by this Directive.

Article 3

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 4

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 8 December 2006.

For the Commission

Markos KYPRIANOU

Member of the Commission


(1)  OJ L 40, 11.2.1989, p. 27. Directive as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 284, 31.10.2003, p. 1).

(2)  OJ L 339, 30.12.1996, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Directive 2004/45/EC (OJ L 113, 20.4.2004, p. 19).

(3)  OJ L 61, 18.3.1995, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Directive 2006/52/EC (OJ L 204, 26.7.2006, p. 10).


ANNEX

The Annex to Directive 96/77/EC is amended and corrected as follows:

1.

The texts concerning E 216 propyl p-hydroxybenzoate and E 217 sodium propyl p-hydroxybenzoate are deleted.

2.

The text concerning E 307 alpha-tocopherol is replaced by the following:

‘E 307 ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL

Synonyms

DL-α-Tocopherol

Definition

Chemical name

DL-5,7,8-Trimethyltocol

DL-2,5,7,8-Tetramethyl-2-(4′,8′,12′-trimethyltridecyl)-6-chromanol

Einecs

233-466-0

Chemical formula

C29H50O2

Molecular weight

430,71

Assay

Content not less than 96 %

Description

Slightly yellow to amber, nearly odourless, clear, viscous oil which oxidizes and darkens on exposure to air or light

Identification

A.

Solubility tests

Insoluble in water, freely soluble in ethanol, miscible in ether

B.

Spectrophotometry

In absolute ethanol the maximum absorption is about 292 nm

Purity

Refractive index

nD 20 1,503 to 1,507

Specific absorption E1 % 1 cm in ethanol

E1 % 1 cm (292 nm) 72 to 76

(0,01 g in 200 ml of absolute ethanol)

Sulphated ash

Not more than 0,1 %

Specific rotation

[α]25 D0° ± 0,05° (1 in 10 solution in chloroform)

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg’

3.

The text concerning E 315 erythorbic acid is replaced by the following:

‘E 315 ERYTHORBIC ACID

Synonyms

Isoascorbic acid

D-Araboascorbic acid

Definition

Chemical name

D-Erythro-hex-2-enoic acid γ-lactone

Isoascorbic acid

D-Isoascorbic acid

Einecs

201-928-0

Chemical formula

C6H8O6

Molecular weight

176,13

Assay

Content not less than 98 % on the anhydrous basis

Description

White to slightly yellow crystalline solid which darkens gradually on exposure to light

Identification

A.

Melting range

About 164 °C to 172 °C with decomposition

B.

Positive test for ascorbic acid/colour reaction

 

Purity

Loss on drying

Not more than 0,4 % after drying under reduced pressure on silica gel for 3 hours

Sulphated ash

Not more than 0,3 %

Specific rotation

[α]25 D10 % (w/v) aqueous solution between – 16,5° to – 18,0°

Oxalate

To a solution of 1 g in 10 ml of water add 2 drops of glacial acetic acid and 5 ml of 10 % calcium acetate solution. The solution should remain clear

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg’

4.

The following text concerning E 319 tertiary-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) is inserted after E 316 sodium erythorbate:

‘E 319 TERTIARY-BUTYLHYDROQUINONE (TBHQ)

Synonyms

TBHQ

Definition

Chemical names

Tert-butyl-1,4-benzenediol

2-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-1,4-benzenediol

Einecs

217-752-2

Chemical formula

C10H14O2

Molecular weight

166,22

Assay

Content not less than 99 % of C10H14O2

Description

White crystalline solid having a characteristic odour

Identification

A.

Solubility

Practically insoluble in water; soluble in ethanol

B.

Melting point

Not less than 126,5 °C

C.

Phenolics

Dissolve about 5 mg of the sample in 10 ml of methanol and add 10,5 ml of dimethylamine solution (1 in 4). A red to pink colour is produced

Purity

Tertiary-Butyl-p-benzoquinone

Not more than 0,2 %

2,5-Di-tertiary-butyl hydroquinone

Not more than 0,2 %

Hydroxyquinone

Not more than 0,1 %

Toluene

Not more than 25 mg/kg

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg’

5.

The text concerning E 415 xanthan gum is replaced by the following:

‘E 415 XANTHAN GUM

Definition

Xanthan gum is a high molecular weight polysaccharide gum produced by a pure-culture fermentation of a carbohydrate with natural strains of Xanthomonas campestris, purified by recovery with ethanol or propan-2-ol, dried and milled. It contains D-glucose and D-mannose as the dominant hexose units, along with D-glucuronic acid and pyruvic acid, and is prepared as the sodium, potassium or calcium salt. Its solutions are neutral

Molecular weight

Approximately 1 000 000

Einecs

234-394-2

Assay

Yields, on dried basis, not less than 4,2 % and not more than 5 % of CO2 corresponding to between 91 % and 108 % of xanthan gum

Description

Cream-coloured powder

Identification

A.

Solubility

Soluble in water. Insoluble in ethanol

Purity

Loss on drying

Not more than 15 % (105 °C, 21/2hours)

Total ash

Not more than 16 % on the anhydrous basis determined at 650 °C after drying at 105 °C for four hours

Pyruvic acid

Not less than 1,5 %

Nitrogen

Not more than 1,5 %

Ethanol and propan-2-ol

Not more than 500 mg/kg singly or in combination

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg

Total plate count

Not more than 5 000 colonies per gram

Yeast and mould

Not more than 300 colonies per gram

E. coli

Absent in 5 g

Salmonella spp.

Absent in 10 g

Xanthomonas campestris

Viable cells absent in 1 g’

6.

The following text concerning E 426 soybean hemicellulose is inserted after E 425(ii) konjac glucomannan:

‘E 426 SOYBEAN HEMICELLULOSE

Synonyms

 

Definition

Soybean hemicellulose is a refined water-soluble polysaccharide obtained from natural strain soybean fibre by hot water extraction

Chemical names

Water soluble soybean polysaccharides

Water soluble soybean fibre

Assay

Not less than 74 % carbohydrate

Description

Free flowing spray-dried white powder

Identification

A.

Solubility

Soluble in hot and cold water without gel formation

pH of 1 % solution

5,5 ± 1,5

B.

Viscosity of 10 % solution

Not more than 200 mPa.s

Purity

Loss on drying

Not more than 7 % (105 °C, 4 h)

Protein

Not more than 14 %

Total ash

Not more than 9,5 % (600 °C, 4 h)

Arsenic

Not more than 2 mg/kg

Lead

Not more than 5 mg/kg

Mercury

Not more than 1 mg/kg

Cadmium

Not more than 1 mg/kg

Standard plate count

Not more than 3 000 colonies per gram

Yeast and mould

Not more than 100 colonies per gram

E. Coli

Negative in 10 g’

7.

The following text concerning E 462 ethyl cellulose is inserted after E 461 methyl cellulose:

‘E 462 ETHYL CELLULOSE

Synonyms

Cellulose ethyl ether

Definition

Ethyl cellulose is cellulose obtained directly from fibrous plant material and partially etherified with ethyl groups

Chemical names

Ethyl ether of cellulose

Chemical formula

The polymers contain substituted anhydroglucose units with the following general formula:

C6H7O2(OR1)(OR2) where R1 and R2 may be any of the following:

H

CH2CH3

Assay

Content not less than 44 % and not more than 50 % of ethoxyl groups (-OC2H5) on the dried basis (equivalent to not more than 2,6 ethoxyl groups per anhydroglucose unit)

Description

Slightly hygroscopic, white to off white, odourless and tasteless powder

Identification

A.

Solubility

Practically insoluble in water, in glycerol and in propane-1,2-diol but soluble in varying proportions in certain organic solvents depending upon the ethoxyl content. Ethyl cellulose containing less than 46 to 48 % of ethoxyl groups is freely soluble in tetrahydrofuran, in methyl acetate, in chloroform and in aromatic hydrocarbon ethanol mixtures. Ethyl cellulose containing 46 to 48 % or more of ethoxyl groups is freely soluble in ethanol, in methanol, in toluene, in chloroform and in ethyl acetate

B.

Film forming test

Dissolve 5 g of the sample in 95 g of an 80:20 (w/w) mixture of toluene ethanol. A clear, stable, slightly yellow solution is formed. Pour a few ml of the solution onto a glass plate and allow the solvent to evaporate. A thick, tough, continuous, clear film remains. The film is flammable

Purity

Loss on drying

Not more than 3 % (105 °C, 2 h)

Sulphated ash

Not more than 0,4 %

pH of a 1 % colloidal solution

Neutral to litmus

Arsenic

Not more than 3 mg/kg

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg

Mercury

Not more than 1 mg/kg

Cadmium

Not more than 1 mg/kg’

8.

The text concerning E 472c citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids is replaced by the following:

‘E 472c CITRIC ACID ESTERS OF MONO- AND DIGLYCYERIDES OF FATTY ACIDS

Synonyms

Citrem

Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides

Citroglycerides

Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids esterified with citric acid

Definition

Esters of glycerol with citric acid and fatty acids occurring in food oils and fats. They may contain small amounts of free glycerol, free fatty acids, free citric acid and free glycerides. They may be partially or wholly neutralised with sodium hydroxide or with potassium hydroxide

Description

Yellowish or light brown liquids to waxy solids or semi-solids

Identification

A.

Positive test for glycerol, for fatty acids and for citric acid

 

B.

Solubility

Insoluble in cold water

Dispersible in hot water

Soluble in oils and fats

In soluble in cold ethanol

Purity

Acids other than citric and fatty acids

Not detectable

Free glycerol

Not more than 2 %

Total glycerol

Not less than 8 % and not more than 33 %

Total citric acid

Not less than 13 % and not more than 50 %

Sulphated ash (determined at 800 ± 25 °C)

Non-neutralised products: not more than 0,5 %

Partially or wholly neutralised products: not more than 10 %

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg

Free fatty acids

Not more than 3 % estimated as oleic acid

Purity criteria apply to the additive free of sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids, however, these substances may be present up to a maximum level of 6 % (expressed as sodium oleate).

9.

The text concerning E 559 aluminium silicate (kaolin) is replaced by the following:

‘E 559 ALUMINIUM SILICATE (KAOLIN)

Synonyms

Kaolin, light or heavy

Definition

Aluminium silicate hydrous (kaolin) is a purified white plastic clay composed of kaolinite, potassium aluminium silicate, feldspar and quartz. Processing should not include calcination. The raw kaolinitic clay used in the production of aluminium silicate shall have a level of dioxin which does not make it injurious to health or unfit for human consumption

Einecs

215-286-4 (kaolinite)

Chemical formula

Al2Si2O5(OH)4 (kaolinite)

Molecular weight

264

Assay

Content not less than 90 % (sum of silica and alumina, after ignition)

Silica (SiO2) Between 45 % and 55 %

Alumina (A12O3) Between 30 % and 39 %

Description

Fine, white or greyish white, unctuous powder. Kaolin is made up of loose aggregations of randomly oriented stacks of kaolinite flakes or of individual hexagonal flakes.

Identification

A.

Positive test for alumina and for silicate

 

B.

X-ray diffraction

Characteristic peaks at 7,18/3,58/2,38/1,78 Å

C.

IR absorption

Peaks at 3 700 and 3 620 cm–1

Purity

Loss on ignition

Between 10 and 14 % (1 000 °C, constant weight)

Water soluble matter

Not more than 0,3 %

Acid soluble matter

Not more than 2 %

Iron

Not more than 5 %

Potassium oxide (K2O)

Not more than 5 %

Carbon

Not more than 0,5 %

Arsenic

Not more than 3 mg/kg

Lead

Not more than 5 mg/kg

Mercury

Not more than 1 mg/kg’

10.

The following text concerning E 586 4-hexylresorcinol is inserted after E 578 calcium gluconate:

‘E 586 4-HEXYLRESORCINOL

Synonyms

4-Hexyl-1,3-benzenediol

Hexylresorcinol

Definition

Chemical names

4-Hexylresorcinol

Einecs

205-257-4

Chemical formula

C12H18O2

Molecular weight

197,24

Assay

Not less than 98,0 % on the dried basis

Description

White powder

Identification

A.

Solubility

Freely soluble in ether and acetone; very slightly soluble in water

B.

Nitric acid test

To 1 ml of a saturated solution of the sample, add 1 ml of nitric acid. A light red colour appears

C.

Bromine test

To 1 ml of saturated solution of the sample, add 1 ml of bromine TS. A yellow, flocculent precipitate dissolves producing a yellow solution

D.

Melting range

62 to 67 °C

Purity

Acidity

Not more than 0,05 %

Sulphated ash

Not more than 0,1 %

Resorcinol and other phenols

Shake about 1 g of the sample with 50 ml of water for a few minutes, filter, and to the filtrate add 3 drops of ferric chloride TS. No red or blue colour is produced

Nickel

Not more than 2 mg/kg

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg

Mercury

Not more than 3 mg/kg’

11.

The following text concerning E 1204 pullulan is inserted after E 1200 polydextrose:

‘E 1204 PULLULAN

Definition

Linear, neutral glucan consisting mainly of maltotriose units connected by -1,6 glycosidic bonds. It is produced by fermentation from a food grade hydrolysed starch using a non-toxin producing strain of Aureobasidium pullulans. After completion of the fermentation, the fungal cells are removed by microfiltration, the filtrate is heat-sterilised and pigments and other impurities are removed by adsorption and ion exchange chromatography

Einecs

232-945-1

Chemical formula

(C6H10O5)x

Assay

Not less than 90 % of glucan on the dried basis

Description

White to off-white odourless powder

Identification

A.

Solubility

Soluble in water, practically insoluble in ethanol.

B.

pH of 10 % solution

5,0 to 7,0

C.

Precipitation with polyethylene glycol 600

Add 2 ml of polyethylene glycol 600 to 10 ml of a 2 % aqueous solution of pullulan. A white precipitate is formed

D.

Depolymerisation with pullulanase

Prepare two test tubes each with 10 ml of a 10 % pullulan solution. Add 0,1 ml pullulanase solution having activity 10 units/g to one test tube, and 0,1 ml water to the other. After incubation at about 25 °C for 20 min, the viscosity of the pullulanase-treated solution is visibly lower than that of the untreated solution

Purity

Loss on drying

Not more than 6 % (90 °C, pressure not more than 50 mm Hg, 6 h)

Mono-, di- and oligosaccharides

Not more than 10 % expressed as glucose

Viscosity

100 to 180 mm2/s (10 % w/w aqueous solution at 30 °C)

Lead

Not more than 1 mg/kg

Yeast and moulds

Not more than 100 colonies per gram

Coliforms

Absent in 25 g

Salmonella

Absent in 25 g’

12.

The following text concerning E 1452 starch aluminium octenyl succinate is inserted after E 1451 acetylated oxidised starch:

‘E 1452 STARCH ALUMINIUM OCTENYL SUCCINATE

Synonyms

SAOS

Definition

Starch aluminium octenyl succinate is starch esterified with octenylsuccinic anhydride and treated with aluminium sulphate

Description

White or nearly white powder or granules or (if pregelatinised) flakes, amorphous powder or coarse particles

Identification

A.

If not pregelatinised: by miscroscopic observation

 

B.

Iodine staining positive (dark blue to light red colour)

 

Purity

(all values expressed on an anhydrous basis except for loss on drying)

 

Loss on drying

Not more than 21 %

Octenylsuccinyl groups

Not more than 3 %

Octenylsuccinic acid residue

Not more than 0,3 %

Sulphur dioxide

Not more than 50 mg/kg for modified cereal starches

Not more than 10 mg/kg for the other modified starches unless otherwise specified

Arsenic

Not more than 1 mg/kg

Lead

Not more than 2 mg/kg

Mercury

Not more than 0,1 mg/kg

Aluminium

Not more than 0,3 %’


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