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Document 01989L0656-20191120

Consolidated text: Council Directive of 30 November 1989 on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace (third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) (89/656/EEC)

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dir/1989/656/2019-11-20

01989L0656 — EN — 20.11.2019 — 003.001


This text is meant purely as a documentation tool and has no legal effect. The Union's institutions do not assume any liability for its contents. The authentic versions of the relevant acts, including their preambles, are those published in the Official Journal of the European Union and available in EUR-Lex. Those official texts are directly accessible through the links embedded in this document

►B

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE

of 30 November 1989

on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace (third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC)

(89/656/EEC)

(OJ L 393 30.12.1989, p. 18)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

►M1

DIRECTIVE 2007/30/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL Text with EEA relevance of 20 June 2007

  L 165

21

27.6.2007

►M2

REGULATION (EU) 2019/1243 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 20 June 2019

  L 198

241

25.7.2019

►M3

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 2019/1832 of 24 October 2019

  L 279

35

31.10.2019


Corrected by:

►C1

Corrigendum, OJ L 059, 6.3.1991, p.  24  (1989/656)




▼B

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE

of 30 November 1989

on the minimum health and safety requirements for the use by workers of personal protective equipment at the workplace (third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC)

(89/656/EEC)



SECTION I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject

1.  This Directive, which is the third individual directive within the meaning of Article 16 (1) of Directive 89/391/EEC, lays down minimum requirements for personal protective equipment used by workers at work.

2.  The provisions of Directive 89/391/EEC are fully applicable to the whole scope referred to in paragraph 1, without prejudice to more ►C1  stringent ◄ and/or specific provisions contained in this Directive.

Article 2

Definition

1.  For the purposes of this Directive, personal protective equipment shall mean all equipment designed to be worn or held by the worker to protect him against one or more hazards likely to endanger his safety and health at work, and any addition or accessory designed to meet this objective.

2.  The definition in paragraph 1 excludes:

(a) ordinary working clothes and uniforms not specifically designed to protect the safety and health of the worker;

(b) equipment used by emergency and rescue services;

(c) personal protective equipment worn or used by the military, the police and other public order agencies;

(d) personal protective equipment for means of road transport;

(e) sports equipment;

(f) self-defence or deterrent equipment;

(g) portable devices for detecting and signalling risks and nuisances.

Article 3

General rule

Personal protective equipment shall be used when the risks cannot be avoided or sufficiently limited by technical means of collective protection or by measures, methods or procedures of work organization.



SECTION II

EMPLOYERS’ OBLIGATIONS

Article 4

General provisions

1.  Personal protective equipment must comply with the relevant Community provisions on design and manufacture with respect to safety and health.

All personal protective equipment must:

(a) be appropriate for the risks involved, without itself leading to any increased risk;

(b) correspond to existing conditions at the workplace;

(c) take account of ergonomic requirements and the worker's state of health;

(d) fit the wearer correctly after any necessary adjustment.

2.  Where the presence of more than one risk makes it necessary for a worker to wear simultaneously more than one item of personal protective equipment, such equipment must be compatible and continue to be effective against the risk or risks in question.

3.  The conditions of use of personal protective equipment, in particular the period for which it is worn, shall be determined on the basis of the seriousness of the risk, the frequency of exposure to the risk, the characteristics of the workstation of each worker and the performance of the personal protective equipment.

4.  Personal protective equipment is, in principle, intended for personal use.

If the circumstances require personal protective equipment to be worn by more than one person, appropriate measures shall be taken to ensure that such use does not create any health or hygiene problem for the different users.

5.  Adequate information on each item of personal protective equipment, required under paragraphs 1 and 2, shall be provided and made available within the undertaking and/or establishment.

6.  Personal protective equipment shall be provided free of charge by the employer, who shall ensure its good working order and satisfactory hygienic condition by means of the necessary maintenance, repair and replacements.

However, Member States may provide, in accordance with their national practice, that the worker be asked to contribute towards the cost of certain personal protective equipment in circumstances where use of the equipment is not exclusive to the workplace.

7.  The employer shall first inform the worker of the risks against which the wearing of the personal protective equipment protects him.

8.  The employer shall arrange for training and shall, if appropriate, organize demonstrations in the wearing of personal protective equipment.

9.  Personal protective equipment may be used only for the purposes specified, except in specific and exceptional circumstances.

It must be used in accordance with instructions.

Such instructions must be understandable to the workers.

Article 5

Assessment of personal protective equipment

1.  Before choosing personal protective equipment, the employer is required to assess whether the personal protective equipment he intends to use satisfies the requirements of Article 4(1) and (2).

This assessment shall involve:

(a) an analysis and assessment of risks which cannot be avoided by other means;

(b) the definition of the characteristics which personal protective equipment must have in order to be effective against the risks referred to in (a), taking into account any risks which this equipment itself may create;

(c) comparison of the characteristics of the personal protective equipment available with the characteristics referred to in (b).

2.  The assessment provided for in paragraph 1 shall be reviewed if any changes are made to any of its elements.

Article 6 ( *1 )

Rules for use

1.  Without prejudice to Articles 3, 4 and 5, Member States shall ensure that general rules are established for the use of personal protective equipment and/or rules covering cases and situations where the employer must provide the personal protective equipment, taking account of Community legislation on the free movement of such equipment.

These rules shall indicate in particular the circumstances or the risk situations in which, without prejudice to the priority to be given to collective means of protection, the use of personal protective equipment is necessary.

Annexes I, II and III, which constitute a guide, contain useful information for establishing such rules.

2.  When Member States adapt the rules referred to in paragraph 1, they shall take account of any significant changes to the risk, collective means of protection and personal protective equipment brought about by technological developments.

3.  Member States shall consult the employers' and workers' organization on the rules referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2.

Article 7

Information for workers

Without prejudice to Article 10 of Directive 89/391/EEC, workers and/or their representatives shall be informed of all measures to be taken with regard to the health and safety of workers when personal protective equipment is used by workers at work.

Article 8

Consultation of workers and workers' participation

Consultation and participation of workers and/or of their representatives shall take place in accordance with Article 11 of Directive 89/391/EEC on the matters covered by this Directive, including the Annexes thereto.



SECTION III

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

▼M2

Article 9

Amendments to the Annexes

The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9a to make strictly technical amendments to the Annexes, in order to take account of technical harmonisation and standardisation relating to personal protective equipment, technical progress, changes in international regulations or specifications and knowledge in the field of personal protective equipment.

Where, in duly justified and exceptional cases involving imminent, direct and serious risks to workers’ and other persons’ physical health and safety, imperative grounds of urgency require action in a very short timeframe, the procedure provided for in Article 9b shall apply to delegated acts adopted pursuant to this Article.

▼M2

Article 9a

Exercise of the delegation

1.  The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.

2.  The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 9 shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of five years from 26 July 2019. The Commission shall draw up a report in respect of the delegation of power not later than nine months before the end of the five-year period. The delegation of power shall be tacitly extended for periods of an identical duration, unless the European Parliament or the Council opposes such extension not later than three months before the end of each period.

3.  The delegation of power referred to in Article 9 may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.

4.  Before adopting a delegated act, the Commission shall consult experts designated by each Member State in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making ( 1 ).

5.  As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.

6.  A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 9 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.

Article 9b

Urgency procedure

1.  Delegated acts adopted under this Article shall enter into force without delay and shall apply as long as no objection is expressed in accordance with paragraph 2. The notification of a delegated act to the European Parliament and the Council shall state the reasons for the use of the urgency procedure.

2.  Either the European Parliament or the Council may object to a delegated act in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 9a(6). In such a case, the Commission shall repeal the act immediately following the notification of the decision to object by the European Parliament or by the Council.

▼B

Article 10

Final provisions

1.  Member States shall bring; into force the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive not later than 31 December 1992. They shall immediately inform the Commission thereof.

2.  Member States shall communicate to the Commission the text of the provisions of national law which they adopt, as well as those already adopted, in the field covered by this Directive.

▼M1 —————

▼B

Article 11

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

▼M3




ANNEX I

RISKS IN RELATION TO THE BODY PARTS TO BE PROTECTED BY PPE (*)

(*) This list of risks/parts of the body cannot be expected to be exhaustive.

The risk assessment will determine the need to provide a PPE and its characteristics according to the provisions of this Directive.

image




ANNEX II

NON-EXHAUSTIVE LIST OF TYPES OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT WITH REGARD TO THE RISKS THEY PROVIDE PROTECTION AGAINST

Equipment for HEAD PROTECTION

 Helmets and/or caps/balaclavas/headgears against:

 

 Impacts caused by falling or ejected object

 Collision with an obstacle

 Mechanical risks (perforation, abrasion)

 Static compression (lateral crushing)

 Thermal risks (fire, heat, cold, hot solids including molten metals)

 Electric shock and live working

 Chemical risks

 Non-ionizing radiation (UV, IR, solar or welding radiation)

 Hairnets against risk of entanglement

Equipment for HEARING PROTECTION

 Earmuffs (including e.g. earmuffs attached to a helmet, active noise reduction earmuffs, earmuffs with electrical audio input)

 Earplugs (including e.g. level-dependent earplugs, earplugs adapted to the individual)

Equipment for EYE AND FACE PROTECTION

 Spectacles, goggles and face shields (prescription lenses where appropriate) against:

 

 Mechanical risks

 Thermal risks

 Non-ionizing radiation (UV, IR, solar or welding radiation)

 Ionizing radiation

 Solid aerosols and liquids of chemical and biological agents

Equipment for RESPIRATORY PROTECTION

 Filtering devices against:

 

 Particles

 Gases

 Particles and gases

 Solid and/or liquid aerosols

 Insulating devices, including with an air supply

 Self-rescue devices

 Diving equipment

Equipment for HAND AND ARM PROTECTION

 Gloves (including mittens and arm protection) against:

 

 Mechanical risks

 Thermal risks (heat, flame and cold)

 Electric shock and live working (antistatic, conductive, insulating)

 Chemical risks

 Biological agents

 Ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination

 Non-ionizing radiation (UV, IR, solar or welding radiation)

 Vibration risks

 Finger stalls

Equipment for FOOT AND LEG PROTECTION and anti-slip protection

 Footwear (e.g. shoes, including in certain circumstances clogs, boots that may have steel toe-caps) to protect against:

 

 Mechanical risks

 Slipping risks

 Thermal risks (heat, flame and cold)

 Electric shock and live working (antistatic, conductive, insulating)

 Chemicals risks

 Vibration risks

 Biological risks

 Removable instep protectors against mechanical risks

 Kneepads against mechanical risks

 Gaiters against mechanical, thermal and chemical risks and biological agents

 Accessories (e.g. spikes, crampons)

SKIN PROTECTION — BARRIER CREAMS  ( 2 )

 There could be barrier creams to protect against:

 

 Non ionizing radiation (UV, IR, solar or welding radiation)

 Ionizing radiation

 Chemicals

 Biological agents

 Thermal risks (heat, flame and cold)

Equipment for BODY PROTECTION/OTHER SKIN PROTECTION

 Personal protective equipment for protection against falls from a height, such as retractable type fall arresters, full body harnesses, sit harnesses, belts for work positioning and restraint and work positioning lanyards, energy absorbers, guided-type fall arresters including an anchor line, rope adjustment devices, anchor devices that are not designed to be permanently fixed and that do not require fastening works before use, connectors, lanyards, rescue harness

 Protective clothing, including whole body (i.e. suits, overalls) protection and partial body (i.e. gaiters, trousers, jackets, waistcoats, aprons, kneepads, hoods, balaclavas) protection against:

 

 Mechanical risks

 Thermal risks (heat, flame and cold)

 Chemicals

 Biological agents

 Ionizing radiation and radioactive contamination

 Non-ionizing radiation (UV, IR, solar or welding radiation)

 Electric shock and live working (antistatic, conductive, insulating)

 Entanglement and trapping

 Lifejackets for prevention of drowning and buoyancy aids

 PPE for signalling the user’s presence visually




ANNEX III

NON-EXHAUSTIVE LIST OF ACTIVITIES AND SECTORS OF ACTIVITY WHICH MAY REQUIRE THE PROVISION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (*)

(*) The risk assessment will determine the need to provide a PPE and its characteristics according to the provisions of this Directive

I.    PHYSICAL RISKS



Risks

Body part affected

Type of PPE

Examples of activities where the use of the corresponding type of PPE may be necessary (*)

Industry and Sectors

PHYSICAL — MECHANICAL

Impact caused by falling or ejected objects, collision with an obstacle and high-pressure jets

Cranium

Protective helmet

— Work on, underneath or in the vicinity of scaffolding and elevated workplaces

— Carcase Work and road work

— Formwork's erection and stripping

— Scaffolding's assembly and installation

— Assembly and installation works

— Demolitions

— Blasting works

— Work in pits, trenches, shafts and tunnels

— Work in the vicinity of lifts, lifting gear, cranes, and conveyors

— Works in underground workings, quarries, open diggings

— Work with industrial furnaces, containers, machinery, silos, bunkers and pipelines

— Slaughtering and Cutting line at slaughterhouses

— Load handling or Transport and storage

— Forest work

— Work on steel bridges, steel building construction, steel hydraulic structures, blast furnaces, steel works and rolling mills, large containers, large pipelines, boiler plants and power stations

— Earth and rock works

— Work with bolt-driving tools

— Work with blast furnaces, direct reduction plants, steelworks, rolling mills, metalworks, forging, drop forging and casting

— Work involving travelling on bicycles and mechanically propelled bikes

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Machinery manufacturing, installation and maintenance

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Energy production

— Infrastructure construction and maintenance

— Iron and Steel industry

— Slaughterhouses

— Railway shunting work

— Harbours, transport and logistics

— Forest Industry

Eyes and/or face

Spectacles, goggles and face shields

— Welding, grinding and separating work

— Manual hammering

— Caulking and chiselling

— Rock working and processing

— Work with bolt-driving tools

— Work on stock removing machines for small chippings

— Drop forging

— The removal and breaking up of fragments

— Spraying of abrasive substances

— Use of brush cutter or chainsaw

— Dental and surgical procedures

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Machinery manufacturing, installation and maintenance

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Energy production

— Infrastructure construction and maintenance

— Iron and Steel industries

— Metal and Wood industries

— Stone carving

— Gardening

— Healthcare

— Forestry

Foot and leg (parts)

Footwear (shoes/boots, etc.) with safety or protective toecap

Footwear with metatarsal protection

— Carcase Work and road work

— Erection and stripping of formwork

— Scaffolding's assembly and installation

— Demolitions

— Blasting works

— Working and processing of rock

— Slaughtering and Cutting line works

— Transport and storage

— Work with moulds in the ceramics industry

— Work with frozen meat blocks and preserved foods packaging

— Flat glass products and container glassware manufacture, working and processing

— Conversion and maintenance work

— Forest works

— Work with concrete and prefabricated parts involving formwork erection and stripping

— Work in contractors’ yards and warehouses

— Roof work

— Work on steel bridges, steel building construction, masts, towers, lifts, steel hydraulic structures, blast furnaces, steelworks and rolling mills, large containers, large pipelines, cranes, boiler plants and power stations

— Furnace construction, heating and ventilation installation and metal assembly work

— Work with blast furnaces, direct reduction plants, steelworks, rolling mills, metal works, forging, drop forging, hot pressing and drawing plants

— Work in quarries and open diggings, coal stock removal

— Work with moulds in the ceramics industry

— Lining of kilns in the ceramics industry

— Railway shunting work

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Machinery manufacturing, installation and maintenance

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Energy production

— Infrastructure construction and maintenance

— Iron and Steel industry

— Slaughterhouses

— Logistic Companies

— Manufacturing Industry

— Glass Industry

— Forest Industry

Falls due to slipping

Foot

Slip-resistant footwear

— Works on slippery surfaces

— Works on humidity environments

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Slaughterhouse

— Cleaning

— Food industries

— Gardening

— Fishing industry

Falls from a height

Whole body

PPE designed to prevent or arrest falls from height

— Work on scaffolding

— Assembly of prefabricated parts

— Works on masts

— Roof work

— Work on vertical or slope surfaces

— Work in high crane cabs

— Work in high cabs of warehouse stacking and retrieval equipment

— Work in high sections of drilling towers

— Work in shafts and sewers

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Infrastructure maintenance

Vibration

Hands

Protective Gloves

— Works with hand-guided tools

— Manufacturing industries

— Building work

— Civil Engineering work

Static compression of parts of the body

Knee (leg parts)

Kneepads

— Installation of blocks, tiles and pavers on the floor

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

Foot

Footwear with toecaps

— Demolitions

— Load handling

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Transport and storage

— Maintenance

Mechanical injuries (abrasion, perforation, cuts, bites, wounds or stabs)

Eyes and/or face

Spectacles, goggles, face shields

— Works with hand-guided tools

— Welding and forging

— Grinding and separating work

— Chiselling

— Rock working and processing

— Work on stock removing machines for small chippings

— Drop forging

— The removal and breaking up of fragments

— Spraying of abrasive substances

— Use of brush cutter or chainsaw

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Energy production

— Infrastructure maintenance

— Iron and Steel industries

— Metal and Wood industries

— Stone carving

— Gardening

— Forestry

Hands

Mechanical protective gloves

— Works with steel framework

— Handling of sharp-edged objects, other than machines where there is a danger of the gloves being caught

— Regular cutting using a hand knife for production and slaughtering

— Changing the knives of cutting machines

— Forest works

— Gardening work

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Infrastructure maintenance

— Manufacturing industries

— Food industry

— Slaughter

— Forest industry

Forearms

Arm protection

— Boning and cutting

— Food industry

— Slaughter

Trunk/Abdomen/Leg

Protective apron, gaiters

Penetration resistance trousers (cut-resistant trousers)

— Regular cutting using a hand knife for production and slaughtering

— Forest works

— Food industry

— Slaughter

— Forest industry

Foot

Penetration resistance footwear

— Carcase works and road works

— Demolition

— Formwork's erection and stripping

— Forest works

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Forest industry

Entanglement and trapping

Whole body

Protective clothing for use where there is a risk of entanglement with moving parts

— Entangle oneself in parts of machines

— Get caught in parts of machines

— Get caught with garment in parts of machines

— Get swept away

— Machine building

— Manufacture of heavy-duty machines

— Engineering

— Construction

— Agriculture

PHYSICAL — NOISE

Noise

Ears

Hearing protectors

— Work with metal presses

— Work with pneumatic drills

— The work of ground staff at airports

— Works with power tools

— Blasting works

— Pile-driving work

— Wood and textile working

— Metal Industry

— Manufacturing industry

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Aeronautical industry

— Mining works

PHYSICAL — THERMAL

Heat and/or fire

Face/Whole head

Welding headshields,

helmets/caps against heat or fire, protective hoods against heat and/or flame

— Work in presence of high temperatures, radiating heat or fire

— Work with or in the vicinity of molten substances

— Work with welding plastics guns

— Iron and Steel Industry

— Metal Industry

— Maintenance services

— Manufacturing Industry

Trunk/abdomen/legs

Protective apron, gaiters

— Welding and forging

— Casting

— Iron and Steel Industry

— Metal Industry

— Maintenance services

— Manufacturing industry

Hand

Protective gloves against heat and/or flame

— Welding and forging

— Work in presence of high temperatures, radiating heat or fire

— Work with or in the vicinity of molten substances

— Iron and Steel Industry

— Metal Industry

— Maintenance services

— Manufacturing industry

Forearms

Sleeves

— Welding and forging

— Work with or in the vicinity of molten substances

— Iron and Steel Industry

— Metal Industry

— Maintenance services

— Manufacturing industry

Foot

Footwear against heat and/or flame

— Work with or in the vicinity of molten substances

— Iron and Steel Industry

— Metal Industry

— Maintenance services

— Manufacturing industry

Whole/partial body

Protective clothing against heat and/or flame

— Work in presence of high temperatures, radiating heat or fire

— Iron and Steel Industry

— Metal Industry

— Forest Industry

Cold

Hand

Protective gloves against cold

Foot

Footwear against cold

— Work in the open air in extreme cold conditions

— Work in deep-freeze rooms

— Work with cryogenic liquids

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Food Industry

— Agriculture and fisheries sector

Whole/partial body including head

Protective clothing against cold

— Work in the open air in cold weather conditions

— Work in deep-freeze rooms

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Food Industry

— Agriculture and fisheries sector

— Transport and storage

PHYSICAL — ELECTRICAL

Electric shock (direct or indirect contact)

Whole head

Electrically insulating helmets

Hands

Electrically insulating gloves

Foot

Electrically insulating footwear

Whole body/Hands/Foot

Conductive PPE intended to be worn by skilled persons during live working at a nominal power system voltage up to 800 kV AC and 600 kV DC

— Live working or close to live parts under electrical tension

— Work on electrical system

— Energy production

— Transmission and distribution of electrical energy

— Industrial facilities maintenance

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

Static electricity

Hands

Antistatic gloves

Foot

Antistatic/conductivefootwear

Whole body

Antistatic clothing

— Handling plastic and rubber

— Pouring, collecting or loading into a container

— Work near to highly charged elements such as conveyor belts

— Handling explosives

— Manufacturing industry

— Feed industry

— Bagging and packing plants

— Production, storage or transport of explosives

PHYSICAL — RADIATION

Non-ionizing radiation, including sunlight (other than direct observation)

Head

Caps and helmets

— Work in open air

— Fishing and agriculture

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

Eyes

Protective spectacles, goggles and face shields

— Work with radiant heat

— Furnace operations

— Work with laser

— Work in open air

— Welding and gas cutting

— Glass blowing

— Germicidal lamps

— Iron and Steel Industries

— Manufacturing industry

— Fishing and agriculture

Whole body (skin)

PPE against

Natural and artificial UV

— Work in the open air

— Electrical welding

— Germicidal lamps

— Xenon lamps

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Energy production

— Infrastructure maintenance

— Fishing and agriculture

— Forest industry

— Gardening

— Food industry

— Plastic industry

— Printing industry

Ionizing radiation

Eyes

Protective spectacles/goggles against ionizing radiation

Hands

Protective gloves against ionizing radiation

— Operating in X-ray facilities

— Operating in the area of medical radio diagnosis

— Work with radioactive products

— Healthcare

— Veterinary care

— Radioactive waste plant

— Energy production

Trunk/abdomen/partial body

Protective apron against x-rays

/Coat/Vest/Skirt against x-rays

— Operating in X-ray facilities

— Operating in the area of medical radio diagnosis

— Healthcare

— Veterinary care

— Dental care

— Urology

— Surgery

— Interventional radiology

— Laboratories

Head

Headwear & Caps

PPE for protection against e.g. development of brain tumours

— Medical X-ray work places and facilities

— Healthcare

— Veterinary care

— Dental care

— Urology

— Surgery

— Interventional radiology

Partial body

PPE for thyroid protection

PPE for gonads protection

— Operating in X-ray facilities

— Operating in the area of medical radio diagnosis

— Healthcare

— Veterinary care

Whole body

Protective clothing against ionizing radiation

— Operating in the area of medical radio diagnosis

— Work with radioactive products

— Energy production

— Radioactive waste plant

II.    CHEMICAL RISKS (including nanomaterial)



Risks

Body part affected

Type of PPE

Examples of activities where the use of the corresponding type of PPE may be necessary (*)

Industry and Sectors

CHEMICAL — AEROSOLS

Solid (dusts, fumes, smokes, fibres,

and nano-material)

Respiratory system

Respiratory protective devices against particles

— Demolition

— Blasting works

— Sanding and Polishing of surfaces

— Work in presence of asbestos

— Use of materials consisting of/containing nanoparticles

— Welding

— Chimney sweeper

— Work on the lining of furnaces and ladles where there may be dust

— Work in the vicinity of blast furnace taps where there may be heavy metal fumes

— Work in the vicinity of the blast furnace charge

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Iron and Steel industries

— Metal and Wood industries

— Automotive industry

— Stone carving

— Pharmaceuticals industry

— Healthcare services

— Preparation of cytostatics

Hands

Chemical Protective gloves

and barrier cream as an additional/accessory protection

— Work in presence of asbestos

— Use of materials consisting of/containing nanoparticles

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Industrial facilities maintenance

Whole body

Protective clothing against solid particles

— Demolition

— Work in presence of asbestos

— Use of materials consisting of/containing nanoparticles

— Chimney sweeper

— Preparation of plant protection products

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Industrial facilities maintenance

— Agriculture

Eyes

Spectacles/goggles and face shields

— Woodworking

— Road work

— Mining industry

— Metal and wood industry

— Civil engineering construction

Liquid

(mists and fogs)

Respiratory system

Respiratory protective devices against particles

— Surface treatment (e.g. varnishing/painting, abrasive blasting)

— Surface cleaning

— Metal Industry

— Manufacturing Industry

— Automotive sector

Hands

Chemical protective gloves

— Surface treatment

— Surface cleaning

— Work with liquid sprays

— Works with acids and caustic solutions, disinfectants and corrosive cleaning substances

— Metal Industry

— Manufacturing industry

— Automotive sector

Whole body

Chemical protective clothing

— Surface treatment

— Surface cleaning

— Metal Industry

— Manufacturing industry

— Automotive sector

CHEMICAL — LIQUIDS

Immersion

Splashes, sprays and jets

Hands

Chemical protective gloves,

— Work with liquid sprays

— Works with acids and caustic solutions, disinfectants and corrosive cleaning products

— Processing of coating materials

— Tanning

— Work in hairdressers and beauty salons

— Textile and clothing industry

— Cleaning industry

— Automobile industry

— Beauty and hairdressing sectors

Forearms

Chemical protective sleeves

— Works with acids and caustic solutions, disinfectants and corrosive cleaning products

— Cleaning

— Chemical industry

— Cleaning industry

— Automobile industry

Foot

Chemical protective boots

— Work with liquid sprays

— Works with acids and caustic solutions, disinfectants and corrosive cleaning products

— Textile and clothing industry

— Cleaning industry

— Automobile industry

Whole body

Chemical protectiveclothing

— Work with liquid sprays

— Works with acids and caustic solutions, disinfectants and corrosive cleaning products

— Cleaning

— Chemical industry

— Cleaning industry

— Automobile industry

— Agriculture

CHEMICAL — GASES AND VAPOURS

Gases and vapours

Respiratory system

Respiratory protective devices against gases

— Surface treatment (e.g. varnishing/painting, abrasive blasting)

— Surface cleaning

— Work in fermentation and distilling rooms

— Work inside tanks and digesters

— Work in containers, restricted areas and gas-fired industrial furnaces where there may be gas or insufficient oxygen

— Chimney sweeper

— Disinfectants and corrosive cleaning substances

— Work in the vicinity of gas converters and blast furnace gas pipes

— Metal Industry

— Automotive sector

— Manufacturing industry

— Cleaning industry

— Alcoholic drinks production

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Chemical Industry

— Petrochemical industry

Hands

Chemical protective gloves

— Surface treatment

— Surface cleaning

— Work in fermentation and distilling rooms

— Work inside tanks and digesters

— Work in containers, restricted areas and gas-fired industrial furnaces where there may be gas or insufficient oxygen

— Metal Industry

— Automotive sector

— Manufacturing industry

— Alcoholic drinks production

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Chemical Industry

— Petrochemical industry

Whole body

Chemical protective clothing

— Surface treatment

— Surface cleaning

— Work in fermentation and distilling rooms

— Work inside tanks and digesters

— Work in containers, restricted areas and gas-fired industrial furnaces where there may be gas or insufficient oxygen

— Metal Industry

— Automotive sector

— Manufacturing industry

— Alcoholic drinks production

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Chemical Industry

— Petrochemical industry

Eyes

Spectacles, goggles and face shields

— Spray painting

— Woodworking

— Mining operations

— Automotive sector

— Manufacturing industry

— Mine industry

— Chemical Industry

— Petrochemical industry

III.    BIOLOGICAL AGENTS



Risks

Body part affected

Type of PPE

Examples of activities where the use of the corresponding type of PPE may be necessary (*)

Industry and Sectors

BIOLOGICAL AGENTS (contained in) - AEROSOLS

Solids and liquids

Respiratory system

Respiratory protective devices against particles

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

— Biochemical production

Hands

Protective gloves against microorganisms

Whole/partial body

Protective clothing against biological agents

Eyes and/or face

Protective spectacles, goggles and face shields

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

BIOLOGICAL AGENTS (contained in) - LIQUIDS

Direct and indirect contact

Hands

Protective gloves against microorganisms

Whole/partial body

Protective clothing against biological agents

Eyes and/or face

Protective goggles and face shields

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues (bites, stings)

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

— Forest industry

Splashes, sprays and jets

Hands

Protective gloves against microorganisms

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

Forearms

Protective sleeves against microorganisms

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

Foot/legs

Protective over boots and gaiters

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

Whole body

Protective clothing against biological agents

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

BIOLOGICAL AGENTS (contained in) – MATERIALS, PERSONS, ANIMALS, ETC.

Direct and indirect contact

Hands

Protective gloves against microorganisms

Whole/partial body

Protective clothing against biological agents

Eyes and/or face

Protective goggles and face shields

— Work that involve contact with human body and animal fluids and tissues (bites, stings)

— Work in presence of biological agent

— Healthcare

— Veterinary clinics

— Clinical analysis laboratories

— Research Laboratories

— Retirement homes

— Homes assistances

— Wastewater treatment plants

— Waste treatment plant

— Food Industry

— Forest industry

IV.    OTHER RISKS



Risks

Body part affected

Type of PPE

Examples of activities where the use of the corresponding type of PPE may be necessary (*)

Industry and Sectors

Non-visibility

Whole body

PPE for signalling the user’s presence visually

— Work in proximity of movement of vehicles

— Asphalt works and road marking

— Railway works

— Driving means of transport

— Work of ground staff at airport

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Mining works

— Transport services and passengers transports

Oxygen deficiency

Respiratory system

Insulating respiratory protectives devices

— Work in confined spaces

— Work in fermentation and distilling rooms

— Work inside tanks and digesters

— Work in containers, restricted areas and gas-fired industrial furnaces where there may be gas or insufficient oxygen

— Work in shafts, sewers and other underground areas connected with sewage

— Alcoholic drinks production

— Civil engineering construction

— Chemical Industry

— Petrochemical industry

Respiratory system

Diving equipment

— Underwater works

— Civil engineering construction

Drowning

Whole body

Life jacket

— Work on or near water

— Work in the sea

— Work in an airplane

— Fishing industry

— Aeronautical industry

— Building construction

— Civil engineering construction

— Shipbuilding

— Docks and harbours



( *1 ) See the Commission communication (OJ No C 328, 30.12.1989, p. 3).

( 1 ) OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1.

( 2 ) In certain circumstances, as a result of the risk assessment, barrier creams could be used together with other PPE with the aim of protecting workers’ skin from related risks. Barrier creams are PPE under the scope of Directive 89/656/EEC as this type of equipment can be considered in certain circumstances as ‘additional or accessory’ within the meaning of Article 2 of Directive 89/656/EEC. However, barrier creams are not PPE according to the definition in Article 3(1) of Regulation (EU) 2016/425.

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