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Document 32023D0847

Council Implementing Decision (CFSP) 2023/847 of 24 April 2023 implementing Decision 2013/255/CFSP concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Syria

ST/7466/2023/INIT

OJ L 109I, 24/04/2023, p. 26–37 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, GA, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec_impl/2023/847/oj

24.4.2023   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

LI 109/26


COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING DECISION (CFSP) 2023/847

of 24 April 2023

implementing Decision 2013/255/CFSP concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Syria

THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on European Union, and in particular Article 31(2) thereof,

Having regard to Council Decision 2013/255/CFSP of 31 May 2013 concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Syria (1), and in particular Article 30(1) thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy,

Whereas:

(1)

On 31 May 2013, the Council adopted Decision 2013/255/CFSP.

(2)

The Council remains deeply concerned about the situation in Syria. After more than a decade, the conflict in Syria is far from over and remains a source of suffering and instability.

(3)

The Council notes that the Syrian regime continues to pursue its policy of repression. In view of the gravity of the situation which persists, the Council considers it necessary to maintain and ensure the effectiveness of the restrictive measures in place by further developing them while maintaining their targeted and differentiated approach, and bearing in mind the humanitarian conditions of the Syrian population. The Council considers that certain categories of persons and entities are of particular relevance for the effectiveness of those restrictive measures, given the specific context prevailing in Syria.

(4)

The Council has assessed that regime-affiliated militias support the Syrian regime in its repressive policies, commit abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law on behalf of the Syrian regime, and that their members present a serious risk of further committing such violations. In recent years there has been a rise of private security companies operating in Syria, which act as shell companies for regime-affiliated militias and support them though activities such as the recruitment of members. The Council therefore considers that further restrictive measures are necessary to freeze all funds and economic resources belonging to, owned, held or controlled by members of Syrian regime-affiliated militias, as well as persons and entities linked to certain private security companies which support such regime-affiliated militias, and to impose restrictions on admission for such persons, as identified by the Council and listed in Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP.

(5)

The Council is deeply concerned about the rise in narcotics trade originating in Syria. The Council has in particular assessed that the trade in amphetamines has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and providing it with revenue that contributes to its ability to maintain its policies of repression. The Council considers that it should provide for restrictive measures to freeze all funds and economic resources belonging to, owned, held or controlled by certain persons and entities involved in the production or trafficking of narcotics originating in Syria, as identified by the Council and listed in Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP, and to impose restrictions on admission for such persons, in order to prevent them from providing support to the regime and increase pressure on the regime to change its policies of repression. These measures also aim to reduce the risk of undermining the effectiveness of restrictive measures by targeting the regime’s ability to resort to proceeds from narcotics trade to continue its policy of repression.

(6)

In view of the gravity of the situation, the Council considers that 25 persons and 8 entities should be added to the list of natural and legal persons, entities or bodies subject to restrictive measures set out in Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP.

(7)

Decision 2013/255/CFSP should therefore be amended accordingly,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP is amended as set out in the Annex to this Decision.

Article 2

This Decision shall enter into force on the date of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Luxembourg, 24 April 2023.

For the Council

The President

J. BORRELL FONTELLES


(1)   OJ L 147, 1.6.2013, p. 14.


ANNEX

Annex I to Decision 2013/255/CFSP is amended as follows:

(1)

the following entries are added to the list set out in Section A (Persons):

 

Name

Identifying information

Reasons

Date of listing

‘327.

Wasim Badia AL-ASSAD

وسيم بديع الأسد

Date of birth: 18.7.1980;

Place of birth: Qardaha/Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Wasim Badia al-Assad is Bashar al-Assad’s cousin; he is therefore a member of the Assad family.

Wasim Badia al-Assad is also involved in the production and trafficking of Captagon. In particular, he has been involved in the production of Captagon and is responsible for drug shipments. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

328.

Samer Kamal AL-ASSAD

a.k.a. ‘Samir’

سامر كمال الأسد

Date of birth: 19.5.1973;

Place of birth: Qardaha, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Samer Kamal al-Assad is a member of the Assad family.

He operates in the context of the narcotics trade, in particular in its production. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

329.

Mudar Rifaat AL-ASSAD

a.k.a. ‘Rifa’at’

مضر رفعت الأسد

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Mudar Rifaat al-Assad is Bashar al-Assad’s cousin; he is therefore a member of the Assad family.

24.4.2023

330.

Mohammad SHALISH

محمد شاليش

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Mohammad Shalish has close ties to the regime.

He is linked to drug operations and more specifically to the Captagon trade in the Lattakia region. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

331.

Waseem Omar AL-MASALMA

وسيم عمر المسالمة

Date of birth: 27.8.1981;

Place of birth: Bosra Al-Sham/Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Waseem Omar al-Masalma is a leader of a regime-affiliated militia.

Waseem Omar al-Masalma is involved in the regime-led trade in Captagon in Southern Syria, especially in Deraa. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

332.

Amer Tayseer KHITI

عامرتيسير خيتي

Date of birth: 31.7.1980;

Place of birth: Douma/Rif Dimashq Governorate/Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Amer Tayseer Khiti is a leading businessperson operating in Syria with interests in real estate, construction and industry. He has close ties to the Assad family. He is a supporter of president al-Assad and organised rallies for him.

Amer Tayseer Khiti is also involved in Captagon smuggling operations and bought up real estate in order to invest in packaging facilities used for drug smuggling. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

333.

Abdellatif HAMID

a.k.a. ‘Hamida’

عبد اللطيف حميدة

Date of birth: 1.12.1977;

Place of birth: Aleppo, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Abdellatif Hamid has close ties to the Assad family.

Abdellatif Hamid owns a factory in Aleppo that has been implicated in Captagon production and trafficking. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

334.

Nouh ZAITER

Noah ZAITER

Noah ZAYTAR

نوح زعيتر

Date of birth: 1977;

Place of birth: Zahle, Lebanon;

Nationality: Lebanese;

Gender: male

Nouh Zaiter is associated with members of the Assad family.

He is involved in the trafficking of Captagon in Lebanon and Syria. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

335.

Taher AL-KAYALI

طاهر الكيالي

Date of birth: 13.12.1959;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Taher Al-Kayali is a Syrian businessman who owns several companies including Neptunus LLC.

Through his companies he is involved in the production and trafficking of Captagon, especially in terms of transportation from the port of Latakia. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

336.

Imad Abu ZUREIQ

Emad Abu ZURAIQ

Imad Abu ZREIK

عماد أبو زريق

Date of birth: 1982;

Place of birth: Nasib, Daraa (Syria);

Nationality: Syrian;

Suspected location: Daraa, Syria;

Gender: male

Imad Abu Zureiq is a leading member of a regime-affiliated militia in Southwest Syria that reports directly to the Syrian regime’s Military Security branch.

Currently his militia profits from the war economy, including the trafficking in Captagon. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

337.

Mustafa AL-MASALMAH

a.k.a. Mustafa AL-KASAM/QASIM

مصطفى المسالمة/الكسم

Nationality: Syrian;

Suspected location: Daraa al-Balad, Syria;

Gender: male

Mustafa al-Masalmah leads a regime-affiliated militia that reports directly to the Syrian regime’s Military Security branch.

Currently his militia profits from the war economy, including the trafficking in the synthetic drug Captagon. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline.

He therefore benefits from and supports the regime, and is associated with it.

24.4.2023

338.

Hassan Muhammad DAQQOU

حسن محمد دقو

Date of birth: 1.2.1985;

Place of birth: Tfail, Lebanon;

Nationality: Syrian/Lebanese;

Gender: male

Hassan Muhammad Daqqou has close ties with the Fourth Division of the Syrian Army. Daqqou has established a wide drug trafficking network in Lebanon and Syria and built Captagon manufacturing plants close to the Syrian-Lebanese border. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

339.

Jihad BARAKAT

جهاد بركات

Date of birth: 1964;

Place of birth: Qardahah/Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Jihad Barakat is, through marriage, associated with the Assad family.

He is also leader of a regime-affiliated militia and continues to hold different military and intelligence functions for the regime.

24.4.2023

340.

Raji FALHOUT

راجي فلحوط

Date of birth: 3.10.1985;

Place of birth: Atil, Syria;

Position: Syrian regime-affiliated militia leader;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Raji Falhout leads a militia that is associated with the Syrian Military Intelligence.

Raji Falhout is also involved in drug trafficking linked to Captagon. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

341.

Muhammad ABDO ASSAAD

a.k.a. Asa’ad

محمد عبده أسعد

Date of birth: 19.7.1975;

Place of birth: Ain Tineh, Damascus Countryside, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Address: Assaad Building, Main Street, Ain Tineh, Damascus Countryside;

Other identifying information: Father: Abdo Assaad;

Gender: male

Muhammad Abdo Assaad is the leader of the Hosn al-Watan militia, which fought on behalf of the Syrian regime.

Most recently, he has founded the Aman for Protection and Security LLC, which offers private security services and operates as a shell company for the Hosn al-Watan militia. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

342.

Samer AL-DIBIS

سامر الدبس

(a.k.a. Samer AL-DIBS, Samir)

Date of birth: 30.3.1962;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Address: Naher Street, Rawda, Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Samer al-Dibis is a leading businessperson operating in Syria, active in several sectors of the economy, especially in the chemical industry and in real estate. He is a member of the Board of Directors of the Syrian-Chinese Business Council and the chairman of the Damascus and Rural Damascus Chamber of Industry. He is also a member of Parliament and a close associate of Maher al-Assad. In these functions Samer al-Dibis benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

343.

Ali Najib IBRAHIM

علي نجيب إبراهيم

(a.k.a. Ali NajeebIBRAHIM)

Date of birth: 1991;

Position: businessperson;

Nationality: Syrian;

Address: Al-Malki, Damascus, Syria;

Gender: male

Ali Najib Ibrahim is a leading businessperson operating in Syria, active also in the telecommunications sector. He owns several shell companies, which have been linked to the Syrian regime in attempts to circumvent sanctions. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

344.

Jamal ISMAIL

a.k.a. Ismael

جمال إسماعيل

Nationality: Syrian;

Associated entities: Military Intelligence Directorate;

Gender: male

Jamal al-Ismail was the commander of Branch 227 of the Military Intelligence Directorate of the Syrian regime on 13 April 2013 when his unit killed at least 41 civilians in the town of Tadamon (‘Tadamon massacre’). He is therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

24.4.2023

345.

Jamal AL-KHATIB

جمال الخطيب

Associated entities: Military Intelligence Directorate

Jamal al-Khatib was a commanding officer in Branch 227 of the Military Intelligence Directorate of the Syrian regime on 13 April 2013 when he participated in the killing of at least 41 civilians in the town of Tadamon (‘Tadamon massacre’). He is therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

24.4.2023

346.

Osama AL-MALIKI

a.k.a. Usama

أسامة المالكي

Date of birth: 1963;

Place of birth: Damascus, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Address: Villa 98, Sharqiyyat, Jazira al-Khamisa, Qura al-Assad, Damascus Coutryside, Syria;

Other identifying information: Father: Mohammad al-Maliki – محمد المالكي

Gender: male

Osama al-Maliki is majority owner of Al-Jabal Security and Protection LLC. Al-Jabal Security and Protection LLC acts as a shell company to allow for the continuation of activities of the Saraya al-Areen 313 militia, a regime-affiliated militia. Osama al-Maliki therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

347.

Fadi SAQR

فادي أحمد

(a.k.a. Fady SAKR, Fadi SAQER, Fadi SAQIR)

Date of birth: 1975

Place of birth: Jablah, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Fadi Saqr is a leader of the “National Defense Forces” (NDF) militia in Damascus that has fought on behalf of the regime since at least 2012. Fadi Saqr therefore is a member of a regime-affiliated militia.

Fadi Saqr was part of the chain of command in the massacre of at least 41 civilians in the town of Tadamon on 13 April 2013 (‘Tadamon massacre’). He is therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

24.4.2023

348.

Ahmad Ali TAHER

احمد علي طاهر

Date of birth: 1982;

Nationality: Syrian;

Address: Damascus, Mazze, Western Villas, Saraya 36 Building, 3rd Floor;

Associated individuals: Brother: Khodr Taher;

Associated entities: Castle Security and Protection LLC;

Other identifying information: Father: Ali Taher;

Gender: male

Ahmad Ali Taher owns shares in Castle Security and Protection LLC, which operates as a shell company for the Fourth Division of the Syrian Arab Army, led by Maher al-Assad. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

349.

Amjad YOUSSEF

a.k.a. Yusuf, Yousef

أمجد يوسف

Nationality: Syrian;

Gender: male

Amjad Youssef is a Warrant Officer in the Syrian Military Intelligence Directorate.

He was a member of Branch 227 of the Military Intelligence Directorate of the Syrian regime on 13 April 2013, when he participated in the killing of at least 41 civilians in the town of Tadamon (‘Tadamon massacre’). He is therefore responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population in Syria.

24.4.2023

350.

Osama RAMADAN

a.k.a. Usama

أسامة رمضان

Date of birth: 1973;

Nationality: Syrian;

Address: Damascus, Mazze, Western Villas, Saraya 36 Building, 3rd Floor;

Business Associate: Ahmad Ali Taher;

Associated entities: Castle Security and Protection LLC;

Other identifying information: Father: Hassan Ramadan;

Gender: male

Osama Ramadan owns shares in Castle Security and Protection LLC, which operates as a shell company for the Fourth Division of the Syrian Arab Army, led by the Maher al-Assad. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

351.

Ali Mhanna SULEIMAN

علي مهنا سليمان

Date of birth: 1987;

Place of birth: Al-Raml, Kherbet Maaza, Tartus, Syria;

Nationality: Syrian;

Address: Tartus, Khirbit Maaza, 36th Estate, Ghaya Estate Area;

National ID Number: 10040018920;

Father’s Name: Mhanna;

Mother’s Name: Insaf;

Gender: male

Ali Suleiman was the leader of the Sahab Regiment of a Syrian Arab Army division known as “Tiger Forces”. He is a close associate of Suhayl Hassan. He has been involved in financing the regime, including through the smuggling of fuel. He also benefits from his association with the regime, such as from opportunities in real estate development. He therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023’

(2)

the following entries are added to the list set out in Section B (entities):

 

Name

Identifying information

Reasons

Date of listing

‘83.

Fourth Armoured Division of the Syrian Army

الفرقة الرابع

Place of registration: Damascus;

Principal place of business: Syrian regime territory in Syria;

Associated individuals: Maher al-Assad, Ghassan Belal

The Fourth Armoured Division is one of the most prominent military units of the Syrian army led by Maher al-Assad and commanded by Ghassan Bilal.

The Fourth Armoured Division is responsible for the violent repression of the civilian population.

The Fourth Armoured Division also profits form the war economy, especially the trafficking in Captagon. Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. Therefore, the Fourth Armoured Division benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

84.

Neptunus LLC/Neptune LLC company

شركة نبتونوس المحدودة المسؤولية

نبتونس أوفرسيز المحدودة

Place of registration: Lattakia, Syria;

Date of registration: 2017

Neptunus LLC is involved in drug operations in the port of Latakia. Neptunus LLC therefore benefits and supports the regime.

Neptunus LLC was co-founded by Taher Al-Kayali.

24.4.2023

85.

Areen foundation/مؤسسة العرين

Place of registration: Syria;

Date of registration: 1999;

Principal place of business: Syria;

Associated individuals: Asma al-Assad (wife of Bashar al-Assad and Director)

The al-Areen foundation poses as a charitable foundation, but is closely affiliated with Syrian regime militias.

The al-Areen foundation is directed by the president’s wife, Asma Al-Assad.

The foundation is channelling aid in line with the policies and priorities of the regime, and therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

86.

Stroytransgaz/Стройтрансгаз

Other information:

Stroytransgaz Group,

Stroytransgaz (STG) Logistic,

Stroytransgaz (STG) Engineering,

STG Engineering

Stroytransgaz is a Russian engineering and construction company operating in Syria, which amongst other things assumed control of Syria’s largest phosphate mines.

Stroytransgaz therefore benefits from and supports the Syrian regime.

24.4.2023

87.

Gecopham, the General Company for Phosphate and Mines

الشركة العامة للفوسفات و المناجم

Address: Palmyra Road, Homs, Syrian Arabic Republic;

Phone: 00963312751122;

Email: info@gecopham.sy;

General Manager: Younes Ramadan

Gecopham is controlled by the Syrian Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources and provides financial support to the regime. It therefore supports the regime.

24.4.2023

88.

Al-Jabal Security and Protection LLC

شركة الجبل لخدمات الحماية والحراسة

Address: F6XR+495, Malek Bin Rabeaa, Damascus, Syria;

Type of entity: Limited Liability Company;

Place of registration: Damascus;

Date of registration: 19.10.2017;

Principal place of business: Damascus, Syria;

Associated individuals: Osama Mohammad al-Maliki

Al-Jabal Security and Protection LLC is owned and managed by Osama al-Maliki.

Al-Jabal Security and Protection LLC acts as a shell company to allow for the continuation of activities of the Saraya al-Areen 313 militia, a regime-affiliated militia. Al-Jabal Security and Protection LLC therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

89.

Castle for Security and Protection LLC

شركة القلعة للحماية والحراسة والخدمات الأمني

a.k.a. Castle Security and Protection LLC, Citadel for Security and Protection

Address: Saraya Roundabout, Western Villas, Mazze, Damascus, Syria;

Type of entity: Limited Liability Company;

Place of registration: Damascus, Syria;

Date of registration: 18.10.2017;

Registration number: /

Principal place of business: Damascus, Syria;

Other information: Sector: Militia turned Security Company;

Phone Number: +963116119331; +963943800808

Castle for Security and Protection LLC is a private company, which acts as a shell company for the Fourth Division of the Syrian Arab Army, which is led by Maher al-Assad.

Castle for Security is involved also in the trafficking of narcotics. The Captagon trade has become a regime-led business model, enriching the inner circle of the regime and forming its lifeline. It therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023

90.

Aman for Protection and Security LLC

شركة أمان للحماية والحراسة الأمنية

Address: Damascus Countryside;

Type of entity: Limited Liability Company;

Place of registration: Damascus Countryside;

Date of registration: 10.10.2018;

Registration number: 2906;

Principal place of business: Damascus Countryside, Syria;

Associated individuals: Muhammad Abdo Assad

Aman for Protection and Security LLC is a private security company, which acts as a shell company for the Hosn al-Watan milita, founded by Muhammad Abdo Assaad. It therefore benefits from and supports the regime.

24.4.2023’


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