EUR-Lex Access to European Union law

Back to EUR-Lex homepage

This document is an excerpt from the EUR-Lex website

Document 32020D2126

Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2020/2126 of 16 December 2020 on setting out the annual emission allocations of the Member States for the period from 2021 to 2030 pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Text with EEA relevance)

C/2020/8865

OJ L 426, 17.12.2020, p. 58–64 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, HR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec_impl/2020/2126/oj

17.12.2020   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 426/58


COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION (EU) 2020/2126

of 16 December 2020

on setting out the annual emission allocations of the Member States for the period from 2021 to 2030 pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 (1), and in particular Article 4(3) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

In order to set out the annual emission allocations of the Member States for the period from 2021 to 2030 in the sectors within the scope of Regulation (EU) 2018/842, the relevant calculations need to be based on the most accurate data available. Therefore, the total greenhouse gas emissions falling within the scope of Regulation (EU) 2018/842 and submitted by the Member States to the Commission pursuant to Article 7 of Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (2) in the year 2020 are established following a comprehensive review. That review has been conducted by the Commission, assisted by the European Environment Agency, in accordance with Article 19(1) of Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 and constitutes reviewed greenhouse gas emissions data for the years 2005 and 2016 to 2018 in accordance with Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842.

(2)

Equally accurate data as the reviewed inventory data are required in relation to greenhouse gas emissions from stationary installations within the scope of Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (3), which establishes a system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Union (‘EU ETS’) as deriving from the Union Registry of verified emissions of those installations (‘Registry’). To the extent the 2005 EU ETS emissions in the Registry do not correspond to the current scope of Directive 2003/87/EC or Regulation (EU) 2018/842, relevant Commission Decisions (4) adopted pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC or Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (5), as well as national allocation plans and the official correspondence between the Commission and the respective Member States are used for providing complementary emission data.

(3)

In order to ensure consistency of the determined annual emission allocations with the reported greenhouse gas emissions for each year of the period from 2021 to 2030, Member States’ annual emission allocations need to be calculated in CO2 equivalents by applying the same values for global warming potentials, namely values set out in the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change 5th Assessment Report and listed in the Annex to Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/1044 (6).

(4)

To calculate the annual emission allocation for each Member State for the year 2030 in accordance with the greenhouse gas emission reductions in 2030 in relation to their 2005 levels specified in Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2018/842, a five-step methodology applies.

(5)

First, the value for the 2005 greenhouse gas emissions is determined. The quantity of greenhouse gas emissions of stationary installations within the scope of Directive 2003/87/EC that existed in 2005 is subtracted from the reviewed total greenhouse gas emissions for the year 2005. To Member States participating in the EU ETS since later than 2005, the quantity of 2005 emissions as determined in Decision 2013/162/EU applies. The extension of the scope of Directive 2003/87/EC in 2013 is reflected by calculating the 2005 equivalent value of the corresponding adjustment of the annual emission allocation for 2020 in accordance with Decision No 406/2009/EC as set out in Implementing Decision 2013/634/EU. As required by Article 10(1)(a) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842, the calculation also reflects changes of installation coverage between 2005 and 2012, in the same way as set out in Decision (EU) 2017/1471.

(6)

Second, the annual emission allocation for each Member State for the year 2030 is calculated by applying the percentage laid down in Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2018/842 to the calculated 2005 emission value.

(7)

Third, the average quantity of greenhouse gas emissions within the scope of Regulation (EU) 2018/842 in the years 2016, 2017 and 2018 of each Member State is calculated by subtracting the average quantity of verified greenhouse gas emissions from stationary installations within the scope of Directive 2003/87/EC in the years 2016, 2017 and 2018 in the respective Member State and CO2 emissions of domestic aviation from its average total reviewed greenhouse gas emissions for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018.

(8)

Fourth, the annual emission allocations for each Member State for the years 2021 to 2029 are calculated. They are established on the basis of a linear trajectory starting at the average quantity for the years 2016, 2017 and 2018 at five-twelfths of the distance from 2019 to 2020 and ending with its annual emission allocation for the year 2030. For Greece, Croatia and Hungary, the linear trajectory starts in 2020, as this results in a lower allocation for those Member States.

(9)

Last, the resulting values of the annual emission allocations are adjusted. EU ETS allowances pertaining to greenhouse gas emissions from stationary installations excluded from the EU ETS in accordance with Article 27 of Directive 2003/87/EC, as notified by Member States to the Commission under that Article, to the extent they are excluded from the Union emission cap under that Directive for 2021 onwards, fall therefore within the scope of Regulation (EU) 2018/842. Subsequently, the quantities deducted from the cap are added to the annual emission allocations of the relevant Member States for the period from 2021 to 2030. The amount of adjustment specified in Annex IV to Regulation (EU) 2018/842 is added to the annual emission allocation for the year 2021 for each Member State listed in that Annex.

(10)

The total maximum quantities for certain Member States following reduction of EU ETS allowances that may be taken into account for a Member State’s compliance between 2021 and 2030 in accordance with Article 9 of Regulation (EU) 2018/842 are determined by applying the percentages notified by Member States pursuant to Article 6(3) of that Regulation to the values of the calculated 2005 greenhouse gas emissions values.

(11)

The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Climate Change Committee,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

The values for the 2005 greenhouse gas emissions for each Member State pursuant to Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842 shall apply as set out in Annex I to this Decision.

Article 2

The annual emission allocation for each Member State for each year of the period from 2021 to 2030 pursuant to Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842, adjusted in accordance with Article 10 of that Regulation, shall apply as set out in Annex II to this Decision.

Article 3

The total quantities pursuant to Article 4(4) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842 that may be taken into account for a Member State’s compliance under Article 9 of that Regulation shall apply as set out in Annex III to this Decision.

Article 4

This Decision shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Done at Brussels, 16 December 2020.

For the Commission

The President

Ursula VON DER LEYEN


(1)  OJ L 156, 19.6.2018, p. 26.

(2)  Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 May 2013 on a mechanism for monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and for reporting other information at national and Union level relevant to climate change and repealing Decision No 280/2004/EC (OJ L 165, 18.6.2013, p. 13).

(3)  Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Union and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC (OJ L 275, 25.10.2003, p. 32).

(4)  Commission Decision 2013/162/EU of 26 March 2013 on determining Member States’ annual emission allocations for the period from 2013 to 2020 pursuant to Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 90, 28.3.2013, p. 106); Commission Implementing Decision 2013/634/EU of 31 October 2013 on the adjustments to Member States’ annual emission allocations for the period from 2013 to 2020 pursuant to Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 292, 1.11.2013, p. 19); Commission Decision (EU) 2017/1471 of 10 August 2017 amending Decision 2013/162/EU to revise Member States’ annual emission allocations for the period from 2017 to 2020 (OJ L 209, 12.8.2017, p. 53).

(5)  Decision No 406/2009/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the effort of Member States to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to meet the Community’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments up to 2020 (OJ L 140, 5.6.2009, p. 136).

(6)  Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/1044 of 8 May 2020 supplementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to values for global warming potentials and the inventory guidelines and with regard to the Union inventory system and repealing Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 666/2014 (OJ L 230, 17.7.2020, p. 1).


ANNEX I

Values for the 2005 greenhouse gas emissions for each Member State pursuant to Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842

Member State

Value for the 2005 greenhouse gas emissions in tonnes of CO2 equivalent

Belgium

81 605 589

Bulgaria

22 326 386

Czechia

64 965 295

Denmark

40 368 089

Germany

484 694 619

Estonia

6 196 136

Ireland

47 687 589

Greece

62 985 180

Spain

241 979 192

France

401 113 722

Croatia

18 056 312

Italy

343 101 747

Cyprus

4 266 823

Latvia

8 597 807

Lithuania

13 062 124

Luxembourg

10 116 187

Hungary

47 826 909

Malta

1 020 601

The Netherlands

128 112 158

Austria

56 991 984

Poland

192 472 253

Portugal

48 635 827

Romania

78 235 752

Slovenia

11 826 308

Slovakia

23 137 112

Finland

34 439 858

Sweden

43 228 505


ANNEX II

Annual emission allocations for each Member State for each year of the period from 2021 to 2030 pursuant to Article 4(3) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842, adjusted in accordance with Article 10 of that Regulation

Member State

Adjusted value of the annual emission allocation in tonnes of CO2 equivalent

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

Belgium

71 141 629

69 130 741

67 119 852

65 108 964

63 098 075

61 087 187

59 076 298

57 065 410

55 054 522

53 043 633

Bulgaria

27 116 956

25 159 860

24 805 676

24 451 491

24 097 307

23 743 123

23 388 939

23 034 755

22 680 571

22 326 386

Czechia

65 984 531

60 913 974

60 283 497

59 653 019

59 022 541

58 392 064

57 761 586

57 131 109

56 500 631

55 870 153

Denmark

32 127 535

31 293 868

30 460 202

29 626 535

28 792 868

27 959 201

27 125 535

26 291 868

25 458 201

24 624 534

Germany

427 306 142

413 224 443

399 142 745

385 061 046

370 979 348

356 897 650

342 815 951

328 734 253

314 652 554

300 570 856

Estonia

6 223 937

6 001 620

5 925 247

5 848 875

5 772 502

5 696 129

5 619 756

5 543 384

5 467 011

5 390 638

Ireland

43 479 402

42 357 392

41 235 382

40 113 372

38 991 362

37 869 352

36 747 342

35 625 332

34 503 322

33 381 312

Greece

46 227 407

46 969 645

47 711 883

48 454 122

49 196 360

49 938 598

50 680 836

51 423 075

52 165 313

52 907 551

Spain

200 997 922

198 671 005

196 344 088

194 017 170

191 690 253

189 363 335

187 036 418

184 709 500

182 382 583

180 055 665

France

335 726 735

326 506 522

317 286 309

308 066 096

298 845 883

289 625 670

280 405 456

271 185 243

261 965 030

252 744 817

Croatia

17 661 355

16 544 497

16 576 348

16 608 198

16 640 049

16 671 899

16 703 749

16 735 600

16 767 450

16 799 301

Italy

273 503 734

268 765 611

264 027 488

259 289 365

254 551 242

249 813 118

245 074 995

240 336 872

235 598 749

230 860 626

Cyprus

4 072 960

3 980 718

3 888 477

3 796 235

3 703 993

3 611 752

3 519 510

3 427 269

3 335 027

3 242 785

Latvia

10 649 507

8 854 834

8 758 222

8 661 610

8 564 998

8 468 386

8 371 774

8 275 162

8 178 551

8 081 939

Lithuania

16 112 304

13 717 534

13 488 659

13 259 784

13 030 909

12 802 033

12 573 158

12 344 283

12 115 408

11 886 533

Luxembourg

8 406 740

8 147 070

7 887 400

7 627 731

7 368 061

7 108 391

6 848 721

6 589 052

6 329 382

6 069 712

Hungary

49 906 277

43 342 400

43 484 478

43 626 556

43 768 634

43 910 712

44 052 791

44 194 869

44 336 947

44 479 025

Malta

2 065 044

1 239 449

1 187 854

1 136 258

1 084 663

1 033 068

981 473

929 878

878 282

826 687

The Netherlands

98 513 233

96 677 516

94 841 800

93 006 083

91 170 366

89 334 649

87 498 932

85 663 215

83 827 498

81 991 781

Austria

48 768 448

47 402 495

46 036 542

44 670 589

43 304 636

41 938 683

40 572 729

39 206 776

37 840 823

36 474 870

Poland

215 005 372

204 376 828

201 204 624

198 032 420

194 860 216

191 688 012

188 515 807

185 343 603

182 171 399

178 999 195

Portugal

42 526 461

40 821 093

40 770 978

40 720 863

40 670 748

40 620 633

40 570 518

40 520 403

40 470 288

40 420 173

Romania

87 878 093

76 914 871

76 884 391

76 853 912

76 823 433

76 792 954

76 762 474

76 731 995

76 701 516

76 671 037

Slovenia

11 403 194

11 107 762

10 991 138

10 874 515

10 757 891

10 641 268

10 524 644

10 408 021

10 291 397

10 174 774

Slovakia

23 410 477

21 151 422

21 052 577

20 953 731

20 854 886

20 756 040

20 657 195

20 558 350

20 459 504

20 360 659

Finland

28 840 335

27 970 110

27 099 886

26 229 661

25 359 436

24 489 212

23 618 987

22 748 762

21 878 538

21 008 313

Sweden

31 331 358

30 731 996

30 132 635

29 533 273

28 933 911

28 334 550

27 735 188

27 135 826

26 536 464

25 937 103


ANNEX III

Total quantities pursuant to Article 4(4) of Regulation (EU) 2018/842 that may be taken into account for a Member State’s compliance under Article 9 of that Regulation

Member State

Total quantity in tonnes of CO2 equivalent

Belgium

15 423 456

Denmark

8 073 618

Ireland

19 075 035

Luxembourg

4 046 475

Malta

204 120

Austria

11 398 397

Finland

6 887 972


Top