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Document 02011D0402-20111223

Consolidated text: Commission Implementing Decision of 6 July 2011 on emergency measures applicable to fenugreek seeds and certain seeds and beans imported from Egypt (notified under document C(2011) 5000) (Text with EEA relevance) (2011/402/EU)

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec_impl/2011/402/2011-12-23

2011D0402 — EN — 23.12.2011 — 003.001


This document is meant purely as a documentation tool and the institutions do not assume any liability for its contents

►B

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION

of 6 July 2011

on emergency measures applicable to fenugreek seeds and certain seeds and beans imported from Egypt

(notified under document C(2011) 5000)

(Text with EEA relevance)

(2011/402/EU)

(OJ L 179, 7.7.2011, p.10)

Amended by:

 

 

Official Journal

  No

page

date

 M1

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION of 6 October 2011

  L 263

20

7.10.2011

►M2

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION of 28 October 2011

  L 285

53

1.11.2011

►M3

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION of 21 December 2011

  L 343

117

23.12.2011




▼B

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING DECISION

of 6 July 2011

on emergency measures applicable to fenugreek seeds and certain seeds and beans imported from Egypt

(notified under document C(2011) 5000)

(Text with EEA relevance)

(2011/402/EU)



THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety ( 1 ), and in particular Article 53(1)(b)(i) and Article 53(1)(b)(iii) thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 lays down the general principles governing food and feed in general, and food and feed safety in particular, at Community and national level. It provides for emergency measures where it is evident that food or feed imported from a third country is likely to constitute a serious risk to human health, animal health or the environment, and that such risk cannot be contained satisfactorily by means of measures taken by the Member State(s) concerned.

(2)

On 22 May 2011 Germany reported an outbreak of Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli- bacteria (STEC), serotype O104:H4 in the Northern part of Germany. Based on epidemiological investigations and laboratory testing the source of contamination could be linked to the consumption of sprouted seeds produced in one establishment south of Hamburg.

(3)

On 15 June 2011 France reported an outbreak in Bordeaux, France, which –according to preliminary results– was caused by the same E. coli strain (Shiga-toxin producing Escherichia coli – bacteria (STEC), serotype O104:H4) as the one found in Germany. Just as in the case of Germany, investigations indicate that consumption of sprouted seeds may have caused the outbreak.

(4)

Further indicators suggest that the dry seeds used for sprouting could be the original cause of the outbreak in Germany and in France. In order to ascertain the origin of the contamination, the Commission initiated a tracing back exercise coordinated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in consultation with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the World Health Organisation. On 5 July 2011, EFSA published its final report. The report states that the comparison of the back tracing information from the French and German outbreaks leads to the conclusion that a lot of fenugreek seeds imported from Egypt is the most likely common link although it cannot be excluded that other lots may be implicated. Given the possible severe human health impact arising from exposure to a small quantity of contaminated material, and, in the absence of information regarding the source and means of contamination as well as possible cross-contamination, it seems appropriate currently to consider all lots of the identified exporter as suspect.

(5)

In addition the present tracing back exercise supports the hypothesis that the outbreaks are linked and are due to the import of fenugreek seeds which were contaminated at the importation or prior to import into the EU. The contamination of seeds with the E. coli O104:H4 strain reflects a production process which allowed contamination of faecal material of human and/or animal origin. Where exactly in the food chain this took place is still uncertain and whether this has in the meantime been remedied is also unknown. Further microbiological sampling shall be carried out in Member States to complement the evidence derived from the epidemiological studies as provided for in Article 8 of Directive 2003/99/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 on the monitoring of zoonoses and zoonotic agents amending Council Decision 90/424/EEC and repealing Council Directive 92/117/EEC ( 2 ).

(6)

On the basis of the precautionary principle it is necessary to temporary prohibit also the import of all seeds and beans originated from Egypt, identified in the Annex, to allow the time necessary for further assessment of their safety. It is evident that there is possible severe human health impact arising from exposure to a small quantity of contaminated material also from other seeds and beans and that there is no precise information regarding the exact origin in Egypt and means of the contamination as well as possible cross-contamination.

(7)

Therefore it is appropriate to adopt, at European Union level, certain precautionary emergency measures to ensure that Member States adopt all necessary measures to withdraw from the EU market all lots of fenugreek seeds imported from Egypt during the period 2009 – 2011 mentioned in the notifications of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed linked to the tracing back exercise, to sample them and then destroy them and to temporarily suspend import from Egypt of all seeds and beans identified in the Annex to this Decision.

(8)

In order to allow the time necessary for the Competent Authorities of Egypt to provide feedback and to consider the appropriate risk management measures the temporary suspension of imports should be in force at least until 31 October 2011.

(9)

The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee of the Food Chain and Animal Health.

HAS ADOPTED THIS IMPLEMENTING DECISION:



Article 1

Member States shall adopt all the necessary measures so that all lots of fenugreek seeds imported from Egypt during the period 2009 – 2011, mentioned in the notifications of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed linked to the tracing back exercise are withdrawn from the market and destroyed. In accordance with Article 8 of Directive 2003/99/EC the concerned lots shall be sampled.

▼M2

Article 2

The release for free circulation in the Union of seeds and beans from Egypt as set out in the Annex shall be prohibited until 31 March 2012.

▼B

Article 3

The measures laid down in this Decision shall be regularly reassessed on the basis of the guarantees offered by Egypt, results of the analytical tests and investigations carried out by the Member States.

Article 4

This Decision is addressed to the Member States.

▼M3




ANNEX



Seeds and beans from Egypt whose release for free circulation in the Union is prohibited until 31 March 2012

CN Code (1)

Description

ex070490 90

Rocket sprouts

ex070690 90

Beetroot sprouts, radish sprouts

ex07 08

Sprouts of leguminous vegetables, fresh or chilled

ex070990 90

ex070999 90 (2)

Soya bean sprouts

ex07 13

Dried leguminous vegetables, shelled, whether or not skinned, not broken

0910 99 10

Fenugreek seeds

ex12 01 00

ex12 01 (2)

Soya beans not broken

1207 50

Mustard seeds

ex120799 97

ex120799 96 (2)

Other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits, not broken

1209 10 00

Sugar beet seeds

1209 21 00

Lucerne (alfalfa) seeds

1209 91

Vegetable seeds

ex121490 90

Lucerne (alfalfa) sprouts

(1)   The ‘CN codes’ mentioned in this Decision refer to codes specified in Part Two of Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 of 23 July 1987 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff (OJ L 256, 7.9.1987, p. 1).

(2)   CN code as at 1.1.2012.



( 1 ) OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1.

( 2 ) OJ L 325, 12.12.2003, p. 31.

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