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Document 32008D0413

2008/413/EC: Commission Decision of 26 May 2008 authorising the placing on the market of alpha-cyclodextrin as a novel food ingredient under Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council (notified under document number C(2008) 1954)

OJ L 146, 05/06/2008, p. 12–15 (BG, ES, CS, DA, DE, ET, EL, EN, FR, IT, LV, LT, HU, MT, NL, PL, PT, RO, SK, SL, FI, SV)

Legal status of the document In force

ELI: http://data.europa.eu/eli/dec/2008/413/oj

5.6.2008   

EN

Official Journal of the European Union

L 146/12


COMMISSION DECISION

of 26 May 2008

authorising the placing on the market of alpha-cyclodextrin as a novel food ingredient under Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council

(notified under document number C(2008) 1954)

(Only the German text is authentic)

(2008/413/EC)

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 1997 concerning novel foods and novel food ingredients (1), and in particular Article 7 thereof,

Whereas:

(1)

On 12 October 2004 the company Wacker Chemie made a request to the competent authorities of Belgium to place alpha-cyclodextrin on the market as a novel food ingredient.

(2)

On 29 June 2005 the competent food assessment body of Belgium issued its initial assessment report. In that report it came to the conclusion that alpha-cyclodextrin is safe for human consumption.

(3)

The Commission forwarded the initial assessment report to all Member States on 28 September 2005.

(4)

Within the 60-day period laid down in Article 6(4) of Regulation (EC) No 258/97 reasoned objections to the marketing of the product were raised in accordance with that provision.

(5)

Therefore the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was consulted on 28 October 2006.

(6)

On 6 July 2007 EFSA adopted the ‘Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies on a request from the Commission related to the safety of alpha-cyclodextrin’.

(7)

In the opinion the panel came to the conclusion that there are no safety concerns at the proposed use levels and anticipated consumption of alpha-cyclodextrin.

(8)

On the basis of the scientific assessment, it is established that alpha-cyclodextrin complies with the criteria laid down in Article 3(1) of Regulation (EC) No 258/97.

(9)

The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:

Article 1

Alpha-cyclodextrin as specified in the Annex may be placed on the market in the Community as a novel food ingredient.

Article 2

The designation ‘alpha-cyclodextrin’ or ‘α-cyclodextrin’ shall be displayed in the list of ingredients of the foods containing it.

Article 3

This Decision is addressed to Wacker, Consortium für elektrochemische Chemie GmbH, Zielstattstrasse 20, D-81379 München.

Done at Brussels, 26 May 2008.

For the Commission

Androulla VASSILIOU

Member of the Commission


(1)   OJ L 43, 14.2.1997, p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 1882/2003 (OJ L 284, 31.10.2003, p. 1).


ANNEX

SPECIFICATIONS OF ALPHA-CYCLODEXTRIN

Synonyms

α-cyclodextrin, α-dextrin, cyclohexaamylose, cyclomaltohexaose, α-cycloamylase

Definition

A non-reducing cyclic saccharide consisting of six α-1,4-linked D-glucopyranosyl units produced by the action of cyclodextrin glucosyltransferase (CGTase, EC 2.4.1.19) on hydrolyzed starch. Recovery and purification of α-cyclodextrin may be carried out using one of the following procedures: precipitation of a complex of α-cyclodextrin with 1-decanol, dissolution in water at elevated temperature and re-precipitation, steam-stripping of the complexant, and crystallisation of α-cyclodextrin from the solution; or chromatography with ion-exchange or gel filtration followed by crystallisation of α-cyclodextrin from the purified mother liquor; or membrane separation methods such as ultra-filtration and reverse osmosis.

Chemical name

Cyclohexaamylose

CAS. number

10016-20-3

Chemical formula

(C6H10O5)6

Structural formula

Image 1

Formula weight

972,85

Assay

Not less than 98 % (dry basis)

Description

Virtually odorless, white or almost white crystalline solid.

Characteristics

Identification

Melting range

Decomposes above 278 °C

Solubility

Freely soluble in water; very slightly soluble in ethanol

Specific rotation

[α]D 25: Between +145° and +151° (1 % solution)

Chromatography

The retention time for the major peak in a liquid chromatogram of the sample corresponds to that for α-cyclodextrin in a chromatogram of reference α-cyclodextrin (available from Consortium für Elektrochemische Industrie GmbH, München, Germany or Wacker Biochem Group, Adrian, MI, USA) using the conditions described in the METHOD OF ASSAY

Purity

Water

Not more than 11 % (Karl Fischer Method)

Residual complexant

Not more than 20 mg/kg

(1-decanol)

Reducing substances

Not more than 0,5 % (as glucose)

Sulfated ash

Not more than 0,1 %

Lead

Not more than 0,5 mg/kg

Method of assay

Determine by liquid chromatography using the following conditions:

Sample solution: Weigh accurately about 100 mg of test sample into a 10-ml volumetric flask and add 8 ml of deionised water. Dissolve the sample completely using an ultra-sonification bath (10-15 min) and dilute to the mark with purified deionised water. Filter through a 0,45-micrometer filter.

Reference solution: Weigh accurately about 100 mg of α-cyclodextrin into a 10-ml volumetric flask and add 8 ml of deionised water. Dissolve the sample completely using an ultra-sonification bath and dilute to the mark with purified deionised water.

Chromatography: Liquid chromatograph equipped with a refractive index detector and an integrating recorder.

Column and packing: Nucleosil-100-NH2 (10 μm) (Macherey & Nagel Co. Düren, Germany) or similar.

Length: 250 mm

Diameter: 4 mm

Temperature: 40 °C

Mobile phase: acetonitrile/water (67/33, v/v)

Flow rate: 2,0 ml/min

Injection volume: 10 μl

Procedure: Inject the sample solution into the chromatograph, record the chromatogram, and measure the area of the α-CD peak. Calculate the percentage of α-cyclodextrin in the test sample as follows:

% α-cyclodextrin (dry basis) = 100 × (AS/AR) (WR/WS)

where

 

As and AR are the areas of the peaks due to α-cyclodextrin for the sample solution and reference solution, respectively.

 

Ws and WR are the weights (mg) of the test sample and reference α-cyclodextrin, respectively, after correcting for water content.


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