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European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan

Under the framework of the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP), the European Union is contributing to reforming the police service in Afghanistan and is thus participating in the efforts of the international community towards the reconstruction of the country.


Council Joint Action 2007/369/CFSP of 30 May 2007 on establishment of the European Union Police Mission in Afghanistan (EUPOL AFGANISTAN) [See amending acts].


The European Union (EU) is leading a police mission in Afghanistan, called EUPOL Afghanistan. The aims of the mission include the implementation, under Afghan ownership, of:

  • sustainable and effective civilian policing arrangements;
  • a trusted and efficient police service, which works in accordance with international standards, within the framework of the rule of law and respects human rights.


In order to achieve these objectives, the EUPOL Afghanistan mission shall:

  • work on strategy development in police reform;
  • support the Government of Afghanistan in coherently implementing their strategy;
  • improve cohesion and coordination among international actors involved in Afghanistan;
  • support linkages between the police and the wider rule of law.

More specifically, the Mission will contribute to strategy development in the fields of criminal investigation, training, border control and counter-narcotics. EUPOL Afghanistan shall be a non-executive mission. It will confine itself to monitoring, mentoring, advising and training activities.

Structure of the Mission

The Mission comprises:

  • a Head of Mission;
  • Advisers;
  • a Training section;
  • an Advice and Mentoring section;
  • an Administration Department.

The mission is made up of international staff and local staff, deployed at the central and provincial level. Several European Union Member States have contributed to the mission, alongside third countries like Canada New Zealand and Norway. The headquarters are situated in Kabul.


The EUPOL Afghanistan mission forms part of the Joint Declaration of 16 November 2005 Committing to a new EU Afghan Partnership and the Afghanistan Compact launched on 31 January 2006, which aims in particular to make Afghanistan a secure, stable, free, prosperous and democratic country.

On 12 February 2007, the Council approved the concept of a police mission in the country. On 16 May 2007, the Afghan Government invited the European Union to deploy the mission. It was officially launched on 15 June 2007.



Entry into force

Deadline for transposition into the Member States

Official Journal




OJ L 139 of 31.5.2007

Modifying act(s)

Entry into force

Deadline for transposition into the Member States

Official Journal

2007/733/ CFSP



OJ L 295 of 14.11.2007

2008/229/ CFSP



OJ L 75 of 18.3.2008

2008/643/ CFSP



OJ L 207 of 5.8.2008




OJ L 123 of 19.5.2010




OJ L 195 of 27.7.2011




OJ L 187 of 17.7.2012




OJ L 141 of 28.5.2013

Successive amendments and corrections to Joint Action 2007/369/CFSP have been incorporated into the original text. The consolidated version (pdf) is intended purely as a documentation tool.

Last updated: 07.04.2014