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Statute for Members of the European Parliament

Article 223 (2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU requires the European Parliament (EP) to lay down the regulations and general conditions governing the performance of the duties of its Members, after seeking an opinion from the Commission and with the consent of the Council, acting by a qualified majority (except as regards taxation, for which unanimity within the Council is required). These are the EP’s internal organisational and operational rules. Each time they are updated, they are published in the Official Journal of the European Union.

The current Statute for Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) entered into force on the first day of the parliamentary term that began on 14 July 2009. It makes the terms and conditions of MEPs' work more transparent and introduces a common salary for all MEPs, which is paid from the EU budget.

Based on the Decision adopting the Statute, and according to the EP's Rules of Procedure, the EP's Bureau laid down the implementing measures for the MEP's Statute on 19 May and 9 July 2008. It has since been amended several times.

The Code of Conduct for MEPs entered into force on 1 January 2012. It sets out as its guiding principles that MEPs must act solely in the public interest and conduct their work with disinterest, integrity, openness, diligence, honesty, accountability and respect for the European Parliament's reputation. It defines conflicts of interest and how MEPs should address them. It also includes rules on, for example, official gifts to MEPs and the professional activities of former MEPs.

In accordance with the EP's Rules of Procedure and its Code of Conduct, the EP's Bureau, on 15 April 2013, laid down implementing measures to ensure transparency with respect to financial interests and conflicts of interests. A publicly accessible register of gifts and a declaration of attendance at events organised by third parties have been introduced. These measures entered into force on 1 July 2013.