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Fight against drugs

The EU's drugs policy involves various activities, focussing both on public health and law enforcement. The legal bases for EU action are Article 83(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), on police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters and Article 168 of the TFEU, which stipulates that the EU should complement EU countries' action in reducing drugs-related health damage, including information and prevention.

EU legislation on drug-related issues concerns, in particular, drug trafficking and new drugs. The Framework Decision 2004/757/JHA provides an EU definition of drug trafficking offences and establishes minimum rules on sanctions, while the Council Decision 2005/387/JHA on new psychoactive substances set up a system to exchange information on new drugs, to assess their risks and subject to control those new drugs that are harmful.

In September 2013, the European Commission presented legislative proposals to revise the existing legislation on new drugs, to enable the EU to address this growing problem in a more effective way. The proposals are currently under negotiation.