Glossary of summaries

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Article 194 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) states that energy is a shared competence between EU countries and the EU. However, each EU country maintains its right to ‘determine the conditions for exploiting its energy resources, its choice between different energy sources and the general structure of its energy supply’.

The main aims of EU energy policy are to:

  • ensure the functioning of the energy market;
  • ensure security of energy supply;
  • promote energy efficiency and energy saving and the development of new and renewable forms of energy;
  • promote the interconnection of energy networks.

The EU is committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80-95 % below 1990 levels by 2050 in the context of necessary reductions by developed countries as a group. The Commission's 'Energy Roadmap 2050' explores the challenges posed by delivering the EU's decarbonisation objective while at the same time ensuring security of energy supply and competitiveness.